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case of innovation + researc h project

EXPRESSION of INTEREST Fallingwater | Frank Lloyd Wright | 1939 | Pennsylvania | The Fallingwater is a breathtaking architecture, it not only draws people’s attention to the discourse of organic architecture, and it also set a great example of how the architecture can integrate with the environment and introduced a new perspective of aesthetics of architectures.

From Fallingwater, can feel the harmony between the building and the waterfall, the environment surround it, it is so merge into the environment, but at the same time not letting the environment to take away all the attention. It is like a strong respect of each other between the Falling water and the waterfall. It is amazing.


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The Fallingwater develop the discourse of organic architect and it is one of the most important buildings in this discourse. Frank Lloyd Wright believed architecture is to be harmony with humanity and its environment.

Considerations in the design brief of the Wyndham project – ‘Dialogue between sculpture and landscape’, ‘the integration with the surrounding landscape’. The Fallingwater has definitely fulfilled these issues and become a landmark of Pennsylva-

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/94/Wrightfallingwater.jpg/399px-Wrightfallingwater.jpg

Even though this is built almost 80 years ago, it’s still a learnable and a great inspirational piece for contemporary architecture. In Contemporary architecture, we can find work that also contains the aspects of what Frank Lloyd Wright stated in Fallingwater of what organic architecture is and some are developed even furtherer and satisfied contemporary expectations.


| Heatherwick Studio | 2010 | Shanghai |

Speed Cathedral, is another stunning architecture which open people’s eye of what architecture could be like. The structure of Speed Cathedral is extremely eye catching; no doubt people would take the second look even tough there are 230 more different outstanding pavilions. The pavilion makes British people proud of it, it shows to others, shows to the world of what UK can do, the pavilion is innovative, eye-catching and beautiful.

The gateway for Wyndham City, it is to be seat beside a high-speed traffic, it is only no more than 30 seconds that most of the visitor can see the design, how we can design something that is simple but strong enough that can attract attention and the viewer can understand and can receive what the design want to deliver within the speed they travel.


(image from:media.dexigner.com)

Seed Cathefral is a great example of how a architecture can become a pride of a country. How can our project become a pride of Wyndham city? The designer has used innovative design to show the relationship between nature and cities (Heatherwick was inspired by this idea). Example of another way of how innovative design can cooperate with the nature. The relationship between the natural environment and the activity of human settlement, this is also what the Wyndham city is taking care of.


Digital Design

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Parametric Design Changing design methods form hand drawing to digital design; digital designing has made various merits. The most fundamental benefit of shifting from papers to computers is that architects are able to work more efficiently, using less time to find more alternative possible design solutions and the most importantly, by using computers, architect are able to do things that couldn’t be done previously and enable architect to bring their design solutions to a whole new level.

Parametric can aids designers in their design process. By using parametric design, even without an idea of what the design outcome may be look like, the designers were able to explore and experiment freely with all the possibilities within the constraints and find the best design solution for their client, and in our case, for Wyndham City. Using parametric design, we are able to achieve a innovative outcome that we could never be able to discover without parametric design.

In the design brief of the Wyndham city gateway project, can understand that Wyndham city is seeking an innovative design solution. By using digital design as one of the design process, can help to generate innovative design solution.

(I am not a confident grasshopper user, and this is my first time getting involved with parametric design. This is very different to what I used to know about design process. Even though I have a image in my mind of how my design outcome is going to be look like, but with parametric design, I feel that that is not nessecery in parametric design, what important is we set the constrains and input the elements we want to include in the design. And then we are able to test so many different possibilities within the data we input in a very short time, and play with and test many different possible solutions until we get the best outcome. But because I’m still not totally confident with grasshopper, many of things we wanted to try, but we weren’t able to get it work in grasshopper.

The ‘soap bubble-like’ structure ceiling of the Water Cube is designed with a parameter software specially written for the purpose .

|Beijing National Aquatics Center|

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1. http://www.filmapia.com/sites/default/files/filmapia/pub/ place/wc10.jpg


Heatherwick Studio, British Pavilion, Shanghai, China, 2010 Screen captures from software made for a spike distribution study at AKT for the British Pavilion at the Shanghai Expo.

The pavilion is (24.6-foot) long frame structure

TopoStruct Topostruct is a software for structural topology optimization. It is developed based on the theory of topology optimization (by Marin Philip), a methodology that produces optimal geometry and material distribution. It has a potential to reduce material usage and evolving innovative structure.

