Page 1

PORTFOLIO YAO XU MS.AAD 2014 GSAPP COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY aaaxuyao@gmail.com


Contents Advanced Studio Fill the Urban Gap

001

Innovation Island

033

Urban Pacemaker

059

Tech. Elective Materials & Methods in Architecture

083

Visual Study Approaching Convergence

091

Re-thinking BIM

097

Integrated Parametric Delivery

101

Encoded Matter

105

Professional Work Energy Tower

111


FILL THE URBAN GAP 2014 Spring Advanced Studio GSAPP Professor: Galia Solomonoff TA: Amy L. Maresko Team Work: Yao & Can 001


002


New Urban Connection and Flow When we talk about Rio, we always come up with the images of the beach, carnival and the statue of Jesus. However, the favela areas are also an inseparable part of the city. After the research, we found that the urban gap is a serious issue of Rio. We define the urban gap as unbalanced economy and unequal access to urban resources. Right now, the favela is the forgotten area in the city that they have clear boundary. So in the future, we are thinking to reclaim their right in the city. We connected the train station, favela area and port by introducing the new industrial system. In that way we can provide more jobs to the local people so that to reduce the unbalanced economy gap. And the base on the industrial platform, we can build up other related programs to give more accesses to the urban resources and the same time increase the value of the system.

FAVELA

flow of tourist flow of favela residence flow of industrial products flow of local people 003


PORT

N

TRAIN STATION

004


URBAN SECTION A-A

A

Cliff

Potential Space

A

A

Potential Space

A

URBAN SECTION B-B

D

Building Roof

Potential Space

D

D

Potential Space

D

B

B

URBAN SECTION C-C

Hillside

B

B

Potential Space

C

Potential Space

C

URBAN SECTION D-D

Abandoned Space

Potential Space

C

C

E

E

Potential Space

URBAN SECTION E-E

005

Moinho Fluminense


Existing Urban Condition

006


Spatial Strategies

2. Bridge Library

1. Factory Market

1

PORT

MOIHNO

URBAN A


4. Cliff Tower

3. Hillside Park

5. Roof Workshop

4

3 2

AREA

5

FAVELA

TRAIN STATION


Connection Typology

INDUSTRY + BUS STOP

INDUSTRY + SKATEBORAD YARD

INDUSTRY + POOL

INDUSTRY + PARK

009


INDUSTRY + PARKING

INDUSTRY + CABLE CAR STOP

INDUSTRY + FOOTBALL

INDUSTRY + OPEN-AIR THEATER

010


011


CLIFF TOWER

012


Cliff Tower Section 013


014


Cliff Tower Section 015


016


Public Industry Waste Water

017


Factory + Parking

018


Public Industry Waste Water

019


Auditorium + Swimming Pool

020


Public Industry Waste Water

021


Vertical Garden + Viewing Deck

022


023


MOIHNO FLUMINENSE

024


15

025

CIRCULAR


Moihno Fluminense Section

026


Industry Line + Theater

Public Industry

027


Industry Line + Office

Public Industry

028


Industry Line + Library

Public Industry

029


Industry Line + Market

Public Industry

030


Industry Line + Urban Farm

Public Industry

031


032


INNOVATION ISLAND 2013 Fall Advanced Studio GSAPP Professor: Markus Dochantschi TA: Carolina Ihle Team Work: Yao & Wendy 033


034


Exports

Imports Russia 14.3% Germany 5.6%

UK 7.1%

France 7.7%

India 6.7%

Germany 7.2%

Italy 25.9%

Ukraine 5% US 5.1%

Isreal 5.1%

China 7.8% Turkey 18.6%

Indonesia 6.6%

Export VS Import

Exports commodities:

Imports commodities:

Export VS Import Export

Import

VS.

