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Wolves

by Allen


Wolves by Allen

Shanghai, China


“ I want to give thank to my friends and teachers who supported me to be this book.” -Allen.C All rights reserved. No part in description can be reproduced including or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Copyright © 2013 by Issuu.com Summary: A non-fiction book about The Wolf including, Habitats, Types, Diet, Packs and territory, and anatomy. ISBN 986-0-26-208793-7 www.issuu.com Publishing Website address: www.issuu.com Shanghai American School Shanghai First publishing copyright © January, 2013

Cover art by Allen. C


Table of Contents Types of Wolves............................................................. Page 7 Habitats........................................................................... Page 8 Hunting/ Diet.................................................................. Page 9 Wolf Packs/Territory....................................................... Page 10 Wolf Anatomy................................................................. Page 11 Glossary.......................................................................... Page 12 Citing Sources................................................................ Page 13


Introduction Did you know that there are only about a 100 Red wolves left on the world? How amazing! If you want to learn more about wolves, you have to flip through this book! This book includes types of wolves, habitats, diet, hunting, packs, territory, and the wolf’s anatomy. This book guides you through the the facts you have to learn about wolves. Wolves have amazing sense of smell, hearing, and powerful legs. Come on, don’t just stare at the computer screen. Read it!


Types of Wolves Gray Wolves Gray wolves live in the wilderness. It is the most populated type of wolf in the world. Gray wolves roam over North America, North Africa, and Eurasia. Most males weigh about 43-45 kg. Unlike male wolves, the female gray wolf can only weigh about 36-38.5 kg. Gray wolves look similar to the German Shepherd dog and the Coyote. But it has a larger head, narrower chest, and longer legs. A gray wolf howling to signal and contact his pack.

The Life of a Wolf Born into a pack.

Old enough to leave their pack to find a mate.

Grew old enough to be apprenticed to learn hunting and battle moves.

Dies about the age of 15.

Find a mate to have babies to form their own pack.

Red Wolf

The red wolf is one of the most endangered animals in the world. Today, there are only about a hundred of red wolves found in the world. The red wolf weighs between 50-80 pounds. It was named the red wolf because of their color and cleverness. Like other wolves, red wolves live in packs about 5-8 members. Some red wolves leave their pack to find a mate to create their own pack. Red wolves hunt small creatures like rabbits, raccoons, deer, and etc.

A Red wolf searching for prey.


Habitats Wolves can almost live in any habitat. But wolves usually live in deep forests or mountains. They can live in temperate forests, hot deserts, mountains, freezing tundra, and green grasslands or plains. Most of the wolves today are found in North America, Mexico, Europe, and Asia. For safety, wolves guard their territory by scent. If any other animals cross their border, they will be killed.

On the great plains, wolves hunt in packs to kill big animals for food like the ox, goat, and even lions.

Nearly any type of wolf except the Arctic Wolf can live in a forest. The most common wolves found in forests are Gray wolves.

Snow mountains are a great habitat for Arctic wolves. Arctic wolves usually hunt goats and small creatures that roam the mountains.

The Northern Rocky Mountain wolf, Gray Wolf, and the Mexican Wolf lives in packs on mountains and usually hunt small creatures and deer.


Hunting and Diet Hunting Techniques

Facts You might have heard, wolves are deadly meat-eaters. When you face a pack, there’s no way to escape. Wolves often greet each other when hunting with howls to keep warn other wolves to stay out of their territory. Wolves eat anything they could catch. Wolves hunt in packs to kill large animals such as the elk, caribou, and deer. Wolves usually hunt in evenings, nights, and dawn.

Wolves are great prey hunters, but they have hunting techniques. When they catch their prey under their paws, they attack the side of the prey to prevent blood to weaken the prey. Wolves kill their prey or enemies by grabbing their throat with a twist to kill it. Wolves usually take only a few minutes to kill large animals. But some preys are large and healthy so wolves sometimes give up and look for other animals. An entire hunt may take several hours.

