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pkflwk|fKt ug'{x'g] bLlIftx¿nfO{ xflb{s awfO{ kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] kl/ro kf]v/f ljZjljBfno :yfkgf ePsf] !^ cf}+ jif{ eO;s]sf] 5 . of] kf]v/f ljZjljBfno P]g @)%# cGtu{t lj=;+= @)%$ ;fndf o;sf] :yfkgf ePsf] xf] . of] ljZjljBfno sf:sL lhNnfsf] n]vgfy gu/kflnsfdf /x]sf] 5 . sf:sL lhNnf cGgk"0f{ lxdfno >[ª\vnf tyf df5fk'R5«] lxdfnsf] sfvdf cjl:yt 5 . g]kfnsf] /fhwfgL sf7df8f}+b]lv sl/a @)) ls=dL= klZrddf /x]sf] sf:sL lhNnf cg'kd / cnf}lss k|fs[lts ;'Gb/tf, ljljw h}ljstf, ;+:s[lt / ljz] iftfn] el/k"0f{ cToGt dgf]/d 7fp“ xf] . sf:sL lhNnfsf] ;/bd'sfd kf]v/f gu/, kf]v/f pkTosfb]lv k"j{tkm{sf] sl/a !% lsnf]ld6/sf] b'/Ldf n]vgfy gu/kflnsfsf] j8f g+= !@ v'bLdf ljZjljBfosf ;Dk"0f{ z}lIfs Pjd\ k|zf;lgs ;+/ rgfx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . kf]v/f pkTosf sf7df8f}+ pkTosfkl5 g]kfnsf] bf];|f] dxTjk"0f{ ko{6sL uGtJo :yn xf] . g]kfnsf d"w{Go ;flxlTos ;|i6f slj lz/f]dl0f n]vgfy kf}8]n]sf] gfdaf6 /flvPsf] n]vgfy gu/kflnsfnfO{ ;fttfnsf] au} rf zx/ elgG5 . n]vgfy gu/kflnsfdf a]ugf;, ¿kf, d}bL, lbkfª\u, vfi6], Go"/]gL / u'“b] tfnx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . kf]v/fdf @)!& ;fndf k[YjLgf/fo0f SofDk;sf] :yfkgfkl5 :yfgLo lzIff k|]dLx¿n] Pp6f 5'§} ljZjljBfno vf]Ng'kg]{ rrf{ rnfPklg @)@% ;fnlt/ Pp6f 5'§} ljZjljBfnosf] cfjZostf dxz'; u/L ljlwjt\ ¿kdf To;sf] k|:tfjgf u/]sf] kfOG5 . /fli6«o lzIff k4ltsf] of]hgf -lj=;+= @)@*_ sf] cGTokl5 klZrdf~rn If]qdf /x]sf SofDk;x¿ lqe'jg ljZjljBfnoaf6 cnu u/L kf]v/fdf Pp6f 5'§} ljZjljBfno agfpg k|fWofksx¿ -k|fWofks ;+3 dfkm{t_, pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3 / ljleGg kmf]/daf6 dfu ;lxt 5nkmn ul/Psf] lyof] . g]kfndf lj=;+= @)!^ ;fndf :yflkt pRr lzIffsf] Psdfq ;+:yf lqe'jg ljZjljBfnon] dfq pRr lzIffsf] a9\bf] dfu k"lt{ ug{ g;Sg] dxz'; u/L lj=;+= @)$) df ax'ljZjljBfnosf] cjwf/0ff cl3 cfof] . lj=;+= @)$) df ul7t zfxL pRrlzIff cfof]un] g]kfndf ax'ljZjljBfnosf] cfjZostf cf}Nofp“b} tTsfnLg ;/sf/nfO{ cfkm\gf] k|ltj]bg a'emfPkl5 d'n'sdf yk ljZjljBfno :yfkgf ug]{ kxn:j¿k kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] :yfkgf ePsf] xf] . kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] k|zf;lgs sfo{sf] z'¿jft lj=;+= @)%$ ;fn kmfu'g @& ut] pks'nkltsf] lgo'lQm ePkl5 ef8fsf] ;fgf] 3/df v8f ul/Psf] sfof{noaf6 ePsf] xf] . xfn ljZjljBfnosf ;Dk"0f{ z}lIfs sfo{qmd Pjd\ k|zf;lgs sfo{x¿ n]vgfy gu/kflnsf j8f g++= !@ l:yt 9'+u]kf6g, v'bLdf ;~rflnt 5g\ . pQm :yfgdf /x]sf] sl/a !!