Page 1

ffif--Errfl

TIIKOYPO,

l


ilq 6do rspiQqpeq lttrdrrq rou Opduvr, "0 noltrtop6q nqy{ duoruliog" xot "To pdllov proq ouron6r4g", 6Uo ustr6r€S dnou o

To Prptrio 0urd rsprI0p06vEr

0p6uvr, Xopiq v0 eyxoroleinet ro nedio rnq q,ux0v6huo4g, nepv6er mov ltitpo rnq 0v0p0rn0l0Yi0q rol 14q rorvrovroloyioq, yro v0 KoromooTei pe 6Uo K000I0166n npo0l{Uoro: T[v rpd06o rou noltrtopoU etq ltipoq rqq euru1ioq Tou ov0p6nou xot rqv e[oyop6 proq onor4l{g eurulioq pdoro r4q 0p4or0ioq. Mr e{0rprflK6 e[0yoyrrd, 616oxrtx6 r0t Korovo4r6v rpdno, rinog e[6trhou efle ent6ei{er npo4youpd-

voq oro "Tordp r0r ropttod" Kor orqv "tUuxortoYio rov po(tiv ror ovriluoq rou Eytir", flou ovil(ouv oE our6v rov rUxtro rov pr0liov llou ooxorto6w0t Is npopliI0r0 rnq xoopo0eopiog xot rou notrtrtopoti, o opduvr I0S noipvEr Kuprotrerflxd ond r0 xdpt xot lioq EEiXvEr rov [dopo. Kol ourd T0 ruivsr pe rov rpdno xol r4v oryouprri rov Usy6lov oooxtilttv l(ot 6t0Qortor6v: rou Niros, rou fonevl6ouep, rou Aoppivou, 01tr6 Kor rou [nrvd(0, rou Bo]rroipou Kor rou Nrtw€pri. Aiyo 0rglio, xot oe our6 ouyroroldyerot rorf ye-

vrrriv opoloyio rot ro "0 noltrtopdq n4y{ 6uoruxioq", divouv orov ovoyvdro4 per6 r4v ovdyvtooti

roug rqv nenoi04o4 drt dytve npoyportxd oogdrepog.

IT0 dpyo rnq (oriS rou 0o ovoyvttpiooupe pto on6 rlg

o4powrrdrepeq 0uu0ol6q yto rq 64ptoupyio ptog v6og ov0ponoloyioq Kor p' our{ rou 0epdltou rou notrrrropori, rou onrrori qttog eugudoep4g rot nto oIsU0epnS

ov0poflirIroq. Tripog Mol rsBN s60 - 7105 - 14 -

1


>I|KMOYNT @POYNT

O IIOAITDMO>

fIHfH AY>TYXIA> IOAITI>MO) (H AY>OOPIA ME>A >TON

*

TO MEAAON

MIA> AYTAIIATH> METAOPA>H I-rdrgyoE Bappci'r1E

EKAO>EI> EIIIKOYPO> A@HNA


lH

perdggcorl 6yrve cn6 ro yeppcvrx6 npor6ruro: Sigmund Freud, Das Unbehagen in der Kultur xo.. Die Zukunfl einer lllusion. Xglaqtonou{01xe 1 6x6oo1 rou S. Fischer Verlag GmbH, Frankfurt a. M., 1974, Studienausgabe, r.6p. IX. Aeureqq

orc e).i'1vtxd,

6uoq0top6vq ?(cr" fuvoru op6vq, urcufup6vq pe evc olpeio-rpu rou ex66r1, oqpeurioerg rtov leppcvtitv ex6or6v xot rou'Ei'l.qva percAqam4, xar pup).r,o1goglc.

6x6ooq

@Ex66oerg EIIIKoYPo>,

f. I. BcppcME,

Aorlvcr, 1994.

l(

6x6oo1, 1974.

B'

6x6o<rn, 1994, 6roq0op6\n xcr lcvo.rurop6vl. dxOooq, 2005.

I'

lrorye uo0rrrlOryte orqv A0r]vc, mly o.Y.o.o., IpcputiE 7, ql. 3607689, ytc l.olcrpruop6 ruw ex66osov EnlKoYPor, Epp. Mrevdxrt 97, 10681 Aorilq, rni.. 3615152.

Ex66oeLg EnlKoYPo:, Epp. 10681 Ao{va, qtr. 3615152

Mrevdzl

97,

EPICouRos Publications, 97, Em. Benaki St., 10681 Athens, Greece, tel. 3615152

ISBN 960-7105-14-1

NEPIEXOMENA 2qpe(opa tou ex66r1 O nol.Lrr,op6E rqyrl 6uoru1(ag

1t

To p6lrLov urcE curcrrdxlE

123

Brpltoypog[c

199


>HMEIAMA TOY EKAOTH

'lir prpllo o,ux6 srod.Tffo.r. orc

e].],Ivrxd ps pLcr ovaxpi otov r(r}.o rou. H o0lllrLc, t:nf xmd 1.6111 cn66oor1 rou yeppavlxof rlrJr.ou Das Unbehagen in der Kultur vat" H 6uoEopia p6oa orov tdlnop6. Me tlv 6eureprl cunl 6Log0<op6vq x<ru f cvo.tunt,r;-r6v1 6x5oor1 (lpdrr4 6x6oo1 1974) ga v6pLle xcve[q moE 0o 6w6rov xo.l 11 euxcugln yLa qv a],Lo1{ rou xax}.ou {1 pd}"}"ov pe ;rLo :rop6xx}.ro1

uri ro

op06repov. OL L6yoL lou prnE eprt66loct"t ro l9l4 pLp)"[o rov rar].o H |uoEoph p6oa orov m .ntop6^ig,av 6rr, lpotniiple nal.nr,rirep1 e)"),1vLzi1 perdq)Qool lro.r. 6x6oo1 xcrcne0erp6vn oqv E0vLxri Br,p)"Lo0r]l-r"t rov rt'cLo O zd,mtopiE qyii \umuyiag. flpog cnoqrryq ouylfoeov xplvo.pe r6re ox6nlpo vtr uloOrfliooup€ trur6v lov r(r).o, pe lov oro(ov s[1s nspdoer, 16q ro 6pyo onlv e).l.4vLzii BrBlroygcrq[cr, 6vcv r[r].o efd]"}'or-r notr vor;prcrlxti nn66Lbe n}.r]porE rov yeg;rcrvuz6; ,[6Qo 0;16 ro yryov6g (xol oux6 6XrrQoE dQoI rcr;v erOtrvtirv pog) 6u o it\roE o Og6uw r[eo6Qrls yr,o. ro 6.pyo rou tov r[r],o Das Ungliick in der Kultur (H 6uon;1[a orov no],r,rr,op6), nou npooeyyl(er ]rrQloo6rEQo rov s],].Ivr].t'6 O toALnop6E n1yfi |uonryfug. (Etr,oro),4 rou (Dp6uw oxov ealo rou Max liitingon, P),6fis Peter Gay, Freud, Eine Biographie fiir unsere Zeit, S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt a. M., 1989, oE)..

vu Stiooupe oto

rl

611). An6 rqv 6x6oor1 xolJ 1974 xo.r, prerd ro PLB),io EIX€ pta lcp:rpri nopeic, ovo,runtiOqte no),1.6E qoQ6S, 6106604xe xo.r lgrlorponor,{Or1xr strprirnro epnebov6pevo pe rnn6v rov rir),o, tgdlpc nou rtirpc, 'ro 7994, eixooL 196vlo prerd, rqv npr6n1 6x6oo4, q 6noLc crl).cyri orov r[xlo 0o Erlproupyotoe no),ri neploo6repc npop),r]paro on' 6,rr tivnr,6uvcr6v vo 6lproueyE( I o06oryl ovoparoi"oyr,xr] uvcxp[per,c. Elni(oupe e[d]"],ou oe {ruui rylv 6rcp0top6vr1 xut favarunorp6vq 6x6ooq vc e(vcl 11 provcbrxil cvcrxplflern nor 61er crnope iver,. 7


:HMEIC2MA TOY EKAOTII

To ncp6v Brp),io rsgd"cpBdveL Erio pe).6reg 'ror-, Op5uvr, O zd,ntop6E m7yfi \umuytag xat To p J"ov plag duxottd.T?lE, fioru lgovLxd. xtrr vorl;ro.rrxd. ovlixouv po([ xal plo. oupn),rlptiver rqv d1,),r1. H pia, To 1ti).),ov pmg aurartfuqg, ex660qxt ^r,o 1927 xcLt 1 tiltq, O no)nrcpdg trlyij \uoruX[ag ro 1930 xar o:rore],otv rov ruQriva pLog oeLpdg reycor6v, nou 6ev e[vaL orloo8]1fiorc rpulcvo],uttx6E, a]"tr<i p:rogoriv. ge oproprivoug :repLoptopro6g. vo IcQcxrnQro0otv zolvovloloyr,169. To ev6r,nrp6pov rou <Dg6uw yrr rrlv xoLvrov(n xcl rov nol.r,rr,o;-r6 6loqclvmnl os 6].a xo. 6gyn rou, braorri(sL to x61.r-rcpoE tr19 lJuxovdluorlE ror €).c8nl,6vsroL ndwo pe 6vov rp6ro nou nloo on6 rov $u1avn].uni 6Lo.xp[vercl ro ot6peo 66agoE xrlg ov0Qrrlro),oy(nE, n6vo oro onoio o.rqQl(owor or efepeuvrjosLE orlv arotru,xi1 xo.L ou},),oyrxr1 cv11

OptixrLvq rpupi.

O rpdxoE xQ[xoE or1v a],roi6a o.ur6v rov 6pyrov e(vcL xo Torill xal ra!fiod (1912-13) ,(or oxol.ouesl 1 t{uyd,oyfu rav paQitv xat awi)"uor1 rou Ey(it (1921c). Xe lpoBl,riporo rIE zoopo0eogiaE xo.l rou nol.ltropof e[vo.L ccpr,eQotr6vrl ,ior 11 tel,rurufa ,[oQ66oorl, ,4 35q, an6 n1 N6a oetpd ruw xtdeo66oeav yru rqv emayayrl orrlv Vuxavdluor1 (1933a). Xe aurd. Ewdoo€rtrr xrtt ro [IpoE rL n6).t po;; (7933t) rcr o r6rd,oE xtrsiveL pre to O Mtouoiig xat r7 povo9€utrlxi 9p1oxe[a (1939a), nou ypoq6rcv a:r6 to 1934 tbE ro 1938 xor, lrou pr' ctn6 xleivel xal o xrilil.oE xqE (tr;r]g rou Og6uvr. )ro <Yotep6yp<rgo> nou ,rQ6o0soe o Op6uvr ro 1935 oxIV ourollLoTeoqLxri pe)"6rr1 rou Selbstdarstellung, 1925a (e1"i,,r1vrxr] 6x6oat1, AuroBnypaqfu, e,r,66aetg Er(roupoq, A0r1vc, 1994), yQdqsL 6rr zctd rcrrei."euro.in 66xn 1p6vr,u pnopei vo ncganlpq0e( prn orlpar,rLlr] o),l,oyi1 orc 6pyo rou. <Merd. r1v neqLo8slo. prou p6oo rtov ptolxtbv enLorlptirv, qE Ltrtprxr]E xo.r, qg r1r-rloOepane [ag, lou xpdqoe 8

Lro( pou, to ev6raq6gov pou elr6orecqrE oe ,[o],[rroprxd ,[Qopir1ipdro' rou rii"}'ore poywlrr,(cv rov crv6pr,;ro a.x6pq otq orAfi 6q1po>. Ewoei zupftoE ro O zolntop6g qyi \uorufiaE xan To p Jov pruS awandqE, 6{ro 6pya rou o a6r,oE ro.nerv6ppovc unorrporioe, c).ird rord yrytr({v opoloyao eivar, ourd r[ou dwrpt6vouv rov tDp6uw oro pri0po rorv ,rQoyev6or€Qov pryd),ov OLo.voqrtiv rou 19ou nrdrvo,.'Ooo ltcLl (N al,o To p6A)uov pr,aE aummirqE 6ta$eBcr.tirvsr: <Efd)'),ou 6ev sirrd, riJror€ ,rou vo pylv ro 61ouv neL nqw cn6 p6vo dl,Lou, xci'6tepor dv6geE rl,r1p6orepo, evo.py6orepc x,or €rrunoorrx6tegc. Tc ov6po.ro. o.utd)v xtov ov6p6v e[vo.r, yvorord.' 6ev 0a ra ovoq6eo, Trorl 6ev 06],to va &irorrr r1v evninooq roE errt6r6)io vc xctcto.yrir orrs yQcpu6g rous). E[vor 6;ro9 eiixo},.o v<r po.lr6rpoU;re 'ro. ovr5po,'rc: Niroe, )onevlrioueg, O6ueppnal, AapB[vog, d.].ri xor X:rLv6(c, Boi,.xd[eos xcr, Nrlwep6. o1.6x),r1p1 xq

exelvs

rc

luirpyoE BcppotrrlE H tg(tr; dx6oo4 eavar rovopordxunq pe n1v 6eijreg1. Me prLcr p<ivo 6nqopd: Xrr,g oel.[6eg 13,1,4,78,23,24 q ].6[11 ri"orxe vto> dxer or'[rxorcor(ou rr[[ ro oQ06v rr;v ],,6fu <trriqo.wo> nou urniple or4 6e{repq

6x6oor1.

f.

B.

9


r O TIOAITDMO>

IIHIH AY>TYXIA>


r I Aev pnogoripe vo rcgcpl.6rpoupe 6rr ol dvOpo:rot yevtzti perporiv pe ),.a0ep6vc p6rpa enlbldruouv ytcr T ov ecut6 rouE 6{rvo.pq, enLtullc ttcr, nloriro zar, ro 0cupd(ouv oe

c},}d unonpofv rtg crl.q0Lv6E c[ieg rIE ltong. KaL 6ptlg, oe xd,Oe r6rora xplor1 xrv8uvetioupe vcr leldooupe qv rolupoqqic rou ovOptirnlvou x6opou xdt rr;E rpultxrjE rou (rorig. Yrriplor:v f ryrrrproro( d,vOptonot, ot oro[ot cnoT,.Gppdvouv rov 0cupo.op6 r<ov oUylp6vov rouE, ov xcr, zo peyal.e[o rouE Booi(erar oe r66rr1teg xc.l ernetiyproxo, Jrou e[vcl el,re)'drg l6vc rpoE touE oxonofE xct to. L6o.vLxd. tqE pd(oE. Oc 06l,cpe vc uro06ooupe otL p6vo pr,o per,ov6qto. cvnyvorp((er aurotg roug pâ&#x201A;¬y61.ouE dv6peE, evdr q peydl,r1 rl.erorprlq[o 6ev 06].et va f6per. t[nore yr' ourotE. A].),d ra ngriypcrc 6ev elvo,t 16oo cn].ri, efoLr[a.E qE couprgolvfc.g cvd.peoo or; ot6rpq ror, otLg rqdfelg rtov o,v0p6nov xor, m1g nol,uqarvlcE ttov e:rrOupu.tirv 6A),oug,

TOUq.

'EvaE cn6 uuorig rouE elo(perotrg dvbpeg aroxal,e(z<n to prxp6 pou oriyoe lpdppcrc qil,og pou. Tou 6ore "a yQoptlo, ro oro(o npo.ypare{reroL q 0pqoxe[o oov ourondm1,\ xan pou ordwqoe :rog ou1.tg<ove[ o:r6],.uto pe rlv d:rorprj pou yLc q 0gqoxe(c, ).undrol 6prog nou 6ev cvo,-

p6p04xo orrlv npcrypcnlxri rrlyri xrls 0gloxeu'rr,x6l1tcg. Aurri elvcL 6vo. L6to.(repo c(oOqtrrc, nou crur6v (tov cpi]'o pou) 6ev rov eyxo'rotre[neL lo16, pgr]xe vo ro nrolonototiv :rol,),oi rili'or, xcr, 0(r to rpotr60ere oe excropptplc cv0ptilnoUg.'Evo cr[oor1pa, nou 0c (0ei"e vo 'ro ovopdoet c[oOqoq r1g <ct<ovl6rr;roE>, 6vc a[o0r1pcr oo.v yltr zdt onepl6pLoro, dnerpo, 0n l.61cpe oorxe dvr,o>. Au6 to aloOqpc elvor 6vc xa0apd unoxerprevr,x6 yeyov6g xcr, 61l dpOgo 1. EwoE[ ro To pt)"7ot,ptag awatdtlE (Die Zukunft einer Illusion, 1927c), nou nept6lerou oro n<rq6v $rp).io. (>.r.p.)

l-,


O TIOAITI:MO>

IIHIH AY:TYXIA:

I

on6 di\IEE ox61€rE ,(oQ6poraE oqpooloE. flpooonrxd 6ev pn6peoo vo, relo06 yr,a xIV lrQoroy€vr] giol ev6E 16rolou cro0r1po.roE. AIki our5 6ev ;rou 6iver ro 6ux<rlorpo va cpqr,ol3rprioro qv rpcypcnlz{ rou trcp[q oe d].].ouE. To eprirnlpc e[vo.L cv spplverieto.L op0d xo,r, cv rp6nel vo, cva.yvogLo0ei orE <fons et origo) (n1y{ xcu. crq1ri) xdOe 0prloxeurLzr{ g avd.yxl g.

Aev 61o vo 6rc'rundroo linore nor v<r enr1p6o,(e o.nocutot rou npoBl.riporoE. H 166a, 6rl o d.vOporog olrr,l.a;rBd,v*cr, 11 ouol6rlor] rou U.r xo lrrQrBd),),ov ps 6vo. ripsoo, l8lo.lrspo yL' curri 'n1v rsplmoot1 c(oOqpa, r11e[ 16oo ncpdleva, e(vcrL 16oo aro.ipLaorrl ;re ro orxo66pqpa qE rpulo),oyfcg pcE, r6ore np6neu vcr eqcpp6ooups pro lruxovol.ur.rri, fuIab{ yeverLxri spprlvs(c sv6E r&orou <no0ri;raroE. )t1 6rd0eori pog 6lotrpte autrl t1 ox6rpq: Kcvovlxd rinore bev pcg e[vaL nro p6pcr,o ar6 ro c[o0qpc rou ecuto{r prng, tou E"1dr pcg. Aut6 ro E16 priE eprqcvl[eral trur6vo;ro, evlc(o, eu6rdzpLro nn6 xo0eri riltro. To 6rl cut6 eivo.r o,utrurd.r1, to 6tl ro Eytir snezrelversr pdi"Iov rpog ra pr6o<r ltop[E xo0ogd otvopc oe prn aouve[6qr'4 tpuluui ouo[o., nou rrlv ovopdloupe Au6 (Es, id), otrlv orolc lgrloLpeter oav np6oorp'4, pcrE to 6[6a!e yr,a npcirq cpogd 11 rpllcva],utxr] 6peuva, nou paE oips[IsL axriprl :ro],],6E n],rlpoqopieE yr,n r1 o16o11 tou Eyrb :rpog ro Aut6. AIi.d npog rc 6for rou)dlLotov qa[vsror ,[os ro E1,ti 6La06rer xc0cpd 5gLa. M6vo oe pLa xcrdornorl, oe prc r,brcirepl B6por,o, nou 6ev puopotpe vtr rlv xcrobrxd,ooups tos voolprj, 61ouv bLo.cpopetr,xri tc npdlprmc. Xro av6tcto olpelo rou 6poro. reivel va efc).eLq0e[ ro oivopo avd.peoo. oro Eytir xnr oro o,vrlze[prevo. flcpd rr,E poprrpieE r<,rv <rroOr]oeaw o egrmeup6vog rolupl[ernL nog ro Eyrir xo.L to Eot elvo.r 6vo., xat sivor np6eupoE vo. ouprnepr,qep0e( ovd),oyn oov cur6 vc euora0otoe. Aur6 ro orivopo, nou pnope( npoorogLvd. vc cp0e[ trre cpo,oronxri rq ), or1

2.Ineoogixn 1931:) Lihtli [1919].

Merri t1v 6n6oo1 tow 6rio Br.pi'itov La vie de Ramakrishna 11929) xu La vie de Vivekananda (1930) 6ev lperri(etcr vo onoxqtrwto nLo 6tr cw6g o g(i,oE pou ei vtrr o Popqiv Po).dv.

-

3. D. Chr. Grabbe [1801-36], Hannibalt <Nor, cn6 tov x6opo 6ev 0o plotpe. Mr,o pop6 eiponre p6o<r>.

14

1-5


O NOAITIXMO: NHfH AY:TYXIA):

pto quoro),oyLkri ).eurougy(o, e[vcu, qr_rorzd 6uvo.r6v vc 6xncpdooero.L xol an6 vooqg6E 6Lc6r,xtroIeE. An6 rqv no,0o}.oy[n yvop[(oupe 6vcv trreyd].o agr0p6 xcro.ortloerov,

6nou zc6op rQdy

Elri o.n6v<rwr, orov EqtltreQir6 r] 6rou rc ofvopc lcpdlowcL Qurr6orrE 6nor p6pq tou o6parog, xoppdrlc n1E npoocxlxrlg rptrllxr{E (olfE, cwll,qrprLg, ox6rpeLg znl alo0rlpcr<r epqcvi[ownr ocv !6vo,, oov vcr pulv cvi]zouv oro Eyrir, xct nepurrrioelg 6lou cro neprl3dl-

).ov 0116 an6

ngocpcv6g 6xer, 6r1proupyl0e( 0o 6npens vc cvayvtopllernr, rlprc ror Ey6 un6x€rxot o€ 610to,pc16E xor tc 69r<r lou Eyrir 6ev e[vcr ora0eg6. Mrr cx6pq rono06rr1or1 e [vor,: Aur6 ro oio0rlpa tou Eydi rori eviiirLxou 6ev pnope( va {rcv an6 qv cpp] ftor. To Eyti nq6nel vn 61el6r,nv6oer pra e[6],1[r1, rl oro[o B6Borc 6ev elvar 6uva.r6v vc cnobsLl0ei, a].],6 pnopo{r1re va r1v xarcoxsuriooupe pre agxerrl cxp[peLo.a To pg6rpoE 6ev cnolop[lel ro Eytir rou nn6 to negLpti],],ov, nou eivnL

nlyii rrov epeeLoprdtov nou 661ero.L an6 aur6. To pc0o[-

ver orn8raxd riotepc an6 buiqopeg u:ro6e[feLE fiou 66Xrtcr,.s On rlQ6r[€L vo. ror npofeve[ repdorrc evtrinoorl 6.rt pegLx6g cn6 ttE lrr;y6g ege0r,opdrt:v, orrg onoieg 0o. avo.-

4. llv fen

aqlooieg

rol

<Dep6wor, (Ferenczi) 1uo

ro oioolpn 10! Ey6 (Enhvicklungsstu(1913), p61pr ruq oupBo).6q ror IL <D6v-

tepv (P. Federn) 1926, 1921 xor. op16repo. 5. [Xe <rut6 ro olpe(o o rD,o6uw rrveircL oe ouxeio 66o9og. Eile ol(rp]oeu ro 06pn ).i1,o rqrv oq pei"6tq tou <H tiprloq> (<Die Ver-

O

IIOAITI:MO: TIHTH AY:TYXIA-:

I

yvorgforr cpy6repc xG oolrorr,xd. xou 6Qyovr:r, xou 016],vouv ouvel6E ege0fopcrc, svdr dtrtrsg rou crpcLpo{rvro.r rord 6rcorrlpo.ro. - xc.'t avap"tad rouE I lrlo no0r1 1: ro pqrprx6 on10oE nou p6vo pe 11 porl0eLo ofiorrFrxdrv Eecporvrlpdrov rou :rcpclorgodvrnL. 'EroL cn6vcrwl oro Eytb rono0ereirar dQXLrd 6vc <owtxe[pevo> rou $pioxercr (orr6Etrl) xaL p6vo ps LbLo.[regr1 sv6Qy€ro o0elro.L oro rpooxilvro. Mla cx6pr1 roQouivloq yLo. r1v Gfiob6opeuol tou Eydr cr6 rr1 prtilc rolv oroOfo€orv, 6r1l<rbii yr.a qv nvoyvtiprorl ev6g <cn6fro>, evrig negtpd),),ovrog, 6[vouv or ouXv6g, no),tpoprpeg xor cvor[6qruxxsg oro0rlo€rg fi6vou x<n 6tocp6ox€ro.E Jrou xcrcrgyoiv rqv arepL6prorl e[ouolc qE oQXliE xIE r16ovr1g rcr, s:rtBd].].ouv qv o.nocpu1,ii qE. ArlpLoupyrarcl n rdol vo brcxoQi(€xo,r trr16 ro E1<il zoOetl rou prroQea vc y[veL nr1yr1 r6roLcg 6uocp.6(rxrro.E, vc or[oQQfurr€Tor, va oXIUdxiE€TGr 6vc xc0ap6 r15ovLx6 Ey6, oro oJro(o ovrrJroQori0ercL 6va f6vo, nner,),r1uz6 <<1116!o>. Tc 6pr<r nurori rorr ,[Q0]r6yovou I6ovLxo{) Ey6 6ev propo{v vn nnoqriyouv q 6L5p0oroq cr6 m1v e;-rreqia. Kd.rr, nou fiQooq6Q€r EUXoQioxrloI roL 6sv 0a i10ele vc ro eyxo.tcl.ehpet xnveig, 5ev elval Eyrit, a],].d uwLxelprevo, xo,r, 6vng r6voE, ,[ou 06].el xcveiE vc rov cnoq6yer,, onobei1vrror cbLdpplztog p€ ro Ey6, oGV vo 6XsL sooregrxr] fiQo6IEUoI. Me pr,n 8tabLxcoic rou 616oox6po.ors, 11 onola 6yxencn oe exotoun xo0o6riyr1or1 qg bpcotrlpr6qrcrg rtov o,roO(o€tov lroL oE rordIIIII €v6Qytro rtov pu6vov, proeo{pre vc [e1opl(oupre xdt nou E(vnr eotorepLz6 -rou cwrixeL oro Eyii.l - cn6 xdtt notr e(vat sfroteplx6 rou 6xrr 6r1prr,oupy10ei ofi6 ro nrQr06lLov xo.r xdvoupe 6roL ro npdrro Bf prc yLc qv ecpcgproyrj rIE oexlis n1E npaypo.rrz6nlroE, rrou re6rerror v<r s!oudeutung, 1900u (d,),ryLxri 6x6oo1, H epp4veia uor oveipatv, tx66oerE Enixorpog, A0r]vcr, 1993, os),. 490-91)].

76

2. O nd.Etou1r

a\/i \tofl'Xiat

17


O TIOAITI:MO: IIHTH

ord,oer r1v ,roeon6Qo e[6i'l[r;.6 Aur6E o 6Lo1r,tplop6E e[u-

rn4perel guolxri rrlv rgoxrlx4 rp60eor1 vo onogriyoupe

rou 6lgro0av6pcote. To orr ro Eyrir yrcr r4v cnoo6plorl opr,op6votv 6uodQrorrrlv epeOropdrrov cn6 ro eooreplx6 rot 6ev epcpp6(el dlleg pe066oug cn6 eze[veE lotr 1pqor,;ronole[ evdwrc otrl 6uoap6ozelc lou rpo6plercrt at6fro y(verot xor6rlv cgeqpio oqpcrwLx6v voorlpdrv 6tarcpc16v. Me r6rorov rp6no cnoloplfero.r ro Eytir cur6 rov eforeprx6 x6o;ro. fl,o oorord: Apltzri ro Eyri tc nepr6lsL 6iro, agyotepa 6tcrogl(er rov eforepr,x6 x6opo. 'Eror ro or;pepw6 pcE o[oOqpo tou Eyrir e(vcn p6vo xo ]rEeroQr,o;r6vo un6).ouro ev6E rlo,rLori, ev6g yevrxori oroOr]pctog, nou cwcroxprv6rav orq otevr; o{rv6eo1 rou Eyrir pe ro repLpri)"),ov. Av uno06ooupe 6rl o,ur6 ro ap1,x6 o[oOr1pc rou Eytit 61er 6rar;pq0e [ - oe pleyokitepo { prxporepo Ba0p6- onlv rpullxr] [<or] no],],rirv cvOqdrnov, gc 6pnctve on6vowl oro orev6reqo zoL euxprv6orepc oqo0er"4p6vo crlo0qpc rou Eyrir qE 6qrpqE 1],tx(o.g ocv 6va e[6oE ro.(gl, zcr ro, owlororlc oe aur6 nepr,el6pevo lov nopcor6oerrrv ocr rirnv cxprptirE curd rou ctepr,6plorou zcr, rr;E oriv6eoqg ;.le ro oi;lrcv, ;re rc onolo, o rp[],og potr eppqvefe r ro <toxedvr,o> o,(o01pc. 'Eloupe 6poE 6lxa6opa vo uno06roupe qv elrB[too1 rou opllxori 6[n],,a oro perayev6orepo, rou rpor]L0e cl6 o.ur6; Avapqtoprirqrcr 6vc r6roto yeyov6E 6ev pcg [ev[(er orite otov rpulrx6 rop6o, otre oe 6),},or-rg tope(E. l,a ro ldro poor(6pcote or4v un60eoq 6tt ra neptoo6repo e[ei"Lyp6va e[61 lporl],0ov clr6 ra zcr6repo.. Kol 6p<rrg ouvcwo6pe 6i'eE tE on},6g pogq6g [ox]E xot orlpepa ax6pq 6in},o mc nr,o sfrlr,yp6vo 5wa. Ta peydlo oauqoel6r] 61ouv rr,E o.ner)'r1rrx6g oroOrioerg 6uoap6oxeLo.E

6. [IIgp].. <Formulierungen riber die zwei Prinzipien des psychischen Geschehens> (Freud, 1911b)].

18

O

AY:TYXIA:

|IOAITI'MO: I]H]-H AY>TYXIA:

I

r:x,),eirper, xcL 61ouv xdvet t6no orc 0r1l.cotLxd nl,trd 6voE yvrloloE exnq6oonoE ouroi tou e[6ouE, o ltpox66eLl.oE, leL cx6pr1 ovdpeod pcE. H avntroy[c trr:rope( va Eavol rcparpcB4ypr6vrl, lol.aive r, ur[or1E oto yeyov6E 6n r,a xtndtrrpn e(61 nou louv ciz6prl 6sv e[vat yv(or,ol rp6yovol rtov oilpsga neprco6rego efelr,yp6vov. Tc evbudpeoc pr6).4 rtltruv xctd xov5vo. rx).eiqrtt xat;.ro.g eivor lvootti pr6vo pe crvuro.prioxcorl. >rov rlu1,x6 rop6c cw(0ero q 6ltr-

rou rpor6yovou 6in),o oto pretcr).).ayp6vo nou nporll0e crn6 autri e[vnl 16oo oulvr'1, tilots eivnl nsgLrt6 vcr ro cno8elfoupe pe lcpa6e(yparc. )uvri0olE crurl 11 bLcnlprlorl e(var ouv6neta pLuE efe)'txrr,zriE aLdoncoqg. 'Evtr nootxtx6 p6pog pttcg ordorlg, plcE oppriE, 6XeL lcrgcur(vel crper60l,Iro, 6va dtrtro 61er, Stnv{roer, ptu napon6po ri1pr1or1

€qE^rts1.

E66 0(1,oupe ro yevLx6tepo np6plqpo l1g 6Lctt1pt1ot15 orov rpuxrlt6 top6a, nou 6ev tou 6Xel ylveL xapptlir ele[epyaoin, a].].d eivor, 16oo yorlreurux6 xo.t oqpcwlx6, nou xar lorpig r,br,o[regq ocpogpf proporipe vc -rorr nqtegtirooupc yLo tr[yo n1v rpoool{ prcg. ,Art6 r6re rou -Eelepdocrps fllv nldvrl 6rt 11 t6oo or,rvr10top6vr1 o' sprtiE apvrlpoo6vr1 oq;ro(ver. xctutrtporpl tou pvlprovtxot (1vouE, 6q)'c61 elirleLrprl, tr(votpe orrlv cvt[0en1 ur60eor1, 6rr onlv rpupxrl [toii rlnote noo e(1e 6Lotrropqo0el nplv 6ev pnope( vc e'[crpcvLo0si, 6t 6].n 8LomlpofvrcL xs.td zdnoLov rp6xo. xat x6"ca <rn6 znt6),Lr1treE ouv0rlxeE, Jr.X. F€ ptrr exrerapr6vrl enovnotgotpil, pnogo{v vc epcpcvtoOoriv nd},t oro rpooxfvro. AE Soxlpdooupe pt pto 66Y?(QLoll cn6 6vav d)"tro rop6c va efilyrlooupe to nepr,el6pevo curig qg un60eo4E. fltrlpvoups oov napd.6etlp<r r1v e[6],u[1 l1E ar,6vrcg r6l.r1E.7 Or roroglxoi pdE ovarp6gouv 6tL 11 l<r7.

Kqtd to: The Cambridgc Ancient History, r6p. 7 (1928): (Thc

Founding of Rome> (r]16 rov Hugh Last. 19


O TIOAI'I'I:MO: NHIH

AY:TYXIA:

trcLrireprl P6pn1 rjrtrv rl Roma Quadrata, 6vcg :repLcppcyp6voE oLxLopr6E oro flol,ar(vo. Axo),o60qoe 11 qdorl rou

Septimontium, pLo 6voor1 .rtov olxropritv otouE [eltopLororiE l.5qoug xan per6. 11 n6),r1 nou neplx),eL6rcv cn6 ro reiXoE tou )rgplorr, xcL opy6repcr, iorepa an6 6],eg ttg [Exo0o]"6g r1E blpongarLxrlE ?tor rrlE rQ6rtulg curonocroplxilg sno11g, 11 16),11, n1v ono[cr o auroxpdroecE Auel),1<rv6g neqL6x),eLoE [r€ ro te[1og rou. Ag prlv lrapaxo],ou0rlooupte d),},o rr,g percpo),6g rrlg r61.r1E ror oS ovdQolrrlOoirpe rL pnoge[ va Bper 6voE enLox6nrlE, epo8Lcopr6vog pe rLE re),eL6repeg lotoqr,x6E xcl tonoypcqLx6g Tv6orrE, or1 oqpeplvrl P6pr1 ar6 ourd rc lporlyo6trreva ord6la. To re[1oE rou Auprl],Lavo{ ec ro BgeL o1e66v or6qLo exr6E cr6 preplx6g 6r<lppay6E. )r ogrop6vo. orlpela prnope[ va 6er" rpu1par<r rou rel1oug rou )bpp(ou nou 6Xouv rp6peL oro (poE oL o,vnoxag6E. Av yvotpllsr apxerd. -nepLoo6repa cn6 'rouE orlpeptvo{rg nplolo},6yorg pnopei loorE vc orlpreLdroel oro o166Lo l1g r61.r1E 61.11 qv nopeic nuto6 rou 're(XouE xol qv lep[perpo ulE Roma euadrata. An6 rc xr[pLo, wou y6pt(cv d].].ore o116 ro na].o.16 n],aioLo, 6ev Bpioxer, r[nore ri e],d1Lorn xutri].oma, 6r6rt 6sv urd.pXouv Jr[o. To orlpa.l,rLz6rspo :rou 0c propofoe va rou ngooq6ger 11 za),tregr1 yvrirorl trlg nctr<ndg ptiprlE 0u rpcv 11 rrlo6ril.too1 rrov orlpre(tov 6nou Bpioxow<rv oL vooi xaL rc 6qp6or,n xrlpr,a exe(vqE nl5 €roX{E. 'O,tt und.pler oilpepa oe nurd ra oqpelc eivar epelrtro., 61r, 6poE rov <rgpz6v xrlopdrorv, c),),ti rrov avaorl),6oetirv rous o€ ).t,o.ro:rr.v6E sro16E {oregn cr6 ntrpxcyL6E xar xo.rco.rpog6E. Apxstd <rp1a[a urd.Qxouv o(youqn cx6pn1 oro 66oqoE tqE :r6).r1E 11 elvcrr,0<rpp6va xdra ax6 ro olpspr,vd. xrtopana. Aur5E e(v<rr o rp6log qE 8rcriprlolg rou no.ge).06vroE nou ouvuvroripe os LoropLxofg r6noug 6notE 11 pdrprl. Ag uno06ooupe tdrgn 6rl 11 Ptiprl 6ev eivcr, 6voE t6noE 6rou xo.rorxorlv civ0ptonoL, c},),ti 6va rfrulLx6 ov ps xo a6Lo 20

O

IIo ITI:MOI TIHfI] AY)TYXIA:

I

rirore, nou €iX€ 6I6pr efcqavLo0el, 6rou 6(n].o. orlv re).rurcio qriorl e[6h.[r1E brofllpotwor nx6pr1 6].eg oL npor11,o6peveE. Aut6 0a ollpcLvE yro. q P6pr1 titL oro [Ia].o.r(vo og0rivor.'rnr, oro no).c16 rouE {Vog ro GUronQoxoQrxd, na)"dtrc xal ro Septizonium rou Ienrlplou XeBrlpou, rirL ro Opo{rpLo xou Ayiou Ayy6),ou q6per nx6pr1 ortg erd),(eLg rou ro. r,rpo.[o. oyir]"pata nou to ot6].1(av p61gl rlv nol.roQxa<r cnri touE f6t0oug. KaL azr5pq: po.xp6 xcL :r)"otolo ntrpel,06v, 6nou

pLoupyrl0ei prLc qopd, 6sv

oq

06o11 r,ots Palazzo Caftarelli 0u 6orexe ox6p1, XrrlQaq va 1pe Ldleral vo l[orr6oqro0€i aur6 ro xrlpLo, o vo6< lou Kcnlro),ivou A(n, xol 61r p6vo or4v 're),euro(o 'rou popqr1,6:rorE rov 6p),encrv or PorpcioL llg (ruroxQoxoQLzriE cno14;. atrtrri xut urrlv u1-,pr,{ rou. ornv siXe oxourl rrpouoxrxri Xoptrxr4prorrxci xot rlrnv oro).rogivoE ur itri)"Lveg per6reg. Eze[ nou e[val oiiprepa ro Ko].ooon(o 0a prnogotor:rpte va Oaupd(oupr xaL qv nvf:rnpxtl nLc Domus aurea rou N6povu. )qv n),cre[a rou fkivOeou bev 0o Bploxape pr6vo ro oriprspLv6 fldvOeov,6notg paE ro riqrloe o Abprav6g, allci oto [bLo 66aqoE xaL ro nppx6 xtioprc rou M. Aypirnn raL r-rx6pq ro iEro 66cipoE 0c 6rpe ge rqv Ey,x)\\ais Maria sopra Minerva x<rr, rov nn).n16 vco. rdvtrl orov onoio p(o0r1xe GUrti. XQerdlexal (oolE p5vo <r).),oyr'1 rrlg xaret0uvorlE rrlE prarLdg r'1 rrlE e6or1g -rou ncgatqprprl yrc vG rlQooqeQ0ei 11 piu ll I dI},I

drovl.

flpocpnvd.rE 6ev 61eL v6r1pn va ouveliooupre Gurii lIV ur60sor1, yLar[ o6rlyei oto cblcv6rpo zcr oro nupd].o"1o. 'Orav 06loups va :rcrpao looupe rqv r,orogLxr] 6tnbo1i1,

pnopofpe vc ro xdvortrre ;r6vo ronoOett6wcg orov Xtirpo to 6vo npd.ypo 6ln).a oro d).tro o (6roE ldrpoE 6ev enr56XetaL 6Ln)"6 y6propo. H EoxLprl po.E cpa[vercL norg eivo.r. doxonq lpovorpLBri. To p6vo x6g6og nou 61oupe eivnr ixr. prag 6e lXve r, n6oo 6{roxo}.o slvnL v<r :rpooeyy[ooupre 21


O TION

rrg

LbroQQU0pi€E

rIE rruxrrriE

[tor.1E pe

napaot<rtrxr] nspL-

Y8OQI.

Xe 6vo <rvri0eto enlXr[pr1p<r np6:ret vc ].dBoupe ox6prrl e6or1. T[Ostcn ro sqtirqpc, ylarl ex],6fcpe ro:roBe]"06v puaE n6),1E yro vo xo ouyxQavoups pre ro qrullx6 ncBel,06v. H un60eo1 qg SrcrriprloqE rou ncpe).06wog r,o16e L lro.r yrc x4v rpulrxrl (rori ;r6vo pre rov 6po cnr ro 6pyovo rIE 1luXIE 61eL pe[ver d0lxro, 6tL o lor6g tou 6ev 61eL unog6peL cn6 rpafparc ri cp),eypovri. Kcrcorgsrnr,x6g enr,Epd.oe r,g, fiou Fr[oQo6ps vc rtE napnBd.],oupe pe out6g 'rtlv noOevslrirv, 6ev ),e[:rouv cn6 rt1v Loropfc x<rppldg:16),q9, cx6pn1 xnt uv 61olv 6v<r l.Ly6repo rcpayp6vo ncpel.06v an6 q P<irpr1, ax6pr1 xnr, nv, 6no5 ro Aov6[vo, 6ev fioxrf0lrov fiol,e u(6 eX0p6. Kcr q erprlvLx6repq e(6lr[r1 pr,cE r6).qE nrgrxl.eier zarebcqloer,E xcl cvrLxcrnoltioerE xrLopdrorv, xnL yL' o.u'r6 11 16)"11 elvcrr ar5 qv nppi oxcrri),),r;i,,r1 yrc pLc r6toLa otyxprorl trLe 6v<rv rpupx6 ogycvropo. Ag ncp<rxdpnpoupe cu1l] rqv or.,ripplol xor o.S oxQo.qo pe oe 6vn onoo6rpore oul,yevlx6repo nvtLxslpevo ofyxprcrlE, 6zotE eivo.r to ot6p.c rou !6ou xcL rotr nv0pt6nou. A],),ri zcL ebt6 ouvo.vrotpe ro i6ro. Ol npoqyoripeveE cpd.oslg qg el6),r,[r1E 6ev 6yout xcr.,d xo,ppLd 6wor,n 6ral1pr10e[, 61ouv 6rntru0e( otE znrontv6E, otLg onoieE 61ouv npoop6pel ro u1,rx6. To 6prppuo 6ev e[vaL Euvo,r6v vc avcyvropLo0ei orov evrl),Lxo, o 06prog c66vcE, tov onoio 6L60ere to rorS[, 61er o.vrLzcrcorc0ei petd rqv ecpqBe[a an5 ouvberLx6 r,o16, o [6r,oE 6;roE 6ev un6gler firo. :ro ouloeL6{ oord ror 6plpou riv6pc propti B6BcLa va orlpeldtool ro repiypappc rotr nnl8tzot x6xzcl.ou, c1,).d. aur6 xaeo.ur6 6ev rrndpler nrc, o.got an).tov6rcv xnr l6wpcwe p61pr vn qrdoer orrlv opLorrxr1 rou poprpri. Xupqtrrvof pe 6t ;rLn T 6roro. btnrrlgqorl 6),ov rorv neopaO-./ pl6tov 6in].a orrlv ts].txi] 6Lop6gqooq e(var 6uvcr( p6vo 22

O

ITI:MO: T]HfH AY::TYXIA:

urlv li,uxrxf

NOAITI:MO' NH|H AY:TYXIA-: I

(t'.rr]

xct

6rL 6ev e[po.tne oe 06on vo 6e([o!pe

rapcorcnLxd cuxli qv

eE6ltqrl. noki pe

'Iorog vo. ,tQox(oeoipe

nur] xlv

urr60Eo1. 'IooE

0c 6npere vtr rofpt p6vo orL to ro,peL06v ltnoQ€t \a bLaqpq0e( oqv Uu1t).ni ltoii, 6rt 6ev fiQCr'EL onaodifiore

vo roroorQoQe(. Mo),owo{ro eival 6uv0r6v orIV llrultltii (tori peplxri 0r[6 ra ]TsQcop6va -xcfid xolt6vo fi xor" rEG[QroI - vc elcri,.s[qowcL oe r6lorc Bo0p6, drore pe xnpy.rd 6r,a8r,xno[a vo pqv eivot 6uvct6v vo cJro]lcxooxot)otv { vc avc(rooyoqOoriv, r] vc otv66etcr 1 OLctrlploil rous ywr?td ple ogtop6veg suvoix6g ouv0rlxsE. E(vct 6uvcr6v, n)").ri 6ev 1,vop[(oupe rfurore It' cut6. Mnoporipe p6vo vtr roluptooo{rps 6tL 16r,c'niplor1 xou ,rdQe}.06vroE orlv 1'uxrx{ ltori e(voL pdl}.ov xcv6vcE rdQd Eevi!,ouoc eEoIerorl.

Av ncpcbeXtotpe 6tl oe no)},oiE av0pdrnouE undglet dvc <coxedvto> a(o0lltd xot xo ofio8d)ooupc oe [r[o, ,redlrpl edol rou oto0fpaxoE rou EY6, €pcpov[Eetct ro noQcrn6eo sQ6qpo, notri c:rc[tr1o1 61et our6 to a[oo1pc va oeopqoe[ n4yrl ttrtv ogrloxer-nlz6v o.vnyxtbv. Aurj ri urc[qor1 6ev pot rpc[vetol r.ELa7'Lv"i. ftat( €vs c[oOr1pc FrroQci vo, e(vct n1yrl ev6pyetcrE, p6vo 6tov e[voL ro (6ro 6xcppcoq pLcg preydtrlE ovdYxIE. fLn rr,g 0gloxeuxrx6E ovdyxsE I rQo6l.tuo1i roug dr[6 qv rcr,altrl o8uvntrria xcrL cr6 r1v r[Qoxotro6pcv1 tm6 cutr] erL0t;rlo yr,c rrlv rrQooroo(o xou ,rdr6Qo lrou qo[vfict 0,6topqtoPIirIrn, o.9o6 pdlr,oto. cut6 to afoOqpo 6ev oupBc6i[er, orl.d]E ps 'rlv ficlbtxrl Ero{, olki 6lor'1peit<rt br.opxtilg anir to dylog turQos orrlv un€Qoxri r1E polgcE. Aev lvtlp([to xcppLd 6]').q e!(oou FETdl.I ovdTzl oxlv ,rot6tx( r1}'tx(c ocv otrt] yto TIv lrQoorooio a:r6 tov nc.t6pn.'Etot o Q6LoS xou toxetivlou o[60{UotoE, r[ou 0o pfioQo{oe r.1 vc enl6r6lel rqv u:roncrdoroorl rou orrsQt6Qtoxou vo.Qxl.ootopo6, oro0sirar o.n6 to nBootr]vto. Trlv ngoEl,euorl rIE 0QI23


O NOAITDMO' NHIH

II

AY'ryXh:

oxErr,Lxi1 ordo4E p:ropotpr vo. rlv napcxo?rou0riooupe p61pl 19 o[oOqpa qE ncr6rxilE o6uvo.;r[aE. fl[ool plops( vc xptBovrcr xcL ti),),o, nprdypcra, a),)"ri ro xa),rjnre L opil),r1.

Mnog6 vo gowaoOri 6rl to

<<AE

24

roxe<ivr,o crfo0qpo

ouole-

lcipero.r 6noroE avcrw6e l oro Q66rvo eoE>.

)to orilygcrppti ltou To pi)Jov ptaE aurartiqE

6ev aayorou 0pqoxeutlxof ol(r0rlporog, cl),ti pd}"),ov Fs ou16 fiou ewoe[ o xow6E. d.v{letunoE UF 14 0prloxelo rou. p€ ro oriorl[c, rov brbrioxo.),r,tiv xcu 'rtov unool6oetov, nou csr6 ro 6va p6pog rou 6lorinqlv[(er. U,€ oErolrilsurl te}.er,6rrpc ro. crLv(ypcr<r trurori rou x6opou xo.r cn6 ro dli.,o rov bLoBeBcrr<irver ntrrg prc u.1cOij np6volc lpooraretel xn LoTl rou xo.L 0c. encvoB0droer, nr0cv6E rapol"eirpetE oe plrc pe1.),oltrxri tficrqhl. Aum] qv ,[Q6von 6sv prnope( o xor,v6E riv0ponoE va rr1 qowaoOe I o],],u6E rcpti orr1 poprprl ev6g peyc].6npelo rlurptop6vou nm6pc. M6vo 6vog r6toLog n<rr6pcg pnope[ va yvorg(lsL rLE nvdyxsg ev6E av0gdrnor, vc cxo{el rlE :ro.po.x).{oe lE rou, vo, xctervd(€Tdr pr rtr 6e(yp<rrc qg psrdvotd.E tou. 'Oi.,o, aLnd sival T 6oo rcr6r?d,, 16oo !6v<r ,reoE rrlv ngnypcrlx6qrc, dro're oe 6vcv, nou 6rdxeltar qr,LLxd ngog rotrg <rv0prirroug, T ou e [vo,r o6uvqp6 vn ox6qrr€Io.r rto5 11 peyd},1 n).eLoqllqao rov 0vlrriv 6sv 0c pr[oQ6oer no,r6 vc lenepdoer, auril xt1v tlnorpl qg (oi]g. flto 0),lBep6 e(vcr vc pl6noupe n6oo no),,).o[ Gfi6 xouE oIpeplvofE av0ptirnouE, nou rp6nel vo E6Qouv 6t aurr] 11 0gqoxe(c eivor, cprioLprl, rQoofio.eotv vn npogul,clOoriv 11116 our1 ),iyo-),i1,o pe cltoepr(vqreE ptl1eg uno16p1or1E. @c (0e1,e rcveiE vo. U.rrcr orr,E ypcprp6g rov nrrrirv, 1rro. vo unev0upioel otoug tp 6oocpouE, notr vopl(ouv ,[oE tr6(ouv rov 0e6 tqE 0gqoze[oE !r€ ro vc rov cvrlxcOrotofv pe pr,tr o.np6ootnq, oltLdi6rl, arpqpqp6vq ap1i1, ro: <Oi 1.r1qrst rd dvoFo. I(up[ou rot Osotr oou 6ri poroir,o!> Av peQrlid ofi6 ra preya),{nepo rveipcra negcrop6vorv enoltirv 61ouv xd.veL ro i6m, 6sv np6nel ebrir vo. o.vacpepOodpe os aUrotE. Ivtogl(oupe yr,nri cvcyxdofllxnv vo. ro xd.vouv. Enlorp6.cpoupe otov xorv6 dvOgono xcL rr1 Oploxe[o, rou, rr1 povcr6r,x{ fiou 0c 6rrQsns vn q6psL cur6 ro 6voLofprcr, 16oo pe rlE pn0rirepeg nqy6g

25


O

IIOAITI:MO: NHIH AY:TYXIA>

trc. AQXrxd ouvo.rrotpr xrl yvorori 6xcpgaoq ev6E cn6 rouE preyti),oug pag noulr6E x<rr, ooqorig nou cvo.g6perol or4 o16o11 r1E Opqoxeiog ,reo5 rlv r61v1 x<rL n1v elloqpr1. 'E1er orE e[r]g: <(OnoLoE 61er, t6Xvl xcrr

ellouiprl,

zcr, Op4ozeio.' 6noLoE rLE 6u6 exelveg 6ev rLE 61e r,

61e1,

61er 0prloxe[n!>8

Aurr] 11 qiio,4 q6peL cn6 ro 6vo p6pog 14 Oprlorelo. oe o\ruiO€orl rpoE rLE 6{ro o,vtilrares enL66oerE rou av0p6nou, xo.r o.n6 ro titrIo p6pog LolupilercL txr 1 pic pmopel ollv

q

(ori vc exngooole( ri vn awLxc0Lord. rqv d),trq. Av 06l.oupe vc apqroBrprlooupe rq 0gqoxe[n orov GEao

filE ylc

ltor,v6 d.v0Erono, 6ev 6loupre ,rQoeov6E n1v au0evr[cr rou noLrpri pe ro p6pog pag. Oa EoxLpd.oorpe vo c!ro),oyrlooulrr rI qQdon rou trre 6vav r,6r,oitepo xQ6rlo. H EiDn, 6noE p<rg 61eL 6o0e[, e [vnr, ro].6 6rioxo],r1 yro pcg, tros q6pver, 16oo ro),1o{S n6vouE, ono^lorpeioeq xcl d.}.ura rgoBlrlpnro. frc va m1v unog6goupre, 6ev ;rnopo{rpe vc

rcpoLrlOotpe trn6 xo.r<rnpntivrrrd p6oa. (<Aev livercr, XoQiE 0o1elrrx6g xo.ro.oxet6E>, poE l,6a o T6owop Oovrdve).e Yndplouv [ooE rpln ei6r1 r6roLtov p6otrtv: lopp6E nnoondoerE rlg npooolilg, nou pog xdvouv vo ufio(tporipe rrlv co),Lo,rr1rd pcg, ovcri.,4pcopc'rrx6g rxnvono(oerE, nou rq per.dlvouv, vcpxtotr.xd, nou po.g xd.vorw vc pr1v rqv oLo0<rv6poom. Kd.lroto aw6 ourd poE ylvernL alopaln1lo.ro TlE cnoond.osLE rrlg rgoool]E ewosl o BotrrnipoE, 8.

frcar€, oro: Zahme Xenien lX. 'Ecpcpt, Mttp4ot (1895)].

9. [Xro pLu0Lrn6pqp<i 'tcru

10.2e 1ag1),6 srine6o 7'.6eu o Bi\e),p Mnoug (Wilhelm Busch) ro oro Fromme Helene: ('Onolos 61el pdoavcr, 61eu nol ).rz6p>.

i6uo

26

O TIOAITI:MO:

IIHfII AY:TYXIA: II

rxov onv Efiil,oyo r()v 6ocov 06teL oro ux6po xou Ayaqoi,1r7 6[ve L q ouppoulii vo xa],LLegyotpe tov xrlno poq. Mro r6roro orcrol6),1o1 elvo.l xnr I €rrtorluovtxri 6pcoqpr6rlro. Or ovcrr),IQ(l)Fortx6E LxcvonouioeLE, nou tpoocp6per, rl rfir,oflipn, t(vct or6vo.'\rrt ortlv ,rQoYltor[x6Tlrc ourcr[dreg, xcr. yr' aur6 6ev €[voL ].ty6rs8o EpcotLx6E riru ,xd 1dq0rli. Qn oxov Q6Io nou ,[uiler I ecvrooio. otlv tfuxt?tii tctdotaorl, xtlv ootlcrtxii Tc vcpxtotxd, emlpedfouv trrcg p€xol3dtrtrouv rov xl1;rr,op6 r1g. Aev e lvnt an].6 vo, opiooups rr1 06o11 x1g OQIoxt[cE oe nuri q oEQd. Oo rQ6fi€t vir r[QooJ[ooiioou[r€ r[EQroo6x€Qo. To ep6trlpc 1,ro. tov oxon6 xIE av0Q6rtvl5 !ol1g 61sL tees( atrr6tprlteg cpop6E' 6ev rou 6X€r 5o0E[ ox6FI pla tltovonorlrLxf aJrd.vrlon ^ral LoJi]E v<r pulv s:rt66Xercrt xcppLd. 16'rol<r. MspLxo[ on6 nutotE nou 06touv to eptitqtrra 61ouv npoo06oeL: ov crobttxvu6tcv 6tt 11 (rrl1 e(vor. doxonq, r6re 0c 61cve xd0e c!ic. ALLd aurrl q ore 'rl 6ev alld(el raroxe. (Do[vfidt pd].)'ov :rorg 61oupe 6Lxa(ofro vo orrogQ[rrxoupe ro eptinqpo. Ilpotrrioeori tou qcivrxor JroE elvnL sxelvr1 q ov0Q6rlrvl 6ltrpor1, o.n6 rqv oro(o yvioQ[Eoupe ri6q t6oeg dtr]'eg exqp6oetE. ftu tov oxon6 l1E (orr]E rov (drotv 6ev ylvetaL l.6yog, ov o r[QoopLop6g toug 6ev 6yzetruL cxprl3tig oqv efurqgftrloq rtov o.vOptinov. A).).d xnL cur6 bev elvnt pdolpo, ytml ;-re peQrx6 E6G o dvgQtonoE 6ev [5pet rt vo lcdvtt - €xr6E Gr6 ro vG rG ,[sQrYQdq]sL, vn rc rafr,vopef xot v(r T(I ttt]'fid xor ovoQleplro (6c 61olv [sip61er, nl6 outrl fl1 lprloLpo:roir1or1, cqof 6!r1onv xar, elotpnv[o0qxcv npoto{r tc 6el o dv0ponog. 'EroL p6ver ndl.L pr6vo q Oprloxefc nou f6peL vn o.no.w{oer oro eg6qpc "1lo rov oxol6 t1E lorilE. Aev 0c e(vnL i"deog va ner xoveiE o,rl 11 lE6c ev6E oxonot qE (urrig ouv66ernr yr,o xn),6 xan xax6 pre to 0prloxeutLx<i o6ornp(I.

2l


O

O TIOAITI:MO: TIH|H

IlO,\ITI:MO: NHf}I AY:TYXIA:

^Y:TYXIA:

TI

].[yo.rrEtor oL 6uvn'r6rqreg n1E eu'nrXicg pcE eivol neplopLo;r(.veg r15q cr6 r1v l6roouotcroln poE. flolt rr.o efxo),.o e ivo.r vc po.g Bpe r, 11 6uoru1[n. An6 rpe q nlrugrtg oner).ei o:rovog. unti ro ibro prcg ro ourpc. nou rrQoopr,op6vo vc pro.pc0e[ xor vc 6rctru0ei 6ev prnope[ vc cnoqr[yer, rov fi6vo xcr ro 6y1oE onv npoeu6onoLrlrrxd oIFdbla, ar6 ro ;repLBriLlov, fiou pnoQ€i v<r orpcqe[ evo.w[ov (lr1 p6vo

proE pre navioXupeE, o.6uoi6nrpeg

xcl

xcl xcrcro'rpentx6g

6u-

ofi6 rr,E ol6oeLg prcE pre toug d,),).ouE ov0Qrilfious. Tov n6vo, rou rQo6QXrraL afi6 trurll rlv ,nl-

vdpeLE,

rEtrrxd.

tov aro0crv6;roote [or.'rg obuvrlg6repcr cr6 ]rdO€ d],),ov relvoupre vcr rov 0eopotpe asv xar6. xd:roLov rp6no fi€Qrxx6 oupntrriQo|'rc, ov 1{oL froLQo[o 6ry 0c Enpene vc efval ],ly6repo <rvun6tpenrog an6 Tov n6vo dtrtrr1E npo6-

1,r1,

),ruor1E.

Aev e [val ncgtilevo :rou ol d.v0ptonol xdrro o.n6 tqv :rieorl our6v rorv 6uv<rron{rolv xou r6vou ouvr1Ollouv vo. prsLtirvouv r1v arclnlor{ rouE yrc eurulln, 6noE en[or1E xo.r, 1 i6r,a 11 cppi qg rlSovrig peropropcptb0lxe xdro cn6 rqv ur[bgnorl rou nepLpd].],ovrog orl ).r,r6repr1 nplri rrlE rpc.TpcrLx6rlraE, oqoi OctrlQof Uoots ri5r1 eurulsiE, 6r<rv 61pope anocpfyer q 6uoru1in, 6rcv 6Xotrpe (arepd.oeL tov n6vo, 6rav yevlxd, ro xnOi1x,ov trlE croquyi]g rou n6vou onro0E[ oto no.go.oxfvlo ro xn0r]xov xIE orlo]i6proqq rqE r16ovfE. O outrIo1,r,op6g pdg 6L6dozeL otL pnopofpe va 6ox4rd.ooups rr1 ),6o11 curorS xou ,[QoptripoxoE pr€ fiol{ 11.

O fxcrlr€ npoeu6onotti pd],roro: <Tfirore 6ev

l,o vo unoq6peu no.veig exr6E

cr6

eivnu nro 66oxopro oeup6 <opai<ov lpep<irv>.

[,,'O].c qlov xriopro unog6powat. ew6E on6 pr,c oer,pd topclov 4pepdw>.

(Weimar, 1810-12)1. Arn6 wd,wog prropel vo e(vcu u:reqpo].r]. 28

29


O

IIOAITI:MO: TIIIIH AY>TYXIA:

br,acpoperrxorjg rp6nouE 6l,oL ctrroi oL rp6nor 61ouv nporo0€( on6 tlE felopror6E oXo),6S nl5 ooplcE r1E (trrr{g z<n 6Xouv egnppoo0ei cn6 roug ovOgtirnouE. H nnegL6pror1 rxavonoiqorl 6)"rr;v rrrrv cvayrr6v eprgovl(ercr, toE o e),xuotLz6repoE rp5rog [<o{E, a},}d atrr6 oq1ro.av€r rroE rorro0eroripe r1v or6)"ouo1 nquv o.n6 qv ,[se[oxsq,r1 xo.r ;r€rd, cn6 oirwopq rioxqorl 6.p1etor q rr,trrop[o. OL d],),eE p60o5ol, nou cnooxonotv zup[oE orqv nnoquyri n1g 6uoaB6oxelcE, atnxpfvovrnr o,vd]"oyo ;re qv tqyrl rrlE 6uocp6otretd5, orrlv oroia orp6cpouv rqv peya),6repq nQoooxri. Yndplouv axgc[eE xor, ouwlQlxLr6g p60o6oL, [ov6fi].eupeE xcL r6roteE nou enrr[Oewo.r rour6lpovcr oe nol].d oqpefu. H sxoriom, o:rop6votoq, 11 onopd.xpuvo4 cn6 rouE 6tr ),ouE eivnL 1 nro np6letpq ,[Qooro.o[o an6 rov l6vo nou ;-rno.oe( vcr npoz).q0e[ oe xdnorcv o.n6 r[E ov0Q6r[wsE o16oer,E, Ewoelrcl 6rr, r1 eurulic nou prnopel vc nerflel xcvslE pe our6 rov tp6no elvcl dufli rIE r1ou1[ng. Aw6vo1"Ir, oro reprBdl,irov, nou ro rpoDdro.L ncveig, 6ev pnopei vc crprovOel c],],triE nogd pe xdnoto e[6og cn6xpouorlE, ov 06i,,et vo l.60rl crur6 ro rg6Bl,r1trrc p,6vo yLa rov eo.u.r6 rou. Yndplel guoLxri 6vtrE d),}.oE xcr xa),6repoE rp6noE. vo rsQdosr xoveig otE p6troE qg ov0gdrnwqg xoLv6nlroE oe en[Oeor1 svdr.,rr.c o'rq e6ol xor vc o1v unordfel orlv ov0Q6rrrv1 Boir),IoI pe q por]gera qE reprxrlE rrou rrQooe6Qu yl emouiprl. T6te epydleroL xave[g pe 6],oug yra rlv eurrlio. 6},rov. OL nLo ev8m.cp6pouosE p60o6ol yr,a n1v arorponri ro'u n6vou eivor 6poig exeiveg nor npoonc0oriv vo. enrlpedoouv rov [6Lo pcE rov opyo,vropr6. Te]"rxd xd0e r6vog eivo,r ;r6vo a[o0r1or1 undp1er, p6vo, eq6oov rov o.r.o0av6pcore, xol rov or,o0cv6pcore ;r6vo efnlricg oplop6vorv eqo6[ov rou opyo,vr,opori pog. H <rrpr6tep1, o),),ri Ogootx6rrgrl p60o6og r6rorou erlpecopLof e[vaL 11 pplz{, 11 br1i,,rpr1picor1. Aev nrore{ro vc yvtoQila xcvel5 rov pr;1ovr,op6 rr1E, o].]"d e(vaL leyov6q 30

O

I]O,\ITI:MO: TIHTH AY:TYXIA: II

Jroq ur[dQxouv [6veg rpoE ro o6po. ouoieE, I ,lcQouofo r(r)v oro[(l)v oro oipc ].(o[ oro ,.6TTo.Qd tlog 8lptouQTt[

ripeoeE or,o0r]oer,g q6ovr1g, ol.l.d xor oL ouv01xeE qE alrr0ryr1ptcxr1g Et'lriE paE nl),ti(ouv t5oo, tiore yLv6poor€ rrv(xcvor yr,o rIV orro8.oxrl 8uod,psorcov cloOrloeorv. Ko,t oL Srio enr,bpdoelg 6ev l,ivovrnr p6vo rcu't6lpova, al,ld rlrn(vsrcL rro]E €lvor xor orevd. ouv6€6€[6vsE petnlt toug. A),ki xol on1 p1pr,xrl froE o6orool np6nsl vc und,plouv rruoleg nou xd.vouv ro [6to, ltcrt[ yvtop[[oupe rou].dxtorov [Lir voolQf xrn(rc'caaq, xI pavao, 6nou 8rlpLoupleitar, nun1 11 5proLc pre p60r1 ouprspLipoQd XtoQ[g vo 6XeL tt6o.X0e[ otov oplcrvwp6 6vo. vnpxo x6. EldLIou I xsvovr?.fii tiJUXLxil pcg [rrl1 nopouoldlel ta],awefoetg erixo].r15 q 66oxoIIS ofio66opeuo1E rlE 1Eol"r1g, pe rtg ofio[€E 0o6a!tt

rap6trtrql,n pra cufilp6vrl { pteLorp6v'4 6extLx6rlta cn6vuvu orl 6uoo.p6oxer,a. Elval no1.6 Lunqg<i 6rt oL' i I ro(Lxi1 :r)"er-rpd xov qruxr.xiirv 8tcbrz<rouriv 61el 6r,cp6yeL ;16Xer r6Qo nn6 Tt1v enLorrlpovrrli 6QEUVG. H eni8pnoq rov vcpzrurrxdrv o'rov cy6va ytc rlv suxuxac ro.t rIV ofioo6llrlorl rqE a01.t5r1r<rE ex'rtpdrcrr 16oo nolf od,v eusQy6rq1rn, tirots dtopn xnr )"co[ touE 61ouv ncpoltrrprioet oto.0epr1 06oq orlv ).rpnLwr,xr1 ouxovop(tr rouE.t2 2e cutd. xproorofv 61, ;r6vo trlv d.peorl <rrox6pLoq r16ov(E, al.).d xar, ['vu no].un60rpo xoppdtt o.vefnpuloioE cr[6 to regLpd)')"ov. lvtopi(orps 6n pe q Bori0ela rou <nuuoil.unou> propoi;re x60e otrypri vn anoq{ryoupe trlv nieol qg ngo,ypctr,x6rrlroE rco.t va xctcgtq,oupe oe 6vcv 6Lx6 pcg x6opo pe xahitspeE ouvOrlxeg n[o0r1or1g. E[vo.L yvt:or6 6rr oxprpriE curl 11 l6r6npa rorv v<rpxotlxrirv ta xdvtt -t6oo enLzivEuvc xot p),opepd. Avdlo"lo pre 16 repurttioeLE eivor rrneii0uva nou pey6l,eg woo6rrlteg ev6p1,etag, ot 12.'Orrol o @p6ul'r lpqoLpLonouei rov 6po orxovopicr tj outtovoptrr']

61er,

un6rp1 rou pllcr nooorlxti xau 6rrvopr,tii 6wor,o. ().r.pr.)

3l


O TIOAITI)MO:

II}II'H AY:lYXIA:

ono(sE 0o ;rrroQo{roav vo XQt]orponollOo{v

O

"7Lo

or1 rrlE cv0p6nLvr'lE xirXIS, 1d.vo.r.'rol trvt6qetrn.

rr1

l3slr[o-

H

:rol.6n),oxq oriveeorl tou qiuxrxot pog prllcvLopof enrp6:rsr xar pLa ol6x).qp1 osLpd d7,.).ov enrlpe<ro;rrirv. 'Onog 4.Lxo.vonoiqol rcov oppdrv s(vcrr eurulia, 6rol yivetol cnln ;reyd],ou n6vou, 6rnv ro xegrBd],],ov prdg agiiver, vo unoq6porpe, 6rnv pcg o.gvel.rtrr rov xopeop6 row cvcyztirv U.cS. 'Eror prnopof pe vc elni(otpe nog pre eni 6pno4 ndvo oe o.ut6E tLg opp6g 0o ane),euOeporOorlpre ofi6 6vo p6goE rou r6vou. Aur6 ro e[6oE qE o,norponr]g rou n5vou 6ev npooBd}.),er firo rov pqxovrcp6 rtov nr0r.1oeov, o),}"ri, ngoortc0el vc slouoldoeL rr,g eoiorepr,x6E :n1y6E row ovolxdrv. Xe cxpnic negllrtlol oux6 €[vor 6uvot6v pre ro vo. e(oubereg6oeL xcveiE rr,E opp6g, 6nog 6l6rioxer 11 o.vcrol.Lxr] ooq(a qE !oi1g xot srpcpp6(er, ,4 p60o6oE ll6yzc. Av rmriler, cut6, 61olpe 6roL eyxcra).e(rpet guorxd xnr xdOe t11.1.q 6pcoqpr,6qrc (61oupe 0uoLcioer cnozrloel rrlv eurul(a qg uOof pe pe xoug ou\..[IQInpe vo. efouor.tiooupe p6vo rqv oppr,xti !rrri1. Or av6repeE euxrx65 cp16g unordooovro.L r6re onlv aQxll rng ngnypnrLx6qrtrg. Tuur6Xpovc 6ev elxcrc).efuetcr xntd zo.v6vav rg6no o oxon6g r1g tliovo-

pro cvoplqrop{xnr1

trrelroor1 rov Buvctor(rorv r1g cr6],ouoIE. To o(o0qpro qE eurullnE xcrd rrlv lrcvono(r1or1 pLnq pq beopreup6vqg an6 ro Eyri opprjE e(vcL cotyxpro. ewov6tepo on6 crr6lou xopeotrroir plcE Scpcop6vrlE opprjg. To ozcrcptillto rov 8rrorQdpp6vov nnpopprloeov xcL loorE 11 yoryefu rou cnalopeup6vou yevlxd ppiozer e6dr prc or,xovoprxil EEliyrlorl.

