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B rsure paoc$aBrlBaercn o6apxurnllx paBErcKaEEEx'cBgBaEEbIx c BErfiBJreEtreM EoBErx Aarrubrx o c<r-6utuxx, n[qax- !r Aoxya4egraxt yrrouuuaeMbrx B lrpoltaBeAenrffx A, C. Ilyrrruua <'flctoprn llyravenal, <<ftaurtauc$afl AorIKaD n B troAroroBureJlbnblx tllareprraJlax R EElr. SEasnreJIEEoo BsnMaEIte orBoAErcE paccnaBy o IIoe3[Re rr]rurnuua r'IlolonEcle u Opeu6j4prcruft Hpafi, rAe n {773-1775 rr. upoucxolmlu inastare co6ursC ltpectr'xncxoft softsrr troA rrpeABoAE' TeJrbcrBoM D. 11. Ilyrasera. Becegpr o oqeBtrAqau[ uo[lorJln llyturr'

Ey orEernEBee yficEurb coquanrur'rft currcu <Ilyra'reu[lunu>, r.ry6' Ere troEErE EeBayIt.EAEyIo rrutluocrr flyraYera. P, B. Osssmroo - naugggar ucropnrlecft!{x uayn, crapmzfi trcropwr CCCP AraAeusu nayn CCCP, nayrnrrfr corpypna Uucrnryta ctrequanncr s o6racrn trcropr{w Poccuu XVIII n., aBrop Monorpaifzft <Ilymuu n pa6ore EaA apxIrBEErME Aonyuesralnu (<llctopun Ilyraverar)l (JI., 1989); cMauutpectrr u ynaobr E. 1I. flyravena. IIcrovEtrnoBeffvecKoe uccJreAoBaEueD (lvl,, 1980) r Apyrrx pa6or. 5.5.r

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poccrrftcnofi trMreprrr rrpoanrrrnpetrocrnrqeiko" n^oc- Euenrssolr Ilyrauenuu. qralrre, IIpeABoAr.rrerbcrByeMoe Co6urug Boecrauufi tron)rur{Jrrr oro6paxieune o 4riyx nporraBeAeEtrffx fly^mnuua: n lrouorpa{uu <Irlcropr" 'it}""nd""> " tr troBecru <<Kanurascrax govia,r. pa6oras EaA EEMr{, rroartrcroptrK crafi tpnsaauEhrM BEaroKoM <<flyraueuqnu6r)); caM ou u ognoft zB BarJr{cofi n Arencan4py ?Inanoruuy TypreueBy arrecroBan ce6s rrryTJrunofi, upanga, $opue _ racro6. puorpa{om flyrauena--B flpymecnuft rou uociaius H TypreEeBy o65EcEfier_ gry myTny, so .[ IIo caMbrM cepbesHbrM ocuoBaurr.sM sa .flyruxunsrlr 6rrno EeocnopuMoe npaoo na BBaErre Ecroptrorpa$a Ilyraueocftoro Boecriurs: c ero <?IcTop4tr llyrauena> co6crBenuo 1r EaqaJracB Hayquafi r,rcroptrorpa(Fus nocnegueft l(pecmaacnoft sofisbr s Pocczu. It icoaAarlrro arofi nsuru flymnun rro4orrreJr c apceEanoil u EaBbrRaMa 'otrbrrroro npo$eccuouana, co6par n fiprlrrrqecliu uSyqun Maccy trcropnqecazx ficTorrHtrItoB u, OilUpaflcb rra.Hux, rper{eJra

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MacTepcxn ucrloJrErrJr rnaBEyro cBoro saAaqy, SaHjlroaraBluyrc_

efi D (scuoM uaJro)fieruu nport0mecrenft, AoBonbuo aatyian_

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cTermeroD qeEaopa r(EErtr.

Huxonar I_<aary_

6 Sauncna or g c6ma6pn_L834^r.-_Igwnur A.C.tlotn.co6p. cov., B L?-ru r. JL, 1948, r. 15, c. tS, Aanee Bce ryraTrr ua cosr-Ee@fi

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rrtrceM uymrtaf,e nplnoAstcff (npoi*e oca6o orgpopegsrr clrWa_ eB) rr0 erotry fiaAauuro (JI., {9BZ*{959. t. l_17): ups orcuJinax B rencre_ yxaabrBarqrcff rov (puucnax quabpa) u 'irprirzqa (aphiiorax qu(ppa). <ficropnr llyraleaar u uarepuirmr n -set ianedraEDr B.AByx nEqrax $to roxa asnastrr, ExeK)trIEx BaJrotEFL gvueDaqEg^crp;B1gq (JI., 1938, r.9, nu. t, c: L-rdi!',' JI, 1940,ia.9,-xui2, c. 489-950), npu ccarnxax Ea rou g rouepa rrn"xrg6 yitaandarorca.

ugtlrrq Ea [pyme EaAaEEE .Ipuueqautrj[;tr,I9{g'I.ge_E-SSix

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lroBcraEqeB c softcnaMr nBtrtfieulrfi 'Erarepunutr or.rafiEuofi 6opr6rr II. Xapanteplrayfi ucrorlurrlill <<I,Icropuu llyrarreBa)), [pIreMbI ux uayqeEur rr oqernra, flymnun flucaJl: <fl npoudn co BETIMaEIIeM Bce' 'rto 6orro Hafieqarauo o flyrarreBe, rr cBepx roro 18 roJIcrbIX TOMOB in-folio " paBuux pyxouuceft, yHaBoB, goueceuuft u trpotl. fl'uocetul Mecrat rAe trpouaomJllr rJIaBErre co6rrrrn afloxrf, Muoro o[I{cauuofi, uoBopflfi MeprBbre Ao(yMeurbr cJroBaMrr eqe ffiI[Bbrx, Ho yilte flpecrapeJlbrx oqeBtrAqeB, u BEOBb rIOBepflfi r{x ApfixJrelotqylo rraMrrrr ucropuqecnolo Hplrrl{Koro> (IX, 389). O apotrorntraofi pa6ore flyunrra c trcmuuurtaMlr cBr?I4ereJrbcrByror KaIt crpanr[r{hr <r?Icropuu flyrauena>, ran B oco6eunocrrr MEoroqucileuEbre pyRolrtrcnbre aaroroBxrr n aroft KEIlre: KotrtrIr lt

I(OECtreHrbI AOKyMeETOB B (apxI'IBHbIxD TeTpaAEx; 3atrtrcE paccfiaSoB coBpeMeEErftoB goccTalrl4ff rt saMe?fiu B EOpOIItEOE

Henotopble tra iauncuofi HuuxHe (IX, 492-551, 617 grlrx MareptraJloB 6nrnu zcnonbaoBanbl-794). troaroM trprr EatrucaEur troBecru <<Itanurarcrafi trotlna)). Cpegr ucroqnunoB IrymRuEcKIIx gpolraBeAesuft o llyra.rese oco6oe Mecro nptrEaAJleffiIrr Mareplranau, co6pauEbrM

B

rroeaAne, rrpeArlplrnfirofi noaroM B aBrycre-cerra6pe 1833 r" s flosoililtre u Opeu6yprcnrft npaft, r4e oE BcrpeqaJrcfl co crapnxaMu! B ToM qncre lt c 6rrsruuMil EyraqeBqaMllt, E(IIBo eqe rroMEtrBItrEMtr u flyravena ll ero BpeMfi. I4x paccxaBbr, orMerteuEbre rreqarbro ((Ircrunhr, Eeyxpamenuoft ra npocroAymEofiD, tr (xusoft coBBeMeEEocrI{D troBecrByeMoro (lX, 112,390), nopeuurru o6paaoM orrrqartrcb or rpanroB-

<rflyraueBcxoro 6yural B Aonymeurax enarepruuscnofr alMEErrcrpaqrm I{ B uaBecrsofi uoary orerlecrBeEsoft I[ ga. py(exnoft Jrtrreparype. Paccxaart, upegaulrfi Ir rrecutr, ycnlr-

rm

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u orqacrtr

aantrcauEhle

flyruxuurrlt B troBon?ficnllx

ceneurnx,.Opea6ypre, Vpanrcne. Bepgcnoft cno6o4e rr ypanb-oftux ftaaaqbux QfaEuqax, ocBelqanu co6xrus BoccraElrg E

([rrypy flyratera c trosrqstr E_apo4a. 3to uouor.ro flymrrEy 89 MEorolr. trpeoAonerr o(prqua*ruo-KaBeEEyo, oqeHfty Boccrhuuf,, orrlerirtrBee yffcEETb ero coqnalrrurrfr' cubrcJr, r*y6xe troE rt seBaypffAEyro Jrtrrlaocrr flyraueoa - uo[-

jffiro

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11. Il. fllrrrpueny or 25 aupenn 1835r. ryoal Ilyunca 22 s,ws 1835 r. n nuqeficrorry Apyry B. [; Bor,6toecrory (XVI,,42). r thmhnr; ttrura m alruraoe geao 6omryoro {opuara peguepou

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paRTepe Te IIoJIOEUITeJIbHbIe cBoficTBa, Rorophre cocraBJrfiroT U TUIIUqEbre rrepThl pyccKoro. IIeJIoBefia u3 -npocroro EapoAa. _ Taxas rpanroBr(a o6paaa Ifyraueaa c

-EeoTG€MJIeMEIe.

oco6eusoft cunofi u BlrpaaureJrLuocrbro 6rrna sonrouleaa B -troBecrr[ <Hauurasc(arr Aoqxa). B atou rrporraBeAeuuu, r{an *u u <Irlcropuu flyravenal, flyruruu crofin sa troar{qrru rrcro-puaMa, a rrpll ocBerqerr.Iu co6nrruft r[ B xapanreprrcrr{r(ax . geftcmyroqrrx iruq Bo MEoroM otrupaJrcn Ea peaJrbubre {anrrr,

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Tafirle llofia3aEtrfi Jlrrmb trocile TrqaTeJlbEoro

ycrarroBileEufi ux peanruofi rrcruEuocrrr. B craue <O6,,?Icro"puu IlyraveBcxoro 6ynra"r> oE nucaJr: <IIro xacaercn Ao trpe-gauuft, To ecJru onbre,.c o4uoft cropoubr, AparoqeuHbr u He-BaMeEuMhr, To, c Apyroft, I no oIbITy BEaK), cItoJIb Msoro rpe6yror o{n crporpft troBepfttr fr ocMorprrreirbnocru)) i(IX, 390). iloucnu ucrusbr, BbrffBJreuue gocroBepuocrrr cBn- neTeJIbcTB o' trporrrJroM rrrna nyTeM fipr,rTr,rqecxoro cofiocraB.Jreuuff EcroltEunoB, cJluqeu{ff Boctrotfirrrauuft osenrAqeg u

uoragasnfi:(MeprBbrx [oKyMeHroB)

'llslrMr

ToA Bxyrpeflueft

yrBepArrBmrlftcs .

(IX, 385, 389, 390).

cJIoBaMn, rroer rrpr{MeErlJr B cBoe}r uccneAoBalrafr. Me-

xpuruna ucropr{qecrcr4x ucroqnr,rxoB, ilporrEo

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K orleuae cnoei <<?Icropun flyrauena> IIymntrE roAoffeJl naK saEIcfiarenrsblft trccJIeAoBareJlb, orMerr{B, qro KEIrra bra - unog go6pocoBecTEoro AByxnerEefo rpyAa, Eo B ro

,r(e BpeMfi yftaBbIBaJI Ir Ea ee EecoBepmeucrna. flocneguue, cyAE xo BrlcaaahrBauufiM troara, Bhrpalnailucr rnaasrru o6. pa30M B TOM, IITO eMy Se yAanOCb c seooxoAlrMotr noJrHorolr

ocBerrrrb orAenbEbre co6srru;r Ilyrauencxoro ABur{teEtrE u3-3a -seAocrytrEocrrr saffiuefimux AoftyMeEranbubrx IrcroqEtrnol i(upenqe Bcero nporor{onoB cJreAcrterubrx rlonaaaEuft IlyraqeBa rr ero 6numafimux coparunnoa), EaxoAtrBmuxcfi co BpoMeEE BOCgTaEUfi tra Ce$perEoM.xpaEeEtrr B rocJlapcrBeHsoM apxuB€r,.Itpoue roro, B lrpenprAesuu Bepotruhrx qen-Bopcnrrx BaMeqaEEfi HunonaB I Ilymrtur nruryx4eu,,_64n orpauuquBat ce6g E ocBerqenr.rlr pEAa no4rrtr-qecr(E o+*ptax

-ilIlp.proorue r <ucropru llyraveaar, r3auetainia o 6yftfef, rrcBMo n A. X. EesHeunoptby or 26 auapr l8B5 r, (IY,,|, 374; XVI, 7r. .8). .Peqr.uAer eTapril(

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rtaryEa ilyraueocHoro ABlliltequn' cauoro ero xoga u ubwocpeAcrlesubrx peaynbraroB (IrptrqtrEbr MaccoBbrx Bbtcryt'lreuift fipecrbfiEcrBa B tro4Aepmny IlyraueBa; ooquanbinrre uporuBoperlux ilemfiy [pocrhrM EapoEoM r ABopfiHcrBoM' c ooo6oft EenptrMtrpuuoorblo u o6uaxensocrbro Bbr'tBtrBllrtr€crr B AErr <flyravenqtrEhr); trpo4trnroBalruafi Boccraur{eM E€' o6xoguuocrr upeo6paaosasuft 3 6firT{ecrueuuou crpoe tr ro' cy4hpcraeuuou ytrpaBJleuutr - npo6lerrrr, .anryaJrbug co' aiWmre u o6crauosne EtrnoJlaescnofi euoxu). He aarporyu arrrx BotrpocoB B l{Eure, ffyuruu cBolr Ha6nrogeErn r[ cyx(' neEEfi uo suu IraJrolItuJI B pynonucrux <<SaMesaEuax o 6yn. re)) (IX, 37{-376), uocraErbrx Huronaro I 26 nurapn 1835 r. BMecro c anaeutrirffpor'r <llcroprr Ilyrauencnoro 6yu' raD, Bbrmerureft's crer E cepeAlrne gena6pn 1834 r. ::i ,(ecnrr rer Ea:nA BblmJIa B cBer uonorpa{ns o6 apxnn: nrrx paaucaagunx lfymrrua, cBfiaaunbrx o co6upagueu u uayrregtreM AoRyMeETaJIbEhrx ucrorlgtrnoB Rns <<llcropnu ilyrauerar n <ltanuraucroft gouHur) ". B rocre[yloqtre roghr pa6ora uag aroft reuofi 6rrna npogoJrrfieEa, B-peaynbrare qero u trofiqtrJrac5 l(Etrta, trpeAJlaraeMaff BHtrMaEEtro lltrraT€: ns. B reft paocraa[rBaercn o Jrtrqax, co6rrrusx Ir AofiyMerrax flyrauescnoft otronetr, yllourr.FaeMhrx B qyrlrrrxcaux trpotrsBeAeEv.Ex u B rroAroroBrrreJrbEbrx MaTepEaJrax fi EUM; perrb trAer rar(E(e u o Jruqax, c RorophrMu 6ecegonan Ilymrdu Bo BpeMff rryreruecrBtra o Opea6yprcnuft npafi. B osepnax, BoEeAIIIUx B nEtrry, UCIIOJIbBOBaE5I AOftyMeEThI, DbIfiBJIOE Ebre a ftoupax Lleurpanruoro rocy[apcrBegEoro apxEsa ApeBnrrx anror (I{IA[A), I{eurryg+,1qo. rocy[apcrBenEoro Boeuno-ucropuqecnoro apxuBa (IIfBIIA)!,I{eurpanrnom rocynapcrBessoro apxtrBa Bamxupcnoft ACCP (IIIA BACCP) n focygapcrneuaoro apxtrsa Opeu6yprcrofi o6nacrc (fAOO), a raaffie r Orgeae pynouzceft locy4apcrresuofr 6u6nrorexn CCCP rrr. B. lI. Jleuusa. Hosbre apxuBubre Ecro{urnu oo4oprfiar elo4guufi, r(oropble AoIroJrEFror, a nopofr tr yrorruffror coo6qeuur Ilymnuua o Ae*renfix u co6srurx ;

f.Iyra'reacnoro [BE?r{eEEr.

HaEJrtr B autrre orparfteatre tr BtrorlarJreuufi or troeailo$ uo trailErubru Mecrarr ltpecrsnucxoft softubr: n Opeu6ypr, epgcyr cao6ogy, 6ilsFue trptrypanbcnue npenocrn Taru-

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Paccrrunyro, B Y?arbcK, rAe oceubo Cuyruuxou aBropa s 6oarmtrEcr-

e O.cuunuuroe P. B.Ilymcna g_p-a6oqq EaA (rllcroprf. Ilygagqrqr), JI,, 19q9. ,.6

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Be arlrx noeBlon 6rm aalresarenrnrrfi Bnaron apxeonorEu n trcroprrtr loxtuoro Vpana uayuarrft corpyguux Opeu6yprcnoro RpaeBeArrecfioro MyBeff Ceprefi Anencau4ponuu flouor, aoropoMy, Br'ipaxaercn rny6oHan 6larogapuocrb Ba yBJrefiaTe_JrbEbIe paccfta36r o IIaMffTnr4Kax flyraxreBcKoro BpetreHlr rr o6 opeu6yprcnr{x co6ecegruxax flymnrna, a oco6euEo Ba yKaBaHEff iia qonyueurrr Open6yprcnoro apxr,rBa rro reMe

C 6onr,moft fiplrauareJrbuocrbro BctroMuuaer aBTop noqeura Vpanrcxoro negaroruvecnoro rrucrrrryra Anencaufxnurn.

pa trlocu$orlata Beroro,

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u ero okpyre, a 6rrnmux ftasaqrux Hpetrocrrx u {oprocrax. Blraro-napeE aBrop n llsre Muxaftnonne Inoe4rlnonoft, uayuuouy corpyAuuny Eanrrupcnoro {nnuana Arageuur nayH CCCP,

coo6rr{unmeft ganurre o nonyMeErax rro r{cropr{u yparrbcnoro fiaaaqecrBa, xpau.firquxcn n ldenrpaJrbroM rocyAapcrBeauoM apx,r.rpe

_EqE5grpgloft ACCP

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fuana

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(B IPYBbIX, fl

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CUJIbHbIX BbIPAII{EHI{fl X..ri

Cilosh, Bhrueceulrbre B aarJraBlre, BaffTbI I{3 Toro Mecra rJIaBbI <flyra.rerrqtrEa) troBectu <Itanuraucaafl AorIKa))r rge llyrrr-

KrrE paccnasbrBaer o nyraqeBcnoM ynaae, xoroprrft 6rrn oro6pau y 6amnupa-roBcrauqa, cxBaqeuuoro y creu Eenoropcnoft npeuocrlr. Koueu4aET Kperrocrrr, KatrtrTaH ?Inaa I(yarunu Muporon, coBBaB oipuqepon, npoqefi ((BoaaBaErre ffyrauena, rrrlcanuoe naruu-ru6y4b troJryrpaMorEbrM KaBaKoM. Paa6oftsl{r o6rssiIEJI o csoeM qaMepeElltr EeMeAireEEo IrArIr Ea EaEy npetrocrb; rrprrrJlaEaJl aaaar(oB u coJIAar r caolo maftKy, a ItoMaEAtrpoB yBeqeBan Ee collporl{BJlflrbcfi, yfpo?nafi aaagrrro n nporunuoM cJryrlae. Boaasanue sailucago 6rrno s rpy6rrx, Ho ctrJlbubrx Bbrpatfieullsx Ir AoJIlttHo 6uno rrpouBBecrr{ otracHoe BtreqarreHue Ea yMbr trpocrbrx rro4efil

(vIII,317).

flepe4anar coAeplfiaEue rryrarleBcnoto nocJlaaas r Benoropcnyro npetrocrb, flymnuu otrupaJlcff rra rroAJrtrEnble rercrbl yHaBoB rrpeABoArrrenff BoccraHtrfi, o6napyntennue troaroM Boessoft KoJrJIeaftcleAltqzr -n rtrrr, Koroprre 6rrnu troryqeuhl Ilu Seupane 1833 r. ue apiura Boeusoro MrrutrcrepcrBa. C 6onrmusctsa yRaBoB flymnru cEfiJr nofitrtr, coxpartrBmueofi B ero (apxIIBEbIx))

cpeAlr. AonylrenroB Cenperuofi

TerpaArrxt. flpu conocrasaesulr rencroB ycranaBJrlrBaercfi, qro cnoucrpytrpoBdnnoe flymnuurru nyraqeBcltoe BoBBBa-

sue B Benoropcnyro ftpenocrb uMeer Eeltoropoe cxoAcrBo

c nepBbrMu )rnasaMa ffyraueua, EanpaBneEnrrur 19 ceurn6pn 1773 r. n rapuuaosy ffrqnoro ropo4fia (rar uueuoBancff npu

Ilyravere 6yfyqu& Vpanrcx) n 20 ceyrs6pn cf,&prrruuaM

n

arauauy,

tr naaanau Iilneqnoro ropotrKa (IX, 684-685,

68+), Ho sce-rann 6nuxe ncero <6erorcpcftoel BoBBBaEue uo sogepftaEuxt .tr cruJrro K uMeEEoMy ynaBy Ilyrauena, rrocnatuorry 5 4oa6pr 1773 r. a Opoa6ypr, r4-e cauoaaauumft (guueparop llerp .IIII, o6paqaacr n ry6epaaropy lI. A. Peftncgopry, qtrEoBEunau ry6epucnofi naaqenrprfr n BBqEEff fi&A4r[D, nptrabrBan ux: <Bn4ure Bhr uB {Dcffgoro r- r *'18._


fpaAa BOE, BbIEeCtrre SEaMeEa II Opyilt[e, trpUAnOEtrTe BEOr MeEa r[ opyEure ilpeA BenuRuM rocy[apeM 3a ro BeJrrrKEfi - rrBenufi}I0 I0cy[apb Ee trporEeBaJlcfi, qTo BbI JruI{EI{JIII trOJIb6y, u r arou BeJrrrnufi rocyAapb rrporqaer qrruoBubrx r1r coJrAaT rr ftaSaKoB u Bc.EROro sBaEr(fi JrIOAefi, a ftOrAa Bbr rle BbIAZTe r[3 rpaAa BoE, Aa yqrrsrlTe BEr BenaKyrc rlpoTlrBrrocrb, To He 6yAer BaM or BeJrEKoro rocyAaps [porqeErrff; r{ BJr&CTr{ BeJIUKOTO COsAaTeJrfi Earrrero I[36erEyTb lre Mo]IteTe.

Huu,ro Bac or Earrreff ctrJrbnbrfl pyxr4 aalqurllTb Ee Morfier)) 686) 2. Cnegyer ytroMflEyrb, r(crarrr, eqe 06 oArrou coBrlaAeHr,rfi llylnKuEcnoro troBecTBoBaHtrfi c peanbEoft IIcropuqecnoft curyaquefi: yrtaa 5 Eofi6pff 1773 t 6rrr cocrasuen flEqr(IlM r(aBaRoM llaasoM -BHonnesu.{eilt flo.rfiraraHbrM, Jrro6uuqeu flyrauera a [epBhrM ero ceftperapeM, Ee EecbMa, npaBAa, TBepAbrM_ B rpaMore; fr B <I(anurascrofi AoqfieD nyraqeBcnoe soaaBaurre n Eenoropcnyro Kpenocrr sanucduci

,(IX,

6uro <<xanuu-uu6ygr

troJryrpaMornbrM ftaaaxoMlr.

,(oryrnreurrr troBcraurrecxoro fipor{cxo}r(Aeurrff, u rtperfiAe Bcero BoBBBanun flyravera, .uaudoJree troJruo orpaffiaron{r€ coquanbubre qaffErlfi lt rpe6orarrlff BoccraBrrl[x, Ee MoilIE Ee upuBneqb BtrrrMarlr.s llymxraua. Co6upax s {833-{834 rr" MaTepEanbr flnfi (Ilcropuu lfyrauena)), oE BEec B cBoa (apxaBubreD rerpaAtr lo 20 xonufi ynaaoB flyrauena, rpe4nr4casrafr. ero BoeEEoft nornerru a truceM [yraqeBqeB ". Ha

crpannqax cBozx npouanegenlrft Ifymxun EooAEoHparEo ytroMtrsar ynasbr flyrauena, orMeqan ux orpoMryro ponb B noAseMe gapoAa Ea BoccTaEue. Tax, EanprrMep, paccHasbrBafi

I rJraBe VIII <Izlcropuu flyraueBaD o rpagAr(oauoM paBMaxo troBcraErrecHoro [BrrfieEtrfi Ea llparo6epexre Bonur B nrone.asrycre 1774 r., flymHrnu rrpffMo cBsabrBalr oro c rror BCeMeCrEbrM paclpocrpaEeEueM uauurpecron flyrauena, Ro. ropbrMu oE (o63fiBr{n EapoAy BoJrbEocrb, ficrpe6aeure ABo" pfiEcnoro poAa, orrryqeEtre uoBgEsocrefi u 6ea4eue)fiEyK) paa4asy conur (IX, 68-69). Ifo ycronrnM BpeMeEIr I{ qerayprr Ilymnrrn re Mor, paByMeercs, oly6JrllroBarb co6pac. Ebre rlM AorcyMeErbr uoBcraEqecRoro Jlarepff; eMy y,qanocD Eatreqararb B upirMeqtFs.fix x <?Icroplta Ifyraubaa> nzmr oAuE AoryMexr nogoduoro poAa - IrocJlaEtre Boesuoft HouJrerutr llyraver3r r( open6yprcnoMy ry6eplaropy II. A, PefisoAopny (IX, 104). O6parnucn renepa'tc reu tryraqeBcatrM [oKyffDETaM, Ko' ropbre.sbrsr$lgJgL6,_o.ItrFggt-u..Ergpgc.y[Iym4uuq.

{


gVgunurentnr'rfi odpaseq EapoAEoro apacHopeqtrff...D C cepe4uuu aBrycra 1773 r. B crennblx xyropai ro4'fluqnuu ropoAnoM srafine BbrBpeBan gepannft rrorurflqecfiufi aaronop. Beruorfi goucnofi fiaaan Euenrsn llsauosuq flyrauen, caMo-

gBaEEo rrprrcBouBmvfr. ce6e rIlryJI 14 nv.fr" (IrMlreparopa flerpa Tperrerol, BeJr c rpytruoft eguuoubrmJleEutrKoB IIoAroroBKy BOOpyrI(eEEOrO BlrCTytrJIeEtrfi B saIIIIrTy CraptrEEbrx nasaqbnx

sonrgoereft fi upuwrreruft, trotrpaEEbIX rrpaBllreJlbcrBoM Enarepzurr II u crapmuucnoft nepxymnofi .fluqxoro naaaqr,ero soiicna. O6cyxt4ar Botrpocbr, cBfiBaEHbIe c rroAroroBrort nlrcrynJreutrlfi, flyra.reu tr paAufiaJrr,Eo EacrpoeEuble liasania paccuurblBaJll[ B trepctrenTnBe Ha [oAAeprnny Hpecrr,ffE-

crBa (<yepnoro napo4a>), yqacrtre Horoporo BnaqrrreJrbno yxpeurrJro 6rr cunrr noccrauzh, [prrAaB euy o6qym anrnyro HatrpaBJreEEocTb. Boccranue EaqailocL 17 centn6pn B

npellocTErirarecfi

ua

ToJrHaseBoM

ror

AeHb, EaxoAficr,

xyrope, n6rrsu Eygapuncxoro Sopnocra,

flyraven o6uapo4onan csoft uepnnrft uMessofi ynaa, o6paqeusufi n flffuKrM HaaailaM. Ha gpyroft AeHb, B cpegy 18 ceura6pr, flyrauen c orpfi. Ao1\r r{B rpexcor HaBaKoB rroAortreJr r .flnqnouy ropogr{y,. ocDaEOBrrBrrrr{cB B rpex Bepcrax or Eero, sa pgroft 9ara{. [tor{eEAaET 'ropoAfia rroAuoJrnoBuutt M. [. Cuuonon sricnail upoqrm tryrarreBqeB npeMbep-Maftopa C. JI. Hayuora, B Ko. naufue Koroporo 6rrno 4o 500 raaanon, 270 coirgar, c AByMfi eArrroporarlu n u rpeur 3-fyurorbrMu trymftalrr o. B asau. rap4e aroft r(ouauAbr, KaR nr[caJr flymHuu n <<tr4cropur flyiaueraD, mJIn (ABecrtr nasaftoB rrprr Karruraue Kplrlrone> 6, ttor4a oF.v. cdtJrv?'fi.Irvc,b c oTpEAoM flyraueBa, ((K Er{M BbrexaJr FaBcTpeqy Ra3aK, AgPffia EaA ronoBoro BosMyTureJrbEoe rIucBMo or cauoaBauqa. Itaeartu rorpe6oralr, vro6 nlrcr,Mo 6rrno uu trporrreuo. Rprmor roMy trporr4BrrJrcff. Ilpouaomer TiRrem, r troJroBEHa orpflAa ryr ,r(e trepegaJlacb Ea cropoEy car\roaBanr{4, u troraqura c co6oro trffrbAecxT Bepnbrx ftaaaxoB, yxBarrr Ba ysAbr ux nbmageft. Bu4r uBMeEy B cBoeM orpfiAe, Hayuor noinparrncr B ropoAD (IX, 1'6).

?Iuensofi ynaa Ilyrauesa naaairau .fiu4noro soficnh or 7i:'cedra6ps. 1773 r. 1(uo oilpeAenegtrEu llymrura, (BoirMy-

' a-Egunopor*rtpyuronaan6epsaa rryrgna

o .rosusecnofi raaesEoft qacrbro (aaprggoft nanoloi). 6 ltomau4qp 6-fr nernofr sorecoft roMqrrlFr KarruraE Angpefr llpoxo. i p-oBnq HphrnqBr oreq BTauggtrmro 6aggoqg.c_qa llnara Angpeenura

j

ltpuaoaa.

p


tr (trepBoe BoaMyrureJlbnoe BoaaBarue.l). Eamux gaeft. Bonruroft nucr rpy6oft cepoft 6yuaru, EepoBEo o6peaauuuft rro ftpaflM; rexcr rrafir{caq craparenbsoft n n ro ,fie BpeMfl EeyBepenEofi pyxofi, qeJroBertoM, He BIToJIEe oBnaAeBmIrM rpauoroft Ir Ee npr{BrrnrrrrrM elqs n ctrcTeMaTnqecHoMy KatfiAoAEeBEOMy ur4obMy,- TaKrrM yBr{Aen sror yatrnanruuft goxyrrlenr flyrutun, ilpocMarpuaas 6yuarr ueprofi nurrrrl Cerpernofi aftctreAuquu Boensoft .KoJrJrertru u, Tercr ynaaa rJractrJr: <Cauo4epxaBEaro uvtreparopa, Hamero Benunaro rocygapn, Iferpa (De4aponuua Bcepocnficnaro rr fipoqaff, r4 npoatafr, a npoqa.ff. Bo rMsusoM MoeM ynaae nao6paxeno .flrqHouy noficxy: HaK 86r, Apyru MOrr, Ilpe]fiEbrM qapffM CJryE(TIJIII [o KaIrJrIr csoeft Ao ltpoBrr, AffAbr ur orqbr Bambl, Tan a. Bbr rlocJrytnuTrl 8a cBoe oTerrecTBo MEe, BeJrr4RoMy rocyAapro aMneparopy flerpy @e4apaaruy. ltorga Bbr ycror4rrr Ba cBoe oTeqecTBor tr Ee lrcTeqeT BaIIra cilaBa fia3aqbfi oT EbrEe r Ao Beny u y gereft Baruux. Eygnru MEoro, BeJIrrKrrM roQyAa: peM, ,r(aJloBaubr: RaBaKr[ tr xaJrMlrxrr I4 raraprr. lI roroprre MEe, rocyAapn r.rMrreparopcr(oMy BefirqecrBy Ilerpy @e[no]poBurrro, BEEErrfl 6rrur, u E, rocyAapr llerp @e4apoauv, fi BaC: pfiROIO C BepBO BCeX BUEaX Upoqarc U rr TpaBaMu, Ir AeEetr(HbrM ]r(aJlombrs tr Ao ycBE I[ SeMJIen, 'r(aJrOBarO BasbffM, Ir cBuEbqoM, u [OpaxaM, tr xIe6sbIIrM IrpaBIrffETOM. Bac, Ilerp fl, serunrfi rocy,qapr aMlreparop, rnreJrbEoe " trllcbuoD

goxpanEncfi

[o

(Degaparuv.

'fianyrl

cuurnlpn L7 qucral 6. Tor.rac ,ffe rlo o6uapyxentrE eroro yfiaga flymrnn cuan Hero ftorruro (IX, 680-681). Osa cAeJIaEa flBEo Eactrex, c KapaHAamoM, uefioropbre cJIoBa trepeAaEbr coHpaqeqxg' .tr.ffrbrc-TpeMff EaqaJlbErruu 6yruaMu, a 10 I[ oAEoft. CIra sMtryJIbcuBEaf crpeMtrTeJrBEocrb rlrlcbMa cBtrAereJrbcrByeT O TOM, IITO B TOT MOMEET IIYMXNU 6TTTT S COCTOffEEU A'I(IFTaqrru, B aBapre, xopoEo usBecTHoM ftilfiAoMy IfCCneAOSaTeJno, norophrfr, natotnuyBrtrucb B apxlrBe Ea pegl(ocrnrrft goNyMesr, cpasy xe cIIerT|ET BoctrposaBecrtr. ero B cBoeft Tor.r Ee oAtrE pa3 BosBparmbcff paAr, qro6Il rroroM csoBa r{ apxuBEolfiy opurrrEany.- fio qeEgypEr-rM- coo6pameruru Ilymrnu se uof trpuBecru rencr yleasa n tllc;opnx [Ifa'qeBaD, orpaEurruBulucb JrEmb r{paTREM yIIoMtruaEEeM o Ee}l B paccfiaae o IrepBoM rrpncryqe flyrauena H fluqnony ropoA-

|ri

7773 roAy

a Boauyrzreubuoe, .r. e, uo6yxnaroqee rt DlrcrytrJreuupr rt logcTarElo;

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Ry. Ho aaro B Eeape[uasuaqallusxcfi Arfi fleqarfi <Saueqauoinassurx 26 nurapn 1835 r. n Hunonaro o 6vsreD, -c """* I nuecte afiBeMrlJlnpou <<llcropun flyraqeBcnoro 6yrral, flymnua oyor Aarb eMnylo tr BbrpaBI[reJIbEyIo xapanreptrcru$y uyraqeBcnoro ynaaa: <<fleproe BoBMyrIrreJIbEoe Boa3Bar"" ily""tera n .ffLqnuM aaBaKaM ecrb yAllBure;irurrft o6pageq EapoAuoro Kpacuopeqtrff, xotfi u 6earpauoruoro. Ouo reu 6o{ree io4eftcrnoraJro, qro o6:',sr,;r'eslun, nnn ny6aunat4uu, Peftucgopua 6rrnr nucanbr croJlb ,ne BffJIo, KaK I( rlpaBtrnbuo, gnranburna .o6uugnaMlr, c rJIaroJIaMu fla Rouqe trepuosoBD (IX, 371). flyurua Ee noryrun Aocryrla n [porononaM AonpocoB ffyrauena tr ero 6uuxafrmux coparuunoB, a troroMy u Ee tr{or sEarb su o6cto.fireJrbcTB trpotrcxorfiAeEuff uyraqeBcKoro IrKaBa 17 cenrnfps. t773 r., EIt ero aBropa .(cau Euentnn ?Inauonru 6ru, nan 'uaBecrEo, EerpaMoreu). Marepranrr eneAcrBrrfi roBopfir o rou, uto flyraueB c aonqa aBrycra {173 t., c trepBlrx Bcrperl na Tanonou yMere c $aaaraMtregnEoMbrrrurennunautr, 6rrn oaa6oqeu tr_oAbrcl(aElteM (IrIIcbIlreEEofo qeJroBeKaD, noroprrft cyMen 6rr, pynoroAcTByEcb ero coBeTaME, cocTaStrTb BoBBBastre fi ffuqRIrM aa3anaM, o$oprrrun ero B BrrAe EMeEEoro yftasa or (BeJruxoro rocygapn flerpa @e4oponnual. C arofi qenbro oE BMecre c xosfissoM Tanosoro yMera Creuanou O6on.ses6ru (no upoaruqy Epeuuua ttypuqa) ortrpaBl{ircfl 27 aorycra n crapoo6prgsecnlli Mouacrhrpb, EaxoAtrBrntrficn s Me.reruoft cro6o4e y penr llprua, o6rmra eMy, arro troeaAr(a gra rrpeArrpnufira trM troroMy, rrro {(aaaaxtr B cepe4y o upueqyt K EtrM a qrour6ygr tronolltyr r,- rax Burb aro uago6uo sauucarb, a jr nac riauoren Her, rax E xoqro cbeaAtrTb n Bepxaeft uoEacThrpS r[ raM B3firb^rrtrcapfl,- Taft oH rrorcyAa tr cTaEeT rcirnrr fiera nucarrl t. O4naxo troea4ra n Meveruyro cro6oIlyraveoy cao6ogrr, oaoatruracb Eery, eABa Ee crosBman qcJroBer(aD (rrucbMeuuoro Ee Eamirr{, a O6oareu 6rur flaueft: apecToBaH MoEacTbrpcKuMtr cTapqaMrl.

' Ise

garepe

segeJrtr

y

cfiycrfi flyra.rea, ynphrBaBmtrftcn s brensou

peqfiu Vcuxu,,ortrpaBtrn cnoux aMuccapoB

$aBaRoB

Spar*y Oo$auora u flurrpun Jlr,rcoaa n fluqnrft ropo[on, fflnaaaa uM cpe4n upoqux nopyueuufi (rep6orna EoBbrx pifb'pounurron, rrarroroBJrestre sEaMeE, upuo6pereEue napaA-

foft nasauret .r

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ogemgrr

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(Benuftoro rocygapxn) uprcnarr

qp{xopmsr na 28 aarycra

1773

r.

I lloJrornyr, T. e. trpnrf,yr aaltoe-To poureElg oruocuTeilbno -l+"T* u uprg5gyn llyrareoa *Ilerpou Tpeutul,,---r2

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a

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It {qaprc), ((erfieJlrl MOTI{EO, ABOrrx, a EeTO OAEOIO nncapa ABa raxrrx Kasar(a_rpalro_ ff: +#::y"r>-. Brrnn Ea urrpxMere ?Isas lepacuuor, n noropnu u :^1^iiil_r4rrporuuxtrs Eo oAnE uB uux 6rrn B ortesAe, gpy_ :^.y::--l^t_o^n1*rrzq, FoE oTxaaancn exaTb ra Vcuxy, cocJlaBr.ordcb Ea " BauffTocrb (AoJrrr(Eocrblol 10. ffoqlrrajun ,.p"y"", o.*.-g;;.0;; (::ITl*gft uecrou ,"rl"r* ur.peq "" " cropouuunoB il.:::.I:y,, rpurrrJru f(oarlra rlyra.reBa) Oo{arron, Bacu.rruft II;ol;;;;: Tuuo$efi Micaunor, O"rn i*h;;" non"r"o"*r"" ri "y, ero 19-reruuft crrn llsaa. Co6p""*"er",craJrtr (pascyrfiAarb:

noso 6hr rrocJrar. rr* rrB rpaMoisrrx ;'o4efi> Eeolr(uraHrro trJrff acex*(DoSauon, o6partrBrrrrlcB "; t;;d.

i.[;;; o g*"iv

Irosurarruy, cftaaarr: ga.,J"-a" h""lio_ro xoAurb, Aa erqs ucr(arE,; B_or.-y re6a llnauymxa _j rria eBoD. (Dodasona trogAeprfiantr Mscuunos ""ot "p"*ff"fr,';*"*;: ; n;'";;;;;, <l{ nupmrr rix, veno Ae_roBo ryrrre. Hy-rna, 6aaroc.noT B.ficb, c 6orou, uocnlafill .ftros floluruo"" BbrcnsaaJr cou_ Ee'rre orEocETeJr'Eo trpurol'oo?u clr'a ?Inasa mrcapff y (BeJrur{oro r.ocyAapfi): <<I(ax_Ae " A;;*";;; eBo uocraTb? " Ou-4e qeJroBer uo.rtogoft,

upu ranux

.I4e-ne euy ero ucnpauurr?,""Olr""oot H;-;;;tr Bo'paannu EaAenax. aro: <B-or-re-fia, uycrxxr nannn! H"o Brrr ua EeM BabrcnuBaTb rocyAapr re 6yger,_ ""-"rnpanur? Brraer, qTo oE B TafiIrx

A ou sero;;; ;oooAoft, rarc ovr"" nosa eio-ge, ca' ,", ,"".*", o" Ayl"r-"o.;;";;. u ue 6y4er ocraBrre'D. B nonrsy Uirl"u n;;;;;f fitrEa trpr{Bo4nJrcfi. tr TOT apryMeET, "rOp"i"" SiO UCr"rsafi qerb .ero rIoeBAntT ua Vcuxy re_troJ4rtra? onrac11tr --^-" fl"-d;;};;A.; ue 6y4en:EBBecrEa Eauamcrny',. " V5..:"gp^"_l1a ru{oB llorruraJruu corJractrJrcff Ear(oteq co_ 6ece4unnon, pemrrJr orrrycrtrTb crrua Irlrasa" 4oln4a*" ft (rocyAaproD, troAyMaB' (rITo rr BrloAnuEty sa ero rocyAapb eBo Ee ocraEEr' EarpaAtrr tr BAeJraer qeJroBeRo*D. iioc,6[o"" J" (qEcfoe Aan eMy cBoe pomfeJrbcltoe 6raroeiroseuue) ""r""1 u Be-, JreJr (Bep'o cJryr{ur' rocyAapro tr Bce craBrrr' yqtrrscE go6py-.u trpf,pErRarE nAeJrarb, nrn. *- G_ AeJraMri.[. d.p]rdM g3ntryE FoBOfi Senesoft I BOJrorBrM trosyMeEroM 4"o "*y.. 6rrno cmun Anfi o'oro â&#x201A;ŹBoero (noroprrfi sesaraoft iloAeprr{aunofi, nymax mr,ir*o"on ".""i, il;;;; ;b: urarrfiy 6apxarryro qopryror.-[pu*a"o"""] Bce ouoe npyfirs. renax se6nsanofi.

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rrerBepo Apy-

u BailruficroM rlopry

rux nyraqeaqee cKoH'raJIIrcb uaew 1797 - 4ena6perrt L802 r." llsau flKosJreBurl floqutarnrn sagrMaer

Melr(Ay

BuAHoe Mecro Ea Grpaur.rqax r4cropul[ ]tpecrurucnoft softsrr Han 6numaftulufr' crrogBrrlKHrIn flyravena, aBrop lrepBoro I{MeEuoro yRaBat BoBBecrtrBIrrero rraqaJlo Boccraurrff'-.Aor(yMeETa' Horoprrfi 6rrn sbrcoro glleuerl llymnuuny--Kan.(yAuButenrnufi o6pa' Beq rrapornoro (pacnope'rus>

(IX, 371).

<<Itreueqrne yraabr lfYrauena rrrrcaubr 6urut pynoro lllnansuqaD

B aarycre 1832 - slrBape 1833 r. IIVryuu nuec s pa6ouue Te"pailg lrJragbr lroBecrtr o ABopffEllge-[yrarreBqe Illnassuse craAlrxl (VIII, 929, 930). Illasn arr'orpaxaru EaqafihrJruo ot. B ro Bpeu.fl pasBurrrfl aarurrcna <<Itauurascftofi gounu> iTymHuuy 6rrro uasecrro e4rrEcrBeEso€ uMeBmoecn B lr€'l&' rn_coo6qeuas s. Illnarnme: trpuroBo.p Couara no'AeJry llyrq* rreDa v ero cuo,qnrxuunoa uoA Ea8!AESe![ (cgETeFflFEi .2t.


.1775 rcna rrrBapfi t0.- O Eaftaaarrutr cueprnoft KaBErrp rrsMeutrrrfta, 6ynronqura x caMoaBauqa flyra.reBa u ero coo6qunnon>, ony6nuronanrrafl B 20-u roue <<Ilonnoro co6pa. sufl sanorron Pocclrftcnofi zurepuuD a&; [oilEr-rfi nouurexr aroro r{BAaur[fi (45 rouoa) 6rur nonyueu flymnurbrM or Hunonas I upu rrrlcbMe me{a xau4apMoB A. X. Benxesnop$a or 17 {enpanr {832 r. (XV, 12). Bocruoft rrynnr nprlr.oBopa, otrpeAeJruBrm ft uepy saraaanr,rfi oSuqepau, clylryuBmrlM y___ffyra.rena, ornpbrBaJrcs cJroBaMr[ : llo4ropyunxa Muxaft;ra IIIsaEogr.I.Ia, ga yqfiHenrroe rrM trpecryrrJleur{e, qro on, 6y4yun B ToJrtre a.rrogeficHoft, aa6brB AoJrr Dpr{cflrrr, cJrerro <i

noBnHoBaJrcE caMoSBaEqoBbrM trprrKasaM, npeAtroqr4rafl rEyc-.

'

Eyro E(r{Brrb secrsoft cMeprrI, JrrIlIr{B rlr{rroB rr ABopflHcrBa, orrreJr_brrotsarb, trepenoMff EaA Er(M rrruaryD (IX, 190). Oro cy4e6uoe onpeAeJreuue o6xo4ur MorqauueM Honnperubre Aefisus lllsasstrqa B crane ffyraqena. Ho flymnuiy, rrhrrJrr'Bo co6upaemeuy cBeAenrrfl o Ilfnassuse rpeArroJrataBmeMcfi repoe <Ftanurascxofi gouHu>, y4aJrocb-ycrauoBr(rb oAr.ru rra salftHefimnx.Sanroa ero 6uorpa{ull. BcrpernBtrrr{cb B HaqaJre aBrycra 1833 r. n flerep6ypfe c H. isequunrlr 1,, rr ctrrvmafi paccnaebr o Muxauae Illaassuqe u ero orqe A.rencannpg Maprunoonve, flymHuu co cjros pacc*aBrrrr^a Barrucan: <Herrrerlnue y^fiaslr flyravena or""""i 6nln pyxo, Ufuuin_

BuqaD

(IX,498).

