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NEWS OF THE ICELANDIC VILLAGES!

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 794

The Viking Post Viking Raid of 794 A.D. Non-Fiction Display of a story and it’s impact. You are a young viking boy

By: Kyle Bouchard

This viking boy was in a poor

from Northern Europe in 794 A.D. You are

overcrowded viking village (like most

going on a Viking Pillage determining what

viking villages) who had always wanted to

is the purpose of your life. Your

become a viking and finally got to become

perspectives on life drastically change

one and go on a new ship. At first he was

because of what you see, do, feel and think

scared and didn’t know what to do and

about as well as the huge impact the culture

thought he was going to die because of the

has on what you have to do with your life.

violence and life threatening experiences.

The society is somewhat judgmental of

In attempts to save his life he realized he

who you are and what you should be.

didn’t like to kill people. Through this

Viking Ships for Sale at Village Port Gale Olaf, the best ship builder in all of our village, is selling ship of the utmost perfect quality for fishing, pillaging and just a day out at sea. It will be going for 100 hack silver, first come first serve!

violent pillage he saw the other side of Continued on Page 2

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/d/d6/Moragsoorm.jpg

Berserker preserved as a Chess Piece. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/ 0/04/Beserker%2C_Lewis_Chessmen %2C_British_Museum.jpg

Depiction of them in their Ships. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/c/cb/Wikinger.jpg

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NEWS OF THE ICELANDIC VILLAGES!

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 794

CONTINUATION OF “VIKING RAID OF 797 A.D. his shipmates that he knew as neighbors

or maybe a viking as well as tons more jobs. and this changed the way he looked at

People were ruled by a Jarl or a King of a

people forever. Viking pillages were scary

village. Women weren’t as respected as now

for everyone who took part but were a part

but were valued fairly well for how much

of a viking’s lifestyle. That’s what they did

they do for everyone. Overall viking’s were

for a living. Viking pillages was what

an adaptive society because of their harsh

shaped their lives, lifestyles and culture.

geographical surroundings but were a very advanced, warlike and intelligent era of

These viking’s were from Iceland,

people.

but many vikings were from places such as

Viking Fight http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/ 4/40/Vikings_fight.JPG

Norway, Sweden and Greenland. Most of

This had a whole new perspective

their early raids were in attempt to conquer

on life. He had mixed feeling on killing

England. Early pillages were through the

people yet he did it anyway for his own

western rivers but they later spread through

protection. He thought differently about the

all of England. They later went farther than

people he once knew as just neighbors

just England after some defeats.

because of their merciless and uncalled for actions. Most importantly he thought more

The viking culture believed in the

norse gods, These vikings were typically poor but fearsome and warlike. They were very strategic and very good fighters. They lived in cold mountainous and valleyed places. They typically live on the sea for

Vikings http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/9/95/ Viking_Festival,_Delamont_County_Park,_Jun e_2012_(17).JPG

about his actions and who he trusted/ impacted. Parts of his new perspectives actually went for other viking’s like their ideas of war and fighting as well as how what they did impacted the greater community of theirs.

straight access to the water when they go for viking pillages and for fishing industry. They

were very skilled boatsmen and warriors

as well as the whole greater community

because it was so closely associated to their

because he changed the course of his own life by changing his perspective on his actions and thoughts. The greater

lifestyle and culture. A very common and

This experience impacted on him

community became richer but lost an typically eaten food they ate was mutton because they had lot’s of sheep. Jobs they had were things such as a butcher, fisherman

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important member because of his thoughtless actions but he was stilled loved and thought about in the following years. Would this change you? How so?

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NEWS OF THE ICELANDIC VILLAGES! EDITORIAL LETTER

Vikings go off to Pillage. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/1/17/Nicholas_Roerich %2C_Guests_from_Overseas.jpg

My village is needy, we starve, we’re overcrowded and we have no hope. Spojothof has nothing but farmers, fisherman and warriors. We need to fight to regain hope of life here and our future. Should we raid to the south and potentially save our lives and bring joy, and hope back to our lands? Or should we stay and try and figure it all out?

for our society. Kill off the weak and let the strong survive. From recent pillages we have destroyed all in our path and it definitely changed my perspective on how vikings should live. We are provided with everything we were in search for and our village gets farther out of the darkness we were once buried in. Instead of the loss of our villages like some who didn’t raid for their necessities which is what was needed in that time as well as our own. We need to do this. I now know, only do it for the necessities of my village not for greed of riches or for the fun of killing.

