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Boston, Massachusetts — Monday, March 3, 2013     five cents ___________________________________________________________________________________

Which Is A Witch? People falling everywhere, bodies contorting into unnatural positions, screaming all around. These were the events going on during the Salem Witch Trials. ___________________________

Young lady going into a fit at a trial ____________________________________ __

In 1692 the Salem witch trials took place. A group of puritan girls claimed three women had bewitched them and the teenager girls went into fits that started to be real because even they started to believe them. The bible says “Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live,” so they would hang the women or men accused. The girls accused most people but citizens were accusing people too, and next to no evidence was needed.

In the time period of the Salem witch trials many people were just afraid. They tried to be as normal as the could, like going to every church event. Yet some citizens did not believe, they thought how could you trust teenage girls?. John Proctor said “If they (the afflicted girls) were let alone, so we should all be devils and witches.” He started comments like these when Rebecca Nurse, an old woman who was one of the most genuine and trusted people in the village, was accused. Remarks like these were used against him in his own trial at which he was found guilty and hung. Other villagers were extremely scared and even wrote books on witches tales and stories. The culture during the Salem witch trials was all about religion. Everything they did was based off christianity, for example they had to go to many long hours of church on Sunday. Using the words ‘had to’ isn’t exactly right, but if you didn’t go it was very suspicious. Others would think they aren’t going because they’re doing work for the devil. For example in the first witch trial one of the three (Sarah Osborne) said that Tituba was ordering her to stop attending church, by saying that she closed her own fate. That sealed

her fate because that brought the judges to the fact that she hasn’t been attending church for the past couple months.

The pressing of Giles Corey

___________________________ The witch trials had a very negative impact on the town of Salem. The families of the villagers in jail still had to pay taxes and everything, and if the person in jail was the breadwinner then there it was extremely hard to make money. That could lead to being homeless, begging, and you could lose your mind. When you lose your mind it makes you mumble or talk nonsense, or saying ‘curses’. You then have to go to trial and most likely will be put in jail or hung which just lead to massacre of killing. This event was very significant to many people because it killed your loved ones, changed laws, and later the families of the people who died had to be paid back for their losses which took away money from the government.


Messages Found... Dear God’s messenger, I wanted help from the closest person to God so he could maybe save me. Many people think I am a peculiar girl because I walked around in the woods to find herbs for a friend. They say that girls don’t walk in the woods, they wonder what I really do out there. I really do look for plants, sometimes I get a little sidetracked but thats besides the point. I never have done anything in the woods related to witchcraft. Yet of course the religious leader is suspicious of my doings out there. Others think the same thing, it just won’t stop! I don’t know what I’m doing wrong, I stopped going to the woods, I live in a different house that has a family that is known for being good in it, I sew quilts, and I go to every religious event that is held. What else can I do to not be convicted? From, A True Christian Dear young lady, If what you say is true about your religious leader believing you are a witch, I’m afraid there is not much you can do. What you can do may not make a big difference. One thing you could do is try hard to get a religious job. You could also

Dear God’s messenger, I have a very big decision. There is this young lady of whom I am very conflicted about. I hear rumors of her practicing witchcraft by some teenagers, but who are they to trust? I think she is a quite suspicious sometimes too, she goes into the woods and gets herbs but some say she converses with the indians instead. She is very different from all the other girls I know, I can’t tell if that is good or bad. What conflicts me is that she participates in every church event, how could a witch suffer through that without any outbursts? No one has convicted her yet but I need to know what to do when the time comes. Much obliged, a concerned citizen

My name is Betty Parris and I am nine years old. I meant to write this with Elizabeth and Abigail a long time ago but our episodes from witches torturing us kept getting in our way. I know some look down upon me saying I lie about the fits and am just acting, but how could a little girl like me do things so painful and just act it? How could I contort my body into impossible positions, have my limbs go so stiff someone has to break them to get me to stop, and have my mouth bleed and tongue go stiff? Much more things happen, so I am told. We, my cousin and anyone else being bewitched, would duck under chairs, run flailing around, and even try to climb up the chimney. Anyways, I was writing to let people know I’m not lying, I know I’m