3ro

cnugereJrbcrBo He MorJro

o roM, qTo

Ee rra[oMnlrrr flymHuny

caM on, r{Byqafi 6yuarlr uereeproft Hgur1a Cen_ -(nony.1ssra6

pernoft onctreArrrdrtrf Boenuoft noJrJrerrril lrg apxnBa Boeusoro Mr{ErrcrepcrBa Zg Mapra tgSS r.) ;., nporreil a Bar(oucrrenTzpoBan^B^arrrrcb lnypuala Open6yprcnoii

;;;;;_

ry6epucnofi .nanqennpuu (<?Itypna" ert""aop"!;j rr AByx Apyrrx AoftyMenroB,

,TeJrbEo EeMeqxoro yftaaa

6pomenunx^tryraqeBqaM.g_x c_pamerrun

,ft

IrbA_

20 a.*"opn liii"-r.

creEaM Opeu6ypra (IX, b2Z). B Batrrrcu c6o6qanocr: ceM cparfienrru u rpu treperoBopne BAerunrrx Jrerxr.rx EoncR rlepe4aEo or BnoAefi rpu co6laaurlreJrbubre Jrrrcra, ,tra aoux nepnoft na poccuficnou, gpyroft.Ea EeMeqKoM Ar{a_ JIeftTe, a rpereft, BtrAEo, caMuu nM, BopoM flyra.rernrlr, .grBepeutrfi Eaxo4rrBmtrxcfi B ToJrtre ero, uauapauuoii 4.nn u ue taGmngloryfi sunaanx,JlrrrepD, no-Toplre (B opertrHajle rro{ it\e Z-ltr trptr ceu npuo6qarorcfrlnr. lI geftcriureJrbqo, sa uocne4uefi crpaunqeft lrtypuajra cneAyror trptrJrorfienrrbre rt EeMy: ynas ffyrauena peftucgoptry qr lZ aeHa6p" fili i.r;, -yfias anarorzqnoro co4eplltastrg. Ea aeueqnou narute o.r, Jrrcr c pynqmrcsbrMrr ytrpamge_ 1;*qbrorpa(pu llyrarelfl

i*flpu

-

2l


Esrlrr

oo. HerpaMoruoro EMenBflEa ?IBaEoBtrua

flymrllu

Eo

-rror upofiru MIrMo rpex rloAnr4HEbrx AoayMeEroD E3 CTaEA -Ilyrauera. C ynaaa 17 gera6pn oE cEflJr gnn ce6n ftotrEIo ;(I& 687-688) ; aaxrroqtrreilbgylo qacrb (aBrorpa{a> Ilyra-

rreBa, Tpu trocne,4Elre crpoKl{, BOCIIpOtrgBeJT cpeAu l{ilfiOCrpa:

qufi R'<llcropun flyraueaa,l, cna64uo Ea[lrrc-bro-<rCsulron c Eaqepragtrfr, c4etauuux pynolo 6earpauoruoro lfyrauerau. -(IX, 3-s trnnlocrpaqufi rlocJre c. 154). <Heueqruftl ynaa trp€[craBJlffn AJrff flyrurtuua uau6ouruuft uurepec troro!fiyt

qro oE cBtrAereJrborBoBaJr o Eaxorr(AeEIIE B craue flyraueea

nuconoo6paaoBaslloro qeJroBera, cno6oguo BJIaAeBmero EeMeqnrrM iautrotn. TaHoro qeroBefia Ilyrauen se Mor saftru Hr[ cpeAll fltrqfiux fta3aKoB, Htr CpeAtr BaBoAcKIlx ftpecrbffIr' nB Koropbrx BbIrtrJrIr ttagneii-ue roxranr Boccranua' CocraBrlreJIeM (rreMeqnoroD ynaaa, Bepoffruee Bcero' 6un re991EtrE, BoJIbEo IrJItr lreBoJrbno or(a3aBmuficg n Jrarepe roBcran-

Ut"*oJIbKo MecflqeB clrycrfl trocJle roro' rar flymruu o'6oupy*"o <rueineqnuft> ynas' -oH rr-3 paecnaaa H' Cse'ruua yBEaJr, qro ero cooTaBIrTeJIeIrl 6lrl Msxaun Anexcangporuu

q*.'

t"ff#'"artrcan

yrepeunoft pynoft qerosena' cno6o4uo BJrageBruero EeMeqKIrM flsbrnoM u rpafnHoft crapoueMeqftoro rorllqecKoro trIrcbMa; BoT reKcT aToro yHasa B lrepeBoAe Ea nvccxufi garrfi: '- uHuto.ty ry6epuaropy Pefincgopry. -"ep"6uonnasuuft asaer, nafiIrM o6paeou Itax4rril ni* sro6sbre JIIoAtr tr uego6pomelareJlu JItrmuJrtr Eac tro BceM trpaBaM trplrua4neffiaqero flaM ncepoccuftcnoro trpecrona' Ho nrnse iceuorytt{uft 6or csouM[ trpaBelnlrutr troMbrcJrauu E, ycJlbrmaB cepAeqEhle I( EeMy MoJIITTBbIT cEoBa np€finoEffeT .r( EameMy upecTony EalIIux BepHotroAAalrghlx? a aJIOAeeDt rrctroJrnenrrnr ue4o6poxenareJlbcrBar troBepraer fi Ealrrtrll MOEapmEu soraM. o4Uaro r[ EbrEe ecT6 TaKEe JIIOAII, I(oTouB Mpa$a DEIe. Ee ,aenar rlpuaEaBarb Eacr Ee xornT shlfiru shrconoft serlTefi cotrportrBrlErorcn u ;A;6;ffi"tuo"it""

trpE TOM OTpeMsTcEr Ran u trpe?fiAe' EEcrrpoBeprEyrb Harfie 6lrcrarenruoe [MEr u Earrrtrx flonnauurrx' BoF EbIx ctrrroB oreqecrBa' xorsr cAeJlarb ctrporalfu' ORsaro sameft cftlroEnocru u nro6nz s reu Bepffi"p"po4uofi "o qotrogaEglrlur rtorophle Ef,[Ee? ocraBfi ga6nyxAesue u ano6y'

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u

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u coo6qaerorr or sac Bo uceo6rqee cBeAestre, ga6rr eaxuocrb sroro ocosuaJr xax4rrft uarrr BepHorroAAaHunfi. ,(exa6ps 1773 r'ogaD u'. Cre4crneuurre nonaaanr{.a ffyrarena, ero cenperapefi __ Maxcnnaa__ Iopmnoaa n Irleaua ifooururrr,rra, a ran)fie u caMoro llleaHnu.ra Aaror BoaMolnuocrb ycranoBrrrr, o6cros_ TEJIbCTBA COCTABJIEEIIfl (ECMEIIKOIOD YH sA I[ IIOCbIJII(U ErO B oca?fiAenrrrft Opea6ypr. flyraven paccnaeuBaJr r{a cJreAcrBr{rr, rrro oAaa?fiAbr olr rrprraBan H ce6e rrJreHrroro o$uqepa Illsassr'r'ra r{_ ((npEI(aBaJr eMy rrarrr4carb rra rreMer{KoM flBbr*e yr(as H opeu6yprcxouy ry6epnaropy s raHoft cr.rne, vro6 on BAaJrcs l.rne 6ea cyfiporrrBJrerrrrfi rr rre Mopr{Jr 6rr rrc4eft n ropoAe roJrogoM. A Illeauosuq, HarrtrrcaB raioft yRaB, npr{Eec fto MHe, noropofi fi, trpurrffB or Hero, He cl{orpf, orAaJr ITOqI{.TAJIIIHY' I,I BEJIEJI SAIIEIIATATb II TOCJIATb r TYSEPUATO. t'. Eoree lo4po6uo ocBetrIeu aror enrraoA qyo ,ro"xarurrr"* IopffnoBa, Un scnoMr4saJr, nro ffyrauen, ([pr[BBaB " oAEa]fiAbr Merrr ri ce6_e, ronopvn:.,,f.-pe rpunaabrBaJr npucnarr x re6e araruaHa Ilfsauosnqa (o$lrqep 2-ro rpauo4epcxa"o no"rrny). -'opr4er, -"u, KaH-ge cnopo oE n re6e ,,"^ BacraBb ero [eDeBecrtr rrocJre4neft lroft ynae, noropoii rrr c flo.lurarrrrrrirn, nacaJl ", rr [punecrr [epeBo4 lto lrne,,. A ncxope uocJlo roro trprrfireJr fio lrue B HoJrJrerr{ro r.r osoit lllnanoeuu, noropor\fy fl, trepecnaaaB caMoBBaHrIoBbr cJroBa, AaJr ror ynae. tr{ funano_ Br,rq fiepeBo4u.r onoft cilepBa Harrepno, a rrororr rr ua6e;ro trepenrrcaJl, xoropoft fi lroror,r orrrec K cauoaBaur{y. A ca,rio_ SBaEeq orocJlaJr onoft, rtart .fi rrocJle o roltl cJlblrrraJr, I( opeH6yprcxorny rocnoAr{uy ry6epuaropy. gepuoii }xe -ourr^oorr_ geB rrepeB-oA KyAa AeBaJrc.f,,_ .fi He 8saro, u illrr(ofAa ue s',. BIrAbrBaJrD TaH ?fie np'IMepHo Sano]rHr{Jrocb 3TO CO6Urne n lllnansu.ry: fr HeMy 6un nprac.rrar or flyrav";; ,i;;il ;; BeJren rrATIr B Boeuryro fioJrJrerrrro, (a fian.rrpurrreJr, To c€Itperapb... IopmHon cftaaaJr: ,,,{o re6r-4e ecrb }eno,,,'" yfia3 .TOT, B, ItolopoM B BailIaBtrrlt EarllIcaEo "*iyn ,,He6ear,renec:rao ecrb aa?ffEoMy*, roBopnJr:,,Barro.mHa-rocy4api flerp @egopo_ Burr BeJreJI re6e nepeuec$_onoft ynas ua neueqrofi noropoii fl tr trepeBen)) 5t. Itparnr{e ytroMrluaEtr.E o (E€Mert-. "rria,,, yfiaae uMenrcfi B rrporoxonax Aotrpocoa ffoqurann_ uoyl 'noanertu Ea 55 u qJre*a Boeusofi Manculra ''oBcra'qecfioft I Pep u,qer o6 yrga:e. Fytry,gba or iZ 6exa6pn IZZS r. BceM aroM

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IEnraera !6. Illsassnq Eatrtrcar 6enouqn yfiaaa 19 gexaG pfi, qaxaryue orlrpaBJleuuff ero s OpeF6ypr BMe-cre-c nByl{E ApyrnMtr uyraqeBcnuMll rlocir,aErr8r*lu (<antorpa{> Ilyravena u ero yKaB or {7 gena6pr). Ilonaaauun flyraveBa cooOqaror nro6onmtubre no4po6uocru trepeAarltr (HeMerlnoro)) ynaaa B ocarr(Aenuuft rop64. Ouepaqua ,ata 6rrna nopyqena xaaany-noucrauqy llnany Cono4onurHoBy' Horopuft, <naffs rncllto, troBe3 E floroM, B0SBparffcb Ea3aA' cKaBaJI eMy [llyraxeay], mro trIrcbMo noABeclrru K ropotry rl ilplrB'ffa4l ft traJII(e, BorKEyB B cuer, troexaJr. A nan orGexaJl' To BuAeJr oE, qro grrcnasuoF IrB ropoAa fiaBaK To trIrcr'Mo BBflJr rI ttocfiaKaJI

r

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ux 24 gexalpn

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EHarepuurr II or:uocuteJrbuo rrcrr{Hublx ilpI4rIIrE Boccralrlilft u ero usrrqrlaropos. trlhreuso noaroMy lll{rreparpulla obr'[a rpafige 3aIIHTepecoBaHa B ycT.aEoBJIegIII[ ilI4rlgocTllrrIeJIOBeKa' nucaeruero gnn flyraueBa yKaB Ea rreMeqnor{ 'fi3blr(e' B uanaee qlrHoBHuKaM cenpetuoft noMrrcclrll' orrlpaBJreHubrM B K0r{qe alpeJrfi 1774 r. AJrff trporlsBoAcrBa CJIencrsIIfi EaA [yraqeBqaMrr, saxBarresrblMrr B IJIeE no4 Open6ypionr, Erarepuua II npe4nucaua: <Ctapafirecr yal{arb: nro coqrsureJlt Eeueqnoro ilrrcbMa' or SnoAeeB n Opeu6ypr fipl{cJralrHOIO, U HeT JIU Me)ff[y EITMU rlyffiecrpaEqeB' tr 5e' -Ie -cMorpfi flpu6mn EIr Ha fiaxlrx nlrq, yBeAoMure Meufi o rlcrl{He) cocpeAoro-. RoMll'ccuff B saqaile Mafi B Opeu6ypr, ceftperEaff qara rilaBnoe BEuMaEIre Ea paccJlegoBarna 4en 6nrmaftmux' ctroABlr?nullroa Ilyrauesa. Ha trepBou SaceAaunrr ftoMlrccu[' S t;r" 1774 r,, 6unu Aotrpomenhr fopmrcoo, flo'rutanrs u Illuraea, noropbre - EeaaBtrctrMo Apyr .or Apyra - troftaaayxaa Ilyrauena 6un EatrucaE lIIsaH. o", ,rro'<neue-qxufi> *"or"fu. t7 vrin Hourccuefi 6nn gonpoltren tr caM IIIsas' ocserrnmnft ucropuro cBoero npe6rrnauun "onpo6so ""n, g flyravena, trpu8EaBllrtrftcn s cocraBJreEtrE (EeMeIIrarepe ffi;-'yitaa-i-" ta"L"ti*rfi n nouqe oloux us(ffisssfi, iiid' %

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[ocJreAoBaBmefo

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co

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[enraMrr. B nuclue n Bomrepy, xipanrepraayq lly"anena, Euarepzua II orMe.rara: <On " ne yrra, Err qrrrarb. Hr{ Irrrcarb, Eo aro rreroBeft upesnrruafino cuenuft rr peurrreJrburrfi. ,(o cr4x nop E-or Err uanefirnero fipr{srrana, *sro6tr on obrJr opyAneM fianoft-Jru6o ruocrpaunoft 4epmaBbr uJrr4 cropouuero aaMhrcJra, Hn sro6br orr cJIeAoBar srzM_rr6o BHy. rrrenlrnM. U EaAo troJrararb, qro rocrroArln flyruo"u -a pas6ofruun-xoaffuE, a ae cryra,> ur. Bamnefimurvru ncroqutrKaMr4 AJrfi 6uorpa{rau hlirxanna lllsassu.ra flBJrnrorcfi trporonoJr ero nor.tasiu"t ra 4orrpoa" r Opeu6yprcnoft cexpetsoft KoMr4cctrr4 d, u ,"**e ero ilo_ glrylnuoft cnrrcon, HeAaBEo o6tapyxrennrrft gl{e-;. flf Coruracuo [ocJreAueMy Mnxalrt IUia"urq poAr{jrc.E " s 174g r. B MeJrftonouecrnoft BoeuHo-cnymu.roft 4nopaucnoft ceMbe; oreq ero^ Anencangp Mapruuonun III"""""., r{MeJr Bo BJra_ Aeunn do Rpetrocrnbrx .My]ficrioro rrona; llfuxaun IIIsaEsHq BcrynrrJr B cnyxdy s ITGE r. HarrpaJror.r n Izlnrep"a"oaracnuft_. nonfi, gIaE fi rouy rpeuguu (rpaMore rrrlcarb tro_ pocEftcxu, uo-{pauqyacxu a uo_neueqnu; raame qacrb raurloBarb, {nxronqrb rr Ea Manexre eaArrrb}. l"{{g1uxu, ylB trpoTonona Aotrpoca lTTlaurma BuAEo, qro On 6rrrr fipecrnur(oM uMneparpaqrr Enuaaserrr. flerpousrr60. Haxo_ AficB B prAax |-fi apuuq. Illsauaus ynu"r"'o""o ;ofi;; " ; 6";;t H"";;; fynuueft, s xaunasua l77l r. 6nn ; lltypxu, trptr BaEruE B5xapecra ctt ;"I;;il il;;;'*v: op{*uapqeM y rcEepana I. A. Ilorellxnsd. Ocenrro T31 1.t tz t. llrBaEBEq 6rur uepeneAen Ea cnyx6y s llerep6ypr gpauopquxou 2-ro rperagepcro"o ooo*"i tg";;; l-fxd; ori 6qpr sposgBe4en s upgtropy"E{tr, a i0.d;r;6t;. ,;i; *" 28.


roga IrocJIaE o aouaunoft nopyrnxa A. Hapramera s Czlr' 6npcr [nfi nptreua pefipyroB a trpuBoAa ux B lter€poyqr ' Haxog"cr B-rllrlt,-fto!4auAa era B xosqe oTtt6!1_1Ti BnJIIoqeHa B cocraB ftoptryca KapareJl-br;rx softcx renepaJra b. a. Hup", EarpaBJlesuoro n Open6ypry ilporuB fl-yravena. C;reny:s'" a"-""."p4e ropuyca ltapa, RoMaEAa ltapra; mesa 6 uox6pn L773 v 6ura sseaairgo onpyxcena I[ araft(F BaEa rIoBcraHIIaMI4 y AepeBHIr lOaeeooft, q 100 Bepcrax or n IIInaEBEq c rpeMfi Opeu6ypra. Bolrruas qacrb conAar *, ux Bcrope npImEaJIIl I rlneuy B oHaBaJII{cb odrqepaulr r^ Eepacnylo cno6o4y. 34ecr Illnarnnua, ftalc u Apyrax oSuqepon, rfiAaJra cMcprEafl-ItaaEb' Eo rIJIeEEbre coJl1arbr flyraueruu' aaffB[Br rlro MoJroBacryrluJrucb -o$uqep Ba Hero trep€A gofi 6rrn go6P Lr JIacnoB K EUM tr oEtr Bce rlpocfir coxpaullrb euy xuari. flpultenan nro6osr rr yBalneElte coJrEo tr Ear H lllnaunlrvy, Ilyrauea He roJrbno fipocrun erot ecayJloM arecrb' Bcnope HaBI{aqtrB ero oxaeaJt euy 6olr,myro B cBoro BoesnoJlfia rrJIeIrHbIx coJIAar' a rloroM tr oupe4eJlrrB ut' A rponBom;Io 3To' cexperapfi Ha'recrBe n HyIo ltoJrJleruro cy1rfr TIo rronaaalrlllflM flyrauesa,- cireAyroquu o6paaou: Ir' oAualr(Alr orr Bcrperlrn IIIsaHn['Ia u (3?rtaJrllJrc'E tro HeM *"-YXX' my6y euy qre xyA, na{raurreM Aan Ea sugff, " ' a rroroll crrpocrrJl eBo: ,,Vilteerur JII Tbr rIo-HeMeqKIrr eMy Bpy-r{xB flyrauen, TorAa IIIsauoBEs cKaaan: ,,VMero". Illsausus ,;6yltaru Jlocltyr' BeJreJr Hatrucarb uo-Eeueqnrt"' :rorn 6yltary, oE, a ,,83fln HatrrrcaJl rr uofiasaJr flyraveny, 6yrro os uro SrraTb' o[EaKo?I{ AaJI r{ Htrrqero He cMbIcJIl4T; quraJl, lr rloroM cHaBaJI: ,,Xopomo fiurrreltrb' Tan 6ygr xre tau mro IIo trEOCTpaErrr s Boensoft rraoeii noJrJreruu. Itan oo' ThI [UilI4"D IIIICaTI" EbI CJIyrIIITbcfl u Illnanrruy, 3ro ((Ecrrbrranr{e B rpaMoreD satroMEIIJIOCT((trpu3BaJr MeHfi qro oAEaffiAbr oE rlor(a3aJl Ha cJIeAcrBEIr' rrro yMeeulb rbl cJIblIrraJIr roBopuJl: u ,,f[-Ae Ilyrauee n ce6e ronopum Ha uuocrpanunx ^flalrftax"' Ha ro fl cfiaaaJr: gan MEe trepo B pyns I{ ,,Vutero, uagdxra-rocyAapb'!. A or BEIlSy' yna3aB Mecro Eatrtrcarb Irpl{Haar,rBaJr nlrcr 6yltarld, naJlbqoM, rIO-mBeqr(I{.

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soBEIrH cexpetuoft' KoMsccuu rBap$rr fiatrurau-rropystra .C. I4. Maspfs, uncasmnft o IIIsaEBrse' qro oH (83f,r EeBo-neft [u ut-eu n llyrauery], flBuJIcfl caM' E trpuroM Ee u-3 qucra My[peqoB. Muutqa, qro fipocrtr:rb Mo'nEoD' fla uuotr noglrqun crofiJr EaqarbEEK cenperuoft KoMscctrtr reEepafid.--ilo*"**""' rrorlaraBmufi, uto xots IIIgassIIlr ;;;;n.. no ilo xapal{repy ero (trpocr E maJID u cJryxflln. ffyraveny oE uprcnre' upusym4eriup' Eo nir o&uqePro^[3Mâ&#x201A;ŹElrBurt :' u6gnemutcypoBoMyocyrfiAeuu$"-".:' "' :-'%


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xuaseusoft ccbrJrxe n Cu6upr. {0 rnrapx l77S r, sa Boilor. roft unoqaAr{ fiasrrfJrrf rrflrepbrx ocyrr(Aeunbrx Bo rJraBe c ffyravearru, rroABeprJrr[ onsefiyqrrrd u xneftueuurc trpuroBopeusbrx H Haropre, a EaA IlfnassrqeM 6run npouaBeAeu o6pr4 rpalxAaEcnoft Haasr. Cpaay fire rrocJre ro16 os 6rrn orrrpaBJrerr rroA noHBoeM s TobontcH. I(orsofiuuft o$lrqep BeB cerarcnuft yxaa H cn6rpcHouy ry6epuaropy A. U, rlnq_e_pusy, fipeArrucbrBarcqrft eMy rraggaqrrrb Mecro ccbrJrnrr Illnaunrauy, r4e 6rr ror coAeplfiaJrcfi (c Boauonruoro ocropoE(rrocrrrro, 4a6rr trEorAa He cAe;raJr yreqnu)) 81. 3t aunapx 9uuepuu coo6qun Cenary, qro Illsausuq or[paBren B ccbrJrxy a Cypryr, a oAEoBpeMeurro- npocrrJr ynaaiuuft o Ropr,ro_ BoM AoBoJrbcrBurr ccrursori) 82. Cronrqnfi fla upauou 6epery O6n o_crpor CypryTr aarepnnuuft cpeArr rnyxoft raftru

n rn6mrx 6olor, s 800 nepcrax or- fo6onr,cxa; 6ur tro fianuM-fto trpurmraM nptrBuarr Cenarolr EetrpuroAubr]rf Mecrou AnE cchrnr{u Tllsaunu.ra, a troroMy u 6utb pemero cocJraTb ero tro[aJlee, B BafioJr.rrpnyro Mauraselo E, <<e rafioiA ropoA, orftyAa yfirn rre Mo?fier), qro E(e xacaerc.s ilpofirrraHrdfl ccbrJrbl{oro,

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baHtu*eonag treroqtocrb. B Aetcrsnrerbgocru lEnassus 6rrlr senr 5 uo." tropci,qF[aMu 6.gpgOpff t773 r., a Kaparenbgaff rouanA'a iionuaeu seAello ouycrr, 13 uo' ,{ioaruxa n. M. Sepsblru$rd-uonam s f,opfi.

80


rJr5nocrr cJryrnurr euy co BceycepAr,reu. flpa{l A. Oplor "D (IX, 479?lrlpognn y rocy4apbrnu cMsrqeuue trptrroBopa 480). B oHrr6pe 1835 r. IfymHuu uoiryvu.tr -ue Mobroscxoro rraBrroro apxnBa MeuucrepcrBa rruocrpaunbrx Aen pynorrrrcu <rflyraueBcroroD ngprsbrn anageuirna f.-@. Mlrrrepa, a epeAu Eux BatrEcnr opeu6yprcfioro cBrrqeuHuna IzI. C. IIoJrffrrcrtoro_(Ulcropr'a o trpotrcxofi{Aerrru caMo3Banqa llyra.reBaD 8e. B sanncfiax coo6qatocr, qro BaxBaseunrrfi E rrJreu troBereuqaMlr troAropyqrax lllsauauq Bepuo cnyx{r.rJr llyraqeBJ', (Tan qro He roJrr,Ko pyccxr{e, Ho n rreMeqnr4e B Opeu_ 6ypr npucrrJraJr Ha Euensnlrso vrwfl. c 6onsuuu ,"ryirn* rrr{cbMa lr uanra$ecrru (IX, b94). Lf, uaHoneq, n {g36 r. B pyfirr flymnuua [o[aJrr{ Barrtrcnrr coBpeMeHuuxa lipo"runrrcxoft .softsrr troJrnoBrrrrna M. H. fleHapcxoro ,0, rAâ&#x201A;Ź rrapfiAy c {ocrosepuhrM rraBecrrreM o cnym6e Illsaseusa (firrcbMo_ BOAI4TEJIEM)) Y IIYTAUETA COO6r4hruICr .EBHO BbIMbIIIIJIEIIIIbIE r{BBecrr{E o ro}r, qro llfsausu.r 6ygro 6rr c4ena;r Eorroc Ha rrJrerrlrbrx o$uqepon, fioropbre (corJracr{Jlr{cb, naftqa y4o6_ urrft cryuaft, flyrauen.a y6urbD, sa qro AoHocrrr4r( u 6un rrpor,raBeAeu B noJrnoBur4nrr, a troroM, RorAa Illsassu.r go6pG. BoJrbEo siautrrcfl. u Open6ypr, coJlAarbr uaodruqurrl ero g trpecryuJre.flr.ru, ga qro on u 6rrn . (cocJrarr B HaTopir{Hyro pa6ory) (IX, 606), qero, ftar{ r{BBecruo, n 4eficrer"e;runo""" ue 6rrno. Co6pan_nue flymxnnnu 6norpa{uvecHue AaHHbre o -lllsasnn.re u Apyflix o{uqdpax, corpy4uuqaBrtrEx Muxanne c flyra.rearru (rcanurau lI. Eamapuu,- noguopysffi (D. MflrreeB rr Ap.), uocny'rurntr peaJrbrbru ucroprrqecxuM Marepr{ar JIoM nJrfi coa4aurrfl o6paaoa repoeB <Kairnrascxoft no.rruD _ Iopyrruxa Aterces Ilha6puua v. rparoprquna flerpa Ipuuena. <Cerperapr lyrauera f,e ocTanucb B Aonry...))

:

Paa6rpar apxuBrrbre 6yuarr Cexperuoft axctreAuqr4r4 Boes-

noft

Ilymnuu EaroJrKEyncE Ea nro6onrrrsr,rft 6pauroe trocJlantre flyraqeBqeB B ocax{AeEi suft Opeu6ypr, aApecoBaunoe ry6epuaropy peftnc4opiy;i, r Hnnarux 4o1yuesroB, cBtrAereJrbcrBynqE! o BacryuErlrecrse A. KoJrJrerutr,

AoKyMeEr

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xe

f..

M. A- Illoiraura, ae It rorry Eo EpeME cnetr crBEE E cyAa EaA IIIsassEs_eM Op.noaa "*e6rcr.ue 6rrad a pocozt', o" ,ai& Arncn B l(ouantrEpoBrie o llrarrr, orICyAa BoBBpaTrurc.E Jrurnr B

{oupane

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nonyueET oTaJr nolltroauquonsoft ocsolofi paocraaa, uo*rqeuuoro flymruuqlu cpe4d upnnreusetrfi rc uernetrrrofi rnane <llctopuu Ilyraqggar (IX, {09-104). ...IIIer {enpalr 1774 r., ugruft uec.sq openoyprcfior ocaAbr, n 6'noruponasgolt uyrduerqqyu- ro-po4e uacryuun roJroA.' Boftcxa rerepan-aumetfa A. lI. Eu6uttoBa' rrocJranEbre fi Opeu6ypry, MeAneEEo-IrpoABuraJltrcb Btrepe[' EpeoAoJreBaff ytropEoe collporEBJleEtrs aBaEfapAHbIx orpsAoB trylarenqeu. Peftncgopn (erteqacao orfiuAaJr upu6rrrun EoBoro roficna, u He troJlyrlaJr o EeM EtrItaftoro uaBecrugr oyAyqr orpeaarr oroBcloAy, RpoMe Culupu n nuprua-raficaqxtrx crenefi. flna uouuntr .raErna BbIcbIJraJI os uuorAa Ao rslcgqE

eror

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rnu o6crasoBny,

ntrcb IraA celo Boeunolo xlrrpocrulo' xorfl uu 6rruo se Ao cMexa) (IX, 36). flocneguuft rencr ortrpaerc.E. Ea^tro$asa' ffuff oqeBlrgqa opeu6yprcroft oca4rr uoata IlI. A. Hpunora' paccnas Koroporo Ilymxun saIIIrcaJI ' B allpene 1833 r.

(rx,

492).

OAuaHo oclroBubrM ucrorruultoM nptr otrucau4u aroro upoucurecrBlrr rrocJryrnuJla <<Xponuxa> fI. U. P-i'rrnora, ony6nunonauuan Ifymr{ErrbrM B trplrnoffieuu.Ex n <llcropuu flyrauena>. <flo coaery r. coBernul(a -Tuuamena' glrg-trouMr(rr aJroAeeB ,roctuutreno cero qucra (12 $eopaus' 1774 r'P. O) aa ropoAoM B paaEbrx Mecrax 27 xannasor (uamunfirr EreJIeBEbre, fior[Mlr s aAemsefr cropoue o6rrxsosesso JroBfir BoJIr(oB, JIr{cItq, 6o6por tr [pyrux arepefi), B ToM gaMepeHIrI{, qro6rr BbrexaB 3a ropo4 flI{qfiuM RaSaI€aM saMasr{Tb SJIOAeSB Ea cue MeQTO, U KOrAa OEbrM rrIICTpyMerrToM noA r(eM. IIB EtrIt. yEgBneua u uoguru6uena 6yget JIoIIraAb' nacranaa; noixrarurb ero 6uno ygo6uee. Cus BbrAy!["ro6, aa xorfl rt fiaSaJracb HenoropblM HyrrtEoro u troJIeSEOp' OAEaKo He roJrbno uunanoft troirbsbr I[ ycnexa or roro Ee npousornJlo, uo Ir oErle ralrRaghr' naR trocJle cJIrrIIrEo 6uno, xpoue ..EeMIroI4X, EeBeAoMbIMrI nIoAbMIr pacHpaAeEErr a BJroAeEt variri,"'-s0rMo AeJlanrr paBEbIe o ceft BbrAyMRe EacuerlRnD. " paccriiaunas o ganlnefimeu paBBurEE co6rrrufi, 4y*l*"" oican: <Peftncgopur lrorep.EB EaAe'ftAy no6egum llyrasesa cunoft opyrntrfi'" Eycrrnsfi B rloneuuny Es EecbMa trprluuryro. B org€t sa Aepartue yBerqauur cauoaBaEqq{ oE --

9?


gocnan eMy trucrMo,

co

cJregyroqen EaAmrcbxl: Ilpeaguge*ty

| anoAerc u or 6oea orcrTnu_elueil,A qe&o6enA, carawuHu 6HA_ ny, EnVoane llseaueay> 1tX, td3_104). "d i1 Barrrrrr Pelucgopga or Z Sgnpans, ";";;;_;"r.'"_ 1774 r. flymnuu a"ar ua ' pnoBap.E A. fi. .baurrrma_ftaMeucnoro nr, a ero rroAnr,ruuur{ oE HarueJr cpâ&#x201A;ŹArr AofiyMeuroB uerneproft *"""" Cfrp*""ft aficneAr'rqlrrr Boessoft . HoJrJrerr{rr r'. eoxpangrcn c4enannrrfi uu xparHnft Horrctrexr aroro

AonyMeural (peftncgopna /-e_ rr|aHue. flpuAr,rre B pacftaflrr-[e, fiocbrJrarorcfi BaM 2 Uar4-

$ecra, oArrrr Ea pyccn[ou],4pyroft Ea O"-"t"p.rt"lr-j. Brr uoxere fioryrrr.rrr cErrcxorfiAenrre noHezffe rpoo"i|io"ru 6awa npunucarua 6otra Moacer Helestcecrsa eo*e*[ _ no^ rr.r6enr ox(rrAaer Bac ftaH B ceM, rar{o r4 , ovlvrqrii'""*r-a, t69 ne gy_uafire_ AeornH7rbp or upaaeguoro rr npou. [era6pn" 7. 1774,> (IX,4S4): Matoarrpasnrelrurrft, fianrleJrflpcnrr rsxe;rrrft .flBhrn

,

aroro nocJraHun noATBeprfiAaer na6.nrogenue rleAerrHoe s (BaMesaErrflx o 6yure>,

flymnlrna. nora-oio" oo6r"""rra""l,

ny6nunaryuu, Pefiucgopnal He onaobrBaJru "ro BauerHoro Boa4eftcrnun na npocroft iapo4, a6o ou." -6;;;;;;;;""r;;;

,fie BgJIo, HaH Ir npaBlrJrbrro, AJrrrEHbrrII{ o6[ssRailrfi. roJrar\{a qa Rouqe nepIlo4oBD (IX, 371). VnerqenaurL "p.t""o"_ cAoBga 6rrno aaMe.reao flymnnnrru.

]\Iunyno 6onee gnyx HeAeJrb c MoMeHTa orrrpaB*n rrr{cb_ Ma-yBerqeBauun Pe_fincgopga B Jrarepb BoccraBmux

r4 EaKo_ rerl 23 6espa,rn lT74 t- (na apyrot AeHb tro BoaBpaqentrn Ilyrauera zi .flraqnoro ryrir+v, cno6o4y) nyra_ "opb4n"'u uoA6pocunu H creuaM Opeu6ypia brsernoe'iio"n-rL*

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IJ TOT AEEb, I(Afi BCIIOMIIIIAJI PIrUfiOr,

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pux u

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rocrofiqo orBerEJtE Pefiucgopny. B xyppane. Open6yprcnofi (Ee rorb' ry6eprclioft fiaEqeJrfipuu Batrtrcaro' sro rJrraseBqhr r(o Ea ro JrBeqeBaEIre Ee cKJIoEruIucB' Eo c 6olrrnuu pyra' TenbcTB"oM oEoe BosBparrrJrtrDe.. Ilyrauencnog trocilaEtre Bocnpol{aBerr troirHocrblo (Ix, 104\ ; i;;;;goi"v-rty-*"" <Opeu6yprcnolry ry6epnaropy' cararuny Bsyny' AbEi cbrHy. {goJlbcr(oMy x

qro Ilpecnnepuoe Bame yBeqaHue sAecb fioilyqeuor 3a 6na' Bao, tKo BcecKBepEa"o o6tqa*y uoltom HeEaBIrcrEI{na, ro4apuul [a u cronrfto rbr ce6n, no geficrny caraEtrEyt Ee yxrrqpffJr, oAHaKo BJIacrb 6oxuro Ee trepeuynpumr' Begaft, iromeiuilr, uaBecruo, Aa Ir tro. Bceuy re6e, 6ecruut Suarb BcecfiBepEaro AoJIrnEo, cftonb 'Tbr Ee orpo6onan cBoeBo rBOeMy eAIIEOMy cnyxlrr Bame Cqacrtrfi qacrEff, oAEaKO A:i::3-{ lH, dqy;'tatu"". Pasyuefi, 6ecrun, xorn "ocaTaErlEy, Bo MfiOTUX MecTax r{atrItaEbr E pacTaBtrJr' oAEafto xorfl Bapoailecfr, re6r sa A Borrqe. BaItrr rpyAbr ocrarorcg aesghrx se orauer trereJlb', a ilhr y MopABI'rEa' xorb rptrBsy g"tr"*, MorIaJrbEuRv [noanaeul [a sa te6a nepenfty cBurb BAenag' il*d. He cyuueraftcn rrr, MomeEEuK' us 6""' nogfieoecHam sceun:rocrusefimxft' Monapx' arte open soft. to Bcex apullffx sa oAEE genr 6rroaett a c saME Bcgr' ocraBff cBoe Aa npucyrcrryer. [a u 6 Mhr BaM con-errilBaeu' s.nonpege; trptrTrE ft Eameuy ua4oarobnnoMy orqy tr BCâ&#x201A;ŹMtr'

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1'l' 4ena6pn l'"".t"u'rp"4o"o"", saxBaqe*rroro - B ilJres gonpoce n Ha Opeu6ypra' nlZ ,. n6;iuai ocarfiAeuuoro p"""*3t"I-,"1:: nauqenflpau-oE ry6epnutoft Opeu6yprcnoft rvro,uee, <cero Aena6pn 6-ro qr4cila r bep4uucttou cnoooAe rlotrbr T-arrlqesoir [xpenocru] u gpyroft EeBeAoMa orKoJIb qepftBe" B 6rm rorAa caMoaBaseq u o6e4uro", ioy*"o" 'A nocle o6eguu oHbre trotrbr B caMoaBarrqonofi -nraptupet u-nor" fiaaana btopa Cururftona, neru uore6eu' lI no ononqanrrrr roro rtole6ua tra oguoro eAlrnopora Aa I{3 nym(Ir [porraBogrrJracb

flflTb paa uanr6a> tu. 3to aBrop[TerEoe

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TeJIbcTBocoBpeMeIIEIIKa'coIocTaBJIeHIIoectrpI[BeAeEIIbIMu BbIIIIeAaEEbIMI[IpyruxtrcTotlEtrl(oB'IIOBBoJIIIJIOycTaEoBIITb' rrro trepBbrr\{ BJraAeJrb-qeM gcro_prlqecnoro AOMa 6Srn Erop flnnruos-u.r Cursuron (1714-L774). B L773 r'' fiorAa eMy uen 60-fi rog, {aHruqecl(trM xo3.fiuuoM AoMa - [yraqeB-cnoero 24-netstlft cHn [tosro (BoJrororo ABopqaD - flBJIffJrcfl *, s iryur*lracnoft yuoltnnyrrrft C,nrsu*os aruor"" Eropouui SaMerI(e.

A. T. Eruuona, paccnaablBas opeuH. CesacrbflEoBy-o Bcrperle c llymC. 6yprcnouy RpaeBetry r,rrruro, ll-o6 ocuorpe rrM noMa, rAe xlln_flyraueB, roBoptrJlA, Trro rtpu flymnune glor AoM ((croflJl. na Bonrmoft ynuq'e, u-a .to"nu.'sa npacnofi cropoue... oH 6nn sa mecrb oftour) 3?' me or 6rrn, ougulto' rl flplr flyrauene, n6o corsun t"t T. I."* MscnIrHoB cBrrAereJIbcrBoBaJI sa Aonpoce, uto flyrarreB r4MeJI peBnAeEqLrIo B noMe Cntuuftoua, ilocHonbr(y AoM 3t. Ta me A. T' Efituosa oror 6rrn <i"t oyto"tD s cro6oAe rlro n {899 r. Mecro' tAe roBoprd.Ila C. H. CesactrssoBy' yxe ilpffiIagJle'fiaJlo CururHora,rIpeHAe crofiJl AoM !IuLanny [uuipue"""y Koanon; tt' Kaaa'ruft yprAHuR M. [. ttoalroo, poarn*mnftcn s 1833 r.'0, Mor upno6pectlr aror [ollf vir(e B apeJlblx roAax y Koro-ro zB rloroMnoe ftosctautuua Lurr"ttoua, tu6o y BHyKa flerpa ltapuoouua, rn6o y rpaBepgcHax HaBarIKa

Hurolsr sEMEero. - AeEb B * il;;;; s 6usIgeft EepgcHofr cno6oge (nuue ora BomIIa fluu Torr qtrcre r. Opes6ypr) ,firrByr Mlrorlle n3 troroMIIoB [yraqeBqeB' B Anencangp ua Etrx ; ;,fuMKi ltorcrastuua Crrsunona' Crapmuft Brirnut"nt Cutuuxog (ero 6pat, Iletp' 1925 r. poE(AeEtrE' clryffiun crpeJmoM-paArcroMJ B aBtraqIIE noEuy Oreuectnenuyro , n Benrnnyro uorn6 o roagymsoM 6oto);-, y Anexcar4pa [Ba cblna: crapurtr]ft cryAeEr, a una4uufr, $aK II AaneKar ero trpeAofi-tryraqeBeqt 'i Ilerp socnr -uMr Koscraurrg).' e 6 reHa6pg

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rrg{oB*rEe_^ XIX n., Bcnope nocne trepexo4a n M. ,q. ftoa.rony-,- on crr6c 6onruroft, ;; &: aerurannruft sa cor'ro Jrer AoM ttoncrisruna Crarnuxona u Ea ero rrecre rro_clpgrrq!fipolrnyro ua6y n rpr.r oKHa uo 6a_ caAy Bnyuna_M.,(. [ioa.rroua'flenares n*o"""-C""0r6"" coooqrrJra B 19/ti r. HpaeBeAy C. A. flouory, rrro HacJreAEu_

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Jrranbrrr Aerrb.

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Ha oxpaure gnen6vpra B troceJrne EepAa Ha yrJrv coBne_ Merrrrhrx yrrrrq Boccranus (6He. Bonuuofi) ; C;";;;r; IoJraesa (6rrr. Cpe4ueft) prgoM ,."op"ru"HrrM MecroM, rAe nperfiAe croffJr roM ltOSCranruua" curnraxona, nucurcn 6enofirp.trrrrrnafi crena c y_npenJreuHofi ua neft MeMopr4aJrbuoft 4ocnoft_ c EaAurrcbro: <Ha arou Mecre cro.EJ[ AoM, B noropoM c nox6px 1773 r. tro Mapr 1774 r. Err{Jr Bo}n4b npâ&#x201A;Źcrr,flEcnoro soccrarrrrfl Elre*sn flyraueril; Errlr(e ee, y.noAEo)*b.E creEbr, ycraEoBJreHa tryrufta'tryraqeBcKrrx BpeMeE.

Inaaa TTUMEJI

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fr BOJILilIOtrI VCIIEX...u

Boanparncr rra rryremecrBrrff rro Opeu6yprcHor*ry Kpao, flyurHuu 2 ottralpn 1B3B r. ornpaBrr.rr i, ooogr"" [lrcb]ro H ?fieue, B RoropoM cperyr trpoqnx Bfleqarrenuft o uoea4ne coo6nlar: <<B gepeune r4e flyraueB npocroffJr 6 nte_ cfiqeB, trMeJr fr. une P.pl., bonne fortune (6onrmofi yctrex _ P. O.) - EameJr 75-neruroro Raaaqfty, Koropafi uoMnr{r aro BpeM.s, nan Mbr c ro6oro troMguM 1880 ro4. -fl or see Ee orcraBaJr...D (XV, 83). Banucaunrre co cJroB crapoft Haaarrnrl Bocnoilrr{Ea'r.rr o {yraqeBe ,r ero BpeMeHnr [ymnu"-;;;;: pgygp{auu: _<<Crapyxa a Bep4e); (B Bepse 3TI_ Apy.;; .(IX, 496, 497). CsuneJeJr_b_crxa o Bcrpeqax c nefr. "; trpr4Botrffr_ cfi B BocrroMuEaurrffxo B. 14. l*rnn ', trtrrcrMax E. B. BopornEoft 2, AHeBEuHe It. A. Byxa b, . ueuyapuoft aaMerne a

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coBpelueuuriga 9O-fiets.ss Eprerrn Cre$aaorra Eynrora, upaBEyqna U.^A. BVTI9ljft, co6ecefou4u flyruxasa, craporo goua Cnruu'noplrx, ko c Aerqtni rer xopo.{b Ee troMEuf G"ui"ifr?l qut sa etq Mpp1e 4oy ltgq11oalr4, ' *40.


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(Dauurllrn ee rnepnne ycrii' H. CesacrbfiEoB' Kafi roBoC. rpaene4 opeu6yprcxllft EoBrrJr prrJlocb panee, on oo"dt"n EepncHyro -cno6ogy- s 189-9 t' r BnuBcrperuJlc.fi raM c Haaaqxoft Anyulluoft Tulro(feenuofr.. ot."llguqeft upe6trnauun flymrtuua u Eepgcnoft cno"o"'ot, 18fu r. Ennuosa pacc*a'aJla CesacrrruoOrni-ig u "t"tt6pt c llym"nunnM B ror narlsruuft geur 6ecegoBaJla Eo ee "vl eMy IrecHI( crapafi 6ep4cnan Haaaqfta Eyurona, trena"to u. 3tralru cnytrMeEtr r[ oTrIecTBa oEa Ee cMorJra BcrIoMHItTb CBe' IrbrMrr [aHlrbrMtr I4CrIeplbIBaJiI4cb i{o HeAaBEero BpeMeII]4 Bynronofi' co6ecegnuqe rrymKuscHoft o Aerrqx B trocJIeAEIre roAbr craJrfi I{SBecrEbr EoBbre M-areplranhr ornprrrble KpaeBelgu C'- A' IIo; oo" 4"o"p"6" Sv"tooofi, -rocv4apcraeuloro apxl{Ba opel6yprcnofi ;;;ff ;'S6tl"* ftaaensoft traJlarf,tr' ry6epncnoft o6naoru. fipocuatpuBafl [eJra Eaceneuufi nepenrcb peBr{scltylo o6uapyxtrJr os s 1965-r, Beprenofi cab6onrr (craruqr'r) tro cocroffEltn Ea oxrfiopb tr8i6';: eptp lpyrui fiureneft raM yrlre'a (BAoBa 4pu"a o 18-net" eO""ttutisl Aosl, tro Myrny Eyurora, 55 ner>, Hutiown i [-4-netguM cbIEoM lrsasouu' ".}--n"*p"to penracnoft trepeuucr BjlrnEbr reM' qro oEtr Btropa fiaausre 'yrtaaanL Ea IroJIEoe xMfi Eynronoft u ee BospacrJ rue B 18tO r. eft 6ryno 55 ner, tr' cJleAoBarenbEg' poAIrJIâ&#x201A;Źcb oua rr', Byurona o**o 1760 r. hpu IlyraueBe' B 1773-1774 6una l3-nerneft genounofi - orpouecnuft Boapacr' Bileqar' ne5lrfi ROTOporo coxpaEfiloT cBerfiecrb Ea BCIO 'rttrBEb' TeM o- co6urnsx Tar(oro 6onbliloro reaemra6a 6ooa" "oa.ralinesss csoficrserEn 6rrnu ffyrauercxoMy Bocr r. trpE Bcrperls c llymHuuuu Eynronofi' crasun. B cvtrE tro rrptrBeAeEEhIM Bhrme AaEsllM penuacnofr rrepelrr-c-Et a se ?5 ner, nan trtrcaJr roar (XV, ?3 "oga, "i,ioo""oo^at EyUtOry' oEa cox-paEEila 83). IIo cBr[ereJlbcrBaM sEaBItrnX t. BtreqarJlertreu 6ece4 o IIoA ilyrauere o traunrb *ti"yto Evsronoii tr [pyruuu GoBpeMegulrnauu ffyraqeBcnoro Boci n Opeu-6yprcnou ftpae u ilosonxre flyruruu trtrcaJi' "t"*"r gro uMfi flyra'rera (rpeuur erqe)) B rex Kpanx rr (Hapor (Itoro-pJn-- raR BblpasnreJlb.fiEBO eqe troMEtrrD ry [opy' oE nyeaveeu4uttorol (IX, 81)' Eo -12rrposBaJr r. r Bepfcrcoft crarlrqe npoxoArra oqe' irpean 'peluan p-esusrn1834 nacenesrs. B peruacnoft uepen-ucu, goxpa' <<llsa' Creud. ffir".f,i, n ([or^e naae'H \ft traJrarbr, yqre' trorlny o daae'rbeM Opeu6yprcxou n n cryx6e Byuron, ior llsasa A. Ey,u1gpoft I'I. l#S ion.o,i. fio'-otuecloy-cuua

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u Ee lrorJra 6rrm aauucauuofi B .rucre yueDmnx. u6o BApABcrBoBaJra eqe MEoro ner! g unns ig35 r. ee BcrperuJr aaexasmzft .T Sep2rcrWro cro6o4y ua Opeu6ypra unrfieuep-fipanopTllrr{ }t. A. Byx, eanesarres aro co6"rr"" , to. cBoeM IEeBHufte Cnytxunmnft n l}47_1g58 rr. aAtrorauroM mra6a Opeu6yprcnoro orAerrbuoro "rup_"* Hoptryca A. I{, MaxueeB rrrcaJr BtrocJreAcrBur{, qro os n lg4g i. irocerur Bep4cnyro c.no6o4y, rAe aacraJr:rrqu , EtrrBrrx rrpecrapeJlyp coBpeMerrgrrqy_flyraveaa, .ry caMyro KaBaqHy, K noropoft (eaArir A. C. flymfir{E B 6urqocrr cBoro B tjp""Orore, KorAa co6upa.ir MarepuaJrbr IryrE ucrop4r{ nv""n'.ur"6io oynra rr pacctrpautrBaJr ee o flyra.reae>. IIp, Maxureese oua 6rrna serxofi crapymnoft, ea6lrsmeft yme -lr"oroe uB tra_ Jlefiux [yrarreBcHax BpeMeE, Eo caMoro Ilyraueoa oua rro]t_ Esna eqe orqerJrtrBo r4 Ea Borrpoc: rKanos 6sr.u on?> _ or_ EeqaJra, fio-ilpe]Kue]ry. EaabrBafi ero qapeM: <MonoReq 6un oarrcruHa-rocyAapb llerp @e4opoanu!> ir. Maxmees 6hrr ua rex, nro ctrpamusan tr4. A. Eyurouy o Ilyra_ Urra

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ran ftan 6rrn s qlrcJre 42 naaanon-ry""ou"q"" <a ano4efrcHoft BoJ*uras rx qacrb sec'oft 177'4 t. rrJre'y rr coAeprfiarracl nog cJreAcrBrrerr ; bp;;6yp;;;"; "_#;;;;-; cenperaoft noMrlrccuu tt, Eo A$anacux Dopo,qyJrrrua cpeArr grrx He 6ruro. HensBecrHo, B fianrrx Mecrax r{ AoJrro Jrrl err1e IrpoAoJIlHaJIr{cB ero cftr'Ta'rrfi, HO, BepofiTHO, OC.,'T,IO TO'O fite roAa oE BoaBparr,rJrcfi H cerube s H;'fiue_Olrp"vro -r,pl"""ri u noao6nosrlJr rrpeifiEroro clyxr6y. Tpu roga cnycrfl oE rrMeJr nasasnfi srn crryxrlrJr ft arrparroM. {*._^y_li"p;l6uqepcruft D Ae"rax upeuoyprcnoro AyxoBnoro -npaBJrenrr, *pirrrro, 'Hnrms"AOTOBOp' sa*irrorre'''brft 9 Ma.a 1777 r. qr{crre 'KrrreJrfirlr,n ye-Toc{k a B rrx rr Karparrou Afauacueu 9::t::,1 D/opo,qyJlrrHbrM, c Bacunlteu A6pauoBbrM, B3flBrrllru" na ce6g ooflBaunocrrir qep,noBnoro crapocru2o. 6lrorpa$uflpyrux qecnr{x Aarruhrx o6 Afauacnu Eopo4ynlrr{e B apxuBa* Morntnu u Opeu6ypra uairru se yAaJrocb. ,oof;.lpT"1*rrrgcn c llpnloft_A{auacrennoi.i Eynronort n roJrneD t8.

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y9lltlr no4 Taruqenoft uonrnJrr{ Mr{Mo npenocreft. Ll:1" lfteubr rr Marepr{ cro.fijrrr y 6e.pera, .crapaficb yanarr Me}r(Ay Er[Mr{ clorrx uyxteft ll crrnosefi. B Oaeproft crapafl Harasna 6po4nra na4 .flnnou, ,tlronoro ipurpe6ax H I::ITft_Ir_T oepery trnbrByque rpytrbr rr fiptrroBapr.rsas:

He iu,-iru, uo" gerurqe? Ee rbr-Jrr4, rr,roft Crenymxai He rBoa_Jrr{ qepEbre KyAprr cBelfia BoAa Burl.fr Jrrrrlo EeBEaHoMoe, rnxo .y9_er3 !4 orraJrrirrBaira rpyr) (IX, 51). --_ B raxou.BrrAe reficr BomeJr B pynorrrrcr , nsroft rJraBbr <<tr{cropun ffyrauena>, u nporur cnbn (crapafi naaaqna)) Ea rrpaBou troJre Jrr{cra llymluu :rtPaausa>. g6fta6pr Tprttrtrcan "e 6"ll"o"ro-* t8gfl. pynotrrrcb t- cepeguse nepBbrx .tr,rrrr rJraB *llcropuu flyrauenir 6unn npe^craBJre'a rly;'nnubr* Ha^rlensypuoe paecMorpenue Hunbnaro I u s ,,;;A fisBapn 1834 r. rosrpaqeua noary c BaMeqastr""".q"p;al r{pr vrenurf py*orrn'ctr roapameuue Hzxorra.a I s'rarrsar, E tr€crq@Tn, ,grraaoA c Kaaasxofi paaruoft. V"orp"O".-""d oroft uaoros'aq[rerb'oft fauunrtr B Coqera'uv. c ,nMeiieM ,lCrenymxa) B paccnase o^co6brr""* ny"uneBcnoro Boccra. urs c6nuxaJro uMena rrpeABoAtrreteft Lenuxzx EapoAfiBrx grumenuft, gro BEocr{Jro nax 6y4ro 6rr nouyro xpouonortrqe< cr(yro Ee€oo6paaroc* B troBecrBoBarze. Vnonr;;;;;-;T;. aure rarJro s ce6e Eeficuoe Hnxonaro I, uo <<uo4oaptrrenrr soeD EaMepeune flymrnEa Jrfiaaarb Ea Buyrpeuuroro PasrucHoro u flyrauenefioro Boccrar*. -rt"poile ;;;;, cBEBb Ee Mor Ee ycmorperb B amoqtrouanruoii oftpameuEocru;fi; afirlr_ aola trosrraaqru Cre:1la paausa E Apyrnx (M.ErerfiEERoBD, Ha Eenorycrf,uocrb vero ogna;n4rr yrre (Bhrco"atme> yrai BbrBaJrocb llyrnnury_ 24. Orrrau ' 'aoo6fu*ar"*",

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rpyll)), EAtrucaJr c6ofty Ha npaBOM IIOJIe pyftO' <Jlyume Bbrtrycrlrrb' u6o cBffal{ Eer c AeiroM)) ""t", (IX, 471);. IIy-*"" Ee Mor Ee trocqrrrarbcn c MseIrI{eM r43bffrb orMeqeu,i u""yct"t*e"o, qettaopa rr .BbrEy?nReu-6,11n Oguano' ytlrlTbrfiEl/trr{' rJIaBbr rrufi qapelr rer(cr lra ngroft Harerop[qese I{MeJIo I qro ynaaauue Huronag oar, ,o,-

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Bynrort*"utlt- o6pai, ctrayroqufi co6oft - u B pacc(aae sapoAublx BeJII{KIIx flyIuntrHa uoft rl B trpol{aBelenur - ABa i{Blrxeur{fl: BbIcryuJIeELIe. rIoA rlpenBoAlrreJrbcrBoM Creuaua rr.) tr flyrauencnoe i"iro,f"u"ruu paeusa (1670-1671 t'. EaX0ALIJIII

Ilogmepxr4eEEe (1773-L775 rr.) Paaun-flyrauen 6una xapaHTepEa i1n"ilyrtt11usa:BoAEoMuBlrpl4MeqarufiHnocrMoftrnase <trIcropr,iu flyravena> oE COtrOCTaBJIflJI yC[exII eTI4x,IIpeABOg"ruo6fi, a raHxre o6crontenrcrBa rrx ^r(a3EE (IX,- 48); B Barucfie, ornpaBJleulroft 9 ceuts6pf-1834 r' n A' lI' TyprerreBy, rloar rIIzIcaJI: <Cuu6upcn s 167{ roAy ycrofiJl rrp,orrrPaauua,. Ilyraueia roro BpeMerrur (X!, 189) 'o; uu -' Ct"."u*" g gena6pe 1976:'r. -opeu6yprcnufi rpaeae4 C' A' Ilouos coo6qun anropy arflx crpor' qro npfi lrpocMorpe n locyKEtrrE c peBlrsAapcrBeEHolI apxlrBe Opeu6yprcnofi o6lacru 1834 r' ernry, soficfta Vpanrotoro !*6t o.p.oucrio nataxo-u

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C. A. IIouoB BhrABr{Eyn rrpentrono)xenue, rrro aror HaBaR.E ecrr Tor caurrft Creuymra paann, yrroMr{EaeMrrft a paccxaE_y^iig"ofr. m s u)rrtrK'Ec*ot <mcioprn il;;;;; "r";;; l"^

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o6a osr - ypo,$eEqbl cena Pottlogauoa' cxoro IroA Capaucxou; cocroflJlu' BuAtrrlrot B poAcrBe' Bo36parrnuu; o6a B fio'qe ;;;". frrn"'R"*" ABolopoA'brmu(crenaE Ea roA nosAEee, 1670_x- ro[os 6emaJru Ea "flun pffAo-Bbllutr r(aaacJly'nuJru s 1679 r.), o6a c roro BpeMeEIl qro Llrenan'r'uMo{peeBrlq flpeAtroJIoEtIIrb' $aM!I. I\Ioilrso yMep B HaqaJIe 1720-x.ro49B'.131 ftafi.,ero uMff se BHeceEo ro' ftaK i uepenucuyrc Kuury 7723:-L124 rr' V4nnuteJlbEo TnuoSeeauuenr Creuasou SBarbcfl eory rre Batrperrr.ttrl sracr"

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ero

BuaMeuuroro reafiIr'

- sr(paMoJrbubrM 10ZO r. qepltoBEoft anaferrle' rrpeAaEnoro Brrssressrre 4onyueurbr o flIrqftIrx r{aBanax Paausrrx Crenaue Tuuofeenrue, HuHu$ope Mureeu{qe u Arencee HuHuftopontrqe - fiosBoJrflroT ycraEoBIITb trpoucxo]I(AeEue oo"o-tttu Crenaua AnApeerllua Paauna, noroporo 3-HaJIa "* r4 o noropou paccxaaana flymHuuy 6epgcHar naeauna llpu-

PaeuurrM

ua A$auacr,eaua BYnroua.

