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The selected five works were designed during 2013 to 2016. Each of them shows different scales and phasees of architectural approach. The first two parts focuses on practical practice. The “Public Convenience” was a complete process from one of master courses which I participated from design to construction. While the second one were two projects I took part in previous job. Both of them I mainly engaged in design process which included making 3D model and architectural drawings. The following three works touched many aspects not only of architectural field which includes issue discussion, geographical and cultural site analyzation, categorization, urban planning, architecture programming and so on, but also public intervention, publications, events and exhibition conducting, and art approaching such as multimedia presentation and abstractedly lens the surrounding. To sum up, the portfolio indicates the architectural thought, professional approaching, ability of handling things, and skill of using different softwares, media, and materials. The following pages contain the icons, which note what tools were used during the design process.

LING LEE email: vene77117@gmail.com / tel.: +47 99 88 41 22

EDUCATION

INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP

Aug, 2015-present

Master degree of architecture, Bergen School of Architecure, Norway

Sep, 2008-Jun, 2013

Barchelor of architecture, Department of Architecture Tunghai University, Taiwan

Aug, 2014-Dec, 2014

Subleader, “Kathmandu and Rajahar, Rural Community Planning and Design” Rajahar, Nepal Multi-country cooperation

Jun, 2012-Aug, 2012

Exchange student, “Exchange program at Kamala Raheja Viayandhi Institute for Architecture and Enviroment” KRIVA, Mumbai, India

PROFESSIONAL E M P LOYM E N T AND INTERNSHIP

Jul, 2014-Jul, 2015

Teaching Assistant, Dep. of Architecture, Tunghai Univrsity, Taiwan

Jun, 2013-Jul, 2014

Designer, A ALI Association, Landscape, and Interior, Taiwan

Sep, 2011-Jul, 2012

Intern/ part-time, Dadu Architects, Taiwan

Aug, 2009

Summer Intern, Behet Bondzio Lin Architekten, the branch in Taiwan


PUBLIC CONVENIENCE PUBLIC TOILET

PLACE WHERE THERE IS WATER AND GRASS 1 HOUSE

PLACE WHERE THERE IS WATER AND GRASS 2 SCHOOL

PUBLIC INTERVENTION REVOLVING DOOR

COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS FIREPLACE


PUBLIC CONVENIENCE

TOILET / PUBLIC TOILET Entropy, 2015 autumn semester, BAS Location: Bergen Architecture School, Norway cooperated with Monika JasiokovĂĄ and Roy HusevĂĽg

toilet n. A toilet is a small room used for privately accessing the sanitation fixture (toilet) for urination and defecation. Toilets usually includes a sink (basin) for handwashing and a bar of soap (or liquid soap), as handwashing which is important for personal hygiene. It may also include a health faucet or a bidet for washing the anal area. Western toilets typically have a holder or roll for toilet paper. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toilet_(room) A public toilet is a room or small building containing one or more toilets (and possibly also urinals) which is available for use by the general public, or by customers or employees of certain businesses. Public toilets are known by many names in different varieties of English. One of the more formal circumlocutions is "public convenience", as in the Guilford Place public conveniences, an architecturally valuable example. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_toilet


This public toilet, located beside the only lift in Bergen Architecture School, has experienced a thorough changed from the beginning. With the spatial resources of silo and the need of well connection between basement and main hall, the original idea was to build three toilets in one of the silo squares. There was a lot of discussions and different scenarios. While after the other parallel project, the ramp, came into practical and considered the following phases of whole circulation, the site was moved to the place, the former storage room. The drawings show the plan and section to try out how to fit three toilets in this small room and check the degree of slope of the drainage in basement.