Heatherwick Studio, British Pavilion, Shanghai, China, 2010 Screen captures from software made for a spike distribution study at AKT for the British Pavilion at the Shanghai Expo.

The pavilion is (24.6-foot) long frame structure

The architects are able to optimize the geometry, the formation and to explore the optimal shape and the distribution of material of their design. And find the best possible design solution within the context for a design problem without having prior knowledge of engineering. The software allows architects to have innovative design outcomes that were hard Through the exploration of material or structure with Topostruct, designers are able to gain knowledge of structure and material behavior therefore in the design process; designers are able to generate more pre-solutions to the design problem. The designers can therefore produce more surprising and innovative design outcomes that lead the material to

Panagiotis Michalatos and Sawako Kaijima (Adams Kara Taylor/AKT), TopoStruct software, 2008 Screen capture of the TopoStruct software for structural optimisation.

Different combi give rise to a va some familiar fr structures and o

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The British Pavilion 2010 is a example of the use of Topostruct. (Generate different distribution methods for the 60,000 spikes of the pavilion.)

Panagiotis Michalatos and Sawako Kaijima (Adams Kara Taylor/AKT), TopoStruct software, 2008 Michalatos, P., Sawako Kaijima and Adams Kara Taylor (AKT) Screen capture of the TopoStruct software for structural (2011), Intuitive Material Distributions. Archit Design, 81: 66–69. optimisation. The pavilion is constructed from 60,000 7.5-metre

Heatherwick Studio, British Pavilion, Shanghai, China, 2010 doi: 10.1002/ad.1270 Screen captures from software made for a spike (24.6-foot) long acrylic rods suspended in a timber distribution study at AKT for the British Pavilion at the frame structure. 00100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100 Shanghai Expo. 1001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001001

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Different combi give rise to a va some familiar fr structures and o


| CUT Definitions |

We used the Matrices to experiment further with the grasshopper tools. A number of tools resulted in interesting outcomes however others were not as well defined. Some of our most interesting outcomes utilised the surface grid tool which was used to create undulating forms. They remined us of rolling hills and the sea.


The above model uses the image sampler and maths function to create a dynamic representation of the input image. We like the way that some circle are drawn closer together while others are seperated to give the illusion of depths. By utilising these tools with the surface grid it may be possible to breakdown a surface into a pattern that represents an image while ensuring that the edges of the smaller shapes are always touching.

In the models above we can see how the surface grid can be used to break down a solid surface into smaller uniform elements, in this case we have broken down the surface into circles. We like the way the circles gather and seperate in certain points to follow the curve. This could be used to break down a surface into other shapes such as triangles or polygons. This could be interesting if the size of the shape would increase to ensure it is touching another shape.


Bio mimicry | Why Biomimicry |

“ a new science that studies nature’s models and then imi- tates or takes inspiration from these designs and processes to solve human problems. ”

The concept of biomimicry in itself is nothing new. Human structures have borrowed from nature throughout history. Our first shelters, for example, were little more than upturned bird’s nests; formed of branches and insulated against the elements by whatever materials were readily available. In fact, it could be argued that biomimicry is not a new movement, but a return to our earliest inspirations. New technologies, however, have allowed us to investigate and replicate systems that our ancestors were unable to exploit on a grand scale.

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Bio mimicry in design has aided in the development of more efficient, sustainable and unique design outcomes. By emulating patterns, forms and systems that have already evolved and survived the test of time in the natural world, and by embracing what nature has to teach us, we can achieve

Many issues we face today have already been solved in the natural world, and by utilizing these solutions and replicating these systems, We can create a gateway for Wyndham City that demonstrates their commitment to seeking economical design solutions while paying tribute to Wyndham city’s natural beauty.

Wyndham city has a stronge relationship with the nature world, having a number of natural beauties including the Werribee River K Road Cliffs (1), Point Cook Coastal Park (2), Heathdale Wetlands and the Victoria State Rose Garden (3).

By adapting parametric with bio mimicry, we are able to take the best elements of our observantion of the natural system to alter our definition and constraints and make it relevant to our design an specifics to Wyndham City.

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| Biomimicry in different discipliines |

Biomimicry has been used across a vast field of disciplines to achieve innovative outcomes by engaging in this discourse we seek to archive the same in the design of the Wyndham City Gateway.