VpanrcH rlpoes?fiaJr ,. flyurnug Ea uyrl'r ua Open6ypra Haqepes Kungenur-cHltfi ttorn"o BeqepoM 2b ceurn6ps 1833 r. rbopnoct, rAe [oifturan cnoft Beft

ff;h, -I4;t;pt"

olnu

rr3 lrepcoEatfielr oyAy-

Iy"a'reBa)) Berepau-tryraqeBeq Ctenan An4-

peeBrlq Pasur.

O gpyrnx paccftaaax tr[. A. Byuronofi

B MoJIoAocrE B i'fiornu A$auactenua Eyurona' ,fiuBmafi Ilymrulay o sepaccnaabrBaJra npenocru' Hiiu*".-Ottpnoft *otoo"t* "66utt"ri, rrpoucxoAlrBrrrnx raM trpl{ flyrauere' co c,nos Eynronoft uoaT Brre_c B A_opo?ItEylo SaIII4CEyIO KEII,IT,tv aaonetny: <B Eepge llyr[auen] ,fitrJr B goue Koncrta{TGt"itftoBa^, s Oaepnot y flonexaeoa'r (IX, 493)' "ifCnlrgeremctno Eyutonoft o flonemaeBe noArBepAunoc-b^^paccr(aBoNI, ycJrrrmauEblu llymrnTrrlr..jO cerra6pn ^1833 r' g"*".-Osepuoft ftpelrocrl{: <Os lflyraqeB'- P' O'), trPo' "urr*oo uo Osdpnoft i me"e a fllrqn, ocrauaBJllrBarcs o6lrnEoBeHIro y nailana] flonemaesa' fioero nro6ur sa anyrunft 496)..flanune ilro", 6oiuofr poci u rpoBopcrBoo (!4' ((trllcropuu

o

flyraveaai>, ,flouexu"ne se 6ilrra rrcnoJrbBoBasbr B go HaBaKa tro Saultnuu floilemaes flyrnnuu ytroMfiEyn B Aoune> B rJIaBe <<Itpeuocrr>' rAe rloBecrBy-

lilt-uortu"tnoft

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llerpa lpunena n Benorop:l:i cftotr :_^":1p_e_se,npatropnluna fipetrocru. ttorga aamJra perrb o HBaprrlpe uo;ro4o_ 4na

ro ofuqepa, xaaavrfi ypa4run

Nlaxcrauri.r, iOpur""-""J * ftoMerrAaura Bacunnce Eropoane Mupouoioft, a.rrpo"rroi 'neue <He nouecrnrs Jrrr ero 6naropo4rae ll"u"v-'n#.;;;_ By?) <Bperur, Mancuulru,* cna:aJra"nanurauura,_ y flo_ JIeItaeBa r{ raK TecEo; oE ?fie ruHe r(yM r{ fIoMErIT, sro MhI ero Eaqarburaxra> (VIII, 295-296). " V4anocr saftrr.r apxr4BHbre -AonyMeurrr o peaJrbuo cyqecrBoBaBmeM flo.nemae_ne. B IIIAAA coxpanr.rnc.s uueuuoit cnr{con Eaceileurr.s Huxne_Oaepnoii Kperrocrrl or anpeJrff 7774 r., r4e cpeAr{ cBoer(otrrrHbrx" xtra-renet il"rp flonernaes oo. B Open6yprcxo,u upr""""uron" 6yru" oroar-. "pu4" 1r9:o AyxoBuoro ilpaBJreur.rn xpaHrrrcfl AonyMenr or g uas t__!.= AoroBop txuretefi l{nxtne_Oaepuoii xpenocrlr c L,^, DACtrJII4EM AOPAMOBbIM, B3fl BIIII{NICfi IICIIOJI}Ifl

qepnoBEoro crapocrbr.

Tr

O6AAATTTIOCTII

B qucne Apyrux [p_uxo]r(aH roroBon rroAtrgcan v. <cnoenorururrrt flerp flone;+raesD o;. Tor B Houqe XVIII r4rn B Earrane XIX ,y*r*u" Jrrrurrrr poAa flonexaealrx JracJra.. B rsure p""rr"Hoi, ". rrepenrrcu EaceJre_ Er4fr Humse-OaeDnoft rpeuocrli, npone4en"ift t4 u;"t;; {816- r.ou, uunoro ua Ilo.ne;xaeerrx He anaqflrocb.

_ Xopomo BatroMnrrJrocr Eynronoft ,u, Humse-osepnoft

HaH rro BBflrrrr{ roncra'rlaMr{ rfitrreJrtr atoft npenocrrr rrDnEocrrJrrr npucflry B Beprrocrn EoBoEBJreHEouy <flerpv Tp."i_ eMyD flyraueny: <Ou cugen r(aaanar{[, rra [By]rs _.Memay Koux ogrrn AeplfiaJr cepe6paunft rotroprrn, a 6yraBy.- y flyraueaa pyna ne]r(aJra ua xorene _4pyroii rroAxo{nrqnft I(JIaE.EJIr,E__B -3-elnm,, a IroToM, rlepeKpecrffcb, qeJroBaJI ero pyn{} (IX, 497). Ha nymxrrucr(yro aau{cr paccnaaa Eyurosoft uoxornr{ ee }r(e BocrloMrnuaEr{fi o cq"o" "r"_ trrrcargbre 25 uon6ps. l8B3 r. E. B. Bopouuuofii "p""".", onor"aoo, on (Ilyraues.- P. o.) cn4ar, no*a"l rrJraron, Ea trJrarorc py(y, IIo cropoEaM "uCvAfrT erorroJrorfirrr eEepaJrbr, oArrE fiep:ntrr cepe6pnuuft rorrop, roro n rJrfiArrcpy6"r, cepe6pxnrrft Meq, cynporuB Er{cenEqa, a oKoJro Mr,r npfr"A Ea HoJreEfix rrpucEraJrrr, Aa [epeHpecruBtrrtrrcb, pyRy y

^trooqepeArr, obrJr xopomo trBBecren Ilymnuny tro AoxyMeurarr BpeMeEE ^".".:":^":Ty.y.:],_i':puryannpuca"irrr-acenesrn"Iiy';;;6"i, BOCCTaHIIff, EaIIptrMep tro trol(a3aEuflM Ecaqlloro ItpecTbfEuHa

Anences ltupunona

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9 CsoexournEre B trptrFEql(ux rpeuocrrx, ue - EaieroprEtrB E.aceneEE.E tronyrraBrua4 ?$.q{gBqubfl xoplryiga4cn _r(asnbrr

sa Csoi xoqrr.--

4l


'(IX, 20-2L,

622)-' tr rucapfi flonyroporona'^paccr(aB irotopo"b o npe6unaur4 B Jlarepe rroBcrauqeg--uol ^O.peqQgp' itroro.reda <Xpounnyr II. h. Pu.Iltoaa .(l}, 234-235); "on Ho sc"* aruu 4onyueEraJrbnblu ucroqsuaau Ilymrru upe4' troqefi paccnas Byuronot, noroprrft floqrn AocJroBso BBeJI B <r?Icropnrc flyra'reaa>: npeABoAItreJIb Boccrauufi trpl{EuMaJr EapoA, <Ir,Ar. B r(pecnax EepeA csoeft ua6orc' ffo 6oHau ero crrtetu ABa $aaaxa, oArrE c 6y.lraaoro, gpyroft c cepe6pnauu rotropoM. floAxoAsulue n EeMy finlEflnlrcb B seMJrro' u trepenpecrflcb, qeJIoBaJIr{ ero pyfty)) (IX, 27). 3ta qepeMoEI{E

pogfte

notrr{poBaJla r,rasecrunrft flIrqHIrM KaBafiaM o6prg trpel{craBc Jreur{fl rrouapxy ilpr{ emeroAubrx rrptresAax n llerep6ypr at. TaIt Ha3bIBaeMbIMI/t JIeTEtrMI{ I{ SUMEUMI4 CtaUfiqautl B socnoMuu an:l,nx Eyntonoft, sanlrcaullbrx flymxuurru, oc' Berqaercfl o4us anl{aon, cBflaaunuft c uopa}fieuueM softcxa

Ilyrauena s 6rrse 22 uapra Ll74 r, y Taruqenofr xpelocrlr: <ItorAa IroA Tarurqen^oft paa6nnu flyrauena, ro .ffIrqxux KaaafioB Irpucxal(aJro: B Oaepuyro uapaueunbtx - aro 6ee paapy6neuuoE roJIoBoIo,- rleJroBea {2, Huny' pynrr, -nncs nro c u ua6y Eygruxn.- fiaoaft, crapyxa' py6amer, IroJIo' reHeq' Tpflubflr* II 'c?anll Apars' Aa fiepeBffSblBarb Ipyr y [pyra paurr.- ctaprxz BhIrBaJrr[ ux 4y6reu, A rycapu ro' trr.rqbfirinue u Xopnara t ran LL pgvar no vrtut+ct,rt, 0a Jna'atu' a&r Ltfr * (IXn 496-497). Paccsaa Eymoroft JIer B ocgoBy ocBeuleul[ff aroro eo6rrrrfi B <Ulcropnu llyra'rena>: <rBecrr o troparfieEurr caMoBBarqa rro4 Tarrqeroii.B Tor ]fte AeEbD goctinroa ,rpeuoctefi Hurnse-Oaepuoft n Paccnuuoft. (For' Jreqbr, .upecJxeAyeMHe rycapaMu xoprara,_IlpocKanantr qepeit $peflocrrr, $puqa: cnacaftiecr, 4erymnu! rce uponano! Oin nacxopo uepenrarrBaJra cBoI[ paflhl' u cuemlrrri K fluq'. nouy ropogryD :(IX, 50-51). Ilymnru npuAeprnrBarlcff' aan iirlso, rnannsfi'nunss. paccnaaa ESrrroaoft, m6pocun uB sero ueroroprre nacruocru. Buecre c TeM oE BB€Jr sr ce6n s otrucaHl{e Tal{yrc.BblpaaErenbryrc AeaaJIs' traft ftptrfttr npe' cJreAyeMbrx uyrarleBqeBt <Cuacafitecbr neryllmu! Bce trpoi naro!> ne.

6rrro gononuerlr u yrorlEeErr rto AorqrMeETaM Bpeuegs Boocra*''s. Itax coo6qun flyrauen Ea Aorqxlce B Mocnae, B flerb 6srnrr y Tarnqeaofi npeuocr4 norflt o{p€+ trocbgro Moryr

FETIl**""cftou

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car no g4au4ax, 0a nae*uqar &rD

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fieJrr,rncff r(aracrpo{rrqecftEft AJrff _Fero rrcxoE cpa}fie8tr.8.

araMau flnqfiux ftaaanoB An4peft A(fauacrenuq Ossruszxos. o6parunmrcr n flyraveey, cHaaan: ny""xut, - A;;;;;: mro6 re6n Ee BaxBarrrJrtr, a Aopora cno6o4n; ;;;;.*"; Ee BaEffTa). flyraven orBerrrJr er,,ry: <Xopomo, fi IIoeAy, rro r BbI cMorpure ,fi, rtaJIIl Motnuo 6yger croxrr,, Tar( noirofire, 6y4yr noficxa_npzcryrrarb, rafi rr n", 6e""re, 1_T": qroo Ee"1p-1to nonaccs B py(rrl. ffyrauen, BBflB c io6oft 6nusr(ux rrcRe! (tr4rana flo.raranr4ua, -Bacr,runn fto"ouu"o"a. i,;;;: plrn Bopogu'a rr cBoero mypu'a Eropa Hvr"-uq-o"""J',;;;;; us arar(yeMoft xpeuocrr4 Ea Bocrox, uo op-en6vpa"*'oit ropo. re n Eep4cnyro_cno6ogy 5o. ocranmniacn i i";;rG;&T;;. rrocrl[ araMarr On.rnusuxot o6oponancx Ao rrocJretrHeit sosMotnuocrr{,

a rroToM,_ IrpopBaBmncr c 6oeu cftBoob Herrpnrr. Tenbcxrre r(oJIoEE6r' 6pocz.ncr c rp.eM.ff COTEfiMA I(aaaKoB ga aatraA, r Hnmue-Oeepuoft xpetocru, fipecJretryeutrft acnan. poraMr[ EBroMcKr4x rycap tronnoBrrr{fia T. m. Xopeq1xrt..'. Cy4r .no patropraM reuepan_uatopa' U. rycapbr Xopaara npecneAoJaau nyrau6aqeB sa rrporflrfieEEtr 20 aepcr ,'. A rarc- *ar' H"x"e-d;A;;; Hpetrocrb Eaxofltr nacl B 28 nepcrax ft satra4y or Tarnlqesoft,'ro ,v.rpiio"i"_

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aroM Eeoctropuuo cBr4ereJrBcrByrcr EeAaBso nattrensbre dDxnBEbIe noftyuerrhr. ttpacroropcnuft naaaH ?Irau Hocrlrne'n, I aupe.rr 1774 y i, puunorcxoro xyropa, troxasaJr_Ea notrpoce, uro guefi uJrn rtrecrb raain ou'6exar

noftMassrrft

'trfrTb ua Hrmse.Oaepaofi, a Ao roro Ee paa BtrAeJr,'80 Kan [yratreB: orryAa KoEHr.re paatesAhr ua orru*o"-i .r'artrqeBorr H:r__oo."ro3Jrtr r(petrocru gnr ua6.rrrogenn.E 3a AeftcrslrsMr raxo: noptryca sofidft reEepara foraurrua; c11":rlg:1_-raM reM hocrrrtea coo0qnJr o EatraBrrreMcn oTxo[e rroBcrarlqe_ "orr"r" catrx crrJr ua Hurnne-Oaepuoft n ?Ineqnouy ropoAny rr. Ho Meaee BarfiElre cBeAeurrfi coAeprnarcfi r 5qapbce saAeprfiaEarlx Z atrpeJrs sa peno* flrr,ioi:sij "py""l, lyrarreBqeB,

n Boauomno, Blpoqeu.

pacc^fag.e Id. A...Eyuronoft

pevr trAer Ee 1o_n u o o_Ihrrse-Osepnoft xpeuggtp, nrpir*ofi,-ioooog., fiyAa fi Beqe< py-zu Mapra BopBan'cb (afarenr, saclig raMlsec*oJt'Ro corâ&#x201A;ŹE troBcrasqeB, orcraBmtrx or yueA'ero llyraqeaa. o"d;sAsq.iiliJil - ---.r:' :': co6ugra 6qr*.a <Eyg1n4-q.9 ( ga;-,0 .-r{jlt _qg;ife-..E sq

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qro trporuB {epuope'reucrofr ftpenocru; oEtr paccfiaaaJrtrr treXortrEu 350 oipra Ossunnufiosa (300 ronsux r(aBaKoB r{eB c [ByMfl nyruxallr) BbrcrytrI{Jl 2? rraapra ua HllntueylileqnoMy ropoAlty --' Oaepuofi fipellocrlr Ir EatrpaB-rrJrcfi n IloHnuyran troBcrauqaMr Huxue-Oaepuax nperocrr-- EeCxolru*b gneft uaxOgr{Jracb s ((6'BEa.IaJII'IID, II JII4Iur- -6 arpeJIfl ry[a BcryulrJr noptryc-reuepar-uafiopa tI' A' .MaucypoBa, Koropouy uopyn6so 6uno aauf,rb ftperlocrrr HuxueFuqnoft nrvlanv u fluqnufi ropoAoH "". <rB Eep4e flyra'ren 6rrn mo6url; ero Haaafilr Hlrftoro Ee o6raxtann>'ilx, Zso;. B ocsose eroro cyxtAeuun Eynronoft, SarrrrcaEEorO flyroHlurrM, JrextaJlrr BOCIIOMUHaHI{fl CTapoEtE-noB Eeptrcnoft cro6o4n,

u'

BtrEI4Mo' Irpex(Ae Bcero My?fia pac-

cxaau"uui - Creuana Byntona. Vqurlrsas Beporrrrbre Bo3parfieElrff qeE3yphlr flymfiuu Ee cqeJl BoBMolr(EbrM roBopr{rb 6 nto6uu ragax6u r Ilyraueny Ha crpauuqax cnoeft KEIlru'B OguaHo auailortrquyrc oggHny flyrauela, ycJIbIruaEEyIo 6ece4ax c Ka3aKaMIr r Vpanrcxe, flymrran BHec B pyl{o<<Saueqasus o 6yute>, trpegcraBJleusrre Hufio'nalo I """fri" <<llcropllu Ilyra'rera>: <rVpalrcnue itaaaxu

"a*"."ootporw crapue nro4u) AOEbrEe rrprrBflsaubr n IIaMETA i(oco6nllno flyrut""u. fpei cHaaarb' roBoplrJla MEe 80-rersss r(aaau-Hq? sa Hero Mbr se )r(aJryeMcfl; oE HaM sJIa Ee. cAeJraJID (IX' 373). Vsurrrsas E(IIBIIrym B Hapo4e HarlBuo-yronr'Iqecxylo ilereuAy o qape-ua6aBrrreJle? cupaBeAJIrrBoM r4 MIrJrocrIrBoM r( iu, ily"at"u BBeJI B cnofi <qapctseuublfiD o6uxog -rtoropbre "Lgiu"""tt o6pnp.;t, AoJlrrtHbr 6F,tnn, ro ero MIreEuK)'. yftperrl4Tb BepylpocToroE.lpoAaBIICTIIEI{0OTI,.}IoBoflBJIeHgoIo((IIIMIIe.

uNIeEeM Horoporo Errerasr Cpe4I4 ranllx o6pr4oB Boccrauun' B Bbrcryrrajr AEII

pa'r'opi.'flerpa (DegopoB[qa))' trol '-?Iraiout.,

6rrro il rqegpoe oAapuBauue EapoAa AeIrbraMI{' 3ro aauolrIr coo6Iqnna flymnuuy: <Itorro BcerAa 6pocan sapo4y ry4a-uu6ygb' eBAIrJr na nvras-es flyravena))' B roM Mecre <tr4ctopralr B (IX, 496). nnru"oto rDerlel.l rJraBbr, rAe troBecTByeTCff O ?ItI43HI't IIOBCTaEqeCIIOIO ratepo n &pacnofi clo6o4e, flyruxrru rIcIIoJIbsoBaiI cBIrAerem,irso Eyxronofi, ilepe4aB ero B EecKoJIbHo rruoM BIIAe: I{JIE tro .rrltor,qa eBAlrJI otr (flyrauea - P. O.) no 6aaapy -EepqcHuu yJillrlaMr To BcerAa bpocal B HapoA MeAHbIr[Ir AeEbraMuD (IX' 26) flplrae4enuue Bbrme cloaa Eynronoft no4rBep,fiAarorcfi cregcitneudultll [oHaBaEtrffMI{ crlo4BrarnnunoB flyravesa, a tan:fi(o u gpyrllMlr AofiyMeETa4bEbIMrr ucrorIHIIKaMu. ItoHuJrocb Eyurbnoft, o-qeM oua

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M-aEAap nyrarreBcfibh <rnap4ullD corrun fltrr{Kux Ragar(oB[oBcra'rleB{uuo6efi Mscsuxos paccftaabrBa; ;" ;;;;;;;. qro norAa flyraven <ua Eep4rr ornyyancn na ffrf il"=;

Apyroe fiar(oe lrecro, ro scsftofi paB rrpeA cBouM orGeBAoM rrpoxoAurr 6ep4eucxzn ynrrqhr "bopa"ir-J*t;;;;";;; clry Ha o6e croponrr 6poca;r AeEbrrr *egnur".'U xo"n" iopar-orryga Irprre;ir(aJl,Jo raT(Fie AeJrbrBaJID ur. A ,ryrane"-so cFtrr.ce*perapr Llnan flo'ruranuu BcrroMr{EaJr Ea cnetrcrBrrtr.

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nan flyraueB, )fie'rrBmncb B .fluqno' ;; fl;;;; "opo4*" rtyauerloBoa, tro BoaBparr{en}rn n Bep4cxyro cro6o4y (upunaBceM Ba sAopoBbe 6paxoco.rerantrfi Blrua), f.l{ -loluocrrrr BbrHarI{B AJr.fi Toro (MHorr(ecrBo 6ouenl, a caM (BBffJI AeHer r{ tromejr rro yJrlrqe Merarb oubrflD b8. TaHoro poAa 6aRTbI rrMeJrrr lrecro rr B Apyrux ceJregr4fix. TaH 6uro, n r. Capancfie, BBnroM noficxou flyrauera 27 """ri"""p. rro ..BcTytrneErrE B ropoA tryratreBqhr saxBaruJrrr "n;;-ffii;'. B BoeBoA_ crtoft Hauqenfrpnv. neue'fiEyro RaBEy, na xoropofi <6onimie ItoJruqecTBo, EaJro)ffa, troABgA Ea ABaTqarr,l, yaeanr n cnofi Jrarepb, a oiranrsbre Aeubrrr, rro pacuopnxeruro ilyraxera Mernr(aMu q-eaAn..uo ropogoBofi *proorr" ,ro yn"_ _,:91_"" qalr... opocarr,r uaOermeft ua paanrrx yeBAoB rrepuu, " o6isnJrffE urr, sro osofi flyraven trpoqaer ux n.rrarelieM'Han rro_ Aymuhrx Aener, TaK tr nporrrrrx rocyAapcrBesurrx no[areft BOBCe' rafioxc u or .troMerqurcor cno604nbrMrr)). Tax xe 6rrno fiocrynJreno u c Aene'fiHoft xaaroft, uafigenuofi B ropotroBoM Marrfcrpare, arn AeEBrr <6pocanu reM ]Ke na6ermuil nn,{f,M rrc ToJo Marrrcrpara B oftomfiE u eBAfi no topry> 5e. npu6enun ou (Ilyraves.-p. b.f Tar[nqe_ __-fHo"lu BeJrerr paa6qrr 6osru Brrua, croffBmue"" y ero La6rr, ?2Tj: l_" oa,obl dpanu He UvutluJtoca. Buno xnbruyno no yJrrrqe penoro. upeEoyprlbr rrocJre..Eero orpa6uuu lHurereft> (IX, 4g6i. gror .byuronofi, aanucaqqbrft flymrunrrlr,'Bocfiperraer !1:cHaB c.-oobrrr{rr' nporrcxogtrBmue B Eep4cnoft cno604e 23 - ruapra ua gpyrofi Aenb tro roparfieurrr.r sotcfia nV"*6"" !77!r., B ourBe y 'l'arurqerofi npenocrn. flynrnuu BBeJr otrEo r{B arrrx cBr4AereJrbcrB B TeRcr nsrofi ilraBbr KHtrrn: <flyrauen paa6urn 6o.rxu BgIq, gTgEBru"" y ,ro orr""a""i "..9op"

rrBEEcrBa vr cMfrrerwfi,l,l (IX, 48). "rOr, coxpaurrJrrrcb AonyMeurbr, r(oropbre c bonrmefi _^_P 9!*""ax EerfieJru rloApoouocrbro, paccfiaa E5ruronofi, soccoalaror coMapra a .bep4croft cno6o4e. finqnufr xaaan Max_ -o.:l"*,zJ

cuM tlluraeB, onrfu ra: 6ruxafimux cno4nuxEuxoB flyra.re_ Ba, crapmufi cy4ra Boesuofi nonner4t u raqru.rrft *"rreu_ lafiT itroBcTasqecKoro roic$a, paccnaaunan ua cneAcTBtrtr,

3

P. E. Oaganuuxoa

65


trptrH.EJr pemenxe oeraBtrrb E"pl' n Open-6ypry HeflpltfiHacryrlarctqne o6ohru cto6o4y, cxyro seupl{ller'brnonnuqefi ,"irt"*"" noficna u, crre*yfl co csoefi

qio B ror [eub flyraqeB

Mr! cTetrEbrME AoporaMrr BAOJIb carrlapcHoft trllrF.r4v, MIIIIO ftpe-

er'rfiru noct"t Ilepenonoqxofi ra Copovuucfiofr, rolrblrarbcflflyrauen

n fluqRorray" ropoAny. Ilepeg BbrcryrIJIeHn€M B lroxoA m;";;# paasarr BcIo Aetre'nHvlo KaBEy (go ;fi*i,* (rorri I'{ sce 6usuree ryr Br]s-o pacab00 pv6.) rro rroJIKaM,'6oqeH c copolt' ttaH me ou, Illuraen, 6lrrlo "oioporo "o"rr, Ha r{x KOMaEAbT Aelrbru' u po3ROMaEAITpaM paSAaBaTb saqaJl gar ue 6onrrue KaH rIoJIoBrrHV, fl Melr{Ay rell BbIKaq€HbI 6rrnu c BtruoM 6ounll, fi noropoMy Becb troqrl4 uapoA opocvfiefr r 6eeuoprgne' I4 troAsffru geilr4Hufi apI{K' To- caMo3Bafleq, yci\dorp fr cfre) [pIlIKaBaJI ffI{qKIlM KaBar(aM nm6naarr ug 6oseR Alrbr u, onacaRcr, qro6rr Knfl3b loruqnu c soficRolt c rpaftutlnt rre EameJr sa sflx B TaHoM 6ecnopr4ne' trplrnaaaJl 60. Agafiorn-Iglre nocfletrIetrI{eM BhrxoAIITb BCeM A noxo4l uonasanufi nyrauencxoro caegbuun co4ep,fiarcfi B trpororoJr€ u'. ubfl rosurna Tllrtto{en fla4ypora tfuo me racaetin cruAeienr,crna Byntonoft o6 orpa6re' Hrrr{ tr(urexreft Eep4cnoft eno6ogrr <open6ypqaMtrD - rapulrsonoM ra o6rrsarennrr'ru Opeu6ypra' ro troArBeplx4efltre aroMy flymHuu EameJr r <Xponuxel II. tr4. Prrsxoea' Horoprtft, ic-rrnascr ud ropo4cnue cnStxu, coo6Iqan: <Mexrgy reM HoCsiTICfr'

B

I1OPOAE CJIYX'

IITO A BEPAE TOPOACIIITMII TIOAbMII YqII-

rpa6rterlctBa r{ xtrqeuur u sro6rr unoseurr 6urf Ir{e IIoEtI{TIttrr, B pyKax SJIOAeeB EaxoAlrBlrrlrecfi' paBHr'IMa e. 9nltsog c orpa6leJrroAbMrr BbIBeBeEbI-; ropoA)) (IX, 327) Ee trcnoJrrflyra'reaa)) <Ilctopuu r cno6ogrr Bepgexoft uuelt BoBag, qro, BoBMo;iKHo' rrpoAEKToBaHo 6rrlo B€JrtrKtre

coo6paxeuutrul{r Kar( cqpaBeAnlrBo troJlaraer iloB

-qureylp-IrbrM1 H' B' Msuaft-

ut.

' Or Eynroooft ysnan flymnnq o Eenoropbrx o6crostenr-

crBax cBaroBcrBa rI lrtssrrtr6lr flyrauera na nuqHoft r(agaqne Vctrsre fletponne l(yaue4oeofi (6pariocouerauue cocrofiJrocb t ibespails lT74 r. a IlerpouaBJroBcnoft qepRBIr .flnrinoro ropomu): <Ilyrauen a -fluqne cBaraJIcE 3& "'", EO OEa Aa Eero Ee tromJra.- vcrusrro ltyaueqony B3fiJr oE rracuJlbro, oreq I[ Matr" He xoreJrlf ee BbIAarb: oEa-[e trpocrafi Eaaaqrta, Ee ftopoJreBua' aaR eft 6rrtr 3a rocylapeu> (IX, 497). Paccraa Eynronoft ler n ocuoey orueautrfl M

"

aBTorpatbe ocraBJteg rijlo6er Afiff. rMegu, Eo ogo se strubailo''' ffnar"-p"Tdruutu Kyaue{osoi s'ro BpeM' yme se 6'no B EtuBErx.

B

06


cqerbr cBaroBcrBa B trf,rofi rJraBe <llcropnn ffyraveaal: jllyrases _r .fllrqnom ropoAae yBrrAeJr MoJroAyro ftasaqft)r, Vcrusrro }tyaueqoey, r.r r.nro6uncs B Eee. Os "cral "e """tarr. Oreq rr Marb rrByMEJIEcb u orBerraJru euy: ,,,Ilount4rft, rocy4apr! ,(our nama Ee ftE.sffirra, ue noponenua; xar -eft 6rrrr aa ro6oryl ,{a u xan re6e'meuurbcff, norAa Maryrufia (Erarepura II.- P. O.) eqe aApaBcrnyer?> lggynqp5sx (IX, 45). flouuuo eoo6qenrn Eynronoft, flymxun p""rtooaraJr cDeAeFtrEMT[ o meuum6e flyrauena u rro ApyrrrM ucronuanaM. Vuouunaulrs o6 arou co6nrruu troar BcrllertJtr B rlltypnane CuuosoBa> (IX, 502), 6rorpafruueffMi aan"cftax orcraBuoro cenyn4-uaftopa H. 3. Ilosaro-IllslrfiHorcnoro (IX, 500) n <Xponnner fI. ?I. Puqnona (IX, 806, 319). Ho sceu oruM ucroqnrrnaM? EetrpuffBrrengo xapar{reprrayrF quu Vcrznrro ftyaueqony, IIyunuE rrpeAnosen rrpoproffruurrft paccHaa Byuronoft B pacnorp.axenrrrr coBpeMeuuoro trccJreAoBareJrff Eaxo4flrc.E

TaHffe AOfiJrMeETanbHbre ncTorrrrrKE, HaK

IIpOTOItOJTbT

rrofia_

aaruft flyra.rena, ero coparEuKon, ycrunrd ltyaueqoroft r ee poAcrBenrruxoB, 6naro4apx KoroprdM yAaecff Ee ?OJrlrco BlrsBrrrb orAeJrbrb{e Eerorrnocrrr paecxaBa Eynroroft (yro_ Mrlllaurre o Marepu ycrtrEbu, a rar(rffe o nexoeft .su[nofi Hasaqne, xoropyn flyrauen xorejr 6y4ro 6rl sesrt B ,r(euhr EesaAoJrro [o cBaroBcrsa K Vcrqsbe] o, Ho E lronree trpeA_ craBurb ItapTEEbr cBaToBgTBa r[ mennE6r,r flyrauena B flrqHou ropoAr(e. flyraven paccftaablBan Ea cne4crBuv., qro coB€r o rfieEurb6e Ea. Haaaqfie n .fluqxou ropoAfie AanE euy 6nrxsue ero nrognJ,xgpefi OnuuuucnoB, Mrxaut Tonxauen, Hsnura Haprnu, ffenne flrssos n gp. Cau on, flyraueB, uouarraJry ornaabrBaJrc.E or aToro, otraea.gcb, ltTo ,fieuurb6a ua upoeroft aasarrfie troAopBer Bepy EapoAa B Fefo fiaK B trcrEEHOfO (trMrreparopal: <Ecrns s B4ecb ;fieutro€b, ro poccus MEe Ee troBepr4r, qro .E qapbD. Ha ro RaaaKtr orBerrrJrtr: <I(or4a_ge Mhr Taff, KoHeIrrEo, v. Bcfr poccu.s troBeptrT, a Ba _IroBepnJlrr, rrro M6I cJIaEEbrE ffr,rqr{rff KagarM). flyraueo To ooJrbrrre, eofJracrrJr€ff c arrru -AoBoAoM [, EaBsaqItB cBaraMtr tr4nasa flosurarfisa, Muxarla.Toffrasena tr ?r(euy ero Aftczurro,

ux (EeBecTy trpucMaTpEBaTbD, npeABaprre.nrso co_ dr.(r" uM, qro euy trprnrguynficb aeuy.*ea, [?-ters.s.n ]il-"rro**oorn MorJrE d_ryrl cnxaasrr c reM, Ero Eyurona, trporr{EtrocJlaJr

Bas q AEtr BoccraEaff

s Hzrr$e.Oaeprot nperocru, se 6ula

risesz_

Ilyrareaq rpouixofiefreft E iIESEou--i:odA*;, ry._"_ 1exury6rl n cEeAeFufi oo aTou f,![eJlf, Cjr DmpIDc-r]eIDuI Jrq. ! _.3*

67


Vcrunrn ftyaaeqona, Koropyp oE EeAaBr{o.BlIAeJr Ea AeB[qr strRe. Boaaparurml{cb r{ flyraveay, cshrrr cKaBaJIR' sTo uy.imO Vcruurra oEII Elrftoro he narunr I4 oga (oseur xopo' ria [esfiaD. flyrauen cuona nocnaJl cBaroB B AoM m llerpy ltya?eqony, sro6],r cnasarb eMy: <Ecnu orAacr oE BoJren loqb cBolo, TaK E 'fieEIOCb, a r(olAa He corJracl{Tqat TaK cr4Jroro.He BosbMyl. flotou Ilt caM flyraven uoexaJr ryAa' cHoBa yBIrAer Vcruurfo, I{ ona eMy ((uoKaBaJIacb)L O6parun' mucg n ee orqy, flyra.Ien cKaBaJr: <Boficro-4e fluqnoe nanemo sa Meun, .rro6 fr ,$enlr,nrcfr'. a fl rrplrexaJr n re6e loEI,Irile He cBararlla. A oxpome-4e rsoeft Aoqepll' ry'rr{e fl 'Kyaneqon Earrrejr. OrnamJ JII{ aa Megtr trJrl{ otnaxeurs?rr cornacutcs. <A Ea 4pyrofi AeEb 6rrna cnaAl6a>. CBatrr BaffBuJrrr flyraveny, sto Vcrl4nrs (TaxoMy 6narono.nyulrro pagan

oa.

- B unou

cBere npeAcraBJleuo aro co6ulne B rlporoxoJre cJreAcrBeEIrbIX ronaaaEuft Vcurntu Ttyaneqoeoii' Oua paccHaBaJIa, aITo ilporllBuracE, cBaroBcrBy, llira;racl IrpflTarbcff or trocJlaHueB flyrareaa. Ho qelo peilrlt.Ilocb' KorAa B

gou KyaneqoBbrx flBllJrcfl caM flyrauen. Vcurntlo BbIBeJIrr K HeMy, I oII; cKasaB, qro oHa (oqelrb xopoltra))' BocKJII{nEyJI: <ffosgpannnrc te6s qapuqero!D - rr oAapral ee cepe6pflEblMlr [eubraMrr. Oreq AaJr corJlacl{e Ea 6paxocouetarure, Ho vcrraslg 6rr.lra n orqa.flHbl4 I{ ((B BeJrUnI4X CJIesaXD. ona u Bo BpeMfi cBaroBcrBa Ir nocJle coa4r6tr coMHeBaJIacb B ToM, qro Myx( â&#x201A;Ź0 noflJlllnurrft <qaprl. ognant4rr, o6paureruucl

x flyrarery,- Vcruurr cxaaaJla: <<flognlrano JIrr-Ae rbl rocyAapb, r{ fi cyMEeBarocb B Tollf, rroroMy qro rbl }r(eEr{Jlcfl Ea Haia.rne. tr{ nax-ge E Brrxty, qro rbr Ir,resg o6uanyl, u6o rrr - .reilonbn crapoii. a ff MoJIoAexoEbr(aD. Ha ero oE

<fl-4e co BpeMeEeM 6opo4y-ro o6pero rr 6y4y r'lolome>. Vcrranbfl, Buarr, qro KaBafiu ue nro6gr 6purr 6opo4, roBoprrJra: <Tan Haaaxra lro6r.rru ue 6ygyrll A flyrauen or. BeqaJr: <florouy-ro fi I( caM ouoft neprr ue lro6lro, qro 6o' po4y 6puru, a BAeJIaro-Ae yroAuocrr paane te6e o4uoll. florou Vctrauss caagaJla, alro olr uMeer rocyAapbrgrc: <<I(an Eie ee 6pocurr? Blltr n ro Ee BoAI,ITcfl, u'ro6 llruerr, 4ne xesrrlrr Ha .rro Ilyrhuea cRaBaJr: <ftaHas oqa MIre ?fieuat Korga c qapcrBa cnepenna! Osa uue anogeftHar> 65. Oreq Vcrraubrr, orcraBnoft naaaH flerp Mulaftnonuu ltyaEerIoB, reBopun Ea cJregcrBrrlr, qro olr cau ue 6rrn paA BaMy. ,fiecTBy cooefi 4oueptr tr, AaB BbIsyrfiAeHEOe Cofiracrre Ea sroT 6pan, on (trJraxaJr ropbno o roM, qro ona eqe MoJrolexoubr(a u- [pr,rHy]ItAeHa rrTTrr aaMyrn EeBoJIeIo, xorff I4 3a rocyAapflr u

cRaBaJr:

.98,


o rou, qro EenoMy 6y4er o6ururr n o6unrb: a craDvxtr

Ee

uMeerD u'. 9" trporr{Bulrfta BaMyrr(ecrBa Vcrnnru iir4u""o ce6s. a ee 6par Erop Hyaueqoo. Ou roBopr.rJr cJreAoBareJrflM Ea Aorrpoce, qro, yBEaB o cBaroBcme flyrauena fi Vcrr.rure, oE ((cr(pbrBan 6nrno ee y ce6n u uo uocropouruM Jrro4f,M. O4uanorfi, fiaH EaqaJrtr, oEI( MeEfl ycrparnJrBarb cMeprrlro, TorAa fl ee yffie uM o6rgsuJr, c noroporo BpeMeurr rr caM ffyrauen B AoM fi EaM cMorperb ee rrrxogun. A "a Apy{ofi AeEb onyro aa ce6s BarrJr, u B gepfiBr[ cBflrbrx arocroa fler-

Ifanla o6ben.rancn) 67. Buonne BoBMornEo, qro Vcrusrn ltyaneqona, ee oreq r4 6par, ocyxgafi BaAHr{M qrrcJroM rreuurr6y flyraueua, ucxoAr4JIII rrpu oToM rra yqera EecqacrruBo cnoxusmefic.E rrbrue, B AErr cneAcrBrls HaA ErrMr{, crrryaqutr: gelo Ilyrauesa 6buro trpourpauo, a noToMy onrr, ,fieJrafi cM.flrqtrTb r.sfitecrr csoeft pa

.

ra

BtrEbr B EeBoJIbEOM poAcTBe c trpeABOAnTeJIeM BOCCTaEUfl, crpeM.flcb o6ner.rurl ornuAaBmee ux safiaaautre, yxaabrBaJra ua flyraveBa r(ax sa eAr,rucrBeuuoro ausoButrfta ux ceueft-

uofi rpare4llr.

Heroropue rra crro4Brrfi(Hur(oB llyrauera aagBJr.EJru Ea cJregcrBuu, rrro ero menurr6a ua npocroft HaBaqHe noAopBa-

na Bepy B To, qro rrx trpeABoAr4reJrb troAnunnufi uuneparop Ilerp III. C rex nop onrr craJrrr- ffcuo ocoauaBarb, qro oE O6 arou roBopr{Jru B cBonx lronaaauu.fix - caMoaBaueq. troJrKoBEnR Trauo{eft lla4ypon 6E, cexperapu }Isas flosurarun ue n Maxcrau lopunton to, a ratt}fie rr Apyrtre BIrAEbre tryraqeBqbr. Ho npacnopequBee Bcero, uoxtanyft, BbrcraaaJrcfi rro eroMy uoBoAy Tuuo(pefi Mscnrxos: fiorAa flyrauen BoaBparr(Jrcn ua flnqnoro ropoAna n Eep4y, ro <o6sssuJr BceI*ry noficxy, qro oE, 6y4yun na .f[uHe, ,fieEtrJrcfi Ea raMomueft fiaaasreft gouepr Vcruure flerporne, a noroMy tr trpunaabrBaJr BceM ee trprrauaBarB u trostrrarb Ba qaprrqy. Tor4a Bce crapr.rr(E o ceM aagyMaJrucb, Ar n sce soficno reM 6bril[ EeAoBoJrbEhr, qro orr Ha cue flocrytrtrn. tr{ ror4a EaBeJra Ea Eenoropbrx cl{x ero nterurt6a cyMaenrre ranoe, rrro rocyAapll_ sa trpocrbrx HrrnorAa rre ]fieEsrc.fi, a Bcerga 6epyr aa

ce6n ua rrubrx rocyAapcrB r{apcfiyro trJrrr KoponeBcnyro Aorrb. Tan, no flprrMepy ceMy, r{ euy 6u ua4o6uo 6uno, uo aasraAeurrn yrfie rocyAapcrBoM, Tar{yrc ,fie Bafir;. A 4pyrue ronoprrJrrr, rrTo xoTE qapb tr BoJIeE KafiyIO XOqeT, TaRyo BOBbMeT, [a oE-Ie uMeeT ,r(eEy, ftqTopafl sApaBcrByeT, a aaKoE_Ae 3atrpeqaer or Etllsoft ]Keubr ]Keufirbcff, g xor4a 6u y]fie BceM IlapcrBoM BaBJraAeJr, ro rr rorAa 6H se Jmno ,fieuilrbcrr ?I ran c caMaro cero BpeMflErr trpouana y sux u oxora peB69


EOCTEO U'ycepAEo eMy cJIyEUTTB' U y BCeX TaI(' KaR OIIYCTEJIECb' tr 3AI(JII9IIAJIE' qTO CO -BPEMCEEIT U3 CCIO BbIAET

pyRtr

.rr6-s'6ygr xyAoe, a xopomero ue 6yger. On men Mncnlrnor, B MbrcJrffx cBolrx cyAI{Jr O CeM' qro caMoSBaHer{ SAeJIaJr XyAo' oArraROXt He rrpecraBan nlllrarb eBo rocyflapeM rr crapaJrcE

eMy cny?fiIrTb BepEo rr3 OAEOTO ycepAl4fl' a Ire AJIfi K&HOIO' 21. C;regyet yxaaarb tla ro, qro' tro uarpatr(AeurrtrD ruueqrro Mgcsurona Aa rr pEAa Apyr{x BrrAEbIx [yraqeBqes, Vcrnnrn ltyaueqoBa He MorJra 6rrtr' ffielroft uoAJrI{EEoro MOEapxa, u6o oua trpocrafl KasarlHa' a He qapcKafr vllu' K0poJreBcr(aff Aoqb. lI roqno raKoe fl{e cy)fiAeHlre BbrcHasaEo

ru6o

Eyntosoft: vcruEbff - ([pocrafi KasaqHat se fiopoJleBua, KaK efi 6rrtr 3a rocyAapeM) (IX, 497), -r

s

BocuoMr,rsauur.r

Irasa IV B ICPEIIOCTIT HU?IIHE-OSEPHOU

C nocoropa Aopora yxo4trJla BEus' B mr'rponyrc u rroxarJno JroqtrEy. V 4amrero ee Kpa.E - cKBoBb Kynbr rrpu6pexnoft poiuq"t - cBurqoBo cBerlrJrl{cb Bo4br yplJra. P'exa, uarubaficb, ousrBaJra fio[rrornrre Kpyroro yreca' Ero orBecnbre'or€Ebr necrpeJrr cepblMu KocMaMIr 6ypuua, ocrr' rrffMr,r HaMrfi-raneranxa, orBaJraMu 6ypofi rrusbl. Ha nrrocnofi

n rory

BITAHeJTI{Cb fiaSaqblf AOMa tr NaBeEEEile CTpOeEUfi' O4lruOnO BbICtrJICff TeMnrrft or ApeBrocrs s EetroroAbr marep geperxnuoft qepnBr[-

BepmlrHe npyqtr, 3a iloKoctrBlrruMcs TbrEoM'

Paarnn4uraff ary naprsEy, Tporyrylo K_p_acKaMtI ocenr' BctroMEEJr, ranephoe, oilucaEtre Huxue-Oaepuoft npenocrr B troBecrr{ Eeltoero A. K., sarreqarauuofi s (HeB' cKoM aJrsManaxe rra 1832 roll: fiperlocrb 6rrna ueneruna, fiaaaqbu AoMa B seft <<Manesbxlre' EuBeHbHIre' tro 6orlmefi qacrtr ctrJrereEEbre s3 upyrbeB' oouaaansrre fJr[Eoro' rroHpblThre coJroMoro u orgpoll(eEEhle trJlersfMrr}' II ApOMe 9TUX <na6yroen Ha nypbrx' sorr(KaxD Rpelrocrb uMeJra (crapyr) gepeimuayro.qepxoBb, AoBonbEo 6onruoft tr croJlb lfte cra' prrft trou xpenocruoro EaqarbutrRa, HapayJIBHro tr AJItrEEbIe 6pe"e"tatrte xle6Hrre Maiaaeftsbr. It roliy fte rpeuocrr uima c rpex cropou 6una o6neceua 6penexqarblu rbruoM c gnyiiifr sopofatrln rl e "noctp€tbfiuMa Saruesnauu uo yrnau; a c rrerBeproft cropoxbr trJIOrEO trptrMblKana n ypanbcftoMy

flyunuu

ls


a BbrconoMy)), fiaH qepnoraufi t. B uosecru paccftaarrBaJrocb o co6rrruxx, trpoficxoArrBrurx s Huxne-Oaepuofi ftperrocrrr B AEtr lfyraueacnoro 6epery, HpyroMy, Kar creua, co6op

C roft fiopbr Ao rrprdeaAa ryga IIymHrrEa trpomno 60 JIer, r[ BpeMs ocraBuJro BAecb cBotr rrpuMerEbre cJrenbr: ymJlr{ trB ?rttr3nr{ Mnorue oqeBnAqbr Boccranug, eqe 6onrrue o6seruaJrr{ crpoeunr r{peuocrr{, Ai E caua Hnxse-OaepEafi uMeEoBaJracb yE(e Ee r(petrocrbrO, a RaSaqbefi crauuqeft. Eqe go rrpneaAa s Humee-Oaepxyro llyrrrxr.ru snat o6 o6crosrenrcrBax BBflTus arofi Hperr@ru llyravenuu n o gpyrnx co6rlTuflx? 6rremux BAecb B AEtr Boccrauun. Cae4esun o6 aroM oE troqep{ryn rra apxuBsErx AofiyMearos CeHperuofi aHctreArrqlltr Boesnofi KoJrJrertrr tr uB Boctrol|ruuasni.t oqeBrAqeB. B rerpa4nx fioara yffie co6paun 6snu puulrcnra uB nonecenufi ry6epuaropa H. A. Pefinc4opna, Kouctrer(rhr TffypEaJra Opea6yprcHoft ry6epucrofr xarqennprr, rXpouuHrr fI. lI. PH.rnoBa rr Apyrnx EoKyMeE?oB, o€Beqarorqtrx npoucmecrrr{fi s Huxae-Oaeproft Kperrocru trptr flyraueae (lx, 177, 214, 514, 6{9, 633, Mg, 762, 772-773, 779> '. Csexn 6rrnu s rraM.Ertr flyuxuua pacc$aabr o rex co6rrrllrx, ycnHrrraEuhre a Eepgcnoi craurqe or lllmuu A{auaeseaurr Eyaronoft. Il5rmxuu trpnexafi B Huxue-Oaepryro 2A ceurn6pn 1833 r. no rropoft trofioBEEe AEE r r.orrrac ltufr;tcrr ft naqarbutrHy craulrqbr c"aEnqnouy arauagy, 16o roarKo ou MOr paspemErb rr -ycTponTE Bcrl)€qy co crapofi(EJraffin orIeBtrArIaMtr flyraueucnoro BoccranrE L lt noftagarb traM.firEbre Mecra roro BpeMeEn s 6rrsmei rpefiocrn. Arauauou Hrxtue-Osepuoft crauuqu r t833 r.6un aaypflE-corEun Bacunufi. llsasosus Aranor 3. Os lr coBBaJr craphrx HaBaHoB B craur{rruyp ua6y gnx 6ecelu c llymxuuuu. ' UIv'n oguoro ra yqacrsurou 6ece4n yAanocb ycranoBurb, onfipaflcb Ha AoporfiEbre aartr.cv. troera tr AoKyEreETbr Opeu6yprcHoro apxuBa. B 6yuarax Ilymrrua, B BatrEctr paccnaBoB orrsBrrAqeB, ocnerqaxlrqtrx BBsrEs Hrxse-Oaepuofi Hpetrocrr{ flyrauearru, BbrAgJrffprcfr vsr,e.trTufr o MecrEoM ,fitrTeJle ftucenese. Onr socsr xapafirep cenefrrrux upegauuft: ftuceJreB cocroffJr B AyxoBEoM poAeTBe c xoMeEAaEroM trpeMbepuafiopou 3. ?I. Xapacnnru " r 6rla olrAereueu ero rn6etn rrprr BB.Ertrr Kperrocrrr rr5rrarreBqaua (f,X, 495). Itnceler pearbao clqecrnoBabmee nrqo. IIo apxrnuuu Aofi]ruerraM Boccrarrrrff.

s Xaplon

gerei

s

Kzcenen 6arnn nyuourannl Xapnoa 4pesrtrn oAEoro

EB

l(uce.uora.