$ /f]kgL Kn6df ljZjljBfnosf s]Gb|Lo sfof{no, k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{no, k|fl1s ejgx¿, k':tsfono ejg, k|of]uzfnfx¿ lgdf{0f ul/Psf 5g\ . cGo ljZjljBfnox¿sf] h:t} kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] klg ;jf]{Rr lgsfo eg]sf] ljZjljBfno ;ef xf] . k|wfgdGqL ljZjljBfnosf s'nklt Pjd\ ;efsf cWoIf x'G5g\ eg] lzIffdGqL ;x–s'nklt x'g] Joj:yf 5 . ljZjljBfnosf k|d'v kbflwsf/Lsf] ¿kdf pks'nkltn] k"0f{sfnLg kbflwsf/Lsf] lhDd]jf/L lnPsf x'G5g\ . /lhi6«f/ ljZjljBfno ;efsf ;b:o ;lrj /xg] Joj:yf 5 . ljZjljBfnosf] z}lIfs, k|fl1s tyf cg';GwfgfTds sfo{x¿nfO{ Jojl:yt ug]{ sfo{ k|fl1s kl/ifb\n] ub{5 / o;sf] cWoIftf ljZjljBfnosf pks'nkltn] ug]{ Joj:yf 5 . To:t} ljZjljBfnosf] k|zf;sLo sfo{sf nflu cfjZos gLlt lgdf{0f ug]{, ltgnfO{ ;efdf k]z ug]{ / ;efn] kfl/t ul/;s]sf gLlt lgodx¿nfO{ sfof{Gjogsf] txdf k'¥ofpg] sfo{ sfo{sf/L kl/ifb\n] ub{5, h;sf] cWoIftf klg ljZjljBfnosf pks'nkltn] ug]{ k|fjwfg 5 . ljZjljBfnocGt{ut s]Gb|Lo sfof{no, ;]jf cfof]usf] sfof{no, k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{no, sf7df8f}+ ;Dks{ sfof{no, 8Lgsf] sfof{no Joj:yfkg ;ª\sfo, 8Lgsf] sfof{no lj1fg tyf k|ljlw ;ª\sfo, 8Lgsf] sfof{no dfgljsL tyf ;fdflhszf:q ;ª\sfo, :s"n ckm lahg]z, :s"n ckm x]Ny P08 PnfO8 ;fO{G;]h, :s"n ckm O{lGhlgol/ª\u, :s"n ckm 8]enkd]G6 P08 ;f];n O{lGhlgol/ª\u, s]Gb|Lo k':tsfno, cg';Gwfg s]Gb|, kf7\oqmd ljsf; s]Gb|, cGt/f{li6«o s]Gb| / ef/t ;/sf/sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f ;DkGg x'g nfu]sf] dlxnf 5fqjf;;lxt hDdf !^ j6f z}lIfs Pjd\ k|zf;sLo sfof{nox¿ ;~rfngdf /x“b} cfPsf 5g\ . kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf z}lIfs sfo{qmdx¿ kf]v/f ljZjljBfnon] xfn tLgj6f ;ª\sfox¿ Joj:yfkg ;ª\sfo, lj1fg tyf k|ljlw ;ª\sfo, dfgljsL tyf ;fdflhszf:q ;ª\sfocGt{ut z}lIfs sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 . oL ;ª\sfocGtu{t cfª\lus dxfljBfnox¿df :gftstxdf ( j6f sfo{qmd / :gftsf]Q/txdf $ j6f sfo{qmd;lxt !# j6f sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rfng ul//x]sf] 5 eg] ;DaGwgk|fKt dxfljBfnox¿df :gftsf]Q/txdf !^ j6f sfo{qmd, :gftstxdf @& j6f / kf]i6 u|]h'P6 l8Knf]df txdf ! j6f sfo{qmdx¿ u/L s'n $$ j6f sfo{qmdx¿ ;~rflnt /x]sf 5g\ . kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf cfª\lus dxfljBfnox¿sf] ¿kdf $ j6f :s"nx¿ ;~rfngdf /x]sf 5g\ . o;sf ;fy} z}lIfs ;q @))( eGbf cufl8 ;DaGwg k|bfg u/]sf @# j6f / @))( df ;DaGw k|bfg u/]sf @# / @)!) df ;DaGwg lbPsf # j6f u/L hDdf $( dxfljBfnox¿ ;~rfng 5g\ . lj=;+= @)^( df cfª\lus tyf ;DaGwgk|fKt dxfljBfnox¿df ;~rflnt z}lIfs sfo{qmdx¿ / ltgdf cWoo/t ljBfyL{x¿sf] ljj/0f b]xfoadf]lhd pNn]lv ul/Psf] 5M

