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reincarnation. This emperor reportedly dedicated a treasure of offerings to the body of Alexander, among which was a mantle, rings, and other jewelry. This idea was related to a great massacre in Alexandria, since it caused the irony of Alexandrians and a bloody response from the side of the Roman Emperor, resulting in the annihilation of most of the young men of Alexandria. This last visit was reported by the historians Herodian and Ioannes Antiocheus (ca. 108-238 AD)94.

Lost in the city…found in ‘memory’ For, tell me, where is the tomb of Alexander? Show it me and tell me the day on which he died. But of the servants of Christ the very tombs are glorious, seeing they have taken possession of the most loyal city; and their days are well known, making festivals for the world. And his tomb even his own people know not, but this man's the very barbarians know. (John Chrysostomos in Homily XXVI on the Second Epistle of St Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians) It is still remains an enigma how and when the Tomb was lost. Was it a matter of oblivion or deliberateness? Written sources offer a limited ground for substantial conclusions. Yet, it is generally accepted that the palace area and probably the Tomb and its owner could have been destroyed in one of the several disturbances by Roman Emperors such as this during the Aurelian reign about 273 AD. Additionally, in 365 AD, Alexandria was struck by a phenomenal earthquake followed by a gigantic tsunami, which is reported to have wrought havoc in coastal regions and port cities throughout the eastern Mediterranean. Alexandria is reported to have been particularly hard hit with ships being lifted onto the roofs of surviving buildings. Both cases might have been related to the destruction of the Soma Mausoleum. Yet, according to some recently recognized sources the body of Alexander was visitable until the 4th century AD. Libanius of Antioch mentioned in an oration addressed to the emperor Theodosius that Alexander's corpse was on display in Alexandria. Ptobably this occurred not in the Soma area, since it has been destroyed, but in another place within the city center. Finally, Theodosius issued a series of decrees outlawing the worship of pagan gods, including this of Alexander the Great and this should be considered the time that Alexander's remains decisively disappear from history.

94

Vlanti Tes Meta Markou Basileias Historion Biblia, 4, 8.

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Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project