32

IIoAITI:MO: TIH|H AY:TYXIA: II

Mln dlhl relvlx{ rqg o.norponilg rou n6vou peralsLgll,rrcrrrE perc06oeL.g n1E ],ipnLwo, rrE olo[eE €rr,rQ6na o rpuXrx6E paE ptr11nvrop6E, xcL 11 ),elroupyia rou zeB6[(er, rtol peydlrl sulcofrlrio. To ng6p),qpa noo 6lotrpe va l,f-

vc petc06ooupe ror-rE oxonorig rrov opptirv zutd, r6roLov rQ6rlo, 6ors vc ptqv prnopofv vc r).qyodv rrn5 qv dpvrlorl rou negt$d1").ovtoE. H perouolroor1 rrlv opp6v :rgoop69er ebd; 11 porieeLd qE. nolf meroo6rceo nstuloivoups, 6tcv [6poupe vc au[6.vouple oQxexd rlv ruroxripLorl q6ovr]g anri rrg nr1"76E qE rpulr,xrlq xcL tr1g 6Lavorlrr,xrlE EQyooioE. H rflq 6ev pfioQe[ vo pag p],inpeL 16rr no)'ri. OL r,zcvonolrloelE r6rorou e[6ouE, 6ntoE 11 eulap((IrIoI rou )t<r),hr6xvl oqv epyooia, oqv ul.onol1oq r<ov nlaopdrotv rqE qo.wno(trg xou, rou epeuvrltrj or"4 l.{)o1 rrov npoB).qpd.rcov )ior ofllv cvayvrirpLorl fllS ol(Oerag, ilouv pr,c r,6ltr(repq nor6tr1ro, norr oiyoupa eo p:rop6ootIr[ vG rl lcgnxqp(ooupe x6nore prerorpulo],o1, Lxf. flpog ro :rnp6v pnopotpre vn noripe prercqoprz6 fiorE po5 speorrouprs eivcr,

vilovtcl

xal nvr.ireges)), c),)d I 6vxoorl rouE rov xopeop6 XovrQ6v, nporoyev<itv op;lri.rv elvo.L 1a].ngri' 8ev ouyz],ovi(ouv rqv oorpro.r,]il pcr.E rrn6o'rnoq. H abuvnprin ouxrlE rIS pc066ou 6yrcrxcr 6p0rE rno 6tL 6ev eivar, yevLxd. eipapp6orprl, 6rl efvtrr, wpooLril <).enr6reqeg

rre o{yxproq

prs

lLrivo oe ),i.1oug crv0p6noug. flpotino06rer r,6lc(repeE rxcvirrqreg, nou 6ev rLE ouvnwotpe ou1vd. oe 0tr01r6 6Qaoxrx6n1rcE. A}.),ir xcl oe cmofE xouq l(youg 8sv pnoBel vc npoocp6per r).rigr1 lrpoqrilc[r1 o.:16 tov n6vo, 6ev roug npooq6per. xnv6vcv d.rqoro alr6 t<r B6),11 rrlE poipcg 016L)oxo, xol ouvtiOtlls cnoruyld.vel, 6rnv nr1yr1 rou n6vou y[vrtn to [6Lo ro od;pn.r3

13.Av u6uaitepo rnL6wo 6ev unoBeilver, oro ev6r,ng6powo r4q (rt{g ennoxrlxd r1v xnreiiOtvol, 1 ltouwl, npoourl o.rov no06vo r nolye),potr,n{ eploolo prrope( vd pJ[€L ml 06o11 nou l:ro6ei1ver,

11

t o notrottdE

a\yi

610

33


O TIOAITI:MO:

IHIIt

O TIOAITI>MO:

AYXTYXIA>

Av {6q pre ourii q p60o6o cpclvmcr xo0opd 4 np60eor'1 tou cr6pou vo o.ve[aprrqrononl0ei on6 ro nepLpd].],ov, <rvolqtdlw<rg

tlg

lxcvonoujoerE Tou

or

sootrcQt!,6E, rl,u1r-

x6g 6lc6lxco[eE, ro (6r,o. 1apcxrlgrcnxd. epqo,vi(owar ewov6repo orqv en6pevl p60o8o. E6tb ro dropo 1o.1,o,.oriweL neqloo6tepo q ouo16rLol pe n1v npoyporr,x6zrpcr, 'n1v lxovoro[qor1 qv cnoxop[fer on6 ourcndreg, nou rlE cvcyvorgl(el oov'r6roleE lorp[g vc evol],elrol orlv o.n6Trororl rou efan[cg m1g cl6xltor]E touE cn6 xl']v ,[QoyporLx6rrpu. O rop6crE o,n6 'rov onolo npo6plowo.L o.ur6E or ourandreg e(vo.L o topr6o.g n1E cpovrao[ag cur6E o rop6oE, orcv o),oxl.qpov6rov q e[6],1!1 rlg c[o0r1o4E rIE neoypcrlx6rqraE, arotpaBriprlxe ouoqgd on6 rL.E onon{oerg rou el,6y1or qE ngaypctLx6nlrcrE znl 6y.elve ps rrQooQLop6 rrlv rxn),rlpuror1 buoxotro rqoygcronot{orptov rnt0upuiv. fkivro cn6 5IsE ctn6g rlg qcwaortx6E rxnvonoqoog{

ouppou}"ri1 rou Bo},roiqou, Aev eivcrr 6uvo.r6v vc extupqooupe eirnpr<dlg olpnoin qg epyo.oicrg lucr r1v l,lprr,wr,xi] olzovouicr oto

q

n)'niouo pr,og oriwoprlg rqolpateicrE. Kc[prd. d],],I rElvr.&rl tnq lorig 6ev 66veu ro le7,opr,or6 d.topo 16oo orevd. pe qv rqclp<rrLzoulro 6oo 4 eplooic, 1 onoi<r ro npooopp6[eu oiyoupc rou],tiylotov oe

6vo zopptitl r1g r.on ypcrt*6rrpoE, otlv ovOgrilmvl nouv6tryo. H 6uvat6rlto vo petc06tel to dropro puo peydl.l roo6qr<r on6 l,r,gnlvtrxd orouleitr, vnptuoor,otln<i, erlOeuxd, nx6pq nru epc,ttund,

mrlv eno11,el'pcrruri.rl ep1<roio nor otr,E orrvbe6preveq ple au1 ov0pt6nlveg ol6oerg t4g rpoog6prr, pro cf(c, aou 6ev lno),eirrerar trlg ova'yxtrr6tlrdg rqg liLG rI 6rotrip4o4 rnL r1v 6r,xnr,ol,6y1o1 tqg 6noq(19 otrlv rouvr,.lvicr. Ibuoirepq uxovonoilol npooq6per, q eirol.1e),p<rtr,t4 6ptrotlpr6qto, 6rov eivqr e)'.eti0epa exl,elp6vq xcr, enLrp6nel 6rou mo d.ropo vo olLonolei pe prouoicool und.qlouoeg rl.[oeL.E lnl npotrrOqpr6veg ij ldloouoroounzd evuolup6veg ogprn6g 16oeug. Kcl 6polE 1 epyooia extupdtcrr l.(^yo o.n6 rouq ov0p6aolq u4 6p6poE npoE t1v eurulio. H peyii,q n),elov6rqrn

ldletou p6vo elolo^yxootLxti, nor on6 ourfl nqyci(ou to 6loxoL6repcr 34

tlv

rov cvOptirrrov

ep-

rprroLrri qulonovio

xor,vtovr,xri ngopl,rlproro.

IIH|H AY:TYXIA: II

or6xrr yl orr6}'ouorl Jrou rrQo6Qxaro.r (Ir[6 6Qyo xlq 16XVIS, rou 1avfior, neoorfll xo.L of,ov pr1 dpeocr 6rlpLougyLxti pre rq peool6Brlorl rou xcr)").Lr61vq.ra'OnoroE e[vcr 6sxrrx(iE orlv sr[[6Qoon xlg x6XvIE f6per, vc filv Exflpd (l)E rnlyli lboviiE xar no.QlyoQrd oq Eori. A).)ul 11 iinrcr vtipx(,)oq, orrlv oroao p(IE p0roq6esl rl r6xq, E proeef vo rreooe6Qsr fioQord.v(o cn6 pLo. qEuyotr6c orlopdl.tQuvoq rur6 tq o.vdyxeg xnE ErlrllE xcr 6ev e(val oQxeld roXUQll ),r.(r vo pcg x6vel vc [elvdpe rrlv ,[QaypoxL?{ii o0lr6qra. Evegyqrtx6repc xcr Qrlrx6mQo. eveplei prc dl),r1 pr60or\oE, 1 orolo. B].6ner og pr.ovc8u.t,6 eX0Q6 fllv ,[QoTtrdnx6nlro, rou e[var, 11 nrlyr{ xdoe n6vou, fiou p6oo filE 6ev lrnoeE[ vo (iioer. rcvelg xo.L yL' o.ur6 ,rQ6rr& vo 6uax6rpeL xri0e o16o11 UG(i llg, av OOrer xard. xdnorn 6wor<r vc e[vur eunrlLop6vog. O eprtp(filS o:roorQ6ecxor our6v rov xriopo, 6ev 06),el vo 61er, rfutore 1ro(i rou. A-LI6 pnopel vo xriveL xoveiE xd.rr ,[cecrrdvo], lrr[oQ€( vc rov lreroft]do€L rrvtf va 6rlproupyrlorr, 6vuv 6].],o x6opo, 6nor ol crcp6p4rr,q ouv0rixeE 0c 61ouv elaLercp0ei rnL ovtxoto.otc0ef pe ri).),sE oriprcpovn ;re tr,E mLeupleg xou.'OfioroE os o,ficl,rLrrp6vrl opyr] axo),ouO€[ oux6v rov 8gripo tr1g surulioE 6rv rrr:rxxo.(v€r xcfid. xavSvcr rl:rore q ]rQoy[oTtx6TITo. €[vdr rol{ Suvo.rri yr' GUr6v. f(veraL 6vo,E rer}.5g, nou yro rIV r':rLBoLr] qg xQ6ldg xou 6sv pploxer ouviigtos xov6vov llor10ri. A6yeraL rdvxog fir.og rd06vo5 arr6 poE oulr]rEer(l)f]Qfior ltord xdnorcv rp6no 5poLn pe rov J[oQovor]c6, ilr,op0tiver, plc cwn6qoprl 1l out6v rleupd n'1g lorig pe ivc 6r1pLo{rpylpo rIE govro.oicg rou xot percrcp6peL nurr] r r1v curnndnl oqv ngcryprnnx6qrc. I6m(reQI olfrooia xt:p8l[er sze[vr1 I fieQinrool xctd trlv onoicr 6vng peycr(Ir,rg

(Formulierungen iiber die zwei Prinzipien des psychi(Freud, 1911b), x(rr Vorlesungen zur Einfiihrung in die Psychoanalyse (Freud, 1916-17), XXIII. 14. fIQlJ)..

schen Geschehens)

35


O

IIOAITI:MO: IIHfH AY:TYXIA:

cv0g6nov enrlerpel po.(r,xd vc 6rcocpcxo.r, v<r onoqriyer rov n6vo ps tpru6oroOqrr,xr1 cvabL<rp<ipqrriorl rqg npaypcrlx,6n1tcg. Xcv 16torc trralrzr] ncpdvolc np6ner vc Xapazqpfoou;re ral rtE 0prloxeleE r4E av0pom6rqrnE. Tqv cwcndq 6ev r1v cvn),r3repog npL0p6E

),[orr,

rlv

euttrllc

yvrrrQiqrl cpuor,xd. xav6vng, ecp6oov efvcrl 66optt6E r1E. Aev nlorefo :roq cuni 11 clop(Opr1or1 rov pre056orv, pe tr,g oroieE oL dv0pro:rol npooncOofv vo onox.rrloouv rlv

eululfa xcl vc anoqtyouv tov n6vo, e(vot rtrripqg. yvopilo erioqg 6'rr tmt6 ro u1.Lx6 enl.rp6ner :tcl dirtreg 6r-ndleLg. Mln an6 aur6g rLE pre066org 6ev m1v ov6qepo. o.z6pu1 6 , 1,Lnr( rqv !61aoa, al.Lcl 1,r,ar[ 0a po.g cnaolo],i1oer, oe d).).q ouvdpqorl. tkirE 0c ilrnv e[ti],],ou Suvcr6v va [eXdoo axprB6E oul] q p60o6o rrlg r61vr1E rqg lrorlg! ALnxpivero.r. ylo xrlv firo rreglepyr; 6vrrio4 lnpaxtqprorLxrirv yvoplopd.rotv. EnL6L6xel quoLxd zcL auti] r1v ave[ngqo[c cn6 rr1 po[pa 6toL to ovo;rd.(oupe aur6 x<r],6rEec- rcr psro06.rer, prs aurii tt1v lp<iOeor1, Tlv Ltio.vonoiqoq oe eooreprx69 pu1lr6E 6Lablxaoleg, lprlolponoleI r4v perc0eorpr6r1rc m1g )'[prnr,r.,ro nou trvcq6po.pe rcpandvo, ol.Ld bsv cnopo.xgrivero.t on6 tov eloxeplx6 x6opo, uyxlolpdrverar cl,riOsro olc o."v,lrxe lpsvd rou xo.r xeg6[(er t1v eurul[cr cn6 or,o0r1;rctxrl o16o1 pe oud. Aev lxo.vonole i'rcr ps r1v xcnd" xar"orcy rp6no d.rova xa.prepr,xii enL6[rofi1 t1g clorpuyrlg rou r6vou, a],].d prd],),ov tqv npoolepvd o.ng6osxrcr xcr enlp6vel otrlv ap1rxr1, rc0Laopr6vq enLb[ro!1 yLn Oerlxr1 eur],r1ptooq rrlg ruru1[trg.'I<rrog va n],r1oLd(er, cur6v tov oxon6 npc.lpctxd, nepLoo6repo cn6 zdOe d),),r1 p60o6o. Ewcxir qtoLr,d exe[vr1 -n1v xaTe{0rvor1 rIE qorlE nou 61eL ocrv en[xewpo rr1v c1,6nr1, tr:r6 rlv onoic o dvOptlnog nvcpr6ver 6).q tou r1v r,xcvonoirlorl pr ro vcl o..1o:rd. xol vo. rov cycnotv. Mrn r6rour rpulLxri ord.orl sivaL oe 6),oug pag apxerd yvototrl. prLo. <rn6 rlg popq6g epqirvlorlg qg cydnrlg, r1 oefoucr)"lmi 36

O

NOAII]:MO: TIHIH AY:TYXIA: II

ryd:n1, pcg 61eL npooq6peL ro r,olup6tepo pitopa prag rEa(or<rg olo0rorE qE rl8ovrig xar, 6roL paE 61el 6droer. to lpriru:ro "7La tqv erL6[o[q t1E surul[aE. TL e[vo.l nrc quor,r

xti an6 t1v enLpovrl praE vtr ava(r1toftrre rrlv turuxio oxov ir\Lo bg6pro rou xlv ,rQoroouvowrloo,ps. H a6rivcrl n).eur.xi nur]g t,4S IEXVLx(E xIE qolris eivar, oi,ocpdvegrl 6LapogtrLxd oe xav6vnv dv0.oono 8ev 0a fieQvofoe dJr6 To lrltr),6 rou vo e1xoral,e[rpet oux6v xov 6p6po npog l1v eurrrl[c ylcr 6vcv dtr],o. flor6 6ev €[poor€ nro oJrQoordrruroL olov:r6vo tr16 oxcv cyorotps, Jror6 lrro oporlgrlrcr Iltrruxr,oLr6voL an5 6rav 61oupe ldosL to aytrnrlpr6vo nvrrxolpevo i1 r1v aydrq rou. AILd I x€Xvr]ai xqg qtoriE rou lkroilercrL onlv eurul(o nlE oydfil1E bev tel.eLiirvsL s6c6 1f rtur6 61oupe vo no p€ ro),Id ax6pr1. Ebdr progorSpe v<r <rvaqep0o6pe orqv evbLo.q6pouon rrr,pirnoo4 6:rou 11 euruXi<r xIE Errllls ovolrFslror oxIV rr6),o.uor1 qE opopgLdE, 6ncog xar nv epgo.v(srcl orlg rrroOrioe Lg xoL orlv xqiorl pag, otrlv o;ropiprd, Tov cv0Q6:rtvorv popgr.6v xcr XeLpovopuirv, tcrrv cpuor,xtirv crwlxer.pr6v(rrv ].i(rr, T(l)v toniotv, rov ,a0, lrTsxvrx6v zcr ax6prq rorv r rLoq;rovLxrirv SrlpLotrplrlpdtov. Aur{ 11 aLo0rltlxri ordorl lrq oxon6g qE Lo{E fiQooe6Qrl }"[yr1 :rpoorco[c an6 rrnerlqrlxoriE n6votE, propei 6proE vc crvtnpre(per yr,c :ro),),ri. H o.n6).o.uor1 trlg opoggLdE 61sL 6vcv lbrnirepo, r )'ccppd pre0uotx6 clo0ryx6 XoQo).t,rriQo. H roq6ler.cr tr1E ,rpopqLdE bev eivnr ocrplis, I rol.LtLorrxli qE o.vayxo.r,6qr.rr 5ev SLcnpiveraL xa0upri, xcr, 6pog 6ev 0o pnopo oclu, vc rr'lv oreplOoripe orov rol.Lto[r6. H enLotrltrnl rrlg arrr(hltr,xr1E epeuvd. touE 6pouE xdrtl o.n6 toug oro(ouE yavtrrrr. oro011'16 ro toQo(o yro q e{o1 xar rqv JrQo6trEuorl nlg olrogcpLdg 6ev pn5peoe vc 8droeL Eqriylol org ouvli0tog, I i),),en1n1 anorel,6opdxoE xo,ilfrfifio.r F€ p€ydlo rGL xevd ),.riyLa. Auorul6E xcr I rpu1ovdtruorl nolf ),(ya 61eL vcr nrr lrrr t1v opopcpLd.. M6vo q npo6treuorl crr6 rov rop6a rIE r

3t


o IIOAlT]:MO: IIHIH

o€EouotrrxrlE

.AY'']

cio0lol5 qc(verdr oiyouel. 0a 4rov loqo-

xrrlQ[oxLx6 rcpd8elypa pLo.g cvnotc].p6vlE toE ,rQoS rov

H <opopcpui> xcr I (yorFclo) e(vn.l npr6r6rrlreg rou oefouo).rxo6 awrxerp6vou.r5 Elvor lLxd aftooqpei<oro 6n tc yewqrlrd 6pycva, nou I 06o rouE ,[Qo]ro,],e[ rdwc epe0rop6, 5ev plogoriv vc xptOoriv o1e56v no,r6 opn(c, a.w[0era o lcgaxrrlpcE qg opopcprdg cpo[vero.r nog rcLprd(e L oe oplop6vc 8eureperiowc oef oual,rxti lnpoxtq grorlxd.. flopri qv ar6),en [rqg ncrpcnd.vor olcpi0plorlE] l<llpvro ro erippog vc xrivrrt optotrr6veE nnpaqp{oerE lou 0c x),.e(oorv qv 6peuvti pcE. To tp6ypcppcr nou pcg e:rrBd)").er, q cgpi r1g r16ovriE, yrc va y[vou;re eurupop6vol, 6ev e(vnr 6uvc'r6v vo, JrQoyploroJroll0e i, xoL 6porE pag enLrB6neror -611, pnoQotpc- vc p1v eyxo.rcl,e[rpoupe rrE npoorld0EIEE va ro o6r1yr]ooupe xc'rd zdsroLov rp6no nl.qol6or€Qo. or1v exrt1.r1poro,4. Mnopo{rpe vc cxo},ou0r]ooupe nol"6 8ro.qopetlxotE tp6noug, e(re vc 06ooupe ptnpoord To effrx6 nepr,e15;revo T ou trxono{r, qv mrox6plor; r;6ovfg, ene 'ro cpvrlrlx6, rlv aroeuyli rou n6vou. H eurullc oe exelvq r;v petgLono,Ori 6wolcr, pre r4v onoia ovd.yvo]p(etar org ErLrrtErpn, elvar 6vc np6B],r1ptc qg nropr,xiiE LtprrLvrLriiE or,xovop[cE. Aev undpler, zcppLd oupBou],ri :rou vo. xd.veL yra 6l,oug o l.io,06vos ,[Q6r0r, vo. 8oxrpdoer pr6vog rou ;re nor6v t8lairego rp6no pnope( vc y[veL eunrr 1Lopr6vog.I6 @o. loltoouv or, nLo nol,tpogrpol JroQd.yowrs o161o 6L6yego1E.

[flnp6por,o e[vor q enulergqprnro],o^yio .rou Op6ur.r xor oto Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie, 19050. (E),),1vlx( 6x6oo1, Tpery pd.&eg yru q 9eapia qE oe$oud.Lx6opag, et66oer.E ErixoupoE, A0rl\,o, 1991, oe),. 92 xn0c6g xor. oqpeirool 22)1. 16. [YrouvLyp6g rnlv cro6r66pev4 o.rov <DqerSeqizo rov M6yo pr]or1, otpgov<r pe t1v oloio orlv ourorporopio roo o xa06vog eivnl el,et0epog va.7(ver, eurulLop6voE pelov rp6no rou rporlpd (evvoriwng r1v nvol1 Tou oto. opqozernlrd 561pnro, o.t.p.)]. 15.

38

O TIOAITI:MO'

YXIA:

IIHfH AY:TYXIA> II

yru va unobellouv rov 6p6po oxrlv exloyii pcE. E[aprdrrrr <rn6 lo fi6on rQoypoxrl.ir] rxnvonolqoq o.vn;r6vel xnvr:iE o.n6 ro nepLpritrtrov xo.r 0.r[6 To xt rov reorQ6rtt va rvrfo.prlroroulOei mr6 our6' atLLxd xr:l on6 ro n6or1 6tvrtpml LoycrpLdfel ,r(oE 6X€r yro. vc ro psrafldtr€[ otpqrrlvo. lrt tE enr0upleg totr. A:roqcolotlz6 p6].o 0<r na(fouv e66 rxr6g nn6 flg EEox€Qrx6S ouvorlzeg r'1 Vuxr,xrl rbloouotnrric tou cr6pou. O xcrd. xfpLo L6yo eporr,x6g dv0ptonoE 0rr nporlpr]orL rLE oro0lpdrtx6s ox6o€tg l,tc ril),a nq6oro;rrr, o pdl.),ov aurdQxrlE ror voQl.iroororrx6E civOptoroq 0o rrvclqrr]oer rlE ouorcorLx6E lxo.vonolrloeLg oxtE Eot,rreQtxi:q tou rfrulLx6E 6Lo.6Lxo,oieq, o dv0Qor[oE qE rpdlrlE 6ev (kr aroud'l,Quv0€i mr6 ro r[€QLpdtr].ov, rdvor oro oro[o lrnopei vc, 6oxr.pt1(er xI 8tvopli rou. frc f,ov p€oaio ar6 rrrnotg rouE rrinoug xc0opLorr?.t6 yro xrlv xor€t0uvol fllE rurri0eoqE tov ev8Lacpep6l'rov xou 0c e[var ro e[6og trrrv lrrpr,opd,rcov rou ).t,o.r o pa0p6E qg SuvcrrlE oe o.ur6v prtlouoirooqE rtov opprirv. Kd0e cxgcltr dr[6eool 0o tLpor0rt0€a F€ 6r0eq xou ox6pou oe xrv6r3voug ,rou ouvsr[dyErrft 1 c[6]"sla r4E nnox].eLotLxd exleyp6vrlg 1€XvtrriE xIE [ror1E. 'owrrrE o rrQooexxrr6E 6p:rogoE a:rocpe6yer, vc 6errpeirel o16z)"119o ro xeqtilo.t5 rou o0 6vo oqps(o, 6roL 0o rrrrpBot),eue iooE xtrl I ooq(G qS Eor(E va pqv negrp.6voupe 6),11 rlv rxavono[1or1 ofi6 pro p6vo err,6[tofq. H lnlruxio 6sv eavdL 11016 oayouQrl, elcpndtal o,rt6 rI olltr"fttooq no).).tirv nnpay6vrorv, [ooE cr6 xcv6vo.v ,[tQtoo6rtqo 6oo ar[6 TIv rrov6rlra qE rpullxrlg l0r,oorotno(cE vrr npooo.pp6(sr, fl1 i"enoupy[tr r'4E oro negLpd].].ov xnr, vc nr expercl.),eire'rcr yro rlv o.nox6pLoq r16ov{E. 'Orolog r\lc06rer, pla r6[o(xeQc pr1 euvo'[zr1 oQpLlni rbrcouoxooio. xcr 6ev 6pr rxrel.6oeL rovovrxd tlv ano.go.(t1q yr.o, qv xoxorrwli sra8oon ovcbrclr6pcpooq xcr o.voxordxoql r(l)v rnroro.rlxdrv rIE oeqouolrrllE tor: ev6pyeLaE, 0a tou eivcrr biroxoi,.o vc cnoxo;rioeu €uxux(o arr6 to neprBdll,ov, r

39


III

O NOAITI>MO: TIH|H AY:TYXIAX

t6r,airepo 6rcv 0c owlpe.ron[(el 6toxo],o,repo npop),r]prc-

ll

6psuvd po5 yro

rlv eurulic

6sv paE 61sL 6rbri[er p61pr rrirpn ngdypato Jrou vo. pIV e(vcl l,evlzd yvcoord. Kcl av r11 otrvel(ooupe pe ro eprinlpa, yro.ra Eivot 16oo 66ozo).o

ncpr;yopui oqv 16ovr1 r1E lp6vLcg p60r1g, r; erLlerpe I rr1v onetrrLop6vq boxrp1 e[6yepolg pe r1v rp{r1tooq.r7 H 0pqoxe[o p].tinret otr6 to natlv[6r r1E extroyriE zcl rIS r[eoooQtroytiE pe ro vc enrpd),,]rer, oe 6],oUE pe rov [6Lo tp6no rov 6tx6 qE 6p6po ,rQoS x4v eutulla xo,r r1v orocpuyr] uou n6vou. H .rtytttxil trlE 6yxelro.r oro vc lreuirver

va ngoqul"d[sr no],],orig ov0ptinoug a:r6 qv oto;txri vetptoo1. Al,},6 rirro,re no.gcndvo. undplouv, 6noiE eilc;re, rotr),ol 6g6por nou ;rnopotv vc o6qrr{oouv orqv emul[o, 6norE elvo.r eglxr{ orov dv0prono. 6ev undpler, 6proE xav6voE nou v0 o6,4yei o[youpc oxeic pnopel vo rqgr]oer, trlv rn6aaeaf q avayzd(srcr rc)'m(t vtt prJ'rioeL ytc 16 poul6E> rou

oroug nvOpdrnoug vc ylvouv eurulrop6vor, r; lpoontrxri vrr pd0oupe v6c rQdypoxo 6ev e[vaL ro]"t peya],{reg4. I rloupe 1161 6r6oer, rqv andwrlorl, ur[obr[Xvo\[oE rrE rQrr5 rrr1y6E, cn6 rLE onoleg ngo6plerar o nr5vog pcE: 11 unepopj r rlg 96o11g, 11 c8uvc;ricr rou o6prcr6g ;-ro,g xcl q o.r61,eLo r(r)v F6xQov rlou Qu0paLouv rr,E ol6oeLE xov ov0Q6r[ov p€rrr'(ir roug orlv oLxoy6veLc, oxo xQdxos zdL orqv xorvovirr. Avcrrpoprxd, Ur rtE 66tr npdrtsE 11 6rcr(orotori pcE 6ev rivuL 6toxol.o vo ororxeLo0€rl0e[ pcg efcvcyxti(er, oe r rvcyvdrqtoq o.urriv rotv fiIy6v rou fi6vou xol oe no.pti6oorl oro cvnn6geuxro. Tr1 q{ror1 6ev 0a rrlv rEouotd,ooupr rrot6 r6),sLn, o ogyovLop6E prr5, Jrou e [vor, 6vn xo;r;rdrr, rrrrqE rlE p6oqg, ea e[vnr ntiv'rc 6vc epqpepo, orlv rrQoorrppoyr] ?.t,or orrlv anri8oorl nepropropr6vo pr6pqopc. An6 rrrrrrl tr1 yvrborl 6ev :rpo6p1eto.r, xopprtd o.vo.oro)rrLxri en[r)pooq avr(0erc, ufiobr[Xvu, oq dQooxlQr6qxd poE rlv xrrte{etvor1. Av Eev prnogofpe vc xarapyriooupe 6lov rov r6vo, pr[oQoipr rdwoE zdrl vc ndvoupe roL xd.rr vc 1rr:r12ldooupre

1

epneugin no),Ltiry ar,tirvrov po.E 61sr reioer.

yr' cur6. Ar,oqop€xrrd oupnEerqrQ6prcrore ngog rl'lv rQ(rI, rqv xoLvtovtxrl rn1yr1 rou n6vou. Aur( 6ev 06Loupe vc n1v rval,voplooupre xc06lou, 6ev pnopotpe vcr xcro},6Boupe lr,rrri or, cprnyp6vot o,n6 epriE rouE [6rouE 0eopoi 6ev pcE npooq6gouv ro)"t rsgloo6reprl rrQooroola xcL og6],elo. AL).d 6tav ovotroy(6poorE n6oo ctel.r1E €ivor I €rLru1io. prrrg oe o.ur6v rov rop6r:r tp6)"r1pqE tou n6vou, [unvd p6oa prrrq 1 uno{r(tr ntog xot sSti pnopel vcr xpriBerar niorll 6vo. xo;rpdtL qE obclpcor'4E rptorlg, aull q cpopri tr1E Olxrig lrrrE rpullnrlg xarnoneurlS. Inlv rp60eori pag va ooxol10oipe pe cuml Tl 6uvor6r

17.lllpoo4fixq 19311 flcgcxr.vorlpor vo uno6e(lor roui.dporov 6vo ro xevd notr 6pelvov oqy fiqpqnrivo nepuypogti. 416 pr,o 0e6-

cct6

qqoq ttov o.v0prinuvcDv Ouvcrrorrlrov er,,rulicg 6ev 0o 6npane vo ),ei_ rer, 1un66er,fq oq o16oq rou vcpxr,oouopo{ npoE qv }riprr,wo rotr owureup6vor. @$.oupre vo !6goupe ru oqtrrciveu t4v ),r,g:rlr.tr,rr] ou_ "1r,c rovop[q 1s pooi(er<ru ro dropo ououooruxd p6vo orov earn6 tou.

40

41


O IIOAITIXMO> TIHfH

AY:TYXIA:

TIio,

ouvovxo{rpE 6vo.v r,oxuQrott6, Jrou Eavor 16oo exni"rlx'ctx6g, u;arc 0o rou cqrep<irooupe r4v npoool{ pGS. >6prpovo, Fr crux6v rov Loltpr,o;r6 6vo peydl.o p6eoE xIE EU0rivrlg yLc rrlv a0l.r6rrpd praE qv g6per o nol,r,nop6g pcE.

0o rlpnorcrv 1o1.6 nlo eorulLop6vol, cv rov no.gcrofocpe xcrr emorg6gupe nd.}.r oe npotr6yoveE xcro.ot6oeLg. Tov l"6yo exll"r1xrlx6, yt<rx[ -6no5 xcr, av 06],oupe vo op[ooupe xIV 6wolc no).trrop6E- slvo.l oiyoupo 6rL xo0eri, pe ro onoio nQoond0o{)prc vcr lpocpu},n10oripe on6 rlv cner,}.( nou npo6pler<t an6 tr,E n116E rou n6vou, cvr]xeL oxpLprig orov [5lo rov ro),,Ltop6. fltbE xor6),r1[cv 16oo nollo[ dv0pornoL o€ cux{ qv rordoraol n1g neplegyrlE el0po,rrpcrE cn6vcvrr oxov fio].rrLop6;t8 Nopilo ,roE prd |3c0rrd, noi"iilpovrl 6uoo.B6ozen pe t4v exdoro,re ord0prl rou nol,nLopot np6ocpepe ro 66ccpog rdvo oro ono[o, pe r1 o{rprnrroorl opLo;r6votv rorogLx<iv leyov6rtov, orrlp[10r1xe I xcro6irol. Nopilro rrcoE ovoTvolQaEo ro re),ruro.[o xcr ro nBore],su.rclo cn6 aud rc yeyov6r<r' 6ev eipar opxerd poprprop6vog, yLo vo fiogcxol"ouO{oo qv c}.uo[6c rorE cgxerd BaOLd. orqv rcropic rou ovOpdrnrvou si6ou5. 'H6r1 oq vixq lou 1Qrotavrotro{ fidvto orr,E el6o}.o},nrplz6E Op'4oreleg ea np6nel vc ou;rpere[1e 6vcg r6ror,oE eX0gLx6g cn6vawu orov no].lrrop6 ropdyowcrE. H unor(pqor1 rr;g enlyercg ltoi1E m6 n1 lpr,orr,nvlxrj 6l6cozo),[a BgLoxorcv fioi() xowd. H rporetreurolo alt[a 660r1xs, 6rav pe qv np6o6o rorv elepetrvqtLxtirv rcfL8L<itv or dvOpolol rov no),r,rrop6vtrrv Xi0a6v nir0o.v oe erocpq pe lp<r;r6yovotrg ),ootg xot puL6E. Me creIr] rcpcrlgorl xcL eoqcr),;r6v1 cwillpq rorv r1Otiv xnl 18. [Aur6 1<l r_o6rqp<r to 61er, ou(4a1oer, o <Dp6uw <rpletd ovo.].trrr,xd ri6q 6to 1.o6vr,<r vropireqo oro Die Zukunft einer Illusion, 1927c (e),),4vr,rr] perdqpnor,, To Jov ptag autattdt4g, oro rcp6v pr,BIio, ptr. oe)" 125 Le.)1.

p

42

O

TIOAITI:MO: TIHTTI AY:TYXIA-: III

rr,rv eOi;rtov 'roug,

vol

ot Eupona[oL 6p),,urnv

lofocv tlro orllr], Lr,r{ zcl

norE oL

ngor6yo-

ettu1Lotrr6vr1 (rrtri, nou

(rov

otouE no)"Ltr,opLxd ur6prepouE enrox6nrrg. H rrrronLvil EprrerQld EL6p0rooe peprx6g xploelg durot rou r ir\oug oe no),),6E nepLm6oe6 or EueoJlc[or E[Xov oJro,\rirrrer, socpa),trr6vc 6vav pc0p6 suxo).(o5 qE [tor]g, rou rx1,s1]'(1q, or4 yew<nob<op(c rqE cpiorlg xoL oxrlv dvsorl o1r:tlxd. ps t1v Lzavono[r1or1 1(0v Frydi\ov cvoq,xti|, Orrlv rrrouo(o rol.6nl.oxov no).lruoptzrirv oJ[nrriio€trrv. H re].eurrric curii otria pcE e[vcL l6tc(tsgo. yvroor1 cnoxc],{rr1,(hlxs p6trLE yvtopfu<rpe rov p1xovrop6 rrtlv veuQ6o€ov, or onoieg o.ne .odv ;re unov6peuoq rqv ).(yr; eu,u7.[n rorr rrol.lrlop6vou o.v0g6nou. Avcxa).6{rcipe orl o dv0ponog yivmor veuptoux6g, eneL6{ 6ev prope[ vu uwocp6per rov lk0p6 r1g or6pqolE ,rou rou rfirpdtrtrEr I l{orvov[c yrc Xriprl trov fio}.lTroprxri]v tt1g r,5avLz6v, xor oulurcQdvtrpE rrr,rg 0a orlpo.Lve efiloxQoefl oe 6uvar6llreE eurul[cg, ov rrrn6E or c:raLrilosLg xnrapyotw<rv r] perprd(ownv o1t\,(rcpr,x'rq

,

lrrrvrrxd..

ll6dr rpooti0etcL 6vc ororye[o uroyoilrsuorlg. Katci tc lp6vrcr or, dvOponol 6xnvov efnr,perr,x6E rpo6ilrlrg o'ng cpuorz6g enLonipres xor orlv rslvLzil roug egcgqroyrl, 11 efouo(c roug :rdvco oq qforl oxo0eeorronl0lxr or,6vcv npw o6rdv61ro Bn0p6. Ol l.emop6pereE aur6v r(,)v fieo56ov s(vo.L yevrxci yvroot6E xor €[vor fieQrTr6 va rr.q nnapr,0pr;oorfr€. Or dveQtrlfiot e[vo.r unep(ipo.vor, yi rrtrrd tc snrtefypo.ro xo.r 61ouv 8rxo[rlpc vc s[vcr. 'E1ouv xrrtn)dpel 6rr crurrl 11 veoo.noxqp6v1 efolo(o :rdvto orov Xrirpo xal rov 1g6vo, ouxii I ur[6xoErl xrrlv euor?.c6v 6uvd1rr,rov, q exn),r]poo1 ardrvLrrw n60ov 6ev o.u!6vsl rov pc0lrri qg q6ovrjE nou neplpr6vouv o116 x'4 Etoii, 6ev rouE 61eL xriver, o6;rcpovo. Us tE oro0{os6 roug lu.o surulrp6votrE. Gkr 6rQerc ).om6v vo Byrii,,oupe cr5 arn( rl1v 8rorior<rlol rrr orrpn6paopo.6rr 11 elouo[c ndvtrt oul cp6oq 6ev e[vcr. 11 r

r'?,.euro.[c

+-)


O TIOAITDMO:

tI}ItH AY:TYXIA:

Fovcbrrrl ,rQotfi6ororl rIE ruruxaog rou ov0Qi6fiou, 6r0tq 6ev e[val raL pova6r,x6g oxon6E rrrtv lo],ltopLxriv enL6Lr6[eov, 611 6proE rot vd oulrreed.voupe cn6 o.o16 r1v aolpro.vz6npc rrig reXvLziiE ngo66ou ylo. rqv orxovo;rlo. rlE euulfcrg po,g. @a pmopotoc;re vc cwLrdfi,orpre: Aev eivcL 0erlx6 x6p6og oe r16ovr1, ocA(E trt(qo1 rou nto0iiFo.roE xIE eurul[o.E, 6rav pnogri.r vo. cno6o 6note 06Io q qolvrl rotr ncrt8Lot por nor-r Bp[oxerur, exarowd.beE 1r,]"16perpc po.xgLri nn6 pr6vo, 6rcv o,p6otlE trrerd rrlv tiql[r1 rou tpi),ou pou pnoqdr vc pd0o lrrog dvre(e xtrl,ri ro xoupcoux6 rufibt: Aev o4;ra[ver ti:rorn. nou 11 rarprxri xcrdqrge vn pel6oer 16oo noJrt r1v OvrloLpo,rrlrc rov ptxp6v n<n6L6v xnt rLE pro),rivosLE rotv ).e16vov xor otEqor onpovrLxti rqv p6o4 brtipxeta ltur]g rou.no).rrropivou o.v0Brir:rou; Mnopot;re vn nnnprOpi]ooupr ox6[I o].6xlr1peE oelp6q crn6 euepyerltrruro fiou rs lproorofpe omlv nol.uouxoqcvrrlpr6vq arol{ qg enLozq;rovrxrlg zcr, relvr,xrig npo66ou. Al,),ri eEti o.xoripre n1 gov1 rn5 oncLor66ofi15 xplrr,xilg, :rou npoeL6onolel 6rL or, nsgLoo6repeE an6 cur6E rlE LxcvonoLrjoerg o.xo),.ou0o6v ro np6runo exelvqE qE <tprrlvr]E etrxaQimlorls) nou eyxoprd[eral oe xdlolo cv6x6oro. Auril rrlv an6).ouor1 ty iyet xaveig,6ro.v oe xprSo leLprovrdrr,xl vrilra pyd(el ro yupv6 rou 166l on6 ro ox6noopa xo.r ro fcvo.rpcBdet p6otr. Av 6ev unilple o olSqg6bgopog, rou xo.ropyei tlg cnomdoelg, to lraL6( 6ev 0c e[1e eyxo.tcle[1-reL qv rbra[rep4 narpi$c rou xo.r 6.rol or, yove( rou 6ev 0a lperd(ovrov ro r1),6cprovo yro, vo. nxo6oouv n1 qaivii rou. Av 11 vo.urL),(a 6ev e[1e unepvLxiloer 'rov roxe<rv6, o g()"oE pou 6ev 0a e[Xe ErrrxerQ(o€r xo ro.E(br xar, 6ro1 6ev 0c lperc(6pouv rov rr1),6ypo.qo yro va otcpnn]oet 1 <rvr;ou1[n pou 1,r' aut6v. Tr paE ropei.,e( o neplogLop6E qg 0vrlorpr6r4rag rov ncLbuirv, 6ro.v cxplp6E cur6E pag elrpri},)"er czpcriov negrcgrop6 rov yewi]oeov, r o're ouvo),rxri vc p1v nvcrp6qoups oiiFeeo fireto44

O TIOAITI):MOX

tIHfH AY:TYXIA: III

rxirepn. n<rl6r,d cn' 6,11 otrE eno16E rqLv o,16 TIv o.v6firu(r1 qg uyreLvilg, rour6xpovo. 6e vc 6loupre odrlyrjoer, n1 rrt(oun).Lxri pog Eto( or Suoxol.ieg orov yipo rc<u :rr0o.v6v vrr 6Xoutrre cvrevepyr]oer, oqv erepyerr,xr'1, quoLxr{ enr}.o-

u

vo r4v xdvoupe teLma 11 pcxpolg6vlc (otr1, qrotpl oe 1cp6E xar 1,e;rdtl priocrvc, :lru pnope[ vc poE o0ei vn x<r],orop[(oupe rov Oriv<rro 1r1; KnL

rirsv r

rr

elvc.L 66oxo)"r1,

rv ),urporr1 q)oivsxor

;

B6Bao nog 6ev clo0trv5pro.orc EUXdQroro. p6rrrr otov oq;regLv6 pnE nol,lrrop6 eivcr 6porg noli 6toxo),tr vc unoqcv0o6p€ cv xut xax(3:r6oo or dv0ptorot ,reoqyo{Fsvorv ffiox6v oro0dvowcv nlo eurupop6vol rnr, or nol6v Bc0trr6 ouv6polJ,ov oe sur6 ol no).r,rrcprx6g ouv0i1xeg. Oc 61oupe ndwa trlv rd.or1 vc swoofpe rrlv rr0),r6qro or."rrxslpevrxd, 6r1lcbr1 vc 1rsraq0Q6paorr Fr rrq mro.lr]oelg pog xot rLS 6exrlx6m1r6E trcE oE sx€iveE rrE rruv0rlxeE zct prerd v<r eferd[oupe nor,6E cLr[eE yrc croOiirrtrg eu'ru1lo.g xar 8uorullug pgr]xape o€ o.ux6g. Aur6g o rp6:roE napmiigrloTlE, Jrou qclvexor trvtrxelpevlr6E, eterr\i1 :rcgopl,6nsL tr,g ncpcr),Icy6g r1g uroxetpsvLxriE sunlrr0lo[o_<, e ivo.r cpuoLxti o unoxelpevLx6repog nou trrnoBe ( vrr undglel, yror( orl 06o1 5i"otv ra)v ri).)"tov dyvtoo(ov rlrr)Xrxriv )tcroordoEolv xoro0sml qv 6txr1 pcE. H surulla ripog e[vnr xdrt ewe],6E unoxerpevlx6. E[v<rr, 6uvcr6v vo lrtrg rpopd[ouv c]i6p1 16t;0 no]'t oprop6veg rcrooxdoerE, rtrrril rou apXclou on]"dBou otLE ya],6peg, tou "Teopyof rrrov tpLo.xovroe{ r6l.epo, tou Otprorog rrlq Iepdq EE6rorrqg, rou EBpciou oro no.1xp6pl po.E e[vor, 6pog a8irvcrov vrr. pno{rpe p6oo oxrlv rpupi ctrriv rtov rrQood)rov, va lrrrw6ri]oupe flE perapol,6g nou 61ouv €fiLe6Qsr 11 cglLxrl rrpp)"rir1tc, 11 Bo0pr,o[c ripp],uor1, 11 ovcoro],r] rov xrQooi)oxlcirv x<rl oL SLdcpogor. rg6rtor vripxtoorlg orrl 6extLx6rrlrri paE cn6vov'n o€ oro0rloetg r16ovr1g xcL 8uocrp6oxer,trg. Imlv nsp[ntoroq orQcaos 6uvo.r6rr1roE n6vou 8pcotrlpLo45


O

IIOAITI:MO: IIIIfH AY:TYXIA:

,torotwoL xor oQrou6vo[ l,uxLxo( ,[eoquloxxlxoa VI|X(lvLopoa. Mou (pcivErct tlxcp:ro vc. napoxol.ou0rioou;re :ro.gon6pc aunl qv n),eupd rou npoB).ripatoE. Eivar xcp6E va evbrcqepgoritrre yrtr xlv ouola ct.ro{ rou no),lrro;ro6, I oE[o rou onoiou opqr,oprps[rol rog npoE qv npoocpopri surul[aE. Aev ea lper,o.oOoripe xcpprLd 6lortntr;oq nou vc excpptiler, otnr] qv ouoad pr i,,iyeE L6[eLE, npr,v pd0oupe x6^t rrn6 qv 6peuvo. MaE npxsi ),oLn6v vc ennvc),clBoupele 6u 11 ),6[1 <no],lrro;r6E> orlpcr[ver ro o6vol.o rolv snr,teuypdrov xct rov 0eop6v, ;re tc onoin o tg6rog qg EonS poq cnopczp{vercr. o.n5 aur6v rotv (rlo66v npol,6vtov po.S xol ro. onolc e[unrlperorlv roug 6rio ononofE: rqv npooro.oin rou cv0pdrnou an6vawr, oq cp6ol )lor rrl pri0pLoq rcov ol6oerrtv ;rerofii trov avOprinov. l,a vc xnto}.dl3oupr lrrQtoo6mQo,, 0o elertlooupe felioptord tcr yvopiopara rou noi'nropof 6aoE epcpcvllownl orLE ov0ptirnr,veE xorv6rqteg. @a o,qeOotpe 1og[E 6lorcypro{rE va obqyl0oripe on6 tq Xaliorl rrlg y},riloocg ii, 6nrog tr6pe, cn6 ro y),rooorx6 a[oOr1pa, nloreriowaE nog 6roL 0a o.wonoxpL0of pre oe eototegrx6g enr.TvtboelE, nou cvrror6xovto,r ax6pr4 va ezrpgno0o6v pe oqrlprlp6veE ),6[eLg. H appi eivar efxo),1. Qg rol.rrroprr6g cvc.yvropl(oupe 6).sE rlg 8pcmqgr5rpeE xo.r. rlE trfleE nou rocpe].or3v rov rivOpono Us ro vo 0stouv orlv urr1Q€o[o rou rI yI, va tov npooro,le{ouv on6 q pio rov guoLx6v 6uvripxov xln. l,' aut{ rqv n},eupd. rou no},r,rr,opo6 trntigXsL q ptxp6repl npipLpo),io. lLo vo enr,orp6rpoupe nolri n[oo: or, ng6teg nol"wr,opLx6g tpdlsrg r]rav q lprloLponoilor; epyc),.e[rov ncL ro ltioLpo xctoLxrriv. Avdpeod rouE !e1rr:p[!er o 6aprcop6g qE rprrrrLrig oo,v 6vo. ewekirE efapetx6, 1og[E ngoqyofpevo enlreu.1pc 20 q,ro rc d).],o, o riv$Brrrnoq 19. BL€ne To pi),ilov ptag awandtrlE. 20. Xlynewqtup6vo WxqvcfurLr6 u),ur6,

46

crdl6E nou cooq6g p6-

O

IIOAIT'I:MO' IIH|H

^Y:TYXIA:

IN

rrxol.ori0rloe 6g6potrE, Jrou GJr6 T6Ts rouE ouv6xroe J[oQo-

xor eivar, etxol.o vo pow6qouplrrrov nognxLvo{ror:. Me rc epyc).ela xou o d.v0Qorr[oE Te].srofiorea To 6Qyovri lou r,a xwqrlxa xor ra oro0rlx{Qrc - ii rcgcpep[(eL rrr epn66lc ytc rr;v cn66oor1 rorE. Ol prl1cv6E 06rouv orrl brti0eorl tou tsg6otsE 6uvd.petg, :rou 6moE rous $udlveg rou propef vc xrE XQrloLuoJrorioeu xcrrd potlrlorl ro ,[].o[o xrrr ro cegon).dvo xd.vouv to vep6 xar rov o6Qo, ovaliovo v(r eproaioouv rI prrcr(vqof rou. Me'rc yuctrLd 6roQ0(ilvrL uE e),l,eir1erE xnE 6QooliE rou, l-re xo tll.eox6nlo xotrd.[t:L oe paxpLv6E orroordoelE, pE ro lr.lrQoox6rlo un€Qvrxd rrrr 6pr,o. m1g ogar6tlrcg nou 06rer n xorool.i€uii rou oper-

rr(:ptr,

l}),r1orpoe6oiE tou. Me rq qoroyQder).cii plxovii 6Xu ).arrroxeutioer 6va 6p1cvo fiou oulloppdvrr rrs ipEUya),6€E

lklo,

enlrp6ner pro

rolldllorov rn60eo1 -rou

gnivercru gtrvtcrotr-

t1v ngo,,.ruoq altoii tor oropcirnlvou 60tro1. O 6v0Qofiog rile brl0ev tq ouvrl0erc, 6rcrv ouvovroioe 11 cpcoturi, vo Lurvonorei rlvov nol6lx6 tor n60o, vo t1v oBr]vet xotouptirwoE t1v. Aer undgxor opqrfloi'(c, otpqtovc pe aapabop6rorg Opr3)'orE, yun qv crglrxtl rl,tD.Lrri1 oqpooio qg qtxud.g, rou }'ei1er xol op06vetol rpoE tc rtirvo. To opriorpo rqg grotudg pe xo.toriplpc -nou oe cut6 nnroge6'fouv lt(rr xo r..Grox[r.vc1. lrytiwuo nol6r.ir, o fzlotD'r.[3ep ofl1 Ar).rtoit1 xtrL o foqlovroriog ror Po.prel"o[- iirov 6q]"n6r1 onv prLcr oefouo],tri1 npd[4 1Le 6vcv dv6gc, puo on6)'clo1 rqE nv6punlg uxov6mpcg xri

'yuo

rrt opoqu),og .r-mi tipLl.Lo. Arr6E rou nopoutrlOlxe :rptiltog <116 curil qv on6).oroq npocp6Ltrle q cptrnrd, pr6peoe vo t4v nd.pet poli rorr ).o[ vG tqv 06oer omlv r.rnlproio rol. Karqrwi^yoliog xtl eo]Trd rrlg brn{g tor-r oefouo},rxr]g 6r,61epo1g 66pooe tr1 puoLt( 6ivap1 t4g r1.,roturig. Autlj q pe1dtrq rotrr.Loprxri rotdrqorl 0n {tov },our6v 11 rrpoLflil 1ro rqv r<rpoirtlorl an6 tug opg6g. Kou ox6pq, eivcr, oov vq opu(or<rv l "7uvnira qri).nxng rqg aqp<r),oxr,op6vqg oqv eutio ron rinrrori grotldg, <rgot q <rv<rropLrrl rqg xntooneu{ 6ev qg enltp6irel vcr eiu6o0ei oe pro r6toln nir6)r<ruor4. Eivar enio4q clrooqpeitoto n6oo oulvd ol ovo.),rnln6g eprelpieE enupepalrilvouv t1 orol6trorl ,rvcru[oc( orn gr],obofic. n1 ,prurrri

lor rov ougurqurtopu. 47


O

NOAITI:MO: TIHf}I AY:TYX]A2

onrrx6g 0wuni6o€rE, F€

rlv

qovoyQoqlllli ni,,rixc uE sf[IXIuli6S elruntiroetE, 6to 6pyo.vc. notr xcrd priorl o.nore),otv ul.onoLrioelE rqg 6oop6vqg oxov dvOptono rxcv6t1rcE rIE Fvril.rIE. Me q Boil0err rou q),ecpdrvou onoieL o.n6 trnootd,oelE ,rou ltor ro rcqcp60r 0a rlg oeB6rcv roE crp6oneg. H ypcqri e[vo.r, apllxd I y],dlooo rou o,n5vroE, 11 xo.roLx(c uroxcrd,otcro rou pLrlrpr,xo o6ttorog, lTlE nptirqg, ioroE zdvto no0r1n]E xo.rolxlcE, 6nou o dv0ponog r]rnv o.ogc)"i]E xcl crro0av6rcv 16oo euldpLorn. Aev cxoiryercl p6vo oo,v napcp60L, clld e[vnL dpeoa q exr)"r1poo,4 6lrov -61r,, ttov :rsgLoo6legov - enr0upu6v rou ;-re crtrd nou 6qpro6glqoe o dvOpronog pe qv enloqpI )ro.r rIV relvlxri tou ndvo oe ourri rrl yI, o.rqv onoio e;rqav(oO1xs agllxrl oo,v 6.vc c6rivcpo [rio xcL onlv orola xd0e dropo rou ei6oug rou nB6ner va 6)"0e1 nd),1 -<oh inch of naturel>2r- ouv cBof0rpo Bp69oE.'O),r1 curri rIV xarolr] pnopel vo q Osope( no]rrloprx6 cn6xqpd rou. An6 nal.ui 6lnp6gqooe prc r8o.vLxij ncpriotcoI yra fllv ncnroarvcpla }.(Gr rilv Jrcwoyvool<r, rou Trlv evoorpti'rooe ororg Osofg .rou. 2e nurorig ar66ooe xaeerl nou 6sv prnopo6oe vn ro enrlilsL pe ttE enr,0up[eg rou 11 rou rlrcv anal,opeup6vo. Tripc 61sL nlrloLd.oer, nolt orr;v

oor

cpeuycr)"6e9

[)rqv npcryp<rLnrnlra cruril 1 Qrlo! ((0r, 6dx.ru),e t1g qiorlg>), pou6(el 16oo no),6 vo eivol oor,fnrlpLxrj, 6ev pplor<etal rouOevci

21.

rou

orov Eoifn4p. Avrioern 1 rppdol <Poor inch of NatureD rrd0leL oE 6vc pu0Lor6plgo rou George Wilkins, Tie painfull Adventures ot Pericles Princc of Tyrc. O Ileprd,ijg rry nneuOrlveu mqv veo16wr1q x6p1 rotr. To pu0r"ot6p4pn run),oq6q4oe ro 1608, ).i1o petti on6 to 6pdpn rou Xcrifnlp, ot1 orylpnqri rol oaoiou eile npoqcvtirg ouppetdoler o Wilkins. H <rrpoo66n4r1 olxeu6,rrlro tou rDp6lr.t pLe olrri rqv 6rorinool e!11eircr oa6 ro 6tu oulj Bp(oretcrr, oe pLa ou(iir4oq "1Lc tr1 16veoq rotr 6p6parcq l7epruLijg mo yv(Dor6 prptr io 1rn tov )oilnlg rou Aovori rpLtlxori rqE ),o1ore1vicg Georg Brandes. puo leppo.vuzr] perdgpcrol tor fir,B),iou lr1p1e otq Br,p),r,o0r1x4 tor_r

Og6ut (Brandes, 48

1896)1.

O TIOAITI>:MO: TIHIH

AY:TYXI,$: III

rrrireu[r1 <rutoi rou r8ovLxot, 61eL y[veL o [6rog o1e66v llrliq. @uor,xd, p6vo orov Bcr0pr6 lou pr[oQofv vcr rr[rr€u7,I)orlv ouvrl0org ra L6cvlxd. xord. r1v yevrl.(n ov0Q6fiwrl rrpirnl. 'O1l dr6),uro., oe opr,op6veg nepLnr6oe 6 xo06),ou, rrl ri).),eg F6vo Ev [6QEr. O 6v0poloE 61er, yiver, ^,r,cr,a x6rorov re6rro 6vcg 0e6g ps {rxvlrd. p6},r1, l6la(repc pe.1<r/,"onpurrlE, 6rnv 1pr1or,;ronore[ 6La ro BorleqrLxd rou 6pl/(lvo, lrou 6ev e(vol 6potE o{pgurc ror 6xoL rou Srlprouq-

xcrd xaLpoirg nx6pr1 pe.ytll,eg 6uoxo),[rE. 'EXEI 6poE ro r\rxniropro vc raprlyopeftcrr. orl cutl q e[6],1[r1 6ev 0o or(r[oTrlo€r or[(l)o6lifioxe oTo 1930 p.X.22 Xro pro.x,pw6 1ri:},),ov 0n orlperto0o6v v6eg, (ooE o6rcv5rlrsE or]pepc rrp(ro6oL oe our6v lov xop6c rou no),r,rr,opori, q opor6rlro ;rr, rov 0e6 0n ou(r10e[ o.x6pl ,[EQroo6x€eo. lro XdQI rIE r'qrnrvdg pcE 5ev np6nel 6poE vo. lsldooupe 6rl o or1;reprvtiE d.v0proroE 6ev oro0tivernL sutul.op6voE orqv opoL6rlrd rou pe rov 0e6. Avnlvop(loupe qv no),lrr,opLx( otriOprl prrE ldrpcg, rircv p),6noupe notE 6La xol,l,rseyo{rvror. xcrr cppor,'r(lovro.t xrrrdr).).r11,c, nrr;E 11 experd).)"euol rlg yrlq o.n6 rov dv0Brrtno xo.r. rl JrQooroo[G rou ofi6 rLg quoux6E buvdprsLE s!unr1lrlrei, orqel.e[ tov [6lo rov dvOp<olo. )e pLa 16ror,o ldrpo rrr nor6ptc, nou ane li,,ofv pe ni',lpptpeg, 61ouv prOpr,op6vr1 por], ro vep6 roug o6ly€[rcr pe xo.vd.],lo e?{e( Jrou lgrerd(eraL. To 66nqog rc),).re pyeirol pe etlp6),ela xcl rl,r,reternr pe ro. cpurti norr eivcr lzo.v6 vc 0p6rpel, o opuxrciE r),o6ro9 rou une8dqoug e[dyercr p€ Eiil,o xor, XQIoLqronole[ror, yro xrlv ?rcrcoxeuri rrov ava.yxalrov epya],eiov xct ;r4lcvqpdrtov. Tc ouyxolvrovlo.x1. g(.aa elvo.r snapxri, yQliyoQo xor ooqcrtrr1, ro dyQro xcL enrxlv6uvc (r6c 61ouv r,!olo0peu0e(, 1 extgoqil rtov r.cclorx[6uov lrirarv nv0ei. yrr(rv

22.To AoE 61poo[euoqE atnrig rqE pe],6rqg. B],6re ror ex66t1>, oe)". 8- (X.t.q.r.) 1o

n.nflo!6. qyi

d!tutid<

<X4peiropc

49


O

O TIOAITI:MO: TIHfH AY:TYXIA>

'Eloupe 6polE vo 06ooupe xnl dlleg cno,lrr]oelg orov nol,ltto;r6 xcr xcrti nep[epyo rq6lo e],n([oups va trE $po6pE ,reoypcrorrorrlp6veg orLE (6reE ldlpeg. )cv va 06i,,oupe vo ogvrl0otpe x1v oro,arlol nou 06oaps cpltrd, lorperi(oupe ocrv nol,trloprx6 €rrareuypd, 6rav pl.6noupe nrriE 11 geol'r(6o rotr o,v0gdlnou org6cperot xal oe npd.ytrtcrc nou 6ev elvar, ro06lou orq6)"lpcr, nou qolvowor ri1pr1mo, n.1. 6ro.v rc o.voyxolo oE x6no[ nculvr,6ro{r xnr nr1y6g o[u16vou rdQxo. or pro fi6i.,rl 61otrv xcr ngoor6g pe 1,ou),o{6tc, i1 orcv ro ,[oQd0uQc rt:v onrrdl oro].ilovtcL pe y],riotpsg. fprlyopo cvrllo,ppov6poor€ mog ro avrircpe),o, :rou neprp6voupe qv exr[p4o1 tou cn6 lov :ro],nrop6, eivo.r, 11 opropqrd o.nalroripe nn6 rov no),.r'rtotrr6vo d.vopono vo. trcrpe{el r1v opogrpld, 6nou qv ouvcvrd. orrl cpriorl, xcrr vn m1v OlprLoupyei pe cvrlxelpevo., 6oo e(var,6uvar6v orrlv enr"46e L6qtc rrov 1epL6v rou. An6loupe oot6oo no).ri cr6 'ro vc 61ouv e[cw],10e[ e6dr ol aro.rrloeq poE on6vcwt orov no),wlop6. Ano,trofpre or6pl vd Eoiipe ra orlprdEr,c ulE xc0cgrc,rqraE xo.r rIS rd[r1E. Aev oxn pori. [oupe zcr].r] lvdr;11 yr,c tov ro].rtofr6 plcrE cyy],r,z(g cyportxliE ,16).15 rIS enoxriE rou lc[[nr1p, 6rcv 8r.cBdloupre ro5 pJreoord. orqv n6pro rou ncrplzof rou onnlot olo Xtpdrgogw urir(Dv6xov 6vag oop6E xongrd. Mcg elop.1[(sL xcr ro 0etrlgo6pe <pdpBtrpo>, nou e(vo.r, ro uvrl0ero 'rou nol.trropoli, 6rcv pgloxou;re roug 6p6pouE rou Adoous rrlE BL6wqE orgop6vouE pe nerc;r6vc 1cptd. H oxdeoQolo xriOe ei6ouE pro.E cpo(vercL couppiBootrl pe rov :rol"lrr,o;16' qv orrolrlo1 r4g xa0cgLorlrc5 rlv emxre[voupe xor oxo o,v0Q6rrrvo o6po, oxotp€ pe 6xn],Iq1 rl 6uooop[a cv66l6s ro o6po rou Bo.or].rd. 'H].lor xat zouvdpe ro reqd)"1, 6tcv o'n1v Isola Bella23 pcE 6e[1vouv 23, [To^yvrrxx6 r,1o[ mo

Iago Maggiore, ro onoio

N<rno)"6clrv iriyeE p6qeg nquv

50

enuox6g0qxe o

on6 11 prilq rou Marengo].

NOAITI:MO! NHIH AYXTYXIA: II]

r:r1 pLxpooxonlzrl ).exd,vr1 nou XQrlorpofloro6oe o M6Tcg Nriro),6ov yra qv fiQorrv{ rou xo0cpr6rqro. Aev cnopof1rt:, 6rcv xdnorog lpqoLpololel otrv p6rpo ,rol.rrropof rrlv xrrtcvd)"trrorl o<rnouvLori. To [6Lo ouppclvel xor p€ xqv xd[r1, nol 6noE xar 1 rn0npl6rrpc e[vcr cnox].erorLxri 6pyo rott nvOprirnou. A).),ri evcir rqv rc0o,er6xlrc, 6ev 0c 6npsrrr: vrr rlv lrrQr&6voupe oq g{oq, l1v rd[r1 qv 6xoupr ovrrrypdrper anri rr1 q6o,4 rl ,rnQcr(QIoI trlE preyti),r1E corpovoprr,xriE axpipsrcE 66oroe orov dvOptrrno 6p ;r6vo ro np5r r,:ro, ctl.),ri xcrr ro. npdra oqp[ypcrrc yrc xlv €Looyoyf rrlg rd[1E mr1 (trtri ror. H r<i!r1 e[vcL 6va e(6oE xcrovo.yxtro;ro6 yrc erov6l,qrpr;, riorE 6rnv xat tyrl" roxrorrorrl0r,[ plr:r qopd, 61eL o.:roqcroro0e( n6re, nof xcr, nt6g 0o. rrp6ner vc y(vs[ nor, 6ror pcg cna].].d.ooeu o€ ?.cd0€ 6potcr rrlgirrtoorl cn6 6loroypo{g xcL appLpotrleE. H orlpcoln r:r1E rd(r1E eivcL avcprploprirrlxrl, rdvsr Euvor'1 otov tivllLrturro rlv xotriTlQl rxprrr<i].Leuo4 rou X6Qou xor rou lprlvou, evtir ,[Qoorox€6er tLg rpulLx6g rou 6uvd.preuE. Ocr r ilupr.e SLxnitopc vc nrpLp6votrpte 6rl 11 16!11 enr,Bdlletcl rrn6 n1v cgpi ).icr XoQiE B[a orq Epconlgt6nlrc rou cv0prirrou, x<rr, np6ner vc FcE EoevrdqsL nou o.vtiOera o dv0poroE 61eL pdtrLov prc cpuotzri rriorl yla apl6),ela xnL ,rvaxg(pel<r oq 6ou),eLd rou xor FE peyd)"o x6no np6ner vc exrclEeu0ef os p[Fnon rov oopd.vmv rpmfntov. H o;rogqrd, 11 xn0cpL6qro ,.(cr n xdEn 61ouv npoqavrirE pr,c r,6La[tepr1 06oq cvdpeoc orLg no],LnopLx6E o.ncLrrltrsr.E. Ko,v6vo5 6ev 0a r,olugto0s[ roE e[vnr eEloou oll;rrrwrx6E 6nog I ?{uQroQX[G ,ldvoJ orrE quorx6g 8uvdpsrE ri rirroE d7,"1.o olorleia ror Ocr yvtop(ooutrrc cx6FI, nnl 6proE xuv6vaE 6ev 0o rr,E rapop6gL(e efxol,a orE ope),r1t6eE. To rirr. o no),nlop6g 6Ev anooxonei pL6vo oe tocp6lelc, ro 8eilver ij6q ro roQd6erypo qE opopcpuiE, nou 6ev 0a 06Ialrt vc ),e[ner ar6 xa fi€Qrex6pevc tou no].Ltropot. H o96),tLc rqE rdlqg elvor, o],ogdveprl Tro rqv xo0cQL6rlrc

51


O NOAI l I):M(]) TIHfH AY)

IYXIA:

rQ6na. vo ldBoupe ut6pr1 pag 6rl anclre('ro.r xo.r an6 rr1v uyrewrl, xci.r, np6neL va uno06oou;re 6rL cudi 11 ouol6tLorl

6w r]rcv riyvrloq orov dv0po:ro ror Jrerv cn6 m1v enlorrlprovLxil fia6IIUI rrrrv oo0eveL6v. A),},ti 11 og6l,eLa 6ev pog €Eny€a orr6luxo tqv rd.oq ptrE ng6ner vo urldQxrr xcr dl,Lo otr1 p6or1. A)Jd pe xnv6vc d),}.o yv6Qropo 6ev prnopotpe vo. 1crpoxrr;piooupe 16oo zal.6 rov no),1lrop6 6oo pe qv exrl1rlol xrlE xc],],r6gyeng rrov ovcireptrtv rpultz6v 6pnoqptonltutv, rtov blcvorlruxritv, enrorlpovrndrv xtrl xu).},rrelvLxt6v snr,66oeov, ?(o.r fr€ rov xup(np1o 96).o nou :ropcr1o:pe[rcL orlg l66eg ot1 (r,:ii rov cv0g6nov. Trlv npdln1 06o11 ovdpsoa oe orn6E rLg L66eg xcn1youv r<r Oglorertr-

x6t

xd ouorrlpcro, nou 6oxipnoo vu gorrlorrt qv no],rin],oxr1 oiivOeo1 toug oe d,),}"o oq;re[o.2a Afur].n oe aurd or6xouv or cpl).ooogrx6E 0etog[eE, ,(or r€],Lxd cut6 nou pr[oeofpr vc ovopd,oor;re L5<rvrx6g ntrpcordoe6 torv cv0pr6nrov, or raqo.orrioelE Toug yro prn 6uvor1 rs).sr6rpn xou dr6[rou, tou ),crori, ol5x),r1g1E tr1E nv0gon6rr;z<rg, xcL or ancnrjotLE rrou syelpol'rar, pre pdorl r6ror,eE nopcorrioelg. To 6rr, curd. rn bqploupyrlprara 6ev e[var <rvrfdptrpc perclri rouE, ctr}.d o'revd otrvurpoop6vn, 6uoxo),eiiel x6oo xrlv fiepr,ygccprl rouE 6oo xor, r1v rpuXotrol,rxri toug e[qyr1or1. Av uno06ooupe noE ro x[vrlrpo 6],otv rtov ov0Q(6firv0rv 6Qo-

orlQroxylrtrlv e lvcr 11 enLblorfq rov 66o ouvo.wcirpevcov oxondrv, l1E oq6l.elag xo.l tr1g o.nox6prorlg q6ovr1E, 0a np6nel vo, 6e10otpe ro [6to xor yr,c ruE no],Lto;rLx6g er.cqQd.orrE ,[ou cvcp6pope e56, av xo.t rotro edivEro.r nrr]E EUoxc0€( p6vo Tro tqv snLotqpovrxrl xcu qv xc),).r,reXvLxr1 6p<roqpr6rlrc. Aev progofpe 6poE vc apqrol3qnlooupe 6rL xcr. or. di,,l,eg cwcnorpivolrcL oe Lolup6E ovd.yxeg rov cv0Q6rorv, [ooE oe r6roLeE fiou eavar cvnrnuyp6.veE p6vo 24.l2ro 52

To

pt))ov prag awamirqE).

O NOA]TI:MOX NHfH

AY:TYXIA: III

rrn6 prc prerov6rryc. Eniorlg 6ev rp6nsL vo. 6r,cznpcX0o{r1rt cnci npozcrcl,rirlrelE cr6vowr oe oplop6va cr6 clurd rrr Oprloxeuuxd. rcr qLl.ooorptxtl ouorrl;rnro. xcrL rn rbcvrxri eire cva(r1ro{rpe oe aurd. rqv cv6rnq uri6ooq rou rrv0g6nlvou rv€ipo.ro5 efte rc enLxq[voupe og l].dvsg, ,rqr6neL vc avcyvtoplooupe 5rL q {rl<rp[r1 roug, L6[roE 11 xuor,cp1(n roug, olpoivEr pLn ovc6reprl or60prq no),luopo6. Qg tel.eurclo, o[youQo 6XL ooiitrowo Xapuxllgrcrr,x6 ivtilprprn ev6g no),LrLoprot elvct o rp6nog pe tov onoio L,ivcr gu0pr,op6veg or ol6oeLE avdpeoa oroug o.v0p6nouE, rrou ceoQofv rov d.v0pono oE ys[rovc, oE epynrr,x6 Borl()6, oiE oefoucr).rx6 cwrxe [prevo ev6E d].l.ou, rog p6IoE ltoq orxoy6velcE ii ev6g npdtoug. E66 eivat l8Lc[reBc 6frrxo),o vc ofiol,Ioyofpr crrr6 oQrop6vrg L6o.vr,x6g nnalll(r€rE xor, vc ou),)dpoupe p6vo aur6 fiou €lvor ro].rnopLx6. I(a).6 e[var, vn nplioolpe [ooE pre rq 6r'i].roor1 nolE to ro].1ttoplz6 ororlelo eivcL 6oop6vo pe qv :rp6q 6oxr,pr1 yLa rrl p60pLor1 o.urdrv rrov xoLvtovrzrirv ox6orolv. Av nnqc),er,nrito.v pur r6rorn 6oxL;rrj, oux6E or oX6orLE 0c un6xerwav rnrlv o.lOolpeolo. rou xo.0rv6g, 6r1],cbri o cpuoLxd r,o1up6repog 0o rtE expern).).eu6rav o.vti).o"1c ;-re ro oupp6povrd rou xor tr,E opp6E rou. Eb6 6ev al)dlel r[nore, cv cur6g o r,olup6repoE 6ppr,oxe 6vav peprovrop6vo nro Lo1up6. H rrv0p6rlvrl oupBltoor1 eivaL 6uvo.q, 6r<rv Bpioxsro.L prro. :r),eLoq4cp[a nou elvo.r Loluporeprl ar6 xd0e felopLor6 riropo zcL ouvc.o:r(lerct an6vawi rou. H bfvapq our(g qg xow6qrog cwlrriooercr <oE (6[xo.r.o) orq brivnprl tou [eXorprororl c-r6trrou :rou xo.robLxd.lercrL otg <rlpri B(cr>. Aurl 11 cwr,xcrdoro.ol rIE 66vtrpr1E totr lelorglororl crtipou on6 q 66v<rpr'4 qg zoLv6mlrcE e iv<rl 'ro cnoqnororrz6 no),r,rr.opr,x6 prlp". H ololc rrlg 6yxetrcL oto 6rl ra pr6tr1 rr1 g xor,v6rr1ro.g r€QroQilouv tLE 6uvor6'r1reg r,xcvono(r1oii g toug, evd; ro lelopr,or6 dropo 6ev .1vop[!el xov6vcv 16roLo negLoglop6. 'Eror 11 en6pevrl rol.rrropLx{ onnftr1or1 53


O IIOAITI:MOX TIHfH

e[vo,r,

cut] qS

6r?ror,oofvlg, 6q},o61i

r]61 6oop6vq rd[r1

rot

O

AY:TYXIA: 11

6rcopri}"Loq

orl

11

6ev 0a 6rronoo0e[ nd.].r cr6pou. E6ri 6ev 0o, xglvoupe felroprorot tlv rl0rzii <rf(c ev6E r6rorou 6lzalou. H ncgcn6po nopein r1E nolltroprxr{g e[6irl[qE cpclvrar norE reiver oro vo. FIv anore],,ei nro cur6 ro blxalo 6xqgcoq qE pot],1o'4E proE prxpr;E zoLv6rrlro q x6.at o,g, orpdrparoE rou n}.10uo;ro{r, rpu)ri1g n6),r oe <il"),eE xcl (oorE - rou oupneplg6peror, ,o/nrepeg ptileg ocv 6vc ploro 6ropo. To retrrx6 a:ror6).eopa rp6nsL vc e(vo,r 6vo. 6ixcLo, oro ono(o 6lor, -roul.61Lorov 6l,or, 6ooL rlvo.r lzcrvo[ 1ra xoLvouxq (tor] 61otv ouppdl.el pe opprn6E Ouo[eE xaL ro ono[o -ndlr pe niv i6lo efalgeoq - 5ev ocp{ver znv6vcv vc yivel 0ripo r1g rDpilg picrq. H oropLz1 el"eu0epla 6ev eivar no].r,ttoprx6 <ryo.06. 'Hrav rotrrj peyrii"rl ,Igrv cn6 rov to),ttrop6, al.ld r6re 6ev e[1e cl[a, .1lcrr[ ro d.ropo 6ev r]rcv oe 06oq vo. t1v unepo,onro0e [. Me qv noi,,r,tr,opr,xr] e[61,r[1 E6lercL neqloploporig, xnt q blxoLoorivq crtcrei vo. ;r1v anc).l.riooernu xavivug an6 ouro6g rouE neproproporiE. Aur6 nou o.vcxLvelrnl p6oc oe pl<r nv0p6nwr; xolv6rlro oov 'rd.or1 yrc ei"euOep[c prnope( vc eivol e[6yepor1 evd,wln oe plo tndplouoc c8lxio xoL vc ervoe[ 6ror qv lopon6pc ef6),r,lr1 ror.r nol,lrtoptot, vc or-rpBr,Bd[srar pe rov no],r,rrcp6. Mroge( 6poE xcL vo. rgo6plercr cn6 r1v cplLxr], r4v nplv cn6 rov no).rrlop6 aEripooq npoooxln6rrpo., xo.r va y[vetcL 6rol Bdor; tqg el0gorrlrcE on6vo.wl orov no],trrop6. 'Erol q rriol npoE rqv eleuOeplc cneu0rive, o,l evdvta oe opLop6veE popq6E xaL cncm]oetE rou nol"ttlopot r] evdwlc orov no),lrrop6 yevr,xd. rDalvetcl norg 5ev e(vcr 6tvo,r6v pe orolovb{nore enr;peo.op6 vo tnolpeotOel o 6v0ponoE va petcpopqt6oet rr1 qrioq rou oe cuni rou reppirl, c1"1.d :rd.vro Otr rnepo.onl(ercr rr;v onnlrloii rou yln oroplzrj el.eu0sp[c an6vcwt orq Borihloq tlg prilcrg.

ylo 1tipl

54

ev6E

6r,z<r[tyu

IIOAIT]:MO> TIHIH AY:TYXIA: III

Iivn opxerd peydlo pr6poE rou o.ydrvo r4E cv0gon6mpaE rryzevrptiveror orov provc6lx6 oxon6 r1g cvefpeorlE lrruq oupq6pouoaE, ful,n8ri rxcvonolrluxr;E loopgonitrE rrvtl.peoc oe cur6E flE croptz6E no,r ortE noi"ntoptx6g pc[lx6E oncn(oetg elvtrr, 6va o.n6 tc potpo(,o tlE rpop]'(lr(rro., Gv or-n{ 11 loopgorlc enlruyldvetnl pe t6loireprl r

,\lupr6pqorol rou ro).r'rropori r]

<rv

q oriyxpouorl eivnt cys-

r1,(rpotq.