34.8%

92.8%

Machinary, electrical technological equipment

oil products

Pollution Situation

结论: 过度依赖自然资源,缺乏核心技术,不是sustainable的发展模式

0

NYC Baku

Air Pollution Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal Dirty and Untidy Water Pollution Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 15

100

54

43.1

5

.5

.33

0

.5

87

83

8

54

.17

34.09

2 31.8

Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City

.09

.3

83

3

70.83

.3

50

3

66.67

035

50

59

83

12.8% Vehicles, ships and air-transport facilities


Low Ranking in Education

Education Level of Employee Low enrollment rate in higher education

Low ranking in education

Tertiary Enrollment Rate

2012 LEGATUM Prosperity Index_Education

Rank:

92

Azerbaijan

of the world

High Ranking Countries Upper Middle Ranking Countries Lower Middles Ranking Countries Low Ranking Countries

High Ranking Countries Upper Middle Ranking Countries Lower Middles Ranking Countries Low Ranking Countries Data not accessable

Pollution Condition National Expenditure on Education

15%

Equipment and Technology purchases

Azerbaijan GDP

60%

3%

Basic and secondary Education

85% Wages

Education

97%

Other Investment

Public Expenditures on Education in Transition Countries

Azerbaijan GDP 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

High Income Countries

7

% of GDP

6 5 4 3 2 1

1992

1996

2000

2004

2008

2012

0

The state budget expenditures on education as per cent of GDP in Azerbaijan are lower than the world average (about 5 per cent) and the average for the Lower Middle Income Countries (over 4 percent) – an income group of countries to which Azerbaijan belongs. Despite the considerable increase in the publicspending on education, state budget expenditures on education grow at a rate which is much lower than the growth rate of total state budget expe nditures and than the real GDP growth rate. As a result, both the share of state budget expenditures on education in the total state budget and the education expenditures/GDP ratio has declined significantly since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Such slump placed Azerbaijan in the lower ranks among former socialist countries in terms of this indicator.

In this project, we designed an artificial island for the City of Baku, Azerbaijan. By introducing a new urban system of loop city, we transfer the existing oil-based economy into a sustainable innovation-based economy. Three innovation-related programmatic anchors: education, commercial, infrastructure form the majority of the new island.The loops are the glue of the city. Whereas the layers provide difference and diversity, the loops provide cohesion and unity. They consolidate infrastructure, transportation and circulation. They also intercept and redirect major expressways to maintain the contiguousness of the Baku City and our new island. In this way, every programmatic typology finds its most appropriate location and retains an efficient coherence within the whole. And innovation will be generated in the overlapping points of different programs in the loop system. 036


