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EHMEI{IMA

TOY EKAOTH

"E[vat avaprpiBoAo n(DEry9moorptrcqorc6tyr1 E9perye noLL\g yevftg eoateprcrav an6 rov nepaoptvo aubva p6,yp orlpepa. pebparoq oH piya)brepTt popqt aurob roo ooyrcercptpivoo nipk ryE.n.Mnl,cr6droKr, pr& fifi1toprpr1rcatenavaotarwrl rpuotoyvapfa, fimirepa os 7ua enoyrl nou 6ev unapyet Kav yDvamelorclvr1pa11fimirepq 611porcpaurc\E ileuQepieq. Av rcat aurr1r7 il,eup6. rr1g EXetanorcpogreipe entp|Ten avalw64 rryEk)/tE tqg, Baotrconran6 rouq perayev1,orepooE oteba rr1qrpav o eo(Dreprcphqorrlv np6"(ry,yeyovbEnou an66er(e pe rc Baporp&Dparrcp6 u1Eotr1 pdXrt utE Mevrdva, o'co n)eupo rav eftGvaoraurcrbv\ovd"peatvrco frcaprynd")vrt. Onaodr1norc ro yeyovog6e 0a nptnet ve p&E ercil,r1ooet,arpot elvat yvaot| naq ro 0eooorprc6rclvrlpa1nafie finfuepo pb)"o orqv ave(aprqoia u1q lv|iaE. fl E. tI. Mnl"cr8titorr 6.rpr1oe nloa r1q Eva ayav6q ouyyparprc66,pyonou erc6o0r7rce ov1 oil"Aoyrcr1popAi zary Anctvtrrrv. To ?til,io ApXoio Muotrlpro eivat 6va rltrtpa rav Anavrcov Kat yru aurb o avayvrborrlg0a np|net va K&r&vofioetro yeyov6qft(DEry oArl peA|rrl ava66eratpe rp6no (arpvrc6 rcat oppr1rrc6.Me'cov i6to tp6no 666amre)erbvet ro 6fi)"[o, il)"d" arprlvet niortt roo oapeia orotXeiav rcat yvtitotlg, nil"ittttrta yrlyparu rrlq ApyaIaE Eorpiaq.Dtov avayvontrl evanhKerc&t va pil.eu1oet, va anodeyrei,va anoppiryet 11aKopryKat va Xprloryonotr1oetaur6.ra orotXeia ym rq 6rc6puvor1v1E ouvei\rlorlq


rco, 6e6optvoo 6u r7 1eooorprcrlorc|yry ord"1r1rce pru Gfio rrc KDpttEarcieEaA)d"rcat 9epil"to ytc rqv ava1ianrl qE 6ourcr1q eoarcptrcrlE napd"\ooryq,noo nap4,peve0app6,v4e(arcfaE crlg prcil)o\o(iaq rcat'coD(pavarwpobrrTEleprlEE(&aoqE. Aurrl 11pil,&r1 efvat onaodr1norc ro evaprctrlpto orlpiio pmq oeryd.Epeturppd"oeavnoD etoryd"(owat ndvot oe yevmd. rcat efitrcd"06para, fuot 6naq napooofi"(ovtat ra(tvop4p6,va p6oa ota'Anavto qq Mil.aBdron' 6"ikoou 6,yoov11611 napooonorei oro e)74vm6 rcono Epya q; Avi Mne(dv, ptaE ilJ,r1q rpooroyvaplae rrye 1eoooguc4q rcivryor1q.Ilrcreboope n@Erl 0ilr7or1rou aLry?nobepeovrpry Kat roD ilrcptvr1 avayvrboc1 eivat 11orparytrcr1 evr1p4ponr1, ave(6.pt4ra an6 rqv acopmq rono9ttrlorl rcat quotrcd.1na r6rom Qil"ryor1 yivetat ym po"gDnorcat eo06vq. Xp4aorl A9r1va, Md"toE 1989

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AIIA AOIIA fIA TH EYIIPAOEA KAI TO EPTO THX Fivo,rnol"ri 6riorol,o, crv61r crbrJvoro, vo,fieplTpdVsr Ko,vsiqpe l"tyo ),dyrorq (oq rqq El.6vofletp66vcr Mnl"o8riron. Aur6 6ev opei),ercrrt6oo ornv nl,q0opo rov Tsyov6TovKor rrrlv bpoorrlprorqrrovrrlq 7rol"urripcrvrqq(tonqtqg, 6oo oro yeyovoq6rt (ouo.ena,pdl,l,ql,crKo,rpto eoomplKll (cor1nou ro0dpr(e rd0e rnq Kivqo'q. 'Etor, oK6pnKo,ln nro n),qpqqBloTpo<piotqq 0o,r'1tovovo,TKo,ourde),l"etnr1q, crtpod6e 0o pnopofoe vo neprl"u,p6dvet 6o'crq i6to 0eropo6oe oCI,v n1o oqpovuKd Btcirpotrirqq. A),)"ti oKdpq ru,r crn6 rqv dnoyrl rrov e(olreprrcovyeyov6r(Dv,To oror1rio TroDD?rdp1oDv6ev encrprodv yro vo, Treplypdryouv nl,qproqrn (rDrlKo,rrrq 8pcrorrlprdrrltdqrr'1q.ftcr to nprix,alpdvtcr rnq EoIq tr1qundplouv no),1.6q Ko,ro,vrr<porrr6qn)"qpoqopieq,evroxclnpayparoKdno)qEsrcrOcrpi(ouv and ro 1873ror petd 6ta,v11E. II. Mnl"u6dtorr spqq,vi(eroro'rrlv Apeprrr1.Irrl ouv6lao'eivcrl 7[ro efro],o vo, ficr,poKo]"ou0qoer Kovriq to ilvq rqq, roOcbqBpioreto,t8rc,prcilqoro ?rpooKrlvrotqg enrrarpdtqtoq. Ac,p6dvovroqufi6vrl 6l"eq crurdgttq 6uorol,ieq, 0o npoonc,0rlo'oupe vo 8ci)ooDlrs ouvoTrrl-


rri peprrd ano 'r,cr.Boorrri orol1eio rnq (rrlnqrrlq fiopofidpftovro,qrov ovoyv6orrl lroD rftr0Dpsivo pdOsr neproo6repoor crvdl,oyrl616l,roypcrqio. H E. II. Mnl"a,6dtorryevvq0qKroro Atratepivool,o6 rnq OuKpo,vioq o'ttg 31 Ioul.iou (12 Auyor5orou pt ro veo nprpol,6yro tou 1831).'Htcrv r6pq tou orpornyoli fldrep A),e(6yte61rq qov Kov rot rng El,6vcrAvtp6yre6vu.Kcrr or ErSoyoveiqrrlq npodpXovrcrv o,n6 orroydvereqeuyevcbvfiou ?rrprs],dp6ovcrv 8t<irpopeq onpovrlKdqftpooonlK6rrlcg. Tcr[i8eryeon6 prrprl, nol,ri nprbralre rov naxtpa rnq Ko,r{rpy6mpo p6vq. Ie rll"rria 18 etov novrpairnKr ro Nucrq6p Bo,oil.re6rtgMnl"o6dton, no)"}.dXpovropeTo),6repd rqq, ol"l,d opdocoqperd ro ytipo touq tov eyro,rrll,errye Kot 6quyeyro rnv Euprrrrcq. Tcr(i8eryeotqv Toupria, tqv El,),ti6o,rnv Aiyunto, m1fcrl")"ioKo,rrqv ltol,icr. Iro 1851oDvdvrrloeyro npctrn qopd rov nvrDporlK6 rnq AdoKol"ooro Aov8ivo ror 66X0r1Kr vo crvul"dBar 6vcrouyrerprpdvo rpyo. Xrrl o'uvdlao rn Bpioroupe vo ro(l8eda orov Kovcr8ci,tr1 N6o Op),erivq,ro Mrtm6, tq Notto Apeprrr'1,rrg AunKdqIvbieg ror c,n6 rKa pdocrlKe0)"dvr'1q ornv Iv6io. Enro'rpdrperorqv Ayyl,io p6ocoIti6crqorcr 1853.Itqv Iv8icr (ovonqye p6oolIonovioq oro 1855,on6re snroKdgeqrero Koo'lrip, ro AcrvtdK, p6pn rou @t66r Ko,rrq Brppcrviu. To,rofi8ro rng ouvr1totqrov pe ptrpdg 8rcrcondg yro opretd 1p6vro otr'18rdprao rov onoirrrvrfi1oK6genKt rllv Euprrlnrl,tr1 Proo'io,er8rrd rlq firplo1dq tou Kourdoou, ra Bu,l,rdvrc,trlv Aiyunro, rq lupicr ror tr"1vIrcrl,icr.Adyerot 6n 6l"cr6ep6pog otq pdXq tqq Mevtdva oro nl.eup6rou fra,prpntil.vtr o'nq 3 Noep10


Bpiou rou 1867,6nou rar nl,r1yrrtOqre oo6opti. Iro rdl"oq rou 1868tofr8eder otqv Iv8icr Kor ro @r6dr, o,utr1rq qopd pa(i pe ro Ariorol,6 tqg. frjpco oto, 1870entotpd<pet otqv EupcrlfinKo,l o,n6rqv E),),d6o (ertvri y1o rrlv Aiyunto. To nl.oio, 6puog,vcrudyqoe rovtri orrq Indtoeq, orlg 4Ioul"iou tou 1871.H E. II. Mn. rltov ovdpeoooroDqel"dlrorouqenr(cilvteq. <Drriver tel"rrd oto Krirpo dnou ro,r npoono,Oei vcrt8ptloer pro llveupo,ttonrq Ercrrpio.Apy6tepo to(r8eriero.rr1 Iupio, tr1v fla,l"ororivrl Kor ro Ai6o,vo. Ereivq u1v engx\ r1p0eoe enoqrl pe plo puotmrl A8sl,<porrlrcr nou unqple o'rnv nepro1rl,prdocrl rcdnoroupuqpdvou K6ntr'1.H npoo'ndOero, yro rqv iDpuol rnq flveupcrttotmrlq Etutpiu,qonoruylriva Kor orrl ouvdXao â&#x201A;¬filorp6<peroro flo,pior, on6 6nou perd o,n6npotponrl tou Ar8crordl,ourrlq qeriyeryro,rrl N6cry6prq. Ordver o'c,rgTIoul,iou rou 1873.Erei ouvo,vrdrur to pel"l"ovtm6 ouvepTdrn rlq, ro o.uvroypcrrupXn X6vpr ltt)" 'O),ror. Itqv Apeprrrl Kor or ouvepycoio 'O}"rot, lre rov X. I. n E. fL Mnl,cr8drorr a,p1i(erro oDyypoplKdtqq spyo. Irrlv crplq ypd<pet tip0pa oe egqpepi8eqy1o ro 6rd<popoTrvrDporrotmd<pcrtv6pevcr,roorDqrqv eruoxr1 ereivl orr.1vApepKq entrpotofoe <povio>yro rov flveupcrco.p6.Apy6tepcrpo(i pe til,l"oug ouvepydreqr8prSouv rq @eoooqxq Era,rpio. 'Onroqo,vcr<pdperor oro Koxcloronr6 rqq, o oKon6q rqq @eooogrrrlqErorpioq (ccrv vo,rCI,1")"repyr1o.,er Kor vo npocoOrloet rqv r66atrlg lloyr6oproq A6el,<porrlroq corv ovOpcbnrrrv OpqX@ptqrc,pnd <pul"errrr1, oreurrrrl q rorvcovtrrl 8rtirprorl, roOcbqenioqq vo pel,etqoeruq Dtdrpopeq <prl"ooo<pieq rot vo,rrg ?to,poD11


ortioer oro rorv6 p6oro6roq6provdpycovTroD0o eppqvrDovrlq eqoffiprrdq0prloreieqrdtrrr o,n6ro q(ogr(Dv 'Eror to'oreplKov 6r6ooru,l"trrlv. n E. n. Mn. unrlp(e pro u,n6trg nprrlreqyuvo,ireqrrlq Arloqqrcourivorle ro rn orlpeprvq crno6op'1npo,ypdtrrrv 6ncrrqo 6p6po yrCI, 6tnl"oyrop6q,rl yt6yrcr, q Xoproqoyiu r.)"n., yro vo. pqv ovcr<pdpoDpe ro pefpo rcovl6dpr, rrov fr6yK1 Kor rrrrvfroupof nou rtvr'1OqravTrpoqrn A6o11. po(i pe tov 'Ol"ror po rrlv IvTo 1878crvoXolpei 6io rcrr ferrvor5vro oDoro,otrr6touq 6pyo pe fieptorrlv i8puorl ncrpoprnptitcrrv 6eieqoe 6l"q tq XrrlpoKCr,r Etorpioq tooo o'rqv Ivbia, 6oo ror tqq @eooo<prrrlq orrlv Eupronq.H @eooogtrq Eratpio anorrd X.tl"td6eqpel"q ror noi(er oqpovtm6 p6l.o ottl (rrlq rqq Iv6inq, rupioq peoo roD repro8trori <@eooo<prorrlq) rroD6K6oosn E. fI. Mn. dva 1p6vo petd rrlv tiqtâ&#x201A;¬n rrlq ornv Iv6io. Iro 1885crvayrd(erolvo e6u,to,l"eiVa rnv Iv6io yro l.6yoDquyeioqrcr fotepo on6 pro, or5vropqnapcrpovrlotq fo,l,l,io rot tq feppavicr eyraOio'tcrtolorrlv Ayyl,io. Erei er6i6e1ro neplo8md <Ao6or<pep>Ko,1rbpder to EorDreptr6 Tpt1po rlq crpy6repooe @eooogtrqqErorpioq,moDperov6pcroe IXol,q Aprdrv. Il60crveoro Aov8ivo orrq 8 Motou tou 1891,oe ql"trio orpr6rilq60 etci)v. tqq 6pcrotqpt6rqrcrripXtoerupicrrq H o'uy.ypo<prrr1 crn6tr'1o'trypq nou nrlye otqv Apeprrrl rcrr ouvelirlpepo rrlq (coqqcr1q,pe rqv tel"eurcricr orqKe LLtXpL anor6l"eo'po6vo tepdotro 6pyo nou nept),crp6dvtrro 'Iot6o,>(2 ropot), <Muottr'1 6r6l"io <Anorcrl"uppevrl Ao(croio> (2 t6por), <Itrg Inql,r6q Kot r1q ZorSyrl,eq rou Iv6ouortiv>>, ro(rbtoltrr6q evtunrilo'erg crn6TCITot2


(i6ro rqq orrlv Iv8io nou 8rlpoorefovrovoe proorrdg egqpepi8eq rnq EnoXrlS,<An6rpuqo, Arqyrlpu,tcr>, (H <Drovrl <To Kl.e16i trlg @eooo<pia,q), rr.1qEryrlq>, <Ilportrr6q Anorcpuqropdq>, roOcoqrot dl"l"crprrp6repa 6pyu rot nl"rlOoqtip0polvKo1sfiroro)"orvto onoio,olrlpcrti(ouv ouvol,md 14r6pouq. llop' 6l,o nou 61ouv neprioersro,t6 1p6vro,o1e66v on6 ro 0dvot6 rrlq, 01 t8degnou enrXeipqoevcr 6ra,6oroetnapopdvouvur6pq enircrrpeq,M6oo o.to 6rd<popa, epyo rqq ncrpouorti(ovrorru,r svol"rjovror 06poto nou rol,fnrouv 6vo,repdono X,opoev8rcrgep6vrotv rq,t 6vo,vnl"orjto yvrrro'errrv nou o.ndvrooDvovrdra,r oe dpyo ril"),rrlvouyypogdcov, evril Xap\ orrlv neprernr6rnrcr, rov voqpdrctlvKo,rrrl 6o0frqtcr tqq ovril,uo4q onotel"ofv dvcrvc,verripqto 0qooup6 rJto 6l,ouq roug erl,rrprveiq onou8oordqtcrtv puo.rqpicov rqg (oqq Ku,rrnq q6onq. Or ovcryvcrtoreq fiou enr0upor5v vcr prd0ouvnrproo6repo y1o rTl (otr1rcrr to dpyo rqq E. fI. Mnl,o6dro'KrpTroporjv va,ovcrrp6(ouvoro cm6l"ou0a, Br6l"ia: 1. Old Diary Leaves,tou H. S. Olcott, Theosophical PuplishingHouse,1895,Adyar, Madras. 2. Incidensin the Life of MadameBlabatsky,tou A. P. Sinnett, The TheosophicalPuplishingHouse, London, 1913. 3. Reminiscencesof H. P. Blabatskyand the Secret Doctrine, tqq r6prloo'crqConstanceWachtmeister, The TheosophicalPuplishingHouse, Wheaton, Illinois,U.S.A. 4. When Daylight Comes, rou Howard Murphet, The Theosophical Puplishing House, Wheaton, 13


III. u.s.A. 5. .Blavatsky and Her Teachers,tqq Jean Overton ,'Fuller, East-West Publications,London and the - Hagey. !6. The MahatmaLettersto A. P. Sinnett.rou A. T. Barker, The TheosophicalPuplishingHouse, Adyar, Madras,India. 7. PersonalMemoirs of H. P. Blavatsky,rnq Mary K. Neff, The Theosophical Puplishing House, Wheaton,III. U.S.A. To 6r8l,io crut6 crnotel,eipdpoq tou XIV t6pou rrrrv Anrivrov rrlq. 'Ol"o ta, neprel6pevoaurorj rou t6pou npoopi(ovrCI,v o,p1rKtioo,voupnl,rlpropotr.1q6iropqq Muonrr'1qAolooioq. H i6ro I E. fL Mn),cr6drort aile ptl,r'1oer nol,),d6qopdqyro rrlv an6gcrorlrqq 'ca vo,oDprmpll"d6et ypax'caourd oe 6vov tpiro t6po rqq Muonrrlg Aofcroia,q,ol,),ti rdtr rdtoro 6evr.paypo,ronorq0qrenotd.

14


fIPOAOfOE oo'a ovorpdpovro,l e8cb,roOcbq'rotnol,l.d dl,l"o AI" Vr8t8doKovrov orcr Muorrlpro on6 crpvrlpovefrcov 1p6volv.Av rc,r r'1nprorq epgdvtorl rouq eivc,t 06pcr toroprrq6 nc,pdDoorlqylo rtinorcr verrrrepod0vr1,11 ro,ro,ycoyri roug npdna vo ono6o0eiornv rfio1ri tnq Tdroptrlg Pi(og @ul,riqt.Tcr Muorrlprcrpero66-erl*ou orgDq erc),ertor5q ereivr.lqqq Ou)"riq,6rov o p6ooq Atldvteroq dpltoe vo ndqrernol,d Bo0rdo'tqv opoptic, ro,r qrov ovti(roq ep?rroroor5vr16 vo,roD crfioTrCI, rol,ugOodv ro pDorrrd trlq <prjonq.H eyrcrOi8puon roug o,no6i6etcrr oro, Muonrti 'Epya,trov Mur.lpdvcov Ba,orl,rdSolvrov Oetrrov6uvcro.terci)v, 6tcv ot <<frot rou @eod>tiqrloov otyri-otyti rq Xropcrrouq vc, yiver Koorcappavrtoa (Xolporou rarod). H oplot6rqro rcov Muorqpiolv pnopei vu, enr8e6otco0eic,nd rqv totopic, rrlq l"crrpeiogrou Hporl,ri ttlq Atyfnrou. Aut6g o Hpc,rl,r.1q, ofpgcovc,pe d,n eincrvor rrpsiq orov Hp66oto, 8ev r1ro,v'El,l,qvoq, ywr,i yptiget: .El.l,r1veq, 6ev .frc, rov til.l.o Hpcxl,rj, aur6v nou (dpouv or pn6peoa vc, oro6o<o rinore fiou0evd otqv Aiyunto:... or Aryrl_ ntror 6evnopdl,o6avro dvopri tou cn6 touq 'El,l,4veq...o Hpa_

15


APXAIA MY'THPIA

KI{q,... 6rcoqOe6orrrlvouv (or repeig),eivor 6vaqon6 rouq 6rrt6ercl (peydl"oug@eodq),fioD o,vo,Troptil0qrav an6 touq oplar6repouqoltal @eodq,17.000lpdvrcrnprv on6 to droqrou 'Apaoq.

O Hpor),r'1qeivor rv8mrlq rotc,yroyrlqKo,l ov oyvorlooupetq 618l.1111 tou 1povol,oyic,,o ouvtoTporapx\e Tovt 61er 6irro 6tov uno06rat 6tt rlrav o Mnal,crpdpoq Mnol,crvt66cr.flpdner l"orn6v va. 6ra,Btioer ruveig r,a lloupav1"rattyovroq ro, eo'roreprrd rl"erbrd,ylo vo,crvcxo,),riryr1 Troqoe rd0e oXe66voal"i6o enr6e8o,rcirvouv tq Muonrq Ao[ooio. Or crplcrior rl"ao'rroi ouyypoqeiqKcLrovooriouv 16oo rol"ti ourq tqv ol,qOeto,ri)omop6qrrlvocrn66r8ov otqv Aoicr rrlv rc,ra,ycoyrl rou Hporl"r1. 'Eva

rcetpdl,cno roD MaXcpnXopdrn eivar aqrepropdvootqv roropia tou Hparl"r1,orq <pul"r1 tou oruoiouo,v{re o Brdou... O At66orpognupouord(errov i6ro Opril"ope rtinora napol"l"oyr1. Ader: <O Hporl"{g yewrl0qrs avtipeou oroug lv6oriq TroDrov 'El,l,qveq onemovi(ouv 6ncoqKol 01 pe ponal,o ror 6dppol,rovtcrprod>.Kar or 66o [o Kpiovu rar o Mna]"avrd8cr]eivor (n5pror) tqq qulnS (cula) trov Xepr (Heri) (Heri-cu-les)an6 6nou 'El,l.r1veq or dguo(uv ro ouv0anr6 Hporl,r1q2.

H Anorpuqrl At8crorol,io e[r1yei 6tt o Hpur]"qq rlrcrv q rel"auro,io,evoriprrrrorl ev6q o,n6 touq erptti <Kupiouq rrlq Ol,6yoq>, onroqKot o obel"q6q tou Kpiovo, o Mnul,ovt66o' 6rt or tvoc,pKrrroerqtou, 6l"o8ov Xcoporo,td tq brtiprero, trlq Tpitqg, Tdtoptrlq rcrt fldpnrnq Pi(nq @u1"r'1q rca,t6rr q l,otpeio tou etoqlOrlre oxnv Aiyunto on6 tr'1Ativru Ko,trnv Ivbicr p6ocotrov percryevdorepov petovo,orrrrv. Eivot Bd8crro firrlq ot lE}"l"r1veqrov 8crveiorl'lKovon6 tr'1vAiyunto, plo Ko,t roD or nopabooslq o,vcrgdpouvncoqt6noq,rccrtcryrrlyqq l6


nPoAofot

rlrov ot @46eqrar p6vo or 6ri6eru,dOl,orrou syrvov 'ApToq. oro Xro Biovoo-Iloopavd" Opio.roupepra nl,q_ pq enr6e8o,iorqrqq 6q),rooq6nou yivero,rotrg Mu_ otrrdq Ar6oora,l,ieq. Mro orivoyq outrlq,r1qnorpou,_ rrlq ol"l,4yopioqeiva,rq e6nq: O Pcri6ord, eyyov6qr1q Xa,ptu,ri,tdtcrproq yroq rou Movori, pq BpioKovrCI,q dvrpo d(to yro irlv orpcrto tou r6pq, nrlyt pa(i rng orrlv neprolrl ,ou Mnpdxpo yro,vo oupBoul,eureiro 0e6 oletrrd pe o,ut6to (n;l_ po. 'Orav d<ptc,oe, o Xti1o, o Xo61ou ra,r til,l,or ir.o_ ytlap6ti3 rpcryou6orSoou pnpoorj'oro 0p6vo Ko1 o Pul6ord, reprpdvovroq vo tel,erooouv, v6ptoe ncoq ndpo,oepovo pio Moulouptti (ooyprl), evri eilav ne_ pdoer porpdXpoveqenoldq. 'Orov reieioo.CI,v, o pot_ 6a-cct unorl,i0rlre ror e(dOeoero np66l.npd rou. T6te o Mnpdlpo rov pcotqo.efiorov 0o n0e),Jyro yopnp6 ror pepmdqfipoooTrrK6rrlteqfioD'ovo_ ^oxor5yovro,q qep0qro,v,o flo,tdpoq roD K6opou Xopoidl,oor Ko1 eine: (Afi6 outodq nou o,vdgepeq o6te'r.1tpirq or5re rtraprq yeved (Pi(eq Oul.dq)touq 6ev enr(o6v nro, yyt: rrlv enolq ,oou 6rcr6d1rr1rovnol,l,iq dl,),ei (Todroup-frofyro,a, 11nirl,or teoodprov fiorjyro), 6oo eoeiq o,_rofycrre roDq rpoyou8rordq paq. Topcr orq fq o1e56v tel"atcrvetr.1erroot4 6y6or.1-peyCin tno1rl rou roprvorj Movorj Ko,ltl nepio8oqKtil"l n),q_ o'rd(er.Enopdvroqnp{netvo botoerq.rluno}",5upq16_ pq ooD oe rdnorov dl,l,o orl(uyo. froti rcirpoeio.oo.te p6vor>. 'Enerro, erncil0qreoto pdr(o, pa,r6ord vo, nder o'TIV Kouorioto,l,r,rriv apyuia roD fip0)rr6ouoo,nou ovopo(6tov tcttpoNr6riporo,, 6nou orq 0dor1rou 6o_ t7


APXAIA MY:THPIA

oil"eue pia 6ryq qg Oeiogovrdrrlroq (Biovou) p€ rrl v6o popgq rou Mncrl"crvr66o, rou obel"goritou Kpiovcr, Oecopor5pavou o'ov 666opr'1evo'dproorl tou BiovorJ,6tcrv o Kpio'vu Oerrlpeirotoav ol"orinpopdvn 0e6tqto. Kcr0obqyqpevoq6ror an6 ro AroroTer"rqpdvo (Mnprilpo), o Pcrt6ur,atntorpeye (pe rrlv roprl rou) orq fq, dnou 6pr'1rerq <pul"r1 rorv av0pcbnovvcrryrt ptrpfvet oe crvdotrlpo,,vo 61erldoet apretrl cn6 tr1 pcotrqrrlq Kor vo 61ersloo'0evqo€loro vou. flepr<pep6pevogotqv n6l"q Kougriotol,r, 6pr1re6n ei7.eal"l"dfiet no]"6, ener8q,oripqrovcps rrlv aiirllopxq egul.r1q,<o €nynon rrrrvo'lol.roorrirvqq ovOpcirfirvrlq Kpiovcr 6rer6irrloe on6 rq 0ril,cooo €vo pdpoq trlg Xci)poq),npdyltu nou oqpoivet 6tt oto peroff or 11fitlpol eiXov6),eqcrl"l"d(et-rot <crvop6p<prrrve tr1v n6q pctl"),ov6rrr(s [l1o,Korvorlpyru., l,r1>>qv Nr6dpo'Etor, prcopei ro,. vu,8ro6doetroveiq oto MnXoyrcr6tiro floupcrvti' 6tt q Kouo'tiotal,r r6pri0qrerot rtiorrlKs ond ro Pot8ord p6oo orr1Odl,oooo.Ot rotontv6qovc,oKorpdg 66er[ov?rcrlq 6pror6tav oro i6ro pdpoq t'1ouvdnrnm pr tq Nr6tiporo. Iupnepaivoupe, l.orn6v, nroqnol,r6tepa,r1to,vrtro'pdvr'1 ndvrooe dvo vr1oi. H ol"l"qyopio oro Biovou floupovri Deilver to Boorl,rti Pot6orti vcr 6iver rr'1vK6pn roD or reivov nou <rpotder to crl"6rpr>-r1 pdl,l"overetvov TroD6Xr1(ro l,ti6opo pe ro ol"6tpr>>-tov Mnu,l"ovtd8o,,o onoiog <6l,dnovroqrnv r6pq pr ro ufisp6ol.rKtiuyql,6 nupaorrlpo... tqv r6vruve pr ro uvi Tou KC[1tr'1v 6rove o6(uyd r0t16>>. llp6rerru,l yto 6vo (ardOo,pouftCI,rvtyp6 oXetrrd 18


IIPOAOfO'

-yro, rouq Atl"rips rTlv Tpirq Kc,lrrlv Tdroptq <Dul,r1 vrelouqyiyuvregKo,rr1q6rcr6o1m6q evo'oprcoo.rlq rov <frcovrqq O)"dyoqDKo,rdl"l,rovtd(ecovrrov NrlytrivrTodlcrv oe rlpcoeq rccr6oorl"rri6eqrou crvOprrtnrvou ydvouq, pt6pl rrlv Kd)"r-frouyrtiT 11Moriprl Eno1q, n1q onoiaq n op1ll avdyerororouq rotoprrofq Xp6vouq. Kor prcror6pr1orjpntrrroq:Ot @r16eq eivcrrq nol"rteio, tcov ersrd nul,rrlvKCI,lTl Nt6dparo ovoprri(ero,t rlrot a,ndrouq nol,l,oriqnul"rrlveq r'1ndpteq rqq, o,n6rq ),e(q <Nr6dpo)) fioD or'lproiver<nul"crtvu,q>>. O Hparcl,rlq Ko,ro Mno),o,vtd6cr dlouv g(ri0upq ro,r <pl,oyeprl t6roouyrcpa,oio,, rv{i)<pr1pi(ovtnr Ko,ror 6uo yro rnv opopgrd tqg )"eurr1q enr6eppi6o,q roDq.Aev untipla n no,poprrpq o,pr<pt6o),io dtr o Hpor),r1qeivur o Mnol.avr68u,pe el"l.rlvtrq u,p<pieor"1. O Apptov6qso'qpercover tr1 peyd)"qopororqro,o,vdpeoo, oto 0qBaTrdrcn rov rv6tr6 Hparl,r1,o onoioql"otpeu6ro,v o,ndtov loupo,o'dvrnou dlrroe u1 Mo,touprin Mofrpo,, yevdrerpo, tou Kpiovo. O i6roq o'uyyporpdcrq tonoOereitov lovDpordto (Toovrpcryro$ntoe,nonnod tou 6cro'rl,rdAo'6ro, ond tq quln rrov Mopr5o)otrlv dpeorl Tpoppn 6ro6o111g rrrrvonoydvov rou Mncrl.a,vr66a.

19


H KATATSIIH TON MYETHPIfIN rrlv crp1r16r6oor6poorc fioq 6ev unrlplav puo.rr.1Ltpw. H fvroorl (Btvtyrri) 1ta,v rorvrl rar Buoil,eue noyr6oprc,oe 61"11 t1 Xpuoq EnoXrl(Iond frouyrd). Onrrlql"detror ro X16l,ro: Ot dv9panot6ey eiyavyivetaKopryrcarcoioe rctlveq uq pipeEv1EeudaryovlaE rcatayv6rrpaE,ymtf eiyav1ei'rcr1pd"))ov,nap6"av1prbnurlq6ory. Al,),d 6rov ro crv0pronrvo ydvoq,o,u(c,v6pevooe nl,q0uop6, nc,pouoioo'e6ro,9oponorrlpdveq 16roouyrpooieq 16o'orpuorrti 6oo Ko,1voqaKa, rote evooprol0qro,v flver5pcrronou ro,robeirvuov ttq o8uvo,pieq rou. Ot guotrdq unep6ol"6q ro,r pcr(i pe oucdgor beror8a,rpovieq, ep<poviorrlKov or l,tydtepo ernc,r8eupdveq ra,r l,ry6repouyreiq8rdvoteg.H t8rordl,eroyevvrl0qre crndent0upieqra,t nd0r1dyvrrroro tttxpt r6ra rCI,ry1v6rov rorq 1prlon rqg yvcboqqKc,l tqq e(ouoic,q,p6lprq 6tou rcrrdotr1ova,yroio vo,fiâ&#x201A;¬proprorei o optOp6q ereivrovor onoiot yvrbpr(av.'Etor epgo,viotr.lre11 Mriqor1. Kri0e d0voq 6r"1pror5pyr1oe dvd, (e1orpto.r6Opnoreutrr6 odorqpo, odpgorvope ro 6a0p6 grono-r.1q Km rlq fivrDpro,uKdq rou crv<iyreq. H l,otpeia,tqg e[o21


APXAIA MY:THPIA

replKqq popqnq oiropprnrdro,von6 roDqooqo6g,or yvrrrorl oe el"d1ronoior neprdprocrvrqv o1,r10tvr1 oroDq.Ko0roq11ovriyrq rtil,uyqg trlq ol,rlOeruqyrvdrov rnrroKrtr6repq crn6yevrd o'eyevrti, Ipno'rpofiorqOr1reotr'1vopXr'16vo l.ent6 ntnluo.'Ooo Ouvtiprrlvtn r'l r8rorfl"eto, ro ntn\o rcfrvrove TrpooofirK6rqto,KCI,r ror o,ut6 ro yeyovdqo8rlyqoe otcr Muotrl6o,0'pro,io pro,.Kat6l"q(ov vcreyro0r6pu0orivoe rd0a lrrrpcrrccrt crvdpeoo, oe rd0e 1,o6,evci)yro,vo,anorpeul0eiq napo,vdqo'q Kor or 8toptileq enetprinqq ovtintu(q e(rrrtepKcrrvnioteov yro r1gp{(eq. Irqv oplrrq roDqpopgr1 r'1tovdrcxeq rcrt oOcrleg dncrlg6vcrroroprr6 yeyov6q nou nopouord(erolpr rn popgn ev6q ncrpcrpuy1o6vovncrrbx6vou.Ie erei0ro6,npoooppoopdvou vrq r1q nol"rdqenoytg r6roreqnioretq anLrpsnorovvo rcr),l,repyorivtorKor vo olrlpod(ouv rn ),orrr1 Opqrot rovfvo, rivbuvo ylo xlq <prl,oo'oqrrdq oraic, Xrulpie noD6r6dorovtovorcrti8uro.H o<p4pqpdveq o),r10eteq l"oyrrr1Ko,refilornpovrrr1 nopotrlpr1onrrtlv rpcrrvopdvcrlvrqq Orior1q,nou on6 p6vq tqq o6"qyeitov dvOprrl-6e6opdvou6tr o)"r10etrrtv 7roorn yvcrrorlrrov crtcbvrrov npooeyyi(erto rcororpl,ttqq nopcrtrlpqoqqcrnol,l"o,ypevoqon6 nporo,rcrl"qyerq ror 6l.6nerpt ro fiveupCI,rt16 rbu pdtr, nprv e(erdoerto npdytrroroono rq qDotrr1 touq rinoryq- 6av eivot XopoKrnptottr6tou nl"r1rqg A)"r10eroq, roD Ev6gflver5poroq Oouq.Tc,Oor5poto pnopor5v vo rot crnp6o'ttr1q @e6tqtcrq, rnq KpDptrdvqq onorcrl"ug0orjvrot vo ogolroto0oriv p6vo p6o'oltrrlv Tou crn6 toug 8euteperiovteq<@eofq>, er6rll,crroecirv rlq tvspyqttrdq 8uvdperqTou. Evcbq Micr rcn flayrcioprcrArrio np6nervcrncrpopfvtlyto,ndvto,crn6rpuqq, a1


H KATA|OTH

TON MY'THPIQN

q nol"l.onln Tnq 6pdor1pnopei vo, ovllvrurei pdoco rrrlv orrorrl"eopdrcrlv rrlq orq Orio"q.Ener8rloto pdoo dvOpcorco eivo,rro,to,volrri p6vo ro o,norel,6opo,ro,, rnetpanq vo o,vofiTuX0orlv orq qovro,oio,rotv l"oov or AuvtiperqfioD ro nporol,or5v.Is peroyevdotepeq efioytg, rara tqv ll6pnrl, rIV Apio (Du)"r1, peprrcoioo'uvei6r1rorrepeigriplroov vo, rKlrerCI,l"l.e6ovtc,r crq pf. ypt t6re u,nl"okdqnio'terqtou l.oori rdOe lcbpoqKu,r rel"trd crvfryrrro'crv ereiveqrtq 6eutepedouoeq Auvdperq ou1 06oq tou @eof 11trov @edrv,rco,to,rpdpvovtcrg dror vo, rrq o,nopovcooouv o,n6,rq Mio llu,yr6opro Arrio 6l,crlvrrov oruorvlo. Ano rote, 11yvotorl rov Trpoxo,plrrccilv o,l"q0arcilv nop6perveol,orl,qpcrttrrdoto, AepwtcrlvMuqp6vrrrv. To Muorrlpro eilcrv to abrivopcrorlpeia,toug, 6ncoq61errriOe0eop6qnou ouv66eto,tps ro ov0pconrvo ororleio. C)ordoo,to, eupr'1po,tri touq e(6<ppooe XopoKrrlprorlKri o Bol,tq,ipoqpe ro o,r6l.ou0ol,6yro,: Mdoo oto lrioq rrov a,vOprbrurvrov 8eror8arpovrrrlvunr.1p(edvcrq0eop6q o onoiog epn66roetov civ0prrrno va neprd,l,0er o.e ondl"utrl rrqvo8io' o 0eop6qtrov Muorrlpicov.

flpcryponrd, 6ncoq),6errcoro Zav Mopi Pcryr6vrr y1o,rov Tertovrop6: O va6q tou dXerto Xp6vo yru 8rciprercr, ro Xdpncrvyra lrrlpo.... (Aq Drcrrpdooupe ylo vo Bcrorl,edooupe>, sincrvor novrlpoi <Aq evrrrooulrsT1o vo 6ruprdooDpr), einav or nproror TdKTOVeq'-.