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Jaseph Paxton designed the crystal palace in 1851 based of the structure of water Lillie’s while George de Mestral created Velcro after observing how burdock seeds attached to his clothes. Nissan recently developed the BR23C micro robotic car which included a safety system modeled on the structure and inner workings of a bee’s eye.

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Nature has vinspired many creation including the Ark Hotel concept which was designed by Remistudio and is a shell inspired biosphere that is com pletely self sustainable and can be constructed from prefabricated elements within three to four months while withstanding tidal waves, earthquakes and other natural disasters. maining of the cutting edge of technology and design.

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1.Werribee River K Road Cliffs http://www.victorianflora.com/Melbournes-West/Werribee-River/IMG5638/163706776_YR2ci-L.jpg 2. Point Cook Coastal Park http://vic.awu.net.au/pics_thumbs/extra_2_pc_coastal_park.jpg 3. Victoria State Rose Garden http://vicstaterosegarden.com.au/uploads/pics/Aspirin_01.jpg 4. Ark Hotel Concept http://storage3d.com/storage/2011.08/944c8199d18332bac93991bc6cb4f914.jpg 5. http://outdooredibles.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/common_burdock_seed.jpg 5.5 http://www.made-from-india.com/gallery/6c7917c0a328fe31965562db928c81b2.jpg 6. Crystal Palace http://www.crystal.dircon.co.uk/images/LSpic1.jpg


Precedents - biomimicry in architecture

| ICD/ITEK Research pavillion 2011 | This project explores the architectural transfer of biological principles of the sea urchin’s plate skeleton morphology by means of computerbased design and simulation methods.

Computer-controlled manufacturing methods were used for the creation of 6.5mm panels that form the pavilions shell. The skeletal shell of the sand dollar is a modular system of polygonal plates, which are linked together at the edges by finger-like calcite protrusions.

The particular geometric arrangement of the plates and their joining system allows for a high load bearing capacity. This project is successful because it utilises the biological system to create a efficient use of materials without compromising structural strength.

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-6ABinC2gggk/TvHarZmfKzI/AAAAAAAAWTY/JBHsKBIfS0/s800/17904043113.jpg

Beijing National Stadium (Bird Nest) |Herzog & de Meuron | Beijing | 2008 |

Beijing National Stadium was designed by Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron and is an innovative building in terms of its design and the way it functions through its use of biomimicry. The stadium rises out of the landscape to replicate a giant upturned bird’s nest. The building itself has become icon in the community and has been hailed a marvel of design. For this simple reason this stadium can be viewed as a great success. We hope to achieve a design of a similar iconic standard for the Wyndam city gateway.


Beijing National Aquatics Center (Water Cube) |PTW Architects | Beijing | 2008 | Taking the structure of soap bubbles as inspiration (and mimicking nature’s way of filling 3-d space most efficiently), PTW Architects and Arup gave the Cube an elegant, lightweight design: a rectangular box covered in iridescent bubble wrap. The 100,000 square meters of the Teflon-like translucent plastic ETFE tha make up the building’s bubble cladding allow in more solar heat than glass, making it easier to heat the building, and resulting in a 30 per cent reduction in energy costs. The futuristic LEDlit bubbles not only act as adjustable insulators, turning the building into a greenhouse, but also serve as storehouses for warm air that can be pumped into the Cube as needed. We are also looking to create a self sustainable design for our Wyndham ciry gateway. As it is to be on a not so a accessebul site, with dust flying around by the traffices, self cleaning could be important.

http://www.chinaexpeditiontours.com/upload/Photo/84201022816.jpg http://www.dreamstime.com/water-cube-thumb11675780.jpg http://www.sesfgroup.com/imageRepository/b6547c4d-4ccc-4d32-85dc-26ea803de57a.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/85/Birds_Nest_at_Night.jpg/220px-Birds_Nest_at_Night.jpg


The Eden Project | Nicholas Grmshaw | Cornwall, UK | 2001 |

The Eden Project

used inspiration from natural forms to produce transformative solution. The Eden project showed us how seeking inspirations from the nature can also help to develop an outcome with the least impact to the surrounding environment. Bio mimicry isn’t just a taking inspiration from nature, it also invites us to look more closely and appreciate at the environment we live in or design for. Wyndham city is a city which value it’s natural environment and promotes its relationship between the human and nature, we believe by designing with bio mimicry, will allow not only us, visitors and residents of Wyndham city to have a deeper understanding of the strong bond between Wyndham city and its natural environment.

