Page 434

THURIL SUBSITE Site: Thurii Sub Site: Thurii Location: Sibari, Calabria, Italy Period: Ellenistic and Roman

434 Description: The events leading to the founding of the Panhellenic colony of Thurii are closely linked to the Athenian statesman Pericles, who promoted its Foundation for extending the Athenian influence to the West. The deduction of the colony, took place in 444 on the same site of the achaean colony of Sybaris, destroyed by Crotone in 510 BC. Herodotus of Halicarnassus, known as the Father of History, together with the best intellectuals of the time, participated in the creation of the new colonial town. Diogenes Laertius (IX, 50) reports that the great sophist Protagoras of Abdera was employed to draw up a code of laws for the new colony. The famous architect Hippodamus of Miletus, who laid out the Piraeus and Rhodes, designed the plan of the city. His name is associated with the term Hippodamian plan, an original way of conceiving the urbanism, become so canonical to be used, with great ingeniousness, outside of its historical limits and geographical areas. The detailed description of the city, including street names, figure in a famous passage by Diodorus Siculus (XII, 10, 6-7) in which he also narrates the historical events that led to the Foundation. The text gives information concerning

the urban planning division: four wide streets (plateiai)

lengthwise (East/West orientation) and three breadthwise (North/South orientation). Among the wide streets, space was further divided by narrow streets (stenopoi). It was a well planned city with a

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project