'H pril"),ov, rdu rdtoro eino,vot Muqpdvor, Touq onoiouq or Tdrroveq nor6 6ev 6noryo,v vo 6ter6rrofv oo,v roDq nprotopltrofq Ko1 dpeoouq Aoordl,ouq 23


APXAIA MY'THPIA

roDq.H npcirtqro,r 6o,otrq opXn tqq q0trqq brivopqq Ko,l loxfoq eivo,l o oDoxtflop6q rot I tv6rnro rqq Kot ordyq6 Ko,rrou orono6. <Or ftor trlq @61,r'1o'nq ytCI, vCIovrtoroorqv op1,Tl tr'1qfr6yro> evcilOrlro,v ovopieg crrlvAtl,dOorlvotrq ouvelorqcru(crvdpeveq vtelrrrvMuororv rrlq oplorepnq orponor5.Aut6 o611yrloe orqv ibpuoq Muo'nrcovl26ol,rrlv,vorbvpdOqoqq ror Muotqpicrrv,nou qtcrv ofip6otrcryto 6l"ouq,ert6q Kor ov uno6dl"l,ovro,voflq firo goBspdq6ortpu,oieq. 'O,tt ror ov 1"e10ei touc nprbtouqM6o'teqrcrr T1o oav qavtooio. roDq ArEoordl"ouqroDq,.0o 0errrprlOei Enopdvrrlq, eivcrrovcryro,iovu,rpivoupt ro 66vtpo on6 rouq Ko,pfiofqtou, ov 06l.oupevo, yvopiooupe rdtr y1o roDgnpcbtougMuqpdvouq.Xpetd(erot vo eletdooDpr rrlv eni6pooq Ko1ro 6pyo tcovEro661ovroDq ornv fldpntr1 (Dul,r1,6ncoqroOpe<pti(etotp6ocro'to 6pyo rrov rl"oorrrrrv ouyypoqdrovKot rrov peydl.ovqtroDqMuqpeIlcoq66)"eno,v rn Mfqoq KCI,t l,oo6<pcrrv. 'El"),qveg rot Popcriot ouyTporpeiq; O Ktr6voDqor povoq nl,qpoqopei touq crvoyvdottqroD pe nol,r5ocrgeiqopouq.Adet: 'Evoq

Muqpdvoqrupdner vu oorei 6l,eqtrq upetdqnou rc,tdoepv6trltc, eXer: 6rrcroodvrl, nror6trltcr, el"eu0epotppoodvq, yrptirero. Or cperdqautâ&#x201A;¬q rdvouv rouq ovOpcrlnouq vo (e1vor5v trg rbr6rlteq TroDpfiopeivo rouq ],eifiouvl3.

O Poyr6v l.6er: 'Otav

or Aryrintror repeigsl.eycrv<'Ol,o T1oro 1.u6,dnote pdoortou l,uor5>>, eilav 6ino. Xa dva apa0dqd0voq,11crl"{Oetu nptnet va aruoroldn"clr,arp6vo otouq ti(rouq epnrotoot5vqq... Xtrq pdpeqpuq Bl,dnoupero (61.crp6ororou ),a,o6,rinote yto to l"a6>,dvo l,aOepdvo rcn enrriv8uvoot5otqpa.To ol"r10rv6o[iro-

24


H KATA|OIH

TON MY>THPION

pa 0a 6qerl,evcreivo,r:<'Ol"a T1oro 1,u,6rar pe ro La6>>ta.

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25


APXAIA MY'THPIA

tq ),e[q <qrl.6ooqoq>...O 0eop6gtotv Aryrlntrrrrvrepdrov<pcrivetur otr {tov otqv npoypunrdrnro p1oopyavotpdvrlopd6o oo<prrrv, yro va pel,eujoouvtqv rd1vr1 or onoior o'uyrevrprrrvovrov tqq 8raruBdpvnoqqtrrrvcrv0pcbn(Dv, vo evtonioouv n1v enrrprirslo rnq ul,rriOeraq, vo opycrvrrtoouv rqv endrruorl rng Kor vo epnobioouvtqv uruepBol,md enrriv6uvq6rd6ooqrr1q1s. Or Aryr5nnot Iepeiq, 6nrrlq or o,plcriot Mnpolpd-

vor, Kpcrrorjoo,v ro rlvicrtqg ruBepvqrrrrlge(ouoioq, 6vo ofotqpcr fiou r)"qpo66trloovon6 rouq Muqp6vouqrnq nepiqqpqqArl"crvri6oq.H oyvq l,crtpeicr rqq OrSoqqrrov nprrlrcrrv fiorplo,plrrrilv qpepcov-r1 oplrrrl 6vvororng ),6[nq<norprbplrr6q>o'1eri(erotpr rouq llpoyevrlrop€qrnq uvOprontvrlq <puXrlql6, xoDqIIo16psq, ApInyorJq ror Ko0o6qyqtdq trov nprrrt6yovorv o,vOprrlnov-dyrve rl"qpovoprd ereivrrrvfiou 0o pnopotioov vcr6rcmpivoDv rnv 166ortitrrl crn6ro qcrrv6pevo. Apy6trpo,, or Murlprdvorpero,Bi6o,oov rq yvrilorl Touqorouq uv0prrlntvouq Bootl,eiq,6ncrlqKor or 6rroi touq Oeior Ar8dorol"or rqv eiyuv pero8rrroerorouq 'Htov npondropdqrouq. npovdprora,r ra0r6ov rouq vo o,noKo,l"r5youv ereivo rcr,puorlKd qq O6oqg nou 0o rltcrv Xpqolpo orqv c,v0porn6rr1ro' ttq rpuppdveq t6r6rrlreg trrrv <putrilv,rnv rs1vn trlg Oepo,neioq ror rqv eniteu€n rqq o8el"qrrrlq oydnrlq ror crpor8criu,q 6oq0ercrqpero(ri rrrlv ovOpcbnrov. Kovdvuq6e 0ecopeito Muqpdvoq,ov 6ev pnopofoe vcr0epone6oer11rcrl"ritepo vo rfio,vCI,gdper otrl (crlr1crn6ro qCI,1vopevm6 Odvoro(rcrrrpo) ereivougor onoiot, pdvovroqy1cr, KCI,1p6 ropotlel.rlpfvor, 0o eilcrv npdypou ne0dverrord rq 8rtiprerorou )"qOopyorl rouqlT.Ereivor nou eprptivr(crv t6roreg mcrvdtqteq\qcbpt(crv apdoroqon6 to 26 /


H KATA|O|H

TON MY'THPION

n),qOoqror 0eroporjvroBcro'rl,eiqro,r Muqpdvor. O fru,outopti Bori6oqrltov 6vaq Boor)"rdq-Muqpdvoq, dvu,q0epa,neutrlqror anovderpr orrl (ror1ereivouq nou Bpiorovrov oto ldpru tou Oavdrou.O Irloorlq Ko,ro Anol"l,cilvroqrltov 0epu,neurdq Kor ovopd(ovrcrv cru6touq ona6or5q touq Bootl"eiq.Av ei1o,vonotrSler va,ovo,otr1ooDv Touqverpo$q,tcr ov6po,ttirouq 6a 0o eiXov nepdoerornv roropio, yrori crurrlrltov n fiprrrrn Ko1 fi1o orlpCI,vttrrl8ortpooiu, q 6v6er(r1Trrlrqo Mriorqg rcrOobqyeitoo,ndro o,opotoXdptev6qnprrrrc,plrrorJ OeiouAr6riorol"ou,Tl drr r1ro,vevoriprrrrorl rdnotou <@eof). To perdnetto Boorl"m6 npov6pro petugdp0rlre o'roDqBoorl"eiqtrlq 6rrqq poq lldpnrrlq Ou),r1gpdorrt rrov 6oorl,6rovtrlq Aryr5nrou.Autoi r1tu,vdl"or pDnp6vor oro puorqpra,rnq lorprKqqrot 6rd0erov0epcrneutrr6q mc,v6tqreq,or6pq ror 6to,v,or <po8epdq 6orrpooiegrot r6not tqq tel"mrlqMriqoqq,6evtouq en6rptfiCI,vva ono8orivt6l"erorIepo<privteq. @ecoporlvtcrv 6tro,rrrrpo,ttrcct 0eponeut6qorco)"ouOrrtvroq rn v na,pd6oorl Ko,l Borl0orivrcrvornv td1vr1tqq 0eponeicrqcrno rouq Iapo<privteq r{rlv vocilv,6tav or i6ror cryvoodoav r;qv an6rpurpq0epaneutrrqenrorqpq. Ie perayevdortpoDq lp6voug Bpioroupe rov fhippors vo, 0epcrpe 6vcru,nl,6riyyrypotou no6ro6' nadettouq cro'0eveig o Beono,otovdqKo,ro A8prov6qto p6vo nou drcovo,v qrov vo oncryyei)"ouv rdnoreq 1"6(erqnou 6r6d1rnKc,v o,n6roug Iepo<ptivteq roDq,nporerlidvouvo enavoq6pouv rqv opoo'r1orouq ruql"oriqKor vo Oeponer5oouv touq ovdnnpoDq.An6 ereivrl rnv tnoyrl, q roropio dlet ro,to,ypriyerneprntcrroelq fioD ro i6ro npovdpro 27


APXAIA MY'THPIA

pero6r6a(6rc,votouq ourorpdropeq Ko,rrouq Baotl,eiq o"Xe56v rtiOedOvouqre. Ereivo nou eivCI,r yvrootd yro roDq Iepeigq; Aryr5nrouKo,1rouq o,ploioug Mnpolprivouq Kor ro onoio enr6e8a,rcoveror ond 6l.ouqroDqop1c,iouqr7'ootrofg rar roroprrodq oDTypogeiq, paq 6ivat ro ducicopo vo nrorefoupr roq r1ro,vrritr neproodrepo cn6 onl"q nopd6ooq, 6ncoq06),ouvvo DTroor4pi(ouvor oKr?rttKrotdq.An6 nof npodp1rror q OoupdoroTvd)on rov Atyr5nttcovIepdrrlvoa rd0e rop6o rqq Enrotr.lprlq, ov 6evrqv dyav c,nqctrloeran6 pra,aplar6reprl Tl\yrl; Or nepi<pqpeq <T6oorprq>,or d6pegpd04or1q ornv apyuia Aiyunto, eivor nol"6 neproo6reporeKpr'lprcopdveq roroprrd, an6 6,tt q roto,yrrlyrlrng o-dyAyyl,ioq. Iro peydl,otep6 trlq @q8cq,o fluXpovnq 0oy6pcrq,opdoroqpetd n1v enrorpo<pqrou cn6 rr.1v Iv6icr,pel"drrloerqv Entotr'1pr'1 rrov An6rpugcovcrptOpov. Xrq Mfprpr6o,,o Op<pdoq erl,CI,treuorrnv DnepBol"rrti 6uov6qrq rv6trr1pero,gDorKrl rou yto vo lprlorpronorr"l0ei o'rq Meyd),q E),1"d6o.Erei epaOav6l"a 6oo r1(epovo @crl"rlqrcrr opy6tepo o Aqp6rptrog. Irq lot8o ano6i6ato,r110a,uprioro, vopo0eoio ror q r61vr1rqq Dtc,ru8dpvqo'qg nou 6r6tiXr1Kovan6 rouq Iepeiqo l6l"rovo,qKor o Auror5pyoq,ot onoiot Ooupti(ovtat ror 0o Ocrupd(owororo nfpa,oporou 26p6vou an6 nq rcrrontvdqyevrdq.Av o Ill,drrrrvoqKor o Erj6o[og 6ev ei1o,v naer no#, vo ],otpdryouvro rep6 tqq Hl,rorjnol,Iâ&#x201A;¬, ro nr0ov6repo eivo,rncoq5e 0o rar6rcl"rlooovnq pel"l"ovrrrfgyevrdq,o 6vaqFe rqv H0rrr1 roD Kor o <il"l"oqpe ro, Mcr0r'lporrrdrou20. O peydl,og orJylpovoqoDyyporpfoqrcrlv Muo.rrl28


H KATATOTH TON MY'THPION

pirovrqq Aryunnorqg Mfrloqq -fiou root6oo 6e yvrilpt(e dnore yro trlv Iv6io- o Poyr6v, Devr.1rovufiep6ol"rr6q 6rov dl,eyrTroq: 'Ol,eq

or 0eropie6nou ovcnrfl0rlrav oro Iv8ouotriv, t4v flepoia, m1lupia, rqv Apo8ia, tq Xol"baic, rq lr8rrrvicrrai arc6 touq repeiqrqg Bo6ul"cbvaq (yra ta puonrri tqg <Dr5oqg) rltov yvootdq oroug Arydnnoug repeiq.'eore q rv8rrri qrl,ooorpicr ri_ tav ersiv4 q onoicr,epn6tr(e pe trq r6deqrnq rn Xal.6oia ror qv crploio flepoio. Kar ouverdl.eo.e ornv avd8uorl tqq 6o(croiaq rrrrvo,ryunocrcrlvMuotrl pirrrv2l.

To Muorrl plo rrporlTr.l0rlrovrov repoyl,urpxrrrv22. 'Htcrv q crrticryro rrl 8rlprodpyioroDq,ener8rloftorrorivrcrvp6vrpeqKo,roTpogdq yro vo,Dtotqpqoouvro,r va,8rc,rrovioouv ro, [rDorlKritoug. H opldyovr.lOr],ooo<pio23 Xpr'loiperyroov Oepdl,rogl"ieof yro, rr1 o6y@rl,ooorpio,. M6vo fioDo crndyovoq, Ipovrl evo 6rCI,rd)vror ro Xo,poKrrlpronrdtou e(roteptrorjocopa,toq, 6orrlv nopeio tqv Yu1r1 Ko,r ro flve6pu, Xoo'e roD yovtO tou. H pfrlo'q, na,p'6l,o nou 6ev nepreile rcrv6veqro,r ap1te, odte er8rrrl Sr8oorol,icrptoq Ento,tqprqq, 6nrrrq ro,tcrvoaitu,ror1pepcr,o,norel,odos0)o16ooEnrotrl pr1 ror ptil,torrr,rnv Enrotrlprq rov sTrrornpCIv. Av ior 6ev eile 66ypo,,rpuotrrl nerOa,plioro,r onorl.erorrr6 runx6, r1tovroor6oo n povCI,8rrq ol,r"1Otvr1 @prloreio -r1 Opr1o'reia, tqg otcirvroqal.q0etcrq.E(olteprrd rltcrv pto o1ol,r1, dnou 6r6dorovrov 01 enrorqpeg,o1 tdXvEe,q q0rrr1, q vopoOeoio,rl gtl,avOpconio, 11l,crtpeio qq ol"r10rvr1q rot Trpoypcr,rlKqq qriong rov Kooprrcbv gcrtvopdvcov' soorsptrti, rotd rr1 6rdprero torv Muorqpirrtv 8ivovrov nporrrrdq ono8si(erqyru 29


APXAIA MY'THPIA

rrl q6on rcDVKoopmcilv<porvopdvov.Ereivor nou pfioporioov vo yvcopioouvrqv ol,r1Oero6).ov rrov npoypdrrrlv-6q)"o6q, mrivor nou pfiopofoav vo o'Io'16o vtmpfoouv rnv crnorol"uppfvrlrat vcr crvrdgoBepc peycrl"eto to Tqq yivovtov Murlpevot. fouv Al,l,d to, tdrvo trlq lldpnrqq Ou),qqeilov 11611 rdoet nol,rj 6o0rri p6oo otqv ri),r1,yro vo rdvouv rdrt t6roto o,ttprrrprlro.Ereivot nou snorrjylovov e[aqavi(ovtov o,n6tov r6opo, Iopiq vcrorprloouvoute 6va. tlvog nioco rouq. flotoq on6 rouq ovcotepou;6aorl,eiq, 6oo roXuprl Kr ov {rov n rotvrrrvtrq rou Odoq, rol,pofoe vo 8ter8rrqoer 6vo riropo on6 toug ouorrlpofq repeiq,o,n6tq ottyprl nou ereivo nepvor5oeto 'A6urou; rorcirql"rtou repof touq Or euyevrrdgap16q nou 6r8d10r"6ovon6 rouq MurlpdvouqrCI)vnpcrlrrov tpul"rrrv ndpooovolqv Iv8io, rrlv Aiyunro, rl'lv El,l,d6cr,tqv Kivo Kor rI Xa),6oia ro,t 6ror e(onl,rrr0qKov oâ&#x201A;¬ ol"6rl"qpo tov r6opo. Koylo rrlv av0por0eti rCI,1"6, euyevrr6rcot peyal,etroDeq nrvq <p6oq,rd0e 0eio r6t6rqro Kcl dgeoq. xal.l"repyeiro on6 rouq IepeiqOtl"oo6<pouq, or onoiot rfie8ioKclvvo tcr ovontf(ouv otouq MuqpdvoDqroDq.O r10rr6q touq rco8xoq, nou Bcror(6ro,vorov al"rpourop6, dytve no,yr6oproq.Bpioretcrr or6pr'1Kor orov KoLr<po$rto,rov <o0etorl)), o onoioq 6i6o[e 6tt <ereivoq nou 6ev ayanaet rov u6el,<p6rou, 6ev dler aperrl>. Bpioretcrr Ko,l orqv evtol,rl rqq llalafi,g lm9r1rcr1 -c, nou l"6et, <Aydna,rov nl"qo'iov oou oov rov eaut6 ooDr24.Or peyol"rirspolMur'1p6votnopopottiornKo.v pe @eor5q Kor o lcorpritqg, oro 6pyo rou flirirrrlva (Dai6av,nopouorti(ercrtvcrl"6er: 30


H KATA|O|H

TON MY'THPION

Or Murlpdvoreivcr Bd8oro6n orcol.upBrivouv tr1 ouvrpoqrti trrtv @ec0v. pfl:

Iro i6ro spyo o peydl"oqA0rlvoioqooq6q ovo,<pd_

(Doiverurpd),roro 6tr ror ereivot or onoior opyrivrooavnq puorqprordqtel"etdg6sv r1ro,vriv0pronotriveua(iaq, crl.l"tinpcry_ panrd rdnoro 6cr0fv6r1porpr56ercnan6 no).oto6q lp6vouq pi_ oo, oro, l,6yro,rouq, 6tr riv rcaveiqdl,0erotov ,ASn, lopii vo purl0ei orq 6r6crorol"iarrov puorrlpiov Ko,rvo, uno6),n0eto.rrq tel"etoupyrrdg8rurunrrloerq, q 0dor1rou 0u eivo,roro OOpOopo 'Oy6oq X<paipcr tqq Andrputprlq ftqv Ao(ooiuq, 611]"o611, 0u y6_ o'er rqv npoo'ronrrcdtqtri tou yra,Trcivro,],o 6e ro0crppdvoqrcn puqpdvoqpe 6l,eq trq 8rcrturcrrtoerg, 6rov <prdoererei, 0u yiver 8errdq ornv Kc,rotKia, rctv @ecDv.

Avogep6pevoqors Muorrlpro, o K),npnq o A),e_ (crv6prv6q, l"der: E6rrtrel"eroverKd0eSr8aorol,io.Bl,dnerruveiq q <DrJoq rur dl,o tcr rcpaypara.

'Ero'r, l"orn6v,6va,qXptotrov6q flordpaq rqq Er_ r)"r1o'ioqptl,der 6nrrlqpil,oye o floyo,vrotlq ilper6[_ ro,roq,Av0rjnu,roqrnq AXataq(4oqorrrtvoqp.X.), (;_ vcrqrivOprrlnoq ps e(oXeqo,per6q>>, o onoioq rcopu,trl_ pnoe otr to vo,oreprlooDVroDg 'El,l"qveqc,n6tu, <re_ pri Muorrlpro, ro onoiu,evcbvouvol"drl,r1pr1rqv CI,v_ 0potn6tqra,>,orlpo,ivsrylo o,uror5q o'tdpqo.r1rriOe o,[ioq rqq (conq.@c ei1o,vrep8ioer nort ra Muorqpto trlv uyq},r1 erriprlorl rrtrv euyevdorepotvu,v0pornr,lv rnq op1ol6tqraq, CI,vn Koroyoyl touq 6ev rltcrv rdtr napunava on6 ovOpcrlfirvrl; Aru,Brlotedl.o 6oo 61ouv ypo,rpreiyto aur6 ro provcr6tr60eo.p6,16oo crn6erei_ vouq or onoior 6ev eilov nord puqOei,6oo ro,t o,n6 3I


APXAIA MYXTHPIA

rouq i8roDq roDq Mur'1pdvouq.Mel"etriort rov fl),titcovo,,rov Eupunibq, ro IoKpdrrl, rov Aptototptivn, rov fliv8opo, tov fll.of xapxo, rov looKpdtq, to Ar66copo, Tov Krrdporvcr,Tov Enirtrlto, to Mdpro Aupl8erdbeq dl"l'ouq 6rdoll.ro, yto vo plv ova,<pdpoupe poug Xorpodgrcrt ouyypoqeiq. Ereivo nov eiyav ano' 'Ayyel.ot, tcr drpuyov 01 e6orc.aAityetot @eoi Ko1 ot reprrdq 0pr1oreieq, opli(ovtoq pe ereivr'1 tou Mcouoq, ror to ondrpuyov Tto, orcbveqon6 to pdtra tou r6opou. O koorl<p,o yt6q tou Ictrc66,ltcrv 6voq Muqpdvoq, ytcrri 6toqoptrtKd,6t Ocrpnopor5ot vo Tro,vrpsDrei rqv Aoevdt, tqv r6pq tou fleteqpr'1(<flottqdp), 'Hl,to) tou <ereivoq nou crvqrtt oro @pn>, to @e6 lsp6o trlq Hl.rofnol"r1q rcrr ru6epvrltrl n1g Ov2s.Kd0a o,n6 tov Iqoo$ Ko,trl'lv oal"r'1OeroTEID&ftoKa)brpQr1rce noicr rcrrovoofoo,v t6oo ot lou8oior 6oo rur 01 fipoan6 trlv Errl"rloio q To1Xplortovoi, (avaorcenaorryKe onoio fipoo?rolsitcrr 6tr Tov unrlpetei. Ato6tiota tt l,6er o Xevdroq26,onorq ovagdpetot on6 to Ap. E. B. X. Kivel,r27: ' <A<pori 6ral,u0eio r6opoqrar enrotpd\ytlornv ayrul,rdtou ouo @e6q ouveli(erva nopupdver Aia [ri rou flc,poprcpdlpov], tp6no, napo.pirtrr rctd rdnoro tou orov euut6 lrevrpopdvoq trrrvr8earv otr1 0ecopqoq ver rpuppdvog,ol,6tel,o6u0ropdvoq 'YotepoBl,dnoupe on6 audvavdor6opo va (enpo8dl,l.er rou. Mrl.rbvtog <pul,rj uvOpronov olrlpcrti(etor...> tdv...Mro oOrrra Ylo ti to rIV Koroorpotpti pra xoopxri brtil,uorl-nou neprlup6dver Orivcrto trov ndvtc'rv- crutdg [o Xevdroq] pcrq Drbdorer ncoq,6tcv or v6por qq @6oqq KoroyKpsptotofv ror qtdoer 1 tel,eutaia pdpo tou r6opou, t6te o N6noq fl6l,og 0u rcttrotpd\yel ps rrlv nrrrroq tou 6l.eg nq neproldq tqq A<ppxqq Ko1 o Bdperoq fl6l,oq 0a ratcxl"doer 6l,eq trq lrrtpeq rtito crn6 tov ti(ovti tou. O tpo-

32


H KATA|O|H

TON MY'THPION

poypdvoqql,rog0o orepqOeiro qrrlqroD.ro nu),an tou oupcvoti, nou 0o n6oeroe noparprl, 0o 8r'lproupyrloer raur6lpova (rorirnr Orivu,ro rc,r rrinoro ei6og8rdl"uoqq0a ndoerncp6porandvrootrg 0e6tqteg, or onoieg dto'r 0a enrotpdryouvoto ap1rr6 touq xaoq28.

Mnopei rcrveiqvo vopioer yto pro ottyprl 6rr bro6a(et rnv TroDpovrnl^8rrlynoqtou flopu,oapdzeyta tq peyril,qflpol"dytcr'u.Eivo,ro.1e66vro i8ro npaypa, r6dcrnpog r66cr.'E1et rinots ncrpdporoo Xprorto,vrop6q; Aq 8to6tiosr o ovcryvcirotnqro regdl"o,ro f' (3-13) rqc,/enryr1EEnrcrohlE roDllttpou, ano rrl BiB)o rat 0o 6pet erei trq iEraqr66eq. Torirrrr rupartovyryvcrtoroweg,6tr el,efoovror en, eoldrorv trov qpepolvepncrirrc,r...l"dyovreq,nof eoriv 11enayyeticrtqg ruapouoiagoutorl; oq' nq yop 01 narlpeq erorpri0rloov, ndvro orirro8rcrpdvetun' apyrlg rrioearq.Auv0dveryap curofq todto Odl"owaq6rr oupovoi rjo'av drnal.ol Kor yr1 e[ r56otogror 6r' riSatogouveot(r)o'oro rou @eor5l"6yro,6r' crtvo t6te r6opoq f6an rotor)"uoOeig anrrrl,eroor 6e vuv oupa,voi Kol n yTl rrrl uuror5l"6yrrrreOqooupropdvor eroi nupi rrlpor5prvolsrq rlpdpuv rpioerograr crnrlrl,eiog... 6r' r1voupavoinupor5pevor l,u0rjoovtar rcn otorlein rcruo6pevarqrercr! Karvorlq6e oupcvor5q Kol Tqv rarvriv rcrtci ro tnayye)"pac,utor5rcpoo.6oralpev.

Av or epprlveutdq06l.ouvvo 6l.dnouvpro ovoQopri oe rdnorc, 8qproupyio,6vov rc,torl.uop6 rot pro,Dn6o'Xeoqu1g 6l,euoqqroD Xpro'tori, 6nou 0a,(ouv oe pro N6o Iepouool,rlporov oDpcr,v6, uur6 6eveivCI,r 1,dOoqrou ll6rpou. Autd TroDrvvoorjoeeraivoq, qtu,v 11 Ku,rc,orpoqnrnq fl6pnrqq Oul"rlq Ko,r rl ep<pdvrorl pro,qv6a,qqneipouy1o,rnv 'Errq Oul"n. Or Apuibeq Ko,rovoorjoovro v6qpc, tou 'Hl"rou orov Tofpo, y1o out6 6rcrv do8qvcrv6l,eg or grrlu6g 33


APXAIA MY>THPIA

tqv lq Noep6piou,p6vo to 6tr6 roDqlepd ra,t do8eoro ?rDpnop6peveylCI,vo qroti(er rov opi(ovrd,, oo,v rrE qrottdg rrrlv MriycrlvKCI,1 tcov o'6y1povovZapoaotprotrov. Kor 6ncogt1oplrrq fldpntq Ou),r1,01Xol"'El,l"r1veq, 6oior, ot or6pr1 Kor or Xprottu,voi (or onoiot ro rdvouv tttXpt or'lpepcr1ropiqvo, unoyrti(ovror ro v6"r1pdtou) 6tor ra,r ereivot lorperorSoovro. <'Aotpo roD flporvo6>, tr"1v6popeq A<ppo8iu1".Or Apui8eqrcioteuo,vorqv tfiovoydvvrlorltou o,v0pcirnou, oâ&#x201A;¬ plo oerpd tTrovtvo'CI,prcrooeov rcrr 61r, 6ncrlqe[qyei o Aourctvoq32, 'On

to i6to llvebpa0u eiryulr,loer dvu rurvofpyro orrrpa,o'e dva 6ro<popsur6r6opo an6 crut6ve6rir.

ftcrti, 6ncrrq l"dero At66ropoq,or Apui8eqnioteuuv 6rr. yuldq pretdon6 prc, opropdvrl naor rrov u,vOprrlnrov pio6o nepvorlvoe dl"l,u ocbpo.tu33. 'Aprouq Ot Do(ooieq o,utdg6<ptaoo,voroDq rqq Ildpnrrlq Oul.nq crn6toug npoy6vouqqq Tdtoprqq <Dul"r1q, rouq Arl"dvreloDq.Autoi 6rorrlpqocrvpe eDo68etcrttq 8t6oorcrl,ieq,ncrp'6l,o nou nl"r1oiooe6oeprcria,to t6l"oq rnq pnrprrqq roug Pi(oq Ou)"qqeforricrg rqq al"6yrotqq Lpnonq trov 8uvtiprov Kcr,rrrlq crl"a(oveia,g rnq.

34


H MYHTIKH AOKIMAXIA XTA MYETHPIA TOY HAIOY -ereivo ro, 1lClo apXiooupe|re ro crp;6aiaMuotrlpra lUTonoio 6e10qrovor npcbtor'Aprot crn6toug At4

'

A0,vTfloDq-

K0,1 To)V OfiOlOV TIV lrVrUpOTlKq K0,1 VOq-

rrrq ro,rtioro,o'rlTrepleypo\+/e t6o'o rccr),ri o ro0qyrlu'1q Ma[ Mi],ep3a. 'Eloupe Ader: ebrolcro Pryrc-Btvtalptanepio8orqq 6ravoqttr{g (rrl{q tou ov0prrrnoD ?roD6poui tr196evundpler oe rovdvo, til,l"o pdpoqtou r6opou. Xtouqripvouc,tovB|vra35Bldnoupe6tr npdnet o tivOpronoqvcr l"doei ro oivrypa o,utori rou rc6opou... ydprrrtou, rouq upvei Kor rouq l,utperSer. Entro,l,eiturtoug Oeor5g Al"l"d roo16oo,pe 6l"ouqautoriqrouq Oeoriq... rcitrrrror ndyo u,r6 o,ut6v,o aploioq norqt{q gcrivsrarBa0rtiuv{ou1oq. Erei, pdoo oto i6ro rou ro otri0oq cvorol"dnrer prc 8dvoprl nou 6ev rcoOr1oulri(er 6tav npooer5leror, 6ev crnouord(er6rtlv qoBritcrr rar rpdper.@crivetorvo rou epnvderrlq npoosD1dq rou rcr otordoo va,cq cxor5er'<paivercrr vo (er p6oo roD KClrva orrlpi(er rov i6ro Ko,rro, nuvru yfpor tou. To p6vo 6vopc nou pnopei vu 0per yro aurrj tq puotqprrrrDrl6r5vopqeivar <Mnptilpav>, yrod to pnpdlpov aplrrti oliparve ropi, 0d1"r1oq, enr0upioKo,lrnv no,poppqtmrj 6r5vopqtrlq 8qproupliog. Al,l"d rc,r c,ur6ro crnp6orrrro pnprilpcv. ano rq ouyprl nou naipverdva ovopa,peratpdnercr,roe rart rcapa\evoKor Oeio.Tel"lrd rctal"riyer vo yiver 6voq un6 rooq rco?uluovq 0eorj6,6vag un6 u1 peyd\"r1Tprrida nov )ua-

35


APXAIAMY>THPIA rpedetor pelpr o'rjpepa.Qotdoo q ordryq pdoc rou 6ev 61er rupoypanrd 6vopq. Erefvrl r"16rivupq, q onoio 6ev eivar rinore dl,l,o err6q arudtov euut6 tqq, nou orqpi(er roDq Oeodq,tov oupcv6 rar rdi0e(owov6 ov, intutcn prcpoorrioro vou tou, yivetcr ovnl"qnrrl, al,l,d 6ev ergpd(eror. Tel,md trlv ovopd(er <'Arpov>, yturi ar.puv,nou orjparvecpXrrd nvorl 11nvefpo, rordl,q(e vo oqpaiver tov Ea,urdrar pdvo rov Eauro. tov Eo,ut6, 0eio q ovOprrtnrvo' rov Eout6, eite Srlproupyeieite unogdper. 'Evav rov Eout6, eire efre ro flav, ul"),dndwa rov Ecrut6,c,ve(tiptqto rar el,e60epo.<florog eXer6er rov np0)roTevvqpdvo;> pr.otcier o rorqrrlg, <6rav ereivoq roD 6ev eile oord (Dql,o6q popen), ydwqoe ersivov pe tu oorri; flor5 rltcrvn (olrl, ro oipcr, o Ecrur6qrou r6opou; florog n4ye va ro patrrloero,n6ereivov ?roDro prrtpr(e;> (Pryrc-Btvta,I, 164,4). An6 tq otryprl nou er<ppriotqreoutq 11r6dcrrou 0eiouEouto6,to odpncrvdnpeneva ovoyvropioerrTV ovcDcp6try<irnq' (o Eaoilg eivat o Kdproq ol"orvtov mpo,ypritr.rtv, eivor o Baorl,rdq trov nrivtcov.'Onrrrq6l"eg or o,rdvsq ev6q rpolorS neprdlovtor pdoa oro rdvtpo Kot rrlv neprtpdpera, dtor rcor6l,u ra npuyputa neprdlovror pdo.ooe our6v rov Eaur6' 6l"or or euutoi nsp#1ovta,rpdoa oe c,ut6vtov Ea,ut6>.(MnptXawapavytdrca, II, rdpoq I 5)36.

Aur6q o Ec,urdg,o rSryrotoq,o povo6m6qra,r o na,yr6o'proq,oup6ol"r(6tov crn6rov 'Hl.ro, roOrrlq11 (oroSdrprou,rcvo6ol,ia rou eiva,rpe rr1 oerpd rrlq ro 6p6l,qpo qq YuXrlq nou ororrrtvelro yrlrvo nriOq,ro onois qra,v o,vdruOev epn66toyro rlv sfiovo,or5v6eo.r1 tou Mova8rrorl tou Eu,utori(rou flverSpotog)pe ro Iul"l,oyrr6 Ecrut6.An6 e6ronpodpXerorKo,rro crl")"qyopm6,pruotr'1pro, tou onoiou p6vo ru, yevrrd XapaKrqprorlKctpnoporivva,6o0orive6o. To tel,ofoCI,vor <frot tqq lftiptvqq Opill,nq) Kc,r rou <<(Dcot6q>. O 'Hl"roq 8erirepoq (q <6eftepqun6otool)) rou Pu,6ivou Nrpal) ep<pavr(dto,v 6to,v, opli(ovraq tr'18orrpaoia 36


MYHTIKH AOKIMATIA

rou, o Bro6ortippov, o lepogrivrrl6, dro6e egra ano trq orriveq TouKor Trgo,vtrra,0rororjoe pe dvo orduuu un6

Baru,onora o n.Alrog"

t;;;;;;;ftil;,"#plpdvoq on6 rr!.g5rfveqr1'rr1v sruvo8ol,io rou. Me_ ra an6 uutd o ,Hl"roq_.ou onojo uno8udrovo D?royje::-q {,,l"tt - tnpent, uo*"rJi,er,";;;; ;;;;Ao,,rrq JI unoX0dvregrcprcytG, or pro, 6onp;"io;;,

Byoivovr"ionJ'LJ op,opoeurls, ava,_

Ii-r:^:r.. ouorov o,ndrov rdno trrrvno,Orrlv rr

uo(ovof rveiroppoocror.v, :ffiTb;r# rydpr,ilJJ vou Krippott, rcol uo npo6,il"1,ui yro

ril,l,r1pro,gopti 0pro,p6eur{qpdog otq 6d(a n1q ovoydvvqo.r.lq rou, oov frpriya-par(a, Boorl"iriq tciv Aorepropcovror vo rov onoral,do_ouv f rcpnlo,orrptiv, anl,oOri_"r, jq nou eno,vixrnosnq orriveg iour.' O <ptl0oq>rou l"oilror;ifdv-eeou rqq Iv6foq, ro o_ nofo 6oo.f(*ut ror ;cpodp Xffialan6 rov ;",il;;;_ orrrropd rov pryrc-B|vra-- ta )"oyw rou onoioDo,fier_ rovi(ovrov rord ro^peyol,rjrrpo'iepoq no,pootourd o'rq 8rdprrlo, rov 0prlo.reurrralv' Muotrlpirov_ ovo_ ntrloqre"rn" r_Tq ,li",CEit;s i??r_,-l o'rIV Troporcdtol ol"l,riyopio-*,,f;;p,*nq Tc6poprnopeiuo ,rlu orl vo,vtrlosr ra,veiq oe c,prstri ano ro.Ifoopavd.Ko,ror ril"l.egfpogdq. Zro pryrc-Btrri-iororouq .ypvouq rou o Bro6ordppov, o Mu.o.rr.1p;*l;6uoq, eivCI,r o A6_ yoq. o Anproupydq,dvoq ond ioug psyol.rSrepouq @eorjqKor or 6rjo ond ,"Uuu";ui"ouogeprror oov o tiyroroq. Aut6g eivor o flowobjvopoq (Bro6ortip_

<Mevdl'oq gfi;)ffi.1opo(dpevoq Apllrerrouoq rJ,

JI


APXAIA MY'THPIA

O @e6qnou B),dnerto nrivto... o nurdpag,o levqropaq, o pu0protriq,nou 6iver orouq Oeor5q ro 6vopri roDgKor Bpiorerar n{pu un6 rqv ratcrv6qoq ralv Ovqtriv,

6nrrlqrdOe Muorqprcrrcdq@eog.Eorrlteprrti eivcrrq proupyrrr1q er6rll"opdvr'1 g Ari7rpoo'orronoiqoq q q 6r'1 vopnq KCnorn yl.rrrooorrrlv puo'rnpiov eivot q ou),)"oyrrr1dr<ppoorlrrlq d66opnqoplqq tou ovOpcbnou. frcrti eivo,to yroq roD Mnou6dvo,rqq CI,Dro8qproupOuoicrqKot rnq evdpetr1g,oyvnq Tnpdvnq<pcrltervqq rcot6poprpqqfr6yro-Iivtcr, trlq nopOevoq @rdq,rnq onoicrqto 6vopo,eivoc crnorcrl,untrr6,o,rpofnpoocononorofoe rrl yroyKlKrl 6rlvopq,tr'1v<oyvr1prlrdpcr> 'Ypvouq touq Mr5oteq.Iroug rqg PrfioDEqprloupyei yr-B6vro,o Bto6orrippov errel"ei tq <peyct)"r"1 Ouoiu,>, 0uo'rd(er6nl"o6rlrov eo,ut6roD yro.rov r6opo. H perti<ppoorltov Ntpo6rcra38 o,notouq Avotol.rotdq neprypdgertq Ouoio,ps rov elrlg tp6no: O Bro6artippcrv ol"orov r6opo oe pra0urpartonpoo<pdper oicrrnr tnewurel"eroverOuord(ovrog tov eoutdrou. Itrq puotrrdq a,vu,no,pa,otdoerq roD lopartqpcr rou o Bro6ardppov ovopri(etor oulvri Btr6pno ra,r q o crnerrovt(rror oov ro <@r5pcr>>, o <<@edv0pronoq> roroDpcop6voqoro 8rdorqpcr A8ottlpo. Xedvupuotrr6 6pyooletrrct peta MuotrlproKorrlq LrDnn-

rdg tel"etoupyieq,oto onoio 6ivovtcn nol,6 yevmri, aL.l,rioootri, rprjputc Tro rlq lrpoupylKrqotdoergrcrr Sonpcroiegong onoieg uno6al,l,6tavo unoryqqroq,po(i pe tr1 SonpcroiaBpioroupr Kol trq or6l"ou0egl,entopdpeug.(1) O ve6gutog,oupBol"i(ovroqrov rjl,ro oav Xolriopcr-Krpdvo -<crur6gpe trg yi?,,ngurtiveq>>-ncpouord(eturyovuuordq pnpootri otov repo<privrr1. Aut6g r66er erptd.B\orpuyoDgaro ta purprd pul"l"rti tou ve6gutou3eror otqv

38


MYHTIKHAOKIMAXIA en6pevrlanem6vrorl(2) to l"opnp6ordppa on6 lpuodq c,rtiveq rou Dlro\+/l'leiou unoparpdverur ro,r crvtrru0iorurar un6 dvo,otagdvr pe l,entti ayrtiOlo, roD oup6ol"i(ouv tqv ancirl,eraao. Autr,i 11 uvunupciorc,orlltvdtav or4v lv6ia Kor rrq neprold6rspov rrrrv Ipal"oTrrlv. llporerpdvou vcr yiver <Tdl"erog> o ooKplvroyrdprv (ruprol"errrrci, <ereivog nou 0a [uvayevvrl0ei>>) 6nptne,ovdpeoa onq dl,l,eq8onpuoieg, va rcord}"Oer omlv flatril.o, rov <rdrrrrr6opo> rcrr pdvo peru un6 aurq tq 6ru6rraoia pnopodoevo el"rui(er6tr Ocryiver crvc,yrtiprv,<ereivoqrou 6e 0u yevvqOei[crvd>.O t6l"eroqpurlpdvoqendl,eyeav 0o epgcrvroteieroforcr pe av0pronrvrl popqn otov r6opo ratv crvOprrlnrov, 110o crvo,nuu0ei nprrrtc,otov (to Nre6drooy roD puqpdvou)rcr â&#x201A;¬nertcrvc K6opo tav @ecbv 'Etor to endpevootd8ro eptpcrlovoyevvqOeinrivrrrorq fq pcrq. vi(er tov unoyritprovo ?rpoerolpu(erar yro out6 to ta(i6r (3). Kotd rq 6rtiprercrrrlg ropeicq tou epl6rov crvtrpdtrrrnoq pe rdOe eibouqruerpaop6(6e poq emrtpdruercr vo roDq andprOprlooDpsri va prl"rlooDpryro owor5g).Av rordgepvs vo roDqDfispvrrrloer, t6te el,dpBovelrrtpa n p$non. Av anodylcvr, r6tr uva.Ba"A).6tav, ri cruprov6tav tel,eior6.Or 8ro8mo,oieqcrutdq6ioprorjocrv erpd qp{ptg. Xro 8rdorrllro ralv tprcilv nprrttrrrv,dnrrrq Xfytrut,6onpcr(6tuv rur e(ero(otcrvq xcv6tqrd tou ornv on6rpuqrl yvrrtoq.Trlv tdraptq pdpo - (4) 6ev6rav pe ra n66ra, revtorpdvcrKo,tro, 16pra srterapdvo ndvrrroe pa (il,nry Baory, orip8ol"o rqq e(dyvroqq, evrrtrc el"o,trrrtpardtou tnpent oryd-oryd va perouoro:Oor5v, 6rurrlq l"eroivsror dvo ropptin uratdpyaoto 'Yorepa p6vog pdoo oe pra urc6yero an6 cutd cr<pqv6rav [ri],o. rpfntq, oe on6l,uro orotri8r, yro 6rio pdpeqrcr 66o vri1teg...

