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bathing rooms (another tholos, 2?, a rectangular room with immersion bathtubs, 7?), probably entrance from W; b) I: abandonment of tholos 1, renovation of room 7 with at least 2 immersion bathtubs, additional structures have disappeared or are covered by later constructions; II: two separate sections, entrances from S (11, 18): W section with one tholos (17, Diam. 6.20 m) with 22-23 (?) hip-bathtubs (repaired at least once); E section: design and function unknown (hidden by phase III) III: W section: tholos 17 transformed into sweat bath or reservoir; E section: one room with one immersion bathtub (22); one room with hypocaust system and most likely 4 unheated immersion bathtubs (23) 6.

a) probably furnace between rooms 5 and 7; b) III: small furnace to heat room 23


a) and b) I and II: rectangular tank (5), connected, during phase b) II, with a well or most likely reservoir (25), supplied by a channel; b) I: probably latrine W of room 7; II and III: in both sections, pavements of bathing rooms sloped towards latrines 15 and 20; from 15 and 20, drain through rooms 19 and 21 towards S


Bath complex of phases b) II and III mixes Graeco-Egyptian features (tholos, immersion bathtubs) and Roman features (separate sections, latrines)


Charlesworth 1970; Lecuyot and Redon 2011 and forthcoming


Lecuyot and Redon forthcoming

Buto/Tell el-Fara’in, East Baths The newly bath found in Buto/Tell el-Fara’in in April/June 2010, belongs to the well-known Greek style bath, which has spread all over Egypt during the Ptolemaic Period. The building, characterized by its tholoi (or circular rooms), each with hip-bathtubs (individual seats for washing), has been fully excavated by a SCA team, during a rescue excavation (dir. = Mohamed Abd el-Rafa Fadl, director of the SCA for the Kafr el-Sheikh area, with the help of Wagy Ibrahim, SCA inspector).


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project