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Telecom firms in historic bid for 2.3GHz spectrum licence KUNLE A ZEEZ


Vol. 4 N0. 789


his is a watershed week in the history of Nigeria's telecoms market as the two

companies pre-qualified for the 2.3GHz spectrum will participate in an auction to be organised by the Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC, on Wednesday.

National Mirror learnt that in the auction will take place at the Transcorp Hilton Hotel, Abuja. Globacom Limited and Bitflux Communications CONTINUED ON PAGE 5>>

Monday, February 17, 2014

Again, Boko Haram kills 100 in Borno

Terrorists more motivated than security operatives –Gov



o fewer than100 people were at the weekend killed in separate terrorist attacks in Baga and Izge villages of Kukawa and Gwoza Local Government Areas of Borno State. Several others also sustained gunshot injuries and properties worth millions of naira were destroyed by suspected members of Boko Haram Islamic sect. Within the last one week, investigation showed that the Boko Haram terrorists had killed over 200 people, inflicted severe injuries to residents and damaged property worth billions of naira in Konduga, Gwoza and Kukawa council areas CONTINUED ON PAGE 2>>

Politics not for the ungodly, says Obasanjo L-R: Wife of the General Overseer, Redeemed Christian Church of God, Pastor Folu Adeboye; the General Overseer, Pastor Enoch Adeboye and President Goodluck Jonathan during a worship session at the Olive Tree Parish of the church in Ikoyi, Lagos, yesterday. PHOTO: STATE HOUSE


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Nigeria's hope lies in God –Jonathan ...First Lady, Patience, not ill, says FG



40 injured in Ibadan Valentine party


Free ree e insi iinside nside nsi ide de

'You're a special gift to Nigeria' P.9


FG issues fresh guidelines on cabotage waiver administration Experts endorse banks' biometric ID system P.4,7



Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Nigeria's hope lies in God –Jonathan ROTIMI FADEYI ABUJA


resident Goodluck Jonathan yesterday said the prayers of various religious groups had brought peace and ensured the unity of the country. Speaking at the Redeemed Christian Church of God, RCCG, Olive Tree Parish, Ikoyi, Lagos, Jonathan noted that despite the country’s share of global terror, prayers had kept Nigeria together. The President said: “I want to thank all of you for your prayers for this country. I thank Christians and other religious groups that pray for this country, especially at the period the whole world is facing a lot of challenges. “You will agree with me that whenever you tune your television, especially the international news centres like CNN, Aljazeera or Sky news, you always see breaking news. “All the breaking news are always negative, you hardly see any positive breaking news all over the world. “In Nigeria too, we have been having our

own unfair share of these negative news brought about by Boko Haram sect killing people at will. “But we believe that God knows it all. Without your prayers, probably it will have been worse than this. God has always been faithful to Nigeria. “God will continue to hear our prayers so that our country will get out of these challenges of terror and other related crimes.” Jonathan hailed the 100 days fasting and prayers declared by the RCCG since January for the progress, peace and unity of the country. Jonathan specifically thanked The RCCG General Overseer, Pastor Enoch Adeboye and the Redeemed family, saying “for the Redeemed family, we have to sincerely thank you because you declared 100 days of fasting which is not an easy task. “Even to keep faith with the orthodox 40 days fasting during the lent period which I also participate, it is not easy. “You fasted not because of your personal

interests, but for the country. I have to thank the General Overseer and all of you who have been fasting. May God answer our prayers.’’ Pastor Adeboye said the church would continue to pray for the country and its leadership. He said: “I can assure you that we are praying

and we will continue to pray because we have no other place to go to and God has a reason for that.’’ The pastor enjoined the congregation to always seek the face of God and patiently wait for God's visitation. He gave Biblical references of Sarah, Rachel

and Modeciah, whom he said God remembered and turned their situation around after many years of waiting. He urged leaders to always seek the face of God, saying that those who wait on the Lord would not be disappointed. The Deputy Governor of Lagos State, Mrs. Ad-

ejoke Adefulire, wife of the state Governor, Mrs. Abimbola Fashola;; the Resident Pastor and a former Attorney-General of Lagos State, Pastor Yemi Osinbajo (SAN) and Minister of State for Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Ms Olajumoke Akinjide, were at the church service.

Disengaged workers of National Identification Management Commission in Osun and Oyo protesting in Osogbo, Osun State, yesterday.

Again, Boko Haram kills 100 in Borno CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

of the state. This is even as Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima admitted that “the terrorists are much more motivated than the security operatives”. Our correspondent gathered that the attack in Baga village bordering Chad Republic, which took place on Friday evening claimed the lives of 10 people. The massacre at Izge also bordering Cameroun Republic on Sunday morning also left over 90 people dead. At the Baga incident, according to sources, the gunmen, numbering over 20 invaded the village about 7p.m. with sophisticated weapons including Improvised Explosive Devices, IEDs, petrol bombs and wrecked havoc on citizens before they fled without being arrested. Another source said that over 1,000 residents that survived the Baga village at-

tack had relocated to neighbouring villages of Chad Republic. Izge Village, located west of Gwoza council area, which is about 200 kilometres drive from Maiduguri, the state capital, has in the past couple of days witnessed deadly attacks by suspected terrorists. The terorsits ambushed some security operatives at one check point, killing nine soldiers the spot. However, the Sunday fresh attack, according to survivors, the gunmen invaded the village at about 2a.m. when they were still asleep and opened fire with the detonation of IEDs and petrol bombs targeting at households. The incident led to the killing of over 90 people apart from the burning of scores of houses, shops and vehicles. A resident, Mallam Ali Yakubu, said the gunmen succeeded in killing several

people after dislodging some security operatives in the area. He added that the gunmen, numbering over 100, came with several vehicles and motorcycles. Some of them wore military camouflage, chanting Allahu Akbar (God is Great) and shot anyone they sighted before displacing residents after setting many houses and business centres ablaze. “As I am talking to you now, all the dead bodies of the victims are still laying on the streets as we could not get the opportunity of burying them because of fear that the terrorists are still around the nearby bushes of Izge to see if people will carry the dead bodies to the grave yards for burial, so that they can ambush all of us, although the security operatives have been alerted on the development, we are yet to see any of them deployed to the area. "I thank God for sparing

my life yesterday because I thought my own days in this world are over when we started hearing the sound of gunshots and explosions all over Izge in the night. “But as God will have mercy on me and my people, we ran into the bush without being hurt by the insurgents. When we came back to the village about 8: 25a.m., we met our house completely burnt down by the insurgents.” When contacted on the phone, the Borno State Police Commissioner, Mr. Lawal Tanko, confirmed the incidents. He said: “Yes, there were separate attacks in Baga Village, located on an island of the Lake Chad where about nine people were killed on Friday, while the Sunday morning terrorists’ attack in Izge village of Gwoza Local Government Area led to the death of many innocent civilians. “I have already directed

my Divisional Police Officer in-charge of the area to the scene and when he fed me back with details I will let you know, but as at now, I don't have details on the number of casualties,” Tanko said. Meanwhile, a Jos-based Muslim group operating under the aegis of Muslim Youths for Justice, MYJ, yesterday expressed concern over the continued detention of Dr. Mohammed Nazeef Yunus, the Kogi State University lecturer currently facing trial for alleged terrorist activities before a Federal High court in Abuja. The group in a statement signed by its President, Ustaz Usman Muhammad Abdullah, and Secretary, Shehu Muhammad, and made available to journalists in Jos yesterday said it was worried that the health of the Islamic scholar was deteriorating due to his continuous detention and lack of proper medication.

The statement added: “We are disturbed that even before Dr. Yunus was remanded in Kuje prison on the order of the High court as at the last adjournment, his health condition suffered serious setback due to his none accessibility to medication which he was on before his arrest. We are also worried that his long detention in the deadly dusky cell of the Department of State Service (DSS), has caused a new illness to his sight." It further stated that the charges of alleged terrorism that was filled by the office of the Attorney General and Minister for Justice, was done in other to ensure that the cleric remains in detention. While appreciating the leadership and concern of the President General of the National Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs in Nigeria, Sultan Sa’ad Abubakar of Sokoto, the group called on his intervention the statement added.

National Mirror

Monday, February 17, 2014



Photo News

Monday, February 17, 2014

Ogun State Governor Ibikunle Amosun (left) and wife of the late sage, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Mama Hannah Idowu Dideolu, during a visit to the family in Ikenne at the weekend.

L-R: Group Head, Human Resources and Administration, Forte Oil, Mr. Oludare Aderinde; Group Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Julius Omodayo-Owotuga; Group Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Akin Akinfemiwa and Brand Ambassador, Tiwa Savage, during the re-launch of the company’s lubricant in Lagos, at the weekend. PHOTO: ADEMOLA AKINLABI

National Mirror

L-R: Alhaji Abdulrasaq Jidda; former Kwara State Action Congress of Nigeria, ACN gubernatorial candidate, Mr. Dele Belgore and Alhaji Abdullah Shiru, at a press conference to announce Belgore’s defection to the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP in Ilorin, at the weekend.

L-R: Princess Yewande Onile-Ere; wife of Lagos State Governor, Mrs. Abimbola Fashola; Asoju Oba of Lagos, Chief Molade Okoya-Thomas, Mrs.. Omolara Fashola and Alhaja Abba Folawiyo, at a Valentine’s Day programme in Lagos, at the weekend.

National News

FG issues new guidelines on cabotage waivers FRANCIS EZEM


he Federal Government has released fresh guidelines on the administration of waiver under the Coastal and Inland Shipping Cabotage Act, 2003, about 10 years after the takeoff of the enforcement of the legislation. The Cabotage Act, which was enacted in 2003 by the National Assembly, came into operation in 2004 following the issuance of guidelines for its implementation by the then Minister of Transport, Dr. Precious Sekibo. It provides that all vessels to be deployed into the coastal and inland trading business must be built in Nigeria, owned and manned by Nigerians. Minister of Transport, Mallam Idris Umar, who released the new guidelines to stakeholders at a forum organised by the Nigerian Maritime Ad-

ministration and Safety Agency, NIMASA in Lagos, said that the new guidelines had become necessary in order to usher in a new strength into the cabotage regime in the country. The minister, who admitted that the implementation of the cabotage regime in Nigeria had been fraught with several challenges over the years, noted that this prompted the painstaking efforts by the ministry to prepare a fresh policy document that would enhance the enforcement of the Act. “This forum has become necessary to call the attention of the stakeholders to rub minds on the new draft policy guidelines with a view to producing an acceptable policy framework for the implementation of the cabotage policy to the benefit of Nigerian citizens,” the minister said. He added that the decision to seek stakeholders’

input into the new guidelines was also informed by the need to carry them along in the formulation of the new policy document to make for a more robust policy that would impact positively on the indigenous operators and also to forestall the mistakes of the past. According to him, one of the new salient changes in the new policy is the review on the deduction of the two percent levy under the Cabotage Vessel Financing Fund, CVFF, which now makes it mandatory for the vessels operating in the coastal trade to take Nigerian cadets on board their vessels in addition to the payment of the mandatory levy. The minister disclosed that this new injection had become necessary to end the difficulties faced by Nigerian cadets in completing their 12-month mandatory sea time training as prescribed the International Maritime Or-

ganisation’s Convention on Standards of Training, Certificate and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) 1978. Under the new guidelines, foreign vessels wishing to participate in the coastal trade are expected to collect a Cabotage Waiver Form CW 1, from the Cabotage Services Depart of NIMASA and on completion, return same to the department at least 60 days prior to the arrival of the vessel in respect of which the waiver administration is being made. The minister had disclosed that the 60-day requirement, which was not contained in the old guidelines, was designed to forestall a situation whereby some foreign vessels would have been lifting cargo with the coastal region even before seeking to be granted a waiver. The new guidelines also require the Cabotage Services department of NI-

MASA to within 48 hours of receipt of the application cause a note of cabotage waiver to publish in the website of the agency so as to enable stakeholders raise any objection within seven days after which the minister might consider the application. It was also gathered that the new requirement is to enable stakeholders make necessary inputs into the application with a view to furnishing the agency with relevant information as to why a certain application should not be granted as the case may be. The new guideline also requires the Cabotage Services Department of the agency to make recommendation to the minister within 23 working days from the days of the receipt of the application on the granting or otherwise of the application. Director-General of NIMASA, Mr. Patrick Akpobolokemi, who was repre-

sented at the event by the Executive Director, Maritime Safety and Shipping Development, Captain Bala Agaba, noted that there had been challenges in the enforcement of the Act over the last 10 years. He however expressed optimism that the new guidelines would remove such challenges and make the legislation easier to be enforced. Secretary General of Nigerian Ship Owners Association, Captain Niyi Labinjo, who was among the stakeholders who spoke at the event, commended the ministry in its efforts to formulate new guidelines. He however made a strong case for a tenured waiver as was the case in the past, which he said was partly responsible for non-realisation of the objectives of the act, adding that ship owners should also be made part of the waiver granting processes.

National Mirror


Monday, February 17, 2014


Telecom firms in historic bid for 2.3GHz spectrum licence CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1

Limited are the only two approved bidders for the auction where the minimum price of $23m (N3.6bn) has been set. Globalcom is the second national carrier and second largest GSM services provider but Bitflux is relatively unknown. The owner of the 2.3GHz spectrum will be able to deliver high-capacity broadband Internet service to diverse clientele with the accompanying revenue streams. According to NCC, the two companies had complied with the pre-qualification criteria set out in the Information Memorandum

for the 2.3GHz Spectrum Auction. The NCC said: “The NCC, on behalf of the Federal Government, hereby announces Bitflux Communications Limited and Globacom Limited as the approved bidders for the auction of one Frequency Spectrum Licence in the 2.3GHz band. “This is having complied with the pre-qualification criteria set out by the commission in the Information Memorandum for the 2.3GHz Spectrum Auction.” According to the commission, this is in line with the terms of Information Memorandum published on 2.3GHz Spectrum Auction that the auction will take place on February 19 and 20

in Abuja. In order to ensure openness in the exercise, the NCC ensured that pre-qualification criteria did not make it necessarily mandatory for applicants to have any telecommunications operational licence in Nigeria. However, applicants must be companies registered with the Corporate Affairs Commission and must transfer an Intention-to-Bid Deposit of $2.3m into the designated bank account. The deposit will bind the applicant to take up a licence after being a successful bidder at the reserve price or any higher bid value submitted during the process. Also, applicants must be independent from all other

applicants under this allocation process. NCC said licensed operators participating in the process must fulfill all existing obligations to the commission including payments of annual operational levy and Spectrum and National Numbering Plan fees prior to pre-qualification. However, the successful bidder will be granted a Wholesale Wireless Access Service Licence (WWASL) and the specified fee must be paid before the licence is issued. The tenure for the WWASL licence will be 10 years and subject to renewal. Companies such as Zinox Telecommunications, a

L-R: Speaker, Niger House of Assembly, Alhaji Adamu Usman; Kaduna State Governor Mukhtar Yero and Speaker, Kaduna State House of Assembly, Alhaji Tahir Usman, during the visit of the Niger Legislators to the Governor in Kaduna at the weekend. PHOTO: NAN

We won’t’ compromise cement quality, says Dangote MESHACK IDEHEN


he management of Dangote Group has said that under no circumstances would any of its subsidiaries compromise on its quality just as it said that operations at any of the factories and plants are environmental and community friendly. The company made this known in a statement issued at the weekend against the background of the on-going debates on the appropriate quality of cement and environmental impact of production plants. Dangote group, a leading producer of cement and household products in the statement signed by its Group Head, Corporate Communication, Mr. An-

thony Chiejina, explained that the Group was mindful of the quality of its products and has been adhering strictly the acceptable best global practices. The group stated that it had no issue with the cement quality which has recently become a subject of controversy, saying that all along the company has been manufacturing the best quality which 42.5 grade good for building. According to him, the cement quality being churned out from all the Dangote cement plants are controlled by robots to eliminate any human error. It also said that the emission at all its cement factories had been in tandem with the global requirement because it deployed latest technology that reduces

noise to the barest minimum and almost eliminate emission. The issue of environmental pollution from factories operating from Ogun State had attracted public petition to the Ogun State House Of Assembly which is currently holding a public hearing on the petition. However, it should be noted that Dangote cement was not one of the companies summoned over the issue of pollution as the Ogun House Committee on Environment said it was satisfied with the operations of Dangote group within the state. Meanwhile, Managing Director of Dangote Cement, Mr. Devarkuma Edwin said that Dangote Cement chose to produce 42.5 cement grade as it is stron-

ger and has better qualities. According to him, the cement grade possesses higher strength capability and is rapid setting making it the preferred grade among block makers, builders and construction workers. Further explaining why Dangote Cement is laying emphasis on the production of 42.5 grade cement, Mr Edwin said that prior to the nation attaining self-sufficiency in cement production, the Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON) stipulated the 42.5 grade as the grade accepted one to be imported into the country and all importers complied. Dangote Cement as a responsible market leader has continued to produce 42.5 grade in its three plants in strict adherence to the stipulations of the SON.

mobile arm of the Zinox Group, Airtel, MTN, Etisalat as well as Mobitel and Spectranet had pulled out of the process stating various reasons. Zinox said its withdrawal was based on a decision to focus on its core operations. “There was a last minute decision by the company’s board which discouraged the management from the bid. The board argues that 2.3GHz license will divert attention from our core competence,” Corporate Communications Adviser to Zinox Telecoms, Mr. Uche Nnadozie, said. “You know we are already an end to end solutions service provider in the ICT sector. So the advice of the board is that we should focus on our core competence. You also know, we have a hub here in Nigeria.” Airtel’s Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Segun Ogunsanya, also stated in Lagos that Airtel decided to back out from the 2.3GHz spectrum bid preferring to wait for the 700MHz spectrum that would be available to operators come 2015 after migration from analogue to digital broadcasting must have been successfully implemented in Nigeria. However, it was gathered that some of the reasons while they abandoned the exercise was their fear of losing the initial deposit of $2.3m, which represents 10 per cent of the bidding price and possibility of litigation. Some of the companies reckoned that since the auction is a wholesale license of the 30Mhz of the remaining 40Mzh of the 2.3GHz spectrum band to a single company, those who are not winners would automatically lose their initial $2.3 million, which is non-refundable. On the fear of litigation, it would be recalled that solicitors to one Snytel I. G. Wills Communications Limited (Snytel), had on January 30 published a notice in which they claimed that the 2.3 GHz Spectrum belongs to Nigeria Telecommunications Limited, NITEL)/ MTEL, and warned that any person, company, corporation or commission who buys or sells the assets and shares of NITEL would be liable for contempt and the sale is liable to be set aside. However, the NCC had, in a reaction public notice, allayed “the fears (if any) of

all persons who have either expressed interest or are desirous of participating in the 2.3 GHz Spectrum Auction which will hold on February 19 and 20, 2014.” The Commission said it had reviewed the National Frequency Plan, the court order and the riginating process in Suit No. FHC/ PH/CS/471/2011 filed by Snytel against Federal Government of Nigeria, Attorney General of the Federation, National Council on Privatisation, Ministry of Finance, Bureau for Public Enterprise and NITEL. The Commission, thus, stated that, as the agency reposed with responsibility to assign spectrum, it has not assigned spectrum in the 2.3 GHz Band to either NITEL or MTEL, saying “it is therefore untrue and mischievous to claim that the spectrum constitutes part of the assets of NITEL/ MTEL.” NCC added that, "By virtue of a widely publicized process, the commission had in 2009 assigned two frequency slots in the 2.3 GHz Band to deserving applicants. To date, the assignment has not been challenged and the winners have been successfully deploying services on this spectrum since 2009.” The proposed licensing of 2.3GHz spectrum has been influenced by the need to provide retail internet service providers (ISPs) and other users with the requisite wholesale wireless access and bandwidth to provide services to their subscribers in consonance with the National Broadband Plan of 2013. The scale and growth of the Nigerian communications sector, since the market’s liberalisation, makes this auction a unique investment opportunity. Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa with a population of over 168.8 million people and has grown at an average rate of 2.8 per cent each year from 2001. The NCC Executive Vice Chairman, Dr. Eugene Juwah, had stated that the licensing of the spectrum would engender deeper broadband penetration in the country, as available data indicate that the country currently has a six per cent broadband penetration but hope to achieve about 30 per cent of this by 2017.



Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Ban on airport rallies: APC accuses police of selective enforcement OBIORA IFOH, ABUJA


Members of the Youth Fellowship, Church of Christ in Nations, presenting food items to the representative of the Principal, Plateau State Rehabilitation Centre, Mr. James Goke, during their visit to the physically-challenged and Aisha Manna Orphanage Home in Jos, yesterday. PHOTO: NAN

First Lady, Patience Jonathan, not ill –FG OMEIZA AJAYI ABUJA


irst Lady, Mrs. Patience Jonathan, yesterday paid a surprise condolence visit on the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory FCT, Senator Bala Mohammed, putting to rest speculation about her purported illness and transfer to a foreign hospital. Consequently, the Federal Government has announced that the President’s wife was not ill, describing as mischievous, media reports alleging the contrary.

Decked in a flowing black gown, Mrs. Jonathan was accompanied on the visit by wives of some National Assembly members as well as other politicians. Some media platforms (not National Mirror) had yesterday published reports of a relapse in Mrs. Jonathan’s health, quoting multiple Presidency sources as saying that the President’s wife had for about a week now been flown abroad. Mrs. Jonathan, who arrived the official residence of the minister at about 6.00pm, said she

came to commiserate with the minister on the recent loss of his elder brother, Mallam Yusuf Baba. While she extended the condolences of the President to the minister, Mrs. Jonathan recalled the contribution of the deceased to the development of the old Bauchi Province when he was the Secretary to the Bauchi State Government. Senator Mohammed, who described the visit as symbolic also lashed out at a section of the press, which he said has become very political and biased. He said the report on

the health of Mrs. Jonathan was planted by mischief makers who did not wish the President and the nation well. While he said the Federal Government would not join words with anyone, the minister said the first lady he saw was hale and hearty, adding that; “Mama dey Kampe.” He said: “As I was saying when you came in privately, I saw some expressions of mischief and treachery about your person in the media that you are sick. By the grace of God, you will not be sick, Your Excellency.

NPA yet to enforce 48-hour cargo clearance –LCCI JOHNSON OKANLAWON


he 48-hour target set by the Federal Government for clearance of cargo at the Nigerian Ports is far from being achieved, Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, LCCI, has said. In a statement signed by the chamber’s President, Alhaji Remi Bello, one of the major shortcomings of the investment environment in the country is the delay at the port, as goods are not

cleared early enough from the port to meet relevant needs in the economy. According to the chamber, the implications of the delay include high demurrage charges, disruption of production schedules of manufacturers as raw materials are not delivered in good time to factories and the high cost of interests on borrowed funds by importers. Others problems are delays in the positioning of cargo at the port terminals, inadequate equipment for

cargo handling, high incidence of cargo block-stacking and poor access roads to the ports. However, the chamber noted that the rail system designed to evacuate cargo from the Lagos Ports needed to be resuscitated as a matter of utmost urgency. It said the menace of trucks, trailers and tankers on Lagos roads and the national road network has assumed an unbearable dimension, as high transportation cost takes its toll on operating cost in the

economy. Others include low productivity, high rate of auto crashes, proliferation of articulated trucks and trailers with attendant risks to other road users, inflationary pressures resulting from uneconomic and inefficient haulage processes. The LCCI added that traffic congestion in both intercity and intra-city transportation affects man hours and the rapid deterioration of roads as a result of the high tonnage of vehicles plying the roads.

he All Progressives Congress, APC, has accused the police of engaging in selective enforcement of its ban on political, socio-cultural and religious rallies at the nation’s airports. The party said such ban does not bode well for the 2015 general elections, when the police are expected to be neutral and professional in carrying out their duties. In a statement issued in Lagos yesterday by the party’s Interim National Publicity Secretary, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, APC said the police were wrong to have allowed the PDP flout the ban with impunity on February 1, when hundreds of the party’s members thronged the Bauchi Airport to welcome the new PDP Chairman, Alhaji Adamu Muazu. It said a video footage of the reception showed PDP supporters, cultural troops and praise singers, besieging the airport and even surrounding the airplane just like passengers would have surrounded a ‘Molue’ in a bus stop. APC said armed policemen at the airport looked on as the ban, which was contained in a statement issued by force spokesman, Frank Mba on November 6, was flouted by the PDP. “The questions to ask are: Is the ban not applicable to

the PDP? If it is applicable to it, what did the police do to sanction the party since it breached the order over two weeks ago? “If the police will allow the PDP to get away with such lawlessness, can the same police sanction any other party or individual who breaches its order banning rallies at airports?” it queried. The APC also said that the double standard being exhibited by the police is the reason many Nigerians are saying the Nigeria Police have turned itself into the enforcement arm of the PDP or that the police have merged with the party. “This does not augur well for the image of the police and it sends a wrong signal about whether the police can be neutral and professional before, during and after the 2015 elections. “It also raises doubt about the ability of the police to effectively carry out its constitutional duty of ensuring the protection of lives and property of the peole. “The police ridicule itself and wear down its own authority when it panders to the PDP, whereas the force is being maintained by the tax payers, whether or not they belong to the ruling party. The police, more than perhaps any other government agency, should know that no one, no matter how highly placed, is above the law, and that lawful orders from the police are not for selective enforcement.

Banks’ foreign assets drop by 2.4% in November 2013 JOHNSON OKANLAWON


oreign assets of banks in the country fell by 2.4 per cent to N8.68 trillion in November 2013, compared to a decline of 0.3 and 0.35 per cent in October and the corresponding period of 2012, respectively. This development was attributed to the respective decline of 1.5 per cent and 6.4 per cent in the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, and banks’ holdings of foreign assets. According to November’s economic report by the CBN, over the level at the end of December 2012, net foreign assets of the banking system fell by 4.0 per cent.

The report explained that other assets of the banking system on a month-on-month basis fell by 0.6 per cent to negative N8.04 trillion in November compared to the decline of 4.5 and 0.5 per cent in October and the corresponding period of 2012. On the currency in circulation and deposits at the CBN, the report said that the currency in circulation in November was N1.57 trillion, a decline of 1.4 per cent when compared to the increase of 5.1 in October and 9.8 per cent in the corresponding period of 2012. Also, total deposits with the CBN amounted to N6.37 trillion, indicating a decline of 3.7 per cent below the level at the end of the preceding month.

National Mirror


Monday, February 17, 2014


Biometric identification good for financial system –Experts UDO ONYEKA


ollowing the inauguration of Bank Verification Number (BVN) on February 14 in Lagos, experts have said that the development would revolutionise the payment system in the country.

According to Director General, West African Institute of Financial and Economic Management (WAIFEM), Prof. Akpan Ekpo, biometric identification would reduce fraud in banks that would have comprehensive data of their customers. “Sometimes banks have lent to wrong persons because there is no central-

ised data of customers. You know the banks are in business to make money, so biometric identification would affect their business positively,” Ekpo said. He said for identification purposes, the most well known type of biometric information is the fingerprint; these are used because it is believed that no two people have

the same patterns in the skin of their fingers and the patterns are relatively constant. Also a security expert and consultant, Mr. Steve Enabulele, said biometric identity for bank customers is good in the sense that information in the fingerprint, even though they might change a little as a person gains or losses

Association wants FG to lift ban on importation of cement EMMANUEL OGBONNAYA


he Cement Producers Association of Nigeria (CPAN) has appealed to the Federal Government to lift the suspension on cement import licences so as to enhance slash in the price of the product. The appeal was contained in a statement signed by the Chairman

of the association, Mr. David Iweta. According to the statement, lifting the suspension was the only way to bring down the price of cement currently being sold at N1, 800 per bag to N1, 000 Iweta said: “It is unacceptable for Nigerians to buy cement at N1, 800, instead of N500 per bag as it is being sold by countries that have attained self-suf-

ficiency and net exporter in production.” The statement alleged that a group of people were deceiving the Federal Government to believe that Nigeria had attained self-sufficiency in the cement production, whereas the misleading information had resulted to pushing the price from the expected price for locally manufactured cement from about N500 to N1, 800

Oduah’s sack won’t affect projects –ATSSSAN OLUSEGUN KOIKI


he Air Transport Services Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (ATSSSAN) yesterday said that the last week sack of former Minister of Aviation, Princess Stella Oduah, by President Goodluck Jonathan would not affect the execution of ongoing projects in the sector. Among the unfinished projects by Oduah was the remodelling of airports and construction of cargo airports in six airports across the country. ATSSSAN, in a statement signed by its President, Mr. Benjamin Okewu, said the union was ready to work with the government to ensure the completion of all ongoing projects in the aviation sector for the benefit of Nigerians. Okewu said all hands must be on deck to ensure that the exit of Oduah did not affect developments in the sector. The statement read: “On behalf of the members of

our union in the aviation and allied industries, we are driving by patriotic fervour and an un-alloyed commitment to sustain-

able transformation of our great country to recognise the monumental changes currently ongoing in our polity.

CHANGE OF NAME t Formerly known and addressed as Chris Okpara, now wish to be known and addressed as Okpara Uzoma Chinonso Moses. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

Formerly known and addressed as Ayibanengiyefa Sheila George, now wish to be known and addressed as Ayibanengiyefa Joy George. All former documents remain valid. The general public should please take note.



MBA: Formerly known and addressed as Mr Mba Innocent Eloch, now wish to be known and address as Mr Mbah Innocent Enock. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.



CHANGE OF NAME t OKONKWO: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Okonkwo Comfort Ebele, now Mrs Agbai Comfort Ebelechukwu. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.


Notice is hereby given to the general public that the above named club has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission, Abuja for registration under Part ‘ C ‘ of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 1990

THE TRUSTEES ARE: 1. Yessoufou Yacoubou. Latifou 2. Ogundero Bola Richard 3. Olojabi Adeniyi Rotimi 4. Samuel Christian Dagbeyon 5. Bakare Olaniyi Isiaka

THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To promote unity among members 2. To encourage social economic and educational development 3. To provide support morally, financially among members Any objection to the registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420 Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.


per bag. The statement added: “This prompted the Federal Government to push up the duty and levy on cement import to 35 per cent plus other import bills to a total of 45 per cent on imported cement. “It also made the government to suspend all already granted cement import licences such that manufacturers can sell their cement at N1,800.

weight, but the patterns remain recognisable. Enabulele said: “When in used, biometric identification would significantly reduce fraud. Another commonly used form of biometric information is DNA sequences. DNA is the biological code that is present in every cell in the body and that describes each individual person.” According to Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor, Mallam Lamido Sanusi, the biometric identification, unlike the current practice where different instruments are used as means of identification, would help to provide a single biometric database that would serve the purpose of authentication as well as address the issues of money laundering, fraud, credit extension and financial inclusion. Sanusi said: “The vision is that biometric identification will go beyond

the banks and very soon the banks would have the equipment to register their customers. We will expect every customer of every branch of every bank in Nigeria to have complied with this, but it goes beyond the banking system.” Managing Director, Zenith Bank and Chairman, Sub-Committee on Biometric in bankers’ committee, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, said he was happy that the group met the deadline. Emefiele also congratulated the CBN on the launch of the project, adding that it would open up more consumers banking services. He said the initiative supported by all the banks would also boost consumer lending. The Zenith Bank boss added that the initiative would boost the economy irrespective of banks’ customers’ status and class.


South West

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

PDP responsible for crisis in Osun, says govt O sun State government, at the weekend, accused the opposition Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, in the state of causing disaffection in the state over its school classification programme. The government accused the PDP of playing politics with the classification progranmme by instigating religious groups to oppose it. Making the accusation at the weekend at a media parley organised by the National Legal Adviser of the All Progressives Congress, APC, Dr Muiz Banire, the state’s Commissioner for Regional Integration and Special Duties, Ajibola Bashir, said the state has always been peaceful as the various religious bodies respect each others’ doctrines.

According to him, the opposition party infiltrated some religious sects and self-serving individuals to orchestrate the controversy with the aim of disrupting the age-long smooth relationship between the two religious groups in the state. Bashir noted that the state government decided on the reclassification programme as a result of lopsidedness among schools in the state, especially in such areas as facilities and teachers. He said prior to the exercise; some schools with large number of pupils were not having enough teachers, while others with lesser number of pupils had more than enough teachers. To correct the imbalance, the commissioner said gov-

ernment came up with the idea of merging the schools with fewer numbers of pupils with the ones with high numbers, along with the transfer of teachers. He added that the government came up with the idea because there was no money to employ more teachers to make up for the shortfall as a result of dwindling revenue from the federation account. He also disclosed that the controversy over the wearing of hijab in public schools was instigated by the opposition. According to him, the state government has not approved the wearing of hijab by Muslim pupils, even as he said that an investigation has been launched into the crisis.

Bashir said the investigation was necessitated by findings that some of the students who participated in the recent rowdy assembly at Baptist High School, Iwo, by wearing choir caps, masquerades clothes and hijabs, did not belong to the religions that use the paraphernalia they wore. He revealed that among students who wore hijab, there were Christians and those who wore Celestial Church caps there were Muslims. “At present, there are 2, 500 registered students at the Baptist High School, Iwo, but those who actually come to school daily are 2, 223 students. About 92 students were coming to school in different religious wears. “Initially when there was

no bickering, only 25 of them were wearing hijab, but when they were infiltrated to start the crisis, the figure jumped to 261. Then the original owners of the school declared that they were not going to allow that. “On the day the rowdy session took place in the school, the teachers decided to take the attendance in order for them to know those who wear what attire. In the process, photographs of some of them were taken. “What we now found ultimately was that the matter goes beyond the realm of religion, but the realm of politics. We found a situation where, for instance, we have Mariam Mohammed wearing Celestial Church cap and a Christians wearing hijab. “We later went to the various parents to ask how it happened; it was discovered that the parents were compromised,” he said. To him, the opposition was only looking for avenue to discredit the Aregbesola administration, having noticed that they could not controvert his performance in office in terms of infrastructural facilities’ development and other people-oriented pro-

grammes. The commissioner for regional integration and special duties noted that out of 32 members of the state cabinet, 24 are Christians, while only 10 are Muslims. He added that of the 26 lawmakers in the state House of Assembly, only 10 are Muslims. “Opposition cannot say that we didn’t perform, that’s why they are fuelling the religious issue in order to discredit our administration,” he added. Bashir also dismissed the allegation by the opposition that the state owed N630 billion, disclosing that there is a standing order that no state can borrow more than 50 percent of carrying capacity. “So, what we borrowed through bond last year was only N30 billion in two phases and this we had been paying back to the bank since 2013. The confusion of the PDP is where we are getting money to finance the various gigantic projects we are doing in various sectors. “The Turkish construction company that was awarded infrastructural projects in the state got the contracts on the basis of financial deferment.“

Ekiti LP crisis: Court restrains Omole faction

The Muslim community in Oyo State during their Unity Day held in Ibadan, yesterday.


2015: Afe Babalola tells law enforcement agencies to brace up ABIODUN NEJO, ADO EKITI


ounder of Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, ABUAD, Chief Afe Babalola, SAN, has charged all law enforcement agencies in the country to brace themselves up for the challenges of the 2015 general elections. Babalola said such was necessary “in view of the ominous cloud surrounding the 2015 general elections, judging by the deeds and utterances of our political gladiators.” The legal luminary, who spoke at the weekend during the closing ceremony of the maiden Certificate Programme in Social Jus-

tice at the university said; “It is heart-warming that the Federal Government is planning to spend billions of naira on the reformation of the police.” Participants at the maiden certificate programme were drawn from the top hierarchy of the Ministry of Police Affairs. Babalola, however, called on the Federal Government “to do all in its power to improve the condition of service of the Nigeria Police which is today bereft of virtually everything that would make it function maximally and optimally. The ABUAD founder, who said that the summer Social Justice programme

would enrich the participant’s knowledge base and as well enhance their performance, recommended it to other security agencies, embassies, government agencies, para-legal services and other international and non-governmental organisations. In a communiqué read at the occasion by Acting Provost, ABUAD College of Law, Prof. Smaranda Olarinde, the programme “recognises the relevance of social justice in the country as a necessary and fundamental assumption for all professionals, educators, and policy makers in fighting crime, combating ignorance and producing policy prac-

tices respectively for the citizens of the country through their everyday lives, their economies and their livelihood.” Director of Human Resources, Federal Ministry of Police Affairs, Mrs. Olusola Olumeko, who spoke on behalf of the participants, said that; “The unique intensive training in a world-class university environment will enhance our job performance.” Olumeko said the training represented the Ministry of Police Affair’s recognition of the need to up the ante in manpower development to ensure that public safety and internal security of the country were guaranteed.


n Ado-Ekiti High Court has restrained Labour Party, LP, or its agents from recognising the Akin Omole-led executive as well as the other factions of the party in Ekiti State. In an interlocutory injunction brought before the presiding judge, Justice Cornelius Akintayo, the court on Friday, ordered that the parties should maintain the status quo regarding the issue of holding any congress or issues pertaining to any congress of the party in the state, pending the hearing of the motion on notice. The order of the court also restrained the Akin Omole faction from holding any congress of the party until the hearing of the motion. The case was brought before Justice Akintayo’s court by one Mr. Onile Adams. The claimant had

prayed the court to, among other things; restrain the leadership of the Labour Party from recognising Omole (the first defendant) and Hon. Abiola Olowookere (the second defendant) and other members of their interim executive in Ekiti State. Adams also prayed the court to restrain the defendants from dealing with any agency and partaking/ running in any congress of the party. The court, however, restrained the two parties from parading themselves as representatives of the Labour Party in Ekiti State. Justice Akintayo in his ruling said: “I have considered the submissions of counsel to the case and the circumstances surrounding it, I have noted that all the parties were served with the originating summons and the Motion on Notice.

National Mirror

South- West

Monday, February 17, 2014


40 injured in Ibadan as Valentine party turns bloody KEMI OLAITAN IBADAN


o fewer than 40 people were injured last Friday as a Valentine party organised by a hotel located at Ita-Faaji in Wire and Cable area of Ibadan, the Oyo State capital, turned bloody. National Mirror learnt

that the management of the hotel had invited some Fuji musicians to entertain fun-seekers at the all night party organised to mark this year Valentine Day. Trouble, however, started when one of the fun-seekers, who was acting under the influence of alcohol, reportedly broke a beer bottle and

stabbed a fellow fun-seeker. Eye witnesses said that the victim went to the hotel’s manager to report the incident to him and before the manager could take any action, the situation had gone out of control. One of the witnesses said: “The victim’s friends quickly gathered themselves and descended

heavily on the drunk.” It was further gathered that within the tinkle of an eye, the fight had escalated and became a fight between “Omi-Adio boys” and “Orita-Faaji boys.” During the melee, weapons such as bottles, cutlasses and charms were freely used, forcing other people at the party

to scamper for safety. By the time the crisis subsided, no fewer than 40 people were injured. As if that was not enough, some thugs reportedly stormed the Orita-Faaji junction where the hotel is located on the following day (Saturday) on a revenge mission. It was learnt that the attackers, who stormed

the area with weapons, including guns, vandalised the hotel and it took the timely intervention of policemen before the situation could be put under control. Efforts made to speak with the management of the hotel proved abortive as the hotel was under lock and key during a visit to the place yesterday.

