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By: Mathias Betancourt, Emilia Bustamante, Juan Xavier Villacreces

Water Scarcity Article Water is an essential source for life and health. Growing populations make the need for water increase significantly each year, and water becomes less available for industries and agricultural companies, decreasing food production drastically. Water scarcity could prevent international development and it can become a problem for our daily life. Water scarcity usually happens in dry areas with a low rate of rain, while human activity can also be a major cause. Water scarcity occurs when there are insufficient resources in a certain area to satisfy human needs. It means a high water demand with low availability. Europe has plentiful water resources, but the demand rises each year. Water scarcity has become an enormous problem for humanity due to the fact that water is society´s and populations prime resource. Without it, we couldn’t farm in any way we have before and now this will make food production both decrease growth and health. That’s not where the problem stops though, huge groups of population such as cities or even entire countries wouldn’t last long without water. This is the main reason world leaders attempt to find a possible and productive solution for the sake of our world. Their solution will depend on the amount of demand and usage of water itself. Those numbers change daily, so we can’t get to worthy solution right now. Globally, the problem is getting worse as cities and populations grow, and the requirements for water growth in farming, business and homes.

Studies have

shown that 3.41 million people die each year from water, sanitation and hygienerelated causes each year. This shows water scarcity not only affects our earth and pollution but it affects our health and our future. It’s our job as the humans in this generation to look for possible solutions and to take care of this resource that is essential to our life.

Causes and Effects of Water Scarcity One of our vital natural resources is fresh, drinkable water. It is essential for life on Earth, and without it, we wouldn’t survive for long. In many underdeveloped regions, however water stress and scarcity is a serious issue, and is a major health, living, and economic problem for the people who live in such places. When we think of water scarcity, we usually think of Africa, where many of its regions suffer from scarcity, and this is indeed a hazard for its inhabitants. While Africa isn’t the only region suffering from scarcity, it is easily noticeable there, along with other surrounding countries, mainly in Asia. This is because there is very limited access to water in these areas compared to other regions. There are many, many causes for water scarcity. They can vary between lack of accessible freshwater in a region, legal and territorial disputes over it, inability to meet demands for it, population increase that causes demand to rise, or excessive use for tasks such as food production, bathing and washing, etc. Other than the obvious adverse effects of a prolonged lack of water, drinking untreated water can potentially cause severe diseases such as cholera, and it also creates a breeding ground form diseaseharboring mosquitoes. It also affects the quality of life of people suffering from its effects, as without water, there is no way to properly bathe and clean oneself, and these people may also be greatly malnourished. This is why water scarcity is such a major world health issue, and why it is important to solve worldwide. This is especially true in nations that lack proper sanitation systems to treat water in order to make it safe to drink, as do a number of African countries suffering from scarcity, like Sudan and Ethiopia.

Today, more focus is being put into taking action against water scarcity. To halve water scarcity by 2015 is one of the Millennium Development Goals, a series of developmental goals agreed to by the United Nations to successfully achieve, like reducing poverty, facilitating education, and control the loss of bio-diversity. International governments everywhere are working to achieve this goal, not just in underdeveloped regions, such as Africa, but around the whole world. They are lending their aid in helping provide means to access safe drinking water in places that suffer from the lack of it, by way of supplying the adequate tools, economic resources, and physical aid from support groups. Help can be given by providing nations with proper technology, like digging equipment and proper sanitation, to ensure people gain access to reliable freshwater, as well as aiding them establishing limits on its use and obtainment. By working together like this, many nations throughout the world can lend a hand in helping reduce water scarcity. Though we are still far from that goal, it can yet be done if the world is able to organize itself in this way that allows it to combat this issue. If that can be done, not only will that improve the quality of life for many people, but we can go one step closer in fulfilling the Millennium Development Goals and creating an overall better world for all the people who live in it.

Water scarcity solutions Water scarcity is a global issue that is increasing in a major scale. One possible solution is the use of desalinization technology. This process consists on filtering salt water through skins and removing the salt through electro dialysis and reverse osmosis. This solution has been put to practice and worked for about 130 nations in North Africa and the Middle East. The results have turned out both possible and positive. But this solution has been shown to be more practical for metropolitan areas and its very expensive to implement this process on third world countries it’s practically impossible.

Studies have shown that only 2.3% of

wastewater that is generated by municipalities is being recycled and reused. This means the other big percentage of water is being wasted and given a bad use. Another solution is to implement recycling and filtration systems to our water so that it will help us both to reduce our use of water and reuse it. This would be an easy thing to do that would win outstanding benefits. Applying solutions like this would not only help this global issue in an economic situation but it would also be environmentally friendly and assure us a better future with resources indispensable for human beings such as water. Another solution is to make little developments in individual homes. This solution will develop and mandate more able our household water heaters and also make awareness on not to use so much water when showering, brushing your teeth or thing on our everyday lives. A very interesting solution is to create a multinational treaty that is able to specify water sharing. Currently watersheds of the world 261 major rivers are being shared by two or more countries. Using my research I have come to a realization that to solve or improve this global issue water scarcity that we are facing today, we need more than one solution. Awareness and the previous solutions I have listed are very good candidates to decrease this world wide issue and prevent it to become even harsher.

Bibliography: EEA. "Water Scarcity." European Environment Agency (EEA). EEA. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <>. EEA. "Water Scarcity." European Environment Agency (EEA). EEA. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <>. Abrams, Len. " Water Scarcity." The Water Page. Water Web Management Ltd. Web. 19 Apr. 2012. <>. Coping with Water Scarcity. World Health Organization, 2007. PDF. River.

Digital image. Celebration of Being. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. <>.

Clean Water. Digital image. Global Aid Network. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. < 393x393.jpg>. Water shortage. Digital image. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. <>. "International Decade for Action Water for Life 2005-2015: Water Scarcity." UN News Center. UN. Web. 02 Apr. 2012. <>. "Water Scarcity: Tomorrow's Problem: Solutions." Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <>. "WaterĂ&#x201A; scarcity." Meerkat21's Blog. Web. 30 Apr. 2012. <>.

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