Comcept

Use the Island to Supply Use the island to supply inexhaustible energy

Inexhaustible Energy

Strategy Strategy Strategy Research Institutions

dge now in k ga

Pub Gym Retaurant

students

University

ga in

kn o

w dge

Market

Cafe

Ideas

Google

Laboratory (test and refine) high-calibre workers

products

037

Exhibition

Corporation

Library

Museum


Major Projects in Baku

Heydar Aliyev Centre

House of Government

White City Project

Fountain Square

Baku Flame Towers

Baku Old City

Shahidlar Khlyabani

Galaxy stadium

Zira Island

038


Loop Variation

039


Island Prototype

040


041


Formation of the New Island

042


Master Plan

043


044


Loop Language

Architecture Prototype

Architecture Prototype

Loop

Station

Program

Connection

Block

Territory

Residential

Office Building

Architecture prototype

Loop

Station

Mix-use

Residential

Office

Public Facility

Territory

Architecture prototype

045

Loop

Station

Public Facility

Residential

Connection

Territory

Residential

Education


Program Proportion

Commercial

Residential

9.88%

Mixed Residential& Commercial

6.65%

Industrial

8.4% 0%

Transportation/ Utility

1.63%

Public Facilities& Institution

3.48%

Open Space

8.89%

Vacant Land Others

0.78% 0.57%

SOHO

Residential

4.94%

Mixed Residential& Commercial

2.66%

Industrial

3.67% 2%

Transportation/ Utility

2.92%

Public Facilities& Institution

0.72%

Open Space

7.62%

Vacant Land Others

1.04% 0.76%

Residential

9.88%

Mixed Residential& Commercial

3.99%

Industrial

1.57% 0%

Transportation/ Utility

1.95%

Public Facilities& Institution

5.80%

Open Space

8.89%

Vacant Land Others

0.78% 0.57%

Theatre and other public facility

046


Corporation+Infrastructure

Corporation +Infrastructure

Corporation+ Infrastructure

BANK

HOTEL

PEOPLE MOVER RESTAURANT

SHOPPING CENTER

Corporation+Education

Corporation +Education

Education+ Corporation

SOHO

PARK MARKET

MEDIA LAB SWIMMING POOL

047


Infrastructure+Education

Education +Infrastructure

Education+ Infrastructure

SPORTS CENTER DORM

CAFE HOSPITAL

LIBRARY

Corporation+Infrastructure+Education

Corporation +Infrastructure + Education

Education+ Corporation+ Infrastructure

DATA CENTER

MEETING POINT TRANSFER CENTER

THEATER INNOVATION

MUSEUM

048


049


Intersecting Point Spatial Section

050


Senario 1

051


Spatial Chunk

052


Senario 2

053


Spatial Chunk

054


Senario 3

055


Spatial Chunk

056


Senario 4

057


Spatial Chunk

058


URBAN PACEMAKER : STARTING FROM A BRIDGE 2013 Summer Advanced Studio GSAPP Professor: Keith Kaseman TA: Diana Crist贸bal Individual Work 059


060


061


Model Vision

062


PHILADELP Q IN

UIRER BUILD IN

DE

HIA LP CITY

HALL

N INDEPE DENC E V NATIONA LC I O N

A

G

HI

PH IL A

S

UT TIT

R TO SI

CENTER ION

TER CEN

Site Opportunities Philadelphia is facing an issue of economy recession. Lots of urban spaces become abandoned. The city becomes uneven in terms of the urban activities. The project constructs a new bridge connecting the central area to the abandoned industry site over the city express way which blocks the passage between those two areas. The bridge acts like a conduit leading the positive urban pressure to the negative district. Multifunction along with the programrelated diverse spaces are attractors towards citizens. Finally, this bridge will become a pacemaker to activate this area.

063


064


PHILADELPHIA RECORDS DEPT.

PENNSYLVANIA CONVENTION CENTER

SITE ANALYSIS

065


NORTHERN LIBERTIES

1-676 VINE ST.EXPY

PHILLY CHINATOWN

066


+

+

+

+

+

+

-

-

-

+

+

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+

-

+

-

-

+

-

-

-

-

-

A: Compress

D: Extrude

-

-

+ +

067

-

-

-

-

-

-


Urban Pressure City is like human body. There are lots of pressures within the urban structure. We define the hot and booming zone area as positive urban pressure meanwhile the recession part is the negative urban pressure. If relatively a certain urban area is in a dynamic equilibrium, we can use dynamic deformation to represent the urban flows of pressure.

-

-

-

-

B: Pull

C: Stretch

E: Rotate

F: Cut 068


069


Structure Notation

070


Section 1

Section 3 071


Section 2

Section 4 072


Programs Open Theather Cafe Flea Market Sports Facilities Library Park Pedestrian Passway Bike Passway

073


074


075


Perspectives

3D CHUNK 2

076


077


Spacial Chunk 1

3D CHUNK 078


079


Spacial Chunk 2

3D CHUNK 080


081


Supplemental Works

082


Materials & Methods in Architecture

2014 Spring Tech. Elective GSAPP Instructor: Keith Kaseman Team Work In Collaboration with Wei Shi

084


Typology Variation

085


Model Simulation

086


1. 1/4” Nut bolt 2. 3/4” Thick Wood Piece 3. 16”*16” Wood Plate 4. 18”*17” Corrugated Cardboard 5. Aluminium Net 6. Iron Wire 7. Canvas 8. Finished Concrete (1 part portland, 1 part water, 2 parts sand)