Politics not for the ungodly –Obasanjo ‘Obj, a special gift’


F L-R: Ekiti State Governor, Kayode Fayemi; mother of Hameed (16 Year old tanker fire victim), Mrs. Iyabode Bakare and her husband, Ganiyu, during a condolence visit to the family by the governor in Aramoko-Ekiti, yesterday.

Oyo douses tension at Ibadan Poly, appoints Rector, others


he Oyo State Government has moved to resolve the crisis rocking the Polytechnic, Ibadan, as it announced the appointment of principal officers for the institution. The state Commissioner of Education, Prof. Solomon Olaniyonu, made this known in a statement issued at the weekend. According to him, the state governor, Abiola Ajimobi, had approved the appointment of five principal officers for the institution, stating that their appointments take immediate effect. The principal officers

are Prof. Olatunde Olubadejo Fawole (Rector) and Mr. Ayodele Hezekiah Fehintola (Registrar). Fawole was, until his appointment, a Prof. of Biological Sciences at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso. Others officers are Mr. Tiamiyu Rasheed Adeniyi (Bursar), Hammed Abayomi Bakare (Librarian) and Mr. Oyetoso Olufunmilayo John Director of Works). It will be recalled that students of the institution recently engaged in a protest, disturbing vehicular movements and hijacking a shuttle bus belonging

to the state government called Ajumose bus. One of the grouses of the students was the nonappointment of substantive principal officers for the institution, as well as other matters that affect their lecturers who are on strike. The students had urged the state government to accede to the requests of the lecturers so that academic activities could resume at the institution. Reacting to the student’s demands, the commissioner said the government invited the management of the institution to a meeting where

most of the issues raised were addressed. According to him, one of such issues was payment of the remaining 40 per cent Hazard Allowance of the lecturers which he said the state government had ordered the management to pay immediately. The commissioner said that the allowance had since been paid by the institution. Another request of the students, which the commissioner said the government had facilitated, was the payment of the Peculiar Honoraria for lecturers.

Fayemi charges Ekiti indigenes on industrialisation ABIODUN NEJO ADO EKITI


kiti State Governor Kayode Fayemi has called on indigenes to take advantage of the enabling environment provided by his administration to establish industries. Fayemi said industrialisation

would tackle youth unemployment, boost the people’s economies and activities and as well contribute to the ongoing effort to reposition the state. The governor, who spoke at the weekend in AdoEkiti during his inspection of Prosperous Royal Garden and Resort, a multibillion naira project being

developed by an indigene, Mr. Abiodun Isinkaiye, lauded the contribution of the financier the industrial development of the state. Fayemi, who was impressed with the facility, said: “What is being done here is showing Ekiti people the huge possibilities that exist in the state. The owner believes in what we

are doing in the state and he is complementing our efforts. “He could have taken the venture to other places that are more cosmopolitan. I am glad to have come here and we will support your efforts.” The governor, however, urged other indigenes to emulate Isinkaiye by investing in the state.

ormer President Olusegun Obasanjo yesterday urged Nigerians to stop upholding the notion that real believers must not participate in politics. Chief Obasanjo said politics is not for the ungodly if the affairs of the country must go well. The former President, in his message at the special thanksgiving service to mark the fifth anniversary of the Chapel of Christ the Glorious King (CCGC), the religious arm of the Olusegun Obasanjo Presidential Library (OOPL), in Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital, it is fallacy to hold the view that good Christians should not participate in politics. Commending the role of the former president of the Nigerian Baptist Convention (NBC), Rev (Dr).S.T. Ola Akande, in politics, Obasanjo said: “If people with genuine

fear of God should abstain from participating in politics, they are bound to be governed by the ungodly politicians who would then evolve policies that are not good enough for the country. “If we allow this to be, we shall be having ungodly people and this should not be because if you leave politics without participating in it, bad people will join it and will dominate it. We must encourage good Christians, those God have accepted to be in politics, or else what we would be witnessing will not be good.” In his sermon, Revd Akande described the former President as a special gift to Nigeria. Akande, who spoke on “Can the Nigerian Church Transform the Nigerian Society?,” said God had been kind to Obasanjo going by all the travails he had gone through in life. He also said all the victories granted the former President by God were for a purpose.

I’m in Ekiti for security –CP ABIODUN NEJO ADO-EKITI


he new Ekiti State Commissioner of Police, Mr. Felix Uyanna, has said that he would not be involved in political activities in the state as political parties prepare for the June 21 governorship election. Uyanna, who spoke during a visit to Governor Kayode Fayemi in AdoEkiti, said his business was to fight crime and criminality and not to

play politics. He said it is the responsibility of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) to conduct elections while the duty of the police is to provide security. The police boss said: “I shall concentrate on crime, I will leave politics to politicians to play, but when they try to mix politics with crime, I will intervene and draw the line. In essence, that is why I am here”.



Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Orji’s son’s aide death: Three policemen held T he police said yesterday that they had arrested three policemen in connection with Saturday’s killing of an aide to Abia State Governor Theodore Orji’s son, Chinedu. The spokesman, Mr. Geoffrey Ogbonnaya, who stated this in Umuahia, confirmed the death of

the aide identified as John Ndubuka. He told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) that the suspects were arrested between Saturday evening and Sunday morning, adding that the command had commenced full investigation into the incident. NAN reports that

the incident occurred during a civic reception organised for the governor in Umuahia by the people of Ikwuano, Umuahia North and Umuahia South local government areas, respectively. An eye witness said the deceased, who was part of the crowd at the site of the old Umuahia

main market, where the event took place, suddenly slumped and started bleeding. “When he slumped, nobody knew what happened to him, until we saw blood gushing out from his chest,’’ the eyewitness said on the condition of anonymity. The deceased was said

to have been rushed to the Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, where he reportedly died. Ogbonnaya explained that the investigation would help the police to unravel the circumstances that led to the death. Briefing newsmen on the incident yesterday, Abia State Commissioner

for Information and Strategy, Chief Eze Chikamnayo, also confirmed the incident and said that the shots were fired by the police. Chikamnayo, however, explained that the shots were fired into the air to disperse the crowd at the entrance to the venue of the reception.

Burning of APC register: Enugu PDP chieftain on the run DENNIS AGBO ENUGU


Abia State Governor Theodore Orji (middle) and his wife, Mercy, on their arrival at the civic reception in honour of the governor by Ikwuano/Umuahia community in Umuahia, yesterday.

Party asks police to recover seized registration materials ALIUNA GODWIN ABAKALIKI


he Ebonyi State chapter of the All Progressives Congress (APC) has called on the Commissioner of Police, Mr. Magari Dikko, to recover the party’s registration materials allegedly seized by some members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Ohaozara Local Government Area of the state. Speaking with National Mirror at the weekend in Abakaliki, APC Interim Secretary, Chief Chaka Nweze, alleged that the

PDP members, acting under the directive of one Mr. Roy Umahi, attacked APC officials at Ohaozara and carted away several registration materials. Nweze said: “After our National Leader, Dr. Ogbonnia Onu, registered in the area, the thugs attacked our officials, Mr. Leonard Akpa and Mr. Eze Okoro, before they carted away the materials.” He alleged that the attack was sponsored Umahi, Mr. Akpa Umahi and Ogbonnaya Anoke - all from Umanaga Ward in Ohaozara Local Government.

Nweze claimed that at Umunnachi Ward, APC officials were also attacked and registration materials carted away. He said the party had petitioned the police on the incident and was waiting for thorough investigation and prosecution of culprits. Nweze said: “You will remember that our officials were also attacked last week at Ezza North Local Government Area. The attack resulted in the kidnap of some of our members and subsequent demand of ransom by their abductors.”

He, however, said the massive turnout of people to register with the party had instilled fear in PDP supporters. According to him, the turnout made the PDP supporters to resort to several antics aimed at frustrating APC. The police spokesman, Mr. Chris Anyanwu, said the state police command was yet to receive the APC’s petition. Efforts to speak with the PDP Chairman, Mr. Ugoji Ama-oti, at the time of filling this report failed as he was not available for comment.

Udenwa, Araraume, Anyanwu, others return to PDP CHRIS NJOKU OWERRI


any supporters of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in Imo State are set to dump the party for the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). The supporters were initially PDP members before they defected to the defunct Action Congress of Nigeria

(ACN) as a result of irreconcilable differences. They are former Imo State Governor Achike Udenwa and his supporters; Senator Ifeanyi Araraume, Col. Lambert Iheanacho (rtd), Senator Chris Anyanwu, former Speaker of the state House of Assembly, Hon. Kelechi Kennedy Nwagwu and former member of the House of Representatives, Hon. Chukwudi

Eze. Others are former Majority Leader of the state House of Assembly, Chief Stamford Onyirimba; Chief Bethel Nzimako, Dr Alex Obi and his supporters. They are to declare for the PDP on February 21, 2014 when President Goodluck Jonathan is expected to visit Imo on one-day official tour. The return of the former PDP members has become

the talk of the town, especially in APC circle. It was learnt that the talk centered majorly on the roles Chief Udenwa, Senators Anyanwu and Araraume would play in the next general elections. Their return to the PDP was not unconnected with the alleged sour relationship that had existed between them and Governor Rochas Okorocha.

f a c t i o n a l chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Udi Local Government Area of Enugu State, who allegedly led armed thugs to hijack and burn the membership register of the All Progressives Congress (APC), is now on the run. It was gathered that the PDP chieftain fled on hearing that the police were on his trail. The PDP chieftain led thugs to hijack the register while the collation of materials from the just concluded APC membership registration was ongoing at the Udi collation centre at IFEPET Garden Ninth Mile Corner. The thugs dumped the register in a nearby bush, soaked it with petrol and set it on fire. An APC official, Ebubeagu Felix Okafor, who narrowly escaped from centre, said the thugs were led by the factional chairman of PDP in Udi, Mr. Isaac Nwoye. Following a report by APC officials at Ninth Mile Police Station, the matter was referred to the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS). SARS operatives have already swung into action and are on the trail of the hoodlums. The Enugu State Police Command spokesman, Ebere Amaraizu, who earlier confirmed the incident, said the suspects are yet to be identified and arrested. Narrating the incident, Okafor said they were collating the registration materials from the 28

communities and 20 electoral wards at the Ninth Mile when about 15 armed men stormed the place and ordered everybody to lie down while one of them broke a bottle on the table they were using for the collation. He said: “Surprisingly, one of them broke a bottle on the table and threatened to stab me, but I ran away and everybody scampered for safety. The thugs are many, wielding various dangerous weapons. As we were not prepared for any reprisal attack, we made haste and ran away “When I came out, one of them rushed at me and I saw him and I know him by name. I know his residence and occupation. And I called him ‘Isaac Nwoye’ and I said ‘so you are the person that came here to kidnap people. He asked me, ‘why are you here? Are you part of this people?’ He said the registration of APC ended yesterday. So, what are they doing here?’ “As I was talking with him, he and two of his accomplices came in and started beating me. I resisted them to the best of my ability, but when they wanted to overpower me, I shouted the name of Isaac Nwoye for people around to hear even if they kill me. I shouted his name to let people know the person that led the gang. As I was shouting his name, they slowed down the attack on me and attacked some other members of our party.” Okafor said the hoodlums left with the registration materials in an SUV jeep belonging to Nwoye.

National Mirror

South East

Monday February 17, 2013

Orubebe declares for Delta governorship SOLA ADEBAYO WARRI


ormer Minister of Niger Delta Affairs, Elder Godsday Peter Orubebe, on Saturday formally declared to contest the governorship election in Delta State in the 2015 general election. Orubebe made the formal declaration in Asaba, the state’s capital at an

event facilitated and coordinated by a non-governmental organisation, Delta Peoples Forum, DPF. The group comprises notable politicians in the state and was founded by the former minister. Orubebe resigned after serving in various capacities in the Federal Executive Council, FEC, on Wednesday. He said his resignation

was to enable him pursue his gubernatorial ambition on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP. At the forum attended by notable members of the ruling party, the former minister said President Goodluck Jonathan ‘reluctantly accepted’ his resignation and released him to enable him to face new challenges in his political

career. Orubebe, who formally inaugurated the headquarters of his campaign organisation and some top members of the management team at the secretariat, hailed President Jonathan and Governor Emmanuel Uduaghan of Delta State for their ‘satisfactory performance’ in office. He urged Nigerians to

support and return Jonathan to power in 2015 to enable him carry out his Transformation Agenda to a ‘logical conclusion’. The ex-minister said the Jonathan presidency was the best that could have happened to Nigeria. Orubebe said he planned to continue from wherever Uduaghan would stop his ‘good works as governor’, adding that his political antecedent, especially his involvement in governance at all levels placed him in a better stead to take over the reins of power from the incumbent governor. He said: “I believe that having been a councillor, local government council chairman, an executive member of the State Primary Education Board,


chairman of a party, an adviser to Governor James Ibori on Urban and Regional Planning, as well as Minister of Special Duties, supervising minister of the National Planning Commission and then Minister of State for Niger Affairs and thereafter Minister of Niger Delta, over these years, I am more than qualified.” According to him, “God has been faithful to me. He has deposited much knowledge in me and I want to deposit such knowledge that has been given to me by God in the service of the people of Delta State. “I also want to support the governor that has moved this state thus far, to add my own quota to move this state forward.”

Bayelsa halts Sylva’s probe EMMA GBEMUDU YENAGOA

B L-R: Edo State Commissioner for Basic Education, Hon. Patrick Aguinede; Archbishop of Bendel Province, Anglican Communion, Most Rev. Friday Imaekhai and Governor Adams Oshiomhole, during a meeting with church leaders in Benin, at the weekend.

Oshiomhole tackles church over land SEBASTINE EBHUOMHAN BENIN


overnor Adams Oshiomhole of Edo State has faulted the St. Andrews Anglican Church, Ekpoma, for ‘encroaching’ on government land and erecting a church building and fence to demarcate the Ukpughele Primary School. Speaking during a meeting with the Archbishop of Bendel Province, Anglican Communion, the Most Rev. Friday Imaekhai and other leaders of the church, Oshiomhole denied that the church was not in conflict with the state government,

but was, in fact, also in trouble with the pupils of the school whose parents and guardians are children of the parishioners. The governor, who inspected the perimeter fence that had been pulled down by officials of the state Ministry of Lands, Survey, Housing and Urban Development, said “the issue is whether this is school land or government land. “The church operates on the basis of rules and regulations. And I think the Anglican Church is an organised church, governed by rules and procedures. Nobody can just

go and set up an Anglican Church without permission from appropriate authority. “By the same logic, Edo State is governed by laws; and there is a government; a government that is accountable, that is the trustee of the people, including the Christians and the Children. “Now, the laws are clear. You do not erect anything without previous authorisation. You are obliged by law to design and present your document to the Ministry of Land, Survey, Housing and Urban Development for clearance, whether the land belongs

to you or not.” Oshiomhole maintained that the leadership of the church in Ekpoma acted in error for erecting a fence and another new structure on a government school land without clearance. While dismissing the argument by Imaekhai that the school belonged to the church and that the church property were destroyed by the school children, the governor maintained that the government had in the 70s taken over missionary schools and that the said land on which the church erected a new building and fence was government land.

Commissioner lauds Uduaghan’s initiative


elta State Commissioner for Information, Chike Ogeah has lauded the activities of Governor Emmanuel Uduaghan to shift the focus of the economy from sole reliance on oil. Speaking at weekend on programme, Ogeah said the areas of emphasis on weaning Delta State from depen-

dence on oil are agriculture, Information and Communication Technology, ICT and development of other natural resources. Yet others, according to him, are the development of solid minerals, manpower and creating a clement environment for investment and private enterprise. “The vision entails the de-

velopment of a strong infrastructural base, viz - modern roads, efficient water, transportation and healthcare system, as well as world class educational system,” he said. The commissioner said the ‘Delta Beyond Oil’ policy of the government was not a physical concept such as in buildings, “but an enduring vision to prepare the state for

the inevitable drying up of hydro-carbon deposits. In effect, the vision does not come with any cost. “The vision recognises the fact that despite a relatively significant revenue from oil, Delta is faced with huge challenges, especially in the cost of developing critical infrastructure due to its tough terrain,” Ogeah stated.

ayelsa State Governor, Seriake Dickson, at the weekend said the state government had stopped the probe of the five-year administration of his predecessor, Timipre Sylva. The government, he stated, took the step to avoid ‘distraction’. The Dickson administration had been probing Sylva over alleged financial misappropriation and doubtful contractual deals in the state. The governor, who spoke at the weekend in Yenagoa as part of activities marking his two-year administration, stressed that his government would no longer be involved in any blame game with successive administrations in the state. According to Dickson, rather than probing failed policies and programmes of Sylva’s administration, he would consolidate on the noticeable paradigm shift in infrastructural development, economic empowerment, peace, security and friendly investment network in the state. The governor said the last two years of his administration had witnessed a ‘distinct paradigm shift’ by building confidence on the people and transparent with spending of funds. He said:”With the support of the people, we have achieved peace and rapid development that has increased

confidence among the people. “Instead of engaging in blame game, we have created an all inclusive government. Every month, the Finance Committee sits and deliberates on the judicious spending on state obligations and commitments.” Commenting on the tax regime in the state, Governor Dickson argued that the proposed reform would no longer allow free access to basic amenities which include power supply. “Bayelsa can no longer be a state where everything is free, including the payment of PHCN bills. We can no longer be a state where power bills are paid for the people. “Must government pay electricity bills for you? It is no longer possible. We are building a foundation for a modern economy. It is our duty to lay the foundation,” he explained. Meanwhile, the Internally Generated Revenue, IGR, of Bayelsa State has experienced a 60 per cent increment, from the previous N4bn to N10bn in the last one year. This was disclosed during the 2nd anniversary of Governor Seriake Dickson’s administration edition of monthly transparency briefing held in Yenagoa. Calling for the active participation of the Organised Private Sector, OPS, in improving the revenue base of the state, the governor said his administration had provided an enabling environment for local and foreign investors.



Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

UNICEF, Kaduna battle polio


L-R: Representative of Secretary to the Government of the Federation, SGF, Dr. Ike Odenigwe; Bauchi State Deputy Governor, Alhaji Sagir Saleh and Permanent Secretary, Political, Bauchi State Government House, Alhaji Hashimu Yakubu, at the opening ceremony of the North-East Zonal SGF Centenary Quiz Competition in Bauchi, at the weekend. PHOTO: NAN

Bomber pleads for mitigation of sentence ISE-OLUWA IGE


bout two months after he was convicted and sentenced to life jail for his role in the bombing of media houses in Kaduna State, Boko Haram member, Umar Mustapha, has approached the Court of Appeal, Abuja, to reverse the term. He is asking the court to void the entire judgment on the account that the verdict was not only against the weight of evidence in the matter, but was vitiated by alleged lack of fair hearing. In a notice of appeal filed by his lawyer, Nureni Sulyman, Umar raised six grounds of appeal and pledged to add more, if necessary.

The trial judge, Justice Adeniyi Ademola of the Federal High Court, had, in a November 15, 2013 judgment, found Umar guilty in the April 26, 2012 bombing of SOJ Plaza. The building located on Sabon Gari Road, Kaduna, houses three newspapers: Thisday, The Sun and The Moment. Mustapha was specifically nailed after the court established that he was the one that drove a white Honda Academy car with registration number AL 306 MKA laden with improvised explosive devices into the premises, which later exploded, killing three persons and injuring several others. The judge had, upon conviction, sentenced him to life imprisonment with hard labour.

In his appeal, Umar is contending that the trial judge erred when he held that the prosecution proved its case beyond reasonable doubt to sustain his conviction. He argued that evidence by all the prosecution witnesses were contradictory and unreliable to warrant his conviction. Umar also argued that the judge was wrong to have convicted him on the strength of evidence by non-existing witnesses, who were not only masked, but failed to disclose their identities. He contended that the trial judge erred in convicting him because he was denied fair trial on the ground that the trial was conducted in secret and under the watch of “armed and fierce looking

men of the Nigeria Police Force.” Umar further contended that his witnesses could not access the court because the trial was held in secrecy and movement allegedly restricted by the police and men of the State Security Service, SSS. He accused the trial judge of not subjecting his testimony to holistic evaluation, and thereby caused a miscarriage of justice to him. Umar argued that the judge failed to take into account the fact that he had been in custody before the judgment, when he sentenced him to life imprisonment with hard labour. He therefore prayed the appellate court to set aside the judgment, discharge and acquit him.

Maku urges Eggon youths to embrace peace CHIDI UGWU ABUJA


nformation Minister, Labaran Maku, has appealed to the Eggon ethnic group in Nasarawa State to genuinely pursue the course of peaceful coexistence with other ethnic groups. He made the appeal in Abuja at the inauguration of the executive committee of the Eggon Youth Movement, Abuja Chapter. He said the youth in particular should embrace peace for development to take place in their communities. “Let me sincerely advise that we should be modest

in our speeches; we should be generous in spirit; we should be friendly to all; we should seek peace and pursue peace sincerely from our hearts. “We must acknowledge that violence does not do any good to anyone. It destroys, it does not build. We must put the fear of God in all we do. And fear of God means that you must be patient with life; you must pursue peace within yourself, with your community and neighbours, and you must do everything possible to ensure we all contribute our quota to the development of our community, development of Nasarawa State and development of

Nigeria,” he said. Maku stated that recent survey indicated that development had been retarded in crisis-prone areas and admonished the people never to allow the repeat of the cycle of violence in Nasarawa State. “What we saw in our state in recent times was too ugly; it was something that all of us must resolve never again that our state will be in the state of chaos and destruction,” the minister remarked. Maku advised the people to champion their aspirations through peaceful means and the belief in God, saying, “even when you feel cheated sometimes,

and in life there are times that you get cheated, even in the family, there are times that certain things that you believe are your own may not come to you. The only way to get it back is to go closer to God. Continue pursuing your effort; continue relying on God; have a sincere heart and clean mind then gradually God will turn the table in your favour.” Speaking on politics, the information minister enjoined the people of Nasarawa State to stand up in support of President Goodluck Jonathan to reciprocate his gesture in executing various laudable projects in the state.

he Kaduna State Primary Health Care Agency has said that it was collaborating with UNICEF to revive 1,700 health committees at ward level to effectively fight poliomyelitis. The Executive Secretary of the agency, Dr Sufyan Babale, stated this at “A One-day Sensitisation and Training Workshop for Traditional Leaders’’ on their roles in polio eradication held in Sabongari, Zaria. The programme was organised by the agency in collaboration with UNICEF “C” Field Office, Kaduna. Babale said the revival of the committees became imperative in view of their importance toward the eradication of the disease. “The essence of the collaboration is to make the committees more effective and functional to adequately eradicate poliomyelitis right from the ward levels. “The committees will involve communities in

all health related activities. There is the need for more concerted efforts by the traditional leaders to achieving the desired goal,” he said. In a speech, Ufuwai Bonet, Chairman, Kaduna State Task Force on Polio Immunisation, tasked village and ward heads to attend review meetings regularly to enhance the fight to end the disease by the end of the year. Bonet, who is also the Chief of Kagoro, said some cases of rejection and noncompliance reported from communities would easily be tackled at such review meetings. “This will address minor problems associated with the immunisation by village and ward heads,” Bonet said. UNICEF Representative, Dr. Thomas Albarka, emphasised the need for the establishment of healthcare facilities where people would be able to access regularly, and not necessarily during immunisation.

Election possible in North East, says security expert OMEIZA AJAYI ABUJA


espite the recent wave of killings in some parts of the North-East, a former Director in the Department of State Service, DSS, Mike Ejiofor, has said the possibility of conducting election in those areas is real. He however stated that the conduct of the 2015 general elections in the area is likely to generate a lot of security challenges, urging the Independent National Electoral Commission INEC to work in concert with security agencies and other stakeholders in the political process to ensure a hitch-free process. The former DSS boss spoke in an interview with our correspondent in Abuja. He said in the last three weeks, over 300 people had been allegedly killed by the Islamist sect, Boko Haram, in a rising wave of insurgency that has exposed deficiencies in the tactical strategy of the nation’s security forces. “I do not want to believe that the INEC Chairman actually meant that there will be no elections in those

areas. It could have been a misrepresentation of facts. We know for sure that conducting elections in those areas for now will not be like normal areas where you conduct elections. “I think he was foreseeing security challenges in those areas in view of the fact that those areas are under a state of emergency,” he said. INEC Chairman, Prof. Attahiru Jega had late last year come under criticisms for reportedly ruling out the possibility of conducting elections in the three north eastern states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa where a state of emergency has been in force for several months now. However, Ejiofor added that with the conduct of local council elections last December in Yobe state, INEC should be able to conduct the general elections in February, expressing hope that the security situation would have improved. He said: “I think with the conduct of local government elections in Yobe State, INEC can still conduct elections but we must also expect some security challenges in those areas.”

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror



2015: I’ll set C’River on path of growth and development –Bullem


2015: APGA Youths endorse Umeh for Ngige’s seat in Senate OBIORA IFOH ABUJA


he calls for the National Chairman of the All Progressives Grand Alliance, APGA, Chief Victor Umeh to upstage Senator Chris Ngige of the All Progressives Congress, APC, as the senator representing Anambra Central Senatorial District at the weekend received a boost as the APGA Youth Leader Ikechukwu Chuk-

wunyere and the APGA Youth Vanguard have thrown their weight behind Umeh for the race. Speaking when he received the leadership of the APGA Youth Vanguard in Abuja, Chukwunyerem stated that with his wealth of experience Umeh stands a good chance to adequately represent the Anambra Central Senatorial District come 2015. His words: “I want to use this opportunity to

thank the Leadership of the APGA Youth Vanguard for this visit, it is highly a commendable one, Chief Umeh, the National Chairman of our party is a man that has indeed paid the price and we believe that if given the opportunity to serve the people of Anambra Central he will definitely do better than what we are witnessing right now in the Senate.” Earlier, Comrade Stanley Uguru, the National Co-

ordinator of APGA Youth Vanguard said that they were in Abuja to interact with the National Youth Leader and to solicit his support to ask Umeh to contest the senatorial seat in 2015. Uguru also informed Chukwunyerem of the plans to bestow awards of excellence on Umeh and other leaders who have supported the party in the last eight ears. It would be recalled that

group known as Anambra Central Political Forum had adopted Umeh for the seat. The group, led by the chairman of Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State, Emeka Onuorah, in its inaugural meeting in Awka, unanimously resolved to “beg, invite and plead with Chief Umeh to run for the Senate in 2015.” The group believed that Umeh’s candidature will

be a sure banker for APGA victory in the senatorial election in 2015, saying that Umeh has a rich credential in political service and is easily marketable to Anambra people. Asked of the fate of Prof. Dora Akunyili, who people had thought will run for the Senate again, Onuorah said he was not aware that any other member of the Anambra Central Senatorial zone is gunning for the position.

Aspirant sure of PDP victory ABIODUN NEJO ADO EKITI


L-R: The celebrant, Senator Magnus Abe; his wife Bariyaah: Rivers State governor’s wife Judith and Governor Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi at the thanksgiving service at Gokana, Rivers State, at the weekend.

Crisis hit Oyo APC as faction joins Labour Party KEMI OLAITAN IBADAN


major political crisis has hit the Oyo State chapter of the All Progressives Congress, APC, as a faction of the party, composed mainly of young Turks, has dumped the party for Labour Party, LP. National Mirror learnt that most of the young elements in the APC who switched over to the LP include immediate past board chairmen in the Governor Abiola Ajimobiled administration and aggrieved loyalists of the late leader of APC and former governor of the state, Alhaji Lam Adesina. It was gathered that the defectors, who are mainly

between the age bracket of 40 and 50, in addition to being upset with the administration of the party post-2011 elections, are said to be at the vanguard of a crusade for generational paradigm shift in the politics of the state. It was further learnt that after a series of strategic meetings with the LP leadership, including Governor Olusegun Mimiko in Akure, the APC faction was allotted a sizable number of slots for the party’s offices, including a co-chairmanship position. Appointed as co-chairman for the state LP is Mr. Gbenga Olayemi, who until last December was the chairman of Oyo State Agency for Youth Development. He is to pilot

the affairs of the party in the state with Alhaji Basiru Apapa, a co-chairman, pending state congresses scheduled to begin soon. Other APC members who made the executive list include Alhaji Musbau Popoola (state deputy chairman); Honourable Tayo Adeagbo (state deputy chairman); Mr Okesooto

Biliaminu (state deputy chairman); Honourable Gbenga Oyekola (state secretary); Chief Caleb Oyaniyi (state organising secretary); Hon. Kazeem Adedeji (state publicity secretary); Mrs Ayo Ogunleye (state women leader); Mr Moruf Aderoju (state financial secretary); and many others.

Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, governorship aspirant in Ekiti State, Mr Abiodun Ayeni, has said that “the administrative incompetence of the present government in the state” will boost the chances of his party for victory in the June 21 governorship election in the state. Ayeni said the “unnecessary debt burden” put on the state by the Dr Kayode Fayemi administration, and the capital flight occasioned by engaging foreigners for projects were among reasons people of the state were fed up with the All Progressives Congress, APC, government. A statement by the director general of his campaign team, Mr Jimson Onipede, in Ado Ekiti at the weekend, said the Alabi spoke during his visit to some party leaders in Ado, Irepodun/Ifelodun, Ekiti

N’East youth support Jonathan for 2015 EZEKIEL TITUS BAUCHI


political forum known as North East Progressive Youth for Jonathan, NPYFJ, has expressed its support for the re-election of President Goodluck Jonathan come 2015 following

his effort towards the socioeconomic development of the country. Zonal Coordinator of the group, Barr. Alkali Mohammed, stated this yesterday at the end of its meeting in Bauchi, adding that the aim of the meeting was to bring North East youth together to educate them on

the need to support Jonathan for the Presidency in 2015. He urged Jonathan to come forward and declare his intention to contest the 2015 presidential election in the best interest of the country, saying that the President has done a lot towards addressing the problems of the

West, Oye, Ikole, Ekiti East, Moba and Ekiti South Wet council areas. He said: “I am assuring the people of the state that we are going to make positive impact and we will not throw away our resources to foreigners. My government and party will be sensitive to the yearnings and aspirations of the people.” But the Chief Press Secretary to Ekiti State governor, Mr Olayinka Oyebode, in a swift reaction, said Ayeni was an unknown personality as far as Ekiti politics was concerned. “Ayeni has no pedigree in Ekiti politics and cannot comment on it. We are not going to dignify him with a reply,” he said. North, especially in education through the establishment of federal universities in all states that do not have any before now. He commended Jonathan for his effort towards protection of lives and properties and assured that with his effort, all security challenges in the North East geo-political zone would soon be addressed.



What makes you think that you are fit to take over from incumbent Governor Liyel Imoke in 2015? I see myself as having the right character, the right capacity and the right integrity to drive the state beyond where it is today. Because Cross River State needs a person who can afford to do beyond what the incumbent governor has done. With my broad knowledge in financial management, I believed I have all that will be required to run the affairs of the state. Are you just coming out to take advantage of the pronouncement by Governor Imoke that he must hand over power to somebody from the North? That I hail from the North does not mean that when I get to power I will not serve other senatorial districts of the state. I shall serve and protect all interest irrespective of the zone.

Monday, February 17, 2014

2015: I’ll set C’River on path of growth and development –Bullem Francis Bullem hails from Mbube in Ogoja Local Government Area in the Northern Senatorial District of the Cross River State. A seasoned banker, he is one of those contending to take over from the incumbent governor, Senator Liyel Imoke come 2015. He tells RICHARD NDOMA why he thinks he qualifies to occupy the Government House and his plans for the people of the state. Excerpts: skills which I think makes me to have an edge above every other contender.


Don’t you see zoning as anti-democracy? Zoning was for reduction of number of candidates and perhaps the length of the race. Despite the zoning arrangement, I still see myself as being very qualified for the big contest. What is your perception on the crises rocking the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP across the country? I do not see the situation in the PDP as crises. What you are seeing is just a realignment of interest. Those who are migrating are doing so based on interest. A man who feels his interest is not protected sometimes decides to migrate. What is happening will help to some extent to shape the polity at the end of the day. How do you react to the feeling among the people that you are an outsider coming to dominate and hijack power from those who have been there? What myopism? All those people you see, I don’t think there is any of them that is more of an insider than I am. This is so because at some point in life and in one’s development, one chooses what one is supposed to do. It is a different ball game from holding a visible office. You are there on daily basis doing what you are supposed to do to keep relationship with the public. You know in this context of Cross River State, nobody is an insider than me. There are better steps to do things than what I’m doing. Now ask yourself: did Mr. Donald Duke, Imoke’s predecessor and incumbent Governor Imoke emanate from the state executive council? No, none of them! It only took a few who sat down to say we are not going to continue with this kind of stereotyped arrangement and motionless growth. It is all a function of growth. Growth is a function of mobility; it is not a function of stagnation or comfort, so when you continue to dwell in a comfort zone, hardly can you get to the destination you want. A Southerner, Gershom Bassey’s posters have flooded the streets of Calabar. Dont you think this will upset the apple cart if he decides to join the race? Let me correct the impression. Gershom Bassey is an honourable man. I think he would not want to strain the long time relationship which he has nurtured with the governor. Imoke is also a honourable man, he would not go to the press and make a

National Mirror






statement only to go behind to do the contrary. These guys are higher than what we think they are. If you want to go deep down to do an investigation, you will realise that Bassey might not be responsible for the posters. It could be a gambit of interest. There are some folks who feel if they flood the streets with posters and it works for them, they would have succeeded in positioning themselves for exploits in 2015. Politics is all about interest, do you trust these people? The governor clearly stated it in our previous meeting with stakeholders at the Pregrinoh Hall that he knows that they are some “doubting Thomases” on the issue of power shift to the. He said his successor will be a person with enormous capacity to drive the state beyond the height and latitude that he had taken it to. The governor

pointed out that if he get the right person and the person no longer talks to him but is able to manage the affairs of the state without any hitch, he will sleep well, adding that he was not ready to hand over the affairs of the state to a man or woman who will come and destroy the foundation that he had laid. Do you think you qualify to step into Imoke’s shoes, considering that governing a state is a different ball game from running a bank? I will do well if given a chance, because I have the spirit of entrepreneurship. I came from the organised private sector and banking of course cuts across all facet of the economy. Besides being able to manage people and finances with an unblemished record, I think I have a very wide exposure, with a good relationship and interpersonal

What kind of experience do you possess in public service? I have a public service experience, as the chairman of the supervisory board of the Internal Revenue Service. Governor Imoke appointed me to head that board based on my experience and the kinds of things I have been known for. I’m not new in the terrain, but conversant with the business. I’m conversant with all the segments of the society. I think this is going to be an opportunity to bring to bear the stuff that I’m made of. I have not nursed the desire and intention to come out for the big contest because governorship had been zoned to the North, but my earnest desire is to compete favourably with my contenders. Don’t you think that you are trying to wear a shoe that is bigger that your size? I see myself as being perfectly qualified. I feel I have the right frame of mind to continue from where Imoke would to stop. I’m not a mediocre. Power should not be given to mediocre. Even without the zoning formula I could have still seen myself as one with the potential to continue to consolidate on the gains and good foundation of the incumbent governor. What are your plans for the people if you eventually get the mandate? I shall consolidate on the gains of good governance, where probity and accountability shall become my watchword. Such character can only be found in me because I have the blend of both the private and public sector. I’m not just going to put myself as those mediocre who will come and create cleavages, for if such people come on board, the business of governance in our state may not thrive. We need people who can cause development to happen.

2015: God’ll chose my successor –Amaechi OLAJIDE OMOJOLOMOJU


ivers State governor and Chairman of Nigeria Governors’ Forum, NGF, Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi has said that he was not in any position to know who becomes his successor but only God knows, saying that he would personally pray for God to make His choice on who becomes the next state governor. Amaechi said this while speaking at St. Barth’s Anglican Church, Bera Deanery in Gokana Local Government Area of the state during Sena-

tor Magnus Abe’s thanksgiving service at the weekend. Senator Abe had organised the thanksgiving service to express appreciation to God for surviving the attack on him by the police during a Save Rivers Movement rally in Rumuola, Port Harcourt. Amaechi said the next governor would be somebody of reliable character who would continue after him to transform the state. He said: “You must prepare for the next election so that you will teach them a lesson and the only way to teach them a lesson is first to pray

to God, after praying go and register if you don’t have a voter’s card. If you have a voter’s card, wait for the election and vote against the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP. “I have not started praying for who will take over from me. When I start you will know. The prayer for now is God, we want you to deliver the All progressives Congress, APC, God, we want you to lead us to build a party called APC.” On Abe’s condition before he was flown abroad for treatment, Governor Amaechi said: “I was the first to tell him to travel because of his condition.”

Amaechi described senators and members of the House of Representatives who came for Abe’s thanksgiving service as loyal friends of the senator. Earlier, Senator Abe said he was grateful to God for sparing his life and thanked all the guests for coming to join him and his family in appreciating God. The Bishop, Diocese of Ogoni (Anglican Communion), the Rt. Rev. Solomon Gberegbara, in his sermon, thanked God for saving Abe’s life and prayed for His continuous protection to the family of the lawmaker.