The project has finished its first phase. In this process, there were only adding parts of partition walls and structure of three toilets and a firewall separated the connected corridor. In the following phases we planned to dismantle the corridor and partial wall between basement, the floor of silo space and ground floor and build stairs leading to both spaces. The third phase is to set up a new lift. So the space will become the circulation centre where is not only shared by large auditorium and exhibition room of basement, but also classrooms from second to seven floor. The final phase is to put the silo spaces into more valuable role of the school. It will encourage the students and the visitors experience the uncommonly spatial feeling and create more spaces to host different exhibitions and events.

cutting portions

phase 1

adding parts

cutting portions

2

adding parts

cutting portions

3

adding parts

cutting portions

4

adding parts


The measurement of this room is less than 7 square meters. Thus, how to keep it circulated and more spacious became the main discussion. coincidentally making the floor more easy to clean for hygiene consideration, we minimized the touching areas. Detaching the boards from the floor and the ceiling makes the light and air flow. And with more visible vertical structure also creates the sense of transparent.


There was an idea of making special doors. Employing the concept of shutters and the theory of gravity, the doors will automatically open when it is available. And when the people uses the space and locks the door, the blades will turn up and become a solid door board. “Open as a sign of available� came into place by incident. And it was going to lead us to the next step.


the gravity hinge

Gravity hinges were planned to be the crucial element to carry out this design. However we were not able to wait for the shipping. In this moment we gave it a final change and it became the present appearance. Rather than using the gravity hinges, we directly let gravity work on the door board. We deviated the top part of the structures 8cm from their vertical dimension, making them slant toward the inside of the toilets. Manipulated by the gravity, the doors will open automatically when they are unlocked.


porcelain sink(white) 700 x 450 mm quantity/ 1

L iron profile (black) 20 x 20 x 6100 mm thickness/ 3 mm quantity/ 43

Using the L profiles as carriers of walls, it required detailly precise configuration. Each row of L-shaped columns would not be placed on a same line. The measurement of deviation depanded on the thickness of the walls. We also planned to use the recycle wood boards which we collected from dismantle site, whereas they were not enough for both groups, the ramp and the toilet, to use.

Each column has different height because of the unflatted ceiling.


the working process included setting templates and structure, and filling the hole on the floor by RC

preparation before filling a new concrete layer

Before setting up the structure into the place, it requires drilling holes in advance.


welding technique was used in the “design and build� practice

placing the walls was the third step after setting up the columns and filling the floor

Detailing both top and bottom parts of structure where have to be fit stably into the ceiling and floor.

The measurement of each pilewood and the place of holes cut for the drainage pipe passing by.


water

sewage

ventilation

electricity and lights

Apart the design process, we also participated in series of technical works, such as sketched the placement of ventilation and asked the concrete cutting company to cut them, planned the pipe lines and installed the electricity and lights.


“Open ramp” and “open toilet” exhibition was held the end of semester. Apart from two solid and functioned projects, we also exhibited the theoretical thinking and process we'd extracted throughout the course.


PLACE WHERE THERE IS WATER AND GRASS 1

HOUSE

Lin’s House (icon and 3D model), 2013-2015 Location: Xiluo Township, Taiwan Architect: IACA Huang’s House (photo), 2013Location: Liyutan, Taiwan Architect: IACA participated in design process of both projects

house n. A house is a building that functions as a home, ranging from simple dwellings such as rudimentary huts of nomadic tribes and the improvised shacks in shantytowns to complex, fixed structures of wood, brick, concrete or other materials containing plumbing, ventilation and electrical systems. Houses use a range of different roofing systems to keep precipitation such as rain from getting into the dwelling space. Houses may have doors or locks to secure the dwelling space and protect its inhabitants and contents from burglars or other trespassers. Most conventional modern houses in Western cultures will contain one or more bedrooms and bathrooms, a kitchen or cooking area, and a living room. A house may have a separate dining room, or the eating area may be integrated into another room. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House feng shui n. Feng shui is a Chinese philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment. It is closely linked to Taoism. The term feng shui literally translates as "wind-water" in English. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feng_shui Some people in Taiwan believe that it will bring luck with good feng shui. In Huang’s House, it played a big role.


