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Project Partner 5, Municipality of Catanzaro – Department of Culture (Italy), prepared a study about the traces of the Greco-roman period in Calabria. The first chapter is referring to the highlights of the local history, the exchanges with Greece and Egypt, the foundation of the Colonies and the long period of development interrupted by wars. The study describes four major sites: Catanzaro and the villa of Sansinato, Croton, Scolasium and Thurii The Heraion of Capo Colona near to Croton. The mythical story of the origins of the city of Croton, located 12 km to the north, informs about the oracle consulted by the oecist Miskellos Ripe who received the geographical limits of the new colony, located between the sacred Krimis north and Lacinio south. From the seventh century BC, on the promontory is implanted a cult dedicated to Hera. The ancient name of the cape, therefore the epiclesis of divinity, is due, according to the mythical narrative of origins, to a character named Lacinio who tried to steal the cows that Erakles had abstracted to the giant Geryon in order to take them to graze on the land of the cape. Erakles offended by this gesture, will kill Lacinio and by mistake even his guest Crotone.To remedy this Erakles will dedicate a shrine to the mother of all gods and will predict the establishment of a polis whose name will be the one of the guest unfairly murdered. In the Archaelogical site, the visitor can see the Hestiatorion and the Katagogion, The temple, the Sacred Way, domus (houses) and the Balneum (baths) Thanks to the development of Christianity, a cult linked to the Virgin Mary began on the place dedicated to the worship of Hera Lacinia, worshipped as goddess of fertility and life. The small church which stands on the headland, cyclically hosts the sacred image of the Virgin. The SyrianByzantine style icon is still revered and dates back to the 10th-11th century AD. According to an ancient tradition, the sacred image was brought to Crotone by St. Dionysius, converted by Saint Paul and first bishop of Crotone. In May, during a night pilgrimage procession the Holy image is taken from Crotone to Capo Colonna. The cult of the goddess has been kept intact from the tradition that perpetuates the same ritual, with few changes from the Greek period until nowadays, for over 2600 years. In ancient times one of the most renowned and famous medical school took place in Croton, and its origin seems to have been before to Pythagoras of Samos arrival, founder of the most important philosophical and scientific experience of the Achaean city and entire Greek West. The Croton's medical school was the first to preach new scientific theories based on observation and experimentation in the field. From this school, anatomy and physiology arose later, and above all,


Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project