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Greek bath: a cleansing section, with two tholoi, and a relaxation one, with a room equipped with individual immersion bathtubs. Since 2008, the mission focused on the heating system, rare in Egypt but comparable to those of certain Greek and Sicilian contemporary establishments. Consisting of a deep and large underground furnace, it was used both to produce hot water in a boiler and to heat the atmosphere of the surrounding rooms. In particular, a heating wall allowed to heat, by convection, the relaxation room. 1.

Near the Osiris temple and a necropolis of sacred animals, inserted in a luxurious domestic area; 30째56'43.61" N 29째31'8.07" E


Well preserved; ongoing excavation


At least 220 (SE part not excavated)


a) before the middle of second century; b) end of second/beginning of first century: large remodeling with insertion of a complex heating system and latrines (20) ; later remodeling measures; c) end of the Ptolemaic Period


a) two tholoi (1, 2; both Diam. 5.15 m) each with 16 hip-bathtubs, possibly one room (7) with immersion bathtubs; b) I: two tholoi (1, 2) with 14 and 15 hipbathtubs; one room (7) with 2 immersion bathtubs; II: possibly tholos 2 transformed into a sweat bath


a)?; b) I and II: furnace (3bis) which heated the heating wall in room 7, probably a boiler, and also room 3


a) reservoir (5); two basins in room 3; b) I and II: like a), reservoir 4 and latrines 20 added


Cut into the rock; therefore details such as roofs and niches over hip-bathtubs are well preserved; uniquely well preserved heating system (room 7: heating wall and vault)


Breccia, 1923, 146-147; Fournet and Redon, 2009


Fournet and Redon in this volume, figs. 5-6 and unpublished results of 2011 campaign


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project