The main issue of street house in Taiwan is how to to natural light into the building. In this case, the Lin's house in Xiluo Township, we design a light box with large portion of French window facing south. The ground floor was disposed into two parts. Private spaces were in one side of the middle, and the living spaces were in the two ends of the building linking with each other by the corridor with skylight. The rhythm of light was played in the spaces. Through the long, narrow corridor with dramatic light during the , first you come in from a small but cozy living room, pass by a two stories high, bright staircase and reach the spacious dining room, where is the most important space for amount of Taiwanese people. In the Lin’s House, I partcipated in design process, discussed the project back and fore with the architects, presented to customer with 3D model, plans and sections, made the 3D model, and drew the plans, sections, and construction drawings.


school n. A school is an institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/School

PLACE WHERE THERE IS WATER AND GRASS 2

SCHOOL

Nomadic School, 2013 bachelor final thesis, THU Location: Ming-Lun Elementary School and Da-Jia Elementary School and the site in between, Taipei, Taiwan

education n. Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education learn v. Learning is the act of acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences which may lead to a potential change in synthesizing information, attitude or behavior relative to the type and range of experience. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning

The role of school is hinge which brings back the connection between our surrounding and us.

in the future

SCHOOL in present

being detached Our chance to learn from the nature is lost when the schools take over the responsibility of education.

nowaday

in the past

The drawing shows the relationship between man and the nature. It is the process how people gained experience from the nature to astablish the system of knowladge and how people generally detached from the surrounding while the education system growing complete.


The concept of nomad school not only tries to deal the internal and systemic problems of present education but look after the external situation: Firstly, Taiwan is facing declination of birthrate. Meanwhile primary schools face, as the first battlefront, a vast of drop of registered students. But it doesn’t exactly fit to all schools. For example, the schools located in the area of city centre or nearby still grow continually and partial rural schools maintain almost the same amount of students in total. In this sense we can presume that the schools set up in the fringe confront the most severe problem. And the fact is amount of them have to consider either close down and transfer students to the other bigger adjacent schools or transform into different mode of school. Secondly, the most of primary schools still include way too much students in one class even the most of researchers have pointed out the more students share a teacher the less benefits they can gain from the education. Both of them are externally educational problems in Taiwan whereas if we put two complications together, each of them can actually becomes benefit to another. After considering the connection between new form of school and its surrounding, several places in between two elementary schools in the outskirt of Taipei City were identified as potential educational resources. Based on their specific values and location, the programmes and main functions were established. The design method, which is like acupuncture treatment, and elements were repeated through out the selected spots, while their forms and compositions were adjusted into different functions and values coming out from the locations and the resources around. Thus I used the term “nomad�, moving from place to place wherever water and grass are available. To conclude, from the scale of building, it can be taken as extension of school. Teaching programmes can be set up by either the natural or cultural resources directly linked to its surrounding. And from the scale of city, the connection rebuilt not only the friendly relationship between human and landscape but educational and safety network for the adjacent communities.

Ming Lun elementary school


Da Jia elementary school

Assembly


Mapping in both horizontal and vertical dimension is a crucial point for the site where located in the fringe of city. Spatial resources are equally important comparing to the cultural materials and relevant institutes. One of the reasons make a place becoming “the edge� is its comparatively complex landscape. In the way it might be insufficient for contemporary city such as connection of transportation. And after it was planned not to be the centre, more and more large scale infrastructures would be set up to support the main downtown. Thus to analyse it hidden but rich spatial and procedural meaning and include it into educational resources is the main concept for nomad school.


MOUNTAINOUS landscape: Using the combination of stair and ramp moderates gapes of heigh

SHELL MOUND: combing permanent exhibition as a part of new SCHOOL

three meaning of LOCKER ROOM: 1 functional 2 transit centre linking formal and non-formal education 3 social space

Taipei Recreation Child Centre: a planned theme park which students can reach by walk through the SCHOOL.