30 St Mary Axe | Foster and Partners | | London | 2004 |

Hexactinellid Sponge http://blog.

protel-sa.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/ euplectella2.jpg


http://www.spiralzoom.com/Culture/Architecture/SwissREGeometry_edited-1_op_771x663_ tn_400x343.jpg

30 St Mary Axe

The structure of is remarkably similar to the Hexactinellid (type of sponge with skeleton, also known as glass sponges). By mimicking Hexactinellid Sponge, enabled the structure stiff enough to resist lateral structural loads without extra reinforcement. And by that, the building is able to mimic how the Hexactinellid sponge filters nutrients from the water by sucking water from its base then expelling the water through the holes at its top, the building ventilates air in a similar way. The air in the building is able to circulate automatically, thereby reducing energy consumption. 30 St Mary Axe is another great example of how human can leanr from the natural structure to solve problems. http://www.spiralzoom.com/Culture/Architecture/bluebuilding_op_771x1028.jpg


HEXAGON

Bees always use hexagons to create their nest- the honeycomb. Honeycombs also found their way into architecture.

over the road, because of its structural property, we will be able to create a tunnel withouth blcoking the natural lights.

1. Structural property. Bees use hexagon because it is the most efficient shape to create the honeycomg. Hexagon is able to create the strongest while with the least use of material (same amount of surface). Reduce material useage. Even if create tunnel with hexagon structure

It is also proven that the hexagon allows for the greatest strength from the least meterial and labor. 2. Aesthetic property, The Hexagons can be used to create elegant interlocking patterns. Honeycomb Skyscraper by MAD

WHY WE USE HEXAGON

is a great example of the use of hexagon pattern to create innovative and eye-catching design. And by using digital design, the architect was able to bring the hexagon pattern which could be found in honeycomb to the next level. 3. Can create curve surface, the most familiar example will be the soccer ball . We can also find example of using hexagon panels to create dome in the Eden Project at UK.


4. The hexagon grid has been used throughout history to produce tiles, or breakdown space efficently. This is be cause hexagons are one of the most efficent tessalating shapes.

Honeycomb

http://images.fastcompany.com/ upload/beehive.jpg

Honeycomb Skyscraper http://www.inhabitat.com/ wp-content/uploads/comp. jpg The Eden Project

http://media.treehugger.com/ assets/images/2011/10/biomimicryeden-project-schumacher.jpg

Diamond Structure http://www.minsocam.org/msa/ collectors_corner/arc/img/diamond_hardnessf4.gif


Case Study

The Spanish Pavilion | Foreign Office Architects | Japan | 2005 |

The Spanish Pavilion is selected the as the basis for our design because it in stantly reminded us of a beehive. We could see the inspiration of the beehive through the hexigrid system and we attempted to replicate this in our development models by using the CUT definitions. WE also see from the Spanish Pavillion individual modules, each hexagon is a seperate unit which was been stacked to produce the facade. It creates strong connections between each module to produce a structurally soundgrid system. This demonstrated the structural properties of a hexagon grid.

The faรงade is not only a beehive looking faรงade. The hexagon tiles are tinted in one of six colours to invoke the colour of the Spanish flag and many of Spanish cultural such as wine, roses, bullfights, sun and sand. In our proposal for the gateway, we are also intend to create a design completely unique and personally significant to Wyndham City.


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Our first model (image 1 ) replicated the Spanish Pavilion by using the hexigrid and image sampler tools in grasshopper. We have altered it slightly from the Spanish Pavilion by extruding the hexigrid to produce a waved surface. While this is interesting it does not push the limits hexagons as a structural shape nor does it create a model that will truely represent Wyndam City. This definition can only mimic the colour from an image input. We may be able to personalise this more by further integrating the image sampler into our definition.

Our second mode (image2&3), black and white (with gradian) image of sailboat is being inputed into the definition to influence the extrusion levels, colour and radius of the internal hexagons to produce a pattern that mimics the image itself.

2 Spanish Pavilion 2005 http://www. stylepark.com/db-images/cms/ceramica_ cumella/img/p299004_488_336-4.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/ WI/223/1801/PreviewComp/SuperStock_1801-27734.jpg http://www.stylepark.com/dbimages/cms/ceramica_cumella/img/ p299004_488_336-2.jpg


| model development |

The matrices helped us to develop our design idea and parametric design aided us to produce more possible design slutions. We manipulate the model by changing the definitions ans data inputs. we were able to make the model more dutiable for Wyndham City.


