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first Ptolemaic couple. The procession as described by Kallixeinos began by the procession of the Morning Star, statues of the honored persons and youths holding torches to symbolize light; the second divisional procession is of Ptolemy Soter and Berenike I followed by some other gods. Then The main part was dedicated to Dionysus who was returning as a world conqueror from India, the magnificent Dionysiac procession including preliminary offerings, satyrs bearing vessels, priests and worshippers, spectacle from the life of Dionysos, the ritual objects of Dionysos, exotic animals, personified cities, choral, and at the end sacrificial animals. The third part is the processions of Zeus, Alexander the great and other gods, display of treasure and it end by the parade of infantry and cavalry before the crowing ceremony and dedications to the royal family. 80.000 persons participated to the procession and one hundred statues and panels by painters of Sykionia School. 100

Another big Ptolemaic festival from the time of Ptolemy Philadelphus is the Arsinoeon in honor of Arsinoe II (fig. 118). The ancient writer Satyrus is our main source of information in regard to this festival.101 Satyrus documents that the procession was a part of a festival honouring Arsinoe II, that the altar, on which the offering was to be made along the procession should be made of sand, and if not, and then sand should be placed on top of the already built altars. He further describes how any given object (except for a goat) was to be sacrificed at any location along the processional route. This procession, led by the canephoros had its final destination in the center of the worship of Arsinoe II – a temple called Arsinoeion located by the sea in the Emporion area of Alexandria.102 This procession documented in both Alexandria and Fayyum in several papyri subsequent to the death of Arsinoe.103


Athenaeus 5.196-203. Fraser, 1972, 226f. 102 Austin, 2006. 103 Fraser 1972, 232. 101


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project