National Mirror


Monday, February 17, 2014


Public electricity as broadcasters’ albatross Mirror of the moment ABDUL-WAREES A SOLANKE, 08090585723 (SMS only)


aar Communications Plc, and owners of Raypower 100.5 FM, Nigeria’s premier independent radio station, and Africa Independent Television AIT, offers a classic example of what Nigerian broadcast stations endure to remain on the air every day. Started in 1994 in the rusty and rural setting of Alagbado, a suburb of Lagos, which was yet to be connected to the national grid then, the station came on air on what could be considered a suicidal note - it went on 24 hour transmissions with diesel fuelled electricity generating plants. Each day as it switches from one power generating set to another to prevent break in transmission, Daar Communications was literally filling the proverbial basket with water. As the gen sets guzzle diesel endlessly, Dr. Raymond Aleogho Dokpesi, the investor, demonstrated a resolve not to allow his dream 24 hour round radio broadcasting experiment perish. So, he virtually funnelled the resources of his other businesses to oil his Raypower ambition. Diesel supply to the station was thus a top priority for him in the absence of public electricity sup-

ply. Today, Raypower and AIT are darling stations, which although occasionally go off air because of electricity irregularity, their owners are facing the reality that the albatross of broadcasting in Nigeria is public electricity supply, the panacea to which is environmentally compromising diesel fuel. For Rima Radio in Sokoto, Cosmo FM in Enugu, the FRCN and NTA networks nationwide, Voice of Nigeria, which broadcasts to all regions of the world, OGBC and OGTV in Ogun State, ABC in Yola, BRTV in Maiduguri or AKBC in Uyo, DBS in Asaba and Warri, it has been an agonizing story of survival with each of them groaning under the heavy burden of expensive cost of diesel fuel cost imposed by irregular public electricity power supply. Their being on air therefore, is dependent principally on the fuel factor. After all, while most of their operational consumables may take a relatively longer period to be exhausted, diesel supply to fuel the generators is everyday demand, yet subject to the whims and caprices of the suppliers. Stations with very thin financial backbone have resorted to limited hours of broadcasting to manage their diesel supply level. Some have devised a means of restricting fuel powered electricity supply to only essential operational areas when there is public power outage. In this instance, while the station manages to transmit, most of the workers will be sweating in their offices since their offices are not linked to gen-set electricity. Whatever option broadcasting stations adopt to remain on air, it is not without

STATIONS WITH VERY THIN FINANCIAL BACKBONE HAVE RESORTED TO LIMITED HOURS OF BROADCASTING TO MANAGE THEIR DIESEL SUPPLY LEVEL environmental, health and economic costs for the workers and hosts. First, when stations depend on generator, their workers are conditioned to heavy noise, which is an environmental pollutant and a health hazard. The structures of buildings where they transmit are also affected by the generating plant’s vibration. Necessarily, there must be discharge of oil effluents into the drainages which sink into the ground or contaminates the water table of their environment. All these costs, taken as a whole, threaten the survival of broadcasting stations. When some of these negative impacts are not well managed, broadcasting outfits become socially irresponsible corporate citizens, even if they broadcast award winning programmes. What then is the way out for broadcasters burdened by diesel cost? The alternatives they are searching for must be cheaper, yet environmentally friendly. Only solar energy fits into the bill, yet, the development of solar technology in Nigeria still falls below the demand of wide scale use, since broadcasting sta-

tions are heavy consumers of electricity. At the various General Assembly of Broadcasting Organizations of Nigeria (BON), irregular electricity supply and expensive cost of diesel fuel always form the core of the problems which broadcast managers dwelt on. They narrate bitter experiences of how their advert revenues have been affected by “break in transmission” as a result of electricity hiccups, and how their rating have nosedived as a result of inconsistent broadcasting schedule. The possible options they contemplated include dedicated connection to the national grid from the public electricity supply authorities and special fuel concession from the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) to lighten their burden of running helter-skelter in search of diesel. However, both suggestions involve laborious lobby which broadcasters can ill-afford. Those that are government owned are seeking Government understanding to exempt them from certain taxes and increase their funding because their expenditure profile have been remarkably altered because of expensive cost of diesel. The only solution is uninterrupted, non fluctuating electricity supply. Although many industries, which could not cope with the losses from irregular supply have folded up, it is a credit to broadcasting stations to have been weathering “electricity storm” to keep performing their nation building roles. For now, all broadcasting stations have little immunity to the crippling “oily airwaves syndrome”.

The church and state in Abia EDDIE ONUZURUIKE


here is no doubt that the Christianity is growing at an astronomical rate in Nigeria. Anybody in doubt should read some of the surveys of the growth of churches in Abia State in particular and Nigeria in general. For proof, just checks the new emergent Pentecostal churches and how they have frightened the orthodox ones into modernizing to achieve appreciable charismatic levels. However, despite the above alleged encroachment, the orthodox churches are fast recovering as most of their decampees are returning back like the lost sheep. The Pentecostals, with emphasis on prosperity preaching and faith healings, have their folds tripling with new branches in tow. Take for instance Pastor David Oyedepo’s Living Faith Church aka Winners. The church now has temples in all the cities and suburban in the SouthSouth, South-East and South-West geographical regions. The same is true of Pastor Paul Enenche’s Dunamis; Pastor Enoch Adeboye’s Redeemed Christian Church of God, Chris Oyakilome’s Christ Embassy. The list is endless. Our women are also proving their mettle with Helen Ukpabio and her Liberty Gospel Church; Margaret Idahosa of Church of God Mission, Rev. (Mrs.) Ngozi Akaniro of Faith Chapel, Umuahia; and Sister Sarah Omakwu of Family Worship Center, Abuja. They have picked up the spiritual gauntlet for their late spouses. These are no surprises as it was foretold in the Holy Bible as the mustard seed that




THE SUCCESS MADE SO FAR grew up and overshadowed other trees (Luke 13 verse 19). Abia is not immune to these friendly onslaughts and incursions as Governor Theodore A. Orji is staunchly supportive of the present day religion renaissance. For a man who holds faith sacred and believes in the efficacy of prayers, he has not relented in supporting the churches wherever and whenever in Abia and beyond. Most importantly, he abolished and banished idolatry which nearly became a department in Abia State government. The many episodes of Okija and victims are still fresh in our minds. Ochendo unabashedly acknowledges that he could not have been in office if not for the prayers of the saints. He makes it mandatory to worship in different churches every Sunday as duty calls allow. In all these visitations, be it worship, weddings, burials, foundation laying ceremonies, dedication or thanksgiving, when given the opportunity to stand in the podium to address the congregation, he has not disappointed any in his

speeches and soul-lifting gifts. If you will permit my immodesty, it is on record that he has rebuilt some churches and completed new ones. Some examples will surfeit: Rev Father Uka’s St Acquina’s Catholic Church at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike; the Church of Christ at Bende Road, Umuahia; St Luke’s Anglican Church Amakama; Presbyterian Church at Abiriba Street, Umuahia, and the ageless St Stephen’s Anglican Church, Umuahia. The governor maintains a staunch non-denominational stance as he moves from Methodist Church, Anglican to Catholic. This is equally true of Lord’s Chosen, Dunamis and all others. In recognition of his ecclesiastical efforts, the Methodist Church in Abia benighted him and his wife. Since he came aboard as the governor of the state, he sponsors pilgrims to the Holy Land annually. In a rare show of liberation and support for the freedom of worship as enshrined in the Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria, he has extended a hand of faith to the Muslims in pilgrimages and continuously exhorts them on religious probity during their holy days like Eidel Malud and Eidel Fitiri. The energetic, merciful and passionate wife of the governor, the Deborah of our time, Chief Mrs Mercy Odochi Orji, stringently supports a prayer group, the Abia Prayer Network, which meets every Wednesday at the auditorium. This started in a small room dating from the days of His Excellency as the Chief of Staff to former Governor Orji Kalu. Despite these gestures, some respected cler-

gies forget the biblical injunction of supporting and praying for those in authority and instead they are acting the scripts of the hideous ones among us by using their pulpits to run down the government unjustifiably. This is illegal and unjust in the eyes of man and God. There are acceptable ways of dissent. The Governor is open and accessible, and so these clerics should seek audience with him or some of his top aides to ventilate their grievances. Governor Orji attends up to three churches or church events weekly, and in some invitations he cannot personally honour he sends his aides. Upon the foregoing, the churches have not had it better than it is presently. Let us jointly pray to God to sustain the success made so far and progress further in unity and faith. Let us earnestly pray for easy access to wisdom for our various leaders at all levels so that we can sustain the achievements so far made and increase in leaps and bounds in all things. Let us count our blessings, name them one by one, certainly it will surprise us what the lord has done. Onuzuruike wrote from Aba, Abia State. Send your views by mail or sms to PMB 10001, Ikoyi, or our Email: mail@ mirrorlagos@ or 08164966858 (SMS only). The Editor reserves the right to edit and reject views or photographs. Pseudonyms may be used but must be clearly marked as such.



Monday, February 17, 2014

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Lagos, Katsina tanker explosions


n the month of January, this year, 15 people were killed, while houses, cars and various properties got burnt when a fuel-laden tanker somersaulted and exploded in Apapa, Lagos. The same month, there was another fuel tanker explosion in Bakin-Dutse in the Funtua Local Government Area of Katsina State. Reports of such fuel tank disasters are received from time to time. In Lagos, for instance, loaded and unloaded fuel tank trucks compete for space on the roads. Seeing them along the Ikorodu-Oshodi-Apapa roads evoke fears of possible explosions at any time. The traffic gridlock along Apapa road particularly has become permanent, too. This in itself has provided a favourable environment for all sorts of criminal activities along that road. The least that can be done to ease the congestion on the said road is to expand it and rid it of craters and gullies; even when the heavy traffic along that route makes the recommendation about road maintenance and expansion in the country appear like mere window dressing. We agree with Governor Babatunde Fashola of Lagos

State, who not only blamed the Federal Government for the recurring incident, but remarked after the Lagos tanker explosion that the era of moving petrol by road is gone. Speaking with news reporters after inspecting ongoing projects in Ikorodu, Fashola had said: “Everyone must take his share of responsibility on this issue. The FG is the first to be blamed. There is no rocket science about restoring the old rail tracks. If the rails are working as they say, then we should begin to use them to transport petroleum products rather than use roads. It will save the roads and fuel”. Indeed, the problem will involve a total overhaul of Nigeria’s transport system. The colonial government appreciated the need for using railway wagons for transporting bulky goods from one part of the country to the other. Fuel was also transported in special tanks across the country. It is a puzzle that Nigerian governments since 1960 – the so-called independence year - allowed the railways to fold up. It is being muted that the railways will be resurrected soon. This is good news. But how soon the railways will



GOVERNMENT SHOULD TRY AND GET ITS PRIORITIES RIGHT be positioned for long-distant haulage of goods and petroleum products is yet another matter for conjecture. Hopefully, a new railway gauge and modern coaches will be put in place to help decongest the nation’s highways. An efficient railway system will be a surer way of averting incessant fueltanker disasters, like the recent one that occurred in Apapa and other locations nationwide. In addition to the fixing of the railway system, the FG should also consider investing in proper development of fuel pipelines that will be transporting fuel products to long distant destinations. Though the pipelines are occasionally vandalised, pipelines’ protection and safety calls to question the prevailing socio-economic decay in Nigeria.

ON THIS DAY February 17, 1964 Gabonese president Leon M’ba is toppled in a coup and his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place. Jean-Hilaire Aubame (November 10, 1912 – August 16, 1989) was a Gabonese politician active during both the colonial and independence periods. His training as a practicing Catholic and a customs official reportedly helped to make him an integrated man, one of whom political power was not an end in itself.

Letters tothe theEditor Editor Letters to


February 17, 2005 The London Congestion Charge scheme began. The London congestion charge is a fee charged on most motor vehicles operating within the Congestion Charge Zone (CCZ) in central London between 07:00 and 18:00 Monday to Friday. It is not charged at weekends, public holidays or between Christmas Day and New Year’s Day. The charge remains one of the largest congestion charge zones in the world.

Frightening real unemployment figures for youths and a scandalous gap between the wealthy and the poor in the country give rise to all sorts of crime, including fuel pipelines’ vandalism. It is easy to say that the pipelines should be monitored and guarded. Still the effectiveness of such directives to security agents, who may belong to the wretched of the earth, is another matter entirely. At all times, it is necessary to make a comprehensive assessment of problems in a given sector. This kind of assessment will enable the leadership to see that tanker drivers and their vehicles help to destroy the already bad roads, cause deaths on the roads, and give rise to avoidable fire incidents on roads across the country. The FG, without doubt, has a greater portion of the blame. The government should try and get its priorities right. It should encourage the National Assembly to repeal all out-dated, monopoly laws that hinder the development of railways by states and the private sector. But in addition, states and local governments also have the responsibility of ensuring that their designated roads are in kept in good shape.

x February 17, 2011 Libyan protests/civil war began. The strife was a 2011 armed conflict in the North African country of Libya, fought between forces loyal to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and those seeking to oust his government. The war was preceded by protests in Zawiya on August 8, 2009 and finally ignited by protests in Benghazi on Tuesday, February 15, 2011, which led to clashes with security forces that fired on the crowd.

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Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror


There appears to be no end in sight to the lingering accusation and counter accusation of multibillion dollar unremitted oil funds as both the NNPC and the CBN remain unyielding in their position. Now, forensic experts are to rummage through the books to ascertain the veracity or otherwise of the claim but can the forensic audit truly unravel the puzzle of the mystery $20bn oil money? Sanusi Lamido

By Semiu Salami


or about two months now, the allegations raised by the governor of Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi about non-remittance of crude oil funds into the federation account by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC has refused to abate. First, it was $49.8bn that the CBN alleged was not remitted by the NNPC in his letter to President Goodluck Jonathan in September, 2013 but after the letter became public knowledge, a hurried reconciliation between the CBN on one hand and the Federal Ministry of Finance and the NNPC on the other produced a revised figure of $10.8 billion unaccounted fund.

However, few weeks ago, Sanusi Lamido, brushing aside spirited efforts by the management of the NNPC to dispel the allegation, came smoking again. This time, his findings revealed that $20 billion and not $10.8 billion actually remained unaccounted for. The CBN governor insisted that the money which the NNPC had explained out as been used to service the subsidy on kerosene was no longer tenable as a result of a presidential directive way back in 2009. At a Senate public hearing two weeks ago, the CBN Governor revealed that records available to the bank showed that the total amount generated from crude oil sales was $67.8 billion while records of remittance to the Federation Account by the NNPC was $47.8 billion with a shortfall of $20 billion not accounted for. Interestingly, unlike in the

past when he easily acquiesced, SLS, as he is fondly called seems so sure of the veracity of his claim this time around that he remained unfazed about the presentations made by both the NNPC and finance ministry to counter his claims. Sanusi Lamido said that “We established that the NNPC shipped about $67bn worth of crude and about $47bn came back to the federation account so there is $20bn unremitted. “As far as the CBN is concerned, the most important point to establish is that there is a difference of $20bn between what the NNPC shipped and what it repatriated. We have presented documents from the PPPRA and the presidency that in our view, there is no subsidy on kerosene, first of all and that the payment of kerosene subsidy is a violation of a written presidential directive.

“We ask question about the oil produced in blocks under strategic align agreement with Atlantic Energy to indicate that our concern was not even whether the NPDC is a subsidiary or not or whether the revenue that was transferred to Atlantic Energy was revenue that legitimately belonged to it. “Apart from the legal opinion of the Finance Minister, we will also bring our lawyers to come

and defend our legal position and once it is established the part that belong to the federation should come to the federation and what goes to the National Petroleum Development Company. “We have made no comments about the $2bn third party documentation because we have been given no documentation; even the $6bn for NPDC did not come to any ac-







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Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

Andrew Yakubu, NNPC GMD

count in CBN but we have taken the words of NNPC. For us, there is a question mark over that gap. The PPPRA has done the certification but there is a question of certifying the actual amount of subsidy that NNPC took, and whether the NNPC should have taken subsidy on kerosene. “For us in the CBN, our task ends with establishing there is $20bn unremitted, after that, it will be left to the committee and the Finance ministry to establish that the $20bn was properly accounted for. “On the NPDC figure, I cannot accept the claims that the $6bn did not belong to the federation account because I believe part of it should come to the account. I do not know how much oil had been produced on both wells. I do not know how much crude had been taken and at what value. It is not



what the CBN can do. “If we agree with the Finance Minister that part of the money should go to the federation account, some oil industry experts should go and properly audit how much crude has been taken, how much had been sold, how much revenue was remitted to the federation account and how much ought to have come in. “Once it was established that $20bn had not been repatriated to the federation account, then we are okay. Without appropriation, can NNPC pay subsidy on kerosene or do they have superior authority to pay it? “PPPRA had presented a certification of $8.54bn subsidy on kerosene. It was done by the Executive Secretary, Reginald Stanley on his own responsibility and I have no reason to

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question him but if any information comes to light, we will raise question. We do not accept the legality of the kerosene deduction,” the CBN governor said with a tone of finality. Sanusi’s insistence, sources told Business Courage at the weekend, stemmed from an alleged directive issued by the late President Umaru Yar’adua for the stoppage of subsidy on Kerosene on June 9, 2009. A memo endorsed by the principal secretary to the late president, David Edevbie, dated 17 June, 2009 and addressed to the minister of petroleum resources had indicated that the minister should oversee the implementation of a Presidential directive to stop kerosene subsidy without any public announcement. The memo, entitled; Re: En-

dorsement of Action Plan on the Deregulation of the Downstream Petroleum Sub-Sector, read; “I write with respect to the meeting held on 9 June, 2009 on the above subject matter, in which you were in attendance to formally convey to you a president’s directive at the meeting that your ministry should oversee the implementation of the under-listed measures within the time-frame specified in the attached template commencing from July 2009. The template according to that memo included the “Elimination of existing subsidy on the consumption of kerosene, taking into account that subsidy payments by government on kerosene do not reach the intended beneficiaries. “(ii) Facilitate the process of bringing Apapa Jetty under the Open Access, Common Carrier Regime; (iii) Facilitate the repair of loading arm at the Apapa Jetty and; (iv) Sustain the tempo of gas utilisation initiative and regularly provide monthly progress.” In another document dated 10 June, 2009 and equally signed by Edevbie had indicated that the Presidential directive given at a meeting on 9 June, 2009 indicating that kerosene subsidy be removed was verbal. The principal secretary to the late president had, through the 10 June memo, invited the late president to direct that his verbal approval be conveyed to the relevant agencies for implementation. In yet another memo by Edevbie to the then National Security Adviser (NSA), dated 19 October, 2009, the principal secretary had intimated the NSA of the endorsement of the plan on the deregulation of the downstream petroleum subsector. The memo had stated that

the NNPC should not be entitled to claim from the Petroleum Support Fund (PSF) in respect of kerosene, with effect from 15 June, 2009. But the Acting Group General Manager of the NNPC, Dr. Omar Farouk Ibrahim, said in Abuja that the Presidential directive quoted by the CBN in its submission to the Senate Committee on Finance was not communicated to the NNPC. NNPC sources said that the Ministry of Petroleum Resources had to further engage the Presidency in discussions over the implementation of the said directive, when it was being proposed, adding that the implications of the planned removal of subsidy on kerosene on both the environment and public perception on the government was communicated to the presidency. Sources however, gathered said that a conclusion on the matter could not be reached before the late President took ill and left the country in November 2009. Minister of Petroleum Resources, Diezani Alison-Madueke on her part, said that there was nowhere in the government gazette where authority was given on the withdrawal of kerosene subsidy and that there was the need for legal interpretation. “For years, the issue of the Presidential directive given by late President Musa Yar’Adua had been brought up over and over again. At the time, an inter-ministerial meeting was held, both ministers of finance and that of petroleum at that time were parties to that meeting and at that time, a decision was taken to stay action on the memo because kerosene was very crucial to Nigerians. “Masses of Nigerians deal Continued on pg A4

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Business Courage

Continued from pg A3 with it today. The landed cost is N150 but it was being subsidized at N150 because we cannot effectively move the products around the country because of the damage done to our facilities. “The reason for staying action is because if we remove the Subsidy on kerosene suddenly, obviously the price of kerosene will escalate. It will cause a major problem for the economy and the government. There will be untold hardship for the Nigerian masses. “The GMD at that time wrote two memos to the Finance Minister for clarification despite a presidential directive but no clarification came, hence the subsidy remained. The issue of deduction at source happened because the product landed at N150 and was sold at N50. “There is a N100 gap which must be covered and it is not budgeted for. The NNPC was unable to retrieve the amount. In this case, based on the first line charge in the Appropriation Act, it means that NNPC would have gone under long time ago under the weight of the Subsidy and it would have affected the economy of other countries in West Africa. “The business of kerosene had become a very distracting and messy business in terms of all what is happening and what is being said in the polity. It will be very simple for the NNPC and the Ministry of petroleum to withdraw from the issue of kerosene but there is no marketer that wants to go into the business. “They will come in but it will take time before they take over the distribution but before then the price of kerosene will go up astronomically and we all know that. We have to establish a balance so that the masses of this country do not suffer,” Alison-Madueke said. However, as the matter got to its head last Thursday, with boththe NNPC/Petroleum Ministry and the CBN maintaining divergent viewpoints, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Coordinating Minister and Minister of Finance had to admit before the Senate Committee on Finance investigating the alleged missing fund that indeed, a forensic expert may have to be called in to unravel the mystery. Okonjo-Iweala said going by the controversy that had surrounded the remittance of the subsidy fund, there was the need for external auditors to carry out a forensic auditing of NNPC account on the issue. She said the services of forensic experts were needed to verify data submitted by NNPC which the Petroleum Products Pricing and Regulatory Agency, PPPRA had certified to ascertain whether the claim was true or not as the PPPRA and the ministry of finance alone cannot establish the veracity of the claim. “Our judgment is that a proper examination of these documents requires technical expertise beyond the capacity of the reconciliation team and, therefore, we believe we should have an independent forensic audit, managed independently of these submissions. “We have decided to let the forensic auditors examine the accounts (of the NNPC) and let Nigerians fully know what is going on. “We understand that this kind of forensic audit requires experts who have some knowledge of the petroleum industry because it is very specialized. What the NNPC submitted was a mountain of documents on shipping, loading, when ships arrived and all that. It requires specialized forensic auditors to work on it,” the minister had told the senate committee members. Okonjo-Iweala however, admitted that the nation’s oil account was complex but assured that there was a proper process for accountability. “There is a proper process going in this country and all those writing should know that there is due process in this country. Reconciliation has been going on in the last two years. “The oil account is a very complex business. For example, oil is lifted to pay back what is called “carry arrangement “ in which oil is supplied for loans taken by NNPC in the past and is to be paid back in crude oil to those creditors who gave NNPC those loans. So when you look at it, someone can say there is a missing x number of barrels which should have been accounted for. But it is used in paying for debt owed by the NNPC. “That is why we are asking for forensic audit so that we can have all these things clearly verified. You can’t just look at the balance of payment numbers- you will not get it right. Those are some of the reasons why we said it is a complex issue. Let us get the experts into this and let them give account to Nigerians”. The minister added that “the issue of unremitted funds by NNPC is not new and all attempt to make it look as if the work that should be done in this country to reconcile accounts by the Ministry of Finance is not true. “The finances of the country that come into the budget have been managed very transparently to the point that the budget of the country is so detailed that people can tell how much is spent in the State House to buy forks and knives and be able to criticize. “Even if they don’t like it, they have the information and we should be proud of that as a country. There is no country from my experience of over 60 countries that have the details released by the budget office of this country. “The issue is that where is that money, how is it being accounted for and we have led the process. We asked both the NNPC and the PPPRA to produce their documents and they had produced certified copies for the $10.8bn and we have asked for an independent audit. “A lot of accusations are being made in this country and the BC be satisfied is to have an independent audit,” she emonly way to

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror


A tank farm

Seaport concessionaires raise fresh fears over tank farms By Francis Ezem


ea Port Terminal Operators Association of Nigeria STOAN, umbrella body for all seaport concessionaires operating in Nigeria has added its voice to repeated calls on the Federal Government to ease the traffic congestion in Apapa, which also houses two biggest seaports in the country. Port services users, Apapa residents and other critical stakeholders have over the years criticised the Federal Government for allowing tank farms to be sited within the densely populated and busy area, which has led to several fire explosions leading to loss of lives and property. Chairman of the association, Vicky Hastruup, who spoke with news men in Lagos, observed that with the two biggest and busiest seaports in Nigeria, Lagos Ports Complex and Tin Can Island Port Complex, Apapa is already too busy and congested as a modern business district. According to her, locating tank farms in the area has helped to worsen the situation, with the attendant blockage of the various port access roads, which impacts negatively on port operations, as it also hinders efficiency She said: “Apart from these two major seaports, there are several other businesses located in Apapa and so there are some kinds of businesses that are not supposed to be here for instance the tank farms”. She also regretted that the presence of the tank farms, which also attract hoards of trucks queuing to lift products, has put so much pressure on all the port access roads, which also negatively affect the ability of cargoes to move in

and out of the seaports. “The state of the access roads is one of the biggest challenges faced by the terminal operators. A lot of businesses are in Apapa that are not supposed to be here for instance the tank farms. They are rather too close to the seaports”, she also said. She therefore appealed to the relevant authorities to take urgent action towards addressing the problem in order to relieve the burden on the access roads to the seaports and therefore truly make the ports transshipment centres. Hastruup, who also assessed the states of the seaports about eight years after concession, noted that there has been a lot of improvement in the nation’s port systems both in terms of efficiency, volume of cargo and even turn time of vessels that call at the nation’s seaports. “Eight years ago we saw what it was, how difficult it was to do business in the Nigerian port system. We were even wondering how the Nigerian Ports Authority was releasing cargo without equipment”, she said. She also disclosed that between 2006 and now when the terminal operators took over the handling of cargo at the ports, cargo throughput for all the nation’s eight seaports has grown by over 250 per cent, which she said is remarkable. Hastruup, who doubles as Executive Vice chairman/ CEO of ENL Consortium, the concessionaire in charge of terminals C and D of the Lagos LPC, also said that last year alone, the volume of cargo into the seaports grew by over 13 percent, which she also said was first of its kind in the history of seaports in the country. “The growth in the volume of cargo over the years is a demonstration of the level of efficiency that has returned to the ports because if service delivery at the ports is not high, I know the importers would have ran to ports of neighbouring West African countries”, she

insisted. She also attributed the increase in cargo volumes to the fact that the terminal operators have taken painstaking efforts to develop their terminals, in addition to acquiring state-of -the art plants and equipment, which has boosted efficient service delivery. “We may not be where we want to be for now in terms of efficiency, but tremendous improvements have been made considering where we are coming from”, she said. On the provision of common user facilities such as light and public water, by NPA as contained in the concession agreement, she noted that most of the terminals run more than 90 per cent on generator due to the failure of public power supply. She however exonerated NPA, saying the authority also depends on public power supply, but however regretted that it has not done well in terms of fixing the access roads, which partly contribute to the delay in cargo delivery.

EU sponsors wasteto-wealth project on cassava peels in Nigeria


rof. Lateef Sanni of the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB), has said that the European Union


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was sponsoring a waste-towealth project tagged ``Gratitude Project’’ in Nigeria. Sanni, who is the facilitator of the project in Nigeria, told newsmen in Lagos that the project was essentially aimed at generating gains from waste of roots and tubers. He said that the project sought to use cassava peels, which are usually regarded as waste in Nigeria, as substrate for the production of high quality mushrooms. ``We are seeking to interact with cassava processors and mushroom growers on how to use cassava peels for the production of mushrooms. ``The project is interacting with this group of business people on some of its findings that could be ready for commercialisation,’’ he said. The professor of Food Science and Technology disclosed that the project involved seven countries including Nigeria, which is largest producer of cassava; Ghana, Thailand and Vietnam. He said that the other countries were Netherlands, United Kingdom and Portugal. Sanni said that the project, which started in 2011, was funded by the European Union to the tune of 2.85 million Euros (N598.5 million) with Nigeria’s share being 500,000 Euros (N105 million). He said that the lead research institute in Nigeria for the project was the Federal Institute for Industrial Research, Oshodi (FIIRO). The don said that the project consultants were in the process of surveying and interacting with the interested small and medium scale enterprises. According to him, so far, the survey reveals that at present, few supermarkets show some level of interest in buying mushrooms. He, however, noted that a lot of work still needed to be done to raise awareness about the nutritional benefits and marketability of mushrooms, adding that ``We can help the cassava farmers make more money by turning agricultural waste to wealth. ``We will also be looking into the formation of a formidable mushroom growers association, which will help in market information system, shared learning experiences, exchanged visits and capacity building,’’ Sanni said. Dr Anton Sonnenberg, the group leader, Mushroom Research at the Wageningen University, Netherlands, said that the university was having trials to verify the usefulness of cassava peels in mushroom production. ``The substrate for growing the mushrooms now in Nigeria is mainly saw dust, we want to find out how much saw dust can be replaced with cas-

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

sava peels to yield substantial mushrooms. ``Our trials show that cassava peels and stems, when grinded into small pieces, are quite good as substrates; the new trials we are conducting are to add some additives to the substrates comparable to saw dust for better yield. The mycelium of the mushrooms serve as the seeds for these trials,’’ Sonnenberg said. He said that they were also yet to prove the profitability of the cassava peels. ``The market for mushrooms in Nigeria is small when compared to Ghana; we want to make people more aware of what mushrooms are, they are safe, proteinous and are grown all year round. ``Most common people in Nigeria do not buy mushrooms. In Ghana, they produce about 200,000 tonnes of it yearly. ``Netherlands, which is smaller than Lagos, produces 250,000 tonnes yearly. It is big business in the Netherlands,’’ he said.

DPR cautions petroleum marketers against meter adjustment


he Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR) in Enugu State has warned petroleum marketers against adjusting their dispensing meters, saying that it would not hesitate to punish erring marketers. The DPR Operations Controller in the state, Peter Ijeh, gave the warning on Friday when the Leadership of the Anti-Corruption Awareness Organisation Nigeria (ACAON) paid him a courtesy. Ijeh noted that some marketers especially in the rural areas usually adjusted their dispensing pumps or sold above the government approved pump price to exploit their customers and make more profit. He noted that the department was strengthening its enforcement and inspection activities, to seal the filling sta-

tions of erring marketers. ``Any marketer found wanting will be punished and any petrol station sealed by DPR must correct all observed anomalies as well as renew its operating licence before we can unseal the station,’’ he said. The controller urged members of the anti-corruption organisation to report activities of corrupt marketers to the department for proper action. Earlier, the Enugu State Director of the organisation, Bassey Okon, described the adjustment of meters by some marketers as `fraudulent’. Okon pledged the organisation’s readiness to partner with the department and security agencies to stamp out corruption from the petroleum downstream sector of the economy. Reacting to the development, Chukwudi Ezinwa, the South East Acting Chairman of the Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN), urged customers to report stations that engaged in the exploitation of customers by adjusting their meters to the zonal office. ``There are some people who do that to exploit the end users. We don’t support them. It is not in our character to exploit those that patronise us. ``If any customer finds out that a particular station specialises in doing that, they should contact us, so that we can contact DPR. Most times fuel pumps do over measure and under measure because they are man-made,’’ Ezinwa said.

FMBN refinances N32bn mortgages for FCT workers


he Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) said on Friday that it had refinanced more than N32 billion mortgages for workers to buy houses in Abuja. Gimba Kumo, the Managing Director of the bank, said in Lagos, that the amount was invested to assist workers to buy the non-essential residential Federal Government houses in Abuja.


Kumo said that the houses were financed by MortgageBacked Bonds (MBB). ``The FMBN arranged the MBB as part of its capital market operations, with the support of the Federal Ministry of Finance. ``The amount helped about 13,750 workers in the FCT to buy and own their houses in Abuja. The first series of the MBB was floated in 2006. Then, the second and third series were done in 2012,” he said. The managing director said the bank had embarked on a Ministerial Housing Pilot Project, to deliver affordable houses for Nigerian workers. According to him, this is in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development. He said that the allocation of the houses, when completed, would be targeted at Nigerian workers. Kumo said that so far, 28 states and the FCT were contributing to the National Housing Fund (NHF) scheme. He said that it was necessary for more workers, both in the formal and informal sectors, to join the scheme. According to him, the NHF is working and there is transparency and accountability in its operations. He said that the success of the ministerial housing pilot projects would help the apex mortgage bank to go for another series of MBBs in the capital market.

RMFAC to submit new revenue allocation formula to president soon


A filling station

he Revenue Mobilisation, Allocation and Fiscal Commission (RMAFC) says the new revenue allocation formula will soon be submitted to President Goodluck Jonathan. According to the latest edition of the commission’s quarterly publication, ``Fiscal Monitor’, President Goodluck Jonathan would forward the formula to the National Assembly for consideration. The publication said that the purpose of the review was

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to ensure that revenue accruing to any tier of government was directly proportional its responsibilities. According to the publication, the current revenue allocation formula was reviewed in 1992, necessitating another review, to reflect the changing realities and the yearnings and aspiration of Nigerians. ``The review is long overdue; every formula enforced by an Act of the Constitution is expected to be reviewed every five years.’’ It noted that the need for distributive justice, fairness and equity in the allocation of resources as enshrined in the 1999 constitution guided the review exercise. ``The long awaited draft report on the proposed new revenue allocation formula recently reviewed by the commission has been unanimously adopted by members of the commission. ``It is now ready for submission to Mr President in accordance with the constitutional provision. ``The 1999 constitution empowers the commission to

Elias Mbam, Chairman RMAFC

review from time to time the revenue allocation formula and principles in operation, to ensure conformity with the changing realities. ``It provides that any formula which has been accepted by an Act of the National Assembly shall remain in force for a period of not less than five years from the commencement date. ``The commission had previously embarked on visits to states and local governments in the country for sensitisation, consultations, and public hearings. ``RMAFC also embarked on extensive study of all relevant literature in an effort to make the fiscal report credible, authentic and generally acceptable to Nigerians,’’ the publication stated. It said the aim of the exercise was not necessarily to reduce or increase the revenue allocation of any tier. ``RMAFC position is that revenue accruing to any tier of government should be directly proportional to its responsibilities,’’ it added.

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Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

News Agric ministry, others pledge support for Plateau poultry farmers


he Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the Industrial Training Fund (ITF) and the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) have pledged to support Poultry Association of Nigeria (PAN), Plateau chapter. The organisations pledged support in Jos, at the inauguration of the association’s new office complex at Dadin-Kowa, in Jos South Local Government Area. Daniel Kakwi, the Director, Plateau Green House of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, said that the ministry had empowered 100 poultry farmers under its Growth Enhancement Scheme (GES) in the state. Kakwi, represented by Dr Steven Dowoh, Assistant Director (Vet), said that the farmers were given birds, feeds and drugs at subsidised rates. He assured the PAN that they would continue to get more of such support from the ministry. ``The Federal Government is interested in doing business with associations because individuals have failed government. ``Most times when they (individuals) collect loans, to pay back so that it keeps revolving becomes a problem. But for an association, if one person is not there, the other will and that has encouraged government to do business with them,’’ he said. The director said that forms for the Growth Enhancement Scheme in poultry were available and urged farmers to make use of the opportunity. ``If you are interested, you can pick an expression of interest form from our office for participation in the Growth Enhancement Scheme,’’ he said. Prof. Longmas Wapmuk,

ITF Director General, in his remarks, also said that the ITF would never be tired of supporting the farmers in their quest to improve on their performance and productivity. Wapmuk, who was represented by Edun Ogunbor, the Training Development Officer, Business Training Department, said ``whatever you want in any area, we will be there to give you the necessary support.’’ He commended the officials of PAN for the success so far achieved in leading the farmers and urged them not relent until they reached their desired level. Samuel Oyeyipo, Acting Zonal Controller of NEPC Jos, on his part, said that the council had programmes that could be of benefit to the poultry farmers. Oyeyipo said that there were market opportunities for poultry products in neighbouring countries and the NEPC was willing to assist those that were interested and had the capacity to export their products. ``We will sit down with your executives and carry out a needs assessment of the association to see where we can come in in terms of capacity building, market opportunities, trade promotion and designing of projects for the association. ``We are also interested in assisting physically because as you can see, the office needs furniture and we will try within our capacity to see what we can do to assist in furnishing it,’’ he said. Earlier, Julius Gusan, Plateau PAN Chairman, appreciated all the stakeholders who were supporting the association in achieving its goals. Gusan said that the association acquired the new office complex to serve its members and urged farmers that had not registered with the association to do so.

ANLCA wants FG to pay more attention to maritime sector


Adesina, Agric Minister

layiwola Shittu, the President, Association of Nigerian Licenced Customs Agents (ANLCA), has advised the Federal Government to give more attention to the maritime sector. Shittu told journalists in Lagos that the government should ensure that more facilities to improve revenue gen-


eration were introduced at the ports. He said that the problem of access roads to the Onne port, which was generating billions of naira, should be solved. ``There is the need to enhance the welfare of the goose that lays the golden eggs. There should be efforts to do intervention in the maritime sector like in the aviation,’’ he said. The ANLCA president also said that the Cabotage fund would have been used to improve inland water transportation if it had been disbursed in 2013. He said that the fund would have enabled indigenous shipping companies to key into shipping business while waiting for products to be able to buy ocean going vessels. Shittu appealed to the government to carry stakeholders along in the sector when formulating policies that affected them. “Government’s policy on used vehicles will have adverse effects on the economy if not properly handled. We need to let the government know how many of our members will lose their jobs and how smuggling will increase if nothing is done on the policy,’’ he said. Shittu said that the 90 per cent of the imports of the terminals built for Roll on Roll Out (RORO) was for used vehicles. He said that since the price of imported vehicles had risen by 100 per cent, people would have no choice than to smuggle in vehicles, adding that this would affect revenue generation by the ports.

MASA), Ziakede Akpobolokemi, has said that alternate dispute resolution will enhance the growth of the maritime sector. A statement issued by NIMASA on Friday in Lagos said that Akpobolokemi made the observation during a visit of a delegation of the Maritime Arbitrators Association of Nigeria (MAAN). Akpobolokemi lamented the pace at which maritime disputes were being adjudicated, adding that maritime cases lingered for decades in courts to the detriment of the operators. The director-general assured stakeholders of the agency’s commitment towards providing enabling environment for maritime arbitration to thrive as dispute resolution mechanism. ``For the maritime sector, which is an international industry, arbitration has proven to be an effective tool for dispute resolution. ``We at NIMASA are committed to ensuring that Nigeria embraces this trend to fast track the growth of the Nigerian maritime sector,” Akpobolokemi said. The President of MAAN, Dr Omogbai Omo-Eboh, commended the director-general for his efforts in repositioning the agency in line with its primary role of developing the maritime sector. Omo-Eboh pledged that the association would work closely with the agency to resolve issues relating to the progress of the maritime sector. He said that the Nigerian judicial system had challenges in adjudicating maritime issues. ``In order to continue to maintain the role of Nigeria as the lead maritime nation in Africa, Nigeria needs the arbitrators. Omo-Eboh said it was better to set up an arbitration centre in Nigeria than the current practice of travelling to New York, Singapore and other countries.

NIMASA suggests alternate dispute resolution for maritime industry


he Director General, Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NI-


He described the current practice as a drain on the nation’s foreign exchange resources.