7l


XVIII B. traBecren otcransoft nasalt Crenas 70-x rogon ir'ou yure", B qacrnocrrt, B trucJte mureneft HuxtseKucerer Oaepuoft npeubctn tro cntrcxy, cocraBJleuEouy -atr-p-eJlt -9 [. Mau1774y n u6xoguoft HanqeJrffpr{rr reueparl-Mafiopa II. cypoBa u. Bogsrnto upegtronox(euue; rrro lu6o cau Creuau Ifurceaen, nn6o xro-ro uB ero 4ereft uor.nn 6lrtr co6ece4uuxauu flymnuua. O6paqeEIIe K peBrrscnoft nepenTcu tr(areneft Hrlfise-Osepuoft craul4qbr, trpoBoAnBltreftcs {6 atrpenfi

IroMorJIo roqno ycrauoBrrrb' rITo ynoMrnyrsrr? rau 6 65-nersrd naaar ?Inas CreuaEoBlrs ltllcenes 6r:n co6eceg7. B 1773-1774 n, npr flyrauene, I{nau uraroM flymnuua ftnceles 6un 4-5-uergrrM MaJIbrIrrnoM Lr BpsA JIrr Mor coxpaErlrb B IIaMgrI[ CBffSEbre IrpeAcTaBJreE[tr o ToM BpeMeEIr' Eo, troApacras B aurtocftepe trocroflEnbrx nocuoluuuanraft o rex oo6mrrnx, Koropbre flpolrcxoAllnu s HuffiHe-Oaepuoft nperrocrE Bo BpeMff BOCCTaEUE, OE MEOTOe ySEaJI trB paCCRaSOD cBoero orqa, crapruux poAcrBeEHItItoB Ir seMJIEKoB. Srlr socnoMuEaEr[fl, oAEIr U3 CaMbrX ilpuMeqaTeilbHbrx AJifl CeMbIl ftncenenrrx, craJlrr qacrl,ro n[.ruoft ero, ?lBaua ]tlrcenena,

1834

r.,

6uorpa$uu; Ouupaxcr Ea AaEEbre o fi(IrreJrflx Huffine-Oaepxoft, yureuIrbrx (MarrcypoBcltlrMD I{MerrHbrM ctrIrcnoM 1774 v u peBl{acHofi uepenucuo 1834 r., cJreAyer trpeArroJroxtlrreJlbuo yriasaTb Ir Apyrtrx co6ece4uuron flyunlrua. Mor rroAeJrrrfi,cfi c srlM ceMeftnhrMl,r flpe4anrr.flMlr o <<flyrauerqllueD 66-leruuft orcransoft Kaaart rarapuE lanu Bun6on Vclrason ", oteq r{oroporo naaaquft ftallpaJr Bun6aft VcManos 6rrn xaauer rryraqeBqaMll Iro BBfiruIr nun Huxme-Oeepuoii Kpetrocrl{.

,{yuaercr, trro rrMeEEo ou,

Iatu

Vcuauon, 6ecegyn c llyru-

nuubrr(, Mor trofcul{Tb, qro ne'6rrn npn cMeprII orqa, (...[o BrrAeJr fl caM, a roBopuntr Apyrl{e, 6y4to 6lr ryr oE lreper{pecrrrJrcflD (IX, 496). K .rucny fipeAnonaraelrrrx co6ece4srrnoB trogra cneAyer, uo-BnAI{MoMy, oruecrlr u 68-.netrero orcraBuoro r(aaana llrnarus E{uuonuua -flHosnesa n, noroparii nor ocBerrlrb orAeJrbabre etrIraoAbr flyrauencrtoro Boccrarrr{fl, otrr{paflcb Rar Ea cBotr cMyTEbre AeTcr(ue BocnoMuEaEtrE (eMy s ro BpeMfi 6nno 7-8 net), ran I{ Ha paccxaBbl orqa E{uua flnosresa u ero 6para fiaaaqbero KarlpaJla-q/raqeBqa Creuaua flrornesa (o6a ouu yqreulr (MaucypoBcxuMt ctrrrcnoM L774 t) to. ,{a cau 46-.nerslrft cranuqsrrft araMas

" flyururua, Muoroe,BrrAIrMo, Bacunuft Aranon,upuruuaomzfi uo paccKaaau crapmax copo4rueft HaBaKoB Mnxauna, ?Irsarra.a u (Dpoua Aranosbrx tt, a ranxte co cJroB cBoeft Marepu Map{u Cepreennrt Arauosoft. Coxpanunocr BHaJI o Boccraulrlr

7Z


trpefiaErre, qTo, IIo-B[nuMoMy, aTa 72_rerssfi fia3aqfta ctrena

Ilymxrny uecnn o co6rrrrsx- flyraueacnoro ABn?fleEua (<lle fvp"era \opoAxa trporeana ftpoBbrc peHa. ?Ie *p.no"r" oepuotr...D/, Earrarbubre crponu "a roer BEec B Xopor$_ Toropoft tr, a [oa[Eee ucrroJrr,Bouyn aatrucEyro nurrrnny (IX, /rg3) BaJI B,_oAEoy_.rrB rrpuMe.rasufi fi rexcry <<tr{cropuu flyrave_ na> (IX, 100). Map$a B AErr aoccran"n 6rua l2-rerneii

tr ona BMecre c ApyurMrr ,$rrreJrrrMr4 Hr.rxne-Oaepuofi nperrocrr (rroAxoAtrJ-r3 n pyxe flyraueBa)), uprraocn eMy r nepnocru'". llyrrnuu oAapnJr trJrarxaMn Iprrgffry M. C. ArauoBy r{ Apyryro csoro co6eceAnuqy crapyrc fiaaarrxy llaJrbryeBy ran paccnaabrBan o6 arou B r(ouue XIX s. AeB,orrnoft,

opeu6yprcHuft crapomuJr reEepaJr-uafiop B. B. Arauoe auyn M. C. Arauoaoft, 6ece4yn1 xpaeaefio"r C. H. Ceeacrrs-

EoBbrM r4.

.9{ggyrr BaMerrrrb, qro n Humse-Oaepuofi xpenocrn s 1833 r.. se 6srno, uofira.r5rft, uu oguoft niaa.rsefi' ceMbrr, n Horopoft se coxpauunocr 6u upe4auuft o flyrauencxolr BoccTanr.ra, [epeAaurrbrx craprrnaMr4_oqeBuArlaM[, 6ommlru_ crBo r(oropbrx yrrrJro r{B ,nuatrrl B [epBbre AecflrrlJrerrrs XIX s.

Pacenaarr o

BBflTr,rn

Ifrxne-Osepnofi xpeuocur flyravearru B uynmuucrrrx Batrrrclx paccxaaoB oqeBuArreB Muoro BHrrMaEr4ff yAeJreuo_ KoMerrAagry Hnmne-Oeepnoft Kperrocrrr rrpeMbep-uafiopy 3axapy llnauonuuy Xaprony. Dror o(puqep Ee

paa ytroMr4uaercfl Ha crpaErrqax <Tlcropun flyrauena>.

B uoBecru (ItatrtrraEcKa.E AorrHa) coo6rqaercn KaH npauoptqrrn Ilerp lpuueB, rropax(eusrrfi seoxu4auuoft Becrbro o ni"r"u Huxue-Osepnofi nyraueBqaMtr tr Kaaurr r4Mn KoMeHAaEra r

ocex o{uqepoB Kperrocru, BcrroMrruaer: ([toMeEAaHr Huntse., oaepuoft Kperrocrrr, tmxufr. rr cfipoMEbrfi uono4oft qeJroBeH, 6un nrue BrraHoM: Mecsqa Ba ABa trepeg reM trpoealnaJr orl rla Opeu6ypra c Mo.Jr,oAoft csoeft xesoro rr ocraEaBJrrrBaJrcs y ?Inaua ltysuuua> (VIII, 319). He6_e_arrurepecuo 6y4er trprrBecru 6uorpaSzuecnr{e [aHs6re o Xapnone, ycraHoBJreunbre tro {opuynnpnbrM crrrrcfiaM rr ApyrnM apxrrBr6rM AoRyMeEraM. Xapnon po4rrJrcn n lTBl r. B ceMbe cBffqeEErrKa, B BoeHEyro cnym6y Bcrynujr o 1753 r., 6rrn yurep-o{raqepou, qepes qerbrpe roAa [ocny]ntrJrcfl Ao BaxMrrcrpa. B Ceuunerueft softse JruacrBoBaJr n 6oesrrx oue-

pfggnx rrporrrB npyccxoft apMtru B KaMtraurrsx 1762

n, u, B rracruocru,.6rur

ITET

n nponoupoJruTEbrx cparfieEr{sx 1s


1758), {Ianrqurou (12' VII' mro BpeMeEE lZdgl'" ftvsbpcnop(porw (1. VIIL 1759). CTperuero $trpaaAbroraETou BareM oE cJIy?fiI{JI nopuetou, a uro (Dopuylnpuble orMesaJlu' crIrcRI{ troJlfta' cupcfioro Xapnoe (rpaMore - qllTarb r4 rrtrcarb - yMeer' a nporqux sayr Ee Buaer)) Ir ((B Itrrpa{ax lt troA cy4oM ue 6rrnan>; euy 6rrna AaEa xoporuar o(puqepcr{afi arrecraqlrfl: oE (B se o16lrnoJr?rtuocrll gBaEI4fl croero upl4Jretfier or clym6rr -

uoA IIopHAopOoM (14.

VIII-

coAeplltrT u BoeEEofi 3H3epqrr4rilff c6y.raer nopflAo.rno r4 K ccMy rIr{aEI{e uMeer; Jlenocrtr paA[, 6onrs6rM ne panoptoBaJrcfi Ir Bo BceM ce6g ne4er rax' KaK qrruy cBoeMy orrHaAJrelntrr r{ctrpaBuouy o{rqepy, E tralt tro pfiTeE, raft II EIIKaKI{X oT Eero HetroptIAKoB Ee trpoEcxoAET;

Bae?, rroAKoMarrAEblx cBoEx

Taxr[x uoponoB, Korophre tro yraay locygapcrnesuoft BoeEEMenoft nonnerwv. 1756 r. reEBapfl 29 gna Halrucaubl'- Ee qrlua er; AnE rrero, tro ycepqnofi ero cnyx6e' K lronbrlrreuulo Aocrorru B nupactrpcxtre rroJrnuD 'u. C laarlru arrecraqrrgMlf MOf CAeJrarb xopotryn Sapbepy se TOJrbIto ABopflErrE' EO E t.trotroa crrs>. B- aBrycre lZZ0 t Xapnon troJrJruaer rrepBr-rfr rura6=o(puqepcnuft cEE IrporsBoArrcff B câ&#x201A;ŹKysg-Maftoqx n cJIyEt6y a Caunr-Ilerep-6yprtoA crtycrfl rlepeBo4urcfi Ea cr*t ttapaOuuepunft [orn r'. C aruu lroJrnoM oY s L771'1772 rc. yqacrBoBan B Boeunbrx Aeftctsusx trporyB troJlbcnux noufe4epaton, 6rrn s 6osx uo4 9eucroxoBoM' Jho6uuuou u Itpaironoot u oco6o orJIrrIEJrcr rrptr paarpoMe orpfl[oB llynanr' r Maaoneqnoro JIeroM IZZZ r.t, B anrycre L772 rmuou "t'o"o Xapnoa rro yraay Boeurofi noJIJrerIrI[ 6ul uarpar*Aeu ua- cnym6y B raputrBouur{e upe-nruep-*"fiopa u flepeBe4eu -ry6epuryq tt, a Bc*ope ..no upn6rrtuu sofi"ou- Opexdyprcnoft npeuocru. Huxge-O-seprofr HoMeEAaETolt EaBEarIeE TyAa ycranannuXapnona 6uorpaSr'ru floc.re4yrorqre {anrrr BaIOTC'T Ha$ IIo nyIUKEECKI{M AOpO}rtEbrM 3arltrCfiM' Tafi lr-Ilo apxtrBubrM AonyMerrraM' orsacrtr ssBecruLru-Ilyurnnuy. Eytroer yiluaJr ot 83-neruefi Haaarlli"" r Tarnqenoft Kpetrocru, *rn Mutp""u fiexrnpenoft tt, uro Xapnos secuoft L773 t' firesr{Jrcfl Ea Eilnaasere Enarrnofi - Aoqeptr KoMeEAaEra Taruqenoft Hpenocrlr lroJn(orutrr[a lprmopur Mrpouoouua Enarnsa: <Jlfea*era @e4opoana " Enarusa BhrAaEa 6rrna r Oeepryro aa Xapnoua Beeuorc.- Ora 6rr.n-a npacaBql{aJ-fipyrnoJrnqa tr EeBEilcoEa IXlcroMD (IX' 495). O xernrr6e Xaplo' na ffymrrn aEaJr r[ ue npyrtrx EcrorIEEKoB: ra tXpournrr 6 Snaepquqgr yqeErs. - Bonuerioe trpaBEJ6so: r'pEropbeBEa. Omu6na B orqecrBe;

r

14


'(lX, 2lZ) r{ rrg auosrrnrsofi trsocrpannofi Eo_c_crasr{n_ ffyraueaa>> (IX, 100_{01, :lT{c1g -<llcroputua_Iflrxge-Oaepuofi, UU4). UobeceAxrrn

n. fi,

Prm_nona

a rau 6rr.n, n"guoro, yuouruyrnft sbrme ?Isau Crenasosuq ftracetea, paccraaan flymxuuy: <trta Oaepnofi Xapron BbrcrraJr me"y' &oro [aa]

4 gun nepeg flyra.renrrlr, a [o]r{r4rnr[ clou r. nce-4o6po cupxraJr B rro4Bane y Ftucenenal (IX, 495). OaHrbr err4 ssele^Ebr Bo Bropyru rJraBy (llcropzn flyravesa): (yonan o npu6nu_

,r(eurrtr

flyrauera, Xapnor orrrpaBrrn n Taurrqeay

onooo4yro

,r(eny cBolo, Aosb raMomneto KoMeHAaHTa Eraruna. a cau rpnroroBtrJrcn x o5o_poue> (IX, 18), a coo6qeuue o6 uruy_ rqecrBe, ynpbrroM Xapnonrrer B AoMe y KaBaHa Ftuceneni, llyrnnr,ru rrcrroJrbaoBaJr B trocJreAyrouleM rexcre ,roi,i xe .rashr. ltacascr co6rrrrafi n Huxue-Oaepuoit ftpenoctu EaHaEy, He rrpl{cryrra H neft softcxa BoccraBrrrltx, paccxagqun IroBe4au ffymnrsy o roM, rrro (Ilyrasena rrorrrJrlr Kasaftu Bcrpe_ rrar6 Ba {0 aepcr. Xapror (xrrelauoft) ocraJrc.E c. MaJrbrM arncnoM__rapnueosurrx coJrAar)) (IX, 4gb). Orra 4annrre Bom_ Jrrr. B (llcropu_ro flyravesaD: ((ftasaxrr ero rrsMeurrJrrd u ymJrr. x flyraue,ny, {qpto_e ocraJrcs c MaJrbrM qrrcJroM rrpecrapeJrrrx coJrAarD (IX, 18), B rencre <tr4cropuul ue yqreuo, o4nafio, cBrdAerenbc'iBo coBpeMeuuufta o roM, uro Xapton 6rrlr s. ror AeEb (xMeJrrnoftl. Morqs s.g,bfl,tyrr gToro cBlrAereJrberBa rrptr_ Ir_eAeE

flyrunuuuu B (SaMerrarrfisx o dynrert,

Hr.rxonaro

I s

flocJraHnbrx K

xasecrne trprrJrorxenufi H Eaneqarasuoii (IrIcToprrtr Ifyravera>: tBe4urrft Xapnon, Eafiauyue Baflrus Kpe-, rrocrrr, 6rrl urru; Eo rr Ee pemnJrcff roro cxaaarb. lTa vBa_ ,fieErrfl ero xpa6pocrrr rr trpexpacroft cueprr.rD (IX, 371). Ho

rr orraaaBlrrtrcb or Bxnroq€Euff aroro cBrrAereJrbcrBa o Xap_ JroBe B Ruury, flymHuu sE s roefi Mepe He coMneBaJrcrr B

rrcTtrHEOCTr{ rIOr(aBaEIlts cBoero co6ecefisutta

zo.

Cocrorsue Xaprooa safiaryue trpucryrra troBcraEqeB Ir Kpetrocrtr,BbrpaBrreJrbro fiepeAaer rro4/rr{rrubrfr ero pa[opr, nocnassrrft x 6pnra4zpy X. X. Euaory oooonn"e l2l"o rraca uo.rr 25 ceuu6pn 1773 r. Xapaon "coo6qan, qro rro-

c".raEEbrMu rrlr raSyTqnKaMu SaxBasefibr rpu fiyraqeBqa, .oAr{E U3 HOTOp6TX nOfiaSaJI IIpE Eotrpoc€, qTo troBcraEqaMtr <Paccrrnsa.s Kperrocrb BBffTa ! u xorrre-ugaur Belorcxun y'6ur,

trocJraEryro orceJrb pory E raltlfie BaflJrlr, u Bce ro trx softcRo HaxoArrrcs or Osepnofi Hperrocru B ceDrx Bepcrax));

a

ngsr Paccsrnsy$ ftpenocr' 25.cenraftpn r. Ig"*"." a Peqr- rAer o KoMaEAe 'naufrasa II. lI. Cypuiia. l77B Ou

-porofr rapEtrBoEnlrx conAar E oorueft xaCaros ripetrocru a Paccrrnryro.

ra

6ru rocrrar

c

Urmue_Oieprot

to


panopr gaRaEtruBaJrcE cJroBaMr(: <fl '5a EefioctremeElle]f lto Eaxoxtycb' o qeM or uue'-cuxypca." n rpaftneft ouacsocrtr * yrfie AaHo ssarb' qro ror MeEff rrpea Eaporlno uocJraHo croAa cneAyer 14, fipelrocrlr 6t Paacuusoft "eop"n'renr BCKOpO-CTU trpl(rrro Mo'r(er crcAa Eetrpl'rflTenb vtroBaro, i;rru,iti. Panopt "iuucas trIrcapeM' a noglrlrca* Xaplorrru, trpuqeM troAnlrcb ero qbrBeAena Apoffialrleft pyttoft' rr rpy4uo ciaaatr, ro JIrr Xap.nor 6mn reraepA B rpaMore,.tr xyAo IrIrcaJI, To'nlt ngsonuoBalr otracEocrblo' To JrIr AeficrBurerbuo lo 6ri so xueJrro. Ilymnuuy 6un rssecreu patropr Xaprosa OpennDarnuM ero lraJloxreuuflMr trpuBeAeEEbIM B u n <Xponrxe> 6ior"*ot rv6epscrofi xauqennpuu (IX, 514) 'rrypuane pflA cycoo6qunlr ne (lX, oEIr Eo 214), PHsxoBa fi.'lrt. rqecrBenubrx (panron E JIuItreEhr 6unr rex aMoquolraJlbnhlx KpacoR, r(oropbr€ trptroyqlr optrruEaJry pailopra' ' Pacbnaauias 6 co6umrx 25 ceurr6px, co6eceguun Ilymnuna trprtrouutrJr eqe oAtrE etruaoA c Xap'nonrrM: <Os o Berrepy EarraJr rraJrurb rla IIyileH.- EUIOS yCJIbrmaJI .IlanbOv tt t"t"o*o"*" (15 s.) u nop-o-1uryff, trorarafi, um flyrarann> (IX, 495).-Paccnaa aror rrctroJlbsou-en yxe -" Kpetrocrbflyraueual, r4e o6tnouen I( MorI{B Aeftcr<ildtopllu uur run Xapnona: <Hoqrro sa 26 cenrn6pr Ba[yMan oE' AJIfl Irx (collar.- P. O.) o6ogpeuun, n€Jrrrb nB AByx cBor{x nymert Ir cr4r{-To BbICTpeJIhI I[CIryraJIrI EUUOSa I[ SaclaBuJIII ero oT-

(IX, 18) ". Itaparcnrsuft otpn4 6pura4rpa Eunora 6un ctfopurposan 25-24 cenrn6pr n Opeu6ypre; B cocraB-orpflAa BoTIX 'lau 200 apueftcftux tr rapsnaoE_Eblx conAar c oQuqepaMlr' Eunony r{aJrMbr*on; nosshrx 60 u naaan6u ooes6iprcmx Oir"u u'"tn"teua O-opyguftuaa 6arapen c fianoullpauu' OttrpaBJIfifl Euaona na aaquty trp-IrffDrr{nllx npenocreft Ir AnE

cryrrtrrbD "

piarporrra flyrauena, ry6epnatop Peftgc4opu BblpalnaJr EaAelnro' rrro Ry <na AocrorlucrBo I[ Myrr(ecrBo> 6puragupa I[ Ea (c ctrME uoBcraEl{aMtr c oE l{c[onb3yer Bce cuoco6n,'rro6hr -22. Vtpou EerrpufirensM[)) r(afi-c trocrytrurbr Tafi BJroAefiME

25 ceurn6pn 6uros B-cJytrtrn a Tarurqeay Kpenocrb' a B troJr4enb qatrpaBvrrcfl. x Huxse-Oaepnoft-u Ea troJltryru n uefi, AocrurnyB R Berlepy 9ecsoxoscfioro Sopnocrar ocranoBfirrcfr BoeEEaE Eojroq!. lffip"* Tai a oprnitaae; uyxuo: uocJraEEoto'

" p-ariraiinAs secitoirrnuu

^

Eyncrr JIbIIIIAB

76'

uyEetrEhre

crpo'1aug Br.Ine

BD[oTpeJIEr

o rot xe

oftctreAtrr*lrtr

u orcryunnr (IX,18),

' '

'

i I

:

I

'


Ea nopornuft npunaa. Sgecr-ro oE floryrrrrn or Eapoqgo rrocJraggoro Ragafia coo6uleuue Xapnona o roM, rrro ((Eetrpu.fiTenE B Tpex TbrcErraxE troKuHyr Paccrrnnyro u cneAyer fi Oaepuoft>. 9ro uasecrne aacraBuJro Bufiosa orMesurb [aJrbuefimuft rroxo4 n Hfixse-Oaepuoft, tr oH (npunyrxgeuriu,lr ce6s samen BoaBparufqa n TarurqeBy Kpenocrt>. Cnoe orcTyIrJIeHI,re on O6r,.sCnsn COo6pamerrrlrffMr4 soeusoff Tar(Tr{I(r{:

orxoA B Taruqeny ueo6xo4ull, <vro6 ueuprrflreJrr, Ee Mor I{enfl B CTerre oftpy?fiIrTl a ocTaFoBuib, uro6, repxo, u 6stito. A x rouy Er rroaaAr4 Meurr ftpetrocru ocna6neubr JrroAbMr4. ,{a n r roMy ,n ou (neupuarenr.- P, O.) croJrbno namrix r4MeeT B rroJroEy, cKoJIbKO MOfl KOMaEAa Cr{JIbHa, TO ff asapToBarB nrogefi rre ocMeJlrrJrcn, uro6rr BoBcefl Bcex, uo eBo BenqftonrcAcrrly, ue trorep.firb, Aa tr nocJreAur,rff r(pe[ocrrr o6oponzt Eer(oMy 611 6rrno>. Panopr aror, rrocJrannsrfi yrpou 26 ceurn6pn ua Tarurqeroft Hpenocru H PefiscAopry, Bunoe Baxrroqur upocr6oft trprrcJrarb EoByrl_ftoManAy (Bo MEO?fieCTBeEEOM qr4CJre, qro6 cooTBercrsosaraD iranalr ffyratleBa, r{ <sro6 oE erqe 6o.ree Ee ycrrJrrrJrcn r{ B ry6epurnn crpaxoB Ee EaAeJraJrD 23. B orsei ua aro Peftncgopn B ror ?ne AeEb rrprrnaaaJr rrocJrarb n Br.rnory op4ep (c BbrroBopoM, yrruueuubrM Ba ro, qro otr, 6ygyvu 6nuer Oaepuofi Hpenocrra, BoBBparlrJrcfi r Tarnlqeny,_ rr BeJIeEo eMy c norran4oft neiue4JIeHEocJIeAoBaTbrroftoaepuoftfipetrocTI4lIAaJIee)24. flyurnzu, Brralr pailopr Bnnona u opAep Pefirc4opna uo ux r(parfirrM r{BJro}fieErrau B ,nypuaJre Open6yprcnoft ry6epucrtoft nauqerrfrplrv (IX, 5{3-514) u n <Xponrane> Plrqxoea '(lX,2l4). B 6:z.6'nlaorexe rroera xpauurcr ftEr{ra <r3anucHn o ,r(rraurr u cnyx6e A. W. Eu6unona>, r4e coo6rqaercr: <<Bcnope Bbrcryrrr4Jr 6pura4up Bunos lra oHoft (Taruulenoit Hpenocrrr.- P. O.) EaBcrpeqy BJroAero, rro EerrBBecruo or qero orrfiTb B apetrocrb Bo3Bparrrncfir) t5. CroBa ((Eo Her{aBecruo or qero orIETb B l(penocrb BoaBparr4Jlcnl flynrxran uoArreprHyJr, a Ha uo.ne c6ony EarrrrcaJl, orqero IrMeEEo ran trocrynlrJr Br,rros: (or rpycocrtr) 26. B <r3aue.raslrsx o 6ynre> flymxran orrec BunoBa $ qucry rex BoeHaqairbrrr4KoB rra EeMqeB, (r(oropbre 6rrnu s ,6prara4upcxr4x rr reuepanbcrr.rx qusax, geftcrnoaanr cta6o, po6no, 6ea ycep4uai

(IX,

375)

Co6ece4uun

I

lls Huxse-Osepuofi

paccr(aaaJr

B,fleficrnureJrBrocril B Boicfie flyraueoa b

io

flymHuuy

o

BpeMff 6rruo ue 6olee

500 senonerc.

at


cqese, fipoucrueAlrleft B crane flyrauena nepeg mryprtou npetrocrr4: <Iloytpy flyrauen rpumen. Ftaaan cran ocreperarr ero,- Baure qapcftoe BerllqecTBo, Ee no4reaxtafire, ge-

paBEo rr3 lryuIItII y6rror.- Craprrfi rbr qefio-BenJ__otne^'r-ail -euy flyraueB, paaBe na qapeft rrbrorcfi rymnu?> (IX' 495). Ilacrusrft, naaaJrocb 6u, anuaog, cnyvafiuufi paaronop pa4oBOIO rroBcTaEqa c ilpeABoAureneM BoccraEl4fi' EO OIr OTpaHaJr oruortreurre sapoAa H (qaplo-r{B6arurelrc>, EaIrBryIo Bepy B rrcrtrEuocrb EoBoflBJIeEEoro (IlMneparopa Iferpa (Degoponuua>. Xapanrepua 14 lroauqufl flyravena, noropufi Bcer,{o }Mer

i

r

]

no troAAepxlrBalr JrefeEAy o (qapcRoM)) cBoeM llpolrcxo}IlAe' Ttfrv, a B AaEEOM CJrlrqae [poAeMoEcTpIrpaBaJI OTO OtraCHbrM

MOrOAeqecTBoM rrepeA rl(epJraMll sellpl{flTenbcl{I{x tryl]Iefi.

AocJIoBEo rrpuBen sror 3trrr3o,4 u <llctopult ilyrauena>: <Vrpou flyra.ren IronasaJlcfi trepeA KpeIIoGruIo. On exan BrrepeAlr cBoelo soficna. ,,Beperncr, rocy4apr", cxasa.rl euy crapnrft fiaaar, ,,EepaBFo trs rgrmxrt y6uot't.,,Crapuft TEI qeroBert", orBesar caMoaBatreq: ,,paaBe tryrultll Jlbrorcs na qapeft?"rl (IX, {8). }IcclegoBareirr paccMarpldBa-

ilyunue rroqrl[

rc)T

ero upeAagne rtan xapar(Tepurrfi qltrsoA lllrcro-sapoAEoto,

r ftaR crlacrJrtrByrc Eaxogny llyunnHeo6xoArruo 'gauergTb, rrro rrpeAanue aro ltMeer troA co6ofr. peanbEyro ficroptrqecnyrc ocroBy, AoxyueEranbEo orpamer{Eyro B trporor(one Aotrpoca BIrAEoro uyfarleBqa IUMO{en Macuunona. On ror(aaaJr, qro rtaBaru Bo BpeMfi cpax(euufi <<nooqpreuirD 6rr.rrr ccuenocrbn tr trpoBopcrBouD flyrarreBa, fioropnrfi (BcerAa 6rru cau EaIrepgAE, EEMaJlo Ee otracaflcb crpeJrr6u nu trB rlymex, EIr Ea pyrneft. A,nan sero(folrxnopnoro crlrJrfi

sa

".

T0pbrfi u3 eBo go6poxenarenefr yronaptrBanE eDo trEorAat sro6 ou uo6eper cnofi tnEBo.T, ro oE Ea ro roBapI{BaJI: ,,flymxa-4e qapfi Ee y6rer! I4e-4e ero BEgaEo, uro6 uyur-

fia qapfi y6una?">'E Ha.nrqo flocoMEeEEoe cxoAcrBo paccHaBa trymftr{EcKofo co6eceAEmta co cneAcTBesEbrM IroKasaEI4eM

Mscnunosa.

Vrpou 26 cenra1ps. 1773 r. noftcno flyra.rera orna4eno] H[mse-Oaepnoft npeuocmro. Paccnaa Mecreoro ctapoxtuta,l Banucasurrft flymmuuuu, TaK uao6parfian aro co6hrrue: <Xapl JI{)B trprlKaahrBaJr crpeJrETb -:- Elrnro ero Ee cJryman. on cau. cxJarrrJr {nrunr v. BbrcrpeJrlrn uo Eelrpuffrenro.- flotou uo46emar u n npyrot Iry'IIIKe - so B clre Bpeu.fl 6yntoarqufitr BopBairuc6)) (IX, 495). 9rouy paccnaay u cne4oBan flymxnu n <llcropru Ifyrateral: <<Xapnon 6erar or o,4Eoro conAara n flpyroMy, tr trptrnaarrBan crpeJl.ETra. Hrtrro uel cJryruancr. Os cxsarur (purrnr, BbIIraJruJr ua oguoft IryEItE] tq


a fiIrgyncg It Apyroft. B oue Bpeus 6yuronmJrnu Bail.EJrlr Hpei rrocrr...D (IX, 18) Coo6rqeer.rn o BaFruE Hunrue-Oaepuoft llyraueBhrM, fiMeroqrrecfi B Apyrfix r4croquuftax: B (XpoEuHeD Prrsxona (IX, 214), xypnane Opeu6yprcnoft ry6epscfioft Hauqenxpuu (IX, 514) n B panoprax ry6epuaropa Peftncgopna o Boeuayrc fioJrJrertrro (IX, 618, 772-773),- 6ruru rpaftue utynlr u ue MorJrI[ qeu-nn6o AorloJraurb paccnaB oseBuAqa, ucrroJrbaoBan-

urrft flymnunrru. Cne4yer gaMerr{rB, qro o6crosreJrbcrBa BBfiTrrfi HrmueOaepuoft Kperrocrr[ Ee nonytrurr rogpo6uoro ocBeqeur.fl B rrporonoJrax norasasnft flyraueaa u 6luxaftmux ero crro[BrrEtErlKoB. B apxnoe y4anocb o6uapymurr oAso Jrrrrrrb rroApo6noe cBuAerenbcrBo orreBu4qa o Basrnr[ Hnxue-Oeepsoft Mecrnoro r(aBana-[yraqeBqa Ennuypara - rroraaautre Hrsaona. IIpr goupoce 15 cenrslpn 1774 r. u .Buqnoft cexperuofi noMtrccuu oE paccfiaaani <ItaH uaBecrtre r Oaeprofi Kpelrocrrr rroAano 6mo, uro anogeft aranoBaJr Pascrruuyrc Kperrocrr, ro noMeuganr uafiop Xaploo, KoMaEArlpoBaB.B rroMolub roft npenocrz rrpu Katrrrraue Cypuue peryJrffpEyro RoMaEAy u Oaepuoft npetrocrtr ftaaar(oB, pacrroJro]firln ocraBmrx nrogeft no {nanram tr no creuaM; trpuu.flB trpuroM Bo BceM rrpeAocropoxrsocrb, yBeAaB ,fie, qro flyrauen nan Paacrrunyro ftpetrocrb BBffJr, ran r{oMaEAy ua Oaepuoft $petrocru paa6zl. Ha 4pyroft AeEb rroyrpy u n Oaepubft s BeruHoM qtrcJre nrogefi flofiaaaJrcr, E BApyr Bcerc BnoAeficnoro roJrtroro BAenantr EatraAeutre. lI ronrxo Jrtrmb oAuE paa yotren roMeuAaEr c cBoero 6acruosa BhrrraJrurb sB rrymfirr, aafi ourr B ftperrocrubrfi BopoTa BopnalucrD 2e. fforaeauue Emuypara Hussosa Bo MEoroM coBtraAaer, Rart BtrAEo, c paccnagoM co6eceguuna flymruaa. Onna4er Huxrs-Oaeproft, norcrauqbr pactrpaBrrrJrrrcr c r(oMaEAEbrM cocraBoM rapErrsoaa Kpetrocrrr. Bor sro paccraeau o6 arou ffynrxrrny ero co6eceguun: tryraqeBqrr, BopBaBrrrtrcb B npetrocrb, <<Xapnona noftuann tr rfBpautrJru. Bumu6reuurrft y4apoM notrbg ilraB y Eero BnceJr ra rqene.- Ou fryMaJr mxyrrsrbcfi, tr rroBeJr KaBaaoB n ua6e KuceJresa.! Ityu qafi lrse 40 py6aeft, cKaBaJr os. XossftHa Bce y MeEE yBeBJra r Opeu6ypr. Itrceres cuyruncn.- Kaaanu paarpa6uJra rrMyqecmo Xapnora. fiour Hncenesa yrraJra B Eorrl, rouopr: Iocy4apu; s EeBecra, aror cygtryn uoft. Kaaanu ero se rpouytru. florou troBeJrrr Xaproba a.o' Er(M 6 serosen seIxarB-B cretrb. flyra-ren ctrAeJr trepeA ,peJrffMrr trpl.rur{MaJr ripiro.dry. Fapunaon crail rrpocurB :gar Xapnona, -uo f,lyraven 7g


fun neyuoflru. Tarapun Eun6aft, ocy?r{Aonubrft aa mnuoncit', BBomeA Ea Jlecrrl,rqy ctrpocun paBIIoAyIIIso: HaRyIo I Bo I

Hagenafi $aftylo xoqelrrb, . orBealailI,I fia(ae rugen- E caM, a roBoprJllt [pytr{e' 6y4ro 6rr on (IX, 495-.496). Paccnaa oror-c neryr rrepegpeorlrncn)D fierJlro Uafiebarb?

i

Banrt

I

JIer B ocuoB5if oIII4caEI{E.co66rrufi n <<llcroplru flyravena>: -BaEffB Kpefiocrb, flylarleBqbr <6poKorgpbrMn aoppeHTuBaMI[

I I

i

Ea eIUECTBeEEOTO ee SaqIrTEIrfia, Ir ItSpaEI{JrI[ .elo. flonyueprnufii on AyMan or EIIx orr(ynrrrbcff, u noBeJr ux n ua6e, r,qe 6rrto crlpflrauo ero lrMylqectno. Mex4y reM 3a Hperrocrbn yxte craBtrnrr Blrcenuqy; fiepeA rlelo cLIAeJI IlyraqeB, rrprrur{Mas npucgry xtlrreJleft , u rapuusona.. K uelry ' trprtBeJrrr Xapnoua, o6eayu:reuuoto or pafi u l{crenalolqero rpoarro. hai, ouuru6nessrrft KonbeM, BIrceJr y Eero Ea_nlene. flyraven BeJIeJr ero Hagurrrb, u c EI,IM upatroplqrutos (Durnepa u lta6airepoBe, o4uoro trucapfi I{ rarap}Iua Bun6ar. lap.Eo Er{BoE ciran fipocuri; : 3a cBoero go6poro RoMeEAaEra;

0EJIECb

i

,

truqrrre -r(aaaRrr, trpeABoAIITenIr M.dTerr(a, 6tt.ltu EeyMonrrMhr. Hu:oA[s.re crpaAaJlbqeB Ee onaaan MaJIoAymI{ff..Maroivreranns Eun6afi, aaorueg Ea JrecrElnqy, flepenpecrlrJrcff' u caM Eagen sa ce6r rrernroD (IX, 18-19). lla socuoMusasuft orleBlrAqa Ee BomeJI n <llcropuro flyraqeBaD paccr(as o ltucelese I4 ero [oqepu. Cyqecrneuno uaMeuesa B nnlrre rpanroBfta snlrsoAa c Kaaubro Xaploaa: EeyMOJrUMocTs B pac[paBe

c

EI(M Bbrr(asaJll{ flIlqfitre rta8antrr

a re lfyraqeB; flo,qqepnuyro

MyrfiecrBo rrpuroBopeuuf,rx n

cuepruoft fta3EIt.

florsee, uelfieJlrr B BoctloMlruauuffx oqeBuAIIa, trepequcre-

Ebr B (tr|lcropur Ilyra.reBa)) JIrcAu, ftaaneuEbre BoccraBmtrMtr n

Humue-Oeepuofi. Irlcro.rsrnoM arl{x cneAeuufi [ocJryrarJl nprtJro)fienusrft n pauopry Pefiucgopna n Boeuuylo KonJlertrIo <Peacrp y6urrru or caMoaBanqa JlroqfiM))' rAe coo6rr{anocbt sro (B Huxue-O.aepuofi lrpenocru] ftoMeEAaEr Xapnor, un-' Epatropqurtu (Duruep to, Ita6anepoB tt, noMeugaurcxoft cipr txouuu tt, fia-saquft ftatrIlaJr BuH6afi q3 noBemeEblD

(rx,778). - Itan npr

'

uao6panteElrtr [aEuoro rrponcmecrBl(n, Taft rt' rrplr onucanrrr,I Apyrrx co6rrrnft s Huxue-Oaepuoft Ilymruu' torbsoBalrca uo [pellMyqecrBy MecrubrMu npegauunuu (ocx BoaMorrtgo, rrro rtatrpan Ern6aft VcMasos RoMaEAoBaJr reua Jlasyr' . qERaME, Korophre sarcacyEe BBffTE I Hzxue-Oaepaoft upouuxtr a - narepb llyrarera, qaxBarlrnn B -rrJleg rpex troBoraEqea u AocraBEJrtr ux s npeiocrr n Xapaory; o6 aroi ouepa4uu Xapaoa ytroMflsyn B cnoeu pauopte ot 25 ceurx6pa 1773

80

r,

.


EoBEhrM pa0c$agtrlr(oM, BrrgBMo, 6u,r Raaan llsau Crenarronnq Hncenen) r. a rreMuorure I4SBeCTEbre flncbMeErrbre l{croqrlllfili, coAepE(aqlle. cKytrbre, a noArlac u HeTorrHhle cBeAeEr4g, trpuBnenan r{BpeAKa Antr AorroJrnesuft n rex cilyrraffx, ftorAa B.- ycrubrx cBrrAereilrcrBax Ee .EaxoAr{JI ueo6xo4uuhrx eMy 3t. Cregy_er n roMy ,fie qro Saxron

BaMerrrrb,

paccxaabr

.fiyrnnr4rrcfioro co6ecegnrma co4epx(aJrr{ BrroJrne AocroBepuyro unfopuaqnrc, fionrBep]aAaeMyrc rtafi cJre.{crBerrrrhrMrl trofia_ 3aEr,rfiMr4 [yraqeBr{eB, TaK rr cBIrAeTenbcTBaMrr .Apyrfix ucToq_ EIIITOB.

B <Iulcropun flyravena> flyurxuu He rrcrroJrbsoBaJr Barrucb, ocuoBannyro rra .fioxaaagr{flx oqeBr.rAqa us Huxse_Oaepnofi. B eanucu roBopr{rcfl: <Ifyrauen 6ur ran Jreron, aITo ftorAa .oE IrreJI rro ynrrqe R^MalaBrrHaM', To EapoA se ycIreBaJI Ba ErM 6erouD (IX, 496). 9ro sa6lroAeur4e EaruJro troArBeprfiXEEI4E B . CBITAETEJIbCTBE BUAEOTO BO'fiAITA BOCCTABII]'IX, rrJreEa [yraareBcKoft BOensoft KOJIJIeTI{r4 flr{qHoro l{a3aKa Ipuropreauqa Illuraesa, Horopr,rfi, r"pu*."p*ry" S_1I:"r" llyraseB-a' troRa3aJr, rITo oE orirrlrlaJrcff (Jlexfiocrlrlo troxo4ltul tt.

llccopnr

cep?fi

&nra ltaatunncxoro

B 6yuarax flymxuua

Batrtrcau uogpo6uuft paccxaa ero cooece4Er4xa uB HnrilEe-Oaepnoft ftpetrocrr.r o ceplr(anre ,(urar_ ltanruzucnolr, cJryrnrrBmeM cexperapeu y ny"anera ryJ :{rA, 4yor. .rto erqe MectrqeB Sa.ceMb Ao lroceu{eHus HuntneOaepnoft troar BEaJr o6 sroM cep)fia're rra AonyMeEraJrr,Hhrx

trCTOIIgUXOB.

. B Houqe Senpanr 18BB r. Ilyunrar noryquil raa Boentoro Musrrcrepcroa ABa apxr4Bn6rx geaa Cexpersoft ancueAn\ar. Boes'oft noJrJrerrru c qonyueuraMr{ o fl'yrauerc*oM Boccrasuu. B [epBoM r4B arrrx AeJr cpeArf paanr,r.n"oro poAa suft u pac[opffrr(eunft naxoAuftcr uucruo Rasaf,croro Aonâ&#x201A;Źcery6ep Earopa reEgpan-aume{a -fl. JI. Bpaura, orrpaBJreano" B o*_ -*""* TFp_{ 1773 r. MocnoBcr(oMy reiepa.rr-ry6epuaropy M. H.

BonxoucHonry.

qer uo4 Opeu65rprou

Bpaqr n cal o

glftrr""";;y;u-;;

cbo6qan ran?r(e, qro (or fipoearnaro_ rapruKynflpEbrx JrroAeft cnyxn uocrrcr>, H:_1 oyATo"L9peEoypra llyraqeB Eenoero <<6eruroro rra rapEu3oEa ceprnaETa a Ilpoazarrcfttre-crJraAbr u Hgxrre-Oeepuot xpeuocr4, <rgrrnnue 6peBenqarEre xne6sue uaraaeftrur, yniruauyfnJ A. -fI. Tp;;;;"ili; r,r

lrPaccxaae iuoefi 6a6vurrur (Heiocufi ioukauax

1832,

c.258),

", i$i ;"i.

ciio"

8t


trpungn ft ce6e B cenperaprl 36. CnrageterbcrBo o Eaxoll(Aeuuu s craue flyraqesa crofir aaragouuoit fruryprr Ee npomJro MIIMo BEtrMaEItfl flyrunuua, oE BHec B cBolo rerpa4b 3aMerxy o roM, uto Ifyrauen <6erloro ceprfianTa trpIlEffJI It ce6e s cenperaptrD (IX, 619). Bropoe ytroMlruauue o6 arolr ceptfianTe' cBaAereJlbcrByroIFre o {"tioe ero crym6u y flyraveaa, 6rrro o6aapymeuo Ilymnrairru cpeAr AoKyMeEroB Broporo AeJIa Cenperuofr artcrre4l[quff, o <<Peacrpe y6utrru or caMoaBasqa $rl4suti trocJrauuoM 25 son6pn L773 t. n Boeuuyro KonJIer[Io trpu ry6epnaropa PefiucAopna. B peectparropre opeu6yprcHoro -uto Jrrrq, Raau-eurrbrx rro sgnrzu Ta' cpeAlr ire coo6qinocr, iuqesoft fiperlocrrr (27 cenrnlpn L773 r.), <mecrofi none' rofilrorrraugu " cepxtaut Hanrullscnofi yganneu u 6pomen c qro RaMEeM B BoAyD ". IzI xors sAecb Ee ytroMlruanocb' cep)fiaur l(anrurascttuft ncnoluflil o6flBanuocrl( cenperapfi npu flyraueBe, ffcuo 6rrno, uto perlb mJra I{MeEEo o EeM' Ilvmnus lruen'coo6qeEr{e peecrpa s csoeft rerpa4r{ Kparnoft u""o""uto:-<Cepm[anr] Itaruunucxuft y4atnen n 6poruee c KaMEeM u uonyo- (I& 779). Hunanux Apyrrx cseAesnfi o Itamunscxou flymxrn Ire EameJI B rrocJleAyloql{x. BocbMu l1oernoro fleJlax Cenpernoii arctreAtrquu' npI{cJIaEEbrx eMy uB r. 1833 uapra 29 Mrrrrr{crepcrna O6napyxeurure ilymrlrnbru apxrTuble AaEHbre o ltalrMrascnotrr 6bIJItr cKyAEbr tro coAepffiauulo r{ Ee4ocraroqubr [nfi gror rrepcoiaffi e flyrauera>; ,oro, uro6n -<?lctopulo 6rrno uorryueErre EoBhrx, 6olee coAep'r{arenbEhrx Heo6xogruo "nectn ucrorrguxoB o6 arou crJrqaftsou corpyAgr{fte flyraueaa" 11 o4uu IrB ranltx trcroqulrnoB Ilymnuny yAqJlocb 'u1ftru ry BpeMfi rryremecrBtrfi oceEbro 1833 r. n Open6yprcruft npaft; B Hramue-Oaepnoft craul{qe oE BcrperIrJIcE co crapo}nuJrout paCcI(aBaBmIrM eMy MeCrEOe trpeAaEl{e

o trofiBJIeHutr B JIaIe{

ie Ilvraqesa ceprnaura }talruuscroro (n paccfiaae oH Eetot"o EaBBaH ltapruqruu), o uegolroft ero cfiyx6e B ce4 y trpeABOAtrreJrE BOCCTaEU.fl. ur, EaftoEeq' o RqBEE Kperapffx -Tut"tqeoofi

npenoctu. Torqa-ro B Aopoxrq4 aauucuoft tr rIoHBrlJIacb r(parKafi BaMerHa: <rKapuuqnuft' ?Ineqruft ropoAolt)) (IX, 493)' cAeJIaEEaff, r(an troJrarant ctreTlraJllloTbr, Ee flymnunuu, a pyroft EetrsBecrxoro ero ero iiron Ilymnns aauucan no4po6uue rqc"o0"""n""*a.'C uouuuu""s o ItansulrucnoM: ((fIoA klreqHuru ropofinoM xo'

u"o

" rrogra nErrlr(He

B Aeficrsurerlsocrd " ItoMaEAe. 82

Kaurltlmonai 9nVlts4.s 7-fi lerxoi

uonesofi


reJr oE EoBecrrrb flu4lpux ftapnnqnoro, noftuauuoro c-trscbMaMrr or Cznaosoaa n Pefiuquopuy. Ha Jrecruuqe ltapuuq.

nuft, o6parncb ft EeMy, cKaBaJr: Iocy4apr,, Ee BeJrE xaauurb, MoJrBrtrb.- fonopu, cfiaaar flyrauer.- Iocygaps, s qeJroBeft uogatrft, sro trpr4narfiyr, To lt Aenarc; fl Ee BEaJI, rrro Hatrrrear{o B rrrrcrMe, Koropoe udc. Ilpmarfiu ce6e cryr ?nrrrb, u 6yAy re6e repnrrft pa6.- Ifycrurr ero, craaal fly. raqeB, yMeeurr Jrr{ Tbr uucarr? Vuelo, rocyAapb, Eo retrepb pyna Apoxrrrr.- [arl eruy- craftau Brrua, cxaaat I]yraqeB.- Ilirmu yHaB B Paccrruuyro. Kapuuqxrft ocranc.a upu EeM trrrcapeu r[ Bcfiope craJr ero nn6unqeu. Vpatrcnue xaBarrr I4a -peBuocrr[ t_Tarurqeroft uoca4lrnr[ ero B KyJrr, [a 6pocunu a no4y.- Ige ltapuuqnufi, crpocrJr flyra'ren.flouur H Marepu uo fluxy, orse.raru onui flyraven uaxuyn pynoro tl rrurrero Ee cr(aaan.- Taxona 6lrJra son.ff flnr{KrrM HaaaHau! B Oaepnoil,) (IX, 496) ". flyuxrau BBen arrr AaEsbre, HecKoJIr,fiO CoHpaTI[B rrx, B TpeTbro rtany t?Icropuu flyravena>: rffyrauen, B Eaqane csoero 6yrra, iesr n de6e B trncapfl. ceprfiauTa Kapuu4xoro o, upocrun ero troA calaofr suceauqeft. [tapuuqHlrfi cAsrraJrcfl Bcnope ero nro6lruqelr. fluqxue KaBaKtr, trpr{ BaflTtrr{ Taruqenoft, yAaBrrnn ero rr 6pocnlu _c fiaMEeM Ea mee a ao4y. flyraueu- o ne" ocBeAoMEJrcfi. On, notuea, orBeqaJru eMy, n ceoefi, uarytune 6r{ug no Euny. flyraueu, uoJrqa, MaxEyJr pynofiD. Sairlosurem,BeJrrr cJroBo

Ea.ff peMapHa paccKaSrrl4.Ita orEocureJrbEo. cBoeBoJrbcTBa trtrq-

Kux r(aaar(oB yqreua flymnuuuu s roft ,fie rperreft rnaBe fiIr{ru: <flyravee ue 6rrn caMoBJracrer. fluqnrae KasafiIr, Baqrrurqrr$a 6yura, ytrpaBJrflnu 4efiersurlru npom.re4a ", Ee uMeBrnero lpyroro AocTouEcTBa, KpoMe EeKoropblx BoeEHbrx

uoaEauuft r4 AepBocrrr seo6rrxuoseuuofi)) (IX, 27). B 1836 r., ABa roAa cnycrs uocJre Bbrxoga s cBer ((llcroprm flyra.reea>1, flymnuuy yAanocb npuo6pecru pynotrtrcb Banr{con noJrnoBur{Ka M. H. flenapcnoro (IX, 598-OlO), tro-unoMy ocBerqarorqux rrcropr{ro Ftaltuuscroro. flyrunrau eo6cpanca, KaR naBecruo, uctroJrbaoBarb Barrrlcxu flenapcxoro

I[

ApyrIIe AoKyMerrTaJrr,rrbre rr MeMyapEbre lrcToqErrKrr, rroJryuu g {835-1836 rr., trplt rroAroroBxe Broporo rra-

qeEubre

E Paccrag-gror, ran 6y4er noraaaEo.EElRe, Eeroqeu B yrtaaauun BDeMesE tr Mecra lroffBJleorr ltafirldrqcr(oro B crane llyraiera.

o

r

Ilymnrn EeroqEo saaErBar Kaarlrsucnoro ro ltapiruryturq ro [tapEEIIKUM.

Ilpomtreq cntrraJreq, 6pogffa. Boauoxrro, BtrpoqeM, rro Ilymxnn ytrorpeortn- aro cJroBo B aEalreEtr[-upoElf,pat upoftloxa. uDoxotruue4 (fiatu B. Z. Toffiosnfr oaonapl. M., 1958, r,-8, c, 5ZB),' 83


IarTtrfi <I4cropuu flyrauena>.

lu6elr

troEra .BoctrpenffrcrBo'

Bana ocyqecrBJreErrro SToro SaMbrcira.