Irrlv Aiyunto o ve6<putoq, 6u0roprdvoq or droroo'r1, tono0etsixo or pro,d6eto,ocrpro<ptiyo p6ocrotqv flupa,pi6o,6nou el,dpOovcrvWbpaor pDTlrlKdqrel,et6q. Itrlv Iv8icr Ko,rrqv Kevrprrrl Aoio 6ev6rovndvcooe 6tu,v ro ocbpo,rou yrv6tov oov [r5]"tvegocrviDegru,r-oe roD vrKpof (6neqre dro'tCI,oq), peto<pepdrov p6o'o 'Yotepo o'rr1vrprinrq. o Iepo<privtr'1q crypunvofoe5i39


APXAIA MYXTHPIA

nl"c,rou <ro0o8rlyrovto,q rrl qorvopsvlKtlVDXq(ro u,otptr6 ocbpo)u,n6ourd tov r6o.po rou lopotipo (q nl,dvqq) o'ro 6ao'il,no rou rcarotrcbopou,crn6 rs onoia.,ov ro rarti<pepve,eiye ro 6troiatpCI. vo el,au0epciroeterpr6"\uoruyrcptveEVDN|?. Ilepfie1Ar1ptvoqpe ro Avav'capaymrchoa, rc oaryarryqeudarytovlaE, o Zporand"vanap|,lteve ercei6noo 6ev.6,Xoo1te ro drcaialn va 'Otav roy arcoLou9r1ooutrtt. tn\orpupe,7d"trtBave q lt(ry, pe 11lcopig ro <aipo n1q rup6rdq>rou Iepogrivrr"lal. B66ors, o'rqv npoyptCI,rtK6rr1to, o Iepogrivcqqnord 6e ororov6tov -orire o'rnv lv8io o6te nouOavdol.1"o6, o g6vog rlrov crl,l"qyopm6q-srt6q Ko,r o,v o Muqtrlq eile 6ra),d(er. to Muoripevooov 6tdboX6rou rcrr eile crno<pcroioa vo rou peta6r6tioetrr.1vtel,eurc,iu,rar urcdproulAEEH, on6re pera tnpem vo 7rrOtiver,ener6qp6vo dvoqdv0pcrlnog oe rdOe60voqeiXe ro Srru,irrrpovo yvropi(er q l,d(q. llol,)"oi eivcn or peyti),otMuqpdvot nou ndpoo'CI,v ps our6v tov rp6no ntpaano tov opcrr6r6opo, e(oqovr(6prvor T6oo puoulprrrl8rogun6 ra pritrcr trrrv o,v0prirnarv, 6ruroqo 'Opouq Moruorigcrn6rqv ropu<pt'1 rou <Dooyri(Ne1rb,npoqrlnnl Xo<pio),ogof ru,rdorrloe <nl,ripr1nver5poroqo.orpiag>(purlpdvo) rov Iqood rou Nauri crouprccrrwoq rov ps ru y(,pn.

AlJ,d a,utdg nd0o,ve,6e 6o),ogovr10r1re. frari o q6voq, u,v yiver Trpoylro,rtKd, a,vqrer orq po,ripr.1 rot oXLxI10eia Moyeio. flp6raror Tro,peto,Bi8oongrrltdq pdl,l,ov Kor 6Xt nveupro,trrr'1g rar 0eioq(cor1q. yto 8rriXuorllogioq ro,r 6Xr o,ipuroq.A)"),d opy6cepa11 yl,olooo er),q<pOqre o,),l,r1yopmr1 rcard.ypd"ppa,pe onordl"eopuvo nporcrl"eirp6po oroDqpetdnerta,fivrDpotrroriq ovo(1tr1t6q. 40


MYHTIKH AOKIMA)IA

'Ol"or oDroi or lepoqtivreqKo,rMuqprdvorr1ru,vo-lnol rou 'Hl.rou Ko,1rnq ArlproupyrrqqApXng (nveupottrqq 6rivoprlq),6nroqr1ro,vor Bro8ortippov Ku,l Brroprrivo, an6 trlv opXl rcrrvMuornpiov. O 6rdor1proqTdrrovoq Poyrdv 6ivar nopd(eveg)"enrop6peteq Kor rppnveieg yro,trq r1l.ro,r<6q rel"er6q.ynootrlpi(st dtt o 6r8)"rr6qXrpdp, o peyril"oqrlpcooqtou Terrovropori (o <yroqrqq Xqpoq>)-pro dyrl tou 'Oo.rpr-eivor o Hl,tar6q @e6g,o 6qproupy6qrcrrvtelvrrtv Ko1o <<apytr{rrovo,q)), o<poriro dvoprcrXtprip oqpoiver o <avuryapivoq>,Evac,rirl,oq.nou o,vqru orov 'Hl"ro. Kri0e Anorpurprotqqyvclpi(erndoo orevd oleti(ovror lre rov 'Oorpr Ko1nq llupopi8eq or 6u.1yr1oerq rcov Baoil,tan nov o<popor-iv ro lol,rrlp6vro,, ro Nu,6 roD Kor rnv Ko,ro,oreuq tou. fvcrlpi(etenioqq 6tt o)"6rlnpn n rcKrovlKr'1ra)"err1Mriqorlg Bo,o.i(etotntivol orrl 6t6l"rrr1 ol"l"qyopicrrqg ru,to,oreurlqrou Ncroti, evci)or T6rtoveq nol"rj 6ol"rrti [e1vo6v r.1iocoq oyvoorivro yeyovdq6tr crurrl11te),euroioDrrlyqoq6ooi(eto,r ndvcrtor oryu?rnororiqra,r or6pr1 oplor6tepouq o'up6ol.ro'por1q. O Po,yr6vto e(qyei 8eilvovrc,q 6tt ot rprlq or5vtpotpor tou Xtprip, 01(rperq 6ol,orp6vor)),o,vxrnpoo'conefouv roDqrpaq rel"euroiouqpnvrq 'H}.ro, tou 1p6vou.O Xrprip o,vrrnpoorrrnefer rov ano ro 0eprvdql.roorrioro Kor ndpcrrcrt q 6h rel,etoupyio,eivot pro CI,orpovoprrrl crl,),qyopio. Kard tq 8rriprceru rou 0eprvof ql,rootdordu, o 'Hl,roq eyeiper ripvouqeulvrrrpoorivrlq gnotlgvo|; ort6 rsOed nou c,vunvder. o ovtrrup6orondg rou o Xrpdp pnopeiva petc6r6rioa, or 6norov dler 8rrotorpo,rrlv repri Ad(q, 5nl"c6{ rn Errl{. 'Otc,v o 'H}.roq rcrrdpleror o'ro rcrcorepcr,6l,q q Oriorl Bou8crivetarrcrr o Xr-

4I


,

APXAIA MYETHPIA

pdp 6ev pnopei fi1o,vo,6c6oertrlv repq Ae(q oroDqouvrp6tpouq roD, or onoior ovrulpoooftefouv toug rpâ&#x201A;¬tq veKpofqprlvegtou ltuncier to Xrpdp u66vcpa pe d1p6vou. O nprrltoqor5vtpo<poq vov rov6vc eiroor tdooeptq ivtoeg (e({vta erotootd) purpf, nou anotel,ofv prcrqpep{trov eiroor teootiprov.rrrprbv o'r5p6ol,o olo ?rrprorpotpri.Eivar 11ruprotrluno8raipeoqtou 1p6vou,q oriorpou, crnerl,einnoia, petu tqv a,vfryroonrou ?rovxoSrivopou ro rcprbto 8ivovttiq rou 6r5voparrlv drucp[ritou ltrinrlpu. O 6edpunder pe odry|vto rctpdyavo, ovltdvo rov tepoq ofvtpoqoq pt trlv topri 615o crruemovr(optvo enoyr1c, nig rel.eutaicrg 6ol"o oe tdooepa ioct pdeuOeiovypapprrlv.Autdg or eu0eieq6ra,tpot5v pr1ro (rrl6rar6rrjrl,o Ko,tro rdvtpo tou oup6ol.i(ei trlv rapbrci tou Xrprip, q onoio ayyilet tp oqpeio torv teoodprovtetpaydrvcr)vTroDovrllrpooofiedouvT1qtdooeprqmob{g. Aefteprl 6raipcon roD 1p6vou,q onoicrratogdper dvcrBopdtepoltfnrlpa ot4v druop(qrou ril"rou. O tpitog or5vtpogogtov ltunder Oavriorpo roD, n oro pdrconops dvcr6uvot6 ltr5nrlpcrqg (dl"tvt1go<ptipaq rul.rv6pmr1popq{ qq onoiag oup6o}"i(etto 6toq, to 6ortu},i6r 11rtirl,o. Tpitq braipeon roD 1p6vou, 11ol"orl.{paton rnq onoicrq6iver to tel,eutoio ltrinr1po otr'1vrinap(11rov ano9vr1orco'Hl,rou. ou o Xtpd"1t, An6 qv eppqveicrcrut{ oupruepoivetor vzog ta pdtol,l"cr,o {prooqtou vd,oupti0oupe rov aor6gnouavarcd"Auye 'Oorprq(o 'Hl,toq) tqq ofylpovrlg eivor o drl"o rou apyrc1,mova, 'Iofis, 11 Zrod", ro dp6)'qpa trlq tou, eivctt pfnonq. H n Inpo 'Qpog, rat o (ora ).orcd, r6cpoq) o fqg Xovorprtrrd Ytoq roD 'Oorpr (rj tou tprot6q)Ko1r1q Xrlpuqtou, eivcr o ile(t9epoETt' Krovo"q,6Tll,u6no Mo1p|vog,rou KorolKsi ottl yqrvq oroa (ro drcvotqg XipoE KanroDQauE)42.

rouq InIe our6 to o'rlpeionptnet vo crvcrrpdpoul.rs 5tr6 eivot tel"etoupyta oouireq, yroti 11nopo,ndvco frcr vo, 8cilooupe6vcrnopd8ttTpo xouq 6nplor5pyr'1po. rou ncbgrcrrdqepcrvvo pifouv ottiXtr'1otcr ptitto tcov {Dott vo rouq epno8ioouvvo 6ouv rorvcirvov0prrrnrov, 0o,toviooDps 116Anorpu<propof, xoD trq o1,r10e1sq El"eu0eportKtorcrl,sitCI,t Kovov oe o,ut6nou or'1pepo 42


MYHTIKH AOKIMA'IA

vlopoq. H A6e)"<p6rqro crutr'1 ro,t61ernpaypau orlpcrvnr6 pdpoq rou o'up8ol"roporiKor rrrlv tuntrcov rou AnoKpDqropod,ro onoio on6 opvqpoveritrov lp6vcovprro6r6ctotqro,v o,n6 uq apytyoveg Murloerq. fra vo rcrtcrorqoouvo,urr'1 prcrcr6l,o,Bn tqv A8e),<p6tr1to dpvrlorl, ot Iqoouireq dorerl"o,vpeprror5cr aTcoroug firo rra,vofq crneorol,pdvouq rouq pdoo oro Triypa, 01 onoior o,p1md6rcrvo,vrouq onl"otror5qo6e)"qor5q vo ?rrordryouv6tt to ol"q0tv6 puonr6 lriOqre pa(i pe to Xrprip Apni<prcrr 6o'repotouq dneto'crv va,evorrrputcrloouv ounl tqv niotrl pdoo oro tuntrd rouq. 'Enerto enrv6qocrvcrlrl0o<poveiq ol"l"d ryer5ttrouqovcorepouq 6o0profq,unorprvdpevor6tr pixvouv nepro'o'6repo qrrrqoro 1op6vopuotrr6, drr o8rlyorjvtov Dfiolyliqro pe popqdq8u,veropdveg Kor rov rKovofioror5v on6 to fipoypouK6, crl"l,rinou 6evnepreiXu,v raptd ouoio ro,t qrov dvrelvcr 6qproupyqpdveq riro'tevo, o8rlyofv tov 6v0eppoNe6puto oe u,6r6(o6o.Kcrt dror, rivOpcrrnor ro0' 6l"o l"oymoi Kor rKovoi ouvc,vrorjvrcrr ro,tti 5roorrlpo,to,Ko,rlre rriOeoo0op6tqto,,(r1l"orot er),trpivtto, Trspvorivpdocran6 tqv noprrl6io,rqq crnordl"uuvri rtov crl,qOtVng (o,vrlKoroornpdvrovpuotlKri)v>>, vcbv. Av o crvcryvcilotqq rcotoqriyeroro nol,rj oqpa,vtrr6 rot nol"6 lprlorpo 6pyo pe titl.o Baoilarcr1 TercrovtrcrT Eyrcurc)onafdem, oto dp0po <Po6oorouprop6q>,Ocr 6pet tr 6rovo,vor Iqoouireq T1ovo,Koxcrorpdyouv rov Tertovto'p6. Mt),rrlvroqT1orqv nepiobonou 11r5ncrp(yro tqv onoio A8el"q6n1tcrq 6n tqg puotqprrrr8ouq nol"l"oi unorpivovror 6n yvropi(ouvrdrr, nv d1r nol"43


APXAIA MY>THPIA

l,ti, ro,r o'r4v fipo,ypu,nrdrqto 6e yvropi(ouvrinote) 6ytveyvrrlotrlyro,nprrlrqqopd, u,vo,rpdpet: Kard trq nepcropdveq enoy{g,otcr peyal,r5repcr orprrlpuro rrlq rorvorviuqunrlple dvcrgtp6poq T1oro a6puro, o onoiog, 6nrrrg e6er(clvruol,riraOaptiro npdo<para yeyov6torur rpc,rv6pevo,, 6ev eler (enepa,o'teievtel"oq.E(arriaq crutof or psl"errlrdqtqq Orio'nqKol tou ruvefporoqe(cvoyrd(ovtov os pro puotm6tqrcrrcou 6ev rircrv nuvru eunpdo8srctn... Or Ka66crl,ronroi o.rolao.poi rou fr61a,v P6rXl.rva3oDqyrloavorn powoo.pdvqDpdoq ev6q Ao60qpou Kol o DTrol-roverrroq poX0oqtou Tpitevl,it oo 5nproripyrloeto oriyXpovoorSo'rr1 pc,rqq 8rn)"rrlpourrlgrpunroypoypog{q... A(i(er vcr oqlmtroOei6tr dvaq o.uyrerprpdvoq <prt<qg orcrrvcrq, crut6qorov onoio ep<poviotrlruvyra nprrlrqqopd or poS6orcrupor,6ra,rpiverc,rocrv enol{ rard trlv onoicr dyrvo,vor neproo6tepeqnpoonci0ersqyro trlv crnol"t5tpoJon rcllv 6eopctv tou napel"06vrog[flanropdq rar Em].qoroonnop6q]. Ee aur6 otpeil"etorror q ovd0eo1 rnq nrrnpsvnq pepi8crqrcrt q pavia tqg evdvtro oe ro0eri puotrlprrrl8eq r'1dyvoloto.Opydvore pe rr.1 oerpd tqq yeuSopo8ooruupmdg Kor rrKrovrrdqerarpieq....rlq o6r1yr1oe vo ruyr6eryouvnupriruno rouq a8r5vcrpouq cr6e),<porjq tou Al"q0rvorirar Adputou Triyporogrcrr drcertcr vo npo6rrlo.ouv Oprcp8eurrrdroOeti nou 0s pnopodoevo peto6rBcroteicrot6lcro.10,oT(r uvrrltepu o'rel,e1q ourrbv TOVTipoooprvorvrcrr 07roTnl,c6vevooeov. Xpqorponorr'10r1re rd0e ei6ougnovqprri an6 ng au0evriegnou cpdvovtcrvevdvtru otqv npdoSo rrlg ul,rlOeraq, yto vo eluvoyrrio'ouv eire pe l,dyru, eire pe rr1 6fvcpr.1ri rov rp6po, 6ooug rltcv 6uvc,t6,vcr 6e10ofv rov fldncr oc,v Kdpro. 'Otcv to rurd<pepvov,6nrrlqyvropi(ouvnol,)"oi nou dlouv npooll,uuotei oe aurri tqv rciotq crl,l"d6ev tol"podv vo to opol,oyrloouv, ra riropa avtrperrlrni(ovrovlrs nepr<pp6vr1on Kol syKotc,l,einovro,vvcrSrrtoouvrq pctlq ylo rrl (cor1touq 6oo ru,l,rirepa pnoporioo,v,lrrlpiq vcrroDqropo1oprl0ei orite q yvrrto.qereiv(Dv tolv onopprlrov TroDrolupi(etar on ruriyer 4 propoirrlniorq.

@o rlrov rol"6 ioroq ov or Iqo'ouiteq o,profvro,v oro vo leyel"doouvrouq El"eu0epotdrroveq Kor vo pe44


MYHTIKH AOKIMA>IA

ra,tpdyouveraivo r,o taypa os pro,onl"q @r)"ov0pronr_ 'Evroon, rq fioDel,rer to pdl,q rng ps tqv npoonrxrl dpopqrovXupnooiolv,onol.op8dvovtu,q rq ouv, po,pr,i npryrnncrlv,ruBepvrlttrolv npoocbnrrrv ro,r u,t6provr_ ravcirvo'tqv oprl,io,rar to rpayorl8r.A),}"d ro Ko,ro_ orpoqrrd touq o'1d8roeilov euprjtepoo.ron6 ror 4_ rCI,vfipoo'ertrrd opyovcrlp6vCI, ortq l"enropdpelrqKo,l r4v errdl"eoq.Ene8icrlKov vo qdpouv(ovri dvo puydl,o pdpoqtqg ov0pcrmdr4rogos pro rc,ttiotcrorl noerlr,_ rqq riyvoroqKCI,r 8erot8o,rpovioq. fvcrlpr(ovnol,ri ra,l.d dn r1ra,vrl p6vn ro,rrio.ro,onTroDpnopor5oe vo Boq0q_ osr ornv ol"orl,r'lprooqrow oronrrtv rouq yro 6vcrv floyr6opro Aeo'notro,pd.Or Arcrpo,prupdpevor Iepo,_ n6o'tol,or el"rilro.ro yvcrlpi(ouvdtr lpqorponoulbq_ Kc,vCI,pKrrdq rpopeqylo vo e[unripetrlooDvroDqfiopo,6oorororigeXOporiq roDq,roug polpu,rorcr0ol,troriq Ie_ peiq ro,r vo Byd),ouv((ro,rdorovo, ond tq gorrrd>,et_ 6mci orrlv Iv6io Ko,rrTlv Kivo. Or crno8ei(erqundp_ IoDV Kc,lrpul,rio'oovrolfipoorrrrrd ylo vCI,6rlpoo.reu_ torjv rov rortil"l,r1),oro,rp6. O peyol"rirepoq nol,rtrrdg u1qEupcrrnrlq, o npiyrc1_ nc,gBiopu,pr, yvcrtpt(epa o,rpi6ero,6l,cr to, puonrri rouq o1e6ro,.'H(epe dtr orondq rov Iqoourrcirvre_ p6ov rlruv vo, fipoKc,l"orjvSuo.apdorercr rc,r c,vcrord_ oe 6l.eq yhptg ug pre orond tqv nporrt0non rov loon 8rrrrtv rouq oDpqep6vtrov.Aur6g o 6ropo,nr6q dv_ 6poq, c,neu0uv6pevog oro yeppovrr6 Korvo6orjl,ro ouq 5 Aerep6pioDrou 1874,6r1l,rrioe dtt oe p1o,CIDEn_ rnon nou 6yrveovdpeo'ao'tov Aneotcrl,pdvotou Brip_ Trvp?rrpyKKo,rro Norjvroro*, o rrl,ruroioq pe ovc,i_

x Nodtoto (Nuncio): Arnl,orputtrdq cvtrnpdoornog rou fldno oe (dvr1 ruBcpvrloq (I.r.p.)

45


APXAIA MY'THPTA

Errl.qoia nptnet 6eto rar dnaporl eine: <H Propo'rrr1 vo 0errlpeitqv enovdoroorl oov ro povobrr6 p6oov yto vo efcroqo,l,ioslrq 61Ko,tolpo,trrr1 06o11rr'1q>(Ilmes,'7Aerep6piou1874).flol.l"oi rotoprroi rlq onog <Iv6trr1q Avtapoio6> ru,rqydpno'ovr oDq rol"or5pevr1 AropaptupdpevouqIepon6orol"ouq6tt dpeoo rcrt 6ppeoa undOcrl"ycrv rq 6uoop6oKerorcrr o8qyqoov ot dvcre0vtrrotrr6 (6oncropcr.Al"l,d epeiq6e ypdtpoupe nol"rtrrrl rotopicr. Enopdvcrlg, rivcrr oprer6 vcrno6pe 6rt o'ecruul tr'1vnepinraroq,dnrrrqKor or nol,l,6qdl,Iaq, n Errl"qoicr rqg Mercrppti0ptoqqrcrr tu p6l"q trlq crnerdl,aoov evCI, 6ol,rid nportopo ov Ko1crouvei6r'1tcr.Aev unr'1p\enorâ&#x201A;¬ An6rpu<pr1Erorpio noD vo pqv fwrooe to ldpr trov Iqoourtrrrvvcrnpooncr0eivo rq yrpepioa pe rti0e o'uvcopotm6tp6no. O crvcryvcilo,qrriver tov r6no ornq fioDevbro<pdperor Tro ro Odpcr rl'lv loropia rftorcov Era,tptcilv. vo c[voKeqo]"o,rroosr Av oregrei noro qrov q poipo roDq,pdvo orqv Ayyluia,0o ovcryvorpioer rqv o),qOetcr cruroriToDro'IDplopo6. O flpoteorovtto'p6q ldvet o'uvelcilq66oqoqrot Aro,poprup6pevo 60vr1 oe l"iyo 1p6vto to peyol,rirepo, 0o otcr0orjvnp6oronope npdo'olrope q AEYKH rcrt rq MAYPH MA|EIA. floro 0o 6tol"e(erq Ayy).io; Al,l,d 6l"eqor novo6pyeqnpoonti0ersqrivo,l Koro6rrcro;,rdveq vo ofiortilouv rr1 pdpo nou 04,o,noro,l.uo0o6v. roveiq 6av eiAv rcrt o Terrovtop6g 61er<pOopei o6poto Po56vc,t trov6q vo oDvrpiyer tov u,l,r10tv6, oroDpo Ko1 rov Avo,toh.r6 Muqpdvo. O oup6ol,top6q tou Bro8ordppov Ko,r tou Xor5prcr-Bxcrpr<ivo srei nou 6ol,oqovq0qre o Xrptip Apniq. ercr6irrroe 46


MYHTIKH AOKTMA'IA

Aev eivor onl,otq 6vo oorpovoprro ysyov6q, ol,l,ti npdrertu,r ylo, rqv firo o-npovrrrrl rel,eroupyto, pr* rl"q povoprritctlvA plotrrrlv Muool picrlvnou'6r6oXroe r:g tnoxtq Kor xplo'rponoteito,t 1t67pro,r1pepo. iup_ 6ol"i(er dvn ol"drl"qpo Dpdporou Krjrl"oD rrlq Zrorle, rrrrvnpoo8eutrrov evoaprroor(Dv,To)vyuXr*rrluol,)"& Kor rov guolol"oyrrotvpuo'ttrc6v,yro,ro, onoic,orite q Errl"qoio, or5rcq Entorr.lprlyvropi(ouvrinore, no,p; 6l"o nou a,urr1a,rpr6rrlqn te),eroupyioo8rlyqor o.rllv er6ql,orr'1tou peyol.ftepou aTEo xa Xp1o.r1ov1Kri Mu_ orqpra. O rc).eoraioE Murlpgvoq,Tl neprlqovrl prrlpn torv Kororop6rrrv, d8oloe to 0u,vcrtqqdpo lninqpcr orov IEPOOANTH-MYHTH tqq. M6vo nou ro 6ro_ vt no)6 1mourcdJOIepo<privrtlq ni0ousnprv npol"dBer vo pero6r6tioer oro pil,)oww6 Ard6oX6rou rr1 AE_ 'Eror EH. q Ouo'iocrno8eiX0r.lre dlpqotTl Kol n priq_ or'1<orel"r'1q). O IepogrivrrlgrrrlvZam6"Zfvratrt(e<ptri norcrpcbv) Kor rov XAIITAPII (tcrrvegrd peydl,crlv pi_ or) 6ev eivCI,r verp6q ro,r iorogdler rdrr vo ?ra oroDq orlylpovouq Murlpdvouqrov <E<prriA6qrrlv>.Eivoi onl"d OepoXp6vouKo,runopovrlq'neptoo.drepeq l,e_ nropdpetegBpiorovror oro rip0po <Meptroi A6yot yra Muo'ttr6tqro,> (E. p. Blavatsky,CollectedWriti_ ngs,rdpoqXIV).

47


O MYETHPIfIAHE (HAIOE THE MYHIHT) opXot6tqto xqq Muo'nrr1q Ao[ooiuq pnopei vo Lf rcrl.rJtepo ovti)"qnr1, 6tctv rpavei ot fioto ILyiver onpeio rnq loropioq to Muorrlprcr eilcrv q6"q uno6cr0ptotei, o,qof eilov unotolOei ornv fipooorntrrl rprl,o6o(io tou 6aon6tr1-ru6epvr'1tr1rcrr tou novofpyoD ltporeiou. Autd tu 6o0rti qrl.oootpmd rut enr0 pq oreutrrd 6 ptipotcr, otcr orrl povtrd 6topo p<pcrtpdvo or payol"rlreptq ol,rl0eteq onoio, CI,vorCI,plortivovtu,v tou An6rpu<pou 11 llveupottrod lfpnovroq Kol n rpuppdvrl rl"qpovoptri trlq TVooIq, ei1o,v yivet crvttreipevo roto6ico(r1q nol"r5fiplv ofi6 ttq pdpeqrqq crKprlq rou fll"dtrovo Kot rou flu0oy6pcr. C)ot6oo, ot TrporopxtKdq onorcrl"dyetq nou 660qrov otqv Av0pron6tqto, 6ev nf0ovov pcr(i pe tc Muottlprcr. Arornpolivrot or6pr1 oov rl"qpovoprd Y1o,rlq pel,l"ovttrdq rcrt neptoo6tepo ttvsDlrotrK_tqYevtdq. 'Ioda", ovcrqepOei tyEL 11611 Irrlv AnorcaAopp|,vrl 6tt ror on6 tqv eno1r1 tou Aprototel"q to peydl"cr Muorrlptcr eilov ldoet to op1tr6 peycrl.eio KCI,ttn o'oBcrp6trltd touq. Ot te)"et6qtouq eilcrv crlpqoteuOei Kcr,1oq 6vcr peydl,o Bo0p6 eilov uno8o0ptotei oe o48


O MY'THPIQAH!

(HAIO: TH: MyHtHt)

nLa rcpanrti Oetipoto11eiXovyivet 0pqoreuur6g pr_ pqoetq. Eivu,r ntpnr6 vu, ovnqdpouperu6reepga,vi_ orrlKov yro npcrttqgopd orqv EuprofinKCI,l otrlv E),_ ),d8a,,o,gor5undpler pto o(ebrdl.utq Xpovol,oyrrrl oriyluorl, roul"dlrorov pdlpr tr.1venopl rou Aproto_ r6l"q.Aprei vo,nofpe drr otqv Aiyunto ro Muo.trlprc, qrcrv yvrrlora ano trlv enopl rou Mrlvq ra,r 6tr..or 'El,l"qveg ra nrlpav p6vo 6to,v to d<pepe o Opqdog on6 tqv lv6io. Ie dvo,ripOpope titl.o, <'Hro,vn yoo: qr1 yvrooul nprv o,n6tov llovivr;>a6,ava,<p6pe.o,r, 6r, or fls_vrod eilov o,norrqo'ernoyr6opro ruprcrplicr ror 8iSooKovro <0uoro,ot'trd>Muo.tqpro oe d),),eq tpu),6q u,n6ro 3300n.X. flptiypotr, 6tov o Op<pdo6, o yloq roD An6l"),ovo,q 'Hl"rou, 6eX0r1re on6 rov nart_ po rou xrl (popptyya-r\v enrtilop8q l.rJpo,o,6p8ol"o rou rfironl"or5puotqpiou trlg Mdqoqq_rcr Muotrlpro 1t^* nAq novdplcrto o'rqv Kevrprrrl Aoio *o, il1u Iv6io. }ipqrovo pr rov Hp68oro, o Opqdoq r.lrcrvereivoq fioD ro, drpepeon6 rr.1vlv8io Kor o Op<p6crq ei_ vo,rnol"d upyat6.cepoq roD Oprlpou Kor roD Hoio6ou. 'Erot, or6prq Kol ottq pdpeqtou Aprotor6l.r1,el"dXt_ otor ltov or ol"qOtvoiMrioreq nou eilcrv peiveroqv Eupcrlnq,or6pr'1Kor ortlv Aiyunto. Or rl,qpovdpot erceivovnou c<poviornKo,v aTEo r,a Kc,roKTnrlrti[i<pn 8rcrrpdprrrv ero8ol,dov u1q apyaioq Aryrlntou, ,i1ou Kor or i6rot e(o<pcrvrorei pr rrl oetpd roDq. ,OnoX npLv ano 8000 { 9000 Xp6vro ro perjporni yvoor.li rul.o6o'eapya on6 to, opond8totqq Kevtpxrlq Aoioq orllv Iv6io, Kol npoq rqv EupolnrlKo,1q B6pero A_ qprKrl, 6cor 500 1p6vto nepinoun.X. ilpytoa vo KDl.rier niorrl npog r1v nalaa rou norpi6o,Kor t6no y6v49


APXAIA MY'THPIA

vqorlg. Itr'1 8rdprero,rcrrv endpevolv66o 1r),rri6cov tqg rinop(rlqrov peytil"cov Muo'rcov Ip6vov, 11yvcoo'r1 eile o1e66vXo0eiotqv Eupronq.Qot6oo, or peprrti puo'rrrti pdpq, to, Muotrlpto e(crcol"ouOorjoov vo rcl,otjvrar pe 6l,q rrlv nprrtropllKn rouq a,yv6tr1ru.O <'Hl"rogtrlq Atroroofvqg> e(orol"ouOotioa va pilver ro eorrrq roD oro vuX'cepnb oopav6.Evcilto orord8r eile rc,l"riryerro np6oronoev6qopcrOqr6opou, to u,trbvro gcrlqdvo6e p6ocroto, 'A6uro,rtq vrSltegtqq Mr5qor1q. Ta a)r19wdMuotrlpto, 6av dyrvovnot6 yvrrrorri.H El"auoivoKclrq 'Aypcrytar,a n1"q0q,o @e6qEu9oo)eitq, <rqg rcrl,r1qoup6oul,nqrj,I peyri),r1Opqxrl @e6tr1to yrcr, To veoquro. floto6 r"ltov ripoye auc6q o lrDornprcrt8rlq @e6q, 'H),to; rov onoio nol,l"oi epeuvqrdqouyXdouvpr rov 'Onoroq 61et rdnoro, r6do.yro rqv a,ploio o,ryunnorq e(roreprrrl niorrl, [eper no]"riro]"d 6tt yro to n],ri0q o 'Ootprq 'Hl,roq rlrcrv o otov Oupcrv6,<<oOupdvrog 'El"),r1veq Ba,otl"rdg>,o Po-Ip<ptipn. Ot ov6pcr(crvrov 'Hl,ro <Oq0crl"p6 tou Ar6q>,6notqo ofylpovog op066o(o9 fkipor1qdler tov <O<p0ol"p6 rou OpprofEo.Ovopo,(6ro,v,enioqq, <IIo,vren6ntr'1q@e6q> (no),oorp9aApoq), <@e6q}orr1pa,q>ran <afurcvv1Eoarrlpfaq>. Ato6dore rov ndnupo rou flogdpovpegoro Bepol"ivo, ra,0rrrqKc,l rq o'tr1l.r1,6ncoqono660qre on6 tov Mo,prdt-Mnat: 'H},re, A6(o oe odvo, {D Oeio rirvo!... or o,rtiveq oou lapi(ouv (rrlr] otoug cryvorSq Kol or 6ooug eivcn dtorpor... Or @eoi for <Yrot tou @eo6>] ?roDot nl"rlorri(ouv tpdpouv an6 ayal,l"icorl rar Dioq... Eori eioor o TrporoTswrlpdvoq, o Yroq tou @eo6, o t\oyoc,a7.

50


O MYTTHPIOAHX (HAIOI TH> MyHtHX)

H Errcl,qoio ovuyvroproeoe ourodq roDq 6poDq ror ei6e o'e o,ut6qtrq ergpdoerqrrrrvpuqttrcov tal,etrrrvro,t ro fipoqnrrrd )"6yrorrrrvllcryo,vrotrrrirvXpnoprrrvnpoqrlreieqyro tqv el,euonroD Xptoror5.H crl,qOeroeivot ncrrqovcr<pdpovro,v yro rtiOe ri(ro Muqp6vo. Aprettq ano rtq erqpdoaq nou Xpnolpofiorofvro,voro, teporxti reipevo,ro.t repoyl"u<prrd, Xrl"rd8eg Xp6v1onprv a,n6 tqv enopl poq, BpioKovror ccopcr orouq fpvoug Kc,r ug npoo'eu1dqrrov 1prorro,vrrcirv errl,qorcilv. A6orol"o 11Errl,r'1oio 0o nopa6e16ro,v rdtr rdroro, pro rcrt pdocro&oDqcrrroveq enrl),OeKoroor potprlrorv nuvtipxcr,lovXerpoypri<prov. Avcrpqi6ol"cr q Xprona,voofvq eile touq 6modqu1q peydl,ouqEvopo,trrofq Kol flporprlreq, dnrrrqrriOe dl"}"r1Opnoreio,. To, enrlerp4porri rouq 6pcoq6ev evtolfovto,r neproo6repopâ&#x201A;¬ To vo o,pvor5vtot rouq fipoKo,tolouq TODq. Arorjore

tt l"dar o fl)"cttotvc,q:

fvrrtpr(s,l,ornov,fl"adre, rcrrrq 6tuv prl"droylo rn 8qproupyia 'H}"ro. tou ayo,Ood, evvoo tov O frog Bpioretor oe tdl,eroo,vo,l,oyia pe tov flordpcrrou.

