her son, will give the promontory to Hera as present and in his honor will build a garden.All these mythic narratives identify the diversity of the cult of Hera Lacinia, that while maintaining its usual functions of primacy in the conjugal role, fertility and protection to the progeny (Kourotrophos), also became supporter of the territory in relation to spatial planning wished by the oracle ;Hera Lacinia is also tied to the possession of weapons (Hoplosmia) and to the late lamented hero (Achilles plays the primary role), and more generally to the warrior's role, as well as the cattle-breeding and the protection of the sailors. The moment of maximum flowering of the sanctuary occurs between the fifth and third centuries BC for the leading role adopted to a political level. In the fourth century BC this place becomes, in fact, the headquarters of the Achaean League or Italiote, built to defend the indigenous peoples and Syracuse. In the third century BC, Hannibal is hosted in retreat and he will dedicate in the sanctuary two bronze tablets with the story of his exploits. The treasures of the sanctuary (anathemata) were very renowned in ancient times, they included a famous painting by Zeuxis: the portrait of Helen (Cic. De inv., II, 1.1).
Of this shrine are visible today the poor remains dominated by a "desolate ruin", the only column of the temple, which defying the centuries, is standing there as a perpetual testimony. 411 ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCES The houses of worship and other structures are located on the northern branches of the promontory encircled with a defensive wall since the fourth century BC, that spreads out on two sides to the sea.The west side was equipped with two square towers and an access through a wide door pincer, built with the corresponding Sacred Way (HierĂ odĂ˛s) leading to the buildings of worship. Beyond the gate are located to the right and left of the sacred way, two structures, visible in the foundation, said building K on the left and H to the right. Slightly different than the walls, both buildings have similar planimetries designed around a colonnaded courtyard.The interpretation of these buildings is correspondent to structures in the service of the sanctuary and the date of construction is determined by Seiler in the fourth century BC. The building K (38x34 m.) has access through the Sacred Way on the south side, which faced with a Doric portico that also extended along the east side L-shaped. The access occurred, through a corridor, directly in the peristyle whose four sides faced equal environments (5.10 x5, 10 m.). The most fitting planimetric comparison is with the Leonidaion Olympia used as hotel to host the delegations arrived for the Olympic Games. In analogy with this comparison, the building K is interpreted as a Katagogion, perhaps served to host