Coupeireuuuft uccne4oBareJlb pacnolaraet 66llmuu apcbsarolr qcropuqecxilx ucroqsuroBr Eerr(eJlu Ilym4uu, u ruotner lloJrsee Boccoagarb ((ilyraqencnyto)> tlacrr 6uorpa(puu I(arruraucnoro, ofiItpaffcb sa lrporor(oJlrr cJIeAcrBeEEbrx Irotraaauufi flyraueaa, pyftotrtrcn caMoro ltarlsuzuenoro Ir ApyfI,Ie MaTepIIaJIbI.

fll,rurpufi Huftoraesu.r KanruuucHllft 6rm ce^p]Hauror[ ?-ft nerHoft nonenoft KoltaEAbr. B anpene 1772 r. 6-s a 7-n

troJreBble HoMaEAbr BoIrrJIIr B COCTaB HaparenbEoro Hopnyca reuepaJr-Maftopa (D. IO. tDpeftuana' rtoropblfi 6u.n trocJlalr IrB

Opeu6ypra n fluqxouy ropoAlry sa IroAaBJIeEIre BoccraBrtrI4x fiuqnrrx KaaaKoB. B uroue roro rxe roAa,_ paarpoMtrB troBcrall-

qeo r 6oro y p. Eu6y.rraroBnl/I, Koptryc (Dpeftuaua BcrynrrJr B flraqxuft ropoAoa. 3aullurqnHu I{ aKTITBEbIe JruacrEI{KI4 Boccraurrfi 6ulrra apecnoBaubr I{ orupaBJlenbr AJrfi cJIeAcrBI{fl B Opeu6ypr. B qerrx ilpecerIenlnfi EoBbrx BbrcrytrJlenllft xaearos s fluqHoM ropoAne pacnBaprr4poBaJrlr noeunlrft rapulllsolr B COCTaBe AByX rIOJreBbrX KOMaEA BO rJIaBe C TIoAtrOJIKOBETInou IrI. ,{. Cnuouonrru tt. B IIfBITIA yAaJlocb uafitlr noclyr*uoft ctrI{c-on firttratpun Itanrunncxoro, cocraBlensrrft 27 anrycra 1773 v, 3a .rplr Ee[eJrr{ 4o flyravencnoro Boccrasus. B crrllcre coo6nlaercn' .rro Karu,IauncnoMy 2l ron or poAy, Id, cJleAoBareJrbno' po;IuJrcfi ou s 1752 r.; npollcxoAlrr oE (IrB coJrAarcnux 4ereft>, B Boenuyro cnym6y BcrlrrlrrJl s 1766 r.' ilrecrb JIer cnycrfi' B flHBape 7772 r., florytll'rJr qun cepx(agra; ((flo-pocclrfic:tn 'rrTarb rr rrrrcarb yrleerD. 3a npeur cnyxr6rr lta.uruuscrltir 6rrn p. ((rrporrrB Mfire)fiErrnoB .flnrlnl{x naSafioB n cpaxenuu> Ifoa4uee, saxoA.trcb B rapulraoue fluqnoro ropoAfia, Itanluuscnraft gouycrlu naHoft-ro cnyme6nufi upocryuon' qro orMeqeEo B crrucne Baul4cblo: <3a ornyvHy B rlerroaBoJlerrnoe BpeMrr c fiBaprl,Ipbr rt Ba yqureEnue tnu, 6y4yull n cefr orryune, Eenoprr4orrubre rrocryrlnu mrpa{oran Tpocrbro " u sarrucal B pflAoBbleD, so B flHBape 1773 r. cuoBa rrpousBeAerr B cep,fiaHTbt tn.

B cepeAlrlre centa6pn 1773 r. Ao -fluqnoro ropoAr(a Aqrrrnr cJryxl4 o rrosBJIeEI[a ua cretrEbrx xyropax 6erloro r{aaana llyravena, Horoptrfi, BbrAqBaff ce6g sa (r'IMneparopa n"rpo Tperrero>, roroBrrJl c rpyuuoft KaBaftoB EoBoe Boopyp Pesb rrAer

o cpatrtegtrE rtoprryca reqepaJra tDpe4uana c sEqfiEME 3-4 urors 1772 t, y p. Eu6yrarornu.

$aBaKaMIr-uoBcraEqaME

c <Illrpa{oaarr rpocrbloDr r. e. 6ut o{uqepcrofi rpocrblo, 84


,fieEHOe BbrcrytrJreHue. f(oMeEAaEr .flrqnoro ropoAr(a rroAnont(oBulrr{ CuMosos ornpaBrrJr B nprrgrrqnrre (fopnocru o{uqepoB r{ BepEbrx fiaSaqbrx cTapmuE c r(oMaEAaMII, Ilpe,quucaB IrM paabrcr(arb r{ apecTorarr IfyraqeBa rr ero cropoEurfnoB,

paaofnauan [epeA fiaaanaMu caMoaBarrcrBo EoBoffBJreufloro <flerpa II!1. C raxrrM tropyrreuueu 6rrr nocnau rr ceplr(aur flunrpufi ftanrnruncHufi. IIpu orbeaAe euy 6rrna Bpyrreua <Ily6nuxaqus> CrnuosoBa AJrfi o6uapogonarrnfi ee cpeArr r(asanoB. B <Iy6nunaqrrr.rD rrsJraraJracb rrcroprrn uoxox4euufi Ilyravena (nepnoe fioflBirentre ua fluxe ocenrn 7772 r., ro. rrbrrr(a rroAroBoprrrb flEqrrrx r(aaar(oB n 6ercray na Ky6aur, apecr B Mannrxosre, tro6er EB naaancnoro ocrpora B Konqe uas. 1773 r., Bropoe rroflBJreur{e ua fluHe), coo6qanucb ero IIpr(MeTr,r, HaSbrBaJIIIcb ero cTopoEEUnU, TOBOpUJTOCb O EaMeperun flyrauera aaxBarr{rr fluqnuft ropogon, a ((Hor4a EOItHCKa.ff ftOMaEAa eBO Ue UpUMeT, a CrrJIa eBo He npeoAoJreer, rorAa Hyrrrro c softc(oM ,fie exarb n Pycr rr ranrfie rro6y4uru oEyn, qro6 ua creneutr 4o6poro [opsAra rr ilocnymaurr.E BbrmJIa Ir r( EeMy uplrcraJla I!, cAeJraBmu s Pocc[rt BaMerrrareJrbcrBo, nocnyrbcff ylKe rr rc EarfiHoft nepeuene>; <rf,Iy6nunaqrrfi)) [prrgbrBaJra r(asaxoB, "rro6rr oEa trocrapajracb uafiru Ifyravena u, <ruofilran, ilpegcraBr4Tb, rro go;rry cnoeft IrprrcErrl, B fioMeEAaETcRyro KaEqenflpuro cBtrSauEoro)), yrpotfiafi BMecTe C TeM CTpOTO EaKaSaTb BCeX UpUqacTHbrX R ero noAAepE(Ke rr yapbrBarerrrcrBy ao. B paccnaae coBpeMeunrrr(a, Batrrrcaunou flymnusbrM, roBoplrrcfi, rrro KansuzscHufi 6rr.n aa4epxaa tryraqeBqaMu nog lkeqnuM ropoAnoM, rrptr aroM y Eero onaaaJrlrcb rrr{cr,Ma

CrMonosa H ry6epnaropy PefincAopry (VIII, 496). IIou, EecoMueuuo, 6nulxe H r{cTuue ocBerrleno aro co6nrTrre B satrrrcnax rroJrnoBur{fia M. H. flenapcxoro: Cunaosos rrocJraJr Ftanrurancnoro H lypreny ropoAr(y (a ue H Open-

or

rrEoMy

6ypry) c (orrpbrrbrM opAepoMD, KorlrM trpeAtrrchrBaJrocb, <6yge yauaer o Mecre rrpo)fiEBanrrn flyraveua, ro 6rr cra-

paJrcfi noftuarrD, oAuano calr ltanruracnnfi, (rre Aoes,fiafi Ao Kpelrocrrr Kanrvrr.rnonofi, coo6quuxauu flyraqeBa cxBarren r{ rrpuBeaer H HeMy. flyra.ren ocraBrrJr ero nprr ce6e, trucr,MoBoAr{reneMD (IX, 600) Cougeremcrno flenapcfioro rroArBeplfiAaercfi cJreAcrBeuEhrMrr rronaaanusMu Ifyrauena ua Aoupocax n firqnou ropoAne n B MocfiBe. flyrauen coo6qun, B rracrnocru, qro ero xaaanu apecroBaJrr{ Itanrurscnoro 18 cenrx6pa 1773 r. '(Eulrte flnqraro ropo4xaD, EeaaAonro Ao rrepBoro npncryna orpffAa BocoraBlutrx ft ropoAny, u'rro ftansMrscnraft 6rr.r uo&t


CnMorosa -fiyprepoM B EtrrfiHeffI,Iqfitre ftpetrocru. ur'. flyraqeB- Bbrpaaurenb' Sopuocrrr I{ AaJree go Acrpaxauu Eo Boctrpo{sBefi cqesy Bcrperlll tr paaroBopa c l(anruuscrtrau. 'Ito"4u rb"o upeg"taBIrJII{ flyraueny, oE ocBeAoMIrJIcE: (Ecrb Jrr{ y Eero [I{cbMa Ir ftyAa ou e4et?1. ItanlltuscHraft, cnprrBaff npaB4y, orBerIrJI: <f-4e e4y uo {opnoctau, vto6 crofiJrlr cJraa

or

fiapaynhr ocropolr(Ho? AJI.g TO[O, rrrro-I(e opAa npI4IIIJra K ,{uftyl', flyra.ren cKaBaJr: <Hy, xonu rbl 3a arI4M rIocJIaE' uoegxafil. Itanruuscnufi otnpaarrcs 6rrlo B tryrb' Eo ero troABoAtII[t, snqHlrfi r(aaan, [peAyrlpeAllil [yraaleBcnoro aAbrorarta fl. B. flanu;rusa: <9ior-Ae cepxaEr rocyAaps-ta o6MaHyJr, BnTb-Ae o1I BeseT yI(aBbI BO BCe MeCTa, qToo locyAapfl-Ta BesAe JIOBI{Tb, rr HaSbIBaIOT ero Ee rocyAapeM' a AoEcatrM I{aBaKoM flyrauerrrrt). ftarBMuucfioro cnoBa trpe4craBuJrrr f{yraueny, n oH BeJIeJI cBoeMy cenperapro tr{. fl. floqurailr,Iny rrpoqrrrarr, oro6pauulre y ceprfiaura 6yuaru, <n roux 6rrro uaItucagor trro6 seaAe JI0BIITr ero... u rorllro 6ernoft 4oucnoft Haaax EMersss cfiagaEo o ueM, qro oE aro, flyrauen BeJreJI (n3oAparr Boe Brrc.ryman flyrarer>. u 6pocurrl 6yuarra, a flocJle, o6patnomucr n co6paomlrMctl rroBcrauqaM, cKaBaJr: <IIIto lfyraqoBa fioBllTr? Ilyra'ren cau I4[er B ropoA, TaK rlJrcrb' noJrr4 fi flyrauon, Rar( ose Ea3brBaIOT, BOsbMyT r{ cBflrnyr; a r(oJIIr ff rocyAapb' raH c qecTnlo npr.rMyr B ropogr. <?I notou ftptrrIaJI Ea roro cepr{aEra, Anff qero oH ero o6uauyJl Ir He cKaBaJr [paBAbl' r4 Tor qac 3aKpuqan: ,,flprroronrre BEcI{JIr{qy!!', xoro I{ ilparoroBltJrn uprl rJraaax onoro cepffiauta. CepmaET, HJIaEffflcb eMy B Eoru tr trJraqyql{, roBoplln:,,BllnoBat rlepeA BamrIM BeJIrrqecTBoM' uouurryfi, tr BrrEy cBo() 3acJry?fiy BaM"D. HaaaRu EacratrBalrlt Ea fiaBErI: <Ilfro na Eero cMotperr? flpuxalnu nonecntl!> Ho flyraven, ((cJrbrlrra, sro ouoft ceptfianr o6eqalca euy cJryrnuTb, 'Aa Ir fioftaBaJlcfi eMy qeJloBefi uo.no4oft tr uro o6rxnur, qro oE r.I ilucarb yMeer, a HaK y sero 6rrr nucapb ToJIbr(o o4ur fIovuraJIIlED, cnaaail: <,,,{o6po, roclroAa r(a3aqHoe noftcHo,

fi â&#x201A;Źro trpoqarl, flycrb

,rtlltrb craEer", [O.reMy Bemarb ero

eBo rr MHe' u BaM cJryff Ee BeJreJr, a ocraJlcfl B

ffo.rnranusa uucapelr> o'. B .uymruncnoft sarurcu o }tatrultncnoM erII(3oA y BtrceJrltqbr coBuaAaer c ilonaaautrr.fiMlr flyravena, oriluqaffcb ilumb uo o6seuy r{ Heroropbru AeraJInM orllrcauldfl; cJle4yer, B[porreM, orMertrTb, qro neugeectsrrfi co6ecegnun flymnuua

r(oMaEAe

t

Peqr trAer o na6erax soBoax p. fluHa.

86

RaBaxoB Maa4meft op4BI'nA

ftperiocrE B

tstr-


omu6orrno orrec n trEoMy Mecry

19 cenrx6pr,

aror

Errugo4

n

6onee rrosAueuy BpeMeHr( rr ropoAny. nepe4 BropbrM [pncrytrou BoccraBmtrx K

x llueryrouy

.fluqronry ropoAny, flyrauer upnHaiar <cepxanry,fluz'rpuro -ynaa, HuHonaeny v Ealrrrcarb eqe n softcno .fllrqnoe .iro6

oE

v. BcTpeTrrJrrr MeEg, fKo BeJTI4ROTO rocyAa_ a rroroM ortrpaBuJr yaaa B ropoAox c KaBar(oM Ai'enceeM Bopnuorrru. B _yxaae, a4pecorannou <<perynapuoft noMasAe))_raprrr4aoga -flzqnoro ropoAr(a, flyrauei, run-asan ce6s aa <<flerpa III>, uprsr-rnaJr pflnoBbrx coJrAar E ((rrEEoBOAyMaJrfcb

p.fiD 43,

EbIXD IrOCnyrKtrTb eMy, (sarcoEsoMy cBoeMy BenEROltry rocy_ -xpouft.

Ilerpy (De4oponuvy, go uoc.ne4neft ratrrrrr +gp. yl, ocTaBf nprrEyffiAeEEoe trocJlymaEr{e

H EeBepEbrM HoMarr-

ArrpaM BarrrRM, KoTopbre Bac paSBpaqaroT

c

r[

JlrlruamT BMeCTe

co6oro Benr{ftoft M[Jrocrtr uoeft, upngrlTe Ko MEe o rrocJrymaEtreM II, ITOJIOE{a Opylrue cBoe trpeA BEaMeEaME MnnM,V, flBl4re CBOIO Bep_EOIIOAAaEEItqeCKyIo MEe, BeJTUROMy rOCyAapro, BepEocru. 3a aro. flyraven o6erqan [orilaJroBarb coJrAar (Aege?fitrbrM u xne6srru EtanoBasbeu rr qr{EaMr{: rr KaK Bbr

raK u rroToMKrr Bamu rrepBbr.fi Bbrro4hr rrMerB B focyAaperBe uoeu 6y4ere,. n cnaBnyro crryx6y rrptr nuqe MoeM cJryrfiqrb otrpeAeJrrrrecbD. Tor ,fie, RTo (AepsEeT CerO Moero troBeJreErrfi Ee ucIroJIErITE, I4 Cr{JrOro OpyEtI,I.S MOerO B pyICrI Moefo Bep_ saro soficna fioilyrren 6y4er, ror yBuAur sa ce6e upane4Frift lroft tuen, a noroM I[ I(aBEb ]fiec?oftyroD oa. Vnaa 4elloncrpr.rpoBaJr He roJrEHo HaBbrxrr l(anrulrscnoro B cnyt(e6nou uuir-

r[ EeCOMEeEEbre er'o JraTepaTypEhre AapoBaFr{f. Ifoaguee Kanruuncn ufi. ro nprxaaanuro flyravena c6cra"rr.tr ynaabr, rrocJraEEbre n tr{.rreqnuft ropoAon (20 ceura6pa) T. Paccnrnuyro npetrocrb (24 cearn6pn 777J r.) ou. Gxcrr,r 3rr(x Tpex ynaSoB coxpaEunucb B UepBOM (tryraqeBcnoM)) gene Cerpersofi ancueAuqr{E Boessoft r(oJrJreil{u ou. flyurKuE, Irpo.EBngguuft 6onrmofi rrETepec fi BbrrtregrtrEm rra rareprr BoccraBrtrr,rx AonyMenraM, o6napyxun arrr rprr ynaaa, co6croenuopyrrno cE.En .c sux $oItuu, coxpaurrBruuecg B ero (apxrnBuLrxD rerpaAfix (IX, 680, 681, 684-G85). MOBOACTBe, EO

23 celeralpn 1773 r., rprr AEs cnycrfl trocJre BBflruff llaeqnoro ropo4na, Itanruuucxufi, nocuoubaoBaBmrrcb onaar.reft, ornpaBrrJr B .flnqxuft ropoAon n Marepu, A. I. ItanrMr(Ecnoft, flnobMo o cBoeft cnyffi6e y <<Ilerpa Tperrero>: .'

v llyras_e_s B cBoux tronaaaErrffx BcerAa sagblBa& Ita&ullscnoro ,{ruurpueu Hrrolaeanu,

i

87'


<<MarocraBafl rocyAapblun' Marlmra A(fuurr fpuroprflo MtrJrocrrr BceBhrmEsro coagarenr, rro tfiaJroBaubr)

esua!

BeirtrHaro rocy4apff f.Ierpa (Degoporrua

u rlo Bamqu renJlbrM fiptrne]nruu ri 6ory uoJItrrBaM ]ntrB' sAopor, 6rarouonyqeu, oler tr Ee roilbao srutaltofi Eyrngbr ce6e re IrMeIo' u-o rr or croJla ero BerfiqecrBa tra co6crseusrrx pyn uunly ce6e gEM' BEJIIII{OM TOCYAAPE' AOBONbEYK) IOTYITAIO, tr BCETAA IIPIT qecrur rro MoeMy MHe rroBceMIr' u n 6onr'moft Eaxoxtycb tr(aJIoBaEHoMy rIIrEy, IroquraeM u nro6uu. Toro pagu, uaryrrrxa, o6o une EatrpacEo ue reqaJlbcl Ir Ee coltpymaxcfi' a'6ommu MoJIIrcb 6ory, uro6 Bcnope cnogo6tln uac c ro6oro Brr4erbcg s 6rarononyqutrr qro u yquEnrcn B cnopoM Bpe-

u

MffSU.

Earrourxa 6pareq s, Morucb c Mapreft Bacufiresuofr' u a Hagemunnofi o ruue 6ory n ,agrrre H ce6e n qo6pou a4opoBbe. A uprrou or Eac ue 6erafi, u6o serunoft rocygapr

(Degoporu.r Ba MoIo clyx6y rr roAuocru, re6n npocrrar rr troMl4Jryer, tr rlorr{aJryer, u co BceMll, rtto c ro6oro' BeJraKaro rocyAapff IrcrIrEEo oxtuAarb 6y4et. Bcelr lronu MLIJIocrIrBqaM r{ ApyBBffM' rr upufiTeJIffM or MeE.E trorrr{Tasue o6sgsl{Te rr cfia}fiIrrer 'rro6 o Htuauu Moeft u 6narouonyquu EuMaJIo se cyMEeBaJIItcr, ra6o coBepmeuuo

herp

6narouonyuen.

23 ceurt6pa. ?Inen. [rrlr.mP eft Hanluuncxufi . 7-fi uexHofi tonesofi KaMaEAbr uopyrrruny Jlapuoriy lialrot. Mrrucr(oMy o fltrqnoru ropogfte> flucr,lro npolraBoAar BtregarJleulle I{cnoJlnenuoro.nepoft qro flyrauen Ee I(To uuofi, Han lrcrunnnft uMtrepaTo, B rop lletp III. Oso rpoulrrnyro 6naroroseuueM trepeA (Beorxuu rbcy4ape* Ilerpou (Degoponuueul, ropAocrbrl 3a rrecrb cJly*tlrrb cpeAtr ero npu6lurfiegublx u troJlbBoBarbcfl ero nro6osrro. O6sscsenue no4o6uoMy coAepxtalruro rrrrc],Ma cJleAyer rrcRarb, BI{AIIMO, B TOI\I, rrro oHo rlncaJrocb c yqerol{ soeMox(soft ero qeuaypbr co cropoubl tryraqeBcltoro cer(peraprr flo.Iutanusa, u ftalrunscnuft Ee Mor cxaaarb rceft upan4u. fitn uero Barnuo 6rrro coo6rqurb poAEbrM Jrtrmb ro, qro oE tr(I48, BAopoB n 6narononyveu. ftanrMuscruft uucau Mareplr o EaAerr(Ae Ha cropylo Bcrperry c seft rr ApyrI4MIr poAcrBeEEtrI(aMIlr so EaAe?fiAa

s PoArioi 6pat flr,rurpus ltaruMuscxoro uopyrlun Jlapuon ltaasMuucxuft.

88

i


ara' raH a8Becruo, ue c6unacr. ltarsunucrrft 6un ftaBEeE Bcr(ope trocJre BBsrRfi Taruqenoft Kpetrocrrr flyravenrru. B aauucrax uoJrnoBstraa M. H. Ilenapcnoro

-d;;;;;;; ogneqeuo cJre4yrorqrrM o6paaoru. Cepalaur Kanruuucnnft, <r6nsmtrft y caMoaBauqa uucruono4"ierreun EarraJr B Rperrocrn Taruqesoft sssrrre c Ennosbru softcna. y"ouufniu""" uoftuarr flyrauena h orBecr[ a Opeu6ypr, o areM Ea Hero cAeJraE 4orroc caMoaBauqy r{ tro flprrfiaaaHrlro ero mlrsofi sa_ mr.rr B Kyir6 rr 6pouren B BoAy) (IX,602). flpyroe ocBerqe_ Erre aroto co66rrtrE AaEo B trymKr.rEcnoft galuclr sanuft oneB[Aqa rs Huxse-Osepuoii: Kaaaftr{ sraftue "o"rro* or flyra.reaa yronrriln ero nro6uurli ,rr.ap, H"oi""".uo-, cAeJraB Ero (rra peBEocrrr) (IX, 496). gra sepcu.tr, ,rprrrr"_ ran flymnuubrM B &lcropun llyrauena> (IX', Zil,' iii_ Eocrbro rroATBeprnAaercE tIoKaBaEIrflMr( caMoro ffyrauena ua Aotrpoce o flnqHou ropo,qfie. Ou ua gpyrofi AeEb tro Taruqeaoft Hperr.o_c^rrr norpe6onar x ^ ce6e <inzcaf" "rrr"* 4*rir___ pun Huxonaena [F(anrunucxoro], oArranorn eBo Ee EarfiJrr.r, a IIo cnpaBKe BbrmJro, qTo fitrqfiIlrff fiaSaKrr yTonrrJlr( ero B Bo,qe, AJrfi Toro, qro os 6grfi ABopflEtrE q, a crrx nlonefi osu Ee reptrET, Ir roBoprrJrr{ uue: ,,I(aK e?o, Barrre nenzuecrno, nac-4e_or6uBaere_ trpoqb, a ABopfiE craJrr4 upunuuarr?,,,> rr. tlo y llyravesa 6rrnr oc'oBa'rrfi rrorfiaJrerb o ru6emr ltanlMrrEcnoro: oE norepflJr B ero Jrrrqe oguoro us cuoco6ueiiuux CBOIIX IIOMOIIIfi I{ITOB.

Itauuran Cypun

Ha o4uoft na crpanrtqen Aopcrfirroft nunmru flymxuua aagll_c-an_ _ grpbrBon crapunuoft recur{ o Karrrrraue Cypuue (IX, 493), Horopuft n ceurn6pe l77B r. c poroft coo"lqa" ,,

corueft KaBaRoB rro[reJr ua Hllmse-Oaepnoft Hpenocr" nporrr" Ilyrarena,^6un paa6rar r{M, BBflr B trJreE *"ir." (IX;?b3i. rlecuro o uypr{Ee _llymfiu_H ycJrbrmaJr s"Hnmue_Oaepnoii or crapofi Hasaqnra__Map$rr CepreeBrrbr Aranonoft, o ,"', .o"oprrJlocb BbrrIIe. Ho soaMoxuo, qro B qzcJre rpex treces rry_ raqeBcnofo.speMeur4, ctrerbrx flyrunuuy 6ep4cnoft nasaqfiofi Ulpunoft A$-auacrenuoft Bynronbft ot, rHuafreit u uono4oc,rn n roft rHe Humse-Osepuoft r(Ferrocrr[, 6rr.ra n ara [ecrrfl o x ltaparenruufi xopuyc 6prragupa X. X. Bnnosa 6rrn ornpagncn ua y!e,Ej{f_ra uporuB llyraseBa, Eo Ba.qr trM B uJrer n, 6orc 27 centn6yfr. rt.!d r. y IartrrqeBoi fipetrocrtr. _ c B geficrrureJrlEocru lta&ruuscxuft se 66rr ABopfiEEuoM, a nponc_ xoAun (Es coJrAarcnrrx Aerefil.

89


II Cvouse. EnuaoA c fialrlrrauou Cypnruu ocBerqen s rrase Ea trotrrer flyraqeB ;i4;;;"" Ilvrfsena): <<lls PaccbruuofioE r(atrtrra'a cypuua' H" Aopore Bcrperlrn il;#6#t;. fioMeEAaEtoM HumserloMoq6'BenoscroMy Ea BbrcJIaEEoro

a pora Oaepuoft uaftopon Xapronuu.-f-Ivl3:tu-9"o rloBeclrJr' flpofioMMenllymnun (IX' 18) ' up"iraoa fi MflrernEIrKaMD o ,ipouait aror paccxaB B ilp,nl{eqanltsx orpbrBnoMBtrecsrr coJIAarcoxpanllJracb Cypr"tt <Ilauirr HaIrI{raHa Cypuna cnoft uecse:

;1'Jl"JJ'T"'trff'""# Bsrrrel ralntau Co RoMaEAolo

-

,,u Keu

me 6rrn nanuras

CYPUU

ogurr (IX,

100)

uo'

CyplL frnnan poessoft fiapbepbr

yganoroporo yBexoBerruil llylrmu? Ero rnnaneuunft rym IITAAA' B Jrocb BoccosAarb tro apxEBHbrM gonyuerrau. .B AeJIax Open6yprcnofi cerpetuofi xouncouu' rtpollsBogqnmefi n L774 r. cneAetnue, cyA r pactrpaBy EiA trnlElbrl'I-tr AnnyraqeBqaMa' EarrreJlcfi trporor(oJr 4onpoca'tjMefibrEa

Al;;;;G:?"rop"opouurt'*e'ttosettg""n"ya"-l-ol-9I1"*"'l eftctregtrqtrfi -" n yqacrBoBail B ero uporlrBouyrd'rerexoft qro roctrogrE ero' fiarrrAr$epon tror(aaaJr Ea cneAcrBtr['

trMeEueM s cene Meero..*tT3, ye3Aa' a. gxuu Anarblpcnoro 9n.""1^l{:L1tT 'llnauonna, Ir3--3a BoeHElrx geficrnnfi n Opeuoyprcfiotr ryoepMy'fia u lIttrJIa Errrr Ee cMOrJra yexarb B aJlaTbrpcRylo BoTquEy u2' u- H"**"4-Oaepnofi fipetroctra ""-"p"*"e"y 4anur're o Cypuxe ygaEoree IroJrEbIe 6uorpaipiuecnne -" feuepal-ay4uropcnoft iareprunax oo.u" EfgtrlIA "utr" "Boensoft KoJIJIeTrltr cpeAl[ Boerno-cygnhrx Aen "*"n"4nq"nt o6 otbuuepax u coJlAarax pyccnofi apuuu' B arolr co6pauuz ;;.d;;;; <,{eno o cexyus-r''rafiope lletpe Cvpuue' vn".ytlii"-' trPomeM trB lzlneqnofi 3aqurrr trsyx ltrprg3-fiaEcaKoBD r{aBoAtrBmeecfl B BoeEEoM cyle Open6yprcng:9.""p1+-:9-1: c aBrycra l77L r. rr aar(ouqeEnoe B flEBape 111t ooxoJfiAel:-"^y.-ll5 o6sussrcs B nporl{Bosaxouuou' <(fauunrnpuoM EIIIID c trpaBureJleM Mna4mero r(aaaxcxoro ]rryaa AycanuEy4yuu noMeEAaETolr- noensoft fioMau4br B tro-y Saqura, Cypuu ororgaJr "yot""u*.: rrasuquoft Kpeuocrlr -lomagefi,llneqnax a aarelt BoaBparun rrx' ocra-BtrB y ,iur"*ou 370 ceAno c eepg6pnno! oilT--"^"'^I"j ce6r ceporo ""o*onq", lrte otrpaBe' napuoruft t"11t'-Y^T.'-t%19. ysAhr B taroft bvp""v BMornJlocb B BIIEy s to' qro os [o croBopy c Ay--

;;; fi;tp tr'Iuato""t Cypuu, Bnagen

!ro


caltr-cynTaEoM

OCBO6OAtrJI

trneEEoro xrrBrrEqa, noJryqrrE

3a

aro (B rrpeaeErD Aecflrb 6aparon, a raan(e filrrarc.s ocso6o_ Ar{rb eqe AByx rrnesrnrx s o6Men Ea rpex aourageit r{ Aecsrr 6apauon. Ha arou trocneAseM gene Cypuu * oonancr: 6urn BaAeplr(ar n ns6ar coJIAaraME cMeanoro KapayJra, rrocre rrero AocraBnen rroA noEBoeM e Opeu6ypr u trpeAau Boerr_ Eor\{y cyAy.

Ha goupoce, upouaBo.quBmeMcfi Bl onra6pn ITZl r., CyrronaaaJr, qro or pogy euy 32 roAa, B cnyrfi6e EaxoAlrrcr c 72 ano.r.s 1751 r., r. e. tro o6rrqaro aaurrciu crryx6y n' " Boapacre '1,2 ,rrer, no {aHruuecn[ Earrar ee rroaAuee, fipoucxoAtrT ua poccuftcrllx ABopEE, uMeer rrareuTbl Ea quur,r [pa_ [opqrrxa, qopysuxa, r{a[r4rarra r{ cexyrrA_Mafiopa, pauee Ee 5a. pr.rn^

6rrlr cy4un It cte4craeuuoMy AeJry rrpnJrolnetra Korrr{E rrocJry}r{Horo crrucra Cypuna. ?Ia cnucxa flBcrByer? yro oH rrpr(gaAneffian H paspflAy MeJrr{oloMecrEb{x ABopfirr, rrMeJr Bo BnaAeHIIr4 ItrecTb npeuocrEbrx KpecrbflE Myrr(cRoro nona. flo4 cyAoM, creAcrBr{eu u n urpa{ax Cyprr ue 6rman; yqacrBoBail B, llpyccnour noxoAe poccaftcxofttlpuuu e 1757_1762 rr., cpa_

B 6ntse no_4_-fp9cc-Erepc4cp{ou (lg.VIII.l757), y_J{opnsopga (t4.VIII.l7bB) n- uos ^flalrqn"ou (tZ.VIt'. 1759). B uoc;re4ueM cparr(eur,ru Cyprn noryqun rnlr{eJroe paEeHr{e: (IlpaBatr pyfia Bsrme Hr{crrr cr(Bo3b n}Jrero trpo. crpeilesa, rrc Koropoft nocreft EecftoJrr,l(o .racteft nrrnsro> 55. Ha cne4crnq_lr Cypun peurrrreJrbuo orBepraJr BbrABr4uyrhre, rlporrlB uero o6nnneurrs, orpuqar uonyueuue Haxnx_.nu6o BBflroK rr (rrpeaesroBD or {ycauu-cynraua ((u B ToM.Ee cBfl_ ?r(dircn

qeHHUqecRoM yBerr{eBaEl[r[ yTBepArrJIC.A)), XOT.ff trpoTr{B Hero cBr{AeTenbcTBoBaJrtr Carrr,(ycanr-cynTatr tr IIoABnacTEbre eMy r(a3axr(, a o{rqepu r1 coJrAarr,r rapHrrsoEa tr{.rreqHoft ^rar(,fie r:aqtrrbr. UneAcrBrre BBUAy yuopcrBa Cyprua _ flBEo Ba-

Tfifl{BaJrocb. A uem4y reu o Opeu6yprcxoft rydepuuu trpotrBomJrrr Barr(-. srre co66rru.s, noropue saAorro oro4BrrEyJrtr Bce rtpoque. AeJra, B ToM qtrcfie u cyA rra4 trpomrpa{uamuuca cenyug_ uaftopou. B aauape 1772 r. n fluqxolr ropoAre BcnbrxnyJro Boccrantre HaBafioB -fluqnoro softcxa. flonrrrnn opeu6ypr_ cnux BJracTeft gacraBnTb BoccraBmnx BhrAarr garrrrnrur,rxoB, rr trpeABoArrreseft ne'yBeuqanncb yc[exoM. Torga uo rpeA_. rtucaHuflM Erarepurrr II u Boeueoii fio.ruiertrn e Opeu6ypre B arrpeire 7772 r, ilpscryutrru. *r $opuupoBaErro Boennoro. ftoptryca"Bo rJraae c reuspafi=ilafropeM: O. IO.,OpeftMaHol{. Cypuu pelutrfi BocrrofibloBarbcs rrp€AeTaBuBrrrtrMgn c.tryqaeM:

I

Sll


n Bcryrll.Il Bonotrrepg{^ (go6pononrqeu) *opoyu (Dpeftuaua. B Mae-uroae 1772 v oE ITpIIEffJI HOfOpbIe fuacrue B rroxoAe uporuB fiaBar(oB-MflT€'nEtrKoBr urorn y 3-4 6o10 B ior"puenu uopaxteuu-e AByxAseBsoD{ p. Elr6yraroBntr troA .fluqnuu- ropoAltou rr Bcftope cnoxunn 6pyxue. Itopnyo renepaJla @peftuaua, rAe HaxoAuJlofi I( Cypuu, pactronoxtsncn n .flrqnoM ropoAlte' trpeAylrpe*tnafi AJrlr '" pea6rrJrlrraquu

noauornuocrbBbIcTytrJIeEtrfil(a3afioB'EecMtrpIIBIIrtrxcfictroDarlteEueM

'

BOCCTaEU.g.

7772 r. noesnbrft cyg n Opeu6ypre uoao6noBun paccMorpeulre AeJra Cypuua. B npuronope cyAa orMeqaJlocb' itro Cyprn (Ba JluxouMcrBo lroAnertan rnxtqaimeuy Erpaarro oE BaffJr or Ayca4yo, tii ran KaK 6lrlro ycrauoBJleso' nu-cynraEa Jlumb oAHy Jromal\b' a Blrsa ero n o6lrese rrJIeEubrx Ea loura[efi Toquo ue 6rrna AoKaBaEa' To otrpeAeneno' (sauuoro6pao y Cypnua trareurlr na- o(puqepcl(ue qIrHhI' perrenu'E oy{a carb Ea roA D pEAoBhIe)). llcnonnesue ((c orItoMauAIrpoBaEIreMaMaI[6nrno upuocranoBJreuo B cBflalr

B a""ycre

opa Cypuua trporllBy 6yuryroqlrx flIrqxlrx Kaaar(oBD "o' IIo ycrauonueusolly tropsAny AofiyMeETbr cireAcrBlrfi rr cyAa tro lery Cypusa 6rrl"- orupaBJlerrhr r llerep6ypr Ea yrBep'fipatropre leHr4e Boessoft Holreruu. B cotrpoBoAltrerbsou arro oper6yprcruft ry6epnargp A. ?I. Peftuc4opn rtrcaJr' rro ocy'fiAesnlot n troAJIeE(Itr xorff, flo ero MHeEIrxr, Cypur ((RaK Otr 6trn ulrne n fluqxoft gfiCtreAuquu BOJIOErepolf' oKaBaJr qo6poe cBoe troBeAeuue u n cnym6e ycep[treD' ro tt. rr BacnyrrtuBaer cnrtcxoxt,qeuufl yurero Boeuuoft Kolreruefi, Roropafl 6rrlo uuesue 3ro

30 annapr !773 r. BbrHecJIa orrpeAeneul{e o MIrEuMaJrbEoM 'rnn Cypuua: <<oro6pan sa ot. -ceftyug-uaftopcrufi

""*"r"ti" rrareuT, IratrIrcarb

Cypuu orAenaJlcfi tronl{B r(a[llTaubr> sBaEIru IIa oAIrE qIIs - troEfiTga'E MII* o$uqepy-gnopnrrlrEy. A sor pflAoBbre cougamr Cy6"""ri 6oran, lliuatrer, Suuus u Haaapon, noroplre' uctroJIIrflE ycraB rapaynruoft cryrr(6br' saAepmantr Cypyua uptr cBepmeuun IrM npecryusoro AeflHnff' onaSaJrlrcr 6ea suubr suuoBarbrl\rr{ rt reM }fie pemeEuerrr Boesuofi ronlerur trpltroBopenrr 6unu n rnrqaftmeMy lrcrflsauuro. Bcex qerBephrx corgar aa ro, qro oEI!' ((trpe3pE cBorc Eon?ftEocTb u troqTeEtre pBoeMy KoMaEAIIpy, se-ionrxo uafiopa Cypuua pyrarenbcnu 6nru, no, cBflaaB, trplrBenu Ea-raytrTBaxryD' trpuftaaaso ffipollflrb ruarb mlruqpyreuaMu vepea 500 qeiloBelt uo l0 paBD' qeroBen Tbrcffq yAapoB nanqqouy! flocne ranoro lrcr.Eaauufl crasoBuilcff usnatuAoM, a s 6ouruuEcrBe cnyqaeg uornda* ,fieHrleM B

v2

BOI4ITCI{0M


o ,flecToKoM,Ecrgaaqr4r4 lrerBeprrx conAar ?Iteqnofi ^ Becm uecnparef Ba!{nrrr, nrrBo Eafi a'a"""r* oo-1";;-e;;ii": ;;: mJra raputraoru Opendyprcnoft ry6epuuu. lI xorli xo MecffqeB ctrycrn, 25 ceurn6ps. [Zlg r., aailrrrau "ecrroo"_ Cypun rlotraJr B pyntr BoccraBmlrx tt, cor4arbr, cJly)rnrrBmue B ero I{oMaHAe, Ee craJIIr npoctrTb fftrqxrrx KaBaI(oB ra flyra.rena o rroMnJroBaurrrr trx fioManArrpa. lI xapa, rrocrrrrmafl Cyprna, 6lrna cnpaue4nr{BbrM BoBMeBAr4eM Ba ero rrpomJlbre Aenanfr. \B ToM qr,rcre rr Ba yqacrue B Haparenbuofi arccue4raqr{rr rene_ qrper.rMana) n Ba BbrcrytrJrerrne nporrrn

paJra_

flyralera. flpe6unauue B'Hraxue-Oaepuofi o6o"ar"oo flyurnuna

BtrerrarJrenr.tffMu

o EtnaEE rlyxofi

trprrypaJrbcxoft npeuoctlr.

EorlrruucrBo ug ycJrbrrrrauubrx uu paccxaaoB RaaanoB_cra_ pofitrrJroR_ [oryqurr4 oro6paxenne s (tr4cropnu flyra.rena>. B urx 6nrro aane.raTJreuo ornorlreurre EapoAa H co6rtrrrglt rpanArrogEoro ABlr?fieHr4fl u K ero ,rpegno4"rerrro _ Eonerru"ny flyraveny. H_nxue-Oeepnoft uyrl flyrunuua npoJrerajr rra BaraA, _.^Y: BAoJIb 6epera Vpana, qepes Hpenocrr paccunuylo -npaBoro fiaaarrbn {opnocrrr n Vparrcny, xoroprrri I Otpuquanbsrrx Tl1op*Ebre oyuarax o60gna.{ancfi B RaK <<HAqAJLbrtoe eHes(IX, 645) 0o Mecro, rAe B ceura6pe l77B r. ?:--_2U_y:tl - IIOAHfIJIII HASAKOB IIA BOCCTAH'IC. IIYI IIEB II ETO CTOPOI{HIIKII l;raua V

II

<<TAMOIIIHI4ff ATAiII AII ilPI,IHflJII{ lITEHfl

ITASATTII

CJIABHO...T>

B uyreuecrnuu rro flonorxrrc n Open6yprcxorrry nparo flyurnun caMbrM BrruMareJrbuefinurlr o6paaom-xaH mo6oina-

renrur,rft u ynneuennrrft nccJreAoBare.ni uayual rraMflrHbre uecra flyraqeBcnoro Boccrarrrrfi. B uracrMe- raa rtaaaHr,r o1, B ceurt6pn 1833 r. on coo6rqar <BAecr 'fieue: repofi "(flyravena._ "o*o"" ,o grap^r{{{aMr{_ coBpeMeEErlrKaMrr Moero r, u,), ooGeS,fiaJl OHpeCTEOCTU ropoAa, ocMarpr{BaJr i\recra cpattenr.rft, paccupamrrBaJr, BalucbrBaJr r{ orreHr, -go"ooe". nro He Earpacuo rrocerrrJr ary croponyD (XV, Zg). TaH 6or,ro rr a Vpanrcxe, HyAa .troar trpuexin 21 ceursi.6px.' , oo ,rpo_ Ben ABa c Jrr{ItrErrM gun. Boaaparr{Blrrrcb oiry4a"g" n Bonglruo rr Bctrot\{rrHaff paAyrtrHoe rocrerrpurrMcrBo ypaJrbqen, fly[rHran 93


E rrtrcbMe oT 2 oftTff6pfi troBeAan ,IteEer qso'(Tau(xrlrrtrfr ara' uas u fiaaanrr trpldrr.anlr MeEg cJIaBEor AaJIE MEe ABa o6ega, ugAtrultr 3a MOe 3AOpOB5e, Ea uepepsrB traBairtr MEe Bee usBecrl,Ig, B KOTOpbTX UMeJr EyE(Ay - tr EaItopMuJrE MeEE cnexteft nrpofi, uptl uue trsroroBJreusoft. flP-r*.nr're=R$e MoeM (XV' 83). cenradpai -elqea6.tepou rorlreJl Aorr(Ab...t''.(23tr{ayuar apxllBubre Vpalror r saAonro Ao trplrea4a

geou Ct*p"rsoft altcuelgqlrr Bocssoft RoJIJrelI[E'. Ilyurtuu BbrsBrrJr u yqen pflA AoKyMeEroBr ocBerqaroulllx co6El-lr-n nyraqeBcxoro ABnlr(eEI{-s a-ceuta6pe 1773- atrpene 1774 v n paftose .flnrqroro ropoAna. ?Itypnan -ffuqroft noueu4anrcroft

ir"rq.n"pt" (<lltypuan

Cuuouona>)

t,

paccnaarrnarou$1ft o

6oeerrx geftcruuxx uyraqeBqeB nporuB rnytpenueft Rpelroortr n .flraqxolr ropo4ne B flEBape-atrp€Jle L774 t, AoBoJrbEo

trollno 6nrn aanoncnerrl[poBalr rroaroM a o4uoft fia ero ((apxrrBubrxD rerpageft (IX, 501-5M), ryga Ete oE BEec Bbrrrncr{u rtg AoEeceuufi srqroro aoMesgauTa rrontroJIKoBEI[-

(IX', 627,698, 710) ', noncuefirbr patropfI. roB reneparla A. Maucypona (IX' 645)', Konnu troxaaauuft nueusbrx [yf,aqeBqer u nepe6er$ql{r(oB rr3, narepfi BocEotrIlIl craBrrrrdx (IX, 625:626, 692-695, 700-701) yr(aaoB flyrauena, aApecoBauuhlx trEqr€EM I{asafiau "E raliusiosy flsqnoro ropo4xa, Konctreftru trJraqeBexux nocfiaunft Cuuonory (IX, 504, 680--681, 684* dogttoo*o"r"Hf u Ha ?I.

[.

CrarvronoBa

685) r4 rrenoropbre Apyrne Aor(yMelrrbr' uclroJlbsoBauubre rrpll u. Ho c uucro coa4asrrtr <&Icropuu flyrauena> {axrrqecnoft

cropoubr sau6onruuft untepec gna flymnuna rIpeAcraBJI.EJra ory6nunoaarruan B rnypuane <<Oreqecrseulrbre Satrucnu)) 3a 1824 r. aIroEtrMEafl crarbfi <O6opona fipenocrrr .flma or rraprl4r{ MtrrernEunonr) 7; n 6yuarax noSTa coxpaHrrJlllcb ero co6crne"uopyvurrft fioEcrIeRT nepaoft rroJIoBI4Ebr eroft ctarrn (IX, 406-209) u ee trorrnar lrl{capcnafi Houl{fi (IX' 537551).

Ocnosunascs no trpelrMyqecrBy fia coAepmanlrlr eroft crarbrr, flymnun paccnaaan o co6rlrngx' npol{exoAaBllrux e fluqnolt- ropo4xe: o uetneproft rnaBe (lleroprlr ffyraueBa)) - o BcryrrrreElrlr orpffAa araMaua M. II. Tornacesa s ropoAolr B Koaqe gera6pn 1773 r. (IX,36-37), n untoft ruaB Rperroertr rapuusona' Be - o 6egcrauax 6lonnponaulloro K0ropr.rfi uoEec ry6urenrnrre trorepil trpil orllamesEr rErypMOB Ir B0 BpeMtr BSpbrBoB rryrarreBq&Mrl MEsEErx rtoAl(otroB 20 rurapn u 19 Senpans, 1774 r.' a raslaeorroJroAa'EarIaBurerocfi c repBtilx iceft oearur (IX, 45-46, 5l-53), u" Ea$oEeq, B sar$uoqeEuu roft E(e EJraBbr - pacefi,aa o cEfl?IrE s{


6noHa4rr Rpenocrrr aoftcftaMu rerepat=uaftopa II. ,{. Maney. g9Ba, BcrytrEBrrrero n ffuqrufi ropoAon {6 anpenr ,1,774 r, .(JX, 53-54). B trpuuâ&#x201A;Źxrarrr4r.r 18-r nsroft rntr're <<Irlsroprr

flyravena> Ilyurnu-n EaBBaJr crarbro <O6oprhra *p".rd.t" .flrana or uapran MfiTerfiErfnoB) (Bec6Ma aa"teoarenr,nofir. IIo eIO

MEOEITIO, OIIa KaI{ ((BOCnOMI4rraHI{fl CTapIztRa)), ((Hetr[BBeCTsoro oqesuAqaD ocaAbr, ((Eocr.rT Aparoiie.rrHyro fierraTb IIcTuHbr, Heyftparueunofi 14 rrpocroAymnofi> (IX, ll2). i.Iau y4aJrocb ycranoBtr[rb, rrro crarlr <O6opoua Rperrocrr{ flnxa or rlaprrrn Mrrrelr{Er{noBD rrpeAcraBJrneT co6oit l;trre,jarypuyro u-epepa6orxy ?excra rrrrcbMa fi arrrrraHa An4pea flpoxoporuua Itprrnona ", rouan4upa 6-ft rerxoft rorr'eE<ft xo"aitqur * oguoro- rrs pynoBoAr,rreJreft o6opouu Kpeuocrrr n .flr,rqHolr ropoAfie8' fhrcruo ero A. II. Kpirnon ornpanran 15 uan 1774r, u Open6ypr oArroMy r{s cBor{x Bua(oMbrx, rro-Br{Ar4Mor\{y, qJreHy-noppecrorrAeury Ana4elrnr,r nayH fL tr4. Prrvnoey, codrrpaBlrreMy B To BpeMff acroqur.rnu n coaAaBaeMori uu <XporrrrfieD, naaaausoft llymnunurnr <Oca4a Opeu6ypra> (Jleio. uncr Prrvxona) t. Sranns o co6rrrusx n .fluqrou ropoAne upr.r flyrauene, IloalepnllyTble I{3 [OKyMeHTaJIbIIbrX I{ Aur{CTOJIfl.pHhrx l{cToarHrrnoB, ffyurHuu no fip]reaAe n Vpaarcn cuor florroJrrrlrrb BocrroMrruanlrfiMrr oqeBuAr{eB r{ yqacrurrnoB noccranrrR, 060TaTIITF, BleqaTIeHuflMI{ oT SHafiOMCTBa C rOpOAOlf{ 'ItIdtsbIMrI u' c co_xpaur,rpmrrrlrucfi raM peaJruflMr{ BpeMeH <<flyra.iepuqnnrrl. 3nanou.s crorrd.rrroro focrff co crapunuoii .rac'ir,ro Vpa.ulcna EasbrBaeMbrM <Hypenuulr Kouqo[rD vrrm - TaR <Ftypenxur.r>, KaBaxrr troKaBaJrrr flyruHnny uaxogxrqraficn na }ta6asnonofi ynnqe ftaMenqrrft AoM aiauana I\{lrxau,na Torxauena, rge o6rr.rso KBaprrpoBan flyrauen, nprrea)fiafi croAa r{B-rron ppudVnra, r{ r4e I {enpann 1774 r. ripaa4noBaJracb caagrda Euelrsna Tleanosuqa c Vcrranreft Hyaneqonofi. Pr4ou crorJr gepennnurrfi, cJroxrerrHsrft us Moryqux 6peaen AoM ftaaanon Kysreqonbrx ((lrMrrer - poAcrBeunr4r{oB parpr{qbrD Vcruuur. qyTb uo4arbme, sa caMor\{ Hparo <}typenefirr, [pocrapaJracb o6nrupuar co6opnar unorqagr,. flo cepeAr4rre Eee Bbrcr{Jrrrcb erqe xopomo saMerHbre oc?arr{r4 3eM: Jrflrrbrx BaJroB crapofi Hpenoc:ru, rAe rrexorAa crr4eJrrr B ocage u or6lreaflr.rcb or rryrarreBqeB rapuuaorrrrbre aoftcxa rrogrroJr= ffoBnr{Ra CuMouoaa. Ha socroqnoM Kparo co6opnoft rrJrorqa: Arr, ilpuMbrnasmeft n BbrconoMy o6puencrouy 6epery Crapr. qrr . (uporoxa Vpana), BoBBbrmaJrcfi rrnTrrrJrasbrft Mlrxafiio-,

a Oreq suaMeEuroro 6acuouncqa llaaua Au4peeButra

ltpulona.

