EPILOGUE: THE REBIRTH OF ALEXANDRIA AND THE GRECO-ROMAN LEGACY (19TH, 20TH AND 21ST CENTURIES)
During the Ottoman period (15th -18th century AD), Alexandria was just a small fishermen village of few thousands of civilians (Fig. 136)112. Nevertheless, Ottoman period marks the revival of the city, a true multidimensional dĂŠjĂ vu though a series of coincidences in relation to its foundation in the Hellenistic period. It was by the turn of the 18th century when the destiny of Alexandria began to change after an ambitious Turkish-Albanian pasha, Mohamed aly who was appointed by the Ottoman Sultan in Alexandria (Fig. 137-139). However, Mohamed Aly managed to gradually establish his rule in Egypt, finding his own ruling dynasty, which lasted until the middle of the 20 th century.
Fig. 136. Alexandria 1750, Norden 112
During the Medieval period Alexandria met a long decline, due to political upheavals from the an empire to another, ethnic and religious, and natural destructions, which caused the shrinking of its population and its commercial and cultural collapse.