6

087

5


4

8

3 2 1 7

088


089


090


Approaching Convergence

2014 Spring Visual Study GSAPP Instructor: Biayna Bogosian, Maider Ainara Llaguno Team Work In Collaboration with Zhao Gao, Li-Ling Lin and Lu Tietong

092


Sound Transformation

Timetable

Sound

Form Generation

Sound

Matrix of Possibilities

093

Form


Variable Bench

094


095


Main Section

096


Re-thinking BIM

2013 Fall Visual Study GSAPP Instructor: John J Lee and Brian Lee Indivisual Work

098


Adaptive Component 1

Adaptive Component 2

099

2-2 Section

North Elevation


100


Integrated Parametric Delivery

2013 Fall Visual Study GSAPP Instructor: John J Lee and Brian Lee Team Work In Collaboration with Wei Ruoyu and Wu Wen

102


Sunlight Analysis by Diva

Adaptive Component 1

midpoint a3

A2 a1

midpoint

A1 A3 a2 midpoint

Percentage = a1/AI = a2/A2 = a3/A3 = (1.01-Irridiation)/3 Irridiation=0~1(from DIVA)

103


Form Generation

Section and Elevation

104


Encoded Matter

2013 Fall Visual Study GSAPP Instructor: Ezio Blasetti Team Work In Collaboration with Joann Feng and Li-Ling Lin

106


Description: 3D Game of Life addresses interests in.implementing Conway’s Game of Life algorithm into 3D. GOL is a cellular automaton simulating the formation of life form based on their relationship with the neighbors.From a randomized point cloud, GOL is then applied,determining the state for each cell either live or dead. The project went through several experimentswith the interest in finding the most interesting formal behavior of the algorithm. At thedescription: further stage of the explooration,point cloud was painted with color as indicator for the lifespan of each cell. The more generations of GOL, the more depth of shades and the more dynamic 3D Game of Life addresses interests in.implementing Conway’s Game of Life algorithm into the populated formation is present. 3D. GOL is a cellular automaton simulating the formation of life form based on their relation-

encoded matter encoded matter

ship with the neighbors.From a randomized point cloud, GOL is then applied,determining the

A

state for each cell either live or dead. The project went through several experimentswith the description:

interest in finding the most interesting formal behavior of the algorithm. At the further stage of

the cloud was painted with color for into the lifespan 3D Game of explooration,point Life addresses interests in.implementing Conway’s Gameas of indicator Life algorithm 3D. GOL of each cell. Theautomaton more generations the more depth of shades and the more the populatis a cellular simulating of theGOL, formation of life form based on their relationship withdynamic the neighbors.From a randomized point cloud, GOL is then applied,determining the state for each cell ed formation is present. either live or dead. The project went through several experimentswith the interest in finding the most interesting formal behavior of the algorithm. At the further stage of the explooration,point cloud was painted with color as indicator for the lifespan of each cell. The more generations of GOL, the more depth of shades and the more dynamic the populated formation is present.

A

3d game of life 3d game of life

number of neighbors >18 number of neighbors >18

remains dead if ... remains dead if ...

number of neighbors <6 number of neighbors <6

dead cell dead cell

resurrects if...

resurrects if...

grid 3d3dgrid

randomize points randomize points

else

else

becomesbecomes dead if ... dead if ...

GOL pointpoint cloudcloud GOL

else

live cell

live cell

else

remains alive if...

remains alive if...

number od neighbors=13

number od neighbors=13

107


RULE SET 1 dead-->dead, if number of neibors <3 or >20 dead-->live, if else live--live, if number of neighbors=13 live-->dead, if else

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

RULE SET 2 dead-->dead, if number of neibors <6 or >18 dead-->live, if else live--live, if number of neighbors=13 live-->dead, if else

RULE SET 3 dead-->dead, if number of neibors <7 or >17 dead-->live, if else live--live, if number of neighbors=13 live-->dead, if else

GOL MeshBox Iterations

108


RULE SET 1 randomize>0.97 dead-->dead, if else dead-->live, if number of neighbors=3<x<15 live-->live, if number of neighbors<7 or >14 live-->dead, if else