.i

95


to. Ha Apxanrenrcnuft co6op - qllragenb fluqHsfi nperloerlr xaMeEEbIx creuax co6opa BuAsbI 6nau .qne shl6onshl - cJIegrr paapureB.trymerlnbrx sAep nyrauencnoft apruJlnepua. g gO caxesfix K rory or co6opa croffno. aa6pomeunoe q o6BerrrraBrrree aAaEIre 6rrsmeft soficrosoft HauqeJrfipElr; sAecb B cepeAlrHe ceurn6px 7774 r. <s oco6nlaBoM tronoe)) coAep' I'taJrc.E B sanrloqeEuu. flyrauea, Tyr oH. AaBan uepBbre cBolt gortaBalrnfi Ea Aorlpoce y cJreAoBareJrn flnT{oft-,cenperuoft t'. noMllcculr rBapArlu Hatrurau-tropytlu(a C. Vl. Maupund Boanpaqa.ecr x qentpy ropoAa, KaBaKIr rIoHaaaJIIr Ilymnnuy IlerpbuannoBcxylo qeprioBb, rge I {enpans 1774 r. cB.ETeEuzn-Cepreft Muxafiilos Besqar flyrauera c Vcrunrefi ltyageqosofi. Ocuorpel roar I[ Apyrue AocrotrplrMeqar€Jl]Hocrl[ 'r 9arana, Vpailrcna, rrpomeir no 6eperau Ypana, Crapuqrr oMhrBaroqux ropoA c Tpex cropoE

. B Vpanrcne IIBAaBEa 6rrtosail o6rrqaft yrolqentrfi roqergrrx rocrefi KopoHEbIM ypaJrbclu,IM 6nngou - csexeft unpoft ocerpoBblx pu6. Vrorqeul,Ie sro rIpoIrcxoAI{JIo Ea trJlory, trPtr.ranegnoru n 6epery Vpana y <Itypeueft>. IIon nnor aaparee trogBo4rrJlcff, nreteslrft rra IiIBbI (ca4on)) c lntrBbIME ocerpaMll u ceBprcraMu. Cxsoar trpopeal[ B trnory ftaBaKIr 6arpauu nufiaBJIrrBaJIrr pbr6y, cBexteBaJIIr ee, BbIEtrMaJIIT IIHpyr Glreffta IroAcaJrr4BaJII tr Tyr ,fie troAaBanrt rocrro 9To trpeBocxoAfloe 5nrcgo nan BaHycKy r{ HperlfioMJr ftaaaqbeMy trrlrbro 1'. CyAs ro [ucbMy lfyurHlana fi ,r(eue (XV, 83), ral{' BIrAuMo' trorqeBAJITT

I4

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Boiicxonofi flranran [orcarr;ros

B Vpa.nrcre flymnun 6rrn rocreu ftoMauAoBannn Vpalrono!o r{aaaqbero roficxa, ono trpItEI4MaJIo rloara' Aano B ero "Iecrb

ABa rrapaAnrrx o6eAa, tronaabrBaJro [ocrorlaM.sruocrll ropoAat

ycrporrno BcrpeqlI c BerepaHaMu-uyraqeBqaMr rr c oqeBI'IAiaur noccrauun. IuIs trpeAcraBl,Irenefi softcHoBoro fioMauAoBarrufi, rrprlnlrMaBrrrero Ilytunufa, ilylunusucrau 6lrn flssecreu oAnE Jrrrlub rroJInoBEIrK floxatunoa, aasuMasruufi B 1833 r. uocr soficnoBoro araMasa. B ero AoMe ocragaBJltrBancfl ror4a flyrunun. fiou arot - AByxara]nsr'rfi xartesslrft oco6nax, Bblcrpoeusblfi s saqare XIX n. B apxtrTeltrypuou QrrrJre, usBecrEoM rIoA EasBaEueM pyccHl{fi' nponuuquanbHrrft

$nacclrquaM, I[ Ehrue yl(pamaer qeErpaJILEyIo ynuqy vpalrcna. Ha Saoage sAaHIls (teuepr ropo4cHofi fiorra luonepou) yfiperrJreEhr Tpn M€MOptraJIbEbIe [Oontr, OrMerlaloqtre tr_peoblsanue a4eca A, C. flyrsxu-na, JI; H. Toireroro u B. l. Itopo'

96


IllmfttrE Ee sa6fir rocretrI)trEMcrBa ffoKartrnoBa. Ifo_ t83b r. opeu6yprcnouy, aoensoMy lyg--:_^191g' B. ferlaan A, Ileporcnouy verrpe'axee"rnli"p.a,;Id;; yj-"+ii1pl puII llyfarreBaD, trogT rrpo,gun qepeAaTb o4nn anaeunnap rnr_ tr.

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.

Bacu.nuft Ocuuosus flor{arunoB (l7gg;lgggj uporsxo, {ru qr : ceMbtr 6ecuou9gqqr4, r"op*r' q;b"'oH;i ;fr"il"a.i-

gtrq, Bognsoe odpaaouaqge rorr-ydn uo B*rop'or,4 n;i';p6*'"_KopTryce' tra r(oroporo 6iir rnuytei's j*Tt:cnoM :t:g rouo r. B qtrEe troArropy3ufia, cJryfi(rrn s noresofi aprrrnrepuu, qepes rqBa roAa upouaae4en B tropyrrtrK;. ci";?; n; trpoxonrna Ee BcerAa rrraAro. B tgll- r. B ero Xllr.rrroBa PopMynsplor{ crurcRe troEBUJraCb 3atrucb, arrecTyroruas efd. ftaK: cB,e,4yqero_ B aprtrnaepufi-cnsir ,ucnycbrne o6"uepd. "o eMgc.re c rerr 6uao oTue.rCnb;,.ifo uop6ft os 6hrf,aer <n'eBs_ ero (sarueB.aqrcn cioenpanuoctir6r. f,g:::-"::^ 3-i9l{it p_1ol.r ,r{B_-ro.Fy on 6hrn upetrau iyAy (Ba ocrrymautre B crDoror ilatropy fierfapAry. E Ba .fpybbcrr errly. cya sarsuvrbn. s.rr-sauacr Oresecisentas nofi ua I gl2 rj, #^::y__"-p_91eneu pnrnfi #q1j_9-1,f -lruti0ru_6^a'6o*l,.orrurrurcnBcparnertrR .r-b.so.sopa nog.rolibfiofiltpacuulr, ea sro 6Eu uarpaxren opAeEoM AEErr 4.*'criitrebc',t. uarirtirofi cepe6pssjofi Me_ Eanbrc. B 1813 r: cyfi66fi6e.ffitrii hfoirf trDe*r]&-6; rrlerro (B yaaxenhd'FoetioiirrrfE u,ycbpgiloft """o'6"rrro cnyx6uu' s i,Ilud-,n6 flx c Eerrpusreueili; Oreqectrbnrofi sofirEil oE rrDog:1T-T *f*"1-". r-f$l$fQqlhruii.u:ibqrx r Mocxne, 6hn g"pgl:1eAel B'iniAbcifrfiittiirg, 'a. 4orou rr B r(arrtrrautr. llcnaruroy P^ 1!?0_"t .6r14-,"qpet gr"" r Ot""6d";'il; 1eutre Aecr{f r€t no}1y.Sg.!ef e$is"t;rot.iirtot nousofi aprsrureprtr, r.Oper6yiirCIrd*. xaair.ijtiu, "aotcft. oE_fiony_qrn yur rro4nolitbduuxa, a s'lgzg r. cih.rr ooo*oo uzrgu.'.B anrycrs 1830 r. Ilo*aturos troJiyt; ;;;;;;;;; qe'ue' -craJr' r*rficrosieu'ai.arprauou vpanrcnoro *"runi""o -B;ffi;;; fiatrax(teu oileriaoru lofteria; r l83t r;,^6n.ri ;t}t2 4-ft crerer,n n r.- Arstr z-ft'&,G;;;.'it'ffx?.o;; -["; I 8'33 1,, 51oo e'f rtrog nd penorreugaqirt B : ;: pbi-txo1o 6rra saB'aqe' Eana'"r*" "VOOp""r"fi" dr#;;;d;t**; -u"irJ"rt-f;;;;;;: iroftcna: f'.'I{acareir B:,I4f , A;tb; srr*t trortftouaugnpontrhu n .Vpearcx, uo* 6riarfe, " asaBrrnfi efci c, gueto uoraauofi,. uapagnofi crop..Oirur*to topxecrseEEhrM rrprdeMau, ouy6nunoBan *aane6uyo. manrri k arar*la: Te,-rraoopaatrB erd ataftFu 6uaruuq3r'rrliraog4ex, aceo6quu {rroorduqe}r fiasanoB,,.qr,Ba.+tEHM h B BoeEtoM IIeJre. n B mJnag6u Ba'oroJrr,e ". H€ 6_ 4efrcrntiri#rudcrir;,boupeftri lrne. .

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f,nfiMtr DOTDeTIn E trptreua B ypanbc4e BeJrf,noro HEff8fi Anexcargpi Hunonaeinsa ". 3uubft 1839140 r. Erannos vqacrBonar s Xusnucrou lroxoAe opeu6yprtnoro renepaJriy6epxaropa B. A. Ileponcnoro' rgo RoMaEAoBan 4-u u 5-rrr ypanbcnuutr fiaaarlbuMtr troJrr(auur cocraBJrffBmI'IME aBaurapAEyrl nonosuy e$otreA4qnu. Itonousa upoAenaJra uoxog'br l(anrnunonoi npeuocrr na Vpane Ao troAGeMa Ea trJrocnoropbe Vctropt n Ilpuapanbe' a pailoegurarearunft orpfi[ Bo rJIaBe c EngrsosllM' Iro[EEBIITT(cb Ea Vcrropr, y"^ny6"ac" ua 60 Bepcr tro EatrpaBneuaro n Xnne. lla-aa ueo6rrqafi.so cypoaoft BtrMhr' orcyrcrBufi SanacoB TotrJIuBa E trpoBlrasra. BErBBaBmtrx 6oarmre trorepfi B ruqEoM cocraBe aicne4"q"t, Ilepoacnuft BbrEy)r(neu 6rln s Eaqare (perpalr 1840 q. upenpatrtr 4alr:eftTrfi uoxog r Xuae tr orAaJr o BoaBpaqeulru $ Opeu6ypry. trptrRaa - B rsxearr}. ycnorunx lroxoAa Bnsnuos uonasar ce6g yMenBrM tr EEeprEqsbrM BOSEaTIAJTbEtrROM. EUy yg4nocr ua6exarr KpyIIEhIx lrorepL B cocraBe csoefr npronubr s coxpasrrr 6oenoft lyx B yroMJIeEEbrx r(asarrbnx troJrftax' Oiuparnrrcr n Opeu6ypry, fleponclcrt Pg-Bloxun. ua$sas' uona oxpauy rbrJIoB otxogrtrFx 'noficx. Becuofi 1840 r. Euenuor, 4eftctnyn coBMecrFo c trpaBtrreJleM cqBepo-3atraAfloro ftasaxctasa cynTasou flxaurupou Aftuynanonuu, cyuql o6ecnequtr pnc5qAuq4ornu[ noppyo trpoBtraErou u Bbnquhru Tpauctroprottt, ot6ur EA.rIAAeqqE.cretrEblx KoqeBuiinos tr caM Eaueo uM cepBe3sble troparrceu44, B EnsoBbflx pen4 3g6u n sa VctrcPte.". , Sanucnu fynnenq yKaBanE g-yrh -It orbrc$aElrlo EoBDIx r,rarbpllanos o Euossone B BoeEHo-rlcrop[-Iecxux otrucaEuflx Xunuscxoro troxoAa. fiefi cruua yp.anbcnq'x:: Ita3slax troJIKoB s'ctot anctreAlrqtrIr ocBetr{axlrcg P rigtrfe M. I4. llsauusa ndqansuuna noxo[soro mra6a trpE regepane flepoacxoM, n ipyqax ucroplrroB II. JI. Iogrua, lI. H. Saxapruua u trD." Sruuu aBTopaMlrt. buesuor arrecryeTcfi.r(an oIIbITlrrlrqllarlrqntift otbuqep. B rnurax Saxaprunfl coo6' ".ft't rqaergfir vto ueitoro.pqe,BpeMfi .bnycrg gQcue Xu;trEcr9lo [oxotra troJII(oBEUH Blrasson, 6rrn upguaBeAeE B reEepalruaftoDrr'0. flucarenr u etuorpaif '8. I4.. ,{aur, E&xo,{IlB: mrftclr s XunuscHoft arcueguqtru rrpu craBr(e fleponcxoro

B' AaqecrBe qnEoBEUfia OCO6uX' rlOpyueuqr g. Bpaqa' utrcaJr' uro'ypairrc$lre KaBaRIr tr ux fioMarr4zp Euaxsos 6rrrn pemrirreJrbubrMiz croponuuftaMlr lrpo[oJrrr(euun .noxoAa

H AtrBel

<Kaaanu upoculucr y6e4urerrqo,- uto6u trx rycrrlrb oAEuIft

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seyueâ&#x201A;ŹluHu trbl{olf


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oftqepou V. !, ?IteneaioshrM o troxoAe, retrJro .oroaBaJrc.E o Sra.nsose: <Mouo4eq 6un_@e4or rpilopb;;;r;-rl"p-;" -" euy re6ecuoe! Bce sama o6crorreouci"a t"ao, s2.

6eper uac, man nereftl ".1-"!o IIo xo4y_uccneAoBaurrff qaAnertano ycrauoBtrrb, r(orga uMeEHo (D. I. Buasuos, crajl'tronxoriuuxou u rrMeJr Jrtr orr aror rrun r ceura6p6 tSgg r., HorAa Ilyrmrau op""r*uo-u

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cyrcrByroquM (conernrnou) n xauqerrpnn irt;il;;" c;ryx6u 6rra narpqxAeE opneEautr: n 1835 r.- Cralrcrara 2_fi cretreur,'" Tagg -"1 AssH 2-ft crenenu, n..lB44 n_-_BaaAuu"pu' g_fi-"rro*r",. s 1848 r.- Ieoprrr 4-t crenesu rs. i ,axrun xe cBeAe_ O. I. Bransor WrsE <Cou;;-&;, Tffy",:g1epar-uafiop 'sa lq?C, _tdbti rr. r( B _nocne4nufi paa B <Cuzcnel " lp1, r.'u' (Cnrcxar qa 1858 ,i857 qO*pvii"i"l ". "" vfa""* a B <Cuncxer Ea {859 r: (cocranlea no AaEEBTM Ea 25 xunapx) Buesnos Ee ynaaaE, ua qero tr Morrtuo trDetrtroqro Jrorrrrrb, oE cKoEqaJrcfl B ngprroA Melr(Ay {eripilrenr i857 nEBapeM t85g r. ,{na yctaloil.i""'?ur;";ffi;; ftaaarrbero.nqEcna, Ba BpeMs

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u

;;p;"y*;";nanmuft s Boft-cnonoft nauqenrp-uu 3?'' *u"""i""o soficfia rerepaJr-ilaftop Eraauonr Bce trpuBeileEubr" iume frinrrr ocoeqarcr

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cnyxe6uyro trocJre trepBBre B AecflTuJrerllff ABa Euagsosa negrenruocrl unresan6onrmuft gnr teurr uameft ;;;p;" flymnuua. Ho Erasuona 6uorpa{uq arau pauruft Dec trpeAcraBJrrer no cests6ps 1833 r. Tanoro poAa Aasnbrx B Jmreparype ne oxaaaaocb, E AJrff ux pa3brcr(autrfi cJreAoBano oSpaurrmr Ea rroltcftg K apxllBaM' cocp€[oTorlEB IJTaBHOe BH-tr]raEue ihoni,rvnsouErx ctrtrc*oB -qemefimnx 6lrorpatpuqec*ltx ucion-"ri*ou o crrym6ax oifrqepctna. B IIIBI'IA B HorIrIeKqEE cRaBRtrE ynanocs o6rapyxuru {opuyaapuue <Oduqepcnue -Erasuosa 1812-1815 rr., ocBeqa'oq'e er_o c^nyfi(oy "of,cnr s VparbcHoM RaaarrbeM Boficne a 1?98-{815 rr' "t' Oguaro p"ri"*ut" ero ipoprrylfltr)Eue crtrcnu aa 184Q- cepegurf, igao-* rogoB 4oneuocr Aaneno re cpasy' He trptrsecnr ycnexa IIoEcntr arux Aor(yuexroB 3 apxEBEoM ilosle Llncoextop"ttoro AetrapralreEr a -Boeusoro MusucrepcrB a' r4e yrr[TbrBaJrcE nussbrft cocTaB oipuqepcnoro ltoplryca apMtrtr. fSgS r. BcJreA Ba nepeAarrefi xagaqurx sofrcr B BeAeHx€ b -flenaptanienta BoeuEblx-uocelesnft ryEg'Re 6rrnx repegauu Lb nucnetitopcnoro Aeuapraueura l-ce $opuynnpuble cIrEcItE ftaaaqbnx:mri6- u o6ep-o(pnqepon. Ho sa ryrtr noucxa lpop;F;p-;;"" crIEcRa Buasiona s apxunuou ([or4e'fieuapta' ([or4 rlregTa B6esgbrx nocenesnfi ncrpetnnocl ilpetrfircrgl[e: EeJrbBE I[ rrorouy a saaoEcepBllpoBau' eror 6rrfi BpeMeEEo 6ruo uonyuurb Aocryn n ero otrEcflM u AeJIaM' B ogsou tr3 ctrpaBorlullnoB o6 apxnnunrx MarepuaJlax Boeruo-yqeuoro apxtrBa)' BcrpertrUlBlIA, s (Itarailore Jrocb yna3alrne Ea geno N! 1166 <IIo ilpe4craBJleEtrIo op€Er ocoooE 6yprcroro Boeuuoro ry6-e-pnatopa^ o6 orupaB4-eE3lr te B AeJIe corr'D 1839-40 Xllry" n enctreAlrqtru sbenson trep,ttrrrcfi nepeuncna ry6epuaropa B' A' Ilefonclglo^--c Boetn"ttln MItnl{crepcrBoltr uo noBogy rIoAroroBHI{' ilpoxoE(yqacrBoBail [eHlir I{ I{rotoB XuBuucnoro [oxoAa' B HoropoM ue ry6epuatopa Brrroou. On ynouuuaercfi B Aouecequflx fI-ep-o-scxuhr flocflaunrrft cropollbl ryuurefi' "0. ;;; ;; "u*oa ia- *"t " 1840 r. puoopt Boerrnouy 'Mltntrcrpy A' trI' .Ilepun' t02


ltreDy 4en8fioM EOcBSqeE. EE3f,EOBy, K('aopl[ft arTeslyeToE aaK BoeEaqaJlbEtrr(, orJrElrr[o ulxlsaEBrrrlrF ce6ff r E Tpy[te*rnrx ycnornsx BrrMuero noxoga r . ocodesno necsoft 1840 r., KorAa oE, Korcaugyfi apbeprapruf orpngorf, cBotr-

ur geicraufir.E cMoF o6ecde{Em ycuemrrrf, orxon aftctreAEqEoEEoro tgpnyea or flpnapa*rn n Open6ypry. Saxnro. qar pauallr, fleporcxnfi trpoctrJr .MuEEcpa {yAocrorrb tronItoBurrfta Euaguosa oco6ennnu BEnrf,aEEeMl, go6aanra, uro (aror BacJryxexar'rft rura6-oiprqep rro ner&M cEoE![ Aanso 6br yxe

Mor EcI€aTb IIoHo(}, EO trpU BCfrROM CJrJrrrAe Cialr BEil3brBaercfi f,a rpygeLre trop)rrreurfi E trctronsfier trx c oco6euu6rm ycepfiEeu B otrhrruocrbnD Lr. 2 nfreq 9eprrrmen goro-

tftan paropr flbponcxoro Hrxonaro I, r 4apr trpocraBuJr aa seu peeorrroquro: <tffoneasoe Aefio, a n[oilxosrrny] Buaxuo-

Dy Earb nocneAoBarenruuft Kpeerl a. B car.an c _trpegcroflr"rFM Ea{pa}rcAertreu ftaa"r{efispufi Boesuoro Mnnrrcrepcrra r10 rrqsq EarrpaBtrsa orEomeurle ,(euapraueury Boeunbrx noce.reuufr c rrpocr6oft o trprcburne $opuynapnoro ctracna Ersssona 43" He4earo erycrs. Aupeftrop Aetrapraueura II. A. ItnefinxrxeJrr troc,raJr B fiagr{enspurc riltrEtrcrepcrBa ornomeure, trprnorcuB fi Eelry (popryarprrrfi crrrcox ErasEBBa, Aartrporaurnft 1837 n rd 3ro 6rllr ror caur.rft Aoxy-

ueuT, Eaxo'ftAeEEro noToporo upeAEecrnoBaJru Eamtr AJrtrreJrbtt.

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t03


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t.ut E oqerruga rpdrnacus llyraseBa r Srryou -- uapre 1774 r. ftrorrontuxy (D.'f. Encs-

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eory 6ruo

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soB))

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MeEr, EaxotftAeuurl

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l UpeEoyprcKoM apxtrBe pQBtrSCKyro fiepetrrrcb EaceJreHr{fi. .ypanbcnoro fiaaarrbero soficKq .1934 r., EaroJrr(EyJrcff Ea gatrrcb o .rilrrBme1t a Vpa.rrg6e qpgcrape.rrou orcraBuoM r(aaa_ -Muxiu.,r

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flurtpur flrsnosa cpeAlr t' n peBH3cRuRaBaKoB. yqreugblx rrMeFEbrM clrllcr(oM 7776 a oblJr Bolpoc: BbrBBaJro rr'' 1834 n 1811 lf r{ neoetrucqMn Bo3rerl c Bruecte v h"""ca flrrsona crru ,flr*lurpufi? orula6oqIlyurnuu 1) "" rrur{Jlu cJreAyrcque "lbnoooo'i'i"""t Muxaura. fluuona' npoxo4sqero tro iio-'"utu"o' i[t"tpo"* 7834i"';*?l^:*::l]rqerslru no*y""tr"n 1776, lStt'-s rrMenr{

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flrruonal crapr6a 6rrra na qor troJro'rtuJr oH cBoe; MoE fiy""o*"", u rlJlarbe Ea EeBecr xotopoft y6ut-' f,orosaqesa' Ceuena x{eua - Aortb *u"u*"

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ynatftegrrf ormearaJl nenonone6ulryKr uplrBfraangocrb trpeera_ Fenoro Muxaura flrsnosa m raunru flyravena, noioprrft rretrIle;fiEeMy troqrrrarcn r{M rle Euar{er r{an (BeJrtrRnfi rocv_ gapn Ilerp Oegoponnu> (IX, 373). , _ Hamnocr AonyMerrranbuoe cBnAereJrbcrBo o6 yqacrrltr Mnxau.ua Ilrruora a flyrauencfiolr Boccrasnn. B -"u"y"ru 1774 r., KorAa r.pecaeryeuuft fiapareJrffMrr flyrauer o"Lry_ nan co cBolrM BoficKoM sa ror? a 6eanlo4nyro cretrb Huxseio Ilooollxrx, r4 Aelro 6nuertocr x rparn.recnoft paBBfiBKe, reEepaJr-Mafigp FI, C. Iforeuxqu, 4eficrnyx tro rroJruouostrrc Exarepunrr II, a6p6ru.rcs c yBeqeBautreu rt ynpbrBaroqrnM_ cfr Ea flrrHe xaaaxail-tryraqeBqau. fforeuxtrE trpeAnaraJr tr]u cAaTbcfl BJIaCT.EU, trpErrecfl {AyruIl u cepArla c troBtrEoBeErr_ err>, o6erqan r[M trcxo4araftcrsosarr y Erarepuuu II rrour{_ troB*rrl(e, yrpotl(a.E BMeCTe g teM, qro (ecTJItr eue IIocJIeAEee odrgareuue Ee trpEBeAer a pacra.aEue ol(ar{eEeJrhr.E B gJrocrlr cep6la, rorla Ea,q rar(oBnlrlrr trsJreercfi ylne Becb rpane4nsrft rHeB MOEapXy[s.s., $ opyffine efi BeJIErrecTBa ]rMEOrr(ETe.E Ea rcrpe6renue E KaBEb Bsex trpecTynuqnorD;". m"o""" tryrarreBqeB BocfiprEsJril rrpEsBrR flOreumsa K x€urErynqrrn "i ftan rr@JreAquft masc ua6err5rrr Eaxaaasnr. Cp*g- col,rrlr KaBaROB, gBtRrrrrrYcfr

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Lonpoce y Manpraa llrrnon coo6rrpn, qro oH (or ce6e Eueer 22 rogat eB, .fiponcxogrrr (trs ftagaqbnx gerefi>.,Itrln trepBou.T!^eer{tre troBcranqeB x grqx;.y ;po$ry (18 oxrndpx l77J r.) .rrpornr uux 6rraa d;p;;; KaBaqb.E RoMaEAa crap_mrlubr A, U, Buropruosa, r4d 6run u rlrssos- HoxoarauAa-BrromnoBa rroqrtr a rroJr'o* c(rcraBe, Br{nrorraE E flrxnooa, trepemJra Ea cropoEy flyrauena. uorooi rrbfiEoB otrn B rroxoAe [JiraqeBonoro noficra ra Opeu6ypr, rrFu Bsfirnr Hueqnoro ropoAr(a n rcpeuooreft pac'c"r""ot,

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U. n. CuMouoarru u iepurre BJIacrffM r(aaa$Il. F "+"p" 1774 r, Ea rloMolqb Tomtitery trprmen ha-uog Open6ypra orDfftr araMaga A. A. On"ruuuaftora, a BcneA sa EUM trprrcau llyraven, a cnliro noroporo 6un n llrsuon' "*uo'-" llecffqeB, c gaqaJla F-EBapfi rro EarlaJro atlpeB re.renue Tpex-flrnuon

ytlactBoBan i 6oesbrx AeftcrBufix ilptr w. 1774 t., cua Dnyrp0nreft Kpetrocrr' 6rrn ropogHe flllqxonr *"n" " ' npucryrax n nouucrouy perparimalleETyD' xoropryfr ran .a

Ee vllaJlocb Bsarb HIr mrypilauu, Etr roJIoAEoft 6nonagofi' [to"n" B Eaqare aupenfi 1774 t pynoBo4urean nocctasmtrx vBEaJIIT o ABurr(euutr n 'fluqnouy ropo4xy noptryca re"epin-uaftopa II. A.'Maricypona,,'to orrlpaBtrnn rlpoltrB Eero-orDfffi Onqussurora, roropr,rfi Bcnope rrorepnen tropalneutre, ito"ttt qero 6exar vepea bpen6fprcnue crelr E ropht Ioxsoro Vparra ua co6gunesre H'flyraueny r Maruuruyro irneuoctr. Ilrsuoa Ee ymen'c OsquurmrorLru' a ocraJlcff B fluqftou ropoAxe c naaaqrefi xouafigoft, uo-trpe'fiEeuy coAepxanmefr s 6roraAe ropogoByrc r(pe[ocrb' Eo (trIlorrBy cneA Rorga o**o* croAa Bouucn-ux xouas4 ne rsreaxan'r' rorfla' ropoAr(y' R -fluqxortry Ilp-il*"" <upu6lumulucr vlonscs toro, .Ito os cocrogr a 6yrmrqnqrdft cropourfit irro"rrr"t y c"6s. B AoMe, rAe Ao cero BpeMeEu raftuo u trpo6asrnrcqD. B anrycre 1774 t oE' (npumeA B pacnaflEtre' rrro caM flBI{JIcff>. Csoll rroKaBautrE Baxrloqar BaffBJIeEtreMr oE,(BopoBcrBat pffAax BoecraBmux B aa BpeME upe6uaauun y6rrcrna Ee quEtrrD o" rpa6irelrcria ' PaccuorpeuIr cMepruo-ro qro AeJIo, Marpuu Bantrcair B pemeuuu' (xoTfi ftaBaI(E EO'BepEbIe fBIlJICfi, CaM. s iMuxaun IIrssOs 4ciecnu, 'rro uMeP [olonbEo cryrlalo B npoltreAm-y_rc_:yl .trBrlrqa, cJIeAoBaTeJIbgo' BepuJr BJrolero' rITo ' tocyAapb" a noceMy oE (ceqex trJIeTbMIr' IIpIrBeAeE rc nplrcEre u Eatrtr6ea ouepegu ua qerlrpo uecsta da [aJIbEhrE Sop-

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uuu 6ea rlatrgn.E 6uau euy uenoM; uo-Eaelnue o6xogulucr c ErrM KaK c roBap{Eeyr rr BMecre nrggcrsdnana, cugn xpm EeM B mannax a B oAgrrx py6axax,.g pacnenar Oypraqiie rJecsr. Ilyra.ren g5yqa.rt nx -oirenolo.'lait4a ilofl, recH,a, roloplrrr oE Aeuucy_.flr1nqBy, uupyr ua cna;1r6e rvro"l*""o-""o cbrEa)) (IX, 27). Arrs gaunoft xapanreprrcrunu Ilyurxuu rrcuoJrbsoBan u Apyrue ucToqEUIitI, B qacTEocTtr, froKasaEtrfi nopu_e'ra llycronanoaa ua <Xponnnlr> II. }I. prr.rro_ -Qg{opu na (IX, 324), a B ftaqecrBe un.rrocrpaquii npune.u paccxaahr o cy4r6e 6rugnux H Q'r1veg_v. nrogeri, nr.rcapr ,(. iI. F(a.rrlMrrucroro g- y,aqo_purg,E. I. Xaplotoft , x aaueEEbrx srrqxrrMrr fiaaaxaMr{ (IX,27 -28). rr Terepr Harr rrsBecrxbr Apyrfie Bbrcr(aabrBaur.ra flyraue_ Ba orrrocrrreJlbuo cBoeBoJIbcrBa ffuql(Irx ftaaar{oB. Itor4a onualr(Abr-l 6y4yvu co cBor,rM soiicroM na npano6epexre 5oJrrr,r, llyraqeB BbrpaBUJI aTaNIaEy A. A. ClavraunraHony EeAOBOJTbCTBO

trO rrOBOAy caMoqr{HEhrx pacnpaB KasaKoB EalI

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UlnPllIIfreefl'IIcIIoJIbSoBaTberoBysltococjloBEblxliaSacbrx rurepecax; oEIr creclrfiJrtr ero 4efictrnfr. E Ee AaBarE Bc3rflornnocrll paaBepuyrb ero 6orarrre tut. ..4apo;auufi' saEocn Ho tt slolry. Ee geJry Boccrauutr cyqecrBennutt yio" tr$trtr nogo6urre pEAoBbIe ragaftE' Iru 6unu npuuacrubr Mrxanry flrnnony, Er rar(tre BI[AEbre BoEtaRr'[rtr'fieulilr' nar lI. H. Sapy6uu-Vuxa, !1. fi-' flounraJrnr' ror lr{e crpolrrusbrfi araMan A. A. Oassun[xoB tr MEorIre Apyrne' noropbre ocraBanacb Bepnbr flyraueny n-ruJrtr c EEM Ao r(ouqa' ' Co"Ay*, aalterdtr,'orrITo cr-toB& ryrauera <Ynuqa xoa Muxanna ffrxuoga, flymrtna nnen TecH,a>>, ycJlhrltrauubre nar"ouop flyraqesa c rpauopqunou lprnegbrlr Bo BpeMfl " Eenoropc{ylo--ftpetrocrb ui Eepgcxofi -rnare cno6ogr,r n go'rrrr)' Ha ronpoc "*'ooeanxl" <Itauurancnofi on"""ugqaroft iiu câ&#x201A;ŹMoaBaseq MocHry?> sa ip""r""t <A tt lroJlaraellrb rgrtr Becrb' <Eor BlroJrroJloca: cI(aBaJr E flecnoJlbno sa[JrMancfi Vnuqa i*ror reCua; BoJrtr MEe uano; Pe6fra MoE ]rMuuqaror-' Oun roprr. Mre 4olxuo Aeprfiarr, yxo roctpo; rrpu rtepBotr uey4ave oErl cBo() Itrero BhInytrET MOeK) roJroBolo))

l(vrrI,352). -

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(IX, 493),

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Aas ycrasoBfienss Ecrusuocrr ypajrbcnoro upeAaErrr o _ frrorsunore svxno 6rrno uayuu* trpiro*oo'r cJreAcrBerr''rx g_on_1aaguft _flyra.reea tr ero 6nrxraftmnx crroABa?fiEr{KoB I!. 4. ?gpv6nsa - 9unu, M. I. Illnraera, T. f. fir"r"*ouu-. 4. O. 4.!9n"rarrrrua, I. M. BaHnaArroaa, I{ H- It"p;;;;;;: fl. floqurannua lr caMoro B. .f. tllrolur{r{oBa. fr" ol", trB EEX rtrq€ro He noBopl{Jr o roM, vro flyraueB cJry}finJl B pa6orunnax y flilorsunoBa EaKaryue soc-crarr"u, n""onl B Eaqare oceun 1773 r., xorga flyra.r€B cxpbrBaJrcfl B crerr_" Ebrx trprrfiEqnrx xyropax. V6egurenruee Bcero rleBeporrr_ Eocrb ral(ofi curyaquu ycrarraBJrnBaercfi flpu qreaur.r cre,q_ crBeEELrx nonaaauufi Bac[nsn flHosreeusa flnornraftosa.

Hau6oeee o6croxtenrunre asro6uorparfnuecrre [ona3a_ Aarr rra Aorpoce 24 u:rlr'i 1774 r. O;;;_

sus ffrorsunoB

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o BblorJtrllrBmefr- croga..ua flllqroro ropoAra poaucxrofi noeusoft 'aoMaHAs'' notopoft BeJIeEo apecroBarb (rocylapflD. u ero cropogurron. Jlyrauen'rorqac Benen ceArrari nohaneft u 6exarr c Vcuxu x ffnry-pere' B xyrop 6parlen Ton$asesux. flnorsultoB' se uuesullfi repxonofi JrorrraArr, ocrancfi r 6pomennoM nareper eny o6eqaatrr -qro Ba rrrrM ilosAqee .rpfieger r(aaax c gauacsoft aomagrro. Bcro B Eaupacflnorsnxon npoBen Eoqb rr yrpo cneAyloqero nlrfi EoM olnrrAaHuE, a B "non'AeEb ero'uarllJla sAecb A cxBartrJla Doahrcr(Eafi r(oMasAa. Be'repou 18 ceu'tn6pa flaorunftosa up"rearu r flnqnufi ropoAolt. On 6ua Aolrpomeu B ltoueuAeurcxofi $aur{enffplru' nprrqeu noupgc mgJr c trptrcrpacrneu, c 6urreu nnerluu, Eo oE crpun MForEe o6cloxrearcrpa csoeft uoeagnu rt Ilyrauery tr f,e BGrAan ero croponuunoB'' EAXOATTBIITtrXo.E eqo ua ero6oge. B te'resue AeBErn ilecflqeB\ flrorunxor EaxoAtrfisfi B tropeMuou gar$rloqgEtrE n fluqmorr ropoAr(e, orftyAa B ulose 'L7-74 * 6snt trepeBesen n Opeu6ypr r cgar Ans cneAcrBur a Opeadyproxyto cenpsrrylo routro'

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ttu.

23 cenra6ps 1833 r. flymxun BbIexaJI na Vpa.lrr'cna no Cuapancxol,ry rpanry H Borre. Enuxe K Beqepy oH ocrauoBr(Jrcfi Anfi orAbrxa u fiepeMenbr loura4eft y trocroflJroro ABopa. 3ro 6sr.rr Tanonrrfi yuer, rRe 60 Jrer EaBaA, B aBrycre

'1773 r., B AoMe yMerquxa Creuasa O6onaena, uaBecruoto 6onr,ure ro trpoaBrrrqy Epeurura ltypurla, yxpunanca flyIaqeB, BcTpeqascb SAecb c IIepBbrMIr cBoIIMtr COparErrKaMIl flIrqxrrMrr KaBaHaMI4,{euucou ltapanaenrtirl, Marcuttlolr IlluraeBbru, ?Inauou Sapy6uuurrr u Tuuo{eeu MsculttoBblM tr o6cyx4an c guMrr trJIaEbr trpeAcroffqero Boopyx(ensoro BbrcryrrJreErrfl. 19 cenrx6pn 1774 r. lyra.rer cnoBa [o6blBail Ea Tanosor{ yMere, Eo yfi(e EeBoJrbEunoM s onondx: xossofiuag ftoMauAa, coflpoBo]fiAaBmafi ero sg tlnqroro ropogna s CuM6upcn, ocrauoBrrJracb BAecb Ea trprrBan t27. ffpruerbr trpomJloro, oBeguubre aoctroMrruaunfrMv. o ((cJraBEoM o MffTextnrRe)), KaK EaBbIBaJI flyrauena ffymnuu, conpoBolfiAaJrlf roara sa rorr xe tryrrr raa Vpanrcra s CuM6ullcl{, ra xte oceuEfifl crerrb rroA EeuacrubrM ue6ou, Ta ?r(e 6ecfionesnag Aopora, pasMbrrafl Aox(AflMr{, Te ,Ite neqaJlbEbre ceJleEnfi, peAKqe tre-

peJrecxrl, ra Ete orracuafi trepeupaBa uepea paa6ymeBanffyrocn Bomy uog Crrspanalo Ir, rJIaBEoe,- Tor ?r(e EapoA, coxpanuuunft fipuBfiBarnocrb ft lraMf,rrr cBoero BornAfi. BcnoMrruafl cBoro troeaAr(y tro tryraqeBcltuM MecraM flononxrs u flpnypamr, flymxuu trucaJr a 1836 r.: <.fl trocerlrJl tr{ecra,

rAe rrporrsomJrrd rJraBEhIe co6rrru.s auoxlr, MEoro otrI[canuoft, IroBepflfl }repTBbre AoKyMerrTbr cJroBaMIr elqe ,r(uBbrx, so yE(e

rrpecrapeJrbrx orreBrrArleB, rr BHoBb uoBepfls rrx ApExJlerolqyro

uarrflrb r{cropr4qecfioro fiplrrtrHoroD (IX, 389). Taxon 6un rrasHufi rrror rroeaAnr4 noaTa, cnoco6crBoBasmeft coBAaulrro AByx renrraJrbubrx ero [polraBegeuu i - <I4cropuu flyrauesa) n (ftanurancnoft AoqHI4).

n

V

flyurHusa cJtoBo <crarsbliiD oauasafio <<agauessrbliiD,

((trBBecr<

gbIII).

t33


l]PUMETIAHITfl

Iuana I ! Oa4uvuunoe P. B. IIYmrnu n na6ore EaA aPxuBEbIIutr AoRYitestauu (<llctoprs IIYravenar). JL,

1969, c.

ouy6nurioaaunr a c6o-Purxe <fibryueurrr oraB$E E. lI. IIYraEeBa, EoBCTaEIIeCI(EX EJracreft i. YuPexgeaui. 17731774v. M., 1975, gon N 3, 4,

t

o AoKY-

Pauopr C. JI. HaYuora

lI. [.

uentaruu, c. 85-90'

I

CsMdsosy

or 20

ces'g.fPr

cxoft ceHpetsoft fiol.Iuccqn'IIIAAA, 6. 6, l. 506, n. 252.

rr flporonol'- nonaaasaft

Iloqurarusa na 4oupoce

6 o

nor. J$

12

llpotoxotr' uorasaurft .fl. floqnrannra na gonpoce

ni

ua 4oupoce

rycra 1774 r.

4-t4

Hoscrllft AotrPoc IlYrareaa). 16 ceuttl6nfl 1774

ra Mocxoscttrft g,oupoc Ilyravera, 15

r.- IITAAA, (p. 6, s. 505, 40. O trpeAaulr.sx sa flzfte oTEOCT{reJrbEo rpaMoTbr qapE Muxauna @egopoanva (yrpan

seuEoft Bo BpeMfl no'fiapa

IfYraueaa,

c. {13. a flporoxon - so$amgrft 4.^

Ilbquralsra ra

" rycra :'134

L774

@.

B. X, V aaaanoa. ?Ia netueft

Aorlpoce [9 aa-

t, s fluqltoft

ce'

B

XVII n.) cM. rar{E(e: Por,unoa II. n. Tonorpa(Pur Open6yprcxaa. CII6., 1762, s, 2, c. 79-80; Itopo.nen'no

nourle

qeBa).

fluqriurt AotrPoc

c. 189.

Oncrpanr creAcrBu.s EaA, rtrqKuMtr fia3al{aME B aBrycTe 1774

AotrPoce

r. s fsqnoft

cenperuof noMIIccIr[.- BonPocl,r trcroprr{, 1966, Ni 4, c' tll' (Aanee: lluqnlrft AolPoc IIYra8

uoraaasui

I{. f. floqnraJltrEa Ea AotrPoce 8 ua.s 1774 r. n Oper6YPr. cnoft cexpersoft roilruccnu.IIIAAA, ,b. 6, n. 506, n. 188 o6.

Cu. raxrne trPoronoJl tro(aaa-

nuil Ilyrasesa Ea

r flrqnofi ce.

c. 188; trporor(on

rox6Pr

N! 69-70; c. 185 (laaee: Moc-

@.

19 an'

t3 Mocxoacxnfr gonpoc llyravena,

1.

r. a MocnoncfioM orAenesnr Taftsoft ercue[nqrr Cesara.- ftpacurrft aPxua, 1935,

(D.

ar.

npetuofi r(oMaccun,- IIIAAA, r[-. 6, t.506, n. 231 o6.

? Ilporoxon uorasassi IIYrase'L774

19

i[. 6, n. 506, r. 231-231 o6.; Ilpororon noxaaasuft B. fl. Ilnorsuxosa ua ponpoce 24 arrycra 1774 r, n Open6yPrcxofr cenpetsofi nouuccuu.IIIAAA, i[. 6, n. 506. t.252.

u. t1;2. n. 10, r. 3-6.

UI'BI{4, i[.'20, n. 123Q,_tr.76. ctisftu E. lI. IIYJlorvueurir 'rhsega...,

fl.

rycra 1774 r. s .fluqroft ce. rpersoi KoMucctrn.- II|AAA,

r.- IIAAA' 6. 199 (nopribenr f. (D. MnnnePa)' 1773

.fl.

Il-lrorsuroga aa nonpoce 24 aurycra L774 r. r Oper6YPr-

Ilymrru

P. B.

pa6ore Ean aPxuBEbIuE

Oavuruu,unoa

B.

frnoi6xon

85-90.

a VuoussytEre yrtashr IlYrareaa

L7.

nperuofi ltoMucctrtr.- IIIAIA' r. 23t. 6. 6. n.506.'uoxaaannft to

:

gPe?AIru Pa

VPaa'- B nu,; Ito'


I. Ilols. co6p, co'r. r, 6, c. 152-153. l8 Ilporoxon uonasasuft ff. (D. floqrrarfisa Ea Aonpoce 19 anrycra L774 r. n fluqrofr r{oMEcctru.cerperuoft qIAAA, i[. 6, x. 506, r. 230. 17 fluqrufi Aotrpoc llyravena,

faqeB, (Eo Ee Ba ero xafiyro-

poneuro B.

rrs6o orMouEyro ycnyry, 16o on [.fnos] qeJroBer{ se atrr rrxynrnoft- tr Ee 6rrsaroft: Taa Ee Mor yroAnTb r! rlepeA EEM aal( ApyIEff,

Cn6., lgl4,

18

re

c. 113. Mocrosc$nft goupoc Ilyraeena, c. 189.

Ifpororor uoragagnft II.

Sapy6nua-9trrn na

cw r

H.

r.T. f.

fl.

@,

ravera,.., c. 371.

cnoft rlrtreputr. CII6.,

r.

20, N! 14275, c.85.

26

t930,

fioryuerrrr craBr{n E. }1. IIy-

rarreBa..., Aor. JS 25

(Kpacrnft apxun, L935, JS 68,

c. 168; IlyraseaqtrEa. M.;

14,

L7-2'1,23.

l, $-Ll,

13,

Tau E{e, Aon. N! 47-55, 5759. 64. 65.

flporonon uoxagaszfr !I.

.8.

Iloquranura ua gorpoce 8 uaa 1774 r. n Opeu6yprcxot cerpetuoft RoMrrccrtr.-IIIAAA, ib. 6, n. 506, n. 198-199 o6. 21 Ogvunnunoe P.

2e

uepeuucxtr, c.144 145). Mocroscrsft goupoc llpare-

30

sa. c. 205. Ilporono.nrr sonaaanrft lrtrqntrx

Haaanon 14, @uruMososa

oepEcr(or KaEqenEptrtr.IIIAAA, A. Ug, A. 7183, r. 159-159 o6.. 16l. 3r Ilporoxol uoxaaasrfi tr{. .fl. Iloqrranuua ua goupoce 8 uar 1774 r. n Opeu6yprrcHoft cexperrofi xouuocuu.- IIIAAA, i[.

rs.:

trIeto.rssxoae-

AeEEe oreqecrsessoft ncroptru. -1975: C6. erareft. 1976,

M., 28 IIIAAA, i[. 6, n 506, n 206 o6. Oreq tryPaqeBcxom rrxcapr c.222-247.

flros flosslaltng roBoptrn sa Aotrpoce, cro

!

ero ao6un IIy-

6, a. 506, n. 204o6.-205.

32 Mocnoscnlrfr goupoc flyrauena, 'c. 209. 33 Ilporoxo.n uoxaaauri fl.

lI.

Iloqrraauna ua goupoce 8 uan

7774 r. a Oper6ypronoft cerperroft FioMnectrtr.- IIIAAA,

{.

6, n. {06,

r.

188-210; or-

leJr6E6re QpafMeETbr 0roro Ao-

peRoEcrpyltqutr yrpaqeEEhrx

qena).- B

z.

II. Illarusa ua gonpoce 8 uapr-a 1774 r. u Open6yprcrofi ry-

B. I{a orura

AoKyMeEroB (na npnuepe yxaaog z uasuipecnos E. LI. Ilyra-

JI.,

r. 2, VIa urcgcrBeEEbrx Marepuanoa u o(puqnanruofr 1929,

IIfAlA, i[. 6, n. 506, r. 232 o6. fioxyuenrrr craBKE E, lI. fiyMaur(pecr Enareprnn II or 17 uapra L775 r.- B nu.: IIoluoe co6parre BaRoEoB Poccuft-

nOJII(OB-

ErRE A{auacuft Co(orosXnouyma r Llnas Tnoporoa

llporoHor nonaaasrft Mncurnosa ra gonpoce 9 uax 1774 r. u Opeu6yprcroft cenperuoft nousccuu.- IIIAAA, 6. 6, n. 506, r. 111.

Ilosnrafiuna Ea

2r

EEEX trOBoTaEqeofitre

331.

'19 arrycra 1774 t. r Aorrpoce fluqxoft cerperuofi r(oMtrccrr.23

abrBaJru tr{Basa Ilo.rrraJrura B cBoEX CJTeACTBeEEbIX [OIiaSa-

RoMtrc-

ceurr6pe 1774

UIAAA, 6. 6, A. 506, n.

zl flporoHor uoraaasuft

22

AbffnoM, r(oToporo oE orregb uro6ar> (rau xe, r.234). IIeparru nro6uuqeu IlyraYeaa ra-

Aorrpoce

s ltaaaucnoft ceHperuoi 20

-BepreTbcff a JIIOOtrJr ello 3a TO TOilbKO. IITO cBrE ero Dptr EeM 6srn rucapeM, a ErltrocneAol( AyMErâ&#x201A;Źt

RyMeETa

ony6amonaurr B r(E.:

Ilyrauerqaua, tt2.

r. 2, c. L07-

3r Sauucxa or 4 anrycra 7774r.IIIAAA, dr. 6, A. 662, u. 6. 35

30 37

IIIAAA, tF. 6, A. 5L2, u. r. 105-105 o6.

Tau xre. * 226-226

3,

o6.

Pacnncxa Pegenrcxot ry6epucroft rauqenapEn or 29 rnsapn t775 r. o rrpf,eue KonogEf,-

t:tii


r(oB

or

troplnluaa MarcYre

sa.- IIIAAA,

s8

iF. 6, R. 572,

u.3,

n.22,5.

Csu[erenrcrna Pesemcnoi rY6cpscxoft I{aEqenfiPEE o cMePru 3annaAuosa (28 *unaPx) r

flnorsnxosa (29 ssBaPE 1775 r.).- {IAAA, ([. 6, 4. 512, 3e

r(aBar{"u uMeJIu

sa pyccfiolt!

.r. 3. n. 225.'225a,

trECaSEOe;

roro yr{a3a; a rpeTtre,EEqero Ee BEaqyqee, 10 B oAEtrX TOJr6r{O qepToqfiax (Earogo6ue roro; RaH Eeanaroqtre rpaMoTe Aertr uEorAa trumyr) cocrogqee, E Tar(uMtr ?It trycTbrMtr sepTaME Ee B OAFOM MecTe troAtrucaEEoe nRCruo, BEAEO CaMtrM sJrOAeeM, Ean rreBuarorqtrilt rpaMore, gnx o6MaEa EaxoAsrqnxcE trpII EeM

loJraesa, oE cKoE' Carasara rraJrcf 26 ceura6pr 1800 r. (ftpecrrracras s6frsa 17737715 n. sa reppuropur Eam-

c. 341, 43l).ItaraaiPaP Vcaes yr'lep {0 urols 1804 r. (rau xe, c. 433). L3 lTerpynuna H. II. $ TBopqe-rctop"r KrrDEtr,

trpocTal(oB- trEcalrEoe,

<Haunrauclroft

KopEera @eAopa lfycroualona, nepe6entasmero 16 Mapra 1774 r. EB Jrarepff floBcrauqeB n Opeu6ypr u coo6rqunmero, qro trilesrlre o(prqeprr <naxo-

crpairqiur llymrnua. JI., 1974. c.73-123. ea Ifolqoe co6paure SanoEoB Poccsficnoft ruuePuu, t. 20, J$ 14233, c. l-12. 45 Ao trocneAEero BpeMeEtr ctrnTailocr. rrro co6eceAnnnoac

(1772-1848)

nrc'

fI. lI. Prrsnora, ouy6nunonau.noi flyumuuuu; <fopogcnue

.t3s

h

ToM

uo x ry6epraropy uucan> (IX, 276), B <Xponuxe> Psrqnosa AaEo ugJlotfieEue uonaaasrt

Y ucrot<oi <Kaurrascroft lorrnED.- B rs.: IlerPYarua H. H., @pugnexgeP f. M. Ha4

Csesss

B

BtrAe, EItOoEr oE SEaer rpaMore u caM or ce6s traprnr(yJrxp-

"noi AOril{ED.-Pyccrar nEreparypa, 1970, Jtl! 2, c. 79-92; Ona 'uce.

MEEEuK nepBoro (IlerPynuu'a H. H. l\ taopvecHofi EcroPtrE <l(annrascxoi gounr>, c, 82). aB OequuHunoe P. B, Ilymruu r pa6ore EaA apxrBsbtMtr AoI(Yr*leuraur, c. 36, 57. a7 UI'B?IA, 6. 20, t. 1233, .u. 13. Coo6qeaue o6 arnx rpex uYraqeBcr(Ex trocJranlrffx n Oper6ypr ruerorcr n <Xpouune> oqeBrAqa opeEoypfcKoE ocaAbr

EeMeq-

uo cauufi xyqoft

trepeBoA E3

l4asecrsa roqgag Aara cMeprx

uto c IlYmxnslru 6eHrraxoP Maxafrrosuq

yRa3oM K

Apyfoe Ira

KoM EsBrfie,

lo Tau xe. 4t Tau txe, c.432,

EoBEJIa, ceAoBalr

.EBhIRe,

ry6epuaropy, Eo caMbIM rJrytrErM CTrrJreM O CAaiIe ropoAa

Kpebmgscras sofisa L7731775 n, Ea reppuropur Eam-

Ilymxusa 6rrn Huxo.naft CePre-esus Cnesus (1759-1850)' .o,{uaro H. H. tIgTPYEEEa Ycra-

EeKOTOpBIME

KoEx, ftafi cJlbrrtrEo 6ruo, oAsg

Irtrptrtr. V<Pa, 1975, c. 339-341.

a2

c

uX treperoBop, rrptr KoTopoM trepeAanu oEE EJrOAeeBbI Tpr IIECbMa, E3 Eaea[E4KaMtr

AErcE B flpevuctencroft tpe-

troeTtr B BeAOMCTBe trOpyqExa

Illnaurnra, xoropuft

orrpeAeJreE TaM OT snOAeA aTalfaEoMD

te

(IX,322).

qfBilA,

tF. 20, n. 1233, tr. 17, Vxaa ony6rur(oBau B xu.: [oKyMeErhr craBnrr qeBa..,,

nor,

N

E. trI. flyra-

26.

te UIBI'IA, rF. 20, n. 1233,

r.

18.

r.

19.

Vnaa ouy6nunoBar B xn.: [or(yMeErr,r craBxrr E. tr{. IlyraqeBa...,

50

4or. J\!

27.

UIBI'IA, tF. 20, t. t233,

06 aronr <aarorpa(Per rr Apyrux (MaEycI{putrT&X), ECtroJI. EeEEErx pyxoi IlyrareBa, cM.

ro4po6uee: Oe,ruuH,unoe P. B.

Aerorpa(pu llyravena.-Borrpocbr apxEBoBeAeEEfi, N! 6(16), c. 56-59.

rr flonyueurn craar{E E. raseBa,,,, gox.

N

27.

1960,

lI. IIy.


