INTRODUCTION Purpose and objectives of the study The present study has a rather ambitious goal: To reveal and enhance the common historical origins of those cultural elements that are still influential in the current lifestyle of the countries- partners. The common historical backround of the countries partners focuses in two eras of our common heritage: The first one is during the first three centuries after the death of Alexander the Great (323 30 B.C.E) and the second one during the three centuries C.E. when Rome established its dominance in the Mediterranean, developing in parallel, the cultural affiliation with Greece. The first era is known as Hellenistic period. During this period the conditionals were ripe enough to grow multiculturalism in the Eastern Mediterranean basin, through the dissemination of Greek education. This, in turn, materialized the idea of a culturally common or dominant language in the domains of Philosophy, Medicine, Astronomy etc. In this era, this “New Age”, many achievements in all Sciences stood out. The second period is characterized mainly by the “Greco –Roman Osmosis” which became the Foundation of the Modern European Civilization. This study, therefore, aims to highlight the establishment of common consciousness and common accession in the Science, Culture and Philosophy of the participant countries. It will also enhance the expressive and artistic interaction between the participant countries.
The methodology of the project The research is based exclusively on published data and concerns the most known and brilliant examples of the common heritage in the Mediterranean. The huge volume of this inheritence was necessary to classify to different topics and categories. Every study is followed by a list of bibliography. The topics proposed for the research were the following: SCIENCES, INVENTIONS AND PERSONALITIES Astronomy (p.ex. Archimedes, Aristarchus, etc) Mathematics (p.ex. Hypatia, Euclid) Medicine – Pharmacy