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COMPARATIVE ARCHITECTURE THOUGHT

SUPERVISED BY: DR. FAROQ MOFTI

ARCH.AHMED FALATA

ADEL BUKHARI

1009228


HENRI LABROUSTE Portrait photograph of Labrouste in profile. Born

11 May 1801 Paris

Died

24 June 1875 (aged 74) Fontainebleau

Resting place Nationality Occupation

Known for

Fontainebleau French Architect

École des Beaux Arts


HENRI LABROUSTE Biography Born in Paris, Labrouste entered Collège Sainte-Barbe as a student in 1809. He was then admitted to the second class in the Royal School of Beaux Arts to the Lebas-Vaudoyer workshop in 1819. In 1820, he was promoted to the first class. Competing for the Grand Prix, Labrouste took second place behind the Palais de Justice by Guillaume-Abel Blouet in 1821. In 1823 he won the departmental prize, and worked as a lieutenant-inspector (sousinspecteur) under the direction of Étienne-Hippolyte Godde during the construction of Saint-Pierre-du-Gros-Caillou. 1824 was a turning point in Labrouste's life, as he won the competition with a design of a Supreme Court of Appeals. In November he left Paris for Italy, visiting Turin, Milan, Lodi, Piacenza, Parma, Modena, Bologna, Florence and Arezzo.


HENRI LABROUSTE


UNITE D’HABITATION


KIMBELL ART MUSEUM


KIMBELL ART MUSEUM


JAMES STIRLING ARCHITECT Sir James Frazer Stirling James Stirling (right) at the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart Born

22 April 1926 Glasgow

Died

25 June 1992 (aged 66) London

Awards

Alvar Aalto Medal, 1977 RIBA Royal Gold Medal, 1980 Pritzker Prize, 1981 Praemium Imperiale, 1990

Buildings

Andrew Melville Hall, St Andrews, 1960 Engineering Building, Leicester, 1963 History Faculty Library, Cambridge, UK, 1967 Neue Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, 1983 Clore Gallery, London, 1987


JAMES STIRLING ARCHITECT


LUIS BARRAGAN Luis Ramiro Barragán Morfín

Born

March 9, 1902 Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexi co

Died

November 22, 1988 (aged 86) Mexico City, Mexico

Nationality Awards

Buildings

Mexican Pritzker Prize

Torres de Satélite


LUIS BARRAGAN

Fuente de los Amantes horse ranch

Casa Luis Barragán

Torres de Satélite, Mexico City (1957–58), in collaboration with Mathias Goeritz


BAVINGER HOUSE The Bavinger House was completed in 1955 in Norman, Oklahoma, United States. It was designed by architect Bruce Goff. Considered a significant example of organic architecture,[ the house was awarded theTwenty-five Year Award from the American Institute of Architects in 1987. The house was built over the course of five years by Nancy and Eugene Bavinger, the residents of the house, who were artists, along with the help of a few of Eugene's art students, volunteers, and local businesses. The wall of the house is a 96-foot long logarithmically curved spiral, made from 200 tons of local "ironrock" sandstone dynamited (by Eugene) from a piece of purchased farmland near Robin Hill School, a few miles away from the house and hauled back on Eugene's 48 Chevy flatbed truck. The structure was anchored by a recycled oil field drill stem that was reused to make a central mast more than 55 feet high. The house has no interior walls; instead there are a series of platforms at different heights, some with curtains that can be drawn for privacy. The ground floor is covered with pools and planted areas


BAVINGER HOUSE


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE

Peter Eisenman

Peter Eisenman (born August 11, 1932) is an American architect. Eisenman's professional work is often referred to as formalist, deconstructive, late avant-garde, late or high modernist, etc. A certain fragmenting of forms visible in some of Eisenman's projects has been identified as characteristic of an eclectic group of architects that were (self-)labeled as deconstructivists, and who were featured in an exhibition by the same name at the Museum of Modern Art. The heading also refers to the storied relationship and collaborations between Peter Eisenman and poststructuralist thinker Jacques Derrida. Peter Eisenman's writings have pursued topics including comparative formal analyses; the emancipation and autonomization of the discipline; and histories of Architects including: Giuseppe Terragni, Andrea Palladio, Le Corbusier and James Stirling. While he has been referred to as a polarizing figure, such antagonistic associations are likely prompted by Colin Rowe's 1972 criticism that the work pursues physique form of European modernism rather than the utopian social agendas (See "Five Architects," (New York: Wittenborn, 1972)) or more recent accusations that Eisenman's work is "post-humanist" (Perhaps because his references to the Renaissance are 'merely' formal). While his apathy towards the recent "green" movement is considered polarizing or "out-of-touch", this architectartist (with drawings held by major collections) was also an early advocate of computer aided design. Eisenman employed fledgling innovators such as Greg Lynn and Ingeborg Rocker as early as the 1989.[ Despite these claims of polarity and autonomization, Eisenman has famously pursued dialogues with important cultural figures internationally. These include his English mentor Colin Rowe, the Italian historian Manfredo Tafuri, George Baird, Fredric Jameson,[Laurie Olin, Rosalind Krauss and Jacques Derrida. In addition to his vast literary contributions (as editor, curator, and writer) and professional practice, Eisenman's reputation as a critic and professor of architecture is similarly famed


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Peter Eisenman

The Memorial


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Michael Graves (born July 9,

1934) is an American architect. Identified as one of The New York Five, Graves has become

a household name with his designs for domestic products sold at Target stores in the Michael Graves

United States.


