crucial point was the emergence of the renaissance movement in the 14th century, descended by the (re) Enlightenment of the 16th and 17th centuries. Both stated in all possible ways that the roots of the western civilization are in the classical past. Thus there was a need to revive the ancient classical values, to recover the lost knowledge of the past and to incorporate both into the current life. Revivalistic movements were detectable in all aspects of life such as the arts, architecture, literature, street and peoplesâ€™ names, while classical studies met great flourishing. Among others, Alexander the Great, Cleopatra, the Greek Pantheon, Isis, Homeric Heroes, Greek and Roman philosophers, but also the Athenian, Agora, the Acropolis and the Pharos lighthouse of Alexandria were some of the most popular issues115.
In this context the emergence of archaeology by the end of 18th century, came to materialize such tendencies and trends, by uncovering the actual representatives of the â€˜golden pastâ€™. Therefore, the transfer of antiquities and the formation of vast collections in European cities, the cultural successors 115
For the Renaissance movement in literature and the arts see footnotes 52 and 53.