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MARCH 2012

VOLUME 1

Wildlife Matters MW

WM

ATTERS: hy should you care about wildlife?

OLVES atter

Find out why inside

Be the change

Page 5


Editor’s Note

H

ello,

My

I

name is

am a student

is a great way

Amanda Good and I am an animal advocate. studying Wildlife Care and an E-Magazine to help animals. The most important way

to help save animals is by educating people about why we should care about

Wildlife. My

mission in this magazine is

to give you an inside look about how

Wildlife

impacts our

lives and how every living creature effects and affects the

I

Earth. We

are all connected to a greater circle and

believe that it is every human beings responsibility to do

their part in creating a future that is happy and healthy for all living creatures!

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2


Table We share the WATER... the SKY... the LAND...

of

Contents

Be the Change

Matters Wolves Social Media Endangered Species

Now is the time to join together to protect our world or we could lose all it gives us. To learn how you can help, order your free World Wildlife Fund Action Kit .

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About Procyon

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Be

the

Change By: Amanda Good

Ask more questions

Be creative Be nice to people

Be conscious of the Environment

Be yourself

Think before you act Educate yourself

Recycle Take responsiblity for your health

Take a stand and empower yourself

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Practice what you preach

Learn something new

Plant a tree

Respect yourself, Respect others Respect the planet Smile

Donate Love

Believe in yourself

Take responsiblity for your actions Listen

Conserve

Volunteer

Forgive

Be understanding Think outside the box

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Matters:

Why should you care about the Environment and Wildlife?

By: Amanda Good

What is Wildlife?

I

t is important to understand what wildlife is before we can begin to understand why it is important. Wildlife includes all non-domesticated plants, animals and other organisms. Wildlife is found in all ecosystems. Throughout each and every part of the world there is some form of distinct wildlife. According to Clemson Extension Wildlife and Wildlife Management the meaning of wildlife changed in the 1960’s as a more holistic viewpoint became popular during that time and has grown immensely since then. In 1973, the Endangered Species Act recognized fish and wildlife as any member of the animal kingdom, including without limitation any mammal, bird, fish, amphibian,

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reptile, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, or other invertebrates (animals without a backbone). However, wildlife should include all animals and their associated habitats. “If we are to look at the big picture, it seems unnecessary to define the term wildlife along the usually rigid and non-functional lines of a taxonomist. How can we understand the ecology of a great blue heron without a thorough knowledge of the heron’s food source? Further, the relationship of an animal to its habitat is so interconnected as to add confusion in attempts to restrict the term wildlife.” Therefore when defining wildlife “Wildlife Matters” believes the term includes all living organisms out of the direct control of man, including undomesticated or cultivated plants and animals.

Trumpeter Swan on Nest National Park Service Photography

Importance of Wildlife “The Earth’s biodiversity supports human life and society. We depend on other organisms, at least to some degree, for virtually every element of our lives. Our food, our medicines, chemicals, a variety of building materials, and much of our clothing derive from living things. Even fossil fuels such as coal and oil, which supply most of the world’s power, are formed from organisms that lived millions of years ago. About 90 percent of all the calories that people consume are supplied by only about

By: Think Quest 100 kinds of plants, though there are tens of thousands of kinds of plants we might use as food. As the human population continues to grow, and as agricultural land becomes increasingly limited, the few species of plants that supply our food may no longer be sufficient. Soon people may need to look to other species to find food crops for the future. But by then, biodiversity may have diminished beyond hope.”

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Wolves Matter Wolves of Ontario

over populated there simply would not be enough tree lichens and bark to sustain the population within Ontario. These animals matter as they are what sustain the ecosystems within our communities. Wolves also provide food for scavengers.

