Site name: Abila Feature: City plan Location: Northern Jordan Period: Greco – Roman - Byzantine – Islamic 1: Theater 2: Basalt paved Street 3: Roman bridge 4: Basilica of the 7th cent. A.D. 5: Basilica of the 6th cent. A.D. 6: Basilica built on the theater cavea 7: Basilica in the valley
Description: Abila (Quailibah, the modern name) in northern Jordan, just east of the southern end of the Sea of Galilee, is located about 13 kilometers north and slightly northeast of the modern city of Irbid. The site is composed of two hills (known as “tells,” mounds built up largely of ancient human remains over a period of 5500 years, from about 4000 B.C. to A.D. 1500)—a northern one named Tell Abila and a southern tell named Khirbet Umm el ‘Amad (“Mother of the Columns” in Arabic)—with a lower saddle area between them.
Bibliography Browning, I,. Jerash and the Decapolis. Chatto & Windus: London, 1982 Gates, C,. Ancient Cities: The Archaeology of Urban Life in the Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome. London: Routledge, 2003