Dear settler, I would say don’t get involved with this woman until someone accuses her, and make sure the accuser in intelligent. Not just some teenage girls. If you think about the teenagers are they popular? After that is answered is the girl they think is a witch popular? If she isn’t this could just be a severe case of bullying. Maybe you could get to know the so said witch. If that is disturbing her, get a friend of yours who closer to her age to not scare her much. Take care, God’s messenger

young and am not very trustworthy but I assure you not a living soul would bring such agony on themselves, and I am living. I personally think we were chosen by God to light the way for everyone and we will be rewarded in heaven for the torment we have gone through. All I am doing is showing you what those filthy witches and wizards have done to me and our community. They are ripping us apart and all I ask for is trust. I just needed to tell you the truth about how we aren’t lying.

write a novel about the importance of christianity, with a large section on witches. I’m sorry I have such a little response to your dilemma but there are not many solutions to it. ~God’s messenger

Martha corey in jail


ACROSS 7

Christian scriptures containing the 66 books of the new and old testaments

9

Used as a title to members of the clergy, Late Middle English: from Old French

12

Kill someone by tying a rope around their neck from above and take out the support under them

13

The practice of magic, esp. black magic; the use of spells and the invocation of spirits

14

Trials held in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 that led to the execution of twenty people for allegedly practicing witchcraft

16

The worship of Satan, typically involving a travesty of Christian symbols and practices

18

The indigenous peoples of America

19

Exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement esp. among a group of people

21

A smoothbore shoulder gun used from the late 16th through the 18th century

22

All of the foreign countries or areas formerly under British control

23

To gain control over someone using magic or powers

DOWN 1

First accuser in the Salem Witch trials but was 9 years old

2

First accuser in the Salem Witch trials and was 11 years old

3

To practice inflicting severe pain on someone as a punishment, to force them to do or say something, or for the pleasure of the person inflicting the pain

4

The power of influencing the course of events by using supernatural forces

5

A group of Englishmen of the late 16th and 17th centuries who tried to reform the Church of England

6

To declare someone to be guilty of criminal offense by a jury or


the decision of a judge in a court of law

Word page #

8

One of the chief accusers in the Salem witch trials

10

The religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus

11

A supernatural being

15

A formal admission of one's sins with repentance and desire of absolution

16

Chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell

17

A person who settles in an area, typically one with no or few previous inhabitants

19

To cast spell on; bewitch

20

A man or woman thought to have evil magic powers

Part Of Speech

Definition

Sentence From Book

Relevance or importance to

Use the word in your own


topic

sentence

Abigail Williams instagrok

proper noun

Abigail and others, were the first accusers in the Salem Witch trials of 1692. Williams was eleven years old at the time. According to Rev. Deodat Lawson, an eyewitness, she and Betty began to have fits where they ran around rooms flailing their arms, ducking under chairs, trying to climb up the chimney, and her body contorted into impossible positions.

Together with Abigail Williams, they undertook experiments in fortune telling.

Accused a lot of people during the salem witch trials

Abigail Williams especially was put into impossible body positions by the witch.

Betty Parris instagrok

proper noun

At nine years old at the beginning of the trials, the accusations made by Betty and others caused the direct death of 20 Salem residents: 19 people were hanged and 1 person was pressed to death.

Sometime during February of the exceptionally cold winter of 1692, young Betty Parris became strangely ill.

Accused a lot of people during the salem witch trials

Betty Parris is a scary little girl who holds power because she can act.

bewitched instagrok

verb

to gain control over someone by using magic/powers

The bewitched girls were beginning to be pressured into telling who the witch was

Witches supposedly bewitch others to have fits.