O Idp6l"r1oq onoKcrl"eirov 'Hl,to <err6vcr tqq 0eioq 8rdvoro,gq Xogicrq>.O Euo66roq,rTro,vol,crp6dvovro,qtcr l,6yta rou Oil"orvo,ovopd(errov ovorel,l"o'Hl,to (avarcLr1) vrcr Apyayytluo,crplcrr6tepoon6 6l,oug, npooOdtovtoq6tr o Apyayyel"ognou eivut no(eXernol,),ti ovdprotcr) ).orbvupoq eivo,ro A6yoq n Xpror6qa8.H l,e(n Sol ('Hl,roq)npo6p1etCI,r u,n6tn'1"6[q 'Evo,q solus,o 11o <M6voq>Kor ro el,l,qvtr6 tou 6vopo 'Hl"rog orlpoiver o <'Yyro'roq) Kc,16rot to o'6p6o51


APXAIA MY>THPIA

l,o yiverot Korovoqr6. flop' 6l.o outti ot oplo,ior 6ro'Hl"ro Kot oro fiprlrvov p1o 6ttirpto4 ovdpeoo otov t6tun6 roD. 'Hl"ro, O &orptitqg lo,tpetorjoe tov ovot6l.l.ovto 6nrrrq,ar6pr1 Ko,1orlq pdptq po,q,rdver evog crl,q0tv6q 'Opqpoq Kot o EuptniIldporlg rlZapoaotprotrlq. O qopdq peptrdq crvu<p6pouv 611q,6ncogKot o fll"dtrrlvog, 'Hl"ro. Clot6oo ot to Aio-A6yo, xrl nA6â&#x201A;¬n, q tov pcrvteio otcrv to oqotj 6tr Xprotrcrvoi tolupi(ovtcrt 'HpcotrlOr'1reTto ro @e6 Idco crndvtqoe: <Etvcrr o l,rog>, enopdvotq: otouqfloyavrO frelo8d trrrvlou8ai<rrv ftcrv nol,dyvcrror6g otdq rar touq

'El.Iqveqae'

Kcrr o <Itio eivor o 6tr6q poq fre1o6fu. To npcbto pdpoq rqq np6toorlq rpoivercrt6tt 6ev 6Xetro,prd o16oTl pe to 6eftepo. llol"tl 1'ty6tepo 6ev pnopei rcrveiq vcr Oeroprlott ro o'upn6pcropoo'o,v ocrrot6. A)")"ri ov untipler t6oq crvdyrr'1vo, crno8erytti rl tcrutotqtcr, epeiq 6e 8tcrqrovofpe ro06),ou. M6vo TroDot ptcr t6totcr nepinroorl, o ftelo6ti 0o eivot enioqq o Bdr1oq. Eivcrt nol"6 nepitpTo ?roDor ofylpovol Xplortcl'voi pel.stqtdq e(optcovto,t crn6ttq niotetq trrrv lou6cri'Hl.roDs0, 6rrrv-7rou 4tov :o0crtteq rot l"dtpetg tou fioq o 61l,oq u1g Xo),6crioq- Kol pe crut6-tov tp6no 6ev roto<pdpvouv vcr 6ouv 6tr o petdnertu, fteXo0ti 6ev aivor napa pto toubotrrl crvdntu(r1tou fra,-Bd, 11 tou Iocb rov Oolvirrrrv. Me l,iya )'6yro, npdrertot yro, ro pDortK6 6vopo ev6g Muotqproror5 @eo6,ev6g on6 touq.nol"l.or5qKd6erpoDq.flop' 6l"o nou qtov o <'YVloroq @e6q>Tto 6vo ptrp6 60voq,notd 5e 0ecopr1Oq\')


O MYTTHPIOAHX(HAIO> TH> MYH>H>D

Kr o'o,vrdrolog o,n6roDqMuqpdvouqfiou rsl"ofoCI,v to Muorqpro. frcr o,utofq6evr1ta,vno,pri6va fll,o,vr1rrr6 llvefpcr npoo'rol,)"qpdvoorov opCI,r6'Hl"ro, o onoioq 'Aotpo sivor ro revtprr6 KCI,1 6Xr o KrvrprK6qnveu'Hl,roq. purrrc6q Kar einev suto o 'Ayyel,oqKupiou, fotov Mavrrui] <eiq u tofto sprrrtriqro 6vopri poDKot aut6 eotiv 0oupuorovsl>.

'Oncoq Kor o,v61erro npayqa,66o'rol"u,pnopei vcr onopprqOeiq tcrutorrlrcr, roD freloOd tou dpouqltvri p€ ro @e6Bdrlo Ko,ro rsl"euratoq-6ncoqr16qovcrrpd'Io6apops orqv Anorcil,o1tptvr1 eivor o Ar6vuooq52. 'Onou l,a,tpeu6rovo Btirlog unqple pro no,pd8oorl y1o rqv n6l"q N6oo,s3ror 6vcro'nr1l,oro6nou ovo,tpe'E(co rp6tcrv. crn6qv El,)"d6o,o Bdrloq qrcrvo novio1upoq<<Zayptaq, o ovr.rtrepoq rov @erov>, ornv DfiTlpeoio rou onoiou 6pror6rov o Op<pdc,q, o r8purqq tcovMuotrlpicov.Tcilpo,l"orn6v,a,v6e yivetcrrono6e116 6tt o Mcouorlgr1ro,v6vog puqpdvoqtep6oq,6vcrq Mr5orr1g,ot npd(etq rou onoiou c,vc,rpdpovtor al,)"qyoptrd, rdre 0o nptna vo yivet 6ert6 dtr l,rirpeuero Bdrlo pa(i pe rouq loparl),iteq. Kor oro66pnosv o MalUorlqOuoroot{prov,rcnterri},eorvro dvopa uvrof frcXo1dNwot [(, Iucri-vroi,\ na]* At6vuo'o]54.

fto vs evrolrioorrpeouro rov roxuptop6 np6na vo 0upq0oripre drr o t6noq dnou yevvrlOqreo 'Oo'tprq,o AryrJnttoqZayp€aqq Bdrloq, rltov ro 6poqltvri, to onoio on6 touq Arydnrtouq ovopd(erar Nioc,. To lril.rtvo <pi6rrltcrv tva vay6"q,Unj Ko,ro prlvaqtou tou8orrorjfkiolo ovopd(erct Ntotiv.

53


O TKOfIOE TON MYETHPION Muorrlpra rqq lcrpo0pdKnqeivo,rto apxcrr6tefo I pa Muoulpto fiou gvo,qdpovtoroulv rotopia. Metd tq 8rdluoq roD oyvor5llup6q apyt(e prcrvdcr (orr1.Aut( rlrov q rorvo6pyto ydvvqorl rou Muqp6vou, perd crn6tqv onoia yrv6ro,vvr9tr(a, <6tnl.oyevvqpdvog>,6ncogot Mnpolprivor tqq opXoiogIvbioq. 'El"a6ov pdpoqergtqv rel"etr1vrqv orcoiaveivur 8irorov vcr ovopci(opevporaprotdtqv... 6vraq t6l,erorprv 01i6ror55,

l"6ero fll.rirrovcrg.O Ar66rrlpoqo ltrel,dq, o Hp66oxoq KCr,lo loyXovtd0ovs6-o oplot6rspoq crn6 rouq lo'xoprKofq- ),dve6tr ourri ro Muotrlpro, (erivqouv on6 rqv,op1q tou Xpdvou, nr0crv6vlrl,rdbeglpovro nprv oru6rnv roroptrrl nepio6o. O Idp8l,rlog poq 6tr o flu0ay6poq nl,qporpopei 'Htov purlpdvoq oe 6l,cr to puo'rriprntqq Bri8l"ouKor rnq Tr5p9"u, nq repdqtel,etdqtrrrvXdpov Kor ro, puorripro rrrrv(DorviKCDV-"

'Onorg 'Iofia: etncilOqreorrlv Anorcil.u1tpivr1 'Otov

dv0poriol pâ&#x201A;¬ on6lutq q0xr1 oav rov fluOuyopo, rov fll,dtrovcr Kol rov Idp6l"rXo, ouppereilav ota Muotrlpro Kol p1l"ofmv yru autri pe oe8cop6, bev app6(s1 oroDq oriyXpovouq

54


O 'KOIIOX TQN MY>THPIQN

rprtmodq vc,to, rpivouv rooo unepiorenra p6vo an6 trlv e(olreprrrl rouq epqdvroqss.

Kor 6progour6 crrpr6coqyiverot p61pr rrrlpo. O Klnpnq o Al.e(ovbptv6qonypoti(er to Muotrlpto oov <doepvoKor 6rcr6o),rrd)), lro,p'dl"o nou rcr l,6yto, tou 8eilvouv 6tr ro, El,euoivro,Muotrlpra rltov rcrur6oqprcrpe ereivo rrov Iou6o,icov. Tcr E),euoivtu,Muotqprcro,notel,ofvtc,von6 6uo pepq. Tcr Mtrp6tepcr tel,ofvro,v orrlv 'Aypo Kor ro, Meyo,l,rltepcr otqv El"euoivo KCr,l o,qorlperco0ei 6rt o Klnpnq r1to,vrc,r o i6roq puqpdvoq.Al"l"d q Kd0opo'rl, rl or 8ortpc,oieg e(riyvrorlg, ndvrote nopcrvor'10qKCI,v. H epprlveio,tou kipBl"rlou dqerl,e vcr eivor on6l,uto lKo,vofiolllrrrr1, toul"dlrotov ylo rd0e crnporard)"r1ntq 6rdvoro. Adet: flop6porsg er8ql"rrloerqota Muotripra eilav orono vo poq el,eu0epritoouv cn6 tcr or6l,aotcr rcdOr1, roOopi(ovroqtrlv 6poorl rccref,otpcrvi(ovtcrg rriOerorq orcdryq,pdocl tqg go6epr1qcyr6tqtag un6 tqv onoio ouvo8edovrovcrutdgor repoupyieg.

O Ap. f. fouoppndprovsencrponlpei: Or oo<p6repor dv0prrrnol rou ftoyovronrof r6opou oDpqalvodv on6l,utc 6u tu Muotrlpro eilcrv eyro0r8puOeipe cryv6tqto ra,r eilov ocrv ororc6 nq euyevdotepegezn8rrrr(erqlre ro nro ri(ro pdoa.

llop' 6l"o nou dropo Ko,1rov 6uo <pr5l"crtv ror rti0a tdEqq Enwptnoxovvo l,d6ouv pdpoqoro, Muorrlpro, Ko,1Tl ouppetolrl rltcrv o1e6dvunolpeconrrl, oot6oo el,rilrotor drprovo,v orqv ovcomprlKor tel,rrq Mriqorl ratti u1 8tdprero a,urcbv;crovnepi<prlpovte),etov. H 6ro6d0ptorl trrlv Muorqpirov pro,q8iveror crn6 rov 55


APXAIA MY>THPIA

Ilp6rl,o oro t6to,pro 6t6l,io roD dpTorrrov @ed.oyta rcu If Adrava. H e(ayvrcrrrc4 rilerilnpoqyeiror rqc,pbrlorlgru 11pbrlor1rqg rel,rrrlq onorril.uyqq, rrlg enonreiaq.

un6 tr1 lpr5pvq, oro 6r6l.io rov Ma9rypaO @6rrrv rm6", }wnpei enioqq nq pDonrdq rel.er6q oe n6vte pdpn: ytuti ta Muotrlpro 6ev To nprrltocrn6outri eivcrrq e(dyvror'1, onoral,fnrovror or o)"ouqdoouq enrOuporiv va rcr 6e10otjv.Ynciplouv opropdvcrtitopcr rcouepnobi(ovror on6 rq <prrlvrl tou rqpurcr... ener6( eivor onupairqto ereivor or orcoior6ev onopdor.ooprrl,eiovtar ono tcr Muorrlprcrvo e(oyvrororivruprrrccr opdvqq rd0apoqg. Metri uiv e(riyvroq, 11ano8opl trov reporv ral,etov eivcr emrulnq. To rpito pdpoqovopti(etarenontda,11 ono6olr]. Ka,r ro rfrapro, nou eivor o or61oq trlq crnordl"uyrlq, r:ivor [r1re].erri anovopriql q rd]"uyt1 rlg reqcr].rigrcn 1 tono06perti on6 tqv onoiu to ciropo[o purlperqoq roD oteppotoq60... r'1repo<ptivrqq rrrrvMuotrlpio:v, rj avoq] yivetur eite 6a6or51oq no8dletar rrinoro dl"l"o tpripcr roD pDor1prarod l,erroDpyritloanotdl,eopcr ratv nporltoq. Al")"riro ndpnto,ro onoio 0er.rrpeitar youpdvrov, eivatq gil,ia rcatr7eoarepwryenwovavio.pe ro @e66r.

Kot o,ur6 qrov ro tel"autoio rcrr go6ep6tepo torv Muornpiov. O rriprog ot61oq tcov Muotrlpirov, to onoio, no,plorrivovtcrt 16oo 6ro6ol.rrd o,n6 oproprdvouqqovorlrodg ror yel,oronototivtc,r 16oo on6 roug ofyXpovoDq oDyypoqeiq, rlrov oDvDqo,opdvogpe rov firo uyql"6 rcrt 110116oron6. Aav eivor oncrpcritqro vcr enCI,val,d11611 oqv Anorca6oupe e6o ereivo TIoD?reptyptirycrpe 'Iotda62, )otrtptvr1 6ql,o6n 6tt eite pdorrl Mr5r1o1qoe vcr6, eire prdoronpooCIntKqq pel"6tqq trlq @eoupyiu,g, rdOe onoubcro'rr1qcrnortofoe pro, on66er(r1 tqq cr0o56


O IKONO:

TON MY'THPION

vu,oioq rou flvefpor6q roD Kc,1rqq ent8irrlonqrqq YuXnq.To rt orptBroqr1tovq tnonrefa,to uncrtvio.oero1 o lll.tircovc,qoro Qai\po [250B, C]:. ... Kol ei6av ro rul,dovropaio 0doparur t),a6uvp6pog orqv td"err1,tqv onoio eivar 6iraro vo ovopd(ouprpoKoprordtq,rcor rqv onoia navqyupi(oupe6vtaq rdl"etorpsv or i8ror ror a8l,aBeiqan6 rcmci,doc stq rov ro,r6nrv rarp6 poq neprpdvouvrar eruer6r1 B)EnoopeKol Tropornpo6perul"d, etrc6veE rdl,ereqKo,ro,nl,dgr<.aryol,r'1vreqran eo\aqtovrc1,E ltlou oe l,apnep6 geyyo66^np0.--.

Aurr1 q rcrl"uppdvqogol,oyio 8eilver 6tr or Mun-d6l,anav,bq),o8q p6vor onol,dp6ovo,vrrl @eoqdvero opdpcrra,@etovrcrr ol"qOtvotva,Odvo,trrrv flveupdtorv. 'Onrrlq o'roottiuvo<pdpet o Tdrl,op6a: To uvrrrtu,ropdpogrrlq enonreiaErj tqg tel"mrlq cnorril,uyrlq, ouvioturo orq 06a trov ibrclv rrDvOeovfcvrrlreprrrvfl]"avr.1trrrov flveuprirov], ev6e8updvrov pe dvo urtrvo66l,o goq65. H 611l,roor'1 rou llpdr)"ou

ntivco oto 06po sivCI,rKo,-

rnyopltlotrrrl: le 6l,eg nq pu{o'ergKor ro Muotrlpro or Osoi srbq},rirvouv noful"dg dyergror napouord(ovrorpr 8tdqopeqpopqdq.Ilpdyprcrtr, pepmdqeopdq,ep<pavi(ovrar ocrvdpopgo errrq.T6te aur6 to <pa461erav0prrrnrvo oxqtlo evo dl,l"ote npo0dl,l,erpe 6rorpopetrn6 tpdno66.

2ro Nrcoatfp, ro BfiAlo too Zer rou llporpryrrlZryr06or,6ruBri(oupe: Otr6linote uncipler ndvrrlotrl fq eivar ovoncrpdotaonKol oncl rou evdqnpdyporoqTrouBpioretar orr1lqaipo. 'Ooo out6 to u,rnvo66l"onpdypu [ro nprrrt6tunorou Yulrrof flveripatoq] nopc,pdverce aperd"Blryv1 ruruoraoq, ro i6ro oup8aiver Kor pe 'Orcrv u1 orrd tou. ro arnvo66l,o a,noparpfvetorand tq onri

57


APXAIAMY>THPIA roD, tl (rrlrj gerlyer.Enioqq sreivo ro qoq eivut 11orcrdrcinotou n puypuroq,ar6pq ruromtrvo66l.ou67.

Aur6 crnotel.eipro crn66er[qrnq tour6tqtcrq rov eocoreprrcirv6o(o,o'rcilvrou pe ereiveq totv El,l,qvrov @tl"oo6qrrlv. H neprypoqrltou fll,dtrovu on6 ro eDai\poanr6e0otorverrqv rinoyq 6tr tcr Muotr1plo rov Aplcricrtv rlrov ruut6oqpo ps uq Murloetq nou re)"o6vro,t opetcrlritcovBou8rotcirvrcrr trov IvK6pq rcrr orlprepu, 6cilvMuotcov.To avotrepooptiporo, To firo o,l"q0rvd, nporcrl"orivtovp6o'corqq-Kovovrrqg nerOopliog rcrlv 6o,0ptcrirov MuqoerrlvKor rqq crvdntu(r1q tcovryulrrcirv 8uvdpecov. Xtqv EupcirnqKo,l orrlv Aiyunto, or Mrjoteq dplovrov or orevrl efioen pe ereivouq roDq onoioug o flp6rl,og crnorol,ei<puonr6g qfoerq>, <orcrrvo66l,ouq@eofg>> , ytari 6nrogl,6ero lll,tircovoq: Ko0apoi 6weq ror yrlpiq vcreipaore rl,ero'pdvoroe out6 to po(i poq ro ovopd(ope orrrpc, trvltro, to onoio nepr<pdpovtcrq 8epdvorpo(i tou, oo,voâ&#x201A;¬ 6otpcmo68.

'Oo'oyrcr rrlv Avcrtol"q, H 6o(aoiu trrrvnL.ovqtxrbv rcr y(rvrrlv flirpfe unorol,unr6rav r)r1paEotqv cplcria lvbia, rutti tqv tel,euraia otrlprl rnq pdnoqgror p6vo otouq puqpdvoDq r(Dvavrrrreprrrv 6cr0prrrv70.

Mnoporipe vo, 7rpo.o06ooupe rritr or6pq yro rnv eppr'1veiorrlq f66qq IIftp. Irqv Ivbio, o to6l.a [pa0rltnq]rou tpirou 6o0poriMdrloqq61er6uo froupoti. O 6vu,qeivor o Mr5onlqnou 61er<puorr6oripo,,o til,l"oq aivor o riooprog rcrr 6v6o(og Molrirpo, o ofioioq ncrpop6veroriprBoul"oq 11rcr0o8nyTlrrlgor6pr1 Kot rrlrv ovcbrepcov Mur'lpfvcrlv.E),tilroror eivo,rot o58


O XKONO: TQN MY'THPIQN

no6e8eypdvor tod),u nou dlouv 6er ro (rrlvtuv6 ArD<ioro),6 rouq, nprv crndrr1 p6po Kc,lrnv cipo tou tel,rrof ro,r o,rrovra, 8eopeutmori6prou toug. Aur6 orprBcbgevvoorioc,peo:*lv Anorcaluplttvrl'Iofia 6rov ovcr<pdpope 6u el"dlroror crn6rovq rparcipry\eE (1)ut\r1rci)a rlrav dyvototrl r6re o'tqv EuprrlnrlKol rnv Apeptn1), ooo6rlnote Ayvoi, tipror rar agootopdvor,dlouv 6er rrlv uo.tprrri pop<pqev6q ro0apd av9pcbnwou nrcap(wog ripoydvou11notdpa). Aut6 yiveta,r p6vo rc,rri trlv repr'1otryprj rrlq npalrrlq ror tel,eutaioq priqbriqrouq. Movo napouoic rou rco0o8qyrltodrou, tou froupori, rar pdl"rq l.iyo nprv o Barcolparipnq [o np6o<pcrro puqpdvoqtodl,cr]otal"ei otov rdopo talv crvOprbnov, pâ&#x201A;¬ pova6r16 eq66ro tq pd66o aru6pncrpnodpe touq eqrd r6pnoug, p6vo t6re ewel"orq[orpvrrri, tpyerat np6oono pe rup6oronops rl.lv dyvarrq ilAPOYXIA frou flrrdp rj flotdpa roD, roD dv6oEou aopctorr Ar6aortil.ou 11oorrlputouMcrXdrpa].Tov Bl"dncrrar nd<preroto nd8ro tqq rpeuyol,duq pop<pr1q, al"l,d bev rou epnrotafovror to peyci)"opuonr6 tqq enirl,qonq tng, yroti aut6 eivor to undpraropuotqpro tqq dyrcqoul,l,cr8riq7l.

O Mur'1pdvoq, l"dero El"rqdqAeBi, yvotpf(etKo,rrnopdvrrlq<tol,pti to ndvro ru,r pdver orornql,6q>.O peyd).oql-ti),l"ogKu,66ol"rou'1q ),6et: Mnopei vo rov Seiteoulvri Ol,rppdvo, ol,l,ti notd crnel,nropdvo ri anoyoqreupdvo,oulvri <ptor16, ol,},ri note tanervrrtpdvoq d0l,ro' oulvri raru8rrrtr6pevo,ol,l"d rcordntorlpdvo ri ouvtprppdvo. frod out6g 0uptirar tq plpeio Kor ro rp6votou Optpdcr, tqv e(opia Ko,lro povalmd Odvq,rorou Mrouori,to poptdpro trrlv ,rpoqnrrrtv,ro, Bcoovrotrlpro,ToDArol,l,alvrou, to Etuupd tou X,or{po. fvotpi(er o'e tr ri0}"ra rcordoraoq ndOs,veo Aypirog, rl pvnpn tou ongiou 6uoqqpeitot ytfypt orlpepc' yvropi(er nq 8onpo,oieq nou rl"6vroav to peydlo llaprirel.oc rar 6l,c doo,;6perriotnKs vo uno<pdper o PoUp6v6oq Aoul,, nprv o8rlyrl0ei

59


APXAIAMY>THPIA oe obuvrlp60civoro.@uptirordtr o X8dvtevpfiopyK ovoyru(6rov vo fipoo?Torcitnr tov nopdtppovo,urcopr1 Kor vo ltioer o1e66vro q yvoorl tqv onoia rc,tei1e. )"oymd rou, Trprvrou oDT1rrlpe0ei 'Ayro @upritcnrov Mo,ptivo, o orcoiogrltcrv uvc,yraopdvoqvo rpdBetor oe 6l,11roD rrl (ror1,rov Kal,r6otpo nou n60oveeyrcrrcrl.erppdvoq oto rel.i qq Iepdg,E\&aaqg7z,tov Kcr(6t, nou 1dOqre orqv ynl"orivcr. Arti8olog t6orov nol.l,rrlv 0updtrrrvror rcap'6l,o a,urdrol"pci,al"l"d rcrravoeiEol"6rueproo6tepornv ovayrardtqta vo pdvsrorrrrnql,6q73.

O Terrovro'p6q-d1r n nol"rttrrl opydvrrroqnou aivor yvcoonl o'ov kcrrttrq lroti- crl,l"d o ol"q0tv6q Terrovrop6g, peprr6qte|"etoupyieqrou onoiou 6roorrr(ovto,rcm6pqotq Meyri),q Avaroln tnq fol"l"ioq 'Aopol", 'AyKol rlq onoieq o Hl"ioq 6voq8rdonpoq yloq Anorpu<prorrlq@rl,6oorpogroD 17ou crtcbvo, pdtorcrvo o,volroprpooer ro,td to ftporunpoorcriOqoe CI,tyDfitto,rrrrv Muotqpirrlv, o Tefio rcrlvrv8rrrov KCI,r pe ro Po,yr6v,tq peyrirtovrop6q, l.orn6v, or5pgrovu )"r'1au0evriondvcrroto 06po,Bcroi(ercrr or rptlg 0epel,rco6erqevtol,6q.To tprnl,6 rcrOrlrov ev6g Tdrtovo eivol vcr pel,etrlou un6 nob tpXemt,rt elvat ran nob An)"o6nvo pel.ernoa ro @e6,tov eout6 tou nr1yalvtr. H rertovtrq Ko,lrn pel.l.ovtrrr1tou percrp6prproc.1/4. Mriqor'10ooiorqre ndvcoo'e ereivq tcrrvpxp6rtpov Muorqpirrlv.O rpiroq 6a0pdqXprlorponoteitootqv Aiyunto Kol xqv Iv8io ono otrrvrlpoveritcov 1p6vov ptxpt oqpepcr cm6pr'1 Kcrrn crvdpvrloqroD no,po,pdvet Ktrt o'e Kder ltoti, rdtro o,n6to 6vopa tou OcrvdtoD tqq o,vriotoonqroD Xlpdp Apniq, tou <<frournq Xtl'poq). Itrlv Aiyunro ovopo(6tov <'Ootprq>,otrlv Iv6io, <Aord-rooroo$> (Oq0ol,p6q tou K6opou) rcrt 'H),toq, <Nrtvorripo (6rlproDpydq tqq p6poq)q evrrr 60


O XKOTIO' TON MY:THPION

11i6ro 11te).eroupyioovopu,(6tovnovtorj <nril,q tou Oo,vrirou>. To gdpetpori n o-oprogdyoqroD ,Oorpr,o onoioq o'rorrrtoqre crn6 tov Tuqcrlvo,prro,gep6tov rc,r ronoOsteirooto rdvrpo rnq Nerptrrlq Ai0ouoaq, ps roDqMuqpdvouqydprrlrqq Kol rov unoryrlrpro 6i_ n]"o. Aur6v rov pcrrrodoo,v o,v eile l.ti6er pdpogo.to rp6voror no,pritqv dpvrlorl rou rccrtrjo.repoon6 6r,i_ qopeqror nol,6 or),r1pdgDorrpooieq,o Muoroyrrly6g npoonoreito drr rov XrDTrofoeoro re<pdl,rpe 6vov n6l"eru.Aur6q dnegrercdrrD,rov t6l.ryov pe riqoopo dncoqttq por5preq Kor rov gp4vofoq,v. 'yo.tepo,ap6t, (o,v oorpcrndqro,r repouvoi, ro unotrOdpevonrrr4io nepr6ol"l,dro,v o,n6tpcrrtrri rot rel,rrd ovuvrrrv6ro,v. O Poyr6v prl"deryro p1CI, qqpn nou KornToporJoe tov Aurorptitopcr K6po6o -o onoiog rrinote tnut\e to p6l"o rou Muoto,ycrlyor5drr err6l"eor ro p6l,o tou oro [rDrlnr6 6pdpo 16oo a]"qOrvd,cborenpcrypotmri ordrcooarov unoryr'1<pro, 6rov rou d6coo.e to ltrinqpo pe rov n6l"eru.Aur6 8eilver drr ro,lttKporlpa"tvtucii4_ pro,6ev eilov e(c,<povrotei evrel"roqrord ro DerJrepo p.X. o,trrlvu, Ta, Muorqplo perogep0r.lro,v otrl N6tro ra,r Ke_ vtprrq Apepu((, oro B6peroMelrrcd Kor ro flepori orcdtouq Arl"ctvreroDq rqv eno1r16nou

'Eyo! ne(on6pogan6 ro Boppri ftqq neprolrjq nou rrinota _ qtav Iv8ial pnopodoeva tprcioer-Xtl,piqo1e66v vo 6pd(sr ta nd8ra,rou- orrl Xepodvnoo rnq Al.dorcrg pdororr.1qMovtEou_ pioq, rcrrri pqKoq roo pel),ovrmoitK6)tnou rqg Tapropiaq, nq Nr1oougKoupil"eg rccrrAl,eodneg. evr.rrdvoq til"l.oq to(r6rc6tng, erpo8raopdvogpe dva ro,v6 rcr (errvalvta,q an6 ro Ndro, pno_ podoevo nepruutqoero,ft6to Xrrip, va 8raolioer to Nrlord trlq

61


APXAIAMY>THPIA flol,uvqoiaq Ko,lvo erolotprjoeroe onorobqnotepdpoqrTlg nneipoutqq N6trog Apeprr',iq.

Iuvdltoov vu,urudplouvpdlpr trq prdpeq rcrrvIonu,vcrrveto6ol,dcrlv. Ereivor rot6o'rpeyov ro peftrovmri Kc,1firpoD6rovri apyeia, o),},d aprno8iotqrccrv vo 6dl"ouv to 6e6r11,o 16pr rouq otrq noLl,sgflupotrri8eq -ttq orodq ploq op1o,ioqMriqonq- ro epeintorcrlvonoiroveivor oropntoprlvcroto floudvte Noo'rovd)",tr1 Iol,orj),o Ko,rro Teorrloucmriv.Tcr epeinto rou flol"6vroue,tou Orco0ipyrooro XrdncrqKc,rd),},o ornv Kevrpmrl Apeprrrl eivo,ryvrrrotrioe 6l"ouq.Av or nupopi8eqtcov vorrtvtrlq froutevyrc6l.o Kor rrlq Mit)"o np66rvcrvnott ra puottrd ToDq,q tcoprvr1Arboorcrl"icr0a go,rv6rovdrt unqp(e np66popoqrrrlv peyol"rirspov ol"rlOerrrlv on1 Orioq. Ito petcr[66],or crutoi or t6not 61ouv ro 8trcoiorpCI, vo, onoro,l"orjvtatMirl.o,, ((Ko,rorrieq <<t6nor0l"iyqq> Ko,r rrrrv (6e8q)"crtpdvrrlv) verpcrrv>.

62


TA IXNH Tf,TNMYXTHPIf,IN Baoil"rcr1 Terctovu<r1 Eyrcurc)onafketaoro lnfrpo <'Hl"roq> ovo,rpdper: Xe dl,s6 uq moytc, o rll"rog drcar(ecvayrcuottrd ivc, oqpavrr_ . ouv otipOol,orar r8lairepo orov El.eu0eporer"ouropJ. g9l9 Io O W.M. oup6ol.i(sr rov ovordl.l,ovta {l.ro, o J.W. rov {}.ro ro peoqpdprror o S.W. 66ovra ril"ro. Xng Spur8miqrsl,ecdqo .to Ap1r6pui6r1goup86l,r(e rov rril,roKo,lrov neptoroiyi(crv 6uo c,_ f,rropcror5lor,o,n6 touq onoiorg o dvaq oup'OOl"rEr"rn oel"livn or4 Afoq rar o dl"}"oqtov rjl,ro oro N6to, oro lrâ&#x201A;¬ooDpdvr.lpti rou. Eivcr evrel,roqrElpr:!9 va erodl.0oupsos pro po*poo*ei4 ovdl,uoq crurorjrou oup66l,ou.

flol,d <neptrt6> npfypart ogor5o Z.M. pc,yr6v ro ov6l"uo'enl"rlpcoq, 6nrogpnopei vo,8tcrnrorrrroer ravaic oto r6l"oq rou repol.oiou <H Muqtrrcrl Aorrpooio oro Muor4pra,rou 'Hl,tou>. 'Onalgeinope,o Eiau0e_ pomKrovrop6qnrlpetrg rel,eroupyieq tou an6 rqv A_ vorol.r1. Kor 6ncogyto roDq ofylpovouq po66orou_ pouqeiva,tol,r10ero6rt <evSferlrovpr ptu,yvcoorlrou lriouq, nou iorrrg6av eivCI,r rot t6o.o enr0upr.1tr1>, 11 nopotrlprlo4 ourrl ro16er nol.6 neptoodrepooe-6_ l,ouq touq ti),l,ouqrl,d6ouq rou Tertouropoj, ogori 11 yvcrlorltcrtv pel,cbvo'letrrri pe rnv nlnpn oqpa,oio, 63


APXAIA MYTTHPIA

'Elouv KoroqfYsl rrrrv oup66l.rrrvtouq eivat pr16evtrct1. oe berdbeq Dfio06oe1G,rl lrto Trto oniOovq o,n6 tr1v til"l,q, 6nrogy1o,Tropd8elyporoDq (>rpoyyul"ofq nf pyouq)) rrlq Ip),ov6ioq. M6vo oDr6 to yeyov6q crpKei yro vCI,6ei(et rnv dyvoto rrrrv Tert6vov' orlp<provope u1 Baot)"trcr1Tercrovrcr1Eyrcud"onai\em, <q r6do nrrlq uutoi pfiopti vo ouv66ovtol pt tqv Tertovtrrl Mft1oov crvri(rcrevbtu<p6o'Tl ttp6fit1 opdorrlqvo CI,Yvon0ei povrog). Ot <fl6pyot)) TtoDBpiorovtcrt oe 6)"q tqv Avcrtol.rq, ouvbdovtov prerlq Muottlptcrcdq Muqoetq, 6nl,o6q trq tel.etdq rou B.to6cxdppo,vKol tou Btroprdvo. Or unoyrlqlol ylo Mfrlorl Tofto0erofvtov p6oo oe outofq ylo rpetq pdp4 Ku,trptlq v61teq, 6tov 6ev unrlple erei rovtd rdnotog vcr6qpe urc6yerorpfntq. Autoi 01 orpoTyu)"oi nfpyor 6e ltiotqrcrv yro rov6vov til"l"o oron6. Ilcrpd to yeyov6q 6tr 6l'cr ro ?top6polCI,pvnpeio nayovrotmqq npodl'euoqq elouv 6uoqnplorti, toot6oo e(cKol.ou0ofv vu nopopdvouv to, (covtovri onolrttvdptcr rnq crploioq lo<pioq. Tinote 6ev undpltl ot out6 tov ovrlKtlpsvrr6 ror onotr11"6 r6opo fioD vo pnv pTropei vo lpqotpdyer yro 66o 'Etot, o's pttoYtoronor5q' 6vov rol,o rot 6vcrvKo,K6. vdotepeq enoytg or Mur1p6vo1xrlg Aprcteprlg Atpcrrot6l.o6ov ro ntplo'fiof Ko,l ot o,vOpcrrnopopgrordq o6repcr on6 crutd to orornql,ti ror eyrcrtal"erppdvo epstnro on6 touq fiporoDq o'o<pofqrcrtoiroug roDq KCI,l ro ptrdrpt\rCI,voe gcrl"l.trd pvnptio.'Htcrv plo oK67r1pq, erofolo Kot roroq0qq tlopsppqveio rou cr)"q0tvof touq voqpcrtoq, pto tKrpo?tr1on6 trlv nprrltrl 1pt1'Hl,ro( -fiop' 6),o nou nuvra, o,r6pq rot orl roDq. O ylo rcl nl"r10r1,rltov o povoe oupdvrcE)rcq- ot Kdee 64


TA IXNH TQN MY'THPION

l"oirrl efolrepmrl Opqoreia,eile pru,6tnl.4 6Vn, n onoio, crvOponopopgonotri0qre an6 rouq 6d6r1l"ouq. 'Eror 'Hl,roq o rlrov o 'Oorpr6-Zurpcbvaq, o Oppd(vrAyprpdv, o MneT-lfae Kat o Bd"al, ro g0)rr1v6oropo nou lcrpi(er (cor1ran 06"varo. Kor dror, o pov6l,t0oq,11 orr1l"q,11nupopi8o,o nfpyoq 11o vo6q,nou ltiotrlre aplxd ylCI,vo 6o(tioet rrlv npcbrqappl n 6Vn, 6yrve pe rov ro,rp6 ovttreipevo et6crll"ol,orpeiu,g q or6pr1 Xerp6repo,dvo,gcrl"l,tr6 dp6l"qpo l"rsrrl lov6poer6q ror (rrlcrt8rKn popqTlrou. To Aivyro trov Iv8rilv 61er 6vo nveupo,ttrdrot unepBol,trdgrl.oooqrr6 v6r.1gio, av(6or repu,ndorol,or6ev 6l,6nouvo.eu,urdnupa p6vo dvo <doepvoor5p6ol,o>. Ka,r6palq,Dro,tqpeito v6r1po nou Bpiorcror or 6l"o ereiva ra lrnaa),ip, oopoVip Ko,rro pnop6t pa(i pe trq orrl),eqo,ndanel.6rqrr.1n6rpo rnq Bi6)ou, or onoieg op0rovovto,lT1o q 6d(o roD opoevmof fre1o.6d.Al,l,d out6 6e pero6ti),l,erro 01vouptiyeqrrlq leyo_v6q6u to, nupeicrrrov El,l.r1v(DV, Iop8qvioq, ro rroKtil,r tou Me(rrorj r.l,n. orrlv ap:Xn 61,a,ei1o,vtov i6ro lopo,rtrlpo pr rouq <Itpoyyul,orlg lltlpyouq>rqq Ipl"av8ioq.'Hrov repoi.t6notM6qo,r1q. To 1877n oDyypoqfoq,c,vo,rpdpovroq trq o,n6yerq peprrcilve(d1rov pel.erqrcilv,rd)"pr.1osva Be6crrrrroar ort vnrlpye peytil"q Srogopcio,vdpeoaorouq opouq Xprloroq rut XprctoE, VLa8rogopti nou eile evo 6o0ri eo'rorepxdv6qpo. Enioqg dtl, evrrrXprcr1Eoqpu,iver <(rrr>ro,r <yevvrdporor prCI, vdo (roq>,o Xpr1oilq,orq gpooeol,oyia rqg <Mriqorlq>,oqpcrrvero Odvorotrlg eororepmqq,ro,trrrtepqqn TrpoooTrrKqq qdoqq orov dvOprrtno.'Etor, 8ivetCI,r ro rl,erDi yro rov pnpoxprovr16 rirl"o, o 8rnl.oyevvqpdvoq, ro,r tdl.oq, 65