TRANSPORT SYSTEM 1: 1 solving the traffic problem in picking up children from 2 absorbing buses carrying students from other schools 3 stations for various transportation

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d al e

orm n-f

no

locker space

70 70 (cm)

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io cat

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The following three pages show the examples selected from each part of site and how the architecture adapted into the landscape.

spot01 longitudinal section


landscape of VIADUCT -buildings in building: parts structure of spots hanging below are supported by viaduct

RAMPS and STAIRS are the most popular architectural elements. They also have various usage such as being the classroom and playground.

a place with GATHERED feature

The interaction of PUMP STATION in this area creates additional teaching and learning resources.

BIRD WATCHING

um

ori dit

au t to en

vem pa

em pav

to ent

ge

sta

and

ge

sta off

TEMPORARY GALLERY


flat and endless grassland and RIVERSIDE PARK

adding middle-scale facilities of WATER SPORTS provide the activities for children’s courses

TRANSPORT SYSTEM 2: In the whole SCHOOL landscape, variety of transportations are closely linked to others. Children can experience different speed, heigh, feeling and so on during it, from water route to public transportation.

the TRACK ON THE EMBANKMENT provides a friendly experience during jogging and cycling

CONTAINERS are used as a room. The interior room will provide toilet and help to satisfy the basic needed of children.

the feature of structures are high chair or LIGHTHOUSE

annual dragon festival and competition

spot11 elevation


spot 01 EXTENDING scale: 1:3000

Instead of removing the fence of school, as a way to connect to society and environment, I extend it. When the fence has been extended, spaces are created. During these transformation, some new programs and activities, set mainly for education, can be inserted. Moreover, the extent can reach the natural or social resources and establish the correlation between school and these resources. It can lead children’s learning not being a purpose but a procession.


spot 12 TRANSIT STATION scale: 1:3000

School should be more like a station, which gathers various knowledge and information, and transport students to reach resources or to experience some specific spaces and facilities. Thus I try to rebuild the connection with surrounding. The entity of school may be small, while it is combined with huge amount and rich soft resources around.


revolving door n. A revolving door typically consists of three or four doors that hang on a central shaft and rotate around a vertical axis within a cylindrical enclosure. Revolving doors are energy efficient as they prevent drafts, thus preventing increases in the heating or cooling required for the building. At the same time, revolving doors allow large numbers of people to pass in and out. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolving_door The metaphor of a revolving door has been used to describe people switching jobs, from working as lawmakers, to being lobbyists, and vice versa. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolving_door_(politics)

PUBLIC INTERVENTION

REVOLVING DOOR Border Crossing, 2016 autumn semester, BAS Location: [BX-file4]: Metro Ln.2 La chapelle, JaurĂŠs, Stalingrad, France and [BX-file6]: Bergen Storsenter, Norway cooperated with Adriana Smets and Silvia Garcia Arranz

intervention n. An action taken to improve or help a situation. http://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/intervention?q=intervention In art, it is an interaction with a previously existing artwork, audience, venue/space or situation. It can also refer to art which enters a situation outside the art world in an attempt to change the existing conditions there. For example, intervention art may attempt to change economic or political situations, or may attempt to make people aware of a condition that they previously had no knowledge of. Since these goals mean that intervention art necessarily addresses and engages with the public, some artists call their work "public interventions". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_intervention


ORIGINAL USAGE OF ARCHITECTURE/INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE CITY/ We first analysed the architecture of the bridges and how Parisian use them. There are some benches faceing green area, barriers between the street and pedestrian area which citizens use to lock their bicycles, and public-bike stops nearby the metro stations. OCCUPATION OF MIGRANTS/ In the second ‘stage’, the territories under the bridges of the metro line are informally held by migrants who gather to find shelter. During the day, migrants guard their belongings and set up their sleeping places at night. Some of them earn money by selling corns with shopping carts, and others may just lean against with barriers or sit on them during the long waiting period. The area is transformed into a living space.