Me o6qy6

qv xoLvr'1 aio01or1 ppr]xcrpe rord. trl6 c orl q(l)T rov <rv0p6nov ,[Q6rtl, vo ovoF6T

yvrrrplopcrc ooupe no),rllopr,xd, xtrl nnoxoptloape plo onrprl ev-rinc,lorl r:16 r4v yevLxri erx6vo. tot nol,lrtoptot, c),Itl 6ev pd0cpe rinore rou vc pqv elvor yevlxd, yvtoot6. E6d; crrorpfppe vrr ouprcpovi]ooupe pe trlv ngoxctd.Iqu,I 6xt o noi"r,ttop6g livor, rmn6orlpog pe qv tel,elonoiqol, elvat o 6p6poE rrQog r1v rel.et5rr1tn, nou e(vcrL rgo8tcypopp6voE otov riv0porao. H e[6lr!q T ou no].rlo;ror3 pdE golvetct ocv lLrc l6r6pgr0pr1 6La6Lxaoic nou 6lcrtp61er, trlv cv0pron6r rytn xcl opr,op6vo otolle(c rqg pcE e pqov((owct otxeio. Atrij q 6Lc6Lxao[a pnopottrre vo fllv Io.Qc]trllQ(ooupe ;-re rrq a).Io1,6g nou entcp6pe L orLg yvtoot6E cv0p6nr,veE og1r.iE, 1 Lxo.vonoiloq rov onoit'.lv eivct ro orxovopr,x6 xc0ilxov rIE (tong FoS. Meprx6g ar6 o,ur6E tr,g oq1t6E <rvol.((rrovrcl oâ&#x201A;¬ r6ror,ov po0p.6, drore ot1 06o11 rouE eppav(lerrrr ztirl nou oro lelogLo16 dtopo to ovop6(oupe l6t6r"4rrr tou Xapcxrlp<r. To rro afLooq;rt[oto ncrgd8eLypa our{E r1E 6rcrbrxnolcE ro 61oupe pgsL otov npotx'rr,x6 egrrrtrrrp6 tou v6ou ov0pdrnou. To op1lx6 tou ev6Lc96pov 1Lo rrlv cnexngLrlxii l.ertoup1(tr, tc 6pycvd xIE xo.t xo, rpo'L6wa t4g perotg6nettrt oq btdpxetc tlg cvrirrul1g rrl eite(vr1 r4v opd6c rbtorrlt<ov not po.E elvo,t yvtoot6E oE r1,tt3oi,.[o., rdfl xot xc0agL6rqro., or, oroieE e(vcL p6ptttc rro),rirL;reE x<u eunp6o6sxtsg, cl,Id pnopo{rv va aloxriirrouv cLo0rprj xugr,aplia zor vc 6qpLougyiioouv cur6 nou r

55


O TIOAITDMO: TIHI-H AY:TYXIAX

O TIOAITI:MO: TIHI-H

ovopd(oups rrQroxr,r5v XoQoltriiQo. Aev yvrog[(oupe n<iE

y(vsro.r o.ur6, ctrtrd 6ev urripleL crprplBol,fa .1Lo tlv op06rnro ouxlis xIE dfioprlE.2s 'Exoupe i'"offi5v BpeL 6rr 11 r<i!r1 xo.r q zc0o.gL6rqrc e(vcr ouolcorLx6E no),rr,optx6E c.rar,-

ov xnl 6ev cpcfvercrr tlpteoo. nog e[vcr ovoyxo[rs qori ?ror roxdl,IqlrrE roE m1y6E eu1oe[oqo1E. :€ oux6 ro oqpe(o 0a 6ngene vc pog o.noxo.).ug0e( yrn nptiltrl goQd I opor6nFo qE nol,rwplxrlg 6Lo6r,x<roiog [€ rrlv oe(oua),rxr] e[6].r[r1 rou f elrrglorof or6pou.'A].].eg opp6E ovoylcd(owa.r vc dttr d[ouv rouE 5goug rr;g LxovonolrloiiE rou5, vo rouE p€ro06oouv os dll,ouE 6g6pouE, lpdypo r4oer,E,

mI

rou

oxrE negLoo6repeg reQurrd)o€LE oulrJr[rlTel

poorri

U.€

Trlv

ro-

perouo[aory (rov opptx6v ox6xov) xo,r, or d)"),eE 6tcq6geL cfi6 oLtti. H psrouolrooq tov opprirv elvcu 6vc r6rr(,rep<r or1;rtn'lx6 yvtiprcprc u1g no).trLoprx,4E ef6fu,[qg, ytcrl 61el oE orv6reLo. o.vdnepeE rtruxL]r,6E 6Qo.orlQr6fiFsE, enlorr;;rovlx6E, ro),Lrrexvru6s, lbeo).oyrx6E, vc no.[(ouv 6vcv x6oo olpo.vrrx5 96],o orr;v no],Lrlorlxr] lrorj. L6

pr:.g

AY:TYXIA: I]I

rnlotlprovlzrl po5 €Qyooio xtrr 0o. pcg efcvoyxdoeL vc brircroupre roi"),6g

e[rlyijoelg. A€v €ivo.L etxo],o vc ewor1-

rrorrpe ndrg e(vor Suvnr6v

va o.gcLpe0s(

al6 plo oppni q

rxcvonolrlorl. Asv eivcrr 16oo cxivbuvo, .1Lor( o.v 6ev cwLrrru0prLo0e[ oLxovoptxri, np6neL vc ovap6vouus oo[]oQ6q ilruto.po.16E

Av 6ptog 06),oupe vc pir0oupe roLd clio propsl va rurcrtrioeL I droqtl pGE yro. rrlv ro),r,rr,opr,xrj e!6tr1[r1 otE lrrrr 6Lc[repr1 6ln6lxnoia, ncpcp],rpi1 ptr xIV xo,vovrxli r,rtrripnvorl tou o.r6pou, ,rQ6rer vd orQo.qotpr ngoqcv6g or, 6vs. d),).o rQ6BLIpo, vc o.vcArorl0oripe oe nol6g enr,\qrd.oerg lproord.sL 11 no).ruopr,xii e!61,1[1 qv ceXI rrl,(, rrrirq :rgo6xuri.re

tcL c.n6 rl xc0op(oOr1ze

I

rroQ€io

rIg.

Av ev6rirooupe or1v ngr6r4 rwirtrtor1 bel6pnore n<oE r1 ptrouoltrlol elvo.L yevlxd 6vo. o.n6 rov no],r,uo;r6 expLaop6vo opplx6 renporp6vo. A),),d xcltrepc e[vo,r, v<r ro

oxeq0o{rpe oux6 pa0ux€Qo. Te},Lxd, xat rorlto gclvero.r ro onou6or,6repo, eivo.L c8{rvqrov vo ncgcp)'6rpotrpe oe nold 6xtco1 o noi'LrLop6g orrlQa[ercr orqv ncptr(r1or1 o.n6 rLE opp6g, oe n6oo pryd),ov Bo0p6 61er. toE ,rQoiifi60so1 cxplBr6g r4v ;r; r,xovonol1o1 (xorara€ol, cnri0qorl { rt d),},o ox6pl;) rolugrirv opptirv. Aum] q <no).r,topr,xr1 pc-

ra[tloq> efouod,ler rov peyri].o rop6o rov xolvovrxtiv ol6oerov Tov cvOpdrnorv' l,vrrip[(oupe r]6q orl e[vaL 1 cLrlc qE elOpo,rrptrg nou 61ouv vc o.wlprerronloouv 6],0r or nol.ttlopol. @c 06oer, 6pog xo.L peyd].eg ancnloeLg orlv 25. B)"6nr

(Charakter und Analerotik) (1908s)

rcl

ro).16g crr6;.r4

ouppo),69 on6 rov E. Jones [1918] ror. d].]"ouE.

56

57


IV /\rr(j ro xo01xov poivEro.r rdpc no).t peyd.).o zcu, 6wor,og ro uvtupelon((eL pnogel vc opotroyrlo€r r4v <rbruvaplo r()u. I[oQG06'[o ra ],(yo. fiou pn6geoa vc pcw6rpto. Aqo{r o npor6yovoE dv0Qror[oE o.vcxd.].urpe rol5 -xuorr).exrtx6- frcv oro 16gL rou vcr Betrttioel r4v r6p rou rrrivro oq yq pr €Qyoo[o, 6ev pnoporios vc ror elvcr rblriqopo av 6vcg 6),),oE EeyoLoxov pola xou r1 evdvrld rorr. O d,)"}"oE dr[6rrlos yr'cur6v qv <r[[o rotr ouv€eydxq, 1rr tov onoio {rnv orcp6lttrro vc (eL pc_([. flgLv, 6ro.v o d,v{)ournoE 6[roLaEe cx6pr1 pe n[012o, e(1e orlbrxrloer

rI

ou-

vtr oxlporl(€r olzoy6veLsE'rc p6).r1 r,4g olxoy6vr rcg ilrcv rl0cv6v or rQ6rol rou por1Ooi. 'loog 11 6qlrroupyicr qg orxoy6ver,oE vc ouoxsxl(ficr pe ro 6rL r1 vil0er,n

r

rvri1,xr1 yLcr

oeEouollxll Lzcvonol1oq 6ev rcpouolr.r!6rav

rrrrr ocv sltox6m1E, fiou epqov(Esrct oe xdnorov fo.rpvlrrri xaL trrerd qv cvcldrpqoii xou 6€v oroty€xor yro. ro1.6v

trrlp6, o),Ld €yxorooxd01xr orov d.vOpono pr6vrtrr<r. 'Eror ,\rlpLoupyri0rlxs orov rivbgcr ro x(vrppo vo xp<r'rd.er xovrd. rrlrrrl yuvtrinn r], yevrx6repc, tc osfouo.),Lxd cr,"rrxe[pevrr. Or yrvalxeE, rou 6ev ii0elov vo ofio1o]Qro0o{v rouE rrb{rvnpoug v€ooootE rouE, cvayxdo0lltcv xcr yr.o 10 ,'r,pgrlpov rouE vc prrivouv xowri rrrrrv roluqrortpo tiv,\qrn.26 Xe ourri xrlv r[Q0]x6yov1 olxoy6verc ].e[rst cz6pq 26. H oqlcvrxr] rrqloOuzotqro qg oefou<rl,rrr]g rpti(1E 61er, p6lnrLo 6r,o.r1p10ei, ol,),ri q eriopnorl rqg otov rpu1r,x6 oefouolrur6 rpr0r,op6 61eu priM,ov crtrotpoqei oro a"v.riOero. Aufi q petaBo),ri

olv66erol xord xtQr,o 1.61o pe r4v uroltirplo4 ro-rv oogplruxiw epel|(r[d.r@v, pe tc onoicr enubpotoe ro 1e1ov6E rlE epplv6pqor,og orqv cv6pLrri 1^JXrl. Tov p6l,o touE rov ov6Lopov rc rpoepl6pevo

urti l1v oio04o4 tqg 6pcoqg epeOiopartr, to onolo oe or.r[0eo1 rr6xrg tn 6L<rxonr6pevo oogprltlnd epe0(opcto pn6peoo.v vo 6uo,1p/1oouv 6xrpxtl eni6g<roq. To tcgrrori t1g epprlv6pgolcg rqo6qletcr rrn6 mroi t4v <opyovuxri art60qoq> ocv c:r6xgouo1 pung fenepcr-

59


O

O NOAITIXMOI tIHfH AY)TYXIAI

6vc ouolcorlx6 yvtirploprc rou no).rrloprori. 11 cm0cLBeoia rou np111,ori znu nar6pn rpo.v rmegL6pr,mry Zto TorEp op6vqE cprloqg rrlE e!O,L(qg 6),eg or rilJ,eg owuo),oyr]oer.g eivoL nu0n-

v6v beutepe(rouoog AtoIE. (tta[}I. C. D. Daly, 1927). Altl rt 6LG6rxooia ernvnl,a[l3civer<rl oe 6vq dl.].o eniireSo, 6tnv ol 0roi gLcg !enepnop6vlg rol,Ltuoprzrig repr66o.u perafldl"),ovro.r oe 6n[po.,,cg. H unoldrplorl trov oocpprlruntirv e.oe0Lopd.row rpcivercrL 6pog ncog elvcru ouv6rer,o t1E onoprilliQuvo1E rmJ ov0qc6nou an6 q 1q, tqg Lznv6qtdg rou vo l3o6i(er 6p0r"og, nol nciveL tc pr61pr rripn nu),lpp6vc 1evvlrlr(i lot, 6pynvn optrtd zor, vo lprlrilovtnL lrd)"u!tl, ,(o[ Blploupi 6roL qv or,6ti. Xqv npXr] qE por.ooiog ro),nLopLnriE brnbrncroiog "1e rp6rer, vn p.olox6t<rv 6qlo6ri 4 op0on661oq tol or,0p6nou. H e(6),1[1 cpli(el cr6 e6cir xor neprvder an6.rqv efou6er6prooq rov oocpQl1-

rrntiv epe0lopclrow rol rlv crnop6r,otol rlg repL66ou or4v lneqiopor1 rov nqoepl6pevcov on6 o1v 6Qcorl EQs0[o[.iv, oe oro)ldlul]l1 trr-rv yrwqrrxdrv opydvu'v. u|vrxi(rrcrr pr t11 govr;ro,roiqol rruv orlorcLuxdrv epr0uopriw, 11 61pr,oupy[o qg oLrol6ver,og xor qxdvrr

r(tltfio

I]OAITI:MO: IIH|H AY:lYXIAT IV

21

rQoord.oloo vo 8Eiqol rov 5Q6tro rrou 06Ion6 crurii rr1v oLxoT6vrlo orIV €.r6p€vl Bc0pl6a tr1g l,l,i 11Itr1piroor1g, orrl poQqri r(L)v cbel,qrx6v €v6oEotv. Kord nlv urlrQvaxlon ToU rdx6eo, or yrcl o.r[6xr1]o(xv filv €[rJr€Lqrirr 6tu evop6voL FrloQo{rv vo €lvcr roXUQ6TEQor ar6 rov ivav pcivo rou. O xoxeprli6E no),rrloLr6E onlQ(Lexcr oxous rrl,QloQr.ouo{q rou cvoyxdo0lx,av vG €rrpdl.ouv o 6vcE rrrov d.l,),ov yro xI aroxylQlol rlg v6os xordorcolE. Or br.rrrrifer,g rtrlv ro.Frrot rircv ro nptiro (6ilrcrc). 'Eror rl orrpBirooq r(l)v o,v0Qd)firrlv rnLpc).].6rcv bLw)d nn6 rov zcr(xvoy).roop6 yro rQyoo[G, ]rou Tov 6rlpLoupyodos r'1 (rxQolc ovd.yxl, xor cr[6 fll 8rivcprl qg oydrlE, ,[ou on6 ulv r),EUQd rou dvbQc 6ev r{Oels va orrQl0e[ ro o€Eouoirx6 o.wLxe(;revo orl FoQipli rIE yuvrra).[oE, ,ror Gn6 rlv rr),EUQd. rIE yuvo(xoE xo ByoIU6vo cr6 o.urli lrotrpdxL or1 lloQqil xou fioL6ro{. O 6prorog xor, n ovdyxn28 61,lvav ol )t(tt

Alrj

6ror oto rlor6gi.l tou nol,ltopoii. eivor pcivo pLo 0eog1tr,x,ii drrorpq, n,1,)d nqxerd olpovrlxrj yro vo nli(eL prr oxprprl eircl,ri0eiroq nrivor otr"g ouv0r]xeg (corlg rcov oq,yevdrv npog tov dv0prolo (c6rov.

Kcrl orrlv nol.urloprx-( tdol yun xo0ngr,6qrcr,4 onoin 6Lzorol.ol,siror pE xa p6rpo uy,eLvriE nou 6icpe op.l6trpo o in,0ponoE, cl,)d ex61)dr04ne

f6q rgLv

<116

out{ r4v 6loniorrooq,

ncrpmqgoripre 6vo

nouvrovlz6 rxouleio. H nopctnivlol .1ln rur0oprr"6t4tu npo6p,1eto.u on6 qv td.oq yun nnpnp6pr,op<r rtov reptrr_opdtorv, nol 6yr.vnv 6r-

odqemc orlg or,o0{oeuE. lvropi(oupe nrog oro nol6lx6 boud..rro rcr n.odypnr<r eilaL 6lctpopttLnd. Tc r,oprr",ipnro 6ev npoxd,ori, nq

6io oto nor,6i, c),ld rou pnivovtcu no),ttrpcr oov anoxorprop6vo lopp<irr tol o6pnt6g rou. H exnoi6elo4 elepBoivel e6cir eveqylrlnd ylo enlrtlLluvorl r1g ealxeipev4g elel,r,xtr,nilg nopeicrq, aor 0n ndver to. neprrrcitrroto dlpqmo, n46laorrx6, onty,1iy tol onoppmr6o. MLa r6rouc enovaEr,ol.6.7r1ol 6ev 0o rjrav xcrd xqv6vov rp6no 6uvoni, crv rrur6q ol e(<r16peveg nn6 ro orirlto ri)'eq 6ev xota6rxti[ovtov elar.ri<rE rIS to1uQllE oop{g touE vn porpooro{v tqv ttrpl nol enrpl),<roo6rov oro oocpqlrux6 eqeOiotrl<rto perd tqv op0on66qor1 rou ov0Q6r[or,. 'Elou o npcoxrrx6E eprorLop6g uaoxfrtel oqllrd oolv <oqycrvr"nrj cn60qoq>, rotr dvolle rov 6p6po orov ,[o].Lrro[6. O ror60

v,'rvrz6g rnQdyovrnE, rotr cpporti[er yLa r1r, :rcpnl6po petop6,otprooil xol ,[QLD]i,1r.?.!oti eptrrrlopoi, 64]"rit.,,etar ple ro yrlov6g 6rr, rop' ril,r,q trg e(el.lnrln6g rpo66oog o dv0pronog 6ev oneX0d.vernL xn06-

rlv

l,orr oopij rtov brxriv roo neplrrorgdtcov, nnpri p6vo xov d),Lov. ( ) (r,.d.0GQroE, 6ql.ubri ou6E rou bev xg{pet ro repwrdrprorci rol,

tov ri),),ov, 6ev rol 6eilver oefi<rop6, xnu to i6lo lrrrgnupoiv xnr or ouv10r,op6veg popeu6g ppr"or6E. Aev 0o paopoioc1r| e[ ,i'ou vcr nutddporpe to 1e1ov6g 6tr o d.voporoE 1.or]orpottoLti to 6vopo. tol nror6reqol gil,ou tol oro pooiLelo rov E6ov rrrrv flpLor,6, nv o on6)"og 6el n6p6r[e pe 6(o rbrotp6g tou rrlv lepr rl,qrrivqorl rol ov0qtirou, [€ ro 6[[ eivcr 6vo oorpprplx6 [rio rou 6ev r(noeEliy€r ta nepLrtripcrr<r xru 6ev rtp6neror 1r-a trg oe(oucr)"r,x6q Ar rrouQyi€E ror,. 27. [,4116 nou o Op6rwr ovopti(er, e66 (nQol6yovn orxoy6vela) ro lrpcrmqpi(eu d,i.uirE orrvri0toE cog <rptorcpl"nri Gy6l.I) o Atkinson rrrlxlBd.l.l,eL 6toL

orov onoiov qvdyetct otolrrorlxd ourri q or6rpr1, pr-)"der 1r,a nlv (ltl,rldrr€rd oxol6veuo>1. (BL6ne Xiptpour Oe6ll\r, Toti! xat

( 1903),

a1uroi, ex66ottg EnixorlQog, A0fvo, 1978, o€),. 178 1i.€, >.x.p-). 2[j Eros und Ananke oxo r[eor6ruro reipevo. (l.t.p.) 61


O

IjOAI,|'I:MO: NHI'H Y:TYXIA>

rou ov0Q6rrLvou ,rtll.rr.0[06. H np6rr1 no],Lrr,oprx{ enLrul[c riro.v 6tt tvag peya],6repog cpl0pr6E nv0p6nov [r[oQoljoc vo liioeL oe xow6m1rn. KaL enel8rl e36 ouvepyotocv or 6to peydl,eE buvdpeLE, 0a pnopototrps va nepr,;r6voupe 611 1 rapon6pa 'e[6h,[r1 0n ouvelL!6rnv anp6o?torrro. U,r 6lcrpxt6E Lolup6regrl xugro.p1fu ncivo oro nepLpd).).ov xc0drg xnL ;rs ncpcn6pa n6[r1or1 rou agL0po6 tarv ;-rs).drv r1E xoLv6rr1ro.g. KnL 6ev zo.tc),apa[voope eiirol,o n6E cur6E o nol.nLotrr6g pnopel vcr npoxa).ei ozc pr6).q rotr rd.fl d),)"o enr6g nn6 eurulln. flpr,v e[erd.ooupe Gfi6 rof pr:ropel vc rrQo6QxsroL prcl 6lcroga1rl, ec elr,1e r,prjooupe , aqori 61orpe i]6r1 avcyvropioeL r4v cydnq oE prta o.n6 rr,E pdoe lE rou no).r.nopot, vc zcl"{rpoupe 6vo xev6 oe npolyoipevrl e[6.roor1. Elnape :rtoE q oe(ouu).Lxr{ aydnrl npooq6per otov rivOporto tE lolupo,repeE rxcvono(oerg, rou 6(veL orqv npayporr,x6nlrc ro:rp6luno yLa xtlOe eu'ru1io., x<rL 0c 6ngeire vtr tol 61er unopd).el qv L56a va <rvalrpei xcr oro efilg r1v eurul(n rIS EorlE orov rop6a tov orfouci,.rxtirv o16oeov, va 06oer, rov oe[ouctrLx6 6porn oro en[xevrpo xIE qtrly]S. In1 ouv61e rr t[no.pe nog &oL o tivOprrinog :repL6g1eral pe no],6 enr,x[vbuvov rg6no oe e[dpqoq o.:16 6vn xopprd,rr rou eforteplxoii x6oprou, 6q).,nbri on6 to ex)"eyp6vo oe!,oua).rx6 ol"rLxe[pevo, xct Exr(0ETo,L otov r,olug6tepo n6vo, nv r[€QrrpQovq0s[ nn6 aur6 i1 ro ldoeL efnLring cnrorlaq i] ecrvdrou. ll, crur6 oL ooqol 6],ov rarv enoXdrv 61ouv ouoxiiocr rr[Lrc].r,u,xri qv anocpuyij curot rou 6p6pou lrorig. 1r,c 6vcrv peld),o agr0pr6 cv0p6ltrtv 6ev 61er, 6prog ldoet rq yorpeio. rou. floi,,ri ),lyor, riv0ptoloL proQotv efor,t[o.E rrlE r,6roouyxpcoicg rolE va l3p[oxouv tr1v euml(n orov 6p6po rqE cydnrlg, xcL cur6 ouvendyeruL sxrercp6veE rptrpx5g preraBo1.6g qg ),ettoupylnE rqE c.1dnr1g. Aurd ra tiropo 6ev efcgrdrwo,r, nn5 n1 ouyxardOrorl xou o.wrx€rp6vou. peta06towcE rqv xtQro o[ic cn6 ro v<r aynrorr,wa[ oro vd yoveaE

62

O TIOAITIXMOX

IIH|H AY:TYXIA: IV

rryunoiv, npocpu),dooowar, on6 qv cntirl.e lc ;-r.E To vo rsr.cr06vouv rlv cydrq rouE 6Xr oe Ee1oreLoxd cwrxe[pevrr, o.).).d efi[oou oe 6],orE roug av0ptinouE, ].sor cfioect.;rruv16 tcl,cwe{o€rg }rol xrg ofioyorlr€liosr,S rrlg oefouc),rrqE aydnrlE exrp6rowdg rrlv on6 tov o€Eouolrx6 or6xo r.r1q, percBdl,).ovrtrg n1v oqprq or [r[o ovooro].p6q otE rreoq rov o161o 6r,6yepor1. Atrri nou snLtuyldvouv pe rorirov rov rp6no p6oa zoug, 1 xnrd,oro,orl prr,aE roopgonrlp6vr1q, 4peplE, rQuq€Qr1g a[o0qor1E, 6ev 61er nrn peyd),r1 r(torepLx{ opor6rqro pe qv rpr,xupLrirbq egtorlxii (cori, rur(r rrlv ono[n ;ro],ovrofro npo6plernr. O ayrcg @payx[,txoE rrlE Ao(lryg xQ6fier vo 6q'raoe orc av6tepcr 6prr olrrlg r4E e xtrrerd),).Euorls xrlE oydfiI5 yLo ro eormeplx6 cio01pa qE EUruXaoE cur6 nou Oeoporipe pro ofi6 xrE r€xvr.x6E r1g rxnhlpooqE rIE GQXIS rqE q6ovilg 61et ouolsrrrrOe[ no].6popqc pe rr1 0prloxe[a, trre l1v ono(n eivar 6uvrn6v vn ouolsrl(eror, o€ sxelveg rLg po.xgLv6g nepLo16g, ri;r.ou napnpe),eiro.r, 11 6L6xproq rou Eyrit ofi6 rc owrxcalrrivo xGL uutt6v peraf{r rotrE. Mlo r10r,xr1 0etirgqorl, ro Ball(rtepo xivrltpo rllE ofioicg np6zelrcr vG poE Taver yvolorri, p1,6:reL os au itqv erolpr6rpa yr,n yevLx( a1,ci:n1 rrn6vcwr orouE av0g6nou5 xor. orov x6opo rIV ov6To,xl lirr0pi6c oqv o:roi<r prnoge(, vo cvurpro0sl o riv0ponoE. li\tir bev 0o crroqfyoupe vc ngoBd),outrre xrE 66tl :.(6QrsE

pog. Mr,a dyd.fill, ,rou 6ev enl),6yer, poE qoi nog ldveL 6vo xoppdrr, xng c[iag tr1g [m ro vo ,rQo(r:ve[ oro cvrrx€i'l. o prc c6rx[a. Ko.r 8erhepov: 6ev eivrl, 6l,or, or,'dvOprofior oEroydrlroL. Exe(vr1 q cydnq, nou drlploripyqoe r1v oLxoy6veLa, ouvtX(sr rqv €r[[6Qdo{ n1E p6on oT ov no}.lrrp6 oqv dQXrli,rl qq Fopq{, orrlv onoio, 6ev ncgo.Lre(rar cn6 d;-leo1 oe[oun],uzi1 r,xcvono(qo1, ro06E xor orqv rpononohlorl rrlg rrrrv avcorc),p6v1 trrg lrQog rov o161o xQUqEQ6rIro. KdL lrr rLE Srio poQe6E ouvr1iqrL 11 ),eLroup1[a r]E otvb€o1E

r4rcpr,po)"lsg vr:roL

63


O TIOAITI:MO:

IIHfH AY:TYXIAX

sv6E psyotrtx€Qou GQr0pof oveQdlfitrlv FficEt xouE xcL Udpe ewov6'repov rg6ro <rn' 6,tL enl.ru.11d.veL ro oupq6-

)lmc

Qov xnE Eeyo,orox{E xow6mlraE. oo.E

orq XQrlorporrofiloq

qg

H o8toqopfa r1g y],rito-

),6[r1E <o.yd:rr1> pp[oxeL pLo ye-

verlx( 6LxcLo).61,r1or1. Ayd:rq ovoprd[outrre rr; oX6oI ov6proo. orov d.v6pcr xcl ol1 yuvnixu nou 61ouv bqproupyrioel pLc or,xoy6veL<r ndv<o o'rr1 Bdorl rcov oe[ouo],r,xdrv rouE avcyxrirv, trtrtrd oydnq ovopdloups xcr, ro 0erLxd ctoOr]paro cvd.preoc oroug yovefE xcrl ro nnr6ld, cvdpeocr o.rtr c66),plc onlv olxoy6ve rr, cv xcr <ruri t1 o16o11 0o np6nel vc tr1 lcrpamrlploou;re cvno'rn].pr6vr1 coE npog rov o161o crydnrl, rpucpep6npa. H avcota).p6vr1 nyrilrl iirav aplrxti o.to0r1or,cxf cryri:rq xcu eivcL ax6pri oro couve(6r1ro rorv av0p6rov. Kar, oL 6{o, 11 crcOr1oL<rxri xcL 11 nvcora},p6vr1 oE ,rQoS rov ot61o cytiml, pyc[vouv n:r6 r<r 6pr,o. rr;g or,xoy6veLcg xal 6lptoupyo6v v6eg ox6oerg pr E6vouE p61gL titpo. H oefoua).lxr1 ayd:r1 o6r1.1el oe 6rlpLougyic v6orv orxoyevsLriv, 11 cvaornl,;r6vq toE rrQoE rov o161o oe <qLl.ieE>,

O TIOAITI:MO: TIH|II

AY:TYXIA: IV

rnrlvd vo, cnopovrilvowcr cn6 roug r ,}.ouE, rrioo Euoxo),(-xepq roug yivsrcr 11 e[oo6oE orov n].rndrepo x6x],o r4E [ror1E. O qu].oyeverLxd nu].cl6tspog rp6roE orrpBiooqg, rou und.plel p6vo orlv ncLblxri q),Lx[a, owr,or6xertn vo

rrcyoryLx6E te),eroup.1[eE. 'Eloupe tqv ewfnotorl nttE curig elvnr, 6roxo),,[eE nou ouvoberjouv xd0e ptlLxil xaL xcrrti x&Oe opycvr,xrl e[6],(r1 or1 (ari1 rou [eltogLorof ,P(wr1 rrTolrou.

Er(oqE oe ),iyo 6g1owor, xcL

or, yuvo.ixe E oe ow[0so1 pe znl cvcnniooouv rrlv ncpe],zurrtr.x{ xcl o.v(roro.}.rrr,li erl6pcori toug, or, i6r,sq yuvcfx,eg, rrou cgllxd pe rlg cnarrioeq r1E aydtqE roug sl1trv 06oel ro 0epr6l,Lo ro1) no)"l. opot. OL yuva(xeg exnBoootnofv .rc

r1v noge[o. rou noLr,rr,opof

o

r!Fq

nou 6Xouv orlprcoin yr"c rov ro),Lrlop6, sneLbrj fecpefyouv cr6 pepLxorig negrcpr,o;rofE tr1g oe!ou<r),Lx{g cydmlE, :r.1. r1v trrox),eLorlxr5r,4td r1E. A),)d 11 oX6or1 rqg aydrqg nBoq rov no),r,rlop6 bev eivaL lno oxrlv :ropelo tr1g e!6].r[qg povooriptrvml. An6 ro 6va p6pog q cydnrl nvmor6xetcr oto. oupcp6qown 'rou nol.lluopof , on6 ro d),),o o no),rLop6g o.neL)"ei r4v cydrrl pe or1 pcrvrr,xorig nep r,o.oLo;rot g. Aur6g o 6r1cop6g qo,[vsro.L cvcn6qeux.rog. l1v o.n(c tou 6ev prnogof pr€ vc rlv ovoyl/oe[oouprs ctrr6oroE. ApXr,xd ezcppd.(eral og o yxgouoq cvd;reoa oqv oLxoy6veLo. xcrr oq peynl"6repr1 xolv6rqro., o'qv ono[<r <rvrlxeL ro felotpro16 dtopo. 'Elouple i]6r1 avcxn).rir1rer 6rr plc an6 rr,g xripr,eg enr,6r,6!eLg rou no).r.rr,oprot elvaL vn ouv66eL roug cv0ptinouE oe pe"4i),eE ev6qr€8. H orxoy6ver<r 6pog 6ev 06).er, vo. cqrloeL ro dropo e),et0eqo. 'Ooo orev6reprl e ivor, r1 ouvoXil rrov pe)dlv n1E oLxol6velcE, 16oo nro nol,t re[vouv

trrroirE rov ano[ev6vouv p6]"rorn an6 rn xnOrirurvtd. rou rrtg ou!61,ou xcr nct6pc. 'EroL yuvo.lxo 1 B],6lrel ,r(r)q cr[6 rLE o,no,rtr]oelE rou no),r.rlo;ro cnoee(rnL oro loqxroxrlvro xcr no.lpvsr ofi6vovr( rou slOplxf ordor.1. Ax<i rrlv nl,eupd 'rou :ro),LrtoporJ q rdoq 1ln nepLopLopr6 rrpq oefoua).r,xrig (or1g 6ev e(vnr, Lr,y5repo ocqriE o116 r4v

64

'

rro),Lr

r\ptirv r

[uvoyxrilel os fmrouoltrlol torv oppriv, 6nou ot yuvclxeg

vlL

yrc nol.rrlopr,xofE oxono{ cn6 rlg yuvo.lzeE xol tr1

prfpoE

rorr ouvepyco(n pe dvbQss,

11

peyd},o BLcpnrlg rLE o16-

rrr;rq JrQoE

t

)

a.l,tfuotkiq

ntyi .\1'dtXi.t<

65


O

O NOAITDMO: NHTH AY:TYXIA>

yla bretguvol tou x{x}.ou rou no},nLopori. 'H61 np6t1 qdol tou nollnopot, aur{ rou rorepropori, q6pver, 6),)"r;

11

qv

crncrl6geuorl qg cLpopelxtr,zrig sxtroyr{E rou o,wlxerp6vou, loroE rov oqpnwr,x6repo axpox"4ptoop6 rotr D61rq-

xe q cv0p6nn1 oefoucllxr] lrrr{ otqv nopelc tou 1g6vou. Me rcprnori, v6pouE xor, 60r,po err,Bdli'ol'rar, xol d,1.7,.ot nepr,ogropro[, nou crpopo{rv t6oo touE 6v6geg 6oo xcL tE yuvc(zeE. Xe our6 6ev elvor efioou cruonlgoi 6],oL or no],nr.otrro['q orxovollLxrj 6opri tqE xor,vrov[cE eirqperi[el er(oqg

rov pa0p6 rqE ur6l,olnqg oe[ouc].rxr]E

e],eu0eg[crE. lvropi(oupe ri6r1 6tr o nol,r,rrp6E unord,ooerct onlv orxovoprxrj o.vo.yxo,r,6rqrcr, cgot auril cqctpel ar6 n1v oefoua].1rorrpo 6va p,eydi.o p6goE qE rpupxr]E ev6gysr,og r,cr ro zcto.vol"tirvel yrc 6r.uotE rrlE oxonotE. E66 o no),,LrLop6E oupne qrg6geto,r, cn6vo,wr orqv oeforol,r,x5rrFo oov 4tr qulr] 11 6vc org6pc rou nl.r1Ouog.ot nou coxe( experd),.},euor1 ndvto oe 6vc d,),Io. O p6poE pnQo5 os pra e[6yeporl rrrlv xordJrrtop6vtrw o6q,ei oe cuorqpd npocpu),cxrr,xd, p6rpo.'Evc avtinsto olpelo r6roro.E s[6].1[qE rapououifer o butlzoeupurnoix6E nol.nlo;r6E pog. Vulol,oyr,xd eivcr cn6l"tro, 6rxarol.o1r1p6vo nou anoyoperiet 16 eftoreptrstoer,E rqE naL6txriE oefouc).LxriE (trliE, ylcrl 11 neptoroh] torv oelouo,l,rxrirv enrOuplti:v rrrrv evrlllxov 6ev 0o rpcv 6uvcrr], cv 6ev e[1e yivet npoepynolc orqv rar6rni] r1}"r,xlcr. Aev 6lzclo},oye [rcr, 6porE pe xcv6vcv rp6no, 6tcv 1 rol.r,rLop6vq xowtovic 61eL qrdoer xcl vo o,pve(to.r cx6p"4 crurd rG efxol.a cno6eLxvu6pevc xcl r5oo qo.vsgri go.rv6pevc. H exl,oyri cwrzerp6vou rou oefouolLxd ripr,pou or6pou reprop(etcrr oro dl,tro q6l,o, ot neproo6repeg e(oyevwptx6E2e txavono{oelg cncyopeiiowcr, og 6m,29. Me rov 6Qo yEvvlrur6g (genital) o <Irp6uw elvoei rov nequoquop6 T1g oefouoi,rxrig 6pootlpu6qroE rou <rv0pcirrou orc yevrryurd 6qyovo. (X.t.p.)

66

,rlqrocp6g.

H

IIOAITI:MO: IIHfH AY:TYXIA: IV

exqpc[6prevr; pe <rtr6g

16

oncyope6oe6

rr:rufr1oq yro. pro yLo 6],ouE opoL6pogrprl oe[oua].Lxf (t'rr]

tE nvoplor,6rrlreg orlv 6pcpurrl xar rqv enimqoeloual,rxii L8toouolcoio. rtov o.vOprirrrrrv, cnox6nter r'vrrv cpxerd preydl,ov opr0p6 toug on6 qv oefot<rl,rxrj rrn(r}"auo1 xcr ylvercl ftoL nrlyri peydlilg nbLx(og. H snLrr,litr nurr6v rov reptoglorrxdrv p6rpolv 0o, pnopodoe vc r ivcr 611 61,o ro oeloua}.Lx6 ev6r,aip6gov exslvorv nou s(vrrr, xnvovrxoi, nou 6ev epro6l(ownr o,n6 r1v r8roouororric rouE, 8reu0ersfrcl 1og[E nn6],eLc ora xcrvd].La nou iyruv nqeOe( avolpd. Al,ld nur6 nou p6ver, 6lrrl cr6 qv ruray6peuorl, q yswrpLxii oydnrl cvdpeoo orc 66o ip{r}.o, rrrrpr:rB),6ner, r

11

;rr:Ltivetcl cz6pr1 o116 TouE l[sQroQropo{rg qg vopLpoqtaE x(r, lIE povoyop(nE. O or1;repL.v6E notrnlop6E cprivel vo r\rccpo.lvmal xcOcgd narE enLrp6neL rLE oeloua],Lx6E o16rrr:lE;r6vo ndvro om1 Bdorl pLcE provu6Lx(E, c8rdlunlE orivbr,trrlg ev6g dv6po pre plo yuvnlxo, nroE 6ev rou o,p6oet

11

or,folo).lx6r1rc rrtrirL vo. r

qv

toE crur6vopq rrlyri 18ovrjq xcr ,[oE o?ronveX0r[ p6vo 6nog p6Xpr tdrpc ttlE o,vovrlxo-

riorofil nqyril

no).1.o.n).noxropro6 r<.rrv nvopdlnr-ov.

,4116 e[vuL rpuoLxd unegpo],ri. E[voL yvrrior6 norg 61et

rrro6erx0el cnpnypcroro[rpo, cx6p1 xo.r lrlc pr,xp6repc 1povlx& 6tcorr]para. M6vo or cr8fvnror 61ouv 6e10r[ ptc n'roo :r),areui en6pBaol orqv oeloucllxrj eleu0eg[<r rouE, ol 6uvo.r6regeE q6oer,g p6vo pe 6vcv uvruorc0pLorLx6 ti12o, 1,lu rov ono(o 0o, p .riooupe npy6repn. H rolr"nrop6vq xolvrov[c uno1ge601xe vc enlrg6rper or,t:nrlgri ogLo;r6vrg napexrgon6g, nou otpqowa pe uE cp16E rqg 0a lnpe:re vc rr,E xorcnol,eprloet. Aev np6neL 6prrlg va zd\()upe ro Ld0oE xcL vn uno06ooupe noE pLc r6toLcr no).rrroptxrl ordorl elvnl yevlxd o,xiv6uvr1, enel8rl 6ev xerlsyaivrL 6).oug rouE ozorotg rqE. H oefouol.rxri (rui rou noi.,r,rr,op6vou ov0pdrnou 61er pl,cqOe( oo$opd, 6iver ev(ore rrlv evrfnooq prr:,E xtyr.xrtxilE )"eLroup1(<rE. 'Eloupe (oorg

6l


O TIOAITI:MO: NHfH AY:TYXIA:

8Lzc[topa vc uno06ooupe 6rl 11 oqpaolo rqE og nr1"p1E cLo0qpdrtov eurul[o.E, 6r1].cr5r1 orqv r?fiIrieoro1 rou oxolot rlE Eorlig praE, 61er peroOei or1pnwr,xd.3o Megr,x6g cpop6g poE qo(vffol noq 6ev sivcr, p6vo 11 n(eor1 rou no).rrLopot, nl)d zdrl orlv ouo[n rlg i6LaS rr]E oefoua],lxr1g ]"eurougyiaE pdE cgve(rnr tqv n),ripq rznvonol4or1 xnr po.E oOe[ oe dl?'ouE 6p6poug. 'IooE vo ;-r1v e(vcr, 6toL, c).).d elval 56oxo),o vc uroqcv0o(pe.3l 30. An6 tG 691o tou elcloo1rou 'AI7].ou J. Gatsworthy, nou XaiprL orlpepc levr"zijg erriprlolg, !e16proa vcupig ur,o prxprj roropin pe rov tlrl.o (The Apple Trcc> (H pq),r"d). Ae(1ver pe neuotx6v Tp6no mog orrl (o1 rou oqpe.olvoi nol,ltuopr6vou cv0p6rou 6ev lnclplel ltirpog yrn qv cn),r], rpuorzr] cr1dn1 6io <rv0pri:rtov. 31. Kdvo tr,g nn6),ou0eg no.pollploeLE. lrcr vn o.r1pilto r1v nogo.rclvo erroolo: Knl o 6v0gcrmoq eivct 6vo [t6o trle ovcrpgr,op{trpo cprpr"otlouaLLnri un6orooq. To dropo nwloroulei oe [ro ol./Xr6r,el-

o1 6io ouppetgr,ntirv qgioeov, on6 .ro onoin, o{pcprovo pLe qv tinoUrt opro[6vov rpeuv4trirv, ro 6vo eivnl r<rOopit cpoevr.x6 zcrr ro d),),o 0q),rr6. Eivor, rrioqg 6ulot6v vo rltcrv upl,xtr to u10e rlpr,ol epgocpg66lro.

H

oeEolr:r),lxrirpa eivar, 6vo puo).o1ut6 yqov6g, ro

onoio, uv xol 61eL r!,cqetLxri oqpao[o lucr qv puprri (o{, elvoL 6iozo),o vrr ol),),1q0ei ryulo),o1uxd. Xuv10i(oupe vo L6pe: Kri0e dv0ptorog 61eL 16oo npoevrx6g 6oo znL {)q},rr6.E opptr6g rdoerg, nvd1,xeg, l6L6Tr1teE, tov lrpontrjpo. 6prog rou <rpoevuro{ zcrr ror' O1},urot pnope( vo tov xcro6eifeL 11 ovctopicr,6r, q rpuloLoyicr. fro rlv U!1ol"oy[o 1 oe[olcr],mrl r*ri0eo4 trupplrvlu,,,etou oe autii r1g wep.14r[r6rlxoE liol t1g ro0rpur6r4toE, evci epeiE er,"re].c6g o.nepionerwo

ouoleri(olpe r1v eveqlltr-x6r1tc pe tqv <rpoevut6rrlro ri,rrr r4v JIG0rylx6qtcr trre r4v 01),uxrxrpu, nptilpc nol 6ev encL40eierou rntd rov6,,,qv rQ6no lorplE eloipeol mn [rixr. H 0ecopia yLo rlv GpqLo€loucl.Ln6, 1tn xo.pxuvol3otei ux6pr1 oe Bu06 oxord6u, znu .ro 611 6ev 61eL ouv6e0e(

or6pr1 pe

q

0rtoprln

rov oppdrv np6reu vo xo olo0o-

xrv6 trqv pulovriluo4. 'Oaiog xoL vo 61ouv ro rpdlporcr, trv uno06ooupe ncog ci.rlOeteu 6rL ro dropo 06Ler vo Lxa-

virgome

ruE ooBo.o6

vonotloeL or1 oe[oucr],r"rrj rol (rori 16oo npoevrlr6g 6oo zcrr, 01],lz69 er$uprieg, eiprome npoe,orpoop6vot 1,Ltr r4v Euvnt6,trlto 6rl orn6g 68

O

NOAIT]:MO: TIII|H AY:TYXIA: IV

,'r nncnrioers 6ev ezn)"lpcirvovrol p6oo rotr i6r,ou nwutelp6vou xcr rirr. iucrr<rpdooovrcrL npor,Boio, av 6ev zorog6poupe vo tuE xponirrotge lotplorri xor, vc o64yrioolpe xd.0e 6u61epo4 oe pra r,6Lo(rep1, rrrttlLLrll"q oe olrl rpo1r,ri. Mrc d}J.1 6uono),ln npoxtnteL nn6 ro ,'rrL oqv epotrxrl o16oq rpoooprdrol ouXvrl eu6g crr6 to 6rx6 r4E rrrrc\LotLz6 orouleio rcr" plc noo6qto dpeoqg eruOetunrig rdolE. To r rlomz6 trwlreipevo 6ev 8ei1ver, ndvro nr6vcrwr oe our6g trq neprrr).o16g t6o1 zorov61o1 xnl ovopi 6:11119 eaeivl I o^yQ6r[ouo,,rou rc(roJrovr6lo[ 6rr, o dv6pcrg qq 6ev trlv olonti nLcr, oqot n6paoe lrrc p6opri6o ltopig vn tqv 6eiper. Ba0inepo gtdvel 6pog q eLxcro(o nou ouvb6ercru pE 1lv ,rrQryQo.r1,ri rrq oqpeirool 26, 6rr, pe rqv oQ0o[66nol rotr ov0pc6nou nol trlv

r:ro1ip1o1 qg nio0rloqg qg 6otpprlolE o),6tl"qp1 1 oe[ou<r].rx6rr1rrr. 611 p6vo o npontrr6g epotlop6E, xLv66veiye vo 1iver,06po rrlg opycrvr,xrlg qr[60IoIE, c6ote cn6 r6te I oeqotlo],rzli ].enoupyic orvotieietnL <rn6 pr,o pq rnponGpn crLrrol,oyoiipevq olpo0upin, 1

qv n],r1p1 Lxovono(qo1 xcl toOe( pnxpud on6 rov crelotcl,ur6 o161o oe petouoLtioetg rct pero06oeLq rqE ),igrrr,wo.

orolo ro.qepwo6[(rr,

lvop(or

6ru o Mr).6u)'ep (1913) u66€rE€ pLo rpop6 r1v innp[1 r6rorng opluzrlg opvrprxr]g otriolg orq osEouGlrr,ii !orj. An6 r,, 1e1ov6q ro! lntet urinas et faeces nascimur (lewr,otpoore ovdlrron oe nd.Touptr xoL x6lpuvo) evof.oilrnu 6LoL or. vetporuxo( xor lrrrrq

rrolJ,oi ezr6g on'curorig. To lewqrlzd 6q1ov<r lnpdlouv eniorlE ro1uq6< ootppltlr6g oro0liorLE, norr oe noLLorig eivoL ovun6popeg xrrr rouE x6pouv tqv 6pe!1 1rn ouvouoio. 'Eror oE po0treQl QiEo rrqg

rpoioioog oelounl"r,xrjq

ondrO1o1E

ror

I

olp[3c6i[eL pe tov

rrolrri nnobe iXvernt 1 opycvLxrl 6puvo .qE onorcrlp6vqg pe

no),r,-

qv

oQ-

v6ag poAAiE EoriE nn6vnwr orlv rpo1"7or3pev1 !crxir61 ruru.p!,r1, 6vcr oupr6po.opc enrmlpovrzrig 6pernoE, rou r<ntri olroollrr irotov tp6no roLirrErol pe oupd 0oplBc66erE xcrr olopoieg nqolrrrni'r|peLE. Il6vrtog p61pu rr6qo aud eivnL 6uvat6rqreg nou 6ev r';1orv enlpeBcrror0ei eaLorlpovlxd. Aev np6nel eliorlg vo lelvoripe ,rrr ;rcrp6. r1v olopquoBr]qq raoldrp4ol ttov oocppryrx6v epe0ropriror und,olouv cn6p4 xcr mqv Elp6rq l"ao(, nou errrpoiv nol,ir 0o:16611o1

t6oo nnonpolmrr6g oe pog, oop6g rorv lewqtLlcirv oplrlg .a.{),arrrri p6oo t4g or!ouo}.r,r6r1rnE zor 6ev 06}.ouv vo i,rivov nrpcrLrr10oriv crr6 trr,.r6g. (B],6ne tr,g i"oo1poqr,x6g 6qeoveg.ro! Iwan rrq ro1up6g,

llloch (Uber den Gcruchssinn in der vita sexualis> o€ 6ldqoed rE f"tl rf|l Anlhrcpophyrela xo! Friedrich S. IGauss). 69


O

[I1etr,nd pe t1 6rroxo],ic, nol no.pouourilel o optop6g t1E lru1o/roolprcoiog r1E (oQo€vrz&IroE) nor rqg <011,r'x6rrpog>, p7l6re r4v peydL1 olp€lool ,rol np6o0eoe o OQ6uw ro 1915 otg Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie, 19050 (d,),1vr.xii &6oa1, TpetE pdt&eg yta tt 9eoQid tqE oeloua),tx6qtaE, ex66oeuE Erixouqog, Aor]v<r, 1991, oe),. 145, oqp. 74), xtrorirg n<rr puo reprleqqq orlv opX{ qE 33rlg noqri6oolE oro Neue Folge der Vorlesungen zur Einfiihrung in die Psychoanalyse, 1933a (e),).ryrxri ix6oaq, Nia oetpd 1r,ni]g

ttttv tapa56ottttt ym qv eLoayal.f oxrlv Vtydvtiluon, Ey,66oe$ Erinorpog, A0iivo, 1977, oE),. 111 r.€.). O <D.o6uvr onctvil04xe .1La rptirrq qopd tuE oqpowr,x6g otrv6neueE rqg leuwicrolE rox oelou<r).lxrirv ?iol crgo6Eur,xdiv oqldvrov oro ler,p6ypnpo K (Manuskript K), to onolo 6oterLe xlr 'lrl IovoloQiou 1896 mov e ,o xot, OLqE (Freud, 1950a). AQ./61sQo encvii).Oe ro)"),6q qop6q oe crut6 ro 06pa. nqpl. n.1. ro uoropux6 oo0Eveiog xIE (Dora>, 1905e [1901] (e1,i,r1vr,xr] 6x6oo4, Nr6pa, q avt ,uoq prug uueqiaE, en66oeug En(l(ouQoE, Aolvo., 1991, oeL. 30-31 xor, olpelcuoq 21) xootirg r<u, rrl beireprl pel,etl mo (Psychologie des Liebeslcbens>, 1912a (e),1,1vrzri 616oo1, tluyo)"oyla qg epamxijg (arjg, r.lt66oetE En[xoupog, Agiy(J, 19'74, o€L 35'6)1.

70

V

IIOAITI'MO: IIHfH AYXTYXIA:

I rpulcvolurr,zr] sQycrola $dE 61et 6r,6ri[el oT r, oxptptirE ((ur6E or pcxct6o€tE rIE o€Eouoltrlls (roriE 6ev Ylvovrct I

wrxr6g (1116 rous l.€Y6pevouE veuQorrt?(otg. Aq prouqloriv llt xo ou prw6pcxd. rouE avo,n],qpopoltx6E txovorol,lioEts, oL orofrE 6pto4 r] rouE fiQoEevofv n6vo ri ylvowcrt rq16E na)vou, cqori xouE q6Qvouv o€ btoxolieE pt xo ,rsQtpdl.Iov xur rrlv xowovlo. O ao],ltLop6g crctx€a 6poE xat d],i\tE l)uoieE exr6g ofi6 oux6s oqv oeEouol,tlc( t)l,ovorroiTon. 'Eloupe ewo{oet rl 6uoxo}.[d qE ,rolLrtotttxriE eE6]'t[r1E ocv pLo, Yevt?iii EEe].txrtlfl1 6uoxolrlo, oqof fllv oroiltiroape orqv vox6l.Eto xns L[tmtwo, orrlv o;rQo0up[o xnE vo ry?tc1o,trtfu[st U.tc noltd 06o1 yLo Pto v6o. A6F€ oXEb6v ro [6ro, 6rcv eftiloupe xr]v olx[0co1 dvdptoo orov rol.r,rrop6 xor rIV osEouo)'tx6rxlxct rrn6 ro 6rt I osEouolrxll oydrl Eavct pto oX6oI b6o ,tQoo6r[ov, oxrlv oJro[a irv<rg tpitog UrloQe[ vo t(vct p6vo ,reQtfi6E r] evol].rptz6E, rviir o ,rotrrxrou.6s oxtlQlEfiot oe oI6oEtE Gvdpeoc o€ 6vov lr€yo},6reQo oetep6 cv0Q6rriDv. >xo ofioxoQtg(l)pc lIE rie(l)flxiiE oX6oIE 6€v rrEQl,ooettt xcv6vo 6toQ6Qov Yl,c rov urr6i\oLfio x6opo' ro eQor[]i6 EeuYdQt eivot ctxdQxtE, tiev Xpeld(eror, o('r€ xot xo xotv6 fiot8i YIG vo eavct suruxrou6vo. :E xctttttd d)'trI fisQfunorol Eev npo6[6et o 6gtoros xov ,rttQrlvo rtlE ouolcE rou, xlv fiQ60ton vo xd.vet (iJ16 rreproo6xEeG 6v<r' af i"d o,v o.ur6 ro 61er,, xugr,ol'exrtxd, ,rrruxel ofilv oYdr[Tl 6rio npootinov, 6ev 06ler. vo nQox(l)Qrio ficQorr6Qc. M61gl e66 prroQotpe vo Qol{oo0otpe lo}.6 xtr}'d trrr,o fiol.rxtoptrli )rctv6r1xo Jrou ofiorelc[tot a:r6 t6tota 6ll]d, drop<r, rcr orolc, €Qo]rtxd. r,oQ€op6vo, ouv66ownt peloEt roug [r€ xov 6eop6 t1E xow6tnrag tQYoo(oS xo[ ouu.qse6v-[ov. >t ouxrl xtlv ,rsQlrxo]otl o ,roi\txLop6E 6ev 0o XQ€roqollcv vo o.ipo.l,Qsi EV6QYEL0 or[6 xlv oeEouo].r?(6rlrc. A),),6 ouxrl I tfitouptlrll xordorcrorl 6ev undplel xo,t

(

71


O TIOA|I

Eev

urr]q1e not6

11

I:MO: III]fH AYII'YX1A)

npayparlx6nlra png

6e[XveL

O T]OATII:MO:

6rr o ro-

fta r1v

ezn).r1gtooq autdrv rov npoe6oeorv y[ve.rcL avcn6qâ&#x201A;¬uxroE o nepropLopr6g l1g oelounl,lxrlE (rr1g. Aev yvirrBl-

loupre 6poE.rorri elvnL exriv4

no),ltop6 e10p6n1rd rou unriplel xdnou rov

I

o.voyxur6r4rc nou urOri

rlv vtr xov

L

6Xoupe cvuxolirqe r, pL61gr rtitpo. Mr,o. Gr[6 rLg ley6peveg L6ovr,x6q nnaLrrioelg r1E no].wlop6vrlE xoLvrov[cE pnopel va proE 6e[[er, e6d; ro iXvoE. H analtr;or1 e(vo.r our{: <va cynnriE rov n}.qoiov oou oo.v

tov enrl<l oou> elvcr :ro.o(yvorotrl xcl o(youpa nn],ar6re-

pq nn6 rov XprornvLopr6, nou rqv rpol3dtr)"u oo.v rqv ,rro ).aprpii crrcinloil rou, o),)d ontooSrl:rore 6p no),6 :rn].ard' oe loroplrotE lp6vouE iiro.v cx6p1 dyvororl orouE cvegdrnoug. @a ndgoupre ncps),ri ordorl nn6vnw( rqE, oov vci qv nxofynpre yrc np6r,4 cpopti. T6re 6ev ec pnop6oou opo KaL

H oytinq ;rou eivo.r, xri.tL no),{rrLpo yrc p6vc, nou 6tv pnoprir vo. ro oxopndo lorplE vc 6ivor ],6yo. Mou enrpd]"],eL xn0i]xowc nou ng6:reL v<r e[prnr, 6rolptoq vc rc ezl].r1p6-

77

IH|II AYXI'YXIA: V

rir\r1 rqE o16o"4E 6ev l,apBtlvovrcr ufi61l yro rnv s\,"rolli rrlg cytirlE nn6vcwr o'rov :r),r1o[ov). A[[(el vo rov o.1,oldr, rrv oe oqprcvrlxotg yln p6va rope [g pou prorti(e r, 16oo, tiors (Iri oux6v vo prnogt6 va oycnd; rov enur5 ;ror. n[i!er, cv e(vrl, t6oo re),el6tepoE am6 p6vo, drore vc prnoprir vc oynlrdt ,rr cur6v'ro l6avlx6 pou yto rov lErc pou rov eaur6. np6irtil, vct rov o.1,crn<i, trv elvo,r lar,6[ rou tp[,].ou Fou, yrdTa o rrivoE rotr cpil,ou pou, av rou ouprBe[ x&t xax6,0a e(vnL Nrrr 5lx6E 1rou r6voE, 0n np6nsl vc rov porpo.orrir. Al,),ri av lrou e(vcl f6voE xal 6sv pnope[ vc pe e].n6oeL;re xoppnd

r

.aftspq n!(n, pe xcrprprui ribq utorrqp6vrl olprao(a yLc alo0qpraflxri pou !roi1, prou e[vcL 6toro),,o vG xov cycrr{rro. Kd,vtrr prdllorc pLc aSrxla, 6L6rL q nydnrl plou 0c NpL0el a:r6 6),oug rouE brxorig prou o<rv nporlpr1or1. elvcl rrbLxin cn6vavri rouE vc rono0et6 tov !6vo orrlv [6la 06ol [r ouxo{S. Av 6pr<oE tov oyofiTioor Fr erravq tr1v yevr,xrl rr.1dnr1, cnkig ersr6r] eivaL xnr our6g 6vc n),dopc auniE rrlq yrlg 6nt:E ro A.Topo, 11 ppo1ol,i6o, to vep6cpL6o, qoliripnr, nog r6re 0n 'rou n6oe r pLxg6 pep(6lo cydnrlg, c6irv(rov vo eivo.r 16oo, 6oo oripcprovc trE rnv rQ[oI rrlE i,,oyr,rr{q ec e[1a 8txaitopn va xpnuioo yLc rov eour6 pou. llpoE tr, ),oLn6v pu,c 16oo enlorlptr epgavL!6pev1 evrol.r], ,l1xr{ 11 exr6?'eor1 tr1E 6ev pnopel vc npor<rOei uig ],oyrxii; Av napcrrlgriotr; xo.Lrirspc, pgloxor ox6pq no],],6E 6utxol"(eg. Aut6g o (6vog 6ev eivor p6vo yevr,xd crvaflaydrrrlroE, o).)d. wp6neL vo, opo),oyilorrr nrog c[[(el neproo6reqxr r1v e10p6rrpd. pou, ltcL pd}.r,orc ro ;r(oog pou. <xrniveto.l vrr trrqv 61et yln p6va qv rapcprLxprl cy6nr1, 6ev pou 6ei XVu. rov ,[oec[lxp6 oeBuop6. Av rov oge].e[, 6sv 6rcrd(el vu ps p).drpel, xo.l 6ev nvagotl6rcu cv ro p6ye0oE rqE lxp6).exrE <rwuoror.lei oro p6ye0og rIE pl,irBrlg nou l.r,ou rroo[evs[. Aev lped(srcr, pd].r,oro. vo 6Xer xd:ror,a o96,i,r'r.rr cn6 nrr6 cv 6ror ;rnope( vc rxcvonolei xd,noLcr 6pei;r1 rou, 6ev ro 6XeL oe rlrorE vo pe xopor6e6er,, vo pE ]rpor

r1v

13


O TIOAITEMO: TIHIH AY>TYXIA:

ps oulr,oeolrei, vtr 6ozrpd(er, ndvr,r pou rr1 6tvapri rou, xnl 6oo nro o[youQo5 cro0dvetor, 6oo nLo cr66vcpog €lpor Ey6, 16oo nro olyoupo 6Xrrr vc' nepLp6vtrt cur1 tq ou;lrspLqoQd. rou. Av oupnepLp6percr broqoQsrrxd, w VE o6Bero.r, xar, pr ,[Qoo61€r onv [6vo, e i;-rcr, 6(1oE dl}.o, ltoplE exeivq n1v ewo].r], np60upoE vo xou ro ovrcno6droo pe rov [6r,o rp6no. Kol av az6p1 ezelvr1 q e[cipmrl ewo),r1 6),eye: <<rydna rov n}"r1o[ov oou 6r[oE oe cYofid our65), 6ev 0n e(1c ow[eelon. Ytripler, p1a 6e6xepl ewolr], nou poo cpciveral nlo cxord}.qnrr1 zcrr, [eor1ztivel p6on pou lolugoaeg,4 ovr(orao1. Aunl l,6eL: <Ayti:ro toug elOpofg oou). Av xo ewod; ooord, xrivro ocpti),po vd nlv GrroQeiqlo oav pe.1tr),6tegr1 c[[oro1. Kcrd Bdoq eioBd),),e1, vo,

vcrro

i6lo.32

Nopilro rorE cn6 pla c[roo6paonl gov{ o.xorior rr1v npoet8oroiqoq: <Ma cxgLpriE yt' cnr,6, ene6'4 o n}.r1o[ov oou 6ev e[vol ofrrydnrlrog xol pti],Lov e(vo.L e10p6g oou, np6nsl vc rov oycn<iE oov'rov eour6 oou>. Tdrpo. ro xorn).o[3c[vo, o.ur6 e(vo,t pr,c nepimuro4 JroQ6&ora p€ xo Credo quia absurdum.33 32. Xe 6vav pe.yd.},o nor,1tt1 ennq6neror vo excppti(er, rou)d1lorov crmeteu6pevog, ouotqpd <rncyoqer-rp6veg ryulo),oyun6g crLri0ereE. 'Eror, opol,oyel o X. Xriuve: <Eipot o erplvrr6repog dv0pronog. Ou eru0tpieE poo eivcru: p1q 1rr,.l;, x<rl.t[3o, pro <qup6vucr orfur1, c],]d 6vq za),6 nqepdrr,, zo),6 qoi, yrii',n nor poritrrpo, no),r] cpq6ozn, ),oul.o66ro oto rcrpdfuqo, prpoor<i m1v 169r<r pe.olxri coqcio 66wpo, xt ov o rd.6g 0e6g 06),eu v<r pe ndveu rproelru4op6vo, cg pou 6riroer rr1 lapd vo 6o xpepnop6vorg oe o.ur6 ro 56r."rqo ndrou 6!u pe eqrd o:16 rouE elOgorig pou. Me 6i,1 pou t1v xop6ud 0G rolE ouyloprlo<o rpr,v an6 rov 0dvct6 torg 61,<r ro nordL rot pol 6xovov mI qo1 - vc.r, np6ner vo. ou.yyopoipe roug elOporig pag, 6Xr,6proE nprv npep<roroir-w>. (Heine, Gedanken uncl Einfille).

33. Ilrorcia, eaet\fl eivu napdloyo. H .or]o4 onobi6erou orov Teprul,l,ucrv6. Bl,6:te xor, no.porairot o.co To pEATov pnE awatrdqg, od,,. 159. (X.r.p.)

74

O TIOAITI:MO:

NH|H AY:TYXIA: V

Illvor roi,.6 m0cv6 rrog o ,r].loiov frou, ov ]rl.I0€[ va ps t1,crnrl0el 6noE rov Ecur6 Tou, ocr onawr]oer, d?tQrB6E rirtlg eydr ror 0o pE ofior6pprr pE mg [6reE oruoloyiirrrrg. Eln[!o, 6Xr, pe ro (6lo <rwrxerpevL.x6 6[xaLo, atrId to ir\lo 0c oxeq0s[ rcr cur6E. Molowouto tnriQlouv 6roeolrirg or1 oupr:repLqoed rtrlv ov0p6ntov, xouE or[oaoug I I0tx{ nnpoxdpnror.tcs mlv rqdQxqof rouE 0r[6 6poug touE (rqrvopE( oov (}ro).ots) rcr (xnlioi!S>. 'Ooo aur6E or r

rw0vripprpeg 6Lacpop6g 6ev 61ouv xoroQyloe(, I riiQrlorl (r)\, uvn)"6v rlorxriv o.nanilororv olpolvEr Bl"riBrl t<lv roirtLoprzr.iv rQo060€iDV, oqo6 rrQooq6Qer dpeoeg BpoBe{r(rrrE Tro, vd rivor ?{ave[S Kt)r6E. Aw pfioeo6pe vo plv 0ulrl0o6pr sx€lvo xo rrsQroxcx[r6 rou 6].Gl3s I6eo orl yoirkxrj Bor),i1, 6rcv 1lv6rcv oulfr4or1 yro filv 0ovorrxri roLv\ ' 6vag opL?"rpr]E eiXE roxosl oxtlv cy6e€uo1i rou ;re nd(k)S yro rnv xordQylo( rIE xar s(X€ xotoler,pouporl0ei, ritcv fo,cpvlxti cxotorlxcv an,6 x{fiou orlv oi0ouoo rG l.t'ryLo.: <Que messieurs les assasins commencent!>la To xoppdu r4E npayplorrx6rlroE, rrou l(Q60srar rioo) rr:16 6Lq curd xo.r to npvottrrnot€ EUIcQ[oxorE, elval 6'n o riv0poroE 6ev elvar 6vn rpdo, oEroydr1ro n).dopc, lrou ro rol,6-nolt 0o. o.puvOsl 6tcv rou smr€0ofv, a],Ld 6fl, ,nov opplx6 rou srpo6r,cop6 prloQea vc oup:regL),appdve x(rL lrtd oluowrrri noo6flFo. enL0eflx{E rdolE. fl' aur6 o n).qo(ov rou Eev T ou elvcr p6vo rr,0cv6E Bo406E xal oe[ouc].1x6 dv'[rr€ap€vo, ol].d xaL nsLgaop6g ym. vo rxovo:roLrloel rd,vro IoU r1v enloerLx6qtd rou, vo. r1.(p€f,ol.l.€u0e[ qv epyaoia rou XoQ(E cprorpij, va rov pffo1€rQLo0e( rrefoucl,rxri XtoQiE xI ouyxdxd0eori xou, vc otpErtQto0si rIV JreQrouo[G rou, vc 'rov torewd;oer, vo xou J[QoEtv{oEt [6voug, vo rov po.ocvioer xor vd xov oxo(6osl. Homo r,

14.