APXAIA MY'THPIA

... uv 6ev unr1p1avXpwrruvoi,unrlplov rrrotoooXp4otruvoi nol,d nprv on6 rqv enolri tou Xprotruvroporl.Or Eoouior r.1tov peprroi cno ouroUqTs. lloi,l"oi

enrt60qrov

t6te o'rq oDyypotpdo noD, {Dor6-

oo, Ee Ocrenrlerpodoe pto t6rorcr 6q)"orq lcopig oo6opti entletprlpo,to. In'1v endpevqoa),i6o tr1c,Anorca7opp6,vr7 paror: E' I o fi aE o,votpd O Adnorouqtu 6eilver6tr q l"d(qNbrppe oqpcriver Xpr1oilq,

'Ootpr, <aya06E> rcar6rt 6,vaE an6 roog rftLoog rou <'OvocpprlE>, npinet va.peragpaoteiosv <ryaya06rrpatou erc6r1haptvou @to6>77. <H ).arpeiarou Xptotori 6evtlrav rcsyrcoopru ercelvr\r\v moXrll, e(r1yeio MarcKtlQ, <npaypupero onoioe,vvorb 6rt 6eveiyeewaXAeir7Xprcrolarpeia. H )"atpeiarco Xprlotob -rr1q Aya0rlq Apyrlg- eiye npoqyqOeircrrri nol,l"odqarrrtveqrcurend(qoe'cr6pq ra,r petri tq yevmq ono8olri tou Xproncrvropof, onroq<pcrivetor an6 pvqpeicrnou enr(ofv ar6pq... Eniorlq, e1oupsprc enrypc<pr1 or plo enrtdgro otrll,r'1,q onoic,eivar rpolproncvmri: Yarcry9e ,4aprcaiavlr1p6orc'Hpae Xprlott Xatpe.O Poor (YnoyeruPrbprt, t6poq I, mv. XXI) paq 6iverevo dl.l"o napdberlpucrri6ttg rutar6p6eq:<Atl"ra Xprlotd, ev Erprivrl>78. Iqpepo

pnopofpe vo, npoo0dooDpr oe crutdq trq

poprupieqrqv dnoryqev6gooBoporlo"uyypo,<prlu, o onoioq ono8errcvfrlro i6to nptiyFo pr trlv o,uOevria rnq Tec)prrprrrlqon66er(r1q.Yndpler 6vo,nol"ri napiepyo crn6orcoopo, ps fiopotqprloerq ror ene[qyr1oslq oro 6r61,ioH flryyi uov Mtrpatv, o oDyypa<pdoq rou onoiou nr0crv6v6ev dlet c,ro6ost notd yro to <Muorr1pro,r6@e6))Bro6u,rtippo,vrov nprrrtrov'Ap1ov. Ao1ol,odprvoq pe rq 8toqopti crvripeooorouq 6pouq Xpqor6q ro,r Xprordg, rc,tcrl,qyet l"dyovroq fi(Dq: ... urur1p1av66oMtoieg: o 66

'Evaq qrov eretvoqnou rotdBlre


TA IXNH TQN MY'THPION

orov tritpoyto rrl ororqpiarou rcoopou.'Hrov o r.1l"roq, o orspqpdvoq crc6 rtc, ypoo\g arcriveEroD KCrrorxpavcoptvogpe pattpeq axtiveq(nou oup66l,r(ovoutrj tqv ancfil,ero), dnrogto oyrd0ra. O ail.oE rlrav o Oprop6eurrlg Meotag,o orcoiogovdBqreorqy KopDrp4r-oot6(ou'cououpavo1,ono6u6pevoq rc Arcvrd.ptt4E rpu),qE roo Io66a.Kat oflg 6rio neprnrrrtoerq ourog eile to oroup6. Tr1 picr oe roneivroorl (rercvotpuorrriq Tdwqorlq) Ko,rrqv dl.)"q el"dylovrriq rov oav v6po t4q 8qproupyiog,6vtuq o fre1o6ci7e. Itq

o'uv61aCI,o oDyypoesoq ovo,),6ar to <yeyov6q>

dtt ,<unr1p1ov 66o Meoieq>r.l"n. To yeyovdqo,ur6 --u,voqqooupercrd pdpoqto OeioKCr,1 pDonK6laportqpcr Ko,rroIDprop6 6tt o lqoor5qr.lrovcrve(dprqtog on6 out6 to oup6riv tqg Ovr1cq Tou- Deilver e eooTlq on ntpa o,n6 rriOe opqt6o),io, qrov Murlpdvog rcrlv Atyuntrorrrtv Muorqpirrrv,6nou erel,eito q i6ro,rel,etr1 rou @ovtirouKo,1rTlqTrvrDpo,nKrlq Avtioraoqq roD vedqutou,n tnq 8onpooicrqroD uno<pdpovr,og Xprlorob ran rqq Avoydvvqorlqrou, yro,ri outrl 11rel,errl eile uro0etrlOetnc,yr6opta. O <tdqo6>orov onoiov o,vo,yKc,(6rov va,ra,r66eto Avo,tol,rr6q Murlpdvoqqrov q llcrrtihu,,pio, on6 trq eqrd neptol6g'rou r<ircrrr6o.pou,rqv onoia,ru6apvo6oe o Baoodrr, o psyril"oq<oqr6popqoq@e6g>.O trigoq u,ur6q,otov Avotol,rr6 lup6ol,ro.p6dlet o,Kpr6rrrqro i6to nol"l^onl,6v6qpa, 6nrrrqa,vortil,uryeo T(. Pdl"o'tovXrivep80,pu rrlv e8pcrtrrlLe\q ofirc.'fto ourd to l,6yo OeropeitoouvcbvDlrq roD kopnror5 -ro Bri0n tnq flordl,u, (yovrpofiorqpdva,on6 tqv o,rnvo6o)"ia,rou vdou 'Hl,toD)- o onoioq CI,vrlrrpoooneudrCI,v an6 ro <veoydvvrlro>pdo.cr orq D8lo. H flotril,o r.1tov rcr,ri pro 6vvora,<6voqtti<poq,dva pvrlpcr,dvoqt6nog 67


APXAIA MY'THPIA

Oo,vritouKc,l n nril"r1tou 'A6q r'1Xe6b, pro,KCI,1 orlq e(corepmdq Murloerqqq Iv6ioq,o unoyrlqroqdfipsnr vo, nep<ioerpr6oacrn6tr1 pnrpo tqq 6opdl,r6o,q, nptv npoXotpqorlftpoqrqv flotdl"o,. Ma rq pn prDorlKlortrn rqq dvvorcreivor o Avrino8og-q Apeprrq, ov 0eotprlo'oupeo-crvflorcil,crtqv Iv6ia. A),}"d oto o.up6ol.rop6 qq orlporve61,o,outti ror nol"rineproo6repcr. To yeyov6q6n o Bc,oo6n, q @e6tr1ronou ru6epvd rqv llo,ttil"o, na,prordvero,r oro rv6outottr6 fldvOeo ou,v o peydl,oqNoyrd ('Oqtq)tt -ftou Xpno'rponorq0rlre on6 touq @eorlqKCr,r rouq 'Ao'oupooo,vo1olvi yripol o,n6ro 6pog Movrdpo rlorri trlv crvd8eDon roD oKro,vorj rou Appitcr, tou rj8aroqrnq oOo,vooicrgo,ur6ror p6vo tov ouv66erdpeo'crps rq Mri4or1. froti eivot ro,r o l6oa-Noyrd, TroDXprlorpefet oc,v pcrfrl"dpryro,ro Biovou ror o'rr1pi(ertoug eqtri roopouq. Eivo,reniorlg o Avdvto,,<o ot6l,eloroq) Ko,l ro ofp6ol,o rnq g,rcovt6rrltoq r1<@e6qrnq Muotrrqq Iotpioq>, nou uno6r6tiorrlre o'copo).o tou 'O<prtou nerpoopor5, tou lorovti. H op06rqto ratv 6oorvern60qruv pnopei vo, enr8e6orrD0ei cm6pq ru,r un6 rq puptupio rqg e(roteprKnqon66oor1gtorv r8rorrlrcrrv tcov6rog6potv@erbvru,r logritv rou rv8ourortrorj ro,t rou 6ou6rorrrof flo,v06ou.A6o nopo8eiypatooprorjv yro vo, 8eifouv n6oo )"iyo pnoporiv vo oolo),q0oriv ooro'rtirco,rriptc, or Ava,rol"ror6qpr ro oup8ol"rop6 rov o,vo,rol,xrrtve0vrov,6oo cryvoodvopropdveqdvvolrg nou Bpiorcovro,rp6vo orov Anorpurpropo ru,r tq Muotrrq At8croro,l,icr. (l) O Ava,tol,rorqq ror pel"etrlnlq rou @t6dt,ro,Oqynqq Epil" Xl,ovynv8tirt82, 6t 6vo,o,n6 to, dpyu 68


TA IXNH TON MY>THPION

:orr yro,to @r66r,u,va<p6per pro,eOvtrrlnopd8oorlyra vcrsfilonpdver6tt: O Noyrapr(oriva [pru <puOrrri> npooornrrdtr"lru<l6copiq ;rpoypotrrcri6ncrplrl>,6nrrlgvopi(er o poprpolpdvoq feppcrv6q1rei.erqtqql nrripero 6r8l.io flopclpriptXar.1,or5pqovope dl.l.ouq, io Br8l,io A9arapoarcaa,rcdtouq Noyrti, pu0md nl,do.puto pe popgn gr6rod,or onoior rurol,ap8dvoDv!no,0ior1ovcipeoootcr ovtcr, ovrrttepq cn6 trOv aVoprrlnovK0,1oerrlpor.ivt(lrnpoorriteg rou v6pou tou Bod6a,.!e outd ro, nvcuporlrti 6vta l,dyetor 6tr 6i6a(e o Xc,rrapo$vrdvu rcrorprl,ooogrrd0pqoreunr6 or5oclpa and o,u otouq ov0prrlTroDq, 01orcoiorDevrirov aprerri e(el,rypdvol Tro vo ro Korcrvorioouv rrlv.enop1rrlq spqdvroqqrou83.

Orjre rcrt rcbpo eivo,rapretd e[e],ryp6voror riv0pconor.To <nto qrl,oooqrr6 0pr.1oreuttr6o6o.trltro) eivcrtr'1Muocrrl At6ooru,l,io,11Andrpu<pr1 Eo'coteprrr1 Orl"oooqio, Trouo7rorc}"eito 0ep6l,rol,i0o 6)"rov rcDVrTrrorrlpov KCr,l o,Troppinteto,r or6pq ro,r oqpepo a,n6rouq oofveroug8qproupyofq,iorrlqneproo6tepo an6 6,n oro nupel"06v,l"6yrorqq unep8atrrriq o,l.o,(oveiogrrlg enolrlq poq. H ol,l"rlyopiooqpu,iveto,nl.d 5tr o Noyropr(ofvo crqoripur1Or1re CI,n6rouq <'Oqstq) -roDq M6oteg, (rouq ooqofq>>-Ko,rc1 MnpoXptivor tov dbrro[crvun6 tqv Iv6iu,,ener8rlgoBorivrcrv pnncoqonorcrl"ug0ofvro Muorr.lpro Ko,l rl tepc,rrnl Entonlprl roug (q rcpoypCI,ttKr1 crrricrrou pio'ouqrouq ylo, ro Bou6rop6)ro(i6eye orrlv Kivcr Kor ro @186r, 6nou pr5rloenol,l"ofg otrg ol"rl0aeq rov Kpulrprvov Muo'rrlpirov?roD6i6o(e o frc,outo,pti Bo68oq. (2) O rpuppdvogo'up6ol.rop6qrou Ncrpovtd-rou peydl"ouPiot ror o'uyypcrqdcr peprrrov on6 rouq ripvoDqtou Pryr Bdvrc,,o onoioq efio,vrvo'o,pro0r1re 69


APXAIA MY'THPIA

opydreporard tqv eno1r1tou Kpiovo- 6evrorovorl0r1renor6. Kor 6ucoq,6o'ovo<poptitrq Andrpugeq Enrorqpeq,o Nopcrvcd,o yroq rou Mnpdlpcr, eivor 6. vog on6 roDq oTltlc,vrrrdtepoDq1opoKrrlpeq.Korri tqv nporrrlrou evo'tipKoorloyerilmat dpeou,lre rouq <Xrioreq>)Ko,1efioFsvroqpr roDg egtd <flpeo6ftepoDq)rnq Xprorrovrrlq Errl"rloicrq,or onoior <BorlOr'1oovto @e6 oro dpyo tqq 6r'lproupyicrq>. Auul 11 psydl,I fipooorrlK6rr1roel"dltoto npoodltqre on6 rouq Avorol,rordg, or onoior c,vo,<p6pouv p6vo ereivo nou unoriOerot6tt eirue;yrorqv flordl.o, 6q)"o6qdrr <<eivo1 6va,qt6noq oe(oucrl.rrcfvror ctoOqororcbvrro,vonorqorcDv). Aut6 Oecrlpr10r1re 8tuore8ootrrd ror yivetor o Dfio,rv1Tp6q 6tt, ovop<pi6ol"cr, o Ncrpovrd <6pr1rero pdpoqeuldproro>.Kor 6pcoq11<ppdoqoutr1 8eilver onl"coq6tt r1rov6voqMurlpmvoq,6tr oletr(6tcrv tipeoo,lre ro Muou1pro rot 6ri6r(e,6nrogfnpefir vo 6o6ioouv ro,r 6l,or or dl,l,or ved<purot rplv Kc,r perd u,n6o,ur6v,pdoa <orov rrigo ovripeoao.eoyrri0ro>>,orl <<0uo'ro,orrrtl Xprlortrcr1rataoru,orl>>,6nou .ro 6o,oCI,vr(6pevo Or5pcr dnpefirvo rordl"0er-dvu,crl,r10tv6 puotrlpro! O Nu,po,vtdeivar dvoq on6 roug eqrd Pior, rouq <vooydvvqtouq yror5q)) roD MnpdXpo.To yeyov6q6tr rc,tti n1 8ttiprero rrlq evodprrooriqtou unr1p(eo,vcrrrepoq Muqpdvoq-6ncoqKCr,l o Opq6crq,o r8purrlq rov Muorrlpiolv- enr6e6o.rcbvero,r Kor po,prupeiror on6 rrlv loropio tou. H MaXapnyapdrao,vcr<pdpet 6tr ener611ovdrpe\yr ro o166to y1CI, rqv rotoirrloq rou o'6p?rCI,vxoq nporcerpdvou vo peivernrot6q o.tov 6pro tou yro oyv6tqro,, endoDprrqv ro,tripcrtou Ntdroo Kor 70


TA IXNH TON MY:THPION

xorcsrrrio.rnKsvCI,yevvrlOei(uvri. Enioqq, 6ta,v yev_ v{0r'1rerord tqv nepiodo ,ou KpiovCI,,Kc,rrlyopn0n_ re 6'onordl,aoe <ye6'ro 6<iorol.o>tov noiipo'rol) Mnpuypa, enet6.qrov oupBorjl.euoevo novrpeurei Kor oDr66opvqOqrevo ro rdver. Aur6 8eilvet drr 4ra,v Muqp6voq Kor ovurooo.drov orqv op-eOao6r1 l"otpeio ror 0pr1o.reio.Eivo,r nepispyo'ro On Ojil oKoDpso,ut6vro pior Ko,lo,plqyd trrrv<Xttotrov) Kor rqq <OuptivroqXrpuutiq>, oo,v ro npror6ruTro rol) ?(ptonovtKo6<opp.lyorJ>trrlv <<Itparrcov>, rou Apyayye)"ouMrlorll'. Kot or &io eivot <flop06vo1) Kor or 6rjo ^eiycrror p6v9r nou opvorJvrcrlvo 8qproupyq_ O Napovra )vtyr..ratou eiye prronri'oa ioug _o_oDV. Xdpr-do6o, roug n6vre 1rl,rd6eg'y,ougrou Nrdrocr nou yevvrlOrlrovpe orond vo KororKrlo-ouv tq fr1 roi rouq rixr onotpdryetano xo va 8rlproupyrloouvonoyovoug.And r6te or Xdpr-tio8o<oropniorqrc,v otov rdopo ror nord bev (ovoy6proov>.Mr1ncoE or ivtun_ -'r pdvgl eivar evoo,prcrroerq ourrrrvtcovXdpr_Cogo; M6vo ro,rri r.1v d66opq pdpo, rqv rpirrl rrlq rs_ l"euroio,q6onpc,o.ioqroD, o ve6tputo6oqrrov6cov oo,v ovoTsvvnpdvoq, o onoioq,Trrpv6vroqon6 rq 6e6rspr1 fivruporlKr1tou ydvvrlorl,endotpepeorn yn oov 6o_ [aopdvoq rar Oprap6eurrlq rorcrrrqr4g rou Ooudrou, oov Iepo<privrrlq. 'Evog Avotol.itqq ve6<puro6 orrl Xpr.lourrl rou rc,rdorc,on onrlKovie?ty o.e6vo 1u,portx6 oro dpyo rou Moup lv\oorcurcollav1rc, o'oDyypogdo,q rou o_ noiou_-0ecbpnos l,a0epevapna popgrl ror' ororprpe_ vou 'Hl"rou r1Biov^oD,_xou Brt6pno, oo,vTov Kpiova, Kor ro ov6po,oe<O Kpiovo, o.roDpopdvoqoro Atd_ 71


APXAIA MY>THPIA

orrlpo)). Aut6 ro XopoKrm6nu,pouotd(etorenioqq oto dpyo rou Ap. Arivcr MvrlpemrcoE Xptouavrcltil4, 6nou o oDyy,po<p6oq ou;yrdvtproo'e6oeq onoSeilerq pn6peoevc, lrrlpdoer o repdonog r6poq roD arlo ^ca" (Xplorlc,vrrd or5p6oLanpn q,n6 to Xprorrcrvrop6>, 'Etor, poq 6nolql,6ero i6tog. nopoDorri(errov Kpiovo,Kol,rov An6l"l,covooo,vro,l"orjqnorpdveq,pr rov Kpiovcr vo, rporria ro oro,upoer66g ro16l,t Kor ro (oro,upCIpdvo Too,rpd Ko1 rov Kpiovo oro Arriorqpcr>>, 6nrrlqro ovopti(er.fro, autrl trlv rel,euto,ic,err6vcrl"6ero ouyypcrg6u,g: ... Tl oDyKâ&#x201A;¬Kprpdvq cvancrprio'ru,oq nrorefro 6rr eivar ap1c,r6repq an6 ro Xprotrovrop6... Mord(er cn6 nol.Ieg un6yerq pe ro lprooovrrd Eotoupropdvo...To oldbro, q ordoq Ko,lrcr,onpdbra rrov rcrpqrcbvoru ldpro Kor ro, r66rcruno6rll"otvouv Iplorlovrrrl npodl"euoq'ovtiOero,ro entcirnvo nup0x6 otdppa, q ureouoicrou (rll,ou Kor rnq ouv40ropdvrlqerrypa<prjq, roOcrlqror or o,rriveg tqq 56(oq nou l,dpnouv cn6 ndvrrr,<puiverorvo 6einpodl"euorl.Mqno4 eivcr o 'Av0proXvoDVplo pn ;6protrcrvrrcq noq @dpc,,r] o IepdcrqKo,tr-o@6papo(i tqg rv8ourotmriqpu0ol,oyioq, o onoioq np6oqeperov eout6 roD oo,v0uoio nptv un6 t4 Srlproupyiorrr;vr6opov;

Ao<pal,coq outo eivor. M(nroq eivor o Aedtepog@e6qtou fll,ritrovu,, o orcoiogcrnotfnrrroe tov ecrut6rou ndvcooro odpnav pe tq popgrl roD orou'H po6; ti{fioq eivar o Oeioqdv0proroq?roDnptna vo, lrootryrrrOei,vcr Buouvrorei,va al,uooo8e0ei,vo ruel,rrlOairar rel,md... va otaupaQei:

Eivor 61"a, u,utdrcrr no),dnepro'o6tepo.HoploTrr'1 Opqoreuttrq Orl,ooorpicrrlrov noyr6optcrro,r ro Muortlprti rqq eivo,ttdoo u,p1o,icr, 6oo Kor o tivOpronoq. Eivcrr to o,rcbvtoor5p8ol"oroD Trpoorononorqpdvou 1')


TA IXNH TON MYXTHPION

'Hirou -q,orpovoprrd e[oyvroprdvouTrouoro puorrrt91^rd rou v6r1poova,yevvdto,r Ko,roup6ol"i(eror o_ n6 6l"ougtouq Muqprdvouqoe ovdpvqon proq do.nr_ )"qgAv0pron6r4raq,onouol,ot rltav <fror rou beori). Tgpo 11ov0pron6tqto,tyet yivtr <froq rou Ko,ro6>. Mqnoq dl"a,a,utti a,qarpor5vrinore afi-oxo peyu,l,eio rou XprororS11rou 0edvOpotnou Ir1o,,ori; Kcr06l,ou!A_ vri0eto,,o,v o'toOeip6voq, 6o(o(6pevoqntivrrr ano o_ )"ouqrouq til,l,ouq <frouq tou @eo6), pnopd vo 6te_ yeiper p6vo rorri ouvato0rlpsrco,n66l.a'ereivo to nol,unl"r1Orl 60vr1nou 6ev nlorefouv o.ro Xprouowr6 -o8qyrrlvtcrq or5orqpo,,nporccrl,orvroq ro piooq rorq *oi oe d8rrouq nol,dpouqro,r 6ropaxeq.ArcOrqv d),),n,;; Tov rono0erqooupecrvdpsoo,oe pto peytil,q oetpti <ftcrtvrou @eori)> rcrt frrov rou OeiouOror6q,r6te rti_ 0e dv0pconoqpftopei vo, 6ro)"6(erel,srlOepoereivov 1o9 ^0o nporrprloa oov @ed,yro vo, enrrol.eiror rq 6or10erdrou Kol vo,rov l.arper3erndvcrrorn yn Onrog Kor orov Oupov6. l{o}"}"oi o,ndrouq onoro},orjpsvoug<&rlrqpeq>q_ rcrv <ro,l,oi norpdvcg>,6ncoqo Kpiova yro,napdbery_ po,,Kor 6l"or tou6 ),"tyer'ct6tt <ouvdrprvovrrlv Keqo_ l,r1rou 6gr>, pe ril"l"o )"oyta,dtr rcrtdrrqoov'tr1 0eio, ra,r AndrpDgq Xogio. O An6l,l.cova,6 ordroror rov llf0rovo,, dvo yeyovdqnou tov a,nu,l,l"tiooer ond rnv unoyio 6rr rlrov o i8roq o peydl,oqAprirovraâ&#x201A;¬, o Xa_ ro lovriq. O Kpiovc or6rotoe to gi6r Ka,l,ryro,vriy*o, Moripo 'Oqr ro,t o Erov6rvo6dq@opel,rrooero r(eod_ l"r rol oupBol"trodepneror5pi ro'oroupoer8dqrou pdnol.o. Xtrlv Ai.7unro, rdOe oqpovrrrrl n6l,r1 lropr(6rov na t3


APXAIA MY>THPIA

on6 rov t6no toqr'1qpe pro rcpq l"ipvq. Kotri tq 6rdpKero rlq roqqq tr'1qpodproq,rel,eiro o'xrl yr1 q i6rcr tel.etoupyio rpioqq nou l,o,p6tivsrXopo orov K6olro tou flveflroroq, 6ncoqnepryprirperoro'rq Bi67o rav <our6 ro Trol.frlpoKor puotqprrrl8eq6r6l"io> Nercprbv, (Mnor5voev).Icrpdvto 6rjo rpttdq ouyrevtpcirvovrov <Yup1>, aorrlv 610q rat drprvcrvrnv o,ro1c0po6oo vdl,oyo,ps rlq npa\erc,rr1qro,rti rr1vnepio8ofiou 6p1or6tcrv oto ocirpcr...Metd on6 o,ut6 or repefqen6orprqov orov nepiBol,otou repof ror 6i6oorcr,v roDq vedqurouqolenrd prt ro nr0ovdnenporpdvo rqq Yuotqv o61qq ror to yeyov6ro rrou 8ra,8popoti(ovtcrv poxq fisproXqnpoq rqv onoicrereivq eilE crvolopno'er.H oOavcroicr rou flvefporoq evrDTrrov6tcrv dvrovo -to oroDq ve6<purouq on6 tov A).-op-(aX 6vopo rou Aryfnttou Iepo<privtr1. Ito fryrorou tpyo Kpdra Pen6a8aTceplTpdgovror or a,r6l.ou0orr6o'o'eprq crn6rouq 6o0pofg Mfqoqq. egrd 'Yorepo crn6 prcr ,rpoKoro,prttrq ef6rcror'1ottq @r16eg, 6nou o ve6rpuroqtnpenevo fiepdotr o,n6nol.i,6q 6orrpc,oieq,01 ofioirq ovopti(ovtov ro <Acil8eKo vo, 6yer vtMcrptrSpro,)), rov np6o'ro(ov,?rpoKclpdvou Kqrnq, vcrru6epvrierro nd0r1tou rcn notd vo pr11tiver, o6te y1o lrlo onypq, tr'1vr66crrou roo)Trpmorl 'Yorepo,, @aoftou r'1666opqqApXnq. o'eu,vttotorlic, pn rnq Yuxnq, uq neptnl"ovrlorlq r[oTvlopdvqq lre lnpene vo ov66ercrprerdqordl.eq KCrrvo neprnl.crvqOeioro o'rorri8r ptoq onnl"1dqpe nol"l,6gn6preg,nou A<porlto (enepvorjoe66l"eqtouq qto,v rl"er6rrlp6veq. l"o, ourri, l"dp8ave to 6cr0p6tou lloororp6pou, evcrr otrl ouv6letc,.rcrtdro 8efreporo,r rpito 6o0p6,yrv6t+


TA IXNH TON MY>THPION

rov Nerrxdpog ro,t Mel"ov4rpdpoq.O8rlyofpevoqoe pru, teptiottc un6yeru,criOouooyepdtq pe por5[wq, nou er06tovrov ylo, npooKrsvqpo,ep6orav prnpoo.& oro <pdpetpo fioD neprciyt to 6rope),ropdvo orrrporou -Oorpr. Aurrl rlrov 11o,iOouooTtoDovopo,(6rov<fl5_ l,eg rou @ovdtou>.And e8ci)ror o o,riloq orov IcbB IAH " 17]: Hvoil0rloav etq os roD Ocrvcirouo,rndl,ar; 'H ei6eg toq 0ripcrgrrlq ondq tou 0avdrou;

'Etor

prordero <Kfproq)), o Iepo<privu1q, o Al,_op_ (aX,_oMuqtriq rou Icir6,unorvro.odprvoq 6ror tov tpito 6o0p6 Mrlr1oqq.froti ro Bfi),io rou IcbB tivat to rcat' e(oyr1u noirlpcrrqq Mrirlorlq. 'Oto,v o vs6tputoq(enepvoriorroDqtp6pouqu,urqq rrlq 8ortpooicg, o8r1yeitoo.rr1v<Ai0oDoo.rcrlv lveu_ prirrov>ylo, vo rprOei. Avdpeoo oroDqrov6veq or o_ noior rou Or8doKovrcr,v, Dra,rooo6tov: florri vo pqv erur0upei odte vu enr8roKerrqv er8irqorl. No eivor rdvrq drorpoqvu Boq0rioerdvov o6el.tp6nou nvbuveder, 8rcrnv8uverjovtcrg cmdpqKot rrlv i6ra q (atr1rou. No 0ti6errd_ 0e verp6 orrtpa.Nu rrpri rouq yoveiq tou nrivroon6 dl"u. Nu od6erar touq rll,rnropdvouqKo,lvo, unepcroni(erorroDq o6rjva_ poug Kor ril"oq vcr prlv (e1vd nord r4v rrlpa tou 0avdrou rar ereivq tqq ovdotc,orlqoe dva vdo rut dq0crproorrtpu. H oyv6olro

KCn 11oyopio uno8emvdovrov

pr 6p_

qoon Kor rl potleia endoupero 0rivoro. .Ero.r,o At_ ydnttoq ve6gurogyrvdro,vKtotogdpog. Ico 6cr0p6 o,ur6 rou pero6r6o(6ro,vro pDorrlptoKd6vopa,rou IAQ. O o,voyvcoorlqoq ouyrpiver roDqTropondvco rov6_ veq pe trq evro)"6qroD Bof8o Kor rtq uno6ei(erqtou 75


APXAIA MY>THPIA

<Kovdvu, r1c, Ztuorlg>) rov oorrltcbv rrlq Iv8iog Kol 16re 0o rorovorlorl rnv ev6rr1rurqq Muortrrlg Ao[oo'io,q. Eivor cr66vcrtov vo o,pvqOoripe tr'1vnopouoio ev6q oe(ouol,tror5ororleiou oe nol"l"ti Opqoreunrd oripr6ol,cr,ol"),d ro yeyovdqcrut6 6e 6ivar rco,prtioqoppn yrcrenirptorl, o,n6tq ortyprl nou eivCI,t yevrrti yvroot6 6tr -ottq Opqoreutrrdq ncrpa66oetgrdOe lropof o dvOprrrnoq orqv npcbtq<ov0pcilnrvq> qu)"q 6e yevw6to,v on6 notdpo rcrr pqt6po. An6 rouq o,Krrvo66l"ouq <vooy6vvrlrougfrouq rou Mnpdlpo), roDq Piot ro,r on6 rov A6dp-Kd6pope ttq Ernopefoetq.rou,to Ie<prp60,pt1pt rouq Avoununq,vrdro,11touq NtlyrrivrMnorlvr1c,, uno rouq onoiouq [enp66o]"],avor Mnovtltorir8o Kor or Muvorjoyro-MnodvtIo, or yqrvor Murlpdvor, n fiporr"l qDI{ ovOpcttnrrlv oe rdOe e0voq Oecopeiro 6tr yevvrl0rlre lropig notdpo 11pr1t6po.O 'Av0pronoq, ((Mo,vor5oyro-Mnofvtlo>, o o Mrivou, o <Evcb1>,yroq roD Xer q <froq tou Av0pcirfioD)), 6nolq ovopti(ero,t,yevvrdrol Fe qDo1K6tpdno p6vo oo,v onor6l,eopo, oov crvcrn6<peurtrl poipo tou vopou trlq -oqori 6<ptooe guotrqq e(61"r[xq. H o,v0pcon6tr1ro, oro rel"eutu,io6pto Kor or ereivo ro rpiorpo oqpeio 6nou q TrvsDpo,uKrl rrlg q6on {npent vo Tropu,Xoprloer yrcr 6vov onl"6 ul,rr6 opya,vrop6-dnpene<vo, Xopo n6oer pr6oootr'1vril,r1>rcrr rq ydvvr'1o'Tl. Al,l,d 11e[6],r(r'1ror q evel"r(r1rou ov0pcrl?roD 6ivor rurl,trrl. @u rel.e.looer6ncrlgtipltoe. Avopqi6ol"a,yro,tr1 61111 paq ul,trrl 8rdvorcr,or6pq Kor o )"ent6qoup6o)"ro'p6q rou Kdoprou nou oul,l.crp6tiveta,tp6oo, otq pqtpo rou Aroonl pcrroq,uno8ql"rrrvet ul.x6rr"1ru,.Al,l,d 6e ouv676


TA IXNH TON MY>THPION

6o,rvero i6ro Kor ps rrlv lrporc,p1lKncv0prrlndrrlrcr. H pu4orri rel.eroupyio,tou oDro0uolCI,(dpevou @r5poroq, fioD u<pio'to,ra,r 6va,vnveupcrttr60dvoro yro, vo orrroertov r6opo on6 rqv Kc,To,orpoqq -o-tr1v Tlpaypatrr6tqru un6 rqv epqpcrloq-ro0repcoOqre ra,td tq 8rdprero rrlq Tdtoptqg Oul,qq oe o,vdpvrloqev6qyeyov6roq fioD Xoporrqpio.rqre Muo-u1ptorrov Muorqpirov u,vtipeooo'ro,no,yr6opru,npo6l,r1pura.Itqv rou8c,irrl ypoqn eivar o Kdrv Kor o 0r1l,ur6q'ABel" lroD ofiorr],oriv to 0uorCI,onrd(eriyoq, dnou rc,r or 615o oqu,yrd(ovto,r(oc,vncrpo,),l,oy6g rou A6dprKc,lrnq E6oqq rou 6rn),or5frelo6d) ror lr5vouvro oipo rouq (ToDXoplopor5Ko[ rIq dvrrlor.lq>, rrl ootrrlpic,u.1q T1o, o,v0pron6tlrog,apyi(owuq dtor pro v6o,<puo.ro),oyrrr1 qDln. H 8ortpo,oiorcrtd rqv onofo,o ve6<puroq, fiporerpdvou vo, (crvcyevvqOeiyro <i)"1,r1 pncr<popripdocr orrl lopdvq fiveDpo,Tmq rou rcrrdoroor1,dnpenevo rceptioeran6 ra onl"dlvcr(pqtpo) ptuqnap1tuaq6opol,i6uq8s,q onoia,ororrrlvdrcrvru,rri rq otrypq rrlq'rel.etr1q,neprl"op8dver enioqqdva puotrlproe(ioou peyu)"o, ywrt o,vugeporovorn 6roErro,o.io, m.1qydwqoqq n pril,)"ovrr"1q nprrltqqero6bourou o,vOpcl?roD orq fq, p6o'rltrqq Boq -(rrlq pel"ro8tnlqo,yel"ri6uqnou 6ya(a rpoqn rar vep6>>-tou 0ql,uro6 A6you. 'Enioqq, 61et o'16o11pe rrlv na,p6potcroutoOuoicrtou -tqq tpitnq pi(oq rDu},nq<0eioDEppotppd6rrorr)) tqv evotipKoon rqq Av0pron6trlra,q oe guom6 enine6o, petd n1v anrol,erorqq fivrupo,r;Knqrnq 6uvo,t6rr1'Orav raq. o ru,pm6qrou ro,rof Sortpdonlra po(i pre tov rcrpnd tou ral"o6, ro o,nordl,eopc, r1tu,vpro,6u,0ptoicr orporpio rnq nvrDpa,ttr6rqroqKor pra eviolu77


APXAIA MY'THPIA

oq rng ul,m6rqtoq pdoo orov dvOprono. An6 t6te ro,ra,6rrdo'tr1Ks vo yevvrdra,rpe quorKll 6rcr6rrooia,.Eivo1ro Muotqpto rou Eppoqp66rrou,fioDKpo,rorjoo,v ot Aplo,ior 16oo pruonr6 Ko1KpDppdvo.Aur6 nou rouq drcrvevo sno8i8ouvtiq @e6tqtegpe 6rnl,r16ryr1, 6ev r1to,vor5teq onouoio,crioOlorlq r10mr1g, orlte q ncrpouoio 1ov6poer6or5q otoOqotoopor5,a),}"dptil,l,ov q yvrrror1 rouq T1oto puotrlpro Kor tq 6ro6rrooio,tqq crpldyovqq{D6oqg.H Entotrlpn rnq Ouoto}"oyiognrcrv ra,l,6tepo Tvoo'rr1rorc an6 o,tt rropa. Kcrr e6ol orpt8rrlqeivcrr0opprdvoro rl"er8i y1o,ro lup6ol"rop6 rng op1ot6tqroq, rqv ol"qOrvqeortu, tqq eOvtrqq ordryrlq, Kc,l y1o,nq napa\eveqo,ptpiqul,eqerr6veg ru,r @eo,rvrrrv, @ecilv rdo'o oro rroyo,vro'trrd6oo rc,t tq, povoetto-trrd fldv0sCI,. O oep fouil,top Ntpripovr86,oro spyo rov Ofiircougloodaik6q,),tet: Or crl"riOsreq trlq enrorripqq rjtav to puotm6 rrov Iepdcrrv fyrcrrirircrvto 0epd],rorqq Oprloreiaql.

Or tepo,n6otol.or 6eOc,dnpeneva ropotbefouvt6oo rrlpritouq Bolovd6crKCr,l roDql"drpetqrou Kpiovo ylcrro unon06pevoo&â&#x201A;¬oual,r.r6 v6rlprorrrlvoup86l,rov roDq,u,gor5or nl,6ov crnporordl.qntot ouyypo,qeiqovcrqdpouv6rr q errdvo rou Xprotori o'tov rrirpo-6rov our6q routi(eror pr rrlv r6l"c,or1-eile 6va ncrp6poro ororleio. Aut6 ro yeyov6q6ev ofioppifirsra,rnl,dov.Or <A6el"goirou.P65ouKo1roD lru,upor5> tqq enolrlq roD Maocricrrvurqtuv efioou ro,l"oi Xprotro,voi pe onorouo8rlnoretil,),ouqotqv Eupcrtnrl, orot6oo 6l,eqor rc78


TA IXNH TON MYITHPIQN

),eroupyieqrouq 6u,oi(ovtc,voe t6rorou ei8ouq orJp_ 6o),cr-. O BroypriqoqroDq, o Xdpyrpet6 f(6wy{; n peyol"r5repr1 po6ooro,ui,op6,'pr_ o,u0evtiondvro.o,,to' icrlvrcrqytc ourrl rrl pDo.trKqASelgorrlro rrrptfpd;, pr fioro rp6no Ta Bdouva Ko,l01 Ouoieqrov Irurorcov,to lld0oq tou Xtcru_ -rouq pou, rltcv o.rr16rrcr1 [trov poSootoupolv]ev6o(q eut"tn;;_ vq poyeiarar 0piop6o,q Srapaprupiarccrr q npoo_<puyr1.