2. CIRCULAR CIRCUMSTANCES between CITIZENS MIGRANTS AUTHORITY

1.

3.

+

REACTION OF AUTHORITY/ Authorities often try to prevent such informal settlements. When they occur the police destroy them and arrest numerous migrants. They want to hide migrants from citizens and tourists and keep the image of Paris clean and save. After the cleaning, they enclose and contain the spaces which were claimed as informal territories by setting up fences. Instead of finding a solution the city gets less accessible and less beautiful for anyone than before. The fences prevents not only migrants but also citizens from using the spaces, while the occupation moves to another place and the same cycle happens again.

A wall. I can’t walk through it any more!

citizen

The barrier is not only physically built by police( authority),

authority

migrant

but also built by the citizens who don’t want to participate into the situation. Most of them just want to be the bystanders with antipathy.

red curtain and stage

There is something happening. I can see the movement.

spotlight

Well, now I need the light to read.

audiences

actors

Chatting without light.

audiences

[BX-file4]: The area around Stalingrad and the 18th and 19th arrondissement are known as the place where many migrants from Eritrea, Sudan and Afghanistan settle. Close to Stalingrad, in Gare du Nord, the train for UK leaves. Nowadays there are lots of either visible or invisible confrontation happening between the authorities, migrants and citizens. Zooming in to the area, it is obvious that most of spots gather nearby metro stations. Our design concept is focusing on the issue of the failed attempts to hide migrants and the aloof attitude by the citizens toward the migrants.

To stop the incessant cycle, we try to blur and play with the roles of actors and audiences, and stimulate the negotiation between the three different groups.


The strategy is using movable and translucent wall as the main element to in one way frame the different small conflicts under the bridges, and in another way create opportunities of small negotiations between authorities (policemen), (undocumented) migrants, and citizens.

LA CHAPELLE Weekend market. We have a controable space to s l e e p during nights with lights.

Hide the toilets and trash trucks for the appearance.

Weekend market! G o o d access to walk through.

Bright street with shadow show. for migrants

Shadow show!

for citizens/migrants

for authority

STALINGRAD

Now we’re audience when we wait for the application.

Now we’re audience when we wait for the application.

With lights, we can see the shadow show. for migrants

for authority

for citizens

LA JAURE I feel safe in light.

Now we’re audience when we wait for the application.

With lights, we can see the shadow show.

Now we’re part of exhibition. We’re actors!

Safe.

day time

at night


BERGEN STORSENTER (SHOPPING MALL) In Bergen Storsenter, there doesn’t have physical border dividing people but invisible wall separating them from group tp group. People go shopping, meet with friends, work or study in cafe, wait or run for public transportion, play in the semi-public spaces, and so on without interaction with others.

running for bus

playing

heading for bus

looking after kids

chatting

meeting

shopping

PRICE is one of the borders in the shopping mall. It separates different activities from different groups.

step1: attracted by the showcase step2: interested in what it shows step3: go into the shop to take a look

studying

shopping

browsing

looking after kids

playing

chatting

And the difference of IDENTITY is another.It is easy to notice how people group up depends on their language, original nationalities, either local or new comer, and so on.

showcase

shop

Using the experience from [BX-file4], we come back and observe the situation in Bergen. [BX-file6] we continue with the same interest of social conflicts and borders in a society and how architecture can encourage encounter between different groups of people. How can architecture make people more sensitive to their surrounding and more tolerant to different people. The site is a combinational semi-interior space of shopping mall and transportation centre. It brings a very diverse users (tourists, shoppers, students, street musicians, beggars, etc) and activities into this dynamic place. The border here is not direct conflict but like an invisible wall between people. There is no interaction between different groups.

