KOS ISLAND Site : Kos island Sub Site : Odeon, Roman villa, Altar, Asklipeion Location : Dodecanese islands, Greece Period : Hellenistic â€“Roman
Description The archaeological site of the ancient forum and the port of Kos includes two very important areas of the ancient city, the administrative and commercial center and port facilities along with the Hellenistic and Roman buildings: The port of Kos was the most important ports in the southeastern Aegean. However, the island became known there since the establishment of the Medical School by Hippocrates. Kos was the natal city of the poet Filitas and of Claudius Stertinios, the personal physician to Emperor Claudius,. The period of prosperity the island is placed in the Hellenistic and Roman imperial period. In this area there are parts of the Ancient Agora (4th-3rd century BC.), the Grand Lodge and other smaller galleries with sanctuaries dedicated to Dionysus, Aphrodite and Hercules. Inside the city there are the ruins of Odeon (3rd century BC.) well-preserved with 12 seats and arched galleries, the restored Casa Romana, a mansion with beautiful mosaics. Also Xyston, a part of the Gym, (2nd c. BC.) with sixteen restored columns out of the seventy, the two buildings that housed the Hellenistic and Roman baths and a part of the Roman road with marble, mosaics and mosaics.