(AE o.p1ioouv )roun6v or xripr,or 6otrog6vou!> 15


O TIOAITI>MO:

homini lupus.35 floL6g 61eL ro Orippog perri on6 6treE rlE eprnep(eg rIE eolfg xar n1g LoropiaE va apLcpLoprpiioe r, autt1 q qpdoq; Autii 11 topui urL0e-rrx6rrlrn neprp6veL xnrd x<rv6va prr np6x),r1o1 r.1 pnnivsL omlv unlpeolc pLtrE d],1,119 rp60eoqg, o ouor6g rrlE onoiug 0c enl.nryXav6rnv xcrr pre ryrl6repa pr6on. Kdrt.r an6 euvoir6g yl, cutrlv ouv0r1xeE, 6tnv oL rlruXLx6g o.wLStrvdprelq, nou oe d),),e< neol:rrr,.'otrE rlv rprnobi[ouv. rlouv lupaprrproor.i. ex<pptiiercr o.u06ppr1rc, nnoxo.).6rne l. rov rivOpotno o<rv 6vcr tlypLo 0r1pio, nou tou efvcl [6vr1 q ngocpi].clr1 rou eibouE rou. Av ava),o1Lo0of pre tLg gpr,rcl.s6r'pE rIS prficvdor€uorlg ttov )"ct6v, rtov e lopo).citv trrrv Otwrov, trov Moyy6),tov rou

Xov xo.r, rot Tnpep)r.dvou, n1g xard?,,qrpr1g n1E Iegouoc),i1p o.n6 rouE euoeBeli oroupoq6pouE, xar, axripq

Tg,evyx(E

tLE orpr6rr;zeE rou rE)'euro.[ou noyx6oprLou no].6pou, go, avcyx<ro0ofpe vo. u:rox).r0ofpe tcnewd plpog orIV oe06m1tc nurlE q5 rinorlrqg. H f:rap!r1 cuniE trlg enr,OerLrrlg rd,or1E, nou pnopo{ps vc 'rr1v 6r.oro0cv0ofpe o.rov ecut6 proE xnL 6rxoLo).oyq;16va r1v ngoiinoe6roupr xor otov ti.).),ov, e[v<rL to ororyeio nou evollei rr1 o16o11 pcs ?[QoE rov n],qoiov praE xar slcval,xtileL rov no),lrLop6 va bcnavd [ev6pyer,a]. Elnn[aE aurlE qg nponoyevotg el0p6rqrog tov nv0p6nov ;rsro[6 rouE 11 no],lrr,op6vr1 xolvrov(c crnel],e[rcr 8Lcpxtig pe rorcrorgoqri. To ev8Lo.cp6pov trlg epycror,oxilg xoLv6rrlrcg bev 0c. pnogo oe vn rr1v ouyltpotrioeL, ro oppLxtl:rd0,4 eivat olup6rego. nr6 ra l,olLxd ev6Lnq6povro. O no),lrlop65 rQ6nEr vc xciveL peydl.eg ngoond0errg yLG vo nspropi(er rrg enroeTlxig opprig rtuv cvuptirnr,.rv xcr vc;rrrrirver tLg ef torepr,xe{roer5 rouE ps oplpratlopri rl,uxrxr6v ovrLbpdoetov. 'EroL efilyelraL 11 lprloLpono[r1or1 rorv pre066tov, nol 35.lO civ9parog eivat yta tov dv1gazo lixog, xrn6. rov llLa(tro, Asinaria II, 4, 88]. th

O NOAITDMO: TIH|H

IIHfH AY:'TYXIA:

AY:TYXIA: V

ilouv oron6 vo. nupcxwrloorv rouE av0pdrnoug oE xouxi(rrrE xcrr os ovooralp6vrE €QorxLx6E oX6oErE, o ,[Eer,oQLrrp6E r1E osEouotrrlnlE (toi'1E xcL 11 r,6ovlzr1 ewol.il vc ayo,r.ti o riv0gainoE rov r ,rloiov tou 6noE rov eou'r6 Tou, fiou r\rxalo)"oyelrnl rpoy;ratLxd U.s ro 6rr rllore d}.Lo 6ev cvrixelral 16oo no),ri or4v cpXr,xrl cv0pcirruvrl qr3oq. Me rileE rou xrE rQoor60rrrE o nol.lrr,op6g 6ev 61et nertleL p61gL orilprepc ro).)d npdypcra. TLE lowporepeE rrcQsxrpo:r6E qE opilE piaE etrn(ler vc rtg anogdyeL 16lo:roro6-

ro 6lxcio;rn vn aoxe( Bic orouE eyxlrlprcrleg, c].]d rrg npooexrLx6rege< xnr Tlent6repeE elioreplxerioelg rrlE rrv0pr6lwrlg enl0srtx6trpaE 6ev pnopei vn rLE ou),)"6Bel o vtiproE. O xoO6vcE an6 poE xctc).riye L vcr eTlcoro)'€in€r rLg JlQoo8oxleE, nou 06ter orouE ouvcv0pdlfiouE rou olo veovrxd lou XQ6vt,tr, oov o,utcndteg, xo.r proOcivrl epnslBLxd :16oo Stoxo),r1 xor o6uvnQrl pno.os[ vn tou ylv€xor I Eo]( rrn6 rqv xuxopou},fa rouE. Ocr rircv d.6Lxo v<r erlrQQaqou1rc orov no),ltr,op6 6tL enr6ltine.r, vtr croz),e[oeL nn6 rqv rrv0pr6nwrl 8gcorrlpl6qtc t1v 6pL6o rol xov owcyrrrvr,1416. Aurri elvo.L ontoobillore o.rcga[rryc, tr].]d, o avttr.,,tovlop6E Eev eival avayxco'cm6, €X0Q6qxo, rou yfvercl xntdlprloq onv ngoppl yi aurr]. Ol xoppouvr,or6E nroretouv nog 6Xouv pgsL rov 5p6po n1E ).&gcoorlE Gr[6 xo xcx6. O dv0po:rog e(vnL onooSrlnotr xcl,riE, oL nqo06oerg lou ffr6vs.wt orov nl.rloiov tou rr.7cr06g, cl,)d o 0rofr6E n1E aroprxiiE r,6Loxqo[cg 6t6p0erpe q q6oq rou. H xnrolrl ctoplxrirv cycOriv 6iveL oro riropo m1 66v<rpr'1 xcr 6tol rov neLpoop6 vtr xo.xoperclergro0rl rov n).qo[ov tou' o clox],elo;r6vog trrr6 roroxll rrya06v 0o rE€y€Q0€i avo.yx<ronxd. trre e10p6qro. evrivrr,a rr-rov xcrnnlsoTil. Av xcrnpy{ooupe rrlv o.ropr"txil r6roxrrl rrin, xtivoupe 6l.n ra c"1a0d xoLvd. xcu agrlooupe 6loug toug cv0p6noug vo. oupper6louv oqv o.n5Lcuoil rouE, 0o rloqavr,o8oriv rl xoxopoul.lo xoL 11 e10p6r1rtr o.vdpeoc Iu:vog

17


IIOAITI:MO:

TIHTIT

AY:TYXIA>

O NOAITDMO: NHIH

AY:TYXIA> V

oxoug ov0Q6nouE. Arpof 6),eg oL o,vd.yxeE 0o elvcr rxcvo-

u).rxri oyc0ri, p6veL cx6pq xo rrQov6pto rtllv osEouoLtx6v

0a 61er, xcv6vcE i,,6yo vc Btr6ner rov rii,,l.ov oav e10p6 rou' orrlv ovoyl.ro[c eeydo[o 0o uloptrrl0oriv 61,o1 ps npo0up[c. Aev anoBi,,6ntri oe or,xovopr,xr] xgLrrz{ rou xoppouvLollxot ororrlporoE, 6ev prnoqrir vo. epeuv{orrt av q xordgyrloq tr;g croprxriE r6lorqo(o,E eivcL ox6nr,prl xcr rrrq6),1pq.36 ,4)"1,6 rqv rpulotroylxrl qE npotin6oeorl pnopdr vc r1v cvayvolqioor oE cpdotpq o.urantirq. Me m1v ncrdpyqor; qg oroplxrlE dtozmlo[aE acpaLgotpe on6 r4v crvOpdlnlvl rdorl yLc eirr0etlx6rqra 6vc o16 ro 6pyavd qE, olyoupa 6vc lo1196, ro,r olyoueo 6p ro rolup6tepo. XrlE avlo6rqreE oe 66vcpr1 rct err,ppof, nou 11 ein0erx6rq:,o- xcralpdror yro xous oxorotg n1E, 6ev 61oupe oi,,l.ri[er r(nore, o{rs xcl otlv ouoic qg. Aev 8rlploupg01xe cw6 qv LStoxrr;olo., rrrzpo,tsl o1e66v o.nepr,6pr,oro. oe novd,ploroug 1p6vouE, 6rcv 11 r,6r,oxrr1oio rpcv <rn6pr1 revllpf , e pgovl(ercr r]6q mo no,r6r,x6 6oi;rtito, npr,v cx6pr1 q r6loltqolo eyxcrcr],sirpeL r1v rptlxtLx( qE ,[QoroQllxri pogqri, oplparller to xcrcx60r 6].tov rorv rpuqep6v xo.l egrorlnrirv ox6o€tov ovdp€oo orouE cv0prixouE, [o<oE ;re e(oipeol q o16oq qg pqr6pcg npoE to cpoevrn6 r;E nar,6[.37 Av ncrpapeg[oorpe to ngoorrrnrx6 6r,xo(topa yr,a

oX6oetov Jrou FlroQta vc ylvet n1y( xou toxuQox€Qou e06vou xo,r rIE olrlregqE el0g6qrcrg Gvdpsoo, oxouE xord 10 ril.l.n ro6tpouE ov0QdlrrouE. Av to xo,topyrjooults l{dt o,upe rqv nl,r]pq ordieu06pooTl rl1s o€Eouoltxt]E !,trrr]E, 01,

nolr;trr6veE, 6ev

36.'OrouoE oro veovund rou 1p6vla Ooxipnoe qv ag),r,6qro r1g qrdrleuag ncl 6ftoe qv odloqopln ncl t1v uneqorpio rrrrv dlotrolrov, 0n 6rpene vs eivcru rrro),layp6voE o16.r1v unorpio.6rr,6ev 6ei1ver, xntov6qoq xou eup6veuo o:r6vnvtu otr,g ngoonti0ereg ylc xr1v rsrGrol.6pqoq r1g ounovopLzr]g nvlo6trltog tov ov0printrrv xcl xov ouvEreu6v rqg. B6pan, ov ntrr6E o aldrvoE np6xelrnu vo otqpr,lOei mo orprlp4p6vo oirqpo 6r,x<ruoo{rqg repi qg LootlroE 6),ov rorv ovogrimov, undqlet &orpr1 q nwlppqoq o,ru 1 cp6or1 pe qv efcr,petlxd. dvr o1 otopcrrxrl rcrr rweupcrlnri aproiruol rtov cr6pov 61el xngreprioel obrzieE nn6 16 oaoieE 6ev propo{rpe lcr npocpr)'o1go{pe. 3?. lfla0i,. pr,o olpe[rooq oro Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse, 1921c (eiJ,4vr,rcri €x6oo1, rl|ryd,o1,ia rutv paQbv xor avtlTuoq rou

l8

li

x,orcpyriooupe 647.46( qv olxoy6velo, 'ro x{'rrcpo tou Lru).r,rropori, 6ev progoirpe B6potc vc ,rQopl,6qoutrl€ not6v r\p6po 0o o.xolou0(oet yl ro],irtoplxli e[6lfi1, progotipts riprrrE vo rrsQrp6voup€ 6rL ro pr; xcrtootp6rpr,po yvtirptol,tc r1q nv0gtirnlvlE @o1E 0o rrlv crxol.ou0f oer, wu exetAev elvnr rQoeav6g €6).co]ro orov dv0qono vd ,ro,Qctr10e(, ccn6 rlv r?rdvorroatlol GUxrlE xlg enr,Oettx(g t6o1E rrru. Aev np6ner vo ufioxtpo6ps ro r),eov6xxlpo EV6E ptxp6repou xtrl,or rolnr,opo6, Jlou €Jrtre6rra, 616[o6o or"4v oppr] ple qv €XeQ6?4ro Gfi6vowt orouE E6voug. E[vot nriwq. 6uvct6v va ouv66ooup€ 6vcv trreyal.rirspo opt0p6 rrv0pdrntov 1rsxoEt rous pe cydnrl, ov ,r€Qtoot']jouv dl],ot 1rG vo oneuouvo€l Evd![iov rouE I ertotrtx6Tnxo. AoXo),{0r1xa xrinore pe ro qo.Lv6pevo 6'rt ye rT ovlx6g xot oe roII6 rpdypcrc ouyyeveiE xow6t4teg cwtptdlowct xcrr, ),ol6opotwal o.porpoic, 6roE ol Ioncvol xor, ol flopnold),or,, or B6peLor, xct ot v6rtot fegpcvol, or 'Ayy].ol xcl ol Ixtixor xln.38 Tou 66rooo rov Xceoxrletop6 <vcrgxlootI

iyti, u66oetE ErtrouQoE, A0r]vo, 6eurepl 61t6ool 1994, otl.

53,

rrqp. 28). Mlo 6relo6urii ou(r]t1o1 tou rpopirrlparoE pqioxetot rpoE ro 16l.o9 t1g 3319 nnp66ooqg oro Neue Folge der Vorlesungen zur liinfiihrung in die Psychoanalyse, 1933, (eL"l.1vtnf tx6oo1 NEa oetpd tav rapa66oean yn n7v aoayoyri mqv tpuyavd.Luoq, ..rr'66aetg lhaBouQoE, A0iirq, 1971, oeL. 129 x.e.)1. :8. [[pBi'. Massenpsychologie (e]'i'lvu?qrl 6n6ool, Vuboloyia ntv yaltitv, 6.n., oel. 53) ror (Das Tabu der VirginiuD) (el'l.1vuxr] pm6qrpool, <To ropnori rqg noqOeviog>, oro: 2iltpotrvt @p6l\\, wuyoToyla qg epannjg (afg, ex66oerg Er[toupog, A0rivo, 1974, oe].. 50). O otrl")"o1uop6E ovtrg6petor on6pq tr.ruo cpopd. oe ouvdpt4ol pe

79


O

IIOAITDMO: [}II'H AY:TYXIA:

otr6E xtov !txQ(6v 6rocpoQ6v), nou

:rol.r,rLopr6

6rv

O TIOAITI:MO'

oup0d),),€L

roll,

rorv ),trt6v nou rov qr,).olevo6v. buorulciE

6?,.o1

oxpcia pLo<r)"),o6o![c rou Xgromovropo6 <rn6vnvu oroug nr6[o rlrcv ovnn6qeutrrl ouv6rer,n. oroug popclouE, rou 6ev e[1trv orlpllel ro rQdro( roug orrlv ayci11

:n1,

11 Oprloxeurlxrl p Ogrloxeic rjt<rv u:r60 epnorLop6vo on6 rrl

IIHIH AY:TYXIA: V

), n., (rqo{ 6ev yvtiplle rreQrcQr,opotE rov op;rtbv. Avr' ,,rrr,ri ciptog, q oLyoupLd rou 6rL 0<r Grlo).opl3dvsl ourli rrv r rllrx(G TrG no}'{rv 1p6vo rirav elri1lofi1. O noi'Lrr,opr6voE r/vl)Lxr)fioE JroQoX6QIos 6vo xop;rdrr, 6uvo.r6rrpo.E yra eu117.[rr 1ra 6va xoppdrL oLyougLdE. Aev np6ner 6porg vn r.rTvtrfpre 6rl otlv fiQor6yov1 orxoy6vero. p6vo o cp1r1()c rrlq XdtQ6rov uutri qv etreuoepla tov oppriv oL ri],i ,t or fo{oov }id.ro ar6 boullzii rcran(eorl. H dvxiO€orl ,,vrilrroc oe plcr percv6rrlrc rou oroldtr0ove ro n).Eoverrrri;rrrrtr rou rol,rrropof xcr o€ FLc n)'slov6n1ta nourrlE r rr r rryope6ovrcv 6qrave oe cxp6tnro oqpr[o. fto. rov ror)r6yovo fiou q€L p6XQr o{pepu 61oupe pdOer, pe npo,rr xrLx6E :ropc'nlQrioslg fioq I oQprx1 rou Etorl 6sv €lvcr rrqro(r1),eutr1 efcLr[cE qg e].meep[<rE rou u:r6xeLro.L oe rrrrrropLopofg dtrl,ou e[6org, oILd iotrrE ,[olf fiLo Guorlrroriq an<i auro{E otoug ono(oug un6xeLror o ofyxQovoE r

rr

o),lrr,o;r6voE dvOpo:roE.

Av

oq

rr

rrxrtrre 6lxcr.o).oyr1p6vo

Religion (Freud, 1939a), Studjenausgabe, oEl.. 538-91.

orlpeplvrl oxd0p1 rou nol.rrropoi FoE Er[rQQin6oo )"[1o avr<rrozp[vcror orlv r xr),t1ptoor1 rov anarrrloedrv po.S yta pt,rr eutulLop6vrl i(,ri xor. r6oov fi6vo pds rlQoxolci, nou llOov5v 0c ;rnorro(roe vo. onoqeul0el, 6rav npoonnOo{rp€ p€ opsilLrxl rlprlxrl vo crroxu).trpoupe tLg p(lsE qE nr6),eLdg rou, rrrxoipe ortoobt]rox€ To 6ixor,o ftou Fo.E oviix€r xol 6€v r vrpyorips og e10po( rou ro),rxropo6. Mnoporipe vn sLriiirupe rorE BcOprr,cla ec e;rLq6poupe r6roLeE cr],],cry6g orov rrol.Lrrop6 po.S, rou 0<r r.xcvonoloriv xntrtreptr rrg ovdy)('r( Fog xor 6ev 0c lpsLdlercr vc o.oxofpre curr] rlv xpLrxr1. A),),ti (ootE vo elor,xeroOo{pe xnL pe qv L66o 6rr, r:rdploov btoxol(eE nou o.vrlxouv orlv ouofo rou no].Lrl,r1rof xo,r, bev en rcgcpeproOoriv cr.r6 xaprprrd. prerapgu0lrrotLxri ngoord,OeLo. E)rr6E trlr6 [o xo.Onxovro. Tou fieQrolrrrrpot torv opp6v, yLc rc onolc e(pcore :rpoeroLpaop6voL, prcrE epqcvllsror o x[v8uvog utcg ?.cdxdoroorlg, rlo'L)

80

t

t)

v6qrr1 oriprntuorl 6rt oprLa

to

6veLpo

ylo

xuprcplin lprloLponolrloe

U.Lc

yrQpcvrx.iy nayx6-

tou rov nvrLorlpltop6, xo.l cvtryvotpi(oupre otg etv6rlto 6rl 11 6oxLpi] yLc rlv ibgoorl ev6g v6ou xoprpouvr,otLxof rol.Lrlopro6 oq Poofn Bgfoxel rpulo],oytxi] unoorlpllr1 orrlv xcrotog outrrn),rlpoptl

qg

pnouplotrn!(<rE. AvuptotL6praore 6ptog pe avrlor. xotrrpouvr,or6g, crcpof npdrra e[o],o0petoouv q trrnoug(ouc[[o roug. Av o rol.trLopr6g ex lBd}.}.sr 61l p6vo orrl oefouu).Lx6rr1ro, o),).c xGL orlv enL0etx4 rd.or1 rou o.v0p6notr 16oo pe6[to(r1

oulic tL 0o xdvouv

yd).sg 0uo[eg, xatc],o.Bcfvoupe xn].6repn 1,tcr[ Sroxo].etetaL vn yivel eurullopr6voE p6on oe clr6v tov nol,L.nop6. O nptor6yovoE dvepotnoE rirnv np<r1po.tLxd. rrro ruxsrov or'"ro4purlop6 oro Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische

aolt

oltaq

n)fi 6wnyid.

81


O

Frroeofp€ vo rrlv ovolldooupe (Uu1oloyrxr{ o0l,1614ro t1g

Aut6g o x(vbuvoE cnef'el negr,oo6tepo exel nou o xowtrrvtx6g 6eop6g ent, uyliveror, xuplrog ;,le rorirrp<iLcgr.3e

oq rrov pel,,riw perafii roug, evrir ol 1yerlr6g apoorrrnr,x6rqteg 6ev qrdvo-uv oe exe(v1 q oqpoo(a nou Ocr rouE ovo?"oyorioe xctd, rov po(r,x6 o1r;pctop6.a0 H oqpepr,vrj noi,ltr,opltrj orri0p"4 rqE AprQrluig 0a np6opepe xcrtrr] euxolp[o vo pe],,erriooupe arxr] tqv en[qopq aotr nloprxr] pldpq. Ai"i'd anoge{ryo tov nepo,op6 vc repd,orrr oe xgr,rlxr] .rou nolur,tr,opori t4g Apepr,x{g 6ev ent0upt6 vo odroto r"4v evr6fioo1 ,roE 0o r{0e},cr vc lpqorpooolr]oo o,pepr,rcrivlr,eg pe066oug.

39. [H 6].(AQool ({,u1o}'oyrml o0i"rmlrq) goiveto.u norg eivoL pretdqpcroq rqg <misdre psychologique> rou flu6p ZavE. o Ztn6. ewoei pe arn6 qv olo6u66pev1 orooE vetrprrxrro{rE ovr,rnv6qtc ^yr-cr rpulunr] orivOeol]. 40. Bl,6ne Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse (Freud, 1921c). (EL),qvrxri 6x6oo1, VuToloyia tav pafubv xar, awiLuory tou Eyrit, ex66oer.g Enfuougog, A0rlvc, deweprl 61160011 1994).

82

VI

IIOAITI:MO! NH]-H AY:TYXIA:

Ir

xaprpld nporlyo6pevl epycrola pou 6ev e[1c 16oo no],t rrlv evrtnarq 6nroE oe curri, rog neplygdqto npdyporc rrou €ivo.r yevLxd yvotord,, ltoE entorpcrreiiol lapr[ xcr pe/.r'rvr., ottl ouv6leLc orollero0erlxrl egyao[a xor rur[oyQor1,r.xri pe).dvr, yr,a vc 6Lr1yr106 orqv lpay;rarLx6rr'lrc o.urovrirptr npd.yprarn. ll' aur6 ereppo(vo eulcp[ortog exel rr,lr b(verol 11 e,,trintoori 6rr q avnyvdrgr,orl pr,cg L6Lo.(re1, q, o.ut6vo;11 g enr,Oetxr]E rdorlE or1trra(ver rponono lr1or1 r

1

rrlq r1ru1cvcl.urlxf g 0eorpicg rov opprirv. Ocr n:ro6el10e[ ncog ra lpirypruttr 6ev 61ouv 6roL, noE

rrgtixetrct cni,.titE vo. oul,IdBoupre xa).trepn ?(o[ vo ncQorro),ouOi1ooups rLE orv6neleE ptaE otpoqrlE nou 6ywe nplv ,rLr(r no), v xorQ6. An6 6).a ra apyd cvnmuyp6vc rprl;ro.,,r t1E trvcl.urLxrig 0etr;picE 1 0eorgfn tcw opptiv avn:n6X()rlrc JTro cQyd xor xonlcotlxd. Knr rir<rv 1600 ondQo; ulrl yro xo orivo).o, ciote or1 06tr1 r1g 6npene vo. pneL rrirL d.),i,.o. Xrqv peldi"q cpl,xr] aprllov(<r I eQdon rou r1,r),rioocpou rotrpri 2(L),ep, 6rr. <q reivo, xcl q cyrinrl> ,r11ql(ouv rov pqX<rvr,opui rou x6opou, tlou 66ooc ro ,rQ6r,r orriprl,pc. H relva Oeop40qxe srnQSocorrog rxs[vo)v r,,v oQl-rd)v lou ocpel].ouv vc ouwrlgrjoouv xo E€XoQr,or6 riropo, 11 cy6nq org6cperar oe crvruxe(pevc rl xfgLo. l.errorrpyio. rouE, euvorlp6vq pre xriOe rp6no cfi6 xrl q{oq sivrrr 11 6lar1pr1or1 lou r(6ouE.'Eror cr.turcgor6Orlx<rv yra rrqxiq cpopd or opp6E rou Eyr6 xcl oL opp6g rou o.vrrxaLlrrlvou. lt,o. trlv ev6pyela torv rel,eurnlr,w, xcrl nloll],erotrxri yr,' our6g, rroliyoTo rov XoQot(rylQLo[6 ].itrrnlwo 6roL ,ivrrnrflOrlxe I ow(O€ol av6preoa orLg opp6E rou Eyd) rtrrr oltg o.neu0uv6;reveE oro cvtLxs[;revo <),lpnrwrx6E> rpp6g rqE oydnqE or nl.crtteprl 6wor<r. Mtc o.n6 cur6g rrq oppr6E rou cl,rrnerp6vou, 11 ocbrorrxr], Sroxplvorav $6lirlc pe ro 6t o oxon6E rIE 6€v nxdv xcl 16oo qLl6oropIoq, rcr oe ;-reprx6g mspLnr6orrE ouv6€6rov lpocpav6g pe 83


O ITOAITI:MO: NHIH

O TIOAITI>MO: TIHfH AY>:I-YXIAX

rou ET6, 6ev prnoporioe vo. anoxprjpel rr1 orevri n1g olyy6veLn prs xrrpLx6E opp6E rot 6ev eilcv )'1p:rLT.'rLx{ rp60eor1. flagaB).6rpcps oor6oo cur6E ttE oouprpovleE' o ocr6lop6g cvrlxe 6trrorg orl oefoual.r.xr] (of, to pdvauoo rcr,1vi6r, pnopo{roe vc cvrLxo.erorti to tpucpep6. H veipoo4 epqavr!6r<rv oE 6xBooq ev6g oyrivn avd,peon oto ev6rcq6pov r1E outoouvtiiprlolE )iat orts a:r<rr,rr]oelg rqg ).[prwro, ev6g aydrvo., orov onoio eile vrxrioer, to Eytit, aL)'d pe ro r[pr1po otlpavtr,xriv n6vov xru nngo.Lttlottov. Kd0e ovo),urrjg 0c opol,oyrloeL nrog cut6 6ev axofyeror <rx6pr1 xar orlpepc oov 5vc on6 nalld fsnspcop6vo ).ri0oE. Motrowotto pLn rpononolqorl ipav trnnpo(rqr1, zc0rig 11 6pervd pcg rgolorpofoe crn6 ro cno.r0r1p6vo oe cur6 nou crto0e[, on6 rlg opp6E tou cvrtxstpt6vou oto Eyri. AnogaoLorLxrl rlrcv e66 1 e Lon1,to1,'4 r1E 6woLcrg vcgxLooropilE, 6r1tn6ri q yvriroq 6rl ro Ey6 elvcL snsvbup6vo ;re ),iprnlwo, elvar pd),Lorc 11 cglLxil xctolxin r1E xat xnrri xn;rorov rpo.ro rrcecp{'v{ r xrwprxrl eorio rr1E. Aunl q vnpxr,oolorLzil ).[prLwo n:reu06verct oto. cvrLxeipevo, yiveraL &oL ).[pnLwo trrrv cwuxelp6vtov xar, prnopel vcr fcvnpercptopcptoOei oe v<rpxloor.o'rr,xr1 trlp:rLwo. H 6vvoro. voQxroorop6E prcg 66rooe q 6uvar6npc vo oultrdl3oupre avo}.ur,xd rlv rptrupartxr] vetptoorl xcecirE xct loll6g ouyyevelE npog rq rfruyiroelE ntrerloelg, xnt crn6g xLE rpuxciorLg. H eppqveitr rorv prerapLBaottzdrv veugdrorr,lv rr;g SoxLprirv tou Eyr6 vc avtLotc0s( otrlv oefottrl.lx6rrpa 6ev Xper,tiorrlxe vc eyxo.ral.e lq0e(, ctrl.d 11 6wora qg tr(pnlwo regLiil0e oe x[v8rvo. Aqof xnr oL oppr6E tou Eyt6 olerl(owuv pe qv LipnLwo qd.vrlxe yLc 6va 6tdotrlpa cvun6rpenro vo. 0eorpr10e( rog ).ipnLwo xal opptxr] ev6pyela oupnilrouv, 6naig r10e).s ri5r1 nclcl6tepcr o K. fx. frofvlz. Kcr 6ptoE 6per,ve xdrr, oav trrLn pepaL6trpc, nou 6ev rlrav ox6pq 6uvat6v vo. o.Ltto),o1,r10e(, 6tr, or, ogp6E 6ev pnoge[ vc slvc.r <i],eg rou aurof ei6ouE. To en6rlg

84

oQp6g

AY'TYXIA> VI

vo Brjpa to 6xcvo p,e ro II6pa az6 qv agyfi n1g ry\ovryE 6rcv ncpatriprloo 1.,rc nprixrl cpopd rov qJUXcvGyrurop6 yr.cr enovril4rprl xor rov ou1'qQqtLz6 lcpaxrrlpa rrlq opplxrlE lroilE. Eexwrbvrog on6 er,x<roleg ytc qv agli npq !ori1g xar on6 Bmloyr,xo{rE zapc},},r1trroproriE 6l3yatrc ro orrtrrn6pcopc 6tL, ext6g cn6 t1v optrli nou o.nooxonsi otrl ,\rrrrlprloq rou trvOptilou xo.L oq otvbeoil rou oe Elcrgrrrirq trreyc),ritepeE ev6rlreg,ar tp6neL vo. undplel xcL pLa rrv-r[0er1, nou re[ver va 6Lo.],6er. our6g rr,g ev6mpeg x<rl vn rrq s:rcrvncp6per oqv rporraplLnrl rouE, FTI ogyo.vLxii xarrirncorl. Allabrl ext5g un6 tov 6gtora und.p1er, xtrr, o 0rivrrroE an6 r1v pernft roug 6pdor1 xoL ar,"r[6gcor1 Ocr prnolxriroov vo. e[qyrl0oriv to. cp<rLv6;revo rIS Eo]rlE. Aev riro.v riprr,rq efxo).o vn xara6eiloupe rrlv bpaonlpLrxrlrn ourrjg rrlc unotl06;revqE oppnlg rou Ocvdtou. Or. eforepr,xerjoe rg rrlr 6polrcr ilrcv cu,o0rp6E xo.L cgzercl 0opuB66er.g ulo06o(rpr rrol5 11 oppr{ tou 0avdrou epyd[stcL pouBd oro roorlqr,x6 qE [tiroc.g ouo[aE yro r1 6rdtruori rqE, a]"Id aur6 ,\r'v rirav ar66el[r;. flnpon6pc pcg obriyrloe 11 r66c 6rl ivrr p6gog clliE qE oppniE orp6qercr, evdr,"rlc orov eftor r plx6 x6opo xaL eprqo.vl!,erar, oE oQpri enL0erLx6rrlrcg rrrl znrcorpoprlg. H oOpn 0o. 6prraLve 6roL orqv urqpeoia rorr 6gottr, acpo6 ro lownv6 tldoptr 0o xcr6orpscpe xdrr rr),Lo, 6[UuXo f drpuXo, avrl rou Ecurorj rou. Avri,0era o rrr,pLopLop6g atrri]g rqE orpapp6v1E :rpoE tc 6fto enr,0erLrtrirltog 0c cffcve cvayxcorr,xd r1v 6ror 11 ullr6g n6wc , xte),o6pev1 nutoxnrnotpoqrq. Taur6lpova an6 crur6 ro rrrrpd6er,ypn;rnog6octrre vo. pcrvt6rpoupe 6rr, ra 66o s[6r'1 ,rppriv ond.vLcr -ou66nore ioog- eprqcv[lovrcrL 1oprcrd 1rr

( 19209),

,ll H ovri0â&#x201A;¬o1 otqv oroio repL6pletnu 1 nbr6nonl rdol

e!ci-

tou 6porro nqog tqv levr,rii ouv,qpryrxr] tp6or1 rov ogprirv, rivrt oLo0rlmi xou pnoqei vn o:roretr6oel t1v oqetlpia v6tov nqorrLroolg

I

l),r ll

rotr,opcirv.

85


O NOAITI>MOX IIHTH AY:TYX]AX

ro

dltro, n],],d oullrtvetow<rL oe 8LdcpopeE, blcpxrirE prernpc),l.6peveE ol6oeLg otppet[r1E xtx 6tol 6ev pnopofpe vc rcr 6ro.xp(voupe. Xrov rl6q orE prepr,xrl oppr] r'4E o€Eouolrx6rqroE yvoox6v oc6Lop6 6loupLe vo xdvoupe ps 1rr.o r6rolc r,o1upr1 orlpprel[r1 rrlE spunLxr'1g oaplE pr rIV oQpI r1g zcrcorpoqiig, 6norE oro cw[0sr6 xou, oxov pc[o1Lop6, p€ pro otv8rol rIS ,rQoS ra pr6oo otpapp6vqg xcxcorQoqrr6rrlros ps rllv oefoucl.Lx6mpc, €Ecrrrlog qE ono[ag 11 xtrrd, ra d].].a avena[o0qr1 o.uri1 rd.or1 y[vsro.r 6vG <rr[6 xo

cro0T|xll.

H rcptt6olr1 qS oatrlg rou Ocvd'rou xar rIE )rorrrorQocpiiE ouvdwrloe ofiioxool ax6pl x<rr o€ xilcLouE avol.ur6v. fvropllro nog undgleu orXvd 11 rdorl vo ofio6a6oupe 6,rr, pp(oxoupre enuxivSuvo xo.L e10pr,x6 orrlv aydnrl oe pLo.

cpllxii 6Lro),lxorlro xIE ouoaaq qg. Tlg nn6rpe r,E nou avarrfooo e6dr rLE 8Lorunotoc orrlv cppj p6vo 6oxlpcanxa|2 aLLd pe ro n6pcopc xou XQ6vou anix:rlaov rAroro.66vo.tr1 rdvo pou, riore 6ev tffioQ6 vfl oxecp0r6 6LoqoQ€rLlrd. Nopl(o nog 0eoprlrlxd e (vcr nor3yxgwc nro XgrloLpeg crr6 6leg rr,E nL0o.v6g ti),l"eE, mroxaOr,ototv rxs(w1 rqv o.n),onolqol XtoQiE ncpapr6trr1or1 r1 pr,aop6 rorv yeyov6xov, otlv ono[n x€ivoupe p€ rrlv €fiLox1povrxrl sQyoo(rr. Avayvtopiltrl nroE orov oc6rop6 xor orov prc(o1Lop6 tixops ,tdvra prrQooxd paE rLE orevri ;re rov epotnop6 orv6ep6veg eftirsqLxefoeq rlE ,[Qog tc 6lo zcr rgog rn p6oo orcpp6vrlE oQtlllE xrlE xcraorgoqr]g al.ld 6ev xaraIcpaivo r<iE ragcp),6rpope rqv xo0ol,txr] no..oouo(a rqE pr1 egtrlrLzr'15 enL0erlx6flpcE ?.r,cr xor0,oxQoQr)1,6rqroE xar, aprl.(oope vo xIE rroQo.XoQrilooupe rqv app6(ouoc 06oq orr;v egplvelo qE ErrlrlE. (H rqoE ra pr6oo orpopp6vr1 oApf fllS xo,toorgoqr]g leqedyel, ov 6rv 6xsr set.rr,xli 42. [nppl. lenseits des Lustprinzips be, r,6p. 3, ae\-. 267-91.

86

(Freud, 19209), Studienansga-

O IIOAITIXMO> NHTH

AY:TYXIA) VI

,m6xp<oo1, on6 t1v cvrihrlpr] poE). @upodpot xIV 6txii lrou ovrlorcorl orr6v0,vlt otlv t664 rqs oQl.llis rlg l'ioro,rrpoqriE, 6rcv epcpuv[o0qze yLn rpdrr4 pogd oqv rpulcvrr)"u'rrxr] prBlrolgcgio, xct r6oov xatQ6 XQer,do01xo Tto v(r rIV ofio6ex06. Aev p.e exnl,{oott fiou d.}.}.ot ,rQ60chav )r(rL ,[QoFdItroaJV ox6pl rlv i6tc aw(ot<ror1. flnrl oL ;roqxr[ 6ev -ro <rzoriv euXd,plotc, 6rcv cvcq6percr, 1 6pqorrl rrirrl lot cv0Q6nou fiQoS xo (rox6), JrQoE filv srL0ertx6lru, JrQoE xrlv xclcoxQoQli \lol lLdX6 oUv6nerc oqv rrlp6rrpn. O 0e6E ro6E 6xave opottbpctc rIE ltl.Etor[TlxdE rou xrt 6ev 06Lotv vcr cxotv n6oo 6rioxo)'o elvol -:rcpd, rlE hcpspor<ioeLE xIS Christian Science vo ouv66erct rl

,rvartipgqfil 6ncp[q rou ?(o14ot pE rtlv rovxo8uvop[o rdt rrlv un6prctl xulooriq tou. O bldpol"oE 0c (tav to xo.-

i.rtepo p6oov yr,c qv 6txcrc).6Y1orl rou 0eo6, Ocr cva?rdplkrve rov [6to olxovopr,xd onoltrcffitx6v p6]'o 6log o lillpc(oE orov x6opo rou dgLou tbcvLxo{r. A}.},ri nar, rore (kr pnopotocpe vo Enx{ooupe <1116 xov 0e6 e[qyrloetg t6(ro yro. r1v 6napfq tou 6tcrp6l.ou 6oo xnr ylo, t1v {rloplrl rol) xcxot, Jrou ro €xlrpooort(. Mr[Qoold oe rnn6E ttE r\rroxo),(eE xdi!6 0o e(vo,r vc xdver o xcr06voE IttG Po0etd rrn6x),lor1 ot1v r10txi1 tprlol iou av0Q6nou Ocr rov polOri,rer vc ylvsr YEvrxd cEtcYdrl]ros x(rt vtt plv tot xctc].oyLoootv oQrou6v0. fi Qd,YParo.a3 To 6vopc ),(pnlwo pnogoript vc xo XQqotpofiotnooup€ 43. Ioualtepo :relotr,rcr] elvol l rorirrol rol no.nori pe t1v oppti rqg xoroorpogr]g orov Megrorope).if rou fxoi're:

<Iuqri 6,T[ yEw[6Tqu, rou rp6ner vo notcorpcgei. 'Etor, ).our6v 6,fl opoot(tr eoeiE xol,elre, crpovtop6, pe pro i'6$ ttcx6, eivou oroule(o 6w6 pou ououootrx6r>.

87


O TIOAITIXMO: TIHfH AY:TYXIA:

O

IIO ITI)MO> IIHfH AY:TYXIA:

VI

([:o-rprlrlxii pdor1, rp6neL vo opoi.'oytiooups ntrrE 5sv 6[0.-

ofi6l,uro on6vowr oE 0rorel1,x,6s ovrrQQii,rtLg. Al.).d. 6ror pag lcgouoldlsrcL p€ xnv oIp€Qwq rrrlrOpr1 turv "Tvr6oeriv poE' I pcl).owrxri 6peuvn xu ox6.r1,r1 0c cp6pe r, on<rlobrlxrors rlv croipooloxrlai 6luoricpqorl. l,c 6Lc ra ,roQo;[6Qo oqQ[Eopor orlv rinorprl 6rr, 11 16drl yrO. xo.rq.orQoqr1 e(vaL pto rrQoroysviiE, oux5voFl oQt i rorr cvopdrnou, lroL srovo,),o.ppdvo 6Tr ofiore).E[ xo L0XUrx'rtspo epr66r,o xou ,101"[110[rr;6. Xe xdnon orlpe[o curiig rrlq 6Q€uvo.S rdvotre xI 6lanlorcuor1 notg o noi',Lrr,op6E e[v(tl pro Lbro,[TeQI 6ro.6rxao(a nou xu].del ndvol o:16 t1v rrvOptlnrinlra, ,ict rlv 1660. GUni xlv 61oupe blcrrqprlosr 1ri1pL rripc. flpooO6toupe rros s[vor pro 6Lo.6rxoo(o oxrlv rrrrlerolo. rou 6Q(l)Td, rou embrd)xsr vo. ouv€v6orL EsXolrrtrrti d,ropa, ;retd or.xoy6vereE, oQy6reeo cpul6q, )"aotq, i{)vr1 oe pto. tr€yoluroQl rv6rrlxo, orlv cv0po:l6rrpc. fLcri np6nel vc y[ver o.ur6, 6ev ro yvotp[loupe azprBtbE cur6 rivor 6prtoE ro 6eyo rou 6pora. Aurd xo ov0erirrrvc nl.{Ol rrqr6rel vo. ouv6e0orjv petalri roug LlpnLwlxd. p6v1 rllg I rrvrryxcl6rlrc, ra n),eovexrr]pcro rlg €Qyo.olax{S xolv6rrlraE, 8sv 0o ro. ouyxpc joouv. Xe aur6 ro ,[p6ypop1rc r(tr Jl0),rrrr,l106 u\\La1,6xelat 6pog 11 cpuoLxil oQtui TrlE rfirl)lru.i6rFoE rou nv0prinou, I rX0Q6xIro tou ev6E o,n6v({vxr oe 6},ous xor 6l0tv orr6vovTL otov 6vnv. Aurri q oplrrl rqg ent0erLx6r1loE €[vdL ,roQdyoyo xar xfgroE snnp6()r,)nos rTlE oQpTlE rou oovdrou, rou xnv l3QtixoFr r[]d.r orov 6poxc xor porQdqffo.l pn(( tou rrlv xugr.o.g1io, rou rtiiopou. Tripo, vop[(to nog ro v6qpo. rIS e[6],r,[qg rou lo),rrr,opot 6ev pos €[vo[ rro oxorcw6. H no].LrLoprxrl ef6/'r(r1 np6ner, vo pos 6r(q0r rov o.lrriivo ovdproo orov 60tor(r xdr orov Odvoro, o,v6peon orrlv oepli rIS EtorlE x,or ofllv oQUi rqg xuraorpocprlE xo.r rov rQ6rlo 6rcEoyolyrig r(ru oro ov0Qd)rwo EIEoS. Auxli 11 yryavroprcl(n e[vcL ro ou(JLoolLX6 repr,el6pevo qE [torlE yevlxd xot yl' aur6 pnooqra),(!ero.r,

pEvo rlQ6rrel vc JlQoocp6erl oro Ey6 rlv rllovofiollor] rolv ovcyxd)v rou )cor. rlv lruQr"oQxio fidvo or4 q{roq. E:re 1611 11 unri0sori pcg yro rIV oppnl nuri orqg[lercL ouolo.orr,xti oe QE crr.riro),6v rou o 6r<il3ol,og 6ev ovopri(er, ro ti1,r,o, to nol,6, oL66vopq qE cpfoqg vo.lewti, va n),4Ociver. rq irori, 61ln6r] tov tQolxc: )rri

q

<Mdglo cp{rtpo onoonrirrtnu xu o16 ro 1itrro, [e uyp6, hq6, (eor6 nor" xqrio raup6!

trr' rov c6pc, ro veq6 'Erou

n<ru m1

gorrd

6ev

qi),nyc

6r,xr,i pou,

6rv AdXo rinorr 1ro gr. [e1ur-ororti,. 44.

T1v

olpepr,vi] pe

t1v exqpdooupe

oupper6ler i"[gruwo,

88

ro vo xEuorl

89


VII

O TIOAITDMO: TIHI-H AY:TYXIAX

Qo6[e vo. XoeaxrlQlooupe rylv ro],rtopt xti el6l,r["4 otltirg rr4 rov o.1rirvo. (or]g rou cvopdrnLvou s[6oug.as Kar, cur6v rov o.ytivc rtov yrydvr<ov 06],ouv or vrnwd8eE ptr5 vrr rov xo.rcnpo.ilvouv pe vcvoupiopcto !

xo (tirc, 6ev 61ouv r6rolov no},nlrrpr,x6 ay6vn; Aev to !6goupe. flol{r nl0av6v preglxri cn6 rrtnd, or p6l.Looeg, rc pugpriyxLc, oL tepp(reE cyiovio0rlxrrv exc'rowdbeE 1,hd6eg 1p6vln tironor vc qrdoouv oe rxsivoug rouE xporlxotg OeoporiE, os exelvr1 rIV xo.Tovo1n1 trov ),e Lrorpyr,<irv, oe eneivov rov reploprop6 rov ar6lr(Dv rous :rou Ocuprd(oupe orlpsgc. XupcxqpLotr,x6 yro rrlv oqpeglv{ pag xcrrioro.orl eivar 6rr, or, a.ro0r]oer,E pcE prrrg )"6ve nrrrg oe xnpp[c crr6 crut6E .rug no]"Lrs[sg tov (rirtlv xul ps zav6vav o.n6 touE p5loug nou 61ouv cvcte0r:i exe( o'ro [e1orpr,or6 ov 6ev 0c ripaorcv eu, ulLop6vor. )lr dlrtra [6n eivcr.6uvnr6v va 61st en6l.0eL Loopponfu rrvtlpeoo orlE arL8pdoeLE rou :repLpdllowoE xcr orrE ovnpnl6peveg p6ocr rouE opp6E naL 6roL 11 e[6],r,[r1 va 61er rx\r1"p10el oe oto.orp6r1rc. )rov nptrrt6yovo dvOp<ono prc viru ep6pprloq r1E lip:rtwo npoxd,l.eoe [ooE v6cr 6[crfl1 r.rl5 oQtrlis qE xcnoorporprlg. E66 undplouv rtigc ro),)d r qronlporn, ora onolc 6ev propofpe vo nrtrw{ooupe

li,cri

ou oulyeveiE poE,

rtx6pr1.

45. Ilpoqov6g pe rov ozqr,p6orepo oplop6: 6:roE 6lopoggc60rpe 6oreq<r nn6 6va opuop6vo, dyvotoro or6p1 yeyov6E.

90

'Evc dliro ep6rlpa pcE ev6r,crq6geL neptoo6repo. flord lriroa Xprlor;rorote[ o ro].r,top6g yrc vc cvolotr[oer tr1v r':rL0erlx6rlrc notr crwLprerio:r(ler, vo xIV xdvsr cx(vbuv4 xrn ioroE va rqv efotr6erep6oeL; MepLx6E nr6 rr,E pe06iloug rr,E 61ou;re rj64 yvtoploe r, c],].d rqv xctd rc qcw6pevrr orouba.r6regq 6p cx5pq. Mnogotpe vo ulv pre).err]rroupre ndvo onlv loropl<r qE e[6].r[19 rou feXorprorof rn6pou. Tr, oupf3clveL yr,o. va xdverrrlv enr0euxil rou tdorl rrx[v6uvr1; Kdru no],6 replepyo, notr 6ev 0a ro po,lT eto,pe, rtv xcl 6ev e(vor, xpucp6. H enr0ertx6rlt<r ev6o$d).trsrcr, r otoreprxeiiero.t, xoL orl'lv npcypcrtx6rrpc [avorx6lvetcrr lxei nn6 6rotr npor1l0e, 6r1l.cbri creu06vercL evd.vmc olo l .yrir rou ar6pou. Exe[ ragc].cpBd,v*al o116 6vo p6qog rou Ey6, nor owLnoporl0â&#x201A;¬rcr oxo rn6].orro og Yrepe91


O

IIOAITI:MO: TIHI-H AY:TYXIA:

daxEi, xdrQo (0g (I0rrll ouve(6loqi> arr6vowr oro Eytir r1v [6r,o enl0etxri oppri, nou ro Ey<i 0a.rqv oonoiroe eulnp(oroE nrivrrr oe ri),),n, [6vn 6ropn. Trlv 6wcor1

y6, xrrl

oro o.uoqp6 Ynepey6 xcl oro unor<rypr6vo oe aur6 ETri l1v ovoprd[oupe 6vop ouve[61or1. excppri[ernl tog cvri1,xr1 yLr:r rtptog[n. O toltrLopr6g 6opd(sL 6q],r16ri tqv enr,x[v6uvr1 enL0erLxrl rd.or1 rou ar6pou prs ro vo xo orobuvc;rdrver, vo ro nrpon),((eq xcrl pr€ lrrc <rp1il nou ro:ro0ere[ oro eooregln6 rou, ocv cppoupti oe zcrel5prevrl 116l,11, vc ro snlrqpe[. fla tr1 brlptoupyic rou nro0rlpraroE evoXrlg o qruxo.votrutr1E ox6qrercl 8rcqopetLxd n:r5 rov r1u1o),riyo. clJ,ri xor orov rlrulcvcr),urri 6ev elvat erjxo],o vo. 6d;oel e[r1.41oer,g. AplLxd., 6noroE protder, miE cprdvel xnve(E oe 6vo, c(crOq;ro. EvoXrlS, rraiQver trrm o.ndwr1or1, mqv onola 6ev pnopei vtr npoBdl.er cwQQ1orl: ruo0dve.rnr xcveig 6vo1og (oL Opr]ozoL )"6ve: apa.orrol6E), 6rav 61el xayet xant nou ro cvcyvorgi[eL otE <xcx6>. T6rs xctu]cBc[vet :16oo nvenupxriE elvaL trut( '4 cndwrlorl. Merd crn6 pegr,r6E oprqrnl"cwefoe LE lotog lpoo06oe l 6rl xo.r. 6noLoE 6ev €yet xanu cur6 to xcx6, <r),),ri cvcyvropileL p6oa rotr on),tirE qv np60eo1 vc ro xtiver, ;rnopel vc Oeoqrioer, rov ecur6 tou 6voXo xor vc pttriloer yLar( 11 :rp60eo1 61er e6ri rqv i6r,c Boptnlrcr pe rrlv exr6l.eor1. Kar or 66o:reBlrntirocr g :rpUiinoufrouv oprtoE 6rr avcyvtupilouprc ro xux6 rog onopglnr6o, tog nnoxl"eL6pevo on6 r1v exr6l,eoq. fltbg qrdvorrpe oe nurr{ qv c:r6qoor;; MLa nqoroysvri, 0c },6yope rpuolx( Lncv6rlrn 8Ldzprorlg rou xnl.ori on5 ro xax6 pnoporipe vc rqv o.nopp[rpoupe. To xax6 6ev eivcl onoobrjnore urr,[r1pr,o xo.r, ellxlvEuvo oro Eydr, cvriOero crvd,pteoa

O

IIOAIT]:MO: IIIII-H AY:TYXIA: VII

rp6lel vct iyu" xaxorc x[vlxQo yLo vG urrorooe our( n1v [6vq Er[a6QaoI. EivaL sixo].o vG xo o.vd10e[ xc),6r1roupe otlv <rbtrvcp[a rou 1{o.r oxlv e[dpm1o( rou rrnri d),troug xnl propo{rpe vn ro lapo.zqgiooupe xn},6re pc d11oE prrQoE oxnv drr6).src qg nytimlg. Av 1doel n1v uyd.nq rou d),),ou, an6 xov ofio[ov elaprdrcn, XdveL xcr rqv npootco[c on6 rd0c e[boug xw6[votg, ex.ri0eraL xup(oE orov zlv6uvo 6rr, crn6E o lolug6rsQog 0o rou arrobe['(eL qv unepoX( rou pe 11 poppr] qg tprtop[aE. To xaxti e(vor 8r1l,abri cpXr,xd exelvo yln ro oroio cneL],efrcrr xtrvelE pre or[6].Ero. rIE oydfiIE on6 dyloE prnpog oe mq rrlv trn6),sLn ,[Q6r[€r vo ro cnoqetl,el zcve[E. lL' oux6 6€v iler pe"1dl,q olpooid cv 61eL xd.ver 16q ro xcx6 r{ rpor(ibr.o 6p6po,

ro xdver. KcL ottg E6o :repr,md;oer,g o x(vSuvoE tpqav(ero.u or5 fll orrypii nor ro ovo.xa),6rfi€r I €Eouoicr, xcl cur{ 0c oupnegLqep6rov ,}.t,rrr. orLS 66o nepr,lrrir0ernL vo

oeLE 6;rol<r.

Autf trlv xcrdoroorl rrlv ovopd(oupre <6vo1q ouve[6r1atrIti oqv npclputLz6rpn. 6ev qE cpp6(eL cut6 ro irvop"c, 6r,6rL or rotxl tr1 Bc0piSn elvar, lpocpo.v6E p5vo riyXog prpoE otlv an6)'err rqE cydmlg, <xoLvrrrvlx6> d,yrn1>,

)to pLzp6 :rcr6i 6ev propel nor6 vtr eivoL SLcrpoBerLx(r, atrtrd xnl oe no).)"oiiE wtil,rxouE Eev c),trri(er, rinore :rspLoo6'repo an6 ro 6rr, oq 06oq rou :rnr6pn ii rov 6{o yrw6tov pnc(vel 11 psyntrriteprl ov0Q6nrvl xoLv6nltc. fr' uur6 xcrd. xcv6vo noipvouv ro Odqpog vc xtivouv ro xcx6, :rou toug un6olercl lxcvono(oerg, GQltE[ vG rlval oi Toueol rrroE 6ev 0a ro ptiOer 1 e[ouo[c 11 6ev 0o touE ro xnrc)"o.1ioer,, xcL ro tiyloE roug rpo6plerar, p6vo on6 rrlv nl0cvil cvcz<i7,.urirr1.a6 Ms aurri xqv xordoro.ol 61eL vc 1.o1og.

46.

Ag fup10otpe rov repiq4po Muv6opivo rou

Pouoori!

(O

(De6u,r ovGg6perar Lemopep6orepn oe 61,),o oqpeio otov Mov6npivo rotr Pouootir: <<2ro"t Mmippza lxopL6 o MraL\6x xtroqer3ler

92

93


O

IIOAITI>MO: NH]-H

^Y:

YXIA:

O

TGQtdLtr y€vr,.d I olpsQrvii pos xor,volv[o. H preyd).r1 peraBo),r1 er6pletcL cnri q otypr] nou r1 elouoic eooregLxstercL pe rq SrlpLoupy(n ev6E Ynepeyt6.

ta

qo.r,v6p c rllg ouvc(6lor1g avepcfvouv os ;rrc v6a po0pr(64 xo.r otrlv ngaypcrLx6rpo p6vo an6 aur4 rr1 otlpri 0n 6ngene vc pllo{pe yLa ouve[61or1 xcr, c[o0qpc evo1fq.a7 Tripa nopcpep([rro.r ro d.1,1oE tlJrQoE orlv ovoxdtruq1 xol'4 droeoQd ovdtreoo otrlv ext6l.eorl tou zoxo{ rr,cl or1 06111o11 yLc ro x,ax6, 6t6rl or6vowr oxo YmQe"16 6ev slvcL 5tvo,r6v va oroxQuerra tinore, oire xo.r ol ox6q0q. H rpcypatLxrl ooBcp5qra r1E xcrdorcorlE 61eL B6BcLc 1o0e(, yrax[ n v6o eEouoao, ro Yrepeyd;, 6ev 6Xer, xoxd q yv6p1 pnE xo.vfva xlvrlrpo yr,cr vo xo]ropexoxctgi[ernl ro Eytir, pe ro oro[o ouvE6sror otevd. A]"Id 11 en[6pcor1 r1E y6veor1E, nou elnp6nel vo E€r roear[6Qc ro rcQE)"06v xnr to furegaop6vo, exgpd(eraL ple ro 6rL plc xctdoraorl p6vel Baorxd 6ntoE rpav otrlv cgp1. To Ynrgeydr pcocvl(eL ro cpropro)'6 Eydr pe ra i6m cLo0rlpato

T6te

oe 6vc o4peio tou 6q1ou 'col Z. Z. Poooorir, 6nou o ouy.TErp6nE pcotder rov o.vnlvr6oq ru 0n 6xqve, <rv lrrtpiE vo ep<r,nl,e[peu ro floqior xor, qrouxd. lopiE vtr crvnnol',uq0ei- 0o proporioe pe p6v4 T1v enL0opicrrou vc orotciroeL 6vov y1pol6 Movbop[vo oto flexivo, cur6 rov Otivcrro rou oroiol 0o eile peyd)"o 6cpetrog. Agrlvel vo evvo1Oei ot 6ev Ortopei r<n06)"or crog.,<r),ri q (turi cr-rrotr rou olucrrporo61ou. "Tuer son mandarin" ()x6ttooe tov Mov6opivo ool) 6yr,ve nogo4Ltriieg 1f auq qv tpugii etolp6trpo liq[ ro)v olpeQLvr6v trv0p6nox>. B)"6nt (Zeitgcmiisscs riber Krieg und Todr, Freud, 1915c, Studienausqabe, r.6p. lX, oe).. 58. X.r.p.). 47. Kd.0e ower6g orcyv6orqg 0n raro).dBer xou 0n )dBer un6rpr1 6tu oe ouni rqv ouvonrlxri regulpaqrij 6r,tr1opi(et<rr, arorqqri

tol

6,tr erLtel.eirnl or4v npclpnrlx6qtc oe peuor6E petopdoerg,

otr,

6ev np6rcenor p6vo lutr r4v inagll ev6g Yrepeydr, trl,trd 1ru r1v oleturri r,o1i xo! llol rrl ogoipo enrppo{E tor.'O}.o to p61pr rt6po. yto t4 otrve(61o1 ri,nu n1v woXf tivau pvrzd yvtomtl nct o1e66v o6uoppLoBrlqrcr.

94

NOAITI:MO: NH|H AY'TYXIA-: VII

yro. EUxGe[rq fiou 0o. ro oerioel v(r ru(,)QIoE[ o.n6 rov eforeplx6 x6opo. )e autil qv 6eiireprl efel.Lxrr,x{ pc0pi6a ouvei8lorl Ir[1vet pLu rbloppu0plc, fiou 6ev xlv e[1e 11 nptirrq xoL ,rou 6ev e(vor etrol.o vo e[qy1Oei. Xupneptp6getor, 5r1loirrl 16oo nto ouoqed xcl 6{ronlo'rc 6oo nlo evd,peroE e[vrrr. o d.veponoE, t6ore rel,Lxd, err(vor fiou 61ouv ngo5r-

riyxouE

xnl roQo6ox€[

I

prloer nr,o

rotrt ofilv oyl6rlro xcrlToQofv rov rou{6

rouE

peyolrlr€Qc5 opoQrasg. H agetrl 1dver, 6tor, 6vo p6poE crn6 tr1v o.vop€v6p€vl oporBr], ro uroxolrllr6 xc[ Eyx9ut6E Elrir 6ev 1c[pel rr1g ruJrroroo{)vqE tou M6vtopri rou xo,l, 6r<oE gcfveror, ncol[lsr, pd.rcta vo rIV 1{€Q6(o€t. lib<ir 6prtrrE 0o rpopdlet xcv€(E rlv dwlQQlon: cur6g e(v(rr rsxvqrd. 6qprougylp6veE 6uozol[eg. H cuorrlg6tegrl

ylo

xLg

xul nlo d.ypunvrl

ro XoQolcxlQrrnLx6 yvt6gtopo. rou l0rrot av0Q6rlou, lror cv or ciytor rfi]xoxo,Lotwo,L opoQrortroa, 6ev o.6rxofwcL, ov ]"d|3oupe rrn6rprl poE rouE nsrgcoporig yr,tr rxavor[oinol xov oel,t6v, otoug onolouE eivcrr exteoerp6vor oe r,6Lo.(repa peydtrov lkr0p6, erer,6ri oL ,[rLQo.ouol cufdvouv, 6roE e(vnL yvrorx5, an6 nlv 8roQrii or6Qno4, tvdl pE oup:rrtrlporlxf txavoroalol U€rQldqowcL roui"ripotov yLo 6vo 6doqpo. 'lrva d),),o yeyov6E rrlg 16oo n).o6oLcg o€ nQoplnpoxo rl0rxriE e[vo.t 6tr, 11 xcltorullc, Eq],obri 4 F€ydtrI or6Qno1, :rpodyer, ndpc fio1,6 xIV efouola tr1E ouvs[6r1or1g oto ouve[6r1or1 elvor, trxptBd.rE

Ynepsyrir.'Ooo rc np6yprcrc nq"1o,[vouv xold oxov dv0pono, e[vct xor rl ouvei6noll rou iiouxq xo.l crpiiver oro llyti apzer( el.euOep(c' o.v rov pper arul(c, eferdlet tov r:nur6 rou, uvcyvtopiler, rroE €ivor npnprtol6g, 06rsr, pslaltrepeg crnclriloeL on1 ouve[6r1or1 rou xor, enr,Bd.],].el rrrov scut6 tou o,noX65 xdr rrptoQiEg.48 Ol.6x),r1pol ).ao[ 48. Aurrl r1v rqoclcoyri rIE l0r?.rtE on6 rqv oru1icr npalporetetar o Mopx Touniv oe pro lapnop6vq prxqf uotopic: The First Melon I

95


O

IIoAITI:MO: IIH|TI AY>TYXIA:

61ouv ou;rnepr,cpeg0el xaL ou;rregr,q6powcr, ox6pu1 eroL.

A]Jd aur6 sfilye[rar dverc cn6 qv opXLxrl nor6rx( Btr0pri6c qg ouve[6qo1E, 11 ono(o. xot prerd qv ev6oBolr] oro Yrepsydr 6ev eyxnr<rl,efnerar, c]"7'<1 Ernrqpeiro.r, 6in],c oe cur6. H po[pa OeopeircL unoxordoro,to qE appiE rorv yov6ov ov 61eL xavelE orul(a, o4;ro.[ver norg 6ev cyonr,6rct nxt ar"6 ouxrl rlv av6torl efouola, xot xdrto trlr6 TIv nretlil qg cndr),eLo.g rqg oyd:rr1g usrord.oosro.l rtdi,,L orqv erurgoo6nrloq tov yov6ov, oro yrsesy6, rrlv onoftr 6rcv etXx 16^9 r10e1.e vc r1v napaprel.r]oe L. Aur6 qa(veroL LbL<rirepc ncOagri 6rov oe nuoqgd. 0pqoxeutxil 6worc nvcyvtrpi(oupe ofl1v ru1r1 p6vo rrlv 6xcppcorl r1E po6),r1orlE rou 0eori. O La6E ror_r Iopori). nioreus nog rpcv ro cyctrlp6vo n<u6( rou 0eot xar,, 5rnv o perTd).oE ncrr6pcq d,tprlos rov tra5 ror va boxLprdoer, rq pu,c 6uoru1[c perd rrlv d)"),r1, 6ev od.orroe an6 nurij rrlv prstoBo),r1 oute aprprop,4r1oe rq 66va;11 xcl tr1 8r,ncLootvl roo 0eo{r, c},}.ri y6wrloe rouE npoqrlteg, ,[ou rou JroQouoic[cv rqv cpcrprorlri (ol1 rou, xaL 8rlpu,ofpyrloe o.n6 qv 6vo1q ouvei6rlorj rou tLE cruollp6rcreE 6tnrd(er,g qg LepcrLxriE Oprloxelog tou. E[vaL cfLoorlpeiorro n6oo 6lncpoperlrd ouprneprq69erc.r o lpt.or6yovoE. 'Orav 61el crul[o, evoXri orov ecur6 ror, c),Ld oro qer[1, 6xave ro xa0rixov tou, xcL ro 66pvel, lov ec.ur6 lou. lvtopl(oupe 6roL 6rjo nr116g rou ao0r.1p<noE svoliiE, to ever Stole (To zgtiro ten6vr, nou ixAtEa).'Axorotr rov Toucriv vc 6r,opdlel our{ r1v uoroqio. Apo{ 6rdBooe rov rir}.o, oropd.mloe xor o.voponr1O1xe o<rv vo opg6pci,i,e: (Was it the first?> (Hrcv to 196ro;) Me otn6 tcr eile reu 6),o. To rprito 6ev eile 61),o6ij peiver xor, ;lovo6ux6. - [H retrnnoin rp6tooq irpoot60lne to 1931. _ Xe pr,o enLoro),r1 r1g 9IE OepQoroQiou 1898 orov <D),1g o <Dp6uw ovotp6per 6ru nprv o116 li"7eg p6peE eile nngo.xol.ou0{oeL prrr 6Lri},e!1 rou M<rpx Touoiv. (Freud, 1950a)1.