CENTRE OF TRANSPORTATION BUS

TRAM

TRAIN

CAR

(CAR PARK)


“whereas the door( before electric doors) deliberately blocks human traffic, the revolving door permits a constant, even torrential flow. “ Revolving doors create the situations in which people have to deal with other people in the mall. For example, when you stop for the proper opening to go into the space of revolving door, everyone in the same queue of traffic has to stop even they are not go for the exit. This door also influences the speed of walking. As every user has a different speed for this one moment it slows you down and everyone walks in the same speed. Thus we use this concept to create micro confrontation in the Bergen Storsenter, encourage people to have more chance to meet with other people.

3D model/ Silvia Garcia Arranz site plan/ Ling Lee plans of each design/ all


This Revolving Room plays with different perspectives. Either you can sit in the revolved small room to observe every different people but yourself through the one-sided glass in the mall or look after your own appearance from the mirror without knowing that someone is peering at you from the inside.


The Revolving Market is negotiated by the sellers, buyers, enters and exiters. The concept of this is trying to include the people who are excluded by the shopping mall before such as street vendors, street musciens, baggers, and so on.


Apart from the designs, we set up a small exhibition including a 1 to 1 intervention. With a revolving chair which also on the way of entrance to represent the situation we want to create in our project.


In technical aspect, we used the welding technic and steel to make the 1:20 models more stable to actually present the condition of revolving. And also played with simulated material to imitate the scenes in each design.


1

2

Who are they?

And what brought them here? BX_1/2 06 DEFINITIONS, POSITIONS & FORMATS

SAHIR

AO

TOMASZ

WEED

ABSIMIL

3

Before answering the situations by design projects, we went deep into different aspects of migrant issues, abstracted and mapped them out in graphic, diagrammatic, and comic ways. In our many practices to evoke the attention of migrant issue, we manipulate several art/public interventions trying to include everyone and supply information to them. Photos are from the exhibition in Oslo, part of 2016 Triennale: After Belonging. 1/ family migration map 2/ Participating in the global event: [Park]ing Day. Using the measurement of one parking space to represent the scale of living space a refugee has. 3/ the publication of our research 4/ holding an event in the evening

4


ROLE OF CITIES

SYRIA

NORWAY

INCLUSIVE URBAN ENVIRONMENTS Pricing and availability of public transport Location and accessibility of employment Management of schools Management of police services

SAHIR SOCIAL NEEDS

FULL ACCESS TO PUBLIC HEALTHCARE IN NORWAY interpreter available

HEALTHCARE DIGITAL RESOURCES/ SOCIAL MEDIA

INTERNNTIONAL NEWS CHANNELS

similar ethnic group/minorities placed together

HOST MUNICIPALITIES private pre-arranged housing

SHELTER PEOPLE BACK HOME

FOOD

LIVE INDEPENDENTLY often with friends/family

OFFICIAL INFORMATION officials not willing to facilitate attempts to seek asylum

NATIONAL NETWORK/ PEOPLE MET DURING JOURNEY

i

nfo

SOCIAL INCLUSION

LOCAL COMMUNITIES

HOUSING

MONEY

meaningful activity, collaboration in society

WORK

MONTHLY FINANCES

groups Enforcement of employment codes, commercial regulations and by-laws Garbage removal Licensing street vendors and public market places Pricing and servicing industrial land

EDUCATION

ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION

NORWEGIAN ORGANIZATION FOR ASYLUM SEEKERS(NOAS)

TRANSNATIONAL COMMUNITIES

POLICE OFFICE

i

MOBILE PLATFORMS

nfo

RECEPTION CENTRE

NORMAL ACCOMMODATION FROM RECEPTION CENTRE

UDI

HUMAN SMUGGLER

Tuberculosis test Interview with UDI

dicision to migrate

Because of some reasons, they don’t have protection from their original countries. in a nother words they are stateless people. The period time for UDI to exam their document and grant the status costs 3 to 15 mounths.

Before they register with police, they are all so-call irregular migrant for the destination country.

LANGUAGE AND CULTURE TRAINIG

Move to a municipality Learn norwegian language and culture Become economically independent

Move to another receptioncentre or live independently Work permit up to 6 months Every three years, the people have to renew their recident permit.

