Literary Sources The most comprehensive news concerning the polis of Skylletion are provided by the geographer Strabo, in various Gospel passages of the VI of his book, (6,1,4; 6,1,10; 6,1,11), which informs us about the mythical Foundation of apoikia by Menestheus (6, 1.10).Plinio , subsequently, resumes and upholds the Athenian Foundation (n.h., 3, 95-96), supplemented later by the news provided by other sources which speak of the presence of the hero Odysseus and his contribution to the founding of the city (Solinus, .10 II; Servius, in Aeneid, 3.553; Cassiod., miscellaneous .12 .15).Diodorus (13.3 -4) places the town on the Ionic coast,accessible skirting the sanctuary of Hera Lacina. Strabo (.1 .10; .1 THERE .11), in contrast, describes the sequence of the places on the coast from the South and set therefore the city after Caulonia and Crotone.Mela, (Chorografica, II,68) describes the succession of the gulfs that one encounters on the Ionian coast by listing the first mentioned Terantino, between the promontories Terentino and Lacinio, followed by that of Scyllaceo, between the promontories Lacinio and Zefirio and Ptolemaeus (Geographica, III,1,10) comes the city of Skylakion, in the gulf of Skylakion. The historical events of the city of SkylletionScolacium are occasionally dealt with citations of Diodorus (13, 3-4) who refers on the occasion of the Athenian expedition in Sicily. On the history of the city in the roman age valuable are the news of Velleio Patercolo (1,15,4 ) which tells of the deduction of the colony in 123 B.C. giving us the titling of Minervia Scolacium, foundation that chronologically coincides with Taranto Neptunia and Carthage, inserted in a policy of reoccupation of italian territories through the development of communication routes (Eppan, Bell.Civ ., I, 23; Plutarch, Gracch., 5 and 7.) and the creation of new infrastructure (roads and bridges), implemented by Caio Gracco.
Epigraphic sources The inscriptions from the territory are, nowadays, all solely from the roman age. The most ancient inscription, which is already known by CIL (VI,103 ILS,5750) and engraved in Palazzo Comunale of Squillace, recalls the construction of an aqueduct from the emperor Antoninus Pius in 142 a.d.
The inscription is of particular importance, because, by citing the name of the Cologne Minervia Nervia Augusta Scolacium, complaint as the same has been refounded in the imperial age by Nerva