ALEXANDER THE GREAT IN ALEXANDRIA, FROM ANTIQUITY UNTIL TODAY
Since its foundation, by the great Greek king and commander, until today, Alexandria is defined as the city of Alexander. The image and the name of Alexander are displayed all over the city, in guidebooks, in flags, in streets etc., indicating that the king is still “alive” as an immortal hero and protector in city’s past, present, and future. Therefore, the following section deals with the reasons behind this phenomenon as well as with the diachronic role of Alexander the Great in the city that he have never experienced but still is considered in people’s consciousness as his city. THE ‘SOMA’ OF KING AND THE SOMA OF ALEXANDRIA: THE ROLE OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT DURING THE GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD (Fig. 93) The death of Alexander in 323 BC was to change the fate of his Oikoumene. Although the conquered territories were not lost, the companions of the king were not willing or enable to preserve the empire united. Thus they divided it several independent states that would be known as Hellenistic kingdoms. Soon after this act, a great completion among these kingdoms had started resulted many times in bloody wars. Yet before that, the Successors had to deal with the body of the dead king…
Fig. 93. Alexander as son of Ammon (Hellenistic Coin of Thrace. Thrid century BC
According to several ancient sources, it seems that the body of Alexander the great was embalmed in Babylon87. Perdicas, the companion of Alexander the Great who was in charge of the dead king, ordered the body to be tanked and buried in the ancient tombs of Macedonian kings in Aige, the 87
Diodorus, XVIII.26-28; Pausanias, 1.6.3.
Published on Feb 12, 2014