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Fig. 5. Map of Greco-Roman Alexandria (AlexMed)

158 Along with the foundation of the city, major engineering projects were initiated in the city, contributing to the direction of making Alexandria the major harbor of the Hellenistic Mediterranean. Heptastadion was the two kilometers causeway, which was built by the Ptolemies in order to connect the Pharos Island with the mainland, while dividing Alexandria‘s harbor into two: the Megalos Limen (Great or Eastern Harbor) to the east, and the Eunostos to the west. These two harbors made Alexandria a great center of maritime activities and trade, but also a major center of the shipbuilding industry. The island of Pharos was where Alexandria‘s famous lighthouse once stood. The lighthouse was built in the 3rd century BC and was designed by the architect Sostratos of Knidos. It was conceived and initiated by Ptolemy I Soter around 290 BC but completed after his death, during the reign of his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus. It consisted of three storeys, the first was square, the second octagonal, and the third circular. The circular storey contained a fire and a mirror which projected the image of flames far out to the sea. The Pharos was dedicated to the first Ptolemaic rulers, Theoi Soteres (Saviour Gods): Ptolemy Soter (Fig. 7) and his wife Berenice. The Great Lighthouse of Alexandria was a tripartite structure, standing on a podium almost 10

Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project  
Final study of CulMe-WeOnCT project