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growth of the city. To honor his patron god and to propagate his great victory he reorganized the Aktia, the old local races of Acarnanians, which were celebrated in the Sanctuary of Apollo of Actium. The city also, obtained the right to send five representatives to the Amphictyonic Council. The founder soon decorated Nicopolis with magnificent public buildings such as theater, music school, stadium, gymnasium, an aqueduct, baths. On the spot where Octavian's own tent had been pitched he built a monument adorned with the beaks of the captured galleys. Later on, Herod, king of Judea, who wanted to express deep friendship and sympathy to Octavius, contributed enormously to the glorius constructions.The city proved highly successful, and it was considered the capital or better the administrative center of southern Epirus and Akarnania over the first three centuries of the Roman Empire. The city, which in Roman sources referred to as ''Nicopolis romana colonia'', ''civitas libera Nicopolitana'' [Pliny, Nat. Hist. 4.5. Tacitus, Ann. 5.10] or ''colonia Augusta'', had the status and character of Greek city, created by extensive settlement cities and towns of the region. The exact legal status of Nicopolis is the subject of some dispute, having the characteristics of civitas libera, civitas foederata, and as colonia, implying that Roman military veterans also settled there. The lively cosmopolitan character, is evidenced by the fact that important people lived or passed through it. St. Paul passed from Nicopolis on 63 AD and founded the church according to written sources. In 66 AD, Emperor Nero participated in Actium, where he won a chariot races. Nicopolis maintained an important position among the cities of Illyria, until the middle of the sixth century. THEATER The theatre of Nicopolis is the first monument observed by the visitor coming from the north. It lies in Proasteio, at the north of the fortified city, to the southeast of the monument of Augustus and to the east of the stadion. An impressive construction erected in the early first century AD together with other city buildings, it operated mainly during the religious celebration of Nea Aktia in honour of Apollo. Lists of winners in the Nea Aktia contests found in the temple of Apollo inform of competing poets, sophists, comedians, heralds, trumpeters, guitarists, announcers, pipers and mimes. The theatre was built on the slope of a hill. In an effort to increase protection from earthquakes, a high buttressed wall was curved around the cavea. A wide corridor called diazoma divided the cavea into two sections, the main theatre and the epitheatro. At the corridor's ends were two large


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project