ljBfyL{x¿sf] ljj/0f -@)^(÷@)!#_ ! @

cflª\u dxfljBfnodf cWoog/t ljBfyL{x¿sf] ljj/0f ;DaGwgk|fKt dxfljBfnox¿df cWoo/t ljBfyL{x¿sf] ljj/0f s'n hDdf

1,747 22,615 24,362

ljZjljBfnosf] bzf}+ bLIffGt ;df/f]x;DaGwL ljj/0f kf]v/f ljZjljBfnon] xfn ;Dd !# j6f ;fwf/0f ;ef / cfh x'g] bLIffGt;lxt !) j6f bLIffGt ;df/f]xx? cfof]hgf ul/;s]sf] 5 . ljZjljBfnosf] k|yd ;fwf/0f ;ef @)%% c;f]h @( ut] a;]sf] lyof] . To:t} ljZjljBfosf] k|yd bLIffGt ;df/f]x @)%* df3 & ut] ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . ljZjljBfnosf] !# cf}+ ;fwf/0f ;ef @)^( c;f]h ! ut] ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . To:t}u/L gjf}+ bLIffGt ;df/f]x @)^* kmfu'g * ut] -@) km]a|'/L @)!)_ ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . o; cl3 ;DkGg ( j6f bLIffGtdf ljleGg ;+sfo cGtu{t s'n *,*&( hgf ljBfyL{x?n] pkflw k|fKt ul/;s]sf 5g\ . cfh x'g] bzf}+ bLIffGtdf bLlIft x'g] ljBfyL{x?sf] ;+Vof !,&#& hgf /x]sf] 5 . bLIffGt ;df/f]xdf :gftsf]Q/txsf ;Dk"0f{ sfo{qmdx?df ;a}eGbf pRrtd cª\s k|fKt ug{] ljBfyL{n] :j0ff{lª\st s'nklt kbs tyf :gfts txsf ;Dk"0f{ sfo{qmdx?df ;a}eGbf pRrtd cª\s k|fKt ug{] ljBfyL{n] :j0ff{lª\st pks'nklt kbs kfpg] tyf Joj:yfkg :gftsf] Q/df pRrtd c+s Nofpg]nfO{ nIdL ljBf kbs kfpg] Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} :gftstxsf sfo{qmdx?df ;a} eGbf pRrtd cª\s k|fKt ug{] ljBfyL{sf] nflu cS;kmf]8{ OlGhlgol/ª\u P08 d]g]hd]G6 sn]h, u}+8fsf]6n] :j0ff{lª\st cS;kmf]8{ kbssf] Joj:yf u/]]sf] 5 . ljZjljBfnosf] :gftstxsf sfo{qmdx?df l;lhlkP #=& jf ;f]eGbf a9L cª\s tyf :gftsf]Q/ txsf sfo{qmdx?df l;lhlkP #=* jf ;f]eGbf a9L cª\s k|fKt ug{] ljBfyL{x?nfO{ 8Lg lni6 pkflw k|bfg ul/g] Joj:yf /x]sf] 5 .

bLlIft ljBfyL{ ;+Vof ljj/0f bLIffGt ;df/f]x k|yd låtLo t[tLo rt'y{ kfFrf}+ 5}6f}+ ;ftf}+ cf7f}+ gjf}+

ldlt @) hgj/L @))@ @) hgj/L @))# @^ hgj/L @))$ @% hgj/L @))% @) hgj/L @))^ @) km]a|'j/L @))( @) km]a|'j/L @)!) @) km]a|'j/L @)!! @) km]a'|c/L @)!@ hDdf