We returned back to the matrices to better develop our ideas using the image sampler. In doing this we realised that our most successful outcomes incorporated the image sampler in exer aspect from the radius of the hexagons to the colour. This achived a better imitation of the image input. changing the number sliders of the extrudion level and the radius of inner hexagons.

Testing image sampler, exploring the what is the best working image(different colours, filters, brightness/ how clear we can see the image in the model)

Decided to go with the sail boat image. Because it is simple but with adding the gradient to the image, we were able to get more variation in the extrusion level and thikness. Trying different arrangement to make a more interesting shape.

Through the use of parametric design we are able to create a definition that can change and adapt to constraints and become specific to Wyndham city. By adapting parametrics with biomimicry we can take the best elements of a natural system that we observe and alter the constraints on the system to make it relevent to our design and specific to the Wyndham city location.


REVERSE ENGERNERRING Grasshopper Definition

Beehive Concept Model

Our definition can be adapted to mimic any image we input into the image sampler allowing us to create a design completely unique and personally significant to Wyndham city. In this definition the image sampler completely controls the results, depicting the level of extrusion, radius of the internal hexagon and colour of the hexagon modules. As a result our models mimic the image input.


Yorkshire Renaissance Pavilion ( The Yorkshire Diamond ) | Various Architects | UK | Competition Finalist |

The Yorkshire Renaissance Pavilion is a 400m2 Inflatable mobile pavilion. The pavilion itself is an attraction with a striking exterior. The inflatable tubes are arranged in the atomic structure of diamonds. The Pavilion is designed for maximum flexibility. The modular constriction system allows for the several basic configurations of the structure. The project is modeled mostly in Rhino only without any parametric design. In our case, with the use of parametric design, we will be able to explore a large numbers of possible configurations that suit the constraints of the site. We will also be able to use program such as TopoStruct to exanimate the structure to find out all removable carbon atom units and remove them to generate more variations of configurations for the openings to the most suitable one for Wyndham City gateway. The hexagonal atomic structure is extremely stiff on it’s own. Even over the freeway, with the wind and the traffics, we are still confident that the hexagonal structure will no deflect.

using Rhino to refabricate


2D

For our final modular hexagon model, while we did achieve our goal we do not feel that this model fully represents Wyndham city. It still does not push the limits of this technology and fails to demonstrate the connections between Wyndham city, Melbourne and the transition between rural and urban landscapes. This is more a sculpture of the side of the road than an experience. We want the driver to experience our gateway. Even though our beehive definition does create a solid structure through the modular hexagon grid we wanted to push this idea further and take it towards the lattice structures of diamonds. With this in mind our focus has moved towards representing Wyndham’s development into a more urbanised city scape. We propose a drive through gateway that frames the new urbanisation of Wyndham.

3D

Our Concept for this design is to create a drive

through gateway that frames the two different landscapes of Wyndham city, the rural and the urban. We are hoping to create a dynamic tunnel that represents the transformation from rural to urban. We have selected a hexagon lattice that represents a diamond molecule because as part of this transformation Wyndham has pushed for diamond interchanges on the Princess Hwy to deal with the increseing traffics. While our beehive definition does create a solid structure through the modular hexagon grid we wanted to push this idea further and take it towards the lattice structures of diamonds. With this in mind our focus has moved towards representing Wyndham’s development into a more urbanised city scape. We propose a drive through gateway that frames the new urbanisation of Wyndham. sing the council to push for this change. We are hoping that by creating a gateway in this fashion we can represent the connections between Wyndham city and Melbourne and Wyndham city’s rural and urban landscapes.


Wyndha

PROJE


m City Gateway

ECT PROPASAL


DEISGN DEVELOPMENT

The feedback we received from our EOI presentation was that, the technique we developed is not pushing the potential of the design enough, the hexagons can create much more creative and innovative then our board like, pushing in and out changing color sailboat beehive model. We realized that we are not using the software enough and we were holding back too much on the definition we first developed for the reverse engineering of the Spanish Pavilion. To create a drive-through experience is a concept that our group wanted to achieve, but we couldn’t figure our how we can achieve this through the beehive model we had. As the feedback suggest, we decided to leave what we have got already (the beehive model technique) but keeping our main concept of using hexagons and keeping in mind our reasons of choosing bio mimicry as the discourse to focus. (as we stated in EOI that Wyndham city gateway should consider bio mimicry )

We started to do more research on different bio mimicry design precedents and try to link back to Wyndham city. We found Yorkshire Pavilion. This Pavilion stratified our criteria of : Bio mimicry – it is a diamond lattice structure Hexagon – the diamond molecule forms hexagonal grid. Most importantly, with the lattice structure, we are able to manipulate (twist, pull, push) the hexagon grid in a 3D sense, and we will be able to create a tunnel, we aim to use these manipulatioin to create unique drive through experience.


