meters above the sea. From the ground, it was composed by a square, an octagonal and cylindrical part, of 57 m, 27.5 m, and 7.5 m respectively5. The square part (the lowest one) had a cylindrical core, which bore the weight of the upper stages. On the top of the cylindrical part stood a statue of Zeus or Proteus or perhaps Poseidon, which is estimated to have been 5 meters in height. The combined height of all of these elements could give a total height of almost 130m. Hence, the Pharos was the third highest structure in Egypt, after the pyramids of Cheops and Chefren.
Fig. 6. Reconstruction of the Lighthouse (Hellenistic to Ottoman periods). AlexMed
Fig. 7. Statue of Ptolemy Soter (Louvre)
A discussion on the Pharos as a landmark should start from the so-called â€˜Deinocrates dreamâ€™. This 5
For an updated description of Paros lighthouse, see McKenzie, 2007, 41-45.