After the 3 years, they can apply for permanent resident permit. And after 7 years stay in Norway and have certain language and social knowladge, they can/might apply and gain the citizenship of Norway.

Sweden Denmark Germany Austria Hungary Macedonia Greece Turkey

ILLEGAL SITUATION

IRREGULAR MIGRATION

REFUGEE STATUS

STATELESS

They might have the same process applying for the refugee status, or directly skip the process to register their identity.

They won’t have any legal protection from both their original state and Norway. And they have to hide from police or any public organ.

LIMITATIONS

ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY Wi-Fi access Phone charging Devices and SIM-cards DIGITAL DIVIDE Inequal access to internet Internet penetration between countries Limited skills/education NOT REGULATED OR POLICED Risk of abusement or false information

dicision to migrate

fear and lack of sleep inactivity avoid public spaces and public transport Red Cross Church City Mission Children without residence have a right to attend primary and lower secondary school. For people over 18 entry to attempts to seek asylum system is almost impossible. support and recognition existential meaning purpose and sense of community

PEOPLE’S GOOD WILL

no ID number = no access to public health services or welfare support

LOCAL SOCIAL SERVICE

MENTAL HEALTH

HEALTH CENTRE FOR UNDOCUMENTED MIGRANTS

HEALTHCARE

SHELTER

HOUSING

SHELTER

connection often lost after getting irregular status

FOOD

NATIONAL NETWORK/ PEOPLE MET DURING JOURNEY

mainingful activity live with friends EDUCATION

WORK

MONEY

NATIONAL NETWORK/ PEOPLE MET DURING JOURNEY

TRANSNATIONAL COMMUNITIES

i

nfo

MONEY

WORK

UDI

HOUSING

OFFICIAL INFORMATION

PEOPLE BACK HOME

ABSIMIL

MOBILE PLATFORMS

NORWEGIAN ORGANIZATION FOR ASYLUM SEEKERS(NOAS)

NORMAL ACCOMMODATION FROM RECEPTION CENTRE

LIVE INDEPENDENTLY often with friends/family

Tuberculosis test Interview with UDI

UDI

HOST MUNICIPALITIES private pre-arranged housing

Voluntary return: assisted and paid for by IOM Forced return: escorted by police

INTERNNTIONAL NEWS CHANNELS

POLICE OFFICE

RECEPTION CENTRE THE PLACE YOU CAME FROM

repatriation

DIGITAL RESOURCES/ SOCIAL MEDIA

officials not willing to facilitate attempts to seek asylum

SOCIAL NEEDS

Move to another receptioncentre or live independently Work permit up to 6 months

i

nfo

HUMAN SMUGGLER

informal or directly illegal RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES

CITIZENSHIP

FULL ACCESS TO PUBLIC HEALTHCARE IN NORWAY

HEALTHCARE

interpreter available

Denial of refugee status similar process for all asylum seekers

NORWAY

In the researching part, we try to map out the different spatial conditions and processes a refugee or a migrant may meet when they move into norway. And try to reveal the questions: “Are they different from us?”, “who are ‘us’?”, “who are ‘them’?”, and “what makes people think that they are different?”

SOMALIA

Sweden Denmark Germany Austria Hungary Macedonia Greece Libya Sudan South Sudan Uganda Kenya 16 MONTHS


fireplace n. A fireplace is a structure made of brick, stone or metal designed to contain a fire. Historically they were used for heating a dwelling, cooking, and heating water for laundry and domestic uses. A fire is contained in a firebox or firepit; a chimney or other flue allows exhaust to escape. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fireplace collective consciousness Collective consciousness or collective conscious (French: conscience collective) is the set of shared beliefs, ideas and moral attitudes which operate as a unifying force within society. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Collective_consciousness

