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forelock in the middle of the head, that seemed the lion mane and that recalled courage and regality.

ARCHITECTURE The hellenistic architecture is different from the previous classic art, because it had a high eclectic characteristic, which showed the tendency of superimposing the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian styles, and that was perfectly adapted to the new decorative tentency that was extremely attentive to scenographic effects. There was the birth of new types of building, such as gymnasiums and gyms, and there was the experimentation of stylistic innovations in arcades, in peristyles and along the colonnaded streets of Deloa, Athens, Eleusis, Miletus, Rhodes and Pergamon. Also the religious architecture was affected by these new tendencies, even though it remained closed to classic canons. For this reason there was the experimentation of solutions which were alternative to the static templar system, such as the circular plan (tholos) and the semicircular exedra. The city-planning of new oriental foundations showed important innovations regarding the regular plan of various cities, such as Priene e DuraEuropos. Finally, there was the birth of a new architectonic type of the monumental altar, an example of this is represented by the beautiful Altar of Zeus at Pergamo.

SCULPTURE During the hellenistic age, the sculptural styles started to articulate and diversify: with the loss of the classical ideal of beauty, which wanted to reach a perfect form of armony, there was the tendency to reach a greater dramatization, but also the need to have a detailed and raw realism. The subjects represented by the artists of the Hellenistic Age, were extremely various: there was the power celebration in wide scenographic reconstructions, in the portraiture, and in mythical scenes full of dramatic power. In most case, we haven’t got the original works, but copies belonging to the Roman Age. It is necessary to remember that these statues, as well as the buildings in which they were often placed, were originally painted with vivid colours, then lost; on the contrary there is the tendency to think that ancient pupolations preferred the white of the marble.


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project