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and is informally called the Church of the Rotunda (or simply The Rotunda). It was built during the reign of Caesar Galerius, around 306 AD as a temple of Jupiter or Kabeiros or maybe his mausoleum. The Rotunda is a dome that has a diameter of 24.5 m. Its walls are more than 6 m thick, reaching a height of 29.80 meters. The walls are interrupted by eight rectangular niches, from which the south was the main entrance. In its original design, the dome of the Rotunda had an oculus, as does the Pantheon in Rome. The Rotunda stood empty until the Emperor Constantine I, converted it into a Christian church in the 4th century AD, dedicated to probably Asomatos or Archangels. The church was embellished with very high quality mosaics. Only fragments have survived of the original decoration, for example, a band depicting saints with hands raised in prayer, in front of complex architectural phantasies. Bibliography Moutsopoulos N.C., "Plan de Ville Thessalonique a l'epoque romaine" in Atti del XVI Congresso di Storia dell' Architettura. I. L'Architettura greca et ellenistica: vitalita e polimorfismo. II. Rapporti tra le architetture dell' oriente e dell' occidente mediterraneo a cominciare dal XII secolo, Ρώμη 1977, 212-218. Θεσσαλονίκη, 2300 χρόνια, Θεσσαλονίκη 1985. Θεσσαλονίκη, Aπό τα προϊστορικά μέχρι τα χριστιανικά χρόνια (οδηγός της έκθεσης), Αθήνα 1986. Χατζόπουλος Μ. (επιμ.), Μακεδονία: από τον Φίλιππο Β΄ ως τη ρωμαϊκή κατάκτηση, Αθήνα 1993 Vitti M., Η πολεοδομική εξέλιξη της Θεσσαλονίκης: από την ίδρυσή της έως τον Γαλέριο, Αθήνα 1996 von Schoenebeck H., "Die zyklische Ordnung der Triumphalreliefs am Galeriusbogen in Saloniki", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 37 (1937). Pond Rothman M.S., "The Panel of the Emperors Enthroned on the Arch of Galerius", Byzantine Studies II-1 (1975), 19-40 Pond Rothman M.S., "The Thematic Organisation of the Panel Reliefs on the Arch of Galerius", AJA 81 (1977), 427pp.


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project