LATTICE STRUCTURE

Lattice structure has been used in architecture for a very long time, with the improving design technology and engineering, architects are able to create very innovative and eye catching but at the same time long lasting design. Both Beijing National Stadium (bird nest) and the Beijing National Aquatic Center (water cube) are perfect examples.


DRIVE THROUGH

EXPERIENCE The main aim of our proposal of the gateway is to provide a drive through experience for people travelling to Wyndham City. From the inspiration from looking at our case study on Yorkshire Pavilion, we decided to take diamond molecule as our base element to develop our lattice structure.

The gateway we want to introduce to Wyndham city is to use the lattice structure to create a tunnel, and use the properties of this manipulatable hexagonal lattice structure to create a drive through experience. The tunnel will represents the transformation & development of Wyndham city and the tunnel will also be a connection between the rural Wyndham and suburban Wyndham, and the connection between human settlement & natural landscape of Wyndham.

The gateway will encourage travelers’ interest to travel to Wyndham. –look to and drive through provide totally different experience, in different time, and with different speed travelers are driving through, the experience of passing through will be different. But the main message the change of the tunnel wanted to communicate will be consistent.


Original lattice structure

Deformed lattice structure

Our design started with very simple elements. In Rhino, only 2 polylines 1 one surface were created, then use grasshopper to repeat the polyline units to create the original lattice structure and manipulate it structure to a unique lattice for Wyndham city

Basic units to repeat to create a diamond lattice structure

The lattice tunnel is designed by using parametric design and using cutting edge software to push the design idea to a very innovative outcome. We were able to use digital designing to mimic the diamond molecule and to create a dynamic lattice structure and manipulate it to a unique design for Wyndham.


DESIGN DEVELOPM - structure/joint

The stru tubing o but all

Water cube stell structure Taking from the diamond molecule, and research in large steel structure with unusual geometry, the first lattice structures developed have spheres. The spheres are the joints for the tubes to be weld to. Similar to Water Cube (Beijing Aquatic Center, it is a good example of large steel structure)

Diamond Molecule

A lattice tunnel was developed using a similar joint system as the Water Cube, but as we have a more sense structure, the number of sphere and there visual impact was too strong, the tunnel should be more clean and concise to be able to communicate and deliver the experience to traveler who travel in high speed. We decided to change the joint system.

Joint example

Lattice side view(with sphere)

Joint example

traveler’s view of tunnel(with sphere)

All beam be fillet w system lected th and bea nipulatio will dea

(Galvani chemica from rus more du of countl


MENT

ucture will be made from galvanised steel of varied thicknesses depending on the load tubing will be 50 centimetres in diameter

ms will slide into a pre-fabricated joint and then welded into place. The main aim of this jointing is to be invisible and this is why we have sehis construction system. All joints vary in angle am lengths vary in size due to the extent of maon of the original lattice which means each joint al with different loads and construction issues.

ized steel is steel that has gone through a al process to keep from corroding and prevent sting, the zinc oxide coating also give the steel a urable, It is an essential fabrication component less outdoor, marine or industrial applications. )

beam

joint

The lower lattice will extend into the ground on angles and be embedding into concrete strip footings


By meaning to create, represent these experiences, the lattice structure will be manipulated.There are concepts that we evaluated as significant to Wyndham City and we want travelers to experience. However the most significant experience we want the traveler to experience is the rapid

change and development of Wyndham City.

Using a dense, and a more random, not strict, shape of lattice to represent the natural side of Wyndham. Using less dense, uniform lattice to represent the forming of the settlement of Wyndham, a developed, ruled out city planning and transformation into a municipality Looking out from the lattice tunnel, the lattice will frame the 2 different landscapes of Wyndham, the rural and the city. At the beginning of the lattice, as the structure is manipulated, the structure are dense (as shown in concept model photo), travellers would not be view the rural landscape clearly. But as moving towards the end of the tunnel, the structure will be getting uniform and less dense, the traveler will be able to view out to the landscape, to the Wyndham city. This represents traveling towards Wyndham’s development towards a municipality. The lattice is getting bigger to emphasis the growth of Wyndham.