A wolf using it’s hind legs to attack a eagle.

Wolf Diet Chart

Prey chasing.

Summer

Winter

Spring

Fall

Beaver

Deer

Caribou

Squirrel

Squirrel

Elk

Fox

Deer

Bison

Caribou

Deer

Elk

Elk

Small rodents

Small rodents

Small rodents

A Gray wolf chasing it’s prey in the snow.


Wolf Packs and Territory Roles

Wolf Pack Facts Wolves live in packs about 6-7 members. Some packs may include as much as 15 wolves. Each wolf in each pack has a relationship to the other wolves, like a family group. Each pack has a male and female wolf which breeds to make young wolves to form a bigger pack. Once a wolf is old enough or feels ready to leave the pack, it goes to other vacant territory to find a mate to create their own pack.

A pack sitting in the snow.

There are a breeding group, non-breeding adults, and young immature wolves. Each wolf have jobs or roles in each pack. Hunters, leaders(who are the breeding pairs), and guards that go on patrol. Wolves are interesting, social animals.

Territory Wolves are also known as detrimental animals. It guards their territory by their scents to keep other animals out of their territory. If other animals traverse or hunt in their territory, it would be killed. Wolves also has groups in their packs.

A wolf on patrol in it’s territory.


Wolf Anatomy Male wolves, stands about the height of 26-28 inches. It’s body length stretches from 40-58 inches. Wolf tails are about 13-20 inches long. However, female wolves are 15% smaller than male wolves. Wolf may be small, but rather heavy. It weighs 40 pounds as a baby, and 100-175 pounds as a grown-up. The wolf has a broad face which looks much larger than it is. A normal wolf’s eyes are golden-yellow but in night it shows up rather greenish. It’s ears are 2 inches and it’s nose are 1.5 inches wide. The wolf has a narrow chest for traveling, and makes it a lot easier to get through winter snows. It has thick fur and long guard hairs that repel moisture for insulation. The wolf’s body is unique and really suitable for long travels. Wolves are gray, tan, red, and brown. But in these years scientists found out that the wolves have turned into a deeper and darker color. The tip of the tail is usually black. It has strong jaws and is twice as strong of a German Shepherd.

The upper and lower jaws are actually the same except that the lower jaw has six molars. They have six incisors, two canines, and eight premolars. The incisors cut flesh from the prey. The wolves’ teeth have a technique. The sense of smell of a wolf is 14 more times better than a human’s. They can smell objects at least a mile away. The wolves’ hearing are extreme. It is 16 times better than a human. It can at least hear six miles away. However, the wolf eyesight is poor. But the wolf is guided by it’s ear and nose. You can learn that a wolf’s body is supreme.


Glossary Traverse: To cross through a piece of land. Apprise: To warn, inform, to tell Incisors: The narrow- edged teeth in the front of you mouth. Detrimental: Deadly, dangerous.


Works Cited A Mech, L. David. "Wolf." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 27 Nov. 2012. http://www.worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar607980&st=wolves B "Gray Wolves." Wikipedia. Wikipedia. Web. 26 Nov 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gray_wolf D R.D., Lawwrence. Wolves. Canada: Key Porter Book Limited, 1990.Print. C Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw. Gray Wolves, Red Wolf. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1990. Print. E Mitchell, Hayley. The Wolf. San Diego: Lucent Books, Inc, 1998. Print.


Wolves The Ultimate Guide About the Author This book is the everything guide to wolves. This book includes type of wolves, habitats, diet and hunting, packs and territory, and the wolf’s anatomy. It gives detailed information about the most endangered Red wolf, and the Gray wolf. It also tells you about the life of living in a wolf pack. What are you waiting for? Make it count! The author is a 11 year old boy that goes to SAS. He currently works at the MI6 British Intelligence services. He supports for Ronaldo rather than Messi. He currently is in 5th grade.


Wolves: The Ultimate Guide