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BUBBLY NEWS

February 26, 2014

Read all about the wonders of the ocean from the waves to the seaweed deep down.

ON THE SHORE

LEXICON

FOUND ON PAGE 3.

YOU CAN FIND THIS

BELOW THE SHORE FOUND ON PAGE 4.

READ ABOUT THE

ON THE LAST 5 PAGES OF

IMPORTANCE OF THE

THE MAGAZINE. THIS

READ ABOUT THE

SHORE OF THE OCEAN

GIVES THE DEFINITION OF

WONDERS UNDER THE

ITALICIZED WORDS.

SEA.

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February 26, 2014

SOMETHING FISHY

Reade Carmichael

The underwater world is a beautiful life filled realm.

Oceans are more than just big bodies of water. They take up 71% of the Earth. The ocean gives us a place to [2]

cool off in the summer, a place to drive boats, but most importantly, is a home to thousands of different plants,

animals, and organisms. The ocean has a shore, an ocean floor (the bottom), a food chain, and life.


ON THE SHORE

Facts

This is the shoreline at a beach

The Shore From the largest continent to the smallest island, every piece of land has a shore. A shoreline is where the water meets the land. [3]

According to Ocean Life by: Alice Jablonsky, “No two shorelines are quite the same.� There are different types of shores. for example, the shore can be

sandy beach, salt marsh, rocky shores, or tidal pools. The shoreline is the perfect place for sea animals to grow, feed, and reproduce without fearing enemies.


Below the Shore

deep, it is not to deepest part of the ocean. The worlds The ocean floor is like deepest ocean depth is another world. It has 35,827 feet (10,920 meters) thousands of plants and deep. This place is called animals which live down “The Challenger” or there. The depth of the oceans are called abyss. The “Challenger Deep”. animals that live in the abyss have delicate skulls or no skulls at all. They also are blind. Since the abyss is deep and dark, there is no need to see. So, they use Below is a photo of their other senses to find Challenger Deep compared to other large food. All the life down in the landforms/things. abyss “...have developed some odd ways of surviving.” Now even though the abyss is pretty

FUN FACT

Did You Know? The worlds deepest ocean depth is 35,827 feet (10,920 meters) deep? This place is called “The blog.powersof10.com Challenger”

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FOOD CHAINS

Ocean life has a food chain. What’s a food chain? A food chain is a chain that can tell you what eats what. All of the ocean food chains start off with plankton and then gradually moves up to the bigger and bigger fish. Eventually, the food chain will end up with the humans. We are at the top of the food chain. There are two different types of animals in the food chain. The producers and the consumers. An example of a producer would be seaweed. Producers capture energy from the sun and produce it to the consumers. Most all animals are consumers. Consumers

Food Chains There are many different food chains. Maybe thousands!

www.sciencelearn.org.nz celebrating200years.noaa.gov www.dreamstime.com www.mlms.loganschools.org

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consume what plants or animals give off. There are three different types of consumers. There are herbivores, which eat only plants, and are called the primary consumers. There carnivores, which eat only animals, and are considered the secondary consumers. Finally, we have the omnivores, which eat both plants and animals. Most humans are omnivores. One example of an ocean food chain is- sun, phytoplankton, zooplankton, crab, octopus, sea otter. All animals are both predators and prey. The sun is always the main source of energy. These photos are just examples of the many food chains.


Marine Life February 2014

www.bbc.co.uk

www.theanimalfiles.com

malwaretips.com

The Giants of the Ocean Whales. Whales are known as the giants of the sea. They are the biggest animals in the ocean with many different kinds. The biggest whale is the blue whale. Blue whales can grow to be 75 to 100 feet long. That is crazy. The second biggest whale is the sperm whale. Sperm whales can be fully grown and 36 to

59 feet long. The third biggest is the right whale. The right whale is able to grow to about 38 to 50 feet. After those three monsters comes the minke whale (26 to 33 feet), the narwal (13 to 15 feet), and the beluga whale (10 to 15 feet). These are the biggest of the whales but there are still many more species.

This is a beluga whale blowing bubbles. This types of whales blow their bubbles in ring shapes as shown. www.telegraph.co.uk

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OCEAN WONDERS

February

This is a good picture of the coral reefs.

The ocean is a very wonderful place that has more than you have probably ever imagined. I bet you never knew the different things about the ocean that made it so special such as the shore, the floor, the food chains, and the life. It’s all not just water.

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Reade Carmichael D Block

Lexicon Organizer Word Page #

Part of speech

Definition

Sentence from book

Relevance or importance to topic.

Use the word in a new sentence. (your own!)

algae  #14

noun

a  simple nonflowering  plant of  a  large  group that  includes  the seaweeds  and many  single-­celled forms.  Algae contain  chlorophyll but  lack  true stems,  roots, leaves,  and vascular  tissue.

Algae  and  other tiny  plants  grow  in its  cracks  and small  holes.

Algae  grows  all around  in  the  ocean.