RMRDC pledges to ensure use of local materials in vehicle production


he Raw Materials, Research and Development Council (RMRDC), has said that it would ensure the use of local materials in the manufacture of vehicles in the country. Mayen Mbuk, Director, Cluster Development Department, RMRDC, who made the pledge in Abuja, said this was to encourage the production of local raw materials for manufacture of vehicles and to improve the nation’s economy. She said steel, sand, wood, metal and plastic were some of the materials available in the country for production of vehicles. She held that RMRDC was determined to enforce compliance by manufacturers with the new automotive policy in the country. She stressed that the council had the mandate to ensure standards in the automotive industry, adding that the council would carry out advocacy on the availability and use of the local materials. The director added that as a member of Tariff Board, the council would ensure that issues of tariff and fiscal policy were properly articulated. ``We will advise government accordingly to ensure that the right duties and tariffs are put on the products for local production. ``Also, issues of ensuring that local materials are sourced by manufacturers and the issues of consistency of production will be addressed”, she said. She added that the council would ensure that Memoran-

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dum of Understanding (MOU) to be signed by Nigeria and other countries would make it mandatory that local materials were used by the foreign companies. ``We will ensure that local contents/components are part of MoUs and partnership that Nigeria will go into. ``Without that, we will still have a whole lot of importation of materials because that will kill our local manufacturers and affect the economy adversely. ``We will monitor and articulate clearly to ensure that good quality local materials are used to produce vehicles’’, Mbuk said.

collectively invested into the bank about $500 million because they have confidence in the Nigerian economy and environment. The bank is presently as stable as any super financial institution in the country’’. Prof. Musbau Akanji, the Vice-Chancellor, expressed his appreciation and pledged that the laptops would be put to proper use. He expressed confidence in the bank, adding that the relationship between the university and the bank had been cordial since inception. “Because we know that you are big, strong and reliable we have the confidence to continue to bank with you” he said. Akanji said that only financial institutions which had branches on campus would enjoy the university’s patronage. He called on the banks to open branches on campus to meet the banking needs of the university community.

NAPEP urges stakeholders to fight against poverty Emeka Emuwa, GMD/CEO Union Bank of Nigeria

Union Bank donates 20 laptops to FUT Minna


he Union Bank of Nigeria has donated 20 laptops to Federal University of Technology in Minna to support the institution’s teaching, research and learning programmes. Ibrahim Kwargama, the Executive Director, Commercial and Retail Banking (North and Public Sector) of the bank, made the presentation to the Vice-Chancellor. Kwargama said the gesture was part of the bank’s corporate social responsibility initiatives, adding that support to education was one of the cardinal objectives of the bank. “We believe education is the best thing that can ever happen to any human being; that is why we will continue to support education,” he said. Kwargana said that the visit was also to explore other areas of cooperation and collaboration with the university. He called on the management to have confidence in the bank, saying that the bank had been recapitalised to move with the current trends in the banking industry. “We got investors from different part of the world who

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014


he National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) has urged stakeholders to join in the fight against poverty in the country. Danladi Kobi, the Chief Press Secretary of NAPEP who gave the advice in Abuja, said that the business of poverty eradication was a collective one and urged stakeholders at all levels to join in the fight against poverty. Kobi said that NAPEP had partnered with some African and Asian poverty eradication agencies to share their experiences in the fight against poverty. He added that NAPEP had also partnered with Malaysia, China and South Africa to put in place effective poverty eradication policy and programmes’ implementation. “ The fight against poverty required more of innovation led ideas that will make the use of money secondary to sustainably eradicate it,’’ he said. According to him, the present administration is facing the poverty issue with vigour and purposefulness and is currently re-strategising for optimum performance. He said at micro level, a lot of things are needed to be done to enable average Nigerians witness improved standard of life. According to Kobi, the Conditional; Cash Transfer (CCT)

or simply referred to in Nigeria as In-Care of the people (COPE) is a potent tool in the fight against poverty. ``The scheme is an intervention whereby the most vulnerable groups in the Nigerian society are empowered through provision of conditional grants. This is to make them strong enough to support their schoolage child dependents,’’ he said.

Brent oil steady below $109, as Libya, Angola supply disruptions rage


rent crude held steady below $109 a barrel on Friday as supply disruptions in Libya and Angola balanced downbeat U.S. economic data. Libya’s oil production fell by more than 100,000 barrels per day (bpd) last week, after protesters shut two key pipelines, the country’s state oil company said. Further south, BP declared force majeure at an Angolan oil field which could jeopardise exports of up to 180,000 bpd. Brent crude for April delivery was down one cent at $108.51 a barrel after settling six cents lower. US crude for March delivery also traded one cent lower at $100.34 a barrel after losing two cents in the previous session. An unexpected drop in US retail sales in January combined with a spike in weekly jobless claims raised doubts about the country’s growth, undermining higher global oil demand growth this year. “I don’t buy this demand growth story,” said Yusuke Seta, a commodity sales manager at Newedge in Tokyo. “Many are expecting bigger gains in global oil demand this year, but I am not that optimistic because the United States

Libyan oil workers protesting

and China economies have not recovered yet,” he said. He pointed also to demand concerns in developing countries. Data from the International Energy Agency (IEA) Thursday showed oil inventories in the developed world fell by 1.5 million barrels per day. This was the trend in the last three months of 2013, the steepest quarterly decline since 1999. Inventories have been drained to the lowest level since 2008 due to strongerthan-expected demand, tightening the market and defying predictions of a glut, the IEA said. “I don’t think the optimistic oil demand growth scenario will last until the end of the year,” Seta said, adding he expects a reversal of the fall in global inventory levels. US crude remained above $100 per barrel, looking to stretch its weekly gains to a fifth week. This is its longest winning streak in over a year - after a sustained drain in stockpiles at Cushing, Oklahoma, the delivery point of the contract. Chinese economic data released earlier Friday offered a little more insight on the state of the world’s second biggest economy following recent weak manufacturing and strong trade numbers. Consumer prices rose 2.5 per cent in January from a year earlier, remaining tame, but producer prices fell 1.6 per cent, official data showed, broadly in line with market expectations.

UK agency to sensitise farmers on tractor usage in Nigeria


ropcom Mai-karfi, a UK agency in Nigeria, says it is ready to carry out sensitisa-

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tion programme for stakeholders in the agriculture sector on tractor usage . In a statement signed by the agency’s Intervention Manager, Oluwatosin Ariyo, in Abuja, Ariyo said the purpose of the campaign was to enhance mechanised farming in the country. According to the statement, the sensitisation programme, which will be declared open by Kano State Gov.Rabiu Kwankwaso, will hold from Feb. 17 to Feb.18. Propcom Mai-karfi is an innovative, market-driven programme funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to reduce poverty in Nigeria. The programme works with the private sector, government and businesses to enable rural markets to work better for the poor. According to the statement, Bauchi will take its turn from Feb. 24 to Feb. 25 and Gombe from March 3 to March 4. ``It will be an opportunity for tractor companies and banks to meet with tractor service providers, farmers, commodity associations, and other stakeholders in the agricultural sector. ``The trade show provides a forum to exchange ideas on affordable and flexible funding mechanisms for the tractor industry, access to after-sales services and spare parts and much more. ``The event will bring together stakeholders from the private and public sectors to learn and share best practices and deliberate on market constraints affecting agricultural mechanisation in Nigeria. ``It’s primary focus is creating awareness among smallholders of the value of using tractors on their farms to increase productivity; as well as giving tractor companies a platform to showcase their products. The sensitisation programme will be supported by the Kano, Bauchi and Gombe state governments. It is also supported by the Tractors Owners and Operators Association of Nigeria (TOOAN) and the Tractors Owners and Hiring Facilities Association of Nigeria (TOHFAN).BC

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Global News

Hu Jintao, Chinese President

China’s consumer inflation holds steady at 2.5 per cent


hina’s inflation rate remained subdued in January, despite rising food prices during the New Year celebrations. Consumer prices held steady at 2.5 per cent from a year earlier, which was slightly higher than many economists expected. The National Bureau of Statistics said there was a 3.7 per cent rise in food prices during the month, which included both the Western and Chinese New Years. Meanwhile, factory gate prices fell 1.6 per cent, marking the 23rd consecutive monthly decline. “Inflation is not going to be an issue in China this year,” said ING economist Tim Condon. The latest price figures leave room for the Chinese government to stimulate the economy if growth drops too low. Beijing has been looking to wean the world’s second-largest economy off its dependence on exports and become more consumer-oriented. By keeping price pressures low, the government is able to focus on promised reforms to make the economy more productive and keeping incomes rising.

Euro zone recovery accelerates


he euro zone economy grew more than expected in the last quarter of 2013 thanks to stronger expansion in its biggest countries France and Germany, the first estimate from the European Union’s Statistics Office showed on Friday. The economy of the 17 countries that shared the single currency in the last quarter rose 0.3 percent in the three months to December against the previous three months, after a 0.1 percent rise in the third quarter. Analysts polled by Reuters expected a 0.2 per cent quarterly rise. Compared with the

same period of last year, euro zone gross domestic product rose 0.5 per cent, above market expectations of a 0.4 per cent rise. The first estimate does not provide a detailed breakdown into GDP components, which will only be available on March 5. The 9.5 trillion euro economy contracted 0.4 per cent overall in 2013, Eurostat said. The European Commission expects it will grow 1.1 per cent in 2014. The gradually strengthening recovery still faces downside risks, mainly from turmoil in financial markets, disinflation and the slow pace of implementation of structural reforms. Separately, Eurostat data showed the bloc’s December foreign trade surplus grew to 13.9 billion euros from 9.8 billion euros in the same period last year, driven by a four per cent year-on-year rise in exports, as imports rose only one per cent. Analysts polled by Reuters expected a 15.0 billion euro surplus in December, following a revised 17.0 billion euro surplus in November.

growth in both existing and new markets. “Sharing similar aspirations with Rakuten, our vision is to be the world’s number one communications platform, and our combination with Rakuten is an important step in that direction.” Rakuten has been on a buying spree over the past couple of years - purchasing Europebased video-on-demand company in 2012, the Singaporean online TV and film streaming Viki last year and a stake in the online scrapbook site Pinterest. Viber is particularly big in the Middle East. Its founder, Marco, was the chief information officer of Israel’s Defence Forces and the company’s research and development centre is still based in Israel, although its head office is in Cyprus. Viber competes with other messaging apps such as Whatsapp, WeChat and Line. Ian Maude, internet analyst at Enders Analysis, expects more deals in the sector. “This is a very congested market place, with lots of growth potential,” he said.

African nations race to build sovereign funds

Viber messaging app bought by Japan’s Rakuten



essaging app, Viber has been bought by Rakuten, the owner of online retailer The Japanese company will pay $900m (£540m) for the mobile application, which offers free calls and text messages from a mobile phone. Rakuten, which also owns the Canadian e-reader Kobo, said the purchase would allow it to expand its digital content into emerging markets. Viber, which is based in Cyprus, has 300 million registered users. “This acquisition is a totally new strategy that will take Rakuten to a different level,” said Rakuten’s chief executive Hiroshi Mikitani. Viber’s chief executive and founder, Talmon Marco, said: “This combination presents an amazing opportunity for Viber to enhance our rapid user


the government sharply cut the minimum reserve prices. “The government is happy,” Telecoms Minister Kapil Sibal said after the auction ended on Thursday. “We will see a smile on the face of the finance minister.” Finance Minister P. Chidambaram faces a challenge in meeting India’s budget deficit target for the current financial year. This is due to a shortfall in both tax collection and also income from the sale of stakes in government-owned companies. Bids in the 900 MHz band totalled about 236bn rupees ($3.7bn; £2.2bn) while bids in the 1800 MHz band were about 376bn rupees. Bharti Airtel and Vodafone bought airwaves in the 900 MHz band, worth about $3bn each, that was available in three key cities - Delhi, Mumbai and Calcutta. For both firms, the stakes were relatively high, as they already use the 900 MHz band in these cities and would have seen their rights expire in November unless they were successful in this auction.


India telecoms auction raises $10bn


ndia’s mobile phone firms have bid almost $10bn (£6bn) in a key auction for the country’s second-generation (2G) telecoms licences. The amount far exceeded the government’s target of $1.8bn, and will be used to shrink its budget deficit. The government will get at least $3bn initially as companies have to pay up to a third of the winning price now, with the rest by 2026. The winners included Bharti Airtel, Vodafone and Reliance Industries. The success of this auction is in marked contrast to earlier auctions in November 2012 and March 2013, which both flopped. Then, most bidders stayed away, complaining that the minimum prices for bids were too high. Eight companies had applied to bid in the current auction for the 900 MHz and 1800 MHz band airwaves after

esource-rich African countries are busy setting up sovereign wealth funds, but critics say the funds may not serve the long-term interests of poor countries that still need to invest in basics such as schools and roads. Three oil producers, Angola, Ghana and Nigeria, started funds in the last two years. Before them, only Botswana, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea had such schemes. Other countries are following. Zambia and Liberia announced plans for funds last month. Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Mauritius, Mozambique and Zimbabwe have similar intentions. The funds can serve useful purposes, analysts say. Commodity earnings can be split into one fund for infrastructure and another for savings that can be used as collateral for even bigger amounts. “Africa needs higher savings,” said Razia Khan, the head of Africa research at Standard Chartered Bank. “If it is done properly, the sovereign wealth fund and the accumulation of long-term savings essentially means that countries are improving their creditworthiness and opening up access to bigger sources of financing on more favorable terms. It does not preclude investment in infrastructure.” But critics say Africa could reap more from its resources by investing in education, energy, and transport to feed other


industries, rather than parking the money in liquid but lowyield assets in safe havens, as sovereign funds tend to do. Many successful wealth funds belong to countries with surpluses and rich citizens, which can afford them. That is not the case with many subSaharan African governments struggling to feed or educate their people, said Kwame Owino, the chief executive at the Nairobi-based Institute of Economic Affairs. “It would be a luxury to have. The political will may exist, but the economics of it suggest that a sovereign wealth fund is not a good idea for many sub-Saharan countries,” he said. “In many of these countries as well, transparency is a big problem and the amount of leakage that takes place in public funds is a reason to be concerned.” Liberia is looking at various models of wealth funds, including Norway’s, the world’s most transparent sovereign wealth fund, Finance Minister Amara Konneh said. The West African country also wants to avoid the so-called “Dutch disease”, where a dependence on resource extraction causes other industries to wither. Botswana’s $6.9 billion Pula Fund was the continent’s most transparent on the LinaburgMaduell index, with a rating of six out of 10. Nigeria’s $1 billion kitty had a rating of four in the third quarter of 2013. The country added $550 million to the fund in February. “We have a real governance deficit,” said Aly-Khan Satchu, a Nairobi-based independent analyst. “My concerns are that in a majority of these countries where there is a commodityrelated windfall, it is proven already that in those countries the governance is the poorest of all the African countries.” He cited Nigeria and Angola as example. Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos, who has been in power for more than three decades, appointed his eldest son to run the country’s $5 billion fund in 2013. That undermined confidence in how it will be managed, given the country’s reputation for squandering or siphoning off petrol dollars. BC

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His early life was not entirely different from that of many young persons who set out early in life without a clear idea of what they wanted to be. He first went into aviation, where he tried his hands as a trainee pilot. But two years after, he retraced his steps and opted to read insurance and management. Today, that career detour has made more than meanings in the life of Dr. Sunny Iwedidike Odogwu, the Ide Ahaba of Asaba and patriarch of the Odogwu business empire By Adejuwon Osunnuyi



n the past five decades or so, Dr. Iwedidike Odogwu, the patriarch of the Odogwu business empire, has build a strong and viable business conglomerate spanning finance, hospitality, oil and gas, telecommunications, shipping, construction, publishing and manufacturing. Born on March 20, 1931 in Calabar, Cross River State, Dr. Odogwu, founder and chairman of the Odogwu group of companies is a man of many parts. Courageous, dogged, industrious and intelligent, Odogwu’s business interests cut across almost all sectors of the economy, ranging from telecommunication, construction, hospitality, shipping, financial services. The Ide-Ahaba as Dr. Odogwu is called attended St. Peters School, Broad Street, Lagos in 1939 for his elementary school and proceeded to C.M.S Grammar School, Lagos where he spent only three years before moving to Ilesha Grammar School, where he completed his secondary school education in 1946. After leaving Ilesha, the young Odogwu moved to the United Kingdom, where he studied insurance for one year at the London Insurance Institute in 1954. In 1955, he proceeded to the City College, London to pursue a career in management. Between 1947 and 1948, Odogwu enrolled as a trainee pilot with the then Nigerian Airways but his career path had a detour away from aviation back to insurance when he joined Norwich Union in Lagos as a trainee insurance inspector and manager. He left Norwich Union in 1952 to set up his own business, Dyson Continued on pg A10

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Courageous, dogged, industrious and intelligent, Odogwu’s business interests cut across almost all sectors of the economy, ranging from telecommunication, construction, hospitality, shipping, financial services

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& Diket, an insurance brokers, which was the first of an entrepreneurial endeavour that has today, grown into a globally renowned conglomerate. However, the young Odogwu’s first effort at owning a business did not succeed like he had expected, the situation that forced him to seek better fortune elsewhere. In late 1953, left Nigeria for the United Kingdom in search of greener pastures and before long, he was engaged by Pearl Assurance as insurance inspector and late with CT Bowring as a manager, all affiliated to with Swiss General Insurance Co in Zurich. Odogwu returned toNigeria in 1958 as the first indigenous African Director of C.T Bowring and Company Limited. In 1966, when Odogwu resigned his appointment with Bowring and Comp a ny,

to start his own company, African Underwriters Limited, which later became United African Insurance Brokers (UAIB), the first indigenous Insurance Brokerage Company, many had thought he threw away a very promising future. Today, however, the decision has not only paid off, it has also brought out, in no small measure, the entrepreneurial spirit in the then young Odogwu that was then desperately yawning for expression. UAIB was set up initially as a Lloyd’s company in 1974 in conjunction with Willis Faber & Dumas Limited, London. The vision was to create capacities for African markets to meet the need in the African insurance market for truly professional insurance broking services based on international best practices. In order to improve proximity to the market, it registered and moved to Nigeria in 1992 and wound up its Lloyd registration in 1996 and ever since its operation has grown. The company currently serves insurers in 11 African countries. In 1962, SIO Properties Limited was incorporated to take maximum advantage of the opportunities in the real estate investment and has since then, evolved as one the largest property and estate development companies in Africa. Over the years, it has grown to be a leading provider of property development and management services, for both residential and commercial properties in Africa, Europe

and the United States. The SIO Properties previously owned Radisson Plaza, Manhattan Beach, LA, USA, previously owned and managed No. 1, Times Square, New York, New York, developed, owns and manages Grand Hotel, Resort and Convention Centre, Asaba, Delta State as well as the Le Méridien Grand Towers still under construction. The Grand Hotel, Resort and Convention Centre, Asaba, Delta State is a five-star hotel that offers first class accommodation, conference centre and sporting facilities. Situated on River Niger and provides exciting views of the commercial city of Onitsha, Anambra State and the Niger Bridge, the hotel offers world class services. It is managed by a seasoned manager, with a 15-year management and technical agreement with Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide Inc. (“Starwood”), a leading hotel management company with a portfolio of 897 hotels with approximately 275,000 rooms across 100 countries under management. The Le Meridien Grand Towers is a twin-five star hotel is a project, which sources close to the Odogwus’ say was driven with an aspiration to create twin towers of 15 storeys high landmark hotel and residential tower in Lagos, Nigeria, as an icon in the skyline of the bay. Located on Ikoyi Crescent, a fulcrum of the Ikoyi peninsula in Lagos, when completed, the five-star hotel is expected to provide the most luxurious accommodation combined with a modern architectural expression with more classical formal elements and layouts. Although the two towers are similar in their architectural style, they have different facades, each adapted to the functions they house. The two towers are sitting on the podium. The podium houses all the entrances, receptions, function halls, support services and amenities necessary for this top class complex. Both have three regiments: a base, a middle portion of the tower, and a top. Odogwu’s Le Meridien Grand Towers is designed to have 271 suites made up of five different suite size categories: the King Suite, the Twin Suite, the Suite, the Diplomatic Suite and Visitors’ rooms (attached to other suites). Added to these, there will be 46 smaller rooms that form part of the four suites located at the end of the two west wings of the hotel. The construction which started in early 2008 is projected at a cost of $337 million, to which sources say SIO Properties has already invested $77 million, with Nairda (MEP contractor) providing vendor financing of $35 million and the remaining $100 million expected to be raised through equity

funding from investors. In 1994, SIOtel, the telecommunications arm of the Odogwu conglomerate was established to originally to provide GSM services. The company was granted a provisional license for GSM by the Federal Government. In 2006, it went further by getting the Unified Access License to operate all types of telecom activity (including broadband and GSM) in any part of Nigeria. Unfortunately, the company neither engage in GSM services nor in CDMA but the company is into Vsat and internet services. Another terrain where Odogwu has plied his business is the oil and gas sector through the Africoil Limited established in the early ‘70s, and was the first company to do roll-on-roll-off shipping of crude oil products in Nigeria. It has an oil concession as well as license to explore for crude oil. Africoil was responsible for the construction of most of the pipelines for transporting crude oil to different parts of the country. The Africoil and Marketing Company limited started by lifting crude oil and fuel from Africa and Saudi-Arabia and marketing them in the United States and Europe. The Odugwu’s entrepreneurial engagement is also into manufacturing, in which it reportedly has four large manufacturing concerns in Nigeria, one of which is primarily export oriented. SIO Industries Limited manufactures agricultural polypropylene sacks, multifilament bag manufacturing, ropes, twins and threads and is believed to be the second largest industry of its kind in Africa. Another manufacturing concern is SODIK Industries, which manufactures low and medium voltage electrical systems for the Power Holding Company of Nigeria and other private and public power establishments. The group also has a commodities trading arm which is based in London and operates under Kemekod Exports (UK) Limited. It buys and exports local commodities and minerals to various parts of the world. However, of all his vast business interests, the one that directly flow from his professional training is in the financial services sector, particularly in the insurance subsector. Through a carefully conceived special purposes vehicle, Spennymore, Odogwu owns controlling stake in some insurance companies in Nigeria and other parts of West Africa. The group is also one of the largest nongovernmental share holders in African Export Bank with its headquarters in Egypt. Through Spennymore, Odogwu outwitted the docile and the uninspiring management of the old Royal Exchange in the early 90s to acquire majority shareholding in the first insurance

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Monday, February 17, 2014

company as at the time the foreign owners divested. Besides Royal Exchange, Odogwu also acquired 60 percent equity in the defunct Lion of Africa Insurance and owned African Prudential Insurance 100 percent. Today, after the insurance industry consolidation exercise which led to mergers and acquisition of most of the insurance companies now own 39.12 percent equity in REAN Plc, which is now a product of mergers and acquisition exercise of 2007. Royal Exchange had in 2007 merged with African Prudential Insurance Company Limited, owned by Odogwu who initially controls 40 percent equity in the old REAN and Phoenix of Nigeria Assurance Company Plc. However, while REAN and African Prudential were able to evolve a working arrangement that has today brought about a significantly stronger Royal Exchange, the other insurance company owned significantly by the Odogwu’s could not survive the tide. Another of the Odogwu’s footprint in the insurance sub sector, which has remained enduring thus far, is the United African Insurance Brokers Limited. It prides itself as a first class fully African reinsurance broking company, providing services on treaty and facultative basis for all classes of businesses and also specialized services for energy, marine, aviation, and other specialized lines of insurance business. It claims that its prompt and efficient claims management services, consultancy and support services in risk management, establishment and management of specialized insurance pools, reinsurance portfolio management and full range of educational training have all made it a darling of most of its clients. Established initially as a Lloyd’s company in conjunction with Willis Faber & Dumas Limited, London in 1974, UAIB’s vision was to create capacities for African markets to meet the need in the African insurance market for truly professional insurance broking services based on international best practices. In order to improve proximity to the market, it registered and moved to Nigeria in 1992 and wound up its Lloyd registration in 1996 and ever since its operation has grown. The Company currently serves insurers in 11 African Countries. Having inhouse team of expert account handlers and technical staff supported by specialist outside consultant/international brokers, it has been providing back up services for purposes of providing services in some very specialized areas of Insurance/ Reinsurance. Dr. Odogwu also owns Perfecta Investment Trust Limited, a stock broking, bureau de


change, investment and portfolio management as well as finance company, through which most of the group’s investment tradings, particularly on quoted equities were done. Perfecta, which was suspended by The Nigerian Stock Exchange in August 2008 for trading with expired registration had its licence returned but is believed to be one of the most inactive dealing members of the Exchange. The octogenarian also has

his footprint in the media business with the establishment of The Post Publishing Company Limited, publishers of The Post Express Newspapers in the late 90s. The publishing firm, believed to be currently undergoing major restructuring, was at the time, the exclusive carrier of the New York Times syndicate in Nigeria. Though The Post Express went under several years ago, the company, The Post Pub-

Through Spennymore, Odogwu outwitted the docile and the uninspiring management of the old Royal Exchange in the early 90s to acquire majority shareholding in the first insurance company as at the time the foreign owners divested

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lishing Company limited, still operates a modern four-colour press for high-quality printing and other commercial services. Odogwu is the founder of the Nigerian-Southern African Economic Development Consortium, a group whose goal is the improvement of economic conditions in Africa. A renowned philanthropist, Odogwu belongs to several national, international, professional and business organizations and has deployed his expertise in top-level management to nurture many successful economic and socioeconomic initiatives within the private and public sectors. Odogwu, who was awarded the best African businessman by the World Bank in 1999, is a Fellow of the Chattered Insurance Institute of Brokers (F.C.I.B), London, Fellow of the Corporate Insurance Practitioners (F.C.I.P), London. In 2004, he was awarded the national honour of the Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (CFR) in recognition of his contributions to the business growth of the country by the Federal Government. In 1990, Dr. Odogwu was named the Largest African property owner in the USA by the Wall Street Journal and in 2005; Ide-Ahaba was listed in a South-African property magazine as one of the biggest property owners in South Africa. In 1992, Dr. Odogwu was named the Entrepreneur of the Year by the Enugu Chambers of Commerce, Industries Mine and Agriculture, he won the Zik Leadership Award in Business in 1997 and in 1998, and he was conferred with the World Bank Group-IMF African Club Prize in Business Leadership. He is the Chairman of Odogwu Group of Companies and of SIO Properties formed since 1976, he was Director of Sanyo (Nigeria) and National Fertiliser Co of Nigeria Ltd between 1984 and 1985. He founded the Argro - Allied Sack Factory, Asaba in 1988. At 81, Dr. Odogwu no longer oversees his sprawling business empire but he remains on the board of almost all of them as chairman. However, of his nine children, the most visible, in terms of the management of his business interests is Kenneth Ezewani Odogwu, who is the Group Chief Executive Officer, Odogwu Group. He is also the Chairman of Royal Exchange Assurance Plc. A legal practitioner by training, Ken first served as head of Legal Department of Perfecta Investment Limited, a stock broking firm and was the last Chairman of the defunct IMB Plc before it became FinBank and was also the chief Executive of Siotel. He joined the board of Royal Exchange in September 1997 and became board chairman in July 2007. BC

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Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

ThebuddingEntrepreneurs His mission is to set up showrooms across the country to change the mind set of Nigerians and awaken the spirit of patriotism through the patronage of made-in–Nigerian suitcases and travelling bags. Today, Sunny Assenyi’s mission is gradually being fulfilled through CEE-BELIEVE Ventures, his entrepreneurial endeavour, through which he markets high quality bags and suitcases that are proudly made in Nigeria, the only country with global standards for the industry in the whole of Africa By Emmanuel Ogbonnaya


unny Assenyi, the CEO of CEE-BELIEVE Ventures, is a brand advocate of sort who preaches the gospel of seeing and believing in anything made-in-Nigeria. He started out as an employee through various sectors shoring up experiences that has helped him realise his dream of creating and promoting value through trade. Through a burning desire to take on new challenges, add value to trade and divine providence which guided his working career, Assenyi, today strikes the picture of a fulfilled man who is living his dream, thanks to his special distribution model, CEE-BELIEVE VENTURES that has become the official face for high quality made- in -Nigeria suitcases and bags. “Having worked in the bags and cases manufacturing sector for eight years before setting up Cee-Believe, I realised that the impressive improvements by indigenous manufacturers of suitcases and bags with SON’s NIS quality certification were not being properly appreciated by Nigerian traders and consumers,” he said while explaining his motive behind his venture. He revealed that whereas, traders from neighbouring countries are buying these same products and selling them with pride, bearing made-in-Nigeria labels, the common practice among Nigerian traders is to buy these products and then replace their made-in-Nigeria labels with made-in-Japan or made-in-Italy labels before selling them to consumers. Assenyi’s entrepreneurial passion, he told Business Courage, was honed during his working career across all sectors, with particular emphasis on Unilever, where he discovered his passion for trading. ”I had always loved trading but not just the normal trading but special trading in the sense that I had always wanted a type of trade that I would be adding value to, unlike when people just go to buy some certain things and start selling them the way they bought them without making any effort to add value.“

He recounts that one of such opportunities came by way of a brief stint as a relief personal assistant to a renowned business icon, the late Chief Rufus Giwa, the then managing director, Lever Brothers Plc (now Unilever). Assenyi was seconded to Giwa’s office when the substantive personal assistant was away on leave. Being a staff in the computer department at the time, he recalls certain personal traits that earned him the recommendation: “For you to get employed to work in the computer department, you must be, a go-getter, competent and meticulous with an eye for details and Chief Giwa must have seen all that in me.” “The late Giwa was really very intelligent and businesslike, he doesn’t play with his time and he dedicated much time and energy in planning before embarking on any business venture in order not to fail and I really cherished that as I was a first hand witness of all the positive outcomes and I imbibed that attitude from him,” he recalls. As it turned out, that trait became a major turning point in his mentality as he became exposed to the real intrigues of business from a mogul’s perspective. “When I finished my relief duties and went back to the computer department, I discovered that I could now easily surmount the challenges of the department because of the way of doing things which I had imbibed from the MD and it also made me to realize that I had somehow outgrown the challenges having being exposed to the real intrigues behind the company’s business operations and management network.”. He said that when it came to the notice of management that he had other qualities that could be effectively tapped beyond his normal duties, he was moved to the training department to run computer appreciation courses for middle managers and officers. The astonishing and remarkable thing about Assenyi is that he was not even a certified computer literate person but somehow, he knew so much about the computer. Having started out as an employee in the computer library

section, he did not trifle with the opportunity as he used it propitiously to study the manuals on computer appreciation and before long, he became so acquainted with the contents of materials in the library to the point where the professionals in the computer department found his knowledge invaluable and relied on him to know where to find solutions for troubleshooting in the section. And so he gained proficiency by his pragmatic virtue and his desire to improve himself and add value to the organisation. “Back then in the late ‘80s, working with computers were very daunting because there were no automated programmes as you would find today. You had to write and execute programmes yourself and it must be done to perfection otherwise, your job will be at stake,” he recollects. With the basic knowledge, Assenyi later did a computer correspondent course with IBM and received an award for intro-


ducing a new aspect into their word processing manual. Armed with that experience, he picked up another job as the Personal Assistant to the managing director of a mortgage bank, the defunct New Era Mortgage bank where again he would not be confined to a particular role, as he assisted the operations manager in solving computer related issues. His passion for trading ac-

cording to him had been stoked at the Lagos and Niger shipping agency, owners of Goldstar Line, an Israeli company that were into the importation of fish, rice and salt during the era of essential commodities in the country. “Being privileged to work with the top management, I was able to see some of the prices of what they were bringing in and how much they were selling them and the profit margin was

Management Principles

How to prepare for an M&A transaction By Richard Harroch


dvance preparation is key to a successful Merger & Acquisition (M&A) transaction for a seller. M&A transactions can be time consuming and stressful for a company and its management team. The following are some important things a company can do to maximize the likelihood of a successful sale, in connection with the sale of a privately held company. Non-Disclosure Agreement: The selling company should insist that an appropriate Non-Disclosure Agreement (“NDA”) is fully signed early on in any talks with a potential acquirer. The NDA should also attempt to incorporate an employee non-solicitation provision. Investment Bankers: The company should consider hiring an investment banker to assist it in the process. Investment bankers can be useful for finding prospective buyers and acting as an intermediary in negotiations. Follow these four tips: *Make sure the banker has given you a list of who they think the likely buyers could be, with annotations concerning their relationships with those potential buyers. *Carefully scrutinize and negotiate their “standard” form of engagement letter (most are unreasonably favorable to the banker and can be negotiated). Lawyers: It is imperative that knowledgeable, experienced M&A counsel be hired for the selling company. The lawyer hired should be a full-time M&A lawyer. The company’s existing counsel may not be appropriate for the M&A transaction. The Negotiation Process: It is usually best that the CEO not negotiate the M&A terms, due to the inherent conflict of interest issues. Any negotiations should typically be undertaken by an M&A Committee of the Board. Ideally, the process will be run as an auction to heighten the likelihood of better terms and price. From the seller’s perspective, it is desirable for the first draft of the merger agreement to be drafted by the seller’s counsel (although many buyers will insist otherwise). Letter of Intent: A buyer will typically want to “lock up” a deal via a letter of intent with an exclusivity period of 30–60 days. These are usually not in the best interests of the seller, unless very detailed terms (price, escrow, scope of representations and warranties, indemnification provisions, etc.) are set forth in the letter of intent and the exclusivity period is short.