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

#.1

#.2

#.3

#.4

RULE SET 2 dead-->dead, if else dead-->live, if number of neighbors=5<x<23 live-->live, if else live-->dead, if number of neighbors<3 or >20

RULE SET 3 dead-->dead, if number of neibors <7 or >17 dead-->live, if else live--live, if number of neighbors=13 live-->dead, if else

RULE SET 4 dead-->dead, if number of neibors <4 or >25 dead-->live, if else live--live, if number of neighbors=13 live-->dead, if else

GOL Colored Point Cloud Iterations

109


110


Energy Tower

2013 Spring Professional Work Jaeger and Partner Architects Instructor: Johannes Jaeger Team Work In Collaboration with Ivo A. Semerdzhiev, Tarak Mehta, Huang Meiying, Wang Lingjiang 112


Master Plan

首层平面图

Ground Floor Plan

Ground Floor Plan

113


Main Section

114


Technical Equipment 技术设备 Technical Equipment

Self Shading South Facade

大厦物业

地热能 Geothermal power

大厦电子

地球中心每天产生的辐射衰退能可以超过人类能源损耗的2.5倍,这使得地热能变得几乎是 免费且无限的能源资源。地热装置利用通过井管到达地球表层把热量传输到地面,使之转 移成电能和/或直接当做热能使用。

中心监控系统 能适应各种条

Radioactive decay processes in the center of our planet daily generate an amount of energy that exceeds mankind’s consumption by 2.5 times, making geothermal power an almost unlimited and free source of power. Geothermal plants make use of the excess heat reaching the outer layers of earth through wells transporting it to the ground. The extracted heat is converted to electrical energy and / or used directly for heating purposes.

储冰设备 Ice storage Self Shading South FacadeAverage Daily Sun Hours of Exposure

Roof Top Solar Cooling

East-West Optimum for Solar Panels发电厂的发电量是根据高峰时期的用电量来设计的。因此,多余的电是在用电需求更低( Average Sun Hours of Exposure

即夜晚)时生产的。现提议的制冷设备可利用冰作为媒介来储存浪费的电能,并使之转化 成热能来在白天时间支持空调系统。

The capacities of power plants are designed to meet the energy demand during peak times. As a result, excess electricity is produced in times of lower demand i.e. during night. The proposed ice storage system uses ice as a medium to store the waste energy converting electric power to thermal energy supporting the conditioning system during daytime.

Double Skin Facade

Rain Water Harvesting Geothermal Power

冷热电三联系统 Trigeneration 在电器运行中,热能是副产品, 大厦可使用热电回收设备,收集多余的热能。冷热电三联 系统的概念就是额外使用所吸收的一部分热能来驱动吸收式制冷机,从而达到空调制冷。 利用电器本身散发的热能,且无需转换,将运输最小化,达到了系统高效

Solar Tracking Automated Blinds In the process of generating electric energy from fossil and regenerative fuels heat is emitted as a side

product. A cogeneration plant makes use of excess heat for heating purposes on-site. The concept of trigeneration additionally uses a part of the thermal energy to drive absorption chillers to cool air for the condition system. By using energy in its given state without transformation and by minimizing transport ways this system reaches high levels of efficiency.

太阳能制冷 Solar cooling

Sky Gardens & Sky Lobby

High Performance Glazing

太阳能制冷采用最新的吸收式制冷机的概念,以吸收太阳热量来制冷。在塔楼屋顶安装太 阳能管来收集热能,将冷却的空气送入VAV系统的冷却器供能。这个概念能再太阳能照射率 越高的时候越提高制冷效率。

Building Integraded Solar Panels

Solar cooling employs the new concept of absorption chillers to generate cold from solar heat. Solar tubes installed on the tower roof collect thermal energy to power the chillers which condition air to be fed into the VAV system. This concept offers increasing efficiency the higher the solar irradiation and thus heat load is.