Aro,pcrptupiuano fiorov; H c,ndvrqoqeivot: q 5ro_ poprupio roD Gro,Dpcopdvou po6ou, rou peyol,rJrepou Ko,rrou TrroorloKol,uppdvou a,n6dl,o,ro oe(ouo,l,rrd -ro ftovi KCrrro Aivyru,, to <Orjpt> or5pr6ol,o Kor o <6ol"oqdvog),n 0ql"urrl Kor o,posvrrrlopln otrl (Dr5_ or'1.Avoi(rr ro rel.eutoio 6pyo rou o,,uyypo,rpdo,'ea)"_ ).rctrtoE ror Seire nchgneprypdrper to o.e(ouc,i,"O"ufr_ 6ol"rop6ev6qreporioup06l,ou. To aipa 1604re and ro-orippa ri to purep6 ote<privrrotv oyroOrr,rvr4q Kdl"aoqq. To pd6o'eivai 0r1l.ur6.r, yrJir"rrij rc,ro,r6rrrvu ntrilta tou <pul.riooouro, o116oyrri0ro. i; p;b; "? nto 6popgo sn6 ro l,oul.orj6ra.io pd'So uiuo, .,1nooi 111T ,i"lo'oo,rou Krinou rou @eorj(Mopia, q flop0dvoql. aiid i frtrrr_ rq r6dcrri al"r1Oero6ev eivor p6vo ro pdEo. T; ,,;;";p,fi;; p65o>q ro <<Baoovro"pdvo.p66o> (ond rri peydl.qpror,*n [io_ ral,untmri popg{), crur6eivarco gul,olrOjiro np6runo,ro o,vrt_ ),arpetuc,dl.rrlvrrrlv <fratv rqg io,pioq, ,ri ,." ,l,rle*,;" It,ltfguo Po66otcuprrrv87.

Onrrro8r'1norc 6yt d"an rtl,v <ftrrrv trlq Xoqia,q>, 'frori orire orc6p1 Kc,r rtov a).r1grycr_rv po66ororpru. ouroi nord 6e 0o^ergpd(ovro,vpe,t6oo oq6r,oorr*4 riveoq, pe dvo roOa,pdo,roOqorordror yrlrvo, ylCI, vo, pqv no6pe (rrldr8rroqcog,ylo to pgyo).rirepo'Ko,1 ro 79


APXAIA MY>THPIA

crn6ro o'6p8ol"ornq O6oqg.fto to Poeuyevdorepo 6do'roupo,to <P66o>r1tu,vto o'rip8ol,orrlq Oriorlq, 'Iot6oq, trlq trlq ndvto, y6vrpqq ru,r nop06voqfrlq 11 prlrdpogKol Tpoqof tou ovOprrrnou, oTroio orrtrKon vr(6rcrv oov fiopedvo a,n6 touq AtydtrrtoDqMuqp6'Oncog rar rd0e til"l,q ftpooono?toiqoqtqq OrivoDq. o'TlqKol rrlq fqq, crurqeivcrra8el"qqru,r or5(uyoqroD 'Oorpr. Ot 6rioloportqpsq o,vnoror1ofvoro fipooo'Hnonotrlpdvoor5p6ol"ornq fnq, ytoti q fq Kol o flotfpo l"rog eivcrron6yovot tou i6tou puotqptcb8ouq 'Hl.roq yovlpoTrolei tq fq oripqrovaps rov Trto Ko1o apyaio Muo'nrtop6- pdocrl0eiuq nvor1q.To oyv6 t6crvtr6rnq pDouKqqO6oqq rlrcrvereivo fiou fipoorrr<flcrp06veg rou K6opou>, trq <OuTroTrolriroafio r,LCr pdvteqflopOdveg>> ror apy6repo on6 rnv ovOpd)lclvn llop06vo,tq Mo,picr,n1 Mr1rdporoD&orqpu, tou Sa16lvator Mundi noD 6Xe16rol"6[er o Xp1or1o,vtr6q opoq. H @eol.oyianpootippooe orov crplcrtr6 o'uprur tnq rou6oirr'1q ncrp06vou 6ol.rop688ro XCI,poKrnpa yto 6yt ro fio,yovrorlr6 oripBol"onou 8tcrpop<pcilOrlre tr1 vdcreurorpio. An6 rov Hp66oro yvropi(ouprnoq ro Muorr'1pto on6 tqv Iv6is o Oprpdcrg, 6voqqpcrtoqnpoTttcr 6<pepe vdorepoq,t6oo tou Oprlpou 6oo rot tou Hoio6ou. El"dlroto eivcrrorr1vfipo,ypouK6tqtoyvcoottiylo,o,Dor6pq r6v rcrt pd1pl np6otputoq op<ptrq<prl"ol,oyicr, Kor or Apyovu,riteq,uno6i6ovrov otov Ovopdrptro, 6vn ofyXpovo roD fleroiorpo,roD,tou l6l"rovcrKo,trol) flu0oy6po, orov ofioio ano8t66tov r'1ofv0eorl touq pe rrl oqpeprvr1popATlnepi to t6l,oq tou 6rtou o,rrirvo fi.X. n nepinou800 1p6vra petd tr'1venopl tou Op80


TA IXNH TON MY>THPION

gdo. A6yerc,1rrog rrlv eno1r1tou flu,uoovio unrlple pro lrpCI,rlr{ orroydvrlo, t'l onoio,,dncoqot Mnpolprivor rov Bfyta, eile anootrlOioer 6l,ouq rouq Opgr'YpvoDg, rofq or onoior peto6r6d(ovro,von6 rr.1pto yevrd orrlv dl,l,n. Tono0at6vrcr,6 rov Opg6onioro oto 1200n.X., 11ofylpovrl enrotrlprl nopo8eXrro,rpr CI,ur6v rov rp6no 6tt rc, Muotrlpro a,vrlrouvoe eno16q oplor6repeqrov Xol,8oicovKo,rrov Aryuntiotv. Tolpo pnoporipevo ptl,qooDlrsylo tqv nrdro.qtcrrv Muotrlpirov.

81


TA TEAEYTAIA MYETHPIA ETHN EYPfifIH eiXenpoqrltefoero peydl"oqEppnqoro 6rtiAntq lv/)"oyo rou Ferov Aorl,qnrd, 11pOe npdypotro Korp6qnou croe6eig (6vot rotqy6prloo,vrnv Aiyunto 6tr l"drpeuardpcrrcr.An6 to pvqpeio tqq 6e 8toocrt0qruv fiapa p6vo yptippcrtcroro,l"rop6vooe n6tpeq,crtviypcryro rouq peroyevdorepouq. ru, arcotdl"q?rro Ot repoi fpurpeiq Kor or Iepo<privteq rqq dyrvcrvneprnl"uvrilpavor q,vdrn yn. Ereivot nou ncrpdpavo,v orrlv Aiyunro arc6to <p66otqq 6e6q),oo'Tlq trov repcbvMuotqpirov, avc,yrdotqKovvo (qrrloouv rorcr<pdyro ottq eprlpouq Kor ro, BouvtiKo1vo r6p6oouverei puotrrdq etc,rpieq rar o,6el"<p6rqreq, onroqor Eoocrtot.Ereivor nou eiDroolioat tov rrxeav6yro rrlv Iv8is 11orc6pqror lcrv (enovopn(5pevo) rov N6o K6opo, 8eo'per5rqrovlre rpo6epor5q 6prouq vcrpeivouvorconrll,oiKrr,rvo,rpatr1oouv puotxq rqv Iepq fvcboq rouq. Irqv Kevtpmrl Aoio Kot oro 66peroorlvopcrrqq lv6ioq,to vtrq<p6po â&#x201A;¬iqog rou po0r1u'1tou Aprorotfl"q odprooercdOeiKcnor Mfoteq tqg IVoq rnq rdnote oyvnq@pqoreio,q a,notpo6rl1rrlKov6l,o ru,r filo poKprti orcr nl.6ov 6uonp6orrcr pr6pqrou nl,crvqtq. Ko0cbgo rfrl"oq tou 82


TA TEAEYTAIA MYXTHPIA :,THN EYPOIIH

**** d<prcrvt oro t6l,oq rou, tl nprixq rrlpcrrqq e[orpti\'lorlq rcrrvMuorqpirov ltrinqoe oro pol.6r rov ou7-c'iv,pe ro Mo,re66vo,ru,tu,rrnrq. H rel,eutu,io,rouq c,rpcr orlpovt ro 47 n.X. H Al"e(ro8e,q nepi<pqpqn6),q :qq fol.o,tioq, n @q6atcDvKal"td)v,q t6oo <pqptop6vn yro nq upyaieqtel,er6qqq Mfqonq Kcr,lr'ctrvMuorqpirrrv,qrav,6nrrrqrnv firprypdgero Z.M. Pu,yr6v: H aploio pqtp6nol"qrcn o tdpBoqtqq Mrirlolq,r1q epqoreiugtrrlvApui8ovKorr1q el,euOepicrq rrtrvfal,otrrtveo. Kotd tq 8tdprelo rou nprrttou crrcirvonprv on6 rqv enopl poq orlpove q rel,eutcric,rcrr q undpto,tn ctlpo trrlv peyril"crrvMuo'tqpirrlv. H roropio l"6ernrrlqor l"ooi q Kevrptrcqq fol"orioq ena,vc,orrirrlo'o,v t 11 evdvrto oro propom6 (uy6. H lorpo rltov unoroypfvq otov Kcrioopo Kot n e[6yepor1rcrtcrnviyrlre. Anotd],eopa, r'1ro,v n oqoyn xnq qpoDpriqtnq A).6(to (q A),i(o) ro,r 6l"crrv tov rotoiKov rnq, neprl"op6crvop6vrrrv Kor rcrrvApui6rrlv, ttDv 8oordl"rov-repdrovKC[rrrrlv vs6eurov. Metd crrc6out6, ol"6r),qpq q n6),r'1l"eql"or(0r1Kr Ko1 KorcrorpdqqKr pd1pr Oepel"icov. Tcr Bi6porro, pro n6l"r1elioou peydl"q ror 6tctoqFTl, 6X,1pa,rptd on6 tqv Al"6(rcr, rcrtcrorpriqrlre ),iyo Xp6vrcro,py6repo.O Z. M. Poyr6v neprypdrpetto 16)"oq rqg pe r0, ar6l.ou0cr l,6yro: q ryupl rrllvop... Tu Bi6pcrKro, n pqtdporov ernornpcrlv, pra e0vrrrv Euprirruq], n6]"q e(ioou 8rtioqpqTto rn [otr1v Xoirov reprlo1o),r1trrrvApui8olv,rov 4ol,r'r'rop6 rnq, rrq o1ol6q rqq, qrl"o40.000onoubo,otdg 6r6dorovtavrprl"oo'orpio, o'trqorcoieq l"oyia, ypoppotrr{, vopxri, rc,tpxr'1,ootpo},oyic,c,n6rpuqeq opxrrsKrovlrrlr.l"n.'Hrcrv crvd(r1l,oq entorrlpeq, torv @r16rrrv, rqq Mepqt8oq,rov A0qvrrlvKol rrlq Prrrpnq, 6rd0etedvoopgr-

83


APXAIA MYITHPIA

Odorpoyra povopriloug, dvo rc,nrrcol,ro,voodq tou Icvod, rou fll.odtrovo, rqq flepoeg6vqq,rou Aic, tou An61,l,rova, c.1gA04vrig, trlq Ku8dl,rlq,n1g Aqpo8irnq Kol rou 'Avou6r. Xto pdoov currrtv rov peyol,6?rpsnovorro8oprlpdrrrrv 6pror6tcv 11<<Noupclia>, pe rnv reptiotru 8e(cpevrirqq, dvc c,nioteutoDrlproripyqpcr,6va yryrivtro dpyo pdocroro onoio dnl,euvordgq Ko,ryol"dpeqnpoopropdvegyru vcutrrd narlvi8ra. Ynriple entorlg to 'Apeag, Ife|io rou dvo u6poyolyeio, nqydg,6qp6oral.outpri, o1uparoerqror tei1q, rl_KorooKsDlirrov onoicov16povol,oleiroq,n6 trlv nprbrprlenopl el.

Tdtoto qrcrvq tel.eutoio,n6l,r1rqq fol,o,rio,gonou n60avovT1orrlv Eupconqro, pDouKd rrov Murloecov rcovMeytil"covMuonlpirov, rrov Muotrlpirov trlq Orio'rlq Kor rolv (elo,opdvrovon6rpu<prov o)"r1Oerotv. Or n5l"rv6porKor ro lerp6yporporrlq nepigqprlqBr0l,roOqrnq trlq Al"e[dvbperoqrdqro,v Ko,t Kcrroorpdqqrov o,n6tov i6ro Koioo,pcre2. Evcbq lo'ropio,unotrpri 'Apcr6o rqv npri(q rou ltpotrlyori 'Appou, o onoioq 66ol"etqv rel"euru,ia, nrvel,rdoe outrl tqv npri(r1Bav8ol"ropod nou 6rdnpo(e o peydl"oqrc,rorrqtqq, 6ev 61er vo, ner ofre pro 1"6[q yro rTlv Ko,roorpoertrng i6tc,qnoo'6rqroqnol,rinprovrul,iv8pcovotrlv Al"d(ro, ofte yrc,rov Ko,ro,otpo<p6o tcrlvBr6pdKrov.Evcbo trcrrpo8ip -o oplqy6q rcrrvfo,l"o,rrbvroD eTro.vo,ortitqo.e evdvucr,oro popoir6 6eonotrop6 rou Tr66prou Kcrl vtrrlOrlre on6 to lil"ro ro 6toq 2I qq eno1r.1q poqourofiDprrol.eiropcr(i pe roDq ouvxp6<pouq rou ndvrrt or plo verptrq nupd pnpoo'rriotrq n6l,eqrrlq n6l,r1q, 6nroqpog l"dero Pa,yr6v,11n6l,r1l"eql"o,reitoKo,rKotoorperp6rovKor 6l"or or rprl,ol"oyrroiOrloc,upoitrlq ndvcrrortq An6rpDgrq Enro'rrlpeqldvovrcrv ornv ?rDpd. H dl"l"ote peya,l"6npenq n6l,r1,to Bi8po,rrcr,, ovo84


TA TENEYTAIA MY'THPIA

'THN EYPOIIH

pd(etur ro:po Ordv, e[r1yeio Po,yr6v. El"tilroro pvqpeio rqg dv6o(qgcp;6cr6tqtaquntiplouv erei, 6nroqor vooi tou Iuvof rar tqq Ku6d1,qq.

O Pcyrcdvouveli(er: H Ap),, nou r6pri0qre615o lrl,rd6eq1p6vrun.X., l,e11,orr10r1rc, ro 270.Aut{ r'1pqtp6no},r1rrlq fo},adcrg, rEouovo,orrl}"rrl0qre 40 lp6vrcr apy6repa cn6 rov Krrrvo'rovtivo,8rc,rrripqoepdlpr orlpepcrl,iyo anopervrlprarqq oplciug 66(ug rqq' upgrOdorpo, runrrcol,ro,dvov oBel"ioro on6 ypcvitrl r5ryoug17 pdrpotv,pra, oryiDotou 0prcip6ou,rc,tc,r6p6egr.l"n. 'Eror rel"eir-ooe o rel,toyal,otm6q nol"rtrop6q. O Koiocrpog,oov Bdp6apogovtd(roq rrlq Prrlpqg,eile rj6r1ol"or)"qpaloetrqv ru,tc,orporprltrov oplcriov Muotrlpirov pe q l"eql"uoio rcDvvcrcrrvrur rrrrv puqnrrrrv olol,rrlv roDgKot pe q ogoyr1trrlv Murlpdvov Ko,1tov Apuibolv. flopdpevep6vo 11Prrtpn.Al"l"doutr{ notd 6av eiye napa p6vo ro prrcp6repa Moorilpta,trq ondq trlq leprlqEnrotriprlq.H Meydl,rl Mfqorl eile 1a0eie3.

Ynriplouv l,iyo or6pr1 crnoondopo,ro, rou Po,yr6v orc6rov An6rcpurpo Tercrovrcp6 r,oD,ener8rldlouv dpeoq o16oq pe ro 06popoq.Al,),d 6oo pop<propdvoq ro,r nol,upo0r1qKr CI,vrlrcrv, pepmti un6 ta lpovol"oyrrcd l,dOnourof roD ouyyparpdo eivor no),6peydl,o.A6er: 'Yorepcr an6 to 0eonorqpdvorivOpolno(Eppri) ripOeo Bcorl,r<ig-Iepduq [o leporpdvrnq].O Mrivqq rircv o npotroqvopo0drqq rur r6putriqrcov@rl8clvpe ta ercor6avrirtopo. fiproe qv n6l,r1 pe peycl"eiorcr 6d(a rcn cn6 uq 6rrdqtou pdpeglpovol.oyeitcrr q reponrcrlenoyfitqq Aryr5nrou.Or repeiqru8epvodoov,yrcri ouroi dqtra1vov roDgv6pou6.Adyetcr dr unrip(av rprar6oror eiroor ewrti [Iepogtivteq] on6 trlv moyrl rou, TroDdlouv nopopeiver6)"ortiyvcrrotor.

Metd on6 o,ut6ror aqorj ot yvqoror Mforeg rlrcrv nto o'ntivtor,o o'DTypo<p6oq rolupi(eto,r fioq 8rdl,eycrv 85


APXAIA MY'THPIA

yedtrrouq crvdpeono,n6rouq orl"ti6oug,roDqonoiouq snrbeirvuov, c,rpofrouq do'teqovKo1touq 0eonotofoov, y1ovo,roDql,arpefouv ro o6o11n),r10q. Or 6aorl"eiq,roupaopdvor aruoto vc, ru6epvorivpe tdtoro rp5no, enovootrirqoclvKo,leleuOeprrt0qro,v. T6te qp0e o Xiooorplq, o r8purrjgtqq Mdpqr8crq(1613r.X.). Trlv repanrrl erl.oyt1oto 0p6vo rr1 6ru5d10qreq eno1r1rrrrvnol,eprorotv...O Xdoro,q,o onoioq 6cro'il.euoe afio.co ll78 p61pr ro 1122,dltroe u1 peydl,q flupcrpi8o,nou giper ro 6vopcitou. Aur6q rcrrqyoprlOqre 6tr ruvrlyrloe tq 0eorpadcrror irl,eroâ&#x201A;¬ rouq vooriq.

H ovcrgoprirou eivo,rl,aOepdvr1, nop' 6l"o nou o Po,yr6v encrvol,opr6dver rqv <Ioropio>. H llupopi8o nou <pdper ro 6vopu rou Xdoncreivor r'1Meyril,q flupopi6o, rllv Ko,ro,oreurlrqq onoicrqorc6pqrc,r o Bo,pcovoqMnofvoev tonoOereito 5000n.X. Iro 6pyo roD 11 @tor1qq Ary\nroD orryvllayrcoopmloropfa, l.6at: ... n oplri trov Srjo Buorl,eiov trlq 'Avat rar Krirot Arydntou avdyetarotqv dvcrrqlrl,redu n.X.ea

Kc,r orpo6tcr Muotrlpra ere),odvrooe outq rqv flupupi8o Kor or Mur'1oer6 yivovtu,verei -yra,ti npaypcrtrrd eiye ytrcrei yro ouc6 to oron6- pord(et nu,pti[evo Kor os nlnpn crvti0eoqpr ro yeyov6tc rrlq to'ropiaq rrrrvMuotnpiov vu uno06ooupe6tr o X6ofi{r,q,o,v rlrov rurcroreuoot(g o,urrlgtrlq flupopi8aq, otptipqre avdvtrCI, o'rouq puqpdvouqIepeiq Kc,l roDq 'Oporq, vo,origroug. 6ncoq8r8riorerq Muo'rrrq Ao[ooio,; 6ev r1to,vo Xfonoq ereivoq nou dlttoe tqv opritvupq llupopi8o, ndpcron6 on8rlnore d)"},opnopei vo 6ra,ve. Ootdoo eivCI,r on6l,utr'1crl,qOelc, 6rr 86


TA TEAEYTAIA MY>THPIA >THN EYPOTIH

Efcntiaq praq arOronrrcrlq eroBol,qqKol rrlq opoonovbrarqg ru6epvrlo'r1q 6rrr6eroupplyrrlv, q Boorl.eiuneprql,0eoro 16pra 'Apcror, rou ev6qov0pronouro,trirrepqqydvvrloqq.

'Apo,orqqtcrv Aut6 ouv66q ro 570 n.X. rc,r o ereivoq nou rordorpevs rr1 66vapr1rou rcpcr,rsiou. Kar 'Eror

1d0r1re q oplaio Oeorpatia, roD fiopoDoiu(e rouq eoteppdvoug repeiq rlq eni r6ooug arrovegoqv Aiyunro Ko,l ot dl"o rov r6opo.

H Aiyuntoq eile ouyrevtpc(roeronoubootdqu,n6 6)"egttq Xopsqyf pcrlcrn6touq IepeiqKor rouqIepogtivmq rnq nprv or6pq r6pu0eiq A)"e(dv6pero,. O Eveg5 pogrp-- p(l)roel:

... firrlqyivetar... rcrr t6oo l"iyo eivar yvroorriT1oro Muotrlpro Kol ylo to rbrcriteponeprel6pev6touq, pdoo oe r6oouq nol"l,orig rar avripeouoe 16oo Sroqopetrrdc,enoytc,rur l"uofq; H orrrrveg 6rnv uuotqpri otrrrnqrou on<ivtrlor1eivar 6tr aur6 o<peil,ero,r pDnlrsvou.Mrcr dl,l"q ardu pnopei vcrBpe0eiornv Ko,ro,6rpoqn Kor rrlv ol,rrrl crnrrrl"ercr 6kov trov ypunrrrrvororleirrrv tlq reprlg yvrrloqqtnq pcKprvrlqcrplatorqrug...To 6r8l,icrrou Noupti, ta onoiu neprypd<powor on6 to AiBu ror uruorel,ofvq quo'mr1 rprl"ooo<pia, 6pd0r1rovorov rtirporou, ul,l,d 6everuetpdnrlvc yivouv lvc'rotd, p{ftrrlgror unoro},dvouvro nro repd puonrti ttlg rpclnrrig 0pr1oretuq...H lepouoia Kol or tiplovteq tou l,aorj ano<pdorouv.... 6rr ra i6ru tcr 6r6l"is |npenevc, ruofv, npdypcr tcOt.., dytvC...

O Kcro'olcrv6gavaqdpa plo npcrypcrteicr,crprerti yvcrrotq ro,rti tov tdtu,pro ror ndpnro otrrtvo, q onoio, o,no8iSercrroro Xcrp, ro Tro roD Nole, o ofioioq pe rn oetpd rou Oeropeiror6tr n1v 6l,a8e crn6 rov kipe6, rdto,ptrl yeveti o,n6ro IqO, ro yro roD A6dp. H Al"lqpeicr anioqq 6t6d10qKs yto, nprrlrrl qopd otrlv Aiyufixo aTcoroDq popqrop6vouqIepeiq rnq, nop' 87


APXAIA MY'THPIA

ol"o nou 11nprrlrq epqdvtor.lr1g eivcr 16oo a,p1oio, 6oo rar o tivOprrlroq.flol,l"oi ouyypo<peig 61ouvovo,qdper 6n o A6rip qrov o npcilrogMrioclg. 'Opcoqnro,v 6va l"oyoncriyvroroD ov6pocoq,ro onoio oe 6vc[ an6 ra vo(protd rou oqpirivel (K6KK1vrlyq). H o.ororq nl"r'lporpopio-rtirro crn6ro al,l"r1yoprrc6 tr.1gn6nl,o- Bpioretar o'ro 6rto regd),u,rorqc,f6,ve,oryE, xo onoio prl,tieryro roDq<<frouqtou @eoti>nou nqpov yro yuvoireg roDg ttq r6peq rrrrvovOpofirlrvKo,l orrl ouvdlero percr8i8ooo,v otrq ou(rlyougtouq nol.l,a ano rcr puotrlpro Kor ro, FDottKri rou qolvoprvrrorj 16o'poD.To l,irvo tqq A),1r1peioq,l"6ero Ol"tiouqMnopilrouqe6,nptnet vu crvo(r1c.1Oii oe nol.d nro troKplvodq 1p6voug.O Arlp6rprtoq ond to 'A0bqpo rlrcv Al,Xqprotqqra,t Eppqnr6g Orl"6ootpoq. O K),npnqo Ai,e[ov6prv6gdrTporye oprerd yro,crurrltqv Enrorqprl avo o Mrrluor'1q Ko,ro Xol"cop6vraq yvot0errlpo6vto,v orcq rnq. O fouil,rcrp fr6vryoutveT po,gl,6er: H nprixq au0evnrq rotuypa<pr1rcrivco oro Odpueivar dvcr6rdroypo rou Arorl,rlnuvori rou 300n.X. to onoio 8rorri(erva yiver pra l"entopepriqdpeuvaorrlv Aiyunro Tro,6l.a ra uplcio 6r8l"io nou ovupdpovrororqv tdlvr1 rrlg 8qproupyioglpuoori Ko,roonproti rar to onoic npenetva pr10or5vorrlv ruupri.

H Al,lqpeicr rrrrvXo)"6oiolv rdo,rtrrrv crploirrlv Krv6(tov6eveivor odre rcCI,v o yov6o,qerceivrlqcqg Al,1q'Apo8eq peiog, nou c,vo6iroo'eo,vriprocr, oroDq nol,l"odq otcbveqo,pydrepa.YnapyerprCI, TrveDporlK{Al.Xqpeio Ko,1pro,u)"xr1 perouoiroorl.H yvrrtonKol rov pero6r8o(6rovrcrtd rrg Mu(oerq. 615o

88


OI AIAAOXOI TAN MYETHPIAN META TO XPIETIANIEMO El,euoivroMuotrlpro Devunrlplov mo. Ko,r 6fo I pcrlqa,urtid8rrloovro Boorrd Io,pcrKrnptortrdo.rr1 Neon)"CIrcDvrrq o1ol,r1tou ApprrlvtouXo,mri, ywni to Erl"errtr6 }iotqpcr Xopo,Krnpr(drcrv rupirrlq o,n6rrl @eoupyioKCr,r rnv dro.tu,or1.O kip6l,rXoq np6o0eoe rIV o,lyufiuorri 6o(ooio rqq @eoupyioqpe uq rcXvl_ rdq tqq Kor o llopqr5proqo Ioubo,ioqcrvnrdlOrlre oto vdo ototleio. H o1ol"r1,6polg,pe el.dlroteg e[c,rpdoaE, ooKorio'erov o,oKTlnoplo rot tqv evo,rf,wonKCI,r or pDorlKrordqtqq nepvorioo,v an6 pro ner0oplio,t6_ oo or),r1pri,6oo Kor roD Ivborj ogoo.rrrrpdvou. Or npoo'nti0erdgrouq 6ev dtatvCI,v t6oo oro vcr ovcrnrffouv rllv fisrDInpdvq relvrrri u1q 0oupo,toupyiu,q, rnq verpopovteioq I rnq poyyoveiog-6nrrlq rouq KCI,rnyo_ por5v- sl,l,ri vo, ovo,ntd(ouvttq ovrrlrepegt6r6rrlreg roD roorcprrod u,v0pcrrnou, lou flveupo,nrod Eyot.H o1o),r1unoorrlpt(e dtt 8tdgopo fiveDlro,trrd6vto,,rdrolKor o<po,tpolv evtel,rrlqove(riprqrov crn6tq fr1 ru,r rov ovOpcrtnrvo 16rl"o, r'1tc,vprso,ol"o6r1r6q petcr(rjtrrlv <@errrv> Ko,rrcrrvovOprrlnrrlv, u,r6pr1ra,r pero(r5xoDov0polnouKol rng AvcilrocqqyuXnq rou. ftc, vo ro rK89


APXAIA MY'THPIA

qpdooupero,0op6tepa,Xap\ o"rq 6or10erorov fll,ovqnKov flveuptitcov,q ov0pcirnrvrlVDX,q6ytve <66'Epepoov. 6norql"6aro Krqq rnq Vuxnqrou r6opou>>, O Anol"l,olwoq o Tuo,vdogBe8oirove6u rartiye lno, rdrorcr66vcrpr1 oe u,utofqroDqr6opouq (6noq ovcr<p6per o ro0r'lyqrqq Oudtl.vtep oto dpyo rov Neon).arawopoE): Mnoprrlvcr5roro nop6v Ko,lro pel,l,ovos rcr0ap6rtrOpd<ptr1. O oo<p6q[M6orqq] 6e lperti(eror vu neprpdvtlroDqutpodq qg ynq Kor tr1 p6l"uvoq cou odpu yrc vo 6er ftovodrl"sqKot nDps. ro @e6,a)"}"dnprv an6 roriq.flpdnel vo ro ympi(er dotepa crru6 Or koi $),fnow to pdl.l.ov,or ouvq0ropdvor rouq ovOprrrnouq. ro rup6v Kol 01 oogoi ereivo ro onoio np6rertor.vcr rivOpronor oup6ei. O r6r6popgoql"rt6q rp6noq rng (ong pou 6r1proupl.ei pro tdtorc o(6rr1tcrcno0rioerov r'18rlproupyeirrinoru <il,l,qt6r6tqtu, rbora pnopor5vvo npoyporrrl0o$vto peyal.rirepoKot fito o(rooq peiora npriypotoe8.

To oletrr6 o16?vrorou rcrQqylrn A. fourit),gg vrtp-' ervoronp0vrrKo: To yeyov6q pruopei vo ovopoorei ttvtupatwrt qaroypagia. H yulri eivur q rdpepa otqv onoia onorunrbvovrcn yeTov6to rar oup8rivta rou p€l,l,ovroq, rou nopel,06vtoq Kot roD nopdvtog Krrl o voDq onortd eniyvroorl roug. fldpo sn6 tov ro0qpeprv6 r6opo ro)v ?r€proproprlrvpcrq,rc ndvrc eivur o'sv pto pdpu rj pttt rordoruorl. To ncrpel,06vKol ro pdl,l,ov neprl,up6dvovrol oro 'Ioroq nop6v. autrl eivor q <peydl,q pdpu>, q <dolatq pdpa>, rl (pspo rou Kupiou) rrrlv ouTypa<pdrrrv qq Bi8l"ou, 11pdpo rccrtti rqv onoio o ra0dvog nepvder p6ocrcrn6 0rivoto r1 Ercotao4.T6m an6 rov fisptoplop6 tou o<rrpotoqKol ro n VDIq sl,euOeproverar euyevdorepo rpnpo rrlg evrrrvetcrtps rnv ctvrrrtepqqdoq rot yive6rur pdroloq tqq oorpiog Kot rqq np6yvrooqq tov crvcrrteprov vtrrlvloo.

,4.16 ourri nou l"6et o Ap. A. foudrl,vrep ylcr roDq 90


AIAAOXOI TQN MYTTHPION

Al,e(ov6prvofq @eooo<protdq, pnoporSpe va,o.upnepdvoDpept1pL noro 6o0pd tcrun(6rov ro oriotqpa,nou oorodoo,vor Neonl,crrotvrotdq pe ereivo nou c,rol,ou_ 0orjou,vor oplaior ror oriylpovot Bevrcvuo.tdq. rirav 11r6do pruq . H ncll"rdtepq r6dc totv Neonl,q,rrovrorrrrv 'Ol,eg yn)"1eYndptarrlg Ouoiaq... or upyuieg<pi),ooorpieq nuprr_ idpBavov rq 6o(aoio on ot 1eo[r11oprlyoi, or dyye],or,'or6ai_ q9v€qKol or dl,l"eqnveuponrdqovr6tqteg ernoper5rqrcvcn6 ro Yndptoro Ov. O Apprrrvroqono5d10r1re to 66ypcrtatv Br6l,iotv 'Ol,o Eppti, 6Tl1"o6n 6tr aro to @eio npd8cr),e 11@eioXogio log'Aprov. 11 An6 rq Xogicrnpd8crl"eo Aqproupy6qroi an6 "o ir1_ proupy6rcr uno8edotsporvsDpottrd 6vtc, svrrro rdopoq _Kot or dvOpronoirou- rituv tel.eutoioq.To nprrltonepri;getoro.to 6e6_ rrpo, ro nprhroKo,lTo Derhepooro rpiro r.o.r.l01

flp6rerro,l Tro,pro, rdl,ero,ovtu,vdrl"ooq rqq ni_ ornq rov BavrCI,vtrotrrtv ro,r npotpy*ar roreueeiov an6 nq puocrdq 6r6oorol"isqrnq Avoro)"r.1g. O i6roq ouyypcrgdcr6 l.6er: flap6porcr eivor rcr 116o(ooto tr1g rou6crirriqKo86ril.u, q orcoio6r6oordrav crn6touq @dpoeqrj @aprooiouq*o, o, onoto, rq Saveiorqrcv, 6ncoqqo,ivercnror on6 trlv crrpetrrrlrouq ovo_ pa,oia,an6 roug Mdyouqqq flepoicrg.Xuvoryi(erarrrlqe({!: ,Anrrpo To @eioOv eivcnto flov, q nny{ rdOerSnap(r1g, ,t ror 6ev pnopei va yiver yvroor6. To XrlpnavTo anoro),6fite1Kol o'uwqpeirar_ and Aut6. Xtqv crp26r1 11urtrvoBol"io Tou anl,ro0l_ re ncvtorilo2.Tel,rrri a,noodp0r1re otov eout6 Tou rcrr srol oxl1_ prinoe yr5pcrl Tou dvq,vravd 1olpo. Erei peto8i8uoe ,nu np.irrrl Tou ErndpeDoq,p1oArdvo nou nepreile pdoo rng rn 6r5vapr1 tqg ydvvqoqqKor rnq or51,l,r1ry4q, and dnou Ko,lro 6vopo IE ri fraX. Aurrj, pe 14 oerpri rqq, naprlyuyer.,trmo6v,ro rcp|uno rj rqv r6ec,rng popqng.Xs uutrl tqv ern6peuoq,q orcoia'nepwiye enioqq ro c,poevrrdror 0r11,urc6 11tq yeveoroupy6ror oul"l"r1ntrrri Duvutdrrlrc,unriplov or rp€rqnprrrtoplrrdq8uvdpergtou

9I


APXAIA MY:THPIA

@ror6q,rou flver5poroqrol qc, Za(6. To Trrcorjvevrrrverorpe rqv Ardvcr ri nproq ern6peuoqrc,r epnoti(etur c,n6ouqv. Mdoor aut{q rqq dvroorlgBpiorsrur oe ouvelr'1enrrorvcDvio, pâ&#x201A;¬ rnv tinerpq nqyq. Eivcrr to npdruno, o nprorcrplm6qtiv0pronog,o A6tip-Kd6pog, o parcp1rcoopoE rotr flu0oy6pu KCr,1 rov dl.l,rrrv<pr. l,oo6<pcrrv. Aru6cut6 np66crl,avra Zerptp60... Aru6ta 6iro Xe<prp60 ernoper5rnKov or rdooeprqr6opor, o rcr0dvuqcrru6toug onoiouq np68cl"e crn6rov crpdorrlg ovrorep6tou, evc'lo rotriltepoq neprd8crl,e tov o,vrorep6 rou. Awoi or r6opor yfvovtar l"ry6repo oyvoi ru0rrlg rurdplovtrxr rnv rl"ipara. O tel,euroiog eivor o ul,rr6q r6opogr03.

Aurrl q rcrl.uptrrdvrl 8rurfnolon rqq Muortrrig Ar8oorcol"ia,q 0o aivor tcilpofilo opKrrti ocrqrlqyro roDq poq.Ot r6opor cruroieivor: crvuyvcbotrq ... O Ar(il,orjd ratomeirar un6 nq cryv6tepeqernopedoslq[n flprirtrl, o1e6dv rveupctm{ (Du},ri,rrrrv crvOpronrvcov 6vrrov nou enpdrerro vo rutorrrjoouv orov Tdtopro]. O 6er5tepoq,o Mnpfi, an6 dvcrratritepo ruypu, unqpdteqrorv nprrtrrov[r'16er5tepq Oul"rll. O tpitoq 11fmQp6",aro xcllepouBip rar oepopip, toug El,oip rcorMndvr El"otp [<froug rotv @errlv> i1il.oip, q 6m4 poq Tpirrl iDul"ril.O tdraptog r6opoq, o Aofi", ruromeirc,r on6 touq Kl"irp60,pe oplqyd rov Mml.rirl" [or Ar]"tivterorMriyor]104.

'Ol,ot

oDxoiot r6opor eivor yr1tvo,ovtiypcrqo,rrrlv oupdvrolvmpon5novroDq, 0vr1r6qro,r no,pobtrdqovroveirl,doslq KCI,lon6q torv <pul"rrtv l[oD Korolrofv o'e y1opoq. Ot ryu16qrov CI,vril"),ouqr6opouq o,6pa,rouq 0pornolvu1q 6rrr1q paq fldpnrrlq <Du),r1q 6l"rouv ru, ororleic, touq crrud outofq rouq tdooeprqK6opoDqftoD npoqyl0qKcrvrou Srrorj pcrg.Apy6tepo rrpoKl,r'10qre pro,oriyrpoDon,q onoio ovopriotqre <n6l"epogorov oupov6>>,ovtipreoooroDq 6rro6q pd,q fipor6runoug rc6opouq.Arcbveqa,py6repa(donoo'en6l,epoqovripe92


AIAAOXOI TON MY:THPION

oo, o'rouqAtl,dvterouql0stou Aord ru,r erceivoDg rqq rpk\q.Pi(oq Oul.r1g,toug Mndvt El.otp ( <frouq rou @eo6>106 Kor ro rord Ko,ln novqpio,ou(r10qrou.gner8rl 11ov0prrln6tqta(o'rr1vrel.euroio unoqul"rltrlq tpirqq Pi(uq Oul,rlq)eiXe ... opopt{oet orov nprorott1q yovdcr[pro npoyponrd guoro],oyrrcqol,l"rlyopiu!],crc6rqv ryulrj tou onoiou ernopedetcrrrdOe av0prrlnrvqyuXri,

ro Zo76,p,ovogdpernoq y1oout6 or rivOpconor <e(opiornKCI,v) ot ?rroul"rrd oropa,rcr, cbore ... va e(rl,errlooDvrnv apcrptio,Ko,rvo,yvolpioouv tqv oya,g6rqtc.

