Page 92

VILLA HERODES ATTICUS Site: Villa Herodes Atticus Location: Astros Kynouria, Peloponese, Greece Period: Roman, 2nd - 3rd c. AD

Description Tiberius Claudius Herodes Atticus (AD 103-179) was a wealthy orator, philosopher and politician but also a lover and collector of art. He studied in Rome and Athens and took high offices. During the the reign of Hadrian (117-138 AD) he decided to extend the mansion inherited from his father. The Mansion became a huge complex, a real city, and the individual buildings are arranged according to the dominant axis of the Greco-Roman urbanism, that is according to Hippodameion planning. The core of the villa, which is over 20,000 square meters, is the large rectangular courtyard, a huge outdoor garden and decorated with various sculptures. The villa is surrounded by an artificial river, which isolated the building, to which Herod could pass only with bridges. The three sides of the villa had arcades with mosaic floors throughout their length, while the fourth (west side) was a Nymphaeum ornated with statues and busts of emperors and other famous personalities. In the arcades, which were meant for walking, Herod formulated the grecoroman philosophy. The oldest and formal structure of the villa is the Basilica of the north side, a place for reception full of works of art and cult statues. The complex also disposes a stadium, baths, an octagonal guardhouse and a temple of

92

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
Advertisement