National Mirror

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

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Assenyi (left) with the SON Team in China

so much that I said to myself that one day, I would also want to be in business because I saw what they were getting from just one consignment,” he said. Even in the mortgage bank, his flair for creating value saw him interacting with customers in the bank identifying their needs despite not being in the marketing department and when later the bank issued a policy permitting every other officer of the bank to earn commissions from bringing in customers, he engaged in it and even though he was doing it on part-time basis (after working hours and during weekends) it netted him enough money to buy a car. He exited the banking sector still in his pursuit for establishing his own business and also to add value to the society. He worked at Jaidab Nigeria Ltd, importers of locksets and his experience in the bank helped him in negotiating better banking rates for the company. After that, he worked at a plastics manufacturing company before finally moving to J. Jumac Nigeria Ltd, a foremost manufacturer of suitcases and bags which happens to be the last place he worked as an employee before he eventually set

out to launch his dream of entrepreneurship. At Jumac, Assenyi was initially assisting the chief executive in his oversight functions but as usual, his ability and gift to bring more value to any organization where he works soon got him being assigned and trusted with other portfolios to oversee besides his primary responsibility, this time he was drafted into the marketing team. At the time he joined the company, the company was only into importation and when the company opened its first production line in 2005, he was also drafted to oversee production when the initial factory manager seemed overwhelmed by the demands of running the factory. Assenyi reveals that his secret in carrying out any function assigned to him successfully was based on his disposition towards challenges. “Whatever I am given to do, I do it happily because one thing with me is that, whatever I am doing, even if the pay is not up to what I should receive, I believe that God is seeing my contribution and that he will surely reward me one day.” While at Jumac, he was privileged to be selected as the only per-

Company Preparedness: A selling company is not typically prepared internally to engage in a smooth M&A transaction. The common issues seen are as follows. *Companies often have incomplete files with contracts, corporate records, stock options information, minutes, etc. A buyer will insist on seeing all minutes, resolutions, important contracts, and much more, and the company must be prepared to deliver that quickly and efficiently. *To the extent that key contracts or leases may require consents for a change of control transaction, those consents should be identified early, and a plan should be put in place to obtain those consents. *The acquirer will also spend a great deal of time and due diligence on the company’s projections, and those projections must be reasonable and defensible with realistic assumptions. Employee Issues: M&A transactions will typically include a number of employee issues. The type of employee issues that frequently arise are the following: *What is the acquirer’s plan for retention and motivation of the company’s employees? *How will the company’s stock options be dealt with? (Ideally, from the seller’s perspective, the acquirer will assume the options and only the vested options will be counted towards the purchase price.) *Are any options to be accelerated? Is there a single trigger or double trigger issue in any options? The option plan must be carefully reviewed to anticipate any problems. * Does the company need to establish a “carve out” of some kind to pay employees at the closing, or a change in control bonus payment to motivate management to sell the company? *How do the investors make sure that the buyer’s incentive arrangements to the management team do not adversely affect the price to shareholders? *If the CEO is not going to be continuing with the acquirer, how does the Board make sure that he or she will not sabotage the process? Keeping the Eye on the Ball The M&A process can be a hugely distracting process for a company and its employees. It is imperative that the management team keeps its eye on the ball and not let the company deteriorate, as it will jeopardize the transaction and put the company in a difficult situation. A buyer will closely monitor the financial performance of the company during the period of due diligence review and compare it with the company’s projections. BC

son from the organised private sector to accompany a work group from the Standards Organisation of Nigeria (SON) to China on an expedition to put finishing touches to the formulation of guiding standards under the NIS for all suitcases and bags to be produced in the country to meet global requirements. He disclosed that prior to going to China SON has gone to different countries in Africa like Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania to study their standards for suitcases and bags only to discover that there was no existing quality standards in any African country. “The standards for manufacturing suitcases and bags that we have come up with now are the only standards available for manufacturing suitcases and bags in the whole of Africa.” “Today, as I speak to you, I not only know how to test for quality in suitcases and bags but also how to operate the testing machines and that was the essence of the training we had in China and once in a while, I join the SON staff to carry out quality testing in some factories in the country,” he disclosed. Today, proudly selling and distributing made in Nigeria bags and suitcases has besides the huge financial potential that Assenyi is tapping from has also given him that sense of belonging and patriotism because according to him, made-in -Nigeria bags are fast selling products in trade expos across the continent, a factor which he said has boosted the export potential of the commodity. The only downside surprisingly is that, the same level of patriotism is not being exhibited by majority of Nigerians with tastes for imported products from Europe. Ironically, Assenyi disclosed that because of the ban on importation of the commodity, clever marketers replace made in Nigeria logos with made in Italy or France logos and the same Nigerians who refuse to patronise anything made in Nigeria end up purchasing them happily though unknowingly. Assenyi, plans to open another outlet soon in Uyo, Akwa-Ibom and eventually it is his dream that CEE-BELIEVE outlets will be in all the six geo-political zones in the country. Today, he is successfully bridging a gap between high quality, manufactured made in Nigeria bags and suitcases on the one hand and patriotic Nigerians who are wary of proliferated substandard products. Assenyi revealed that during the course of rendering this patriotic service to Nigerians he has dealt with about two cases of defective parts which he said is common in all manufacturing processes. “I want people to have confidence in what is Nigerian and what I am selling today is different from what is obtainable in the open market. I set out to create a niche that is why I market only made in Nigeria and it has so much value to offer and actually, it may not be cheap but I guarantee quality and satisfaction for customers,” he said. BC

Personal Finance Fatal business planning mistakes


usiness plan novices often don’t recognize critical errors that can turn off potential investors. To make sure your business plan is taken seriously, be sure to avoid these five fatal mistakes. Unfortunately, inexperienced entrepreneurs often send business plans to potential investors before their plan is fully baked. Sharing a plan with obvious errors is one thing, but investors are also alert for common problems that serve as red flags. Make sure your plan avoids these issues:

Unrealistic financial projections Investors expect to see a business plan that paints a realistic financial picture of anticipated company growth. If your plan is overly aggressive and not consistent with growth in the industry, it may not get taken seriously. You need to be prepared to explain and defend all of the important assumptions concerning your financial projections. Not having a defined target audience No business will appeal to everyone. Your plan must define your market and present a clear picture of your potential customers -- why will they purchase your product or service over another? Over-hype Too much hype and the overuse of superlatives can be the downfall of an otherwise attractive business plan. Wow them with the business idea, not hype or buzzwords. Poor research In an effort to get a business plan together quickly, some business owners do not take the time to double-check and substantiate their claims. Make sure your research is accurate, up-to-date, and verifiable. No focus on your competition Some business plans claim the business has no competitors, while others indicate only what the competition has done wrong. Investors reading a business plan want to see who the competition is and how you plan to compete with them. Don’t ignore competitors or paint an overly rosy picture -- it only shows investors that you haven’t thoroughly researched your market. If your idea is brand-new and you truly do not have competition today, if your business becomes successful, you will tomorrow. These five biggies are not the only common business plan errors. Others include dry writing, inconsistencies from section to section, and plans that are too long. It’s important to take time to carefully review each section of your business plan and root out as many problems as you can. When you think it’s perfect, have several other sets of eyes scrutinize it before you share it with investors. Business Takeaways: *Make sure your financial projections and assessments of your competition and customers are accurate and realistic. If you’re not completely comfortable with your information, do more research to get it right. *Define your target audience: You can’t expect your business to appeal to everyone. *Polish your final plan by making it succinct, well organized, and well written. BC

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Business Courage

Following the threat by the Minister of Communication Technology, Omobola Johnson, to stop the sale of new Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) cards over poor quality of service, telecoms operators, are insisting that government at all levels, rather than the operators should be held responsible for the dismal telecommunication services in the country

By Adejuwon Osunnuyi


n the past few years, while the debacle of poor quality of service in Nigeria in the area of drop calls, poor voice quality, undelivered text messages amidst others have continued to undermine the hugely successful telecommunications sector, the question that had remained unanswered has been “who do we blame for poor quality of service?” Unfortunately, however, rather than get the issue properly addressed, both the operators and regulators have consistently played the blame game. Last week, the issue resurfaced again, when the Minister of Communication Technology, Omobola Johnson threatening to sanction the telecos by banning them from further selling of new Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) cards. According to her, the move is to force network operators to lay greater investment in network quality by putting the brakes on soaring customer numbers. Johnson, who disclosed this at the Renaissance Capital Investment Conference in Lagos, said, “We’re not satisfied at all. Fines are just a slap on the

wrist. We need to change behaviour.” Over the few years, the Nigerian Communication Commission, NCC had repeatedly imposed fines on telecommunications companies for failing to meet Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and improve connections in the country. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) are global standards set by the NCC, to measure the performance of telecom operating companies in the area of service quality. The regulator had imposed a fine of N360 million each on MTN Nigeria Communications Limited and Etisalat Nigeria, while Airtel Nigeria and Globacom were fined N270 million N180 million respectively in May, 2012 for failing to meet the set KPIs. The indicators on which the operators were measured were Call Set-up Success Rate (CSSR), Call Completion Rate (CCR), Stand-alone Dedicated Controlled Channel Congestion (SDCCC), Hand-over Success Rate (HSR) and Traffic Channel Congestion (TCC). Call Setup Success Rate denotes the fraction of the attempts to make a call which result in a connection to the called number. For a number of reasons, all call attempts do not always result in a connection. CSSR therefore measures the success rate against the attempts. On CSSR, NCC had set a minimum target of 98 per cent and in the test, MTN scored 97.07 per cent in March and 96.42 per cent in the following month. Airtel scored 97.39 per cent in March and 97.48 per cent April. Etisalat scored 94.38 per cent in March and 96.88 per cent in April. Globacom, on the other hand, scored 98.33 per cent and 98.02 per cent. Though Globacom would have met the minimum requirement but the regulatory agency said the figures for the company were not reliable because of network upgrade activities. NCC had said in its report that “The Glo Quality of Service recorded values for March 2012 and April 2012 do not

Monday, February 17, 2014


reflect actual Glo network performance within the periods under review and are therefore not acceptable as they are misleading. “However, the values are displayed for reference and record purposes pending the conclusion of ongoing QoS data integrity investigation of Glo network.” Call Completion Rate denotes the total number of successfully completed inbound or outbound calls versus the total number of calls that were placed or received. On this parameter, NCC set a minimum of 96 per cent. MTN scored 95.78 per cent in March and 95.20 in April; Airtel, 96.56 in March and 96.59 per cent in April; while Etisalat, 93.05 per cent in March and 95.81 per cent in April. While Call Drop Rate refers to the fraction of the calls which were cut off before any of the speaking parties terminated the call, on this, NCC set a maximum of two per cent. The lower the rate of dropped calls the better and higher the operator is rated. On CDR, MTN scored 1.33 per cent and 1.41 per cent in March and April respectively. Airtel recorded 0.86 per cent and 0.92 per cent in March and April respectively while Etisalat recorded 0.86 per cent and 1.22 per cent in March and April respectively. As expected, the imposition of the fine on the mobile operators for failing to meet with the KPIs caused a significant stir in

National Mirror


the industry. While the operators had raised issues with environmental challenges that had made it difficult for them to meet up with the KPIs, some subscriber activists argued that the fines imposed was apt but that they should be paid to them as compensation for the poor services. The mobile operators had considered going to court to stop the regulatory agency, following fears that the fine could become a regular feature should they fail to meet the prescribed standard which they claim are too high, given the environmental inhibitions and other challenges they face daily in the course of their business. Executive vice chairman, NCC, Dr. Eugene Juwah had sounded it out then that more fines were coming for operators that overload their capacity and thereby degrade their networks. “Some of them may have decided that because of their own plan, they will continue to increase their subscriber base. By this, they are ready to pay fine that they incur from quality of service infraction. They will also be making investment until the investment will catch up with the needed capacity. “Come January, we will tighten the KPIs that we have now according to the agreement we have with them. Any one that has decided to continue loading their network without minding the quality of service will continue to pay heavy penalties. Those that have decided

to restrict their subscriber base to their capacity will not pay. It is a business decision that rest squarely on operators,” Juwa had said. However, reacting to the ban on new sale of SIM card threat, telecoms operators in the country have said that negligence by the government is part of the problems in the sector. According to them, there have been continued environmental challenges militating against their businesses, which only the government could put an end to. They maintained that they were giving their best as far as service quality to customers was concerned and could not be pushed to do the impossible, given the peculiarities of the Nigerian market. According to the General Manager, Corporate Affairs, Corporate Service Division, MTN Nigeria, Funmilayo Onajide, no operator would deliberately set out to deliver poor quality services, noting that it was for this reason that huge amount of efforts and resources were being deployed to improve service quality so that customers could receive the services they deserved. “The environmental factors that impede consistent quality remain and they impact the telecommunications industry and, indeed, other businesses operating in Nigeria. These issues need to be addressed by the government for a conducive operating environment,” Onajide said. To Chineze Amanfo, Com-

National Mirror

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014


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with Esther Ozue ( 08059234648 (sms only)

Dealing with negative online comments


Michael Ikpoki, MTN Nigeria CEO

munications Manager, Etisalat Nigeria, “At Etisalat Nigeria, we take customer experience very seriously and have worked assiduously over the last 18 months to ensure that we not only meet but surpass set QoS measures. “We realise that there are challenges that make this difficult in certain parts of the country where access or damage to telecoms facilities remain a challenge, but we are constantly investing in the network to improve overall experience for customers.” While many might be of the opinion that operators have not been paying serious attention to the issue of being fined as they could easily pay the fines usually imposed by the industry regulator, the NCC boss is of the opinion that contrary to expectations, fines have not been easy for operators to pay. “Don’t think that they pay fines so easily. The last time we sanctioned them, they paid about $2.5 million each, and they are forced to publish it in their annual reports. For some of them that are listed in stock exchanges like Johannesburg; it affects them more seriously than people think,” he said. At a joint press conference addressed by Omobola Johnson; Director-General, Consumer Protection Council, Dupe Atoki; and Juwah, the CPC helmsman had emphasised the capacity of the council to make rules in the interest and protection of consumers, noting that “while the NCC can

Matthew Willsher, Etisalat CEO

impose fines on an offending operator, the CPC can, in addition, commit such recalcitrant offender to jail term for contravening any consumer protection enactment. “Under the Consumer Protection Council Act, the CPC has the power to sanction, prosecute and compel any product or service provider to answer a lawful inquiry or disobedience which is criminalised.” However, Johnson had regretted that despite the fact that her ministry had been working hard to provide an enabling environment for the deployment of ICT infrastructure, poor quality of service had remained a recurring decimal in the industry. She expressed concern saying, “that poor quality issues still abound. I am inundated with complaints about quality of service and the seemingly uncaring attitude of our telecoms operators to resolve these issues on a regular basis. We will continue, through the industry regulator, to apply sanctions when operators fail to meet the required standards in terms of service quality breaches. “However, consumers cannot continue to bear the burden of poor service delivery. Though we are mindful that the operators are facing issues in deploying or maintaining infrastructure, we believe that the operators can do better in delivering acceptable quality of service, which they are clearly not doing now.” Johnson also emphasised

ongoing efforts by government and its agencies to address the challenges of operators which she hoped should result in better quality of service. She said, “At a meeting behind closed doors with Governor Babatunde Fashola, the ministry facilitated a landmark agreement to remove constraints to the installation, rollout and deployment of base stations and fibre optic cables in the state. “The Lagos State Government at the meeting agreed to reduce taxes and levies by over 40 per cent and Right of Way fee was reduced from N3,000 to N500, a reduction of over 85 per cent.” From operators’ perspective, poor quality of service impedes the capacity to make money. According to them, environmental challenges often beyond their control affect the services they offer. It is agreed generally that operators face various challenges that include inadequate grid power, multiple regulation and taxation; illegal access denials and site shut-outs. Others are lack of incentives to drive service penetration to remote and rural areas; rent seeking charges for permits and approvals necessary for deployment; and insecurity. These challenges notwithstanding, stakeholders believe that it is time for operators to collaborate with industry regulator to bring about the kind of services subscribers pay for with their hard earned money. BC

or most online sites and social media platforms, comments are freely made and become public immediately. These comments can be good or bad. Comments sessions seem to showcase the best or worst of humanity, unfortunately, negative comments tend to be particularly bad in the technology field. People who post illegitimate and negative comments can be a big problem to you because the more you engage with negative commenter, the angrier and unhappier you will be and at the same time, they get happier because they are getting what they want. They tend to be small, inconsequential people clutching at any kind of recognition they can find. The twitter and Youtube account offers some particularly bad examples of poorly behaved commenters. It’s easy to find comments entirely unrelated to the post. Here are few tips that will guide you in dealing with negative comments: Having a policy in place: Depending on the type of site you operate, it’s probably a good idea to make your site’s commenting policy public. Once you have a policy in place, you have an option that will allow you to stay out of at least part of the uncomfortable process of dealing with negative comments. You can turn the work over to someone else to do for you, at least a fast pass through your comments can allow you to screen out those that may impact you personally before you even see them because it’s not always good for comments that are un-moderated to appear on your site. Akismet for word press is a tool that can be used to weed out certain comments that are notoriously unreliable. Don’t remove anonymity: Removing anonymity doesn’t seem to end hateful comments. For example, when Youtube commenters were asked by google to associate their comments with their Google+ accounts, which in turn means associating their comments with their real names; while many people were upset about losing anonymity or being forced to use a new commenting system, there are still plenty of nasty remarks showing up on the site. It turns out that many of those commenters are comfortable associating their names with the messages they post. Taking responsibility for your own site: The only sites that you have control and moderate every time are those that you own and operate yourself. For any other site, you are going to have to appeal some sort of comment moderator to resolve any issue you encounter. Report troubling comments on other sites: It’s very rare for any sites to tell what sort of comments will be moderated or even reviewed. The majority of sites also rely on users to do a first pass of finding offensive comments. I informally asked some twitter users to whom I am connected to whether or not they reported offensive or abusive language; most of the users I talked to admitted that they weren’t entirely sure how to report that behaviour. Twitter actually has one of the most opaque processes for dealing with abuse. The person who is the specific subject of the said abuse has to report it. Dealing with the deep dark corners of the Internet: There is always a question of how far you should be willing to go to combat offensive or threatening remarks because there are plenty of blogs, forums, and other websites out there that you likely don’t frequent on a regular basis. It might be response to a blog post you wrote, a project you post, or some other detail you share online. You can actually use tools like Google Alerts to access such information or by contacting the website’s owner or host about getting the material removed or report threats to the proper authorities. Finally, the more you can minimize negative comments, the more fully you can take advantage of the internet’s opportunities for starting important discussions and sharing resources. BC

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Business Courage


MainOne connectivity boosts UNILAG’s quest to lead Africa


ainOne, West Africa’s leading Telecommunications Services Company, has signed on the University of Lagos (UNILAG), to its high-speed internet bandwidth connectivity. The partnership between the institutions ensures the University benefits from ubiquity of broadband access, and improves the quality of education in one of Nigeria’s foremost educational institutions via improved access to Information and Communications Technology. Folu Aderibigbe, MainOne’s chief sales and marketing officer, stressed that the connection of UNILAG to MainOne’s superior bandwidth is part of its plan to extend its internet services to the education community. “Nigerian tertiary institutions need to be strengthened and empowered, to ensure the global competitiveness. MainOne sees the need to assist the educational system meet its learning and research objectives, and provide a platform for experience exchange and problem solving within educational and research institutions all over the world”. This has formed the basis for the tertiary institutions we have connected in the country”, he said. Aderibigbe also explained that digital literacy was critical to the improvement of quality of life in today’s contemporary world and MainOne is committed to accelerating connectivity penetration across educational institutions in Nigeria. Professor Mowete, acting director/chairman, Center for Information Technology and Systems, expressed

appreciation of MainOne’s intervention and observed that the broadband would significantly extend the institution’s research and content delivery capabilities in terms of sharpening the student’s research skills and broaden the horizon and scope of their studies. In less than three years, MainOne has emerged the preferred provider of bandwidth connectivity solutions to leading tertiary institutions in Nigeria. As at last count, eight higher institutions of learning, namely: University of Nigeria, University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka, Redeemers University, and Lagos Business School have directly benefited from MainOne’s superfast and reliable connectivity solutions.


Android, iPhone get new BBM version


new version of BBM has been introduced for Android, iPhone and BlackBerry customers, giving them lots of exciting new features. In the latest version, Android and iPhone customers will now be able to make free voice calls to BBM contacts over a Wi-Fi or data connection with BBM Voice, as well as access BBM Channels. In addition, BBM customers on Android, iPhone and BlackBerry smartphones will have more to chat about with fast one-click sharing of photos, documents, voice notes and more. BBM customers will also be able to share their live location for a specified amount of time with other BBM contacts by using location sharing, powered by Glympse, and will have 100 new emoticons available to help them say what’s on their mind.

Monday, February 17, 2014

“BBM continues to deliver new functionality as a premier messaging platform that provides a simple and effective way to stay connected. The announcement gives Android and iPhone customers the rich experience of BBM Voice and BBM Channels – two great ways to connect with friends, family and colleagues, to build out communities around shared interests, and to follow your favorite people and brands,” said John Sims, president, Global Enterprise Solutions at BlackBerry. “BBM continues to quickly evolve as a social mobile platform for consumers as well as for business customers through innovative features that give you great new ways to connect and share with each other.” BBM Channels enables customers chat with other BBM users about topics that interest them. Customers can join channels about a range of topics from products, hobbies and sports to entertainment, fashion, cars and more. Channels can be created by brands, businesses and BBM customers alike and are a great way to communicate directly and immediately with people who share common interests in the broader BBM community. Significantly, BBM Channels maintains the BBM core values of immediacy, privacy and control. Because BBM Channels live right inside BBM, BBM customers get notified the moment one of the channels they follow has a new post, or when someone responds to their comments. With BBM Channels, customers can engage with brands or other customers without having to add them to their contact lists, thereby maintaining a high level of privacy. With BBM Channels, customers have the discretion to opt nds in only to channel brands em and that are relevant to them er the always have control over be to, channels they subscribe while channel owners have control over how subscribers interact with their channel.

Glo Nokia Asha with D’banj thrills Nigerian youths


he recently introduced Glo Nokia Asha has continued to


make waves among Nigerian youths. The smartphone was unveiled in Lagos at the formal announcement of the reappointment of one of Nigeria’s most popular music acts, Dapo Daniel Oyebanjo, popularly called D’banj, as a Globacom brand ambassador. Glo Nokia Asha 210 is the latest and one of the most colourful Qwerty keyboard phones. The smartphone, autographed by D’banj, was specially designed for youths in continuation of Globacom’s strategic engagement with the youth segment. The handset is compact and has a sleek, minimalistic aesthetic that’s similar to the Lumia. It comes with 2 MP camera, 3.5mm AV jack and Micro-USB port for charging. A user of the smartphone, Best Isioma, a Lagos-based secondary school leaver said: “I think the phone is a great product. I particularly like the sound production which enables me to enjoy music on the move. Additionally, I am a great fan of D’banj, so I naturally cannot have enough of the phone.” Another user of the phone, John Okorie of Niger Insurance, said: “This is a very beautiful phone. I like the fact that it’s light, very good for browsing and the parts are easily available at the marketplace in case you need to replace anything.” Pre-loaded productivity tools on the phone include dictionary, recorder, calculator, clock, calendar, phonebook, converter, fixed dialing number, notes, alarm clock, reminders, to-do list, social networks in phonebook and sport watch, among others. The smartphone, on sale nationwide for N11, 000, has 50 tracks of D’banj’s popular tunes, including 15 songs that are yet to be released, as well as, pictures, all al pre-loaded on the phone fre free of charg charge. Ka Kamal maldee deen

National Mirror

Shonibare, Globacom’s head, Corporate Sales, said, “Once a subscriber buys the D’banj Asha 210 phone, he gets a free data plan with WIFI functionality by sending Yes to 66542. This would give the subscriber 12 months free internet with 260 MB on activation for the first month and 260MB monthly after recharging one thousand naira.”


Ciena deal will boost IP networks presence – Ericsson


ricsson’s agreement last Friday with Ciena for the development of joint transport solutions for IPoptical convergence will help Ericsson to reach its goal of becoming the No. 3 player within the IP networks market, an Ericsson spokesperson told Reuters. Ericsson, the No. 1 global supplier of mobile network gear, is smaller than the likes of Cisco, Juniper and Alcatel-Lucent within IPnetworks. The Sweden-based telecoms supplier has the ambition to reach the No. 3 position within IP-networks within a few years, Jan Haglund, head of IP and Broadband within Ericsson’s biggest business area Networks, told Reuters. “In year 2020 about 30 per cent of these markets will be dependent on common solutions for IP and optical systems, which is the underlying financial driver for this agreement with Ciena,” Haglund said. Haglund said the market for IP networks is worth about $15 billion currently with an annual growth of about 5 percent and that the market for optical systems is worth $10billion to $15 billion per year. Ericsson will, as part of the agreement, offer Ciena’s Converged Packet Optical BC portfolio, Ericsson said. BC

National Mirror

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

Feature The Federal Government increases financing for the dry season farming as part of measures to realize the Agricultural Transformation Agenda, ATA under the Growth Enhancement Scheme, GES

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A boost for dry season farming

By Chijioke Okoronkwo


he Federal Government recently approved the release of N14 billion for dry season farming, N5 billion above the N9 billion released in 2013 for the same purpose, thus underscoring the importance government attaches to dry season farming. According to available statistics, Nigeria has over 82 million hectares of arable land not fully utilised because of predominantly rain-fed farming practised in the country. President Goodluck Jonathan, who spoke recently in Abuja at the official launch of the Dry Season Farm Support Programme, said government would sustain the dry season food support programme. “Our resolve to expand this dry season programme is strong and subsequently it has to come up in October so that they will get all that they need before the commencement of dry season. “To demonstrate this, I am today announcing N14 billion to support dry seasoning farming for 2014 season. As more states come on board we will continue to increase the amount of money. “We will continue to work with farmers and that is why I am announcing today that the support will become a national policy. Our nation shall be green, our barns shall be filled and our farmers shall prosper,’’ the president said. The president said that the programme launched in 2011, was designed to add an additional 20 million metric tonnes of food to the country’s domestic food supply. Mohammed Yusuf, Director, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, who spoke recently in Bauchi at a stakeholders meeting of the Growth Enhancement Support (GES) scheme, said agricultural inputs would be provided farmers under the dry season farming programme. Yusuf said that in Bauchi State alone, the Federal Government provided incentives to

Dry season farmers at work

10,000 dry season rice farmers. According to him, each farmer received three bags of fertiliser at 50 per cent discount and 25kg of improved rice seeds. Yusuf said that more than 400,000 farmers from 19 participating states were being supported under the 2013/2014 dry season GES scheme. ``The effort produced more than one million tonnes of rice during last year’s dry season farming with just over 200,000 farmers drawn from 10 states. We intend to double or even triple the production this year. “We have already carried out sensitisation campaign across the state, identified genuine farmers, enlightened them and assessed their level of preparedness in respect of land and source of water. “I am happy to inform you that our farmers are ready; they have prepared their lands in clusters and ready for planting. Very soon, we will commence distribution of the inputs,’’ he said. The director advised the farmers to utilise the inputs to expand their production capacity, adding that the problems of processing and marketing had been addressed through the value chain initiative. Dr Emmanuel Adanu, Director, Dams and Reservoir Operations, Federal Ministry of Water Resources, urged farmers to embrace irrigation farming, as it can deliver greater crop yield than rain-fed farming. He noted that irrigation farming was more productive because it was usually regulated and more focused than rainfed farming. According to him, that is why the southern part of the country is being encouraged to

use the dams located in their areas for irrigation. “We are encouraging people in the South now to go into it, though in the South we don’t have a long period of dry season for them to do continuous irrigation. “So, we encourage them to go into some irrigation because the production from irrigation normally is better than rain-fed agriculture,`` Adanu said, adding that the North engaged in irrigation agriculture more because it has a longer period of dry season and abundant expanse of land than the South. Charles Ovweigho, the Manager, Asaba Area Office of Benin-Owena River Basin Development Authority, said that dry season rice farming would soon start at Illah, Delta after the inauguration of Illah irrigation project. He said that the N200 million irrigation project was for dry season rice farming. Ovweigho explained that 100 hectares, out of the 200 hectares earmarked for rice farming, was irrigated for dry season farming. “The contract for the irrigation was awarded in 2012 and the project will soon be inaugurated by the Minister of Agriculture,” he said. Ovweigho said the farm project extended to the neighbouring Ebu community, where 100 hectares was acquired, adding that 15 hectares had also been cleared in the community. Ovweigho said interested large-scale farmers would be allowed to farm on the land after fulfilling some obligations. “This is a Federal Government project and it is all over the country; no restrictions

or discrimination is placed on anybody,’’ adding that interests of host communities would be protected. Ovweigho said that farmers currently on the land, only paid for the cost of land preparations, adding that when the irrigation system becomes operational the cost would also be subsidised. Stakeholders want the government to complete the various irrigation projects spread across the country, to ensure the success of the dry season farming programme. Just recently, the Upper Niger River Basin Development Authority (UNRBDA), Minna, said that 900 farmers in the state would participate in the 2014 dry season rice farming. Speaking at the launch of the dry season farming in Wushishi, the authority’s Managing Director, Prof. Paul Marley, said that a yield of 5,400 tonnes of paddy rice was expected. Marley said that the initiative was geared towards realising the Federal Government’s Agricultural Transformation Agenda for food security and sufficiency in the country. “With the advantage of double cropping, 1,800 hectares will be put to rice cultivation annually by 900 farmers and this will give an expected yield of 5,400 metric tonnes of paddy rice.’’ Marley said the Tunga Kawo Dam Irrigation project in Wushishi Local Government Area of the state would irrigate 900 hectares of land. He said the authority had 22,165 hectares of irrigated land across the state but only cultivated 3,375 hectares, which translates to a total of 10,125 tonnes of paddy rice

expected as yield per cropping season. The managing director said areas covered by the river basin irrigation included Tunga Kawo, Tafa, Jere, Swashi, Wuya, Doko, Nasarawa, Jebba, Badeggi, Edozhigi and Gusoro. Marley said that irrigation farming was the panacea to possible food shortage and rice importation. “It is in the light of this that the Federal Ministry of Water Resources, through UNRBDA, is using this programme to improve the standard of living and empowering our rural dwellers,’’ he said. Also speaking at the occasion, Ahmed Matane, the state Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development, said the government had discovered the need to encourage farmers to go into all-year-round farming, to ensure food security. Matane, who was represented by the Permanent Secretary, Mohammed Ibrahim, said the state government had set aside N250 million to purchase water pumps and tube wells to boost irrigation farming in the state. He said government would establish farm implement hiring centres across the state, to enable farmers to have access to agricultural equipment at subsidised rate. Earlier, Haruna Jemaku, the Chairman, All Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN) in the state, urged governments at all levels to involve the association in policies concerning its members to ensure that farmers embraced policies that would engender food security in the country. BC Okoronkwo writes for the News Agency of Nigeria

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Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Behind d Wheels This page is open to sponsorship


he 2015 Mercedes-Benz enz GLA-Class is an all-new ew model; Mercedes-Benz enz has been slow to bring a truly uly compact crossover to its lineneup, leaving the door open for its premium-brand rivals in one e of the fastest growing market segegments in recent years. While Land Rover has s profited greatly from the suc-cess of its entry-level Evoque and BMW has seen the X1 enjoy strong sales in key markets, Mercedes-Benz and its dealers have been left with only the stockier GLK sport-utility. But the waiting for Mercedes-Benz has now come to an end. With the launch of the new 2015 GLA, Mercedes finally has an even more compact SUV that promises sharp handling, four-cylinder efficiency y and striking looks in an affordd able package. The GLA comes standard with 18-inch wheels as well as roof rails, flat-folding rear seats and an optional power liftgate. Hill descent control and an offroad transmission mode further burnish its sport-activity credentials. The multimedia display can even show you steering and roll angles, road gradient and a compass when you’re out on the trail. Blind spot monitoring, lane keeping assist and parallel parking assist are available options. How big is this compact crossover? The 2015 Mercedes-Benz GLA is a high-riding sister model to the recently introduced CLA sedan. Mercedes-Benz describes the GLA as an SUV, even going so far to suggest that it plays in the same league as the larger GLK-, M-, GL- and G-Class models. But with a five-door hatchback body and limited ground clearance, it is more crossover than true sportutility. It is interesting to note the differences in size between the Mercedes-Benz GLA and its premium brand rivals. With a length of 173.9 inches, width of 71 inches and height of 58.8 inches, the GLA is 3.5 inches longer, yet 3.8 inches narrower and 5.2 inches lower than the Range Rover Evoque. That last measurement depends on which suspension you choose, however, as there are three available: Sport with 6.1 inches of ground clear-

ance, Comfort with 6.7 inches of ground clearance or an OffRoad arrangement offering a generous 8 inches of ground clearance. Of the three, it is the latter that suits the GLA the best, providing a butch stance that separates it even further from its CLA sibling. The GLA will be sold with the same choice of turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder gasoline engines offered in the CLA sedan. They deliver 208 horsepower and 258 pound-feet of torque in the GLA250 4Matic and 355 hp and 332 lb-ft in the performance-oriented GLA45 AMG 4Matic. Both engines are mated to a standard seven-speed dualclutch automatic gearbox with steering-wheel-mounted shift paddles as standard. Initial models will be all-wheel drive only, although Mercedes-Benz plans to add a cheaper frontwheel-drive GLA250 to its North American line-up in early 2015.

The electromechanical steering is engagingly direct if a little heavily in feel away from centre, and despite the added ride height there is excellent body control with only a limited amount of lean on more challenging roads. Its relatively tight turning circle of 36 feet proves well suited to the cut and thrust of urban driving.

Does it drive like a Hatchback or an SUV? Predictably, its on-road character more closely resembles that of a conventional hatchback than a typical goanywhere SUV. On the open road, the new Mercedes-Benz delivers convincing agility and a much smoother ride than the more inherently sporting CLA250 4Matic sedan. Both vehicles share the same basic suspension design that consists of MacPherson struts in front and a multilink suspension in back.

The turbocharged four-cylinder feels strong While the engine in the GLA250 lacks the outright firepower of the GLA45 AMG 4Matic’s more heavily tuned unit, it nevertheless possesses a solid amount of low-end torque. This imbues it with a satisfying userfriendly nature, as it feels energetic when pulling away from traffic lights. The innate flexibility to the delivery allows you to call up taller gears via the steeringwheel-mounted shift paddles for truly relaxed highway cruis-

ing, even at moderate revs. It is also nicely refined, with subdued aural qualities until you are well on the way to its 6,500rpm limit. With a claimed 0-62-mph time of 6.4 seconds, the GLA250 4Matic accelerates with greater vigour than the Land Rover Evoque. At 143 mph, the new Mercedes-Benz also boasts a higher top speed than the stylish Range Rover. There are no official EPA mileage estimates for the GLA250 yet, but the CLA250 is rated at 30 mpg in combined driving. It can go off-road if you want While it is doubtful that many potential customers are ever likely to experience the full extent of the GLA’s off-road capabilities, it is worth noting that the new junior MercedesBenz can deliver away from the blacktop given the right options. We’re not talking about the

low-slung GLA45 AMG 4Matic model here, but the GLA250 4Matic with the optional offroad package that will be made available in the U.S. It adds standard 17-inch wheels fitted with taller allweather tires, a hill descent function that automatically applies the brakes on steep descents and the ability to send up to 100 percent of its power to either the front or rear wheels. The suspension is also recalibrated to deliver a respectable 8 inches of ground clearance, which makes the GLA look less like a hatchback and more like a capable SUV. We tried it on some rocky terrain and it happily traverses trails and loose gravel roads without feeling overly fragile or vulnerable. Whether you like it for its looks or its capabilities, the GLA fitted with the off-road package is uniquely appealing. For the remaining skeptics, Mercedes also offers the GLA45

National Mirror

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

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Behind d Wheels This page is open to sponsorship

Autocare Gas, diesel or hybrid: Which car engine is best for you?


o achieve better fuel economy is what everyone wants for their next car and wouldn’t mind if it’s also better for the environment. But which engine is the right choice? Gas, diesel, hybrid or electric? Ultimately, it depends on the kind of driving you do and how much distance you’ll travel before turning the car over to the next owner. This auto tech backgrounder will help you decide which engine is best, given your circumstances. Here’s the broad answer: Go with gasoline if you’re a low-mileage driver, hybrid for city driving, and diesel for high-mileage (mostly highway) driving. The mainstream gasoline engine is best if you drive less than 7500 miles a year because the savings on fuel won’t match the premium you’re likely to pay for a hybrid or diesel car. Hybrid is the winner if you cover a lot of miles in stop and go city driving or on clogged expressways, where braking recharges the battery that powers the electric motor. It helps if you’re easy on the throttle and brake early and smoothly in a hybrid. If you drive a lot of highway miles, diesel cars like the 2014 Chevy Cruze diesel are right choice for cost per mile driven, and most diesel vehicles have higher trade-in values than gasoline-powered cars. The case for diesel is clearer in the premium/sporty segment where the gasoline engine uses premium fuel, so the diesel price disadvantage per gallon of fuel is less than 10 per cent. To draw the conclusions above, you need to think about a half-dozen factors and how your driving fits in. Higher miles-per-gallon is just part of the picture. The more miles you drive, the sooner you get payback. The residual value of your ride may tip the scales.

AMG. It coaxes 355 hp and 332 lb-ft of torque from the same 2.0-liter engine and promises zero to 60 mph in 4.8 seconds. Standard all-wheel drive should help the GLA45 stick better in sharp turns, while diminishing the shock of sending nearly 150 more horses to the front wheels alone. Unique 19-inch wheels come standard, while a sport exhaust, carbonfibre aerodynamic and cosmetic trim and a suspension with firmer, more aggressive ride qualities are available. Front Seat feels good; Backseat Is Tight Performance aside the GLA serves up a rich and well-appointed cabin. The uniquely styled dashboard fascia and trim materials are on par with those of the CLA sedan in terms of quality. An elevated driving position provides excellent forward visibility, although the shallow angle of the tailgate impedes the view out back. But while there

is a lot to like about the forward section of the cabin, the new entry-level Mercedes-Benz SUV lacks for space in the rear in comparison to its premium brand rivals. Small rear door apertures impede entry to the rear, while the curvature of the roof compromises the headroom of occupants sitting in back. Trunk space measures 14.9 cubic feet some 4.5 cubes less than the Range Rover Evoque but a couple cubic feet more than the CLA sedan. Unfortunately the lift over is set quite high, making it a chore to load heavy luggage. A compelling competitor If the 2015 Mercedes-Benz GLA were trying to go it alone as the sole entry-level vehicle for Mercedes-Benz, its prospects might not be so bright. But the fact that it’s paired with the slightly smaller and sportier CLA sedan makes the GLA an interesting alternative. It adds more cargo space,

a higher seating position for better visibility and even some rough road ability if you need it. Not bad considering it has the same footprint, similar styling and should likely deliver equivalent mileage numbers. Essentially an A-Class with better ground clearance and a straighter roof line, the GLA compact “crossover” will slot in under the current GLK. If you want a luxury compact SUV, your current choices are the 2014 BMW X1 and Range Rover Evoque. There’s also the Buick Encore, which while lacking the badge cachet of the Europeans, compensates with a premium feel at an affordable price. This group will expand, however, when the 2015 Audi Q3 and Lexus NX 200t arrive. Mercedes-Benz has yet to officially announce pricing for the GLA. However, North American officials suggest it will boast similar sticker prices to the CLA which starts at $30,825 in CLA250 4Matic form. BC

Residual value may be better with diesels, hybrids. A diesel vehicle will be worth more than the average vehicle at trade-in time. A hybrid should at least match the residual value of the gas engine car. For EVs, which sell in smaller numbers, the residual value may depend on each model’s reputation and on the length of the battery warranty; the battery is often half the value of the vehicle. The average vehicle retains 38.2 per cent of its value after five years (37.2 per cent cars, 39.8 per cent light trucks), according to, measured as a percentage of the list (sticker) price. The 2013 Ford Fusion does the best job retaining value among hybrids at 45 per cent after five years, but that’s still outside the top 10 gas engine vehicles. Fifteen years of hybrid sales in the US shows little evidence the $2,500 batteries wear out but rapid improvements in hybrid technology mean a used hybrid feels more geriatric that a gasoline car. The best EV for residual value, says, is the Chevrolet Volt (really more of an extended-range hybrid), retaining 30.0 per cent of its value at five years. For many hybrid cars where the model has a gasoline counterpart (Ford Fusion, Honda Civic, Hyundai Sonata, Nissan Altima), the residual value of the two cars are often the same or within 1-2 percentage points of each other. Nine of 10 diesel cars and trucks studied by the University of Michigan had better five-year residual value than their gas-engine counterparts and half were at least 10 percentage points better, led by the Mercedes-Benz GL with a 39 per cent residual value advantage over the gas GL. BC

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Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

CBN inaugurates Bank Verification Number

Lamido Sanusi, CBN Governor


he Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has inaugurated Bank Verification Number (BVN) to revolutionise banking and payment systems in the country. The BVN is a biometric authentication of bank customers using Point of Sale (PoS) and Automated Teller Machines (ATMs). The biometric authentication is meant to address the safety of customers’ funds and avoid losses through compromise of Personal Identification Numbers (PIN). The CBN Governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, said at the launch in Lagos that banks would have captured biometric details of all customers nationwide within the next 18 months. He said that by this week, the CBN would start to issue circulars to banks to inform their customers to come in and register for the biometric authentication. Sanusi said that the platform already rolled out nationwide attracted no charges, adding that it would allow banks to enroll and verify the identity of each customer from any point of

transaction device. Ade Shonubi, the Managing Director of the Nigeria Inter-Bank Settlement System (NIBSS), whose company provides the connectivity service, lauded the initiative. Shonubi said that the initiative represented a major landmark in the Bankers Committee’s efforts at promoting financial inclusion drive and prevent money laundering in the system. He said that the bankers’ committee’s initiative would also allow banks to give their customers unique identities. Godwin Emefiele, the Managing Director of Zenith Bank and Chairman, Sub-Committee on Biometric in bankers’ committee, said he was happy that the group met the deadline. Emefiele also congratulated the CBN on the launch of the project, adding that it would open up more consumers banking services. He said that the initiative supported by all the banks in the country would also boost consumer lending. The Zenith Bank boss added that the initiative would boost the economy irrespective of banks’ customers’ status and class. ``The issue of forgetting one’s personal identity number when it comes to transaction does not arise because the biometric cards only use bio-data information.’’ Gunther Mull, the Managing Director of Dermalog BMS, a German company which handled the initiative, said this was the first time any country would embark on the platform for national use. Mull said that the benefit of embracing the platform as a country was that it would make life easier for banks and their customers. BC

Nigerian Breweries grows Q4 profit by 27 per cent


igerian Breweries Plc has pub- call that unit volumes in its Nigerian lished its fourth quarter (Q4) business are still being impacted by 2013 results which showed inflationary pressures on household that profit after tax (PAT) grew by 27 disposable incomes; volumes in Nigeper cent as against last year to N16.3 ria grew by low single digits. This implies that the nine9 per cent growth billion. Although Q4 2013 sales grew nine in Q4 2013 sales is reflective of averper cent, a gross margin expansion of age price increases of less than 5 per 407bps to 56 per cent and a 38 per cent on some brands. Going by Heineken management cent reduction in net interest income comments, although resulted in profit bethe Heineken brand fore tax (PBT) growgrew on the back of ing by 29 per cent to targeted advertisN23.7 billion. ing spend, the major The strong sequendrivers of growth were tial growth in sales and PBT reflect seathe lower-end lager sonality effects due to and malt segments. strong beer demand Given that the which can be traced to lower-end of the beer year-end holiday celmarket is growing ebrations. faster than the mainThe management stream due to conof Heineken (NB’s sumers’ down-tradparent) stated on its ing to lower priced Q4 2013 conference Nico Vervelde, MD/CEO Nigerian Breweries alternatives. BC

National Mirror

MATRIX Ayo Olesin

Road to industrialisation


fter eons of groping in the dark, the Federal Government appears to have finally gotten on the right track, at least in terms of strategy, on how to end the unhealthy dependency on oil and gas revenues by creating the right environment for manufacturing industries to flourish what at the same time getting the small and medium enterprises sector to function as a job mill and wealth creator. Recent history shows that countries that must be counted among the truly rich have to develop and industrial base to serve the needs of the populace and play in the export market for it is trite that producers will always take the money of the consumer. The Nigeria Industrial Revolution Plan and complementary National Enterprise Development Programme launched by President Goodluck Jonathan exactly a week ago is clearly well thought out and looking at the big picture could would boost the revenue earned by Nigerian manufacturers annually by up to N5trn. According to him, the programme would also accelerate inclusive growth and job creation and check the drain on revenue reserve caused by importing what we can be produce locally. The initiative is also expected to usher in a new era of value addition, enterprise development and industrialisation and increase the contribution of manufacturing sector to GDP from the present four per cent to more 10 per cent over the next five years. “The Nigeria Industrial Revolution Plan which is the most ambitious industralisation programme ever pursued by our nation will accelerate in those Nigeria’s comparative and competitive advantages such as the processing of food and agricultural products, metals and solid mineral processing while Nigeria’s related industries and construction like manufacturing services. “These sub sectors were prioritised because they will also generate jobs and tap into existing markets and demands in Nigeria. In each of these sectors we could become number one in Africa and in the top ten globally because of our competitive advantage. “The Nigeria Industrial Revolution Plan will also address the problem that has persistently limited manufacturers. It will build up industrial infrastructure, prioritise power for industrial use, reduce borrowing cost and mobilise funds to the real sector”, Jonathan said. Jonathan also said that the enterprise development plan would ensure SMEs access to funds, expertise and other forms of support that would enable this sector thrive. As with almost all government policies this looks good on paper but the real challenge is with implementation. While I admire the enthusiasm and drive of the Min-

ister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Mr. Segun Aganga, who is one of the very few minsters in this administration that apparently know what they are doing, transforming these plans into concrete achievements will not be easy. This much was acknowledged by the President of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, Chief Kola Jamodu, who in summing the views of the stakeholders said government had to walk the talk to take advantage of a clear opportunity to break with the past and set Nigerian on a new and sustainable path. Business mogul, Aliko Dangote has a more optimistic view of the emerging opportunities with the economy and even committed his group to ending sugar importation and making huge investments in rice production in the next four years or so. For him, the rising interest by international investors in Nigeria coupled with the right government policies could mean that Nigeria could leap-frog into the industrial age in just a few short years. What gives some comfort presently is that despite the huge infrastructure deficit, unfair competition through smuggling, inconsistent government policy, security and other challenges, hundreds of entrepreneurs continue to play in the manufacturing sector given Nigeria’s huge market. However for the real heavy industries to take root firmly, government as it said before and now has to address the iron and steel industry that appears to have been jinked by the “Ajaokuta syndrome”. Nigeria should naturally be a hub for ship building and auto manufacturing, but what can we do if we cannot produce flat sheets? Also the power sector reforms have to be followed through to actual delivery of as much electricity as we need. Selling of assets is just one part of it. Our gas to power projects must come on stream in the shortest possible time while efforts at fortifying the transmission grid must be given the maximum attention and funding. This is aside from the railways, which of course remains the logistics backbone of any developing economy though successive government seem to fail to realise this. What is obvious is that we cannot continue this way. The oil and gas sector has become increasingly vulnerable with criminal elements in high and low places conspiring to steal crude oil and many of the international oil companies selling off their assets in land locations and moving offshore. Nigerian are well known to be enterprising naturally so the little that is required to bridge whatever gaps we have is the enabling environment which government has the duty to provide. BC

National Mirror

Investors stake N4.87bn on 438.91m shares


he volume of shares transacted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) on Friday increased by 30.89 per cent as investors staked N4.87 billion on 438.907 million shares in 5,105 deals. This was in contrast to the 335.301 million shares worth N4.75 billion traded in 5,013 deals on Thursday. Despite the increase in the volume of shares, the All-Share Index, due to price losses, depreciated by 610.86 points to close at 38,767.29 as against the 39,378.15 recorded on Thursday.

