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an underground circulation of hot air), in the second half of the 2nd century AD.

The long life of the building as a bath and the reconstruction as a Greek bath in the Roman period (in Greece for example, this kind of baths is replaced by roman-type baths during the 2nd century BC) is one of the main interest of the Bouto’s baths. The second interest is the spatial insertion of the building in an industrial area (more than fifteen pottery kilns were discovered by the English mission in the neighborhood of the baths).

Since 2009, the French mission of the university of Poitiers (dir. Pascale Ballet) has decided to reexamine the building, under the direction of Guy Lecuyot (architect in the ENS = École Normale Supérieure) and Bérangère Redon (Ifao = Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale). The mission’s aim is to understand better the connection between the baths and the kilns, and to assure the chronology of the three states of the building. The second phase of the baths, dated from the beginning of the first century, is the most interesting phase of the baths; it is a significant and important element for the study of the transition between the Greek-type baths and the Roman baths in Egypt. The tholos is no longer the central room of the building, around which the circulation of the bathers was organised; but it still exists, which is no more the case in Greece or in the western Mediterranean. Moreover, new elements, like latrines and a hypocaust – directly taken from the Roman-type baths –, are inserted in the building, to improve the services offered to the clients. It is illustrating the smooth transition between Greek and Roman baths in Egypt. Cat. no. 1.

N limit of the Kom, maybe in an industrial area (pottery), 30 m E of a large enclosure wall, 120 m N of the main temple; 31°11'56.66" N 30°44'38.36" E


Well preserved but partly covered by later structures; ongoing excavation


a) 330; b) c. 320; III) at least 285


a) second century B.C.E.?; b) I: remodeling at unknown time; II: first century C.E., remodeling and transformation into a Graeco-Egyptian-Roman hybrid bath; III: remodeling phase/phases at unknown time; IV: second century C.E., transformation into a Roman bath (not described here); c) third century C.E.


a) one tholos (1, Diam. 6.10 m) with 22 hip-bathtubs, possibly additional


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project