96

O [O,AITI>MO:

IIHfH AY>TYXIA-: VII

riyxog p:rpog otr;v efouoia )ior ro dTxos [rQos oxo Yr[sQry6. To np6ro poE €Eovoyxcilsr vc ndQaLr10o6pc Gr[6 r1v uxo.vonoiqorl rclv ogp6v, ro d,).),o cncLrel, oQo6 6€v [nopotpe vo ofio]iQfqJoll.rr (rJI6 ro YnseEyd) Tl ouv6xron rrov o.nayopeup6vrlv enl0uprtirv, txx6E or' our6 xct rtpo-

pic. Md0cpre er[o1E ndrE prloQofpc vG Ewollooup€ rylv rruorlg6rlrc rou YrrsQry6, 611l.o6r] t1v ofioirlol 1r4E ouve[6r1or1g. Xuvel[(eL

cnldrg

qv

ouoqQ6rlxo rqE eforepl-

ouxri xcl ev p6p),6noupe noLri o16o11 onriglet xlv o\,[rxooroxd. Td)QG eer rrvdpeoc oqv ogprxrl no.gclrqorl xor orrlv 6vop ouve(6qrrq. Apl,zd 1 ogpnxrl r[oQoirlol e[vcr otrv6nelo. tou d.y-

zrlg e[ouoicE,:rou

61er, o.rroxtoero0€[ cxr6

orlv eftoreprxr] sEouo[G no.gcr.ro{rpo.ore cn6 lxcvononiosLE, yro vo plv ldooupe rlv oydr[1 qS. Av 61orpe 4oBei o€ ourii rr1v fiGQofrlor], efpaote, 0o pnoQotoop€ vo notpre, cfiol.].ayp6vor cw6 otper,l,6g ofi6vawt orqv efouolc, 6ev rp6ner, vo replooerieL a(o0qpc evo1tlg. Ar.crqoperr,xd. e[vcr orylv reglnrrriorl rou dylouE prlQog oro Yleqeyd;. E6rir 11 opprlxr] rcQc[r]o1 6ev upxei, yrori rg r::rL0upr(c 6r,cqge[ro.r xct 6ev p:ropel vo cro?.cQUqrtf on6

xouE pnQoE

Oo 6r1trtrotpyr10ei 6'4lcr6{ ncp6 r1v ezte},eno.galtlori 6vo cloQqpa evolrlg xnl our6 e(vot 6vo oqpovrlx6 or?.covo[[x6 preLov6xtlpa xIE Ey].co0[6QUoIS, (rnoE pnopofpe va. notpe, rou YrlsQry6, rou oxrlpoxrouot fllE ouvsi8lolE. H rcgoiqoq cn6 tr,E oppr6E aev 61el nlo. o.ns),eu0eqrmr,xrj enlbpoorl, rl EvdQfi'4 onopj 6ev o[slpsxor mo pe 6rcoqdi.,ro1 rlE cydnlE, efolxlcrE qg erLxpepdpevlg efrotspr,xrlE buor"ulitrE -ar6).sro rIS cyrilrrlE xal xrpoQao trfi6 rlv ,[],€ued qE s[totepr,x{E r[orroftrE - 61oupe nepLn6oeL oe Srcpxri eoo]xeQr]ui bu-

ro

YrrEQsy6.

op6vr1

oruX[a, oe 6waor1 qE 6vo1r1g ouvel6r1oqg. Aur6g ol o16o€lE rivct 16oo :ro).rin).oxeE xdL xoux6xQovc t6oo olptcwrx(.E, ame ,[o.ed rouE ]iLv6tvouE rIE rrro.vdi.,rpprlE 0a rl0etro vd 16 eEfidotrt ror 0116 di\l.I ,r),suQd. 7 o

adnLo!6e,.tyi

6ttu1Q

97


O

TIOAITIMO: TIH|H AY:TYXIA:

H lpovLx{ oer.pd 0a riro,v },oLn6v nurrl: cplrxd ogprLxr{ ncpairqoq elaLricE rou dylouE pr-ooE onlv snreerlx6rqrc tqE elanepmiig efouo(aE - exe( xanakfi^1tr ro 6yxog Urreog orlv an<illelo qg uydnrlg, 1 nydnl rgoqul.tiooer, ofi6 ourli T4v efii0€oq zrlg rlpoglaE - , forepc eync0[6puan x\E €oarEeu.,fig t\ouaiag, oppLxri l<rpc[t1ol eEorxioE rot dylouE UnQog oE curf, ouveL8qorax6 ayyoE. )q 6etreprl replnrarol Loorr,p(c rrlE xcxriE ngd[r1g xcL rrlE znxr]g rg60eor1g, ;re ouv6nelo, rqv 6vo1q ouve[6r1or1, r1v cvdyxrl yLc rr,propiu. H enlOerlx6rpc r1E ouvei8rloqg ou\.qQ€[ qv enrOerlx6npc qg efooolag. M61pr e66 e(vcr, 6i,.o. xo.0agd cl,Id nori p6ve r, X6pog r1lo rqv evroxuu)r( ura8Qoon r1g oruxioE (qE cn6frr; err,pc),),6pevr1g lnpcilloqE) mivo orrl ouve[6r1or1, yLo rlv unegpo],lxii cuorlp6tr;ro. r1E ouve[6r1or1E on6vowt orouE xc],o{E xcl unorozrLxotE; 'Eloupre r15q EEITlioer xcr, rtg 66o L6roppu0p[eE r1E ouvel6r1oqE, alki 61oupe nt0cv6v oq(oeL qv evrfnroorl 6rr, cut6E or efilyrloeLE 6ev qrdvouv tirE ro 16),og, 6rr, ogrivouv 6vc cve[r]ypo un6],orro. Kcl ebri enepBaiveL re],Lxd ;lo. 66o., nou crvijxeL o.n6),uro. orqv rpu1cv6i,.uor1 x<rr, elval [,6vI ,[QoE rov ouvr10r1 tp6to ox6rprlg rtrrv ov0B6na:v. Efvo.r r6rolou ei6oug, nou trrcg 6(vel va zarcldpoupe yroxi pog cpdvlze ro o.wlxe[pevo 16oo rep[n],oxo znl croncp6E. Mo,E ).6er, ),or,a6v 6rr, orrlv app] eivot p6pour 11 ouvef6r1oq (ruo ooo16: to 6y1og nou y[vernr xo.r6nuv ouvs[6r1o1) oltic durrlE rIE oppLxriE lopcirlolg, a),i\6 cQy6xEQd I ox6orl o.vrrorp6ipero.r. 'Eror, q xtiOe oppuxri ncpa[qoq yivercu rt6pc 6uvopu,xrj ,rrlyri rIS ouve[6qo1g, zdO€ v6tr nnpo(tqo1 ouldvel n1v cuoqp6qrd rIE r{or r1v o6lo},},c[ic rr;E, xcr ov 0a. ;-rnopo6oo.pe vo rr;v q6gou;re xo).trepa oe oupcprrlvlc pe r4v paiorr{ pog Loropln tr1E 6qproupyicE rqE ouveibrloqg, 0o reivo.p"e vc nr,or6ri.,orpr qv ropri6o[r1 cpprio'4: H r10r,xi1 otrvei8qol e[vcl ouv6weur qE oeprx{E roeo[qo1E' ri: H (eruBci.],6;rwq os pd5 o:16[o) opprrxr] 98

O

NOAITI:MO: NHTTI AY:TYXIA: V

rrrrpnltr1oq bqploupye[ xn ouve[bnon, fiort aJrorls[ pcrd rrrrgcn6pc ncqclr1or1 0r[6 rrE oep6E. 2tr1v npo,ylrctx6xyFo n ovr[eoon ouxrig qE qQdoIE rm6vo.wr onlv 6oop6vq y6vEo1 xTlE '40rxriE ouve [6qo1g 6ev r|vor 16oo peyd),q, xor p),6noupe ivcv tq6no vo. rrlv lrr,r,tiroorpe . Ag ndpoupe, yrd vo. orllouoretoorpe rrlv nepryeoq(, to napd6erypcr rIE oQpriE xrls ErrrOerLx6rqro.E xul oE uno06ooufre fitrtE fie61l€rroL oE cur6E ng ol6oerE rrriwo, yrc oQprx6E roQorrloerE. Aux6 0n eivc.r, cpuor,xd lrrivo npootrlpLvrj un60eor1. H en[6pao1 qE opprxrjg nclxrirrlorlg ndvo or1 ouvE[6IoI uaxefi,at pe ro 6rL x6es lripoE n1g enl0etlx6rltcg, tou onolou ,[oeope],otp€ r1v rxrrvonolr1o1, ,[cQoloppdvcrcr rrrt6 ro YnEQsy6 xG[ cu\(iv€r rIV enl0erlx6rrpd rou (cn6vcwl oro Ey6). A€v euor<rOe[ enioqE cn6],urc 6rL 11 cglLxri enL0etx6rr;rc tr1g orrveibrlorlg eivor 11 ouveXr!6pev1 ouoxlQ6xqro xng eEoxsplxqg efouolcg, 6ev 61er 6r1).a6ri vo 1{dv€r r[no,e pe :ro.rxrir4oq. Aurrl xlv oouperDvlo. prroQo FE 6prog vtr qv r [rr],e[rpoupe, o.v 1rc rofrov rov ngdno eqo6lcop5 rou Yncpe.y6 pte enuOetrx6trltc uno06ooup€ Uttr 6IIq rQo6-

rr orqv EEouo[o, I oro(o Epr[o6[Er[ ro rro.r.r\i cn6 tr,g np6reE, cl),ri xo.l orlpcvrrx6teQ€S rxo.vononlolrq, np6nel vo 6IEr cvorru10el oro roLbi 6vaE olpnvrLrtriq Ba0U6E enLOetxriE rdorlg, cve[tipqra cn6 rl e[6ouE rlrtrv or cnol'roripevsE opprx6g ncgcrr(oer,g. Avo.yxconxd r',tpene ro fiolb[ vo ,[oQorrl0ea <rr[6 rlv rxcvorolqoq <rurrlq rqE ex8r,x1tLxqg enr,Oetr,x6npcE. fra vo. pyeL o116 autrj rrgv 66oxolq oruovopruri l(ordoxool lroroe€fy€r o€ Tvorrroig pnllcvr,oporiE, rcrlpvovrcg U6oo xou pE rctrrol ourii rrlv anq6opl.rpq EEouo[G, ,rou Fsxcpd],trfior, rrirpo. oe Y:rcpey6 x,or 06ru ufi6 xr1v roro1ii rIE 6l,I xnv enl0erut6rlro, rrlv oro[o eu1oe[orrllE 0o e[Xs orQ6qr[ xave(E t,rE rrrl6i evor"rlov rqE. To Eydr rou fior6rori rQ6mt vo. oupprl!rrOe( pe rov 0),Lpep6 p6),o qg xcr' nur6v tov rp5no tcLr rroq. An6vcn

99


O

IIOAITI:MO: TIHIH AY:TYXI

fi€Lvop6vl5 rqouoiog

O TIONITI>MO: TIHTII

I

rou rox6Qo.. flp6xenor,, 6log 16oo ouXvri, Tto, llo ovrlorQoqii rlg xotd.oro.olg. <Av r]pouv eydr o nar6gcE x<n eot .ro ncl6[, 0a or xo.1{oprro,lepl!6pouv>. H o16o11 o.vd.;reoc oro ynepeyri xcu .ro Ey6 e[vot uumi r4g, nopopogrpcop6vrlg mr6 r1v enrOupic, enav66ou npo.yprorr,x6v ox6ortov av6tlEoa oto <r6rc1tiBr,oro ax61rq Eyur xcr oe rva efturcprx6 cwlxeiprvo. Kcr nur6 e[vnl 1ago.xrr1pr,orrx6. H ouoLaortrrl SLcrpopd 6pog E[vor 611 1 cpXLxri cuorrlq6qrn rou ynepey6 6ev efvnr, -r] 6ev eivcl 16o0- ourl ,rou 6xoup€ 8oxrpd,oeL o.n6 o.u16 [cn6 rov rcr6po] r{ nou neplpr6voupe, c},Id 6rl alrlnpoorlnerier qv 6Lxri pcE enl0erLx6rqrtr evowlov .rou. Av

-

aur6 eoora.Oe[, UnoQotpe npnyputzd vn rolupro0oriprs 6rl q ouveOrloq 6lpr,oupyii0r1xs crpXlxri cn6 r1v zcrcn[sor1 pLcg enL0e'nx6r1r<rE xar evLo160r1xe orr;v ncpo,n6po.

nope[o. pe v6eg r6-roreE x<rrcnr6oelE.

floLd an6 uE 6{0 on6perE e[var opOrj; H nprinrl, nou pcg cpcr,v6rcv yeverlxcl .16oo nvapqloprlr,4n1, ri 4 ve6repr1, nou ouprn),qgriwer pe r6oov erL0up1r6 rp6no tq 0eolp[c; Ilporpnv6g, otpeovo pe q poprugia rrlg tipeoqE rapcrrrlpr1or1g, elvcr, xaL ol 66o 6rxcLo].o.gp6veg. 6ev nvrLcptioxouv perafiri xou5, xo.r oupnlrwouv oe 6vc orlpeio. 616rl r; ExbLxr)xLxi enlOstx6rrlra rou ncl6rof orlxcOop[(erar

cn6 rov pc0p6 rlg enL0err,x6m1r<rE nou cvcp6vel cr6 rov ncr6po o<rv rLpciqin. H epler,p[c 6poE 6l6dozsr, 6rl 11 cuoqp6rpc rou Ynepeydl, nou ovo:miooel 6vn naL6[, 6ev ano6[6eL xc-rir xav6vcv tg6no qv croqg6qro qS perc1a[plorlE nou 61er, 6oxLpdoer.ae iDa[vcraL cvr[dpqq crrr6 oorii pre nolri rpLc exncl6euo1 pmope( 6va no.r6( va 6r,apopcptioe t no),t cuor,4pr] ouvel6qor1. @o. r{rcrv 6porg ocpd},pcr vo. uneprr,prlooupe aurl tqv cvefo.pr4oio.. 6ev e [vo.r

irrioxo),o vo leLo0otpe 6rL 4 otrorqp6qr<r tqE ez:ra[beu(rlE ooxea Loluprl sr[6pooq xcL on1 Sr,ap5pgtoo1 rou nor.-

Srxo{ Ylepey6. fru 11 8Lcp6pgtrtoq rou Ynepey6 xar rq r\ ; pu,oupllo rqE ouveibqorl g ouvepyoriv 6prqurol l6toouyxpcornxo( ncptlyovrsE xar, em6pd.oerE nou npo6plowaL rur6 to x),ipa rou npo.yprcrrr,xod efroreplxori z6opron, xcl rtrrtci Eev eiv<rL nopd6olo, a).).d o ysvLz6g clto).oyLx6q ripog 61"olv cunirv rorv 6toSrxo.oLritv.50 Mnopoipe mfur1g vc rofps noE, 6.rcv ro nnl6i nvrlirqrti otLE nprireg opplx6g rnpnLrrloeLg pe efar,petxri Lolu1ri1 ent0erlx6rrpc xcr. pre cvr[ororpl nuorlp6rrpc tou Ynepsyrir, oxo].ou0e[ 6vc cpr-r],oyevsrLz6 rp6runo xar, ferr r:gvd rrlv exdorore 6LxcrcIoyr1pr6vr1 enLOerLx6rrpa, oqori ,) ,ror6Qog rqE npoLorogLxr{g eroXr{g rirr:rv oi.loupo qoBerriiE tor cn6 o,ur6v pnopo{oe vo negLp6ver. xcrveiE rov r tvrirto.ro Bc0p6 enl0erLx6rpng. OL 6lccpop6g rtov 5{o r ur6rpeorv 1,Lc rq "76veo1 trlE ouve(64or1q psLd)vo\ror 610r r

50. O Fr. Alcxander oro Psychoanalyse der Gesamtpersdnlichkeit, It)27, (\yulovAluol tqE l,evrxrlg lpootonrr6rrpoE) entipqoe opOd. rorrg 6iro ziploug rinotrg trov nn0ol6votv en:rnl6elrlxriv pe066trrv, ttlv unepBo).urcri cruotlp6qtc zol .r1v 4nr,6rqtc, ouveli(or.r<rE q peLr'n1 tou Aichhorn.Tro. ro ncrpo.pre),qp6vn rnr,6L6 [1925]. O <tunepBo),rrr'r pol,on6g xol enlerxrjg rcrr6paE> Ocr yiver, ogopprj yr.o vc 61lrrorplq0ei oro nnL6[ 6r,c unepouoqp6 Ynepey6, 616rr, oe orn6 ro rrru.6(, xdrru cr6 tqv eri6pnoq trlg crltllrlg nor 661ercrr, 6ev p6veu ri).L1 6r,6!o6og 1uo qv enrOetrr6mlrd. tou exr6g ar6 qv otqogr( rrq,og ro p6oo. lto n<rpope),,qp6vo nol6i, nol pey6),ore lcoqig n1drrrl. 6ev uadppl 6wooq ovdpeon oro Eyc6 xcru mo Yneqelri, 6),1 ror I enlOetun6tltq g,nope( vn orpogei rpog rn 6!to. Av )"our6v 6ev /"rilbuue e6c6 lr6rp1 pcg 6vcrv unotr06pevo u6uoouorcrol<rl6 nopd.y,rwcr, pnoqo{pe vo noripe 611 4 croulpii ouvei61o1 6lploupyeitnr rrtrti t4 orveglnoin 6io erL6pdoetov tr1; (coriE, t1g oppuxrr]g rapoitlrrr1q,

49.'OnoE oQ0d 61er, rcporlpl0e i cr;r6 ).ouE,'A11l,olg ou.71pnqeig. 100

qv

rrrlq,

M6l.avr K).<itv zor d),-

AY:TYXIA: VII

i,r

nor o:ro6eopeteL r4v enl0ern6t4to, r<or, rou pr,rirpctog tqg <r.76nor otp6cpeL tqv enl0errz6r4rcr npog tn p6on rol trlv pet<rBlp6-

r rrro Ynepeytir. 101


O

r[â&#x201A;¬Qroo6lsQo, 6ro.v :repvdpe cn6 rrlv atoprxii orlv gu].oyeverLxrl rcropia n1E e[6lr[r1E. Avr(Oera epqcvf(etat plc

v6c orlpal.rr,xri 6roqop6 oe nut6g rLg 6io 6LnbLxco[eg. Aev trrropotpre vc nyvorlooug,e rlv un60eoq 6rl ro clo0qpo evop'1g rqg ov0porr6npcE npo6pletcr, on6 to or6Ln66sro oriprleypn xol nnoxrilO1xe xnrd. r1v Ocvdrroorl rou rc.r6pa o.n6 rlv 6vtoorl rov <r6el.cptitv.5l Tcire 6sv xctcnt6oOqxe prc enL0etx6qrn, ci'I6 eztel6o0r1xe, q [6lc erl0eux6qro., 1 xcta:r(eor1 qE onoiag oro nar,6[ e[vaL 11 m1yr1 tou arcOfporoE evopjE. Aev 0c pe fidgvLo(e, cv rtirpo xd:roroE nvo.yv6otrlg cvacporvoiroe opylop6vog: <E[vcL 6r11"c5r1 o6ldcpopo, cv 0cvcrr6oeL xnvelg rov nct6pa { 61,, cio01trr<r evoliE 0a 61sL rroL xr, al,i"Ltig! E6tir cE pag entrpa:rel vu 6xoutrre oplop6veg cpqr,pol[eg. 'H elvcL trti0og 6rr ro n[oOr1pn wop(g npo6glercr cn6 xorcr:rreopr6veE enu0erLx6rlreg, 4 ol6rlqpq q lorop(<r yr.<r 11 Onvdtoor1 rou nar6pa eivcrr ncrpcptOr, x<rl rc rpotoroptx6 ncL6rd 6ev oz6rovov oulv6reg<r rov nar6pn touE on6 6oo ouprpclveL oijpeqc. EldIIou, av 6ev e[var nopop60u, cr].].d cfL5nLoq r,oropia, 0a e[1<rpe ptla :replnroorl 6nou olppciver <ru6 nou neptp6veL 6),oE o x6opog, 5r1),obr1 vn alo06velcr xcvefg 6vo1og, ensL8rl 6tcve nqaypctxd. xdtl notr 6ev p:ropei vo, 5r,xar,o1.oy10ei. Kol yl' nurl qv nep(rxrDon, rlolr rap' 6Ln nurd. ouppcfveL xdOe ;r6gc, praE Xptoordel I tfuxcvd),uorl tqv e[r11,r1or1>. Aur6 s(var c),ri0er,a xor, 0a xor,rdfoupe vo ro oupurlrlpciroot,pe. E[dl],ou 6ev elvo.L xcr, xcv6vcr lStcltspo puoux6. 'Orav 61oupe aioOlpc evoliiE, eler6ri xdvalte xdrt xcx6, <r:t6 ro <rio0r1p.a 0a 6npene vo ro ovop6(oupe pd.},Lov ptrtivon. Avcrp6pero.r pr6vo oe trrLa rpd[r1 xcrr rgotno06reL cpr:olxti nog 161 npw nn6 tqv npd[1 unrlqle r1 51. [B]'6re Totem und Tabu (Freud, 1912-13). (E].),1vrxii 6x6oo1, 19?8, oci' 179-80)1.

Totip xu ruproi, ex66ouq Erixouqog, A0rivo, 102

O NOAITEMO: NHIH

t]OAITI:MO: tIHfH AY:TYXIA:

AY:TYXIAX VII

erorp6rrpo vn o,r,o0o.v0oipe 6vo1or. Mlo 16vc poE Boq0rloer vc Bpotps rqv :rpo6).eoo1 t1g ouvei8qorlg xcl tou cr,o0r]pmoE evopig yevr.xd.. H nope[n culdrv lov xc0rlprepLvritv neprrr6oe<ov eivcL ouvr]Otrrg currl: pLc ogpLzr] cvti1,xr1 ortoxrd rq 6rivo.;11 vc enrpd.LsL rlv rxavonoirlorl trlE o.n6vcvru orlv fieQloQrrrp6vrl roE ,rQoE xlv lo16 qE ouveiblol lror ps rrlv cpuorxrj r:(ao06vqor1 qg cvd.lxr;g e(nlr(cE r1E Lxcvono[r1ofE n1g rrroxa0ioro,tnl rti).l 1 :rqolyoripevq oX6o4 rorv buvriprrov. H rpu1cvdl.uor1 evepyei ftor otootd, vc cnox).eiel 1116 nut6E rr.g efqyiloerE qv leplntoroq rou cLo0rjpctoE r,vo1i]E <rnr5 prtivolc, 6oo ou1vd. xcrr cv oupBoivet xcl rioo peyd).r1 xcL o.v elvcl 1 npaxrr,zil oqpao[c l1g. A116 cv to nv0p6nLvo oio0rlp<r evoliiE cvdyero.t otr1 0ovdroorl rou nptororo,r6pc xo.r cur6 ipav prn lepinrorq <perdvor<rg>, 6ev pnopo6pre vc npotno06ooupe noE rrnrjpXe xo.L r6re ouvei8qoq xaL c[oO4pn evoXr]E npLv on6 rrlv rprl[r1; A16 nof lporl],Oe oe cumi r4v repinroorl 11 ltetd.vorr; Aurl 11 :reg[rnotol lp6rter oiyoupn vo. poE cJloxnl.irpeL ro trrootx6 rou cLo0r]pctoE evopjg, vc bdroer 16),og orLE anop(eE ;raE. KcL vop(lro ncog ro xd.vel. Aurri r1 ;Letdvorc rpcv ro <rtor6),eopa qE cpl6yovrlE cr,o0qpurLxrlg <rpglfupiag an6vnwl orov rc'r6gc, or. yLo( rov ploo6ouv, c),i,,ri xcl 'rov o.1o.no{rocv' ocpot ro plooE rzavono(01xe pe tqv enr0eux6rqro., sxbrl),t60qxe pe n1 ;-rerdvorc 1tc r1v npd[1 q nydnrl, eyxo0l6puoe p6oto qg rtrttrcrlg 1re tov no.r6gn 'ro Ynepey6, rou 65ooe qv tolii rou nrtr6Qo oov Tro rttrrogfcr ylc r4v 6r,ongcyp6vl evcwiov rou rpdfq errOerlxo,rlro.E rlo.t 6rlploripyloe xous rrrQroQtopo6E npog onotponri elovdlqrplg rlg rqd!,4g. Kol acpo6 r1 enr0srLxil 'rdol a:r6vcvrL orov ntrr6po enavc),,r]q01xe rnLE er6trreveg yevL6g, 6Loqpi]0r1xe ro cloOrlpc evopig xcr, r vr,o160r1xe nd).r pre zd0r xo.ronreop6vl xnr peraBr,l3oopr6vr1 oro Yrepel6 enl0e'nx6'rr1ro. Nopllto ntlE rr6pn oultruve(iryory,

11

roLo. ;rerdvorc 6ev ;r:rogs[

103


O TIOAITI:MO:

O

IITI|H AY:TYXIA:

perd.

l.appdvoupe tel.Lxd. pe nh]pr1 ocqrlveLc 6{ro ngdyprarc, r1 oupprerolri rrlg cydnrlE orq 8qpr,oupyio tqE or-rveibrloqE

xar ro polpcio o.vcn6qeuzro rou nr,oOripro.rog evo1i1E. Ilpcyporlxd 6ev elvar onocpoor,onx6 cv ox6'r<ooe xoveiE rov nnr6pc r1 6ev 6xave qv ngd[q, xo.r, orlE 6rio nsprnrdroerE np6rer, vn or,oOovOei 6vo1oE, yr,nri ro cioOrlpa evopiE eivnr 11 6xcppaorl rlE cpgl0uprxriE otyxpouoqE, rou ar,drvr,or cy6v<r nvdtrreoo orov 6poro xor oxrlv oQpti xylq norcorgoqriE ri rou 0o.vdrou. Autr{ 1 oril,xpouol epqcrv((eraL ar6 11 orr,lpri nou riOe'rcr o'rouE o,v0pdrcouE to xo0r]xov tr;E orppkoorlE 6oo nur'1 11 xor,v6rlrn 61er pr,6vo m1 tloQqyl 116 orxoy6velaE, erqpdleral ps ro ol6ur66elo oiprtrsytrrc, rono0ere[ q ouve[61or1 xcl 6rlploupyel ro a(oOlpo svo1i1E. Av 6oxtpco0sl sn6xto.orl curiiE r1g xow6rrlxoE, I i6ro orSlxpouorl ooveliletol pre popp6E not efngrtirwcl an6 to no.prl06v, evlol6etcr zal 61eL oE ouv6netc 'rqv ropor6pc a6[1oq ror cro0{prcroE evoplg. EreL.6{ o nolLtrop6E uno.xoie l oe 6vc eooreplx6 epol,x6 zlvrpgo, nou uno,yopetel oroug o.v0g6nouE vc evtbvovro,t oe pln orevd ouvbe6pevq pd[c, propel v<r re'ri1er nur6v tov oxon6 p6vo pe bLapxii ev[o1uor1 xou oro0lipcros wo1(9. Au6 nou dglloe pe rov no.r6pc ol.ox).qptirvetcL pe q pd!a. Av o no).rr.opr6E e(var r'1 ovayxnio efe)"lxrr,xii noge[o. an6 qv oLxoy6velc. orlv o.vegorn6qta, ouv66ercr cbLdgplxtc pcli tor-r og ouv6nslo. t4g otpquqE cpqL0upr,xiiE otyxpouorlg, tog ouv6nerc rriE nr,6vr,aE 6r,cpd11E o.vdpson orov 6pota xo.r or1v oppil rou 0cvdrou 1 c{rlr1or1 rou cu,o0r]proroE evop]g iorog p61pr 6rpq nou 5{oxo},o elvo.r unoqepTd oto lelogLor6 dropo. AE 0uprleo{rpe tr1v ouyxlvrlrr,xr] zorqyop[n rou peydlou nolr1rl cn6vcwr ortE

NOAITIMO: TIHI-H AY>TYXIAX VII

rov no.po,El6ere ora Bd,onvc,

yr,ari x60s evolii :rclpver ex6[xqor1 oryl yn).52 Kcn pnoporipe va fcrl.nqg6ooupe pre m1 6rcn(oroorl 6tL rre pepLxoiE cv0prirouE elval 6oop6vo vc eldyouv npny-

lrotxd, dxorcr a:r6 tr1 6[vr1 tov cto0qpdrttv toug rLg po.Ofrepsg enlyvtirosr,g, orlg onoieE epslE oL dtrIol np6rer vn grd.ooupe pr6on crr6 pcoo.vtotrxrl oBeBnr,6trltc xct pe ubLd.xonq {l1ldqr1or1 tou 6p5pou.

<ouBdvleg 8uvdper,g>: <Eoe[E pcE g6gvete eoeiE acpiivere 104

rov

ol1

(trrr{,

cprtoX6

vc

y[ver, 6voXoE,

52.

fxoire, Licdcr dcs Harfners, oro Wilhel MeisteL 105


VIII (lrrdvowos oxo r6],oE 0v6E r6xorou bp6prou o ouyypcq6cg np6neL vc (ltrjoer, ouyyvtiprl na6 roug cvoyvtioreE rou, yLnrl 6ev {rcrv em66froE obqy6g xal 6ev toug npoqri},c[e vc neptioouv p6oc cn6 6prlpoug r6noug xcu xoupo,orLxd povondtrc. Aev urdqleL <rtrtqr,Bolic nrr;E ;-rnopo{pe va ro xd,voupe xc),.6rep<r. Oo. boxLprd.oo vo. enovopOrirorl xdtr.

Aplrxd unorpld[opouroE or nvcyvr6otsg 61ouv

qv

ev-ri-

roorl 6rr, or, e[r1y(oerg yla ro <r(o01pa evofig lrnepvotv ta n),n(oro crurlE m1g trre),6qE, yrnri oncl'ro{v ro}.t yipo xur roOofv oro negL0drpr,o ro ri),),o negLel6pcvo, lrr ro onoio 6Ev ouox€r(qovro.r ndvro o,evd,. Aur6 pnope[ vc

q

6opr] rrlE npaypareinE, nwcrnoxpivercr riptoE cn6),utc oqv np60eoq vn n<rpouor,riooupe ro a(oOr1po evoli]g rr;E ro orlpcwLx6repo rp6p),r1pc rIE €E6Lrlrlg rou no),rLopori xal vo sEnyiiooutm 6tL ro rfprlprn 1ra rqv no),nlo;rlzi] 196o6o nllg6vercr pre crldr),eur xrlE EUru1[cg rpoegl6pevl cfi6 o{Elol rou o.Lo0ripctoE evol{E.53 61er B),rirpel

53. <<'EtoL q orvel6qor1 grLd1ver, 6euloig oa' 6]"oug ep<ig...> l'Ap),e4 rp6\1III, oz1lr1 L1l. To 6rr onoxpnirmeu crr6 rov v6o 6v0pono rou6v p6),o 0n :rni!er, 1 oefotra),rx6t4ro oT1 !ror] tou, 6ev eivou 1 p6vq popqil, nou np6nel vcr ozetrorlvoupe orlv o4pepLvii exrni6euo4. Exr6E <rn' sur6 xtiveu ogd).po lrou 6ev rov rpoeroupdlel yuo rqv eru0erux6tlttr nou eivcr, rpoopr,og,6voE vn livel OirpoT1g. liltilowo.E t4 veoLoio otl (of pe 16oo eocpo),p6vov Vruxo),oyLx,6 npooovorollop6, eivcu oqv vq 6orel,ve xoveig ov0pdraorg 1uc efepeivlol mov B6per,o 116l"o erpo6uoop6vouE pe Oepwd qoiiln xor ldpreg row i"lpvrix t4g $6pelog Irol,(cg. E6t6 eivcr goveprl pLr,<r xd:toLo urr61p1o1 'rov l0lntiv ono.unioeov. H nrotrlg6rlrd rouE 6ev

0n 6p),onte nol.ri, <rv q ernoi8euol 6Leye: <'Erol 0o 6npene vo civur, or rivOpconor, 1r,o vcr yivouv eurulLop6vol nor vc rdvouv tqu rolE 6Molg eutrluop6voug olJ,6 np6nel vc ono6elOoripe 6tu 6ev Eivuu 6tol>. Arti 1u' cr-rt6 ng{vel tov v6o dv0pcoro vo ruor6ueu 6rl ri),oL

or d.LLoL onoi'ouOoiv rrg 10lx6g

roL. Me nut6 <rurLo),o1ei

qv onaitlol

eT.ro),,6E,

eivou 6r11,o6ri ev6pe-

vo liver rcru cnrr6E &ol. 107


O NOAITI:MO>

IIHIII AYITYXIA: O IIOAITI:MO2 TIHIH

Aut6 nou

r11ei

ax6pl lopd(eva oe roirrl

tr1v np6rtrorl, nou elvcr ro re],1x6 cnor6],eo;rc qg 6peuvdE ;raE, pnopei iorog vn crno6o0e( orqv ewe),6E r,5r<igpu0pq, crxcrcv6rpr; cx6pu1 o16o11 rou cLo0ripnroE evopjE :rpoE tr; ouveibrlori pog. Err,g xor,v6g, yvtoot6g os Ftrg org xcvovlx6g nepLnrcioer,E ;rerdvom.g l,ivertrr, apxerd. cLo0r1r6 oq ouve(6r1or1.

ouv10(oupe eldtrtrou va L6pre avr( yrc cioOrlpr<r evoXfg <6vo1q ouve[61o4>. An6 q pe].6tq rrov veupdroer.ov, o.rrE onofeg lpootdpe rr,E no].utrp6repeE uno6ei[erg yr,u n1v xcrrcv6rlorl rou xnvovlx.o(, ngox{trouv cvrLcporr,x6g o16oeLE. Xe ;rto. rrrr6 o,ur6s rr.g veuptioelE, orlv rf,uxctvoy?.t,ootr,xrl vetpooq, ro o(,o0r1po. evop'1E enLpclll,ernl o).oqdvepn on1 ouvei8rlorl, EEouordErL mqv elx6vc xIE oo06veras xn06E xar, n1 (rrri] rou co0evorig xal bev ocpiiver, va eprqovloOe[ r|lrore 6].].o 6fur],a rou. A],Lri orLg nsproocitepeE ri}.}.sE nepurr6oe6 xcL pogcp6E n1g veiipooqE p6veL er.,reLrirE aouvel6qro, Xo]QiE 6por5 v<r exippdlel trly6repo or1pcvrLx6E entbpdoer,g. Ol ripptloroL 6ev paE :rlote6otrv, 6rov toug xcroloy(lotrpre 6vc <corvel6r1to a(o01po evoXllE) yro vo. roug xrivoupr vo U.o.S l(o1o1.d[]ouv xdntog, rouE pL),oripe yrr ;rLcr aouvel6rpr1 avdyml tpopfoE, pe qv onola excpprilerar, to ofu0r1po evop]g. A}.),d I ox6orl npog 11 propqrl qg vetproorlE 6ev np6nst vo. urrsQcr.r.Ul0e[ urdplouv ]rcr orrlv qrulavoyxo.orlxii vetpotorl trinol oo0Ev6v, rou 6rv ovrr,).cppdvovral ro n[oOqpo evoplE rouE q ro aroOdvowcrr ocv ;-rLa Bcocwr,orLxrl buoqopitr, oov 6vo E[6oE ri"11orE, 5rcv eprro8l(ovrar, omlv exr6]"eor1 opLop6vov :rpd[eorv. Autd rn npdyprcrc 6sv ro. ewooipe cxripnl, c))d 0a np6ne r, vo. zotcole( 5uvo.r6v vc rc swor]oou;re x6:rore.'Iorog e[v<rt eunp6o6ez"r1 I rcQouiQlo1 6m ro o.ioO1ptn evoXrlE 6ev eivcr Baorxd, rlnote d.],i,,o nngrl pLc ncrpcLlayil rou d1,1ouE rrou orLE xnronr,v6g gdoelE rou ouprnfnreL nn6trtnc p.E ^to dyxoE dttivavfl oro Yztptyt6. Kat" o"q 0160rl rou dyloug lpoE q ouvelE4orl e pqcvi-

AY>TYXIA) VIII

(ovrat ol [6Leg L66ppu0preE napn]"],cy6g. Korri zdnotov rp6no ro dyloE xpripercl nioo an6 6tra rc oupmtr6porc, rr),L6 ri),)"o,re zuploplei ol,oxl"lgrorlxri mr1 ouve(6r1or1, ti},lore ngripercl 16oo r6)'erc, tirore elcvoyxo.(6poorr vo, prtrrlooupe 1Lo aor:veibrpo dyloE r] -cv 06lorpe va 6loupre pr,a xc0npd rpulo),oyLxri oove[6qor1, ccpori ro dyloE r(vat rqoxcplutd p6vo nio0r1o1- ^yr,o Euvcr6npeE dylouE. l(aL yl' aur6 e[vcL no],,6 nt0ov6v 6rl xol 1 ncpcy6pevq rrn6 Tov nol.wlop6 6vop ouvra8lo1 6ev cvoyvorg[[eror rrov r6roLtr, p6vel xord peyd),o p6gog corweibqq r] ex6r1)"tirve'rcl ocv pr; r,xcvonolqor1, oov 6uonp6oxeuo, yrc TrE oroieE o,volrpotpre dl.}.c x(vr;rga. OL Opqoxeieg 6ev ncfioxA roy p6),o rou aLo0rjpcrroE Epqcvl(ovrcL ptitrr,otc pe qv v cf Loi.6yrloc oe d),).o oqpelo,sa vu ),urgtiroouv tlv ov0pton5rrlrc an6 cur6 ro c(oO4p<r r:vop]E, nou ro ovoprd(ouv cpoQx(c. An6 rov rp6ro, pe tov ono[o ennuyldve'rcL olov Xetorro,vrop6 cun{ 11 Lttpto(Ir'1, IrE rov e[L],con]prc 0dva.ro rou ev6g, nou na(Bvel 6ror .rrixu rou r4v xoLvrj oâ&#x201A;¬ o),ous rvo14. oupneptivc;re lorri 0a pnoporloe vo 1xav I rrgrirq ogopprr] ylo, qv an6xqo4 uwiig r'4E tgrinlE evopiE, pe qv ortola dplr,oe o no].1-

-:ropr6g.5s

'Iorog vct prlv e(vcl

nolf oqprcwlx6, o.),),6 o6rs xal revo. e[qyrlooupe 11 oqpcolcr opr,op6vov i.,6[eo.lv, tinorE Ynegrytir, orve[6qor1, cvrilxrl yL<r rlpropfo, perrivoror ,[ou ou1vd. rr,g 1pr1orpronor,otpe enrr6],um, xdr xI prc rrw[ ylc trlv ri]"]"q. 'OIeg ovc96powc.r onlv [6tc o16oq, ul,Ld lcpcrnlpf[ouv 8rcqoperLx6E l],eup6g r1E. To yneptyri eivar pLlc apXr{ nou rqv onoxo.}.trpcpe epe[g, q ouvelqrr.rr6

54. Ewo6 or,o To pi).lov png auruniqE (1927c). 55. Bl.6ne Totem und Tabu (Freud, 1912-13). (E),Iqvuq 6dooq, forilt xar, tapta , ex66oer,g Enixolpog, A0rivc, 1978, oel. 193-94).

108 109


O

IIOAITDMO: IIHfH AY>TYXIA:

6qo1 elvnt pr,c Ler,rougyio rou o,no6i6oupe oro Ynepeldr 6[n],,c oe 6].,],,eE, nou oxon6 61el vcr el6ylet xcrl vo, xg[vet 16 sv6pyereg xot rLE npo06oelE tou E16, coxe( l.olonpttr,x6 xo0r]xov. To aloor1po evo1t1E, q oxi"rlp6tqta rou Ynepe16, eival 61Labi! to iEto pe tqv ouotrlgorlrn rqg ouve[6rlonE

x

,aL

o0 0T ro dyloE nou Bploxetct oq pdol 6]'r1E tn-n{g qE o16o1E ol6vcwr, orlv xgr,rLxil opp{ tou Ynepe1r6, 1 av6^yxr1 1r,c trprog(o, eivot plc oppLxri 6xtppcol tou Eytil, nou xdttrl on6 qv en[6gaor1 rou oo,brottxot Ynepel'6 61el 1iver, ptn(opotx6, lpqorponorel 61].a6ii 6vn p6goE rqE ultiplouocq $6oo tou oppriE ylc eootepLxrl xntcrotpocpr] oe ptc epiorr,zr] otv8sorl pe ro Ynspe1,6. fla ouve[6r1o1 6ev 0o 6npene va prlotpe npw nro6erl0e[ 11 dmpll ev6g Ynegeytii yr,c tqv 6voy1 ouve(61o1 np6nel va ro{pe nroE undpler npw an6 to Ynepeyrir xat xrn(t ouv6nelo. nprv xc.r cn6 tr1 ouvei8rloq. Eivol 11 dpeorl 6zrpgaorl rou riyxous pnQoE oqv efoteplxri efouoio, 11 cvayv6pLorl qE 6wo.o1E avd.peoo oto Eytil xcl oe curt] tqv elouoia, to dtrreoo ncpdyoyo tr1g otyxgouolS cvdpeoo otlv cvriyxrl rrlv cydnq rlg xo.t orrlv rd.o1 1ro txcvonoirloq ttrlv oppr<iv, q rnpepr66r,nr; trlg onoiag yewri r1v rd.or1 yrc entOenx6r1rc. H ELoorctgororl crtrriv ttrlv 66o otp<opdrolv rottr cu,o0ripctoE evoli]g -cn6 6yxog prpog or4v elorepLx( rcr oxrlv eoorepLxf efouo[cr- pog 61eL 6uoxo]'6tpet vo epBcr0rivoupe xcltnepo ottg o16oer,E t1E ouve(6qo15. H perdvolc e(vo.r, 6vcg ysvrx6E lcpaztqpr.op6E ylc qv nw[Epooq tou Eyti oe trttc neplntooq tou ato0r]potoE evolr]E, nepr6le r ro eld,lLotc peroBl.rlp6vo ul,Lx6 qE c[o0r1oqE rou dylotrg noo 6po cn6 nloro, elvcrt r1 [6ln tlptop(a xqt [r"ltope[ vc negLx].eiel qv cvdlxrl 1r,o, tlpog(c propei 6r1l,c6( xot curri vn e[vq.t fiGl,ct6tepr1 cr6 tr1 ouve[6r1oq. yrcr

110

O IIOAITI:MO): TIHfH

AY:TYXIA: VIII

Aev p).rinrer nou fo.vcno.pouoLri!,oupe tg owtcpdoerg ",rou poE 6qptoripyloov ylo. 6va 6r,6orqpa ofyluorl orqv ipeuvd pcg. To cio0,4prc evop]E 6ngeile vtr rlrav xd,nors rnrv6nerc pq sxcppcopr6vrlg enl0erlx6rrpcE, a),Id 6),1,ore, xuL pd)"lorc orlv roroplnrl apli] rou, orq 0cvdroorl rou rrrr6pc, orv6nsLo pu,ag exre)"eop6vr1E enL0erLx6rlrog. An6

rnnrl q Suoxoi,(a pprixcpe 516[o6o. H eyx<r0[6guor1 rqg r trroreplxiiE efouolcE, rou Ynepsytir, d].].c!e opr,otzcl rrE ouv0rixeE. To n[oOqprc evolilg ouv6nLrre rlQrv Fâ&#x201A;¬ rqv FErrivolc e6dr napnrrlpo{rpre fiol5 o Xo.QoxrIQrop6E perrivoLc np6nel vc xponlOel 1,La rqv cvr[6poo1 prerd rqv lxr6l.eor1 n1g eirt0erLx6rqroE. H br,acpopri cvd;reoa oulv rryebln[6pevq ro.L orlv exre],eop6vr1 enr0errx6rqta 6yroe riotepc tqv lo16 rqE ef<rr,rlcg.rqE ntn"rol,varo[ng rotr yrepr yrir' 6roL 16oo prc npcypcrrlxd. exreleopr6vrl rpd[r1 picrg prnopel vu irlpLoupyrioeL o.[o0qpo evopiE -6nrog yvropl[tL 6],oE o z6opog- 6oo xcl prr a 6E o1e6Lc!6pevr1 rirrog cvcyvrirproe q rpulovd),uo,4. fl6pc on6 t1v psrcrpo),rl rIE l,uxo),oyrxrig xardotcorlg q cpcprOuptnrl oriyngouorl rrov 66o nporoyevtirv ogp6v 61er rqv [6La eni8goorl. Krirr lro( rQorQ6rel vcr <rvolrFilooupe ebrir n1 Lriorl rou cLv[ylr(rog yro qv no)"6popq1 o16o11 rou olo0rlpnroE evoplE riQoq rrlv ouve[6r1or1. To aloOqpro evop.lE o:16 psrtivoln ira r;v xaxri rptllq 0c 6npene va sivct :rriwo ouver,6rp6, rrr :rpoepl5pevo cn6 qv cw[].r1lrq qg xtrx1g lcp6pprlrr4q 0c prropodoe vo ps[vel couve[6rpo. H Eerirepq nvr[r1,cor1 rirov 6rl 11 elr0erLx( ev6pyeLn, pre .rr;v ono[c nl,nerioupe notE e(vol epoblaop6vo ro Yrege16, o6;rqova 1rt: pLn dnoqq ouvsl(let an).rirE qv noLvrxr] ev6g.1er,n qE r [otegLxiiE e[ouoiaE xar qv 8Lcrrlpe[ qv pulLxr] "1La (rori, ev6 oripiprrrva pe prc dIIq dnorlll elvar, pd],],ov,4 prrl lprlolporoLqp6vrl enlOetrx6rlro nou ouyxrwp6vel ro riropo evd.wla oe <rurri m1v cvcorclrr,xrl e[orola. H lptirrl dror1,I pcw6rov nrrrg npoocpp6ler<rt neploo6tepo 111


O TIOAITI:MO: NHIH

oxlv roxoQ[a,

I

O TIOAITI:MO: NHfH

orl

oriDelo rou oro0rip(rros €vo1r1g. O pcrO repog ou1").o1,Lop6g 6Xet slc),ehpeL o1eE6v otroretra nlv qoLvopevLzd. oyeqirpoinl ow(0eol oE ouotoorrx6 xcr lioLv6 6p€rve 6'rl np6xeltnl yLo pro. npog rc ;.r,6oc $€xoxoJrrop6vl sJrrogxrx6xllxo. H r),r,vLxri ndQdxtiQlorl urnp6rer e!6),),ou vcr bLaxq[voups rQdyprrxr 6{ro n4y6E yLa qv anobL8<iprcv1 oro YnsQrydr snr0erLlt6rqra., c:r6 T rE orloaeE orlv lelorplorl rlEQirfiooll T pro ( dI),I coxel TTlv 8EtrEQI

o],]d levrxd ouvreyotv. Nop(o ntog sSdr e[var, o r6noE vo. E]crlQooofiriooupr€ oopoQd pro rirorprl, nou nporlyoup6vr,lg rrlv ouv6oxlod tllE npooopLvr{ un60eor1. Zrqv np6orpar"4 liruxovo}"uxu.t,ri 0r Bl"Loypaqia qdivcxor pr,c' rreoriplol ytn rlv dnor.pq 6rL xdOe e(6oE ot6prloqE, xd0e epnoblopr6vl oQfrL?{ii rxovo,(o[IoI 6X€r ii 0c ryroporjoe vo 6XeL orE ouv6neLa o.6fqo1 rou Gro0iiporoE svoxriE.s6 fllorefo r[og 8r€uxotruv6paoxe noi,.6 Oeoprpxd,, ov trn6 16 etn9nLxiE ogp6E cqilootrpe vo Lo1toer p6vo ro no.pardvco, xo.L 6sv 0a [3pe0orjv nolld wou vc <rvrlqdoxorrv oE crfirl r1v trr60eo1. f r,ari rrirg rp6JTtt vo. ro e[r11,r]ooupe 8uvapLLxti zcL ouxovoprtxd., 6rt on'1 06o11 plaE pI exrLlQorp6vlE tpanxqE cxairrlarlE sprpovlletor at[1or1 rou cro0ripro.xos EvoXriE; Aur6 ecavsroL 6uvcr6v p6vo pe mrpdxoprprl, pre ro 6u. I ,[dQspr66ron rIE sgtrxrxrlE rxtrvonoirlorlg SqtrrLoupye( 6va p6poE r1g snrOexrxrlE TdonE rydwlo oxo fiQ6ooJro rou evol].s( filv Lxcvonolr1o4, xo.r, ps ro 6TL cunl q entOerrx6rqra np6nel nd),r vo xcrrclrreoor[. Tcne 6poE ouxf p6vo eivar, 1 enr,0€Tr,2{,6x1ro. Jrou lmrorQ6rlsxor oe a[o0r1pc evoplE, sv6 xanar"t(.(e'rct xor, pexoprpd[Exor oxo YnrQ€ydr. E[po.r, neneLop6vog:rtlE 0o pnop6ooupe vo repr,yqdrpoul.le :rotrl,6E 6lo6r,xcol€q or[],otoxsQo xcr oo.e6ox€Qo, ilv ,rcQroQaooufr€ x1v pEyotr6rsQ'4 errl6Qcoyl,

56. 1610,r€00. orouE E. [6ouvg, lo{lov 'Ioo.<rxg, M6},ovu K}.riuv, o?')"ri xor, 6nog vopi(o, otov Pd.r,n )ict, oxo,, A},EE61.[€Q.

112

AY:TYXIA: VIII

^Y:TYXIA>

rrvalrirloq

rr1E rlrulcvd),,uor1E yro.

r1v

npo6),euor1

rol

o.r-

ir()rlparoE evoliig p6vo otE enl0etx6E ogp6g. To x),r,vLx6 rr),rx6 6ev poE 6avEr s6rf ntrppd povoor]pcrwr; nndwqoq, yror[ otpqorvc pe l1v npotin6Oeoii paE xo 66o eibrl rov oqrpdrv 6ev epqcvi(owor nor6 xc0cpd., felotprord ro 6vo rrlr6 ro 6),),o c),i"d 11 o[r,otr6yqo1 cxpa(tov lepurrrriroeov

lkr uno8s[fer onoob{nore qv xnreir0uvol nou cvc;r6vo. Aro0dvo;ro.r qv o.vdyxq vc e[cydyo ar6 ouxrl rlv ouorlt_xirrQn oml),I1-,rl 6va np6ro 6gr),oE erpopp6lovr6E rlv rrrq blabrxooin n1E ont60r1o1E. Ta oupnrt6pcra trtlrv vrupriroeorv e(vcL, 6nog 61or-rps pdOel, ouornorund cvontrrlproprarlx6g rxo.vonoLrioelg yrc o.vsxn).r{porsg oefouo}.Lz6g r':rL0upr[eE. Xrlv nope(c qg <rvo],utxi1E eplaolaE pd0ope, (o<oE zd0e vefpoo1 ox€rd.Eer 6vc noo6 1rr; 6xn).ri[r1, o,rL rrtnrvefbqrou oro0llporoE evopig, ro otoio lri],r, ora0€Qorore[ tn ouprrr6poxo tm rrl lprloLpoto[r1or1 rous yro rr[r0]p(n. T6pc pfioQofp€ vc El<r'rurdrooupe filv fiQ6ro.orl: rircv prcr oQpii ur[6r€Lrdr oE crldrOrlort, tc ],LpnLwll.ld. r1g ;ri'pr1 prernrp6rovrcL os oupnr<ipnro xo.L rrl enrOerlxci rrlg rr-rorleic os uloOqpc svoXrlg. Ar6pr1 ]rdr dv I ng6rcorl rrrrtil 6ev eivor cn5l.ura op0ii, a[iler vc qv npoo6foupe. MepLxo[ o,116 'rorE <rvalvriroreE ourilg xqs rrQcyporr[oE lwope( va 61ouv r1v rw fitool 6tt dxouoov noli oulvd r4 Srrrinool yLa q brcpdXrl cv6prsoa orov 6Qoxo. ror oqv oppri rou 0cvd,rou. 'EnQffr€ vo loQo,xr1pioeL qv no),rtoptxri 6r,n6r,zao[c nou xu]d.el nd.vor cn6 r1v ov0Qor[6npc, lpqolponoqOrlxe 6poE xcr, ytd rlv e[6],1[1 rou (sX(r)Qr,oro6 cr6pou xcr, Ey"r,6S trLfi' aurd, ocr 6npene va 61e1. rrroxn)"trpe l xcr to puorlx6 r1E opl,cvLxriE (to(g. OaiveraL nrug r[vcu avcn6rpeuxro vo. elerd.ootrpe 16 oX6osLg aurdrv rrov 'rprd;v 8ra8LxcoLrirv p€rdEt rou5. H endvo8og qg iltrrE 8rmunroorlg 8r,xcr,otr oyelrnl ofi6 ro 6rr ll fio],rxLoprxri blsbLxao[o. r1g av0pon6rrpnE ro0d]S xar 11 e[6].1[r1 rou I

o ao^nnsj. aryi

tu

<

113


O

IIOAITI:MO: TTHfH Y:TYXIA:

lslopLoto{r or6potr elvoL xo.L 6lo6lxnoleg (or{9, oupLper6xouv 61lcb1 otov yevtx6tc'ro XoQorLxilQo rIE Eoliig. Afl6 ro dtr).o p6pog 11 xcrri6eL[1 o.urot tou yevLxo{ yvtoplopotoE Eev ouppdtr).el orrl 8rdxgr,orl [ttov 6LcEr,ncoltiw], 6oo 6ev ro o'revetoupe pe r6Lo(tepoug 6poug. Mnopotpre 6qtrobr{ vn apxeo0oirpe cpllxri pre q 6{1},toor1 6rr q no},nroprxil 6ra6rxo.o[c e[vnl exelv1 11 tpononohlorl m1g 5r,a6txcolaE rqg !tor1E, onlv oroin ur6xElrol xdtio cl6 rqv eni6paor1 ev6g unuyopeup6vou nn6 rov 6poro, cn6 rlv cvdyxrl,sT an6 rqv npayprcrrrcf cvriyxrl npoeglo;r6vou xn0rixor,"rog, zcl cur6 ro xa0rlzov eivcrr q 6vroorl leloprorriv crv0prinrov, ouv6eop6vorv prercrlri rolE ),Lp:rLr.,rlxd., oe plcr xoLv6nlrc. Av lciparqpriooutrre 6;rorg rr1 oX6or1 nvdpreoo of,rlv nol.nropLxr] 6r,nblraoio rr1g av0pton6qro.E xar, orqv ele),LzrLxr1 11 erurcLbeutxrl blablxao[c rot lelrrrpLorof <rv0gtilou, 0a oupnepdvoupe lorplE :ro].]"6E rulcvreiiosLg 6rL oL 6rio 6Ln6LxaoieE e(vaL (6rcE cpiorlg, ov 61, yevrxti 11 i8ra 6La6Lxaoia oe o,l.rLxelprevc d],],ou e[6ouE. H no).rrLoprLxrl Slabrxs.o[a m1E av0ptr;n6n1toE e(vaL quoLxd pla nqo[peor1 ovcirreplg td[r1g cn' 6,11 q el6],1[q tou lelopLororj cr6pou, yL' autri elvsl 6uoxo],6repo vcr r1v ou].IdBoupe xa0npd,, xor 6ev :rg6net vo unegBd).).oupe xaravcyxnouxd omlv cvo(r1rqor1 oval.oyr,tirv c ').d orrlv opoLoy6veLa rov oxondrv - ebtb 11 6vra[q rou [eXtopr,oro{r ar5pou or pLc cv0pdinLvrl pd(c, exei 11 brlptougy(tr ptcE p<rlr,xqg ev6npcE crr5 ro)"l.ri [e1opr,o'rd dropa - Eev pnope[ vc prcg exn].r1ooeL 11 opor6rpa rurv lpqoLpo:roLoripâ&#x201A;¬vov yr' nuroig roug oxoro{g pr6oov x<rL rov brlptoupyrlp6vrrlv qawopr6vov. Aev 0c ng6nsL vc ncg<rl.eirpoupe s(cLr[aE qE efcLgmlxrlE oqpooinE rou vn cvacp6goupe 6vo ptipr,opr<r nou 6laxpive r pernl{r roug rr.E 66o 6lc6lxooieg. )qv ele),rxtlxri 6La6Lzco[a rou frloproroi cr6pou 57.

1L4

Ananke mo rpox6oro. (X.t.p.)

O

IIOAITIIMo: I]1IIII AY)]'I'YXJA: VIII

llpioxoups ro np6ypappcr qE oex1E qE r16ovi1E, rrlE Lxavono(qo1E r1g eutul[aE, orE xriprcv onor6, 11 6wclr1 ( r'1 :rpooagpoyri oe prlo cv0g6nlvrl xolv6'r1to epqav[(eto.L rruv crvo,rtiqeuzrog 6pog, nou ng6nsL vo. emr).r1pr-o0e[ pe rrlv er[reufl outoi rou oxorot qE eurtrllag. Me d]']'a i6yLn: 11 oropnxrj e(6ll[r1 pnE eprpav[(eto.r, org anor6].eop<r rrlg ouvegyaoi<rE Erio rriosov, qg tclolg yto sutullc, nou rrLrvilOroE rlv ovo;rd.loupe <eyoLottxil>, xcL rqE rdolg yla ivroorl pre roug tll.l.ouE oe xoLvtirrpc, nou r1v ovop6loupe uotrrQorio-rLxri>. Knr oL 6to lcpoxqplopoi eivtrt o1e66v r:nrqo.ve Lo.xo[. Xllv ntopLxq e[6]"t[r1 ro xripLo pdpoE n6qnel, 6nog elrcpe, orqv rdorl yt<r eutulic q eyor,otr,xii rdrrr1, 11 d),),r1, nou r1v ovopd(oupe xcr <nol.lttoptxri>, cgxtir'an xand zav6vo pe rov p6lo ev6E :repLogLopo6. Aloq.,operr.zd eivcr otlv nol.trloprxrl bLc8tzcoia. Ebtir tneprege[ orE xtglog oxon6g q brlpLoupyia pLag ev6n1to,E o.t6pov o oxon6g rrlg eurulinE trtipleL p6pata cx6pr1, oILd rmo0elr<rr oro ro.pnox{vlo. Oc[veraL rog 11 8rlpu,oupyfa purE pe1,dllE nv0g6nLvrlE xotvirtqtcg 0a nett :rr,ve xcl'rirrQo, GV 6ev lpsLa[6ro.v xtrveig vtr evbt'crp6gercL yln rqv r,rlTuxic rou lelorgrorot ar6trrotr. H e(ei"Lxttx( 6L,n6r,ncro[a rou felrrrgrotori ar6trrou p:ropei 6ql.c6ri va 61el to L6Lo[tepc yvrogiopotd tqg, nou 6ev fcvoouvowotiwnl orylv Jro)*tropLxri blcblxaoin rrlE nv0po:r6rltcrE privo eq6oov 11 :rpd-rr4 br,cbLxaoic trnooxonel ol1 orivbeorl pe l1v xow6rqrc. oupni:rrer gc r4v re).surcia. 'OnoE o :r).cvr]r1E replotp6qercrr. y6gro on6 6vc xewptx6 o6pc, ext6g ar,6 qv x[vr1or1 "16po crr6 tov dlovd. tou, 6toL oupprer6leL xo.L ro (errrptor6 d.ropo ofl1v efeirLxrr,x{ :ropein qE cv0pox6rpnE, evrir pa6[(et rov 6p6po n1g 6LxrlE tou !tor]g. A).)"d ota xoutd pog pdtLn to :rcl1vi6l 'rorv buvd.peorv orov oupov6 pnlveto.t no.yrlp6vo oe o.ttirvLo ibLa tri[r1 oto opycvlx6 y(yveoOor. B].6:rouprs cx6pu1 :16g uvrlpdlowcr pern'Ed touE oL 8uvd.psLE x<rl ntig ptetcpd)'115


O TIOAITI:MOI

IIHfH AY:TYXIA>

l.ovruL 6lcpxdrE ro. anote),6opnlc xIS ofyleouolE. 'Ortog or, 66o rdoeLE, oL'nl yro oroprLxil sunrlfn xor ourti yro Gv0g6nLvq otv6eor1, np6:rer, va nr.tLprcilor,"ral p€ToE{ xous [60tr oE xd.Br 6ropo, 6tol xnr or 6{o btcbrzao[eg qg aro[rrllE ?to.r qE no),LrLopu,xrlE e[6],r[r1E np6ner v<r 6rnor<ru-

grirvownl petalf rouE e1Oprxd, xnl vo opqloplro{v q pro oqv tillq ro 66<rtpoE. A),),ti aur5E o o.y6vog cvdpreoa oro d.topro znl orlv xorvovlc 6ev s(vnr ,[GQdyoTo xqq locoE o1EqruQttlxrlg nwi0eorlE cvd.;rroc orLE nporoyevelE opp6E, tov 6porcr xcr rov 0tivo.ro, o),?d oqpciver prd 6QLOa orIV oLxovopr[u qE ],[plr,r.ro, roQ6[olc pre r1v 6pL6o. yLc qv xnrcvopi! r'4g ),[;r:nwo crvdpeoa oro Eyd] ,.rcr oxo cwlxeaFrvG, xor €firrQ6firL ;rLa rel.Lxrl 6reu06n1oq oro dxopo, 6nog nr,0<rv6v xcr, oro p6l),ov rou no),ltloprof , 6oo noi.,ri xaL av Suoxo),e{el ax6pr1 t1 !ror] tor.i lelclplorof ar6trrou. H cvu),oyla ovdpeoo orqv no),tmoprxil Etn8Lxao[a xat orlv EEel,rxrrxli 6rn6Lxao(a rou or6lrou prropei va ene:l.l,o.9ti xrnd 6va orlprcr.vtx6 pr6pog. Mnopotpe 611),o611 vo r,o1upr,o0o{;re 6rr xo.r 1 xoLv6uFa 6r,cpoprprive r 6vc Ylep€yd), zidxto 0116 rljv €r[[6Qcoq tou onoiou OLeldysrcL ,4 nol.LttopLxri el6),1[r1. fLc 6vav yvriroll rov crveq6nLvtrw noT,.LtLoprirv UfioQea vo a:rore)"6oel El.xlotLzrj xo0l]xov vo no,pcxo),ole rioer, rr.g l,emop6pereE curjE qg avtrl.oylnE. Oc rj0eLa v<r nrQroQro06 oxIV ur[oyQdpproq opLop6vov epcpcvtirv orlp€[tov. To Ylepeydr pLnE e;rolrlg rou no].rtrlopoll 6Xu 6pora npo6l.euoq ps aut6 rou feloploro{ o16pou, orlpilercr mrlv evrfloorl nou 6Xouv arpiloeL peyriLeE npooonLx6rlreE, dv0prlnor un6pregrlE rrruporrxrlE bfvoprlE 11 t6toLor, oroug ofioiouq pro. o.:16 rtq o.v0pti:rlveq rdoe6 ppiixe r1v LoXup6teprl xaL xn0op6repr1, xor yL' ou16 nLo prov6rlsupl brcp6pqoor;. )e no),tr6g nspmrtioelE n uvo).oyio rlexreivercr ncprooorrpo. cvtir cwoi or d,v0palnor -apze-rd ouXv6, cv ttu 6yt x&wa Euroiqovrdr ox1 Eoll rouE o.n6 rouE til,),orrE, pcocvf(ownl ri xcL e!ou116

O IIOAITI>MO: IIHTH

AYXTYXIA: VIII

SrreptirvowcL ps oz).qp6v rp6no, 6ntoE o npoxoncrr6pag, nou ro],ri perd, tqv picq Ocvdroof rou ovugrirOrlxs oe 0e6qra. fr,' ouri1 tlv ru1r1 to n.o6oolo rou Iqoot Xplrrtot eivoL ro ouyxr,vlrLx6re po n<rp66erypn, ov 6€v av{xer o'rov p60o, ,rou I oUU8QTl cvripvrloq exeivlg qg np<inlg rpd[qg xo Edv6gree oxrl Eorl. 'Eva d]"],o or;pe[o qE rnrprqovitrg eival 6n 'ro :ro1.nr.o;rlx6 Ynepeyri 06reL oxpLlltlE 6noE oux6 xou feyripLorori <rr6prou LSnvLx6g clanr.l-

rl fr1 qpqoq rrrtv onolrrrv rlpropelrnl ;-re <ouver6lolnx6 &yyoE>. )ro orlpte(o aur6 ;rd),r,otc eprpcv[(ertrr 11 cfLornlpe[rorq :reginroorl 6rr or rpupx6g 6lcr6Lxao[eg, rou cv1xouv sbci, troE s(vor JrLo oL?(e(rE naparlgo{peveE o.n5 qv ntreupd qg lrd(cg, m,o ,rQoorr6g orq ouvelEqol <rn' 6,tr, lrxopofv vo y(vouv oro felrr;ptot6 tiropo. )ro fexorpLor6 riropo yivowal awlllm6g oov enmtrrlfer,E ;r6vo ol enrOerLz6qreg rou Yneqeytir orrlv neglrroor; l1g 6r."raor1g, evtir or ancLrloeLE p6vouv ou1vd. Gouv€i8rFrE. Av crnoxmloou(rDrE,

qre

orveLbrlrrl yvdrorl rouE, anoxc),6n'rero.l

6t

orpnfur.rouv

rou ezdorore :ro),urr.oprxori Ynepey6. Xe rnrr6 ro orlpe[o 0a tr6ycpe roE xor oL Srio 6lcr6lnnoieE, r1 ,ro)"r,rr,oplx( ele),r,xrlxf 6ta6Lx<ro[c rqE pd(ag xar o,rrrrl rou felopLorof crtipou, ouv66ovmn xrnd xcv6va pera[ri rouq. lL' aur6 oprop6veE exqpdoelg xcr L6L6r1reg rou Y:regeytir pnopo{rv vc cvoyvolQro0ofv xn}.6tegc nn6 11 ,rupneplcpopd Tou orIV fiolrrLopLlni 1.{ow6xrFd napd oro (oXrrrgLor6 dropo. To no).r,rr,oplx6 Yrepeydr 6Xrl 6Lnpoprprioer ro. L6o.vrxd, rou xo.r. sye[perng a:rcnrloerg rou. Exe[vsE or ordrrllorLE, Lrou <rqopor3v rLg o16oelE cvd.preoc orouE ovOg<i:rorg, rr:rcprl(otv n1v r10rxr]. Xe 6]'sE rLg uro16g 6601xs q psynLireprl a([c oe cr.rii r1v r10rxr], onv vo, rep[pevcv or, d,v0gornoL cxprprig at6 auril r6roirsQo. orlpLnwr,xd. anore).6rrportr. Knr npcypcrtlxd, 11 l0Lnri cneuOtvercl oe exe(vo ro orlpe(o, nou e6xo1.a pJroQ€a vd cvnlvtopr,o0ei trlg ro fiLo

lrt

rr,E 6r,crtifer,E

117


o TIOAITI:MOX tIHfH AY:TYXIA:

rporr6 ).cd0€ fio),trtop.o6. H r10Lxr1 propel 6'4trc6q vn 0etogrl0e[ OepaneutLxrl 6oxLpri, npoonti0eLa vo. :rer61eL ;re plcr el"rol,rj rou Ynepeytir 6,rt 6ev nerulnw6tav p61pt exe[vq t1 ot1,pr1 pe dtrLr1 :roi"Lttoplx{ epyco(o. fvtlpi(or:pe ri6rl norE ebti.r r[0eraL ro epdxrlpc, ntirg elvat 6uvcr6v vc efou6etepo0si ro peycrtrftspo eprr66Lo rou nol.Lrtopo6, r'1 l6toorolcolo.xrl rd.o1 'rov <rveg6nov yr,a cpoLpc[tr snt0etlz6rlro, xol yi out6 axplpdrg pcg 1,[vernt tata(repa ev6tacp6gouoc 1 [oog ve6reprl cn6 tlE no].trLopLx6E evro].6E rou Ynepey6, 11 ewo).ti: <Aydn<r rov rl.rloiov oou ocv rov etru'r6 oou>. Xrlv 6peuva xaL oq 0epcneic rov veupdrosov zarntrrjloupe vc trneu0fvoupe 6rio enLnh{lelg an6vdvxr, oro Ynepel,dr rou feloptototi nr6pou: Me trlv cuoqp6qra tov ewol.6v )to.t xtov o.lrcyoQe osdtv 'rou ev6r,ncp6pernL ro),6 Liyo yln trlv eurtl[cr rou Eydr, aqot 6ev n<rlgvel otc oopnpd. tLE cwtotdoetg on6vo.vtl oqv rriglo1, t1v opprxil 66vcpr1 tou Aut6 (totr Es) xaL tr,E 6uoxo).ieE ror rpoypcrr,xot n6opou. ll' nut6 eftrvclxo(6prcote no),6 oulvd pe Oegnneutlx{ np60sor1 vc x<rtc:ro}.e protipe ro Ynepel<ir, rpoono.0o6pe vo. ;rsrpr,6ooupe tr,E anotr(orLE xou. Eweltiig (5reg cwtgprloer.E proQofp€ vn e1,e(porpre nn6vcl"n oflE r10Lx6g olcrr,flioeLg tou noi"LTuotrttxoti Ynepeyio. Otte cur6 evblnrp6pmo.r, apxerd. yLo. xrlv IQtrYprnrlx6qrcr r1g QuxrxriE L8Loouyxpao(cE tou av0gtbrou, ex6(6eL pLa ewoLri xot 6sv pt:rd,eu cv e(vcL 6uvct6v orov d.vOpoino va qv axol,or0foeL. Yno06rer prdtrIov 6u oro Eyrir rou cv0pt.inou e(val cn6 UuXLxf dno1l btrvarti 6l.a 6oa tou cvn06teL xs.t 6rL to Eydr Elr:r06reL cnepL.6pLotrl elouolo ndvo oro Aur6. Totro eivar. ocpdtrp<r, xcL cx6p1 xor otouE i,ey6prevouE x<rvovtxotE o.v0pdrnouE 11 e[,ouo(,o nilvo oro Aur6 6ev pnope( vo lenspdoeL optop6vo. 6pLo.. Av te0o6v peyolr3tepeg cncLrr]oetE, 6qptoupyeitcrL oto lelorpror5 fuopo e[6yepoq r] veiipool, i'1 ro irtopo 1(vercL 6uoru1rop6vo. H swolr] <o.ydnc tov n),r1o[ov oou ocv 118

o NoAITI:Mo' flHTH ,AY:TYXIA' VIII

rov ecur6 oot> e[vcr'4 rolup6repl crn6xqotoq tr1g cv0prfnLvqE enL0mrx6npo.g zcL 6vc elclolo ncg66sLypc yrc r4v orpulol.6yqq ev6plera rou nol.nroplxori Ynegey6. H evrohi eival o,rpaypo.rono(rpr; 6voE 16oo peyci"6rperoE n).10roprop6g r1E aldwqE pnogel pr6vo vc peLtioel n1v crf(c qE, 6p vc r[c],e[rper qv o.vd.yxq. O no],rLop6g tcr rcpopel.ei 6l,n aud' rpoer6onolel p5vo 6rr, 6oo nro brioxolrl e(vcr 4 r]p1or1 rqE ewol,riE 16oo peyctrtregrl n[[c 61e1. M6vo nou, 6norcE otov oqpegLv6 no],r,rLop6 qpei pra r6rota ewol,r], (qpr6veto,r oe awi0eorl rreos cu-r6v nor n1v xrnaxorL- fl6oo ro1ug6 np6ner vc e(vcL ro no),tttoprx6 epr66lo qE enr,0erLx6qrog, cqoir q cw6xpouor] qE propel vc. xdver rov 6v0poro 16oo 6uorulrop6vo 6oo xo.l 1 [6ra 1 enl0mlx5rrpc! H Lry6;rev1 quolxr1 r10r,xr1 6ev 61er, vo rgooq6per, e6t6 rinore ex'c6g an6 rlv vcQxrooroxrxrj rxc.voao[1or1, nou cto0d.vero.r o d.v0pornoE, 6rnv nLoT eriel noE s(var, xcrtr6repoE an6 rouE ri),)"ouE. H q0Lx(, nou orlp((ercL oq Ogqoxelo, ccpr;vet vc enepBclvouv e66 oL rnool6oers rrls yro. 6vcv xatrfrego d),}.ov x6opo. Nopl[o noig, 6oo 11 aper1 6ev o,peiBeto.r, oe ro(rov 'rov x6opo, rn mlptyp<rro qE q0rrfE Ocr e[vo.L prirnlc. Motr qn[vero.r en(oqE cvcpqr,op{rrpo otl pto fieoypctxrl ol,l.nyr1 otE o16oer,E rrov cvOgdrnorv npoE rlv r,6r,oxrlo[o. 0a poq0rloer e66 negroo6repo on6 xd0e qOrri evrol,r] aurrj 1 drorpq 0oL6vercr, 6poE oxoug oooLcl.lor6g nn6 pL<r v6n L8ecltorLzri no.go.l,vrfgLo1 tqg q6oqE tou ov0p6nou xo.r, 1dver, rrlv npo,xrr.x( rqE o![o. H 0etiqoq, nor 06),er, va ncrgcxo),ouOr1oer oto. go.rv6peva rlg roi"r,ttoprxrlg ef6i'(qg rov p6lo tou Yrepeydr, pou qcr(verar noE un6ole,crr xnL dl.l.c ouprepdo;rcrc. Ineri8to npog ro 16l,og. A{roxoi"a 6ptlE propti: vo cnoqfyo 6vc ep6rqpc. Av q wo).r.rr.oprxii eE6trh 61er. 16oo pe1dl,q opor6rrpc pe curr] tou fe1<rrpLoro{r ct6;rou xot epyd(ercL pe ra. i6r,o. p6oo., 6ev 61oupe ro br,xoiopa v<r 6r,o119


O TIOAITI:MO:

I]H|H AYXTYXIAX

yv6ooupe 6rt opr,op6voL no),,r,tto;ro[ -f exoytE rou no].1nL0ov6v o1,62),1pq 1 cvOpronorrpo, fi,r,vov xtirro oJ[6 r'4v en[6p(toq rotv no]rl.rr,opr,xr6v enr6r,6lerrrv <veuporr,xo(>>; )rr1v ovo.7,.urr,xr] avatopr{ c,utrirv T0Jv vsuedloEov 0c ;rnogorioav vc onlqLl0oriv 0e gcnetrtrx6E npotd,oer,g nou 0o, ellav pey6Lo npoxtlx6 evEraq6pov. Aev 0c pnogo6oc vo nor 6rl prr,c rftolc 6oxr,pii ylc lpqolpono(r1or1 qE pulcvril,uor;E orqv roi,.nloptxil xow6u1rc 0c r]rcv 6oxox1 iy 6xcpnr1. @c np6nsL 6potE vc e(;roore ro}"ri npooexmxo[, va pqv felvoripe 6tr ng6xeLtcL U6vo yro o.vc),oyieg zcr 6rl e(vcrr enlxlv6uvo vo,.rtE croolorl;re cn6 14 oqclpc otlv onoio, blproupyr{Oqzcrv xo.L o,vcnrrjlOqxan, 6yt p6vo o,rcv <rcpoporiv cv0pdrnouE, o},),ri xol 6vvoreE. H 8dyvroorl tov veupr6oeov tr1g xow6rrlrcg nBooxpoder xct oe pLa r,6rc.[repq 6uoxo],[o,. Xnlv [eloqror{ vsrigtoorl lp4ottrronorcripe toE agdno or]prypa qv cw[0eoI, pr r1v oto[o [e1tog[!et o rippooroE ar6 ro unorl06pevo <xnvovlx6> ,[epr,prilr).ov rou. 'Evc r6roro orrlprypc l,efuret orlv rpoopl,r1pr6vr1 o.n6 trlv [6rc oo06vsro y.ri!o, 0o 6rgene vc ro q6poupe an6 oi'i'orj. KcL 6oov ccpopri rr; Oepcnerrrx{ lprlorponolr1oq rqE p6oqE, oe rl 0o. ogeIorioe 1 czpl$6orepr1 8ldyvoror; qg xolvctvrxqg vetporoqE, crgori ncv6voE 6ev 6Lc06rsr, m1 66vapr1 vo enrpdlel otl prila n1 oegure[c; IIcp' 6]reE o,uai; xLE 6uoxo],ieg pzoqoripe va el^n([oupe lrog xdnoloE 0c crvo]dpsr, prc p6pcr ro t6)"pqpa pLoE r6ror,o.E nc0oi,olioE zr;E nol,r,rr,o;rr,xilE xoLvoqrng.

O NOAITIXMO: NHIH

AY:TYXIA: VIII

oQ1ri rov xpLrrx6, nou nloreriel 6rl, av ncpoqgil(x)up€ xouE ororofs qE nol,lrLoplxrlE rdorlg xcr, rc p6oc X(DQaE

ttopo6-

vc xoratrri[oupe oxo oupr[6Qc(rpo rolE q 6),11 lpoond0elo 6sv c[iler rov x6no xcl ro rrnor6l.eopo pno.osi vo eivo.r ;r6vo pttc xnrdoro.orl nou o qrloprr6g riv0poroE 0a rqv Bpel o.vun6cpopq. Mou elvo.r r'(rxo).o vc e(pcL cpep6),r1nroE, 6t6rr yvrrrpi(ro rroi,,{r Llyc .1la 61.c aurti ra ngd.ypnra, znl pe [3eBarorr1ro. p6vo o.ur6 ro 6vc, 6rr ol <rftol.oyrjoe lg rtov o,v0p6now xoreu0tvowaL onoo6r]nore cn6 tr,E enL0u;r[eg rouE, eivo.r 6rliroE( pra 6oxlpr1 va orrlpllouv rr,g o.urcrdreE rouE fr€ erLlelp4po.rc. (9rr ro xo.rd.'riBcr,va no),6 xald,, av xrilor,oE r6vl[e rov rrvnyxcortx5 1<rpcxrrlga lou cv0pdrnwou nol.lrlo;rof xcl i).eye r.1. ntoE q rd.or1 yLo. nepLogLop6 n1E oeloutr),Lxi1g (roilE r ',, enLpotrrl tutv av0potnLotxdrv l6avrxtiv erE BdpoE r1E quolxrig erL),oyiig eivcr elel.rxtx6E zcrsu0{voerg, or oroleE 6ev eivcl 6uvcr6v vo. cnorp<rnotv ii va napoxcl.rqrOo{v x<n otLE onoieE unoldooercL xavelE xcr],{repa ocv vc rlrnv guoLx6E cvcyznr6rpeE. fvotp[[ro el[or1E rLE avrlpprloerg e6tl, 6rl r6roLeE rd,oer,g,:rou rr,g Oecopo{oo.pre rrxnrovixqreg, lcpapep[oOqxo.v ouxvd oqv nopsio rrlE rrv0p6nwr;E lo,opi<rg xcL nwtxarcrord.Oqxnv UE d}.).rE. 'Eror. ),oLn6v pre eyrcrc)lsiner ro 0rippoE va nnporlolo.oOrir rrrouE ouvnv0ptitrrouE pou onv ngogriqg, xaL 661opor li popqrl rouE not 6ev pnopdr vc rouE ;rgoop6po no.Q1yogLd., yLor( outrl onoErFo{v xord pdol 6lol, ot ogpqtLz6regoL enovcord.teE 61, LLy6zepo o),6rpuXc cn6 roug npo6re,rou Xerlor.lrorlorei, np6nel

I

poug esooepeiE.