In times of the past, when we have raided it Lives will be lost, villages will be destroyed has saved our lives and and gold will be taken for gave us hope. We do it now for the necessities of our needs. It seems our lives not for gruesome, violent and enjoyment or the greed merciless but we as a have having tons of society are trying to riches to spend away provide a hope and life without a care.

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THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 794

Advice Column Dear Mr.Galt,

I am a viking, but I don’t like killing

people, it doesn’t seem right. The first viking pillage of mine, I was forced to see horrid sites such as “the blood eagle” as well as friends dying. I have killed as I was forced to by my shipmates although a few of the times were in desperate attempts to save my life. How do I continue? Should I stay as a viking to protect my honor and keep from never killing or do I take up a new life back at home? -Lidsmod

Dear Lidsmod,

I can see how this can be a stressful situation

because either way it decides the course of your life, to choose to become a viking you continue on with high honor but you can’t stand killing. If you were to stay as a viking you could restrain yourself and kill only when needed to protect your life or any of your shipmates and just ignore the battle and steal. If you go back home, you would disgrace your family and lose all your honor which is a devastating thing as well as you’d be of the lowest class. What I recommend, is that you stay as a viking and kind of “sit back and watch” as in not going into head on battles unless absolutely needed for the welfare of your shipmates. -Mr.Galt

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Pg. 36 Word: Abbot Meaning: A man who is the head of an abbey of monks. Sentence from Book: “the abbot chided gently.” Importance: Something from Wiglaf’s Village. New Sentence: The abbot is important to the village’s monks. Pg. 93 Word: Aldwark Meaning:*Undefined* Sentence from Book: “They had to pass the aldwark.” Importance: A norse term for something. New Sentence: The aldwark was a strange thing, it was unexplainable.

Lexicon of Raven of the Waves By: Michael Cadnum

Pg. 4 Word: Ale Feast Meaning: A festival that is showcasing ale/beer. Sentence from Book: “There had not been such a day in years-three ships taking to sea to find gold, and a horse fight and an ale feast to wish them well.” Importance: Ale feasts are typically common in medieval celebrations in times of war. New Sentence: The annual Bar Harbor ale feast takes place on June 21st! Pg. 22 Word: Ale Rations Meaning: Amount of ale stored. Sentence from Book: “The hall was full of armed men whose ale rations arrived…” Importance: A common thing worried about. New Sentence: The ale rations are low this year. Pg. 34 Word: Altar Meaning: A place where religious sacrifices are made. Sentence from Book: “And then they left with the gold from the altar.” Importance: Something they had for norse purposes. New Sentence: We sacrificed food at the altar last night, now we sacrifice gold. Pg. 45 Word: Beeswax Candle Meaning: A candle made from beeswax. Sentence from Book: “….sat in the light from the beeswax candle….” Importance: They’re form of light. New Sentence: The beeswax candle was freshly made this morning!


Pg. 57 Word: Beserker Meaning: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berserker A norse warrior who would fight in an uncontrollable trance of fury and kill most everything. Sentence from Book: “Than Torsten the beserker.” Importance: It was what this warrior was classified as doing in battle. New Sentence: The beserker is absolutely mad in battle, he kills everything! Pg. 138 Word: Blood Eagle Meaning: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_eagle A method of torturous death that involved a painful series of actions to form bloody looking wings. Sentence from Book: “Who will make a better blood eagle?” Importance: A often talked about method in the Norse Saga’s. New Sentence: The blood eagle was ton to countless King’s the norse people fought against. Pg. 178 Word: Blood Secret Meaning: A secret that is very important. Sentence from Book: “I am telling you a secret,” said Ulf, putting a fist over his heart.”A blood secret.” Importance: A very important piece mentioned in the book. New Sentence: “This is a blood secret….” Pg. 43 Word: Church Prattle Meaning: Foolish church talk. Sentence from Book: “He’s been listening to church prattle.” Importance: The way they classified foolish church talk. New Sentence: The church prattle was messing with the little kid’s ears. Word: Pg. 23 Word: Cockerel Meaning: Another name for rooster. Sentence from Book: “...Wiglaf on an errand to seek a cockerel..” Importance: A common bird that is talked about. New Sentence: The cockerel or rooster lives at the farm. Pg. 11 Word: Dark Weavers Meaning: A norse thing. Sentence from Book: “The loom squeaked, and the Dark Weavers tricked a man into a new pattern, and he was helpless.”

