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The new comedy, represented in theatres had no longer the political actuality as its own subject, but it had small private stories with happy endings. Leonidas or Leonide (Taranto, 320 or 330 B.C. – Alexandria, 260 B.C.) was an ancient Greek poet. He is considered the major exponent of the Peloponnesian Doric school. He was born in Taranto in the Magno-Greek period and he died at Alexandria on a non-defined date. We know little about his own life, except what can be deduced from his epigrams, which are among the most beautiful of the greek poetry. These works are longer than the average and so can also be interpreted as short elegies. In them, with realistic tones, Leonidas deals with the misery of the most modest characters of the hellenistic poleis.

SOCIETY In this period started an important migratory phonomenon. Hundreds of thousands of Greek people transferred in hellenistic reigns such as settlers, mercenaries, officers or traders. While Greece populated and impoverished, after few generations these reigns became populous and extremely multiracial. Instead of proud particolarism of ancient poleis, in the subjects mind appeared the idea of belonging to a unique common world. They were subjects to a sovereign, but citizens of the world (cosmopolitans).

ART The hellenistic art, as well as other disciplines, emerged renewed from the comparison with the traditions of populations coming from Asia Minor, Eurasia, Syria, Phoenicia, North Africa, Persia and India. This occurred thanks to continuous exchanges between dominators and dominated. Hellenistic sovereigns (basileus), following Alexander’s example, encourage his own divination, because he had the political interest of dominate a wide territory. Art as a celebration: the extraordinary heroic achievements of Alexander gave origin to his mythifications that

saw a rich images production. Alexander himself, aware of art celebrative

function, ordered a series of his portaits in which he had military postures which highlighted his courage and daring. We haven’t got a lot of news about this, but important sources tell us that recurrent aspects were his juvenile, but proud aspect, his inspired eyes and his characteristic

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Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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