Page 262

the Delta and Fayoum. Recent found examples at Karnak temple shows how the Hellenistic type spread into the depth of the country even in front of sacred pharaonic temple. The section can end with views of Baths that are still in use such as those in Cairo and Agistro in Northern Greece (still in use since the 10th century AD). The study aims to document through photos and 3D models the crossing sea habit of bathing in Hellenistic Egypt. Public bath was not a part of the Egyptian traditional daily life activities, but suddenly the habit became a local tradition in many different places in Egypt and around the Mediterranean. Today we can count 27 archaeological sites where there are Hellenistic tholos bath. THE THOLOS BATH Normally there are two circular rooms with basins around them, but also one or more rooms equipped with immersion bathtubs, cloakrooms, corridors etc. The baths could also be provided with a furnace, and very often it comprises a tank and some distribution basins. The function and use of this kind of collective bath remains still uncertain. Some think that its only use was for washing legs; others think it was used to have a hot shower. Breccia thought that it was used to clean the body before a feast or a religious ceremony, because of the proximity of the Aboukir tholos to the Serapeum and because four statues of the god Bes were found nearby. The presence of the statues of Bes in the bath may better be explained for decorative reasons. During the Hellenistic and Roman periods in Egypt statues of Bes were used in many public structures like in baths. At this time, Bes served as the god of joys and pleasure. Thus, the bath was probably not related to religious ceremonies. Furthermore, it was probably not used to have a full bath, due to the small size of the basins. Therefore, it may be used to wash parts of the body or only the legs. Hopefully, further studies may illuminate the function of this type of bath. The baths were probably places for purifications, as well as for hygienic purposes. Possible shooting locations: Abousir -Taposiris Magna; Tell el-Farain – Bouto; Marina alAlameen; Kiman Fares; Qasr al-Banta, Qasr Qaroun, Karnak

262

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project