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Charles Gwathmey (June 19, 1938 – August 3, 2009) was an American architect. He was a principal at Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects, as well as one of the five architects identified as The New York Five in 1969. One of Gwathmey's most famous designs is the 1992 renovation of Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York City Born in Charlotte, North Carolina, he was the son of the American painter Robert Gwathmey and photographer Rosalie Gwathmey. Charles Gwathmey attended the University of Pennsylvania and received his Master of Architecture degree in 1962 from Yale School of Architecture, where he won both The William Wirt Winchester Fellowship as the outstanding graduate and a Fulbright Grant. Gwathmey served as President of the Board of Trustees for The Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies and was elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1981.


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Charles Gwathmey

Gwathmey designed this condominium tower at 445 Lafayette Street where Lafayette, Cooper Square and Astor Place come together.


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE John Quentin Hejduk (19 July 1929 – 3 July 2000), was an American architect, artist and educator who spent much of his life in New York City, USA. Hejduk is noted for his use of attractive and often difficult-to-construct objects and shapes; also for a profound interest in the fundamental issues of shape, organization, john quntin hejduk

representation, and reciprocity. Hejduk studied at the Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, the University of Cincinnati, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design, from which he graduated with a Masters in Architecture in 1953. He worked in several offices in New York including that of I. M. Pei and Partners and the office of A.M. Kinney and Associates. He established his own practice in New York in 1965


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Originally designed in 1973 for Ed Bye, in Ridgefield, Connecticut USA, for a long time it only existed as a concept until Groningen decided to actually build the house. Designed to place living in the context of time by means of a Wall which symbolizes the physical transition from past to future through the present, a transition between back and front, closed and open. The Wall, oneand-a-half m. thick, forms the basis of the house. The entrance and living elements literally hang from it. To reinforce this idea, a narrow gap is left between the Wall and the elements. Hence the Wall is not directly manifest in the interior but can only be perceived visually. It is a theoretical house, based on the idea of the physical confrontation between space and time, elaborated in separate elements. It is a museological manifestation of an important architectural concept. Although it wasn't designed for this particular site, it does enter into a dialogue with its 'everyday' surroundings.

Wall House II design from the 1970s, built posthumously (Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001)


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Richard Meier in New York City, April 2009. Born

Nationality Awards

Practice

Richard Meier Buildings

October 12, 1934 Newark, New Jersey

American Pritzker Prize (1984) AIA Gold Medal (1997) Richard Meier & Partners Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art City Hall and Central Library, The Hague Getty Center, Los Angeles


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE

Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art

The Atheneum in New Harmony, Indiana, United State

Museum of Television and Radio, Beverly Hills, California

Richard Meier


THE GROUP NEW YORK FIVE Richard Meier

City Hall and Central Library, The Hague Getty Center, Los Angeles


CENTRAL LIBRARIES General information Type

Library

Architectural style

Brutalist

Location

Chamberlain Square,Birmingham, England

Construction started

April 1969

Completed

December 1973

Opening

12 January 1974 2014 (Planned)

Demolished Cost

Birmingham Central Library

4.7 million Pound sterling

Height

22.6 metres (74 ft) Technical details

Floor count

8

Design and construction Owner Architect Architecture firm Structural engineer

Birmingham City Council John Madin John Madin Design Group Ove Arup & Partners

Services engineer

R.W. Gregory & Partners

Quantity surveyor

L.C. Wakeman & Partners

Main contractor

Sir Robert McAlpine


CHICAGO TRIBUNE In 1922, the Chicago Tribune offered $100,000 in prize money for an international architectural competition to design the most beautiful office building in the world. With a lavish first prize of $50,000, there was a total of 263 entries. The winning entry was a neo-Gothic skyscraper design by architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. The irony of the competition was that these architects happened to be from New York, and in a time when New York CIty and Chicago were in an architectural face off this was no laughing matter. However, the winner could not be disputed as the competition winer was selected by a panel of blind judges. The Chicago Tribune has certainly become an icon of Chicago, with its intricate ornamentation and spider like tracery, though many critics originally scoffed at it for it's Gothic revivalist architecture. Here is a look at some of the other entries for the competition. Of most significance is the 2nd place entry submitted by Eliel Saarinen. It is considered to be one of the most influential unbuilt buildings of the 20th century. It set the stage for the Art Deco movement with its sleek setbacks and soaring verticality, and is credited as one of the major influences for 333 N Michigan Avenue, set across from the Tribune Tower on the south bank of the Chicago River. The following blog entries will be photographs of some of the 263 submissions for the Chicago Tribune Tower International Architectural Competition.


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