Period: Hellenistic - Roman
Description The city was founded around 315 BC by the King Kassander of Macedon, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma, a synoikismos (unification) of twenty-six local villages. King Kassander of Macedon named the new city after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. Thessaloniki developed rapidly and as early as the 2nd century BC, it had its first walls built, which enclosed and protected the city. The city also came to be an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Macedon, with its own parliament were a King was represented that could interfere in the city's domestic affairs.