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Concept Model the lattice have 3 main sections 1. random, dense, deform. 2. less random, less dense, doform 3. Uniform, Strict.

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Wyndham

DESIGN CONCEPT

Concept drawing of how the driver will see the tunnel


CONCEPT MODEL

Dense & deform area

Less dense & uniform area

Looking in to the tunnel


Our tunnel is for people who traveling to Wyndham to go through, site B is the most appropriate site to install. We have placed our model on this area of the site because we wanted it to be elevated in the landscape while also allowing for people travelling to Wyndham to only view the tunnel while people travelling to Melbourne or Geelong view the lattice exterior. Also, here is a road split for entering Caltex, we want to avoid the split as we consider it will be safer not the change lane in tunnel. As well as there are signs installed close to the split

Site Plan

= area of site selected for our tunnel installaion

to Wyndham road slipt to to Caltax

AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT

Site B

DESIGN DEVELOPM -installtion site selection, design cri


The length of the tunnel is 145m long. When driver traveling at the speed limit of 80km/h,

6.5 seconds of drive through experience. One of the design criteria we have is to not making it longer than 10 seconds. We want it to be long enough to experience but be at the shortest length with the strongest impression. Too long, the change (transformation) will be too gradually, hard for traveler to pick it up. Also, Wyndham is growing and developing fast, our tunnel should also have a fast, change to be able to provide a sense a moving forward change. With different time(different lighting, shadow in the tunnel) , different timing the traveller look at the tunnel, within this short 6.5 seconds, traveling in high speed PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK EDUCATIONAL PRODUCT (also different speed), every time pass through the drive through experience will be different and still exciting.

to Melbournen

MENT iteria


Now we have the concepts of how we want to create the tunnel to provide unique experience for the travelers. We were looking for another attractor for the lattice, by not only randomly manipulating the lattice, but to use the manipulation to add a another layer of meaning to the manipulation of the lattice, and another meaning for travelers who drive pass the tunnel.

Origianl Lattice

Water, is a significant element of Wyndham city, there are many water associated attraction such as Heathdale Wetlands, Point Cook Coastal park and Marine Sanctuary, Werribee River, Werribee South Boat Ramp and Foreshore, Wyndham Harbour and many more. On the logo of Wyndham city, the word coast is include in the slogan. The attractor decided to use for the manipulation of the lattice is the wave similar to the Wyndham city logo.

Design development - 1 Every units within the curves are d

Design development - 2 Every units close to the curve are n to mimic curves

Design development - 3-1 Units attracted to curves, overall sh

Design development - 3-2 3-1 + manipulation in y direction

DESIGN DEVELOPM - tunnel for Wyndham


Several ways I have tried to use to manipulate the lattice to mirror the wave in the iconic Wyndham city logo. The most successful way was to first attract all units towards the curve, and deform those into smaller size to create the visual effect of units sinking towards the wave.

deformed

not deformed, overall shape trimmd

hape trimmed to mimic curves

MENT

Also the overall shape of the lattice is trimmed, these all together create a sense of movement and tranquillity representing Wyndham rurual origins and it constant growth.


200

400

600 m N


The Diamond Lattice is manipulated and deforms to create drive through experience for people traveling towards Wyndham city. The way the lattice transforms from dense, deformed, more organic shape towards a strict uniform shape represents Wyndham city energy towards municipality and its development. Also it is representing a link between the rural and natural landscape and the urban landscape of Wyndham. The scale of the lattice ensure that it can be seen from far away as a beacon of Wyndham, enticing drivers to pull off the highway and explore Wyndham.


The lattice is 145 meter long with the highest point of 18 meter creating approximately 6.5 seconds of experience. The high density of the beams at the first thrid of the lattice restrict the light going through the stucture into the tunnel, this create a sense of mysterious, unknown to draw the attention of the driver and make it excited to drive in. The traveler will be able to also experience the different lightings and shadows in the tunnel.


a drive through

experience of

c


hange


a drive through experience of Wy


ndham


a l i n k b e t w e e n W y n d h a m & i t ‘s e n v i


ironment


Dense &defromed lattice represets

rural & natural landscape of Wyndh


the

ham


F r a m i n g W y n d h a m, moving toward s manicipality


Wyndham’s transformation


PERSONAL REFLE - problem faced / learning outcom There were number of problem we faced and many things we should have considered during the design process. 1. The tunnel designed did not successfully consider the structure issue and how I want the beams to be join together. It may be better if I designed it to have few main structures (beams) to run through from top to the bottom, and use other support structure to build into the main ones and have them to support each other. Or to have the main beams to be thicker, and the thinner ones could slide into to have a more stable structure. However, with that sort of structure system, we may not have an as unique design outcome as we have now.