The  algae-­covered  rocks were  slimy  and  slippery.

coral  reef  #14

noun

a  hard  stony substance secreted  by certain  marine coelenterates  as an  external skeleton,  typically forming  large reefs  in  warm seas:  [  as  modifier ]  :  a  coral  reef. •  precious  red coral,  used  in jewelry.

Coral  reefs  give shelter  to  many sea  creatures.

There  are  colorful coral  reefs  all  over the  ocean  floor.

When  I  went  scuba diving,  I  saw  the  beautiful pink,  purple,  blue,  green, orange,  and  yellow  coral.

crustaceans  #12

noun

an  arthropod  of the  large,  mainly aquatic  group Crustacea,  such as  a  crab,  lobster, shrimp,  or barnacle.

Itty  bitty crustaceans  called krill,  swim  in  large clusters  that...

Crustaceans  are animals  that  live  in the  sea

When  I  went  scuba diving  I  saw  many groups  of  crustaceans

currents  #14

noun

a  body  of  water or  air  moving  in  a definite  direction, esp.  through  a surrounding  body of  water  or  air  in which  there  is less  movement: ocean  currents.

...with  the  rhythm of  the  waves  and currents.

The  ocean  creates currents

As  I  stood  ankle-­deep  in the  ocean,  I  felt  the current  hit  my  legs.

estuaries  #44

noun

the  tidal  mouth  of where  the  tide meets  the  stream.

...trees  thrive  in estuaries,  where fresh  water  and saltwater  mix.

There  are  many estuaries  in  the ocean.

The  fisherman  fished  at the  estuary,  knowing that’s  where  all  the  fish stay.

jellyfish  #7

noun

1  a  free-­swimming marine coelenterate  with a  jellylike  bell-­  or

...causing  problems that  dolphins, jellyfish,  and  clams can’t  solve.

Jellyfish  live  in  the ocean.

My  friend  went swimming  and  almost  got stung  by  a  jellyfish.

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D Block

Lexicon Organizer saucer-­shaped body  that  is typically transparent  and has  stinging tentacles  around the  edge. kelp  #20

noun

a  large  brown seaweed  that typically  has  a long,  tough  stalk with  a  broad  frond divided  into  strips. Some  kinds  grow to  a  very  large size  and  form underwater “forests”  that support  a  large population  of animals.

Kelp  is  one  of  the thousands  of  kinds of  seaweed.

You  find  kelp  in  the ocean.

After  I  got  out  of  the ocean  there  was  kelp  in my  hair.

marine  #39

adjective

of,  found  in,  or produced  by  the sea:  marine plants  |  marine biology. •  of  or  relating  to shipping  or  naval matters:  marine insurance.

Cruising  along,  the marine  mammal surfaces  every  ten minutes  or  so  to suck  in  air  through its  blowhole.

Most  mammals  in  the ocean  are  marine mammals.

My  aunt  works  in  marine biology  and  studies underwater  animals.

ocean  #27

noun

a  very  large expanse  of  sea,  in particular,  each  of the  main  areas into  which  the  sea is  divided geographically: the  Atlantic Ocean.

A  single  eye  rises out  of  the  sandy ocean  floor.

The  ocean  is  my topic

The  best  part  of  going  to the  beach  is  swimming  in the  ocean.

polyps  #31

noun

1  Zoology  a solitary  or  colonial sedentary  form  of a  coelenterate such  as  a  sea anemone,  typically having  a  columnar body  with  the mouth  uppermost

Each  coral,  called  a polyp,  is  soft  and builds  a  limestone shell  for  protection.

Polyps  are  living things  in  the  ocean.

On  my  vacation  I  got  to see  the  polyps  while scuba  diving.

predators  #21

noun

1  an  animal  that naturally  preys  on others:  wolves  are major  predators  of rodents.

Always  on  the lookout  for predators,  a  sea horse  can...

In  the  ocean  life  food chain,  there  are many  predators.

In  the  movie  I  watched,  I learned  many  different animals  predators.

prey  #43

noun

an  animal  that  is

[9] ...a  pair  of  claws

Different  animals

A  sharks  prey  is


Reade Carmichael D Block

Lexicon Organizer hunted  and  killed by  another  for food:  the  kestrel is  ready  to  pounce on  unsuspecting prey.

just  below  their mouths  that  they use  to  grab  prey.

have  different  prey.

plankton,  squid,  and  small fish.

realm  #7

noun

a  kingdom:  the peers  of  the  realm |  the  defense  of the  realm.

Imagine  what  it must  be  like  to  be  a dolphin,  living  in  a realm  of  liquid space,  listening  to the  whistles  and clicks  of  nearby family  members.

the  whole underwater  sea  life is  a  realm.

The  magical  fairy  realm was  unlike  any  other seen  before.

scuba  diving  #14

noun

the  sport  or pastime  of swimming underwater  using scuba  gear.

Besides  being  a pleasure  to  explore by  snorkeling  and scuba-­diving, reefs...

