persons like Constantine and Celine. A big chapter in the common culture of the Mediterranean is of course the Olive Oil Culture. The centrality of olive trees is widely manifested in different spheres both economically and socially. Historically olive tree has played a crucial role in many economic activities such as food, as source of lighting, and some artisanal activities. The centrality of olive tree in the socio-economic life in the Jordanian history and culture is clearly manifested by using the branch of olive tree as the symbol of peace in the social imaginary of the Jordanians as well as of the Greeks and Romans. Another common element is the courtyard house culture and the centrality of the guest's room in these courtyards. The archaeological evidence is showing that the courtyard house does not constitute a pure Jordanian form of architecture but instead it constitutes one of the cultural elements that Jordan is sharing with other Mediterranean peoples. Influence of that era is traced in the Arab mythologies, especially in those of the myth of Trojan Horse and Pygmalion. Finally the Roman Law and the Greek Philosophy are detected in the AraboMuslem culture.
Project Partner 4, Fondatione Nuove Proposte Culturali (Italy), delivered a study about six major domains: Philosophy, Literature, Society, Art, Architecture and Sculpture. The study approaches and describes in outlines the main ideas that left their influence to today. The principal outlines of the study are: Hellenism represents a sort of precedent of the modern globalization, even though it occurred on a lower geographic plan, while countryside population continued their own lives, even though they were dominated by new conquerors. There is the birth of philosophical doctrines, such as: skepticism, stoicism, epicureanism and cynicism, which had at the core of their interest the so-called eudaimonia, that means the search of man positive existence. The greatest philosophic schools of the hellinistic period focused their attention on individual happiness. There is the birth of the literary man, who had intellectual interests, and who composed his own work writing and addressed it to a large public. Callimachus, Theocritus Leonidas or Leonide from Taranto and Apollonius of Rhodes were eminent personalities of the kind.
Published on Feb 12, 2014