An61o ro1,r1 cn6 ro vo. xrivor olr,o),6yqor1 rou cvOpdrnr,vou ro)"1'nopot. flpooztior;oo vG crnoqriyor r4v ev0ouou66q nqozorrii,r;tpr1 6rr, o nolLtop6g pcE elvcL 6,t no],tnlp6tego 6lo06roup,s ( tmoQodp€ vo ctoxn]ooups xct 6rr o 6p6pog roo 0o. poE o8lyi]oel c.vnyzaorlxd oe rir1rl cqdvrcror4g re1,er,6m1rcg. Mnopti roul.dlrorov vc o.xorjot 720

To popafo eprinrlpa r1E cv0prrrn6qrng ;_rou qalvercl nroE e[vnl rrv no.L or tor,6v Bo0p6 0n xarc.g6pel 11 xo],L.rropmtii qg e[6i.(1 vc :rpogu].ri!,er rr1 oup$icoorl trrrv o,v-

(lpdrnov alr6 q Bl<ipr1 nou npo6gleror, an6 qv ov0prirnrvr1 oppr] qg enlOerrx6trpag x<rr trn6 l1v oppr] rqE truoxaro.orpoqr]E. 2s aut( rq ouvdgero. r,6tc(repo ev6Lo.q6gov

72t


TO MEAAON MIA> AYTAIIATH>

TIOAITI:MOI tIHI-H AY'tYXIA:

crroxrd cxQrp6E I onptQrrj poE trroxtl. Or, d,vOponol 6xouv releronoLfoel T6oo ro)'ri tlv efouofo rouE ndvto ong c4roLx6g buvdpelE, rirote pe 11 porlOetd r1E toug elvo,t eilxol.o vcr efo?"oOpeuOotv cpol$oio diE tov te).euc[o. Totro ro yvtogllouv, zct cn' o,ur6 ngo6pleraL 6vc cgzetd pe1,d)"o p6poE t1g orlFspLv(g touE o,vqor,ryicg, r1g 6uo'ru1[ag roug, too d"11ouE touE. Knr ttirpc np6let vo neptp6votpr 6tl 1 ril),r1 cr6 tr,g 6to <oupdvteE 6tvd;rer,g>, o orrirvroE 6ptutoE, 0c xdvet pLo. npoondeeLa ytc vo. vtxtioel orov cyt.ilvc ps tov ar[o1E n0dvo.tov cntincl,6 tol. AI].d nor6g pnopel vc rpoB].6rper, rlg ouv6neteE xat 'r1v 6x0cotl;'o

58.

[H re].eoroi<r np6rooq lpom601xe to 1931, 6tov q

an6 tov Xit),ep tpcrv&ov r]61 zcr0apd].

t22

nneu].r]


I Av 61er xaveig lrioer 6va o),5x),1po SLdonlpo U6oo or ivnv opr,o;r6vo :ro1"rlop6 xol 6yet" yt' cur6 fiQooficr0qoel rrulvti vo epetrvijoer, noL6g rircv oL nqy6g roo xcl o 6p6ltog rrlg sl6),r,lr1E rou, <loOdveror xdxor,e xan rrp ovdynrl vo orp6ger, ro B),6ppta rou xol oxlv ri),),1 xare{r0uvo1 xar vc qtonjoet nord t6p :replp6vet cu.r6v .rov no).rlop6 xnr nor6g perupol.6E np6xelrnr vn 6e10e[. lprllopc 6p<rlg gc xarc),riper lorE pLc 16rolo, 6peuva unorLpdror npozcrcpotrlxd alr6 no),.),6 ororle(o.. Kop(rog crl6 ro 6rL rnd.plouv ),iyor rivOptowot nou ;rnopofv vc enlozonrloouv rov ov0prirnlvo pl1ovlop6 os 6).r; rou rrlv 6xtno4. fro. rotg neqrLoo6tepouE 61eL yiver, cvcyxo.[oE o nrgropr,op6E oe 6vov pr6vo 11 oe ).[youE rope(' 5oo ],ly5regn 6poE [6per xcve(g yr.n ro nogel.06v xnr to no.g6v, t6oo nlo coraOiig 0c eivor, r1 xpio1 tou yrc to p61"),ov.'Evcg ox6pq ),6yog eivcr orr rrxplpt6g oe auril r4v xplor1 or unoxelpevLx6g reoo6oz.([eE rou feXopLorori crr6;rou ncl[ouv 6vcv p6],o nou Srjoro],c pnoge I vc ertpqOei oL npooboxieE cur6E cpcfvowo.r, rlnpzrlp6vsg an6 xoOapd npooornlx6 ororxeac rIE spnrrplcg rou, r1E negLoo6rego ri ],r,y6repo cror66ofilg ordorlE rou nr6vo.vrr oq Eor{, 6:rtoE ror 61eL npo8rcypncpsl o.n6 trp tbLoouyxgo.o[n rou xo.r, r1v enlrullo. r{ rrlv cnorulin rou. Te),tzri â&#x201A;¬rL6Qd xo.L ro rep(epyo yeyov6g 6rr ol tiv0qrrrnoL (ouv yevlxd.'ro rcp6v rouE ocv pre xd,rtoLo, oq6).erc, Xrlp(g vo pnoporiv vc ex.rtprloouv to nepr,e16pev6 tou np6ner ng6ra vc xee6[oouv pr,o. crr6otcorl cn6 to rap5v, 6r1),cbri ro nop6v np6nel v<r .1iver lcpe1.06v, cv :rp6xelrcl vn rorg ngooq6per oxlQiypoxo "1r,c rr;v xq[or1 rou p6),LowoE. 'OnoLoE ).our6v unoz{firer orov nelgoop6 vrr s}iqQctr0e[ yt<l ro nL0cv6 p6tr].ov rou no],lrropoti ;raE, 0c xd.vel xa)d. va )dBsL ur6rprl rou rLE ncpondvo apcprBotr leg xc0ci:g xaL rlv o[3epar6rr1rc nou ouvo6er]sL yevr,xd. xdOe 125


TO MF, AON

MIA: AY'IANATII)

,[Q6yvoorl. Arnd pe o0otv va syxcra],e[rpo ygrlyopc to peyri).o xc0rixov ltcr vo ovo,Elrrloro rov prLxp6 rop6o, o'rrw oroao €axo p61pr rripc cqlept6oer r1v npooolil pou, arpot rou 61or xnOog[oer p6vo q 06o11 rou orIV psTdll o16rlr(I. O nv0prinLvog no).LtLop5E - swo6 6),cr ourd FE ro ono[cr 11 ov0ptbrlvrl [cor1 [er6pcoe tE lorribrLE ouvOrlxeg xo.l ro. onolo. rov 8laxp(vouv Gr[6 rr] Eorl tDv E6tov ).ccr oronorodpor vc !e1op[oo rov ,[vcupoxrx6 ro],rxro1r6 (Kultur) al6 xov r€Xvrx6 (Zivilisation), tcrpouord(eL orov ncpcqgrpi, 6nr,rE eivnr, yvoor6, 660 6rperE. .4116 to 6vc p6poE nepLloppdver 6),eE rLE yv6oerg ).co,r, xLE rlio,v6xlreE Jrou or6xxloov ot riv0pto:ror 1,La vc xupr,aprloouv ndvto ortg 8uvdpeLE tr1E q6or1E ?.t,o.r vo xrlE o.noordoouv o,yaed. yLo mlv r).co,vono(r1or1 rorv cv0pd;nLvov cvoyxd)v, ox[6 ro d}.),o p6goE 6troug roug 0eopo6g nou eivcL o.vo.yxcloL y.o. xI Qt0prorl rrov ol6oeorv cv6peocr orouE ov0Qdlfioug ?to,l, t8ralrepa qg xornvopr]g rtov rQoorrdlv cyoOtiv. Ol 6rlo xo.reuOtvoelg tot nol.nlopof Eev e[val o.veld.pqteg peraft touE, np6rov, enerbil or, cporpc(eE oX6oEtE r<rlv ov0Qd)norv enqged.(owcl Bc0rri an6 rov po0p6 rlE Lxsvorro(Ior;E ro.rv opptbv, rov ono[o ernp6nouv ro, ufidQxowc cyc0d, 5s6tepov, ener.br1 o lelulplm6g dvOponog trr[oQra vo uroxo.rooxiiorl t1 oX6or1 fiou 6xrr 6vcE d),log npoE 6vo. o.yo06, eq6oov roirog lprlouponorea xrp €Qycrlxri rou 6tvopl f xov ro[Qvu toE oelouatr Lx6 ovflxeipevo, xo.r. t.oi tov, eneLSrj zdOe rlv0ptonoE eivar, btrvrprxd. eX0Q6E xou :rol.ltr,opori, rou po),owo{ro np6neL vc e[vcrr ysvrx6 cvOgtinLvo outre6Qov. Eivar nepiepyo 6tt oL riv0ponoL, 6oo 66oxo),a xcr ov luroQotv vo Eiioouv oe cno;r6voor1, nto0d.vo"rtcrr, ro16 BcpsL6g ttg 0to[eE:rou crno.Lrs( o no].LrLop6g cn5 o.urotg yr,o. vo xd,vsL 6uvnr] 11 ouprB[rlor1. 'Erol o fiofurLop6E np6neL vc cpuv0e[ cn6vowr, oro EeXU]QLo16 dtopo, xcl oL 0eopoi rou, oL o.916g xcr or rvrotr6( rou r[-

t26

TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTATIATH:

I

0ew<n orqv urnlQeoio ourof rou xo0li?rowoE' 6ev Gr[ooxonoriv p6vo vc Oeonioouv prc 1{dJroro xcro.voprl rov q/o06v, dli\6 xdr vo. rrlv 6r,arqp(oouv, fiQ6rlsr U.dl.roro vo npoqu).rifouv ofi6 xrE €X0Qrx6S Srey6poeLE rrov c.vOgtirnorv xa0erl nou eltrnlgerel rov Sapcop6 u1E cprioqE xtrr rrlv nopoyoy( o.1cOriv. Tc o,v0gtirnLvc 8rlpr,oupyiparcr

xcrco,p6gowcfi rtxo].o ror '4 ertorriun xar q relvr,zii, nol tc. oLxo66ploov, l-rroQo{rv vo. XQqorpofiorlootv }ior yrr rov o.qcvlop6 toug. 'Eror pcE 6'4 pu,oupyeirnr, I €vruJroorl noE o no).LrLop6g

0(vor xd.TL nou enLptrr'1or1xe o€ pro dwLorE?1,6psvn ri!€rcv6(1116 t[[o perov6xrFo., rou xcTdesQr vo ,[dQeL orrlv xaroyf rqE rc p6oo. qg sfouolcE xor rou xoxrrvo.yxo-

fllrc

opo6. Ouorrd elvol eijzoLo vo ufio06ooups 6rl cur6g ot Euoxof,leE 6ev o.vrlxouv orqv ouo[c xou ,ro],rxrcpo6, o].].d sEcQx6wcr 0116 rls o,r6IeLeE xorv rol,rrroprxd)v poprpril nou cvcrr6lOqxcv p61gr, rtiga. Xqv npo.lpo,tlx6rqra 6ev eivar,6{olto},o vo 1{oro6eiEou[re cux6E xLE etr].e(rpeLg. Evr6 1 trvOptorr5r1ta 6ytt xavu ouvelelg rpo66ouE orlv xupLapl[o. nrivro orr1 q o1 zcL pnogel vc neprp6ver, ax6pr1 pre1,<rltrepeE, 6ev topotqpeito,r xn'rd, xcv6vo,v rp6no pLa r6rolc rp6o6oE on1 p60pr.o1 rorv cvOprir:rrvorv (rpqpdrov, xcn nl0ov6v oe xri0e enol(, 6nog xcr or]pepn rd).1, nvaprrxil0lxov no)"),o( dv0pornor cv o.ur6 ro xoppdtr tou noILtr,opo{r c![[eL yevlxri vo. to unegcon((ow<rr,. Nopiloupe nog 0o 6npene vtr eivnr 6trvarr] pro percpgt0prorl rrrrv cv0pdrnwtov o16oeov, nou vo. efoubmep6ver rr,g rqy6E n1E 8uonp6oreros ps rov no),wrop6, pe ncrpcr(rqor1 rou rotr rrLopori cr6 'rov xcrrovcryxnop6 xoL r1v xcro.n[eor1 tr.rv opprirv, r6ore oL dvoporroL avev61i,.rpor, oc6 T?1v eo<rrreglxrl 6.pr6tr vo, ;rnogofoov va elr,6o0otv orlv crr6mlor1 cyoOdrv xo,r oqv ar6l.cuor] roug. Aurrl 0a rircv q lguoii eiroyl, r[0etcL 6proE ro eptiqpc cv prta r6tolo. xc'rdoroo4 eivar rpcyparonoLrjoLprl. @aivetat pdi.Iov 6tr ndOe no)'t1.27


TO MEAAON MIA> AYTAIIATI.I:

vo orle[qtTor oxov xalo.voyxo.op6 ro,t oxlv xo,rorraool rtrlv oQtrd)v 6ev gclvercl ro06lou olyouQo orL pr rqv ripoq rou tcrlTcvnyllcotrrot 11 nl.elov6qrc rtrrv cvOpdrnorv 0c clvo.L np60rptn vd 6eX0€[ x1v rrr[6600rl tQyooioE nou o.ncrreircr yrc rlv raedyoyrl v6tov cycOtiv. Nopl(to nog np6rel vo ].o.1cgLriloupe pe ro yeyov6g 6rL 61.o1 oL d.vOponor 61ouv xcraorpocplx6E, 6r1la6r] awrxowovrr6E xor cwLnol.lrlotrrw(4 "r,aouE xar 6rr, nur6g e[vcr oe 6vcv peyd)"o trpr0p6 or6pov opxerd Lo1ug6g, drore vc l(a0oQ(,Eouv nl oupn€QrqoQd rouE orqv av0p6ruv1 xolvov[c. Aur6 ro rpulotropx6 yeyov6E 61sL pey6),r1 olpaolo Tro, r1v a[ro],61r1oq lou cv0p6nwou no].rLopot. Evrb <rppxri UroQo6oop€ vcr nro,sriorpre 6rL ro otror,66eE tou nol.rrlopot 6yrsLra[ orlv xupLcplio :rdvo orrl qtoq 1la qv an6xrqorl cyo06v rdr 6rL or x[vbuvor nou rov cner],oriv 0o pnopo{roo.v vc efou6ereprl0otv pe oq0o},oyLxri xo,rcvoprj rorv oyc06v orouE cv0ptinouE, qdiv€ror r6pa nog ro z{'pro pdpoE perorolileror cn6 'ro u}.1x6 oro liJlJxr}c6. 'E1er onogaoLotLrli olpooic, cLy xan xand n6oo Ocr xcttroxri 6uvo,r6v va ;reLo0e( ro BdpoE rotv enrpeBl.lp6vtov rLop6E XQErdEeroL

orouE cv0ptirnouE oppLxr6v ncpor,r{osotv, va orpqr,i"Lo0otv or, d,v0ponol pe rLE Oro[eE nou p6vouv ovcl,xo.otrxd. ltcr vo. ovro.pu(p0o6v yra 6i,,o ourd. 'OnoE 6ev turoQodpe va napaLr10orips an6 rov no.ro.vcyxcop6 yr,a notr rrLoprxri reyao[c, 6ev p:roporipre vc nnpowrlootpe xcr on6 'rr;v xupr<rp1in plcg ;relov6rrlroE ,rdvo orrl FdEd, yrdr[ or pri(eE eival voep6E xor deQove5, 6ev o,lonoriv rrlv nopoirrlor.l ofi6 rtE oQp6E,6ev ne[Oovror pe enl1er,p.(pcto. yr,' cur] r1v o.vcyxcdrrpc xor ro. dtopd roug wloxriowor o,porpalcr or1 6rar(pqol r1E oou8oolcg. M6vo pre rov enlpeaop6 nou coxofv avdneqa dropn, nou rc cvo.yvop[louv to5 o6nyofE roug, elvcr 6uvor6v vc no,pnxlvrlOo{v os rBycoLcx6E err,56oer,g xar ncgalri]oelg, cn6 rlE onoieg 1.28

TO MEAAON MIAX

AYTATIATH: ]

r'(cprriror, q 6lcrlpr1or1 rou no),l.nopot. 'Ol.cr nlyafurrrv xn),ri, 6rcv cruroi oL o6r1yo[ eivoL rp6otona pe n],r]pr1 r:niyvool ttov crvo.yxcr,otrirrrrv rrls EoliE xnl 61ouv xcrcq6qrr va xupro.pXr]oouv ndvo orrg 6rx6g roug oQpru6E Enr0r!pieE. A),i,,ri 6larp61ouv rov xivbrvo, yr,o, vn pqv ldoouv rlv ereQo{ xouE, vc evbtiroouv om1 pri(o neploo6reBo tx' 6,rt ow:f an6vcwl TouE, xo.r 1t' our6 qaivsral cvnyxo.lo vc 6Lo.0ftouv p6oo. EEouoioE ltop[E vo efcprtirwcL rrn6 q pd!c. fro, vo, pr;v prcxpuyoporipe, 6rio l)"nrtd e[antrtop6veg L6l6rpeg zov cv0p6ntov e(vcl uneii0uveE no.u or no).rloplxo[ Oeopo[ lmogotv vo oqpLl0otv p6vo pe irvav ogLop6vo pc0p6 roravoyxcopot, 6q1,a6i1, 611 6ev r:ivcr cu06pprp<r gil.epyol xat 6'tr rt enrler,p{porc s(vcL

ol6vcwr orc nriOr1 rouE. lvtopl[rrr rr pnogel vc cwlrdf rl xcve [E oe o.ur6g rlE un6rpelE. 'OrL o lngoxrlgos rov ov0Qiirrrvrov pro,lrirv nou repLygrirpopre ncpcndvto, yLo. vc nno8e(loupc r4v ovrryxnrlnpo rou lroro.voyxoo;rof ylo no).r-rLopLxri epyaolo, tivo.r. cnoxl.elolrzd. ouv6nerr eoqol.p6vtrrv rollrroprx6v 0eopdrv, efan[cg rtov oroatov o.woyorpef0rlxcv or dv0Qonor ncL 6ylvov ip .6x6lxor xo.l nnp6olror. N6eg yevl6E, ava0peppr6veE pe cydnrl xcl x<r0o6r1yr1pr6veg vo. ex.nporiv n1 ox6pr1, nou 0c 8oxrpdoouv vorg[g rc eregyerripcro, rou ro).Ltro1-Lot, 0a cvonrflotrv 6loqogerLxri o16on fieo5 o.ux6v, 0o xov cloOrivowor xrilpc rotg xcL 0o. e[var, np60urrv6ge).cr

peg vc ouveLorp6pouv rLE Otroieg or sp1,no[o, rdr or oelu,x6E lxo.vozorfoelE nou cno,rro{rwor yl<r 11 6Lor"4pr1oi1 ror.

Av

pr61pr,

tdrga bev unrlg[nv oe xcv6vcv ro],rrr,op6

o.v-

0pti-,nrvrE pr<i(rg rerorcE :rororqrnE. routo otprl].ero.r oro 6rL xcv6vng no).r,totrr6E 6ev 61et ovannileL roug Oeopofg yLcr

va err;pedlel toug cv0p<inoug, xcr pd),rorc an6 qv

r<rr6r,xr] r1),rrio, xcrd r6rorov rp6no. Mnopo6pe vcr cppLpril,),oope , cv ysvrxd r] r]6q

rrigc,

pe

r1v ol1reQrvrl orri0pl rrlg xugLupl(o5 ptrg nrivto otr1 etioq 1).

o aottu,t^i<

ntyi

6unqi.1.

1,29


TO MEAAON

TO MEAAON MIA: AYTANATH:

MIA: AYTATIATH:

I

r(r vo. rxQQao06 Yt(r rq 6uvcr6lTlxo rIE ,[QGYpororro[IoliE rou, vc EEetdoto xI oxortp6rnro lorv ecpoQpoL6pEvtrlv pt{)ri6ov 11 vG ttt(Qlloo xo p6YEeoE rou o,von6p€uxrou Xdrrpn'roE cvd.peocr orrlv rQ60eol )ict oqv Exr6l.€oq. Aux6

ovdrr6eEuxrl [6XQr rlv ,rQoyFo.roroilol o.uft6v rov oxon6v. A€v pr[oQou[E vo opqroprprlooup€ rIV ],opnQ6x1ro o.uro{r rou oXs6[ou xcr q oqpcrola rou yro xo p6]r]"ov rou ov0prinlvou nol.Lrlopo6. 2qgl(erot o[youpc oqv r]r1ol"oylxii 1,,vriror1 6tr, o riv0pornoE elvcr epo6r,oo;r6voE trr rrE nlo 6m,cpopeun6E oQp6E, orlE onoieg rc nBdxo. nclSrzd Bldrtrrarn unoSel1vouv rrlv ogr,otxrl xaret0uvoq. lL, o.ut6 ou nepropropoi rrlE 6uvcr6rr1ro.E rou cvoprinor vo U,oQrp(l)0s( 06rouv 6pto xar onlv 6pcorLxorr;ro. plag r&olag notrrrLoprxrlg tr€xol3o}.TlE. Mnopof pe va cprqLpdl.),oupc cv xo.r xard. n6oo 6vo 6tr ),o no),ltoprx6 negrBfl,Iov prnoBei vc e(c).r[qret rrg brlo rbr6rqtrg rtuv pc(tJv nou lcpeg.ro6i(ouv 16oo noi,,{r q 6Leu0ftr1oq rov <rv0q6nlvorv lrplprirov. To le ipc;ra 6ev 61er, "1[ve L ox6pr1. 'Iocog 6va opr,o;_r6vo noooor6 rqg ov0gon6rqroE vc pe(vel yt,o. ntir,"ro. ozowrovrx6 - e[cn[cg voo,4Qllg r,Srooulxpco[nE 11 ulepBo]l2(g lo1{ og rov oppdrv - , n),)d crv xcrop06ooupr vo pero.rg6-

nou xrQotrotpd(sraL trea Ecqfli1et oav ate)'eiroto cx6prl rrn<i plc 0e6pr1or1, oxrlv oro(,o ngooq6psr, ro u)"1x6 o ii6r1 :rcytrrlpr6vog rotrtxtot[6E pcE.

os pe lov6rqrc rrlv oqpepwr] e1Opr,xii o.n6vcvru orov nol.r,rLop6 r),e r,orfqqlc, 0c 61oupe nel61e L no],]d., (oroq 6),a oon eivor buvo.r6v vo. e:rrrcuX0o{v. Aev 0c ri0elc va 66oo rqv ev.r6n<oor1 nog 61o cnoptcrxpuv0ei nol6 clrti rov rpott c0ogr,o;r6vo 6p6po rqg pel6rtr,oul-rc

rum Krieg? (1-933b), Studienausgabc, r,op. 9, ot).. 280 xor 283 IIqB)'' eriolE tqv exrev6oteprl npolprireuoq orrlv reLernoicr nopd6ooq oto 1,

[B],6re

trdl,nop6g 130

pepr"x6g

qytj

napctqprjoelE ruo rrivcrr oro xeg<i],oro V olo O

iuoruyiag, oetr. 76 x.e., zc0riE

xcl oro

Wa-

Freud, 1933,, StudienausEabe, :.6V. 1, oei". 603-08 (e)',),4'r.xii 6t6oot1, Nia oetpd rov taqa66oeav yru r4v etoayayfi onltt tpuyavriluo1, ex66oer.g Erlxoopog, A0fva, 1977, oetr. 172 r.e.)l 131


II Xrop(E va ro xctc)d.poupre nepdoope trn6 ro olxovopLx6 rlto pulo),oyr,x6. AglLxd lpoo:roO{oape va nva(1n1oou1rt rc nol.rtlo;rlxd. anoxrilpnrc oxo 6ltr06oLpd o.1c0d. xcl rrtoug 0eopotg rou Qu0pi(ouv rlv rtrccvopii xouE. Ms fll 1,vtiror1 6tL zd0e rotrlrrop6E orleiqffor oe xcrrcvcryxco;r6 ',,ru epyoo(a xct os ogprxri rcecaxlol xuL 611 1,1' aur6 or Lrllm6pevoL an6 au(4 rr,g oro.tr{oeLg orOotwal o,van6(l)r'ultro. os awloraoq Evowiov 'rou, 6yLve onq6E 6rL ra rryaOti xn0aurri, ro. p6oo. yla qv ltrpcyroyr] rous xo.r or. ntdferg yro rlv xorcvopri roug 6sv eivor ro ouor,cotLx6 1 ro p6vo nou trrroge( vn anore),6oe.r rov ao),Lrr,op6. fr,trri rtnerl.orjvrcu cn6 rr;v ef6yeqol xcL q p<rvia ncrcorgopilg r(r)v [rs].6v rou no].l,xr,opot. Ait],a oro. ayaori rolooerorivrrrr rdrpc to ;r6oa nou pnogoriv v<r lprlorporotrl0ofv yr,o. rqv unepd.onlol rou lol"rtopo6, ta xananayxcatwd xan ri),),a, nou oqEal.ouv vc ouprpr).rdroouv roug o.v0p6nouE pe rov:ro).nlop6 ?ccL vo, rouE cwape(rpouv y[c rLE Ouoar5 roug. Tu rel.eurc(a pnopo{v 6polE va nepr"Tpo.qo{rv oq rlru1Lx6

xqpa

Tou rol,rxLopo{).

fLc Xriprl ptcg opot6proprprlE oQotroyad5 0c ovop6oor-rpe () yryov6E 6rl prr,a opprl 6ev e[val 6uvcr6v vc r]rovorrorrl0r[, prcrc[oror1, rov 0eop6 rou xoOoQ[EsL uuri qv po.rc[toor1, o.no.16peuol, lror nlv xcrd.oT o.orl fiou 6lproueys(rrrr cn6 tlv cruy6peuorl, or6Qqorl. To er6prevo priU.c eivrrr. vtr xtlvoupe 6l6xproq o.vdpeocr o€ oreQlioerE, r[ou rrqopo6v 6).ouE, xat oe r6roleg, not, 6ev cqoporiv 6).otrg, r r).).d or).<irg opr66eg, t6[er,g ri [elorglord droprc. Or, npt6ruq efvcl oL na].o.L6repeg: pe .rtg olo.yope6oeq, rrou ErlLlldllotrv aur6E tr,E oregrloerE, tiplroe o nol,nlop6E vc eyxuraLe(xtt tr;v (ro6611 nport6yovrl xcrd.oro.ol npw on6 ,to),),69 X ,rdbeE 1g6vrc. Me 6mrtrr1[r1 ELorr,ortiroaps :roE rrur6g oL GlroyoQ€rio€rE Epouv p61pl oriprQo xor aror€),ofv ox6pl rov nuprivn rqE el0p6rrpcg Gn6vcvr, orov 133


TO MEAAON MIA) AYTATIATH:

fio).rtop6. Ol opplx6E enL0up[eg, nou n].rirtowcL cn6 rrE cnayopetoe Lg, lo.vayewlodwaL pe xdOe nal6[ <rr5 trlv oplrl uniipler pLc rr1[r; o.vgpt6nov, ol veuptorrxoi, lou cvrr,8porjv rjbq oe cur6E rr,E pcrar,t6oeLg pe <rxolvrovlx6rlro.. T6roleE oqprx6g enreupr(eE e(vcL arr6g rrls cr,tropsr,[[cE, rou xcwtBa.],r,opof xo.r rou g5vou. EivaL neglepyo vo. rono0eroripre aur65 rrg optrux6g enl0opleE, nou 6],or oL d,v0gtonol tE anoppinrouv op6eovo., pcr(i pe exe(veE nou yln qv 6yxprcq ri n1v cn6gpnpri rouE y[vercr r6ooE oq,drvcE p6oa otov nol.lruop6, rpu1ol.o1rxd 61oupe 6po4 6rxn[opc vc ro xdvot;-re. Elril]"ou 11 :ro].r,rtopr,xri ouprJrserqoprl cn6vn"vtr, oe atrr6E ttg na).cl6re.oeE op;rLx6g eirr0r;r[eg 6ev elvcr xan6. xavtycw rg6no 11 i6Lc. p6vov o xcwrBc).,Lop6E cpo,iveral oe 61.oug crno.yoqeup6voE xo.r olqv pl cvo.),urr,a1 r[ftnor1 evre]d;E fenegaop6voE, rlv rox{ rrov cl;ro;re Lr.trr,xrirv enr.0u;rl6v FroQodpr va rqv 6Lo.Lo0cv0oripe niotl cn6 n1v alcrl6peuorl xar o q6vog 6Xr p6vov coxei, <n ox6pq an6 tov nol,lttop6 trn6 ogLopr6veE ouv0(xrE, <rl,Id xo.r elrpri).),ernt. Me),),owut6.q efe).[felE rou no),Lrr,o;rori 0o x6votrv (ooE xcL dI}.eE, ewe)"riE 6uvar6g lxcvo:rolr]oer,E rov erleupuitv, vo po.E pn[vou<rL elloou o.ncpd8exreE 6nrrlg culi rou xcwr,Bo),Lo;rori. 'Hbq oe o.ut6E rLg no.),nr6rtrreg oppr,x6E rcgclt]oer,g n<rpcqpeirct 6vog rl,uxol.oyrx6E fi oQdyo\,.[og lou 6Lo.r1pel 11 orlpco(c xou xot yro 6leg rLE nopcn6pa. AEv eivcl oQ06 6m q cv0p6nrv1 rirulil 6ev orlpsfrooe xoppLd s[6],1['4 crr6 rouE rav<iglo.LouE lp6vouE xcr oe cvr(0eor1 pe rq npo66ouE xrlg rexvrxrlE 6preLve 11 i6rc 6noE orr,E cp16E rrls roroQaos. Mrogo{ple vo. uno6elloups pLn cn6 aur6g rLE !ru1lx6g npo66oug. H e[6tr[{ pcg ouvrndler<n 6rr 6vaE e[oneplz6g xar<rvo1xo,op6E eorrrrepr,xe6erc.L Bc.0pu,o.[c, evrir pLa r,6r,tr[repr1 rpulrxrl cgp], ro Ynepeydr rou ovOpdrnou, rov nspr,),oppdveL orr,g er,"ro).6.E rou. )e xd0e ncL6[ progofpe va no.ponlp1ooupe q Srnbr,xaoia pLcrg t34

TO MEAAON MIA>

AY]AIIATH: II

r6roLoE pstc$oh1E, ps x1v ofio[o yfv€rct 10un6 zo.r xolvto-

vrx6 ov. Aurr] 1 ev[o1uo1 rou Yn€Qey6 e(vcl 6vn efalperr.xd. no).6rlpo Uu1ol,oyrx6 no).trloptx6 o,n6xr1po. Tn (rropc, orc oro[o 6xst,rQo.ypcxorlornoEl cuTj 1 ev[o1uot| rou Yrr€esy6, yivowcl cn6 tX0Qo[ goQ€iE rou Jrolrrtopo6. 'Ooo peycltrepog elval o cpt0;r6E totE p6oc oe irvcv nol.Lrr,op6, 16oo mo oopal.lis elvct o,ut6E o ro].ttttrp6g, 16oo neproo6rspo pmopei va rrcQaLq0c[ 0.116 rG tltoreprzd xq.ro.vo.yxo.ouxd p6ocr. O pa0p6g or-nr]E qE eoolreQ[xsuo1E yro xtg Ecxoetor6g oppr,x6g o:rayoQetoe[S elvcr, no]rt brrgoperr,x6g. fr,a tE rc].cL6reets nol,t'rtoptx6E ancLrloetg, Jrou ovoq6Qcpr l[oQdJrd.vo, go,[vfiot rog q €o(,l)rsQi?.(,€1|orl 61er, enr,teu1oei, oE ptTdlov pc0p6, cv oeliooupr xdxd p6QoS rrlv avent06ltr;r1 €Eo[QEo1 xrrlv v€uQ(J)xr,i{d)v. Aur] q o16oq p€ro0d},}.€rot, o.v orQo.qo6pE oxrs d)rl.sE oQprr6E orrorriiottE. flaeorrleof p E ^r6ae p,E 61tn),r1[1 6tt 6vnE repriorLog cgl0p6E ov0pdrrov u]toxo6€t oxrE oxrr[x6s no].nLopr,x6g o.lro,loQetos[E p6vo xdrtl cn6 r1v n[eo1 rou EEo]xeQrxof xoravoyxdopot, 6r1La6r] p6vov rr0( fiou pfioQr[ va r,ofioer aut6E o ncncvcyxcop6E xct Ee6oov or. 6v0gtoror, tov eopofwot. Totto to16et zct 1lo, €xE[veS xrE ]"ey6peveg 10tx6E noi,.r,tloptx6E or[otxrlostS, rrou xo.xd rov i6to lQ6rro aqoQotv 6).ouE. E6rir nvilxouv xo Jr€Qroo6reQo. dr6 ouxd fiou XcQoxxlQiqouv rrlv qotxri trvnftonloriolov ov0e6r[ov. Or repLoo6repol fio]rtxtop6vor dvOpronor, nou 0o qopot\'[o,v vo blorqdfouv p6vo r] crLpopsrf(a, 6ev nopnurodwcrr an5 rrlv rlto.voJloinol Tls ofiIrlorioE xous, rrlE emoetrxrlE rotE td.o1E, rtov otEoucl.txtiv roug n60rov, 6ev napclehouv vo. pi"drpouv rov otrv6v0Bon5 touE tr€ U6po, cndTq xcl ouxoeow(o,, aQliea va pfioQofv vo. ;relvorv otptilplrol yt' GUTd, xan €rct, eiyw ro rrQd.ypora ,rdlro olrl 6r,6gxer,c ,roi!1.6v erox6v rou roInropot p61pr, o(pepc. Or, nepr,opr,otrroi, :rou agoporiv p6vo oplop6veg tdfeLg 135


TO MEAAON

rl5

xotv(l)vao.s, ouv66owo.r pr qcveQ6 doppeE rcr pq fiopcyvogrop6veE ouv0rixeE. Kar6 xav6va <nrt6g ol uno,rlprlpr6veg tri[srE (1].e6ouv rr,g ngovo;rto61eE xo.r, xrivouv ro

cn6 .rov peycltrepo Bc0p6 or6prlorlg o'rov ololo unoprii,,i,,ovto,r. 'Onou rorjro 6ev ei,vcl6uvur6v, 0o xuploppioel p6oc oe otrr6v lov no).luopr6 prLc SragxilE 6uocrg6oxelo., nou pnope( va o6rlyiioel oe enrxivEuveE e[ey6poer,E. A].].d av 6vcrg :rolnrop6g 6w 6.1er, xo.rcrq6qer v<r ;r1v <rnorei,,e[ q lrcvonoirlorl ev6E p6rdwo.

yr,o.

vo

o.no,)"1,cyotv

rtov pek6v rou ,[QoiJnS0rorl rqg xaranleor1g ev6E d],}.ou, [ooE qg n].er,ov6qrtrE, xcL our6 1,[vercr, oe 6]"ouE rouE orlpreglvofE nol,rrlopo{rE, elvo.l euv6rlro 6rl ouro[ ol xctcnreop6voL 0a crvomflouv 6wovq e10p6qto. cn6vo,vrL olov no7,,lrrop6, rov onolo orrlgf(orv trs rIV EQyoo[G rouE, a),}.ri 61ouv si,,rilroro treQ(6ro orllv an6).cuor1 rov <ryo0drv rou. To,rE 6ev np6nel vc negtp6voupe crr6 o.urorig TouS ltcrornrop6vouE eooregixeuol xrov no).r,zr,opr,x6v a:ruyopetoeotv, 1,r,cr[ 6ev e[vo.r, nq60upol va o.vcyvorploouv cur6g tg ano,yogefoerg, d,}d re(vouv pd),),ov vo xarcorg6rpouv o.ur6v lov no),nr,o;r6 xcl n[0sv6v vo xotapyrloouv xcr, rr,g npotino06oc[S rou. H e10q6qrc otrr6v ttov tdfeotv o.n6vnvt orov nol.rrlo;_r6 elvcl 16oo gtrveqrj, 6ore 61sL oE ouv6nerc va nopcyvop(loupe zrlv trrdtr),ov ],cv0<ivouoa e10p&r1rc rrr;v xnl.trepc ronoOerrlp6vrrrv xolvrovlxrirv orprrlpd.rtov. Aev 1peul(ercu vn roipe 6rr 6vaE nol.Lrr,op6g, nou o.gr{ver 6vav 16oo peyri},o apL0p6 pel.6v rou cvrx,nvono(rpo zcL rov obqyel oe e[61epoq, 6ev 61eL npoontrxr] vn 6Lcrqprl0s[ poxponq6Oeopra o6re xar ro of[[sL. O Bcgp6E eotrrrepixeuoqE .rorv nol,rtLotrnxriv swo],t6v -}tor. ylo vc exqgco0o6pe anl.d xat pI qruxoloyr,.r6: {o q0Lx6 enfnsbo rrov pe].6v rou no].lrlo;rori - 6ev eivcL ro povabrx6 pu1Lz6 o1,a06 nor ng6ner vc )dBorpr ut6rprl l-ro.E yr"a rrlv exr[pr1o4 ev6g ro],Ltopro{. Ynciple r xo.L 11 QouS

t36

,I'O

MIA: AYTATIATH:

MEAAON MIA> AYTATIATH: I]

rruppsroX{ row pr}.titv rou oe r6cvrxd. xcl oe xc},}.ne1vutd blproupyiparo, 6r;),c6ri ol r.xcvonouioeLg nou o,w).oriv rrn6 nu6.

vc oupneg ,cpl3tivoupr rcr lbcvlxd no),ttopo6, 61)"crbr] rr,g o,l[eg, nou crnore].oriv uE rrvtixcTeg n<rl rlE neploo6repo enL6rcox6peveE ell65oeLE, rnn rl-ru1t,xri rou o.noxr4porc. Apltxd cpcr(veror, noE aUrri r(I rbuvrxd. xoooQaqouv 16 enr,66oeLE rou no).fir,opo6. ngayparLxri ,[oQ€[c rtov npayp,drov np6ner 5;rorE vc eivo.r, uurrl: rc l8cvLxd 6r,o;ropcp6vowcr al6 tLg np6reg snd6Teivoupe etxo),n

r:v6E

11

trerE, 'rtE onoieg enrrp6nel

I ouvEeTo.oic rorv eoorrsglzriv rxovoni'rov xcr rov eloxeqLxtirv ouv0r1x6v ev6E nol,lrr,oprori, evd; 'rc L6cwrx6 br<rqporiv n1 ouv61Lor1 out6v rov urL66oetov. H Lxavonoirlori rou :rpoocp6peL ro l5cvlx6 rnc p61,r1 rou nol,rtopro{ elval 6r1la6ri vnpxtoor,oruxriE rptorlg, oqpileror, orrlv rrneprlgd.veLo yro r1v r]6q lerupp6v4 eiriboorl. fLa qv otroxlrlpoorj r4E XQrrd(€xor rr1 (I6TxQr,oI pe d}.),ouE nol.LrLopotE, nou eneSicolcv di,,}.eg ur66oeLE xcL av6nrufcv ri),i,,c t6ovlxd. EfcrioE aur6v tov 6rcqop6v xdOe nol.r,rLop6g no.lpvel ro 6rxclopc vc rrnorlpd 'rorE ril,LouE. Me crr6v tov rp6no ro lbcvlxcl ror :rol.wLopori yivowcrt cqoppri Er,lcopori xcL e10p6rrpo.g rrvdpeoo oe 6Ld.cpopouE nol,mtoplrotE xrix).org, 6noE cpnivercl nc0o.g6repa ovd,;reoc oe 60vr1. H vapxloororr,xrl rrovofiollol cn6 ro no),rroprx6 16o,vLx6 cvr]zer, oe exe(veg rLE buvripelE, or ono[eE G\,revceyotv pe enlru1fu oqv e10p6rr1ra cn6vcvtl orov nol.Lrr,op6 p6oa oe 6vo.v nol,l'nopw6 wtxLo- 'O1r p6vov or, npovo;rLorileE rdfelE, nou anol.cpBdvouv ra euepyerr{pcrc uurof rou nol.lrLopo6, a}.),ri zcl or xtrrcnleop6veg ;rnoqotv vc oupper6louv oe ctrrrl tr1v r.xo,vono[4or1, o,gori ro btxcr[ropo. vo neprrppovotv rouE ur6[ro rorE cwapeiBer, yr,n qv unor(prqol ;r6oc orov ELx6 roug xrix),o. E[vcL B6l3alo, xave(E 6vcE d.O)"toE, BcoavLop6voE a.n6 1p6r1 zcr, 137


TO MEAAON

MIA: AY'TANATHX

orQcxrolxrx6s uroxQâ&#x201A;¬drocrs n),1pe[oE, o)'],ri c"r.,r' amot vcL Ptoprc[og, ouppr6le r, oto xo0rlxov qE xr-rprl:rplinE ndvo oe d}"),oug ),nofE xnr r4E anBo).rig v6;rorv oe aurotg. A-),).d aunl r'1 raritroq lov xcnnrleop6vov p0 rlv rdfq nou rouE e(ouold(er, xor rouE exprerc),.).etetor" e(vaL p6vo pr6poE pr.oE peycl,frepqE

11) MEAAON

MIA: AYI'AIIATH:

I1

to 61oupe avocp6pe r, ax6pr1. Eivo.L or l)grrlozeutx6E napoordoerg rou orlv nlarureprl 6vvoui roug, pre d,1.),4 I61Lc, 6nog 0u e[rlyriooupe npy6repc, or rvtiE no).r,rLopo6 6ev

rrrrrcndteE tou.

ouolettoqg. ,{116 ro dl.Io

vc ouv66ovtcr. ouv<lo01pctr.x<rt napd qv el0pcnqrn qE vc cvclvopl(ouv ra 6txd rouE l8cvrxri otouE xug[ouE rouE. Av 6sv u:rr]p1ov 'ctrorr.g xan6. ptiorl r,xovonouplx6E o16oe r.g, 0c rlrov azarcv6rlro :16g prepLxof no],Lrlopo[ ou xctonreop6vou pnopo6v

xd pe rnril qv rri[1

6Latlpr10qzcv t6oo nohi napd t1v 8lxaLoloyr1trr6vrl e10p6rrpn peydl,rrrv nv0pd;nworv pc(drv. 'Atrtrou el8oug e[vcl 11 Lxcvonoilorl fiou npooq6peL oro. p61,r1 ev6g nollrr,opori 11 r61vr1, av xal xdxd xo.vovo ri o.np6oLrl orLE pd(sE, nou epro8(owcL mr6 trlv elcw),qrLxri epycoin xor qv elLlrr] p6ptpr,:oq. H r61vq npoocp6per, 6noE yvoplloupe i1br1,2 avcr].1gorporlx6E Lxo.vonolr]oa,g yrc rlg nclor6roreE no),r"nopr,x6g onour"(oelg, nou ouvel(louv vn elvar cx5p'4 pcOtratc oro0rp6g, xo.L 1,1' cut6 6pc 6oo T l:rore d],Lo oupcpr,fu,<rrtLxd ovd,peoa otlg 0ro(eE nou xd,vel o dvOptlros xor oltg urcrtiloelE rou no),LTtopo{r. A116 to ril},o pr6poE ro 6rlprouqy{pord qg efurp6vorv xo croOriporo tctrtolg, rc ono[o. lperd(erar 16oo nol.t x60s nol.nLo;-r6g, nopnxlvtirwaE roug ov0p6rrouE oe zorv6 pftipn l,enrtirv cloOrioeov' efun'4geroriv er[or1g trlv vcrgxloolorLxil r,xcvonofr1or1, eg6oov rcglor6vouv rlg enl66oerg rou 16rr[T egou :ro],lnotrrot znl unev0upi(ouv ororrE av0prinoug pre ewunororo.x6 rp6no ro. rbcvLx0. Toug.

To orlp<rwr,x6repo [oog xoppdrL tou rpupxot u].rxori 2. [nqpl. r.1. (Der Dichter und das Phantasieren>, Freud, 1908e (O roqriiE xou 1 gowooiaroq)].

138

139


III

flot

cf[c roiv Oprlozeurrxdrv no,pnrlv e10g6qrc an6vnwl oxov rrol,LrLop6, nou yewr6rct c.n6 rlv r[eo1 rlv onoio aoxe[ o 6yzelrar

11

Lbrrlzepl

mdoâ&#x201A;¬orv; Mllrlo<lpe ylc

:rol,Lttop6g, xor yra xLE opprLx6g napctrr]oeLg lou cnclre(. Av pcwoororipr,e norE or, anayopetosLE rou 61ouv cp0e[,

pnoge[ r6re o xc06vog vc 6r,c].6yer, 6noLc yuvcfxc rou np6osl, vc ozortirveL lotp[g no),]"r] ox6rprl rov owepooni ror ii onolovbrlnore dl.l.ov xou x6Bel rov 6p6po i1 vc oqstep(er<rt rc ayaOd rou d.).),or XoQ(E vtr tov pordel. Tr ropoic 0o, ipav r6re I ltort pr prc r6rolc cl,uo[6o, lxo.voronioerllv! 2e ),iyo B6BcLc epqav[(erat q npd;tr1 buoxo),ic. Kd0e d}.),og 61sr rtg i6reg ent0upr[eE pe p6vc xol 6ev 0o. pe percler,pr,oOel ngooelrLx6repc cn' 6,u e1,6 aur6v. Boolxri prope( 6r;),c6ii p6vo 6vo fepprcr6 dropo vo y(ver caegl6ploto. etrulr,op6vo pe r6zolc riporl rov no),,r,ruoptx6v neplopr,opriv, 6vog drpawoE, 6vog SLxrriropcg, nou 61el LSronolq0e[ 6],c z<r p6oc elouolaE, xcr, o.ur6E (yet x60e ),6yo vo qqo{v oL ri},},or, rou}d,llorov q prc nn6 rlE no).r.rlo;rLx6E ewo).6E: <Ori qovefoetg>. A),l,ri 16oo altigloroL, n6oo xow6cp0nl.por, eipcore ym vo. enr,ftroipe r1v xordpyrlorl ror no).nlo;ro{r! 'O,rr, ;r6veL perd, efvar, 11 ipuolxrl xntd,oro,ol, ror o.rt( eivo,r nto ow169o911. E[vot c].r]0ela nog q qriorl 6ev proE (rpei nspropr,o;rorig rotv opprirv, 0o poE dgrlve s),e60epouE, clJ"d 61eL rov 6lx6 qE r6ralrepc 6pcorr,x6 rp6no vo. p<rE neptoBilel, prng oxorriveL, rpuXpri, topri, c).rinrpo., 6rr<r.rE pcE gcavercr, cxglBdrE pre 'ng rxcrvonoLr]oelE poE. EloLrioE o.rrt6v rov alvbtvorv, pe roug ono(ouE ;rcrE nneL),e[ 11 q6oq, evrrrOr]xcpe xcr 6rlpr,oupyr]oapr rov no),nr,op6, nou xowri oro d.).Ic oqeileL vo xdve.l 8uvcrii tr1 ouppioori proE. frcr[ ro x{pro xoOrlxov rou no},ltopori, o npcyparrx6E },6yoE 6lrop[TlE rou, eivnl vo pcE u]rcQooTr[(ercrr on6vcwL orq ,puol.

L4l


.TO

MEA,\ON MIA: AYTATIAIII:

Eivat yvrlor5 6rt exrl.rlpriveL cut6 to xc0rltov ij6q 16pc cpzerd. xo].,ri zcrL oto pr6llov 0n to xdvel i,oroE no)"6 xc),{nsgc. A}.Ld x<rv6vaE rivOponog Ee.v r6gteL otrlv n}dv1 vo. :rr,or6rp eL :rtog ri ip6oq eivat riSq o),oxl.r1ptorLxd 6apaop6vq peplxoi rol.potv vc efuri[ouv noE xdnore o dvOporrog 0n r1v unotd.lsr o.n6hura. Yndplouv ro ototltlc rqE, nol tpc[ve'rnr, rog )'oLbopo6v td0e crv0p6nLvov xnrcv<ryxaop6, rl yrl ,rou rp6pel, ox[(ercrL xcL 0dBeL crv0grirrous xo.L tc 8rlpLoupliipotd. touE, to vep6 nou e[eyeiperaL, nlrlppup(ler. xcL nv["1s1 r,a x&w,a, 11 06eltrtr nou rc o<rptbvsl, oL apptioueg, nou pt6),tE nplv on6 ).(yo 6lnnlot6onpe rog e[vo.L enr,06osrg d].]"ov frm,'ro,vtirv opyavLo;rdrv, re).Lxd ro obuvqg6 c(vlypa rou ecvdtou, lou evd.vrud rou Eev pp60qze cx6p'4 xo.v6vc cpdppaxo xol rt0cv6v vu p4v Bpe0e[ nor6 xcv6vo.. Me out6-< ttE buvdpetg op0rirvercrr 11 qfoq or6vavti pcg, peyc).6ngen1, oxtrr1p{, cr6uo<inr1rq, pcrg anoxcl.frnel rtlv abuvapt(a po.E xol rtlv cvtnrlpxeLd poE, nou oxoneiicpe va o.ro@youpre pe noi.ltlo;rLxri epynoicr. Mrcr o.n6 tlE liyeg etldgLoteg xnr evOogpul,rrx6g evnrndrorrs,tou progotpe vtr 61oupe crn6 t1v ovOpcon6rqta elvor 6rcv, ev 6rpeL trnet].r1rr,zrig xcto.orpoiprlE rou notrlrLoprot qE, lelvdel 6IeE tr,g eooteplx6g 6tozo).[eg xcL e10p6t1reg xcn 0upd.to.t ro pteyii].o xowti xo0r'1xov qg 6laripqor'1g tqg on6vnvrl oqv urepoli nlE e6ors. 'Onrog yrc r1v ov0pon6n1ro. 1evL.nd, 6roL xot, 1to to ls'Evo pL6goE qE o16ltogLot6 dtopo 11 !rr-ri] elvor b{oxotrr1. QIoIg rou ro urrpdlJ,.er, o nolluopr6g p6oa otov orolo (er,, 6vc p6pog rou :r6vot rou to ngolevofv or, dl,l.oL dvOptonoL, e [re ncBd rLg no?,.nr,opr,x6g btotdf eLE eire efatrlcE qE cr6l.elcE truto{ tou no},tttopoi. )e ourir npootl0elrcL 6oeg (r1pr6g rou ngozo.),ei -ncL nur6 ro <rnoxo)'e[ poipcr- q c8cpooml rp6or1. Iuv6neto <ruu]g tlg xctd.oto.oqg 0c rp6ner va e(vnu prn 6Lcpxrig oyx66r1E xotdotooq nvo.142

TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTATIATH: III

provrlg xo.r pr,c papeLd npoopo),r]

rou qrorxot vo,Qltoor-

rrpo6. lvop[loupe (61 rtirE trwr6pd o [elrrlprot6E tivOpto:ro5 o.n6vcwl otr,g Bi"dpeE notr irpo6pXowar, nn6 rov no},r,-

rlotrr6 crvcrwtooet 6vnv cvtlorollo Bc0p6 ol,r(orcorqg

rm6v<rvrr oroug 0eopotg o.urorj rou no1,rflo;rori, noi.r,rroprxrlE e10porrlrcg. A),)d rtbg optverol cn6vcwl orr,g un6p-

rrpeg 8uvd.perg fllE q6oIS,

rinog

rlg

pro(gcrE,

nou .rov cne .otv

rouE ri).),ouE; aval"crpptiveL cur1 m1v unegtionlorl zcr 1rd.).loro nc-r6 rov (6m tg5no yla 61,ouE, xor eivo.r, o.f r,ooqlreiorro 6rL 6lol o1e66v ol lol,rlopro[ xdvouv oe o,ur1 rqv rspfnrtoorl ro [61o. Aev orcy,crtd orqv em6].eoq rou xaOr]6),or-19

O no),nlop6E

xol{o5 vo unepoonroOe( rov dvOpono cn6vcwr, oq qrio1, c),}.<i ro ouveli(er, pre di.).o p6oa. To xcO1xov e66 e(vnr rol{rpopqo, ro cioOr;pc ror-' Ey6 rori avOpdrrou, nou rrvrlperon(lel t6oeg o.ler1.6E, !rpe( toprlyopui, o z6opoq xar 1 ltorl np6ner vo cnc).1,cryo6v cn6 rouE cp6pouE, xot rnur6lpovo orlv nepr6pyeLc rou av0gdinou yr<l p60qo1, rou cpuor,zri ncgo.xlve[rct cn6 ro lopp6repo npcxrrxd, tv6Lo.q6pown, ng6:rer vo. 6o0e[ plo ondwrlorl. Me to lpdtro Br]pa 61oupe r;E1 zep6loer no].].d. Kot rrur6 e[vcl vo. efo,v0pon[ooupe tt1 q{roq. Trg o:rp6ooneq buvdperE xcL l61eE 6ev pnoporipe vc rtg nl,rloldooupe , ;16vouv nr,rirvr,c [6veE. A]"],rl 6T crv orc orolle lcr paivot"rul nd0r1 6log oqv rluxr{ paE, 6rcv xor, o Od.vcrog 6ev e(var, xd.rl au05qp1ro, a1.1.d q p[arq rgd[r1 prcg zcxqg pori],4or1q, txav ncrvrori orq rptoq 61oupe ydpo pag n)dopcta nou ro pop(ou;re o.n6 t1v xoLvorv[o pcg, r6re cvcoo,(voupe, rrLo0o,v6pcore oov oro onit pag p6ocr oro d.fevo nou pc.g reprBril',irer, pnoporipe vc eirsfepyco0o{pe rlrulr,xri ro ntrpd),oyo d11oE pag. E(pnore lotoE ax6;11 avtrnepd.onloror., u).)d 611 rlc cvr1trrropor,, pnopotpe roul.dllorov vc cwrt\qdoou;re, az6pq xcr, vc lpqottrrononioou;re evdwlc oe uutotE rouE p[otouE unegdv0pconouE 6[to r<r i6rc p6oa 143


To MEAAON MIAX AYTATIATH:

TO MEANON MIA>

AYTAIIATH' III

,rou XQlorporototus orTlv xorv(Dvlc poE, proQottre v(I 60xrFdooupe, vo xouE rEoQx[oouu€! vd. rouE 1.(orEuvdooup(:, vo. rous 6sxd,ooupr, xaL pE r6rorcuE srlQscotrotE vo, rooq oqorQ6ooutr€ 6va p6poE an6 rqv lo1t rooE. H rpulo).o1[c

l"ti xcr,, 6nog Eox[paon vo 6e([o,a 6vo. gu].oyeverLx6. Me rov zcr,p5 y[vowot or, rpdrreE :rogaqgrioe6 nrivro rrtlv zovovrx6rrlzc 2{cr orrl vopor6},elo rov quorxrirv qnLvopr6vorv, or rpuor,x6g 6uvdpre6 Xrivouv 6rou to avgprinLvc

oE unoxnrd.orcro rrlg gtor,xiiE orr,otr]pr;E npoocp6pel 61r p6vo dpeoq cvcxo{rqrc1, ol}d 6e[1ver xor rov 0p6po yLrr rqv ncpnn6pa 6r,su0ftqo4 rrlE ltctriorcorlE. fLctl currl 11 xcrriornoq 6ev rfvor rlnore v6o, 61eL 6vrr rcL6r,x6 np6runo, oxlv fieoypcxrll6qra slvot I ouv6xrorl ror :rporlyotpevou, cqof oe r6rolo nc.rriorcor1 e[1e [ovcppeOs[ o dv0ponoE orE przp6 nar6[ orouE lroveiE rou, rrou e[1e ],6yo vo. rouE qopdrcr,, rov ficr6Qrr, al,i"6 xol i]rnv olyoupog yrcr n1v npootcoic rou sn6vo,wl otouE xLv66vouq nou yvriiBr,(e re. 'Eror 6ev (rcv 6{roxoLo vo' nagoporo.oOorjv or, 66o roord.oelE. Kct q enr,0up(c rxo,vono(0qxe, 6noE 6vslpu. Mto 6ro[o011oq 0cvtirou xo.r61er .rov ovelpeu6prvo, 06tr€r vo'rov ore[]"er orov rdqo, ci,.].d 1 overplxri epyoo[o E6erL vo ex].61s1 rov 6po ;re tov ofioio cur6 xo Bep6 yeyov6g 1,[vernl Lzcvonoirlorl r;g enL0upt(as o ov€rpeu5prevog pi"6neL rov enur6 rou oe 6vov srBotrozr,n6 .rdqo, orov oroao 6xer xo.r6Ber eurulLop6voE ytc qv :rolqoq rtov cp1cr,oi"oyr,x6v rou sv6rcrpep6wotv.3 To ouppolv€r 6rov o d.v0ponog 6sv per<rpopcprirver, rLg x6E 6uvdper,E cnltig oe ov0pt6rotrE, rouE onofouE vo ouvo.vcorp6qeror ocv 6prorodE rou, 0r,.16 6ev 0o xo.r,oLoy6rav e(d}"},ou cn6 r1v goBepri rlr{rtool fiou on6 cur6g, nILd toug 6[vel narplx5 XcQoxxtiQo, ttg x6ver Oeo{E, xor, oxo}"ouesf 61l p6vo 6va nar,6rx6 np6nrro, c],-

x(rQ0.rrl p6vel xo, Oeo[. Or,

Xvouv rov xQ6po ,rou ,[Qoqcve[ q rptorl,

vc

oupqL].r,rirvouv

rov d.v0ptlno pre qv ox),r1q6rqro t1E ru1qg, r6r,o[rsgc ;re rov Orivo,ro, xo,r v(r xov c.vrape(pouv Tro rouE n6voog z<rr rLg oreprloeq nou 61eL enotpLo0ei e[olrlaE qE nolurro;rlxiiE oupBiroorlE.

poOprtc(o ri vripevo. 6r6novrn[ A),}.d

rq

enu66osrE. O

p6oo. oe cur6g

ra

cpuorxd.

qor-

rorrlreg. oL Oeo[

tlvaL $6pcro ot xtploL rrlE qrioqg, r1v 61ouv rcxronoujoel ('ror,, rirore vo, ),eLroup1,e[ our6volro. M6vo zdnou xdnotr ure;rBa[vouv orqv ropeia r1E pr xo ].ey6psvc 0n6patc, yro vo. brrpeBar,tiloouv 6rL 6ev 61ouv eyxcrc).sirpsr r(:rore sr6 qv cppxri efouola touE. 'Ooov nqopd ro pro[eoopo rIS nip1E, p6ver oroug cv0ptirnouE 11 buodpeorl br,a[o0r1or1 noE 6ev UfioQoriv vcr xdvouv r[nore evdr.,na orrlv c;l11cv[o, rous xcr qv o,6uvcpia roug. E6r6 anoruyldvouv or. 0eo[ neqLoo6rego an6 o],].o6. cv o,uro[ qrrr,rl(IGV

c:ro;ro.xgrivowo.r c:r6 cuni, 16oo nepr,oo6repo l[Oewar

oL

3. [Aur6 ro 6ver,po to over,per3elxe o i6r,og o <Dp6uw rr<rr to ovo,. g6pel m1v Traumdeutung (1900^), Studienausgabe, .c6p". 2, ael,. 436-9 (eLl.lvrmj 6x6oo1, I1 egpqvela tov ove[pav, tx66oeuE Eritr{oljQoq, Aorlvc, 1993, oEi!. 395-7)1.

4. [BI6ne Totem und Tabu (Freud, 7912-13), StudienausEabe, r6p. 9, oe),. 430 r.e. (E)..)"Ivrrrl €x6oo1, Todp xar. capnoi, tx6l6oetg EnixougoE, A0r1vo, 1978, odl 184 x.e.)].

t44

tt).

o na^Ltull\

tlfi 6k

145


TO MEAAON

fiQoo6oxisE oro xQiro ro0iixov fiou 6xouv, 1600 ,[eQLoo6x€Qo ylvexor ro 10rx6 I rtQro oeo,[Qo. rouE. Ka0rixov rrrw

0et.iv yfvercr rt6pcr vcr €ErooQQo]rofv rLg el],eir1erE xaL tr,g [r1pr6g rou ,rolrrropori, v<r e]"6y1ouv touE n6vouE, nou :rpoxal.otv or dv0Qolfior o 6vcE orov 6),),ov orq ouppftoor1,

va ertqpotv x1v erx6l.eo1 rov no),rrLoplxtbv 6latd-

lerov, nou 16oo crp60uprc xr5 oxoLougotv oL riv0potnol. Xrr,g noi,,Ltoprx6E 6lardfeLE cno6[6erar 0eLxr1 npo6leuol, cvuqJc6vovro.r nd.vrrl o,n6 rqv cvogrit:rrv4 )l,oLvovio lror t]rexre[vowcr otl q6or1 xnr oT o ntryx6otru,o 1[yveoOar. 'EtoL br1 pruoupy eircL 6vc ni"ri0oE ncrpcrord.oeorv, yewqp6.vorv an6 qv cvdyxrl rov trv0p6nov vo xd,vouv rlv obuvo1rao toug unoqepril, orqpLyp6vov oro u],rx6 xov cvo.pvrqoeov, orlv obuvnpio.-roug xtrt, ozlv n<rlErxrj r1),rx(o rou crvOpdrnlvou y6vouE. <Dnlvetcrr x<r0ugd 6rL Gurli I ?.t,oro11 npoorcretel rov dv0qoro rQoE Eto xnteu06voelg, 0116 xous zLvbtvouE r1E q6or1E xcL r,4E rtplg znL o.n6 tg B)d[3eg nou npo6glovrar o,fi6 xrlv [61o. rqv <rv0p6nr,v1 xowov[c. Xe ouol6rLorl pe aurd. pnopotpre vc noriprs: 11 (to{ oe trtr6v rov x6opo sftnrlpere( 6vov urpqtr6repo oxon6, :rou 6ev FfioQoripe l36Bolc vc rov trrnvr6rporpe efxo1.n, al")d ortrlo6rlrrom olpaiver releLono(r1or1 qg ov0pr6nuvlg ouo[aE. flL0crv6v ro nveupurtx6 p6Qog xou av0Qi6fiou, I qruxrl, nou anoXrlq(o0r1xe oro n6go.opa rou XQ6vou 16oo agyd xcr pr x6o1 6uoxo),[n rrr[6 ro o6po., vc eivcr to cvrlxeipevo oL'TriE rqE 6.ftrporlE xcrL nvrirpoorlE. 'O,tr ouppo.(veL oe our6v rov x6opo eivnr 11 npuy;-rctono[r1or1 tov rpo06oeov pL<rg rn6pregrig pcg euqutnE, I oroio., o.v xcr ;r6on an6 briopcrouE 6g6poug xcrr napcxtlprper,g, orp6rpel re),r,rd 6Ia npoE ro zal6 prcg. fld.vo on6 tov zcr06.v<r poE cppouge[ pLcr oyo0rl, qoloUrvrxd p6vo ouot4Qti, ,[Q6vo[o, nou 6sv enlrp6ner vcr.1[voups nn(yvlo rrr;v no.v[olupov ror o[r€(].[xtDv cpuotxtitv 8uvdpetriv. Ax6pn1 r.ro,r o 0dvcros 6ev e(vnl nqcvtop6E, ffrrorQoerl oro av6p1.46

fO MLAAON MIAI AYIAI]AIII): III

MIA: AYTAIIATH>

yavo drpulo, d'J"d cp1i1 ev6g v6oo e[6ou5 tntrQErlg rou [3p[ozetcL orov 6g6po qg avrirreprlg s[6]"r[r1q. An6 qv d),),r1 n),eupri, or, [6r,or, 40txo[ v6por, ,rou 6xouv 0eonloet ot nol.nLopol png, 6r6nouv xcr 6].o ro rcyl{6opro y[yveoOot, p6vo nou fiQooro.T€towdl o.fi6 pro. cvrftnrl 6Lzcotr,r,tf oQxri Us ooty,l,Qr,ro p€yotrtreQl efouoio xaL ouv6nero,. Ka0er[ xa].6 oFE[PExGt rtLtx6, xcL9ed zax6 tlpope[rcr,, uv 6Xr oE cuml q progqrl fllS EolriE, x6rr oxrry xcronuvtl 6rnp[r1, rou opli[eL prstri rov 0d.varo.'Eror 6],oL or, q6por., ol n6vor )lor or or).IQ6xIrEE filE Loris ,rQooQiLolT cr va EEdtrtrg0o v rl (ro1 perd rov Od.voro, rou ouvel[feL r1v en[yelc Lori paE, 6noE ro c6pnro xoprp6rL tor-r qd.oparog ngooxo).).tirar, oro oQo16, e6Qvsl 6),q qv o?',oxLr1Qtoorl fiou 6ev nei;u1aps (oarE oe cull q Eorf. Kot rl un6pro.tq oorp[o., nou br.eu0river curll rlv rloQ€ac, I fiGvoyo06rqxo, nou ezqpd[ero.r, p6oa oe cr:rii, q ELxcLoofvrl, nou enLpd.)"1,etar, elvcrr l6r6rrlreg rov 0eixtirv 6wtov nou 8rlpLofpyrlocv spriE xar 6),ov tov x6opo.'H p6).),ov tou ev6E 0eixot 6woE, oro oro[o o ro].rnop6g proE oupn6xvtooe 61.ouE rouE ,rQolyo{p€vouE oeofg. O La6g nou ]16ngrbrog tofrl 14 ouprfzvool 6ev 6xpuBe x1v urrtQ1qdvero. 'rou yr,' curl qv np6o6o. Aneleu06pooe tov ncrgr,x6 nuprlvo, rrou ).(Qul36rcv n(oor crn6 xdoe oeixri popcpil'

ruls

Baorxd r66aE

rotro (rcv err,orpoqri onE roxoQrx6E cpx6g rrlE 0eo6. Ttbpa, oeof o 0€68 riro.v rLa 6vaE, ou

rol

ol6oerg npoE crur6v pn6geocv vo. fovazepbloouv tr1 pa06n1rc xoL trlv fl,rcor1 n1E r<rl6r,x(E o16o1E :rgog tov nor6gcr. Acpori o dvOpconog tiy,e x6,tu 16oo :ro)"Ld yLc tov nct6pa, rl0ele xol v([ cvrolrsLg0e( yl aurd, vo. slvcl tou).ti1torov ro ;-rova6rxd. aynnrlr6 rou nar6[, o rsprofotoE ),c6E rou. Ilo).ri opy6tega q euospr]E ApepLxr] eye(per qv nncirloq vc e[vo.t <God's own country) (r1 ltbpc rou 0eori), xol yr,a pta on6 rlE propcp6E, pre rLg onoieE ).nrpeioriv ol dvOgroror. rov 0e6, aur6 euoraOe(. 747


.1'O

MEAAON MIA: AYTAIIATH:

OL OgrloxrurLx6E napoo.r<roelg, nor ovcrp6pcpe ncpcrouyzswptrtrLxd, 6Ldvuonv pLa pnxg6lpovl e[6],111,

nd,vtr.r

:rpoi1),0<rv n:r5 brdpoqouE no),Lrlo;rofE xar 6rtiqogeE qdorLE. 'EXtr; [elopioeL pla cn6 cur6g rLE sle].rxrlx6E cpdoeLE, rrou nvrLotorlei nep(nor orlv ze),Lzr1 6Lcptiggoorl

orov olpepr,v6 pcg ).eux6, lpLotLcvLx6 ro).Lrr,op6. E(vor, rixo),o vtr 6r,cxp(vou;re 6t ra pr6pr1 ourlE rqE otr6qr<rg 6sv rnLpLdlouv 6).a un6l,urc perc(6 zoug, 6rL bev Bgioxercl o.ndvrlorl yLc 6),eE rLE enLtcx.rrx6E eptoriloeLE, 6rr, ;re Suoxo),ia ;rnopei vc anolpcnei 11 trvrlqcor1 tqg xcOqpeqrvr;g e pneLp(ag. A),)d 6norE elvnl, o.ur6E or -oe n],cr6lrnr; 6wolc 0prloxeurr,x6g - napcortloeLE exrrprofwnl otg ro no),urLpr6repo cn6lr1tric lou no),Lruopo{, og ro toqe},r;r6rr-0o nou plopei vc,rgootpiprr t;ro U€tr[ rou. no].i avtirteqo nn6 6tr eg tr,g t61veg "yr,a l1v ezperd)").euo1 trov 0qoouQ6v qE yIE, yto rlv :rpopriiOerc r1g cv0gon6nlrcE pe tpoqri r<u trlv npog[],o[ii r1g nn6 rLg cpprborLeg. Or, dv0ptrrror, vo;r[(ouv lrrrE 8ev 0<r pnop6oouv vc aw6[ouv tr1 Iroi], av 6ev nno6r6oouv oe <rut6g ttg ncpcordorlg r1v ofla:rou cnartoriv. KaL rtirga ro egtbrrlpa, rL e[vor <rur6E or ntrgaordoslg ul6 ro nplo;ra rrlg pulo],oyicE, yLuri vo 1clpouv r6roLag peyd].r1g exr[prlolE 1{oL, yro va otrveliooupe 6er,1.d.: nord eivcr. 11 npcyprnrlxrl touE a![a;

MLc 6geuva nou npolrogel oJrQ6ol.corrro oov uov6].oyog bev orlpaiver :roE 6ev nsgrx),eiel xr,vbrivoug. Ev6[Eoupe t:6xo},a orov telqcopL6 vo. nagcpepiooupe rrE or6qrErg, nou 06i,.ouv va tr;v 6r,o.x6rporv, xcL awl yr,' aur6 o,noxrotpe 6v<r a[oO1pc cBeBaLo,qroE, :rou oxoneiioupe vc ro rlnrxo),{rpoupe txo t6}.oE pe utep po},r,zrj o.noqo.oLo.rtx6.rr1 ra. fr' o.ur6 ronoOertit on6vcvrl pou 6vov crwin<r],o, nou ncpoxo)"otr0ei pe 6uonr,or[o, ttE o.vruwiferq ;rou, xo,r, xct6 r\lcrorrlpro.ro. rov oelivto vc ndpe r, tov ),6yo: Ko.r T ov czorio va ).6er: <Xplor,ponor,riocre ouxvd. rtE ercpptioeLg: o fioLLxrop65 6rlpr.orpye[ our6E tE nagnordirsLg, o nolwLop65 rrE 06rrr orq 6ui0eor1 rtov;re1,t6v rou, a),)d e66 xdn 6ev x6.et xaX6. Aev pnog6 vc :ro yu.r[, a),)"d Eev cpa[ve, crL 16oo curov6rpo 6rl o lolLruop6g 611protpyqoe trg 6rcrd[,etE yLc qv xcrcvop,ii rrr;v xBo'L6wrr;v rIE rQyco[oE rj ra bLxcuipara tou dv6Qo ndvrr; otq yuvaixa xo.,t oro ntrl6[>. Kal 6prr;9, vopl(to rtr,tE pfioQotu€ vo. ezqpoooor3pe 6ror,. llgoondO4oc va 6e[[to 6rl or 0prloxeurrx6E rnpcorrioelE ,eorll0av nn6 qv [6rc ovdyxq 6roE 6]"a ra ri],],a enLreiilprcrn rou no),Ltopori, cn6 qv avayxcrr6rlrc vc opuvOel o dv0ponoE cn6vur.,n or4v ouvrpmtLxrl unepolr{ qg cp6or1E. E6ri rpoor60rlxe 6vo betreqo x[v1rQo, I 16o1 rou o.v0gtirnou

vc

6r,oq0riroer, rLE o6uvr1g6E m6)r.eleE

ror

noi,.r-

rtoprot. E(vuL en(o1E :rol.ri ooor6 vc noripe 6tr o no),nlop6E lapi(el oe xd0e dv0gorno our6E xrE ncpcordoelg, .1Lnr[ rtE Bpioxer pnpootd rou, rou 6[vowo,r, 6ror,peg, 6ev 0c rltov oe 06o11 va rrE Bper p6voE totr. Eivct q rtrqQovopu.d,, rqv onofc nno661ercL, nolldrv yevec6v, rqv napailcppd,ver ocv ro 6vo xr 6vn xdvouv 6to, rr1 "TeopetBia zln. Yndpler B6poLo pla 6rcqopd, c),trd pgfoxeror xdwou o)"Lo6, 6ev pnopotps vc rlv e[11,r]ooupe 0z6[rl. fro ro 6rr xdrr, 6ev rtier xo)"d,, 6nog ovoq6pcrs, tlrroQ€l vc qraiel r48

149


TO MEAAON

ouvr10[(ercL va trraE :raporoL6louv crur,(:g r,tE 0p4oxeuruz6E napcotdoetg oav

,coxd 6vo p6QoE xnr

ro ysyov6g 6tL

Oeixi1 uroz6l,urpq. Aut6 p6vo tou onorel.ei 11611 6vc p6poE rou Opqozetnxori otron];-ro.roE, nopcpre),el evtetrdrE trl yvroom] oe prcE roroptxi] e(6).fr1 crur6v T ov lEed;v xcL 16 6r,ccpop6E rot,E oe Sr.drpope g exo^tri5 xtrr 6rdcpogouE roltrt-

o|rotq.

