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be argued that there was full equality between Greeks and Egyptians. To be Greek might have been more prestigious than to be Egyptian74. Burial evidence from this early period reflects the identity of the first two generations of Alexandrians. Numerous funerary stelae in typical Greek style have been discovered, dating from as early as the end of 4th century (Fig. 71). The style is similar to those found in Vergina, Pella, Athens, Demetrias and other areas of Greece, while the image corresponds to the origin, lifestyle and/or proficiency of the portrayed person (Fig. 72). For instance, Macedonians and Thessalians are presented as cavalry so as to promote their elite social status. Several times a toponym follows the name of the deceased, reflecting his homeland: Athens, Macedonia, Thessaly, Peloponese, Kos and Rhodes were some of the cities and areas represented in the Alexandrian funerary world. This habit indicates that in this early stage the memory of the homeland was still alive. However, within a generation, the epithet ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΕΥΣ (Alexandrian) is more often attached to the name of the dead, implying that the Alexandrian civic consistency was already formed.


Fig. 71. Funerary slab with a man controlling a rearing horse, Hellenistic, second half of 3rd century b.c.from the Soldiers' Tomb, Ibrahimieh necropolis, Alexandria, excavated 1884. Painted inscription: "Pelopides, a Thessalian"


For the Foreign Ethnics in Ptolemaic Egypt and the Ptolemaic policies concerning the different ethnic

groups, see La'da, 2002.

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project