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

Similarly, the market capitalisation, which opened at N12.622 trillion, declined by N195 billion or 1.54 per cent to close at N12.427 trillion. An analysis of the price movement chart indicated that Guinness recorded the highest loss to lead the price losers’ table by N10.58 to close at N201.42 per share. It is closely followed by Forte Oil which dropped N5 to close at N95, while Flour Mill lost N3.75 to close at N83.25 per share. Similarly, Nigerian Breweries dropped by N3.50 to close at N142, while Presco dipped

by N2.30 to close at N43.76 per share. On the other hand, TOTAL topped the gainers’ chart by N4.99 to close at N179.99 per share. ConOil grew by N1.70 to close at N51.70, while Vita Foam enhanced by 34k to close at N5 per share. Portpaint rose by 26k to close at N5.51, while Livestock share price increased by 19k to close at N4.09. Access Bank emerged the investors’ delight as it traded 62.19 million shares valued at N475.67 million. It was followed by Eterna with 56.26 million shares worth N203.11 million, while Zenith Bank accounted for 44.53 million shares valued at N879.84 million. BC

Why entrepreneurs should invest in real estate – Expert By Udo Onyeka


n expert in the property market has described the real estate market as investors’ haven as the industry holds great potentials for operators in the country. Speaking on “Growing a diversified group of businesses” at the Fidelity SME Forum, a weekly radio programme organised by Fidelity Bank, Chairman/CEO, Genesis Group of Companies, Ichie Nnaeto Orazulike said that the property business is one area where investors can expect to recoup their investment within a short period of time because of the high return on investment, ROI. He advised Small and Medium Scale Entrepreneurs, SMEs, desirous of growing their businesses to make conscious efforts to tap into the huge property market in the country even as they plough back the

excess funds into their business. “Naturally, as you grow your business and develop it, the best thing to do with the excess which the business didn’t absorb is to invest it in real estate”, he said. Orazulike who veered into business immediately after his National Youth Service Programme, NYSC, essentially because he wanted to do something different said that the real estate is an investment he would advise every entrepreneur to take on. “Real Estate, as far as I am concerned is the best of value. It will grow over time, out last you and generations to come”. He advised operators to be smart, quick and articulate as the business requires people who have head for numbers and who are able to think on their feet. He, however, cautioned them to move into areas of potential high yields. “I will

always put a caveat: invest in prime property”. He advised SMEs to invest in human capacity development and create structures that will support the growth of the business. “Creating a structure is very important. You need to create a structure that will support the growth and employ good quality people and invest in training them and supporting them to run the business with a sense of ownership in each individual business so the person running it will have a sense of belief in what they are doing and run it like their own”. Orazulike, who is also a director in Fidelity Bank Plc., stressed the importance of culture in any organisation as it makes for easy adoption of company values and ideals. “If you create a culture, after a while people will see the way things are done and they will be compelled to follow suit”. BC

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Market Indicators for Week Ended 14-02-14 All-Share Index 38,767.29 points Market Capitalization N12,427,076,111,798.10 Stock Updates GAINERS COMPANY















































Inter-Bank Rates TENOR

RATE%(PREV) 07-Feb-2013

RATE%(CURR) 12-Feb-2014


10.5000 -10.5000%

0.0000 - 0.0000%


10.2500 - 11.7500%

11.0000 - 12.0000%

Primary Market Auction TENOR




RATE (%) 11.75

DATE 05-Feb-14









Open Market Operation TENOR




134-Days 135-Days

RATE (%)










Wholesale Dutch Auction System AMOUNT OFFERED





$ 400,000,000.00m




$ 400,000,000.00m



Dev agr of g pro

net sity sai use con rice

bec we tion

rev by sho wh yie see

issu hea a lo tha

thi ins for get the the inc


Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

National Mirror

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

A23 39

STOCKWATCH Stock Exchange weekly equities summary as at Friday, Feb 14, 2014 SECURITY



NOTE NT=Not Traded on 14-02-14




83,200 295,488 334,708

0.64 107.81 41.14

0.50 20.92 8.24


2,200,000,000 476,955,000 1,000,000,000


0.10 2.29 7.55

MOV. (%)

N/A -0.02 2.56


NT 44.01 39.00















24,100 250 98,724 150 17,546,303 280,336

2.08 6.43 5.89

0.71 4.15 1.07

2,191,895,983 963,900,300 389,151,408

0.11 0.16 1.09


NT NT 1.12

5.89 71.10

0.50 28.00

821,666,666 1,600,720,323

0.09 4.38


4.28 67.00

20 3

26.00 95.49

5.05 95.49

148,500,000 196,876,000

0.33 4.50



400,250 3

2.66 14.46

0.72 14.46

920,573,765 125,000,000

0.00 0.00


1.24 NT

23,246 1,432

83.75 10.60

19.86 6.61

1,200,000,000 20,000,000

6.74 1.69

0.00 N/A

72.29 8.46

NT 202,285

7.28 20.90

7.28 8.82


0.00 2.20

N/A 6.09

NT 19.70

1,000 NT 100,000

100.00 50.00 10.50

100.00 50.00 0.00

20,000,000 250,019,781

5.82 0.19










2,500 10,082 168,043 49,879 31,000 480,465 10,000

19.48 0.68 297.41 30.00 9.09 179.40 0.97

3.13 0.68 209.10 5.34 0.81 91.10 0.93

900,000,000 272,160,000 1,474,925,519 2,112,914,681 562,000,000 7,562,562,340 126,000,000

0.00 0.00 8.66 0.63 0.00 5.03 0.00

N/A N/A 0.00 N/A N/A -0.60 N/A

16.91 NT 237.00 29.40 NT 166.00 NT








NT 94,449 2,138,140 480,768 1,440,132 700 1,128 245,060 124,000 1,324 14,663

0.50 10.68 12.85 109.24 4.11 1.21 29.70 14.00 5.94 0.93 13.31

0.50 3.85 3.26 50.00 1.83 0.50 17.51 3.65 5.35 0.50 4.22

2,000,000,000 5,000,000,000 12,000,000,000 1,879,210,666 7,930,197,658 3,722,493,620 178,200,000 40,000,000 1,233,375,004 360,000,000

0.00 0.00 0.81 3.38 0.34 0.00 0.00 1.05 0.08 1.13 0.00

N/A -2.26 2.28 2.30 2.37 N/A N/A -0.85 N/A 0.00 N/A

NT 9.72 11.85 87.06 3.80 NT NT 14.12 NT 0.70 12.08

875,588 1,645,320

64.53 1250.00

8.33 400.00

3,129,188,160 792,656,250

1.57 28.34

#VALUE! -1.86

56.61 1,182.00

NT NT 453,060 2,161,203

15.58 36.19 5.54 2.88

10.03 32.27 2.91 0.57

63,360,000 819,000,000 300,000,001

3.90 13.92 0.71 0.00

N/A N/A 0.62 N/A

NT NT 4.85 NT

413,869 1,289,234

56.00 76.00

21.02 27.60

3,176,381,636 3,783,296,250

1.34 1.42

-1.99 -1.49

37.75 53.80








8,255,830 3,415,361 35,001,800 4,331,913 NT 13,709,846 15,772,168 3,196,649 7,920,399 481,663 11,448,304 5,662,040 19,080,551

12.39 7.85 17.51 3.47 8.30 29.99 7.05 3.05 9.60 15.30 1.16 1.88 27.40

4.70 1.92 9.90 1.13 3.04 13.02 2.65 0.80 1.64 2.34 0.50 0.50 11.96

17,888,251,479 14,475,243,105 9,873,614,567 28,974,797,023 16,271,192,202 29,146,482,209 13,219,334,676 12,563,091,545 32,334,693,693 13,509,726,273 33,675,576,085 12,821,249,880 31,396,493,790

1.61 1.71 3.67 0.68 0.60 3.08 0.97 0.63 1.70 0.44 0.18 0.00 3.30

-1.03 2.51 0.00 -4.01 #VALUE! -2.01 1.79 -1.60 -4.05 1.00 0.00 -7.69 -7.57

9.70 7.56 17.00 2.74 NT 28.88 4.48 2.50 9.38 10.00 0.50 1.30 25.10

1,000 3,479,367 NT 74,000 272,678 570,387 9,054,578 17,000 NT 150 20 NT 37,218 NT 20,000 7,954 300 213,660 15,000 6,480,950 2,974 120,000 114,683 2,500 315,000 200 50,000 12,971 800 270,000 19,250 7,416,057

0.50 1.42 0.64 0.52 1.45 0.72 2.44 0.50 0.69 0.60 0.50 2.50 2.50 0.50 0.50 0.61 0.50 2.87 0.63 1.01 1.11 0.50 1.24 0.53 0.59 0.50

0.50 0.50 0.61 0.50 0.58 0.50 1.08 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 1.06 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50

20,585,000,000 7,809,391,256 211,626,000 6,000,000,000 10,372,624,157 8,820,010,363 5,100,846,808 8,847,298,420 4,549,947,000 3,827,485,380 720,000,000 5,061,804,000 6,420,427,449 28,000,000,000 7,323,313,227 3,437,330,500 4,083,713,569 10,000,000,000 7,998,705,336 5,332,830,881 5,649,693,923 5,003,506,791 2,508,315,436 6,668,750,000 5,203,757,266 6,141,087,609

0.00 0.19 0.00 0.05 0.15 0.02 0.24 0.01 0.00 0.03 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.02 0.25 0.00 0.37 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.09 0.00

N/A 0.00 N/A N/A 0.00 0.00 0.00 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0.00 N/A N/A N/A 0.00 0.00 N/A -8.99 N/A N/A -4.35 N/A 0.00 N/A

0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 1.55

0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50

8,493,173,450 2,581,733,505 13,000,000,000 16,000,000,000

0.00 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.07


4,100 6,410

6.60 1.22

0.00 0.72

345 200 136,599 200,000 21,000

1.65 0.50

1.37 0.50

4,200,000,000 8,679,148,676

0.03 0.02


0.50 0.99

0.50 0.50

13,175,732,404 7,812,500,000

0.30 0.00


4,153,498 NT 37,500 18,430,450 12,008,247 NT 100 2,080,000 952,938 11,118,786

2.1 0.61 2.02 21.50 5.70 0.15 552.20 1.33 20.72 1.70

0.5 0.50 2.02 8.57 2.90 0.15 555.20 0.50 10.64 0.00

1,000 5,500

5.05 0.50

4.32 0.50

498,600,908 3,553,138,528

0.13 0.00










N/A=Not Avialable

1.18 0.19

3,778,005,975 1,333,333,333 32,632,084,358 5,880,000 2,500,000 3,608,657,661 18,750,000,000

0.63 0.00 0.15 2.45 1.23 0.00 12.68 0.13 1.53 0.29

NT 0.92 NT NT 1.29 0.54 NT NT NT NT NT NT 0.57 NT 0.50 NT NT 2.50 0.50 0.89 0.50 0.52 0.69 NT NT NT NT NT NT NT NT 1.23 NT 0.86

N/A N/A -5.16 N/A N/A N/A -0.46

NT NT 1.50 NT 0.5 3.66 NT NT 16.29 3.90 NT NT 0.55 21.60 2.30









MOV. (%)

24,300 4,488,957 29,468 49,270 626,357 2,195 60,450

4.80 2.50 69.00 3.38 1.76 8.59 3.50

0.50 0.61 18.97 1.23 0.58 7.36 1.83

486,473,856 1,500,000,000 956,701,192 980,000,000 1,925,717,268 153,786,012 100,000,000

0.58 0.24 3.07 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00

4.95 -1.40 0.00 -8.49 11.11 N/A N/A

4.04 2.85 68.00 2.59 1.44 NT NT























200 613 2,517

18.70 2.94

13.12 2.07

108,000,000 492,825,600

0.00 0.03


5.85 NT NT

6,800 100

0.50 4.97

0.50 3.13

4,620,600,000 4,200,000,000

0.04 0.04


0.50 NT








NT 1,322,655 60

2.25 3.79 0.50

0.00 1.70 0.50

4,400,000,000 4,893,594,400

0.00 0.00 0.00


NT 2.65 NT

2,500 119,471 161,053 267,841 1,696,315 2,477,542 394,332 250,000 105,000 707,363 100 108,130 NT

2.86 29.98 12.20 67.50 12.99 210.01 3.54 0.75 1.34 110.00 2.41 7.22 10.93

2.86 8.01 6.82 13.78 4.00 102.00 0.50 0.50 0.50 39.80 0.50 2.27 10.93

260,000,000 2,239,453,125 217,367,585 560,000,000 1,241,548,285 15,494,019,668 242,908,200 2,109,928,275 513,696,000 3,001,600,004 792,914,256 400,000,000 75,000,000

0.07 0.80 0.91 1.66 1.12 5.77 0.06 0.00 0.00 6.83 0.36 0.43 0.00

N/A 0.00 0.60 0.89 -5.18 4.55 N/A N/A N/A 0.00 N/A N/A N/A

NT 21.17 8.40 48.45 11.59 220.00 1.41 0.50 0.70 115.00 NT NT NT

NT 65,036 1,996,401 NT

2.00 2.39 0.73 2.58

2.00 1.20 0.50 2.58

510,396,608 2,220,000,000 15,000,000

0.05 0.19 0.00 0.00

N/A -4.50 N/A N/A

NT 2.00 NT NT

NT 1,000 897,853 130 NT NT NT

3.98 5.94 13.18 13.28 3.60 1.86 0.63

3.98 1.71 9.04 12.68 1.60 1.05 0.63


42,640,000 6,215,000,000 240,000,000 199,066,550

0.00 0.00 3.23 0.90 0.24 0.22 0.00


NT NT 14.50 12.68 NT NT NT


8.69 0.14

8.26 0.14

265,409,280 2,918,000

0.00 0.00



25,000,000 683,974,528








NT 100

7.75 12.39

7.75 10.55

75,600,000 100,000,000

0.00 0.24










NT 43,412

3.22 1.38

3.22 0.67

50,000,000 220,000,000

0.04 0.00

















NT 21,500 49,914 724,489 109,395 39,471 14,487 21,690

20.71 0.70 76.00 4.87 115.64 146.00 59.00 190.01

20.71 0.50 16.96 1.32 7.73 106.00 16.20 118.75

125,487,475 3,716,976,579 693,952,117 1,249,162,828 1,080,280,628 300,496,051 253,988,672 339,521,837

0.00 0.00 2.69 0.61 1.43 9.93 1.04 12.91

N/A N/A -14.55 3.17 -3.93 1.38 N/A -3.57

NT NT 61.32 5.04 92.64 115.70 54.44 181.96





















135,001 718,094

5.10 3.45

2.19 0.73

589,496,310 198,819,763

0.52 0.00

6.81 N/A

4.26 1.17 0.56














150 312,200 260 NT

8.00 1.72 4.53 1.95

3.00 0.64 4.08 0.50

1,548,780,000 2,078,796,396 1,772,884,297 25,813,998,283

0.23 0.00 0.00 0.22

N/A 1.35 N/A #VALUE!

NT 0.74 NT NT








10,000 375,165 100 209,214

4.10 3.09 2.78 5.77

1.57 1.39 2.52 3.00

403,200,000 771,450,000 425,641,111

0.22 0.00 0.00 0.61


NT 1.94 NT NT








5,530 450,500

5.15 1.88

4.90 0.80

236,699,511 5,631,539,736

0.00 0.00



144,390 448,475

5.90 8.81

1.27 5.08

634,000,000 1,230,468,750

0.50 0.43

N/A -1.47

3.36 6.14











































NT 57,910 NT 178,625

0.21 0.50 0.31 0.63

0.21 0.50 0.31 0.63

24,200,000 5,857,500,000 15,000,000 98,600,000

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00


NT 0.50 NT 0.66


















A24 40

Business Courage

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror


Law & Justice

‘’To defer ruling is not only unwise but may in the long run put the judge in an embarrassing situation’’ JUSTICE MODIBBO ALFA BELGORE, FORMER CHIEF JUSTICE OF NIGERIA



NBA has relegated female lawyers to the background –Jimilehin


2014 conference: Intrigues, politics of Bar election T


How Dimka, co-plotters were tried, executed for treason

Michael Jackson’s fans win one euro for emotional damage



he Nigerian Bar Association (NBA), the umbrella body for all lawyers in Nigeria has a convention concerning the emergence of its president. Although the president emerges through elections by delegates, yet by the unwritten convention, the presidency is rotated between the Northern, Western and Southern parts of the country, meaning that at any particular general election, only one of these zones can field candidates for the office of the NBA president. The incumbent President, Mr. Wali, SAN used the slot for the East when he emerged victorious during 2012 election. The West is expected to produce the president in this year’s election coming up in July. Expectedly, a number of strong contenders are already calling the shots on the political landscape. The election into office of the president is often keenly-contested and going by all indications, this year’s election will not be an exception. It promises to be very interesting not only on accounts of the quality of the people in the contest but also of the already brewing intrigues and underground manipulative endeavours be-

This year is a general election year for the Nigerian Bar Association which is billed to take place in July after which a new executive will take over from the Okey Wali-led NBA National Executive Committee (NEC), in August. Against the background of brewing intrigues and political manouvres, KAYODE KETEFE, Assistant Head, Judiciary beams searchlight on the candidates. ing made. The candidates are Mrs. Funke Adekoya, ( SAN), Chief Niyi Akintola (SAN), Mr. Dele Adesina, (SAN) Mr. Austin Alegeh, ( SAN) and Mr. Osas Justy Erhabor. What throws the Alegeh and Erhabor into the contest? They are both from the Mid-West while the election had been zoned to the West by the “gentlemen agreement” referred to as the NBA convention in the opening paragraph. The answer lies in the agitation of the lawyers of the MidWest for separate recognition. The Mid-West Lawyers Forum resolved to field candidates of its own basing the decision on the allegation that the South-West had always utilised the slot granted the West leaving candidates from

the Mid-West in the lurch. They are claiming that since there is no separate recognition given to the Mid-West, they are entitled to field their own candidates under the “West” slot. Consequently the Mid-West had adopted Alegeh, although Erhabor is still contesting against him and other candidates all the same. Some of the intrigues that had come to light as the elections approach included the aborted attempt by a splinter group of the powerful umbrella body of lawyers of Yoruba extraction, Egbe Amofin, which claimed it had adopted one of the candidates from the region (West) as the consensus candidate for the office of the president of NBA. The main body of this organisation had to quickly debunked the claim. In the statement issued by


the Secretary of the forum, Mr. Yinka Ajilete, it was stated that the group had not yet adopted any candidate and that the splinter group was acting on its own. Ajilete stated “Nobody has been nominated by the Egbe Amofin as its flag-bearer for the elections. More so as the NBA leadership is yet to lift ban on electioneering campaigns. The issue did not arise as the forum is yet to receive the report of its duly appointed screening committee. Ajilete concluded that the splinter group “is an illegal body comprising only six of the forum’s 28 branches” stressing that the of the antics of its members have failed. The main group of Egbe Amofin later met on in January 18, 2014, in Ibadan where it eventually decided to reconcile with the splinter group in the spirit of inclusiveness and forbearance. A committee set for reconciliation is expected to have met on February 15, 2014. CONTINUED ON PAGE 44


Law & Justice

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

NBA has relegated female lawyers to the Chief Oladipo Jimilehin is an urbane lawyer with about 37 years post-call experience. He is a graduate of University of London and was admitted to the Inner Temple in England in 1977. In this interview with WALE IGBINTADE, Jimilehin speaks on the appointment of judges, forthcoming election of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) and national conference among other sundry issues. Excerpts. Are you comfortable that your constituency, the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) has been allotted only a slot in the forthcoming nation conference? Members of the Nigerian Bar Associations and other professional bodies are part and parcel of Nigerians. The government has done well by given slot to the association. Whether that is adequate or not is another thing entirely. I was a member of the constituent assembly. I remembered that the then President of the NBA, Alao Aka- Bashorun came with proposals which he gave to us who are lawyers and we pushed them through. The fact that NBA has been recognised and asked to bring a representative is something that should be commended because it has never been done before. I can assure you that by the time the National conference begins you will marvel at the number of lawyers that would be there representing different ethnic groups. Take for instance, the composition of the present National Assembly; no one specified the number of lawyers that should be elected but look at the number of legal practitioners in the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) is seeking the promulgation of a stricter law against frivolous defection of elected political office holders from one party to the other. Do you think it is necessary? There are two angles to this issue namely; the legal angle and the political angle. Looking at it from the political angle, it is a question the masses of this country must answer. The summary of the whole situation is that the defections we see today are motivated by selfish interests. Many of them are not likely to come back into office in a free and fair election and they know it. Should there be a law to stop this trend? The court has a role to play in this, a situation like this call for the court’s interpretation. If the court is able to interpret properly and make judicial pronouncement on the issue, it would put an end to it. Who are the people that will make the law?, are they not the people that are affected? Would they make law that will affect them? I do not see them do so. It is the court that should take decisive action on it. The court should apply the rule of equity. The 2015 elections are drawing near; do you think the judiciary is prepared for disputes adjudication that may arise? There are challenges everywhere but I have no doubt that the judiciary will brace up and live to expectation of the people. I do not want to say more than that. Do you think retired judges should be saddled with the responsibility of resolving election disputes?


Serving judges have a lot to protect whereas a retired judge has done his beat. I have seen cases where retired judges have done very well and where they have fallen short of the standard. The same goes to serving judges. The summary of the whole thing is that judicial officers must be upright. There was a time when most of the tribunals and most of the panels of enquiries were headed by retired judges. It was just a tradition back then but suddenly things changed. There are some merits in allowing retired judges to head election tribunals. First, it will not disturb the ordinary proceedings because a serving judge has certain duties and assignments in the normal courts and he cannot be in two places at the same time. Secondly, a retired judge or a retired justice would be more courageous because the fear of being retired prematurely is no longer there. In line with a conventional zoning arrangement, the President of the Nigerian Bar Association has been zoned to the South West. Do you support adoption of candidate? It is an established practice for senior members of the Bar to invite contestants and advice some of them to step down for a particular candidate. So, it is not unusual, we have always been doing that. But the

problem is that over the years, female lawyers have been relegated to a disadvantageous position. I strongly believe that the Nigerian Bar Association is ripe to have a female president. If they are to do what is right, I believe we should have a female lawyer as the President of the Bar. The struggle for female lawyer as president of the Bar has been on for a long time. Can you compare your days when you started practising with what is obtainable today? Are there any remarkable differences in terms of standard of legal practice, access to legal authorities and the calibre of judicial officers? I have to go into personal experience





here, for instance at the Lagos Land Registry, there was a gentleman called Mr. Coker; he was really the encyclopedia of the land registry. He was so good that when he was going on retirement I made a case that such a person should be re-engaged. There are others like one Mrs Popoola at the Probate and one Mr. Idowu at the litigation department. Back then, you hardly appear in court if you are not prepared. We had very good judges and one is proud of the legal profession. The attitudes of our colleagues were very cordial, there was professional ethics and there was decorum unlike now that some lawyers are so desperate and disrespectful. At that time when you entered the court and you see people like Chief FRA Williams in court, or Chief Kehinde Sofola, and later Chief GOK Ajayi and others. When you see them in court you learn from their wealth of experiences. It is not usual for us to take notes of authorities that are cited. At that time we still refers to the All England Law Report because there were not many cases. Back then, you are proud to be a member of the legal profession because there was decorum. Back then, lawyers either go into litigation, the ministry or go into companies and act as solicitors. But now you find lawyers doing all sorts of jobs. When Prince Bola Ajibola was the President of the Nigerian Bar Association, I was privi-

National Mirror

Law & Justice

Monday, February 17, 2014

background –Jimilehin leged to be a member the Legal Practitioners’ Disciplinary Committee and I was amazed at the kind of things lawyers were doing even at that time. If things were that bad at that time, what about today. I will leave it for you to draw you conclusions. What is your view on the legal practice back then? At that time we adhered strictly to the ethics of the profession. The attitude back then was that when you get to court, you tell the judge that that you are first and foremost an officer of the court before being that of your client. So you hold a duty to the court and the duty to your client is secondary. The standard was so high at that time but with the influx of people into the profession that standard of practice has declined. As legal practitioners we were satisfied with what we earn. Also, the method of recruiting judges is also another area that should be looked into. Are you saying appointment of judges is not what it used to be? In the past you must have been practising as legal practitioner for so many years before you can be appointed as a judge. Back then an administrative officer in the ministry of justice would not be appointed a judge. It is only if you are a Chief Registrar or Chief Magistrate or Director of Public Prosecutions before you can be given slot as a judge. What is your take on the quality of judgements from our courts? I know a number of judges who did not go into practice before they were appointed to the Bench. I know of a judge who was a legal adviser with a Local Government Council, I know of a judge who was a legal adviser in a merchant bank back then who was appointed as a judge. You know the method of appointing a judge; it is either from the ministry of justice or from the private practice. You can go and find out and compare the judgement of those who have been in active legal practice before becoming judges with those who had not, that will tell you about the quality of judgements coming from our courts today. Definitely, there is a lot of difference. Judges back then displayed maturity but most colleagues who went into the Bench are nearing their retirement age. But, let me say without fear of contradiction that there are some judges today that deliver good judgements. They are serious and address issues that are before them dispassionately. The fact is that the value and tradition of the legal profession is fast eroding, how then do we preserve what is left? It is the duty of the Legal Practitioners’ Disciplinary Committee and also there is need to thoroughly screen those who go into the profession. I am getting worried when I see the proliferation of the legal profession. People of all sorts are rushing into the legal profession, without any aim and objective in mind. For instance, I know a lady who qualified as a lawyer and immediately she was called to the Bar, she went into interior decoration. She did not

IN THE PAST, AN ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICER IN THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE WOULD NOT BE APPOINTED A JUDGE practice for one day. That is an extreme case, what has a lawyer got to do with interior decoration. It is as bad as that. There is another lawyer that I know that is selling wax materials. I do not know what we can do, it is painful. How do you see the future of the law profession in Nigeria? The future of the legal profession is very bright. Whatever challenges the profession is facing now will be corrected. There was a time in Nigeria, when you are called to the Bar, you either go into litigation or as a solicitor but over a period of time you find lawyers who having been called to Bar, you will not even see them in court. The number now is alarming simply because every family has at least a lawyer in the family. Today almost all the military officers are lawyers, but all these things are being corrected. What will be your advice for young lawyers? Young lawyers should be conscious of professional ethics and they should adhere strictly to them. Lawyers should not meddle with client’s funds and they should advice their clients properly. We were taught in England that when you have difficult case, you should be able to tell your client that ‘’this is a bad case but I will do your best’’. You are not supposed to reject a bad case and you are not to tell your client to twist or distort or pervert the course of justice.


The festering democratic deficits the branches with the same structures through which branches have often held their local branch elections. Results of every branch can then be sent to the Central Contd from Iast week n completely dislodging the above ar- Collation Centre to determine the winners gument, the Professor clarified that; through simple mathematical computa“This line of argument manages – tions. But such elections need to be held on rather painfully – to imply that Senior the basis of the fundamental acceptance andtell adherence to the principles of univerwho had not, that will Advocates with lackthose the capability to win sal suffrage, i.e; every member of the Bar throughyou to the Presidency of the Bar unabout the quality of judgements comhaving a right to a single equal vote and less they are protected from competition ing from our courts today. Definitely, there nothing more. and alsoisthat juniors lack the judgment to a lot of difference. Judges back then Still on this exaggerated scare of rowdidiscern displayed from among competitors onescolleagues maturity but the most ness, I do not suppose anybody holds the with serious credentials. Yet, it is clearly who went into the Bench are nearing their the case that even in the current system thousands of learned men and women that retirement age. But, let me say without Senior Advocates make up less than 18% constitute the NBA at the various branchfear of contradiction some with as much baseless condescending of the presumptive electoratethat andthere thus arees, judges today that deliver good judgements. contempt as to think they would be incahave shown themselves to be much more pable are seriousleadership and address issues thatof conducting credible elections for durableThey and competitive mateNational Officers in their branches just are not before dispassionately . rials – but as athem right of birth, tribal hygiene or patronage as the learned Se- the same, or even better ways, as they have conducted their own local branch leadernior Advocate implies”. The fact is that the value and tradition of ship elections. On the fears of avoiding a repeat of the legal profession is fast eroding, how As the NBA desires to lead the clamour the Port-Harcourt and in consethen do wedebacle preserve what is left? for opening up Nigeria’s democratic space, quence, uncritically sticking the Practitioners’ curIt is the duty of the to Legal so must it open up its own democratic rent undemocratic Delegates’ system, Disciplinary Committee and also there is Odinkalu argued very courageously space to allow every lawyer have equal need to thoroughly screen those who go that; “the benefits of the present “Jambo- rights and say in determining who emergthe profession. I am getting worried es as their National Officers. The distorree” areinto neither clear nor demonstrated when I see the proliferation of the legal of democracy continues to threaten beyond its historical links to an admit- tion development prospects of Nigeria and profession. People of allinsorts rushtedly painful historical episode Portarethe as the ing the legal without anyclamour for true democracy promHarcourt 20into years ago. Butprofession, the world has ises aim and20 objective in mind. instance,toI eventually become a more engagmoved on from years ago. Do weFor have ing,and long and perhaps bitter one, credible to get stuck On the biggest knowina the ladypast?” who qualified as a lawyer argument in favour of discarding the immediately she was called to the Bar, she WE MUST SET currentwent Delegates’ systemdecoration. in favour of into interior She did not Universal Suffrage, concluded practice for Odinkalu one day. That is an extreme EXAMPLES IN that; “if a lawyer pays practising fees case, what has a lawyer got to do with inteand branch dues, which, in turn, are the DEMOCRATIC rior decoration. It is as bad as that. There mainstay of the NBA’s finances, why is another lawyer that I know that is selling should he or she be compelled to proxy CONDUCT AMONG wax materials. I do not know their votes to someone when they can,what by we can do, itexercise is painful. OURSELVES AND themselves, the right to decide who leads their Bar and how?”). How doisyou see theto future of the the law THEREAFTER BECKON No attempt made here add to erudite profession Professor’sinresponses Nigeria? above as ON OUR COUNTRY they are at once principled, profoundly The future of the legal profession is very analytical, and,Whatever as usual,challenges delivered with bright. the profession WOMEN AND MEN TO uncommon and attractive erudition.There was is facing now will be corrected. However, on the fears that granting unia time in Nigeria, when you are called to EMULATE US versal suffrage will make Bar elections the Bar, you either go into litigation or as a rowdy, unwieldy and time consuming, solicitor buttoover a period of time you find we must say that build an organizalawyers who having been called you organisations like the NBA must shore tion that would be timeless, democracy’sto Bar, their credibility by serving as moral will not evenoperationalized see them in court. numtenets must be fully andTheup berno now is alarming simply becauseguides every who not only speak for democracy practiced matter the inconveniences but practice it in a manner that inspires familyinhas least a Iflawyer . encountered theat process. there in arethe family the Nation. real or imagined inconveniences on the Today almost all the military officers are path to lawyers, practicingbut genuine democracy , itbeing As all these things are cor-we commence 2014 (another election year to decide the National Officers is the inconveniences that must be cirrected. cumvented, defeated and put out of the to lead, and speak for the Nigerian Bar), way, not democracy itself. Logistical in- we should rethink the permutations that What will be your advice for young lawconveniences are to be put out in favour go into the selection of our officers at the yers? of democracy and not democracy being National Level and take sincere steps to Young lawyers should be conscious of democratise the processes completely. put out, undermined or abridged in defprofessional ethics and they should adhere The NBA must become a democratic oasis erence to or in uncritical fear of so-called strictly to them. Lawyersinconveshould notfrom med-which members and aspiring parlogistical or veiled ideological ticipants ad- in Nigeria’s desolate governance niences.dle with client’s funds and they should desert properly . We were taught can draw inspiration. More than Aftervice all, their these clients exaggerated logistical speaking for democracy, we must practice inconveniences are easily surmountable in England that when you have difficult More than theorising on the concept, we by a coherent deployment of technology case, you should be able to tell yourit. client must set examples in democratic conduct and sincere administrative expertise in that ‘’this is a bad case but I will do your among ourselves and thereafter beckon on our electoral is to adopt best’’.process. You areOne not way supposed to reject a bad a system that ensures elections into the our country women, and men, to emulate case and you are not to tell your client to National Offices of the NBA are simulta- us. More than saying we are Democrats, twist or distort or pervert the course of neously held across all the NBA branches we must be indisputably seen to be so. And justice. on any convenient day(s) designated and having enjoyed the reputation for long, valid returns for each candidate for the now is the time to act and live up to it. Iwilade, a Legal Practitioner writes said elections sent to a Central National Collation Centre funded, staffed and ac- from Lagos. ‘The delegates’ voting system, through countable to the NBA. Rather than havwhich National Officers of the NBA have ing an unwieldy situation of having over Hundred Thousand Lawyers gathering at emerged for over a decade, woefully falls a single venue to elect their National Of- short of this pivotal democratic test.’ Concluded. ficers, elections into the National Offices Iwilade is a Lagos based Lawyer. ought to be simultaneously held across







Law & Justice

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

‘It’s battle between S’West, Mid-West lawyers’ CONTINUED FROM 41

Procedure at the Bar qualifying Examination in 1986. He also became a Notary Public in 1995. He worked with Firm of Sadoh & Co. (Legal Practitioners) between 1986 and 1989. When his principal was elevated as a judge in 1989 he became the Managing Partner of the firm, which then changed its name to Alegeh, Agun & Co. The firm eventually became Alegeh & Co. in September 1990 after the departure of the erstwhile Partner (Francis Agun) who relocated aboard to practice in the New York Bar. Alegeh was elevated to the rank of Senior Advocate of Nigeria in 2007. He is a Fellow of The Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, United Kingdom. He has attended numerous conferences both in Nigerian and abroad.