Mril,l"ov ylo vo ol,orl.qproooDvrov njrl,o rnq ovoyror6n1tog, e(qyei q 6o(oo.icr.fro vo npoo6er5ooDVoro 6pyoqq el6i,r(r1qroDq,on6 ro onoio rov6va,q6ev pnopei vo (egriyer,odre ps ro 0rivoro o6re pe rnv CI,DroKrovio, yro,ti 6l"or nptna vo neptiooupep6o'crono trlv <Korl"d8crtatv Ayrca,Orcov) fiprv <ptriooupe oto l,r8ti6ro,roD Oeiou<prrlr6q Kor rIq crvdnouoqq.i(crr dror or riv0prrlnot0o ouveliooDv vo yevvtorlvraroe ro,rvofprTroocirporo ... do4 6rou yivouv oprcetciayvoi yru va erodl"0ouvor Fro cvrrrrepn popqn dnop(qg.

Aur6 or1paiverdtr 11Av0pcon6tr.lro on6 rqv llpotul lttypt tqv re)"euroio11'E86opr1Oul"r1,crnotal,eito,t on6 rrlv i6rcropri8o rlOonorcirv, or onoior ro,td8rlrcrv crn6o,vrrtrepeq ogoipeq T1c,vo erre),dooDvrrlv ru,l,),rtelvmrl nepto8eio,rouq ndvorotov nl.crvqo.lpru,q, rr1 'EXovrcrq fq. (envrlo.a oov oyvd nveriporo,ro ro0o6116ro[i6r poq yfpro orov r6opo, Fr rq yvcooqrqq 93


APXAIA MY'THPIA

-n onoio tcilpo,qlet opu8pti ong An6rpucrl"(Oeroq <pegAo(croieq- dprpurqp6oo poq, o rurl"m6q v6poq pcrqo8qyei rtirro orl1v CI,vmotpoppdvq ropurptl rt19 'Yotepo o flnq, q onoicreivor lopdvq ebcoo'cr1fr1. i6toq vdpoqrnq fiveDpcr,nKqq 6opfrqtog 0o poq ovDryrboeror ftro oyvdqo<poipeq crn6ereiveqroD [ertvqo0,pt. A16poor1,npoqr"lreicr,Lro,vnKdq rrcrv6tqteg!Anorql"eq gcrvtcrorcooslq rov urlolrdvov ovtrl"qyacrlvrot) ov0pcbnou,o onoioq 6l"6nerfipoTpouKdqetr6veq oe ort6q, ouyldovroq rlq firpoop6veq ovrcrvcml,doaqKcr,r npcrylronK6tqtaqpr rrq nporpqnrdq em6veq ev6q p6l"l"ov'coq, ro onoio 6ev 61et roprri 06o11orqv Arolvr6tqto. O porp6roopoq Kor o prrp6roop6g rou, o dv0polnoq,rnovol.cp6dvouvKor 01 6rio to i6ro 6pyo T(DV fiO,yK6OptrOV KO,1O,TOprrCilVoUporiVtrOV OA rcd0e

oro0p6, roOrrlqKor or rriOeorr"lvr1nou roDqo8nysi ro Krippo,,yro vo ertal.doouv ro crvriororxo 8ptipo rqq (ronq.Or yeubonpo<prlreq 6s 0o pnoporioo,v vn undpKor o,v 6ev unrlplov ol"r1Orvoi npotprlteq,. unqpfouv, M6vo nou [crv no]"],oi r6toror, oe 6],eqrtq eno16q. rovdvcrqon6 ourofq 6evei6e nort rinore dl,l"o, ert6q crn6 ereivo TroDeile q6q oup8ei ror eile crn6 nptv oqoipsq -ov ro errul"t10ei nprrlr6tuno or crvcbtepeq oup6tiv o'1en(6rov pe e0vtrrl n 6qp6npoBl"enopevo oro rDrDXioq Duorulicr- r1 o'e rdnolo fiporlyodpevq (orr1,ov orpoporiosp6vo 6va dtopo. frcrri rd0e tdroto oov oveâ&#x201A;¬irnln Koroypooup6riv eivor o,notuncop6vo rpq rou flopel"06vroqKor tou M6l"l,ovroq,to onoio, oe rel"rrrl a,vdl"uoq,eivCI,ru,nl"dto ouval6g flctp6v nou orr1vArrrrvr6rqto.Or <r6opor> Ko1or efcryvio'erq 94


AIAAOXOI TON MY'THPION

ovo<pdpovror oro ZoX6,pKo,ror dl,l,o roBBol,rottrti 6r8l,io,,6e oleri(ovrCI,rps rr1 oqo,ipcrpoq Kol rlq qD),69rqq, neproodtepoan6 6,n oyeri(ovtor pe dl,),eq o'rpoipegrcr <pul,6q ftou nporlyrl0rlrcovqg 6trr1gpag oto peytil"or$rl"o. Tdroteq 0epel"rcrr8etq o),qOereq ovo,nu,protrivovrovpe ol,l,qyoprrti 8pdporo KCrrerr6veq rcrtd rq 8rdprero,rov Muotqpirov, q rel,eutoio, npd€n rrrrvonoicov,o Enil"oyoqroD Mr5orr1,rltcrv r1 avd"oraorl11 <ouvelr(6pevr1r.ino,p(q>,rcr0crtqKo,1I <perop6p<poo'q rnq Yu1,nqo. fra, crur6, o oDTypoqdoqrou 6pyou Neon)aravr prcrg op6g rcarA).yr1peia 8eiXverotr 6l,u o,urrito Er),arrrrd 6oyporcra,vto,vcrrcl,rrrvro,t dvrovo ottq EnrctoAEq tou llo,ril,oDKu,r ... 6r6rio'rowov l"iyo-nol.ti otrq errl"rloieq. 'Etor efqyeitur to 6tr ouvo,vtripeonoonrioporu 6rorq,<Ardtr Eeveivur 11ndl,q 4prrrvevcvriov rlq roq pe0oSeiaq rou 6ro66l,ou,6r6tr 6ev eivar q ndl"q rlprrlv evovtiov erq aipo ror odprccr,al,l,' evcrvtiovrlq rog ap1ae,evovtiov slq roq e(ouoioq,evcrvtiovelq roDgrooporptiTopoqroD ordtouq rou arrovoqrodtou, evovtiov erqto nvedpora, tqg ruovqpioqsv rorq enoupcrviorq>. [E<peo.XT', 12.] A]"]"ti o flafl"oq rlrcrv oiyoupa uvtiOerogpe ng yvoonrdq r6deqtqq eBpcrrooryuntrurrlq o1o}"r1q,drurrlq Ko,lr1'lgavdpr(qq rou erl1slp{0qre orqv 'Eqeoo. fro aur6 dyparyeo'rov Trp60eo,rov o,yo,nqpdvo po0qt{ rou, ((r'rlvnopo,rcrta0rirqv<pri},o(ov, o?To6rp€rp6pevogroq Be8rl),ougparu,rol,o/aq rcrr roq a,vtrl,oyioqtqq ryeu8rrrvdpou yvrrtoerog, tqv orcoiovnvdq eroyyel"l"6pevor,enl,avq0rlouv rcrrd tr1v niorrlv>.

A),),d ener8nq fvolor'1eivcrrq Enrotrlpr'1nou a,vqKa orov AvcbtepoEcrur6,6ncoqq tugl,rl niorq eivsr 06pcrr8roouyrpcroioqKo,l ouvoto0rlpono'pof Kor rruet8qq 6o(ooio rou florjl"ou r1ro,vcm6pr1np6o<po,rr1 95


APXAIA MY'THPIA

svcbq eppnvtio rnq rol,r5 nurvti Kol.uppevl Yto'vo crn6touq fvcoottu,norpfyel rtq eooreptrdqcrl,rlOewq ul.rlOetoqnpornq avo(qtqtrlq Kofq, r40e arl"trplvnq rlpofot rnv fipd)rn Entnl,dovo,uroior peydl,otAr6do'rcrl"otnou eftoYfvrrloq> qy6l.owov rnv ottoKol,ofpevrl<l"u0ep6vr1 rov rol.udptepol ttq pfpeq tcrrvAnoot6l"rrlvrur qtcrv 16oo onou8oior,6o0 rcrt rdOe fipoorll,DrtopdvoqPo6ivoq. Av o floptpfproq, o Iouboioq Mol,ir' otptitpt'1re evdvoo otq @eoupyioe[ortioq crppicov nopcr6ounqplu,v dl"),or6dorol,ot or oororcbvovcrpvqoeorv, roiol rrlv croKorjoov.O fl)"<rltivoq,o Itip6l"t1oq, o fIp6rl"oq rltcrv 61,ortouq 0eoupyoiror o tel"eutcrioq rn Oeoupyiar(uv npo... 6rcrtfnrooeol,6rl,qpq tq Oeoootpio..Itrt odottlpc'''. nl"r'1peq ratopv rou ot eva

'Ooo yto tov Apprirvro, ono tov Kl'qpr1 Kot rov A0qvay6pcrotqv Ev0appuv6pevoq tqq Xuvayrocrvoprilnor)q errl,qoio, ra0rrlqrtrt crn6popqropdvouq 'A},ooug, to dpyo tou ernl"r'lprooe roD Kot Tnq,.rnq Ara8qpicrq yrcr 6].ouq108. rorvq p,o ao[ooio a,blo*outoq

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AIAAOXOITON MYXTHPION

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l.oq o Iou8aioq6rarrlpu[e 6n q r1Orrrirou Aprorord],r1npoepXoxavon6 rouq N6pouq tou Mrouorl [!] rar perd an6 cur6v o @il"rrlvogrcpoondOrlosvo eppnvsdoertqv flevrdteulo orip<prrlvo pe trq dofcoieq tou llu0ay6po Kol rTlqAro8qpiog. O koor1goq crvogdper6tt o"to 6r6l"io rqq.l|,veorygo Mrouoriqdyporyerprl"oooqrrd, 6ql,o5( pe oup8ol.m6 rp6no Ko,ror Eooaior tou Kcppdl, ova6irrroavorouq @epaneurdq tqg Aryrinrou, or onoior lre rn oerpd rouq Oeroprl0qruvon6 rov Euod0rorcrtrdoqpor Fe rouq Xprotravode, frap' 6l"o nou unqp[av nol,f nprv crn6rr1 1plonovrrq Eno1q. flpriyputr rcc,ro Xprotravropdg pe rq oerpd tou 6rSoor6tav orr1v Al,e(dv6pero ror undo'rr1pra avdl"oyrl perap6ptproorl.O fkivrorvog, o A0qvoyopaqror o Kl"ripqq rlrov t6l"eror yvrrroreqrnq nl"crrovrrqq <prl"ooorpiog Kol Koro.voofocrv rrlv oDoroorrrrl qq ev6tqteipa ta cvatol,rrci o"uoclpcrrcrl10.

O Appotvroq,no,p'6l,o nou un"4p[eyroq Xprottovrbv, qto,v epaorrlgtqq crl"r10eroq, 6voq npcryponr6q <Dtl"o),q0qq. Aqoorco0qreoto 6pyo trlq ouprptl"irrlorlq trov 6ro,rpdpov oDornpritrrlvos dvCI, o,ppovtr6odvol.o, yrori eile qbq ovnl"q<p0eitrlv rdorl tqq Xptorro,voorivr1qvo CI,vDvo0ei ndvroo's pro eror6p6q 8o[oorcbv ro,t nioterov.Tt pcrq),6et11totopio; ' O errc),qoro,o'urdq roropm6q Moodrplll, uvo<p6per?[og: <O Appcovroqdlovtaq crwrl,qrp0et 6n ot qrl,6o'ogorrqg E1.),d6ogKo,lrcDvctl,l"rrlveOvrovBpiorovtav oe on6l"urq ouprproviu pero[r5roDq,or 6,tr cr<popor5or ro ?rroouorcronrri oqpefo, unorprioroevc up6l"r5verKo,1vo,nopouorrioertrg 6o(aoieq 6l,rov c,utrov trov 6ra<p6pcrlv oloL.rrtv,coorevcr qcrivetor ruroq6l,eq ruporil,Oav orudtrlv i6ro n4yri ror drervov?rpoqrov i6ro orono>. O Mootirp l"derenioqg rurrlqo Apprrlvroq6i6crore 6n <<r1 0pqoreia tou nl"qOouq6d6r(e y6,pr-ytptpe tr1 grl"ooorpicrar porptiotqre po(i rqq to rcenparpdvo rnq 6cr0proiaqq0opdqrur ouor6uorlg an6 uq onl,â&#x201A;¬q av0prrlnrvegavtrl"rlyerg, 8eror8otpoviegrur ye66q. Enopivcoq,6rperleva enrorpdryerniorlr orrlv oplrr{ rnq o98


AIAAOXOI TON MY'THPION

yvdtlru, roOcrprop6wlcrn6u1 orouprri Ko,rfio,poDorcopdvqntivcDorlq qrl"ooo<px6gap1{q rr'1q.Erefvo to onoio eile oron6 o Xptor6q, {tov vu onorcrtcromjoaKor vo ena,va,rpdper orqv rrporoplrrri tqq rl,r1p6tqto rr1Eoqio rrov ap1crirrrv...>

floro' r1tov, l.orn6v, q <Xo<piotcov Ap1a,i{Dv>>, ornv onoicr or6leue o I6putr'1qrou Xptottavtopori; To or5o'rqlroro onoio 6i6uore o Appcovrogotrlv Erl,errmrl @eoooqrrll l1ol"q roD o?roml"eiroan6 ra tyrlio fioD trrrrpen6rov vo, oDyKevrpcito'et crn6 rrlv 7rpoKo,ro,Kl"uoproio nopti8ooq.Ereiveq or Neonl"o,trrrwrdq Sr8crorcrl,ieq nepryptiqovro,lcoqeqnq oulv Eyrcud.onal\en rco Edtp9obpyoo: Aur6q (o Apprilvroq)uro0dtr'1oe trg 8o(croiegnou qtav ano8errdq otqv Aiyunro olenrri pe ro XrlgLnuv Kor rtl @e6tqta, rqv arovr6rqtu tou r6opou, rr1 qr5oqtrrrvyulrrtv, rqv e(ouoia rqq flpdvoroq (Kdppo) Kol rI 8raru8dpvrloqtou r6opov uno 6ai1toveg(q nvedpara,ap1uyy6l,ouq). Eyro0i6puoseniorlqivo or5orqpa r'1Orrr]q ner0cpliaq, to onoio entrpeneotouq av0pro?rouq vo (ouv or5pqrrlvo ps roDqvdpouqrqg lrrlpaqroDCKo,rtrq unalopedostg rTlqq6o'nq.Arc6 rouq ooqodq,6prrrq,anorrofoe va crvuyrrtooDv ro vou roDq lrs rnv evotdvroq Kor vcr,e(apioouv ro oc6po tougttt, crro're vc pfiopdoouvva ono],adoouvrrlv ncpouoicrrcrr tq 6o40eru tcov 6orp6vrov(neprl,up6avopdvou rar tou 6mod 'E66opqq r,ovc,6aipova. ApXnq)Kot vo avdl.0ouvpetd to 0dvot ro ornv napouoia rou Yndptotou (Yu1rror5)fovda. flporerpd-; vou vo oup6r6tioertrq l"oirdq 0pqo'reieqrcr r6raitepcrto Xprotrovro'p6pe outd ro vdo orlorqpc, petdrperyetr1v roropia rorv er8rrll,ol"crprrrov0ealvoe ol,l"qyopio, unooulpi(owoq 6tr rltav p6vo dva rcrrorecnl,crlqoupdvrorunoupyoil13,nou 6rro,tor5vro po ei6oq l,otpeiaq ror avcryvropr(e Irlooriq 6rr o Xprot6q rjtav dvoq6[o1oq dv0prrlnoqrcrt <pi],ogrou @eoti,a],]"ri uncrrvroo6rcv 6rt 6ev rltov pdoa orcr o1d6rd roD vo ru,ra,orpâ&#x201A;¬yernl,riproqrq l,orpeio tcrrv6orp6vc0v114 Kor 6tr np60eori rou qtav p6vo vcr e(ayvioertqv aploio 0pqoreial15.

99


APXAIA MY:THPIA

fleproo6repo 6ev pnoporioo,vvo, afioOoriv Tropd p6vo oe ereivouq touq Otl,o,),q0erg nou {rov tlDqp6<titopo vor, rord)"},r1)"aro0o6qyqpdvorcrr nerOupp'1p6vu,>>, oroDqonoiouqo Appcbvtogpeto6i8o(e nq nro oqpovtrrdq 6o[oo'ieqrou, ... enr6dl"l"ovrriqrouq ng unolperrtostqrnq puonr6tqtog, onclq yrvdtuv nprv on6 crut6vono ro Zapoaorpn Kor rov flu0uy6pc rur ota Muotripra [6nou dvag6proq onorteiro uno roug ve6quroug11rouq ratrllofpevouq otr 6e 0a onordl,untov ro ooa pdOurvovl...O peydl"oqflu0oy6poq eile yopioer trq 6r6aorcrl"ieqtou oe e(ortepmdqror eoaxeprrdqll6.

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etoipaoe o Apprrrvroqro dpyo tou. H Ba0rrinveupotrrf ev6poor"1 rou, n nLana ruol,upciOerti rou, Tl storrceiroorlroD ps roug Xprotrovodgnatdpâ&#x201A;¬q,rov fkivturvo, rov Kl,r1pq,rov A0r1vuy6pu Kor ps roDq lno pop<prrlpdvouq rprl,oootpoDq rnq enop'1g rou, 6l"c cutti tov druvav rardl,}"4l,o ylo ro dpyo ro onoio e(eqq uruqpeoicrq rdl"eoe16oo ral.ri... Tcr crnotel"do'potcr rou yivovtor ovrrl,qnra ptypt oqpepo oe rdOe lrrrpo tou Xpro'trcrvrrod r6opou. Kri0e 66ypo rpdperta oqpd6ra rou. Kti0e clpXcrio<prlooorpio dler touq orua6or5q tqq crvdpeooorouq oriylpovouq evro urc6pqrar o Iou6siop6q,apXor6repoqan6 6l,ouq,61eruroOerqoer al,l,cydqor onoiequno6eil0qrav und ro <@eoSi6oKro> Al"sr7. (ov6prv61

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AIAAOXOI TON MY'THPION

yio, rur q MoyeiCI,oro 6o0p6 nou 6r6oor6ta,v otrq pdpeqtou llu0oy6pa rot on6 ril"l,ouqor op1ol6repeq nepr66ouq. frori o flp6rl,oq l,6etdrr or 6o(noteqrou Op<p6o, o onoioqqrov Iv66qKo,rqp0ean6 tqv Iv6in, rltcrv 11Trnynrov ouo'rnpdrrrlvnou 6rcr660r6avopT6rrp(t. Ereiva ro onoicrncrpouoiaoeo Op<pdaq pe rpuppdvegol"l"qo flu0ay6pcrq puq0rlKr tcr dpaOe 6rov oro Op<prrtipulopieg, ottipto. Etq ouvdlero o fll,dtrovuqdl,a6erqv tdl,erayvrrtorltou an6 ra Op<pxtirot flu0cy6percrypantrilr8. Ot Orl.crl,rl0etq lcrlpi(ovrov

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APXAIA MYXTHPIA

vrrrloer, eire vo neOdvatcrv -or6pq letp6repo- 6e ltioer ro, l"oyrrti tou. Aev undpler riv8uvoq yro eKeivov fiou eivor ol.r10rv6q,erl.rrplvnq ro,r crvrbrotel"r'1q. frori pe crut6 tov tp6no eivo,rnpoerorpoopdvoqvo ovrllmrorrioer rdOenerpoo'p6. Ereivog o onoioq cvapropr(e nl,r'lprrlqtr1 6r5vopqtou a0dvcrtou nvedpat6qtou rar 6ev aptpd8al,eodte pro o'nypr1Tto rnv ncrvro8dvcrpq npoota,oiorou, 6eveile tinote vc Ao8r10ei.A)")"d ol,l,oipovo o'tov unoy{glo Trou61aoe m1vniotq rou e(artiog tou ul,xod <p60ou.Ereivoq o onoioq 6ev r1tav ol,otel,a nr.lttlopdvoq y1o rnv rlOrrri tou ratal"l,ql"6trltu orore vcr 6e10eito puotrrcDv,lirov rota6moopdvoql20. 6dpoqawcrrvtrov <po8eprrrv

Aev unr1p1o,v rdroror riv8uvor ottg Neonl"crrrovrr6q Muloetq. Or eyrorordqKo,ror ovd(ror onotfylovov oro oron6 roDqKo,r11crnorulio roDqr'1tu,vq trporpicrroDq.O 6oorr6q o'r61oqrltov 11<enavu,ofv6e'Ol"o 'Evu, on roD pdpouqpe ro o).o>.Aur6 to rlrov pe ovcrpiOpqtcrov6pato. Eire ovopo(6rov Nrlou, o 'Apro, <l"a,pnepdq Kfproq tou Oupovor5>, on6 rov rilarb, Xa,l,6aio r,e on6 ro Kor rov Ko66o1,to'r1,etre IaB6,,uno ro lcrpopeirrq, TIou 11 Touioto on6 to Irov8rvo86, Nrioo, o,n6 ro Bpst6vo, Zebq,crn6 ro @pdro 11T(ofrurep aTEoto Potpcrio,r1to,vnavru ro Ov, to Movo6tr6 rcrr Yndptaxor2r,r'1oy6vvrlrn Kc,l uvefdvrl,rlrn rrny( rdOe erndpeDorlq,q Trnyn rnq (ronqKcnroD orrrrvrouqort6q,pro Artivo rnq olroioq p6oo pog. H yvrrtorlourori tou Muornpiol) <pdpvoupe 6<pto,oe oroDg Neonl,o,rovrotdgon6 trlv IvSia p6oco rou flu0cry6paror opydrepcrp6orotou Anoiicirvrou rou Tucrvdcr. Or rov6veq Kor or p60o6oryta r4v npor),qoq rqq drotooqg nporl),Oov o,n6trlv i6to nopd6o,1,02


AIAAOXOITON MY>THPION

on rnq 0eioq Brvryrd, n1q fvo5o.r1g. frod o Apyro_ Bapru, )"qtnprl eorio "rnu onrfo rorC .q rqv ;;^ rou 1p6vou 1riOr1ravor gl.6yeqrqq @eioq>o'gio{^e_ yrvs ro Kdvtpoa,n6ro onoio o,.rrub66l,qtou;;;_ plveq yl"crrooeq> oe rdOe pdpoqtou r60.pou.Tr dl.l,o r1ro,vro Zapavrq napa ereivq ' H avrrlrepqirorooq, prc rurcioro,on ornv onoic pcq o?roKo_ l,dnrovtcn ra 0eiu npaypmaKo,l ro, puotriprc qq <Dr5or1g,

yra r\v onoia,prl"dero flopgrJproq; H erpor] rou @eiou 'Owoq peto6r6do..triKr oro ovgpronrvo nvedpape unep8ol.rli ,nr"uyiiro*cc itor pra ivroorl :l_t:-"-:" rnq Vu1nq pe ro Oeiorar rdvovrciq rrlv rrav4, evrltBpiorerar oro oropc, vo yivetcn pdrolog qq (cDqq nou 6e Bpio.reruroto oolpo,

pog e(qyei oe dvo dl,).o onpeio ( Neon)arutvrcpoe 'Eror, g* l3). KdrrDonO ,o'Juo

dr6oor6ro;;;er'Enrotrlpri,;;{irlT,:r"YJJil;: ul'rrq r'1unepguomn, 6rrr,lgiriu-ono*ol.o6v ereivor nou dlouv tiyvoto rrlg fiovrolori nopouoia,grc,r no_ yrooprdnlroq rnq Orioqg. H @aioMayeia rcivar rov civOprrlno @eo.H ov0prrtnrvqpa_ yeiu 6qproupyeievavrorvodpyro 6cipovo.

Xro dpyoAnorcil.upp|vr1, Iot\aypdrya,pe: Xtcr oplardrspo ororlsia nou 6ra0droupe_ roug Biwa ran toug oplc'rdrtpouq*:ff roo Ma.vou-Bpioroupenol"l.dqpoyr_ rig re),erdgnou oo.rodvrov Ko,r ennpbnovrav aro roug Mnpay_ pcivougr22. To @r'it, ri Iunrovfo;r;; ,i;J" oroooKouvoripepa ereivo nou 6r6aor6ray uno toug oplorororoDq Xol,6oiouc. O

rr" i; ;A; ;r" ar,*jr, r.r;;;; 1poqo,uro,v Ios rcl.r PIJ:j-r-rr,ttt oyvd'1roq :l:::-.:l'ouroner0oplio, Tioryol lerrr]ercorrpuorr4q *o, op, opâ&#x201A;¬vn ovcnrdoooDv rI (r,rirrnyu1,*4;;;il;

103


APXAIA MY'THPIA

rqq outoqatrlonq. flapdlovroq orov civOprrrro rov dl,eylo tou oOdvatounvedpuroq,tou lapi(ouv al,q0rvd poylKsq6uvdprerq ndvctrotc otorlerorri nvedpcrro.Xtq Ar5oq0l,dnoupe6tr 11payeia eivat 16oo crploicr6oo rcrr orlv Avarol"ri. Or Apui6eqtqq Meytil,qq Bperaviag tqv o,orodouv pdoa o'rrgorronrl),eqrcprinteg rrrlv 6o0rrovonql"airrlv roDqKo,lo fll,ivroq uqreprrrvernol,l,d reqdl"crrcrotr1 <<oo<ptcurl23 rcov oplqyrrlv rrrrv Kel,rov. Or Xdpo0eq -or Apui8egtrrtv fal,arcirv- 8iScroruv nq guorrdg ol,),d rar trq nveupcrtrrdgenrouipeg.Ai8o,orcrvta puonrd rou odpncrvroq, rTV oppovlKq nopeio rrrrvoupo,vicrtv oropritrov,ro olrlpotrop6 rnq fnq rnr nrivcocrnd6l"cr,tqv oOovo.oiotqq ryuplgl2a.Xta repd dl,or1roDq-quolKdqarca8qpteg <pncrypdveq crru6 ro ldpr tou ,4,6potouAplrtdrrovo- or purlpdvoloDTKrvrprrtvovtav rqv rlpepn opo roD psoovD1tiou,yro,vo pd0ouvn qruv rdnote o dvOprrlnog rcrr rr 0c yiverl2s.Ae xperd(owo,vrelvqt6 rprrruop6,orite (rrrur6 adproyrcrva <poltioouv rouq vc,oriqtouq, yrari n oTVn Oedcrlq vr5lruqdprlve rtq firo uo'rlpd,vreq artivsq trlq rudvroorcr pe 6el,ovr6rdre<pdl,raroDq'Kor or l,eurovtupdvot ote<povrrrpdva, repoi 6dp6o1roDqyvrrtpr(ovrulg vo ouvoprl,orivpe tq povaprtl Bao'il,rooutou dvaorpou061"ou126.

Korri rrg dv6o(eqprprq rou Neonl"o,tcovroporl c,uroi or Bdp8or 6ev unr1p1o,v firo,,.ywti o rdrl,og touq eile rel"erciroet rot o rel"eutoioqond touq Apui8eqeiye ya9ei oro Bi6po,KroKo,rtr'1vAl,d(rcr.Al,l,d q Neonl"o,trown'1o1ol"r1avOorjoeyro no},rlrurp6, ncrvto8fvopl1Ko,rrDTlprporSoa. C)or6o'o,no.'pdto yeyov6g6tr 'Apra utoOdtqo'e rqv loqicr ottq 6o(o,oieqtqq, I o'Xol,q 6ev ro,ttirpepevo,c,rol.ou0rloeroclv npd(rl rrl o'ogio rrrlv MnpoXptivolv.Eprptivrorrrlv q0rrq Ko,lvontmq tqq ovotrep6rqro,nol"rj cvorlrd, ev8ru.rpep6pevq .unep6ol,mdyta rouq peytil.ouqror tolupor5gourrlq rnq fng. Evol crvri0rro,,or Mnpcrlptivor Kcrlot peydl"or touq frdyrr -dprnetporoe Odpu,ro pr<pt)"ooo<pioq, t04


^IAAOXOI TON MYXTHPION

ro<puo'rrr1q, o,o.rpovopio,g,11Orrcr1q Kor 0prloreiog_ 8ro,trlpqoavro prTol.eioroug rdrro on6 tqv'rup,oi_ yia.rcovTrrorolupalv npryrrlntit,v,napt4mrvovpo*prC crn6rov r6opo rcatbe 6dlovrcrvvCI, rouq enroKeo0o6v 11vo (rlrnooDvrnv nopotltrpr1xripqr27.Or Autorpti_ roprq A),6[crv6poqle8dproq Kor Iou],rov6q,*o{irq Kor or onou8crt6teporo,ndroDqq.plororpcitegrqq yA_ po,g,uroOdrrloovttg Do(ooieqrolv Neonl"CI,trrlurorru, ot. onoiot ovopryvrjovravel,afOrpoFe tov rdo.po. To o6o'rqpo rirpo,oeyro,opKsrorSq crtrrtveg Ko,lneprel,dpr_ 6ove orrg tti(etq rcrtvons8crtvroD ToDgtKo,v6repoug KOrfiro poprprrlpdvouq ov0prrtfioDq rrlq enor.1g.H ynsticr, q 6oorril"u,Tou r?rroKdnouluvdo,ou,'r1tav 6vo un6 ra orol,i8ra u1q l1ol"r.1ept6pl rq potpo,io Kor enoio'1uvrqpdponou Dol"o<povr10r1re crndro Xpronovtrd 611,o,rdrro ond unorivnoq rou rrrroKdnouKu_ pil"ou rr'1qAl.e(dv6peroq.Td),oq11lXol,rl percrrpdp0rl_ Kr o'rnv A0qvo ror drl"eroe6o.tepa,on6 8rcrtcryrltou Autorpdtopo Iouo.rtvrovorj. ll6oo eforolq eivat q nopotrlpqorlroD Ap. fou_ .^ rirl"vrep,nou l.derdn: Or o-riyXpovolo.uyypoqeiqnou olol,rd(ouv trg r8roirepeqa_ ru6yergrov Neonl,c,rrovrorrrrvoyr:utru pe ourri ,0, 1p"ro,puot,*J1 Odpcto,^ondvror1g rapouotci(ouvocoord,,ar6pq-*o, 6rou ,o 0dl,ouvl28. ^

Or el,dlroteq

ypamtq Oerrlpiegroug ylo, ro Dnoor_

l"rlvroro, to u),rrd Kol ro fivrup{r,u.KO b,ipnov _o Ap_ porvroq6ev dypoye nord orJrepro,ypoppn, oripgrovo, p6 rrl ouvrl0ero,rcrrvovctlroprpcotcilv_ 6ev aproriv yro pro ocrlo'r4rcpio'r1, a,r6pq Kor ov 6ev eilcrv ra,rootpdVa or nprrlror 6dv6o,l"or,or petdnerro o.ro,uporpdpor 105


APXAIA MY>THPIA

KOl qOVOTTKO{ TOD M8OO{OVO,, TO eVO tpirO

AfiO O,X\

eile crnopeivetottl Bt8l"ro0r'1rrlxnq Al,e(tiv8petuq KCI,1 ttq ratontvdq oXol,6qtqq. O rcr0qyqrrlqNtdnep ovoqdper6tr p6vo o Kop6rvdl.roqXrp6ve0 flopd8rrroeotrq gl,6yeq,ong nl"cteieqtrlg fpcrvd8o,o166vtct nol.l.d an6 to onoia qtov petc1rl"rd6eqcrpo8rrdlerp6ypa<pa, 2e. rpptioergrl,uorrrrrv oulrypoqdrovl

rou Botrrovof, ol"drl"r1pa,o,noIrq B16l,ro011111 aTEo ue nro ondvreqrot nol,rJrlptqfipoylroontiopro,rc, reieq tov ApXoirrlv 6pd0r6av o8qopdvcr(pt no,ptprya,l.pcirv!>. Enioqq eivot nooiyvro6o),dgncrpdl"oyrov on6 oto 6rr ndvrrro,n6tprrivra {\t t6por ypa,pprdvor pe ti),)"o tov llop<priprorrir6uv q ro,rootpri<pr'1ro,v tp6no. To, neproo6repoon6 outti nou eivcrryvrootri y1or1q6o[ooieg trrrvEr]"erttr{bv, 6pio'rovto,toto 6pyo roD lll"rrltivou Ko,rpsplKcilvflcrtdpov rnq Err),r1oio,q. rcatAArou 6pyouNeon)"arutvrcpoE O ouyypcr<p6og yr1pdalutev 'O,tr

{rav o fl},dtalvcrg yto ro Xanp<itq ror o An6otol.og Irrldvvqg T1o rov opxqy6 fllq 1plorlovmrlq nio'tr1g,dyrve o fll.odvoq yrcr to @eo6i6urto Apporvro. Xtov fll"orrivo, tov Qprydvtl Kol ro Aoyyivo lproortipe tu 6ou porpi(oupe yro to otiottlpu rrrlv @rl,a),r10cov.Autoi eilcrv ratri)"}"q1"o erncn8eutsi, pulOei I 30. rccrrro0o6r1yq0ei otrg eo<rrtepmdq6o(aoieq

'Eto'r

e(qyeitcrt ytoti o Qprydvqg ov6po(e <ov6qrouq) rKeivoDq nou niotaDov orov Krlno trlq E66p Ko1 oro prjOo rou A8tip Kol rnq Ericrg,roOolq enioqq KCrlro yeyov6q 6tr el"d1roxa ano ro Keipsvo ereivou 106


AIAAOXOI TON MYXTHPION

rou llordpo rrlg Errl,noiu,q ndpc,oovoroDqperoyevdorepouq.Avtipeoo orqv enr6ol,l,6pevr1 puotrr6tqro, rouq dprouq orornrlqKo,lttq nopdl,oyeqKcrroorpogdq, aivur npuypan crfro0cn5pooro ro 6rr d<prooovorov r6opo t6oo noLLa afio xa E6ypota rrov Orl,u,l,q0rov.

t07


XHMEIOEEIX l. flroredetcn 6n or pi(eg Ou),dq eivcr e<prri, ov rcr dlouv eprpuvrotei pr6vo or ndwa. Or Atl"tiwer<l crvqrouv orqv Tdropul Pi(cr @ul"q.

2. Tovr, Annals of Rajasthan,Top. I, oel,. 32_33. 3. Ouprivrorlopeurdq ror rpayou8rordq.Or frc,vtop6ri ano_ ral"$ntouv o.touqOvqto6qra puonrri rou Oupavori *o, ,rlq frlq rcorrnv â&#x201A;¬o.(ompxr1 enrotrlprl.Eniorlq qpouporiv,o gu_ "c6,ano to orcoio Byoiverto 0eio vdrrop t"Oprolnou lopiia a,0q,vqoia rcornovroyvrooio. 4. Kri0e Meyril"o frouyrri (poluyrouyrccir1toriroup yrouyrti) crnorel,eirora,nd teooepc pxp6tspa,: (l) Iotrri 'ylouy*j (1,7 2^8yt?,"ttrkd. e). yloDyK o gZSe 1r),rerleq).'(3j ^T-psro Nt8unripcryrouyrd (864 xrl.retiss).(4i Kril"r yrouyri @ZZ lrl"retieq). 5 . Bhagavata-PLtrana, IX, III. 2g. Xtqv er6ooq

Ouil.oov, Top. III. oc).. 249, r-,noo. 6. Vishnu-Purana, BtB. IV, rceto.1. Oui)"o'ov, Top. III, oel,. 248-254.