62

ffrqHut Aotrpoo Ilyravera, c. ll7. Ha tronDoce s Mocnse

6r Ilyraueoqnra,

215.

Ilyrauen, scnofirsas arour(e orrtrBofi, troraaaJr, uro ou, o6parnBnlrcb n lllaannnvy, cma-

orrtrpaffcE Ea MarepEanbr @ar

Eatrrca:r 1940

u efo poAcTBeEErrKOB CO r{oJrafi (Emn I. 11. flyrr a 6epny, Ilymnnu u lllnausuuu.- Sneaga, 791fr, iS 10, c.208--217: N 11. c. 139-

saJr:,,Xopomo">.-I{pacrrrfr 1935, l& 69170, c.202. llporonor noraaasrii M. [.

<Vnag

Ea

lI. .f.

IlosuraJrtrEa Ea Aotrpoce 8 uas. 7774 r. n Open6yprcxoft cenpernoft KoMtrcctrtr.- B xs.: .Ifyravenquua, 56 (tr{

r,2, c, lll).

osofr IIIsasoBEq rrocJre. ftax

€MV, Illuraeny, craauianr,

gscan oT caMosBaErla fi opeE6yprcrouy rocuo4uny ry6ep-

EaTOpy yKas

rro-EeMeqftED

(Ilporono.r uoxagasuft

Illrraena Ha Aotrpoce

57 58

t49\.

" fl?frr' *. 4s0, or.. 31214, co 06 sro.u BrraJr c;ron

M. I. 8 nras

68 6e

Cm,

upru.

20, n. 1233, n. 1,. 6, n. 508, s: 1, n. 53, 55. 56,

6r llyrauenqnua,

" III4[A, {.

n. 155. 73 OevuH,rlnnoa 7a ?5

6,

n. 508, v.

2,

P. B. Anrorpa{u Ilyravena, c. 56-59. fly'raueaquEa, r. B, c. 212213.

Ilporoxo.n noraaasuft llyraueBa Ea Aotrpoce 2-6 orts6ps

1774 r. s Cnu6rpcxe.- BonfocBr Ecroptrr, 1966, S, c. [14.

N

Ilyrauenquua r. 3, c. 213. IIqAAA, 6, 6, n. 467, u. !2,

r. 236. flpororor noxaaaszft JI, A. Taoporoua Ea Aotrpoce l0 srose 1774 r. n Oper6yprcroft cerperuof fioMnccutr,-UfAtrA. $. 349, F,. 7329, tr. 219, Zl9 o6, ?e Ilyrauenrqnsa, r.2, c.214. Eo Saurcxa C. LI. MaaprrEa or 4 qgrycra - 1774 r.- IlfA[A, iD. 6, 11. 662, a. 6; Banacira 78

1..

r. 3, c. 215,

0. 6, A. 508, z. 2,

62

ItrfAAA, tr. 6-7.

63

C6opurut Pyccxoro ucroprqe€xoro o6qecrua, CII6., -1880,

r,27, c.3.

Tau xc.

flporoxo;r ronaaasufi 1\f. A.

qtrEa, r. 3, c. 208-211.Mooroscxuii gonpoc flyrauena, c.202. 7r flyravenqrawa, t. 3, c. 2L2.

"

{. 5'g {. 60 IIIAAA,

Ul.q4A, $. 490, on. 31214, r. 150.

70

Mocroucrqii 4orpoc llyrayeaa,

II|BI4A,

co

ap-

1774 r. n Opeu6yprcxoft cexperrot noMEccEu.-Ilyraven-

76

c.202-203.

flyravea

Illsassnsa Ea Aorrpoce 77 uan

1774 r. n Open6yprcroft cenper,noi HoMEccEtr.-IIIAAA, ib. 6, n. 506, a. 86).

tr

llllanrrua (Hpacutrii

xzB, 1935, J\! 69170,-c.202).'

u'

EeMeqRoM ssLrr(e

urcaa o{rqep lllnauorrv, }ro .rpaEoAepcl{aro troJrny troAEopyrrtrKD (Ilporono.u ronagarnft

A.

croponr;r crapuero 6para Hu-

-53 apxtrB,

c.212.

II.

Btrqa

sauulcan. Os [flyraren], trocMorps eBo, cna-

65

upeARoB

Illsassrqa (nrrxopqea ua fep. MaEutr), caMoro M. A, Illnau-

Illsasbrs

persofi fioilrrrcctrtr.-UfAAA, ib. 6, l. 506, tr. 220-220 o6. Ilporoxol uoraaasuii M. A, Illsasanca Ea Aotrpoce 17 vas. 7774 r. n Oper6yprcuoft cexperuofr r(oMucctru.- B rr.: IIyraqeBrqura. M.; JI., {931, t. 3,

r.

n

6uorparfur

trpuEfiJr MeEs B rOpOA C rqecruro u Aparrcff -rtRctMo6rr uepecran".

5a

lllaauuzuefi, ouy6auHora.n B ouepx, ocneqaroqnft -

MRJrbEono apxtrBa

aar: <,,Hy, Illnaroanu, uaunrtrE tro-rreueqnu n opeu6ypxcnouy ry6epraropyr qro6 os

lopmHona Ea Aotrpoce 8 rrran 1774 r. u Opeu6yprcxoft cen-

r. 3, c. 207Ilymrrrucr I. fI. Blon,

II. C. florelrruna or 20 ,qera6-

tu


r.-

515,

e3

{fA[A, r. 110.

ib. 6, A. 512, u. 3, 82 Tau xre, (p. 259, on. ll3,9.297,

ea

u. 1. 83 Tarr x.e,

ss

pE

at

7774

+.240.

TaM ?fie,

n.2-4. 8a Tau E{e, ([. 7, g. r. 10. 85

86

A.

3704,

u.

26,

Tau xe, s. 3, fi.4. Patropr ro6orBcftoro ry6epua-

ropa E. A. feplreca trporypopy Ceuara

I.

87

e6

xosa (IX,305).

llyraYeacnoe trocrastre ot 23 Senpara 6nno nputoxeuo

rt parropry

Boeunyro RoJrJrertrIo (IIIB?IA'

ib. 20,

231.

ss

Basrbrua-[tauencnoro o rotu,

uro

ee

BaRoB

,-Itraassuqeh.-IIIfiA CCCP' 'b. 1343, ou. 33, A. 666, r. t-

a rperbe

.68).

et s2

[IB]IA,

rb. 20,

n.

7233, tr.74.

Baurutw-I{aneucnuil, 4. H. Cnosapr AocrotraMfiTEbrx JIroAefi s6rr"'1r Pyccxoft. M., 1836, .J. 4, c. 275. flymxtln tronlBoBaJrcf pyKotrucEMtr EeKoTopblx

ctarefi aroro uaAauuff, trPtrcJraEEBrMtr euy [. H. Easrsrluou-ltauegcnnM trptr rIEcBMe or.7 uas 1834 r. (XV, l43-

744). B 6y:uarax Ilymmnna coxpaEfiJlcg ero RoEctrexr cTaTbE o-Pefincgopne (IX, 777),

t3E

M. M. ot

BoPo4rnY'

4era6px 1773r.

19

rrqcnano H roMY me EoPo4urY (IITAAA, e49, A. 7183,

o

uesraMr. c. 169-178. Tau *e.'c. l8l-184.

6:o.w

oPeE-

6yprcnnx r(aBaBoB B. lI. MorYU CTapmme Etrqr(ux fta-

TOEy

psEcnoM trpotrcxolfiAeEEE poAa

eo

Pesr nyer o6 aatorpa6ax rpex unceu llagypoBa, ABa E3 noro-

plrx or 4 notdpn 1773 v adpecosasu araMauy

uonna. 18o6-1906. cII6., 1909, ,.s. 5, orn. 5, c. 33; fleao o gro-

pa6ore EaA apxrBEErME Aolty-

nucb-

Y flYraue-

ra (IX, 28), rto Ee trofiraePx{' fiaercE trcTotlEuftaME.

:neft6-rgapAun (Duulrrgcnoro

Ilymxrr

BaBeAbIBaJr

MeEEbrMrr AeJraMuD

orcraBghlu troJr.RbssrrtoM -rBapAEE llaMafrrog-

i'Illsasgns

P. B.

Eero6opo[oB (BMecre c

Ila4ypoatru

upJrra, Ceprefi Hurouaerrs

8s OeuuvHunoe

E.

(ianr xe, r. l, c. 238-24L) IIymHnn oaEMcrBoBaJr AaEsbre

(Dnulaugcroro

t. 17. Ilyrr 'r Eepgy.- 3neaAa, 1940, J$ 11, "c" 149; lyt'eauv C, Vlcroptn

I.

Cnonaps AocrotraMflrEbrx JIroneft, r. 4, c. 142. lla crartu o6 araMane lI. H. Beao6opoAoBe

flxurpuft Hrxouaesus IIIsarnus 66Ir orcraBgblM troJIXoB-

.:dnoro nonra (Bnon

7233, tr.72).

Baturutlu-Itan'eacnuti

799).

Etrr(or\r rBapArE

s.

e?

ronqe roa6ps. 1834 r. (IX'

/ 8E

Pefiuc4oPua, uor. s

crraEuoMy 27 anpetrn L774

r.-

ueqasrft o 6yETe)) EMeer ccbrJu(tr Ea crpaurqbr <!Icroprr flyraveacxoro 6Yurar, uaireqarausoft n rrnorpaqPun n

Tau xe, n. 93; cM. aE&JrorEtIrrri rercr u <Xporrrre> Prlv-

{tBlIA, r[. 20, n. 1233, n.74; E. 14, Ilyrauera..,, Aort. ' RE t$ 62.

P. [ep-

Vare qepgoBa.E peganqzn <3a-

73-

n. 1233, n.

rb. 20,

ory6lr. n xu.: floxyueurbr craB-

reEePaJI-

nranuny or 28 uapta 1803 Tau lxe, L.2047, u. 10, n.

IIIBI4A, 73 o6.

,

i.

i[,

202-207 o6.; nucrua ouy6-

rEROBasr,r

n xr.: fionyuentn

craBfiE E. tr{. IlyraveBa..., AoK.

Js f03, 104, 107a). r00

Ifporonon nonagasni I{. .fi. Iloqurailrsa ua qonpoce 8 uaa

L774 r. n Open6yprcxoft cercpersoft r(oMuccutr,- II|AAA,

ib. 6, n. 506, n. 207 o6. Pynoft M, [. IopuxoBa 6EIro EarrucaHo Apyroe, 6oaee pauuee uucr-

Mo Ea o6opore Pefiucgopra

uocJIaEtrS

aoMaEgyroqeMy

r(aDarenbrlblMn sotcxaur or 23- arnapr lTl4 r., trepexBa-

sersoro rryratleaqar,rr (AorY-


ileErbr craBfttr E. trI. llyrave-

reB1qar4._

8a..., Aon.

c.234-236,239,

N 56). ror Cyuoxur (Cynoaea)

Ceuer,

auqfttrtr r(a3ar, cToJIoEaqaIl-

gan uoscrasqecnofi

Boensoft

I

s so.E6ne 1773 uapre 1774 r. Becsbfr L774 -r.,

r(oJrJrertr[

Iocnc tropaxterux Ilyraueaa n 6oax nog Opeu6yprorr.r, Cyto, gns 6ema.u r ffuqxouy ropo4-

RX,

OoJree qeTErpex MecfiqeB

cr{pbrBaJrcs B cTetrsbrx xyTopax, BBrrr(uAafi trona upoft4er uoJroca penpeccuft, a 16 aBry-

102

r.

6,

Iaara II II. il, trTe:rrcwior, trJru cnoBalE ronorpa$avecHuft O.p_gr6yprcxoft - iy6epuun (1776 r.).- Apxm Jlenunrpa4cKoro r)rAefieqltr llucrrryra rrcropuz CCCP AH CCCP. tF. 36, on. l, Ng 5211442, u 62.

Pwunoe

TEBEoe

aK-

yqacrtre 6eplcrirrx xa-

aafioB B flyravencxolt BoccraEEtr, BJIaCTE pernuJlrr ycTalroBurE y EepgcHoft clo6oAr,r na-

tlr.srslrfr <noaopnrrft> 3rran Tapl!-:atrceJruqy (U|AAA,

{.

r{00, s. 12, L-4\.

2 Putuxoe

sarufi

cJro^Bap! rouorpa{uvectxft, n. 61 o6.- 623 Coqusesgs u trEcEMa A. C.

crosoft Hag[eJrfl prrrr. flycraxanon (Ilacraxanos) trIr.fl

xosnennv, 6yaynyq,nrfi

CTOJIOEaqaJIBEtrIC trOB-

crassecfioft Boessofi noJIJrerEE s uoa6pe 1773-uapre 1774t. B aupetre 1774 r. apecroBaE

I{apaTenflMtr, coAepr$aJlcff rIoA

cneAcrBreM

a

Opeu6yprcxofi

ceKpeTrroE l(olr4ccatr, Eo trpurouopy xoropofi trpereprren

(EeqaArroe EaKaSaEr4e trJreTBlrulr. Buocnelc?ltrtr cJryrfiEn ftasar(oM, B 1789-1802 rr. 6rrn araMaroM n Eysyryqnoft rpe-

loa

1969,

gofr

Ka3aK,

tos

JI,,

flpnnruan Bo Errlrasfie

cra ffBuJrcE c uogrsnot n sracrsM, B Tor ,$e 4eur 6rr.n- ocBo6oErAeE Ea tropyrrr. Bcnope

oE EalraJr cryrx6y psAoBErM Kasafiou. C uapra 1776 r. ctry,Ktrn trscapeM B Vpa.nrcroft

-

trocTu.

flporortol uoraaasrft I{. .fi, flosRrauzra ua 4onpoce 8 uan 1774 r. n Open6yprcnoft cerpersoft r(oMucctrE.- IIIAAA, S. 6, E. 506, r.209.

Vclanontero cxoAcrBo

pyr(o-

uucroft rpalpuru uyraqeBcxoro rrocJranu.E or 23 $eapaaa -not!77 4 r. u.yfiaaoB Boeusoft

Jrergtr or 18 4exa6pa L773 r., 25 {enpatn n I ruapra 1774 r. (,{oryueurrr crqBxtr E. lI. tlyraqeBa..., EoK. i\! 49, 64, 65), ynasbr DTU uaurcauu plntoft llerpyruuna H, E. Bonpyr <tr{c.toi ' roputr Ilytarepa>.- B EE: Ilymnuu: trilccneAoshsufl E Ma-

JIekcar(ou, uJrtr

Ilymxrna / IIo,q pen. II. O. Mo-

pga^oBa. CII6., 1908, n T, c. 27g. I. Modaartescnuil, JL B. pyHonaCu Ilymxuna r co6pannn locy-

4apcrneHuoft ny6nrvaofr 6uiiJltr^o.rexr.-_B Jlenaurpa4e. JI., 1929,

c.27.

5 Pyxoro flym_nura. Heco6paurue u aeouy6JrERoBaEEEre ?ercrrr/Ilogror. n rouueur. M. A. Ifnnnonclruft, JI. E. Ilouaa.iles-

gl5ft, l^1. Serrep. M.; JI., 1935. c. i139. a llonoe C. A, Opez6yprcliue coqeceAgunn A. C. flymmnua.uoBercxue apxtrBhr, 1969, N S, c. tl3-116. ? IAOO,^S, 9S, ,ot. 2, p. 57, rr. 3-99 c,6.- 400. flo4po6uee cll.: Ilonoe C. A.lla AopbrfiEoft IIylIIzua.-Vpar, TF_ryr{{q 1977, Ni 4, c. 149-152. t Ilo _ Ia_E.ErnM VIII peBrrautr, A. T. Mop4nauqeBofi s lg34 r.

6nro 12 ;rer (IAOO, 6. 9g. or. 2, 4. 57, n 363o6.-964),

Ee.trsBeCrEOrO EaM truCapfi I{OJIJIETEA.

IL IL

cJreEoBaTenbEo, poAunacb oEa

e

a

L822

r.

Iilprra Arfaaacrenaa Byurora

paccriasbrBana rrpEexaBrtrarl B bepAcnyr'l crro6oAy E. 3. Bo-

t39


troMEgagsqx troJIInIer|EBIO EB BTOpbrx py$ E Ee BIIOJIEe TOq:

u n. II. IllenaustrRosro B!fiecre c flyururuu

DoEEEoft

iv.

E6re rrpeAaEEfi Oo yftpartrsEEE

6iia opeu6yPrsnnfi -oa[EqeP uE}fi eEep-$aEuTaE ttoEcraETtrE

-

<aonorbro ABopqaD IlYrareua

fleurmonuu APrroxon' AtrPeKroo HeunloeBcl(ofo BoeEEoro vs-Enurqa s OPes6YPre (Ilucr-

rz

geremne or 26

rg

iro E. 3. Bop6sunbft

n E. JI.

r.-

EoE6Pfi

Pyccxuft aPxuu, 1902, 658-660). ro Ceeacrtanoe C, H. Hecr<onrro vnaaaunfi o trDe6brBaEEE A. C. ilvmrusa B EeP4ax.- TP. Oien6vprcnot Yuenoft apxuB1833

J'{i 8, c.

ra

JIATVIIEbIME JItrCTAME.

IIIAIIA. ib. fl00. x.,1,-14. qrniae cccP, a[.20, n. 1230t240.

UIAIIA, ib. 6, A. 421,436,441, 457, s.. 12-13; ([. 349, E 7250-

20

7373.

Tau me. r.510. 2r Tau z*e', n 27 o6.- 28 o6., 22

r

cna pyxoft qEEoBEtrKa cerper-

uofi ttotuuccntr rBaPAuE raE-tropyqura C.

ero oapecruoctet. lls

sas

nv.tz

1824 ro-

OresectBeEnbro sarlucnr'

rBzg. s. 35, Js 99, c. 22.

flani B. fl.

BocnoMtrEaEuE o

Ilymxnue.- B ru.: IIYunur

2r

n

B. Z. Torffosuft cnorapr. r.4, c. 363, 648; Torrosblii csosapb Pyccxoro fl36rna / IIoA peA. A. H. Vuafiosa.

M,, 1940, 'r. 4, c.

6vorcxoft ccrpetsofr

RoMEcA. 507,

cih.- qraflA; {. 6, t. 4, n.644-650; Pauopr crap-

mnsbl ltaprafluscfioft cnobogsr A6npaiburh A64ynnura oPen6ypicxbuy ry6epuaroPY I'I. A.

Peiiuc4opuy or 4 atrPenn 1774 r. c peecrpoM bYxaPcREx

roBapoB, orobparnnx y

Vreeaa.- TaM ?n€,

ro

{.

IVIYqT 1100,

Oto uortet cJrylntrrb [ol(agafeJrbcrBou Toro,

[oMa ltapuonr Cztrrnonuu, 3 To Bpeus rax Cnusrug u [,anl orpaartrE B oBorx Eocr t4r

o6.-

27.

r.

501-512 o6.; uePe'

r.-

Tau me, (P. 52, 1776 A. 101, n. L50-222. nncs

25

B pesugcxoft nepenucu

1834r.

vsiesa ceurs ltapna ltoscraE-

iusoruna Cnrsufiosa (IAOO, ib. 98, on. 2, 9,57, n. 399o6.400).

2s

i[.

IITBI4A,

n 2?

15

o6.-

52, n. 305,

v.

3,

16.

Tau ,ne, ([. 13, ou. 2lll0, cn. 164, q. 4, JL 689 o6.- 690'

2s 2e

730

o6.-

731.

Tau ffie, 6. 4L, A. r.

34

o6.-

?f,.4,

35.

Tau E(e, (b. 13, on. 2lll0, cs.

153. n. 22, tr. 24 o6.- 25. so Tailr'E(e, (p. 489, p,. 3054, o6.- 15. 59.

n.

14

gt @oplrynspshlfr cuucox Ba EE-

uarir

qro IIYurre

ocMarptraaJl 6rrsmufi (ABoPeqD . Ilyrauera u, BoBMoftEo, 6eceAOBaJI O BnaAeJrEqeM 9TOrO

26

A. 1238,

597.

flpotoHon uoxasaurft MYcn Vaeesa Ea Aolrpoce a OPer-

A. 7, n. 185-186.

*

llepeurcr 1772 r.- I{IBIIA, ib. 8. r. 1536. n 408-530; ue' penrics 177 r.-Tallr.e, ([. 20,

JIarLb

15

EaKaaaBErcetlr

u Eatrtrcar6 rroTlu xe, rb. %9, A. 7309,

IIIAIA,

M., rsss,

o

Cnrsuttosa:

IIDE}I(EEMV B I(AAAfiED.

2s

BOCTOMUEaEEEX COBpeMeEEUnos. M.. L974. r.2, e.222,223. rs 6' 6' g. 506, n. tt2 o6'

tL

KatrE-

MaaPnra

(trJterbMtr

Poccur tr3Aarenf <Oresecr-

s

lI.

BEeceEa peBoJrroquE

,ntrBOtrECEOrO IIyremecTBEE IrO

BesEbIx Barrrco*)t

34-

Tau xe. a. 56. Ha uolsx crn-

u6ft nor.Iuccm. OPeu6YPr, 1900' sbru. 6, c.233-234. rr Ceuntuu, Z. Z. fiaprura OPeE-

6ypra

34o6. u Ap.

32

1gO2

IAOO, 8.

IdIBtr4A,

ab. 173,

19,

se TaM ,ne,

or

r.-

I, 3055, n.7Lo6.

{fA[A,

or. l,

n, 349 o6.

{.

489'

ou. 11, A. 5,

F,. 1197,

7,

n.42o6.

&, U8, ou..3, g

LA4


85

Pauoprr-r fiapayJrbnbrx o([qer Opeu6yprcnyrc ry6epucnyro r(aFr(enffplrc.- Tan xe.

.

v.1, t.249,269o6. n qI.{44, 349, A. 7208, {. n. ll o6. s7 iF.6,

.u

508,

fl, Vraa, cou., IIIAAA, tb. 6, A. 506, r. 112o6. 8s Ceeacraaioe C, il. VHaa, cos.. Ceeacruanoe C,

88

c.234. c. L34.

ro Ilepeuacr 6ep4cHux RaBaKoB t89l r.- IAOO, 6. 49, oa. l,

dt

t.

11,

n.

9.

llx upe4or, 6epgcxut naoan (Degop

Cruolnn, upqusMan n llyrauercnou BoccraEtrtr, 6nn apecronan ftapayqacrtre

'8. lI. JIesEEa, OP, (p. 43, n.5, n. I, n. 4. t fAg,q, ib. 98, ou. 2, g. 57, r. 396-397. s ilonoa C. A. Open6yprcxtre co- -flymnura, 6eceAoasa

ro

tr.202).

hana

t

III

fla.au B.

il.

a

2 Ilucrua za Opea6ypra 1833 r.Pyccruft apxuB, 1902, N 8, c. 647. 658-660. t loc. 6-ra CCCP sru. B. lI. JIeErua, OP, {. 43, n. 5, g, 7, tr.4. I A. n. Mlanu.eeel, Paccnaorr o Ilyraueae.- Pyccxar crapzua, 1870,

J\!

10,

c.418.

6 Ceeacrthuoe C.

E. Hecnontno yHaaaruft o upe6rrrauzu A. C. Ilymnuua n Eep4ax.- Tp. uDeEoyprcfioE yqeEoE apxEB. uoft rorrzcclr. Oper6yprf 1900,

6

nnn. 6, c.233-234.

IAOO, ib. 98, on. 2, p,, 25, u. 90 o6.- 9l: Ilonoe C. A. <Crapyxa n Bepger

-Ioxsut Vpar, 1966, '1,4 xun. c, 4; On ac

e. Opeu6ypruue co6eceAsu-

rs A, C. Ilymruna.- Cosercfitre apxEBEr, 1969, Jl! 5, ?

c. Ll5-116.

Ilrcruo E, B. Boposaroft

n

E. JI, 3srertxe or 26 xor6pr

loc. 6-ra

A:

C.

nu. B. 14. JIe{.43, u. 5, A. l, n.4.

CCCP

QP,

.Mlanu,eeef. Vuaa, coe,,

t2 Apxue _Open6yprcxoro ropogclroro 6ropo 3AIC, uerpnue-

cfiafi riEnra qepr(Bn s Eepl-

cHofr

cranuqe

aa-

tS48-tgSO rr..

n. 41o6. Ilogpo6ree ctr.: IIonoe C. ,4. Eqe o ((crapyxe E

Eepge>.-Joxuufr Vpan, {927, 9 oxr.. c. 4.

rs

Pyccxrrt apxur, 1902, N

8,

c. 658-660.

Ieaeanornqecftag ra6lrua

po4a Eyrroarrx, cocraB.rresuag C. A, flonogBrM uo Merpuse-

BocnoMtrEantrff o

BOCtrOMtrEaEEflX COBpeUeESExor. M., 1974, r.2, c.222-223.

ll5.

c.'418.

r&

Ilyunuxe.- B ru.: flymruu

c.

Inua, t, A, 4,

teJrxMtr, yuep B opeu6yprcxou ocrpore 12 alpean 1774r. (Patropr aapayrrtsoro o(puuepa

ftatrEraga 14. Caspacodii.III4AA, (b, 6, s. 508, u. L,

r.-

Pyccrnft apxno, 1902, J\i 8, e. 658; fiuennnn I(. A. Byxa, Barrtrcb or 8 ulotg 1835 r.- Ioc. 6-ra CCCP urrl. lQeQ

por

cRtrM ItEtrraM rr [pyrEM apxEBEbIM ECTOqEtrItAM. t5 IAOO, &. 173, on. 11, nr. 8. Saruca o6uapyxeua C. A. IIo-

tu

trOBbIM.

6. 248 (Cerar), rr. r? Ila6ruo E. 3. Bopouusofi n E. JI. Ssrenrne or-26 rox6pr 1833 r.- Pyccrufr apxra, 1902, II_|AA4, 144.

N

a.359.

8. c. 659.

'. fltt#lt,

ib. 6, A. 467,

t.

!0,

re Cuacon r{onoFERoB or 31 lras

1774r. (rau xe, g.510, n.

152,

t'7). 20 IAOO, q. 172, oa. l, g. tA79, r. {. 2t Ilucruo E. 3, Boposzsoft r E. JI. i)sremne or 26 uot6pn. zz 23

'

Pyccruft apxra, 1939 Ni 8. "'c. 659-660.

1902,

flaaa B. Z. BoellouEEaEEE Ilymrune, c. 223.

o

geH?9! ?. Hrnotaft I

rop Ilymrrsa.- B

- pegar. rr.: Jlzre-

parypuoe uacneAorBo. M., !934,

t4t'

'


r. t6-18, c. 524-532; EerPs'

to

B [eftcrsnteabsocrn

pe 1670 r., a B Eatrare oxra6'

pfl Toro fi(e roAa rloreprreJr TaM peltrErenbEoe tropalr(eEEe v. orcrytrun Ea [oE.

flerpymna IL H., @prprengeP I. M. Haa crpasrqardn IIJrE-

nusa. JI., L974, c. 130-135. 2r JIptr rtrcbMe A. X. Eemteugop-

IAO0, ([. 98, ou. 2, 4. 65, l. 'J,44o6. B aauucr, nPolte

sr

20 uws 1827 r. IIy1m{y ornocnan ua qersypy Hn-

iius

Creuasa Au4peennva PaBuua,

yqrenhr: ero 37-ternuft

I

cBoE (IIecEtr o CreqrRe PasuueD. (XIII, 333).-Ine{

nonas

Mapxen

xaugapuon uucruou or 22 as'

O-ivrecssuhrfr

Ilanafittoe I/. B. OPer6YPrcKtre Marepranrr Ilymxnua Ats <llcropuz llyrasesa,) u (I(auEraE-

26

2s

r.

flymnnua (M.; JI.,

1938,

EeMY-Ea

t;

9,

<paezucxuft> enueog

na c. 5{, EpuM. c. 112).

n

7. Vnas, cov., c. 528, 531-532; Ipoccxaru JI. II. Cre. sas Pasfis n rropvecrne IIymKt{Ea.- Yses. aan. Mocx. roc. rreA. trE-Ta uu. B. IL lloreununa. M,, 1952, r, 20, nrrr. 2,

Sevaep

c. 76-81; Xanafr'Jroe H. B. Vnaa. cov., a.295-296; 7xeu0' ee A. Z. <<I{croDus llyraqesaD

A. C. Ilyunusa.-T6znicu, 1963, c.108; Ilerpyruuna E. I/. Vraa. coq., c. l3:o, l6l-L62. 142

s

1822 roAY>.

uesartr: Ilonoe C. .4. Eue o (crapyxe a Eepge>.- Ioxurrt Vpan, 1977,

I

ont,, c, 4. Hayu-

sas cmovlsutra Eamnupcxoro 4mruaira Aiageunc rayi U. M.

fnoagunona o6uapyrtnta

r

1978 r. n I{enrpanrnou IocYAapcrBeEEoM apxlrBe .EamnuPcxoft ACCP n V(Pe r{Eury pesnscnofi trepetrEcn Vpantcxoro

l81t r., r4e ytreu Ctenau Pasrr, rrtusmni B ro BpeME r tr{neqnoft craEu-

Kaaarrlero noftcHa

lluwnun.4. d. llcroprs flyra-

nrr.

KPoMo

Haxo4na pearacnoft BatrtrcE o C, A. Paazso o6napo4oraua n

cxbi nosru).- B xs.: OtepHn TBoprrecrga Ifyumrua. JI., 1975, c. 295-z96; Ilerpynuna E. IL Vras. cos.. c. 135, 16l-162.

seBcftoro 6yrra. CII6., - 1834' c. 52 (sropax uarura4rx)' zt Seneep ?] VHas. cov., c. 528, 531-s32. 28 Bnepar,re tro trepBosAaEEoMY flylrr(EucxoMy rexcry <!Ictoplls Eatresa-rasaflyraseaar s6una B 1938 r. cocrase 17ToMEoro Co6pauun costrsesrii

Jleonrnfr;

EeE KtrprrcqaMn

fiocrorrEcrBe, tro coAepraaEuro cBoeMy EeupErtrqEbr n Eatreqarauuro. Cnepx toro, qepftoBb

?. Ynaa. cov., c. 532;

cr-rq

trocJreAEero

C. A. Paanua fleurc (Pon. 1"796), Horoprrft 6rrn (trJte-

r(uEa o MEeEntr 4apff oTEocETEJII,EO 3TtrX IIECEE _ OEtr' (rIpI{ BCeM UOATESeCKOM CBOeM

25 ?eH,?ep

tr chIE

Toro, JruoM.fiEyr craPmufi crrr

rycra 1827 r. uarecrrn IIYn-

trDoltiluEaer Paarsa, PaBEo xin n llyrauesaD (XIII,-336).

Paazs

ocaxAal Crn6rpcn B ceurff6-

nuna H. ff. Rax YBuAena cBer <llcropus llyraseBaD'- B RE.:

qe (IIIA EACCP, ([.

138, ou.2,

n 188, r.366o6.-367). 32 LIIAIA, ([. 6, A. 507, t. r.

71.

33 Taar

3,

o6.

lt\e, A.467, u. 10, n. 349-

350 o6.

3r He onaearroer Paauunrx cpe4u xutenefi Huxne-Oaepuoft ctaEEq6r, yrlTeEEbrx peBtrScKEME treDetrrcgMtr 1816 u 1834 rn (rhoo, ib. 98, ou. 2, n. 25, 58). sb ltapnoe ,4. E. Vpaurqr'r. llcro. puuecxuft oqepfi. Vpaurcn, 1911,

q. 1, c.57-60,721,757-

759, 786-788, 807-8Lt:, Bu. reecnuil B. E,VI.,lI. Heuroea

r

Opeu6yprcnrft npaft. Itaearr, sbrr. 2, c,229-235: Pos'

1890.

nep'14. ae 37

I flrn

nepe4 6ypeft.

M., 1966, c. L9-22.

[IBI4A, ([.

13, ou. 107,xY^.27,

n.54o6.

Kpeem.sscnas goftsa troA npe[. BOAETeJTDCTBOU

creUara Paarr


Ea: C6. AonyMeEroB. M,,

r.

2, e.

l,

c.

164 t6g, 194,302,305,

3E

lbt.

426;, 458',

AEI cro-En Ao Tex uop

463.

Jr_fiJr,

Cqllcrin EaceJreuEbrx lrecr Pocczftct<oi'r tr_Mtreptru.

CtI6.,

sErn. 30. Cefieurr uo CapaacKoMy ye3Ay, c. 85.

s. {. a.

1823.

Peqr rrAer

o

foluqrrua, a Ba rugolo troctreJlr y6errtarb rorlxo fiaBaxoB qeJroBen c rpllcral (tau me, c. 210). 52 Pauoptu fI. M. tonzqbrEa rer repan-anmeSy A, 14. Ez6zro. sy or 22 n 24 *rapra 1774 r.Il184A,_6. 20, t\.i236, r. 390_

troxoAo 1716 t.,

ROrAa :lr(ctreAuqtrs Ee cMorJra sEriirv :ta trpeAeJrrr Poccau; ue truqKoro Ha3aqBefo oTpflAa, AO-

meAmero 4o lyprena, 500 xa-

3afioB uBIJrtr Bo3BpaqeEEr

rreaxrr flyraresa.-Pyccrufi qp4aB, 1879, Ni 9, c.424).

rs- UIBIIA, Q. s. 1. a.

oo., 107, iru. 28, 367-367 o6. 1_3,

ib' 6, n' 467, u. 10, e5 IAOO, 6. 172, ot. l, g.447g,

" Hlr#*. .n.

390 o6.,

{.

{6 Tau nre, S. 98, on.2, g.25. 17

:Sqjroft

ry6epraropy l{. A. I.Jtpayru r_euucA0p_n-y or I atpenn 177.4 r.-^Il-fAA-4, +. 6, s.'467,

u. 72, tr. 245-245 o6. 5{ Paropr ftpayae peftucgopuy or

2 aupe.ux 1774 r.-IIiAtrA. Q. 6, 9.467, * tZ, n.2S;n_252: _ 55 Pauopr Maacypoia pefiscAop. try or I aapelnn 1774 r.tll4{A. 6. 6l n. 467, t. r0, l.344.

58

flucruo E. 3. Bopouusoft r !9Sl ..- Pyccxzft apxun, 1g62,

J\! 8. c. 659.

Bureecnuil B.

11.

4s

ilanuil,aoe I/. c.294-295.

B.

50

fz4noe noftcno Ao nogBneus.s llyraqesa.Pyccxuii -apxtn, !8/9, Jt 10, c.227-229. Vnaa.

cos..

Ilporonol nonaaarnft IlyraveBa_Ea Aorr_p_oce 1r-t4 nox6px 1774 r. s MocftoscT{olr orAeJre-

srr Tafisoft oncneguqur Ceuara._-_Hpacrufr apxua, 1935, Js 69/70, c. 207-208. 5l Il_otropa Mecfi4a cnycrt, 8 uax 1774 r., Osszsuuftos trpzBen cnoft orpn4 troA MarEurgyro

Jlyravery. o6pagoraunuft lfyrayen ctrpocdn fipetrocr6.. n

pepEoro araMaEa: (f[aK rbr Eo

Taruqenoft I{

yruoJr.,.

E rAe rlr

nPAelt, KOII C TO6oro upuutr,.r4e uaueu?r, Ha ObIJI,

ATUX

(Iucro6

fr. B. pyccnne Eapo4r coqIIan6Eo-yTotrtrqecfiEe nereEAbr. l\I., 1967, c. 25; Itau. 6anoe A. Z. Hapo4nan coqz. alt_6_Ea.E yrotrrfl r poccnn M., E6re

E. JI. Ourefirxe or-26 sos6px L8

397-399 06.

s3 Panopr.. fioMenAaura gepuope. l(petrocrtr r,iaftdpa

B

flr4rnii ropoloft (Bur.eacpurt B. H. flwAxoe soficxo Ao trofiB-

BBI.,i

FiaMaEAy

ar Tau me, a. 367-367 o6. a2

tr crpe.

AOftyAoBa Bcg SapsAr,r

crpeJrEjr, a notoM, traAmu IIa nouefr, upo6uJrcn rrp.srro cKBo3r,

1869,

IIIBIIA, {. 13, ou. 107, nr. 28 (u. 1-3), 29, 30. 40 II|BI4A,,{. 13, on. 107, xu. 28, 3e

qro Osqanrmon otgerEr: (fl. Ae rrpolruB loauqrruoft riarran<

195?,

123. 129. 150.

57

1977, c. 154-165.

Ifporoxon uoxaaaanft T. f. IVlscssxosa na noupoce g ua.s 1774 r; a Opea6ypicrtoii cexp-eruofr fioiltrccurr.-IIIAAA, 6. 6, n. 506, .rr. 114o6. 58 Ilpomnol nonagauuft I4, fi. floqurarusa sa Aotpoce 8 uan 1774 r. n Opeu6yprcnoii cenpersof r{oMucczz.- B rrn.: IIyrarrenquea. M.; JI., 1920, r,2, c. 110. 5e Pauopr uoAtropys[xa capaEcnoro raptrtr3oua C. llsaEosa fiaaarcnoMy._ ry6epuaropy re-

f. JI. Epaury r.-B xs..l flyraveauluua, T. 2, c. l8g19r. 60 llporonol nonaeasart M. f. Illzraesa na Aotrpocc g lrag L774 r, r OpendyprcHoli cex. Eepail-aurreQy

or 4 aurycra

1774

r4$;:


't

perEofr RouEcctrE.-IIrAIA' b. 6, A. 506, n 9o-90 o6. T. IL flafiyllos Ea Aolrpoce

10 Iuas 1774r, s OPen6YPrcxoii

cenperuot RoMlrcctru coo6lqun'

IITO trEPEA BbICTYtrJIEE4EM

Eep4rr Ilyrauet

U3

(trPur(aaan

CE, paBEhIME JIIOABME BhIBese' nu n ropoA> (IX, 327)" cs ilaxail,,noe VHaa. cou.,

fl, B.

c.292-293. 6t Ilporononrr uoxaaauufr IIYraseBa Ba 4oupocax n fnqrou

MeAEyp aaBEy EapoAy B tfiau pafirotrTb Btrgot

roBaEbe. Tolfi

tyt Eecxonbl{o A xar'6ocfts BEIRartrJrE, tr EapoA OpocEJrcg K EtrM c E(aAHOCTtrrO, OTqerO u SAeJIanc.s ueo6Brsafinoft xpun u 6ec-

fioroparo 6ruro 6osex-

crr

c. {18-119; }tpacunft aPxur, 1935. N 69-70, c. 205. 65 Ilporonor noraaasut V. fl.

Ityaueqonofr na Aotrpoce 12 :lnan 1774 r. a Opeu6yprcnoft cenpersoft RoMtrccrq.- B ns.:

rrop.fiAor(, ro caMo3BaEeq tr!trr(a3an guqltuM r(aSaKaM Bbrou-

Ilyfaveurquna, r. 2, c, 198199. Vcrnur.s 6rrna apectouaua t6 aupe:ra 7774 r. trpE

BtrAE npoAonxaloqufrcn 6eeIIOpfiAOT{, npEKasalr CnOpO-EacRopo BceM.3a cooolo Bhlcryuarr> (I{IA[A, (b. 6, A. 506,

Aoft r(aparenbuoft rouangu reMaucypoBa, conepara II. AeprfiaJlacb rIoA cJIeAcTBtreM B

l7T5 r. Open6yprcras goftcnoBaf r(auqenrpr8

BeprftAeuEoMy Enatepzroft IIt Vcrunrs BMecre c ceureft IIy-

Barb as 6orer guu, a trorou,

02

u s Mocxse.-BonPoucroptrE, 1966, N! 4,

ropoAr(e

' pa3AaBarb EaxoAtrqyrcc.E ryr

r flrqnufr ropo[,

BcrytrnentrE

Opeu6ypre, a troroM s MocRne, IIo upnrooopy Cerara, yr-

n. 481).

B anpele

cocraBEJra BeAoMocrb o6

6e, troreceuuou

yqep-

raseBa cocJlaga n ltexcrotru.

ceJIeEErrMtr

IlocreAsue Aor{yMeETaJrr'EEIe EaBecruff o geft orsocgrca It

(agasbero sofrcna B AEE Boccrauqa, flo Eep4cxoft cno6oAe yqep6 KaBeEEoMy uMyqecr-

By

acswcJl8Jlcfi

198 py6. 1.9 nou.,

B

sronlo 1803

cyMltlo

a lro

qacr-

Becr, sToT

BEAOMOCTII

ypotr oTEeceE 3A CqET

tro

sTllz-tlls

a

66

Korrqe rrapra 1774

ue-

r,, ran

ytror\{nrraJl IL tr{, Prrsnor B cnoefi <<Xpoaune>: -<MemAy TeM rrocuJlc.E B ropoAe cnyx,

qro e Eepge

lopoAcl(EMtr

JIIOAb}IIT YIIDEEE6I ObIJIE BETtr-

nue rpa6uterbcrBa tr xuqegrr8

n qHo6Lr MEofI{e trorn[Tl{E, B p}Iiax BJIoAeeB EaxoAEBriEe'

,44 ::

llporonor nonasasufi II.

M.

119.

87

tr

,firrreJrrl Opeu6ypra, rpa6rnnrne cno6ogy B rerregl{e Eecr{o,r6lir4x gueft, O trocJIeAEeM

3,

ltyaueqora Ea Aorlpoce L2 uan 1774 r. r Opeu6yprcxoft cenpernot xouuccuu.- B r{8.: -Ilyraqesqusa, r, 2, c, l,l8-

MeEI'ItreU CTeIIeEIt UPIIqaCTg6r R EeMy r(aft trpaBETeJrb-

crBeglrrle noftgxa, BcrytrEBtrrrre-B EepgcHyro cro6ogy n

rolax. Boccrauue

Ilyraveaa. JL, 1970, r. c. 48r-485).

IIOBCTAE.

qeB, Eo {artruecnu

(no4po6uee cu.:

ltpecrrnscnas softua s Poccuu

EoBnaAerbqeol(oMy uMyqecTBy

orrpeAeneu cyuuoii B 4095 py6. 50 xou. (II[BI{A' 6. 52, l. 52, n.288 o6,). lI xorx

r.

Oe,tunnunoe P. B. Cy4s6a oeurra E. tr{. Ilyraueaa.- B ra.:

Ilpororon uoxaganufi E. IL

Ityaseqosa Ea Aotrpoce 16 cess flrqxoit cenpetuofr KoMuccrru.- I{IAAA, {. 6, A. 505, n. 316-316 o6.

ra6p.a oE

}torga flyrareo,

BoBBparsB-

mucb B Eep4cxyrc cno6oAy, o6rssun BceM, qro.. (oE ,rE: Erlrcfi Ea xaaasrefi goreph Vcrurre Iletponxe, tr trpzr(a-

BhIBaI IIOqtrraTb ee 3a rOCYAa. pbIEIO, fi BasaI yx(e - trosE MaTb, q?o oE, KoHeqEo, Ee Eo'


.

TnEEOfr rOCyAapB, o cSMosBeEeq, AeJIag ctre 3aftn()lleElie uB TO|O, qTo ecTntr 6hI oE 66IJl TOSEOft rOCyAapB, To oT BoA cytrpyru Ee trocryuEn'nE66r

faasa IV

t A. It. Pac,craa lroefi 6a6yurr.- B nrr.: Hescxsfr anrnratIax ra {832 rog. C[6., {8J2,

rra raxoe trpe3peEEoe cyryy_ ,r{ecTBo, Aa.

EB

BpeM.fl, ROrAa

c. 258-259. Arropom erofi nosecru 6hrn opeu6yprcnzir nrTgptrop A. II. Hp;onou (18031833), coaAasmrfi pn4 crrxo-

TaKOe on{e

saAneaano eMy

craparbcff yrBeprfiAarb ce6E Ea qapcrBo> (Ilporonot noxaaasnfr T. lI. fla4ypona Ea Ao-

TBOpEbrx

byprcxoft cerperuoft xortuccnu.- IlfA[A, (p. 6, A. 506,

,r{EaEb Open6yprcxoro xpa.fi (uogpo6re-e clu..i @onun H. Z. H uorpocy o6 arrope <<PaccHa-

(HorAa.nr Ifyraver o6nesqarc.E, TO B EapOAe sAenanocb cyMEeane, rro Ifyrauea ue ro-

cyAapb,

u

MEofu.fi Me'fiAy co-

6oro ronopun_n: ,,[tar-4e etouy

cfioro, coAep,I{aqIIe cBnAeTeJIL-

gIBa o BaxBare llyra'renrru

H_untre-Oaepuofi xpenbcru (iX, 153, 585, 6til), nonarn B pyKE

TOMy MEOrgg EaqaJIE EB TOnlIEr eBo pacxoAETofi, tr yCepAEe ToJrtre

n

eso oco6e rcrpe6-

JrETbcfi)) (Ilpororrol Eufr. LL

Eoxaga-

.fl. Ilosuraauga Ea ao-

gpoce 8._Mas 1774

r. n

Open-

6yprcxoft cerperuoft rollllc-

rlymr{fiila JttrItrE trOCJIe

CTAJI MbICJIUTB

O EEM (ESAqE

prF Opeu6yprcfioro

r(aaarrbero BotrcKa, trpeAcTaBnerEoft 28 au-

penrr 1833 r. n

(

EerfieJItr trperl{Ae, troTOMy rITo

trpflrrrolry qapro ua upocrofi

Rasaqbera AeBRe E(eEtrTbcff fia_ gaJlocb MEe BetrplliltrrrEo, II c

a^apn

F. 6, a. 506, a. {15-115 06.

'

B

B AbEqHE lrecrscft qep{l4 (IAOO, (p. 172, on. t,

[.

3903,

r.

20), a

I

uas.

u

Creuau l[uceaes

trptrxorr{aue

rofi me

troAtrncaJrtr ;loroBop

(flporoxon uoraaasrfi l. Iopmrooa ua gonpoce 8 uan

1774 r n Opeu6ypicnoi cenperEorr HoMtrccun.-UIAtrA.

1Tl2 r. trpo[reEtre

AaEtr,rloBa

qTo, rioHeqEo, og Ee rocyAapb:

rocyAapb 6n la cue, 6y4yvu Ea ero MecTe, Ee trocTytrEn.. Oguarox u Ba cr.rM cyMrestreM ocrancff a B ero cayx6er -M.

l\'Igcur.tiosa ua 4orpoce g nan

ry6epucnoe trpa-Baeaue (IAOO, {. O, ou. 5, n. 10626, n 30). Crenau Hncenes BMecre c [pyrtlrrrr ]r{trTeJralru Huxne-Oaepnoii xpeuoc:ru noAurcal 29 nn-

upeHoypfcr(oe AyxoBEos trpaB_ neuue o6 orrpegeneuuu llrana

toro BpelIeEa, ycyMEffcb a o eto AocTotrqcTBe, SaKJIK)qrfJr.

1774 r. n Opeu6yprcxofi cenperHoil lioMuccuu.- B rs.: _. IlyrauearqtrEa, r. 2, c. ll,4). ?r flpororto,'r uonaaauut T.' l.

BbIXOAa

s cBer (tlcropuu lfvraqesa).

3 l4un arauana-Hrntue-Oaepuoft cTaEEqhr yoTaEoBneEo tro BeAoMocrtr Botcrosoft r{agqejrrr-

carl.- B r{E.: Ilyravenquua,

r. 2, c. 109-110). ?o Ror4a Mancult' Iopmxon yrEaJr o ,fieurrrr6e fl5iraveaa, to

Vueu.

roc. yu-ra, 1958, 155-163). 2 Sanucnu W. I4. Ocznosa. II. C. Ilolsacrroro a IvI. H. flenap_aau-. Jlenuarp. J',J! 261, c.

crarqa, uro6 qapr Mor r{eElrrqa Ea fiaaasxe?" - A no-

B

trpo_

ocBeqaroqtrx

Ba uoefi 6a6ymrll>.-

tr. 479\.

os

n trposauqecRux

uaregeuut,

gpoce 10 uas, 1774 r. n Oper-

1777

r.

[pyrne

qepr(Brr

c Bacrlu-

eM A6paruoauu o-6 acuoJrseEEE trM AOJLTUOCTE qepKoBEO-

ro crapocrrr (rau xe, D

r. l).

IIrA,4A, 6. 6, tr.349-

g.

g

467,

4479,

u.

10,

ip. 98, on. 2, g. 58, ' |A^O^O, tr.204o6. I IIonoe C. A. Opea6yprcxue cooeceAEEKE A. C. flyruxut4t


na.8

ll4-115.

l(aura ,peeuacxoii uepenlrctr 1831r r.-- |AOO, &. 98, ou. 2, n. 58, r. 283 o6. e Tan nre, r. 205 o6. ro tr4nennoii ctrucolt xnreleft Ilnrrtue-Oaeproft Rpenocrlr 1774

r.- UIAAA,

<[. 6, n. 467,

s. 10, rI. 350. rt Tau rre, l. 349,350. 12

II[BI4A, 0. 490, ou.

CoBercRne aPxsB6I, 1969'

J\i 5, c.

florsLIii renct atoft lecuu, aanucaunnft.s {858 r. co cJIoB vnalbcrtoro fta3ar(a lI. ItI. Ea-

a. 150, r.

te llonoe C. A. Opea6yprctre co.

6eoeguunn

20

21

168.

Coo6ucsue Dro cxoAgo c pac-

cr(a3oM 6ep,qcItofi

l(aaaq$E

fl. Bynroeoft, aanucaurnr,t n uon6pe 1833 r. E.3. BoPounnoii (Pyccxrfr apxuB, 1902, Jl]! 8, c. 659). ta nlanlJrurt A. il. Ilecun oPen' 6yprcrrn^t RaBar(oB. OPeu6YPr, 1904, r. 1. Ilecsu trcroparrel.l.

cttne, c.270.

t5 (Doptrty;tgpFr're ctrI4clt4- o cJry,It6c 3. \1. Xapnona or 30 ltaPra n 20 orrn6ps 1764 r.-IlfBtr4A'

d. f,.

490,

tog

dn.

31214,

oo.- tlo,

319

A.

o6.-

qepaM, Tar(orfiAe Boegsoro opAeua

26

28

crapmlr-

r7 ltalteilcnufr, E. C.lIcropna2-ro flparylrcnoro C.-fIeteP6YPrcHo.ro reEepan-(peJlbAlrapEana ksse.s Merusnosa tronna

.

poe Caunt-IlerepbYprcft

o_ro fi

a'

paoEEeplloro uoJlfia 3A LJ.lZTla

t6.:,::

66-

A. A. Bu6unonuu. CII6., c.26.

1817,

rena flymnuua. CII6.,

1910,

Mo)aatteecnuil B. JI. Bn6r.uu.^

pun Ilyraveaar A. C. flymxuma. T6u;nncu, 1963, c. 248.

flporonor uorasanuii T. f.

peruoi 2e 30

rF.

KoMEccEtr.- IIIAAA,

6, n. 506, ;r.

IIIAAA,

113 o6.

tF. 6, A. 505,

n.

42'1.

o6.