Orrange beam as the main structure for other beams to slide into.

2.1 We have faced technical issues for many times, the lack of skill in rhino and grasshopper the design outcome was limited, I have been spending hours on little things but figured out it was just a right click and fix it. But I have learnt a lot trying to figure out ways to do things, for example, I wanted to deform the overall shaper of the lattice but keeping one end uniform, instead of someone just tell me how to do it, I was get to try all the different possible functions, components, and watch so many tutorials, during the experiment I was able to learn from all the trials I did, and by the end, I have learnt not only the “correct” way to achieve certain outcome, but many different ways to achieve many different outcomes.

2.2 During the design process, the me was ” Windows is out of memory, rhin only option I can click on is “ok”. We ha faces and lines, but things got a lot m plug-in –multipipe introduces by our plug-in or tips that can make the file if we are more familiar with rhino and achieve a not necessarily better outc the design in a shorter time, and got m

2.3 There were many design variation all one reason is one make2D took m we wanted to keep moving forward. I document them all and see the whole

3. Our tunnel, we wasn’t able to bui made is to 3D print the model, but a limited size of the 3D printer can prin thickness of each beam. We are very tor to have a concept model of our tu of how the model came out. However group very want to have the tunnel p we also want to experiment the mo ing. We thought it would be very goo light with colour light, and maybe ch ever, we didn’t have enough time to e


ECTION mes

essage Windows gave me the most no will close in 30 seconds� and the ad a very big file of thousands of surmore easier after I started to use the r tutor. I believe there must be many e easier for the computer to handle, d grasshopper, we would be able to come but we would be able to finish more time on developing other parts.

ns developed, but I failed to document me at least 1 hour to complete, and If I have more time, I will really like to e transformation of our tunnel is like.

ild a model by hand, the choice we another problem we faced was the nt and the limitation on the minimal y lucky that we got help with our tuunnel printed. I am more than happy r, if we have the time and money, our printed as well. And with more time, odel with different colours of lightod if we can design our tunnel to be hange colour in different day. Howengage with that part of the design.


At the beginning, our group focuses on the beehive model we developed for the reverse engineering part of the project. During the reverse engineering, we meet the hexagons, we found that hexagons is a shape with lots of potential. (And we started to notice hexagons every where! They are used everywhere) But we were holding on too much on the definition of that beehive model we finally manage to made it worked. Until the EOI presentation, after the feedback, we realized that this definition is just not enough. We have such a powerful software, and we have the idea of wanting to create a drive through experience but there is no way our old definition can achieve that. We decided to ‘throw away’ that definition and only keep 3 main concept we thought are the most vital elements of our project and for Wyndham. Drive through, hexagon and bio mimicry. . We move on to develop the diamond lattice and by manipulate it to create the drive through experience and to represent the development of Wyndham city. The lattice structure allowed us to have a more depth experimentation with project, to parametric design. The lattice allow us to generate more possible design solution During this course, I have experienced how strong and impressive parametric design is, this is the first time I try to use rhino and grasshopper, I was very worried if I can really design something with them. I am very glad that I have this chance to force myself to learn softwares that I am not familiar with. I believe in the future, with the ability (even though I am still not good at ) to use these software, I will be able to develop a design outside of my imagination. When I tried to design something, I only design with the ‘data’ I have in my mind, but with grasshopper, I can learn more ‘data’ that I have never though of. Parametric design is amazing but at the same time I found it scary. Because we now have all these amazing the technology, more out of imagination and incredible design solutions become possible to achieve. In this course, we were able to work in groups. At first, I didn’t like working in groups because I always afraid that I will not have enough skill to help the group. But this time, I am so glad that we were in groups. Rhino and grasshopper are all new things for us, we were able to learn the software together and help each other out. At the end, we were able to split nicely into the areas to work on. Everyone has different filed they are good at. And for me, I have poor skill in the writing part and deliver what I thought into words. My group member helped me out a lot, and I was able to learn from them. At the end, I was able to play with rhino and grasshopper to make the tunnel as much as I want because I have my group member helping me on other part of the project, and I really enjoyed it.


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