The candidates, their pedigrees Mrs. Adekoya Funke Adekoya graduated with honour from the then University of Ife in 1974 and was called to the Nigerian Bar in 1975. She later proceeded to the prestigious Harvard Law School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, where she bagged LL.M degree in 1977. Adekoya was appointed Notary Public in 1986 and elevated to the rank of Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN) on September 10, 2001 and thus attained the honour of becoming the fifth woman to be made a SAN. Adekoya became a member of the Body of Benchers in 1999 and in March 2007, she was elevated to the status of a Life Bencher. In 2007, the Financial Standard Newspaper and Women Entrepreneurs African Network, nominated and voted Adekoya as the Most Outstanding Female Legal Practitioner of the Year. She has represented diverse clients on regular basis before the Nigerian courts at all levels, and has also provided expert opinions as well as appearing as an expert witness on Nigerian law before the courts of England, United States and Turkey. She has also posted remarkable achievements in the field of arbitration, where she has represented both local and transnational parties. Adekoya, a one-time National Treasurer of the NBA became the First Vice-President of the NBA at the national level in 2002 holding it till 2004. She was also a past President of the NBA’s Section on Legal Practice. Chief Akintola Chief Niyi Akintola, who hailed from an illustrious Ibikunle family in Ibadan had it rather rough early in life when his fosterparents died. By dint of hard work and selfdetermination, he worked his way to the top of his chosen profession. He became a Senior Advocate of Nigeria in September 2001. He was admitted into the inner bar alongside the late activist, Chief Gani Fawehinmi SAN and his co-contestant, Mrs. Adekoya in the coming election. Akintola is a renowned



MAN’S LOGIC A couple wants a divorce, but first they must decide who will be the main guardian of their child. The jury asks both





speaker who has presented numerous papers at both local and international fora and he is also well-respected lawyer both locally and abroad. Mr. Adesina Dele Adesina was called to the bar in 1982. He joined the chambers of Doja Adewopo as an associate solicitor and worked there many years leaving in 1992 to start his own law firm, Dele Adesina & Co where he has operated in the capacity of the Head of Chambers since the past 22 years. He obtained LL.M degree in 1999. Adesina was a former Secretary of the NBA, Ikeja branch

the man and woman for a reason why they should be the one to keep the child. So the jury asks the woman first. She says, “Well I carried this child around in my stomach for nine months and I had to go through a painful birth process, this is my child and a part of me.” The jury is impressed and then turns to ask the man the same question. The man replies, “OK, I take a coin and put it in the drink machine and a drink comes out, now tell me who does the drink belong; to me or the machine”. Culled for Bar

and later became the branch chairman. He was also a former Secretary-General of the NBA at the national level. Adesina became a Senior Advocate of Nigeria on December 12, 2007. He is a member of the Business Law Section of the International Bar Association and a member of the Negotiation and Conflict Management Group, an alternative dispute resolution organisation based in Nigeria. Mr. Alegeh Austin Alegeh obtained his Law degree , LL.B at the University of Benin in 1985 and was admitted to the Nigerian Bar in October 1986. He won The Bola Ajibola Prize for Civil

Mr. Erhabor Osas Justy Erhabor is the incumbent first Vice-President of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA). He was also a former Chairman of Ilesa branch of the NBA, though he hails from Edo State. He was called to the bar in 1988. He has acquired 26 years’ post-call experience all of which he has spent practising in Ilesa. He has carved a niche for himself in the legal profession and he is very active in the NBA politics and he is a well-respected member of the association. Conclusion NBA presidents in the past have been known to bring some special qualities and add values to the organisation through their wealth of experience, competence and expertise. Before the ban is lifted on campaign for the elections, a controversial issue that will keep agitating the minds of stakeholders is whether or not to continue with the delegates-based system of election as it is now or to allow universal suffrage that some stakeholders have been calling for over the years. Nigerian lawyers can now keep their fingers crossed in earnest expectation of the next NBA president scheduled to emerge in July and see what the person is bringing on board to continue the tradition of having a superb administrator at the helms of affairs of lawyers’ body.

LEGAL TIPS POWER OF POLICE TO SEARCH The Search of the person When a Police Officer makes a lawful arrest, he also has power to search the body of the person so arrested. •Note that in searching the body of a woman, the search shall be carried out by another woman. The Search of premises •Usually before a premises is search, there must be a search warrant, authorising the search. If not, such search will be unlawful. •A search warrant may be issued on any day including Sunday or a public holiday. •A Magistrate or judge has the authority to issue a search warrant. •By Section 109(1) of the Criminal

Procedure Act (CPA), Section 76(1) Criminal Procedure Code (CPC) , a superior police officer also has the authority but only in certain circumstances , (a ) namely when the thing to be recovered from the premises searched is a stolen property ; (b) The premises have been, within the preceding 12 months, in the occupation of any person who has been convicted of receiving stolen property or of habouring thieves or any offence punishable by imprisonment. Written by Francis Famoroti, Head, Judiciary. We welcome feedback and reactions from readers via our e-mail:

National Mirror

Law & Justice

Monday, February 17, 2014


How Dimka, co-plotters were tried, executed for treason The trial and execution of Lt.Col. Bukar Suka Dimka and other coup plotters by firing squad in 1976 after their conviction was indeed the first public execution involving military officers in the country. FRANCIS FAMOROTI, Head, Judiciary writes.



hen Lt. Col. Bukar Dimka of the Nigeria Army Physical Training Corps stepped out of his official residence on Macpherson Road, Ikoyi, in the early hours of February 13, 1976, he had one agenda in mind; the killing of the then Head of State, Gen. Murtala Muhammed. He achieved that criminal act by gunning down the Kano-born head of state a few minutes after the latter left the Dodan Barracks, Obalende, the official seat of the Federal Military Government at the time. Muhammed’s official black Mercedes Benz was riddled with bullets near a petrol station on Bank Road, (now Murtala Muhammed Drive) opposite the Federal Secretariat, Ikoyi. Killed along with him were, his ADC, Lt. Akintunde Akinsehinwa and driver. After the assassination, Dimka had made a broadcast at the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation (NBC) studio in the following words; ‘’Good morning fellow Nigerians, This is Lt. Col. B. Dimka of the Nigerian Army calling. I bring you good tidings. Murtala Muhammed’s deficiency has been detected. His government is now overthrown by the young revolutionaries. Any attempt to foil these plans from any quarters will be met with death. Everyone should be calm. Please stay by your radio for further announcements. All borders, air and sea ports are closed until further notice. Curfew is imposed from 6am to 6pm. Thank you. We are all together.” Two days after Muhammed was assassinated, Dimka was declared wanted for treason and murder by military authorities. He was eventually caught at a checkpoint at Abakaliki on March 5, 1976 and brought to Lagos the following day. On March 6, 1976, the Federal Government promptly issued a statement on his arrest as follows: ‘’His arrest followed a massive manhunt operation mounted by a combined team of the Army and Police in the area. ‘’The previous day, Lt. Col Dimka had checked in at a local hotel in Afikpo under the name of Mr. C. Godwin of the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Enugu. Later, on his request, the hotel manager secured for him a girl, Miss. Beatrice Agboli, with whom to spend the night. ‘’A few hours later, the local Police security was alerted and they closed up on him. At about 10.30 pm, he bolted away through the window of the toilet of his hotel room into a nearby thick bush, abandoning his car with a dangling registration number ECC 6253.” ‘’The continuous joint manhunt operation by the Army and Police resulted in his subsequent arrest near Abakaliki.’’

Lt. Akinsehinwa

Barely few hours after he was brought to Lagos, he was interrogated by the military Board of Inquiry led by Major Gen. E. O. Abisoye. However while Dimka was being quizzed, 32 people including Major Gen. Illiya Bisalla, who had already been tried for their roles in the attempted coup were executed in Lagos on March 11, 1976. The only civilian executed among them was Abdulkarim Zakari, a graduate of University of Ibadan, who was said to have led Dimka and others into the studios of the NBC on February 13, 1976. The broadcaster was also cited as the man who signed for martial music records from the NBC library the previous night. Just as the first batch of coup plotters were executed, Dimka’s trial begun after he was presented to the press on March 11, 1976. Handcuffed, Dimka who wore a katftan dress watched journalists listen to a tape recording of his appearance before the board of inquiry for about five minutes. He confirmed that the voice on the tape was his own and that it was a recording made at his interrogation. He emphasised that the statement was not made under duress. According to a Daily Times publication, ‘’13 Years of Military Rule 1966-79’’ the highlights of Dimka’s confessional statements included, ‘’Frankly speaking, I should say the beginning of the coup idea was around January this year (1976).’’ He said he had discussions with some persons including former Head of State, Gen. Yakubu Gowon in London and when he returned to the country, he decided to assign responsibilities to members of the young revolutionaries conscripted into the plan. But Gowon, who was in exile at the time denied any prior knowledge of the coup attempt. Dimka also claimed the coup plot was hatched by young officers who resolved not to involve any Lieutenant Colonel and above

Gen. Mohammed



HIS GOVERNMENT IS NOW OVERTHROWN BY THE YOUNG REVOLUTIONARIES except himself in a bid to effect a change of government. In his confessional statement, he said, Gen. Bisalla had complained to him and expressed his frustration that despite being a member of the Supreme Military Council (SMC), each time there was a decision to be taken, he was either sent to one place or the other. Dimka said ‘’ Bisalla told me that whatever will happen he want us to go ahead, and work out the details.’’ Explaining how responsibilities were distributed, the leader of the coup plot said ‘’ When I met Major Rabo, he said that he had finally distributed responsibilities. Major Rabo was for target one- Head of State, Lt. Dauda was for target two- Lt. Gen. Obasanjo, Lawrence Garba was for target three- Lt. Gen. Danjuma. ‘’Major Gagara was for Ilorin and Sokoto, Jos had nobody. The main centres of operations were Kaduna, Ibadan, Benin where there are Radio stations’’. He also listed the targets of attack, that is, those to be eliminated as the Head of State, the four GOCs, Col. Babangida, Col. Bajowa, Col. Mohammed of Sokoto, Col. Ibrahim Taiwo of Kwara, Col. Abdullahi of Jos and

Inset: Dimka

Col. Jemibewon of Ibadan.’’ Dimka also confessed before the military board of inquiry how Zakari showed him the NBC broadcasting section on February 12, a day before the coup attempt. On how the ex-Head of State was killed, he said ‘’ I stood at George Street with Major Rabo to wait until such a time when the Head of State’s car was coming out. There, one Capt. Malaki who was to give the warning order. Capt. Malaki was to be on the watch to signal Major Rabo and Lt. William Seri on the approach of the vehicle. So I came up and I was at the petrol station waiting. ‘’I was behind while we were talking when the Commander –in-Chief’s car passed. In fact, I did not even see it until when Malaki said the car has passed. So, we rushed in and then followed and the car was held somewhere just opposite the petrol station. ‘’Lt. Seri was approaching the car when we stopped and Major Rabo rushed to him, then the firing started. ‘’ Dimka confessed that after the Head of State was assassinated, he went to the NBC and made his broadcast that the young revolutionaries had taken over the government. At the end of his trial, coup leader and a number of others were found guilty of treason and murder. Their death sentences were confirmed by the Supreme Military Council. Dimka and seven others were eventually executed by firing squad at Kirikiri Prisons on May 15, 1976, for their part in the abortive coup. Also executed among the squad was the former Governor of the then Benue Plateau State, Joseph Gomwalk. However, two NCOs, Sgt. Clement Yildar and Corporal Dauda Usman escaped and were never found. They were declared wanted by the authorities. The situation led to the promulgation by Olusegun Obasanjo regime of certain retrospective decrees and new military laws justifying mass executions for coup participation.

Law & Justice


Monday, February 17, 2014


Pakistan court orders govt to produce missing activist PAKISTAN


court in Pakistan has ordered the government to produce an anti-drone activist, Kareem Khan who lawyers say was detained by the country’s intelligence agencies. Khan went missing days before he was due to testify before European parliamentarians about the impact of drone strikes on his country. His lawyers say he was picked up from his residence in Rawalpindi last week and has not been heard from since. Police deny any involvement. The high court set the hearing for 20 February. Khan’s brother and teenage son were killed in a drone attack in North Waziristan in 2009. “The Rawalpindi bench of Lahore High Court has sought reply from the intelligence agencies through the government, ordering the intelligence agencies to produce Kareem

Khan on 20 February or give the reason behind his arrest in writing to the court,” his lawyer Shahzad Akbar told AFP news agency. “The police in their report did mention that Khan was picked up by men wearing police uniform but they said it was not them,” he said, adding that he was not hopeful that intelligence agencies would produce his client. Civilian casualties in US drone strikes in Pakistan tribal areas have become a very sensitive issue Last week Amnesty International said: “We are concerned that prominent human rights activist Kareem Khan may have been disappeared to prevent him from giving testimony overseas about US drone strikes in Pakistan.” Quoting witnesses, the group said Khan had been taken away by more than “a dozen men, some in police uniforms, others in plain clothes” early on February 5.


National Mirror

Michael Jackson’s fans win one euro for emotional damage FRANCE


ive Michael Jackson fans have been awarded one euro each by a French court for the “emotional damage” they suffered after the pop star’s death.

BBC report says that the case saw 34 fans sue Jackson’s doctor, who was jailed in 2011 for the involuntary manslaughter of the singer. The court in Orleans ruled five fans had proven emotional suffering. Conrad Murray served

Late Jackson

two years of a four-year term for administering a lethal dose of an anaesthetic drug to Jackson and was released in October. Last month a US court rejected a bid by Murray to have his conviction for involuntary manslaughter overturned. The five claimants two from France, two from Switzerland and one from Belgium - were all members of the French-based Michael Jackson Community fan club. Their lawyer said they had proven their suffering “with the help of witness statements and medical certificates.” “As far as I know this is the first time in the world that the notion of emotional damage in connection

with a pop star has been recognised,” Emmanuel Ludot told the AFP news agency. “They have been subjected to ridicule and I am delighted their suffering has been taken seriously by the law.” The damages were symbolic, he added, and the claimants would not be seeking to claim the one euro each from Conrad Murray. The five fans say they hope the ruling will help them gain access to Michael Jackson’s grave in Los Angeles, which is closed to the public. Michael Jackson died on June 25 ,2009 from an overdose of the powerful anaesthetic propofol. He had been out of the public eye for several years but was preparing for a series of comeback performances at the O2 arena in London.

Guatemala ex-soldier sentenced to 10 years in US USA


n ex-soldier from Guatemala has been sentenced by a United States court to 10 years imprisonment for having lied about his role in a killing in 1982. According to BBC report, Jorge Vinicio Sosa Orantes, 55, was also stripped of his US citizenship. He had been arrested in Canada in 2011, after having fled the US the year before. More than 200 people were killed in the Dos Erres massacre, one of the bloodiest episodes of Guatemala’s 36-year-long civil war. Sosa was found guilty of having omitted to mention his role in the Guatemalan army on his citizenship application papers. The former soldier was part of the elite unit known as the Kaibiles, which

stormed a village because it suspected residents of supporting or sheltering left-wing guerrillas. Over three days, the soldiers systematically killed hundreds of men, women and children, shooting or bludgeoning them to death and throwing bodies down a well. In 2012, a court in Guatemala sentenced another former soldier to 6,060 years in prison for his role in the massacre. Pedro Pimentel Rios, 55, had been extradited from the US and became the fifth former soldier to be convicted for Dos Erres killings. The killing happened during the regime of Gen Efrain Rios Montt. Last year, a court decided Gen Rios Montt, 87, should face a fresh trial for genocide and crimes against humanity in 2015. Between 1982 and 1983,

some of the country’s worst civil war atrocities took place, such as the massacre of whole villages of indigenous Maya. An estimated 200,000 people died in the conflict which ended in 1996. Montt was convicted of

genocide and war crimes in May 2013 and sentenced to 80 years in jail. But the conviction was overturned by the constitutional court, which argued that Montt had been denied due process.

US President, Barack Obama

My hands were shaking–Ayotunde Soderu


y first appearance in court was on January 20, 2010 and it was my first time in court as a lawyer. I was actually not led by any senior, I was given a file a day before and was told to go to court the following day and move an application. Throughout the night, I was just reading the file; I didn’t

do any other thing but read my file and getting ready for the application. Though it is a simple application now, but then it was not all that simple in my sight. On getting to court the next morning, when my case was called I had the feeling in me it is something I can do. My boss had instilled confidence in me that I can do

it and I did it, the application was granted. I didn’t know that my boss was in court, but later when I finished, he told me that I addressed the court well but my hands were shaking. It was before honourable Justice Adebiyi. When I left the court I felt excited, it was full of excitement.


National Mirror

Monday, February 17, 2014

Res judicata as a defence in Tort THE ADVOCATE OLUGBEMI FATULA

08037213732 (sms only) E-mail:


es judicata is the Latin term for “a matter [already] judged”, and may refer to two things: in both civil law and common law legal systems, a case in which there has been a final judgment and is no longer subject to appeal.; and the term is also used to refer to the legal doctrine meant to bar (or preclude) continued litigation of such cases between the same parties. In this latter usage, the term is synonymous with “preclusion”. In the case of res judicata, the matter cannot be raised again, either in the same court or in a different court. A court will use res judicata to deny reconsideration of a matter. The legal concept of res judicata arose as a method of preventing injustice to the parties of a case supposedly finished and to avoid unnecessary waste of resources in the court system. Res judicata does not merely prevent future judgments from contradicting earlier ones, but also prevents litigants from multiplying judgments, so a prevailing plaintiff could not recover damages from the defendant twice for the same injury. The principle of res judicata may be used either by a judge or a defendant. Once a final judgment has been handed down in a lawsuit, subsequent judges who are confronted with a suit that is identical to or substantially the same as the earlier one will apply the res judicata doctrine to preserve the effect of the first judgment. A defendant in a lawsuit may use res judicata as defence. The general rule is that a plaintiff who prosecuted an action against a defendant and obtained a valid final judgment is not able to initiate another action against the same defendant where: 1. the claim is based on the same transaction that was at issue in the first action; 2. the plaintiff seeks a different remedy, or fur-

ther remedy, than what was obtained in the first action; 3. the claim is of such nature as could have been joined in the first action. For res judicata to be binding, several factors must be met. These are: 1. identity in the thing at suit; 2. identity of the cause at suit; 3. identity of the parties to the action; 4. identity in the designation of the parties involved; 5. whether the judgment was final; 6. whether the parties were given full and fair opportunity to be heard on the issue. Res judicata includes two related concepts: claim preclusion and issue preclusion (also called collateral estoppel or issue estoppel), though sometimes res judicata is used more narrowly to mean only claim preclusion. Claim preclusion bars a suit from being brought again on an event which was the subject of a previous legal cause of action that has already been finally decided between the parties or those in privity with a party. Issue preclusion bars the relitigation of issues of fact or law that have already been necessarily determined by a judge or jury as part of an earlier case. It is often dif-



ficult to determine which, if either, of these concepts apply to later lawsuits that are seemingly related, because many causes of action can apply to the same factual situation and vice versa. Res judicata assures an efficient judicial system that renders final judgments with certainty and prevents the inequity of a defendant having to defend the same claim or issue of law repeatedly. On the other hand, it protects the plaintiff ’s interest in having issues and claims fully and fairly litigated. Res judicata does not restrict the appeals process, which is considered a linear extension of the same lawsuit as the suit travels up (and back down) the appellate court ladder. Appeals are considered the appropriate manner to challenge a judgment rather than trying to start a new trial. Once the appeals process is exhausted or waived, res judicata will apply even to a judgment that is contrary to law. In addition, in matters involving due process, cases that appear to be res iudicata may be re-litigated. An example would be the establishment of a right to counsel. People who have had their liberty taken away (i.e., imprisoned) may be allowed to be re-tried with a counselor as a matter of fairness. In order for a second suit to be dismissed on a motion of res judicata in a civilian jurisdiction, the trial must be identical to the first trial in the following manner: (1) identical parties, (2) identical theories of recovery, and (3) identical demands in both trials. In other words, the issue preclusion or collateral estoppel found in the common law doctrine of res judicata is not present in the civilian doctrine. In addition if all else is equal between the two cases, minus the relief sought, there will be no dismissal based on res judicata in a civil law jurisdiction. While most civilian jurisdictions have slightly broadened the doctrine through multiple exceptions to these three requirements, there is no consensus on which exceptions ought to be allowed.

Law & Justice



L-R: Presiding Justice, Court of Appeal, Lagos Division, Justice Amina Augie, Justice Oludotun Adefope-Okojie, Justice Chinwe Iyizoba, Justice Rita Pemu at the presentation of the book titled ‘’Civil Litigation: A Quick Reference Guide to Substantive Law and Procedure, written by Justice Adefope-Okojie of the Lagos High Court.

Mr. Zik Chukwuka Obi and former branch chairman, Mr. Yinka Fayokun at the general meeting of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) Lagos branch recently.

L- R: Enugu State Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice, Mr. Anthony Ani(SAN), Mr. Adekunle Omotola, Deputy Governor, Delta State, Prof. Amos Utuama (SAN), Chief Judge, Benue State, Justice Iorheme Hwande and Mr. Kola Awodein (SAN) at the presentation of ‘ ABC of Contemporary Land Law in Nigeria ‘ in Enugu recently.

.L-R: Chairman, Parliamentarians’ Committee, Rotary D 9110, Rotn. Sola Fatoki, The Director, Lagos Multi Door Courthouse (LMDC), Mrs. Caroline Etuk and Prof. Alaba Akinsete at a Seminar on Crisis Management and Dispute Resolution in Non-Governmental Organisation organised by Rotary D 9110 Nigeria in Lagos recently.


Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Community Mirror There is no country in my experience of over 60 countries that have the kind of details released by the Budget Office of this federation. THE COORDINATING MINISTER FOR THE ECONOMY AND MINISTRY OF FINANCE, DR. NGOZI OKONJO-IWEALA

Association advocates health policy for elders WALE IGBINTADE


he Community Policing Partnership Association, CPPA, has called on the Federal Government to put in place a health policy to protect the rights of senior citizens and physically challenged in the society. The association stated this during a visit to old people’s homes at Regina Mundi Catholic Hospital

and Lagos Cheshire Home respectively, as part of activities to mark its 10 year anniversary celebration. During the visit, old people and those with disabilities had their blood pressure and sugar level checked in order to prevent them from chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cancer and arthritis. Led by its coordinator, Deacon Sunday Solanke, the association lamented that senior citizens now

suffer neglect and loneliness. It noted that Nigerians have abandoned the aspect of our culture which stressed affection for family members. It said, “Today, more young are always travelling in search of greener pasture, leaving their aged parents to their own fate. They now lack care and are open to chronic and communicable diseases. We need a health policy and legislation to

protect the rights of older individuals and disabled”. The association however expressed appreciation at the efforts of the management of the homes for what they were doing to care for elders and physically challenged. CPPA noted that there were abilities in disabilities and all hands must be on deck to bring out the best from these people. It noted “by this act, we are giving our needy people a good sense of be-

longing. CPPA puts smiles on faces of old and disabled persons and at the end of it all, the objective of the anniversary, to give these people an unforgettable experience, was achieved”. The association also gave awards to deserving Divisional Police Officers, DPOs, Director – Vehicle Inspection Services, VIS, Neighbourhood Watch Coordinator, NECO, and stakeholders who have distinguished themselves

in the development of community policing. Those given awards were, the Divisional Police Officer, DPO, at Ilupeju Police Station under Area “F” Command Headquarters, Divisional Police Officer, DPO, Ilasamaja Police Station under Area “D” Command Headquarters, state Director – Vehicle Inspection Services, VIS, Mushin and Neighbourhood Watch Coordinator, NECO.

Cross River disburses loan to cassava farmers


he Cross River Commissioner for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Mr. James Aniyom, has disbursed loans to cassava farmers in the state. Speaking while presenting N36.2million to the beneficiaries, Aniyom stated, that the Cassava Farmers Association should have a steering committee in order to facilitate the disbursement process. He said, with the disbursement committee already inaugurated, cassava farmers will now liaise with the government and banks to ensure they access the loan. Aniyom said, the government was not happy with the disbursement process, adding that 242 cassava associations are getting N150, 000 per hectare, from the N1.2billion loan. He, therefore, urged aspiring cassava farmers to work hard in order to meet the bench mark, saying, “We have acquired 6,000 hectares of land at Nyametet, Obubra, where cassava can be grown massively”. He disclosed that cassava can also be grown in all the local government areas, even as he commended the first batch of beneficiaries for their effort. The commissioner said

soon, cassava will be as important as cocoa, and therefore merit the assistance of World Bank and European Union. Mr. Aniyom said information from the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, stated that N355 billion has been disbursed for wheat importation. To stop this, he added, “We have to plant our wheat, which can take us 20 years to meet production demand since it could be grown at Obanliku.” However, to save time and cost, he said that cassava can substitute wheat and cassava skins used for livestock feeds, saying that Ghana and other European countries have done this. He therefore advised cassava farmers to see agriculture as a serious business. He however said that the Federal Government has given land to farmers and called on them to register with the Director General, Commercial Agriculture and Rural Empowerment Scheme, CARES, for plots of land. He then urged young school leavers to go into cassava farming, noting that, unlike in the past, there are now incentives, such as loans from industrial and agricultural banks.

Masquerades at the annual Samodun festival in Ibadan last Friday

Katsina spends N7bn on water supply JAMES DANJUMA KATSINA


he governor of Katsina State Ibrahim Shema has said his administration spent N7 billion on the provision of potable water between 2007 and February 2014. Shema said this in Batsari, headquarters of Batsari Local Government Area, while inaugurating

one of the semi-urban water supply schemes provided by the state government. The governor said the money was spent on rural, semi-urban and urban water supply projects in the 34 local government areas of the state, even as he stated that the administration was committed to the provision of clean water to the people. In his remarks, the

Commissioner for Water Resources, Alhaji Gide Sani, said potable water will assist in eradicating about 70 per cent of health and environment-related diseases. He said that the Batsari project was executed at the cost of N118 million. Sani urged the people to continue to support the administration in its efforts at improving their living standard.

Chairman, Caretaker Committee of the Batsari Local Government Council, Alhaji Lawal Aganku, commended the government for executing the project. He said that the council will continue to complement government’s efforts in the areas of water supply, education, healthcare, rural roads and electrification, among others.

Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror


World News

Plane carrying 18 people missing in Nepal’s mountains





leven workers have been rescued from an illegal gold mine in South Africa where around 200 were feared trapped yesterday, in the second accident in the country’s mining industry in as many weeks. Rescuers used heavy duty equipment to try to clear a way out for the men stuck in the mine near Johannesburg, emergency services said. “We have rescued 11 so far, none of them have visible injuries. But they are being assessed by medics,” Russel Meiring of the private emergency operators ER24 told a news agency from the accident scene. It is believed there are more than 200 miners trapped inside the mine, 30 of them at a shallow level. The 30 “have told us that underneath them there’s 200 others,” Werner Vermaak, ER24 spokesman said earlier. But he added that he could not independently confirm the figure of 200, while local municipal officials could only confirm 30 trapped. Those rescued will be arrested for illegal mining and trespassing, police said. “There’s still a number of them underground who are refusing to come out for fear of arrest,” police spokesman Mack Mngomezulu told a news agency. Municipal officials said the workers went down on Saturday into the mine, which has been dug illegally behind a cricket stadium

We all have to approach this challenge together. In a sense climate change can now be considered another weapon of mass destruction, perhaps even the world’s most fearsome weapon. –UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE, JOHN KERRY

South Africa rescues 11 miners from collapsed pit

Scene where rescuers are working to free the miners.

in the Benoni district east of Johannesburg. But police suspect some of them had been underground for up 12 days. They were unable to come out after boulders fell and blocked their way, municipal rescuers said. Boulders blocking the entrance to the shaft were removed using excavation equipment, clearing the way for rescuers to pull them out. Food and water had earlier

been lowered in by rope. Police on patrol nearby discovered that the men were trapped in the mine when a passer-by said he had heard voices of people screaming for help from underground. Accidents are commonplace in South Africa’s mines, which are the deepest in the world. At least eight miners were killed nearly two weeks ago after an earth tremor sparked an underground blaze at a Harmony Gold mine west of Johannesburg.

In July 2009, nine workers were killed in a rock fall in a platinum mine. The same year, at least 82 people digging illegally in an disused gold mine shaft died when a fire broke out underground. Minerals Minister Susan Shabangu last week lashed out at the poor safety record at regulated mining operations, where 14 deaths have been recorded in the first seven weeks of this year. “One death is one too many,” she said on Thursday.

Egypt’s crisis: Morsi’s lawyers stage walk-out


awyers for deposed Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi withdrew in protest after he appeared in court on Sunday on charges of conspiring with foreign groups to commit terrorist acts in Egypt.

Morsi’s legal team protested they could not hear their client speak from inside a soundproof glass cage. The judge controls the microphone that allows defendants to be heard. The judge ordered a lawyer’s

A supporter of Egypt’s army chief Sisi rallying outside a police academy on the outskirts of Cairo, yesterday. PHOTO: REUTERS

syndicate to assign 10 lawyers to defend Morsi at the trial’s next hearing on February 23. “My professional conscience will not permit me to continue... in these void proceedings,” lawyer Mohamed Salim al-Awa told Reuters. In what they call “the biggest case of conspiracy in the history of Egypt”, prosecutors say Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood hatched a “terrorist plan” in 2005 involving the Palestinian Hamas group as well as Shi’ite Iran and its Lebanese ally Hezbollah. Hamas has dismissed the charges as “fabrications and lies”. The Brotherhood also rejects the allegations, saying it is a peaceful organization with no links to any violent groups. The Brotherhood accuses the army of staging a coup and reviv-

ing a dictatorship, an allegation the military denies. Islamic militant groups have stepped up bombing and shooting attacks on security forces since Morsi’s fall, killing hundreds. In the latest attack in Sinai, an explosion on a tourist bus killed two Koreans and the Egyptian driver yesterday, security sources said. The Brotherhood propelled Morsi to election victory in 2012 but was driven underground after the army ousted the Islamist leader in July after mass protests against his rule. The state, which has declared the Brotherhood a terrorist group, has killed about 1,000 of its members on the streets and jailed thousands, including its top leaders.


EU to deploy troops in CAR next month –France

Troops from several EU countries will begin deploying in the strife-torn Central African Republic next month, a French official said yesterday. “In March, in a few weeks, there will be in the Central African Republic several hundred troops coming from several countries of the European Union,” the junior minister for European affairs, Thierry Repentin, told French media. “It’s a major step forward,” he added. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton announced Friday that the bloc planned to send 1,000 troops to the former French colony, which has been engulfed in chaos for nearly a year. She did not give a timeline. Repentin said he could not give a more precise deployment date “because there are still negotiations in each of the countries”.

Ghana aims to stop rice, food imports –Mahama President John Mahama said his government is aiming at shoring up Ghana’s rice production capacity and eventually becoming a net-exporter rather than an importer. Ghana currently spends about US$600m annually to import rice. The West African country spends an additional US$400m annually to import sugar, tomatoes, vegetable cooking oil, frozen fish, poultry and wheat. As part of long term measures toward reducing pressure on the local currency, President Mahama told the BBC that his government is targeting a reduction in the US$1b imports of food by developing the local capacity to produce more of them.

Militants kill four in Tunisian border attack Islamist militants disguised as security officials killed three Tunisian policemen and a civilian in an attack near the border with Algeria, the state news agency TAP said yesterday. The agency did not name any group in the attack. Tunisia’s security forces have been battling militants from the banned Islamist movement Ansar al-Sharia, whose leader has declared allegiance to al Qaeda’s North Africa wing. TAP said four gunmen dressed as Tunisian security officials killed the four and wounded two police and a border agent just after midnight in d’Awled Manna, in northwest Jendouba province. The militants stole weapons and a vehicle, TAP said.


World News


Vietnam’s anti-China activists mark 1979 border war Vietnamese activists yesterday marked the 35th anniversary of a bloody border war with China, chanting slogans, singing patriotic songs and laying flowers at a temple in central Hanoi. The two communist countries are locked in long-standing territorial disputes over the Paracel and Spratly islands in the South China Sea, and often trade diplomatic barbs over oil exploration and fishing rights in the contested waters. Beijing’s increasingly assertive stance in the South China Sea has triggered public anger and rare protests in authoritarian Vietnam where the demonstrations are sometimes allowed to go ahead and on other occasions forcefully broken up. China invaded Vietnam’s northernmost provinces in February 1979, angered by Vietnam’s ouster of the Beijing-backed Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia. The short but bloody conflict claimed tens of thousands of lives on both sides and ended with Chinese forces withdrawing and both Hanoi and Beijing claiming victory.

Kerry warns of bleak future over climate change US Secretary of State John Kerry yesterday issued a clarion call for nations to do to more to combat climate change, calling it “the world’s largest weapon of mass destruction”. In a keynote speech, one of a series planned in different countries throughout the year, Kerry sought to make both a moral and economic argument for greater urgency in cutting greenhouse gases. He warned that low-lying Asian nations and their rich ecosystems were particularly at peril from rising sea levels. Talking to a crowd of Indonesian agriculture, energy and marine students, he said the country and Southeast Asia were “on the frontlines of climate change”. “It’s not an exaggeration to say to you that the entire way of life that you live and love is at risk,” Kerry said at a US-run cultural centre in Jakarta, in a speech also fed live to hubs on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.

Monday, February 17, 2014

Plane carrying 18 people missing in Nepal’s mountains


Nepal Airlines plane flying in bad weather with 18 people on board was missing yesterday and feared to have crashed in Nepal’s mountainous west, officials said. Contact was lost with the plane a few minutes after it made an unscheduled fuel stop in the city of Pokhara on its flight from the capital, Katmandu, to the town of Jumla, said Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal official Ram Hari Sharma. Another aviation official, Dharmendra Pandey, said villagers in Argakhachi district reported that the plane had crashed in a remote mountainous area. He said police were trying to reach the area. The de Havilland Canadamanufactured Twin Otter plane had 15 passengers and three crew members on board. One of the passengers was believed to be a Danish national, while the rest on board, including a child, were Nepalese, Sharma said. It was snowing this weekend in parts of the mountainous region, and visibility was low due to fog. A rescue helicopter was try-

A DeHavilland DHC6 Twin Otter similar to the one belonging to Nepal Airlines that was missing in Nepal’s mountainous, yesterday. PHOTO: AP

ing to reach the area where contact with the plane was lost, but the weather conditions were making it difficult. The plane was scheduled to fly directly from Katmandu to

Jumla, about 400 kilometres (250 miles) to the west, but stopped to refuel at Pokhara’s airport about a third of the way into the journey. In May, another plane of the


hancellor Angela Merkel will meet leaders of her coalition partners, the Social Democrats (SPD) and Christian Social Union (CSU), on Tuesday to try to resolve a crisis over

the forced exit of a conservative minister. The ouster of Hans-Peter Friedrich on Friday over his handling of confidential information about a looming inquiry into a SPD lawmak-

Ukrainian protesters end occupation of Kiev


krainian opposition protesters ended a twomonth occupation of city hall in Kiev yesterday and opened a road to limited traffic to meet an amnesty offer aimed at easing a stand-off over President Viktor Yanukovich’s rule. The authorities, for their part, withdrew riot police from a flashpoint district of the capital, near the Dynamo Kiev football stadium, where at least three protesters died in January in violence between ultra-radi-

same make and model operated by state-owned Nepal Airlines crashed while attempting to land at a mountain airstrip in northern Nepal, injuring all 21 people on board.

Merkel to meet coalition leaders as crisis looms

cal activists and police. Despite the conciliatory moves, opposition leaders sought to keep up pressure on Yanukovich, telling a rally in Kiev’s Independence Square that he must abandon “dictatorial” powers and let them form a government that would be independent of him. Tension still simmered before a parliament session on Tuesday when Yanukovich may present his candidate for prime minister - a choice that will show if he is ready to make more conces-

Two Koreans, Egyptian killed in Sinai tourist bus blast

A bomb on a tourist bus in Egypt’s Sinai peninsula killed at least two Koreans and the Egyptian driver on Sunday, army and security sources said, an apparent turning point in an Islamist insurgency that has gained pace since an army takeover in July. The Interior Ministry said the bus was travelling from St. Catherine’s Monastery, a popular tourist destination in the south Sinai, to nearby Israel when it was attacked. It did not state the cause of the blast, which wounded 20 people. Two security sources said a bomb either planted inside or near the bus was used.

National Mirror

An anti-government protester removing barricades at the site of recent clashes with riot police in Kiev, yesterday. PHOTO: REUTERS

sions to the opposition after 12 weeks of often ugly street confrontation. Opposition leaders made it clear on Sunday they would also push at the parliament session for constitutional changes to reduce Yanukovich’s powers. The unrest was sparked by Yanukovich in November when he spurned a free trade agreement long in the making with the European Union and opted for a $15 billion package of Russian credits and cheaper gas to shore up Ukraine’s ailing economy. The revolt spiralled into countrywide protests at perceived sleaze and corruption in the Yanukovich administration and has triggered a geopolitical tussle between East and West. As Russia beckons with the $15 billion aid package to plug holes in Ukraine’s heavilyindebted economy, the United States and its Western allies have urged Yanukovich to move back towards an IMF-backed deal with Europe. At least six people have been killed and hundreds of people police and protesters - wounded in the bloodshed.

er suspected of possessing child pornography has split Merkel’s two-month-old coalition just as it was trying to enact urgently needed pension and energy reforms. Sources in Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU) and the SPD said yesterday party chiefs would convene after CSU chairman Horst Seehofer rebuked the SPD for actions that forced Friedrich to resign as agriculture minister. “The meeting had been previously scheduled and the affair will certainly be one of the topics,” a party source told Reuters, adding Merkel, Seehofer and SPD chairman Sigmar Gabriel would be joined by the parties’ parliamentary heads. Tuesday’s gathering will be the new government’s first “coalition committee” meeting - a small group of leaders that meets on an irregular basis to iron out difficulties. Merkel, who began her third term in December eager to use an 80-percent majority in parliament to tackle domestic and euro zone issues, wants to defuse tensions over the scandal while Seehofer, head of her Bavarian sister party, wants revenge against the SPD for Friedrich, analysts said. “It has the makings of a full coalition crisis but Merkel wants to protect her government and hopes it’ll all go away,” said Cologne University political scientist Thomas Jaeger.