Ilpauopt4un Anexcaugp @ur-

s

Eep

1744

r.-

-poA.Eaqtrr tra repcroft

(B€E-

Euoselr-

qeBD, JruacrEr{r{ Celrrnerseft

aoftuu (a ralruasuxx 1758-

rt.),

((rpaMore no-poccuftEo-seMeqRtr rrEraT6 E trrcarr yueer, rL vacrr apu(pMeTtrKE rr 3 IeOMeTptreIO SEai L762

cfiu

tr

erD (tDoPuYlrPuufr ctrEcolc L773 r.- IIIBI4A, r[. 490, ou. 51216, n. 447, n, 30 o6.- 31). 3t Ilpauopqun flerp Xa6arepor (Ita6arepor) pog. s L746 r. r 4aopxrcnofi-ceMbe, BJraAene4 10 lym fipeuocrErrx, B Boeqi

Eoft aryffi6e o t762 r., <rpauol rEt Ee sEaerD ((DoPuYlaPurro

$707-1798 rr.). M., l9t0' i. t, c. 455-463; r.2, c.22.

rs (DopMyrEpEEre cr-ucxg e{sqe-

2, n.

Mscsfixosa ua gciupoce 9 nan 1774 t. r Opeu6yprcnofi ceH-

rroJlKax'

EaM B upperynfiPghrx sofrcnax sa L77l ron-C[6., 1771, c. 69.

1100, A.

c. 10. 27 Zamaii,noe Il. B. Vxaa. cov., c. 287: Qxeulae A. E. <!lcro-

205,

RaBanepaM

u

{.

o n cnym6e A. I4. Bn6unoaa. cocroBJloEEbre ero cBrEoM ceEaropoM

ro Cnracon Bouucxolry Aetraprar\reETy r'r EaxoAglquMcff B mTa-

Te upn noficre, B

UIAAA,

j.975r

22 Tau xe. a. 65-65 o6. 23 Tau xe, n. 67-67 o6. 2a Tau xte. n. 70. 25 Sanucxu mItBErl

320.

rBapAus,B aprtrJrneptrr E lrpu npyrEx AoJlrnEocrffx feEePaJrtrTery, meipaM E mrao-oq)E-

flymnrua,

c. 285-286. 66 o6.

1/.'/1. Vpi;roqtr. OvePmrr 6nta vtlanbct(fix xaaaxon.- P xu.:

13

A, C.

c. ll4. llamafiaoe 11, B. OuepHn raop.

qecrBa Ilyunuua, JI.,

i i'puoa, upEBeAeIr: Eteteauoe

?li..tcattne l'1. lI. flonu. co6P. co.r. Cll6., 1900, r. 3, c. 166-

51216l

85 o6.

32

crrrcnE 1769 n 1773 rr.:# IITBI4A, iF. 490, on. 31214 A. 100, n. 511 q6.- 512; oi. 5l 216, F,, tA1, :t. 39 o6,- 40).

Agr4q, Cnorgu cJry?nrJr q tr,ssoalou NoMeEAaE?'

177?


cxofi r(aEqengpEg Hzxne-

rIoBec[TE. OAnaro orr, crofl

Osepuoft Hpenodru.

s3 Oveiu4qanriu

Haaau

Enx6ax VcMasosa 6rrllt'

p"oAEoT-

trpeA HtrM Ea fioJreEfiax. roBopua:,,Ear:omxa, EaAer{a-rocyAapb, trorraJryfi, x re6e crany

fiatrpaJra

ero

6par Haear-uyraseBeq

cJryrr{trrb_xccro Beporo r1 ilpaB-

r\tyca ycMaEor u gaoropogurrii . trJreMffErr&$ Bznuypar Hzxaor" o rIeM trMeIOTCf ytrOMtrEaEzff

B

rrporoxoJlax rx uonaaanut ra Aotrpocax a .fluqnofr ceHperuoir

KoMtrcctra 3a 35

,

' .

n

ceurs6pe - IITB r. ((qe44, S. 6, A. 505, n. 381 o6. 422\. Vxeu7ae A,' n. VHaa. corr.. c.66,68; ilauafi"aoe H. B'.

VHaa. cos.. c. 288.

Ilporonon ronaaanuft M. l. Ea Aotrpoce 8 l!gl".Ba 1774 r. n Opeu6yprcxofi

36

Ao0". Hanporra- qero carroBBaEeII clry, Ita.lrrlruucfiollry, cliagaJl, Et o: ,,Bor u tr, rocy-

iuas cen-

pergofr noltzccru.-II|AAA, 6. 6, n. 506, n 97 o6. ' !{I'B_I4A, <[. 20, t. 1280, t. 12-

re6n npoqaro". Iloveniy oE, Itanr,uancroft, s eso maii'rre tr trpcAocralcn> (ffporoxo.n Aotrpoca trf. T. Epnli.inrrqcna 12 ceurnlpn 1774i. n flrunoft ceRperuot I{OIIIICC,III.IIIAAA, {. 6, x. 505, .rr. 356). {3 Bonp_ocr,r u.croprru, 1966, J,,Ji 4, c.115. aa ,(oxyucutr,r craBnrr E, l{, IIyIaqeBa, tr0BcTaEqecxEx Bna_ gapr,_,_

creft tt y..rpexgenufi. 17737774 v. I\L, 1975, 4ox. N 3. B ror rxc 4e.nr, 19 ceurn6pn,

12o6.

3? Tanr lxe, A. 123t, 38 Poaruep

fIAJI6MITHCI{trII COCTABUJI TEKCT

n. 200. uepeA 6y-

Dptrcnrr] <Ilerpy

II. I. flux

. 490, A. tBT, o6.- 664. gfe-Ra, 6. 1100, g. 2, r. 30-

'n III_E4A,. 6.

I "

n

Bonpocu ucropzr, 1966, Ni 4, c. {15; Ilporono.n uoxaaaE[ft

l

flyrauena Ea Aotrpoce 4-14

uox6px 1774 r. s Mocrse.l(pacuuft apxur, 1985, N 69/ 12

, . . .

70. c.192.

ltfacruft apxnn, lg35, N 6g/ 70, c. 192-193. Jllo6ourrrsEre Irona3agtrg o Itattuuucttotu coAqprr{arcs B trporor(oJre Ao[poca 44qKOfO KasaKa-tryraqeBqa M. T. Eprrx.nuuqera. Ou..paccriaaau, vro uoacrauqrr uofrMann ltamMuscftoro B rrre-

crtr Bepcraa or Varaucxoro (popnocra, oro6paln y Eero uorrry, a rrorou, <o6peaar ttocy, BBfiJTE c eo6oro [, AoexaB Ao Caacrnsrrx xyropon, Bo oEbrx pactronornEJrEcb, E go-

uEEyroro ceprftaETa KaarariscKofo 0aMoaBatreq EauepEJrcff

(raru xte,

oAoopeE KaSa(aMu-troBcTaEqaME: (..,BCe OAtrEornacr{o 3aKptrvaru: ,,Iotoart re6e, EaAer{a-

663

al llporoHon uonaaau[fi llyraveBa Ea Aotrpoce 16 ceurr6pn 1774 r, a fluqxoru ropo,qte.-

III>

A! 93), xoroprrfi, ftaK BctroMEEaJr llyraver, 6rrn Aort.

peft. M., 1966, c. 97-188.

rocyAapb, cnyE(rrTr, BepoD r{ +pg-BAgp':D (Itpacnuii apxur, 1935, N 69-70; c. t9B).

a5

floxyuenru craBr(E E. I{. tly-

16

lltB4A,_ +. 20, 4.

rarreBa..,,

4or. Ni 4,

5.

1280,

60-60 o6.. 77. a7 florymeurrr craBrtr E. raqeBa.,,, gox;

N

a.

14.

8,

tly-

04. pyxoft

Kaagltugcnoro EatrlloagEr rrtrcbMa r(a3afia-troBcraEqa C. lL Anyryrna K orqy crapmase !I. I(. Anyrruy,- u rio-

xoAuoro araMaEa A. A. OaqEEgtrKoBa rt crapmuqe M. M,

Bopog,ury, mup-an.reunrre u TorrKe AeEB B .fla4xrft ropo'{uunuiro[oK c fta3axolr lI. Bbru (raM rr(e, AoR. l& 95, 96). aE Boupocu Ecroprr, f966, N 4 c. LI6.

Ls C-etihcraa.aoe

C, E, Hecxoasro 5maaanrft orpe6rrBaEur A. C.

llJrrrrntrsa B Beplax.-

TD.

Opeu6yprcnoft yreuoft apxui;

147


Eofr 50

fioMucctrE.

II. M. Iouuq,uua

OPer6YPq

Ilongag BaItEcE uecEu UPEBe-

treua E xs.i ,freteanoe il- il. Ypsrsrrrr. Oqepnu 6ura YPanr-

ciux

xaaaRos,h. 3, c. 166-168.

n qfA[A, i[. 6, n. n 248. 12

467,

t.

2,

Jrac6 E ee Aoqb

faana V g. IdIBI4A, ([. 20, 1233, n. 169-

t

174o6.

Buecre c M. I{. CYPrnoft ocra-

2 Peqr EAer

r

sa (xauutascxaa govna!), xo-

ropy reEepan-aume{y .f. JI. Epanry, a ran*(e o rrucbue rt

ropan RaR cnpora o6ecuesnsa-

Bbr-

efr trYraseBcfiEM a'ralrason Huarue-OaePnot nDetrocrtr It. Passonumru$os;rM (flonylrreutu craBRE E. I{. IlyraveBa..., c. 85). BnoBa l{atruraua CYPnua r ee Aorrb trpotnuBaJrtr B HnxseOaeprofi rperrocrr tr trocJle flvrasencroro DoccraEEE.

trpaBtrTeJrro

traBaeMhrM

B' 4enax

OPeu6YPrcnoro [V-

xoBEOrO trpaaJteEsE XpaEUTCE

xureneft Huxseapeuocru c B. A6Pa(of I r'Ias 1777 r.) o6

troroBop 'daeosdt rrros-bM

uctroJIEeEtrE

uu o6saassocreft

qepKoBFOrO CTapooTbI; B qEore upoqEx AOTOBOp uoAtrEoana

<(BILOBCTBVprq,afi ToctroE(a I(a-

nriasmf MaPuea CYPrEID (|AOO, &. L72; on. !, g. M79, 5s 5&

r.

1).

UI6I4A, t[. 8, on. 4/93, n. Tau xe. n. 30-32.

858.

Tau xe. n. 73-73 o6. tt. 147. 57 Tau xe, JI. 1, 5s Tau lrre, n. 159. 55

5s Tarc x.e', os

ltouasAa KaIIEraEa CYPnua cronKEynacL c troBcTaEqautr Buttet, la s6ruan ypotrmqa -r-g

Huxse-oaqpEoft E PaccuuuYlo rpetrocrb. O- uPotroJrtryrE

BaJIe upoTtrBOtryIaSeBCItoE aKc-

treAEqEu CYPrua E o ero raB-

Etr'

troBcrauqaMtr IIYuxuu

(IX, 514) uo ,$YPEtu'IY Ooes6vprcroft ry6epucxoft fti*qefipgtr (IIIBI{A, 0. 20' n. 1230. il. 181) z uo <XPouu' iie> II. 11. Psrsrosa (lX, .2L4). so 9ru crosa Ilymur nuuticaa EB pauopra reEepaJl-MafrOpa BEan

Mg'

[.

o pauoprax 1I.

Cutlrouosa a Boenuyro ftonJlerEIo u ltaaaacltoMy ry6epua-

Areaa IIerPon-

Jrac6 upoAoBOJrbcTBEeM'

trPestIAeErY

Boeusoft ftonnerEu 3. l. 9eP. ' ElrrreBv or 19 aupern 1774 t (qfBI,IA, (b. 20, s. 1233, r. 59).

1900, nr,ru. 6, c. 233.

Mnagmero

r(43&X-

cnoro ,ny3a Hypanz (I{IBI4A,

ib. 20, 3

l.

1233,

a.

49-49

o6.,

283, 348-348o6., 351 E Ap.).

B BuAy patroprf,r fI. [. MancypoBa R Eeuepanuaiopy fL M. lorrqbluy or anpeix 1774 r. (IIIB}IA, &.20,

Iihrerorcs

g. 1233, n. 56, 57-57 o6., 58). a llpororonr,r uoxaaaguft M. ItoCteuauooa, xieaaunoaa,

B.

C.

M. Xonpnna, BonorsnnoBa. I. Cugenbstrnona jI1fBI4A, &. zo, p. 1230, lI.

Tuuauooa,

rr.

66-68

o6.,

448-448

449-450 o6; n. !231, 422 o6.\.

o6.,

r. 4{8-

5 llMesslre yxaarr llyrareBa: or

17 cearn6pa 1773 r.

r{aaar(aMr L773

or tg

x srqftEM

ceuta6pa o(brqe-

r, H corlAaraM n

paM TapEEBoEa .fiuqroro ropoAKa; ar(crpal(r AByx yfia3oB

Ilyraveaa

or 17 (Penparr u

r. tt rroAIIonRoBuuny craroroBy E rapEEsoEy 14 uapra L774

ocaxgessoft ftpetrocrtr fluqxo-

ro 4.

ropoAna (IIIBI4A, ib.

20,

1230, tr. 76, 77; p,. 1233,

lt. 130). a Oevunuunee

P. B. Ilymnun

r

pa6ote EaA apxuBuhrutr Aor{yueuraus (<tr{cropur llyraue-

no). JI., 1969, c. 18, 70-74, 86,96, 198,206, 208, 212-214,

216,224-229 v. pp. ? Oresecrsesulre Batrffcltu, 1824

rE. 52, c. 75L-174; nu. 53, c,3L9:347. 8 Srsaxuft n opurruafiy reacr iiidrna A. fI. Itpnruona (uo 6ea yraaanrn uueE aBToPa u


ftoppectroEAeETa) EarrerraTaE fI. lI. EapreueBcrM B nu.: Ap

xtr-B- r(EffB.E Boporqora. M.,

xs. 16. Eilraru rpa6d C. P. Boponqosa, c. nO-5I2. 1880,

o Mor sa6tuo4eulr tr cyrftAeutrt orEocrrreJrbEo arpu6yqun crarbz <O6opoua Kpetrocrr

flqxa or uaprun

ctrEcoft B.

(BeCbMa SaMesa-

renrsoi crarbuD (o6 arpu6yquE oAEOTO trA ECTOSHnnOB nyuxzucnoft <tr{cropzn llyravenal) >.- llcropua CCCP, 1979, N! 4, c. 173-179. ro l{apnoe A, B. IIauxrEEK r(agaqr,et crapuurr. Itparxze

cKr4M B_r(8.: C6opnnn

rt

Bofrctta,

Vpalrcx,

1922,

17

rrpocb-r

BaKoB

t2 Taft, fianpzuep, yroqanE r(agarn_trpsexaBmero B Vpa.rrcn s 1837 r. BeJru(oro xrrflafi

A.nexcau4pa HnxoJraesuqa (fy"taea A. Jl. OrpwBHtr r.la

craptrEbr.

AeMDr.r

1895,

r3 Ilymxuu. flrcrua fiocnellEnx ner. 1834-1837. JI., 1969. c. 83.

1833__I.-IAOO, ap. 6, ou.'b, -tlqdtyxuoii 10626, tr, 47 a;

g.

.B

I.

,{or,r) Eayri CCCP, cenrop py-

2U

(apxnn A.'C. 844,

JI. 4.

re Pyxonncn flymxuna

n

co6pa-

uuu focygapcrnesnoii ny6nuv.

soii 6u6.nuo:re(u s

Jlerrrasrna-

I Cocr. JL E. Mo4aa,rescriaft. il., 19_29, c. 27; Pyxoro llymnnEa. Ileco6parnuc r,r u6ouy6JrIIHoBaEEbre reKcrbr. flonror. Ae

trJrroeBcr{oro .HaAercltolo ftop_

fiotrrrcrru Ifymnuncroro [ona.- B Hr.: C6opuun IIymnr,rncxoro fioua ra 1923 rog. flr., 1922, c. ZI-27: Be,qouocrr ypanrcroft Botcttosofi KaEqejrffptrE o mra6- a o6ep-o(prfepax nagacbero soficxa or l0 rrrapra

ocBcrr{aercg 'A.

llyufiuua), ou. 1, nun. N

fipyrne rps DfiaeMtrnfipd xnurtr rrpeAgaaEarrantrcB B. A, IIepoBcxoMy, B. tr{. fianro n It. A. Aprroxony (gnpenropy He-

tryca B Oper6vpre). ta M o0 salle scnui -B.' JI. Hosur;rrn rrymr(EEcr(oro TeEcTa rro py-

r.

Itparrre otreprtr no

xoruceii, 6.

l4B 3atrtrcofi uo.nxonnnxa A. JI.

c. 27-28\.

18;17

ucroputr !'palr,cxoro ioficxa, c.79-82. 18 llacrnryr pyccxoft nrrrepary-Axlpgl (Ilymxrrrcxzii

trpomnoro Vpanr,cxoro soficxa.

Iy.rmeaa. Vpalucu,

B

Vpanrcrroe fiaBaqbe sofici6. CII6., 1866, u. 7, c.75-8Q, fyaaee A. 1. .Orprrurrrr lra nporrrJroro ypanbcKoro eoficxa. Vparrcn, 1895, c. 27-34; Eapnoe A. B. flaM.srsnx naaasreft

Bo-

lli J, N 4. c. llt-126.

RcroptrE, 1966,

c. 130-136;

c. 327-328.

BrrcrynleRtre yparbcnlrx fia-

p-a6orax: Pa6unun

1909.

nrru n fluqnoM ropoAre.-

c.2l--27.

ro Ngxoacnuti. B, A. flneeanwn.Py^c^cuan_-crapzna, 1g02, Ni 5, -

u cy4 irag E. ll. Ilyravenrru. floryueumr u cJreAcrBtrtr uag E. I{. flyraueCne4crnue

flymnrn_

919qo ,(-oya s.a't92} 164. IIr.,

oqepfitr tro trcropuu Vpalrcxo-

ro

IlonarunoBa sa

Bep.Earr rqeJra, 1884, 7 max, c. 403-404; crarbfl fianx uspetreqaraua B. JL Mogaanen-

MffTeErEuI(oBD

trsrorfieulr a pa6ore <B uorc-

xax aBTopa

A

r. E ero rre {opuylnpEEtu crrucon Ba {8Bg r._ rlrpll{, 6. 405, ou. 6, 4. 986, ._ tr. 4-10; t. 2608, n. IZ-22. ro /lartb B. U, Hoal,rii araMaE (Ilrcrruo ud yparlcxa).-Ce1837

g

r{oi.rMeur. M.

JI. B.

A. [nrnorcraii,

I\ilop,aaJresciilfr.

T. f:

Senrep. M.; JI., 1935, ft. 339. Pyxoro flylrnzua, 340. 2l Cregycr BaMerETb,c.qro Euas20

EOB IIE EASBAE B qrCNE 3EA-

llynrHuna

r

cl(oro (fILnu{nE

14

aoMBrx

secrroM cJro.Bape JI.

6zorpa(prA. 9epefr-

ero orpy-

,neEtre) (JL,1975). 22 B cnucxe rrqr(trx KaBar(oB, co-

craFlresgoM a cerrafoe 1772 r., JFrreuhr: Erors-os flerp (De4oponur (50 ner),

rq


Ersssos lpzropafi IlPonoifrer;vrv (27 rdr), Eua.ssos llsan

Ilport6tbr,esrq (20 aet)' Bssssrie flerp llsasosuc (23 rona).-IIfBIIA, (P. 8 (IeueParaHcre4uqux BoavtrtrTopcxaff -rorurerun), otr. 4193, eftnofi n. 1536, tr. 420 o6, 425, U3,

23

494.503.

llp6roxonbr uoxaaasufi

II.

(D.

BsafiEosa u 14. Il. Euassona Ea troupocax s 1774 r. s fluq-

xou'ro-polne'- IIIAIA' i[' 6' D.. 467: v. 13, r. 15-15o6';

n. n. Vpamqrr. Oqepxn 6ura YPanrcHEx Ka'

32

)Iteaeanoa

34

[AOO, (P. 6, on.5, g.

35

q''1,-2.

Cn6.,

1866'

38

3e

Bopo7un E. A. lPawu(oe fta-

25

Vpalrcr' 1891, za lg&s,s6 A. JI. Orprroru ua aaq6e noftcro.

r. l-2.

uporunoro VPanrcroro Boficxa. ll'a aanucor noarossura A. JI.

Ivlresa. 2? Tiru ixe, c. 27t 28, 32, 33. 28 Tau x.e, c.77-L45. 2s IleaHwr M. Otz.casue

auufl. Eero uoxoAa a XxnY n 18391840 rr. Cft6., 1874' c. !27-,-L?8'

130. 133-t34

E AP.; Iolun'

II.'JI. tpaQ B. A.

IlePoncnnfi

B oDeEovpicroM r(pae.- fyccnai cra-pnna, 1896, J'li 6,

c.524,52f,528 n AP.; SaraP*

utl (flnununl Z. H. Xusa, Surtau'ufi uoxol s XunY IIePoncroro B 1839 mnY u rrepBoe uocoJrbcrBo r XuaY s 1842

so

ronv. (IIo PaccrasaM E BarIEcndir oie"uxqer). Cfi6., 1898' c. 118 r AP'i OH rre' IPaQ B. A. IlePoscrui n ero BUMsufi noxoi n XrsY. CII6,, l90l' ,r.2, c.18, 86, 96' 99.

Sarapuua' (flnYruun) n. H, Xusa, 3nMsrfi roxo4 n Xu-

8y..., c. 118; Oru we- fPa(F B- A. Ileposcnuft u ero guMsuft uoxo^A n XrnY, v. 2, c.86. 3r ndrlb B. il. flu'csua o XussscRoM rroxore.- B nu,: fianr B. fr. Ilonu. co6P. co'r. CII6.,

t.

70, c.-495 (uucruo 3 (p'eupann 1840 r.).

1898;

rsdl:

or

10626'

a.47a.

Cnucor reEepanaM tro crapmugcrBy. Cfl6., 1852, c. 429.

Cngcox reuepaJlal\( rro craprtrtrEcrBy. C[6., 1857, c' 296. 37 Pvccnzii LrEBantrA, 1858' 36

n. 505, n. 39. 2L Pa6unun A. JI. lpaJr5cRoe fia-

sanbe softeno.

r. 3. c, Llt. Crucon rroJIKoBEuRaM tro crap. rrruscrBy. CII6,, 1838, c. 93.

gaxos. 33

40

16 uan, c. 4/$'

lIlBnA, 6. 489, A. ir. 52 o6.- 53: ,[. rr. 34 o6.- 36; A.

225 o6.- 227' ltararor Boeuno-yueuoro aPxrlna lJrassoro mta6a/Cocr. M. O. Eeugep. C[6., 1905, t. l,

x.

c.

109.

IIIBIIA, 6. BYA, A. a.448,501 r Ap.

{r Tau

{2

3090' 3091' 3095'

;i.1.e.

1{66'

rt.512-514.

Tau me, a. 512. Bn4antenae

(AaTb

trocneAoBaTenbEbrE

xpecTD o3Eaqalro' Eo-BtrAEMOMy, trpeAtrtrCaEEe O EarparfiAeEtrn SEaKOlt OpAeEa' KoTopElE tro €Po AOeTOtFcTBy trpeBbrmaJl 6tr rlresmuecr Yxte Y BnansoBa opAeEa. 20 zrosq 9ePrnmes no;trar Hnroaaro I gox;rag' nouM trpeAnaran EarpaAtrrb Enssuosa .rlu6o oPgenou BlaAqMnpa 3-n cteneuu, 116o ([arb eMy r(opoEy Ea oAtrE u3

nMeloqrxcE ylr(e y Eero opAe-

sos cs. Craurcfiasa uJIu

cB.

AsnH 2-ft c.r.t> (raru lne, r. 531-533o6.). IIaPr Pacuo' DgtrtrJrcrr

<Jlarr EnasuoBy rio-

bosv ua obieu Assbr 2-ft cr.> ?tartr me, r-. 531).

rs 'iau xe. r. 517. aa Tau xre, l. 519-528. e5 lotr cnvcrn nocle croft EaxoA-UIBI4A

r(a'

1978

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r. n

n ceurx6Pe OPeu6YPrcxoM aPxE'

se 6uJrE uafi4eun SoPuYlrtrr Ebre clrrcrin Bnagsosa 1834 u 1838 rr. (|AOO' $. 6, ou. 5, 'n.

n 11100, t. 3-12).

1-10; s.

11548,

fla'uuue crtrx crIE'

9KOB uAeErgsEDr cBeAeEEffl[

-i


,

58 Tarc 5e

iDopr,ryrrrpuoro ctrEcfta lg37 r.. xparnqelqcn n I{IBIIA. ,. btra.ggoB .o Hoscrauruu (Deroro_ srs s 1870-x ro4ax 6rrr reue_ pal-uariopolr E Ear(aaEbru ara_ rrasolr VpaJrrcfioro ftaaaqBero

rtrafl B AepeBEe EMeurssosxa uog llerep6yprou, 6rura BBr_

nofrcxa (Cronerne Boessoro

I

BBaEa fltrKoJraeu s croJruqy, EO B ropo[ Ee BCTytraJIa, pac-

MaErcrepcrBa. lg02_1902. Ita-

Barrru noftcxa, CII6., !907, r. 1{, v. B, c. 271\.

.'II{P{A,. fr. ByA, A. r. 5tg o6.. 522.

o,

,'

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B-

ero

r.

519 o6-

r

QopMyJrfipEBrX CtrtrCKax

Tau xre,

{. BYA, A.

rt66',

.n. 520,

5t llluanruu ,4. A, I4cropu.s soii_

pocczeii

EBr

u

Temny qnefr B qapcrBoBantre EMtreDa_ iopa IIaBna I. CtI6., lg17. r.2. <Dpau_

tl8, t\4-t80, 248_262', 3t6, B2T s. Er.. qlqIA:-^_S: ByA, A. 1166, n.520-527. c..117-,

5'z

53

.

E_

14^Ae(a6pn IQ25 ro4a. M.; JL,

192.8, c.173,17il. UryfA,_ -*. tlVA, A. 166, n.523-52i. 61 Crrcox .snqltux RaBaKoB, cocrasresRr,lft 7 cesrslon 17^72 t- tlI'BI4A, g. 8, on.-41 93, 4. 1536, .rt. 428. i.IL ErrxEoB poAtrncfi B, 1745 r,, yMep B Earrare XIX n. 62 Ifporonol nonaaaunfi fI. ?I.

uo

Buaxuoaa Ea Aotrpoce

r M. II. Torxasesa

'.

gpoce 10 uan 7774

94n.:-B

trpaBnexrz Alexcaugpa I.

cor. CII6., 1850, ;. 7; IffBiIA, 6. ByA, F, tt66, n. 521.

r. r

Oper-

xu.:

M.; JI., 1929, r. 2.-Vlz cneacn-

o cMeprr Apaxieeni aupe,rn 1884 r.),^ny-nr"

c.380.

B cbaAr,6e

6yprcnofr cenperuofr xoirnc-Ifyrauesqusa.

BeEErrx }rarepEanoB.tr o(pzquarrsofi nepeutrcnu, c, 'll7.-. 118.

6a

65

Ilpotoxon noaaaasrft tr{. II. Euasuona Ea..Aotrpoce s fuqr(oE cexperEof r(oMtrccntr B aB_ rycre 1774 r.- I{|A{A, r[. 6, a. 505. r. 39.

)Itgnoecnufr B. A.

fiuernrxr.-

Pyccxaa crapuua, lg02, I& c. 3213-

aa

@9p.^

5?

Opeu-

Ilyraveaa cu.: Ilporoxol nonaaaszfi- [. C. tlrmoua Ea Ao-

Vasan '(21

q; . EtrM.CB4IeTbCE u EaroBopETb_ - cxr (XV, tB0). IIIBJ,IA, '.' n. 521. 6.' ByA, A. 1166, ' Tau;ne, n. 521. 58 Muxafia,oecnufi - flanuneacnuil, , A. !l. Sanucxu {814 n igl5 ro_ , AoB.- B na.: Mrxafifloscnufi, Aqunlencnnfi A. I{. Ilorru.

r

oJ4)rcnoIl creAcrsessoft fioMr.ccwt B aBrycre 1772 t._ Tau xe, n tll-112. 63 O6 yuacruu II. 14. Bnasnona

Bcecr.rJlbEoro BpeMeEqEr(a

,qeE6 CilycTfi trncaJr ,fieEe: <rApanueer rarme ynrep. Ofi groM Ro scefi poccuu g oAuE Ee yAaJrocb ,r(airex) MEe c -

RATIECTBE PE.

za ropogenux aacrae (Ia6aee I. C. irhpaun r 4era6prcxue mn {g2d io4q.- B rr.: flpecranos A. E.

Tau 4e, n. 520. O6qeuaneereu xssefi mufr .-ruTepec nyrrrura n BnoBeqeft (parype Apaxyee-

ra,

I

B

BepBa y_oArroft

T9r me, lr. 5lg o6. Cne4euux oo oroM trepzoge cryxe6roft

t8t2-^ rgr5 ri. 1r{rnuA, {.4s0; A. ^3^0_90,- o. l7B o6; A. ^809f; .^ L_2j1o6.; {'g qlq{Ar 4. 809b, tr. 228o6)'. 50

trOJIO'I(UBIIIUCb

fl66,

Ae.ETenBEocrE Dus.Egosa (c 1798 uo 1815 r.) orparfieulr

xe, n. 522. .

B 4eua l1r 4ena6pn {g25 r. ypanlcfia.E NaaarrbE .refi6_cot. nn Bnaxrora, KBaprtrpoBaB_

67

b,

IO?un n. JI. O trepBoM trocMeprEOM EBAaEEU covunerni II5nunEE^&- Pyccnrfr apxrn, l8g3,

N

9. c. 124.

IAOO, {.^ 6, _o1u. .b,

4.

10626,

n. .36-39, 17-48; n. lttOO, u. t-50. r5l


6E.Bor cuscor Yparbcrtnx BaBa'

Ogqrsssros .firoa A(Pauacre-

YraaErBaercr Ex roaPacr):

Itapnosus (75), IIo6eAuMosa Ilenareg (90), IIomopstusoB flros EpMofiaenuv (75), flolnrapnoni Arafru (80), Ilore-

KoB E KaaaqeH, oYenrgler [IY-raqgBCXOm BOCCraEtrs (B Cnoo'

rax

Asrfuos fror

lPrroPre-nliu

,(75), Acra&neB tr{BaE AgTaQbenrq (80)' EuPronora AQqYBfi i,(80), Bomtpen MaR.cuM -t'lsa-

riodts (76),-BoPoxefinrn AuE' pet llriameaus (75) Iacrlu' Iouorasos .ia Hatanrs (92),(80)' IonoBa,llsaE llsauonus i.les llsau llsasosrs (73)' IoP-

,

:

treeB Matseft

Ailenceesnt

?zSi. topmttora [IaPrn (80)' i,Iloi6xon- Ilerp fiIrautPltenuv

(7$.

sEs (80), Ilo6e4uuon Bacuasfr

pfuoBa Auna AugPeeBEa (ub)'

lloqnraruua Assa Bacuunensa (82), IlPorlarora [,aPu

(80), flrssoB Muxaun fleurco-

;n.i fssl. Cserusnnos Arexcefi @snitrioan.r (90), Ce4ou Itvsnra l4sasosus (80) ' Cnllnauorns (!9)' niutres IIerP-Bacrruca (80)' Csuasrresa Crszmnunon lPuroPut Ba'

cErbeBus (76), euaAxosa Es-

Eprrrnruqen 'ltMirinue"us (82), Ecusa Oe'rhsrri (so), Ittnryruu AulPeft

<DeAoP

tronuff (90).

xusa AibuMrs (83)' CYuxuua

(90)' EtYPaalen Eroposis (De4oPonul (80)'

Ilpacnoi'rs (80),

3e-

Asipeft

'Anvruua (90)' 9e6otaPen Ileip tr'Isasosue (80), lllans-

Mos' @elop lletPoanu (80)'

Illaposaps[xon Airexceft Max-

flerPorns (80)' ItaloY-

curc-osus

Itoureaon ilgiionrs (78)' (90)' I(-P^s.-

oe

nr.i't8t5l, Ityxrrea IIerP [aEEJIoBEII

(75)'

HYuanoacroa

tresre Bacimesre (85)' ItY-

Itn{gg lnnropufi fronuennt (uu)' b'uua EHatePnsa (80)'

Itvsl(Iiga Bacnnnca

6iaru

(75)

JIto-

' Bacuanft Celtesosnr

liASflpeur'rosa BsAoHua (96), 'it ahbuos Hutruta lV,Irxaft rosdq i74)'. Mamraros llnas Tsuo-

'&.,i,i"r ttoO), Mraruor IIerP

"AsnPeenus (92)' IVuPorrx4r

"Aftift llsasosns. (80)' uu5,ou

,..t

t5t

llaau

OaP1r.'

JIYI1IEEoBES .(Upt

frpotonon roxagaunt flYrauesa- sa '1774 louPoce B Mocnse a soaP-

r.-ItPacunfr N 69-70. llporoHoa noraaauuft C. ColoIIoBEtrROBa Ea Aotrpoce B s6pe

{935,

Oper6yprcxofr cenPeruoft ro-

B uroEe 1774 r.349, s.7270, tt.7S' '/$I/|'AA, oo. llDotoxolt uoftaaauufi !1. A.

r-r'uccri.r-

l(dsi. Itpnsrru EoPuc llaasG'

(75), KpwEKng4 _$*p" (75), i{Ybueqon llsau llaaso'

ib. 98. ou. 2, A. 65, n. 505-790).

xri. to

flroB Maxcurlosss KoB llnau CePreeruu (UU)' 'Itornnoe Bacnnuft tr{sasosuq

;Ei'

(75)' trIeloros Mu-

xaun llgauonuq (80) ([AOO'

'Itarisnos Hcrtura llsasosrs

l(90). I{asrxona ExarePma liari. Itorecsrxoa MExaEr

(80), Tsctuusa

nefr

deri:iruymuos Mafi crM IIeUonnv (90), 3euarrYmuosa Bainlrrci (60),-Svaasos Bac4ruft (80)' Ila6asos osnoposad nesa Axsa Euenrruonua 1u4;t Iianenrresa ManPa (80)' -!!$;rusm llsas AaEEroBns (Uu)'

CYrRruna

(80), TYxunxnn An4Maspa -IletPosuq

uerqoa tDegoP -I{nPuIIII999: (76). SeresqoBa llIPEEa (/cr'

l4nau

Conotrossnttos

Crenau Cepii:esrs (88)' CYU-

tt

Tionorosa ua 4ouPoce 27 ott-

rn6nn 1774 r. a ltaaarcftoft cexiersoi rounccrz.- B Kr': Ilyiauearqura, r.2, c.160; cu. TaKme tronaBaErff r{aSaKoB @. Aaonqesa, A. Vmssosa' lI. ltspcasosa a APYrtrx Ea Ao' rlDoce n fluqnof cexPerroft x6uuccuu (tat'r me, c. 170). tz flatn B. 11. BocnoMuEaEEE o 'Iiymnsse.- B nu.: IIYmxun n BoCtroMEEAEEEX CoBPeMeBEE' 'r;;. M., L974, r. 2,-c. 229. 7e ,Iteaeafiol U, g, VPaarqn'r.


Ovepxu 6rlra ypanrcxax Rasa1.3, c. 139, 153, 162, 167,

85

Tg^B,

7L

189. 201.

Mubail,aoe M. Vpanrcxre oqepfttr. (lla uyrenux BaMeron ,856-1857 rr.).-Mopcnoft

1774 t966,

E. tr{. IIyraueBBrM B .frrytolr T9p9A{g._ Boupocu trcroptrtr, 1966, M 3, c. t-:it; N! 4, e.'I2B'. -78 Caeuvee fr. @. Heqro EB BDe-

Ili 18. Cnncor mra6- a o6ep-o{uqepop Vpanrcnoro tiaaaqBero

N

peruorr Roilrtrccrff._ B rs.: r. 2, c. 116. .4. II. <<lleropn.n flv_

^^ f!]rraverutuna, 60 ArettiJ7e rarreBaD 1..

4scr,

6, 4. 73_69, i. tsao0). Ilpuna86r no Or4elruomy Oper6yprcr{oMy noptrycy aa 1858 r._

IlrA

-

EACCP,

n-45-

78

?e

&. 2,

n

26.

lttzponar BeAoMocrb 1SBB roga.-:- IAOO, *. ll3 (Openoyprc(oe AyxoBEoe trpaBne_ aue), ou. 9, g. 128, r. 6 o6.- 7.

o 4oryuenre coo6rqertr C. A. Ifonoarrv. 80 IAOO, {. 173, ou, 9, t, L74, Cae4erur

', .

Jr. 6

o6.-

7.

8t ltapnoa A. E. Vxaa. cos.. c.26.

3Aecr oms6oqro yrseprinaercfr, qro Bacr;rnfi gipsffKos yuep B Boapacre 96 ner, uro IrpeBhltrIaeT ToqEbIe AaqHf,Ie

nJrtrpoBrrx ne4ouocreft 82

74 trer.

IIIBI,IA,

Ea

n t5J6. 499, on. lg4, A. l0l:

(F. 8,

on.

4198,

Ilymr{trE 87

5,2, {.^-15?o6.,- 15,4, 156, t66 o6.. 176 o6.

83

-rb.

165 o6.,

Ilpororion uoraaasrt B. lI. Baxapeaa, M. A, Bopoxetxu-

ra, H. lL Mypouqeaa E Apyrtrx

sa Aotrpoce a Oper6yprcxoft cexperuoft $outrcctrrr B ilae t774 r.- IIIAIIA, ab. 345. r..7329. tt. 413-414. 81 IAOO, tp. 98 (Opeu6yprcnaa r{aaeEraff uq4gra), ou, 2,9.65,

r,

302

o6.:303.

Ilauairnoe

tr ero ofipyrfieEEe.

JI., 1975, c. 336.

on. 2, g.

|AOO,

65,

-F. 9^8,. tr.723o6.-ZZ4. noaqnec C. e. B{)Ctrporr3BeJI CTy aa_

rlotroB

trrrcr, B

crarre

<Co6ecenutrns

flyFxuua r. Vpa.rrcrre> (IOx-

g{qI/pan, 1978,5 rua.).' qIAAA, ft. 6, a. 467,'s. !Bn. 20-20 o6.; 4. 506, n. B4_Bi (oly6.tr.. n. rilr.: IlyrateBrquua, r. 2, c. t15-t{8). * !l-rAn{, qr. 1100, A. 2, ,,r. 8g_ {. 349. n.7183, n'2-2o6. ^^ 16; v, llyrarreBquna, r. 2, c. 116. or AeEvc fls.gsOn cKOHrraJIcfi or poAy 12 arrycra l9-,n.r tt t4 r. B Tro.pet\.frrolr ocrpore 88 ""

upeEoyprcr(of cenpernoft xo-

!.- 421, 429, 435o6., 498, 500;

c. 49:

cov. .M.i_ JI., Ig40, r. g', 1u. 2, c. 904; Vepeilcnui n. A'.

15216,

ltapnoe r4. B. yxaa. cos.. c.

C. Ilynrxaira. T6rt-

1963,

B. Ovepnr rBopqecrBa + ll{mK Ea. [L, Ig7S, c.291,29J, 297-; Ilgutnuw A. C. tlo;rsl co6p-

BOECna trO CTapIIIRHCTBV 3a 1846 ros (I{fBtrA, S. 405-, on.

-

ucropur. npor,inori

uporonoJr noxaaasrt A. C. Ilrsaona Ea Aotrpoce lli' uas 1774 \. n Oper6yprcxoft cex-

MeF naracrpo{.-Vpalrcfre

77

3, c.

E. lT. Ilyrayera ua fiotrpoce n Mocnge 4-14 nos6px^1774 Itpacuut apxrn, -r.-69170, c. nA:_ti'i 1_935,

EaA

Botrc-r{oBBre BeAoMocrrr, 1884,

l.- Borpocu -tB5;

Ill

troKaBaEtrft

.I&9, c.Z6-Zl. ..." c6oprnn, l8bg, O CJTeACTBEE AOliyMeETbr

llporoxon noHaaasufi E. I,I.' ilyraqeBa Ea Aorrjoce r ffuq_ Troy ropo4r(e t6 cenrn6pn

Mucgl\E (ttyravenr{zua,

c.1{5).

,,

(P. 52,

fl1?fo, l. 188, r. or os

on. lee,

r.

71.

10{,

IIIA_EACrlP, iF. 138, 1n. 64906.-

2,

Z,

65u.

Ilpororon nolaraurfi trI. .fi. rloqtrTarrEa sa notpoce g uag 1774 r. n Open6ypicxoft cexperEotr r{o}firccErr._ il xn.: Ifyravenqlraa, r. 2, c. i0g. D rrepEoBExe trpoTofiona ,qo_ npoca Barrrrcarrr e.r<ltsa IfoIrE.TaJIrrEa, qTQ Ilyrarea (Ea t5t


cBaAb6e cau trptrcyACrBOBaJI

E '' . IIIAIA,

i,rsoro secennrcsD (II[AAA' ib. 349. n ?318, n. 10). e5 fru6noaun 11' @. IlYra'rer n 6r"o'coo6usgnn.

C[6',

1884'

r.3, c. 267-270. so Ilonaaalue M. Ilrnuona ua gorlDoce B 1774 r. o cBoeM Boapacie (22 ro4a) Pacxo4urcff co

csoAdteilrcrsou Penuscnoft uepetrEcz 1834 r' o ero Boapacre

?95 JIer. cJleAoBarer:IlEo' i tzll' r.-35 ner). CnoPee BCero, upaBuJIbEO IIORaSalrEe IL,nsosa' EaEIroe uM B M. -1774 r.,'fiosiraJluga, u6o, no cBuAerenbcrBy

o6a

I,I. fl.

uro-

flyrasena, Ilovzrarrqs u llrsson. s L774 r. 6nrlrr rrloJIoArIMIT riaaanauu; Tosuo uBBecrrro, EatrPEMeP' qro lfoquTaJrErrv ure.tr n ro npeun 2l-) ron ([reAe, i[. 6' A. 506'

6nI*rua

n 07

188).

Onctpanr PerregEbrM AeJIaM o

r(oJroAEIr{ax' coAepE{aqtrxcff B flrqxou roPoARe, lrocnasubur c. 14. narnran-nopytrnou - -reuePaaY C.

II. Manpnuntu IloreaaItusY trPE Patropre or 31 anrvcti 1774 i.- IIIAIA' 6. 349; x. 7221', n. 6-6 o6. e8 farrr are. t. 6. se rlDorolto;t uoxasanni IIYravesd ua nonpoce n Mocnse 4'1.4 nos6Pn-L774 r.- ItPacnlrft apxur,

1-935,

217.

'ce g-

4

1774 r.-BonPocrr EcroPEu'

N

7, c. L3L. rot lIanailaoe 11. B.

Vnas. cos''

I. ItaaaqecrBo n' ltpecirsscxoft nofise L773-1775 rt. Jluon, 1966' c.290; Poan'eP Z.

ro2 to3

45, 47, 'l'L0-ll'l' s p.P.. Pvfioro IlYmxrua, c. 34L; ila' nLiltoa E. B. Vxaa. . coe''

c.

c.276.

llporoxor uoraaasut B. ff.

flnotsuxoss u'a Aoupoce '24 urcns' 1774 t, o OPen6YPr''

u(ot l$7

tuiuu Cesara.- I{IA[A' A.5L2, s.

cexpetuofi -NourccuE.-

l,

iP.6'

c.25'l'-252.

r05 CBtrAdreJrbitro o cntepru B. .fi. sEBaPE Ilnotsuftosa IIIAAA, i[. 6' A' 512' 1775 s.3, Jr.225a.

or 29

t.-

106

Ilpotoxot rorasaunfi B. fl. Ilnotnsxosa Ea AotrPoce 24 rlwsn 1774 r. n OPer6YPrcHoft cexperuoft xouzccru.-

{. 6, n.506, n. 164flfororol noraaasd lI. f. flosuralrzua Ea AotrPoce 8 ruas L774 r. o OPeu6YPr' U|AAA, " t68;

cnoft cexperroft nouzccru.IIfAAAL &. 6, A. 506, n. 188-

{89; Ilpororon uor(aaauulE I{. H. 3apY6rEa Ea AotrPoce xos ltagasiftoi cerPeruoft r':,avocuv" o ceurn6Pe 1774 B xs.: IlYrateuquua, T. 2,

a.132. ro7 B AausoM cn)ruae IIYmxuu

rc-

troJIbBOBaJI, rloMuMO trpeAaEEf,

o llrrornsaoBe, trPtrBeAeusoo B (XPoEuReD II. lI. Puwtosa rrBBeciue o roM, sro flYrauen 6rrn pa6otszxoM Y orcraBuoro

fiauzlu IIIe' (IX, 252; B rer(cre

fiEqx-oro fta3ar(a

nyAERoBa

<<Iilctopun flYraveua> Jruouusasue- o6 atotu cu.: IX, 1'4, 98,

Ni 69-70' c.216-

roo llporofion uonasansft IIYrareBa Ea IIpo[BaptrreJIbEOM AOU,pog.on6P'Mockse 1966,

rb. 6, g. 506' n. 16l17l o6. to4 llporoaoJr. uonaaaszft B. fl. Ilnornnnosa ua 4ouPoce 17 uo' g5os 1774 r. s Tafisoft cncue-

[03).

roE

IIyERuHcI{nfi renct ocgoBhrsaetcg Ea AEeBEEnoBoft aauucr II. lI. Prrsnosa or 5 mra'

ps

L774

r.,

trPEBeAeEEofi

s

ero

'?XposuneD (IX, 291). ?Xrronraxer> (IX. ros II.-II. (DeAYneg (nol (PoA. oltolo I/T TI 6env.nes 1740

r.\

tro Yaasy Cerara ot

28 (fenpalx

ll75 r.

Bhrcnau

B

Ilpu6alrunY B![ecre c [PYrs-

ME $IaBapfiMtr trporEBotryrarreBcKoro aaroropa @. tD. IIYuanoBbrM,

II. A.

TroPoroourc'

a Tar$*e c getrpEllaerEEluE BaroBopy xasanauu

K

II. A. IIY-

cro6aeinlr, B. C. Ronosanosbru. It; T. HouYPoar'ru, tt' II. tDoifasopblu

u ff'

'D.

Iloquta'

I

\

1


nEEbrM

,q. 3, g.

([[IAflA, $. 6, g. 512, Zq+A.il. il. II. <Degy-

JIeB O6rJI IrOCeneE C uepBBrME rpeMff B ropoAe flepnone (.Zocerrvoaa 1". B. fioryuenTrr o

upe6rraanun s

rl7 Tau r{r:,

rt8 V&agotr Cquara 1775

trepeEMeEoBaEBr

..- anr, 1973, Ni 3, c. 66-70-). llo Ilporoxon noxaaasuft I{. II. (Degytena Ea Aoupoce 16 cer-

rn6pn 1774 r. n fluqroft cerperloft noMtrccutr.-{IAAA, 6, n. 505, ;r. 284-288. rtt 6. Jlocerunoea i", B. Vreag. cos,.

r6).

"n Hg.OOn,

41ary:.oxofi

t I

r22

((Ee-

i. 1536, t13 llporonoa noraaasni A. IL Toaxaqesoft ua 4oupoce 15iuan 1774 r. a Opeu6ypicnoft cen-

r23

4196,

M.scsnxosa sa Aonpoce g uas

t774 r. n Opeu6ypicrofi certperuot r(oMtrccrru.-IIIAIA, Q. 6, A. 506, tr. 112o6. CsegeEEr o troBcrarvecxo{ <<rrapAErD

EMe()TCTT

<tXpouune>

\774r.- Hfacnrui Ne

69-70. c- 222.

rpetnoii noMtrccrr.- B fiu.: flyrauerqzua, T. 2, c. 160-

16l;

trp_ocax 14_u {6 ceura6pr L774 r. n .fizlqnoft cenperubft KoMuccrrn.- I{!4,44, O. 6,

A. 596, rr.

126

Q. 6,

&

505, a. ,333-E34. .,, .l , .'

365

n.287.

o6.; A.- b0b;

Cupaae;lnuBocrtr pagrr cJreAyer SaMeTUTE,

apxza, 1935,

s ffEqKofi cerperuoft r(oMuccuE.-ItrIAAd,,

flporoHo.nrr uoraeasrfi

@. @. alynaano_ta, lI. A, TnoporoBa a trI. II. @egy:reBa Ea ro-

qTO trprt oEtrcaEtrE

apecra flyrauena E ero $oEBoupogaHra

tlc flporonon uoRaaasufi B. @e4y;rena ra rffipn L774 r.

I{. II.

Tnoporora ua goupoce 22 orra6pt 7774 r. s lta3aucroft ce-

Pr,rsxosa

M. goupoce 17 ox-

b06,

u W, C. Bypuoaa Ea_.Aorrpocax t6 ceura6pn 7774 r. n ffrqxoft cexpers-oft Kou,qccrrr.- IIIAAA. b. 6, A. 505, n. 286 o6.. 3t0 o6. r25 llporonon uoxasirui trrt. A,

I.

rl5 Ifporonolr uorasassft IlyraueBa Ea Aorrpoce 4-14 uon6px

A.

@egyaena

B upoTor(onax

IL lL

KoMtrc-

365 o6. t2a Ilporono.nr,r uoraaasuft

a Tal{r{e B trofiasaEtrgx uscap.E Ilotynoporoaa, npuae4enurrx

(rx,234).

xe, c. 158-159; flporo-

flzqHoft ceHpernoft

Illuraesa (ttpacrr,rft apxrB, 1935, i\! 68, c. 168; IIIAJIA, iF. 6, n. 506, a. 94o6.-95),

n

TaM

crr.- I{!A[A, {. 6, r. 365-

cnepcrBeuEbrx uoxaaauaft nyrarreBcr{rlx uoaftonsunog A. T.

Cononosa-Xtouymn u M.

{58.

r(oJr tromaaanrfr rD. (D. liyuaRoBa rr l,I. A. TnoporoBa Ea Aoflpoce t4 ceurx6pa 1774 r. s

tr. 449 o6-

pernoft r(oMtrccElr.-UfA[A. 849, F" 7829, n. l1g. Itr {. Ifpotonot noraaasrft T. f.

flporono.n uoHaaaruft tr{. A. Troporona ua Aoupoce 27 oHra6px 1774 r. n - F{aaasctoft cerpernoft r{outrccrr{.- B Hs.:

Ilyrauenqaua, T. 2, c. 157-

KaEqer.sputr.-

UIBI4A1 ([. 8, ou.

6, n. 505, n. 451-

I{fA EACCP, {. 138, ou. 2, 188, ,n. 615 06. l. tzr IAO9, ,{. 98, on. 2, A. 6b, .r. 525 o6.

rocaymuoftr (ruaremnoft) cro-

poubr, cocraBnesnlrft 7 cesrs6pn 1772 r. n .fluqnoft r(oMen-

{.

tzo

e. lu-

tt2 Crrrcox gzqr(Ex I{aBaKoB

ypanLcHEx

P.

croft softslr 1773-L775 roxos Poccns.- Corercxue apxr-

B

(Iloruoc co6paEue aaroEoB ^o^c^cuficHofr uMrrepru. CII6., 1832, r. 20, N 14235, c. 15-

9crostu sexo-

Toplrx yqacrurxoa ftpecrrau-

n

or t5 rurapr

t. rru[Kre xaaanu 6rriu

a fluqnnft

AoR flymxur

.

ropo-

ucuonsaoahn, troMEMO rrpeAaEu.E ypajrbcr{Ex

It43afto3, EeRoTopEIe

Te.[bcTBa

oBtrAe<

o ToM ]fiet trptrBelJeE

sEre B (XpoEuKeD

II.-!I.

Pl,rq.

'-

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Овчинников РВ - Над пугачевскими страницами Пушкина - М.,1981