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London. Khammash, Ammar. 1986, Notes on Village Architecture in Jordan. Lafayette: University of Southwestern Louisiana.

CITY PLANNING The cities in the Decapolis region did not resemble each other in their urban plans. Each city proposed its own particular planning solutions, but with regard to the choice of public buildings and their style of decoration, there was a surprising similarity among them. In all of them there were colonnaded streets that were impressive thoroughfares leading from one city compound to another. The colonnaded street had an important function in forming the city landscape, and the main public buildings were constructed along it. In nearly all the cities there were public plazas surrounded by porticos. Some of them were used as agoras or forums, that is to say, central city plazas in which trading activity and public and political life were conducted.

Prominent among the entertainment structures was the theatre. In each city there was at least one theatre. In Gerasa there were three, and in Philadelphia and Gadara there were two. The many bath houses and the select number of decorative structures inspired by Roman architecture, with triumphal arches and tetrapyla indicate the degree of Roman penetration and influence which is also shown in the temples typical for that region. The architectonic adornments were also an expression of the rich and fascinating merging together of Hellenistic and Roman sources of inspiration. The architecture in the Decapolis was, therefore, of an eclectic and ‘baroque’ character, and derived its inspiration from both east and west besides the local taste. The location of the temples and the sanctuaries, the impressive thoroughfares and the decorative buildings, all these created an attractive city panorama that gave evidence of wealth and power. GADARA CITY PLAN The shape of Gadara is rectangular, and its lengthwise axis points in the east-west direction. At the western edge of the city lies the acropolis, a natural hill on which two theatres and other public buildings that have not yet been identified were erected. The main street of the city stretches westward from the acropolis. This was a paved colonnaded street that traversed almost the entire length of the city (about 800 m.).


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project