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pipe underneath. Dated to the 1st century A.D OTHER ROMAN MONUMENTS The Philopappos Monument, crowning the Mouseion Hill to the southwest of the Acropolis, is the tomb of Caius Julius Antiochos Philopappos, a member of the royal family of Commagene, a small Hellenistic kingdom in southeastern Turkey and northern Syria. The Roman emperor Vespasian annexed the kingdom to the Roman empire in 72 A.D., and the royal family was sent into exile. Philopappos lived in Athens and became an Athenian citizen. He was also a Roman citizen and held several very important offices during the reign of the emperor Trajan, including that of consul. A Latin inscription on the tomb referring to specific titles of the emperor Trajan allows us to date the construction of the monument (and the death of Philopappos) to between 114 and 116 A.D. Since the Athenians allowed him to be buried in this very elaborate mausoleum right opposite the Acropolis -- and within the formal boundaries of the city -- we suspect that he also must have been an important benefactor of the ancient city of Athens. The archaeological site of the Roman Baths is located inside the National Gardens and along Amalias Avenue, in the centre of Athens. The baths were built at the end of the third century AD, but the area was first inhabited in prehistory and was used as a burial ground from the Geometric period. Ancient written sources and recent excavations demonstrate that, although located outside the city walls (before these were extended under Hadrian), this idyllic site with its plentiful running waters and dense vegetation was an important place of worship for many deities. After the completion of the temple of Olympian Zeus and the construction of Hadrian's Gate, during the city's expansion under Hadrian, the area became part of the inner city, and a number of new sanctuaries, private and public buildings, and baths were constructed. The Roman Baths were built after the Heruli incursion of the late third - early fourth century, and were repaired and expanded in the fifth and sixth centuries. The bathhouse was discovered during excavations for the construction of an air shaft for the Athens Metro. Because the bathhouse covered most of the excavated area and was very well preserved, the air shaft was moved further south so that the finds could be preserved in their original location. The bathhouse was conserved, roofed, and made accessible to the public in 2003-2004. Information taken of the official site of the Ministry of Culture, (texts Olga Zachariadou, archaeologist)


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project