People  go  scuba diving  in  the  ocean.

Last  summer  I  went scuba  diving  and  saw  so many  cool  animals  and plants.

sea  #32

noun

the  expanse  of salt  water  that covers  most  of the  earth's surface  and surrounds  its landmasses:  a ban  on  dumping radioactive wastes  in  the  sea  | rocky  bays  lapped by  vivid  blue  sea  | [  as  modifier  ]  :  a sea  view.

Some  sea creatures  have  lost their  need  for  sight.

A  sea  is  kind  of  like  a smaller  ocean.

My  aunt  bought  a  house with  a  great  view  of  the sea.

seaweed  #17

noun

large  algae growing  in  the  sea or  on  rocks  below the  high-­water mark.

…sea  otters  make their  homes  in forests  of  kelp,  a type  of  seaweed.

Seaweed  grows  in the  ocean.

I  had  to  push  the seaweed  aside  to  get  to a  clear  spot  of  water when  I  went  swimming.

shell  #43

noun

1  the  hard protective  outer case  of  a  mollusk or  crustacean: cowrie  shells  |  the technique  of carving  shell.

...some  of  these soft-­bodied  animals have  shells,  while others  are  shell free,  such  as octopuses  and squid.

There  are  shells  in the  ocean.

I  found  a  huge  conch shell  at  the  bottom  of  the ocean  on  my  vacation.

shellfish  #50

noun

an  aquatic  shelled mollusk  (e.g.,  an oyster  or  cockle) or  a  crustacean (e.g.,  a  crab  or shrimp),  esp.  one that  is  edible.

The  giants  polish off  dozens  of pounds  of  the shellfish  every  day to...

There  are  thousands of  shellfish  in  the ocean.

We  ate  shellfish  for dinner  on  Friday  night.

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Reade Carmichael D Block

Lexicon Organizer •  such  mollusks  or crustaceans  as food.

shoreline  #14

noun

the  line  along which  a  large body  of  water meets  the  land:  he walked  along  the shoreline.

...reefs  help protect  some shorelines  from  the force  of hard-­hitting  storm waves.

Every  ocean  has  a shore  line,  where  the water  meets  the shore.

When  I  went  to  the beach  the  water  was  too cold,  so  I  stood  at  the shoreline  to  get  used  to the  coldness.

snorkel  #14

verb

a  short  curved tube  for  a swimmer  to breathe  through while  keeping  the face  under  water.

Besides  being  a pleasure  to  explore by  snorkeling  and scuba-­diving, reefs...

People  can  go snorkeling  in  the ocean.

On  my  family  vacation, we  went  snorkeling.

surface  #53

noun

1  the  outside  part or  uppermost layer  of  something (often  used  when describing  its texture,  form,  or extent):  the earth's  surface  | poor  road surfaces.

A  great  white shark  detects splashing  up  near the  ocean’s surface.

The  ocean  has  a surface.

I  was  too  afraid  to  go down  deep,  so  I  just swam  around  on  the surface.

tidal  #49

adjective

of,  relating  to,  or affected  by  tides: the  river  here  is not  tidal  |  strong tidal  currents.

…swims  through tropical  waters  and tidal  pools.

The  ocean  has  tidal waves,  tidal  pools, and  tidal  currents.

I  found  12  hermit  crabs  in the  tidal  pool.

tsunamis  #26

noun

a  long  high  sea wave  caused  by an  earthquake, submarine landslide,  or  other disturbance.

...water earthquakes  send tidal  waves,  called tsunamis,  rolling  for miles  until  they reach,  and destroy,  the  shore.

Tsunamis  are  when the  ocean  water makes  land  go  almost underwater!

Japan  gets  very  big tsunamis  a  lot.

water  #7

noun

a  colorless, transparent, odorless, tasteless  liquid that  forms  the seas,  lakes, rivers,  and  rain and  is  the  basis  of the  fluids  of  living organisms.

Have  you  ever wondered  what  its like  to  be  a  jellyfish, with  99  percent  of your  body  made  of water?

The  ocean  is  made up  of  water.

I  was  very  thirsty  so  I  got myself  a  cold  drink  of water.

waves  #14

noun

a  long  body  of water  curling  into an  arched  form and  breaking  on the  shore.

…  from  the  force of  hard-­hitting storm  waves.

The  ocean  creates waves.

I  went  boogie  boarding on  the  huge  waves  at Scarborough  Beach.

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Lexicon Organizer •  a  ridge  of  water between  two depressions  in open  water:  gulls and  cormorants bobbed  on  the waves. •  a  shape  seen  as comparable  to  a breaking  wave:  a wave  of  treetops stretched  to  the horizon. arms,  lowering them,  and  sitting down  again.

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SOURCES http://www.visitsealife.com/SiteImages/Assets/27/26/Foodchains_Grades3-6.pdf National Geographic Kids: Oceans by Johnna Rizzo Ocean Life by Alice Jablonsky

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Reade c