COLLECTIVE CONSCIOUSNESS

FIREPLACE

DALE: noreg remote place(s), 2016 spring semester, BAS Location: Dale(Sunnfjord), Norway

gestalt n. An organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of its parts. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/gestalt gestalt psychology Gestalt psychology or gestaltism is an attempt to understand the laws behind the ability to acquire and maintain meaningful perceptions in an apparently chaotic world. The central principle of gestalt psychology is that the mind forms a global whole with self-organizing tendencies. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt_psychology

models of the various small fireplaces through out Dale


Analyzing and observing the site, Dale in Dalefjorden, by simplifying the components of gorgeous rooftops and corners into essential elements. Paul Cezanne had said: �We should take the inner/essential structure to read the nature ( things that we can perceive by eyes) which are sphere, prism, and pyramid.� These three volumes are basically constituted by circle, square, and triangle. So if square is earth triangle is human circle is sky(heavens) Housing is the process transforms human from earth. Or medium extends land into human space.


“The body should be triangular, the mind circular. The triangle represents the generation of energy and is the most stable physical posture. The circle symbolizes serenity and perfection, the source of unlimited techniques. The square stands for solidity, the basis of applied control.”

R11/C4-R 61°21’19.12”N 5°24’7.28”E

the triangles and the squares /elevation 01

the triangles and the squares /elevation 02

square represents the earth

the triangles and the squares /model 01

circles in spiritual terms 01

circles in spiritual terms 01

the triangles and the squares /model 02

circles is the opening sees through the outside world

the way circle represents nature 01

the way circle represents nature 02

circles as trees and a fireplace for gathering

circles is the opening connecting to the world

generate the concept from building in Dale/ elevation

generate the concept from existing building in Dale/ ground floor plan

generate the concept from building in Dale/ 2nd floor plan

existing

existing


“The totality of beliefs and sentiments common to the average members of a society forms a determinate system with a life of its own. It can be termed the collective or creative consciousness.� by Emile Durkheim Through out the world, from nowaday to the previous era, it is frequent to find that the circle, triangle and square are symbolized similarly as the universe by different cultures. Following are the general meanings the human beings use to represent the world: spirit universe church roundabout turning opening water tree

human being mountain landscape rooftop slope fire

earth basement foundation wall door window


And I used them as an essential concept to observe and abstract the site.


Circle is a comparatively rare shape found in buildings. It shows only in spacial reasons or functions such as the church, some extravagant stairs, roundabouts, barns, containers for storage, and so on. And it mainly shows on plan but not on elevation. You can only see from God’s view. Columns become squares when you see from human view. I chose my main site located in the end of the city centre. It is the starting point of “spiritual area”, the church and its surrounding, where includes the only roundabout in Dale centre and the turning point from quadrupeds (vehicles) to bipeds (pedestrian).


FILTER/ high walls the main gate the second gate indicator goal round plate faraway

ELEMENTS/ taper columns disk sequence layer by layer

the church, The roundabout, trees, fireplaces and the courner


Allmuen kafè & interiør 61°21'45.88"N 5°23'55.36"E

The fireplace, the “psychological centre of the home”, where contains both practical and symbolic meanings of gathering. To maintain the metaphor and transform it into larger scale, I employed them into more public dimension.

Kitchen/ fireplace is to home as Allmuen kafè is to Dale. In first phase I opened it into more general usage. It preserves the function of making coffee and light food but includes more public and activities. For example, the communal meeting can be hosted in more cozy and radial space.


The ground floor serves a open and spacious meeting space where the fireplace is the centre carrying a warm and cozy condition. The second floor placed a secondary gathering space and several private studying rooms which give the users a tranquil, warm and flexible space for multi-purpose.


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In phase two, including the future plan of the municipality, I placed several outdoor fireplaces as the response to the urban planning. The various small fireplaces connect both the axes from the mountain to the fjord and the psychological feeling of gathering by micro events.


Three axes show the relation of public fireplaces in Dale.

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Portfolio / Ling Lee