7. H enoyrlrou Kri)"r frouyrct apytoe"co3102n.X. ror o nprrtroq nirl,og rrov 5000etrrtvrrlq ta),eicooe to lggg p.X. 8 . (Did6rogAppruvdq(95-lg0p.X.;. .U,l,nvoq roroprKoq,qr_ l"doopoqrcuryeroypdqoq. 9. O Tosvrpc.yrodnro ruBdpvqo.sn1 B. Iv6is ond rc 321aq ro 297 n.X. ror i8puoerq 8uvcroreiu tarv Ma,ouprior"1Mopu(x. 10. Kord rqv oplo,r6tqta6evunrlplov MnpuXprivor o.ovrl,q_

109


APXAIA MY'THPIA

'

povopmrl rdoro. Xe ereiveqtrq porprvdq efioxtq yrv6tov rcrveiq Mnpcrlptivoq pâ&#x201A;¬oroMr5qoqq.Bc0praio, 6prrlq,erolrrrprloeo Seonottop6qrat o Ylog ev6qMnpolptivou ytv6tav Mnpnlptivoq rot' opp]v ltiprv 8trarropotoq tqq npootcroioq ror otq ouv61erc,pdororl,4povopmod 6marcirporoq. To 8mcrrrrlporo rou oipu,toqavtrratdotqKov rtq ol,r10tvdqo(ieq rcn dtor 6rlproupy{Oqre to orrrpa trov Mrupalptivrov, ftoD petcrBl,qOrlreo$wopo ot pto rcaviolupq rrioro. ll. Zuv Mopi Pcryr6v (1781-1862).fdl,l,oq ouyypaqdaqrar oup6ol"totrjq. 12. Des Initiations Anciennes et Modernes. <Ta puot{prcr>, l,dero Po,yr6v,<titcrvto 6roporrlq lvbicrq>.Xe out6 rdver 'Aprc tpul"rldgepetc puottjptu tqq Mfqotlg 1.d0oq,poti q crn6 tr1v Atl"ovti6o. C)or6oo, 61er 6ino 6tav l"der orr xa puorripro npoqyrl0qrcrv 6l,olv tcovruol,ttroprirvrcn 6tr, l"npnpfvovtog to voD Kol rnv qOrrr1trrlv cv0prrrnrrrv, XpnoipeDoovoov pto Odoqyrcrol,ouqtouq v6pouq,rotvtovmofq, nolrtt'orSq rur Opqoreutmodq. 13. De Officiis,1,33. 2l-22. 14. DesInitiations...,oe?". 15. EssaisHistoriques et critiques sur Ia Franche Maconnerie, ae)".142,143. ouvdOetcrron6 nq el.l.r'lvrxtqLE16. H l,ri(n (Trorprop1lK6q> (erq <flntpi8o (<omoydvero>,(qDInD ri <d0vog>)rcrr (naplqydg>)rcr oqpaivet rnv rcrrprKnopXn.Ot <<'Aplcov> Iou8oior flotprdpleq ruoultav norpdveg,dboroavro 6vopti roDqoroDqXpronavor5qflatdpeg. Clotooo, ereivor 6ev 11touq, dncoqor rov repeiq,ol"l"d urul"dor oplqyoi to:v <pul,cov IvSoi Pior. 17. Le ypetfllerat vo no,pornpriooupe6tr 11ovtiotaorl ev6g npolpotmd verpod orrrpotoq eivut rritr to o66vcrto ottl <Dr5oq. n.X.) un{p(e Baorl.ttiqtqg Hneipou. 18. O fl6ppoc,(318-272 19. Or Baorleiq rrlq Ouyyapioqrolupi(ovtuv 6tr pnopofoav rov irtepo. Or 6or5reqqq Boupyouv8iaq va 0epaneiiooDv

110


>HMEICDET' l,dyetor drr eilov tqv rrcuvdtqrovo fipoorc,redouvro l,cro a,n6rrlv ncrvodrl"o.Or Boo.rl.etq tqq Ionavioq el.eu0dpclvov ereivouqnou eilcrv rorcl,q<pOei c,n6to 6rd6ol"o.To npov6_ plo rnq 0eponeiaqtqq lorpri8orqq eile 6o0eiotouq 6oo.r_ l,sig rqg fol,l,ioq oav avtci,por8qpa rrg uperdgrou rcrl.od Bcrorl,rciPo6dprou.O @poyrioroq A', ratri rr.18rdpreru praq orivropnqrcopolrovrig otq Maooal,ia y1oro ycipotou yror5tou, uyyt\e rar 0epdrceuoe and auul r4v oo.0dvercr 500 ritopn. Or Ooorl,eiqtrlg Ayyliog rareilov ro i6ro npovd_ p10. 20. B)t|ne Arrtpevq,EssaisHistoriques...ylo,?mp1oo.6repeq nl,qporpopieqoXetrrd Fls rnv n),ar,ta, nayr6opro yvrrro4 trrrv ArydnncrrvIepdov. 21. DesInitiations....oe]y.25. 22. H ),tQq npotpyero,roE6 rrg el.l.qvxdg <rep6q>rcur<yl.6rpro> (<orol,i(ro>).Or aryurutroroiloparnlpeq rltov o<piepropdvor o'roDq@eotiq,6nroqq rv8rxrlNte6ava,6dp1fioDOerrlpei_ tor H yl,olooa trrrvOerrlv. 23. O i6roq ouyypoqsoq(6ruroq rar or Anorpuqrotdg) dler pro nol"ril"oyrrrl ovtippqoq o€ 6,tr agopri tr1 or5ylpovqsrDpo_ )"oyio tqq l"d(r1q<<prl"ooorpic,>, q onoicrsppqveferar oav <oycinqtqq oorpiag>>, evor6eveivur tinore tdtoro. Or torl"6_ o'oqor rlrov enrorripovsgKor 11tprl"ooo<pia r.ltavpra ol,qOr_ vq enrorrllrn Kol oyt un]d. no],u]"oyia, drua4o.r1pepo. O 6poq crnorel"eiranuno 5r5oel,l"qvrrdq l,d(erg nou dlouv o.ron6 va pero8cboouvro puotrrd rou v6qpa rc,r rcpdnervu eppqvedovro,loov <oo<picr rrlq oydruqq>. Ee ourriv crrprBorg rqv rel,eutcriold(q, <<cydnq>, 6piorercrrrpuppdvq n eo.o_ reprr{ oqpaoia: yrcti e6rrln fut[n <aydnq>6ev eivar dvo, ouorootrr6, ofte o4pcriver<oupnriOeru> q <oroplr1>,ol,l,ti eivur dvaq6poq nou 1pTlolp.o[oreitaryra rov 'Eprotc,,erei_ vI rTlv rupcotaplrr{oplri otq Oeia8rlproupyiu,rq ouvrrtvu_ pn F€ rov nd0o, tqv oq4pqpdvrlenr0upiayro 8qproupyia, nou rutal"riysl os pra arovra oerpd garvopdvrov. lqpuiver <Oeicayrlnq>, €reivo ro oupTrovtrrdo.rorleio rr.1g'0etr{q napouoiaqoe 6l,q tt1 Odoq, nou eivor taut6lpovo q rripro

111


APXAIA MY'THPIA

crriu rcn to onotdl.eopo. H <oogia tqq oydnqq> (q <qt),oootpio>) or'lpurve tqv eprotrrrl e)'(r1 yru ro0ed Kpuppsvo ro0rrlq Kot rqv Korordrrrl crn6 ro o,vrtKttptvu<ci<parv6pevcr vdqoq tou. (Drl,ooo<picrorlpcnvs rnv dytottl rotriotootl rou Mriortl' uyunrl rot crqopoirooq on6 tq @e6tqto. Aru6 rrr?rslvoqpoorivq, o flu0oy6poq 6e 6eX6tuv vo rov oTroKol"orjv @rl,ooorpo(uut6v ruouyvorpi(er ruOed rpuppdvo otu opotti npaypuru, urtiu rcor crnotdl,eopa 11 anol"utq ul,t10ercr)rcr unoral'odoe tov eout6 tou onlc6g oogd, dvu (ql"rotrl rrlg <pr),oootpioq11trlg Xogicrq trlq Aydruqg. H ctytinq pâ&#x201A;¬ rrlv e(rrlteprrrl oqpaoiu trlq rltov uno6u0propdvq t6te crn6 roug cvOprrlnoug,onroq eivot rur oqpepo pe tqv rco0upri'1rr'1rvr1 tqg. e<pcrppoyq 2 4 . , 4 t w t t r c 6 ,I @ ' , 1 8 . 25. <flcivrrl>)orov <'Hl,ro>, ro olyu?rr1oK6ovopa tqg Hl'rofno'Hl.rou>). Inq (tng <fl6l"qq tou 26. H parcirlq O rcaiog, 1102. 'Evrooupvt Kivel.u (1819-1880).Ipl"uv66q vopopcr0rlqrat 27. ouyyporpduq. 28. Book of God, o'e}.. 160. 29. frog tou Brriou. Adyernr nrrlgdyporyeto Br8)"io Pryr<Bdvtu. 30. Ilpcl"tiyra oqpuiver <peyri)"q onoppdtpqorl) Ko1 rat' endKrnon 6rdl"uor1Kor Koroorpo<pq tou odpruuvtoq o'to tril,oq tqq Meydl"lq EnoXqq rl uqpdpuq) tou Mnprilpa. 31. O r. Kive),u oto Br6l.io rou Book o.f God, crvcrqdpettov Bul,ovori, o onoiog l,der: <Aev qtuv orite prcr B6opd6u nou ei1a, uno8r8crotei orqv Ipl,av8ia ono to fr6pol"trip, dnou pel"erorio'oE6paird rcsr Xul"8oird rdtro crn6 tqv ru0obr1yr1or1Iou6cricrrv,orov rircouoa pra veoprl lroprrcq vu ),der oe rivu vdo rcou oter6tuv 6inl,a rqg, <<Feachan Maddin Nag, <Koira ro dotpo tou nprorvoil>, 8eilvovtoq tov nl,uvqrq A<ppobitrl, tq Maddina Nag rrrlv Xal"6oirov>. 32. Mdproq Aourrivog (39-65 p.X.). Aodvoq notqtqq un6 tqv Kdpvro6o tqq Ionoviog. 33. Ynrlpye pro eruo1q onou ol.6r<l.npoq o r6o'poq eiXe prcr Opqoreio, 6rurrrgeilav <prcr yl"trloocr>. <Aplrrd dl"eq or

r72


>HMEIOIEIX

qtuv pia rcarrpoepl6tuv an6 dvc, 0prloreieg tou rcoopor.r rdvtpo>, l"dero T(. X. Ocrpndp. 34. Mo( Mi)"ep (1823-1900). Ayyl"oyeppav6g qrl"ol"oyoqKor ovatol,rot{q. 3 5 .An6 rr1 pi(cr vid:yvrrlpi(ot. Tu Bdvro eivcrrrepdqypogdq rov Iv6rrrv,ypoppdveqorcr Xavorprnrri. Eivar tdooeprq: Pryr Bdvto,,frat(or5p Bdvto, Xripc Bdwo rur AtXtip6o BdVTO.

36. Chipsfrom a GermanWorkshop,I,69-70. 37.O 2odprc, o 'Hl"roq,eivor pra ono rrg evvrciOeotqmqTrou rccporol,ou0oriv 6l,eqnq av0pconrveq npd(erq.

3 8 .Tirl.og ev6g 6r6l.iou nou e(qyei trq 8riorcol"eq l,d(erq, or onoieqo,novtrrrvrur otcr Bdvtcr.

39.Bl,dneKprctg,I>T', 19,6nou o Xopryrrrv,o onoioqoovrov Hparl"rl eivar oup6ol,rrrl rpoorrlrconoiqoqrou ril,rou, prl,rier yro tcr pcrl"l,rri?roDo,v ronorjv 0a rou oteprloouv tr1 6r5vaprjtou. 40.Le ypew(eror vo e(rlyrlooupe dtr 1 lavyrvtri, q cryvrlnvsupatrrr1 oovei\qorl , eivur q eoarcprcqovtil"rlyrl tou vedgurou (rl todl,o) ror puqpdvou.To rdyrpo x'qeano rlq rro Oeppiqortiveq tou rll"roueivar oup6ol"rr6 trov yrlrvrovrccrOrrrv.EnopdvcDq, or erpraBoorpvlor oup6o),i(ouvto etprri 'Ooo 0crvdotpo, yto nq eqrri Boorrdgapetdq, opoptrlpora. nporerpdvouvo rTrovoTrortrl0or5v crn6ro ourprvroyrriprv (tov unoyqqlo (yl(x vro ysvvloq>) pnopof,v v(x 0TroKrTl0or5vp6vo pe or)"qpdq8onpaoieq rur ndvo. 'Ioda, 4 1 . lto dp^7o Anorca7optrt6,v4 Top. II, oe)".4l-42,avagdpetar dva rplpo ourqq tqq rel"etriq.To 66.7potqq Adtproor19ovriyetol ornv oplaio <er6orl"ol"crrpeio. Adpe:<Aut6g o Oepdl,roql"i0og rqq errl,qoicrq, 11orcoio lra crrrrrveq rcioreue 6tr 6aoi(6rav-ndvrrloe dvcrotdpeo Bpd1o,dler e(etc,orei rrrlpu on6 rrlv enrorrlpq rar dler ano6erX0ei6n npodpleror on6 touq fvoronrodq. O ru0rlyrltqq Ntpdnep Seilver 6n qtav el,dlrotcr yvrrrordtrq pdpegtou Teptul"ro,vof rcrr on <<6r7ptoupy40r7rce avdpeou orouq fvrootxofg orpetrrofq> (6l"dneThe History of the Conflict BetweenReli-

113


APXAIA MY'THPIA

gion and Science,oeL. 224)...[A],],d undplouv upretdq crpeto(ri toug neproo6tepo no8ei(erg6n] 5e 6r1ptoupyr104rce on6 6,n o <lpropdvoq>Xpror6q rcor11Xorpio.Tov npcrtto tov 8rap6p<prrrocrv rcrrd to rcporunorou <Bcrorl,rdMeoio>, rqq opoâ&#x201A;¬vrKngupXngtrlq oo<piaqKor rrl 8er5tepq0dor1tqq rpittlg Xeqipcrun6 tr"11ol"6oirr1 KaBBil"a 11cn6 tov Iv66 Mnpdyltu Kor rq Eapuo8dtr, 11rov flcryuvrotq Ar6vuoo yruKol rq A{p1rpa. E6rrlBprordpoorsos otdpeod6a<poq, ti, 6rcrrrq dler ano6er10ei,11Ka:rl lm9r1rcq6evepqcrviorqre Irs rnv ruI{pn popqn tqg, orroq crurrlnou dloupe oqpepo, napd p6vo 300 1p6vru perci tqv enopl tcov Anoor6),rov, evorrr to ZoXd"pKor ro til,l,cr roBBol,rotrrri 6r8l"ia <paiveror 6tr crvqrouvorov rpolro orrrrvcr tqq enolqg poq, ov 6Xr oe percrycvdotcp4 cnoXrl. Or fvoronroi ano8dlovtav nol,l"dqcrn6nq r6deqtrov EoooirrrvKor ot Eoouior eilav tcr pei(ova Kor ro el"riooovcr Muot(prd touq, roul"ri1ro.rov6uo arrrrveq rcprvorc6rnv snoyl 1tuc,.Autoi tito,v or O(apip 11MuqtrEvot,or crn6yovor trov Arydntrrrlvrspoeovtrrrv,otq Xrrlporolv onoicoveilcrv eyrctcotc,Oeiyra aprerodq c,rrrrveq Trprv?rpoon),unororiv o'to 0ou6ro'trrc6povc,popd an6 roug repcrn6otol,ouq rou Baoll,rciAo6ra Kor ouTloveutofv opy6tepu pe touq rprrrrouq Xpronovor-iq.Eivo,rnr0ov6 nrrlqumrlplov Trprvvu 6eBrll,o0orivKo1 vo Koroorpoqotlv or aploior cryunncroi vcroi oru6trg aotoprirrlreq ero8oldg trrrv lleporrrv, trrlv El,l,rlvarv rcrr ril,l,ov rcrturrqnrrrrv <pul,rilv. Or repogrivteqovarcnprotorSoov rn 76rpaor1rntd ro Muor{pro tqq Mfqoqq urrrrveq rprv spqowotorjv or fvootrrot q ar6pq Kor ol Eooaior. Avdpeoo orouq lepoedvreq{tav yvoot6 oov ro BAIITDMA TOY AIMATOX rar Oeropeito61r prcr l.rirpooTl y1o tnv <rutrrrot1 tou av0prlrnoD)orTlv E6dp, al"l,d yro,ro ruopel,06vto, oru},dprc e(rl,droo'q nopdvrcrror pellowrrd opcrprr1patorqq dpo0qq,ol"l"d nop' ol.o outri poluopdvqqcrv0prondrrlrcrq. O repogrivrqqeile to 8rraiopu vc 6tcrl,d(ercrv 0o npoorpdperrqv ayvq rcrr avapdprqrq (rrlq rou oov 0uoio yra tq <pul,rirou oroDq0eodq,pe rouq onoi-

tr4


>HMEIO>EI>

11OcrXprlolploltotodoerrinoro ouq ql"nt(e va (ovaevrrrOei, (rrlooav oqtiyro. Katri rqv tel,eutuia otrypq tqq erur6l.qttpeto8t8u(eq <l'd[1> rrlq <veogytvvnoqqDo Muotcryrrry6q oto puqpdvorcrr apdoo4 petd tou 66o(av dva 6nl"o oto 6e(i ldpr Kol rov 6reta(ov va xronrloet.Auttl eivot n rpoYpcrtrrrl rotayroyrl roD Xplorttrvrxor5 66lpuroq tqq l,r5rp(l)olq)). 'Onrog l.der o Mnal,tivq: <H rutcorpoqrl eivor o peydtr1 qrl,ol"oq @e6qtou K6opou>, 8mcrdtvovragenopdvrrlg pe crut6vtov oo<prrr1 avtil,rlyn tou rv8trod IiBo. ltlp<provcr aperd8l,qto ror repd v6po, o Muqpevoqrltov ovcyruopdvoq vo orotcooer to Muotoyrrry6. Arcrrpopenrd11pt5non Eivar o Odvatoqcut6g rcouyevvrisrtq napdpevecrte)"r1g... 'Ol"o outti, 6polq, (ar1. Orthodoxiemaconnique,oe?'.104. npdrar o <p6voq To 6nl'o ror e(ottepmri. rirav oup8ol,rrri v6qpo. touq ro o],],qyopx6 ratcrvoq0ofv 7mrvo lrs 42. OrthodoxieMaconnique...,oel,. 102-104. 43.fr61av P6u1),rv(1455-1522).feppavdq ov0porntotqqror urcorpurprotrlg. fsppov6q puormtotrlg, 6ri44. frcyav Tprttirp (1462-1516;). oral,og tou Aypina. Eivar neproo6tepoyvroot6qpe to ovopc TprOdptoq. 45. IsisUnveiled,I. 15. 46. Eivat dvo 0dpanou 6ev pruopeiva to opvrlOeiroveig,6tav eivar yvrrrot6or6pq Ko1oroDqAvcrtol,rotdq6tr untlple o tou flsvivr Kol to frdorcr, o onoioq {tcrv npoyevdorepoq dpyo tou undplouv aropq, rcrr 6tcrv erciorlqunriplouv eB8op{vtcr ouyypaqeiq rov Nrpo(trcro(1}.rrlootiprou)or onoior eivor yvroot66tr nporlyri0nKovrou frdora. O flovivr eivcn lv66q ypoppotol"6YoqftoD drpuoe tov 4o ur. r.X. Ko1orrlv ovopd(etar((TrpotoYewqpdvoq> 47. O v6oc,pur'lpdvoq p6vo petci tqv yivetot <6rnl,oyewqpdvoq>, w1ft(a, Iv6ia 'tel,rrr1 <<froq Mr5otqg eivcrr Kd0e MrSqon tou. rar ovrototrl dler 6e10ei tou @eo6>ror yivetur <froq tou @rot6q>a<por5 tq <Ad(q>, 6tov yivetor 11i6ro n <Adâ&#x201A;¬n>rur 8eXtei trq

115


APXAIAMY>THPIA tgru Oeieqr6r6rr1teq11tq <l.r5porou An6l,l.rovu. 48. Praeparatioevangelica,lI, ceL.'157. 49. Nte Mrp6il",Esprits,IV, 15. 50. II Baoil1av, Kf', 4-13. 51. KprcEE,If', 18. O lapyrov, o 14oqtou Mcrvori,rltav dvog Muqpdvogereivou rou <Muorrlpraro6> Kupiou, rou fraBd. Eile crqreprrrOei nprv un6 tr1 ydvvrlorlroD, yro,va yiver dvog <Nu(apnv6q) (rodl,a), dvng Mdotqg. To upriptqpti rou ps tq Aal"r6ti Kor ro r6ryrpo rcrrvparprrov pol,l"rcrtvtou nou <6svru e;ry"-uyyi\et l,ani6a>,8eilver n6oo rul,d rps_ rodoe rov rcp6 tou dpro. H ol"l,qyopic tou Iapryrrivano_ 6errvfer tov Eororeprop6tqg Bi1)oo, rcaOrrlq *oi ,o Xopo_ rt{po tcrlv <Muorqprorrrrv@eolv>totv Iou8aiotv.O Md_ 6epq6iver dvav oprop6 Tto rl.l porvrnr4 r6darou r8avrrof ql,r6gottoq,oov pro nveupc,tmrlenrppor1nou ernopedercn cn6 rov dryroto @ed,tov lo,c6,<ro qoq ftou yivetot o.wr]"r1_ rur6 p6vo pe tr'1 6lrivoro,,rrl gDolKq rar nveupctrrcrlAplrj 'ryl_ dl,atv trov rcpaypdrcrlv, on6 tqv onoic, ernoper5etar11 1rj>. Aur6 ro qoq rltov 11apoevrrrl Ouoitr, 11Xorpia,evrrl11 nparapytrrl 6)vr1T1Xd.oErltov r.10ql"urr1. ,Eror or 6uo nprrl_ rec"apytq, crcrrvreg rar rinerpeq,rltcv yro rouq aplaioug Ooivrreq to nvefpo ror 11dl"q. A}.l"ri our4 eivar q nior rni rou8oirr{g ordryrlg, 61r q yvrrlpqrrrtv flayavrotr,lv @iioo6_ Q(Dv.

52. Bl"dneIsis Unveiled,Top. II, oel".526. 5 3 .H Mnet-lav r] Xru06nol.r1otqv flul"arorivq ror unrlple

ror prcrrono0eoia tou 6pouq llop_ tls rnv i6ra ercrovupio vooo6q.A)"},do Ar66ropoq8rll.roverotr 11Ndoo Bpror6tcrv psro(r5Oorvirqq rcrr Arydntou. O Eupuni8rlqcvagdperotr o Ar6vuooqrjpOeotrlv El,l,d6aan6 t4v lv6ia rar o Aro6a> pog npooOdrsrrTl pop-Dpiatou: <O 'Oorprqpeytil"clo.e or4 N6o'c, otrlv Eu8uipovuApa6io,. 'Htav yroq rou Ar6q ror ovopriotqre cn6 tov na#,putou (ovopc,or:mxrlZug,yevrrrl lfiE) rm on6 rov r6no ydwqorlg rou /to-N6ooE,6nl"o6n ZNq rl Aiaq tqq N6oou. Autq 11raurdtqta tou ov6potoq11 rou titl"ou eivar nol,d or1po,vtrrr1. Xrqv El,l,ri6a o Arovu_

I16


>HMEIQ'EI> oog r'1tavrotrrlrepoqpdvo an6 to Aiu rcaro fliv8upoq l,eer: <'Eror o flarqp Zer5qru6epvd 6l"a ra npaypuro, Ko,t o Bdrloq ro ru6epvd enioqg>. 'E(o6oq,IZ'.15.

54. pertirppaoqKtipr, oil'. 326. 55. <Dai6poE, 56. Aplaioq @oivrraqouyypagdaqrcoud(qoe rov 13.or. n.X. 57. Lik of Pythagora.s, oel,. 297. <<A<pof o flu0cy6pog), lrpoo0dter,<<ndpa,oe eiroor 6rio1p6vraoro riDurarr.ovva,rrrv tqq Arydrutou,yvorpiotqre pe rouq Md.Touqtrlg Bcr6ul,rovoq Kol ro0o6qy{0qre orc6uutofq orrlv apXaia yvrrtorl,6ev eivar ru06),ou ntpiepyo 6tr rirov mov6tc,roq orq poyeia r'1rrl Oeoupyiuror rlrav enopdvrog trov6q vc ertel"ei rupriypcrro nou (enepvovv trlv ail.q av9pritruvq66vap4 rcn ro, onoio, pord(ouvevrel"roq cnioteutu ylo roDqapcr0eiq>. 58. Top. II. oel,. 100. 59. fouil"rcrp fouoppndptov (1698-1779). Bpemv6q 0eol"6yoq ror rcl.qprr6g. 60. H dnppoorl outri 6ev npflnervo roravorl0ei p6vo ruprol,ernrd, yrati, 6noq oup6civer rnrd tq pdnoq opropdvov A6e),<porritrov,tyet 6vcrpuotrrd v6rlpcrro orcotop6l,rq e(r1yqoope. Aut6 unotvil0rlre o lluOoyopcrg dtov neprdyporye rn crro0riparcirou petd tr1 Mr5qoq rar l,det 6tr otd<p0r1re c,n6toug @eodq,ruc,pouoia rrov onoicovrlnre <to $6roptrlq (ro{q>. Xro tv8oulonrd Muorrlpro rltcrv I nnTn rnq (onS Ku,rro o6pa,ro tep6 noro. 61. Eleusinianand BacchicMysteries,T. Tdql,op, oe)'. 46,47. 6 2 . T o p .I I , I I l . l 1 3 . 63. Eleusinianand BacchicMysteries,oel,. 63. 'Ayyl.og 64. Toltug Tdql,op (1758-1835). ouyypagdaqrar fll.atrrrvtot4q. 65. Eleusinianand BacchicMysteries,oel,. 65. 66. On Plato's Republic,oel,. 380,ava<pep6pevo crn6tov Tdrl,op, oel.. 66. 67. Xdlor 35-38. 68. @ai6poE,250 C, avcrrpep6pevo cn6 tov Tdrl,op,oal".64. 69. flp6yovor 118r'lproupyoitou ovOprrrrcivou ld,vouq.Eivur e-

717


.

APXAIA MYXTHPIA

qra, ano roug onoioug9t rpaq eivcnripop<por. 70. lsrs Unveiled,Top. II, oel.. 114. 71. IsisUnveiled,Top.II, os},.l14. 72. Aoro eivar 1.d0oqror o ABdg Kovorriv (El"rgtiq AeBi) ro r1Qpe.fwri l.orn6v 6rd6olo'e pra qval"rlOera; 73. Dogme et Rituel de Ia hautemagie,I, oel.. 219-220. 74. OrthodoxieMaconnique,oeX.99,Ilapior, E. Ntevti, 1853. 75. IsisUnveiled,II, oel".323.Xrrlv llirpoo A',8',3, o Irloorlq ovopci(etor<o KtiproqXprot6g>. 76. KupL Adnoroug(1810-1884). feppav6gurlunnol.6yog. 77. t\inotovq, Konigsbuch,b. l. 78. 1sr'sUnveiled,Top. II, oe?".324,6nou avoq6petcrcrn6oncopa an6 ro dpyo Royal Masonic Cyclopaedia,206-207. 79. The Sourceof Measures,oe)".256. 80. T(drpq.Pril.o'rovkivep (1830-1893). Apeprrcrv6qvopopo0r1qrur yratpoq. 81. Nayrd oqpaiver <rpi6r>.lqv rv8rrrl pu0o),o1iasivar gr6ioror 0eoi tou Kdtot Kdopou. Adyetat 6rr eivcrr<pril"oreg Oqoouprrlv,ul"rrrrtvrcr nveupntmcov. ' 82. PdprueprXl"cynvt8drr (1833-1885). feppcrv6qouyypa<pecrq ror yecoypdqoq. 83. Buddhismin Tibet, otL.3l. 84.CrataRepoa oder Einweihungenin der alten geheimon Gesellschaft der Egyptischen Priester, Bspol"ivo, 1778, ot?.,". t7 -31. 'Apror 85. Or crvnratdotqoov rrl (ovtcvr'1 cryel,d8ops luo <puaypdvrlan6 1puoo, aorlpr q dl,),o pdral,l"o ror 11tel,et{ 6rcrrqpeirarpdlpr orlpepo, 6tov enrOupsircrveigvu yiver Mnpulprivoq, dvaq8rrcl"oyevvqpdvoq, otqv Iv6ia. 'Ayyl"oq 86. fouil"rcrp Nrpdpovt (1770-1S28). olol.rcrot4g rar 6rnl.rrlpdtqq. 87. Phallicism,oe),.l4l. 88. Xto dpyo tou Payr6v OrthodoxieMaconnique,oel". 105, ' orq olpeiroorl Bpioroupe tqv ar6l"ou0q 6r1Loo4,6averopdv4 nr0avdtrn6 tov Al"proupri(op tov 'Apa8o: <<IIIIap06,voErov Mdyay Kat r@vXs76ai@v.H Xcrl,6at-

118


:HMEIO>EIX rq oquipo d8erlve oroDq oDpo,voriq dva veolevvrlto 6pdtpog,ovopcr(opevo XptouiE ror lryoobqtonoOerqpdvoorrlv cyrol"rd rrlq OuprivrugflapOdvou.Xe autri tqv flop0dvo o Epcrtoo0dvqg,o Al"efuv6prv6qBr6l"ro0qrdproq.Tewqpd'Ior6aq, qq pqtdpaq voq ro 276 n. X., d8rrloeto 6vopcrrrlq 'f)pou.>> tou Aurd uvcrqdpero Kiplep (oto dpyo rov OfiinoogAtyonrrurc6g, To1t..II, Mdpoq II, oel". 203),ncrpcr0drovroq rov Al"pnoupti(up:<Itov rcpatco6erav6 qq flcrpOdvou avutdl"l"srplo nupOdvoq,ovopo(6pevqAwepev6(c, 11 onoicr eivar ayvrl rcor rionrlq... roOropevq ntivrDoe dva 'otol"ropdvo 0povorar Opdrper dva cr16pr...dvo ay6pr...ov6'[oou, pott lr1oor5... o onoiog uno8ql,rover rov nou enioqq ovopri(ouv Xprot6 ora El"l"qvrrd>. (Bl.ene Isis Unveiled, T o p .I I . o e ) . . 4 9 1 . ) 89. Trrrpcovopri(nur Zaw Pev (Kotd vt' Op) ndvr.rr orouq 6do 'O(e rcn O(epdv.H ntrrlorltrlg eivor â&#x201A;¬vo totoleipoppoug, pm6 yeyovdqornv rel,toyol,utrrrl roropio,. 90. O rthodoxie M aconnique, oe),.22. 9 1 .O rthodoxieM aconnique,atL. 22-23. 92. Xprotrovoi qcrvonroi, ro dtog 389 tqq enoyrlqpog, ol"or<l,rlpclocrv ro dpyo rnq Ko,roorpoqnqareivov nou eilcrv crnopeiver>. Ta rceproo6tepocrrd tu overtipqto dpya orrtOr1rovyro roDqonouba,otdqrou Anorpuqropori, uXXuyuOr1rcvTrcrrov roopo. 93. OrthodoxieMaconnique,oe?t.23.O Bdl"yoqZ. M. Payr6v, o onoioq {ruv Tdrcrovaq,yvrr;pr(sy1o rov Anorpuqrop6 rceproo6repaon6 rdOedl.l"ov pq puqpdvoo'uyypaqeu.fro nevrlvto lpovra pel"dtqoetcr aplaicr Muot{pro, 6rcoupndpsos vo Bperova<popdq touq. To 1805i8puoe o'to llopior tqv A6el,rp6r1rorcovTp:oo6qav, on1 Xrori tqg onoiuq d6rve yro 1p6vru 6rol,d(ergndvo orrlv Aplaio ror tr1 }iy5qXpovq Mdqoq (To l8l8 rur ncil"ro'tcrl84l), or oruoieq pooredrqrcrvrcn dlouv rrrrpa1o0ei. Xtrl ouvilerc, 6yrve oplrouvrrirrng rou Eppr1,r-oc,reKtovrrod evrdnou.To xq,l"6repcrspTo roD rlrcrv ro La MqconnerieOcculteKot ro FastesInitiatiques.Merd to OrivordroD, ro 1862,crprerd

I19


APXAIA MYXTHPIA

cn6 to lerp6ypaqd tou napdpeivflvorqy xutopl qq Meytihs Avarol"rlg trlq fal,l,iag. 'Eru_: arrinepo: Tsrtovoq eine otq ouyypcrqda6ti o Pc7r6v aiiqiolpooouoe eni 26p6vrops 6uo Avotol,rordq orq lupia xor rrl\.Afyunto, ivoq on6 touq onoiouqrltcv Kdnr4q94. Egypt's Place in UniversalHistory, Tql I\'. oei-.468. 95. T(o(e<pEvep6(ep (1787-1854).Auorprcrr! rorpogr),oooqoq Ktrl ouyyparpdaq. 96. Ol,tiouqMnopilroug (1626-1690). Aavri_c Tqprxo; rar grl.d)"oyo6. 97. fouil"rap fr6vtyourv (1756-1836).'Airyio; roi_u7pc96raroq ouyypoqdag.Avripeoo ora dpya rou srwr xor ro Br8l,io <<Zatq Ner popovtcrlv>. 98. New Platonism and Alchemy, oel,. 1599. Ai"e(tivtep foudrl,vtep (1823-1908). Apeprravd; 7rutp6q, ouylpoqdaq rcr olol"rc,otr1g rou Neoninrtrruopou. 100. New Platonism and Alchemy, oel'".15. l0l. New Platonismand Alchemy, oe),.9, 10. 102. Aur{ n @eiuArcnvo6o}"ia rur Ouoia sirnr ro gc4 tou A6you' p6vo nou o Bevrcrvnotrlg6e 0c lprlorpororrloer trlv uvtcovupio<<Aur6q>, ol,l"d 0a ner <cAur6>.[E. II. Mn.] 103. New Platonismand Alchemy, or'lpeirrloq.osi-. 10. 104. New Platonism and Alchemy, oqpeirrloq.osi- 10. 105. Bl,ine A. fI. Xivet, EsotericBuddhism, 1t85. 106. Bl"ine Isis Unveiled,To1t. I, oel,. 589-595.Or <<frortou @eori>ru,r o n61,ep6qtoug ps rouq yiTcvteq rtrt touq ptiyouq. 107. New Platonismand Alchemy, oel.. 18. 108. New Platonismand Alchemy, oel,. 8. 'Ooov 109. orpoptiqv dorr'1or'1rov a),r10rvcirv Xpronrrr:v aperrov rcorn0ov { tqv opoprprticrlg qOrrrlgtou grio4q,ruvdvuq op066ofog Xpronov6q 6e 6pi04re rori(r.oqror nol.6 l,ry6tepo 6ev (endpcoe nord rov Apprirvrorov A-l,efov6prv6 nou eyrotdl,etye ro Xprotravrop6 (r1ravyewqpi,vog an6 Xproncrvoriqyovei6). ll0. New Platonismand Alchemy, oe),.3,4.

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>HMEIO:EIT lll.

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ev 66(er.> O A. Opovr oro dpyo rov La Kabbale, iier: (Or 6ra6copdvor olol,rootdq rov Til,poit|, or Pa0ivor rn; orr\u.ftrry{q, e(qyo6v 6tr o rcr1noq tav r16ovrbv, orov onoio erod.pT_ovtc,t crutd to tdooepcrnp6orrrlcr,6ev eivor fiopo n FrrornprolDqqenroulpr'1,q rurogo6eprlon6 trq entoniFe; Tro s,; a66vapeE\ruvorcg,11onoia o\rlyei rcateoQeiav otqv rpd-a,. O ayv6g ortlv rop8rri rcn ereivog nou _pel"erder pe oror<! r'cr tsl,eronorrlorl Tov sour6 tou rcr d,ror vc crnorrrioer nro er5rol"crtqv urcool6pevq a0crvaoio,aur6g 6ev iler rrnore vo tpo6r10ei. Avd0eta, ereivoqnou petcrrpdfislrrlv ernorrlpn rov ercrotrlprbvoe upoptr.rrl,qnp6<pcroq yra ovd(rc rtvrltpo, u,ur6gnptna vo rpdper,.4crd 6ev npdrertor not6 vo ovtd(er nq rcr66ol,ro'trrdgenrrl"r"loerq rr1quruiprcrrnqFfnoqq. lsls Unveiled,II,oel".119. 120. Isis Unveiled.II. l19. I z t . Bl,dneNew Platonismand Alchemy, o'e}..9. r22. B),dnerov Karbrra nou er560qrcean6 rov orp fouil,rap T(ovq,req. VI, XI. 123. II?rivtoq,lDuorrcr1lorcpia, XXX, l, XXIX, 12,r.)tn. 124. O flopn6vroq Mdl,oq lDe situ orbisl unoli8er oe ouroriq tr1 yvrrlo4rcovuvotcrrrovenrotqpoiv. 125. Kcriocrp,Iy6ha,VI, 14. 126. fll,ivroc,,{Duorcr1 loropia, XVI, 95,XXX, 4. 'Evag 127. oriylpovoq ouyypa<pdaq l"der:<H gpowi8crtqv onoia enr8eirvuovTro rnv srnoi8euoqr{Dvv60)v,yro rnv e(orreiyevvaro8ropiug ooq rouq pe crro0r1parcr rur opeolq, touq druve ti(rouq r8roirepqqtrpnq. Tcr pqtd Kor ol crval"r5oerq touq, 6nrllq avc<pdpovrorcrn6 Touq roroplrorig, ano6errvfouv 6tr {rav dpnerporoe 06pctcrrpr}"ooo<piog, prrogDorrqq, aotpovopicq,qOrr4qrcrr 0prloreiaq.Av or Baorl"eiq tq oup8ou}.rjri trlv eu}"o1icr { ot rupiyrqneqenrOuporiocrv trov oyiorv avOpcrrnrov, rltav ovoyraopdvor eire vcr ndve or ' i6ror, eire vo orsil,ouv oyyel,raq6poug.fro touq av0pcbqutrbv ri opurrrov 6ev nouq outodq roprd puorrrrl 6r5vcpr1 ritov riyvrr;otq. Eilcrv Bu0operprloerrr1 rprSoqpdXpr ta a-

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icu0pevc6d0q tr1q,evro11ryu1ol,o.7ic rur 4 quorol"oyiu11_ trov T1oc,urotiqc,vorlrd 6t6l,io. To anordl,eopa rirav ereivn I enrouiprq11onoia 16oo neprgpovqtrrcitropa ovopri_ (erar payeia. 128. New Platonismand Alchemy, a.el..9. . 129. TheHistory of the Conflictr.Ln.,oal,. 104. 130. fourirl.vrep, New platonismand Alchemy,oel,. ll.

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H. P. BLAVATSKY - ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΜΥΣΤΗΡΙΑ  

H. P. BLAVATSKY - ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΜΥΣΤΗΡΙΑ

H. P. BLAVATSKY - ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΜΥΣΤΗΡΙΑ  

H. P. BLAVATSKY - ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΜΥΣΤΗΡΙΑ

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