I was bewitched to stay away from anything christian, like church on sunday from the devils spell on me.

bible instagrok

noun

the Christian scriptures, consisting of the 66 books of the Old and New Testaments.

Others claim inerrancy for the Bible in its original manuscripts, although none of those are extant.

what the people looked to, to see if it said anything about witches so it would guide them, it said “thou shalt not suffer a witch to live”

Some christians read the bible so they know more about christianity.

Christianity instagrok

noun

the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.

Christian apologetics aims to present a rational basis for Christianity.

Christianity was a giant influence on how they reacted to witches because the bible says “thou shalt not suffer a witch to live”

Everyone in my church practices christianity

Colonies GVRL

plural noun

All the foreign countries or areas formerly under British political control. (chiefly British term for Thirteen Colonies)

Beginning in 1621 Puritans moved from England to settle in the American colonies, particularly in the area of New

Massachusetts is in New England and that is where Mary and her group of

The thirteen colonies were owned by the british but are no longer called the thirteen


England.

Puritans moved to.

colonies and are no longer owned by the british.

Confession instagrok

noun

a formal admission of one's sins with repentance and desire of absolution, esp. as a religious duty.

The confession spurred the hunt for more witches and silenced any opposition to the idea of witchcraft invading the village.

When an accused witch admits it’s called confessing.

The little kid had a confession about eating the cookie.

convict Instagrok

verb

to declare (someone) to be guilty of a criminal offense by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.

Additionally, those who were convicted of witchcraft had their property confiscated by the government.

Many people were convicted of being a witch.

I convict you of killing that woman!

Elizabeth Parris Instagrok

proper noun

Elizabeth Parris was one of the chief accusers in the Salem Witch Trials of 1692.

Elizabeth Parris testified at these trials that she was tormented by spectral visions of these women.

Accused a lot of people during the salem witch trials

I’m glad I’m on Elizabeth Parris’s good side because that means she probably won’t accuse me

hang instagrok

verb

kill (someone) by tying a rope attached from above around the neck and removing the support from beneath (used as a form of capital punishment).

Nineteen victims of the witch-hunt had been hanged, one crushed to death under the weight of stones and at least four died in prison awaiting trial.

Was the death of many in the salem witch trials.

My job is to hang people.

hex instagrok

verb

to cast a spell on; bewitch.

Hex, as apparently the most advanced form of magic on the Discworld, has now become effectively indistinguishable from technology.

Witches would hex people into doing crazy things.

I hex people to do my dirty work.

hysteria instagrok

noun

Exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement, esp. among a group of people.

More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft and 20 were killed during the hysteria.

The salem witch trials were during a time of hysteria.

Indian pg. 108

noun

the indigenous peoples of America.

In desperation, Osborne at first pleaded innocent; she then shifted tactics, claiming, as quoted by Rice, she had been haunted by "an Indian, all black, which did pinch her in her neck."

Indians are in Witch Child and they help Mary with remedies and seem to think her grandmother is a spirit and it seems to me they believe in witchcraft.

Magic instagrok

noun

The power of influencing the course of events by using supernatural forces.

Brain magic to me indicates that area of magic dealing with psychological and mind-reading effects.

Witches and wizards were using ‘magic’

The Indians of America helped the Americans when they first came then the Americans turned against them and started killing them.


Musket pg. 218

noun

A smoothbore shoulder gun used from the late 16th through the 18th century.

John Rivers and Tobias stood ready with musket and sword, but Sarah forbade them to fight.

Shows around what time period it is.

My great, great, great grandfather’s musket lies above my fireplace.

Puritans GVRL

noun

A group of English Protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries who tried to reform the Church of England.

Most Puritans believed in witchcraft, and witches had been prosecuted in Massachusetts several times in the preceding decades.

That is the group of people Mary travelled with to Salem.

Puritans looked down upon witches so severely they witches were killed in cruel ways.

Reverend pg. 218

adj.