ljBfyL{ ;+Vof @# !^& %*$ ^*$ (#@ #,)!^ !,)%@ !,)$$ !,#&& *,*&(

ljZjljBfnosf] 5fqj[lt;DaGwL hfgsf/L ljZjljBfnon] ;+:yfut ?kdf cflª\us tyf ;DaGwg k|fKt SofDk; tyf z}lIfs ;+:yfx?df ;~rflnt ;Dk"0f{ sfo{qmdx?sf nflu lgMz'Ns tyf n]vgfy 5fqj[lt @)^$ ;fnb]lv k|bfg ub{} cfPsf] 5 . ljZjljBfnon] k|bfg ug{] 5fqj[lQdf $) k|ltzt blnt, hghflt, b'u{d If]q, ckfª\u, zxLb tyf hgcfGbf]ng 3fOt] kLl8tsf nflu ;'/lIft u/]sf] 5 eg] dlxnfsf nflu v'Nnf / cf/If0f b'j}df u/L %) k|ltzt l;6 cf/If0f ug{] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 . o;/L k|bfg ul/g] 5fqj[lQ ljZjljBfnosf] cflª\us SofDk;n] :jLs[t ljBfyL{ ;+Vofsf] @) k|ltztsf] nflu / ;DaGwg k|fKt sn]hx?n] :jLs[t ljBfyL{ ;+Vofsf] % k|ltztsf] nflu 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ug'{kg{] k|fjwfg /flvPsf] 5 . of] jif{ :tftstxsf sfo{qmddf dfq} s'n $ ;o @@ hgf ljBfyL{nfO{ 5fqj[lQsf] cj;/ k|fKt x'g]5 .

ljZjljBfno / cGt/f{li6«o;DaGw ljZjljBfnon] lzIfs tyf ljBfyL{x¿sf] k7gkf7g tyf cg';Gwfg Pjd\ k|of]ufTds sfo{sf nflu lg/Gt/ ljleGg ljZjljBfno Pjd\ z}lIfs ;+:yfx¿;Fu cfk;L ;xof]usf sfo{qmddf ;dembf/L a9fpFb} nluPsf] 5 . xfn} dfq ljZjljBfnosf] Shinawatra University, Thailand; Handong Global University (HGU), Republic of Korea; / Shree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), India l;t ;dembf/L kqdf x:tfIf/ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 .

ljZj ljBfnosf cfufdL sfo{qmdx? M != @= #= $=

d]l8sn sn]h, Ol~hlgol/ª\u sn]h, ko{6g pBf]u;DaGwL sn]h tyf v]ns"b;DaGwL sn]hsf] :yfkgf . lxdfnL tyf dWo kxf8L If]qdf k|fKt h8La"6L;DaGwL cg';Gwfg / cWoog s]Gb|sf] :yfkgf . pRr lzIff ljd'v lhNnfx?df cf+lª\us SofDk;x?sf] lj:tf/ . Pdlkmn sfo{qmdnfO{ lj:tf/ ub}{ ljBfjfl/lwsf sfo{qmdnfO{ cufl8 a9fpg] / :gfts Pjd\ :gftsf]Q/txdf yk /f]huf/d'vL sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug]{ .

k|d'v cltlysf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro cfhsf] bzf}+ ;df/f]xsf k|d'v cltly Warsaw University, Poland sf Vice Rector, Professor Alojzy Z. Nowak x'g'x'G5 . Professor Alojzy Z. Nowak, ;g\ 2012 b]lv The University of Warsaw sf] Vice-Rector x'g'x'G5 . pxf“n] Main School of Commerce, Warsaw, Poland af6 Economics laifodf M.S. / University of Warsaw, Poland af6 1991 df PhD sf] pkflw xfl;n ug{' ePsf] 5 . ;fy} University of Illinois, USA; University of Exeter, Great Britain; Free University of Berlin cflbaf6 Economics, Finance / Banking ljifodf Postgraduate u/L pxfFn] University of Warsaw af6 ;g\ 2002 df Economics ljifodf Professor sf] pkflw k|fKt ug'{ePsf] 5 . Professor Nowak n] University of Tartu, Estonia; University of Machackala, Russia; American University, USA; University of North Florida; Rostov University; University of North Colorado; The Catholic University of America; University of Illinois; University of Exeter, UK cflbdf Visiting Professor eO{ lhDd]jf/L lgjf{x ug'{ePsf] 5 . Professor Alojzy Z. Nowak, Research df rfv /fVg'x'G5 . pxfFn] EU cGtu{t /x]/ Banking, international economics, risk management in financial markets and capital markets, macro and micro economics df

uxg zf]w sfo{x¿ ug'{ePsf] 5 .


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