National Mirror


Monday, February 17, 2014


Kaduna donates N7.6m relief materials to victims of attacks A ZA MSUE KADUNA


aduna State government at the weekend donated relief materials worth N7.6 million to over 300 displaced victims of the attacks in Manchok in Kaura Local Government Area in the southern part of the state. Donating the items, the Deputy Governor of the state, Nuhu Bajoga, who is also the chairman of the State Emergency Management Agency, SEMA, said government was concerned about the welfare of the victims of the attacks in the area. Bajoga, who visited the paramount ruler of the area, the Chief of Moroa, Tagwai Sambo, to commiserate with him, condemned the attacks, urging the peo-

ple to remain calm. He said the relief materials were meant to cushion the effects of the attacks on the victims, pledging government’s readiness to promptly respond to the needs of the people of the state. In a statement signed by the deputy governor’s Press Secretary, Mr. James Sani, the state government cautioned youths in the state to refrain from taking up arms against others as the government was working with security agents towards ensuring that such incidences are nipped in the bud. Responding, the Chairman of Kaura Local Government, Mr. Kumai Badon said; “So far, about 173 houses were destroyed by the attackers,” promising to ensure fairness in the distribution of the items.

Kogi restates commitment to tackle LG financial crisis WALE IBRAHIM LOKOJA


ogi State government has restated its commitment to find a lasting solution to the current financial challenges facing local government councils in the state to enable them meet their primary obligations. State Governor, Idris Wada, who disclosed this while commissioning some tricycles purchased by Mopamuro Local Government Area for selected youths in the area, said the gesture was part of the first phase of the council’s youths’ empowerment programme. Wada, who spoke through his Deputy, Yomi Awoniyi, commended the council’s initiative, stating that the idea to make youths of the area self-

employed is in consonant with his administration’s Youth Advancement and Development Programme. He commended the efforts of the Chairman, Funsho Daniyan, for his prudence in the management of the scarce resources of the council area. The governor lamented the dwindling monthly financial revenue accruing to the state, which he said has affected all tiers of government. He added that the situation calls for sacrifice and prudent use of scarce resources as displayed by the leadership in Mopamuro council area. He charged the beneficiaries of the scheme to reciprocate government’s gesture by striving to pay their monthly subscription so as to make the scheme revolving.

L-R: Katsina State Commissioner for Water Resources, Alhaji Gide Sani; Governor Ibrahim Shema; his ADC, Shehu Koko and the Speaker, Katsina State House of Assembly, Hon. Yau Gwajo-Gwajo, at the inauguration of Semi-Urban Water Supply Scheme in Batsari Local Government Area, at the weekend. PHOTO:NAN

Herdsmen kill two, burn houses in Nasarawa’s renewed attack IGBAWASE UKUMBA LAFIA


t least two people were reportedly killed and several houses burnt at Gidan Sule village, Nasarawa State, in a renewed attack by gunmen suspected to be Fulani herdsmen in the early hours of yesterday. Gidan Sule village, a suburb of Kadarko town, is in Giza development area of the state and is on the border between Nasarawa and Benue States, about 45 kilometres south of Lafia, the Nasarawa state capital. Border communities in the two states had, in the last three years, witnessed



ver one million patients across the Federal Capital Territory, FCT, and its environs benefited from the services offered by the 12 districts and general hospitals in the FCT in year 2013. The Secretary at the FCT Health and Human Services Secretariat, Dr. Demola On-

akomaiya, revealed this at the weekend. According to him, the secretariat’s record showed that 443, 439 out of the number of the patients were male while 597, 084 of them were female. Onakomaiya revealed this while reviewing the performance of the secretariat in the last year. He said the out-patients accounted for the highest number of pa-

ror, confirmed the names of the two persons killed in the attack to be Emmanuel Mbashav and Doosen Ornguga, while another of the victims, Msugh Ornguga, survived the attack but was left with multiple wounds he sustained from gunshots from the suspected herdsmen. Consequent upon the attack, hundreds of people in the communities around the area were said to be evacuating their families to neighbouring Benue State, even as tension enveloped the surrounding communities of Kadarko, Gidan Kparev in Nasarawa State and Yelewata in Benue State for fear of possible at-

tacks by the herdsmen on their communities. The Nasarawa and Benue State governments had in the last three years being making frantic efforts to bring an the end to the persistent clashes between the farmers and the herdsmen without any fruitful result, hence the clashes continued unabated. Nasarawa State Police Public Relations Officer, PPRO, Idrisu Kennedy, when contacted on phone by our correspondent yesterday denied knowledge of the attack as according to him; “The command is yet to get a signal to that effect.”

We’ll ask court to declare Saraki’s seat vacant –Group WOLE ADEDEJI ILORIN


socio-political group, Kwara Afresh Campaign,

One million patients benefited from FCT hospitals in 2013 ADEOLA TUKURU

persistent clashes between farmers and herdsmen and such clashes were reported to have claimed several lives and property running into millions of naira. Reports said hundreds of farmers in the area were yet to return to their ancestral homes long after they had been displaced in such previous clashes. According to an eyewitness, the suspected herdsmen attacked the village along the Lafia-Makurdi road, at about 6.00 am, shooting sporadically at any object even as they set houses within the vicinity ablaze simultaneously. The eyewitness, who spoke with National Mir-

tients with 317, 281. He also added that the FCT Administration under the distinguished leadership of Senator Bala Muhammed, provided free ante-natal services to 68, 978 pregnant mothers. A total of 10, 182 of these were given free normal deliveries while 2, 788 were through caesarean session, which were also conducted free.

KAC, has indicated its readiness to go to court to declare the seats of Senator Bukola Saraki and others from the state that defected to the All Progressives Congress, APC, in the National Assembly vacant. Speaking to journalists at the weekend, the leader of the group, Abdulwahab Lawal, said KAC had commissioned a team of lawyers to work on section 68 (1) (g) of the Nigerian Constitution with a view to interpreting and making it apply to make Saraki and the others vacate their seats in the National Assembly. Lawal said gone are the

days when an individual would arrogate powers to himself and drag the generality of the people the ‘wrong’ way and make things happen by his whims and caprices only. He said since Senator Saraki led his followers to defect from the ruling Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, into the All Progressives Congress, APC; they should forfeit their seats which they got on the platform of the PDP. Speaking on APC’s position that the Federal Government’s proposed national dialogue was out of order, Lawal said if the APC is a democratic body, it should know that

Nigeria at this point time has so many issues that should be given prominence in a national discourse. He said PDP as a democratic party believes in a conference where issues bordering on ethnic, political, natural and economic situations in the country should be discussed especially if the people so inclined. Lawal, however, told journalists that in the event that he was enjoined to run for the state’s governorship election, he said as long as it is the will of his supporters, he would run and it would be for real.


Monday, February 17, 2014




ADEGBOLA: Formerly known and addressed as Mrs. Adegbola Rukayat Abimbola, now wish to be known and addressed as Miss Babatunde Rukayat Abimbola. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

I, Adebisi Lawal, hereby notify the public that the Receipt of Payment and Allocation letter issued by LSDPC to me on property known as No 9, Gbajumo Street, Surulere, Lagos were lost in transit and all efforts to get same proved abortive. General Public and LSDPC note please.

CHANGE OF NAME Formerly known and addressed as Chima Okpara, now wish to be known and addressed as Okpara Chima Christopher. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

CHANGE OF NAME t Former surname Nwosu, change to Chigozie, my wife Ifunnaya Ebere and children will be called as Chigozie as their surname. All former documents remain valid. General public take note. CHANGE OF NAME








OWOLABI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Owolabi Oluwabukola, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Ogunkola Oluwabukola. All former documents remain valid. general public should please take note.

OLOYE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Oloye Abiodun Bosede, now wish to known and addressed as Mrs Alabi Abiodun Bosede. All former documents remain valid. General public take note



KUMAPAYI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Kumapayi Abimbola Olajumoke, now wish to known and addressed as Barrister (Mrs) Mustapha Abimbola Olajumoke. All former documents remain valid. General public take note

ALE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ale Oluwasola, now wish to known and addressed as Mrs Adekunle Oluwasola. All former documents remain valid. Ekiti State Health Management Board and General public take note.



CHANGE OF NAME t ODUWOLE: Formerly known and addressed as Mr Oduwole Sikiru Tunde, now wish to known and addressed as Mr Cool Sikiru Tunde. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

ADIO: Formerly known and addressed as Mrs Adio Gloria Opeyemi, now wish to known and addressed as Mrs Adelaja Gloria Opeyemi. All former documents remain valid. Federal Ministry of Internal Affairs, (Immigration) and general public take note.



CHANGE OF NAME t OKOYE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Okoye Ngozika Agatha now wish to be known addressed as Mrs Anagor Ngozika Agatha. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

OKE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Oke Oluwakemi Elizabeth, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Oluwaseyi Oluwakemi Elizabeth. All former documents remain valid. Ogun State Ministry of Education, Civil Service Commission and general public take note.





ADENIYI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Adeniyi Fatimo Adebimpe, now wish to known and addressed as Mrs Olowokite Fatimo Adebimpe. All former documents remain valid. TESCOM, Ogun State and General public take note.

OJEDIRAN: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ojediran Cecilia Oluwafunmilola, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Oduroye Cecilia Oluwafunmilola. All former documents remain valid. Ogun State Hospital Management Board and general public take note.

OWOSILE: Formerly known and addressed as Mr Sahid Osuolale Kolawole Owosile now wish to be known as Mr Sahid Osuolale Kolawole Shillings. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

CHANGE OF NAME t OBI: Formerly known and addressed as Obi Lilian Ndidi, now wish to answer Onyeokoro Lilian Ndidi. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.







OLAYIWOLA: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Olayiwola Dorcas Funke, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Odunayo Dorcas Funke. All former documents remain valid. General public should please take note.

MAIMUNA: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Maimuna M. Masaga, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Maimuna Suleiman Adamu. All former documents remain valid. Women Day Collage, Minna and General public take note.

AKINRINOLA: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Akinrinlola Rachael Lola, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Adewole Rachael Lola. All former documents remain valid. Ondo State Local Government Service Commission and general public take note. UGWUEDE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ugwuede Blessing Ngozi, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Onugwu Marcellina Ngozi. All former documents remain valid. First Bank and the general public please take note.


This is to inform the general public that the above named body has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under the part C of the Company and Allied Matters Act 1990.

THE TRUSTEES ARE: 1. Tone Oritsegheyi Nicolas 2. Oraemeka Okechukwu Chiedu 3. Sajare Rex Ekugbe 4. Ogbolu Roseline Obiajulu 5. Omordia Veronica Onye


1. To promote unity among residents of the estate Any objection to the above registration should be forwarded to the Registrar General, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420 Trigis Crescent, off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja, within 28 days of this publication.



The general public is hereby notified that the above named ministry has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for Registration under part C of the Companies and Allied Matter Act 1990.


1. Prophet John Akinlabi Amao 2. Rev. (Mrs.) Mabel Akinlabi 3. Elisha Akinlabi 4. Ossai Neka Catherine THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To win souls for Christ 2. To deliver the oppressed. 3. To help the needy

- Chairman - Vice-Chairman - Treasurer - Secretary

Any objection to the Registration should be forwarded to the Registrar-General, corporate Affairs Commission, plot 420 Tigris Cresent off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.








ADEGOKE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Adegoke Folake Esther, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Akanni Folake Esther. All former documents remain valid. General public should please take note.

ABANDY: Formerly known and addressed as Miss. Abandy Hope Anwurika, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs.Makka Hope Anwurika. All former documents remain valid. Delta State University, Abraka and general public take note. MALUNZE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Malunze Chikodi Blessing, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs. Ezeala Chikodi Charity. All former documents remain valid. JAMB and general public take note.

LAWAL: Formerly called and addressed as Miss Lawal Simiat Abosede, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Akinbola Simiat Abosede. All former documents remain valid. Saint Peter Primary School Ipoye Atakunmosa West Local Government(SUBEB) State of Osun and general public should please take note.


CONFIRMATION OF NAME t This is to confirm that Adeosun Olajumoke Dorcas, is the same person as Adeosun Jumoke Dorcas, that henceforth wish to be known and addressed as Adeosun Jumoke Dorcas. All former documents remain valid. Osun State Polytechnic, Iree and general public should please take note.



CHANGE OF NAME t ASELU: Formerly known and addressed as Aselu Samuel Christopher, now wish to be known and addressed as Ehiabhili Ekeata Samuel. All former documents remain valid. The general public take note.

CHANGE OF NAME t SULE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Sule Bilikisu Folasade, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Banjo Bilikisu Folasade. All former documents remain valid. NYSC and general public take note.



NWABUEZE: Formerly known and addresse as Miss Chinyere Blessing Nwabueze, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Chinyere Blessing Uchendu. All former documents remain valid. The general public take note

JEBODA: Formerly known and addressed as Mrs Jeboda Ganiyat Ayoka, now wish to known and addressed as Mrs Jacob Ganiyat Ayoka. All former documents remain valid. Abeokuta North LGEA, Ogun SUBEB and General public take note.



IKEDIOBI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ikediobi Chinonye Eucharia, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Obodoekwe Chinonye Eucharia. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.





ADEOSUN: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Adeosun Mojisola, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Timothy Mojisola. All former documents remain valid. Ogun State Ministry of Community Development and Cooperative and general public take note.







QUADRI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Quadri Olabisi Ganiyat, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Odeyemi Olabisi Ganiyat.All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

NWAOBU: Formerly known and addressed as Nwaobu Evaristus Ndubuis, now wish to be known and addressed as Obiorah Evaristus Ndubuisi. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

OFFOR: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Offor Jessy Chinyere, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Okeke Jessy Chinyere. All former documents remain valid. Aguata Local Government Education Authority ASBEB and General public take note.


We the under listed family members were formerly known as OKAFOR now wish to be known and addressed as FAVOUR. Mr. Okafor Lawrence Ikechukwu now Mr. Favour Lawrence Ikechukwu. Mrs. Okafor Grace Ngozi now Mrs. Favour Grace Ngozi. Okafor Victor Zikoebubechukwu now Favour Victor Zikoebubechukwu. Okafor Kester Chukwudumebi now Favour Kester Chukwudumebi. Okafor Chinonso Wisdom now Favour Chinonso Wisdom. Okafor David Elochukwu now Favour David Elochukwu. Okafor Odinakachukwu Praise now Favour Odinakachukwu Praise. All former documents remain valid. Living Faith Church worldwide, Nnamdi Azikwe University, Awka, Landmark University, Omu Aran and general public take note.

ANIANULI: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Anianuli Ngozi Lucy, now wish to be known. And addressed as Mrs Nkwonta Ngozi Lucy. All former documents remain valid. Keystone Bank and general public take note


CHANGE OF NAME t OBIEZE: Formerly known and addressed as Obieze Jonathan Tochukwu, now wished to be known and address as Eze Kevin Ifeanyi. All other documents remain valid. General public take note.





OGUNDINEHIN: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ogundinehin Cecilia Ajike, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Oladojo Cecilia Ajike. All former documents remain valid. L.G.E.A Ondo West, SUBEB,Ondo State and general public take note MADU: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ogechukwu Madu, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs. Ogechukwu Onyekwere. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.

PUBLIC NOTICE DE VOICE CHARITY ORGANIZATION The general public is hereby notified that the above named Organization has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission, for registration under part “C” of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, of 1990.

Yaktal Anita Plangnan Godwin Anawo Sunday Ojukwu Uchenna Emmanuel Obiagha Emmanuel Joseph Ishagoru




1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

QUDRI:Formerly known and addressed as Miss Ajoke Suliat Qudri, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Ajoke Suliat Oladele. All former documents remain valid. General public take note.


The general public and the members of the incorporated Trustees of Unity for All Friends Club are hereby informed that there is a proposal to amend articles 1 and 15 of the constitution of the club and to introduce new rules. Any objection to the proposed amendment should be forwarded to the corporate affairs commission not later than 28th days after this publication.




NWANEBE:Formerly known and addressed as Miss Nwanebe Chiamaka Geraldine, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Umeonwuka Chiamaka Geraldine. All former documents remain valid. NYSC and general public take note.

FATOKUN: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Fatokun Felicia Taiwo, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Omirin Felicia Taiwo, All former documents remain valid. State of Osun Teaching Service Board (SUBEB) Osogbo and general public should please take note.






NWAGWU: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Nwagwu Nnenna Sussan, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs Nnenna Sussan Ojukwu. All former document remain valid. General public take note.

National Mirror

- Founder/President - Cordinator/Secretary - Member - Member - Member

THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To reach out to the less privileged in the orphanage homes, prisons, rural areas and also to create awareness programmes on health issues such as HIV/Aids, Cancer, dangers of abortions and other deadly diseases 2. To create an avenue for youth empowerment and mental development by creating discussion forums on line, book and reading club etc Any objection to the registration should be forwarded to the registrar-General Corporate Affairs Commission, plot 420 Tigris Crescent off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication



This is to confirm that Ogidan Segun, is the same person as Adeyemi Olusegun Ayodele Joseph, that henceforth wish to be known and addressed as Adeyemi Olusegun Ayodele Joseph. All former documents remain valid. General public should please take note.




UWAKWE: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Uwakwe Amarachi Lilian, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs. Melariri Amarachi Treasure. All former documents remain valid. Imo State University and general public take note.


NKUME: Formerly known and addressed as Miss Nkume Chigozie Adanne, now wish to be known and addressed as Mrs. Uzoukwu Chigozie Adanne Obiamaraije. All former documents remain valid. Imo State University and general public take note.


The general public is hereby notified that the above named Association has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for Registration under part C of the Companies and Allied Matter Act 1990.

THE TRUSTEES ARE: 1. Mrs. Fape Olubunmi Cecilia 3. Oyewumi Risikatu 5. Adegunna Ojo-Ade Benedicta 7. Hon. Lydia Olafuniloye 9. Oluwalade Felicia Oyeyemi

2. Fadini Biola Mary 4. Olatunji Deborah 6. Julius Taiwo Mary 8. Oladowole Omobolawa Emily 10. Mrs. Benjamen Folasade

THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To promote unity among members and to disseminate information on the importance of farm products and cultivations to the members of the public. 2. To make available in large qualities farm products to consumers in the state and across the nation. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the Registrar General Corporate Affairs Commission (C.A.C) P.M.B 198, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent off Aguiyi Irosi Street, Maitama Abuja within 28 days from the date of this publication.



Notice is hereby given to the general public that the above named ministry has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission, Abuja for registration under Part ‘ C ‘ of the Companies and Allied Matters Act, 1990


1. Bishop Sodje Efeoghene Wilfred 2. Rev. (Mrs) Edith.E. Wilfred 3. Henry Sampson Dinkpa 4. Sister Joy Ikperoku 5. Sister Happiness Samson

- Chairman - Secretary - PRO - Treasurer. - Member

THE AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To provide a ministry of the word of God in order to reach any person irrespective of race, colour and nationality. Any objection to the registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420 Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.


National Mirror


Monday, February 17, 2014

Sport Tennis: Quadri, Makanjuola for Qatar Open


I have read the alleged statements posted on the website They are false statements that have been attributed to me by people who do not know –LAZIO’S CAMEROUN MIDFIELDER, JOSEPH MINALA

W/Cup: Eagles officials attend refresher courses EVEREST ONYEWUCHI


uper Eagles’ officials led by Coach Stephen Keshi will literarily return to school this week as they take part in a FIFA organised World Cup seminar strictly for the Brazil 2014 World Cup. Apart from Keshi, other officials who

departed Nigeria for Brazil last night are Team Administrator, Dayo Enebi Achor; Team Doctor; Ibrahim Gyaran; Media Officer, Ben Alaiya; Chief Security Officer, ACP Abubakar Baba; Secretary of the NFF Security Committee, Christian Emeruwa; and Chuks Alizor of the NFF Marketing Department. National Mirror was informed yesterday that th hat FIFA FIF I A is organising the

course to prepare officials of the qualified nations for the Mundial 2014 for high level of professionalism and service delivery during the summer World Cup in Brazil. Coaches of all 32 qualified national teams and other relevant staff will be in the Brazilian city of Florianopolis for the weeklong seminar. Meanwhile, the Super Eagles team

has hailed President Goodluck Jonathan for the wonderful reception he granted the home-based team last Thursday in Abuja, for coming third at the recently held African Nations tournament (CHAN) in South Africa. Team Captain, Chigozie Agbim and Administrator, Achor, said the Eagles were humbled by the reception given to them, adding that nobody expected it.

My grouse against Ike Uche – Keshi N

Uche Uch ch c he


igeria striker, Ikechukwu Uche, is most likely to again miss out on the World Cup after Coach Stephen Keshi said he lacked discipline. The Villarreal of Spain forward has fired 12 goals thus far in the Spanish La Liga, but Keshi has again overlooked him for next month’s crucial World Cup warm-up against Mexico. Keshi has defended his decision by telling the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) technical committee that the striker is not disciplined. “Keshi said Ikechukwu (Uche) is not disciplined and that was why he did not call him up for the Mexico game,” a top official told The striker has already said he will not be shocked if he does not make the final squad to Brazil 2014 despite his goals in the Spanish top flight. Uche missed out on the 2010 World Cup on account of injury. He was one of Nigeria’s most consistent goal scorers before Emmanuel Emenike emerged on the scene. He was the country’s leading scorer for the qualifying tournament for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. But at the competition proper in South Africa, he struggled to shine as Emenike used the tournament to establish himself on the international scene.



Monday, February 17, 2014

National Mirror

Tennis: Quadri, Makanjuola for Qatar Open A

fter not-too-impressive performance at the just-concluded International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) World Tour tagged “Kuwait Open”, Nigeria’s pair of Aruna Quadri and Kazeem Makanjuola at the weekend left for Qatar to take part in this week’s ITTF World Tour tagged “Qatar Open.” The Kuwait Open was dominated by China and the Nigerians are hoping to do better at the Qatar Open serving off tomorrow in Doha. As the draw for the Qatar Open holds today, Quadri and Makanjuola are praying for easy draw to share from the juicy prize money at stake in the tournament. “I think we are hopeful of doing better in Qatar because it has been a long time that we featured in this kind of tournament with some of the world’s best featuring in the competition,” Quadri was quoted as saying yesterday. He added, “There is no doubt that it will also be tough in Qatar, but we are going to try at least to qualify from the group to the main draw. With more competitions like this, we will surely be in good shape for the Commonwealth Games holding in Scotland come July.” For Makanjuola, taking part in the Kuwait Open has indeed exposed him to top class competition. “I think coming to this World Tours has indeed shown that we still have a

long way to go in the game. The game is faster and the players are more tactical. So for me, I hope I will do better in Qatar to show that I am improving with each competition,” Makanjuola said. With Chinese players dominating the Kuwait Open, the Qatar Open holding in Doha is the second super series after the Kuwait Open holding this year. From tomorrow world’s best will converge in Doha to participate in the highest prize money world Tours in the history of the open international tournaments. With a total prize of $500,000 being the highest in the world followed by the ITTF World Tour China Open later in the year with prize money of $350,000. Players that make it to the main draw will get prize money for their efforts in the Men’s Singles and Women’s Singles events. First round losers will each receive $1,500, while winners of the Men’s and Women’s Singles events will receive $35,000 each with runners’ up getting $17,000 respectively. In each of the Men’s Doubles and Women’s Doubles events, the winning pair gets $9,500, the runners up wins $4,700; whilst in the U-21 Men’s Singles and Women’s Singles events winners will get $3,000 each while runners’ up will smile home with $1,500. 200 players from 35 countries will compete at the Qatar Open.

Shooters aim at Egypt tourney JOEL AJAYI ABUJA


ess than 10 days to the blast-off of the African Shooting Championship in Cairo, Egypt, on February 26, the Nigerian team is intensifying its preparations. Nigeria Shooting Federation coach, Sesan Olayemi, told National Mirror in Abuja that preparations were in top gear, adding that there was no time to waste. “What we are trying to do now is putting in our very best; we are also trying to use all the best equipment with best weapons available that are of international standard and players are in high spirits,”

Olayemi said. He added, ”Shooting is a kind sport that requires knowledge, skills, and everything depend on training. If you have constant training, those our opponents are not magician. “I think the only challenge we have is Egypt and South Africa but with much effort in this camp we are going to overcome them.” Asked how many medals should Nigeria expect at the forthcoming tournament in Cairo, he replied, “The aim of competing is to win. And we have a very strong shooting team in the country and we are going there to win gold medals. I promise, may be four or gold medals by the grace of God.”


5 Nigerians to get chess scholarship


resident of the World Chess Federation (FIDE), Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, has announced that five Nigerian young chess players, would be offered scholarship to study chess or any other course in Russian universities. Addressing a press conference in Abuja yesterday, Ilyumzhinov, who was on a oneday visit to Nigeria, said the scholarship scheme would be annual and would commence from September, 2014. He explained that the scholarship initiative was part of his programme to develop the game of chess across Africa. Ilyumzhinov also promised to support a foundation that would assist professional chess players in Nigeria, and recalled that some Nigerians had won laurels in the sport. According to him, FIDE under his presidency will partner the Nigeria Chess Federation (NCF) to organise international tournaments in the country.

“As FIDE president, I want to support your young talented chess players and invite them to take part in youth and other international chess tournaments,” he said. He urged the President of Nigeria Olympic Committee (NOC), Mr. Sani Ndanusa, to support FIDE’s campaign for chess to be included in the Winter Olympics. He particularly paid tribute to Mr. Odion Aikhoje, the 1998 Nigerian gold medalist at the World Chess Olympiad in Elista, Russia. Ilyumzhinov, a former President of Republic of Kalmykia, a Russian country, pledged his support for the sustained growth of chess in Nigeria through the ``Chess-In-School programme’’. He explained that the programme sought to have chess included in school curriculum in various countries in order to build a strong foundation for global development of the sport. News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that Ilyumzhinov was received in Abuja by the chess community in Nigeria led by Commissioner of Police, Sani Mohammed, a former president of the NCF. The FIDE boss also had audience with Mr. Oladapo Adu, a U.S-based Nigerian chess player and 2012 gold medalist at World Chess Olympiad, and Aikhoje.

Why we’re promoting Bash Ali – Obaking T

Bash Ali

he Chairman of Obaking International Promotions, Mr. Bamidele Akingboye, on Saturday expressed satisfaction at promoting former cruiserweight world champion, Bash Ali, currently aspiring to become the world’s oldest boxer. Ali, 58, having been born on February 27, 1956, has been dreaming of becoming the world’s oldest boxer, so as to make the Guinness Book of World Records. Akingboye, while addressing a news conference at the National Stadium, Lagos, over the promotion, solicited the support of the sporting press toward staging the fight, which would be a double header.

The fight, between Ali, a World Cruiser weight Champion and American, Rick Camlin, 32, an International Boxing Union (IBU) champion, would be a unification world championship fight, tagged “The African Pride.” According to Akingboye, Ali has struggled for seven years to enter his name into the Guinness Book of World Records and that history is now near. “Ali had since 2006 been appealing to the Federal Government to bankroll the fight and in May, history will be made in Nigeria when the fight will hold. “We are happy to be a part of this proj-

ect as we intend to use the bout to revive professional boxing in Nigeria,” he said. “We are also excited at the support from the Minister of Sports, Bolaji Abdullahi, who inaugurated the Local Organising Committee (LOC).” According to Akingboye, the event will attract many boxing legends, like Mohammed Ali, Iron Mike Tyson, Evander Holyfield and renowned promoter, Don King. In his remark, Ali commended the FG and Obaking International for coming to his rescue to actualise his dream of becoming the oldest fighter alive.

National Mirror



Monday, February 17, 2014


CAF moves Super Cup to Cairo stadium

T Enyimba’s Mfon Udoh (right) scaling a tackle from Anges de Notse player in their first leg match in Aba

CCL: Enyimba overcome Anges hurdle EVEREST ONYEWUCHI


igeria flag bearer, Enyimba International FC of Aba, yesterday, in Lome, overcame the Anges de Notse FC hurdle in the preliminary round of this year’s CAF Champions League. In their second leg match, Enyimba lost 2-1, but qualified for the next round on 4-3 aggregate, having thrashed the Togo team 3-1 in Aba a fortnight ago. The second Nigerian representatives, Kano Pillars failed to progress to the next round after falling to AS Vita of Congo 4-3 on aggregate. On

Saturday, in Kano, Pillars beat the Congo team 2-1, thus failed to cancel an earlier 3-1 loss. Before yesterday’s match, Chairman of six-time Nigeria Professional Football League (NFPL) champions, Enyimba, Chief Felix Anyansi Agwu, had fumed at what he called “the worst treatment ever” meted out to the club by their hosts in a continental competition. Officials of Enyimba accused hosts Anges de Notse of treating them badly when they arrived in Lome for the second leg preliminary round CAF Champions League game. “We have received quite a number of poor treatment in certain parts of

Africa, but this is clearly the worst, most inhuman treatment we have seen. We understand that they are an ambitious side, eager to advance in the competition, but there is no excuse for such maltreatment, none whatsoever,” Anyansi told the club’s official website, before the game. Enyimba had initially raised an alarm over the lodgings provided for them by their hosts on Friday. “They took us to an uncompleted building in a very remote part of the town and called it our accommodation. It’s shocking and distasteful to say the least,” Enyimba’s media chief, Farriel Allaputa told

FA Cup: We don’t fear Gunners – Martinez


verton boss, Roberto Martinez, insists an FA Cup quarter-final trip to Arsenal holds no fears, after their 3-1 fifth-round victory over Swansea City. Lacina Traore, Steven Naismith and Leighton Baines scored at Goodison Park as the Toffees reached the last eight. Everton’s trip to Arsenal will take place on the weekend of March 8-9. Martinez told BBC Sport, “The draw you always hope for is a home tie, but it doesn’t matter - if you want to win the cup you have to be prepared to face everyone. We will have to be at our best but it is something to look forward to.” The Spaniard, Wigan manager when they beat Manchester City in last season’s final, added, “If you want to find a word for our performances in the FA Cup this season it would be ‘professional.” “Everyone in our squad is capable of

coming on and making a big contribution.” Traore, on loan at Everton from Monaco, looked to have paved the way to a comfortable passage when he scored with a back heel only four minutes into his debut. Jonathan de Guzman levelled with a header but, after replacing Traore on the hour, Naismith took advantage of Neil Taylor’s poor back-pass to put Everton ahead and was then fouled by Ashley Richards in the area, with Baines netting from the penalty spot. Martinez was pleased with Naismith’s impact off the bench, but was also happy with Traore’s contribution.

Results Everton 3 –1 Sheff United 3 –1 Arsenal 2 –1

Swansea Not Forest Liverpool


he Confederation of African Football (CAF) announced yesterday that the 2014 Orange CAF Super Cup will take place at the Cairo International Stadium on Thursday. A CAF statement said the match would hold at 7 p.m. local time. It said the decision to move the match from the former venue was informed by organisational reasons. The one-off match pits 2013 CAF Champions League winners, Al Ahly of Egypt against 2013 Orange CAF Confederation Cup winners, CS Sfaxien of Tunisia. The game was initially scheduled for the Air Defence Stadium in Cairo. It will be the second meeting between the two clubs after the 2009 edition, which Ahly won 2-1 in Cairo. Ahly is the most successful club in the history of the CAF Super Cup with five titles -- 2002, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013 -- while Sfaxien were runners-up in 2008 and 2009.

Adidas changes Eagles’ jersey colour


frican champions, Super Eagles, will be decked out in new kits when they play at the Brazil 2014 World Cup this summer. According to the German apparel giant, Adidas “the Nigeria 2014 World Cup Home Shirt is based on the new Adidas Condivo 14 Kit template, which is also used for several other national teams. The new Nigeria 2014 World Cup Home Kit comes with a lighter new green colour compared to recent kits made by Adidas, making the kit colour similar to the bright green colour used in the 1990s. On the front of the new Nigeria 2014 World Cup Kit feature small darker green pinstripes, while the sleeves are divided in one light green and one dark green part. The Adidas stripes on the sleeves are white, while on the back under the collar features the lettering Nigeria. The V-collar features both green colors, similar to the sleeve cuffs.” It is expected that Nigeria will play with green shorts and socks. Meanwhile the new Nigeria 2014 Away Kit has dark and light green accents and is in all white. Nigeria will play against Argentina, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Iran in Brazil in Group F.


Fastest marathon by a linked team Vol. 04 No. 789

Monday, February 17, 2014


The fastest marathon by a linked team is 2 hr 57 min 07 sec by Les Newell, Aaron Burgess, Darrell Bellinger, Chris Bedford and Julian Richardson (all UK) at the Abingdon Marathon in Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK, on 21 October 2012.

Reflections on national confab’s hints O nce again, a Nigerian government is convoking a national conference designed to afford select people rub minds on the way forward for the country. The second since the inception of this democratic dispensation, the current engagement is quite revealing both in the desires of Nigerians for a better Nigeria and the depth of the crisis confronting us as nation. Socioeconomic and political relations in the country are manifestly reflective of the deep fissures in the polity and they find expressions in the harsh exchanges among the members of the intelligentsia class. And so, the consensus has been that the current grundnorm must be jettisoned. In the 2013 Independence Day broadcast, President Goodluck Jonathan gave commitment to the convocation of a national conference in 2014; he followed it up by setting up a Presidential


olden Eaglets star striker, Isaac Success, has yet to join Italian club, Udinese, as he is still waiting for his work permit. Success was the first player from the Eaglets Class of 2013 to sign an overseas deal soon after the African U-17 tournament in Morocco last April. He is believed to have been re-

HeartBeat callistus Oke 08054103275 (SMS ONLY) Advisory Committee for the engagement. On Thursday January 30, 2014, the modalities for the conference were released. One thing that struck me about the conference framework is the large size of the delegates! I was also intrigued by the wide spectra from which the delegates would come – civil society organizations, political parties, professional bodies et cetera. Let me say with all sense of responsibility that the conference template lacks originality. It is too cosmetic for the serious socioeconomic and political challenges before us. Granted that a polity harbours several stakeholders, a people’s constitution is very definitive about those it is intended for, the real political stakeholders. In a federal set up like ours, the constitution is meant for the constituent units of our federation – mainly the central government and the 36 states. The 774 local government areas, the Federal Capital Territory and the non-state actors remain only its tangential beneficiaries. And so conceptually, the designed template of the Presidency on the constitutional conference is faulty because it also attempts to satisfy non-key stakeholders! The reason for this is not farfetched: the repudiation of the primary stakeholders’ status by the 36 state governments. I have watched with consternation as the federating units allowed the centre to seize the initiative from them, consigning them to secondary stakeholders’ status. The truth is that in an ideal federation the federal government derives its existence from the magnanimity of the constituent units, who could have as well remained independent

PRE CONFERENCE FIREWORKS HAVE STARTED AS SOME OF THE GEOPOLITICAL REGIONS ARE ARTICULATING THEIR PREFERRED POSITIONS OR OPTIONS entities without a now super ordinate central government. The evolution of the United States of America is very instructive. The 13 colonies that threw off the yoke of dependent entities in July 1776 initially related loosely under the Articles of Confederation created by the Second Continental Congress, but moved towards a more cohesive political union after the 1788 adoption of the report of the Grand Convention at Philadelphia, which held between May 25 and September 17, 1786 by the majority of the 12 of the 13 original states (Rhode Island did not participate in that constitutional conference). It might interest us to know that only 55 delegates participated in the conference! It is very surprising that the leaders of the numerous ethnic nationalities that make up the nation have conceded to the Federal Government the initiative to decide on when a constitutional conference becomes imperative and how it must be pursued. The Colonial Office in London did exactly this during the colonial era. All the constitutional conferences in the period

up to independence were controlled and coordinated by the colonial overlords. Why should this super-ordinate-subordinate relationship continue 53 years after independence? I find it problematic that a serious matter like constitution making is socialized by extending invitations to even professional bodies. Some of such privileged invitees like the Nigerian Bar Association are ruing their seemingly inferior status, perceivably inferior on account of the one slot given to them. I wonder the politico-legal foundation on which such invitations were established. Their invitations could be the basis for a deluge of law suits by groups blacked out. I wonder how the stakes of the favoured professional groups are superior to those of OPC, MASSOB, Egbesu Boys, MOSOP, MEND, etc, ethnic militias that enjoy large followership in their culture areas. Pre conference fireworks have started as some of the geopolitical regions are articulating their preferred positions or options. Yoruba leaders are already doing dress rehearsals, sizing up their opponents. First, a pan Yoruba quasi political group, Yoruba Committee on National Conference, has sprouted to chart the roadmap for a Yoruba Position in the conference, and decide how best to optimize the region’s opportunity at the conference. Second, dangerous hints are emanating from the region. The ghost of Aburi is being troubled. Confederation talk is a repudiation of the current quasi federation. Regional autonomy talk strengthens the confederation argument. Such dangerous hints are being probed by northern leaders. The Arewa Consultative Forum (ACF) has hinted it would not support any plan to alter the political structure of the country, adding that the problem with the country is not systemic but the mindsets of the people. With views like this, the planned national conference looks ominous. The puzzle is will a Yoruba or an Arewa consensus ever emerge? I know a monolithic North exists only in the imagination of some northern leaders; it is also true that there is a wide divide between Asiwaju Bola Tinubu group and Afenifere, especially after the recent political realignment that gave birth to All Progressives Congress (APC).

Sport Extra

Work Permit stops Success at Udinese ceiving a salary since June and his parents and academy have received a large pay-off. But he is still in Nigeria after his handlers announced he will join Udinese by January when he would have clocked 18 years. And there is yet to be an official confirmation

from Udinese about his move. “Success is still in Nigeria and those managing him say the delay has been caused by the fact he is still waiting for issuance of his work permit,” a top source informed. “He has been training and keep-

ing fit in Lagos under one of the partners of his agent.” The big striker was widely expected to shine at the last U-17 World Cup in United Arab Emirates last November, but he suffered a hamstring injury by his second game.


Printed and Published by Global Media Mirror Ltd: Head Office: Mirror House, 155/161 Broad Street, Lagos Tel: 07027107407, Abuja Office: NICON Insurance House, Second Floor, Central Business District Area, Abuja Tel: 08070428249, Advert hotline: 01-8446073, Port-Harcourt Office: Suite 115, NICON Hotel, 6, Benjamin Opara Street, Off Olusegun Obasanjo Rd, GRA Phaze 3, Phone: 07032323254 Email: Editor: SEYI FASUGBA. All correspondence to PMB 10001, Marina, Lagos. Printed simultaneously in Lagos, Abuja and Ondo State. ISSN 0794-232X.

Monday, february 17, 2014  

*** Again, Boko Haram kills 100 in Borno --- Terrorists more motivated than security operatives –Gov *** Nigeria's hope lies in God –...