热能回收 Heat recovery 办公室排出的废气,氧气含量虽然并不高,但温度还是要比夏天室外的空气低。在它最终 被排出大楼前,会通过几个复杂的热能回收处理。原理是将部分废气被导入了双层幕墙之 间的中空层,在该不断流动的空气形成了一个热缓冲带,然后将中空层里的空气吸入天花 的回风口,在回风口与剩余的废气重新结合在一起,然后通过一个热能转换器来预先冷却 被吸入的空气。

Evaporative Cooling

The exhaust air from the office, stale in terms of oxygen saturation but still significantly cooler than the outside air in summer time, passes several sophisticated heat recovering treatments before it ultimately exits the building. A percentage of the air is directed into the cavity between the two layers of the double skin façade where the constant flow of air creates a thermal buffer zone. Leaving the cavity through an exhaust in the suspended ceiling, it reunites with the rest of the exhaust air before traversing a heat exchanger to precondition the intake air.

电梯动能回收 Elevator recovery 这项技术可以使电梯箱在向下运行的时候储存动能,所收集的动能将用来支持接下来的向 上运行。 This technology allows for storing kinetic energy while the elevator car is moving downwards. The energy is then used to support the following upward movement.

目的地控制系统 Destination control system (DCS) 用电脑控制系统来组织乘客目的地,从而确保大厦电梯箱运行利用率的最大化。这个系统 可以通过提高电梯效率来减少电梯数量。 Computer controlled organization of passengers according to their destinations ensures maximum utilization of the elevator cars moving through the building. The system can increase elevator efficiency to an extend that allows for canceling elevator units.

Facade Detail

115

A centr processes allow processes can b

废物回收

设计提供专用 环境有着一定 标是在大楼施

Dedica should also be Responsible bu construction wa

交通 Tra

公共交通

由于最近的地 从整个城市的

With an accessible from

自行车设

大厦提供多个 更衣室以及带

The bu includes secure

合用汽车

通过鼓励私人 室提供这些性

In orde pools or shuttle


Facade Detail

116


ding

rm finding Surroundings

Skyline Views

详细

5. 城市 塔楼 汲取

边环境的详细

n of

rban location of

of di the t the lo

Main Axes

维度上(城市回 市回 距离和竖向周 向周 层建筑不同的 同的 动态手法(外 (外 筑内部(建筑 建筑 际线上的景观。 观。 ct distant and local dnality localof the buildenbuildup near-by and bybuilding and (architecessed chitec-in a dynamicMain ture manner unlike namic n.

Incremental Transformation

6. 在 从而 严, 中大

trans nuan neutr conti

Volume

Adapting to Wind Loads

unlike

7. 层能 气动 面最

轴线上的气场。 main volume of

气场。

e of

achi aero max

Reducing Footprint

Social Activities and Landscape

8. 观, 及景

入北部广场。 有意识的决定

o introduce plaza 场。 s consciously de决定

uring properties.

2.06 深圳天际线 Shenzhen skyline

plaza dees.

作为深圳经济特区的中国先锋城市,深圳拥有蓬勃的经济,国际化的文化和不断发展的城市天际线。许多主要服务业巨头,金融业和国 际企业都在深圳设立总部。连接四个经济区的深南大道沿线上的许多重要的、标志性的塔楼建筑主导了深圳的城市天际线。由于本场地 Being a pioneer city in China to be recognized as SEZ, Shenzhen has a vibrant economy, international culture and an ever-evolving skyline. Some of the major service industry giants, banks and global companies have their headquarters in the city. Shennan Boulevard road which connects all four SEZs of the city defines the skyline of Shenzhen with significant and iconic towers located along its length. China Energy Storage Tower site sits at the nexus of the upcoming high-speed development zones that will determine the future city-scape of Shenzhen. The tower has to engage harmoniously with the city skyline while gracefully affirming its landmark location.

Shenzhen skyline

Shennan road, Shenzhen

117

to r the com urba


118


Portfolio_Yao XU_2013-2014  
Portfolio_Yao XU_2013-2014  
Advertisement