By: Amanda Good

About Wolves

T

he elusive wolf is known as a symbol for many aboriginal groups in Ontario. Wolves are found throughout Ontario and their populations continue through the southern boundary of the Canadian Shield towards Hudson Bay lowlands. There are two kinds of wolves found in Ontario the gray wold and the eastern wolf. The coyote is a part of the wolf family and since the wolves and coyotes territory overlaps interbreeding occurs. It is extremely difficult to distinguish an eastern wolf from a coyote.

female and male are generally the only wolves that breed. Female wolves will give birth to a litter of approximately three to eight pups depending on food availability. Most wolves will eventually leave the pack they were born into, to start their own or join another pack.

“ These animals mat ter as they are what sustain the ecosystems within our communities.” Wolves also generate eco-tourism, wildlife photography, cultural benefits and economic opportunities. They are often a representation of loyalty, cooperation, love and care for the family and community of Aboriginal groups. Their pelts are often used in ceremonial purposes in that community and are an integral part of that culture according to the Ministry of Natural Resources.

Why do Wolves Matter?

One of the most controversial topics in the Wildlife field is whether or not animals sustain the ecosystem. The simple answer is “yes.” Wolves play a key role in sustaining and maintaining the Wolves live in packs ranging from two ecosystems in Ontario. They prey on many to nine wolves per pack. The largest pack types of mammals such as white-tailed documented in Ontario was 19 wolves deer, moose, woodland caribou, elk and according to the ministry of natural beaver. They maintain these populations resources. Breeding season occurs so that there is a healthy balance. If wolves during late January to March and peaks ceased to exist, we would be overrun by during February. Females begin breeding white-tailed deer, white-tailed deer feed at the age of two, however the dominant on tree lichens and bark, if they became 9

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Social Media

David Icke Speaks

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SpotLight

Endangered Species

Red-Headed Woodpecker Features: A vivid red head, neck and breast make the Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus) easily recognizable. This medium-size bird (20cm) lives in open woodland and woodland edges, especially in oak savannahs and riparian forest, which can often be found in parks, golf courses and cemetaries. These habitats contain a higher density of dead trees, which they commonly use for nesting and perching. It is an omnivorous species, feeding on insects in the summer and nuts in the winter. Status: Special Concern Provincially, Threatened Nationally Range: The Red-headed Woodpecker lives in southern Ontario where it is widespread but rare. Outside Ontario, it lives in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Quebec and it is relatively common in the United States. Range Maps Threats: The Red-headed Woodpecker population has declined by more than 60%in Ontario in the last 20 years because of habitat loss due to forestry and agricultural practices, and competition from European Starling for nest sites. In some areas, birds get killed on the roads when they are foraging for insects. The removal of dead trees is in which it nests is also believed to be a significant factor in its decline. Protection: The Red-headed Woodpecker is protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act. There is no management of the species in Ontario. Information provided by the 13

Photography Fred Walsh

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http://www.tinaburke.com/blog_files/bird_bluefrontedamazon_zuckerman.jpg

Become Websites

an

Advocate Information

Wildlife Words Conservation: is an effort to maintain and use natural resources wisely in an attempt to ensure that those resources will be available for future generations. Preservation: is a component or part of conservation in which natural systems are left alone without human disturbance or manipulation. Preservationist feel natural resources should be protected, unspoiled and untouched by humans.

About Procyon

Management: is also a component of conservation that usually means controlling, directing, or manipulating wildlife populations and their habitats.

Procyon Wildlife is dedicated to working with our communities in an effort to help wild animals in need of care. Our goals are to rescue, rehabilitate and safely release these animals, and to promote public appreciation for wildlife preservation. Procyon Wildlife is provincially licensed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and is located in Beeton, Ontario. Compassionate members of local and surrounding communities bring needy animals they have found to our facility for care. Each year, Procyon Wildlife cares for hundreds of orphaned and injured wild animals. Animals are cared for by veterinarian, Dr. Cynthia Post and our trained staff of dedicated volunteers. The animals are released into their original natural habitats as soon as they are healthy and able to fend for themselves. 15

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Wildlife Matters  

*This was for a school project, Procyon Wildlife, and other sources I have mentioned in this magazine has nothing to do with this facility....

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