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The bath measures circa 21m N/S and 17,30m E/W and has 6 main rooms. It represents the bestpreserved example of a Ptolemaic bath in Egypt, provided with all the elements that should have a Greek bath in Egypt: a hall/cloakroom, two tholoi, and then a hall leading to the bathtubs’ room. This hall is also equipped with a tank, and, between the tank and the bathtubs’ room, a large furnace, to heat the water. The only originality of the baths is the 8 hip-bathtubs located at the western end of the large hall that have been added in a second phase, probably to provide more seats to the bathers. Cat. no. 1.

E limit of the Kom, 120 m S of the main temple, apparently not far from a canal; 31°11'43.12" N 30°44'49.57" E

2.

Well preserved; fully excavated in 2010 (except for the furnace area)

3.

384

4.

a) Hellenistic; b) remodeling, maybe to increase capacity of bathing facilities; c) abandoned at the end of the second or during the first half of first century?

5.

a) two tholoi (3, 4, Diam. 4.40-4.50 m) each with 24 hip-bathtubs; one rectangular room with 3 immersion bathtubs (6); b) 8 hip-bathtubs added in N part of corridor 5

6.

Furnace (10) probably with two phases: a) round furnace?, b) oval furnace, possibly with heating wall to room 6

7.

a) one basin between the two tholoi, in corridor 5; one basin near reservoir 9; one basin in the S part of corridor 5, near the entrance to corridor 7; L-shaped reservoir (9) supplied by channel (or aqueduct) from N; b) like a), but basin in corridor 5 near the entrance of corridor 7 probably leveled and replaced by basin between the two tholoi (second, E basin at this location); a) and b) drain from room 1 along W façade; all floors inclined in the direction of the principal drain, starting from the N wall of room 2.

8.

Excellent example of a typical Graeco-Egyptian bath building; unusual is the placement of the 8 hip-bathtubs in corridor 5, added later in the only available

268

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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