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meters above the sea. From the ground, it was composed by a square, an octagonal and cylindrical part, of 57 m, 27.5 m, and 7.5 m respectively5. The square part (the lowest one) had a cylindrical core, which bore the weight of the upper stages. On the top of the cylindrical part stood a statue of Zeus or Proteus or perhaps Poseidon, which is estimated to have been 5 meters in height. The combined height of all of these elements could give a total height of almost 130m. Hence, the Pharos was the third highest structure in Egypt, after the pyramids of Cheops and Chefren.

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Fig. 6. Reconstruction of the Lighthouse (Hellenistic to Ottoman periods). AlexMed

Fig. 7. Statue of Ptolemy Soter (Louvre)

A discussion on the Pharos as a landmark should start from the so-called ‘Deinocrates dream’. This 5

For an updated description of Paros lighthouse, see McKenzie, 2007, 41-45.

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
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