Importance: It is a relevant thing because it has to do with their norse beliefs. New Sentence: The dark weavers have a cunning intelligence.


Pg. 21 Word: Dwarfed Meaning:*“To appear smaller by comparison”* *Merriam Webster* Sentence from Book: “Saint John’s Church was going to be dwarfed by its own tower one day.” Importance: A type of word choice used then. New Sentence: Pluto was a planet than it was dwarfed. Pg. 117 Word: Dwelling Meaning:*Undefined* Sentence from Book: “as Torsten destroyed a dwelling.” Importance: A term for a kind of person. New Sentence: The dwelling was a low life of a person. Pg. 26 Word: Ealdormen Meaning: High ranking royal official. Sentence from Book: “but you know how these ealdormen are…” Importance: A position that could be upheld in this time period. New Sentence: The ealdormen had important business for the King. Pg. 11 Word: Feasting Hall (Mead Hall) Meaning: A large building with one room that has a dedicated purpose of feasts, and was commonly used by viking’s. Sentence from Book: “Word spread into the feasting hall….” Importance: Not a typical building used today. New Sentence: Olaf knew he had to be at the feasting hall at 6:00 but he decided to be late anyway. Pg. 3 Word: Fjord Meaning: A narrow, deep, valley sort of thing in between high cliffs that are typically seen in Iceland and Norway and places of that geological similarity. Sentence from Book: “The Fjord was calm, the high cliffs and the ships” prows mirrored in the blue.” Importance: It explains the importance and relevance the setting has to the plot. New Sentence: The fjord was admired in pure amusement by the Norwegian children. Pg. 51 Word: Gander Meaning: A male goose. Sentence from Book: “She was meaner than a gander….” Importance: A phrase of speech to say someone is really mean. New Sentence: I shot that gander from a far distance! What a shot!


Pg. 38 Word: Hamlet Meaning: A small settlement or village. Sentence from Book: “The little hamlet was quiet.” Importance: What they classified Wiglaf’s village as. New Sentence: The hamlet was pretty small and vulnerable in the valley. Pg. 3 Word: Horse Fight Meaning: A fight between people on horseback although it generally refers to the horses doing the real fighting, like biting and kicking one another. Sentence from Book: “We’ll be late for the horse fight,” said Lidsmod. Importance: Well, it describes recreation, or sports and events that people take part in and watch. New Sentence: A horse fight is when horses brutally battle against one another and typically results in death between either/ both of the horses. Pg. 80 Word: Hovel Meaning: Small dirty trashed house. Sentence from Book: “Could people life in such a hovel. Importance: Classification of Wiglaf’s village. New Sentence: What a hovel his house is, it’s a wreck! Pg. 11 Word: Jarl’s Hall Meaning: A viking cheif’s building. Sentence from Book: “Word began to escape the jarl’s hall.” Importance: Not something we have this day. New Sentence: The Jarl’s hall is dedicated to our Jarl Olaf Spjorthof. Pg. 4 Word: Keel Meaning: A piece of the ship. Sentence from Book: “But Lidsmod stayed a few moments longer beside the new ship Raven, her keel scar on sand down to where she rode still on the water, the chests packed, the mast seated on it’s supports. Importance: I don’t believe this mark still appears or the process of it coming into the wood of the ship still occurs with our metal ships creating historical value and diversity. New Sentence: The keel has much wear on it in the short time since it was built.