Used as a title to members of the clergy, Late Middle English: from Old French

Then came in deputation, Reverend Johnson, Elias Cornwell, along with Nathaniel Clench and the constables and a crowd of others.

One of the very religious and important people who believed in witches and spells.

Reverend accused me of being a witch because I was good at healing.

Salem witch trials instagrok

noun

Trials held in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692 that led to the execution of twenty people for allegedly practicing witchcraft. The trials are noted for the hysterical atmosphere in which they were conducted;many townspeople were widely suspected of witchcraft on flimsy evidence.

The Phoenix is a coven of assassin witches who have risen from the ashes from the Salem witch trials.

The salem witch trials are what my book is about.

I am a fortune teller, if I was alive during the salem witch trials I would certainly be convicted of practicing witchcraft and be hanged.

Satan instagrok

proper noun

chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell

Satan himself often appeared with goat's horns, and sometimes changed his shape completely into a goat.

Is the leader of all witches and evil.

Satan is the enemy of god.

Satanism instagrok

noun

the worship of Satan, typically involving a travesty of Christian symbols and practices, such as placing a cross upside down.

Witchcraft is often erroneously confused with Satanism.

Very close to witchcraft.

I follow satanism therefore I was convicted of heresy and killed.

Settler pg. 171

noun

A person who settles in an area, typically one with no or few previous inhabitants

He also has an account of the miraculous founding of the town itself, as told by Reverend Johnson and the original settlers.

Mary and her group of puritans she is travelling with are settlers.

American settlers had to build many things because they’re the first people there.

spirit instagrok

noun

a supernatural being.

In such cases, various methods are used to rid the person from the bewitching spirit, occasionally physical and psychological abuse.

people would claim that the ‘witches spirit’ was torturing them.

I saw the spirit come towards me and I wanted to run so desperately but something was holding me from running.


torture instagrok

verb

to practice inflicting severe pain on someone as a punishment or to force them to do or say something, or for the pleasure of the person inflicting the pain.

Beatrice was put into a dark dungeon, alone, tortured over the period of 5 months, but was freed and sadly died shortly after, alone.

the ‘witches would be tortured when they were found guilty and the victims would say they were being tortured by the witches

As I tortured the convicted their screams would echo in my mind when the whip lashed and ripped their skin.

Witch GVRL

noun

a man or woman thought to have evil magic powers

Tituba herself went into a fit and claimed to have become blind, confirming a popular superstition that when a witch gives up her power she loses her sight.

A witch is what Mary’s grandmother was accused of and what I’m assuming Mary will be convicted of.

A stereotypical witch is one who wears a pointy hat and rides on a broomstick.

Witchcraft GVRL

noun

The practice of magic, esp. black magic; the use of spells and the invocation of spirits.

She publicly questioned the validity of the girls' fits, suggesting that there was more to the hearings than simple accusations of witchcraft.

Witchcraft is what Mary’s grandmother was accused of.

Witchcraft was highly looked down upon in the town of Salem.

Sources

"Salem Witch Trials ­ The People ­ John Proctor ­ DiscoverySchool.com." Salem Witch Trials ­ The People ­ John Proctor ­ DiscoverySchool.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014. "Salem Witch Trials ­ The People ­ DiscoverySchool.com." Salem Witch Trials ­ The People ­ DiscoverySchool.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014. "Salem Witch Trials and Executions." Witchcraft in America. Ed. Peggy Saari and Elizabeth Shaw. Vol. 1. Detroit: UXL, 2001. 45­68. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 4 Mar. 2014. Rees, Celia. Witch Child. Cambridge, MA: Candlewick, 2001. Print. "InstaGrok | A New Way to Learn." InstaGrok | A New Way to Learn. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Mar. 2014.

Pictures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salem_witch_trials http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Salem_Witch_trial_engraving.jpg


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexenprozesse_von_Salem http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Corey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TheWitch足no1.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TheWitch足no2.jpg


Grace W.