<YrdgleL 6vc d).}.o orlpeio nou pou qclve'rtrt onou8aLotego. Ioppi(eo0e :rroE o lo.v0grrintop6E qg cpriolg npo6p1erc,r, on6 qv cvd.yxq rov ov0grin<ov va 06ootv 16).oE otqv o.pqlav(tr roug xcr. or1v c6uvap(a touE cn6vo.wl ortg cpopeq6E 6uvdpeLE rr1E, vo ovarntlouv ol6oetE trte ou6vc r6roto x[vqt6E xcL te),Lxri vo. rr,E enqpedoouv. A "6 6v0poroE negLtr6. O npox6yovog rpo cpclvercl rog e[vol 5ev 61et dl.).1 exloyrl, 6ev 61eL dtrtrov tp6no ox6rpqg. Tou e[vaL quorx6, oov 6prptrro, vc npo$6lirer, xov Eoux6 rou otov x6opo, vc p),6neL 6leg t6 6r,c6r,xco[eE, nou ncgcxo).ou0e(, ocv exqg6oerE 6wov nou efvcr, Bcolxd 6poLo pe our6v. Aur6 e(var, 11 prova8lx1 pr60o6oE tr1g cwl].rylx1g rou. Kcr 5ev e[var ^rclr6 xost|vcv rQ6rro ourov6rlro, o[]'d pdl.Lov neplepyq o6prnooq, nv crprivovtaE etrsri0epeg t6 quorx6E lou lrcrv6rqreg xordqegvs vo. Lzcvono(oer pLn cn6 e

peytileg o.vdyxsg rou>. Aur5 6sv to Bpioxro 16oo epqav6g. Nop(lete 6r1).a6rj nog q ox6r1.rr1 rou cv0p6nou 6ev 61er, rgcxttxri x[vr1rpa, nIId Eivor, crl,r6g 11 6zcpgaorl proE crvlbrorei"orig rept6pyrrcq yrd pri01o!; Atr6 slvaL no].ri o.nlOovo. flLoreiiro ptil,l.ov rog o dv0pomoE, 6rov rpootononorel rr,E guorz6E 6uvd.psrg, axol.ou0Ei 6vn ratblz6 np6mno. ,4.16 ta np6otorrd rou nptirrou rou replBd),Iowog 61et pd0eL noE, 6to.v avcnlrjooer prr o16o1 pc(( rouE, <rvo[1eu 6vav 6q6fio yld vo rtr enrlpedoeL, xtrl 1r' nur6 pexcxttQi(€TaL oQy6repo. xaOetl nou ouvcwd ocv exelvo, tc np6oona. Aev ovrtqd,oxro l.our6v oqv napou{pr1or] oo.E e fvcl ,[Qoyuoxt-

rL.g

150

TO MEAAON

MIA' AYTATIATH:

rd

MIA: AYTANATH: IV

otov dv0gr.ono vo JrQooolJrofior,€i zc0er( nou va zotcldBer, Tttr vc ro efououiler, cpyorepa -r1 rpullxr] unegvlxlol oov rQosror.p.colc 1Lo. trlv quolxijcrl.Id rpoo06rol ro xlvrlrpo xo.L q y6veorl aulig tr;g t6toppu0trr(crE rqE ov0qtinlvlE oxfipr1E. <Ko.r rt6ptr ;rtc tpirq rpcr]pr;o'4: 'E1ere (6q ,tQdypoteu0el tlr1v npo6].euor1 rqg 0gqoxelcg oro Brp],[o aag Torip xat rapnoi. A-LId exei, rapouold(ere ta ngriypcto. Er,arpopurLxd. To. o,vdysre 6l,n oq o16o1 cvd;reoo otov yl6 xcl orov nor6gc, o 0e6g elvcr, o unepurporp6voE ncrt6poE, q enL0up[c yla'rov nct6po elvol'4 p[(n qE 0prloxeurrxr;g ovdyxqE. 'Yoxsec, rpclvernl, cvo.xoltrpote to oT ot1e[o rrlg cv0p6nLvlg o5uvapioE zcL oveirdpxeLcE, oTo ono[o ano6[6ercl yevlxd. o peyc].riregog p6]"oE 1,lo T1 61rpuoLx6

061,s1

p'lorgy(o rlE Ogqoxrlag, xc'r pettrlpdcpere 6,rr. r]tcrv npr,v oripni.eypo rou ror6pc oe c6uvcp[o.. Mnopeite va pou Sdroere e[qyr]oeLE yr,' cut1 tqv oi',i,o1i];> EtrlagiotroE, aurr] rqv rp6zl.r1or1 tr1v neglprevc olyoupo. @6l.ere va pdOere cv rpay;rarlnd, ,rQ6x€rrot yLc c)"trcyi]. 2ro Torip xat rapnoi 6ev ox6:reuo. vc e[lyrioo 11 61protrpyicr rov 0pqoxer,6v, cl)"d p6vo nurf tou rotepttopoi. MnoBe[te pe orolobr]nore ar6 rLE yvoor6g ocE 06oerE vcr xo,rovo{oe, e o,n 1 nqtirrl poQqrl, pE r1v orolc awoxo],trp0r;xe orov dv0ptono 1 ngootcteumxt] 0e6qr<r, r]tcv r1 !r,.ui6qE, 6rr. ofioyoQeu6xo.v otouE ov0p6nouE vo. 0ovo,rdrvouv 1{o.r, va rgr6vs ou6 ro (tio, cl}.d polowotto urilple 'ro eoprcotLx6 60tpro vo to 0o,vcrrdrvouv ncL vo. ro tptirve 6lol pall pla cpopd rov 1p6vo; Aev eivcl ox6mpo vo qt).ovrxofpe yro ro o.v o rote;rr,op6E np6nel vo. ovopo.oOei 0ploxs[c. 'E1er, orevr] o16oq pe 16 xcronLv6g 0prloxeleg, .1lc'ri rcr roreplzd !tbo. y[vor'"ra'r repd [drn rov 0edrv. Kct, ol np6tor, trlld po0ftepor r10rxo[ repropr,opoi -1 cncy6peuoq rou q5vou xcL qg ctpo;rerfiog- brlpr.ouglorivrul ndvo oro 66oqog rou'rorepropo6. E(re ncpc66lsote 151


TO MEAAON MIAX AYTAflATH>

rc

oupfiâ&#x201A;¬Qd,opcro crr[6

TO MEAAON

ro Totip xu ruptoi ent 6yt, e.L-

n(o vc opoloyiioete 6u oto BIBIIo 6vaE apr0p6g cn6

o(r,ooqpeloteg ox5gnreg c),riOereg 61er ouyrevtpro0e[ oe 6va ora0ep6 otvo).o. 2ro Torip xat taptoti 6ev pre orao16),4oe xc06l.ou yrni o (o66qg 0e6g 6ev r{rav opner6E prnzpong60eopc xat ctwtxctao"c&0qxe pe 6vcrv o.v0pc6nrvo, o6rs ovccp6popar oe 6).1.a npopi',riparo l1E OrlpLoupyiog qg 0prloxeiog. Oeorgelre 6vcv l6roro nepro H epyaolc trrou trrore].e( anop6voorlE qg ouprBo).rig rpultrva).urr,xr1 0edrgrlorl or1 )" oq rou 0p4oxeurLxo{r npoB).ripcroE. Av r6pa ngoo:roOdr vn npoo06oa; ro d}.Io, ro ).Ly6repo xpuq6 xopprtit qg ou;rBo),riE, 6ev np6nsr va pe xcrq1,oqelre 1,r,o. crw[cpc.or1 6noE npr,v yrn ;rovopr6gsLa. E[vnl guoLxd xcOrixov pou vc znrc6e[[,o rov rp6no o{v6eorlE nurof nou e[ncr nplv pe o.ur6 nou ],6to rdrgn, rou l3c06repou xaL rou qcvepot xivrlrgou, rou ou;rd,,6yprarog tou nol6go. xnrrrlg c8uvuprio.E rotr avOgritnou, rqE o,vdyxIE xou yltr npoor<ro[a. Aev elvnr 66oxoi,,o va Bpe0ofv crur6E or, ouv66oe6. Ei val or ol6oelE rlg c6uvnpriag rou ncr6loti ,rQoS TIV ouvep!6psvr; a6uvcp[c rou evri],Lnou, tiote, 6norg avopev6ztrv, q rfrulova),urlxrl unlo).<iy1or1 n1g 8lpLoupyicg qg Oprloxe(aE ylvettrL q tor8Lxrl ouppo],r] oro qavep6 r1g xivtltpo. AE pretogep0o6pre otlv r;'up1 rou pLxpori no.rbLo6. Orrpd.ore qv exl.oyrj rou nwrxeLp6vou oripqovc pre rov avo.xl.mLx6 t6ro,5 .11o. rov orolo prr,].dsl q cvti],uor1; H ],(p-

MIA: AYTATIATH: IV

nrwo cxol,ouOe( rov 6q6pro r(Dv vcQlr,r,oororrltrirv cvoyxtitv zor npoozol,Ld.ral orc c"vtrxe lprlo, Jlou 6rcoipc]"ilouv 6ror r1v rxcrvonoiqo( roug. 'Erol 1 prp6Bcr, rou r.xovolotef rqv ns(vc, yivetcL to npriro o,wrxe lpevo ayifi11s ^AaL ofyoupc q nprftr1 npooroo(c cn6vor..rr oe 6].eg 16 oxa06gLoreE buvdtrrelE nou trnsr),orjv nn6 rov eftorsglx6 x6opo, prnopotpe vo. notpre q nprixq npoornoia cn6 ro dy1oE.

FerE

ra

XcQoxrlQlorr,xd. n1E ncrprxriE pogcprig, 6qproupyei

touE 0eoriE, Jrou rous cpoBdror,,:rou

o.vcyvtoploer

o

evrll.rxoE, 6r1),a6ii

061"er,

va toug xep6i-

otov oppcrop6

n1E

Op4oxe[aE, rrr XoQorxlerorLxd rrlE pcop[opcro,. A],]"d, 6ev 5. [Xe out6 ovcrp6petcu o Op6ur,t extevcirE otqv eEryo.oin rou .1r,c rov vc.orroor,op6 (Freud, 1914"), Studienausgabe, r6p. 3, oei,. 54_6

g oro:2iyx;ro (dJ,qvrxrl

b6oelg Er(a

t52

rqr Ex_

s[vcr rp60eori pag vcr epeuvrlooupe no,pon6pa n1v e!6],r,rqv 6wouc rou ncpcndvtrr 6por orlpoiveu cvrixi,rol rtov oefotro),rrrirv ogpritv oruE oqp6E ror Eyri xcru 61u avd ,uol lou :ror6rct mr1 p1r6qol. 153


TO MEAAON

M]A: AYTAIIA]'H)

n1g L66cglou Oeori e66 0<r nololrl0oipe pe tov 6rolpo 0qocup6 'rov 0pqoxsurlxtirv ncpno'rd.oeorv, 6ntog rov prraprBd(eL o rol.lrlopr6g oro [exorpror6 dropo.

[1

fLc vc fovaBpodpe ro vrjpcr rqg 6peuvcg: flord eivor, r1 r1ru1ol.o1Lx( orlpao[o trrv Opqoxeurrntirv nagcordoerov, oE tr, prnoporipe vn rtE r<rfrvopr]ooups; H andlT rloq 6ev elvar o,plrzd e6xo)"1. Merd qv on6Aarqr1 oprop6vtov 6tcrrrrioe<ov orcpcrotpe oe plc: E[vcl 66ypoto, 6r1],6oetg 1Lc yeyov6rc xo,r, ouv0rixeE r1E e[meprx(E (t1 eooreptxiig) npc ypcnlr6rlrcg, ,tou lvroo'ronouotv xd,t not 6ev

61eL Bper xoveiE p6voE 'rot xcl <rncrt, otv vo. rouE 6t6oou;re nion1. Ene r.6rj pr.aE ni!qgorpoporiv yro, ro rrro orlpo,v-

ro

'rrx6 xcL nro sv6rcq6pov yrc pcE oq . (trr(, extlpofwot L6ro,irep<r. 'OrorcE 6ev f6per tkote cn6 ourd e(vcrr no),6 o6nr]E' 6roloE tc ouyncrcl.6yer ottE yv6oetE tot prope[ vc 0etoBe(rct nol,6 nl,otoloE. Ynriplouv cpuorx6 noII6 t6torc 66ypcta Ttc xo, ,tto 8Lncpoprrlxd npdytrrcrc curo6 rou x6opou. Kd0e o1ol,tx6 pdOrlpo e[vct yepdro cr6 ourri. AE 6tci.6[otrpe ro pri01tro r1g TetoyQde(cg. Azotpe : H Kovotcvtlo, [3p(oxsrcr, orrE 610eg qE oprivuplE l(pvqE. 'Evo qor,rqttx6 tgcyoriBl fiQoo06rur: 'OnoroE 6ev ro nroreiiet, o.g nd.el eite( vtr ro 6er. 'Hpouv xrr:,d ttyn exei. xan pnog6 va rrronotr]orr.r roE 1 rogo(a r6lq ppioxsrm orqv 6101 pLcE pty6l,qE 1',1pvrlE, ,ro1J 6).ol or ytpo rrlv cnox<rl.otv }"[pq qE Koworcrwlog. Ttiipa elpar, nerer,op6voE an6].ura rar ylo r1v op06npa or:tori rou yetolpcrplxot Lo1upr,opo6. Mot 6p1ertrt orr; pvrjpq 6va rii"},o, noi"rj naprlfevo p[topa. 'Hptouv i16r1 6grpog dvEpcE, 6tcv Bp6ftxc yLc npt6trl cpop6 oqv Azp6noliq trov Aoqvrirv, cvd.peoc oro. epeintc, ttrrv vctil, pe ro BL6ppc npog t1 yold(to 0d),oooa. Xrqv emullo pou eLol6pqoe xcr 6va <rioOr;pcr 6xrl.1[1g, ,tou pâ&#x201A;¬ 6xove va oxeq0tir: <(Eror. e(vcl rpcypcrlxd, cxpr,B6E 6noE to. pti0cpe oro o1oileio!) fl6oo snr,cpavet<rxrj zcl c8rivat1 nloq 0o np6ner v<r etya :,6rc orlv n.ocyporr,xrl tr],r]Oer,c o.urtiv nou dzouyo., o.gori elpcr, orlpspo t6oo 6xnhlxtog! 154

155


TO

TO MEAAON

MEA ON MIA: AYTATIAI'H:

MIA: AYTAIIATH: V

ray6rtrv oe nporlyotpeveg etoX6g rLg ox),qporepeE rr,ptopirE, a),)d xtr oripep<r ax6pl q xolvovlc B),6rrer ;_re 6uocp6ozelc. our6v notr rr;v cvaveriver.

Aur6 ro rg(ro orlpre(o lp6nsL vc pog 6rlploupyrioeL 16 psycltrsQeg ap<prBo),ieE. MLtr r6tolq. crnny6peuoq pnops[ vc 61er, pr6vo 6vc x[v4rpo, 6rl r1 xor,vrov(<r yvrriBf(er, no],6 xcr)d qv aBeBcL5rqra rlE cnc[t1o,4E nou eye[pet 1,r,o, rc Oprloxeutxd rqE b6yparc. Av (ro.v 6r,ccpopuLxd, 0cr 66rve onoobr]nore ,rQ60upa orov nc06vc .ro u).tx6 notr ojlobrx0sa

ro oror6leopd. rIE, pnoQrl

vo. ro xdvsl. Avo.q6gercl pdllora ndvro trn6 no6 lpo6glercL 11 yvt6oq lrou elayy6),),er ro 66ypc, 6rou 6ev e(vnL <rutov6qro,6nog

Qovros rlo( o 5p6poE

yr,n :rpootonLx( enlpepalrooq p6vel

6pog cvoLXt6g.

lperd(mor yr,o. vc cnoxuiosl npooonlxrl rsro(erlo1. lr' aur6 npoXtrrpotpe pe 6uolrorio oqv ef6rcorl xtov 6io d),),tov urrlelprlp6rov. flp6ner vo, nlors6oupre, erter,6f n[oxeuov rct ol np6l,ovol pcE. A].]d o,uto[ oL np6yovol pcq rpcv no1"6 rlo o.6ae(E mr6 pnE, n[oreuo.v oE ]rQdypoxo xo oro[o r[vor o66vcrov va ncgc6slro{pe e;-reiE orlpegc. Elvar, 1,oun6v nL0nv6v rtrlg xcL ru Opqoxeuuxd. 66ypnto 0o. pnopotoo,v vc e[vol r6roLou e(6ouE. Ot cno8elferE, rou pcg 61otv cq1osL ol np6yovol po.g, nepL6lowcr, oe ouy.lpdppnro rou rp6poov 6),c ra rlvop(opoxo xrlE avq.flomotlo.E. E[vor, awlcpcrrxti, 6ua.oxeu<rop6vc, ctrLolop6pll.otv .yrc nLoronoLrloeLg ltltgiE va elvnr enr,zuptopl6veE. Aev Borl0del noi,,ri nv 1rc ro xeitrrevo 11 ro nepr,el6pev6 rotE enlzcTr.oriwcl 0erxri reo6lsuol, ylor[ uur6E o rc1rpLop6E eivcr, ii6r1 6vc on6 rc xoppd.rr,o nou np6nel vo. eferdooupe rlv nlr,onlorlc rou5, xcr xcppld np6rcorl 6ev

vc

pnoge(

vc

atno.noOeL10ei.

'Eror, qrd.voupe oro nepfepyo o,nor6],eopro, 6rL crxplB6E exs(vsE or, cvcxor.vtiroe lE 'rou no).lrlopo{r po.g, nou 0c pnogo6oo,v vo. 61orv y,c poE tr1 pry<rl,trsQ1 olpooio., ,rou oxon6E touE s[vnr vo pcg Otccpor(louv yro rc owilrp<rto. rou x6opotr rcr vo, pos ou;-rgrl.rrirvouv pc ra Bd.oavo, qE

loliE, 6. [O Oorx6 (1819-68) arr66€rE€ ro 1851 pe tpeporig r1v neprorpocpr,xr] xiralol rqE y1g].

156

q

Bo.(oeuo ev6g ez_

:no a8rjvo.nl nrrono(1oq. Aev yr,o, pcE 16oo or qd),cLveE yewotv veooootg av-

61or-rv cxprBrilE tr1v

0c cnorp<ro[[cpe vc n<rpaSepotpe 6vc obrdqopo yeyov6E,

ot

157


TO MEA,\ON

M]A: AYTATIATH:

t[ yta

au1,d, ov 6ev slXope trlv an66er,[r1. Aurrl q xordoraorl rorv rpoyprdrov eivnl 6vc rotr neplepyo rirulo]"oyrx6 rp6B],r1po. KcL cE prlv voploer xcvelE 6rt ot r<rpandvo ntrpoqpi]oetE yln 'ro nvcn66erxto rrrrv Oplozeulxtirv 8oypdrrov negL6louv xdt v(.o. Or dv0pronol 'ro 6raLo06vowcv oe zdBe enop{, ax6pr1 xal oL r.o6yovol pog, nou pnE dqrlonv r6rorr x].qpovopld. flr0av6v ro),).,o[ c:r6 otrrotg vtr 6rpeqav rrg 6r.eE aprcpr.BolleE 6:rog bpreig, a),Id u:r6 ro pdgoE pu,ag r,o1upr1E rieorlg 6ev ro?"potocrv vc tg exgpdoouv. Kar an6 r6te o.p6rpr1tor, d.v0ponoL 61ouv pooavro0e[ an6 rLg [6Leg oprprpo].ieE, nou 6rpene va tLE xo.tanL6(ouv, cqorl cto06vovrov urroxQEopr6vor, va nloretorv, rolld lapnprl nvetpcru vnud,yrloo,v oe aurrl rq o6.yxpouoq, no).),o( lcpoxmipeE p).drpqxav cn6 rouE oup[3rpnoprotg, ororE oroiorE avalr'p1ocv 616[o6o.

Arpori 6pr,rg or, ono6ei(er,E,

ror

npoocp6powor ytrr rIV

a(lonror[a rtrrv Oprloxeurlx6v 6oypdrov, npo6p1owo,r, an6 ro nnpel,06v, 0n ng6net vn xolrdloupe piprrog ro na.p6v, nou xgivsroL xo).rirepo, pno.oe[ vc nqooq6psl xal r6roleg orobeiferE. Av xarcrcp6gvopr vG ocpcr,p6ooutrre p6vo cn6 6vn p6poE rou Opqoxeurlxot ouotrlporog tr,g opcpr,pol.(eE, 0o x6p5r!e cvoprcproBrltlrc 5).o oe ollontoric. 856 ap1[(eL r1 OpnorlpLoqrn rov nvsuprctrotriv, nou e[vo.l nensropr6voL yLa tr1 SrdpxeLa rIS oropLxllE 1,u1i1g xcl 06louv vn paE nogouord,oouv ro cbldoeroro curfE qE np6rcorlg rou 0prlozeurrzof 66ypturog. Aev xctcq6pvouv 6pog, 5uom1d;E, vo nvruxpo{oouv 6rl or ncpouolsg xcrL ol oxeutloparo.

excppd,oer,g rrov nveuprd,rov rouE e(vcl xcrarlg 8LxriE rouE rpulLzr'1E 6qnor'4pL&r1raE. Pt0-

rlocv ro, nvetpatc ttov peycl.ttepov

o.v0ptirnr-ov, ttov efol6reprov 6r,crvoqrdrv, ctrtrti 6l.eE ol e(oreplzefoer,E xo.r. or ntr4gorpopirE :rou nrlpcv rircv 16oo nvo4rrc. rooo cnel.nLorrxd xtx(.g,6:a"tt Eev pnopoipre vc ppotpr rfurore 158

TO ME,\AON

M]A: AYTA|IATH> V

qv rtov6rlto ttov nveu;rdttr;v v<t rpooapp6(ol"rcr otov xtx)lo tov tl'vopdlnrov J[ou rG tJrtxa),ofwnr. @o ng6nel vo, o,vcl.oylo0otpe 66o 6oxr,p6E rcov av0p6Jrov, Jlou 6lvouv rqv eutnooq onaopobLzriE npoondril,Io ofl6rroro rapri

0ercg vc cnocptyouv to np6pLr1trtc. H pLo, B(alqE cptoqE, eivru nol.cLri, 1 ri),),1 trunt] xcr o{ty1Qovq. H rp6q e(vcL ro <Credo quia absurdum>7 tou no,r6pn tlE exxhlo[cE. Toriro 6r1i,,6ver. 6t to. 0prloxeurLxd 66ypato fecps{1ouv

nn6 t6 cnclrfoelE qg ).oytz(g, ot6xouv ldvto cl6 tr1 i.,oyLx{. flp6reL va 6tclo06vercr xovelg tqv clrl0elcr rouE eooreBLxd, 6ev lpetd(ercr. vc rc xctcl,oBclvet. Aut6 to Credo e[vur ;r6vov og npooonlxrl opoloy(a evbtcq6pov, og ewol( elvcr, pr1 8eopeuttxri. Ilp6nst unolperrxtxti vo nrotefo xd.Os rapn).oyLop6; K<rl nv 61t, yLatl oxprBrig cut6v; Aev undpleL xapprd oppi :rtivto cn6 t1 loyttr]. Av 11 nl.rl0err tov Opqoteuuxtirv boypdrotv efcptdrcL an6 6vcr eoortepLx6 Biorpc, nou ntotonouei curi tqv clri0eLo, tt ylvercu pe touE r6ooug ov0p6noug, nou 6ev 61ouv 6va l6roto ond.vro Bitopa; Mmgotpe v<r nno.ltf ooupe o.n6 6).oug rouE ov0pdrnouE va xpqorporolotv ro ldplopc n1g l"oytxriE nou 6La0ftouv, trl)d bev pnopof pe vc oqp(ouFE [ra yr<r 6IouE loltouoo u:rolp6rooq oe 6vn xivltpo :rou und,pler p6vo oe llyouE. Av o 6.voE 61eL cnoxtr]oer, nr6 pla BcOLd oulxl.ovLorr,xri 1i nut6v sxotcttxrl xo,td,orool rlv o.6l6oetorq nenoi0rloq 1,r,c rrlv rpcrlpcrlzrj ulrl0ercr rcov 0pqoxeutr,xdrv 8oypdrtov, tL olpcivet crut6 yr,<r rov dl.i,.ov; H 8etrepq 8oxtpri efvnt o.ut( r1g qr.i"ooog[cg rou <QE ed.v>. H rpll.oooq(o autl Srote[veral norg pe rq ox6rprl pcE ndvoupe ndpn no).),6E uno06oeLE, yln tLg oro[eg f6'1.

BX6rE O no),LtlolL6g ryyti 6uoruxiag, oto nop6v 0r0)'io, oâ&#x201A;¬)..74

rcr or1p.33. (Lr.p.)

159


TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTAIATH:

eotrpE ,rrllE €lvcr 6Xr p6vo cBdoLpeE, o.).).d xnL rapd),oyeE. Ovopd[owtrl eruvofprotn, a]Jd .1Lc no],],cn],orig npczrixorig ),61,oug:rq6ner vn. orpne pr,cpep6;_raore 6rot <tog edv>

:rLote{ape oe <rrtd. Aur6 ouppciver, pre tcr Oprloxetrtxd !6ypcto elcr,r[ag qg r€Qdono.g olpao[aE rous yrc xI 5Lnn1pr1o1 qE crv0p6nwrlg xolvroviaE.s Aurd ro rnLle Lpr]pcra 6ev 6lnq6pouv no).6 an6 ro <Credo quia absurdurn>. Nop((o 6pog :rog q ato.[r1or1 rou <eE ed.v> eivo,L r6loLn rou p6vo 6vag qr),6ooqog pnope[ va rlv 06oer,. O 6v0ptonog, nou I ox6U,I rou Eev e[vcr emlpeaop6vl cn6 rLE r61veE qE qL),oooqlnE, 6ev progel va rqv cnobeX0e[, yr' aur6v relcrd)vouv 6Ia pe rqv opo),oylcr rou napd].oyou. :rov leprotrt<i rrov orlpr<rvrLx6repov evbLo.cpep6wov tou 6ev ;rxopei va n<rpo.rqOe( crxpLpriE ald 11 Bepa6qtc rou mr<nre ( a),l"rdrE yr,c 6).eg rr,g ouvrl0r,op6veE 6paor,4pr6qz6g rou. Oupotpol noE 6vn un6 ro. :rcrELd pou 8Lcxp[O1xs vtr;p[E yLa qv L6r,<ritegrl eniprovrl rou orlv owrxerpevLx6rpc. 'Orav 6rq1,6prouv orc ncubrd 6v<r napopt0r, rotr ro d.xou1,av ;rs pey#,o ev6Lncp6gov, aurti prrrzo6_ oe: .E[vcl tr].q0Lvr1 lorop[cr; Acpoir 11 antlvnloq rlrcv trpvqrr,xr], orlxcrtv5rcv xcl 6cpeuye pe 6vcv unorlprlnx6 poprpaopti. Avap6vercL rlroE )lor or rivOptonor 0a oupLnepLqep0otiv 6pour otfvcvrl orc 0pqoxeurLxd rapapniOrc, nnpk rq ouvq"Top(a rou <f)g ed.v>.

Krr[ pE rrov xd eawo1p

06].oupe va ),q <rurd v<r

MEAAON MIA: AYTANATH' V

4.),),6 npog 10 raQ6v oupneglq6po,vrol svre)drg 6Lo,rpopetLxd, xcr oe ngoqyorj;rsveg eno16E ol 0pr;oxsurlx6g no.Qoordo€rg rioxrlocv Lo1up6ro.rl en[6paor1 orqv ov0gcon6-

nlra

no,pd trlv cvcpcptoplqrrl 61.),enpr1 nr,otolrolr;or1g. Au16 eivaL 6vc v6o rpu1o1,o1,Lx6 tp6pi'1pcr. flp6ner vc cvo.por40o{rpre not 6.yxeLrar, q eoorepr,xf 6tva;11 o.urdrv rov 8oypdtov, nori ocpe[].srar 11 ovelripr1m1 cn6 rrlv ],oylzii avo.yvtupto4 bpcottxotrlrd rouE:

ncp<rwlOoripe @e rld)trlroliouv, rog 0e@AliLx6q d,li-

4er.eg 6SLag

160

t

t. O noltttott<ia

xnti 6utu)(lag

161


VI Nop[l<rr norE 61oupe JlpoerorprioeL cgxerd rqv o.ntiwqorl orrE 660 eolriiosrE. Aurii lpoxtnrer cv )"dBoupe un6rpq pcE rqv pulrxrl y6veor; ttriv 0pr;oxeurrzdrv ncgtrordoetov. Aw6g or no,pcord.oerg, nou no,pouoLd[owar, ocv 66ypato., 6ev e[var, xcrcoro.},tilparc triE epneLg[ng ri re],Lxd nopiopord mlg ox6rpqE, c),),d GUxo.rldxeE, exll,qg6oelE rrrrv no.-

xol exnaxtrx6teprov enl0uprdrv rtlE av0p<rr:r6qrag to pruorlx6 rrlg 6tvcpr]g rouE sivnr 11 Srivoprl curdrv rorv enrOuprriv. Ivrlg[[oups ri6r1 rrog r.1 go$egri ewuntlorl qE ncrbrxqE abuvatrricE 61eL (unv1oer r1v cvriyxrl yro. npoorco(o -yLc npoorno[o pe cyrinrl - qv orolo. 61er, ngooq6psL o nar6pcE, 11 yvriroq yla tr1 6Lor{gr1or1 ourilE rqg couvnplcE oâ&#x201A;¬ 6iq rI lorj 61er ,[00]10,],6oer, trlv sppov( oqv {ncg[r1 ev6E, rtipa B6BnLcr, r,o1up6xeQou rror6Qo. Me rrlv <rycoi'1 ztrpr,apl[a qg 0eizilE tp6volo,E xnteuvdfsror, ro 6y1og trn6vo.vrl otouE xlv66vouE qS Eo{S, I ryxo0[6Quorl pr,cE rlOrnqg noyz6opLaE rd,frlE brnogc).ile L rqv rxl).r]puoq r4g orcir4orlg yr.o. brxo,toorivq, ror trr6oc orov o.vOptirnlvo ro),rxLop5 61eu ;_reiver 16oo oulvd ovexnl.rlporq, 1 entpiixuvol xrlg rfi[yrlog 6n<rp[qE p6oot qE pe).).ovrLxiig !or1g rgoog6pet ro ronlx5 xor XQovrx6 n),n[olo, p6oo oro ono(o np6nel vo. sxre].eoOofv cur6E ol erur).rlprioeLE rov enL0uplt6v. AnnvrrlosLg or o,rvrypotLx6E egorriloer,E nlE ovOQ6rrrqS tept6gyer,crg ytc pd0qor1, 6norg yuc 14 6,4ploupy[n tou x6o;rou xcL u1 o16o11 ovd;reoo oro orirpc xor orlv rpul(, cvo.nrrioooy:'r,l x6-ca ar6 rr,E npotno06oer,g uurori rou ouor{pcrog. EivaL peyri)'r1 nvoxotqrol yLo. rqv o.topr,xr] rpup1, ov rr,E crcpolpeOoriv or, pr1 swe)'6E lsrepnop6veE ou^lxporioelg rrlg nol6lxrlg rllrxiaE efotrlaE rou oupur],6ypntog rou nar6po xcL o6qyl0oriv oe pr,c on6 tE npooqeg6peveE ),6osLE. 'Oz<rv ),6ycrt nroE 61,a curd elvcl ou.rcnd.rsg, :rp6ner va oQoOerloto rI oIFcro(G rqg ),6hg. H aurcnritq 6ev eivar Lo.L6regov, Lolup6repov

t63


TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTAIIATH:

To [6Lo FE n].d.vq, xcr, 6ev e(vcl cL",tctyxao:'ua nfuivr1. H dnorlrq rou Aproror6)rr1, otL ra rrrB),oBr] (rotqr,a yewLorivTol dfi6 rE o.x<r0npo(eE, orlv onoin ntoretouv cx6;r1 or, c6ae(E, rlrov n},dvq, ro [6lo xaL cur] prnE ngorl,oripevrlg LdrQL?r"(E ysvLd5, ot 1 Tabes dorsalis (vtmLrig g0[org) elvar, orv6nerr o€Eoua),Lxri5 xord.XploqE. @<r rlrcv ),ri0oE vo ovopdooups cur6E rrg n),6veE crtrrcndrss. A\r[Osxo tlrov cutnnd,nl rou Kol6ppou 6rr, eiXe avoxnltrleL 6vcv v6o 0nl.6ooLo 6p6po lpoE rr,g Iv6(eg. @civercl ?co0aQd I outrLrexox{ pto,E enL0upr(cE oe autrj rqv lr}rdv1. Xcv ouxordxq frroQodfre va 1op<rzrqpiooupr xov r.oxuQrop6 opr;r6vtlv eOvlxrorrirv mog 1 LvboyeppavLxri qul,r] eivcL 1 p6vr1 d[r,o yra :ro),,Lnop6 trv0pdrnLvrl AUIll, ri rrlv nioq, qv o:roicr 6r6truoe npdrrl I Uuxovd),uol, 6rr, ro ncr6( rivor 6vo. ov Xog[E oelora],rx5rqrc. Xcrpaxqpromx6 ylc r1v outund,.rq elvol 6rL ngo6plernl an6 av0pdrlweg Err[0upi€E xcr n].1oLdL€r dr6 o.uri rrlv dnorprl n1v rpullcrprx{ ,roQovoi?.c( Lb6o, a),1,6 6Lo.cp6peL, ,r6Qo on6 qv nol.t:r1.oxr1 ofoxoo1 r1g ncpcvoixilE r66ag, ].to.r Grr6 ouxrl. 2qv ncpcvo'Lnrj u66o nopoqgo{rpe orE ouor.ootx6 qv cvrfqaor1 ofi6vowr orlv :rpcyparr,x6flpc, q nrrardnl 6ev :rp6nst vn E[vcr cvcyxcoruxti roeolp6q, 6r1lc6r1 urpayp<rroroalrrl, ii vo cwLqd,oxel orlv npc.1pcrr,x6tr1ra. 'Evc roplror qE notxr]E 16[11g pnoge[ n.X. vo. rg6qer n1v curcndrl ntoE 0o 6],Oer 6vc pcoLl6noul,o vo ro nriper,. Aur6 elvar 6trvat6v, 6L6rl oe opr,op6veg nspLnrdroelg 61eL oupBrl npaypnrlxd. flol,ir ),ly6rego nr0cv6 eivcr, noE Ocr 6l,0er o Meooio,E vo syzo.e L8prioe r, r4v XQUo1 €fioxli ovd}.oyo ps xrlv rreoor,lJrrxii rou ordorl o xQlvov 0c rcflvoprioeL <runi n1v nior1 ocv o,urcnd.trl f acrv xdrt cvtii.,oyo pu,ag no.go.vodxr]g l66ag. flcgcSe(ypcrn cuto.ncrr6v, lou erc),.10eri0r;xo,v, 6ev und.glouv ndworg no).Ld. 41.16 11 curnndml rotv o.}.p;rlotdrv, norg eivcr, r,tttrvo[ vo. percrp6rlrouv pftnir],a oe XQUoder, 0n pnopotoe vc r(vo.r prc r6ron. H enL0upr(a 164

TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTANATH: VI

rou ov0p6nou vc xor6lsL ndpc no),6 lpuodqr, 6oo zo 6uvct6v legroo6tego, 61eL perpLco0e[ lo],6 an6 q oqprplvr1 poE l,vrioq rov 6prov1ou n),orirou, c),),ti q lqps(a bev 0eopei nLa a66vcn1 q pernrgonrl perdtrl.rov os lptrodqL. 'Eror, ovopd(oupre pr,o. niotl trutond,.rr1, 6tav orn xivrppd qg npo6leL q sxnlrlpo-ror1 pu,ag enLeup[ag ncrL nnpa$],6roups rI o16oq qg ,rQoE rllv nqoypratr,x6lpc, 6noE xaL r.1 [6r,cr q o.uro.nd.rq no,potre lraL cn6 n1v nroronoiqori n1g. Av per6 cn6 trur6v rov rpooavoro),Lop6 fovaorgcrpo6pe oto. Oploxeurlxd 66yparn, :rg6lel vn ercvc)tdBoupe: E[vnr 6Ia curnndreE, ovcr6Serxrn, xcv6vcE 5ev :rp6nel va sfcvoyxd(ercl va rc 0eope[ a],r10Lvd, vc tn nlorefer. Meprx6 an6 o.urtl e ivaL 16oo rpeu6rj, 16oo awucpnrlxd tr:r6vcvrl or 6l.n aur<i nou pdOape ;-re x6no yr,n rIV ,rQo,ypctLz6rrpc rou x6opou, t6ore pnogoripe vtr tc ncpopoldooupe - l.apBdvol,rnE un5pq pnE tLE rpulo).oyLx6E 6lccpoQ6E- [e ncpnvoLx6g r66eE. fro rqv np<r.1;rctotLxil c[in rov :regLoo6repow ooypdrorv 6ev trrnogofpe vo o.no(pcvOoipe. 'Erol 6rtog eivcr o.vcn66eLxrn, eivol xo.L oxcrapdXqrn. lvropi(outrre no),ri ),iyc yr' curd, yra va ra n},qold.ooupe xplrlxd. H 6peuvd pcg anonc), nteL ro),ir ap1,6 ra nr,v[ypnra tou x6opou, 11 enroqprl 6ev efvar trxriprl xnr or'lprepo oe 06o11 va 56oeL and.vnlorl oe nol),ri epcor]parc. H enlorlpovrxli rQycolo eivor 6prog yto 1roE o UovobLx6E Ep6poE :rou ;rnoge I vn o6rlyrioe r oe yvdrorl qE ngoypcrtx6qraE. KcL e(vcl nd),r, p6vo o.urcldrq, cv neqLpr6voutrre xan," ctx6 q 6r,c(o0r1or1 xar qv ev6oox6nr1or1. 5ev pnopei va p<rg npoocp6peL rinore exr6E n:r6 6uosppilveuteE - o,no.wrioer,E 1,lc qv rfupxr] paE (rrri, nor6 n).rlporpopleE ylc egorr]pora, orc ono[o. 16oo e6xo],a trncrtd. ro 0gr1oxeurr,x6 66ypc. Oc rltov ovooro6p^11prc vcr zc),frpoupe rn xevd auoolgeta ri v<r 6r1].ritooupe xo.rri n1v npoorr;:nx4 prag zpiorl ro 6vo 11 ro i ,),o p6pog rou 0pqoxeurlxo{ ouotr1poroE og negLoo6.rego r] }"lyrirepo 165


TO MEAAON MIA) AY'TATIATH:

TO MEAAON MIA>

dno6exx6. It,a xdtL r6roLo aurti rc eptr;ui;ro.ra e(vor no1.6 or1prcwtxri, 0c prnopotoope vn notpe: nol.6 Lepd.

Xe aut6 ro olps(o pnopo6pre vc neplp6voutrre rqv

o.v-

AYTAIIATI.{: VI

0eooepe[g, oepvrivownrro]E 6xouv o.vcyvrr;p(oel puc o.vtirrep1, xa0cp6reql 6wolo T or 0eo6, av xcL o 0e6E roug e[vaL pr6vo puc cvotolc oxta xan 61u q lolupr] npooronlx6-

r(pgr1or1: <Av ax6pr1 xcr or firo oxlrlgorpdpltroL oxEJtlL/"lox6E opoloyotv rrrrrE oL LoxuQrolioi 0qloxeiag 6sv

rlro. rou 0gqoneurLxof 66ypatoE. KplrLxoi urrp6vouv

pnopofv vo. a:rozpouo0oriv pe rr1 ),oyrzi1, yLcrl vc p1v rouE ,rrcxafo, oeo{ 6xouv r6oa nolld Fe ro p6QoE rouE, r4v napdbooq, tr1 outrlgovfn rorv crv0pdtnorv xor 6].o to ncprlyogrpLx6 rot :replelop6vorrouE;> No.L, yLorl 61t;

ro cio0qpc qg crv0ptilrlvrlE pl8npLvor4rnE xor c6uvcp[aE prrQog orlv o].6npa rou x6opou, o.v xcrL o.u.r6 ro c[oOr1pc Eev anote].El xlv ouofo qE 0Qllo)r€r-rrLr6qroE. 'OrroLoE 6ev npolropei lcpan6ga, 6lor.oE npxeiro.t

qg

'Onorg Eev fiQ6rlcr vo efavc"lxd.ler<rr ,(ov€iE vo. firox€rj€r, 6ror tcr vc p4v ,[Lor€{er. A},}d nE lrlv oQ6orcror xo.vs[E

otlv curcndrrl,

6rL pe r6ror,eE or,rr,o),o1,i1oe rE po6([er orov 6p6po r1E oQOrlE o?c6rflE. Av np6neL vcr lprlorproloulOei lrdfiou otrlord I FoFqli (e{ro},l urel(quyr]>, rrfte p6vov e6dr. H dyvorc s(vcL dyvoL<r, xor on6 aurll 6ev npo6glercl xcv6vc 6lx<riopn vo rr,o(r6oufrs oe zd,-rt. Kcv6vng l,oyrr6E dv0QrllrroE 6ev 0<r orpmepLqep6rcv oe d),)"c lpriypc'rc t6oo arlsQ[o].€Jf,ro. zaL 6ev 0<r lxc.vonoL6rcv trre t6oo nevrXp6E nLrro),.o"1i1oeLg rarv xgioetirv tou, qE pegotrrlp(aE

rou, 6norg ffrrlQ6Jru oxov eour6 rou vc 6pc oe o.utri. rc Gvdlt€Qo llol LtQ6x€Qo nQdypora. lrqv npaypcrrlx6llrc tivoL U6vo nQoord,O€LsE va 66ou m1v ev-riroorl orov ecrur6 rou xoL orouE tii,Loug norg otqpllerar oxl OQIox€ia, Ev6 61er an6 xap<i onoSeopeu0ei. 'Oxcv ,[Q6].c€rrar, yr,o, lrlrqpcrc rrlE 0pqoxelog, or d,v0pto:ror r6q[ouv o0 61"e9 rLg 6uvar6E ave Li,.Lxpive le E zat 6r,cvolttx6E crc[[eg. @Li,.6oogor no.gntewdtvouv rI oqtrco[o ].6feov, 6onou 6ev rouE orlop.6ver rafior€ cn6 to agpx6 rouE v6r1pc, ovopdlouv 0e6 ororo6rlrorr cocqil arpalpeol 61ouv 6Ipmupyrloer xcr ncgouo16lol,rtrr orov lr6oUo oov 0rlor6g,e

ovo;rtilouv

<BaOLd

vo,

0pilozo> 6vnv rivegono rTou 6xer opo-

),oyr1oeL

rcnelvd. pe rov corlpcrr..ro p6l.o rou av0pt6rou orov peyd),o x6opo eivol trrd.),irov d0prloxog otqv npayp<rrlxil orlpcofcr rqg ).6[r1E. Aev oxonefoupe pr ouxl rlv 6geuvo vn ndpoutrre 06o11 nn6vcwl orrlv o![tr rrlE clrlesrcg trrw OpqoxsurLxrirv 6oyprd,rov. Mcg cQxe I nou orlv liiuxorloyrlnl qtol xorE ro o.vcyvropioo.prs roE curmrdtsg. Aev cloxpfn-roups 6poq norE xo.r. o.uri 11 cnoxd).urpr1 erIQ€dEeL Lolupti 11 orriorl png nn6vo.wl oro ep6rlpc nou 0eopeitcr, cnri :ro),),o{rE to orlpal.rLx6tepo. fvorp[(oupre nepinor oe nor,6E sro16E 6qpLougyri0lxcv ro. 0prloxeurxd. 561,para xcr trrr6 nororiE cv0Qdrnoug. Av pd0oups ox6pq nord xlv1rpc unriplav, 11 e6or1 pr<rg <rn6vcwl oro 0prloxeurlx6 lp6Blqp<r 661mcL pLcr or;pcr,"rrxr1 prelcr6ntoq. A6[€ ,[oE 0a rlrcv nolt or.oa[cr, cv unrlgle 6voE 0e6E oiE 6rlpLoupy6E xou x6opou xar cya0ri np6vorc, prLo r10Lxr] ncyx6opln rdfrl xnL pLu tilll !tur1, a)',).d eivaL ro).t gcvep6 fioE rofro slvnr p6vo ruoepilg n60og ;ro.g. K<rr 0a r]to.v:rLo ncBd,[evo, ov oL tpttoloi, cbneig xct cvel.et0spor, rQ6Tovo[ pcg eilov nenrlet r"4 ),6oq 6),otv aur6v rorv E6ozo),rov <nvlypd.rrrrv tou x6o;rou.

167


VII

Agof

61oupe avcrlvorqioel ro 0pqoxeurtxd. 66yporo toE ournndreE, epqcvileral op6otrlE to ncgcn6gc ep6tlpa, prptog x<rr. d.}.),cr ro).LrLopLxd alox'rii;ror<r, fiou ro tltrLpo{rpe no},{r xo.L enqped(otv 11 ltori ptoE, e[vcr, qE i6tag qforlE. MrjroE xar, or npotino06oELE rrou pOtrri(ouv roug xp<rrlzorig png OeoporiE np6ner vo ovoprcoOofv xct ctrt6g cur<rnd'reg, pr]noE oL ol6osLg torv ip61.ov orov rol.tttopti pnE Oo).civovrcL o.n6 spotlx6E oura;rd,teE; Apot 61et crvo.zlvq0e( 11 6uonror[c prcE, 6ev 0o qoprl0o6pe va 06ooupe xo epr6qpc prirtos rl weno[Or1or1 pas, nrDE pt rI lprloLporolrlol n1E :r<rpcniprlorlE xo.L rIE ox6rpqg orlv entotqpovlxri epycoia 0o. pnop6oorpe va ptd0oupe xrirr, yL.cr rrlv eforeprxrj rpcyparlx6rrpo, 61et xal.fteprl ar,rr,otr6yr1or1. Tinore 6ev np6reL vo png epro8loer v<r otp6rpoupe rrlv :rcpol1pr1or1 otov eo.ur6 po.E ltcr vG lp4oLponoL{ooupe rI ox6rprl 1,Ltr xpr,tr,xil Tt1E [6lcg qE ox6rpr15. E6til crvo[yeto.r. pLc oelpd ar6 6peuveE, to onot6],eopn rov ono[ov 0tr 6npene vn elvnr nnoqcoLorLx6 yr,<r r1v or.xo66FTIoI proE <xoopo0eogiaE>. Aro.lo0crv6poote enlor1g nrriE plc r6roLa npoond0err 6ev rp6rer vo oncro.l,r1Oei xtrt norE np6ner rou)dlrorov ev p6psL vc 6Lxuloloyrioer, ttlv unorlr(cr p<rg. A-),Ld. 11 Lxav5rrlrc rou ou.lypocp6cr 6ev o.w61sL oe 16oo peydlo xn0rixov xcrt cvcyxcotxd nepropilet tr1v eplcrola rou orrlv e!6roor1 pLaE povabrxrig outa:rdtr1g,

qg

0prloxeutr,xrig. o.wLn6i"ou pag pog e[trvnyxd[et vcr orapcnjooulre. Mag xtrtrei oe ano).oy[o. yr,c xIV cfio.crxprpriE

H o0evnpri tpovr] rot'

ybpeu;r6vr1

rgd[1

prcE.

McE ].6er:

<Tc aglcto),oyrxd evbrcq6powtr e(vnL ofr,6ncLvtr, ni'),ri 6ev enrlelpe( xcvelE nvcozncp6g, uv pe ctn6g u:rovoprefer rLg xarolxieg rtov (tovrovtitv, ps xlv6uvo vo yrQâ&#x201A;¬Ftoro6v xnL vo, nlcxriroouv pe rc ouvrp(ppro rouE rouE cvOptiroug. Ta 0prloxeurlxd. 66ytrrmcr 6ev elvo.t 6vc owr169


TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTATIATH'

xs[prvo rou o.wrprro]fii!,€Tol pe ooiprorr[€S 6notE 6vc oroLobr]nore d),),o. O no),Lrr,op6g pag oqpi[ercr ndvor rouE, 1 6lnrr1plor1 rrlE cv0pdrnLvrlg xoLvov(o.g npoi_rno06tel 6rt 11 n),eLorpqq[o rorv cv0grirnov nr,ore{rer oqv c}.r]Oela ot,rr6v rov 3oytr-Ld.rorv. Av roug 6r,6d[olpe norg 6ev undpleL 6vog nnviolugog xo.r :r<rvriyc0oE 0e6E, prr Osix,r] nclx6opLc rd!r1 xcl pLc pelJ,,or.,rLxi] !otr1, 0n olo0cvOoriv mra)"1.cyp6.vot an6 trlv unolp6rooq qE r{prloqg rrrrv no},rrr,o;rlxrirv xcv6vov. O xc06vcE 0o axol.ouOe( avepn66r,ora xar, d,cpopc rug cxowrrtvLz6E xat vlt-l,t"olw(:.E opp6g rou, 0c ngoona0ei vo. <rox,1oeL q Ofvcprl rol, 0c favdpOer ro ldoE nou EL6[ope pe paxgn[ttvr1 no].r,troprri1 rQyoo(o. Ax6pr1 xcu cv xcve[g ro yvdrprle xcL pnopo{oe vc ro nroSe[[er,, narE q eprloxe[a 6ev xo.t61sL qv cr],ri0eLc, 0o 6npene va ro o.noolto:rijoeL rar vo oupfieQrqep0el 6nrrrg nnowei 11 gl),oooqia rou <Qg edv>. llc ro oupg6pov 6),ov ! Kal cv tnpcB).6rpoupe ro enlx(v8uvo rou eylep(pnrog, p6ver, 11 doxonrl ox).r1p6n1rd rou. Ap6rprpor tivOptonor, pgloxouv ora OgrloneurLxd 65ypcra trlv povc6rx{ touE noqqyoprti, nw6louv rr1 [ror{ p6vo ;re t4 Bori0eLri toug. Kcl epelE 06],oupre vo xoug oeorQ6oou;re cur6 ro olipLypro xot vo U.rlv to cvrLz<rlcmriooupre pre xd.rl xd,,ritepo.'E1eL opo),oy10r( noE 11 urrorfprl 6ev npoocp6peL oripego

lo)Jd orov

dvOparno, 6ev 0G rou cpxo6oe. O riv-

eporoE 61eL xnl dll.eg ennnxlrx6E ov6yxrg, nou 6ev ;;ropotv vc trre n1v rpulprj etLorr]p1, zor, e[vor, ro].t fi Exrtx6. ro cwoxog{rpt.lpc rrlE crouv6nelog, ),61oE, lou t6vrle n6wa n6oo uroyopei ozq (rrrr1 rotv avOgdlnorv q Loyrxr] prlQoE orrs opp6E, npoono0s[ rdrpa vc cqo.rp6oer cn6 roug cv0ptirrrouE pLa no)"irLpr1 txcvonol1o1 .ro.lv enr0u;_rL6v rouE xor va roug alo[rlptriroel pe 6Lcvorpr,xrj rqoqil>. Aur6g elvat noi',],6E zcnlyoplsE pc[i! A].].d siprcL npoetor;ro.op6vog vo tLE crvrlxgofoo 61.sE xor o.lond,vtlt vc ez110

TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTATIATH: VII

rreoooTnloo rov tolupr,op6 ntrlq orlpolvet peycltreQov xlv6uvo "11o. rIV Gv0Qtrl]r6rFo, ov 6rcrlQotpr rrl oqprQrv( poE oX6oI rqog q Ogloxe(a cvti, vo rqv xoroQyliooupre. M6vo nou 6ev !6po fidlE vo oQI[otrr rlv crrdwlori FOU.

'IotoE pe r1 6rrpepa(roor1 :rog 0eoigtir ro EyxeaQTlud pou elretr6E c0riio lro.r oxlvbuvo. H unepexrip4oq rls 6tov61o1g 6ev poqOdel Guxli 1I eoQd rI 060I pou. Av or dvOponot eivnL 6rol, 6roE rouE nsgrlrgdcpouv oL owina).oi

prou -xcr os cut6 6ev proprir vo broqovrioo- 6€v undpler, x[v6uvoE vc 1d.oet 6vcE 0eooeprlE filv filoxtl xou sEcrrrlog rtov cn6rpedrv pou. EEd],].ou 6ev eino r[note nou vo plv ro 6Xotv rer npLv on6 p6vc dtr},or, xo.l.6repor riv6peg n),.qq6orepc, EvoQy 6ox€Qo )tct €wurtrlotox6re.oc. Tc ov6poro oL"rdrv rorv avbpdrv e(vaL yvtrrord bev 0cTc crv<rq6po, yrcr( 6ev 06lr-o vc 660t,t xlv tvrirralol nog snr6t6xrD vc lroroxoyd) orlE ygcpp6S rouE. Afitrd)E -xoL our6 r(vcr ro provcbrxd xar,votpyr,o orqv nsptypccp( pou rQ6o0eoo orlv xQr,xr?o] xov p€yd.)rov ,[QoAQ6Forv pou xd:roto. rluXol.oyr,xrl orxrctr6ylo1. Aev neplp6vto ar[6 dur( rIV ,[Qoo0li]l,l 6rL 0c erlcp6per, oxprprig r1v er[6pcor1 :rou bev doxrloav or JrQolyoiJttovor. <Duotxti ea pnoporios vc p€ Qoxlioer llcvr[g yLo.rl vo yQd,qowaL 16101tr ,[Qd,ylroxo, oeof rivcr olyouQo rtoE 6ev 61ouv xopptd Err[6Qooq. A-],).d. os ctrr6 0o enov6).0oupe oQy6mQc. O p6vog nou pnope( vd qlpm0e( Gfi6 Gutri q 6r1poo[euor1 e(ptu ey6. On cxorioo rlE nro ox],r1p6E Er[L?tQioerg yro Q116fllro, of,rvoxeeo),1d,, 6llelrpq l6eatrloprot xat xarcrv6qolE yro ro. cv6reQc €vbtog6Qovro trlE o.v0goin6tlrcE. Ar[6 xo 6vo p6QoS 6prrig cut6E or €r[rxQ(o€LE 6€v Uou e(vcr v6eg, xo.L mr6 to dltro, 6rav xrinotog 61eL nn6 tc veo.vLxti lou 1Q6vra ouvq0[oeL orLE snlxp[osrE rcov ouylp6vorv rou, oe rl 0c rov p).rirpsL ora yqpnter,d rou, oqoi! Eavor o[youQo noE oe i"iyo 0c eivor, or[Q6orrog oE ]td0o 17t


.I'O

MEAAON MIA: AYI'ATIATH:

TO MEAAON

MIA' AYTATIATH: VII

vor prc tQEUvrF[xr1 pr60o6og,

6.v<r oub6repo 6gytrvo, 6rtog orr€rQoorrx6g ).oylop6g. Av 6vag cpuoLx6E 6c6<rvs pe rr1 Borlesrd rou oro oup:r6poopo ot I yI 0o xaroorpcqe[ perd an5 6vav opro;r6vo Xe6vo, 0o np6:rer vo ei-

rr.X.

o

ivar, ngcrypatxd. 6uodpeorog

nr6v pou, nn6 roug onolouE e rr1 06o1 pou cr6vcvrL oto. 0pqoxeurLxd rpoB),r1prcrc. A),}.ci

rirulavtl),uoq 61eL [evc Exre0ei xat oe nurrl rr1 v6o. )rqv :rpayprarlr6rrpu r1 rlrulcrvti).uor1 ei_ 11

negdoeL ri6r1 nol,),6E 06e),Ieg xcL np6nel

172

nolt

6r,orcrrlxoi vc crlobtiooupe o.rov i6tov rov urol,oyr,op6 zcrcorperrrx6g rd.oelg xtrr vc rov npoypd.U,oupr yr' oux6. 'OIo 6oa e[na e6ti ev6vrLo. ornv aE[o qS a),ri0elcg rtov 0grloxer6v 6ev tc 1per,dlero,l 11 rfrul<rvdluor;, 6t6rL 61ouv le10e[ no)r. npr,v cn6 q 8qproupylc qE cl6 d),l,oug. Av pre rqv ecp<rpproyri rrlE rpuXovc),urLxiig pe066ou puropo{rpe vo )reQ6[ooutle 6vtr v6o enrle[pr1pc evdwro. oro nepr,e16;revo rrov 0prlozer,civ oe cr),(0erc, 16oo xo X€rQ6mQo yla rr1 Op1oxe(c, al,Id zcl or ufioox1Qrmeg al11s OpqoxsicE 0a lprlolpolorrloouv pe ro [6Lo 6rxc.lropo. r1v r[ru1cvdtruo4, r1r,<r vc exrr,prloouv l]"r]goE rr1 ouvnroOlpattxii olpoo[o rou Opqoxsurr.xot 66yporoE. Kcrr yln vc ouvel[ooope ps n1v unepd.onLol: H 0eIoxela 61el lrpogav6E :rpoocp6pel peyd],eE unrlproleg orov no),.Lrr,op6, 6XeL ouppd),er, no),{r orov 6atrrcop6 r(l)v oxor,vorvrxrirv oppriv, al),ri 611 npxerd. E(otroiaoe yrc nol,IoriE cLrirveE r1v ov0Qrbrrvrl xoLvtov[c ei1e xorp6 vc 6e[fer, rL pnoge[ vc npoocp6qeL. Av e[1e xctcq6pel vo rdver rouE cv0pdrnorg eurulLop6vouE, vo. roug n<rplyogrioeL, vo rouE orrpqr,),r,6oel pe tr1 [oii, vcrrotrg xdveu qope(E tou no).r,rLo;ro6, 6ev 0(r onecpr6rnv xcv6vcE vc crvallT.1oeL c),l.cyii rrrrv olpepw6v ouv0qxrirv. A),i.tl rt B).6noupe cvrl yr' GUr6; 'Evcv rpopepd peyd),ov npl0p6 nv0p6ntov 6uocpeoqpr6vtov pe rov nol.lnop6 xcu 6uoruXr,op6vrriv p6oo. or otJx6v, nou tov trlo0dvovxor oo.v (uy6 rrou np6neL vo. crorwd[ouv cv0gtinouE nou pdlouv 6].eg rLE buvripslE rouE yrc c}"},nyr1 notof rou noLlrlopo{r rj ngolropotv oqv sX0Q6fiFd rous an6vowi 'rou 16oo noir6, riore 6ev 06louv vc czo{v xfuroxs yro no},ruop6 zo.r neploglop6 tow opp6v. Ebti 0a pcg cwre[ver xcrve(g rtog auril 11 xordoro.orl trro,ore

773


TO ME,{AON

MIA' AY'IAIIATH:

TO MEAAON MIAX

ro 6rr I Opr;oxeic 6yet ydatt 6vc p6gog rrlE erLppoiiE qg :rdvto otg av0p6nLveE prileE, ouyxexprp6vc efor,tfcg qE o1],1pqE en[6pcor1E roiv efe],iletov qE uuorrlpr4E. @o oq;reL6ooupe ouq rr;v opo),o1[c xcL rr;v cLrtol.6yloll rllg lioL 0o qv lploLponoLrjooupe npyriregc yrc rous olioro{E pcg, o},i,,ri oov awipplorl e[,rQo6QX€xoL orQrpdrg o116

vaL c6rivo,pr1.

E(val aprp[$o],o cv or dv0ponol orr,g eno16g rrls {frrsgl6gr,orqE nupr,cpllaE'row 0prloxeurLx6v boypdrov rlrcrv 1,svlzd. nlo eunrllop6vor on6 oripepo, 110rx6repor, 6ev

{rnv o[youpc.

Kord.rpepvav

ndwc vn xcrnlcrotv

roug

0g4ozeurr,xo{rg xw6lrcE xrtt v<r ;rarcLritvouv rLE ngo06oe r,E toug. OL repeig, nou xo0rlxov rouE rlrcv vc ellrqporiv yrc

rqv unoxorl an6vnrn oq Opqoxela, roug 6reux6],uvcv. H zn),oorivq rou Oeod orell6To.v rdvo o.fi6 xI 6Lrdroofv1 rou: A;rdprcrve x,ov€[S xor perd.6xcve OuoleE ii pertivoreg xo,r r1to.v eLe60egog vtr favcpnpnloeL cn6 tr1v oaxri. H ptoorx( eootreprx6llra 6cryo.os oro oupn6po,opa nog 11 upLaprlo. eivnL ancpnilltrl yur vc cno].nrioeL xave[E 6],11 11 pnxagt6rrlra qE 0etxrlE 16911g, e[vaL 61],trE4 ouoLaonxd. 0ed.peoro 6pyo. Elval qnveq6 :rog or Lepeig xord.erBvtrv vc brcqpotv xlv urrorolrrrx6rqr<r rorv pc!6v ofi6vowr orl 0ploxelc nnpcXrlprintng pey<i].eg e].eu0sB(eq orrlv oppr,xr] rp6or1. Arr,ol,6y1oq: M6vov o 0e6g elvaL Lolup6g zaL xal.6E, o dv0potnoE 6poE cr66vcroE zcL apaqto).6E. )s 6i,.eE tlg uro16g r; ovq0Lx6qrc. 6ev ofi1pr,(6rav l.ry6tepo otq Op,4oxeia trn' 6,rL 1 r10Lz6qr<r. Av ot otpBol.6E qg 0gqoxeinE ym. vo 1(vouv or d.v0gornoL euru1,op6voL, 6lLor, rou no).lrto;rof rouE xo.r r1Or,xoi 6ev elvcrr or xal.trepeg, r(0ero,r ro EQ6rIpo pr]nog unepexrr,pot;re r1v <rvcryxo.r6nlrri rr1E 1rc rqv cv0gon6rltc xor cv rprirrorpre otoo'rd nou oqp[loupre oe culi rLE no],Lttoprx6E cncwrioe r,E pag. Ag crvaloyr,o0oripe 174

r1v orlpepr,vf x<rrdoruoq. 'Eloupe

o?{,o6oEr

xlv opo}'oylc 6fl

11

AYTATIATH' VII

0gloxeiu 6ev ooxel nlo trlv

[6rcr en[6pcoq otoug nv0ptirrouE 6r<o5 na].t6. (E66 rp(> r€r.Tor yro. rov su8ofio.ix6-XQLoTrovt?{6 fiolrrtott6). Ko.l ro6ro 611 yro.xa or ufioox6oeLE qg 61ouv p€r,trl0€(, oltrir

yrarl eolvowtrr orouE

o,v0e6fiouE ],ry6rtQo cEL6rrtores. flp6nst va opol,oyflooups r[oE crrlc curris rlg pfiol3ohlE elvo,r 11 xpara[ool rou eJnorlpovrltoi Jrv€f[roro5 oro cvdrregc orQ6po.xo. xrlE ?.coLvov(og. (IooE 6ev elvcL q povcblxq). H xQrrlxri uJrov6psuoe x1v orrobsrxrLxri r,o16 rorv Op1oxsurtxdrv rsrp1Q(orv, or rpuolx6E srlroxripsE oroxd,Lu1'ov ro Eoeol.p6vo ,t€Qrtx6trtv6 roug, 1 otryxgLtLx( 6geuvo. )rcx66erEe rlv porQo[G opor6rlro. avdpeoc oflE r€Q6E yto paE 0Q1oli€utLx6E :rcgaotdoelE ?.[o,r oxo, ,lvcuportr(d rQot6\To. J[Qor6yovov i"o,tirv xcr, eno16v. To error4povLx6 rvstpa Erlpr,olpy€l 6vov oQtop6vo xQ6rro roro06t1o1E or(6vofit orc lrQdyporo o.urori xou x6opou pnpog oro 0QloxrurLxd nQd.yuoro orapoxd L(yo, 6lord(er, rcl.rxd nrevd xo.r 866 ro ,ior6ei\t. Xe nurr! trl 6la6lxao[a 6ev undplsr, o.vrioleorl oe 600 rLo ,to].].ots av0Qdrrrous ylvovro.l npooL'roi or. 0rlonupo[ qg yvr6orlg FGg, 16<ltl J[€erco6xEeo efo.n].rirverot 11 6xrnoorl o,n6 qv 0ploxei,'rr.xri rloq, np6ra cn6 rq nen<ri,.c(,rp6vtE, o.rroQprrr6eg npql6oer.E r1s, dorsQo 6porg xor, 016 uE 0€pr€?"tox6E npotno06oer,E rIE. M6vo oL Ap€Qr.?dvor, pe q 6ixr1 rorv nl0rlxrrrv oto Nr6utov,10 rpd.vlxcv tbtt ouvene(E. AIIr6E q cv<rn6qsuxq pet6paoq y[vfiot p€ Fro6].oyo rar o.ver),lxp[vereE.

An6 roug popqorp6votg xor xolrg nveupctr,xorig epyd.reg 6ev npo6pleror, xlvbuvoE yro rov fio),rxrop6. H owtxard10. [Mr,o pr,xprl 1167',1 otqv noluteio Teweoo'(, 6ror to 1925 6vtrg 6dono).oE r4g cpuouzrig uotopioE rctqlop{0r1ae yro rpoopoi'{ roi"rrelonori v6trlou, enel6rl 6i6aore 6tu o dv0pronoE nmdletcr nn6 to E

n"l. 175

I


TO MEAAON

mool xov Oprloxeutxrirv xr,viirprov

yr,o no),nuoprz{ oup-

negqogri pe dl.?,,o, xooprxd., 0c. yrv6rav a06ppo yt' crurotE, n6pa 6e un6 aur6 or i6Lor e[vcl zard pte1,d].o p6pog cpoge(E rot lol.Lrlopo6. Ar,cgoperlxd eivol pe q psyrfltrl pdlo tov cp6pgrrnov xcrt xcrtrnLsop6votv, nou 61ouv zri0e L6yo vc e[vor e10go[ rou no],wropot. 'Ooo 6ev !6Bouv nog 6ev 1peLd.(szoL Jrro. vo nLoretel xcvs(g orov 0€6, €avcr, xai,.6. A],),ri 0c ro pd0orv onoo8f lore, cx6pl xcrr cv 6ev 64pooleu0e[ our6 ro oriyypoppri pou. KaL elvat ng6Oupor vn cno6rl0otv ro cno,re)"6opo.ro rrls Errrorrlpovrxrig ox6rplg, XtrlQiS vd 61eL ylver p6oc rouE 11 o],],ayr] nou enlq6geL orov 6v0pono 11 rnLor4povr,xii ox6rpq. Aev urldQxer €66 x[v6rvoE vc orpcqei 11 no],wr,opr,xr1 e10por1ttr cu,r6v ro:v pc(t6v o'ro o66valo olprio rou av<ryv6plocv orq Oploxe[cr roug; 'Oro.v 6ev np6neu vo orord)vrr xo.veig Tov ouvdv0prrrn6 rou, p6vo uler8ii ro 61eL n:rcryoqetoel o xotr6E 0e6E, nou Ocrro tr,pogrjoer, ouoqQd or aurrl i1 orlv r1),),1 (to{, pdOer 6ptog n<og 6ev undplel 0s6E xuL 6ev lperd[eror vo eopd.ror rrlv uprrrelc rou, 0<r oxotd;oer o.vev6o(cotc rov ouvd,v0porn6 rou xo.r p6vo pra "7{wr1 e[ouo[a pnopel vc rov r:rnor_o6rper,. EnlBri].].eror ),orr6v r] opel].rxrrl x.o0ur[6ro.E1 curd]v rtrlv enlzlv6uvorv ;rnltiv, auoqp6r<r'roE o.nox),e lop6g cr6 6),eg xrE €urorpisg yrc lveuparLzr] ccprSnvLorl, ri pl(lzr] cvc0ec6eloq x1s o16o119

VIII

MIA: AYTA[ATH:

cvdpeoa orov :roi,,r,top5 xnL

q

Oprlozela.

Nopl[oupe norg 6ev epro8[louv r,brclrrpeE 6uoxo],ieq r4v exr6)"eo4 ourlE r'4E rel,etrrc[cg nqo,rcolE. flcgo.uro6pcore B6BcLc cr6 xdrr,, a1.1.d xep6[(oupe [ooE nsgtoo6rsga xor, crnoqeiil,ou;re 6vcv pey6),o x[v6uvo. Alord(oupre 6porq, o0v xiv6 x(l)v

ocv ouv6nerr rotr <rvooLoupyij;rctog. Aev enczol.o60qos tirto,re xct oL XdfoveE 661qxov 11 pri-

cpopeg6 1,eyov6g

qftol.

Av o :rolr,topr6E 61eL 56oer orov 6v0ptoro trlv evro),r] vc prlv oxorr6vel rov yeirovd Tou, rou rov pre(, lor rou e[vnr epn66ro i1 erocp0o],pLd r;v negr,ouolc rou, ro6ro 6ylvs npoqcv6E 1,rc to ouprp6pov qE cv0prinLvrlE oupflloor1E, nou c],],LriE ecr rircv nnpo.yporonolr1r1. lLo,r( o govLtiE 0c npoxc).o6oe m1v ex6[x1or1 rorv ouyyev6v rot ozotrrrp6vou xor rlv urr6roqrl !r])"e la rov d.}.).otv nou 61ouv r1v [6r,a eoorepLxil rdoq yln t6roLa BicrLrl ngri[q. Aev 0n 1otp6r<rv 3r1).c5r1 yro no),6 n1v ex6[xr1or.1 rou r{ ro x),onL;rnio, a),)d 0a e[1e 6],11 l1v npoonrrxri vo. ylvel os ),(yo o [6roE Otpc. Az5pr1 xaL o.v efcLpetxr{ 8tvaprl xnr, rpooolrl tov npoordreue cn6 tov (elorgror6 a"v.rfuro).o, Uc unrlxu:rrr oe trrr<r ivtrroq q6uvorurv. roL6rov prn r6zorr 6voror1, oL cp6voL 0 truv6nerr qv cpoLpnia e[o],60peuor1 t unrlpls prc w;r"(or.naq nvripeon orc feXtoprcrd d.roptr ocv cur( nou orvel((ero.r. ox6pq avdpreoa oe orxoy6vereE trrlv Kopolxil ii p6vo nvdpeoc oe 60vr1. O xor,v6E xiv6uvog trlE av<roqd),,ercE trlE (ror1E evriver roug cv0gd;noug oe

xolvrlvin,

11 onoin c.no.lopeter oro d.ropo rov q6vo xar uvc).npB6vel 11 (6Ln rr; 0avdrtoorl exelvou nou ncpcpclvsr rrlv orroy6geuor;. Aur6 e(vct q 6Lxnroorjvrl ror q rtlrrr;-

pio rlg xoLvroviag.

