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The temple reliefs show the major elements of the procession: The statue of the god in the processional bark, usually the statue is hidden in a naos carried within the ceremonial bark carried also on the shoulders of priests. In case that the distance is long, the procession was stop to present offering, burning of incense and perform sacred dances and hymns recitation, in the same time this pause is an opportunity to the priests caring the bark to repose. Other deities from the same family of gods or the main gods of neighbor cities precede the bark; in some feasts the other deities’ statues were carried and in others priests bear the mask of the gods. In major religious feasts, the king as a living god and in the same time the higher priest presents the offers to the god and receives the offering of people. The priests and priestess from the most advanced rank to the lowest rank, the bearers of the bark and the cultic instruments, the singers, musicians, and dancers. Finally the audience and the faithful public come to be on contact with the sacred, to offer, to seek benediction and healing. Some processions traveled from temple to another by sailing on the Nile, such as the procession of the goddess Hathor of Dendara to the temple of her consort Horus of Edfu and back to her temple with him. Or the great water festival of Opet, when the Theban Triad Amun, Mut and Khons traveled from Karnak temple to Luxor temple. In these cases, the processional bark was put onto a boat and accompanied by the royal ship, towed by sailing boats with priests, musicians and dancers. The religious processions have also their political role in ancient Egypt, the victorious kings presented the slaves to the public, the illegitimate kings took their cultic and royal rightfulness; it was also the occasion for oracles announcements. The Funeral procession can be considered as a part rite of passage from the world of the living to Osiris realm. The funeral procession of the royal scribe Ani from the Papyrus of Ani 1400 B.C in The British Museum of London give us an example of the ritual that complete our information from the Book of the Dead and the scenes on the tombs walls. After the mummification of the body, friends, family and professional mourners would gather to accomplish the procession to the tomb carrying items to accompany the deceased in the Beyond, and to show their sorrow. The mummy lies in a coffin protected by effigies of god’s rides on a funerary boat which is being tired by oxen. Family positioned at the end of the coffin, with two of the female relatives or priestesses acting the roles of goddesses Isis and Nephthys. Mourners followed the procession accompanied by dancers, musicians and priests, some wearing Anubis mask. Servants or slaves followed carrying the canopic jars and the items that would be buried with the mummy in the tomb in addition to the food offerings that will be used for the Funeral ceremony. The procession continued to the edge of the Nile where all the participants were required to cross the river to the western side. The procession terminated


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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