Hellenism as a culture meeting: thanks to Alexander conquests, the hellenic world came in contact with the ancient traditions of the Orient cultures. Eastern populations absorbed the Greek culture, which was diffused by the conquerors also in India, then they reworked and joined it with their own traditions. For the first time in the mediterranean history it was created a true common culture, whose base was greek. Also no-greek populations gave their contribution to this true common culture. Hellenism represents a sort of precedent of the modern globalization, even though it occurred on a lower geographic plan. It is also necessary to consider that in the hellenistic reigns countryside population continued their own lives, even though they were dominated by new conquerors.
The greatest philosophic schools of the hellinistic period focused their attention on individual happiness, not on the best form of government. The participation into the political life wasnâ€™t necessary to reach happiness, sometimes it was dangerous; According to the philosopher Epicurus, menâ€™s unhappiness comes from the fear of death; There is the birth of philosophical doctrines, such as: skepticism, stoicism, epicureanism and cynicism, which had at the core of their interest the so-called eudaimonia, that means the search of man positive existence.
LITERATURE There is the birth of the literary man, who had intellectual interests, and who composed his own work writing and addressed it to a large public. The progressive affirmation of the book had been possible thanks to this transition; Writers like Callimachus, Theocritus and Apollonius of Rhodes were no longer linked to city communities, but they lived into the king courts by which they were financed. They were authors of a refined poetic genre that can be understood only by a strict public of experts;