116

1:. ()

-a.ittk tki. ntyi

[!et

177


TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTA|IATH:

Aev oupgtrrvotpe pr ou?4 xlv oQ0ol"oyr rl arxro),6yqo1 oncry6peuorlg rou cp6vou, a),i,,ri Lolupl(6poorr r[c'ls o 0e6E e[66toos qv anay6peuor;. To].pottrre 6r1],n6i1 vc trrawetoupe xrg ,[Qo06orLg xou xaL Bg[oxoutrre JroS lror rrur6E 6ev 06),el vc efoi,.o0pe6owcL or, riv0prrrlor, pera!6 touE. 'Eror vrtvoupr,e filv fioi\rxroprx( o.ncy6peuol pe pLcr ewe)"6E r,6r,cirsg1 snr,olpr6rrpc, ro.ur6lpovn 6r,nxr,v8uve{oupc 6porg vc e[cgljooupe qv xleloli xrlE o.fi6 qv n[or1 orov 0e6. Av 6ev x6vorpe cur6 ro prjpo x<n 6ev croE6ooupr n1 poflrlo{ poE oxov 0e6, a},},6 trQ}ieo0otps onlv zolvtovrxf o,rxLol,6y1ol, ncpulrof pnore p6parc crr6 extlvq x1v €Etqtoorl qE no].nLopLxrig croy6Qcuorlg, oli\6 xcl o.nocpeiiyouprc rrlv ,rQoopo),{ l1g. Kepbiloupe 6pr.oE xan xant ril,Io. Me xdnotov perc6o,rrx6 rp6rto o rep6g, crnngd.ButoE xnL eloryiirvog lcpnxrrlgcE pegr,xtiv ;reyri}.ov cno,yopei3oetov 61er ensxraeel xar oe r5],ouE xous 6L),oug nol,LtoprzoriE 0eopotE, rous v6pou5 xcL ttE 6raTdlsrg. flo),i"6g eoQ6S 6ptog 6ev rorg r<npui(eL xo qtoroox6qcvo rIS cyr6rrpog 6p p6vo ytcr( unouporiwor oporBoin, aqot cvd),oycr pE rov XQ6vo ro.r rov 16r[0 6xouv Or.crcpogerr,xri 1o16, n),trd no.pouoLd.(orv xcl 6l,c rcr orlpd6Lo qE cv0prir:tlq dv€rld.QltetoE. Avayvotg[loopre notrri etxola rr cn6 ourd €[voL rQo[6v dlSdorpou 96Bou, 6xipQcorl orsv6xaQ8orv oupipep6vrov r] ouv6nerc cvencrgxrbv npoijnoO6oeov. H xQLxr,)rrl nou np6ner vtr o.oxr'looupe fidvtrr rouE uroBlBti(er oe nvenr,06pqrov Bc0p6 xcr, rov oeflaopr6 or6vo.\'u. os ti]"],s9, xo)r.trepn anr,o],oy1;r6veE no).r,rr,oprx6E or[crlioslE. EneL6{ eivcr, 6rioro}.o vc felog[ooope tr, 61sL cnolriloel o 0e6S ror rL ,reo6Qx€ro,r ofi6 qv efotro[n €v6g ftofio86vo,pou xoLvopou].[ou i1 ovtirepou ouprpoullou, 0c rircrv cvapcploBr]r1ro n].eov6xrr1ptr vo aiprlooupe rov 0e6 orqv dxpq xct vc no.pa6slroirpe erl,Lxpwd. rqv xo0agd cv0g6nwq ngo6l.euorl 6l.tov rov rol,lrroplx6v e eopr6v xnr, brnrdfeov. 'EroL cur6q oL ewoL6g

qg

178

TO MEAAON NIIA: AYTATIAI'H: VIII

xcl xo'r

o.urol oL v6pol 0c crfio6ropefowo,v rrrr6 r1v oxopq,lo rIV opsralll.lloio. fiou rous rQoo6[6Er I rrQoxqrc. Or

d.v0prrinoL

0c proporioav

vo. xaro)dBouv

JrcDE

ouxd. 6xo!v

6qproupyrl0e( 61r 16oo yrc vG rouE elouoLdlouv, c).)"d pd},),ov yLa vo. unlgero6v ro oupq6pov touE, 0o 6Lap6pqr,rvcv qLl.rx6tepq o16oq fiQoE aurd xnl 0n erealorxcv

crwl rqv rordQyqol xI Prin(oro{ roug. H ouvqyogla paE yro uro ).co0oQd oQ0ol.oyrl.(ii orxro).6yIoI xov no).r,rroplxrirv 6rctd.[,eorv, 6r1].cbr1 yrc rIV ovo.yorTrl roug oe xowovLxrl cvcyxcl6'rq'ro,, 6r,ox6rrer<n 6poE r6d.r lagvlxd on6 ;rLo. npupr"po),ia. Atctr6[cpe orE ncpd6eLypc q brlptouplin xnE ofiay6Qsuoqs xotl e6vou. AvrGroxp(ve'rcr I ,[eQryQc9ri pcE orrlv LoropLxr] ctrrie eLo; Oopottrraote J[[DE 6ev cvxdJ[oxp[vernr, nl,Id qoiv€xor ,[oE e[vor, p6vo oQ0oloyLotlili xnrcoxsur]. Me).en]oo.pe uxgLpdrE cut6 to xop;r6n r1g av0pdrrr,vrlE LoxoQ[oE xou fio].rtouot pr rq Borioer,o qg VuxovdtruonE ?.or rQ6r vo. rotp€ rog oxrlv npo,ypo.rLx6npc ro ngriyprora rircv 6Lo.cpoperLxd. Ka0cgd ogOo),oyrxd, x[vrppo 6sv prroQo{v ox6trl xor oxov oItEQrv6 dvogono vc ovrlpsron[oouv r,o1up6E opp6E n6oo nro c66vcpo. Ocr 6npene vo. r'lxov o€ €re(vo ro cv0pdrnLvo (tio l1E nQoioroQtlrliE Erloxlis! 'Io(Ds or on6yovo( rou vo ox6rovnv ox6[q xol olipsQc o.vcv6o[corc o 6vo.E rov d.),Lov, nv nvdpeoc os €xe[voug roug e6vouE 8ev urliiQx€ xor 6voE, 11 Oavdrororl rou rrQox6yovou ,[cx6eo, fi ou ngoxri],eoe xlv G)roropdxlrrl, papuor'1pcYrr1 ouvo.Lo0llrarLxrl cvt[6qooq. An6 aut<i nQo6Qxsror I EwoLr1: ori cpovetostg, Jrou orov roreplopr6 neploprl6rov oro uJrol4orirororo rou Jror6Qo, oQy6rcQo enexrd.oqxe xal oe ir),).ouE, xo.L orlpepa cx6pr1 Oev nlge(rat XorQiE sEoiQ€oI. A},ld exelvoE o ,rQr,lrorror6QoE r1rav, 6ntoE 61or rj6r1 rspryprirper xnL 6ev lpsui(stcl vc eno.vo.)d.po, ro ,rQ6rufio tou 0eo6, ro pow6l.o, o{pqtova uE ro oroao xoronl6g Tsvr6g 6.r),coov rn poQqii rou 0eof. 'EtoL blxclrbvero.t 11 t'79


.TO

MEA, ON MIA: AYTATIATH:

TO MEAAON MIA: AYTATIA'I'HI VIII

0p4oxeutLxri rinorpl, o 0r6E otpperel1e :rgdyparl oq y6veorl exelvqE qE olcy6gsuoqg, r4v 6qprLoripyrloc I Erlr,Qporl tou xcu 6p q bdgcrorl or4v xolvrovLz{ cvcyxcL6rlro.. K<rr, q percr6nr,oq r4g cv0p6nlvrlg po{r},r1oqg orov 0e6 6Lxtlo),oyelrat cn6).ura, EL6IL or, d,vOptonot .Tvciplfnv nolg e[1nv efoubsrep6oer, Bicr,a rov ncr6po. xaL <1116 <n.r[6poo1 oro c,voolo{gyrlprd rorE npooq6powcv oro e!(E va o6povrcr, rI 06),noll tou. To 0prloxeuLz6 66ypta pcE ;rero.6[6er qv Loroplxii crl(0ero, l36por,c pre xdnoLa rBono:roiqorl xcL perapcpleol' qv op0o).oyLxti paE dnorpl tlv c:roppinrer. flapcqgoipe tt6pc ntog o 0rloouQ6g rrrlv OQrloxsurLx6v n<rpo.ordoeov 6ev nepL6leL p6vo exni,,qpr6oetg enrOupr,<irv,

clfui xcr

ontrrcvrLx6g Loropr,r6g uvoprv4oelg.

Auq

xol ;rd),lora yr,c roug [6rouE ].6youE, sneL6r] otE €fiox6g qE dyvot<rE xar rIE ,[vsupo.rLxrig c8uvap[cE r4E 6xcve rr,g o.napn(rqteg yr.o, rr;v av0ptbnw4 orpB(roor1 optriLx6E :rop<urloer,E lplotptonor,6wcE p6vo xo.OaBd, ouvaLo0lprntx6E 6uvdpelE. To. xcraorc),dypcnc rov nap6porolv pe orto0riosLE 6ra6rxo,oLriv rou 6lo,l3cv XdlQc m1v rrQo[oroeix( r:rofi 6larqgri0lro.v of,ov notrltopt6. H 0pr1ozeia 0a r]t<rv q yevLxd ov0Q6rrvl rilulavalxo.orlxri ve6Qrlrorl, xo.r. 6:rotE ourrl rou nor6ro6 0c npospl5to.v an6 ro or6m66er,o o6pd,eypn, on6 n1 o16o11 npoE rov lar6pc. 26prptovc pr ouxrl rrlv dlorprl Ocr ;rnopo6ontrre va lpoBi,,6rpoupe 6tr, q o.nopld.xpuvoq cn6 rr1 0pqoxe[a 0<r rp6neL vo y[veL ;re rq polpc(a o.vo.yxcl6rr1rc proE avcrm-rflazrlE 8Lc6rxo,oicg xcl 6rt axpl$c6E r<iga ppLox6proore ;r6oc orrlv rrE veuQdroEr5,

r1

olvegl,lo, nape],06wog xcr p6l].ovroE 0c np6ler vc npooe6Qcr orn 0ploxelc avuno).6.1rctr1 66vapr1! A),),d ioroE pe q pori0er,a pLo.E nv<r),o.yiaE vc xnra),riloupe xcr os Fro. dllr1 6r,cn[oroo1. Aev e [vcL oQ06 vc peraron[lou;re ttg 6woLeE paxpLd cn6 ro 66ccpoE ndvo oro oroio 6n[roueyri01xdv. fLa ro ncr,6i yvop[loupe rroE of,lv :ro],LrLoplxr] rou e[6],r[4 np6nel vcr r[€Qdo€r o16 pro d?,.].ore rrse6o6reQo xor dD,ore l.Ly6repo oLo0rirl rpdol vefprrrorlg. Aur6 rpo6pleror, cn6 ro 6u 'ro nar6[ 5sv prope( va xcrcnL6oel pe nveupotLxil rQydoad 1600 nol),6g on6 lrg GQy6reec dlprloreE optrrLx6E cnanrloelg, c),),ri rQ6nsl va rLE 6nprtioeL pe cnor0rpx6g ev6gyere_<, nioo a:r6 xrq oroi€g ppiaxerat xrx,6 xav6vc 6vo. xlvrlrpo d11orE. Or neploo6repeg an6 rrur6g rLg ncrbr,x6E veupr6oer,E, xcr l6rc[tepo. or, rirulavcyxaorlx6E, (enepvrofwor ar06pprpn roxd rI Oldpxer,tr r1g cvdlrufrlg orlv no,L5rxi1 r1},Lx[n. TLE un6],ol:reg pnope[ vc rLE ,roQopsQ[oeL o.py6repa 11 rpuXcvn].urLxi1 Oepo.nela. Kntd tov [6Lo cxpr,Brirg rg6no 0a pfioQo(ocpr vn rno06oou;re notE q av0potn6qro. toE o),6rqrn nepvd.er xcnd :'lrl,t e[6IL[{ rrlg xntoor6oe6 nou eivq,r avri}.oyeg pre

sfetrLxrlx4 cpriol.

H

oupnepr,qopd poE 0o 6ngure vc cxol,ou0(oeL.ro :rp6runo ev6g ouvetof ern<rdeur(, o ofioloE 6ev avrlrlOero.L ot lto €rtreapevl perappd0pLorl, o]"]d npoonoOel vc fllv unoolnQ(Eer xo.r. vo, perptdoer q BrcL6qra rnE sropoI(g rIE. Me ouxii rIV ovailoylo. 6ev 61er p6pnLc EEowiulOei 11 ouolc r1E Oploxe[og. Av cn6 ro 6va p6poE 06rer xctcrvc"lxcorLxo{E nepLopLopotE 6ntog prn aropr,xr.l rpulnvcyxaorLxi] vcfQtrlol, nepL6Xel o.n6 ro d).).o 1r6pog 6vc o6orrlFo o.n5 ourolieE cnapvodpevrl rqv npaypcrLx6qta, 6noE nogoqqelrat ;repovcop6va orlv xo,0uoreplp6vr1

6tcvoqtLz( cvtlnru[r1, oe pra po.zd.pr,n otyluorl nou npo6plerar o,n6 rpeu6clo0(oerg. Krivoupe p6vo orrl,xploerE, lre rrE onoieE rpoonoOorips va xoxo,vorlooup€ ro xoLvrovrr6 qo.r,v6pevo

11 aropLxii :ru0o),oy[c 6ev praE npooq6Qer rwr).6E xcrd),),qlo cwrxeapwo o{ryxQr,oylg.

'E1ouv yiver, nol.).6E uno6ei[erE (cn6 ep6vc xcL Lbr<ri.rspc <1116 rov T6owog PriLx)ll olerr,xd;re ro p6Xpr, rot6E 11.

180

[nppl. Freud (1907t) rrrr Reik (1927)]. 181

L


TO MEAAON MIA: AYTATIATH:

trenrop6pereE pnogei vo enexraOe( q c.vnl.oyla cvdpreoo otr1 0gqoze(c roL ox1v rpr-rlcvolxoortxr] vsriprooq xnl rt6ocr npdlpnrn propottrre vc pdOoupe ps crr6v rov rp6no yLo. rLg lbLo.trep6xll€S lror rlE rtleg rou o1r;trro.rlopori zqg

Op4oxeioE. Euota0e[ eniolE 6rL o 0ploxeurLxd ntor6g ngomcrete'rol oe peydlo Bo0p6 cr6 rov x(v6uvo oprcp6vov veuptrxrxtirv ao0everdrv l cro6o14 rqE yevr,xrlE vetetrrorlE rov cra)',).d.ooer cn6 ro r<rOrjxov vcr 8npopg<ioer oropr,xr] ve6pororl.

12

H nvcyVriplorl rr1E roropr.xrig o[[ng oprop6vtov Ogqoxeurlxriv boypdrorv cufd.ver, rov oeftrop6 poE on6vcwi touE, 6ev o.xrprivel 6prog qv ng6raori pcg vc ra cqolg6ooupe ort6 trlv altr,ol.6y1o1 tov no).trloplx6v 6rcrd,feow. Avr[0era! Me q pori0elcr crr6v T ov roroprxtirv ],enpdvtov opprarlo<rpe rrl 1,vtipr1 ntog ro.OpqoxeurLxd 66ypnra poLd(ouv pe veugorLxd xordl.ouro, x<rr propotpe vcr not;re nog r1g0e [oorE o xo.rg6g vo. o.wlxo.ro.or{ooupe, 6noig orr;v ovnl.utxrl 0epo.ne(c lou veugrrxrxof, qE enlrulieg r1E ar60r1or1g pe ra cnorel.6oprcrc trls oq0o),oyLxr]E rweupotxrig epyaolcE. To otl trre o.urj tr1 bLcoxeur] 6ev 0a otcplcl{ooupe p6vo orqv nopoirrloq an6 qv eoprcotxrj e[rirpooq rtrrv ro].r.rr,opnttirv 8larrifeorv, <r],Lri q 1,evLxri crvaOeriprlori rorE 0a 61er, yrc roli"6E rog ouv6nelc trlv xardpylor] rouE, ro npoBl6noupe, otrtrd 6ev rtxpcr,v6paors yL' ctn6. ME aur6v rov rp6ro 0a ),u0ei oe peltilrl

TO MEAAON MIA-:

AY'TAIIAIU) VIII

6xrcoq ro np6pi'r1pa nou pcs 61sL 6o0e[, vc oupqL]r6oouur xov dvopono ;re rov no1,trr,op6. Xrlv opoo}"oyLxrl alrrcI61,qo1 'rov nofu,noprxdrv 6lar6ferrrv 6ev np6nel vn pnE ),une[ l ncrpclrr1or1 crr6 rqv rropr,xr'1 alr]Oera. Or, clrl0eLeE ttov Oploxeutlx6v 6oypd.rorv efvo.r 16oo ncpcpopcprop6veE xor ouorrlpn'nxd petapcpr,so;r6veg, 6ors r1 pd(c rrrrv cv0p6nov 6w pnope( vc rrE cvayvop[oer, otE nl.(Oer.eE. Eivru ocrv vc 1.6;re orc ral&rd nog o netrapy6E q6pver ta veol6wqra. Ai,trd 6ror l6pe rqv clr10ela pre outrrpoi,,Lx( xdlurprl, yr,cr[ pop(oupe rt oqpcr(vel ro peyd)"o rou),i. A),i',ti ro ralb[ 6ev ro f6per,, cxorieL p6vo ro ncpapoprpop6vo p6pog, aro0dvercrroE ro 61oupe efancrfott, xan 1,vtlg[[oupe n6oo oulvd or4g[(et rr; 6uonr,orin Tou ror xrlv nw(ornor] rou cn6vo.wl orouE evil),LxouE cxgLp6g oe c.urr] qv ev-rtrooq. 'Eloupe xcrol{fer oqv renoiOrloq xog elvcl xo.].6repcr vc nnpcnotpcore cn6 rr;v oupBol,rxij ouyxtilurpl n1g oh]0ercg xcL vo. ngooq6Qoulr€ oro naL6[ q yvcirol rov rpoypcrr.x<irv ouvOrlxdrv nvd).oyo pre rqv 6rcvoq'nx{ ror Bc0pi6a.

183


IX (fl6erexs oE cvrrgdo€rE r[ou 66o7.(oi\c ouppL0dLovtot p€xoEt roug. Aqpnd rolug[(eoOe :rcrlg 6vc ofyygo,ppr<r onv to 6lx6 oo,g elvcrr evre].dlE an(v6tvo. Kcv6vaE bev 0c 1doer efo.r,ricE rou rqv Optloxeurlzr] tou n[orr;. Aqof 6ptog rp60eoi1 ooE e(vo.r, vo. Bldrpete aurl rr;v niorq, 6nog clo6e(1vetcr, cpyorepo, pnogel vc porloet xaveiE: ytati to 6rlpooreters; Xe 6va 6ltro oqpeio otrtol,o1elrs ntoE tivct urlxlvEuvo, ndpn no].6 urlxivbtvo, ov pd.0et xnve[E ntoE 6ev xpeuilerot vo. rrotefet otov 0e6. M61g[ ttitpc rlrnv unotnxrLx5g, oILd r6pc cpveltcr r1v u:rnxori orlg noi,.Lttotru.x6E bLcrdfsLg. To elryelprlpd oog, 6tl q Ogloxeuu.xi1 o.LtLol,6yr1or1'rtov no).ttt opttxtitv ewo).rirv unorel'e[ xlv8uvo yltr rov no).rrop6, otlpi(ercL oqv un60eor1 6tL o ntor6g ;.,noqei vo y(vet ri:rLotog, oll.d aut6 e(vot peydlrl avrigcrorl. d),}.q cr.r(rpcorl elvo,r 6rcv o.n6 to 6va p6poE otrtol"oyelre ntog o d.v0ponog 6ev xcteu06vrcL an6 r1 ],oytxri

Mlo

ror, aIId efouoLrifrcL cn6 rc :rrieq tou xnr tLE onclr(orrs rtov opprirv tou, zo,r cn6 ro dLLo pr6poE nporelvets n1v awrxo.td.otnorl trlE ouv<rr,o0qpcrtlxr'19 pdoqE r1E noi,.LrlopLxijE uroxorig rou p€ xqv opOol.oyrxr1 [3doq. Atn6 cE ro xatci,.6BeL 6noroE pnope[. Ep6va prou qa(vetnt nrog

np6nel vc LoltoeL r1 to 6vcr r] to dtr).o. E[d].].or-r, 6ev pd0are tlnote cr[6 filv toroQ(a; MLo 16-

rora 6oxlp{, vo cvttxo.toolcoei q oploxeia pe q i"oyLxri, 61er yiver. i16r1 pta cpopri er[or1pa xo.t oe pey6].r1 6xtnor;. fLa euprlOeire r4v 1ol.),Lx( ernv6otcorl xo.L tov Popeort6po; Atrtrd xor, q pgclu[tolc xcL rrlv natoldrbl crroruxic qE 6oxlpriE. Trilqc sr<rvnl.cppdvetnt orq Ptooio, nLLd 6ev np6neL vo. abrlprovo6pre yLo qv 6xBcorl fllE. AEv vopi(ere nog :rg6ner vo. nnpn6epotpre 6rt o dv0porroE 6ev pnope( vc oteprl0ei rq 0prlozeic; Elno.rs norg 11 Oprloxeic elvo.u nopondvo cr6 pr,c tlru185


TO MEAAON MIA: AYTANATH:

TO MEAAON MIA.:

Xcrualxaor.Lx,il vetpotorl. A_L)"d

r4 r4v rl.etpcl r1E. )og cpxe[ pe rr1 vetpool. Or 6v0ponol u:r6 q.vefpooq. Tr d),),<r ldvouv 6poE pc[( rr;g 6ev ocg svSLacp6peL>>.

evTrinool pe pcr, ax6prl nto H

prnte60rlx<r

L6i] rpoy_ ALare (vo-

6uvo ar6

AYTANATTI: IX

Tlv o),rprail o.vrao€ol avdpeoo oqv loprpr] eupuicr ev6E uyr,orig no.r6tof xo.t olq blavolrlxil vro0p6trpn ev5g p6xBr.ou rviii\rxou. @c rlrav ewe1.6E n66vo.tov vn 96get

Opqoxeuuxri ovoxQopri 6vc peyd).o $69og qq our{ rlv oxsrtl.(li ufiorr}'co[<r; Nopilrrr norE 0n eu06v1E repvotoe rol.tE Xe6vos, tironou 6va FI ff(TlQ€coF6vo ,tcl,6[ v<r dpxr,(e vo, xdvtt ox6qctg YtG rov 0s6 rtor rqv 6LL1 oxpr$<iE

11

yi

(6rr

!orq.'Io<rrE crur6g oL ox6rpeLg v<r nxo)'ou0o6oov tov 6p6po pe crt6g rorv npoy6vrov tou, 6ev nvcp6voupe 6prr4 nur4 qv e[6].fq, c],]d rou ttodYoups rc 0prloxeutr,zti 66yparn oe pLa eno1rl nou otre to evbtccp6pouv orjre 61eL 'r1v rxo.v6rpc vo xctcvor]oel rq orlpao(n roug. H enlpgdbtrvoq rrlE oefouol"txrlE ovdnru[r1E xot q entrdluvol r15 0pqozettxr]E err,ppoi]E eivuL ra 66o x6ptn oqpe(a oto ng6lgaprpa tr1g oqpeptv1g rctbcytoyr,xtiE, 6tor, 6ev elvat; 'Ornv perd funvdeL q oz6pr1 tou ncubtot, to. 0ploxeutlxd

66ypmc 61ouv y[vet o46op]'r1ro. Nop(lere 6ptoE ttog e(var xo,L6 yrc rqv evioluoq qE trenoupyicE n1g ox6rpqg vc rlE cnozl,eieral 6vnE t6oo oqpcvtr,x6g top6ag pt Il,E olr€ttr6E ttov nprorgL6v rqg z6l.aor1g; Aev np6net va paE €?trlr]ooer '4 6Lcvoqrr,n{ n8uvo.pin exelvou lou 61eL cprdoeL vn cno66Xe'rnr 1op(g xpttLxri 6).ouE roug lcpclolloporiE tov 0ploxsutrxrirv boypdtov xol vo. ncpoBl,6ntl xtE GwtqdoeLE percrlri loug. A€v 61oupe 6pog xcv6va dIIo p6oov yLc vn eforoLd.loupe rr,g oppr6g pcg ext6E o16 qv eucputa p,nE. fkirg prnopo{rpe 6proE vc nsptp6voups a:r6 crvOptirrlouE, lrou efouordlowct cn6 nrcyopetoerg tqE ox6rp15, 6rL 0a o1ooiv oto rfu1oi,.oyLz6 r,6trvLx6, oto ngrrrreitr t1E )"oyLxr]E; fvtopl(ere en[orlE nt.lE ortE yuvn(xeg ano6(5er<rl r3 1 ley6pevq <tpuotoi,oyLxri o.pl3),{volc>, 61trc6f pr,xp6te13.

lA!fllxlv 6tgpool rqv lqlotponoiloe o Moebius (1903). T!1' tlg ox6pqg ( rqv a:rol6peuoq tqg ox€rp1E nou ;rpo6pleror

ovooro).r1

o:16 186

q

Oploxeia :rpcryprtrteietor

o

<Dp6olt pe l,iyn )'61uo nct 187


.].O

TO MEAAON MIA: AYTATIATH:

or'

o.urrl rou dvbpn. To yeyov6g elvcl cpqloBrl_ ep;rlve(c tou cpqiBotrrl, o],),d 6vo enLleigrlpc yLa rq 6eurepeiotroc A6o11 cutr{E r1E 6ta orlrlxrig unon},c_ o[cE ],6_eL no:E or. yuvo.lneg un6gepcv an6 rr; oxilp6qrc rqE rg6lp lg anal5perorlg vc orp6qouv q ox6rprl roug oe nur6 nou 0n rrE ev6r,6qeqe neprco6repo, 6q),c6r1 orc npo_ p),r]pcro rqE oefoucr).Lxr1g !oi1g.'Ooo .ra nprirro 1p6vrr iqE (or'1E tou avOprirnou enrlge ri(o.r.,rcr, <i1r, p5vo cr6 rrlv oi[oua],uxri, a].]d xnr cn6 n1v 0plozeurLxii xar, z1v npoegX6pevq crl6 ourl Oeo;lxrira cvaorotrrl ,r1g ox6q,IEl asu trrrgQotFr vn noripe ,[6s Eavol npcypnrLxd o dv0ponoE. @6l,tl 6pog vc perprdoo tov !ii),o pou rcr vo ,opo6.1016 rr1 6uvar6rqro ,rolE ro.L ey6 cro),ouOtir pto ourorr,i"r1. 'IooE q en[6gnor1 qg OprloxeurLxrlE cnoy6Qruolg rrlE ox6rprlE vc ;I1v elvol 16oo xaxrj 6oo uno06tc,r, ioarE ano_ 6el10e[ ntoE 11 avOprirmvrl cpfoq p6ver 11 [6ra nx6pi1 xoL 6tav 11 exnai8suorl 6ev unolgeriv€roL o€ uroro.y1 or4 Opr;oxein. Aev to [6po, xcL o6re eoeiE puropeite vo ro (f_ prrr.'O1 g6vo rc ;.r ryd),o :rpop).ripcrn oun]g r4g !or1g qolvowcL ttiga d].ur<r, cr]")d xnr, no],].6 cn].o6otept eparrlpatc pp(oxouv 8fono).a anrivllorl. A),)d opoioyriore pou :rotE 61oups ro 8txoitlprn vc tp6qoups plc e),:ri6a yto ro p6l),ov, noE e(vol [oor5 eilocup6E nou 0c n].ourloer rov nol.lrLopti, torE c[i(eL rov x6no vc xd.voupe pla 6oltr_ gprloxeurLxiiE exno[6euo1g. Av pri "7r,o eqcippol,ii pLog pr1 ro onor6l.eopo. Eev eivaL lxnvonoLrlrLx6, eip<n :rg60upog vc eyxcra),e(rpoupe q perappf0ptro1 lrcl vc s:rLorg6rpor_ pe orlv nporlyotpLevl xc0cpti nsplypccprxrl dno!.rr1: O dv_

Qrl.rueufc

-rori;rsvo,

11

oro Warum Krieg? (1933b), Studienausgabe, t6pr. 9, oe),. 2g4,

xoL

qrlv rei.euro[o ropd6ool oro: Freud, lg33a, Studien_ -c6y. 1, oeL. 596-9 (e),).4vr,rr1 6x6ooq, Nia oepd ray rrdOa_

exrev6orepo a-usgabe,

66y3tot

fy qv etoayttyri

oxqv Vuxcrvciluo+ er66ortq Erirouqoq,

MEA,\ON MIA-: AYTANATH: IX

Oponog e(vtrr. ov obrivolTls euqutcg efouor,o.(6pevo 1116 tE oe[rx6E ffrr0up[EE rou. Xs 6vc d),),o o1pelo ouuetrlv6 o.n6truxo pn[[ onE. E[vcL quor?.(,d ov6nro va 06troupr,E peuldE vo xatcpyriooupre p[oLn n1 0grqoxelo. KuQ[o]E yr.cT I rlvcL cr[pdTporofioiqxo. O nLor6E 6ev o.qilveL vc rou rld.Qouv rIV raoxq rou ofxt tl.s €Jrr1erQTlpoxo orix€ [s orcyoQrtocrq. KoL Gv rotro rlET{X& prs [rerrotE, 0c rircv no].{ oztrqg6.'OnoroE YLo ()},6x),r1psE 8exaer[eg nc[gver urvtrnr,xd, Eev pnopei qtoLxd va rorfrlor( cv xou o.cporQ6oouv ro p6oo. Me xdrL nou xd.vouv orrlv ApepLx( rpalvercl xd0oQd nols n ffil8Qcol rlg 0ploxeurr.zr]g roplyogrdg pJroer( vo rorro0enl0eI lo6rr,pto 6ln).c oqv en[6poo1 rov vo.pnoluxdrv. Exei 06].ouv tt6pc -r[eoqov6E x&ta an6 rqv entpgorj xIE yuvor]iorQcxio'E vo cqo.rQ6oouv trr[6 rouE ovOgciinoug 6],4 tc 6reyeptrxd xnl vcpxanma p6.aa xcr vo. rouE spfivetoouv oo.v yrir (Iroqlpi(l)ol 0eoo6per,n.1s A),).d 6ev lpeLdlercL va eiIroor€ ,r€Q[eQyor ylo rqv 6xpoo1 durot rou ntLQdporog. Aev ouprprovtir tra!( ooE, nv enL;r6vers rrrDE o dv0QtorroE 6ev pnopel vc oregqOe( r1v noprl^yoprd 116 OQloxsutr:clE ourorrdxlg, roE XoQaE ouxii 6Ev 0c p:rogofoe vc ow6Eet 14 6uoxol.(o. rIS EoriiE, nlv oxi\ylQri fiQdyfroxtr6rrlro. Evvo€ixor, 6Ev ow6xer rlce(voE o d.vepornog nou tov 61ere norlosr pe ro "1i"ux6 -r1 ylux6nr,zpo 6r1].qr{gr,o cn6 pr,xQ6 noL6a. AIId o dllog nou uvorpdcplxe vr1q6i'rc; 'IoroE aux6g, rou 6ev ndoleL crn6 vefpoorl, vc pqv lgerd!,etnt xo 6liulrriQro yLo vc voQ?.cto0e(. O dv0ponog 0n pge0el olyooQc o0 66ozo],11 ].ord.orooyl, ec opro],o1{oel rrlv pqEopLv6qrri rou xo.r. xrlv a6uvcp(o. rou p6on orov plxcvtopr6 rou x6opor, 0c o,ro0nv0e( roE 6ev €[voL ]rro ro €r()l,rwQo rIE 0lploupylng, ro owrxeaprvo tls xQUq€QliE ipQovx[Oo5 prLcE cyaOriE np6voLcE. @o. e(vo.r, oxnv i6lc 06-

A0r1vo, 1978, o€),. 157-161)1. 14.

188

[Ewoei t1v

rioq

on; povnplic].

15.

[O Oq6uvr cvcg6pet<rr

oqr

enopi l1E rotoancl,6peuolgl. 189


TO MEAAON

x

MIA: AYTATIATH'

pdooupE (srno.[6EUoI ornv rrQoyparr]16111o). xeeLd[mo.r oo.E <rnoxo.),{go rftr, povabr,z6g ozor6E rou otyygdp-

vn

;-rcr6E pou elvul vc uruo.rr;oer ourr]E qE rQo66ou;

znl6rlrn

r1v npoooli] oxIV cvdy-

<Atrt6 qo,[vercL ur6po1o. Mla ov0gor6qrd fiou 6XsL fio.gcnqOel cn6 6],eE rrE GUrondrEE xnr 61eL y[vet 6tor, rxovr] v(I xd,v€r tfioe€Qrii q (orr] rrlE orq y1! Elrir 6prrrg 6ev 'OXt ytdr[ €i[ct &rloQ6 vo poqcort6 rrE ,tQoo8oxatE ocE. p€ 0€oQE[rt, iotog ox),qpo,rpdXqlog awr6paotx6g, 6nog a),Lri ar6 o veorl. Nopr(lco ,toE r6Qc a).Ldlcps rous Q6i"or-rE. Eoeig epqov[!,€o0s ros o ov eon6].og rlou ,roQco6QexoL <r:16 cLurrrxdrtE xcl eytir exwpooton6 qv urcirrlorl qg ),.oyrxr1g, ro baxoro xrlE olLaUIE. Mou cpalvercrt ntoE 6o<r crvocp6pare oqpllovrat oe I60q, lou pnogdr oripgor,[Qo6i6ouv oQxErd rooced rrlv sn(Epaorl 'rtov urtoupttiv oaE. Xqpf(ere r1v e]"n[6a odE oxo 6t or y€vt6g, nou 6€v 0o. 6xor-rv uftourcl dJ[6 u1v nnLbrxrj r1].r,x[c tqv sr[[6Qcol

0n cu[r1osL o.z6;11 nepr,oo6reqo 11 6rivcprl tou. Ko.r, 6oov ogopri uE peyd),eg crvcyxo,r6rlreg qg d1r1E, cn6vovxl orrs ono[eE e[vcl cion],oE, our6g 0<r pd0er, va 16 unocp6per, cxpr,p6g pe u:rorayri. Tl vn uE xdver tLg unool6oeLE yn mr1;rcro orq oe).r]vr1, nou xavelE 6ev e[6e nx6pL1 rouE xo.pnorig rouE; Qg r[prLog prLxpoysopy6E oe trul1 q yr1 0n [6ger vo x<r],],Lepye[ to ltirpo. lou 6ror nou va rov rp6gsr. AnootpownE rr,g npoo8oxieg rou on6 ro xcrL

qE

prnop6oouv €lixol.o va 06oouv erlt6npoxs[c qg ].o1,lxr]g fid.vo o116 tqv oppLxr] lrori.

OQIox€aoE,

0o

).ouE

tn

Aut6

elvaL 6prorg

aut<rndrl oE cur6 To oropo.oLotrx6 onq6ol 6sv 0c orlpeLtiroer, xcprprd c),}.o.ov0Qdlfiw1 I yri. Av 6ev xdvor trdeoE -yvt,rQi(oups 16oo tr[yc ylc d],l.oug nolr,rrotrro6E urrdQlouv or6p1 loo[ rou 6ev cvcxQ6eowo[ xdrl ax6 qv nieorl ev6g OprloxeurLxof ouor(lroros xor 6pto5,6ev qxd,vouv oro L6o.vLx6 ong rlqot6oreQc o116 dl.).ouE. Av 06lere vd €EoorQox(o€re rr1 0pqoxeitr peao

tov euptonnt).c6 paE ,[olrx[op6, tmoQ€ixe vo xo l{dvErE p6vo pe rlv sLoayoyil ev5E d).),ot ouonjpratoE, r.to.t xo{ro 0c 6ncrpve nr6 r1v cgli 6),tr tc r1ru1o),oylxd Xo.Qo.?cxletotxd qg 0prloxeioE, xIV (5ro reQ6qro, o.xcprfia, pu,octrIo6o!(<r, filv (6rc Gficy6eEuol rIE ox6qls yLG rlv urr€Qdorr.or1 rou. Kd:roE &ol 0a np6ner, vc efvcL to v6o orioqpo., yro vo <rvronoxpLee[ oTrE cno.r'r4oe6 tqE exncl8euorlEr O 5p5pog ur6 ro Bp6qog orov :rol,Ltto;r6vo d,v0ptono eivaL poxpr3g, rol).o[ dveporor, 0c tov 6ltrvcv xat 6ev 0G 6qrcvav 6yxaLgc orc xcOrlxow<r qS EtollE, av 11 e[6IL[r'1

o.n6

Tov oupo.v6 rov o.giivoupre moug cyy6),ouE xnl oro. onoupy[tn_16 16.

[A16 to Deutschland (Caput I) rou X. X6r!8. To

<dnrorou

oriw.oogol> to lplor,pono[qoe o Xtiuve or o16oq nqoE rov Xrr,v6(a].

190

l9l


.IO MEAAON MIA) AY

TO ME,AAON MIA> AYTATIATH:

rous oqlv6ro.v XtoQig xo0o6rly,4or;. Ol6L6aoxol.(eg nou 0o spap;r6(ovrcv onlv exnclDeooil rotE 0c 60erav ndwa

pr vo ,roQop),6q,oupe 5rl xcl ol nv0ptinlveE cvtiyzeE ei_ vcr, 6va xop;rdrr, rrlE ng<rytrrcrlx6rn-co.S, .lto;L ptii,,Lorc 6vo. 192

IAIIA'III:

X

rou pcg ev6tcq6QEr t,t\rrri:rtpu. 'Eva d)"Io n),eov6zqpa xou eeloxti'urtxo6 E6lpctoE to Bp[oxto oe pto oJr6 xtE r,6loppu0p(eg rol), r(]t, ga[verru vc ocrg 6troapeototv L6Lo.[repc. Enrrp6ntl lll,(t tvvolo].oYtrll xd0cpoq xoi rqrlqtrlol ot xoOsra ,rou q)(:etrl xo ixvoE r1s npor6yovqg zaL ratblxijg ox6rpqE.'O,tr' trrop6vtt t:(vtrt nepLel6trrevo r,bedrv, otr,E ono(eE 6ev ol'lrqxitrxtl ,rl(r rl trJrl,oqpq xcrr, rLE oro(eg 6ev p:ropel vc cno6.lqrfipeL. Au6g ot

olpcrvrLx6, 6vo,

nvo6rcpopgtiroer,E rou 0prloxer.ntxot 66y;rntog, lorr tLq xctcErxdocre orE o,t6),eteg xol otpBLpcotrtotig, xd.vortv brtv<rr{ tlv crrotpuyrj rnE a1ql5 ovd,pteoa or4v np6pqurrrl pdltr xcL orov 8lovooripevo, 6tcnrlpotiv tqv opotoy6vettr percf{r totE, lou e[vcl 16oo roirrftlprq 1r,c tr1 6laoq6]'lor1 'rou no).Lttopo6. T6te bev urrripler, q6BoE vc pd0eL o riv0gonoE tou ).aori 6rl tc cvti.r'repc mQdtttcxo rrls ]'cotvtrlv(oE "6ev nlotetjouv nto oxov 0e6". fllorefro nog 66elfo 6rr q npoon60erd oog neplop[fetat orq 6oxLpr] vo cntLxo.roo'nioere pro 6oxL;roopt6vl tLot ouvoto0l ftorlxri nol6rLprl ourond.rl pe pr<r c8oxipuotr; xo.r, c6tdrpoprl>. Aev 0c pe Bpe[te ctp6or.to orlv xplrtx{ oog fvrrrgiltrl rt6oo 8rioxotro eivnr vc cro@youpe tr,g aurcrndteE lotrrg xnr, ol etrni6eE nou tg6go vcr elval curnndT eE. A]'ird. eltp6vor oe puc 6lcqopd. Ot cu'rnndteE pou -ex,65 cn6 ro 611 1 p1 cro6oy] roug 6ev tlpopsi'rnt- 6ev elvcu ocv ttE 0pqoxrutlx6g, drote vcr pqv enr,661owor, 6r,6g0tlor1, 6ev 6xouv ragcvolz6v logcxrlpc. Av 1 epneLgl<r 66eryve p6vo, nou ox6-611 oe trt6vo, a)"}"d oe dtrtroug trretd. crn6 qrovror 6poLc- 6t :rlcvr10{xnps, 0n eyxotc}'el1.roupe rrE rrQoo8oxitE trrcE. fldpre 6pr4 rrlv nqoond0etd pou oov cutri nou e[vcrt dpoypcrtLx6. 'Evcg rfruloL6yoE, nou (6pel no).6 xa],d 16oo 6tozol,o eivcL vc Bper. o riv0poloE rof bp6po tot oe cut6v tov x6opo, npoolcesi vcr xplver r1v e[6h,[r1 r1g ov0gom6rrpoE o6pqov<r pe q L(11 yvtilor1 rou o,n6xrloe cn6 11 pe)'6rq ttov rpultxtiw 6tc6txa13-

O

rohtor6<

n4yri

,ttucia<

193


TO MtsAAON MIA.: AYTATIATH>

or6v oxq 6l6gxela tIE cvrimuhE rou felorplorori ov0prirnou cn6 ncL6[ oe evrj].Lxo. Me trlv ncparrlgrloq grdveL oqv rinorpq nog 11 Ogrloxe(c pnopei vo ncpap),1Oe[ pe prn ncr6rx{ veripooq, zcl elvo,r agxerri oloL66o[og va uno06rer, nrlE 11 avOporr6rqro 0c (enepd.oer, aurr] rrlv veupcotLzri cpriorl, 6noE r6oc fio[8Ld Effr€Qvodv qv ncrp6poLri ro,uE ve6gooq. Aumi q yvd;oq an6 rqv oroprxrl rpulol.oy[a pr"nopsl vc s(vcl cvenagt{E, q eqcppoyr; r1E oro cv0Btirnwo e[6oE o,6rxcrc],6yr1rq, 11 croro6ollo oBdolpq. nopo661opal6leg aur6g rrE cBepcr6npeE. flol,)r6g pop6E 6sv pnogs[ vo ouyxpcqOel rove[E vrr rrcr our6 rou mor06u, xo,l 8lnaLol,oys(rcr noE 6ev ro npooq6pel yr,o. neproo6repo cn6 6oo a[i[eL. Xe 6to orlpelc 0a snLpe[v<rt ox6pu1. Ilg6rov, q o.6uvcrplo rqg 06oqE ;rou 6ev oqpcfvel ev[o1uor1 n1E 6rxr]E oaE. flroreto noE tnoorlp[(ere pr,o. 1crp6vr1 un60eoq. Mnopel vo tov(oope t6oo oulvd 6t q cv0pdrnLvq irollxrl elvcl c8rivapq oe oriyzplor; ;re qv cv0pt6nrvl oQprxri (rr;i], xat vo, 61oupe 6[xcLo. Al.]"ri ourii 11 c8uv<rpic e[v<n r66ppu0ptl' r'l erovri rou nvetpo,rog elvar orlrcvrj, c],tr d. 6ev oropord nor6 npr,v eloo,xouo0ei. Tel.lxri, oqot 61el a:ronepqOe( ctt6rQTlrr5 qop6E, e loozorisr<rl. Aur6 e ivar, 6va o,n6 rc ).iyc olpreia o.n6 ra onol<r pnogo6;re vo cw].r1ooupr nloLo6o![o yr,c ro p6].trov rqg av0potr6r1ro.g. )e rofro pnoporipe vn orlg([oupe xcL <i],],eE e]n[6eE. Tc rQtrlre(o rIE ).,oyrxr]E pp[oxowo.r o,x6pr1 no],.ri, ndpc no],t pcxprri, <r],],ri q irn6orcor; 6ev elvo,l cr6].er,orr1. KcL cpof 6rog npoB],6nero.r 0o. 06oer, roug [6louE oxonotE, n1v npoypctololr1or1 ttov onolrov negttrr6vrrs eoe(E cn6 rov 0e6 ocE o€ ovOpdrnwo p6rpo cpuolxti, 6oo enlrp6neu 11 efoiregrxr] npcyporlx6rpc, 11 Avdyx1r7- 61l"c6r] r1v o,yinq rov o.v0Br6,[ov i{o.r rov nepLopro;r6 xou fi6vou, pnopoipe vc norS;re 17-

194

Elrlrqvurri mo rpotoruno. (E.r.p.)

TO MEAAON

MIA: AYTAIIATH> X

q 8Lo,cprovlc 1rog rivor lpooropwii, 6ev elvot aysrptrpoq. Ebr[lotrpe ro (61o, crlld soslE eiore nro cvun6povoE, ,tro o.no.lrr;rtx6E zor -yrcr( vc Flv xo ,[o;- rro :rtog

t6lore),iiE o.fi6 p6vc xcr xouE opoi6€6mE pou. O6.1.ert vc oQx[o€r I poxcQL6qro cp6otog perd rov Odvaro, nnnrrcire o,n6 outrl ro c66vorov xar 6ev 06].ere vo, eyxarc).rlrpe-

re qv ana[n1or1 rou felropr,orot cr5pou. O 0e6E pr<rE, o A6yog,r8 0c npoyporonoLriosL nn6 our6E xrE enLeupisq 6,rl enrp6nel 11 qtor1, oIId pcepL<rin, oro or[6r€Qo p6].l,ov xcr. yxr v6ouE cvOpdrnoog. Aev un5olercl ofioLrlpaooI o€ FoE nor uloq6poupe t5oo no),f ox1 Eori. )rov 6p6Fo yL' oux6v tov pcrxpw6 oxoxr6 rlQ6rra vo syxctcl.srg0otv rc 0pqoxeurlxd, pcg 66ypcra, c6rd,eoQo dv or npdrreE 6oxtp6E onoxixouv ri or, lpdireg cvrLxcrcordoerg ano6erlOoriv cpciolpeg. lvrop[(ste yrorl; :rq 8Ld.pxerc 6ev prnope[ vo o.vrLorn0ei xifiorr orov A6yo zcl orIV rp,[sLQao,, roL rl ow(qdoq qE OgqoxeicE cn6vo.w[ roug ei,var 1erporr.o.oTi]. Ax6pr1 xar, oL feza0<rpLop6veE 0ploxeuttx6g r,66eE 6ev pnopofv vo. <rnoqtyouv curil qv rulr;, 6oo eirr;r6vouv vn :reprotioouv x&r cLn6 ro naprlyogrprx6 reprel6pevo filE 0e1orr[og. Av ipuor,xri neprogloOe(re orov loluprop6 yro x4v tfioQEI sv6g ov6repou rrvEupomxof 6r."ro9, o r6L6rrpeE tou o:rolor eivnl nxo.06pLoreE xar oL npo06oelE rou xgtrq6E, elore d.rptrrtoL 0,r[6 ro 06],rl xTq

18. ElJlqvLxri oro nptor6,uno. (:.r.p.). - To 0eix6 (euyoq A6^yo(Av<iyn4 ror Otr-Lov6o{r Multatuli. - [Multatuli rirov ro rlreuodrvrrpo rou E. D. Dekker (1820-87), cycn4p6vou orryypoq6o. ro1l Oporrr.r. H ouvrlyopia rou 1uo prc eu),r,xpr,vri oelouoi"uxri ducrgdxuoq rov nur6rdrv eile ezrutrqOei rol,ri rrn6 rov <Dpor-rrt. [qflI. tqv eppoio rou tDg6uw <Zur scxucllen Aufkldrung der Kinder> (1901c), Stu.licnausgabe, r,6yt. 5, oe)". 159 (e),),1vur{ petdggcol, <l-uc filv oelold,rtr'r] buogtirr,oq xolv rrcLOL6v), nepl6letcrr, rxo: Xiyxpotrw <Dgriuvr,

Pdl6 Kcrpi" fx. fuoinax x.&, H otlouafu,xri \rucgiroq 1uxpoi nadLoi, ex66oeug EnlxoupoE, A0riva, 1991, oe]1. 6l-70)l Bi),1el,p

rn

r95


To MEAAoN M1A): AY'IAI1A]II: X

TO MEAAON MIA: AYTATIATH:

srlrorrlplE,

a1.1,d

eyxo.rci,,e

e

[rp

to

ev6r,oq6Qov rtov ov0pdrnorv

0o oog

r.

Kcl

6e6repov: flgoo6[re rr1 8rcpopri rqg orriolE poE orlv cruronritq. Eoe[E rnepooa(ler€ rlv ee1axerxLlti o.urofid.q pr 6l,rE oo5 ttg 8uvtiper,g cv urrox[pl0e[ -xal rrQoyprcnr,d crre .e('rcr oopoed- o z6opog oaE xnrcpg6er, 6ev oo.g p6ver raQd vo Gpqrpdlisrs yrc 6},o, yrc rov nol,rLop6 xo,r, ro p6tr ).o,,r rr1E dveQofioxnxoE. Afi6 ourli rn or)"dprd elpaore, eyr6 xo.r or, opoiberireE trr,ou, e),eri0epoL. Agot e(pcore rp60upoL vo. napcltq0odpe o:16 6vc orlpawlx6 p6goE rorv :ro,r6lx6v pcrg enr,Ouprdrv, trmoofi6vo.1'Tr

Qotpr vo Gw6Eoup€, dv prQrx6E on6 rr,E npoo6oxi,eE pcE ofi 06 erx0otv crrcnd,reE. H anoi.).oyp6v4 on6 qv n[eo1 trrrv 0prloxeurr,xdrv 6o1pdrrrrv exnol6euorl 6sv 0o erlp6ger lorog peydll c].],nyr] otr;v rl-ru1ol,oyr,xri ouolo. rou nv0p6nou, o 0e6g pcg, o A6yog, 6ev sivcL [oog ncwo66vcpoE, Ur[oQ€[ va €]ifi],IQ6ocr p6vo 6vd prxp6 p6poE ofi6 600. unoo160r1zcv oure66eopoi rou. Av ,rQ6r(€r, 0o unoro10o6;re oe cufli xlt, d\rcyxcu,6rrlra. Ai,),ri yr' aur6 6sv 0a ldooupe ro ev6r,o,cp6pov pog yr,o. rov x6opo xcr tt1 !or1, llar( oe 6va oqpe[o 61oupe 6vo olyougo orlQrytlo, fiou ],€[na crr[6 odE. flroreiiouUe ,[oE pr m1v eirroolpovrxri epycolo pnoporlpe va pd0oupe xdn yrd rlv ,rQaylro.rr,x6rrpc rou x6opou, vc crulr]ooupE xI 66vcpi] pag xtrr vn rczronol{ooup€ rl Et li tlcrE. Av curil l r[(orrl rivor curcndtq, pplox6poore orIV [610. 06o1 pe oc6, o),i"ri 11 enlorr]trrr1 p6g 61el cno8ei[er pe no],L6g xar orlpowrx6E err,rul[eg rtrlg 6ev slvcr ourcndtl. 'E1e r, az6pr1 ao),}.oriE gcrvepori g xu ax6pl nepLoo6repouE zpr:cporE el0potg av6prsoo o€ o.urots nou 6ev pnopotv vo rrls orJTxoQrloouv 6rl tnov6psuoe rr1v 0pr;oxeurLxri n[ot1 xcr mreL),e[ vo rrlv xcro,qyr]oer. Tqv xnqyoporiv ytc ro fi6oo Liyo poE 61er 6r,6dfel xo.r yr,o ro, n6oo o.oriyxplrc roli.d nptilp<na 6Xer, cgrioel oxo oxord.6L. Ai),6 e66 [e-

t96

Xvofv rt600 v6o €[vor, n6oo 66oxotr1 rirav 11 <rpp1 rrlE xcL :16oo nr6),uto prxQ6 eivor ro lpovLz6 6Ldotrlpc o.n6 r6re ,rou xo dv0Qc6nrvo ,rv€6pc buvtlprloe yro ro xoorixowd r.IS. AEv oqdi.l,oupr 6),or rou orlQ(Eoup€ rLg zploerE po,g oe 16oo pLxgd. lpovLxd 5Lcor1po.ro.; On 6rpene vc ndQoup€ raQ66ErT|rn cn6 roug ys(l)l.6youE. flnpmrovLoriwcL yLo l1v apepcL6qro rIg srrrorlpllE, ,rou EEoyy6l,Ist olltl.EQa (og v6po 'tL(i..t no1) I sr6pevn yevLd ovayvogf(eL toE oqdl+o xor ro cvrlxo.0Lord. pE v6ov v6po pe (6rc pQoxt1govl r,o16. A),trd aur6 eivnr, d6r,zo xcrt ev p6peL avci,.r1069. OL ctrtrcy6E rtov rrrrorlpovrx6v on6rpetov otlpto.(vouv e[6],r,[r1, rp6o6o zcr 611 ovnrpon{. 'EvnE v6proE, rou rov 0eogo6pe aplLxd. an6l.urc og06v, aro8eilvcrol elbtxf ,[EQinxoJoI trroE rlirdrurEQlE vopot6].eLcrE i1 regLop(lercl an6 6vav 61"),o v6trro, nou rov yvtlgl(oupt: trpy6repa pLn Xo'!.[Qii nQoo6yyrol rrlE d\foeros cvrrxo0(ororor o.n6 pro trenr6repr1, Jrou oJr6

qv

fii\euQd

tlg

avcp6ver, rcrQo,r[6Qo

rslstono(1or1. Xs 6tdqopoug rop€iE 6€v 61oupe fenegdoer, or6pn rI cpdol xrlE 6peuvaE, znrd. r1v onolc boxLpd.loupe lno06oeLg nou oe triyo 0u rr,g onoppirpoup€ 0rg ov€rroQreiE o€ dLIouE xop€(E 6pos ufidQxsr {6q 6vo.g 6Laocpn}.1op6voE xor oxs66v operdp).IroE nupr]vo.g yvt6oqE. 'A.l,troL 6porg 6oxtpri(ouv vo. urotlprioouv pr,!r.xd, rlv €nlorlltovr-

xri ngoond0ela, xQ[vovrcE rtog 6EV FrroQri vo. ,[Qooe6Q€r, EEoQrIU6q 6noE e[vnr cn6 'rouE ripoug ulE oQydvooris ;ro.E, r[note dtr]"o napd p6vo unoxertrrevrxd onote].,6opara, ev<ir 11 npnyprorLxr] q6or1 trov rgcryprd.rov 6[to cn6 ;-r<rg t4g s[vcL nnp6or1. E6ri :rcpapi"6rouv oprop6vo. oror,le[c, :rou elvo.r. croqo.ororlxri yLu n1v drorirrl xr'lE srrroxlpovtxrjg egyno[cE, 6tr, 11 opydvroori paq, 6IIG6ii o 1-,uXLx.6E pc5 pr11cvLop6g, 61eL nvcntuleef cxptBrirE yLc x1v ovcyvrirplorl rou efoxepLxori x6o;rou, 61e r, :rp<ryparonotrloer, 197


TO

ME AON MIA2 AYTANATH:

fu),a6i] oq 6opri rou 6va xopr;rritr rqE oxonr,p6rpaE vo. anorelel ouotcrrz6 moryeio exe[vou rou z6opou nou oqe[]"o'ups vn elepeuvi]ooupe xan 6tt enlt.o6ner dvero, ;rLo. r6rolc elepsrlvrloq ncgcrBl.6nouv sr[o1E 6rL opo0erotpe n),r]pcoE ro zcOiixov n1E €morrlpqg, 6rcv qv nepLop([oupre va pc.E 8eilver n6E np6neL vo pcE epqcv(lero.L o x6opog eluLt(cg r1g L6rcppu0pr[<rg qg op.4ivoor]E po,g, 6rr, rc re-

),rxd onore),6opo.rc qg enlor(pr1g efclr[cE oxpr$rirE tot e[6ouE l1g srax€uqiis roug 6ev xc0op((owcu p6vo mr6 qv oplrrivoorl pog, o),)rd xnL cn6 6,11 61eL enL6pd.oe L nd,v<l oe cu( rqv opyrivoro4, xcl r,eLtx6,6rt ro tp6pl,rlpc rrlE orlorGoIE rou x6opou lroqlg rov cwr],4ntx6 rirulLx6 p11cvrop6 paE sfvo,r xsvrl agclgsoq, lrrrpig npnxtr,x6 ev6lo.q6Qov.

'O11,

1 enLor]p1 pog 6ev e[vur curcnd.rl. @c rlrav 6porE aurandq vc nrorerio.pe 6rr, 0c p,noporionpe va ndgoupe an6 al,Iorl 6,rt ouri.1 6ev ;rnogel va pnE 66oel.

BIBAIOTPAOIA Tir),or. plpl.(ov xcr reproOrxtirv eivnr pe ni,6yun ypagri, tiri,ot ouppoi,,rirv oe nepLo6r,nti xau pupl,(tr e[vcu ew6g er,ooytoltxtiv. Ttr puxpd lqdppmcr rqE trotr,vuxr]g al.qnpritou nloor on6 xq Xeovo1,o.7[eg rov rcgotu06pevr,rv e6cil 6gyov rou @p6uw cwtotoryoriv otqv ncrdralij roug mqv ouotlpctuxri levuxii pr.pi,Lo1gcqic, rou nequ6lrrou orlv cy^yl,uxr{ 6x0ooq rrov Andwav r,ou @p6uw, t4v Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. H ouvtopolpocgin c.w. wtoxo[Xtl orlv 6x6oor1 ^lov Andwrttv rov @q6uw, Gesammelte Werke (18 r6por.), t6por 1-17 London, 1940-52, r6poq 18 Frankfurt a.M. An6 to 1960 xqr ou 18 r6por, orov S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt a.M., o onoioE 61er. exbtiorr xur n1v 6tx<itoprl Studienausgabe, 1969 x.E. AICHHoRN, A. (1925) Verwahrloste lugend, V'l\en. ALEXANDER, o. (1921\ Die Psychoanalysc det Gesamtpersdnlichkeit, wieIJ. ATKINSoN, J. J. (1903) Primal Law,l,nr,don. BLEULER, E. (1913) <Der Sexualwiderstand>, Jb. psychoanalyt. psychopath. Forsch., t6p. 5, oEl'.442. BRANDES, G. (1896) Willian Shakespeare, Parrs.

CAMBRIDGE ANCIENT HISToRY, THE (1928) t6p. 7. (Ilepr61er,: <The Founding of Rome>, rou Hugh Last). DALY, C. D. (1927) <Hindumythologie und Kastrationskom-

plex',. lmaBo. rop.

13.

ottr.

145.

FEDERN, P. (1926) <Einige Variationen des Ichgefiihls), Ir,t Z Psychoanal., r6p. 12, arl.'. 263. (1927) <Narzissmus im Ichgeftihl>>, Int. Z. Psychoanal., r,6p. 13. ot) . 420. FERENCZI, S. (1913c) (Entwicklungsstufen des Wirklichkeitssinfles)), 1r, Z. iztl. Psychoana,l,, r6p. i, oe),. 124. N6o 6x0oor1 oro: S. Ferenczi, Schriften zur Psychoanalyse 1, Frankfurt

a.M., 1970, o€tr. 148. FREUD, S. (1895b [18941) <Uber die Berechtigung, von der neurasthenie einen bestimmten Symptomkomplex als "Angstneurose" abzutrennen>, G.W., r6p. i, oelr. 315. Studienausgabe, r6p. 6, oel.. 25. 198

199


BIBAIOfPAOIA

BIBA]OfPAOIA

-

-

-

(1900a) Dr'e Traumdeutung Wiet G.W., 't61t. 2-3. Studienausgabe, r.6t .2. (E)J,qvrx{ 6x6ooq, Xllxpouw @p6rvr, i.1 rpp4veia rav ovtipttt% €r06oEUE ErulxoupoE, A0rjvc, 1993). (1905c) Der Witz und seine Beziehung zum lJnbewussten, \Nten. G.W., r.6p. 6. Studienausgabe, :"69. 4, otL.9. (1905d) Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie, r ien. G.W.,

r6p.5, oei,. 29. Studienausgabe, r6p.5, oeL.37. (Etri,qvuxri 6x6oo11, )lr7xprouvt Oq6uw, TperE pd"heE yru rry 1tae[d nlE otf,oualLx6rrytaE, er66oeug Eninoupog, A0rivc, 1991). (1905e [1901j) (Bruchsttick einer Hystcrie-An alyse>, G.W., r6p. 5, oe),. 163. Studienausgabe, r6p. 6, oel". 83. (El),rprxrl 6x6ooq, E[1,npour.t <Dq6uw, Nzripa, q avtiluo4 plag uorep/ag, ex66oerg EnixoupoE, A0rjvc, l99l). (1907tr) <Zwangshandlungen und Religionsiibungen>, G. 1,14, r6p. 7, oeL. 129. Studienausgabe, r6p. 7, oel.. 11. (1907, <Zur sexuellen Aufkliirung der Kinder>, G.W.,r61t.7, aE]'. 19. Studienausgabe, t6p.. 5, oei". 159. (El,ir4vrx{ perdqpao1, <fua t1v oelourd,ux{ buagtiltlol rrov nct6utitv>, :repl6ror mo: >. Op6uvr, B. Pdry, K. fx. frofvyr x.ri., H oeloua)lxri \rucptirnq rcu prupai nariLoi, ex66oeug Enixouqog, A0r]-

(1911b) (Formulierungen iiber die zwei Prinzipien des psychischen Geschehens>, G.W., r,61t.8, oelr. 230. Studienausgabe,

'r6p, 3, oel. 13.

-

(1912d) <Uber die allgemeinste Erniedrigung des Liebesle-

-

(1912-13) Totem und 7"ab4 Wien. G.W., r6p. 9. Studienausgabe, r.6p. 9. oei,.. 287. (El.).4vutii 6x6ooq, 2iyrlrouw @g6uvt, Tor6p xa rauroi. tv.66aELE EnizoupoE, A0{vo, 1978).

-

(1914c) <Zur Einftrhrung des Narzissmus>), G.W., r6p. 10, oE^i". 138. Studienausgabe, r.6V. 3, oe).. 37. (Etrllvuxrl per<ipquo1, <Eocrloryrl orov vugxuoouop6>, ntpl6lernu oro: Iiyx-

atl'.21-37).

pouvr Oq6uvr, NapxLoorop6g, paloXtop6g, rpenytop6E, ex66orug En[xougog, A0iivcr, 1991, ad,. 1-42\. (1915c) <Triebe und Triebschicksale>>, G.W., r6p. 10, oel.. 210. Studienausgabq r6p.3, odu75. (EIIlvrx{ petdgqcoq, <Opp6g xou oppnxd. nenpop6vc>, nepr6lercr oro: Xilxporn'r <bp6rw, Nagxmotop6E, paloyop6g qtarryrcp<ig, cxb6aevg

vcr, 1991).

-

(1908b) <Charakter und Analerotik>, G.W., t69.7, aEl,.2O3. Studienausgabe, r.6p. 7, ae|. 23. (1908d) (Die kulturelle Sexualmoral und die moderne NervositaD), G.LI4, t6p. 7, oeL. 143. Studienausgabe, t6pr. 9, oel.. 9. (1908e [1907]) <Der Dichter und das Phantasieren>, G.W.,

t6p. 7, orl.. 213. Studienausgabe, r6p. 10, oe)". 169. (1909b) <Analyse der Phobie eines fiinfjzihrigen Kraben>, G.W, r.6yt.'7, a ,. 243. Studienausgabe, t6pr. 8, oe).. 9. (El),1vuxri 6t6oo1, X("yxpouvr Oe6uw, O ptxp6g Xavg, avd),uoq

-

t4g cpopfuE ev6E nevrdypovou ctyopLcti, txb6ottE Enlxouqog,

A0fvo,

-

1992).

(1909d) <Bemerkungen riber einen Fall von Zwangsneurose>, G.W.,r6p.7, oe)' 381. Studienausgabe, r6p. 7, oe),. 31. (1910d Eine Kindheitse nncrung des Leonardo d) Vinci, Wien. G.IZ, r6proE 8, o€i.. '128. Studienausgabc, r6poE 10,

od'. 200

87.

G.W.,r,6pt.8, oetr.78. Studienausgabe, aop. 5, orl.. 197. (Etrtrqruxr] tr€rdqeool, <fuc rq .levrx6re-oq rone(voroq rqg oefioocl.rxrlg (ror]g>, nepL6lercu mo: xlyxpouw @p6uw, wuyoLoyin rqg epotrtxrig lafg, tx66attg Erixougog, A9iyo,,1914, bens>>,

-

ErlxoupoE, A04v0, 1991, oEL 67-93). (1915, (Mitteilung eines der psychoanalytischen Theorie widersprechenden Falles von Paranoia>, G.W,,'t6pt. 70, a 243. Stodienausgabe, r6p. 7, oe),. 205. (1916-17) Vorlesungen zur Einfilhrung

Wien.

',

in die

Psychoanalysc,

G. I44, r.6p". 11. Studienausgabe, a6$. 1, oei". 33.

(1918a [1917]) <Das Tabu der Virginidb, G.W., r.6,u. 12, at],. 161. Studienausgabe, r6p. 5, oe),. 211. (Ei'i,.qvr.xij prertippool,

<To tcprrot rqE rcq0evicg>, neqlElercru oto: Iiyxpuuw tDp6uw, t{uyo}'oyia qg eptorruriE (afE, ex66oer.E Enixoupog, Ao{vc, 1974, oe}.. 39-62). (19209) Jenseits des Lustprinzips,'llien. G.W.,r,6p. 13, ot).. 3. Studienausgabe,1.6p. 3, oei.. 213.

(1921c) Massenpsychologie und lch-Analyse, Wiqn G.l,y, r6p. 13, oel.. 73. Studienausgabe, r6p. 9, oei,". 61. (Eill.1vLxi1 6x6oor1, lilxpoul'r @g6uw, Vuyd'o1,fu rury paltiv xar. c:ti201


I]IBAIOIPAOIA

BIBAIOfI'AOIA

A0{vcr, lq ix6oa1 1977, top6v4 1994). G.W., t6p.. 13, axL. 23't.

(1925d oel..33 q[a, ex

(1925h)

.

ls34. G.w., r6p. 14,

@P(tutT

'

AutoBtoYPa-

14, a,'i.. 11. Studien-

ausgabe, t6p". 3, orl.. 371. (1.926d 119251) Hemmung, Symptom und Angst, Wien. G.W., r6p. 14, oe),. 173. Studienausgabe,:r/yt. 6, aai. 22.7.

-

(1950a [1887-1902]) Aus den Anfiingen der Psycfutanalysc,

London. Frankfurt

*M.,

1962.

JONES, E. (1918) <Anal-Erotik Chatacter TraiLst, .l. itbttotnt. Psychol., r,6p". 13, oeir. 261. Papers on Psycho-Analysis, Lttldon-New York, 1918, xeg. XL. - (1962b) Das Leben und Werk von Sigmund Freucl, r,6p. 3, Bern-Stuttgart. MOEBIUS, P. J. (1903) Ubcr den physiologischen Schwachsion des Weibes, (5n 6x6oon) Halle. MULTATULI [E. D. DEKKER] (1906) Multatuli-Biefe (2 r6por), Frankfurt a.M. REIK, T. (1927) <Dogma und Zwangsidee: eine psychoanalytische Studie zur Entwicklung der Religion>, Imago, r.6yt. 13, aEx. 247.

u. (1922) Die Philosophie des 6x6oo1) Berlin. (1q 6x6oo1 1911).

VATHINGER,

-

-

(1931a) <Uber libidinrise

-fypeo, G.W., r6p.

Ah Ob, (7q xor, 8r1

14, oe),. 509.

Studienausgabe, r6p,. 5. ot'L. 267. (1932a) <Ztr Gewinnung des Feuers>r, G.W., -t61t.16, oeL. 3. Studienausgabe, r,61t. 9, oe\,. 445.

(1933b [1932]) Warum Krieg?, paris. G.W., r6p. 16, oâ&#x201A;¬],. 13. Studienausgabe, x61t. 9, at),. Z'11. (1936a) Brief an Romain Rolland: <Eine Erinnerungsstrirung

auf der Akropolis> , G.W.,:r1t. 16, oeir. 250. Studieiausgabi, 4, oeL. 283. ... (1939a [1934-38]) Der Mann Moses und die monotheistirche Religion, G.W., t6p. 16, oe),. tO3. Studienausgabe, r6p. 9, os}..455. 'c6yL.

202

203


oro

rLg EKAOEEIE

EnIKOypO, xux),ogooouv

or0 E),)"lvrxo r(I eey[r Tou Oo6uvr O nolrrtopdg ,r[yri Ouotuliog

Vuloloyic tqE eqorrrxriE (torig II goririr{ rln lsvdi,uo4

tlv rtotry<opf ot4v 1nrycvdX,oo4 Wulo),o1in tolv ptr(<ilv xat avd),uoq rou Eytir MeI6r€E yto r4v 1,o1ovtil,Uor| Tori;r xcr topnou 'Ove tpo rnt tqLurdOrttr

N6c orrpd tov rcgtri6ororv .1rn

H rtlvu{ti 116 rlruxavol,uo.lE Napxtoorop6E, p<r(o7grop6g, tpetrpoprig TQ€tE pel,6cg ylo rq 0etoqic t4g oeloral,uxrirrpcg

Nrdpc. tl 0vdluol Irag uor€QicE

qrt'xoraoor,oyac rqg xoo4pcqrvriE lturig O plaqriE XavE, avdr,uoq rIE eoflaog Ev6g ntvtd1qor,or (yogro6

H rgp4vtra r(ov ov€ipov AuroStoTQoeiG

rluYrvdl,trorl zcr l,o1,otc21vic Tqia roroprzri coOevriaE (Pdrrrvl(v-:Qalr""rrQ-Bo).q,oIclv)

Erocyoyi or4v Vr'1ovt11"oo4 O {ia6Q{rE M<uuoriE xcr r; povo0ejotrrf epqorrin Erizcrgrg nagorr;pio€tE yio rov ,uil.€lro 1,?(r] tov 0(i!Gro (Ko0(rq xot ro

llsri

II6l.€po(; All,.ItroyQuqio OQouvr_A ivoro[\,)

fl6gov r1E cqpig tlg rfovrig Mrl.6trg^yta flp uoteQi(( (MrQdu€Q Oe6uvr) M€rc1n lol,oytrd reiperc rou 1915 fL60yog Bop[](t].Iq Ecv(i6ro8dEovr([E rov Opriuvt (Mlcr m(vd),nl)tl oe rQral,rrr on}.(i lratotllror.t) Aor,raQl! Aloyv6orou-f [6Q1oE Rop0o],iE TetqtiyX,toooo r,EEr1a6 r{E rl!lov6},uorls El,invtlrd-l-€Qltctrtxo AIy/,rxil-l'o)r).[]r.al

Profile for Μενέλαος Τσαλκιτζής

Siegmund Freud - Ο Πολιτισμός Πηγή Δυστυχίας  

Siegmund Freud - Ο Πολιτισμός Πηγή Δυστυχίας

Siegmund Freud - Ο Πολιτισμός Πηγή Δυστυχίας  

Siegmund Freud - Ο Πολιτισμός Πηγή Δυστυχίας

Profile for 9221072
Advertisement