The Nympheums, coming from the Greek “nymphe” are sacred placed dedicated to the
nymphes, water deities and Appolo, the god of Light. In extension, the nympheum in roman times is a public fountain. The divine protection of the water, a that is a good at shortage is a common and diachronic idea in Eastern Mediterranean. 3.
The Villas of the important and rich personalities. The arrangement, the style, the decoration
with statues and mosaics are identical from the one edge of the region to the other. In fact sometimes the same artists work for employers of different countries. 4.
The Triumphal Arches. Triumphal arches are one of the most influential and distinctive types
of architecture associated with Roman times. It was used to commemorate victorious generals or significant public events such as the founding of new colonies, the construction of a road or bridge, the death of a member of the imperial family or the accession of a new emperor. 5.
Tombs and Mauseleums
The city planning 437 The Hippodameion system, that is is well known and wide spread all over Mediterranean, is an urban planning concept that organizes the layout of cities and towns into a system of straight roads and streets intersecting each other at a 90 degree angle. Hippodamus of Miletos (498BC-408BC) is attributed to be the “father” of urban planning. Most of the cities follow a typical arrangement, and have more or less the same buildings. They are surrounded by Fortifications, the Walls and the Gates, and are endowed with an aqueduct, the Quarters Residential and public, the Forum, The Temples and Sanctuaries, the Baths, Stadium and Gymnasium and of course Necropolis. The cities have a
cosmopolitan character, usually
highlighted by the big roads and crossroads, the elaborated market place and workshops and the Temples which gather pilgrims from all places.
The engineering Inventions 1.
The Bridges and the Vault Constructions. In order to connect river banks and uneven levels,
the romans elaborated the construction of the bridges in limestone and/or marble. 2.
The Big Roads were indispensable infrastructure for the transport of people, of the Legions