Pg. 18 Word: Knorr Meaning: A type of norse trade ship. Sentence from Book: “Word had arrived on a knorr, a freight ship, in late summer the year before.” Importance: A type of ship that was commonly used. New Sentence: Knorr ships are used for trade. Pg. 33 Word: Mallow Meaning:(Undefined)Not specific details in book) Sentence from Book: “Why aren’t you using mallow?” Importance: An unknown thing used in the viking era. New Sentence: The mallow is a peculiar thing. Pg. 31 Word: Mortar Mill Meaning: A mill that makes mortar. Sentence from Book: “the mortar mill worked by two men walking a slow circle” Importance: A job employer. New Sentence: The mortar mill is considered old fashioned now. Pg. 11 Word: Mutton Meaning: The flesh of sheep. Sentence from Book: “Lidsmod stared at his mutton.” Importance: It was a type of food. New Sentence: Mutton is my least favorite food at this meal. Pg. 22 Word: Oxcart Meaning: A cart pulled by oxen. Sentence from Book: Can’t find it Importance: Mode of transportation and farming. New Sentence: The oxcart pulled in through the town’s market. Pg. 6 Word: Pine Spears Meaning: Pine spears are a type of spear made from pine. Sentence from Book: “The horse ran as if in the far pasture, and then it scented mare, safe behind the fence of pine spears.” Importance: Not still commonly used. New Sentence: John has a collection of Pine Spears in his basement.


Pg. 152 Word: Pyx Meaning: A small circular container used in Catholic Church. Sentence from Book: “He stooped again and discovered a pyx.” Importance: An item picked up by a character in the village’s ashes. New Sentence: The pyx was made of true silver with gold inlays. Pg. 24 Word: Rump Holes Meaning: A hole in your butt. (Anus) Sentence from Book: “Twins, as though you needed two noses where one would do, or two rump holes instead of one.” Importance: It is what it was referred to then instead of what we call it today. New Sentence: The rump hole is considered inappropriate but funny to most modern children. Pg. 149 Word: Runes Meaning: A type of alphabet. Sentence from Book: “These sheepskins covered with runes.” Importance: It was a type of alphabet seen and used. New Sentence: The runes on the quilt were very hard to read. Pg. 158 Word: Skali Meaning:*Undefined* Sentence from Book: “Most gathered around the burning skali..” Importance: A norse word. New Sentence: The skali lay on the ground. Pg. 18 Word: Spear Hall Meaning: A name for a type of hall in the norse countries. Sentence from Book: “Spjothof meant spear “hall.” Importance: It was a type of building most norse places had. New Sentence: The spear hall isn’t a place for kids. Pg. 22 Word: Stonemasons Meaning: People who craft with stones. Sentence from Book: “He scurried past the stonemasons, gray rocks piled around, surrounded by bright yellow straw to soak up the spring damp.” Importance: Type of job that they had. New Sentence: Stonemasons are building a huge church at the town center!


Pg. 5 Word: Walrus Hide Rope Meaning: A rope made from walrus hide. Sentence from Book: “The mare was tethered, jerking the walrus-hide rope.” Importance: This is not still typically used. New Sentence: The walrus hide rope is a special rare rope from the viking time era. Pg. 4 Word: Wood Tar Meaning: A tar created from wood. Sentence from Book: “Njord the shipwright strode across the beach, years of wood tar on his stiff leather apron.” Importance: It just seems like a historical technological method. New Sentence: The wood tar stained Johns white shirt. Pg. 26 Word: Wyrd Meaning: Means Fate Sentence from Book: “but what lord understood the ways of wyrd…” Importance: The word they used for fate. New Sentence: Wyrd is a norse word for fate.

Bibliography: "Berserker." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berserker>. "Blood Eagle." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Blood_eagle>. Cadnum, Michael. Raven of the Waves. New York: Orchard, 2001. Print.

"Hacksilver." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacksilver>. "Viking Ships." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Feb. 2014. Web. 28 Feb. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Viking_ships>.>. "Vikings." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 02 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikings>.


Kyle B