Page 228

while preserving also several Hellenistic characteristics related to their social status, education and lifestyle (Fig. 86).86 Meanwhile Egyptian funerary customs were widely applied, indicating the desire of the dead to achieve a blessed afterlife according to Egyptian tradition. Nevertheless, funerary art is rarely presented in traditional Egyptian style, ; instead there is a complex composition of both Greek –and Roman- and Egyptian themes, forming a unique multilingual cultural assemblage sequence of intermingling of the Greek and Egyptian traditions according the Alexandrian socio-cultural context. A characteristic example is the so-called Gabbari stele, dating to the 1st century AD (Fig. 87). The image of the dead clearly reflects a Greek-Alexandrian public lifestyle, Greek education and so on. Yet, this Greek-Alexandrian figure is displayed within an Egyptian ‘cornice’ - an Egyptian style naiskos - which clearly indicates that this elite Alexandrian followed the Egyptian funerary tradition, in order to achieve the afterlife. The so-called Main Tomb of Kom el Shoqafa represents the most impressive funerary structure ever found in Alexandria, dating also to the 1st century AD (Fig. 87). In this impressive structure, Greek, Roman and Egyptian elements are intensively combined to fulfill the needs of the elite owners of this tomb. The tomb architecture represents an Egyptian chapel with papyri-form columns and a segmental pediment, crowned with a frieze of serpents and a solar disc in its middle. Characteristic Roman shields decorated with Medusa heads are displayed along with figures of Agathos Daimon – the Hellenistic snake-protector of Alexandria – curved on the back walls of the vestibule.

Fig. 85. The Mummy of Artemidoros from Fayum. British Museum

Fig. 86. Portaits of you males. Graeco-Roman Museum nos. 3337 and 3339 respectively

86

Graco-Roman Museum nos. 3337 and 3339. Savvopoulos and Bianchi, 2012, nos. 10 and 11 respectively.

228

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project