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completion of the Temple of Olympian Zeus. Julius Caesar and his successor Augustus, gave money for the construction of the Roman Agora of Athens. August also built the temple of Rome and Augustus on the Acropolis in the entry of which, Caligula made later, a monumental staircase, while Nero created a new scene in the theatre of Dionysus. In the Agora, the son-in-law of Augustus, Agrippa, built a enormous odeum, in front of which the temple of Mars was set up after being transported by some other point of Attica. The city was sacked by the Heruli in AD 267, resulting in the burning of all the public buildings, the plundering of the lower city and the damaging of the Agora and Acropolis. After this the city to the north of the Acropolis was hastily refortified on a smaller scale, with the Agora left outside the walls. Athens remained a centre of learning and philosophy during its 500 years of Roman rule, patronized by emperors such as Nero and Hadrian. But the conversion of the Empire to Christianity ended the city's role as a centre of pagan learning; the Emperor Justinian closed the schools of philosophy in AD 529. The biggest however benefactor of Athens was emperor Hadrian who extended the city at 2.200 acres to the west (in the area of today Syntagma square) and built many buildings in the city. The most important of his projects was the completion of the temple of Jupiter Olympios (Olympieion). The emperor himself inaugurated the temple in 131 B.C. and to to honor him, the Athenians erected nearby the arch that is now known as the ''Gate of Hadrian''. He also constructed a big library, part of which is still in good condition in Monastiraki, and finally, the Pantheon and the Panellenion, sanctuaries that have not been located with certainty. Hadrian apart from the monuments he took great care for the water supply of the city and thus constructed an aqueduct that was still in use until the 19th century. Around 115 B.C. the prince of the Kingdom of Kommagene, Gaius Antiochus Philopappos that lived in Athens builds his burial monument on the hill of the Muses -the monument of Philopappos. In the same period with Hadrian and little later, the rich Athenian, Herodes Atticus, also benefited the city. His most important monument was the odeum, known as the ''Herodeion'' (161 B.C.), which is still being used today. Herodes also payed for the renovation of the Panathenaic Stadium with pentelic marble. ACROPOLIS -SOUTH SLOPE


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project