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With the capitulation of Taranto and the end of the hannibalic wars, the territory of the Bruttii passed definitively under the roman control, which was manifested by the confiscation of the territories, processed in ager publicus and with the deduction of Roman and latin colonies(194-192 b.c. ). In addition to the ancient seats of Greek deducted cities , new administrative centers in the locations of small brutti Greek communities were founded.The territory thus structured was reinforced by the measures of the agrarian reform Graccana in the second half of the II century B.C. , which provided for the re qualification

of land

and maritime routes to promote agricultural

development in the lands assigned to the veterans and so repopulated. It seems fundamental, in fact, for the development of the Calabrian economy in the roman age the construction of the main route of communication in the region, the so-called Via Popilia, i.e. the southern extension of the via Appia that connected Rhegium to Capua. 'The large capitals of war that flowed to Rome encouraged knight-senators and Roman citizens to invest in the purchase of the land and pastures that were abandoned, so at the beginning of the I century BC also in Bruttium began to be born the large properties based on

slavish

economy, starting the so-called "age of the villa". The presence of romans urban centers ,arose with administrative purposes, for the control and management of the vast territories studded with the presence of medium and large landed properties, are not very numerous and archaeologically little known, with the exception of mild Julia, Copiae, Scolacium, Locri, Taureana and Rhegium. With the end of the West Roman empire , the Calabrian territory fell into that progressive isolation that marked it out during the following centuries. La Magna Grecia in etĂ romana, Atti del XV convegno di studi sulla Magna Grecia, Taranto 1975. Tramonto della Magna Grecia, Atti del XLIV convegno di studi sulla Magna Grecia, Taranto 2004. G. De Sensi Sestito, La Calabria in etĂ  arcaica e classica. Storia, economia, societĂ , RomaReggio Calabria 1984. E. Greco, Qualche aspetto della romanizzazione, in Archeologia della magna Grecia, Appendice III, Roma 1992, pp. 341-348. D. Musti, Magna Grecia. Il quadro storico, Roma-Bari 2005.

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Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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